DEAN STANLEY ON THE PERSIAN KINGS. On Sunday forenoon the Dean of Westminster preached in the Abbey before the Queen s (Westminster) R^fle Volunteers. There were between 200 and 300 of the corps present, who occupied the space between the choir and the communion rails, and there were also a larce congregation. The Dean selected as his text the 1st 2nd, and 3rd, verges of tbe 1st chapter of the Book of Esther, and also the 4th 5ch and 6th versus of the 8th chapter of the same book the words of the last-named verse of the l^.h chapter being "F°r how I endure the evil t'hat shall come unto my people, or how can I I eDdure to see the destruction of my kindred?' The first nortion of the sermon had special reference to the It. K'ngs of Persia, as narrated in the Old Testa- m«nt history, in connection with the present visit of tne iilustrious Asiatic monarch. In the outset of his discourse the Dean i b« rved that he had chosen for his itext certain passages from one of the sacred books which were appointed to be read during the present 1 week days in the service of the Church, as being r appropriate to the patriotic subject on which r he had to address them. and also not uncon- j nected with the present Visit to this country of a distinguished Eastern monarch. It waa acurlous coinci- dence that the alterations in the lessons of the Church made during the last five years, appointed to be rf* commencing last Wednesday, and ending with the closs of the present week, should be entirely connected *lth the history of that Asiatic race whose chief has been among us during the last few days. In vivid and t loquent termR the Dean traced the history and cha- racter of the Kings of Persia from the earliest times, as recorded in Scripture, observing that none of these Great Kings as they were called by the Greeks, had ever, until the present time, left the grandtur of their Asiatic palaces to visit Europe, and this was a "Decial feature in the history of this Oriental nation He went on to show that in early times the religion of the Persian race was not whtt it subseqaentlf became. Cyrus, the Ptrsian King, was no less the an- nointed of God than was King David, and with the Jews the subjects of Cyrus worshipped the same unseen power, in the mid"t of that mighty empire which to them was the most perfect scene of earthly grandeur. The events of the last few days were calculated to awaken in our minds interesting reflections. It was good for us that we should be linked with a country upon which we might exercise a beneficial influence by its ruler coming amongst us. Although, as compared with its past, Persia might be termed a dead empire, we had now amongst us the living representative of a great country and now, in our turn, it was for us to give back to this vast empire of the East the light which we ourselves once received from it. This it was our duty to do if we wished to restore it to what once it was, and promote its national prosperity.
OPENING OF A CHURCH FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB IN LONDON. A Church service conducted in gesticulation, and ad- dressed mainly to the eye instead of to the ear, is some- thing new to most of us and it is scarcely to be wondered at that St. Saviour's Church, in Oiford- street, which has been built for a peculiar and interest- ing purpose, being destined for the religious services of the deaf and dumb, was tnronged to overflowing on Sunday, on the occasion of the opening services. Her Royal Highness the Princess Louise and the Marquis of Lorne had intimated th^ir intention of being present, and took their seats in the pew allotted to them a short time before the service began. Lord Carbery and Lord Ehury were also present. One half of the church was on Sunday set apart for deaf and dumb, and the other half was occupied by a miscellaneous congregation of ladies and gentlemen in- terested in the amelioration of that afflicted class of our fellow-creatures. The forenoon service consisted of the ordinary ser- vice of the Church of England in duplicate, so to speak, for while the prayers and lessons were read in < the usual way by one clergyman, they were simulta- neously, and without any halting or delay, interpreted by signs by another to that section of the congregation deprived of hearing and speech. The anthem and hymn were sung, and interpreted as they were being sung in a similar manner. As the interpretation pro- ceeded as rapidly as the oral utterance the casual portion of the congregation were enabled to form some idea of the perfection to which the system of symbols in use among the deaf and dumb has attained. This was particularly visible during the interpretation of the sermon preached on the occasion by the Lord Bishop of Carlisle, whose words, as rapidly as he uttered them were translated into visible speech. The text of the sermon was drawn from Mark vii., 32, part of the second lesson of the ^ay, in whom the healing of the deaf and dumb man is recorded. On the walls of the church hung a picture of the came miracle, painted and presented to the church by Mr. T. W. Davidson, himself deaf and dumb, to which the right rev. prelate made more than one happy allusion. After dwelling on the lessons which the miracle conveyed, he referred to the erection of the cburch as a proof that the con- dition of educated mutes was recognised in London. It was the duty of Christians not mere'y to bring the deaf and dumb to the schoolmaster, not merely to bring them to the benevolent, but emphatically to bring them to Christ. To do this required brotherly co-operation but with regard to the collection which was about to be made he felt they were labouring under s, me considerable disadvantage from a large crop of Christian charity having been cut and gathered on the previous Sunday. A very large sum was not, how- ever wanted to complete all the work m hand, as £ 2 0r0 was all that was wanted to pay what lemained to be paid for the chapel and to build what further was necessary—a residence for tbe minister attached to it. He did not believe that the previous Sunday had ex- hmsted the wealth of London. Tin visit of the Shah of Persia bad abundantly proved that, if it wanted proof. He had been told that 101 gu neas had been p iid for a box at the opera given in honour of the Shah, and he had heard other things qllite as wonderful, which demonstrated the abundance of money. He would not, therefore, despair of the cause on whose behalf he was pleading. At the conclusion. of the ordinary services a col- lection was taken and the Communion celebrated. The services were interpreted by the Rev. Mr. Smith, the resident chaplain, and consecutively by one or two other clergymen.
CUTTINGS FROM AMERICAN PAPERS. An Indian squaw has just died at Lancaster, Mich., aged 115. She had thirty squawlers (infants). Arkansas newspaper correspondents in the Legis- lature make assertions and "back 'em up" by saying, I've got six bullets which says it's so." A county commisiioner in the western part of Maine, on inviting some lawyers to inspect the new court-house, quoted the solemn lines of Dr. Watts:- Ye sinners round, come view the ground Where y o a will shortly lie." A coroner's jury, empannelled to ascertain the cause of the death of a notorious drunkard, brought in a verdict of "Death by hanging-round a shop. In California, a coroner's jury, under similar circumstances, rendered a more courteous verdict: Accidental death while unpacking a glass." This story comes from Maine :-A man in Portland married a widow. She had a fashion which is too common among ladies who've ban. da man, of giving him glowing accounts of the angelic virtues of the dear departed. As a prohibition law u in force in Maine, he c,)uld not drown his sorrows in liquor, 110 he nerved his soul to take a terrible revenge. One night when his wife was sleeping soundly, perhaps dreaming of the "first" victim of her charms, be arose from his bed, took a sledgehammer, and delibe- rately raising it to his shoulders, he marched to the graveyard and smashed the tombstone of his dead rival into little bits. Now, when his wife says any. thing about the virtues of the der d man, he replies: It may be all very true, old gal, he cant smash my tombstone there's where I'm iLead.' Smith, the American poet laureate, thus breaks forth Ob, the snore, the beautiful snore, filling the chamber from ceiling to floor! Over the coverlet, under the sheet, from her wee dimpled chin to her pretty feet; now rising aloft like a bee in June, now sunk to the wail of a cracked basson now, flute-like, subsiding, then rising again, is the beautiful snore of Elizabeth Jane." n u A Pekin, Ill., local editor, wrote the following notice on assuming his duties :—" Sensational, distressing t details of revolting murders and shocking suicides re- spectfally solicited. Bible class presentations and ministerial donation parties will be done with promptness and despatch. Keno banks and their operations made a speciality. Accurate reports of Sunday school anniversaries guaranteed. The local editor will cheerfully walk seventeen miles after Sunday school to see and report a prize fight. Funerals and all other melancholy occasions written up in a manner to challenge admiration. Horse races reported in the highest style of the reportorial art. Domestic broils and conjugal infelicities sought for with untiring avidity. Police court proceedings and sermons re- ported in a manner well calculated to astonish the prisoner, magistrate, and preacher." Not long since a young Kentuckian paid his undi- vided attention to one of the fair sex, and concluded to pop the question. After much stammering and hesi- tation, the young lady exclaimed, I am partially en- gaged, but my mother wanti to marry This pleasing though slightly personal aUupion to Congressman Havens, of the Vlth Missouri district, is an published in the newspapers of that state Havens was a Congressman, Havens was a thief Havens took his back pay, And Havens came to grief. the people called to Havens, He wouldn't pay it back The people said to Havens, It isn't cheek you lack." The Louisville Journal thinks the sight of four able- minded men playing croquet i* the sublimest spectacle that an impoverished country ever beheld.
MR. MECHI ON THE CROPS. Mr Mechiwritrs to us (The Timet) from Tiptree hall, Easex, on the subject of the crops "A very wet autumn, followed by a frostless winter, renoered both the clearing and seeding of the land difficult, imperfect, late, and costly. Then came 14 weeks of piercing, drying winds, with night frosts, the last severe one being on the 20th of May. As might be expected, the crops looked late, thin, and gappy, until gieatly improved by the genial rams and higher temperature of June. On good lands, and on well-farmed lands, properly drained, deeply cultivated, and well-manured, there will probably be an average yield of wheat and all other crops but on the very extensive area of unim- proved and undrained land, particularly farmed the wheat crop especially must fall far Bhort of an average I form this opinion both from my own ob e^v ation and from information obtained from most ptts of the kingdom. Root cropsrpUnt wjU. and the nr,tato croD is at present promising, fhe eany nay crop will not be abundant. Beans are doing well wh.re e £ Fy planted. Early table peas ara not an abundant ^Spring sown wheat and spring com generally are now improving rapidly, but there will be very few hXd cropPs of any kind, « favour of a good quality of gram, which we may retf Whe'at ^irfand coming in to full ear in Essex, and we calculate upon commencing harvest about the first week in August-in our early districts rather so??iphere being no laid crops, mowing and reaping machines will be very extensively used, especially now that agricultural labour is so much dearer. I am afraid that this will prove a second very un- favourable year for many arable farmers. Stock breeders have done well."
