Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

16 erthygl ar y dudalen hon


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: Ifpsalknmts Intelligent*.


fpsalknmts Intelligent*. HOME, FOREIGN, AND COLONIAL. TOMB MUCH.—The Burials Bill may well be called a Liberal measure when its promoters demand for every man six feet in a church Yard.— Fun. CRUELTY TO ANIMALS.—The Bishop of Oxford presided on Saturday at a meeting of the local branch of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. In moving the adoption of the report, his lordship said, that with regard to the general purposes of the society there were many persons who had not been accustomed very much to consider what was due to the creatures around them, and they thought it a matter of small importance whether there was more or less Buffering inflicted on them. Cruelty was a character, a state of mind and habit of acting, and although now and then a cruel thing might be done in thoughtlessness, the general commission of acts of cruelty indicated a temperament of which cruelty was tbe characteristic, and it was quite certain where there was cruelty it was not confined to animals. The temper and character which produced these acts were just as dangerous to man and woman as to the animals whose cases they had particularly in view and when they had succeeded in repressing acts of cruelty to animals, they should keep under control and in check that temper and character which made homes miserable and led to acts of fatal violence. FATAL CARRIAGE ACCIDENT.—An accident took place on the Alcester-road, about six miles from Birmingham, on Monday, by which Captain Thorntan lost his life, and the wife of Major Briggs was seriously injured. Captain Thornton had been on a visit to Mr. Mole, of Beoley Hall, and on his return, while driving a dog-cart down hill from the Maypole Inn, the horse being frightened, dashed down Lime- kiln-lane. Captain Thornton attempted to draw up the horse to a dead wall, but the force of the collision was such that he was thrown out, falling on his head and the trap over him. He died in two hours. Mrs. Briggs was also thrown on the ground. She received severe face and internal injuries. Captain Thornton was about 32 years of age, and leaves a widow and three children. REMARKABLE ANTIQUARIAN DISCOVERY.—The Norddeutche Allgemeine Zeitung records the discovery of some remarkable antiquarian remains made in a field near Oos, in the Grand Ducby of Baden. A well-pre- served skeleton embedded in the soil at a depth of hardly two feet was dug out. Lying at its feet were discovered a complete but rusty suit of armour, a long sharp pointed sword, a battle-axe, a shield, a spear of great length, and an arrow-head. The sword was orna- mented in various and costly ways; a thin plate of gold, with curious streaks, covered the hilt. There were also two silver-gilt ornaments for the scabbard, which, however, was missing. One of these was inlaid with three polished valuable red stones. The skeleton was laid with its feet pointed towards the east, the head towards the west, with the face, as is generally the case in Germanic sepulture, turned to the north. The armour is of a Teutonic or Frank ish character, the ornamentation coinciding exactly with similar speci- mens discovered in the Germanic sepulchres near Pfullingen, in Wurtemburg, now deposited in the museum at Stuttgart. STRANGE, BUT TRUE.—In these days, [when everything is done at railway speed, a great many people are met with who, you find, are, as they say, "tied to time." And yet, in spite of all these ob- stacles, how Time flies \—Judy. WORKING MEN'S LORD'S-DAY REST ASSOCIA- TlONi—The nineteenth annual meeting of the members and friends of the above association has been held at Exeter Hall, the Earl of Shaftesbury presiding, sup- ported by a number of friends of the movement. The hall was densely crowded.—Mr. C. Hill, secretary, read an abstract of the report, which stated that by the efforts of the association on behalf of country post- men 321 receiving post-offices had been eniirely closed on Sundays, 300 new rural posts had been established without a Sunday delivery, 100 rural post messengers had been entirely released from Sunday deliveries, 161,000 publications had been issued, 60 lectures had been given; the income had been £1,085, the expendi- ture £ 734.—Mr. S. D. Waddy, M.P., moved. This meeting declares its opinion that one day's rest in seven from toil is an absolute necessity for the physical and moral welfare of all classes, and that the opening of museums, galleries, aquariums, and other places of amusement on Sundays would enormously increase Sunday labour and inflict a great moral and physical injury on those large sections of the commnnity whose bread is earned in ministering to the amusements of the people." This was seconded by the Rev. W. Cad. man and adopted, and eventually the following resolu- tion was agreed to :—" That, owing to the extensive provision always made at or near places of amusement for the sale of Intoxicating drinks, the opening of places of amusement on Siindays would greatly increase Sun- day drinking, and De an additional barrier to the closing of public-houses on that day."