It is understood that the Duke de Gramont com- municated the tidings of the death of her favourite grandson to the Countess de Montijo. The aged lady —she is now in her eighty.third year—is bedridden and almost blind, and this new stroke of misfortune coming on the deaths of her daughter, the Duchess of Aiba, and her grand-daughter, the Duchess de Medina- Cceli (both of which occurred within a few years) caused her very deep affliction.
The Duke de Bassano has handed her Imperial Majesty two letters from her son, written four days before his death, probably the last time he laid his pen to paper. Prince Joachim Murat has received a letter from one of his companions in arms, relating how they hai dined the previous evening with Lord Chelmsford, and that the General appeared quite surprised at the topographical knowledge of the Prince and his clear views on the campaign.
Among the wishes expressed in the Prince's testa- mentary dispositions are, firstly, that 1\1. Pietri should be retained at his mother's side and in her full confi- dence, and, nextly, that in case of anything happening him that an annual allowance should be made to his valet. This faithful servant is a native of one of the annexed provinces, and was an old soldier of the Empire, having ridden in the famous charge of the cuirassiers at Reichshoffen. Gifts of arms and books have been left to Mebsieura Conneau and Eapinasse among others.
"Tho -nb:cripMon suggesteU by Gvteis S*r -takin- t:' ChlslshuTft & sufficient cfuantltv of 'French soil to bury the Prince in native earth Is very seriously taken un French marble for a sarcophagus is alto proposed, and this slashes with a statement in some London papers that marble from Scotland I. already ordered.—Parts Correspondent of the Daily Hfrwi.
Her Majesty s ship Orontes conveying the rematMot hla Imperial Highness the Prince Napoleon, Is expected to arrive in Eogland on Jaiy 9-
Ycrlc Serald of June 20, speaking of the death if/'f106. ^Perlal, saysFate la sometimes aaercifu', wnlie bcint; juist. The young man who for years was Prince Imperial of France, and who ever since the founding of the Republic was by general courtesy allowed to retain bis title, his met a soldier u death. Of the three men of his family who have claimeci th*^ French throne, he alone had no real tasto tor wir. 13:1) was entirely irresponeibla for his own politic*] p> oiil'D, being from the crawie the creature it hie father's ambitions and Intrigues; yet of the three, he Is the only one who has died on the battlefield, and died In a manner and with surroundings that wUl enhance whatever lustre his name may have had."
A BEQUIEM MASS, A solemn Requiem Mass was celebrated on Monday morning at 11 am., In the presence of Cardinal Manning, In the Pro-Cathedral, Kensington, by the Bishop of Soutb- wark (the Kight Rev. Dr. James Danell), for the late Prince. It was attended by Prince Lucien and Prince Charles Na- poleon, the Due de Mouchy, the Due and Marquis de Bassano, Due d'Suesoar (son of the Due d'Alba and nephew of the Empress), the Cjmte de Turenne, the Italian Ambassador, Countess Mtonabrea, and Slgnor Silvestrelll, Attache of Legation the Brazilian Minister and Baroness Penedo, the Spanish Ambassador, the Netherlands Minister, the Earl of Denbigh, Lord Archibald Douglas, Mrs. Washington Hibbert, Blr J. M'Kenna, M.P., Mr. O'Clery, MP., Mr. CByrne, M.P., and by a very numerous con- gregation. The sanctuary was draped In black, and black drapery conoealed the form of the canopy under which sat, on his ecclesiastical throne, the Cardinal Archbishop in the embroidered robes of a Prince of the Church, wearing at different parts of the service the lofty mitre and the purple skull-cap. Before the golden cross in black above the altar elx tall candles burnt under the stained glau windows. The canon8 of the diocese occupied their stalls within the sanctuary the clergy In white surplices were ranged iu the upper part of the nave. The aisles were filled with worshippers in black. In the centre of the eastern end of the nave was the funereal catafalque built up aud covered with a violet and golden pall, round which a hundred yellow handles burnt in the bright noonday. Oa the left of this sat the Princes ot the Imperial house and gentlemen of the Imperial household. None of the ladies were present. The Cardinal began the Mass, which was continued by the Bishop. The choir from the far end of the church chanted the responses and the Dies Irm. The verse from the Psalm which has given the name to all suoh celebrat10na WaI many times repeated. Re. quiem coternam dona els Domlne et lux perpetua luceat els." A prayer waa laid commencing "Deus cui propriuID eat mlsereri semper et parcere te supplices exaramui pro anima famuli tul Napoleon Louis Eugene." (God whose attributes are to have mercy and to spare, we pray to Thee at suppliants for the soul of thy servant Napoleon Low Eugene." At the end, the Cardinal Archbishop descended in procession from the high altar and sprinkled the cata- falque with holy water and with Incense.
THE PRINCE IMPERIAL'S WILL. The Paris correspondent of the Daily Telegraph says :—" So much interest naturally attaches to the will of Prince Louie Napoleon that I need offer no excuse for referring to the subject again. The will,' says the Ghiulois, was opened in London on Thursday last, in presence of a solicitor, and accord- ing to the requirements of the English law, before thirty witnesses, who appended their signa- tures to it. So much for its authenticity. As for its publicity, it may be read on payment of one shilling, on application at the proper quarter. The style of the Prince Imperial's will is admirable in its simplicity. It displays, moreover, an elevation of character and a grandeur of form which the friends of the Prince alone suspected, and which his death has proved to the world. Napoleon I. and Napoleon III. had each a style of their own, and there is every reason to believe that had the Prince Imperial lived he would have had his peculiar style as well. According to our in formation, adds the Oaulois, the Prince first of all addresses himself to his mother, and warmly exhorts her to work for the constant defence of the memories of his great uncle and his father, and to contribute with all her might to the maintenance of the Napoleonic idea in France. Only one allusion is made to the famous inheritance of which so much has been said. The Prince remarks that in the event of bis death, it might fall to the lot of the elder son of Prince Napoleon to continue the Napoleonic tradi- tion. There is not a word as to the exclusion of Prince Napoleon, or one word more about the succes- sion of Prince Victor. In a very fine passage the Prince then thanks her Majesty the Queen of England for the hespitality accorded to the exiles. Finally the will contains a certain number of legacies and presents. At the head figures Monseigneur Prince Joachim Murat fils, his cousin, whom the Prince Imperial asks to accept as a souvenir the sum of 200,000f. Then MM. Pietri, his faithful secretary, Conneau, Espinasse, and Bizot, each of whom receives 100,000f. We refrain from mentioning the souvenirs intimes, but no act of devotion has been forgotten, whether among the highest or the lowest."