THE MOST NORTHERN .—The men from the Polaris have brought to the United States an Esquimaux, named Hans Christien, with his wife and four children. He was taken on board the Polaris after she reached Di-c), with his wife and three children. Y vessel was in winter quarters the fourth chi)d was born. The birth having taken place on a United States vessel, under the national flag^the child is claimed as an American citizen. It was born 100 miles further north than any habitations of men are known to exist, and with reason, is believed to hava had its birth-place in a higher latitude than any other living human being.
EMIGRATION TO AUSTRALIA. The following letter is from the New South Wales Corre- spondent of The Limes, dated Sydney, April 19 The Parliament has been induced to vote £ 50,000 for emigrants. At the present fares this will not bring out a great many, but it is a beginning, and provided the Agent-General finds himself able to ship men and women of the right stamp, it may be regarded as the first instalment only. We are glad to observe a change in the tone of the English journals respecting emigra- tion. It was not long since considered to be an injury to the Mother Country that her sons should leave her, but the fact is that nothing is more to her advantage than that they should leave her for her own colonies. A plethora of people is removed from one place where they are a source of danger and burden to another where they are a souree of profit. Every man, woman, and child brought out here consumes, it is calculated, three times as much of manufactured goods as he would do at home. And this estimate is quite within the mark. Roughly stated, the policy of encouraging a large measure of emigration is this-you send forth a pauper and trans. form him into a consumer. You would meet with as much objection on the part of those who remain to pay for those who leave, doubtless, as we do here from those already landed, whether gratui- tously or not, to pay for the transport of competi- tors. Nevertheless reason prevails. Labour of all sorts is much needed here. Female servants are earning great wages — good cook", 20s. and 253. a week; housemaids, 12s. to 15s. Of the 800 women brought out to the colony lately by Government assistance all obtained engagements in respectable families immediately they landed, the rates of wages being from JE20 to JS22 per annum. The wages in the iron trades vary from 6s. to 14.i, a day, engine-drivers being at the top of the scale aud simple labourers at the bottom. Carpenters make from 8. to 10s. a day painteis, 9s. masons, 10J bricklayers, 9s. to 10s. carriage makers, wheelwrights and smiths, 7s. 6d. to 10s.; paintere, 8s. 4d. to 10s. lOd. ship- wrights, 12. railway carriage workmen, from 8s. to 13i. a day farm labourers, R30 to JS35, hut-room and r,tions included ploughmen, stockmen, and shepherds, 235 to C40 a year; general house servants, 10s. to 12s. a week; grooms and gardeners, from t40 to 250 a year; governesses, from j526 to 2100 per annum, and so on. The selection of emigrants is intrusted to Sir Charles Cowper. It will be limited to such persons as can pay one third of the cost of the passage to the colony (m the case of families, both for adults and children), and is to be made from the population of England, Scot- land, and Ireland in such manner as shall prevent undue preponderance of any one. Emigrants must be of sound health and good charicter, and are to consist either of mariied couples not exceeding 35 years of age (with or without children), or of unmarried women not exceed ng 30 years of age. It is desired that they should be from the classe" of mechanics, farmers, miners, vinedressers, labourers, and domestic servants. All deposits on money on account of the passages will be received by the Agent- General. Additional directions can be obtained from the Agent-General. Let me inform your readers that those who desire to possess themselves of a good map or a few ready facts concerning the colony as a place for emigrants will find something to suit them in the New South Wales Court of the London Exhibition. What the Agricultural Society has prepared the International Commissioners have adopted, and very good it is, and, moreover, quite reliable. Before quiting this subject let me say to young far- mers who may read this letter, Why do you not come out here and cultivate sugar ? Here is splendid land and a fine market; all that is wauting is the capital and the brains. Farmers can be put in the way of making from 20 to 30 per cent, of their money.
THE SUB-DIVISION OF LAND IN FRANCE. At the meeting of the Statistical Society the other day Mr. Warde Norman read a paper on the causes which have led to the subdivision of land in France (remarks the Pall Pall Gazette). Land, according to the writer, can be bought cheaper in England than in France. With us the normal price may be taken at thirty j ears' purchase, and there is probably not a c iuutry where land may not be had at this rate. One great cause why the cultivator of land in England is not the purchaser is, Mr. Norman asserts, the peace which has prevailed in this country since the close of the fifteenth century and the security thereby given to personal as well as real property. The enormous wealth of England is embarked in all sorts of com- mercial enterprises at home and abroad, and the means of s'milar investments are with its of c xim-,alt recurrence. Compared with the Frenchman, the Englishman is an extravagant person he lives W'-ll, and the low return to be hid from the purchase o' land does not tempt him. On the^other hand, a French peasant buys land at forty years pur- chase, and'borrows part of the money for his m^stment at probably 6 per cent., or even more. An English- man would not contemplate such an operation, but the Frenchman means to farm his own land, and merely considers whether it will yield a surplus over the in- terest and taxes when his own and his family s labour have been expended on it. Moreover, until recently the French peasant, familiar with war and revolution, never had confidence in any other property. If the country were more tranquil Mr. Norman thinks the peasant proprietors would sell their small holdings for more profitable investments. A tendency of this kind was pelctlptible during the latter years of the Empire, when none deemed a revolution near. Following Lavergne's estimate of the ratio of agricultural yield in both countries, Mr. Ward places the annual loss which France suffers from the inferior quantity of grain and live stock produced at no less than £100,000.000. This inferiority is not ascribablo to un- favourable differences of roil or climate but to the supe- rior husbandry of our tenant farmers. If, however, the economic results obtained by the French cultivator are so farbeluwtheaverageofthiscountrv, there are political and social advantages which France has in her peasant proprietors whichshould notbeleftoutof account. The peasant proprietors of France form the ballast," Mr. Norman remarks, which has more than once saved the vessel of the State from being altogether upset and dashed against the rocks, amid the ftoimi raised by contending factions. Tn", army, of which tbe kernel is formed from the families of peasant proprietors, has, in 1848 and 1872, by defeating the socialistic and com- munistic insurgents, saved property and society itt-elf from an utter overthrow, and would do so again were its services required." It was admitted in the discus- sion on the paper, that it would be futile to attempt even an approximate estimate of the number of law- owners in England cultivating their own acres uuul Mr Stansfeld's Domesday Book is before the world.
