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IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT

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IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT In the House of Lords, on Teh. 9, Lord Bessborough brought up Her Majesty's answer to the Address of the House. Lord Chelmsford asked for information respecting the Abyssinian captives, and thought that the Government had made a bad choice in sending Mr. Kassam to treat for their release. Lord Clarendon defended the Government and Mr. Rassam from the charges male against them by Lord Chelmsford, and read letters from the captives, from which it appeared that they were in good health. Every effort would be made to obtain their release, though it was uncertain when it might be effected. A discussion then arose on the Cattle Plague, with a 1Jew of extracting some information from Lord Russell as to the nature of the Bill about to be introduced in the Lower House on Monday next; this information Lord RueseH. declined to give, and the subject dropped Their Lordships then ad- journed.. In tne House of Commons, on the Keport of the Address being brought up, Sir John Pakington protested against the premature judgment which had been passed, with imperfect information, by a portion of the press and at public meetiugs on the conduct of our officers during the outbreak in Jamaica, and especially censured what he called the grossly unjust language used by Mr Bright in his Rochdale and Blackburn speeches. Though the Government, yielding to pressure from wiihout, might have been rather in a harry in appointing tha Commission, he allowed that sooner or later they must have taken that course, and be approved entirely the composition of that Commission. Passing to the question of Reform, Sir John pressed the Government to declare explicitly what their in- tentions were, and exhorted them not to keep it longer dangling before the eyes of the people. Mr. Bright reminded Sir J. Pakington that at the time he had made the speeches he complained of writers and speakers of his party were expressing approval of Governor Eyre's conduct. He denied that he had prejudged the Governor; he had formed his opinion of these transactions entirely from the Governor's own despatch, and no evidence since received had lessened the gravity of the charge. Instead of censuring the Colonial-office for being premature in ap- pointing th3 Commission he was inclined to think they had delayed it longer than was necessary. lIe expressed himself thoroughly satisfied that a full inquiry would be made, and that justice would ultimately be done; and, with regard to the passages from his speeches quoted by Sir John Paking- ton, he asserted, with much earnestness, that he had no- thing to retract, and that there were none of his public speeches to which he desired more unreservedly to adhere. Mr. Marsh bore testimony to the uniform sympathy which Governor Eyre had always shown for the native races with which he had come into contact. He professed himself in- credulous as to the passing of any Reform Bill this Session. After a few words from Mr. Butler-Johnstone, who con- gratulated the Government ironically on the insignificant part which Reform played in the Speech, Mr. Cardwell denied that the Government, in appointing the Commission, had been influenced by any external pressure, and with regard to the general merits of the question he excused himself from pronouncing any opinion, as it was the duty of the Government to w^it for complete information before forming their judgment. Sir G. Grey assured the House that though it was not in his power to fix a day for the introduction of a Reform Bill, the Government had no intention to trifle with the question. Mr. T. B. Potter made a few remarks on the subject of Jamaica. Mr. Bouverie, alluding to the rumours afloat, warned the Government that a Reform Bill which dealt merely with the extension of the franchise and left the nomination and cor- rupt boroughs untouched would not be acceptable to the Liberal party. He believed that much of the dissatisfaction with the present state of things was caused by the unequal distribution of electoral power, of which he mentioned several glaring instances, and exhorted the Government not to leave this opening for future agitation. Sir H. Hoare also expressed his belief that a "single- barrelled Bill would not be satisfactory, and argued that the manufacturing towns and the large agricultural counties were entitled to a greater share in the representation. Mr. Neate, on the contrary, was of opinion that the most expedient manner of dealing with the question was by sepa- rate measures. Mr. P. Taylor urged the Government to deal with the ques- tion so as to settle it for some time to come. The report on the Address was agreed to. The Chancellor of the Exchequer brought n two Bills to amend the National Debt Acts and the Savings-banks and Post-office Savings-bank Acts and the House adjourned. In the House of Lords, on Feb. 12 in answer to the Earl of Belmore, Earl Russell said that the subject of the recom- mendations of the select committee on Railway Borrowing Powers was under the consideration of the Board of Trade. In answer to Lord Houghton, Earl Russell said it was not intended by government to introduce at present any measure altering the constitution and administration of the British Museum. The house then adjourned. In the House of Commons, in answer to Mr. Locke, Sir G. Grey said it was intended by the government to move for