THE SALVATION ARMY. In London, on Monday evening, the "head- quarters" of the Salvation Army (formerly the j Christian Mission) situated at 272, Whitechapel-road, were crowded with persons belonging to or interested in the movement, on the occasion of a "Hosanna meeting," held, as the invitation tickets stated, "to rejoice over the triumphs of fourteen years which had passed since the commencement of the work, and to celebrate the formation of the 100th Corps," the latter addition to the army having taken place at Northamp- ton. The meeting itself had been timed for half.past seven o'clock, but before this persons intending to attend the proceediogs were regaled with a substantial meal, consisting of bread-and-butter, cake and tea, supplied ad libitum. This in itself was sufficient to gather an eager and curious crowd round the doors of the halL but an additional excitement was created amongst them by the lusty singing by those in the hall of a hymn entitled The Battle Cry," to the tune of the popular melody, My Grandfather's Clock." The tea over, a large contingent of "soldiers" of the army, consisting of men, women, and children, marched into the Whitechapel-road, accompanied by a small band and a man bearing aloft a banner, to beat up recruits to attend the meeting. Headed by an "officer," who exhibited an extraordinary skill in picking his way back- wards along the crowded thoroughfare, and simultane- ously beating time with a heavy walking stick, the procession made a short tour of the neighbourhood, be- guiling the march by singing a selection of Hosanna songs" culled from the Salvation Army's hymn-book. By the time they returned with a considerable crowd the hall, in which the tea had been previously held, had been made ready for the more active proceedings of the meeting. This was wisely commenced at once by the "general" of the army, Mr. William Booth, with a prayer delivered in a loud voice, which must neces- sarily have been heard in every corner of the building. The impassioned and vehement style of his delivery at once took effect upon his rude but evidently earnest audience, the last half of the petition being inter- rupted every moment by loud ejaculations of Amen and Hallelujah from every part of the hall. The moment he had finished a man on the platform rose and also offered a prayer, which was ac- companied by many ejaculations on the part of the audience. The next speaker was a woman in the body of the hall, whose excited tones evoked the deep responses of all around her. To the casual hearer of this and following prayers and ad. dresses, the responses and interjections continually made by the audience were, allowing everything for the solemnity of, and the intense earnestness displayed in the subject, somewhat grotesque and amusing. As the interest and excitement of the members waxed greater, some of them apparently growing tired of the con ventional Amtn took refuge in such phrases as "That'sright!" "Good !"&c„ while one party of soldiers, led by a stalwart costermonger, who ehowed the most intense interest in the whole pro. oeedingp, vociferously encouraged the speakers with shouts of "Bravo!" and "Hear, hear!" This Babel of sounds waa added to in a short time by the loud sobs and independent prayers of men and women in all parts of the hall, while every now and then after an address the meeting would spon- taneously break forth into hymns, the generality of which were sung to the tunes introduced by Messrs. Moody and Sankey, the rest being adapted to popular melodies of the Nelly Grey type. The "general then delivered a short speech on the origin of the Salvation Army, after which the secretary of the move- ment and others gave addresses and prayers, followed by a hymn beginning, I foil Into the fountain and it washed my sins away." One feature of the evening was the confession by converts of their past lives, with a history of their reclamation, delivered in homely language. Other prayers and addresses were delivered, including one by Miss Boeth, daughter of the "general," after which the proceedings were closed with the ceremony of the penitent form," those who owned to being not converted, but wishing to become so, being placed on a form, while prayers were offered up on their behalf by the meeting.
THE CHANNEL TUNNEL. The Pa3 de Calais publishes the following particu. lars about the proposed submarine tunnel between England and France. The engineers who have been engaged in the work have not yet commenced the tunnel itsdf; all that they have done at present being to sink a shaft near Sangatte in order to ascertain the depth and currents of the water. When these pre- liminary experiments are concluded the work of making the tunnel itself will begin. The shaft now being sunk has a diameter 01 about nine feet, and is to go to a depth of 260ft. Work in the shaft haa been suspended for the last three months, as the water comes in so rapidly that it has been necessary to construct a machine which will extract 600 gallons per minute, or double what the maohine at first used could re- move. The shaft has already been sunk to half the proposed depth, and work will be resumed before the end of the year. The walls of the shaft are being lined with small oak planks with a backing of con- crete. The earth which has been excavated is of a white chalky nature and very hard.
Prince Louia Napoleon was not the first foreigi Prhice who bid servaa as a volunteer with in English srocy. In the hiltb wai a member oil thi ?ru»sb*n Jtoyal Family a' c,mp4ni05.j the British amy th/oughoat the campilga.