HIGH PRICES AND THE IF ALL IN GOLD. (From The Times.) A topic which has now for many years periodically disquieted tbe public mind has recently been bronght into notice once more. The fall in the value of gold, and the corresponding or contemporaneous rise in the price of commodities, is, iu truth, a most important subject., nor do we doubt that it has hitherbo been im- r.erfectly investigated. Two great facts, indeed-one of long-standing, and the other of recent date—are of themselves sufficient to show that something more than the mere multiplication of sovereigns may have contri- buted to the diminution of their purchasing power. Meat b- gan to rise enormously in price before the effect of the gold discoveries could have been felt, and coal has now risen still more enormously under circumstances which show that the depreciation of the precious metals cannot be materially responsible for the phe- nomenon. That other causes are at work is clear, as is also the fact that such decline in the value of gold as has already occurrei may be aggravated hereafter by a large influx of the precious metal. Other countries have up to this time been absorbing much of the flood, but they are becoming saturated with the supply, and before long, perhaps, it may accumu- late and stagnate, to our perplexity or detriment, in these islands. However, it is not our present inten- tion to follow up the broader inquiries which have been instructively suggested. We propose, rather, to look at the matter from a more practical point of view, and to ask what have really been the actual results of the gold discoveries, BO far as they are visible in the state of society and condition of the people at this moment. So early was the" alarm on this subject sounded that perhaps few readers now remember the little treatise in which Mr. Cobden opened a glimpse of the future by translating, for the use of his countrymen, the speculations of M. Chevalier on the probable effects of the new imports of gold. In that work, however, and in others which followed, an impressive picture was drawn of the results which might be anticipated. Society, it was said, would be dislocated; whole classes would be displaced, creditors would suffer, debtors would gain, annuitants and other persons with fixed incomes would find themselves half ruined in fact, a revolution, and nothing less, wonl i convulse the social fabric fiom top to bottom. The steps by which this conclusion was reached were few and easy. Gold would ultimately lose, say, half its v.lue, aud when a sovereign would only purchase ten shillings worth of goods the owners of a limited number ot sove- reigns would find themselves deprived of half their means. This reasoning was more than plaueible; it appeared beyond impeachment, and it is certain that the produce of the gold mines has been more than sufficient to fulfil the conditions assumed. We n)w, however, wish to ask whether the predicted revolution has actually and visibly occurred. Everybody knows well enough that things are dear, though Dot all things but has there reaUy up to the present moment been any displacement of ranks or any convulsion of social order? Has any considerable cleas of the population found itself grievously reduced in circumstances or depressed in the social scale ? Do people discover that what they could do twenty years ago they can do no longer ? To take a typical case, let us suppose the incumbent of a living worth JS400 or B500 a year. Would a person so situated have suffered materially in position by the presumed fall in the value of money since 1853 ? Has the cost of living, taken all round, actually told upon the possessors of fixed incomes in the manner anticipated ? Can anybody say that to his own knowledge families by the hundred, or the score, or the dozen, have been compelled to descend from the rank they once occupied owing to the circum. stances described above ? ^nnitants fclf to these questions it 18 their deetinies are not a numerous class, and that in to might attract little notice. it wou^ con8iderirg rejoin that the whole calculation Ra(1 reduced would be proportionately limited fact which in importance. Indeed, ther an(J thia i„ that a forces itself upon our cons i wealth is everywhere prodi Tious increase of the PU^taia & ;onfi ,-ed. It PJ^cg with very few exceptions, i and to all app' to epend, and do actually spend people have 8 before the gold mines were t more, than j of SOciety eDjoy themselves more ^ntklor more enjoyment. We say all rank., because we really know of none to be generally 5 _cepted. Of course, c al and meat at present prices ,nuet tell upon small fixed incomes, but we doubt whether even an annuitant of £ 150 or £ 200 a year, to j take a strong example, would, upon the whole, be much f worse off than formerly. An annuitant of £ 50 a year wovi'vl certainly have lost but little. -The first necessaries of life bad not, until the coal famine, risen in cost at all. Bread, tea, coffee, sugar, and clothing are much cheaper than they were. Clothing, to those who know how to manage, is also cheaper. House rents have risen only in well-frequented places. All, or nearly all, articles of humble furniture are as cheap as they need No doubt, as soon as we ascend in the soale of living, difficulties would increase, but after the ascent has been continued a little they become compensated by advantages. It is safe to say that many modest luxuries have of late years been greatly cheapened. The wine trade has been absolutely transformed. A bottle of good wholesome French or German wine can now be bought for a third, or even a fourth, of the price which would have been demanded thirty years ago. Schooling is not only far cheaper, but far better; in fact, it seems as if education might soon be had for next to nothing. All these things, and many others which could be mentioned, tend to lower the aggregate cost of living, in spite of the dearness of farm produce. The fact is, we imagine, that only a limited class could feel the full effects of the depreciation of gold. Very few ineomes are so immovably "fixed" as to come under the category contemplated. No dorbt, the very large class which is paid by stipends may be said to have fixed incomes, but these inoomes can in reality be expanded by pressure, as we have clearly seen. It may, indeed, be urged on the other hand that the very general demand for enhanced pay is of itself irrefutable evidence of the results we have been question- ing, but such demands, when once suggested, are easily made and readily maintained. Nobody would be slow to believe that his income would bear a little stretching. Then as to compensation from management as well as other'sources, look at the effects of the co-operative system. If ail reports are true, an annuitant might well save as much by exchanging his shop for a store as he would lose by the reduced value of a sovereign. Of the loud complaints audibly uttered about the cost of living we confess we should think more if they were attended by any evidence of compulsory economy, but though many people say that living is dear, few, so far as we can see, endeavour to make it cheaper by foregoing any of its comforts. Every species of holy day-making implying thfc possession of spare cash is pursued with more energy than ever, and by all classes alike. This is certainly the rullO, and it is uamistakab y plain whereas the exceptions are, in our opinion, not plain. Somehow or other—we do not here inquire how—the practical effect of the gold imports upon the state of society has not been what it was expected to be. Neither the partial ruin nor the general confusion predicted has hitherto occurred. Harder trials, it is true, may possibly be in store for us, but if the results should be no more formidable than those already witnessed, we think even annuitants may contemplate their future prospects without any great alarm.
FRIEDRICH VON RAUMER. Friedrich Ludwig George Von Raumer, the great German historian and Emeritus Professor of History and Political Economy at Berlin, whose death is an- nounoed as having happened recently in Germany, was bDrn at Worlitz on the 14oh of May, 1781, so that he had just completed his 92nd year. Having studied Classics and Jurisprudence at the Universities of Halle and Gottingen, he entered in 1801 upon a public career, and having held some posts in the Provincial Service, in 1810 became a member in the Cabinet of the famous Von Hardenberg as Minister ot Finance. In that same year he published a work on The System, of Taxation in Eng- land, which caused considerable interest in Germany, and first established his reputation as a deep thinker and writer on political economy. At the end of the great European war in 1815, aided by a public grant of money for that purpose, he spent two years in travelling through Italy aLd Switzerland, after which he produced two works of some importance, the one descriptive of Venice, and the other an essay on the Latin historians of the Middle Ages. These works led to his introduction to the late King of Prussia, who was always f nd of the society of learned men, and not long a. terwards procured for him the Professorship at Berlin which we have mentioned above. He bad already held for some years a similar pjst at the smaller Uni- versity of Breslau. Under the late King's reign he held a variety of public appointments. In 1847 he was made Secretary of the Academy of Sciences at Berlin, and in the following year was sent to the Parliament at Frankfort by the votes of the Municipal CounciTof Berlin, in which he took his seat "n the Right. In 1848-9 h; acted as German Ambassador at Paris. In 1853, however, he resigned all his public offices, in- cluding his Profe-sorship, and retired into private life. The WOI k. to which he owed his European reputation were his History of the Hohmstaufea Family ajid thtir Times, and hi- HUtory of Europe from the End of the Fifteenth Century, in eiscbt ortton volumes-a book In waich he advanced opinions adverse to those enter- tained by his more Liberal countrymen on many dis. puted subjects. In 1830 Le established the HisUirwal Annual which bears his name, and which is still continued annually — a repository of information of real value to students of history, and wtU known in every Continental capital. Among his other works are Contributions to Modern History from the British Museum, &o., England in 1835, and England in 1841, and also a book on the United States of North America, which country he visited in 1843. Von Raumer's name will be remembered also for the severity with which he exercised the office of Censor of books published within the kingdom between the years of 1820 and 1831. Most of Von Raumer's works have been translated into English and the historian himself made many friends in learned circles in the course of repeated visits to this country. With him passes away almost the last of the learned historians and writers to whom the eighteenth century gave birth.