—The meeting concluded with a vote of thanks to the chairman. UNPOPULAR MELODIES.—An appropriate song for a victim to the old-fashioned mode of tooth drawing would be, How happy I could be with ether 1" or That strain again —Fun. How THE WIDOW CAUGHT HIM.—A gentle. man of an autobiographical turn relates how he was in- structed in the custom of taking toll by a sprightly widow during a moonlight sleiglu-ide with a merry party. He says :—" The lovely Widow L. sat in the same sleigh, under the same buffalo-robe, with me. Oh oh don't, don't,' she exclaimed, as we came to the first bridge, and at the same time catching me by the arm, and turning her veiled face toward me, while her little eyes twinkled through the moonlight. Don't what!' I asked, I've not done anything.' Well, but I thought you were going to take toll,' replied the widow. 'Toll?' I rejoined, What's that?' 'Well, I deIJlare I' cried the widow, her clear laugh ringing above the music of the belle, you pretend you don't know what toll is Indeed I don't, then,' I said, laughing; explain, if you please.' You never heard then,' Baid the widow, most provokingly—' you never heard that when we are on a sleigh-ride the gentlemen always— that is sometimes—when they cross a bridge claim a kiss, and call it toll. But I never pay it.' I said that I never heard of it before;—but—'here the story abruptly ends. THE PROGRESS OF THE AGE.—We live in a time when, owing to co-operative stores and other means of coercion, sharp payments have become de rioueur. Even tailors expect to be paid at the fitting tme.— Judy. SUFFICIENT FOR A BEGINNING !—The Scien- tific American gives us an account of an excellent new device for making sham meerschaum, horn, and coral out of such humble materials as potatoes and carrots (sayathe Standard). The process is admirably simple and the results are unexceptionable. For making meerschaum the potatoes have to be peeled and macerated for thirty-six hours in watel acidulated with 8 per cent of sulphuric acid. They are then taken out and dried on blotting paper, and in hot sand under heavy pressure upon plates of cbalk or plaster for several days. These supporting plates have to be changed every day. The result of this simple pro- cess is a material of the appearance of meerschaum, and quite as easy to carve. By substituting 3 per cent. of soda for the sulphuric acid in the macerating liquor, and following in other respects the same treatment, a material is produced of much greater hardness, whiteness, and elasticity, and this may, perhaps, one day develop into something for carving billiard balls. This material can be converted into an imitation of horn by the not very troublesome expedient of boiling it in water containing 19 per cent, of soda. The imitation of coral is produced by the substitution of carrots for potatoes. With such examples before us it seems hardly too much to prophesy that before long wenshall be able to dispense with what are called natural processes. The alchemists who wearied themselves in the vain search for means to transmute base metals into gold seem to have been not so much visionaries, as to have gone the wrong way to work. They wanted to take the last step first. From oarrota to coral is quite sufficient for a begin- ning. JUDICIAL LENIENCY.—A sentence of imprison- ment for 99 years was passed at St Louis in April upon a negro who confessed that he had killed his wife. The St. Louis Republican states that he was allowed to avoid risk to his neck by pleading guilty of murder in the second decree and there being » law of tbe State of Missouri that a p.-rson sentenced to imprisonment for life can claim his discharge at the expii >tion of 15 years, the judge passed a sentenca longer than for life. REGISTERED ELECTORS.—The number of elec- tors on the register for England and Wales now in force, according to a Parliamentary Paper just issued, is 2,340,763, of which 843,803 are in counties, 1,484,844 in boroughs, and 12 116 in Universities. In Ireland the number is 230,7n, of which 173.860 are in coun- ties, 53,593 in boroughs, and 3,323 in Trinity College, Dublin. In Scotland the number is295,420, comprising 86,412 in counties, 198,725 in burghs, and 10,283 in Universities. THE LOCK TRADE.