DEATH OF LORD LAWRENCE. (From Saturday's Times.) "We regret to have to record the death of Lord Lawrence, late Viceroy and Governor.General of India. For some time he had been in a delicate state of health. He had lost the sight of one eye, and that of the other was much affected. A chill caught a few days ago led to a serious illness, which terminated in death between ten and eleven o'clock last evening at his residence, 23, Queen's-gate-gardens, Kensington. Lord Lawrence had reached his 69th year. "John Laird Mair Lawrence was born on March 4, 1811. He was about five years younger than his brother Henry, who gained great distinction as a soldier and administrator in the Indian service, and who was killed by a shell at the Lucknow Residency in 1857. From his boyhood the younger brother waa destined for service as a civilian in India. Having passed through a course of education at Foyle College, Londonderry, he was sent to Hailey- bury, and in 1829 he received his nomination as a writer. In thosa days the voyage to India was still performed by way of the Cape, the over- land route being yet unused. In 1831 John Law. rence was appointed Assistant to the Chief Commis- sioner and Resident at Delhi; in 1833 he be- came an officiating magistrate and collector; in 1836 he received the post of joint-magistrate and deputy-collector of the southern division of Delhi. At the end of the same year he was made officiating magistrate of the southern division, and in 1838 he was engaged in settlement duties in Zillah Etawah. Early in 1840 he took his first furlough to Europe, an was a^aent from India for nearly two years. In August, 1841, he married Harriette Catherine, daughter of the Rev. itichard Hamilton, rector and vicar of the parish of Culdaff and Cioncha, county Donegal, and who survives her husband. Some time after his return to India he became magistrate and collector in the central district of the Delhi territory, and earned by his diligence and abilities the important post of Commissioner of the trans- Sutlej Provinces, to which he waa appointed in 1848. For short periods about the same time he acted also aa Resident at Lahore. The second Sikh war, which broke out in 1848, and resulted in annexation, broaght important duties to both the Lawrences, who were appointed, together with Mr. Charles Grenvill Mansel, as a Board of Administration for the Punjab. An onerous task devolved upon this Board. The population of the extensive territory committed to its care included warlike races, and was bitterly antago- nistic to the British. A state of lawlessness, moreover, had hitherto prevailed. It was the duty of the Board, against all obstacles, to carry out the principles of British rule in the newly-acquired territory, and the Buccess of the administration was signally manifest during the Mutiny of 1857. At Lahore, in that ter- rible emergency, the vigilance and energy of John Law- rence made themselves felt, and contributed mate- rially to the work of upholding English supremacy in India. He had already, in 1856, been made a K.C.B. for his work in the Punjab, and in 1557 he was promoted to the dignity of G.C.B. for his services on the outbreak of the Mutiny. In 1858 he was further honoured by being created a baronet. He was made a member of the Privy Council, and on the institu- tion of the Order of the Star of India was created a K.S.I. The Court of Directors of the East India Company granted him a life pension of £2,000 a year, which, under a special Act of Parliament, he con- tinued toenjoy, together with his full salary, whenbebe- came Viceroy of India. He succeeded Lord Elgin in that post in December, 1863, and held it for the usual period of five years. In April, 1869, he was created Baron Lawrence of the Punjab and of Grately, in the county of Southampton. "After his final return from India Lord Lawrence took a prominent part in philanthropic and educa- tional movements in this country. On the formation of the London School Board in 1870 he waa chosen to be its chairman, and he held the post till November, 1873, when he resigned. In questions of Indian politics he continued to take an active interest, and within the last year there have been frequent letters from him in these columns warmly opposing the Afghan policy of the Government, a policy which was a distinct departure from that which he had carried out in India, and which had been described by the phrase of 'masterly inactivity.' "Lord Lawrence had four sons and six daughters. The eldest son, John Hamilton, of Brocket-hall, Welwyn, Herts, who succeeds to the title, was born in 1846, aod married, iu 1872, Mary Caroline Douglas, daughter of the late Mr. Richard Campbel, of Auchin- breck, Argyllshire."
The Times of Saturday had the following leader on the Indian career of the late Lord Lawrence :— Englishmen of all parties and Natives of all creeds will truly mourn the loss of John Lawrence of the PUD jab. The son of a soldier who had gained distinc- tion in India, Lord Lawrence's thoughts as a boy were turned to the East, where two of his brothers were then serving. At the early age of 16 he carried tff the chief prizes at Haileybury, and in 1827 entered upon his career as a civil servant of the Honourable East India Company, The early years of his service were passed in magisterial and revenue duties in the North- West Provinces. and there he laid the foundation of that deep insight into the condition of the peasantry of India which enabled him in after years to complete so satisfac- torily the settlement of our newly acquired province of the Punjab. As a political officer he accompanied Sir Henry Hardinge during the first Sikh war, and on the conclusion of peace was appointed Commissioner of the ceded territory within the Sutlej. His adminis- trative abilities now found ample scope, and the dis- trict intrusted to his charge, though peopled with Sikhs against whom we had but lately been warring, and with whom it was evident we should soon be once more engaged, speedily became aa tranquil as any in our Empire. Under his guidance a brigade of local troops was recruited from the peasants themselves, and when the second Sikh war broke out these men showed themselves worthy of the confidence John Lawrence had placed in them by loyally acting against their own countrymen. In the interim between the first and second Sikh wars Lord Lawrence on more than one occasion acted as Resident at the Oourt of Lahore, and on the annexation of the Punjab he, together with his brother, the late Sir Henry Lawrence, and Mr. Mansel, was appointed a member of the Board of Administration selected to rule over the kingdom of Runjeet Singh. The Punjab at that time was in a most deplorable condition. The Sikhs, the dominant race, were a purely military people, who despised and trod under foot the more peaceful of their fellow sub- jects. The province was overrun with disbanded soldiery clamouring for arrears of pay, or endeavouring to carry out the system, permitted by their late m< narch, of extracting from the Aiahomedans