THE MARKETS. MAM-LANE.—MONDAT The grain trade at Mark-lane has been quiet to-day. There has been a short supply of English wheat on offer, but the condition has been good. The attendance of millers has been limited, and business has been Blotf nevertheless, full prices have been rt alised for choice samples. Fortign wheat has been in fair supply. The demand has been only to a retail extent, at about literates. The market hasbsen scantily supplied with barley to-day. The trade has been firm, and full rattS h tYe been obtained. Malt has chauged on former terms Only moderate supplies of oats have been on offer. Sales have progressed steadily, 6d. ner qr. more muney has bem obtained. Maize has been quiet at previous prises. Beans have been firm in tone, but the demand has not been active. Peas have changed hands at last week's prices. Flour has been quiet, but steaoy. METROPOLITAN CATTLE MARKET-MONDAY. The cattle trade has been without feature of importance. Business has not been brisk, and prices occasioually have ruled lower under the influence of the warm weather. The siinnlv of foreign beasts has been in excess of the aversge, consisting ot about S45 Spanish, 268Danish. 223 Gothenburg, ioI f'hri*tiania and 94 Dutch. Prune fornga breeds have b enSy ta vTlue hnt other qualities have been dulL From our own grs'zing districts there has been only a moderate show, but some !fth^eh exhibited. The demand has been inactive and although, the best Scots have in some instances realised the general top quotation ha» not exceeded 6s. per lb. Fiom Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, and shire we received about l,0o0 head fiom Lincoln 60 irom other parts ol Eiglaud abmt 200; and from Ireland about 2\10 head. The sheep market has been without appreciable alteration The supplies have have been rather less exten- sive than on Monday last. The demand has not been active, but prices have been steady The best DOWNS and half-breds have sold at 6J. 2d. to 6s. 4d. per 81b. Lambs have been dull anil drooping at 7s 61. to 8s. 6J. per 81b. Calves have oeen iu tucretaed supply and limited request, at drooping prices. Pigs have been nominally without alteration. At Deptford there have been 260 beasts from Hamburgh. Per 81b. to sink the otlaL a. d s. d. I a. d. s. &. Coarse and inf. beasts 5 06 4 Prime South downs 6 26 4 Second quality ditto 6 6 5 10 Large coarse calves 4 66 0 Prime large oxen 6 0 6 2 Prime small ditto 6 6 6 0 Prime Scots, <fec 6 2 6 4 Large hogs 4 2 4 6 Coarse and inf. sheep 6 0 6 6 Neat small porkers 6 06 4 Second quality ditto 6 8 6 0 Lambs 7 6 8 6 Prime c jarse woolld 6 0 6 2 METROPOLITAN MEAT MARKET.—M0HDH. The supply of meat, although short, Included a oom- naratlv.lv large quantity from the country, and as the con- dition wL bad and the weather warm, purchases were effected very slowly, and the quotations occasionally receded slightly.— the t. d. L <t. t. d, d. r».f<irfnr h««f 8 0 4 0 Inferior mutton.. 3 8 4 4 Middling ditto 4 0 4 8 Middling ditto 4 6 6 0 » Prime large ditto 6 4 6 10 Prime ditto 6 4 « 0 » £ ss £ I f t POTATOES. There was very Utile demand for old potatoes, either Eng- lish or foreign, and prices in seveial Instances gave way. New potatoes, however, were in request, at a marked advance on the week :-Old Flukes, Victorias, and Regents, £ 7 to £ 9 Foreign descriptions, 70s. to 80s Bew kiuneys, 414 to .£18 other kinds, el3 to .t16. HOP3. Under the influence of wanner weather the bine has made fair Droeress during the past week, and owing to the recent heavy sWers a slight diminution in the quantity of vermin has taken place. The market, nevertheless, Is very firm, but purchases in most classes of hops are effected with more cau ion East Kent goidlngs, £ 6 to £ 7 15s Mid Kei.t», pc i 2 < to £ 6 16s. Weald ef Kent, £ 6 6* to £ 6 6?. Sussex L to £ 5 15s. Worcesters, £ 6 to £ 7 12i. Farnhams and country £ 5 12s. to £ 7 7s Yearliugs, £ 8 3s. to £ 10s. New Bavarians, £ 7 to £ 8; New Alsace, £ 6 12». to *7; and Americans, 1870, L2 LB. to £ 38?. FISH. Pickled herrings, 28s. to 33s. 6d. ditto roused, 20s. to 35s. ditto resh, 25s. to 30c. ditto red. 12'. to 22s. C. per barrel kippers, 2s 6d to 5-. bloaters, 2s. 4a. to 4 s. l«d per box: smoked haddock, 20'. to 31». per barrel; trawl ditto, 12s. to 16s. Plaice, 16s. to iOs. whiting 12? to 18s. P«r basket; soles Is. to 4s. per pair turbot, 7». to 12s brin, 2« to 4s. each msckrel Is. 6d. to 3s. mullet, 5. to 8^ 6^ per dozen: eels, 1?. to Is, OJd per lb-, .o £ l010a- 25s. crabs, 5-. to 25s. id. per dozen; native oy tors, £ 1010*. P*rbUShe1' SEED. f f LONDON, Monday, of T SSf were the trade for a?rIc.u!fu'a}t more Inquiry, and good nominal Fine Trefoil met r whjte Mustardseed sold in samples were fully as dear brown samples are asked small lots, at very full P. th se ^onld command fair values, for, hut none fffertBS- jerms steadily. Laige Hempseed Canary»eed sold on a ready sale. Foreign Tares were brought full rates, forrner terms Rapeseed ot fine English purchased siowiy gmali patceis at the extreme prices quality was purcnm*o« of last week. PROVISIONS. mionoN Monday, Jane 23—The arrivals last week lrom Trniand were 177 trkins Butter and 3,5 4 bales Bacon, and from foreign ports 29,6H packages Butter, 2 479 biles and 453 boxes Bicon. Tue supplies oi foreign Butter are large, and, with the exception of Dutch, which advanced about 6s. per cwt., all other descriptions are lower. In Irisi scarcely a transaction passing. Bacon remains without alteration in prices; but the sale is slow for all descriptions, except the very finest Waterford. PRICES Butter, per cwt. s. s. Cheese per cwt. s. s. Dorset 120 to 124 Cheshire 76 to 90 Friesland 104 108 Dble. Glouc, new 70 84 Jersey 88 100 Cheddar 80 94 Eng. Fresh, p«r doz. 12 15 A?.nc».. « » Bacon, per cwt. Qq inn Wiltshire, dried 78 80 Cumberland 98 IW Irish, green, f.o.b. 78 82 Irish «» TALLOW. LONDON, Monday. June 23..—P. Y.. C. s^dJtalnet per c «t. on the spot. Town Tallow is quoieu cash. Rough Fat 2s. per 8lbs. d ft Roach Stuff, per cwt. 16 0 Town Taiiow, per cwt. 43 6 19 o R>ugh Fat, per 8lbs^ 2 0 „ 6 0 JMylted Stufl, per cwt. 32 cwt Yellow Russian, new. 43s. id. per cwi Australlai) Mu^ iaUow. 42s. 61. Ditto Beet Ditto. 41*. "d.
PARLIAMENT. I June 20, Lord Vivian inquired ascertain the character of those I for direct commissions in the and. if so, what means were 10 had been expelled from public I rito competition. He understood cttrs were admtitèd to the corn- e thought it would be desirable :m of the Commander in-Cniet's t in the regulations concerning Dootntmentg it was provided that tiffed to be of good moral cha- the second part of the question, raj8 Veen the practice to report 1 from Woolwich College to the le caies of removal as distinct imilarly reported. With respect ¡ itary institutions, it was also In- t gaintt the edmiseion of Improper examinations and under all cir- '-in Chtef would be the judge ef the Queen's commission. mv revision of the existing rules :niz«d that no man had a right to amiuation unless he sat,isfitd the eligibility for a commission In the aid that if the moral character of xamination was not satisfactory, !ommander-in-Chief to reject him, It to ascertain the real character then adverting to the subject of iquired whether any reports were lsir Robert Walpole, Lieutenant- and the Generals commanoing ing of the Control Department aneeuvres and, if so, lid said he r their production, as he thought should he acquainted by those the working ot the Control De- lbordinate office of that Depart. the subject. 'as intended that the Manoeuvres Id on by the Generals of Division, le to expect that they would be lout reserve if the reports were iord Cairns and Lord Granville, stated that officers could not be y and unreservedly their opinions thought that those opiuions would 1d he recommended the Duke of in his Intention to move for the yielded to this appeal, and the some observations from Lord de Jke of Richmond, it was agreed presented to her Majesty praying of officers in the Army who had ider in-Chief in reference to their onstquent upon the abolition of ed. sat at two o'clock. tating Bill, the discussion of Mr. ause 13 was resumed. The clause il the exemption of Stock-in-Trade "ley desired to include In it the y in mills other than that by means merated or transmitte 1. The limit- is suggested by Mr. F. Powell, and energetically opposed by Mr. Stans- sral, who maintained that it was tnee and also to the general scope of nd, not to narrow, the area of tax- rved of it that it was founded on the iption of Stock-'n-Trade was deair. quite the contrary opinion, and exemption because it was impos- Trade. Mr Lopes and Colonel nst the amendment from the Con- was supported by Mr. Scourfleld, in, and others. On a divM n, the id by 227 to 77. On the question of the bill, Mr. Corrai. ca stated at ) perpetuating the exemption of iiviston the clause was affirmed by hough it was only half-past five idjourned in deference to the re- oers anxious to attend the City h. l Acts Amendment Bill was read a d the House adjourned.
June 23, Lord Lansdowne, in reply 1 that in revising the Army List it etive and non-effective portions of t separate, and, consequently, the » on half-pay were removed from and put at the head of the noa- Jre his arm in a sling, postponed on motion for an Atldr* SJ praying Rtr era of the offices of Lord Chancellor, Queen's Bench and C Immon Plsas, le Exchequer Peers for life. y to Lord Stratheden, promised to sing to the mission of Sir Bartle ) week. the second reading of the Children's us Performances Bill, the object of prevent the employment of children je in dangerous performances, such ;ht that the bill did not properly which it was desired to prevent, and at the cruelty and danger to which e liable occurred in the c >urse of oper rermdy was for School Boards dren attenced school led, and the result was that the bill y to Lord Carnarvon, stated that the ctded that there was Dot sufficient the Spanish steamship Murillo had N orthlleet, butJtber certificate of the 'r twelve months, because he did not Bamer he ran into. moved for the production of corres- t, and the motion was agreed to. of Religious Worship Bill and the its (Ireland) Bill were rcad a third sent (Laud) Bill and the Metropoli- Qtal Bill passed through Committee, djourned. -u Wns spent the night in Committee of timates were first taken—commencing o for the Control Department. The 8 rformances of the Department were 0 Arbuthwot, who complained Pansiveness and of the absence l" or utilizing local resources. Lord f ,u> Mr. O'Rsllly, and Mr. "White- s a H, Sloiks made an energetic de- j -Jtt, but promised to consider all the t 9 °f £ l.07f>,000 for the manufacture s e was a long conversation on tae ex- < i r?' utilizing our old cast-Iron guns, i lr H. Storks maintained that on the Bun in the world, and mentton<jl in- the new 35-ton gun is £ 2,158 5s. 9d. 1 I Ilrogress made with the Martini-Henry "at the reports of it were most favour ^een made, and that alterations were °h tha Factory could turn out 3,000' a ( for Establishments for Education, *ed a discission on recent events at Card well assured the Committee that on satisfactorily now, and that the 'SMy appreciated the education which 'Vote of £ 200,500 for the Administra- Anderson took exception to the increase the Military Secretary. Mr. Cardwell ustitled by the additional djtie* thrown boiition of Purchase, but under pressure 6 admitttd that the Treasury had disal- e, and was now i econslderlng the matter, SIan followed on tne conflicting respon- of Commons, the W.r Office, and the circumstances, and finally Mr. Glad- istpone the increase until the Treasury K- r. tell in the Army Estimates were com- e then took up the further c mslderation Uents to the Riilwav and Canal Traffic moved by Mr. C. Fortescue to a new 3e Lords-to the effect that the Com- exercise juritdtction ill any matter in "ested directly or indirectly, and that t any office inconsistent with this pro- at some length, but ultimately agreed idmenti. of the Lords were also con- 9 few alterations. 'ed the appointment of the Zanzibar ittee, consisting of the following niem- Mr. BenTon, Mr. Leatham, Sir R. Waterhouse, Sir K. Colebiooke, Lord IS, and Mr. Goschen. Mr. Monk and r» objected to this being done at so late 'Q a HJBse, and moved the adjournment 1 was agreed to, though Mr. Bouverie "hlfi not trouble himself about it. Mr. ay for resuming the debate, and the 6 minutes to 2 o'clock.