—An important labour reform has just been initiated in the lock trade at Will- enhall. The lockmakers have by a large majority resol- ved to abolish the system of" hiring which for a very long period has prevailed ia the trade. By thiB system a workman engages himself to an employer for a term of years, in consideration of a loan of money—ranging from £5 to £20-to be repaid by weekly instalments. Owing to the scarcity of skilled workpeople, employers have lately been outbidding each other in the offer of loans, and not only has the trade become disorganized, but the social effects of the system upon the workpeople themselves and their wives and families have been un- satisfactory. Mr. Isaac Spooner, the stipendiary magistrate for South Staffordshire, has repeatedly condemned the system as being little short of white slavery." HOMOGENEOUS IRON RAILS.—Mr. George Leeman, Chairman of the North-Eastern Railway, favours us (The Times) with the information that the North Eastern Railway Company are now engaged in experiments upon a large scale under the superintend- ence of Mr. Lowthian Bell, M.P., the eminent iron- master, for making homogeneous iron rails from Cleve- land pig, and that the experiments, so far as they have gone, are highly encouraging. Should they result as is very confidently anticipated, tbe advantage to the Cleveland district must, Mr. Leeman says, be yery great. THE PLAGUE.—The LevantHerald of the 10th instant states that, while still confined within its original topographical limits, the plague has slightly increased in virulence at Bagdad. According to the last weekly bulletin of the Sanitary Board, the number of deaths in that city from the 23rd to the 29th ult, in- clusive, was 399, or on an average 51 per day. At Hillah, on the other hand, the mortality has been rather less in comparison with the deaths of the previoas week, 148 persons, or about 21 per day, having died there from the 23rd to the 29th ApriL In the same interval eight deaths from plague were registerd at Imam- Mousa, and ten fatal cases at Nedjef. Taking all in all, the plague mortality in Mesopotamia has increased by 52 deaths as compared with the returns of the pre- vious week. AFTER DINNER SONG.—"In nappy moments." —Fun, TRIPLE MURDER IN THESSALY.—A letter from Thessaly describes an atrocious murder which has been committed at the village of Yolo. A man about sixty, with his wife and an adopted child, a boy of seven, were living in a cottage near the mill stream, the noise of which is supposed to have prevented any cries for assistance being heard. He had engaged some women to work in his vineyard, and as no ad- mittance could be obtained when they came in the morning, they called some neighbours to force the door. On entering the house a horrible sight presented itself. The woman was lying in bed with her throat cut, and one or two wounds on the head; near the door, as though attempting to escape, lay the little child, also with its throat cut. The man had been stabbed and then hanged. Fire and petroleum had been placed under him, evidently with the intention of burning down the house, but the rope burnt through, and the man fell, carrying part of the flooring with him, into the cellar, after which the fire smouldered, and smoke was still ascending. Information was at once sent to the authorities. As no robbery took place the crime is supposed to have been done from revenge. PRESENTS FROM INDIA.—The princes and dis- tinguished natives of India who showed their loyalty to the throne of England by lavishly bestowing presents on the Queen's eldest son (remarks the Overland Mail), will be interested to know that their valuable gifts have all arrived in London. Many of them have been placed at Marlborough House, others-many waggon loads—have been deposited at the galleries of the Exhibition building at South Kensington, adjoining the Royal Albert Hall. In these spacious galleries the articles of the India Museum are now seen by the public; and here the presents for the Prince-are being opened, and after his Royal Highness has seen them displayed, they rill be for a couple of months at least open fi>r the inspection of the^public, who will judge of the handsome manner in which their Prince has been entertained in India by what he has brought home. A SHORT COURTSHIP.— The New York papers report the death of Barney Williams, a popular Irish comedian, whose real name was Bernard Flaherty. He left his wealth to his wife and daughter, Marie Kath- leen, his real estate alone being valued at over 81,000 dols. The following novel incident of Barney's court- ship and marriage is told:— In 1859 Barney and Joe Jefferson, who has since become famous as Rip Van Winkle, were both playing in the stock company of the Chatham-street Theatre. In the same company was a very pleasant young widow, Mrs. Mestayer, and Barney and Joe had both cast sly glances at the widow, and neither suspected the other of being smitten. One evening Joe asked Barney, as they were dressing for the stage, to make Mrs. Mestayer an offer on his be- half. Barney was staggered, but he horoically re- solved to abide by the lady's decision. He fulfilled his task between the first and second acts of the first piece, saying, Mr. Jefferson has commissioned me to offer you his heart and hand.' I am sorry," said she, as her lively face clouded with mingled regret at the nec< ssity of rendering Joe unhappy, and the seeming indifference of Barney. 