of the country alive- lihood for themselves. The exactions of subordinate officers had been carried on practically unchecked for Igenerations. Tyranny was rife, and misery the normal Icondition of the people, Mr, Lawrence stepped in as 'champion of the oppressed. The barbarous laws which the Sikh chiefs enforced at their pleasure were abolished, and the Indian Criminal 6:ode promptly introduced. A survey of the country for revenue purposes waa thoroughly carried out, and the land settled on a fair and equable basis. As local police force was established, many of the old disbanded soldiery being re-enrolled in its ranks, and the Punj ab irregular Force for the protection of our North-west Frontier was incorporated with the local regiments raised by John Lawrence when Chief Com- missioner of the Ois-Sutlej States. The force as then constituted comprised five regiments of Cavalry, four regiments of Sikh and six of Punjab Infantry, the Corps of Guides, and five batteries of Artillery and it was practically under the immediate orders of the Board of Administration, who were responsible for its pay, equipment, and discipline. Of the unfortunate disa- greement between the brothers it boots us not tospeak. Sir Henry was removed to Rajpootana, and John re- mained Chief Commissioner of the Punjab. Possessed of an iron frame, of indomitable courage, unbending will, and untiring energy, John Lawrence visited every part of his kingdom, which covered an area of up, wards of 50,000 square miles. The border tribes who, under the Sikh regime, were wont to descend from their mountain fastnesses and ravage the whole land be- tween the Suliman range and the Indus were made to feel that their reign of blood was over. They were permitted to trade with us as of yofe, but the incur- sion of armed bands was promptly repelled by force. The headmen of the clans were summoned to con- ferences with the Chief Commissioner and invited to settle in our districts. In a few years the Trans- Indus border changed its character. When John Lawrence took over charge no traveller dare move unless accompanied by a considerable escort. Noiv the frontier highway is as safe as the Bath road. The disarmament of the Punjab—a step forced on us by the lawless nature of its inhabitants—was carried out with much tact and firmness, owing mainly to the judicious ordere issued to hia subordinates by Lawrence.. i; On the octbreak of the Mutiny all eyes turned to the Punjab, o ur latest acquisition. Peopled by a race naturally warlike, who hated every dynasty except their own, who regarded the British as the worst because the most powerful of usurpers, and who looked upon us as the gaolers of their Sovereign, it would have been a matter for small surprise had the Sikhs taken advantage of the Mutiny to rise against us. The crisis called forth the magnificent administrative abilities of Sir John Lawrence. He knew his subordinates were, like himself, men of iron, and he trusted them. Right loyally did they stand by their chief. The Sikhs likewise knew and trusted him. Chieftain after chieftain personally tendered his allegiance and offered the use cf his own contingent. The offers were accepted, and names which now have become familiar as furnishing detachments during the Afghan war then first came into note as swarming down to our aid at Delhi, The Punjab Irregular Force was doubled its gallant com- mander, Neville Chamberlain, hurried down to the army in the field; and Lawrence set his whole energies to work to draw from the military population of the Putijf*b an army which should sundae tbe faith. less Sepoys from Oude. H' Droned himself a true g«mor»l. for he detected guier&Vsb.ip in others, and he shunned no responsibility. Reference to higher autho- rity was impossible, aod though he had no more autbo. rityto grant commissionsthanTiohad to create bishoprics he deemed the emergency so great as to admit of any stretch of authority. Major Nicholson, the district officer of Bunnoo, was made a Brigadier-General, and as such took precedence of men who held her Majesty's commission as colonels. It speaks well for the dis- cipline of the army that Buch a step passed unchal- lenged, but it speaks volumes for the character of Lawrence that he dared to undertake it. By holding the Punjab in his iron grip, by diverting every avail. able soldier to Delhi, by mercilessly stamping out re- bellion wherever it reared its demon head, Sir John Lawrence enabled Archdale Wilson to storm the capital of the Great Mogul before a single rein- forcement reached him from England. With the fall of Delhi the hopeB of the mutineers were ex- tinguished. Our power in India was re-asserted and the pacification, not the subjugation, of the country became the task for its rulers. For hia share*, in suppressing the Mutiny Sir John Lawrence was ui«atod a Barunet and a Grand Cresil of the Bath. But forty continuous years of active service fully entitled, the Saviour of India to a rest, and at the close of the Mutiiiy he gladly handed over the Punjab to one of aia most trusted lieutenancaand retired to his well- jarned pension in England. Hn was immediately slecVd to tho Indian Council at h':>OOíf) where his Ifcrge j ind varied experience, hit; cool judgment, and mm&vbj of purpose were soon felt. Five years later, during a serious embroilment with one of the most powerful of our border clans, Lord Elgin, the Viceroy of India, succumbed to disease, and with a commendable promptitude Sir John Lawrence undertook the oner. ous duties which fell to his successor. His career as Viceroy was marked by no startling episodes. The TJmbeyla war was at an end when he landed in India, and, wit>h the exception of the Bhootan and Hazara expeditions, his tenure of office was of unbroken peace. His one endeavour was to ameliorate the condition of the Indian poor, and to lighten as far as possible the burden of taxation which falls so heavily on them. In this he was but partially successful. His relations with foreign States have recently been much criticised, and his policy of masterly inactivity is by many considered the main cause of the recent Afghan war. In 1868 his term of office expired, and he returned home. He was rewarded with a peerage, and, mind. u °*kI8.Past career, he chose as his title Lawrence of the Punjab,^ and as his supporters an officer of the Corps of Guides and a Sikh Irregular Cavalry officer, with the approoriate motto, 'Be ready.' u^-8 a Peer, Lot d Lawrence took an active part in all debates on Indian politics, aud though latterly much enfeebled in health, and suffering from a partial loss of sIght, his interest in Indian matters was no whit diminished. He died in harness last Thursday week he spoke in the House of Lords during the debate on Indian finance, condemned the remission of the cotton duties, and warned Government of the danger of reducing our armies in India. Lord Lawrence's career is one on which Euglishmen may look with pardonable pride. He not only helped to build, but he was one of the saviours of our Indian Empire."