THE CITY OF PARIS. Wte, in a word of praise in the well- says :— I upon being asked what be most stay in Paris, is reported to have tars that you put inside the lamps l'here can be no doubt, in fact, that *r lighted than any other city, and company, if it enjoys a monopoly, at abuse its power, as was apprehended ?*hen it first obta'ned its charter. whose sketches would fcnd 's if they were translated into Eug- hteresting statistics concerning this y, from which we learn that while -<a Villette consume 720 tons of coal inter, 330 tons are found sufficient Unoier months, and that the price f the company during the past D\ose upon half a million sterling. of gas has increased from foirty Metres in 1855, and one hundred ha in 1865, to close upon one hundred f°r 1872, and the total length of the 1S rather more than a thousand _he gag company pays the munici- ■*>000 for the right of laying on the oer obliged to bear the cost of re- Ie Pipes have to be replaced, to say °f two centimes upon every cubic 'lined. From this latter source the ved more than £100,000 during last Ie terms of another agreement giving the profits, its revenues froua the gas e<l to a to al nearly times as 6 ii ^mplighters for the whole of eellent is their organisation, perform ^ttons in forty minutes, while it takes to extinguish the lamps. As the a covered is little short of 950 miles, g.8t over about 2 200 yards in forty
SOLVED.—Those who lake an dCIpheritlg of cryptographs may pos- d in the agony column of The Times stant the following weird advertise- 08 dps ces wtbsfdocojq ji wjcsfe. lojs pia zic wfs qsddojq ij aoll q< bj ri' dps upoltfsj. As pwbs rsa rfosjdc k«up di ewy. Epwll lobs psfs loddla 'nnnsj aors." If we follow the well- of interpretation laid down by Poe -'e, the cipher in question, if cipher it Hetdf) up its key a, once. "S"ob- "E," ks for me," and dp-§ uttle moi e r, c, i •• '•• >/ 1: ,i"; "ji" respectively "no'* ,.<ad "on," taut now," and "oe"l,w." phered, the advertisement reads thus ^of adverting? No >-nwers. Cruel he bow you are netting on. Will giv« irk for the children. We have few "Ot me write. Much to say. Shall )Ilger. A broken-hearted wife.
VISIT OF THE SHAH OF PERSIA. The following extracts are from th: State performance at the Royal Italian Opera: On-en being to tna^le blm to witness marked that the industrial and pacific bearing of the San people interested Mm deeply. Th y are a good neonle" was his observation more than once. Manu F ctures hive the greatest attraction for him and, th's being so, one can easily understand why H was he examined so attentively what was shown to h'm in the Arsen*l on Situid iy. Our national workshop there is one of Which the country may feel proud. In its way, the Shah has seen nothing like It, beoanse it has not Its equal In Europe. Tn Krupt/s Factory at E«en His Mi-jss'y saw much that surprised him, bat he did nut see all the resources < f that tstablishment, and, at its best it cannot exhibit such a variety of manufacture In the implements and munitions of war as W. olwlch Ar-enal. nn The publi anxiety to see the Shah is not yet latlated. On Saturday morning mu'titudes turon ed the highway u«"atly taken by those who travel by road from London to yvO'il- wicb. The Royal party entered the Arsenal shortly be fore twelve o'clock under a salute of 21 guts. At the gates the Shah was received by Mr. Card well, Sir Herry Storkes S r John Adye, Brigadier-General, and other officials. The nrst portion of the factory visited was the futbace room, and there the Shah saw a bar of iron of about 170 feet long taken out of one of the huge furnaces. This was intended tor the trunnion of a gun, and by means of a revo ving mandrel it was spun round in a succession of coils while at a white heat. Having passed rapidly through the model roon«. th« S^<U) was taken to the rol ing mills, where he saw a huge mass of metal rolled out into bars after it had been licked into an im- mense block by the opera' ion of afteim hammer. In the forge he saw a cylindrical bo y of iron composed of cons rem ,vid from a furnace by tones 30 feet in length, and weighing 16 tons The meta', which was some 8 t. by 4!t., was put at weldlntt heat under a mammoth steam hammer, which welded all the oils together, so that the whole became one piece to form the trunnion of a 25 ton glln. This operat on appeared to surpiise the Sbah more than anythiug else he saw in the fuctoiy. The boring mills were also visited and before leaving the Arsenal, the Shah was shown four of the W_,ol- wicii Infants," which have been manufactured for the J"ury, Tnd a s, shells weighing 35i.b and intended for a 35-ton Bun. During his visit His Majesty asked a number of in- telligent uuei-tions, and seemea desirous of understani ing thorougnly every process of manufacture brought under his D°1 he Shah drove from the Arsenal to the Royal Artillery barracks on the edge of the common, where the Royal party were to lunch with the Duke of Cambridge. D ^Ite of Edinburgh and Prince Arthur followed ot^er carriages. An escort of the 2nd Dragoon Guards, who had relieved the 7th Hussars at the Arsena', preceded His Majesty, and ,Se road from the extend of the town up to the Common ^At^n^i^cl^c^the^roop^ordered to parade for the review assembled and marched to the Common, where they were drav^ UD In two liues, the flrst consisting entirely of the Roval Horse Artillery, and the second of Field Batteries of Artillery. The R yal Horae Artillery comprised six batteries of 36 Runs consisting of the A, B, C, and E Batteries of the D Brigade', composed of eight Fie!d Officers and, 9 other officers with 6c9 non commissioned officers, rank and file, an J tru'moetsrs and 382 horses with 13 waggons, and the A and B Batteries of the DepSs Brigade, consisting of 12 euns 3 Field Officers and 8 other officers, 368 non- Sioned officer, and men, with a horse, The Field Batteries of Artillery were A, C, D, and h Bat- teries of the 11th Brigade, with 24 guns, 6 Field Officers, 17 other officers, 463 non-comrnlssioned officers and men, and 831 horses and 24 ammunition wapRons; th# A B and C Batteries of the 2nd Division Depot- Brigaue of 12 guns, 40 pounder Armstrong breech-loaders, consisting of 3 Staff officers, 9 other officers. 220 non-commissioned officers and men, with 232 horse. and 11 waggons. The total forco con- sistingof 16 batteries of 84 guus, with 20 Field Officers, 63 other officers, 1.620 non commissi.,ned officers and rank and file, 1 091 hcises. and 4i ammunition and other waggons. The troops employed keeping the ground were the Kidins E tabllshment, Royal Horse Artillery, Royal Eagioeers, Roy*l (Garrison) Artillery, Army Service Carps, and the 2nd Battalion 4th Regiment.. Jmt alter two o'clock the Royal party rode on to the Common. The Shah, who wore the rioand and star of the Garter, was mounted on a chestnut arab, whose tail was d, ed to a pink shade. A broad rillg of gold threadwork was affixed ab Jut half-way down the tail. Tne saddle-cloth and the head-piece and bridle were also heavily enriched with gold ornaments. An officer in attendance on His Majesty rode a gray arab. the lower half or whose tall was dyed of a mauve colour. The Duke of Cambridge wore the uniform of Colonel of the Royal Regiment of Artidery, the Duke of Edinburgh that of the 1st City of London Artillery Voluu- teera, aivt Frince Arthur that of an officer of the R Be Bri- gade. Wilen the Royal party came upon the Common a salute of 21 guns was fired, and the Persian and English standards were hoisted at the saluting point. The illustrious personages having taken up a position at the saluting base the troops formed up to march past, wtiich they did first at a walk in columns of batteries and afterwards in ctose eolumus, the battering of 40 pounders in sections. ftie Royal Hurse Artillery euhsequently repassed from the opposite flank at a oanter in section* of batteries, the Shh and suite changing places with the bauds in order to avoid ^Tf e march past concluded, the Royal Horse Artillery, after a few preliminary movements, formed line at equal distance, strotching the entire length of the Common, advanced at a jr.,11,in and came into action. After tiring a few rounds, the batteries on the ex re rue right and left retired, the remain-, ing batteries continuing to flrd, until they*utreat under cover of the batteries previously retired They then changed front to the right, by an echelon movement, opwied fire, and, after some time, re(orn.e i on the original align- ment, and repeatet their first movements, the alternate batcr ries re irlng as before. At the close of these move- ments the six batteries ol the R >jal HOIse Artillery advanced in line and gave a Rjjal salute, aud tuus ended the review, whica was purely an exhioition of Horse and Field Artillery. Tae troops, guns, and horses were in excellent condition, and the movements were admirably executed. At the clofe of the inspection, and when the Shah was leaving the ground, f t a royal salute was tired from the Aimationg 40-poundbrs.