a select committee to inquire into the system of licensing theatres. In answer to Viscount Cranborne, Mr. Villiers said it was his intention to bring in a bill for more effectually securing the execution of the laws relating to the poor in the metro- polis. Sir G. Grey moved for leave to bring in a bill to amend the law relating to contagious or infectious disease In cattle and other animals. Having at length stated the different measures which had been adopted by the government and the recommendations which had been made to meet the evil, he argued that all opinion was against any hope of any means of cure being effectual, and that the only way to check the disease was by the slaughter of infected animals, by the pro- hibition of the movement ,of live cattle by railway and road, and the slaughtering and disposing of hides of all cattle coming to this country by sea, at the points of debarkation; and proceeded to lay down the principle of the bill he was to propose, namely, that rules should be laid down from which local authorities should not be allowed to depart; and to trust to the able and zealous co-operation of those local authorities. It was proposed to require quar- ter sessions in counties and municipal authorities in boroughs to cause to be slaughtered all infected animals in their own districts. With regard to animals not actually infected, but from circumstances of contact or vicinage likely to be in- fected, it was proposed that power be given to the local authorities to direct them to be slaughtered, al- though the provision was not to be imperative. The princi- ple of compensation would be adopted; not exceeding two-thirds of the vdue, or 201., and in other three-fourths of value, or a maximum of 251. All animals dying of the disease were to be buried 80 as to prevent infection, and the premises in which they died to be disinfected. It was not, however, proposed entirely to prohibit the removal of cattle, but to leave it to the local authorities to act in this respect at their discretion, under general regulations appli- cable to the whole country, such as that no cattle shall be moved along a high road by night, and that there should be no movement of cattle by rail or road except by license from the local authorities while power was to be given to arrest persons violating these rules and punish them, while the cattle so driven should be instantly slaughtered. Power would be given to proclaim and isolate infected places All fairs and markets for store cattle were to be prohibited for a limited time, while those for fat cattle were to be li- censed. None of the beasts should be slaughtered there, with regard to cattle brought by sea, it was proposed to place all other ports in the same position as to prohibition as was now the case in London, but this was not to apply to Irish cattle. The bill would generally be limited till July, 1367, while some of the special provisions would be limited to 15th April, with power to the Queen in Council to extend the duration of their operation. With regard to penalties, if less than four cattle were moved the penalty would be 20J, or 5Z. a head for any greater number. As to compensation, it was proposed that in counties and boroughs local rates should furnish two-thirds of the ex- pense, and the other third to be raised by a cattle-rate im- posed on all cattle above one year old of five shillings a head. He stated that it would be open to divide the bill into two parts, in order that those provisions which were generally approved of might become law at once. Mr. G. W. Hunt thought the bill stringent, but not strin- gent enough; and he proceeded to state the provisions of a measure he had himself prepared to the effect that stringent restrictions should be put on the removal of cattle, these being, that from 1st, to 25th March there should be no movement on rail or road, and a universal slaughter of in- fected or clean animals, local slaughter-houses being pro- vided for the purpose. It would be necessary to have, at certain times of the year, relaxations of the rules, in order to meet the necessity of stocking the land, while as to the source of compensation, he was, on the whole, satisfied with the proposal of the government. The Chancellor of the Exchequer briefly annotated Mr. Hunt's more special stringency of enactment, and urged unanimity on all parties with a view to obtain early, and on the whole effectual legislation on this most important subject. The discussion was continued by Mr. Newdegate, Mr. Leeman, Mr Cumming Bruce, Mr. Gurdon Rebow, Mr. Liddell, Lord J. Manners—who suggested that as so com- prehensive a measure as that proposed could not be passed immediately, the House should embody its main provisions in resolutions. Lord R. Montagu wished to offer two suggestions by the adoption of which the Government might improve their measure. The right hon. baronet proposed that all diseased animals should of necessity be killed, but that as to those animals which had come into contact with them and had thereby become infected, it should be left to the local autho- rities to say whether they should be slaughtered or not That he thought was radically wrong. If they desired to stamp out the plague they must do as other countries had done and kill not only the diseased but also the infected animals. The example of Aberdeenshire had been adduced perfect; but what had they done there! They were not content with killing merely such animals as had the disease, but they bought up the whole herd and killed it. He now came to his