THE ROYAL AGRICULTURAL SHOW AT KILBURN The great Agricultural Show at Kilburn opened on Monday morning, and presented an animated spectacle, owlna: to the bright weather. In noticing the opening, the Evening Standard of Monday says :— "The prevailing weather of the last few days has worked woadera for the Great Agricultural Show which opened in Kilburn this morning at nine o'clock. The ground, which last week was a quag. mire, has become, under the influenca of warm sun- light and brisk blowing breezes, quite agreeable to tread and having been made smooth by the con- stant passage over it of steam rollers yesterday and this morning, it is now a pleasant carpet to the feet if not a pleasant picture to the eye. From the hour of opening the entrances were besieged by the public, arriving from town and country in the rapidly running trains on the many lines converging at this point, but long before that hour the show gardens were a busy scene with those who had spent the night within their precincts, and who were labouring incessantly to complete the arrangements, for which so little time had been given. "A novel feature of the day was the number of foreigners on the ground at an early hour, for in pressing through the crowds one could hear con. versations going on in French and German, as well as in Welsh, which of course cannot be accounted a foreign tongue, albeit a very strange one. And there was every conceivable kind of costume as well, from that of the fashionable West-ender to the in- habitants of the Hebrides and the dwellers in the far west Connemara and the still farther west, the United States but good humour reigned thoughout, and every one seemed intent on enjoying the wonderful sight which was presented by this city of canvas, with its clock towers and surrounding forests of fluttering flags, which formed an exception- ally animated picture." "The Prince of Wales, accompanied by the Princess and their t^o daughters, left Marlborough House in an open landau shortly after half. past eleven o'clock, and, preceded by two outriders in scarlet livery, drove at a rapid pace across Hyde Park, under the Marble Arch to the Elgware-road, and proceeded by the way of the Cavendish-road and Salisbury-road to the main entrance of the Exhibi- tion, where they arrived at twenty minutes past twelve o'clock. Everywhere the manifestations of loyalty were most enthusiastic. Although the road between Hyde Park and the ahow covered a distance of nearly three miles by the route traversed, the whole line of pavement was packed with an anxious multitude, whilst the vehicular traffic all flowing in one direction gave the road the appearance similar to that presented by the Clapham-roadon a Derby Day. "The loud and continuous cheering outside the Show announced to those who were within the arrival of the Royal party, who drove in through the principal entrance, and, amidst the cheers of thousands of spectators, proceeded along the main entrance to the Members' Club, which is situated almost in the centre of the grounds. Here their Royal Highnesses were received by the members of the council, the Lord Mayor, the chairman of the Man- sion House committee, and Mr. Jacob Wilson, the general manager. Thence the Royal party drove to the International Dairy Association Show, which they inspected wiih evident interest, as they did the exhibition of the British Bee-keepers' Association, the Danish butter show, and the dis- play of the Jersey beasts. After this they pro- ceeded to the Royal Pavilion, which is so tastefully fitt-d up in Japanese style, the floor of the reception apartment being covered with Indian carpet, and the retiring rooms of the Prince and Princess filled with Chippendale furniture. A recherche lunch was laid out in another apartment, and here, in addition to the Prince and Princees, the society had the honour of entertaining the Russian and Austrian Ambas- sadors."
The Times of Tuesday says At the first London show of the Royal Agricultural Society-namely, at Battersea In 1862-lt was deemed a wonderful feat to have drawn together 1,986 entries of live stock from 635 exhibitors. And of these, no less than 238 were Scotch and 185 were foreign exhibitors. At Kilburn, however, we have a total of 2 874 entries of animals, sent by 809 exhibitors, of whom 46 contribute animals of foreign breeds. At Bat- tersea there were 250 shorthorns, 97 Hereford*, 66 Devon cattle, 576 pens of Euglish sheep, 194, pens of pigs, and 284 horses. Kliburn has mustered the altogether uueximpled show of 716 horses, 18 mules, and nlna asses but the leading breeds of cattle do not equal the number of 17 years ago. Thus there are 179 shorthorns, 63 Herefords, and 53 Devons. The Sassex oattle, on the contrary, are In large number, amounting to 95 entries there are very full class811 of Long- horns, Welsh, Scotch, Norfolk and Suffolk, Kerry, and dairy cattle but the grandest feature in the cattle section is the surpassing show of the Channel Island breeds, the Jerseys numbering no fewer than 253 entries, and the Guernseys 49—or 302 together. English sheep number 777 entries. It will be understood that an ample force of judges was indispensable for the proper adjudication of the many thousands of pounds worth of prizes in the 813 classes of animals and, in fact, the judicial labours of the whole Show have engaged 125 gentlemen, Including a considerable num- ber ol foreign judges, who have united in rendering the whole occasion truly international. There are 22 judges of horses, asses, and mules, 31 judges of cattle, 26 judges of sheep, three Inspectors of shearing, two judges of goats, three judges of pigs, one of wool, six judges of butter, six judges ol cheese, two judges t f ham and bacon, three judges of cider and perry, three judges of hops, three judges of bees, hives, and honey, three judges of rail way meat waggons, three of inventions In Implements and farm me- chanics, besides three judges of plans of farm build ngs, three judges of sewage farms, aud two judges of market gardens and market garden farms.
In noticing the Show the Daily News says:—"It is a hopeless task to attempt anything like a coherent notice of the principal features in such a Show as this, for there are nearly three thousand head of live stock, to say nothing of butter, cheese, ham, bacon, honey, hops, and many other varieties of agricultural produce, of Implements which occupy miles of shedding, and of seeds, models, and collections showing the composition of foods. It It difficult, moreover, to say which are the points to which visitors who have only a few hours to spend can most agreeably and profitably turn their attention but perhaps no great injustice will have been done to the other departments if we say that the horses and the cattle are the most interesting of the 377 classes which make up the live stock catalogue.' There are 52 classes and 716 entries of horses, and three classes and 18 entries of mules and asses, the horses consisting of 25 classes (323 entries) of Suffolk, Clydesdale, and other agricultural animals, and 27 classes and 393 entries of hunters, riding horses, and ponies. Such a display had never been seen before, and the entries for the classes open to riding horses and ponies comprise nearly aU the winners at the previous shows of the season.
Her Majesty, in consequence of the bad weather, was compelled to postpone her proposed visit to the Agricultural Exhibition at Kilburn on Tuesday. All arrangements for the journey were complete at nine o'clock, and the Queen's special train arrived at Windsor for the purpose of conveying her Majesty to the show. A storm of wind and drenching rain pre- vailed at Windsor at the time fixed for her Majesty's departure, and the Queen was reluctantly compelled to forego her visit. The train accordingly was ordered to return to London,
The show-grounds at Kilburn presented an exceed- ingly dreary appearance on Tuesday morning, Soaked and sodden with rain, the soil gave way to the slightest pressure, and what on Monday could be trodden without difficulty and iuconvenience on Tuesday was once more a Slough of Despond. People whose business took them up the different avenues or along any of the various streets, indeed, any who ventured for a dozen yards out of shelter, soon found themselves in difficulties, working their way through black thick mud.