VISIT TO THE ROYAL ITALIAN OPERA. 1 The State performance ordered by the Queen at the Royal J Italian Opera in honour of the Shah was equally successful c with the visit to Woolwich. There were iwj attractions g -the procession through the Floral-hall and the Operatic representation. Me. Gye, who, in the course of his twenty- t five years of management, has already had the task of organising no less than three grand State receptions—the t vii-it of the Emperor andEinprtss of the French, during the Crimean war that of the Prince and Prince and Princess or t Wales, on the occasion of their marriage and that of the „ Miltan of Turke)-can boast of sufficient experience in s ich f aff -ir.. Ti e completeness o; his arrangements for the welcome t of the Shah of Persia is the result of that experience. ( The decorations of the Flor^hall were at once; J hpnu tifill Tbe ceil n« was adorned with fe toons oi artincial t oeautnui. ine u pink—a canopy of fl >»er?, ,n s «hnrfS' 'iThese festoons were elsewhere distributedwiih equal judgment while the crimson hayings a.,d carpets, aided by in hHiitant illumiuation from numerous rows of pa> ]«ts and f together with a new and effulgent "sun-light," uu. er the t dome enhanced the genersl effect gratifying tne eye with a mix ure of colours, harmonious and nowhere obtruhive. The arrival of the Shah, who was expected to leave Buckingha Palace at a quarter past eight, when we remem- her what he had gone tnrough during the day, w»< com- mendably punctual. A detactimentfiom the Scots Fusiliers' Dand appea-ed a little after eight; then, Instalment by in- ntalnuerit, came in the members of our own Royal Family, the officers of the Royal Houtehold, the Cesarewitch and Cesarevna (Princess Dagmar), and a host of dfsiinguished persfDHgea—all in State costume or uniform. The Prince of Wales, the Duke of Edinburgh, Prince Arthur, and the Duke of Cambridge received the Shah at the toot of the stairs (western door), and, after friendly salutations between His Persian Majesty, and some of those who caught his attention, Mr. Gye took charge of his distinguished guest, and the corligi was mar- shaled into order. Tha military band played in suc. cession the National Russian Hymn, in honour of tbe Cesarewitch, our own National Anthem, and the so-called Per- sian National Hymn. As the profession, headed by the Shah, who essorte i the Princess of Wales, moved slowly up the Hall. the spectacle, with its variegated surroundings, was nothing less than gorgeous No sooner had tne staix- case been reached, aud the procession amid much cbeenng, gra mally disappeared, than there war a general struggle among those in the "Tribune Gallery "to make their way behind the curtain to the stage. A great many, it is to be leared, were disappointed, for the acceciS was by DO means easy, and the curtain was ordered to be raised on the very instant of the Shah's appearance, which, in consequence of the short route he took, was speedily effected. Whoever succeeded wa? well rewarded, obtalLing an unrestricted viewof thj theatre There, in the midst of the grand tier, was the State- box-the Shah as centralfliiire, with diamond epaiilettes^and enormous emeralds, di mont aigrette, diamond scimitar belt, diamond bands—blazing, In shore, wl.t \vl pMnisa of precious stones. On one side of him sat the Princess of Wales, the Cesarewitch, the Duke of Cambridge, &c, on tne other the Cesarevna, the Prince of Wales, the Duke of Edin- burgh, Prince Arthur, the Duke and Duchess of Teck, «c. behind him, for the most part standing, were many dis- tinguished members of his Cowt and Household. Close to the State-box was another box, allotted to the Prin- cess Louise and Prince Leopold. Constructed out of six boxes on the Grand Tier, the State-box bore a close re- semblance to that erected for the Sultan of Turkey, with its canopy, gilded crown and surmounting fligs of gilt and silver. Six more boxes III the tier above w-re appropriated to other personages belonging to the rotmue of the Soah. The theatre was crowded to the roof by a brilliant ftUThe instant the curtain drew up the familiar strains of our National Anthem were again heard and all the house, in- cllllling Hid Majesty of Persia and the rest. stood up, the audience for the most part turning their faces to the box which was the cynosure of attraction. fhen followed the operatic selection provided by Mr. Gye for his illustrious guest. Looked at as a whole, this was excellent, the only fault being that, the earlier exertions of the Shah in the course of the day taken into account, it was decic.edly too lore This sort of entertoinmeTit must be very nearly, if not altogether, strange to his majasty. T'.e programme consisted of a scene from the second act of Dinorah, in which Madame Adelina Patti swg the famous "Shadow Song;" the final scene from Hamlet. with Mdlle. AlbarJi aa the deranged Ophelia and the second and third acts of Famt e Marglurua —the characters in which (we need not name them) were sustained by Madame Adelina Patti, Mdlle. Scalchi, Madame Auese, Slgnor Nicolhd, M. M. Faure, Morel, and Tagllatlco. The first and last were conducted by Signor Vianese, the second was under the direction of Signor Bavignani. What seemed to excite the especial attention of the Shah was the "Shadow Song," the death scene of Ophelia, and the lovely scene of tne KermesBe in Faust. Patti danceis, after her own inimitably quiet manner, in the first Albania prepares for the final catastrophe amid a bevy of village dancers and the second act at Faust contains plenty of dancing, illustrated by a waltz tune, which though composed by a Frenchman, might have been signed Weber," without any danger of its authenticity being disputed. In all these His Majesty was evidently interested. Still more gratified, perhaps, was he with the vigorous and stirring march of Signor Vianesi, styled the Persian March," and including, as an episode, a characteristic air of undoubted Persian origin. This, under the direction of its compostr, was per- formed by the orchestra of the theatre, accompanied by a contingent from the band of the Grenadier Guards, with such » well sustained fire and animation that the whole audience TMf.a and loudly applauded—their faces again turned T th« State box. Tne Shah, himself, and all around V? ° ,ao tn acknowledge the compliment; the audience i ln a repetition of the March, and repeated it insisted up n a P Hamlet and Faust, His Majesty was accordingly. J-4 nt, of the State box were E and most of tn ^considerate host—to the refresh- I conducted by MJ. Gy vjrief and by no means un- 3 ment room, and so there was a o act ol Faust, ad- » welcome inteival. During the tbe ytiah was mirably as it was given by all concerned He apparently overcome with the labours u leaye,the nevertheless stayed it out manfully, «. Q. J(i gave the theatre until the orchestra once more p J j,}r (jy0 Queen," rising, as before, with the entire audience W who had been in the State box during the act of tout^ which we rtfer, then escorted His Majesty, "h eliue • ducted by the I ord Chamberlain to his carnage the[ cheeriug of the cr.wd outside being renewed as it they had been waiting outside during the entire performance to renew it.
I VISIT TO THE ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS. ° The Persian Monarch, attended by a numerous suite, paid 8 a visit on Sunday aiternoon to this ever popular resort. It I- was not until five o'clrck on Saturday evei.ing that Mr. e Bartlttt manager of the Ga deus, received an intimation of it the intended vt-it; but the fact became known in time to many of the public, and a larga number of people gathered •f in the hope oi seeing the Shah. Tne lawn and other favourite „ j nrt.« of the Gardens presented in conseqience a gay and ftimi-t-d pp-iraiice. It was thought his Majesty would t arrive in time to sae the lions and other carnivora fed, and j about four o'«loc'< a large crowd hud assembled at the gate for the cliance of his comiDg Feeding-time putsed, but the imptrial visitor came not, and ma"y per- sons left the Gardens, under the impiesiton that he must re have gme to Richmond, as he had previously inte ided. w shortly after four, however, his Majesty arrived, and Mr. 11 1 Bartlett, with other officials, came out to receive him. The leading walks of the Gardens were lined by a faahlonahlf company of-privileged ticket-holders, most of them being hdle., and, with the advantage of the lovely weather that prevailed throughout the day, the Gardens were seen at their best. First the Shah was conducted to the bear pit, where he passed some time agreeably, the bear being—as he told the manager of the Zoological Gardens at Cologne—an old ac- quaintance of his, whom be has frequently met when there was neither wall nor railing to fetter his action." After a visit to the lions the Shth and his party went t > see the monkeys, where, as usual, there was some fun in store. Rh Mfj s'y put his cane between two of the bars, and a large monkey at once seized it and carried it off to a remote corner. One of the keeperi entered the cage, aDd, recovering the stolen pro- perty, restored it to its Imperial owner, who was greatly amused by the incident. The parrots, also, were a source of much entertainment to the Shah, who was struck by the plumfge of many of them, and was curious to know the countries from which they came. A visit to the seal pond was, of course, part cf the programme, and while his Majesty was there the Frenchman In charge went through his well known performances—calling the seals from the water, letting them take their food from his lip and iu other ways showing that an agreeable intimacy has sprung up between him and his amphibious proUgis. The hippopotami were not for^ott*n, and the female was found backing sluggishly in the sun by the side of the large pool Altogether the stay of the Shan extended over two hours and afforded him infinite pleasure. His brother had visited the Gardens at an earlier hour, remaining from ten till two o'clock, and manifesting the utmost interest ia what he saw.