'I respect and admire Mr. Jefferson, but I can never become hia wife.' 'Then will you have me ?' eagerly inquired Barney. I will,' she eaid, brightening up, as Barney seized her hand. A clergyman was sent for, and the couple were married betweep the second and third acts." THE MUNIFICENT GIFT BY MR. BAIRD.—The Dundee Advertiser mentions a rumour that Mr. Baird, the ironmaster, has in contemplation the bestowal of another half million sterling to Presbyterian uses— largely but not exclusively for the benefit of the Church of Scotland. The munificent donor is said to desire the advancement of the higher education of the ministers of all Presbyterian denominations, and to be devising means whereby those of the Free and United Presbyterian Churches might participate in the advan- tages of this second munificent gift without any com- promise of principle on their part. Although the precise nature of the endowment and the method of its application may not be finally determined, the Dundee paper adds, we believe we may safely fore- shadow the general intention to devote another £500,000 to the advancement ot Presbyterian culture." THE CAT OUT.—Servant (to old lady from whom there are "expectations"): "If you please, Mrs. Jones, missis has sent you a couple of fowls with her compliments and many returns of the day I"— Sharp and delightful Child (extra sharply) Ah yes, but I heard pa say she was to pick out the skinny ones, and that they were too good for an old cat who'd made up her mind to live for ever and cheat the under- taker !"—Fun. STRUCK DUMB.—The Panama Star reports a remarkable case of sudden loss of speech. A sailor on H.M.S. Repulse, in port at Panama, was engaged on Sunday, the 2nd of April, in polishing his shoes, preparatory to attending the church service on board. He was in apparently perfect health, laughing and joking with his shipmates in the usual seamanlike manner. After an interval, in attempting to reply to something that was said he found that his power of articulation had gone not a word or intelli- gible sound could he utter. His general health was unimpaired up to the 21st, and the medical officers of the ship were unable to aocount for the sudden con- version of a loquacious fellow into a mute, uttering only guttural and unmeaning sounds. A BLIND CLERGYMAN.—The Rev. Norman Frederick M'Neile, M A., who has been appointed to the stipendiary curacy of the church of St. Paul, Prince's Park, Liverpool, officiated for the first time on Sunday. The rev. gentleman, who is one of the sons of the Rev. Dr. M'Neile, late Dean of Ripon, and brother of the Rev. E. H. M'Neile, the incum- bent of St. Paul's, is, says the Liverpool Mercury, per- fectly blind, and read the service from a "raised" prayer book. The reverend gentleman recited rather than read the service, and was most effective when he announced that tbe Qaeen desired the thanksgiving of tbe congregation upon the safe return of the Prince of Wales from India. DEGREES OF RANK.—William Morning, James, I see your gals ha' got a new guv'ness; what sort of a pusson is she?"—James: Well, hi can't zackly say, as hi don't 'ave much to do with 'er class, but hour ladies down stairs don't think much of 'er —Fun. PRISON REFORM IN SPAIN.—Three great and fearful abuses connected with the prisons and penal establishments of Spain having been brought to light, three great reformers—very Howards of Spain—have arisen (says the correspondent of The Times). So nor Silvela has taken up the cause of the gaols, or smaller prisons, where at least 2,000 or 3,000 haplesB beings are lying from year to year untried and uncondemn ed, in filth, and without beds. Sefior Villalva, the In. spector-General of Penal Establishments in Spain, is at work night and day. I visited the large convict prisons (500 men, 600 women, roughly stated) at Alcala de Henares, an hour's run from Madrid, on Sunday, and saw Sefior Villalva, and inspected his plans for improving the large convict establishments of Spain and Spanish Africa. His reform has commenced at Alcala, and architect and builder are at work there. His plan is based on the separate sleeping system of English prisons. St nor Lastre haa taken up the cause of the lads under eighteen years convicted of their first offence, and a reformatory for boys on the French and English systems will be built Boon in Madrid, the first of its kind.


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