A special service for the herdsmen, the men em. ployed by the Society, and other persons having busi- ness in the yard, was held in the Council Tent, on Sunday morning, at half-past eleven.—The following extracts respecting this special srrvice are from the re- port given by the Daily News of Monday :— The spacious tent was tilled to overflowing by a congrega- tion which lIstoned with rapt attention to one of the most impressive sermons which Dean Stanley, gifted preacher as he Is, ever addressed to his hearers in WuctmiuBter Abbey. The platform at one end of the tent was occupied by the Dean of Westminster, by the Rev. Dr. Williams, rector of the parish iu whieh the Show la held, and by the Rev. T. C. Wbarton, Vicir of Willesden. Around them were grouped the Lord Mayor of London and several mljmbera of his family, the Duke and Duchess ot Manchester, the Eirl and Countess of Leicester, Lord Vernon, Colonel and Lady Emily Kingscote, Sir T. D. Aclaud, Bart., M.P., Mr. Jeiikins, the Secretary of the Soclefy. Sir Brandreth Gibb,«, and many other membra ol the Royal Aericult-urrt! 1t wa* liUln :<fts* lu;\(-p,\<;t eleven that the 1'rtnc.. 1\'1d Prince- 01 ""de-, "1ccou..p!\uiF.d by their three daughters, who bad driven te- Ktlburu Irem Marlborough House, reached the tent, ani they veie conduetc-U to their seats upon the right of tile improvised desk and pulpit by Mr. Jacob Wilwn, the etewbrd of general arrangements. The special service comprised nearly the whole of the morn- ing Liturgy, with the exception of the Litany, and the prayers w<»re read by Dr. Williams, the lessons being read by Mr. Wharton. A very appropriate hymn, beginning We plough the fields, and scatter The good seed on the land, was sung with great effect by the whole congregation, and the fervour witb which they joined in the responses showed that they were no strangers to the Impressive Liturgy of the Church of England. The Communion Service was not read, and aft r the hymn had been sung the Dean of Westminster took up his place at the desk, and preached a sermon, the text of which was taken from the first lesson of the day. This text, consisting of the 26th and 27th verses of the 1st chapter of Genesis, as follows "And God said Let us make man in our own image, after our likeness and let them have dominion over the flsh of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, aud over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in His own image, in the image of God created He him, male ai d female created lie thfim. It would be Impossible to give an adequate summary, within the limits of a newspaper article of this admirable striken, but thisis of the lout importance bect.uae the Prince of Wnlea livis aeked Dean Stanley to have it printed for dis- tribution to the herdsmen and other mauabera of the con- gregation, while it will find-a permanent record in the Journal of the Royal Ag'icultural Society, and be ever a;< a pattern ot what such dUCuii'fe bhou.'a Stanley aweli&g upon tae poutlwu oi Dõan Stanley upon tae poutlwu 01 the brute oreation and of man, pointed out in Whatrespecta there was a similarity between them, and illustrated his meaning by speaking of the heedless way in which people so otten follow the footsteps of one man to destruction, as sheep fallow their leader, as the tiger thirsts for blood and ef the difficulty which there is In restrain- Ing human passIons when once they have been let loose In warfare. Upon the other haud, as Dean Stanley eatd, there are many animals in the dumb creation whose qualities we may well imitate, such aa the strong, patient 1 endurance of the ox, or the gentleness and refinement of the J horse. He also said, what Is very true, that mall can exer- 1 else a vast influence over animals, instancing this by a re- ] ference to the difference there is between the horse and the dog in their wild state and after they have been subdued by man. Thus the dog is generally spoken of in the Bible as being what he still Is in most Eastern countries, a type of all that is mean and shameful, while under the fostering care of man he hal became a solace and a companion for the poor and he that hath none to help him. Just as the brute crea- tion may be elevated by companionship with man, so Is man elevated by communion with God, and though there are many points of contlJct between man and the brute creation, there is the one vast difference which places the former altogether above the latter—maa alone can walk erect with his eyes lifted heavenwards, man alone can ex- press his emotions in smiles or tears and made, as the text tells us, in His image and In His likeness, "we are the very shadow of G ;d upon earth." Addressing himself more par- ticularly to the herdsmen and shepherds, Dean Stanley bid them rememher that thl1Y had it In their power to make tbe lives of the animals entrusted to their care happy or miser- able that the very fact of their being placed in dominion over them should inspire a sense of deep respinsiblllty and that they should think their calling a very noble one when they refleoted how Abraham, the friend of God, the father of the faithful, tended his fl >cks upon the downs of Palestine — how David, the Psalmist King. left his sheep upon the hills of Bathlehem to fight against Goliath-and how in the fulness of time, wnen God's promise to man was about to be fulfilled, the shepherds, watching thell flocks by night, saw the angel of the Lord and the glory which shone around him The lesson8 which Dean Stanley sought, therefore, to inculcate upon his hearers was that they should not feel their calling an ignoble one, but endeavour by a conscientious discharge of their duties to prove themselves true men and worthy of Him In whose likeness they are made. They were doubtless so plaeed that their example upon those around them might be altogether for good. In an affectionate appeal he bid those who had brothers or sisters to keep them from evil companions and evilaMoctations. "Those of you," he said, "who have wives"—and there came a quiver upon his lip, doubtless because the word suggested thoughts of the gentle and noble lady who lies yonder In the Abbey, and whose loss has darkened his life for ever—"or sweethearts, let me besaech of you for their sakes to be pure; and you who have children growing up around you must remember that you will shape their lives for good or for evil by the force of your own example." No more eloquent or befitting address has ever been delivered, and it is not the mere language of commonplace to say that Dean Stanley's words sunk deep Into the hearts of many who heard him.