PREPARATIONS FOR THE NAVAL REVIEW. Our Own Correspondent" of the Evening Standard thus describes the preparations for the Review at Portsmouth :— Since this day 1300 years ago. when an old Saxon invader crept up the waters of Splthead, and, if tradition be trust. worthy gave to the spot where he planted his standard the name of Portsmouth, rarely, in many respects, and never in others has the historic old town seen such a spectacle as it witnessed on Monday. Displays more nearly approaching to the pomo and circumstance of war it has ofcnn beheld. The great review a'tfr the Crimean war surpassed it in imposing- Ilf as of tffect, that in honour of the Sultan's visit undoubt- edly excetded it in grandeur but the old fleet of 1856 is now a memory aud a name. Since the Sultan's review naval science has gone through many revoiu'ion*. The Meet inspected by the Shah to-day is remarkable forbriltging into ODe focal view the mightiest fleet ever drawn together on the British coast, containing ships of a ty),e undreamt of during the Sultan's visit. Seen by night from the Victoria Pier the spectacle of the fleet was not so impressive as might have been ex- pected. The 1" ng irregular line of the fleet's lights was dimly vissible through the light haz) which hung over the waters ot the narrow channels, which caused even the outline of the Isle of Wight to rise like a grotesque shadow, which might be land, fog, or aloud, or nothing, as the imagination might dictate. The ytchts, which were anchored in a great group between the flaet and the shore, being so much nearer showed s" much brighter, and lay literally a blaze of light. Early on Monday mornina the promises on every side of some great event became far from niggardly, and as the morning wore on they became profuse. Banners and ban- nerets hung from many a window. The bells of St. Thomas's Church rang forth a merry peal at eight o clock. The crows which were astir at these early hours were steering towards their various points of observation as good fortune had favoured them, or as choice directed. Tne centre of attrac- tion was the dockyard, within the precincts of which the train conveying hi* Majesty was to arrive. The line of rail- way Is continued beyond the station used by the public, and has its terminus proper on what is known as trie Railway Jetty, within the dockyard. A temporary platform, covered with green baize, had been erected on this jetty, and communi- cated with the Victoria and Albert yacht, which lay alongside, and on which his Majesty was to embark 'for the purpose of inspecting tne fleet. Commodious platforms for the general pub ic had also been run up close by the jetty platform, and it is needless to say that they were densely thronged by the elite. The Ship Jetty, which is 40 or 50 yards distant. was also crowded by sightseers. A detachment of the Royal Marine Artillery lined the temporary platform at which his Majesty was to arrive, and beguiled the weary time during which the public were waiting for the sluggard train with occasional melodie?. Meanwhile tne general public were left to possess their souls in patience, as much 01 it at least, as was possible, as best they could. At a quarter to eleven o clock, Ms Majesty arrived, and was I received by the Lords Commissioners ot the Admiralty, the naval "nd military Commissioners in Chief, the Rear Admiral I Superintendent, and other official authorities who awaited him on the platform. The Duke of Wellington and oih- r vessels in the harbour fired a general saluie, and the yards wera manned The mayor and aldermen, in their scarlet cloaks, and the members of the corporation of Portsmouth in their black gowna, were stationed on the platform, and presented his Majesty with an address contained iu a handsome volume bound in purple morocc). His Majesty briefly replied, and the procession to the Royal yacht commenced. The Shah passed with her R,yat Highness the Princess of Walesi arm- in-arm; behind them came the Prince of Wales with the Czarevna also arm-in-arm, and fallowed by the Duke of Edinburgh, the Ceaarevitch, and the suite of his Persian Majesty. —
THE INSPECTION OF THE FLEET. The inspection of the See:, at Spithead by the Shah did not commence so early on Monday morning as was expected, owing to the delay of the visitors in reaching Portsinou. h by railway. The R >yal train was taken out to the je'.ty, at the end of which lay the Royal jacht, Victoria and Albert, and only just sufficient time was allowed for the presentation of the address to the Shah by the Corporation of Forts- mouth before the order" as given to let go. The peers and peeresses who went down were accommodated on board the Simoom, while the Tamar was placed at the dis- posal of the lIemoera of the HoUoe of Commons. Snortiy after eleven o'clock the Victoria and Albert left the J< tty and steamed slowly out of the harbour, an,id,t the cheers of the men who manned the yards of the Donegal, the Victory, the Duke, of Wellington, and the ott er ve sels which lay in the barbour. Sic was followed by the Enchantress, one of the Admiralty yachti, with the Lords of the Admi- ralty and a numerous party on board, in the wake of whicn "as the Vigilant, in which were the members of the Shah's suite and some other visitors. Portsmouth Harbour, with its vessels, its flags, its cheering crowds, and its salutes, was BOlon left behind, and the yachts threaded their way through quite a fleet of little crafts that were afloat. I As the Royal and Admiralty boats steamed out of the bar- hour tbey were received with a aeatenlng salute from the ironclads. Just at this came to a conclusion, there was very nearly a collision between the Vigilant and I a little steamer which endeavoured to cross her track. The engines of the Vigilant were stopped and her helm put hard aport, but the tit.le steamer came perilously near the more powerful boat. The steamer was crowded with ex- cursionists, who loud'y cheered the Persians whq stood on the salxon deck and courteously returned the greeting. As the yachts steamed outward they met the cloud of sJloke from the ironclads, and this for a time kept them from view. Sud- denly the Isle of Wight again appeared behind the line of ships. After this the yachts with the Royal and distin- guished party steamed slowly between the lines of irouclads to enable all to take a rapid view of their enormous strength. When the Royal yacht had reached the end of the double line of vessels, and was about t3 turn, another salute was given, and again for a minute or two all the vessels which followed her were enveloped in a light clouli of smoke. This was about noon, at which time an accident happened to the engines of the Vigilant, and prevented those on board from taking any farih r part in the inspection. Ihe chief engIne, r declared it impossible to proceed, and signals of distress were therefore srn up for ss-utatiCe in rep y to which the admiral of the fleet ordered t.. 0 D. "s. tugs to the aid of the Vigilant, and after- wards sent one of the little Admiralty steamers to the relief of those who were on bonrd, and passing a very pleasant tme quite by themselves a long wiy from the r<st of the vessels which conveyed the visitors. It was not until after an hour's delay tha", the company on board the Vigilant were transferred to the little V,vid. One of the tugs broug it four Indians on board, who so m fraternised with the Persians. A few minutes sufficel to bring the Vivid near the monster Sultan j ist as the Victoria and Albert brought the Royal party to thit vessel. There It lay by for some time drifting gradually ntar the (JlattQn aud not far from the Devastation, which seemed to be the centre of Interest to visitors on board the numerous craft. that followed in the wake of the Royal yacht. Much to the regret of the Shah's suite, no opportunity was afforded to them to inspect the interior of any of the vessels tying at Splthead. Notwithstanding the accident to the Vigilant, waich took them out, they Ptill hoped to see BomethlOg IIf what was being shown to the Shah whiie they were left behind, but when the Shah returned from the Sultan, and all the Royal party were again on board their yacht, the ironclads fired another salute, the Victoria and Albert was put about, and driven as rapidly as possible into Portsmouth Harbour. She was followed by all the other boats which convey* d the visitors. Time pressed, and it was already near the hour at which the Shah was to land, so the yachts steamed in past Southsea teich. which was crowded with many thousand spectators, and into the dockyard, another I salute being fired from the bastion at the entrauce within the dockyard. There were large numbers of spectators, who loudly cheered the Shah and the Prince and Princess of Wales as they landed. After having hall a most delightful tour, they were joined by the members of the Shah's suite, and all drove away to the Admiralty House, where lunch was served. Over 12J persons sat down to the luncheon which had been provide 1 most the staff officers of distinction being present. The Shah, with the Prince of Wales, the Duke of Edinburgh, and the remainder of the Royal party, with the Lords of the Admiralty and other guests, to the number of about 40, dined separately in a smaller room on the right of the banquetmg-haii, in which are some excellent portraits by Sir Joshua Reynolds. Luncheon over shortly alter lour, the guests proceeded to a low balcouy overl ok- ing the Admiralty gardens, beneath which played the band of the Marillts. On leaving the banqueting hall the R iyal party visited one of the shed-, where lay the Blonde composite frigate ia course of construction. A large number ot men had baen retained here and at the factory. On account of the late hour the visit to other parts of the dockyard was abandoned, and the Royal party proceeded to the train. The Prince of Wales and the Dake of E fluburih shook hands with the naval officers. The Shah bowed to the people, and the Royal train left Portsmouth Djckyard for London at a quarter past five o'clock. The Mayor of Portsmouth entertained a largi party at dinner after the Shah's departure for London, at the Queen's Hot'l Southsea, and afterwards received upwards of 700 gneste iit a ball at Southsea Pier Assembly Rooms. A very I effective pyrotechnic display was mado on Southsea Common, but the fleet was not illuminated The effect of the lights from the fleet at Spithead was, however, very beautiful, and Ryde with the hundreds of lighted yachts anchored there, and with the occasional exhibition of an electric light, was a thing to he seen only on special occasions, such as the visit of a Shah of Persia.