second suggestion. He agreed with the noble lord the member for Leicestershire that they must en- tirely stop all movement of cattle. The right hon. baronet said that if they did that they must resort to a dead-meat market; but he did not show that any evil would result from adopting that alternative. Many ad- vantages would attend a dead-meat market. At present animals often suffered a great deal in travelling to market; and, moreover, the bones, hides, hoofs, and offal of cattle were now brought long distances into large towns, where they were utterly nseless, and therefore they had to be sent away again to some place where they were wanted for manufac- turmg purposes-thus entailing much aeedless trouble and expense. All that would be obviated by the establishment of dead-meat markets. But it was said" Oh but meat being a perishable commodity, if it came up to town an ™^i,an<!wa8not t^en bou8ht> it must be sold next day eheaper. But what was the Home Secretary moA«»°w »v, He said they might send their fat cattle to hnW? tey not bring them back again. But when umiJn wn m +vJew cattle could not be taken away Thi^=^ld th8y 8ure t0 han8 back in buying them ? fLrmor 'f w ,that regulation would be to deprive the farmer of the full price of his cattle, while the result of a dead-meat market would be to enable the public to get their meat at a cheaper rate. The Home Secretary, he might add had made no provision for the movement of cattlc from Ire- land. from which, as hon. gentlemen were well aware the oattle fattened in England to a considerable extent came By that means an injury would be done not only to the English grazier, but to the Irish farmer also, who found in this country the best market for his stock. Now too that no cattle were being bred in England we must in the spring resort to Ireland for a supply, and, therefore it was h« thought, desirable that the tattle in Ireland, being free from infection, should be allowed to be landed at our quays and taken straight to the grazing ground. Next came the question of compensation. The light hon. gentleman pro- posed to give a compensation amounting to two-thirds of the value of every diseased animal killed, and three-quarters of the value of those animals which might be slaughtered with- out showing any symptoms of the plague. It was, however in his opinion, a most arbitrary proceeding to say to the farmer, "You must have your cattle killed in the interest of the country," and net to acknowledge his right to ask for full compensation for the loss which he sustained, ft must not be forgotten, also, that every restric- tion placed upon a particular industry spoilt the sale of the article which it supplied, and that thus the value of cattle would be diminished under the operation of the stringent rules about to be laid down. The farmer under those circumstances had a right, he contended, to demand full compensation. The question was one in which, not only he but the large towns—in short, the whole country- were interested; but what did the Home Secretary propose ? He proposed to relieve the farmer by laying on his shoulders one-third of the two-thirds which he intended to give him in the shape of compensation. Now, for his own part, he could not see, as everybody in the country was interested in stamping out the plague, that there would be anything un- fair in making good the loss of capital which the farmer must sustain out of the Consolidated Fund. In the course of the discussion, the Lord Advocate stated that in the bill measures would be taken to combine the proprietors and tenant-farmers in the local executive which would be established. Leave was given to bring in the bill. The Attorney General obtained leave to bring in a bill to law relating to the granting of pensions to per- ^fW) JLceltain offlces connected with the administration Chinrtiw object of is to take away from the Lord wWch a nL.VLP1Wnrv,° deciding the circumstances under courts and ita c?rt*in officials of the law Mr. Childers obtained leave to brine in a hill .„0u. th* Public Works Loan Commissionersto mke advices towards lous pSctojU dwemn«8for the labouring classes to popu- The other business was disposed of, and the House ad- journed. In the House of Commons, on b. 13, the Notices of Mo- tions stood thns Mr. Fawcett-To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether, viewing the deplorable condition of the children employed in many of the trades of Sheffield and other towns, it is the intention of her Majesty's Government to introduce a measure for regulating the employment and securing the education of these children. Sir J. Pakington—Select committee to inquire into the constitution of the Committee of Council on Education, and the system under which the business of the office is con- ducted and also into the best mode of extending the bene- fits of Government inspection and the Parliamentary grant to schools at present unassisted by the State. Sir G. Grey—Committee of the whole House on the oaths taken by members of Parliament. Mr. Coleridge—In committee of the whole House to move: _If That the chairman be directed to move the House for leave to bring in a bill to abolish certain tests in the University of Oxford. Sir C. O'Loghlen Bill to codify and amend the law in relation to the keeping together and discharge of juries on the trial of criminal cases,

| THE CATTLE PLAGUE.

"ALL AGAIN IT!"

(®nr Jønbmt Cnraspittaf.

IftkelliiiitOHS JiMigeittt,

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MR. PEABODY'S BENEFACTIONS.

EPITOME OF NEWS.