After the morning service was concluded, the 1'rince and Trincess of Wales entertained a large party, including most of those who were present at it, In the handsome tent which has been erected for the use of his Royal Hkhuess as Pre- sident, and when luncheon was over the Royal party rode down the central avenue upon the steam tramway which hai been laid down for the conveniehca of visitors. This tramway, which Is being worked by Messrs. John Fowler and Co i. a movable one, and was made by M. Decauvllle, a noted French manufacturer, who is represented tn England by the great firm of Fowler, whose stand of Implements is, as usual, one of the largest in the Show. Their Royal High- Resses were thus enabled to get a comprehensive view of the whole yard, and though they made no attempt to look in detail at the stock, they were able to see something of the Jersey cattle, which, numbering nearly throe hundred entries, will be the great feature ot the Show. After this, the Prince and Princess of Wales, accompanied by their children, by Lord and Lady Leicester, and by the Duke and Duchess of Manchester, left the yard, and alternoon service was then held in the tent, Dr. Williams preaching an excel- lent extempore sermon from the text (Hosea x., v. 12), Sow to yourselves tn righteousness, reap III mercy: break up your fallow ground for It is time to seek the Lord, till He come and rain righteousness upon you,"
FARMING IN GERMANY. It appears from a pamphlet just published by Dr. Hugo Werner, professor of agriculture in the Agri. cultural Academy at Poppelsdorf, near Bonn, that farming, even on scientific principles, is not always profitable in Germany. The professor ia himself a farmer, and he Bays that during the last seven years the average cost of the cultivation of wheat on his farm exceeded the proceeds of the sale of the wheat by 18'32 marks per hectare while on the cultivation of rye the excess of expenditure over receipts was 43'91 marks per hectare. If similar results were shown for the whole of Germany, the total loss on the cultivation of wheat and rye in that country for the year 1878 would be upwards of 210,000,000 marks. The author does not see any prospect either of a rise in prices or of a diminution in the cost of production. The lowness of prices is caused by the circumstance that Russia and the United States produce a great deal more corn than they require for their own wants, and that they are able to produce it at a much lower cost (eight instead of twenty-three marks per hectolitre) than can be done in Germany, while the cost of tranpport is so low that even after it is paid American and Russian wheat can be sold in Germany at a profit for less than the cost of production of German wheat. This state of things, Dr. Werner thinks, is likely to be permanent, and there is no hope of high prices following on the present low prices. He therefore advises German farmers to keep strict accounts of their receipts and ex- penditure, to restrict as i.ichas possible the unprofit- able branches of their business, and to extend the profitable ones, Thus the books of the farm at Poppelsdorf show that the cultivation of wheat and rye is unprofitable; while oats, lucern, red clover, pas- ture land, and beetroot .produce a profit of from 26 to 302 marks per hectare,— Pall Mall Gazette,
WONDERFUL RAILWAY RIDE. On the first day of June, 1876, an expedition under the auspices of Mr. Thomas A, Scott, president of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, started from the city of New York, 1,200 miles eaat of St. Louis, for San Francisco, and reached that city in eighty-three hours and fifty-three minutes consecutive running time, the distance between the two cities being 3,322. The weight of the train was 126 tons. The rate of speed forthe whole distance, including stops, equalled 40 miles the hour. The distance between New York and Pittsburg, 444 miles, was run by one engine (without stopping) in ten hours aud five minutes that between Pittsburg and Chicago, 469 miles, in eleven hours and thirty-one minutes that between Chicago and the Missouri River, 494 miles, in eleven hours and thirty minutes that between Council Bluffs and Ogden (the western terminus of the Union Pacific road), 1,034 miles, in twenty-four hours and fifty minutes; that between Ogden and San Francisco, 883 miles, in twenty-three hours and thirty-eight minutes. The route was across four formidable mountain ranges—the Alleghanies, at an elevation of 2,250 feet above the sea; the Rocky Mountains, at an elevation of 8 242 feet; the Wasatch, at an elevation of 7,500 feet; and the Sierra Nevada, at an eleva- tion of 7,042 feet.' Meals Wtte regularly served in one of the cars. Another waa divided into com- modious sleeping apartments; so that the party travelled with every luxury the best publichouse could supply, and reached San Francisco with no extraordinary fatigue. No more striking illustra- tion can be given of the progress in the science of locomotion, and none of the value of the Pacific Rail- road as an instrument of commerce and social inter- course, and aa an arm of the Government. With the use of the telegraph, time is no longer an element in the transmission of intelligence between the Atlantic and Pacific slopes. With the railroad, a day will now accomplish, in the transmission of persons and merchandise between them, that for which within the memory of man, a year would hardly suffice,-North American Review.
CUTTINGS FROM AMERICAN PAPERS. A Nevada miner, whose claim had been jumped," remarked to his lawyer, "I am a quiet and peaceful man; all I want is peace and quiet, and I'll have them it I have to kill three or lour men to obtain them." There is one impertinence which Washington society will no longer tolerate. We do not refer to the unseemly habit of asking a mature single lady her age. That Is inso- lent, but may be forgiven. But to ask a society" colonel" of his regiment fur the date of his service—that sort of thing hall gone far enough. An Englishman writes to the Philadelphia Telegraph that at least 90 per cent. of the dogs be has notlcad in that city curl their tails to tha left—" an evidence of low breed and danger." The San Francisco News Letter, writing the biography of a fellow-citizen, says :—" Mr, Jones felodeeeed this morning successfully. He hymeneated three years ago, and he will be sepulchred to-morrow." A Pittsburg wife informed her husband, the other morning, that she was working herself Into the grave for tne want of a servant, and as he went out sh6 leaned back: and fell to weeping. The children were making a noise In the hall as he passed, and he called out—"You must stop this racket! Your mother won't live a week, and when you get a stepmother here, next aprhg, she won't put up with any such fooiing." When he went homi to diuaer, his wife met bim with a smile, &nd s.-ud; "hll" oura a cosy homa, Richard, with ouly our own little family to look alter?" An Amarioan tourist was visiting Naples, and saw V61!uviu8 during au eruption. "Have you anything Uk" that in the New World? was the question, of au Italian spec- tator. "No," replied Jonathan; "but I guess wa have a mill-dam that tfeuld put it out in five minutes." "I've heard, captain," said a traveller to the captain of a steamer running on the Upper Mississippi, that your western boats can run in very shoal water—where, in fact, the water Ia not more than two or three feet deep." "Two or three feet deep exclaimed the captain, in tones of withering contempt; why, we wouldn't give a pin for a boat out here that couldn't run on the dew on the grass." "Did you ever," asks a Cincinnati paper, "watch tha noiseless movements of a priitty girl's lips as her dress is trodden npon, and marvel at the self-command which enables lier to do the situation jlllltico in 80 quiet a manner ? A dozen founts of type wouldn't furllbh dashes enough to represent the remarJls uf the average wan under like excite- ment." A ventriloquist fell overboard in Lake Erie the other day, and waa drowned. Wnen the cry of "Help heip came from under the bulwarks the rieck hands said" he couldu't fool them," and went on with their work. A recent experiment r<t Boston, U.S., reveals a nov«!ty In the advertising any. During the performance of Faust tOt, the Opfctn la that clty, iu tie f*u*i»ua jvhere M*pUlslopheles takes the Doctor to 96« Msrguente a splendid sewing-machine replaces the conventional spin- ning-wheel, T7hilst., to C0ID.plbte tho aoacbronism and the triumph of the wdvertlser, a shovrer of h&nd-hliJs descecd upon the audience, announcing the latest invention fit the variety of the double-thread machine. A new American novel is called A Ladu's Four Wishes. An old bachelor says he hasn't read the book but he knows what her wishes are: "First a new bonnet- second, a new bonnet; third, a new bonnet; fourth a neW: bonnet." A Boston wife softly attached a pedometer to her husband, when, after supper, he staited to go down to the cilice and balance the books." On his return fifteen miles of walking was recorded. He had been stepping around a billiard table all the evening. She stood on the corner smiling sweetly as he passed over the crossing. He didn't know her, but she was very pretty, and supposing she must be a lady to whom he had at some time had a passing introduction, he raised his hat with a bow of grac6 and courtesy. In return ahe raised her lip with a look of soornful contempt, and looking back, ho saw to his chagrin that her smile had been manufactured expressly for a lady friend a few steps behind bim. And wheu ihey kissed, and giggled, and peored alter him in ridicule, he ieit about as conformable as a wall does who ulU las uiouth with salt mist .ken fcr sugar.