THE SHAH AT THE INTERNATIONAL EX- HIBITION AND THE ALBERT HALL. The Times thus describes the visit to the Interna- tional Exhibition, and the enthusiastic reception at the Albert Hall :— In the evening the Shah visited, as had been agreed, the International Exhibition and the Albert Hall. The most indefatigable sightseers must acknowledge that they never had a better view of the Shah of Persia than at the Albert Hall on Monday night. At precisely half-past ten the flourishes of the State trumpeters announced that the Royal carriages contaning His Majesty and his suite had drawn up at the north-west entrance in Prince Albsrt-road, to the Exhibition building. Thither a short half-hour before, had arrived their Royal Highnesses the Prince of Walea, the Duke of Edinburgh, Prince Arthur, and other members of the Sp iciil C mmittee, including L .rd Carnarvon, Lord Granville, K.G., Lord Ripon, Lord Lansdowne, and many other?. As the Shan alighted he was vveicoaied by hh Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, with- out a moment's delay all took their placeg, and, still pieceded by four trumpeters, who from time to time sounded a flourish, the procession entered th3 Machinery Department. A narrow line of spectators fringed the regulation red drugget, and extended through all the rout} Nowhere was there the slightest crowd or inconvenience a handful of policemen and a few Stppers scattered here and there were an that was necessary to keep the line. An hour before His Majesty's arrival the machinery had been set going and the wairr of the wheeW and steady tap ot the treddles must have made conversation an effort. Sir Henry Raw- linsou's absence, too, added to the difficulty of explaining to the Shah the purposes of the various looms and machines before him. But in spite of this drawback and of the far greater one of personal fatigue, his Majesty stopped at neaily every object on the way, and examined each in turn with an air which was perfect in its assumption of interest. The Ro) al progress through the Picture Galleries besame naturally a mere promenade through those well-lighted cor- ridors, which were not over-crowded, but just sufficiently filled with spectators. All this time-that is t« say, for close upon two hours-a brilliant company had been watting in the Albert Hall for ♦hu ruest of the evening During that time Madame Titlens, Mr Sims Reeves Madume Trebelli-bettini, and a whole orchestra of bandsmen and whit.-robed ladies had been doii g their best to beguile the waiting but, in tpir.e ef Til it was with a great sigh of leuef that the closely packrnl audience saw the Royal occupants ofthfT Queen's B-.x rise and leave the Hall. They only ret red to Her M..jes"Y" room, where they joined the Shah and his splendid following, and after a brief delay another flourish of trumpets ann unced that the supreme moment had arrived Exactly opposite the great organ, where Dr. Stainer presided, a large daii had been erected, so that from every part of the house its illustrious occupants were conspicuous. Bordered by the Persian colours, tn green leaves and yellow flowers, It stretched nearly across the Amphitheatre, and was approiched by a broad incline of eaty s eps. Tnrough a brilliant throng of unlrorms the proc Mion passed, the whole house rising to receive the It IYILI personages, who advanced to the front and to, k their places xmid loud acclamations. First of all the Shah ap. p ared with the Princess of Wales on his arm, closely followed b the Prince of Wales, leading the Cesarevna HIs Imperltl Highness the Cesarpwitch placed himself on the right hand of the Princess of Wales, and beyond him. ag-tidt sat the Dake of Edinburgh. On the Princess's left fat the Shah, and on his otbei- side the Cesarevna. His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales sat on the Cesarevna's left, and Prince Arthur, in his rifle untiorm, fitly ended the line of Imperial and Royal personages. Seen from all sides, and with thousands of eyes bent on him, no one could fail to admire the Shah's easy bearing, warm interest, and graceful acknowledgment of the loud acclamations. The dismon^-handed coat, whose splendours have been on every tongue, was replaced by a uniform with a great deal of white facing completely covered by thickly-sewn pearls, and studded on collar and cuffs by rosettes of laree diamonds. Across the shoulder the Shah wore a double row of enormous pearls, divided every two inches by large emeralds. Tn his Majesty's kaftan, of plain black cloth, a diamond aigrette was fastened Our own Princes were in the fall uniforms of their different services, and wore, in addition to the Garter and other decorations, a large medallion containing the Shah's portrait set in dia- monds. The effect of the Hall Itself was beautiful to the highest degree. The deep bands of chocolate colour which have superseded the white stripes in front of the boxes gave a solidity and breadth to a glare of colour which would have been too bright without it, while the white lines of the columns carried the eye up to the very top of the building, which even to its very ceiling was crowded. I When It is considered that the utmost pains have been taken by everybody concerned, from the Priuce of Wales, who interested himself in the minutest details and the Duke of Edinburgh, whose musical taste has been of the highest pracfcal value, it is no wonder that everything J went smoothly and well, and that from flrst to last the I whole affair proved a brilliant and triumphant success.
Since his departure from his native country His Ma j esty the Shah ha.s instituted a new Order called the "Order of the Sun," and which is for ladies only. The recipients of this Order are, up to the present, the Queen of England, the Princess of Wales, the Empress of Germany, the Princess Imperial of Ger- many, and the Ceaarevna.
I The Shah has presented to Her Majesty, and also b the Prince of Wales, his portrait set in diamonds.
Th i Shah, through his Minister, on Monday for- warue I to the Lord Mayor a letter of thanks for the magnificent recaption given him on Friday night last. His Maj -sty recor d in the warmest terms the gratifica- ion he expeiienced.
The Shah expressed especial gratification on learning that direct telegraphic communication had been esta- blisbed between Buckingham Palace and Teheran. The whole of his suite are accommodated in Bucking- ham Palace. The Grand Vizier and the principal I members of the suite communicate every day With I Teheran giving details of their j jurneyin gs, and for- warding instructions regarding affairs of State.
The Shah belongs, it seems, to the Turkish dynasty of K ad jar a who have seized power in Persia, and bears with the Persian titles of Shah and Shah- inobah," which means king and king of kings," the Mogul name of Khagan or Emperor." He is one of that singular Tartar race which possesses not only a wonderful degree of vitality and energy, but admirable moral faculties and aptitude for politics, and which has imposed sovereigns upon the three greatest and most important Empires of Asia The Emoeror of China, the Shah of Persia, and the Sultan of Turkey, may call themselves cousins. The reign of Naser Ed-Din, the Shah, has been fertile in military achievements. The Shah believes in his own lucky star, has a warlike tendency, and is possessed by a veritable mania for conquest. He has even assumed the surname of the victorious." He is generally represented as intelligent, polite, amiable, and very delicate in all his relations with those about him.
The continual inter-marriages have, both in Turkey and Persia, produced a very handsome race. especially in the latter country. A half-sister of the Shah, and consequently of the mixed blood, is thus described by Lady Sheil" She was really lovely—fair, with inde- scribable eyes, and a figure only equalled by some of the chef d'eeuvres of Italian Art." But the Royal Family of Persia have always been celebrated for their beauty. It is impossible to imagine young children more beautiful than the Persian.
The Shah's Master of the Ceremonies in Chief carries as one of the inr-igniaof his office a baton worth a considerable amount of ready money. It is of ivory, studded thickly with diamonds, some of which are of large siza and exquisite purity.
When a lady is presented to the Shah he first looks on the ground at her feet, then at his own feet, gene- rally on one side and rather over his shoulder, then again at here, and at last gradually raises his eyes to her face, when he assures her in French that he is extremely happy to have made her acquaintance. It is then the turn of the next lady, and the ceremony is repeated in the same manner, but conversation there is none. One of the gentlemen of the Court, who had watched the Shah very closely, explained this pecu- | liarity of manner as arising from his never having been accustomed to see ladies unveiled in society, and thus feeling shy and somewhat shocked.
I Ladies generally take an interest in family matters, especially when they concern a remarkable personage, and a rather handsome man, like the Shah of Persia. They may, perhaps, care to be reminded that Nasr-ed- din is the son of Mohammed Shah, one of the 48 chil- dren of the late Abbas Mirza, eldest of the 265 children of Fath Ali Shah, who died in 1834. He himself is the happy father of six daughters and three sons all grown up or nearly so, though he is only forty years of age, and they have already given him twelve grandchildren.
The Shah's talismans are very numerous, exceed- ing two hundred, and they are the most curious pit of his bag-age. One u tefULs^ by^he legendary Rastetn It is called Merzoam, aid has the reputation of makmg conspirators im- mediately confess. When the accused of treason some time since the star was shown him, and terrified and overcome by em «e, ^avowed his iniquities. His confession *»• C01 £ attr»buted 4.. tt otoa banisnecl. lhe next im* portaut talisman is a cube of amber which fell from heaven in Mahomet's time. It is supposed to. ^er the Shah invulnerable, and L Another is a little box of gold, set m emeralds, and blessed by the Prophet. It r^e^a The ShSf W? invisible Is long as they are W' however, numerous wives before it session. Another is a diamond set in one of his scimitars, which renders its poseesso a, and there is also a dagger with the s»m«PIT? ordained that those who use itBhoul pe 7. is, therefore, carefully kept shut j m asandal-wood box, on which is engraved a verse of t • n(I I)arsia, gleaned from offi-
A brief notice of the Sh.hand o: clal documents compiled by Mr. A man s Year Book, will be of interest J— # # a His name is Nasr-ed-dinborn Jhe eldest son of Shah Mohammed, he succe «dg to the n throne on the death of his father, Set Hui P Sttr j IH'1M.'HRS,^T Sovereigns of Persia have been ab ge private fortune. That of the present Shah is reported « The'krgS' Swn?ew^ TSRA:; Persian Monaich to alter or to 1 Jaw of succession. All the laws o' °° £ the precepts of the Koran; and £ nolPn™ °i the Shan is absolute, it is only so far as it isi not opposed < to the accepted doctrines of the p ] I'he Shah is regarded as the Vicegerent of the Prophet, and it is as such that he claims implicit o^wnce^ The majority of the inhabitants of Perf» ™ the total rumbers of dissenters not A to more than 74,000. The latter consist of Armenians, Nestorians, Jews, and Guebren or arsees. The Armenian population is estimated at 4,660 families, in- cluding both Protestants and Roman Catholics. the Jews at 16,000 and the Guebren at 7,190. The Persian priesthooi consists of many orders, lhe Artnneians are under two bishops, one of p.^fV.nlin There is a wise tolerance exercised towards Armenians and .Nestorians, but^not, it is said, towards Jews. Education u f ™«* the iipper classes, and colleges supported by public funds are established. During the the Present bhah the revenue of Persia has increased, lhe receipts in 1868 revenue oi re besides payment in kind, Si.otllwS'of £ l*«00; Th, taoom; la ineiceB. of «p»dit«re, debt. The balance due th* expenses of the war concluded 10 1828, to about P,200,000, ivas cancelled by the prerent Czar in 1856. The population of Persia is about 9,000,000 or 10,000,000. _————
PREPARATIONS FOR PTKJN OF THE SHAH IN PARIS. The Palais Bourbon, in which the Shah of Persia is to «!! if «tav in Paris, is being prepared for his reception. Workmen are engaged in laying down carpets, some of hangings, restoring the ri'n».4ir mill hft boarjed up temporarily. In the interior but little ^f .mportaoce ha^to^e^done, as ™hln*has be,n changed in Jhe palac wa3 removed during the Com- ^noSSI^ The whoie cost S°not expected to exceed 4,ooor.