In order that every man belonging to the Iloyal Marine way be taught to swim, the Admiralty have orc«jtca a large floating swimming bath to be constructed at the Chatham Dockyard, which is inter:dud be moored in ChaiL-a-i jfr.rhoor, the Royal .'vlariiv, Birrickt, for tho u.e of tha officers and men of Uui corps. ll..o of tha officers and men of Uui corps.
DIVORCES IN NEW ENG1 The Vermont Chronicle has collected st facts concerning divorcA in Massachui Island, Connecticut, and Vermont. For years the ratio of divorces to marriages States is 1 to 16 in Vermont, 1 to 23'7 sotts, 1 to 13 in Rhode Island, 1 tol0'4in In the year 1877 there were granted 1,33 those States. If Maine and New Hamp like record of temporary marriages, not f; divorces are granted annually in New El recent change for the better in the laws o has some effect towards improvement, i also to be already very noticeable in courts. One thing seems pretty well est that ia that if married people who have i they would like to separate should find it than it is, many who now part would rem and would probably live as good lives as alone or with some "affinity." Too n serins to have produced greater evils th tended to cure, and it is high time tha believe in the family and monogamy shoi 8triQU8 attention to the matter,-New-H,
Utisfclianxous fntfl HOME, FOREIGN, AND COLO] THE FAMINE IN BRAZIL —A vices froc repr, sent that the Chamber of Deputies voted a relief credit of 10 million milr nuence of the famine which has bee Brazil. The famine votes already ami million, and there is reason to fear the; reoich aixty million dollars, aa the rains east have not sufficed in general to securi further large relief expenditure must some months longer, at the least. U also, the herds of the region have been minated by famine and thirst. On the the rains have sufficed to give pasturag and thus mule trains will be able to ti interior with food, which was not posBil preceding years of drought. THE SPKEAD EAGLE.—Few persons ai the proud boast of Englishmen that the on the British Empire is equally app United States. Instead of being the we the Union, San Francisco is only 801 between the furthest Aleutian Isle. act purchase of Alaska, and Eaatport, Main tory extends through 197 degrees of loc degrees more than halfway round the Rocky Mountain Presbyterian, in comme fact, s>iys :—When the sun is giving i kiss to our westernmost isle, on th, Behring's Sea, it is already flooding, t] forests of Maine with its morniDg ligl eastern part of that State is more than I At the very moment when the Aleutii warned by the approaching shades pulling his canoe towards the shore, the of Maine is beginning to make the foi the stirring music of his axe."—Philadel THE REVENUE RETURNS.—The reven the quarter ended June 30 show a net ir quarter compared with the correspond last year of £104,355. There was a decrei of B300.000, Excise £325,000, land tax a £66,000. Crown lands £3,000, and £128,619; and there was an increase ui of stamps of £254,000, property and £631,000, Post Office £16,000, and intere £ 2e,974. On the twelve months endin June 30, there was a net increase of compared with the year which endei 1878. ARMED WITH ALARMING ARGUMENT. Far Far West. The bar-keeper had b< some way during the afternoon, and was Up stepped a thirsty citiz-n and rapp< on the bar. "What shall it be, jedg mixter of drinks. Well," said the j it a gin cocktail with a bit of mint ii ain't what you want," answered the bar want whiskey straight, you do." "No sisted the jedge "I tell you I want with a bit "No, you don't, j don't. You're goin' to have whiskey more'n that," he added, trying the ke bowie on his thumb. nail, goin' of a tin d pper." The "jedge" admitt the argument, and chanued his mind. A REMINISCENCE OF THE LATE PBUi —Some interesting reminiscencea of tl Imperial are contained in a book entitl IV., par Leonce Dupont," which was p years ago in Paris. The writer mys I Prince's favourite subjects cf study w natural philosophy, and history. He hi memory, especially for dates, and his e easily roused by deeds of heroism. His of classic times was Alexander the Gr< of his skill as a horseman and his mi wards Darius. Of the great men of t tory the Prince's favourite was Bertraj though he placed him and all others great-uncle. A characteristic anecdote quarrel which took place between the and the daughter of the Princess Met they were both children, at Fontaineble dren were talking about a doll's dress be Princess, and the latter was so pro1 Prince's remarks about it that she boxe< Prince reddened, drew back as if to avo tion to return the blow, and then sail tone: "Mademoiselle, what you have vulgar you would deserve that I shou to you; but I must not, for you are little girl." THE AMERICAN AND CANADIAN Fo The arrivals at Liverpool from the Uni Canada last week of live stock were 3gB particularly as regards sheep, the nun was greater than for many weeks past, were the Massachusetts, with 398 cat sheep the Bavarian, with 100 cattle, 31 the Prussian, with 290 cattle and 6( Linhope, with 100 cattle and 730 sheet with 328 cattle; the Lake Champ] cattle and The Queen, with 125 catt cattle and 4,827 sheep. With fresh m< ing steamers arrived :—The Queen, wit beef and 485 carcases of mutton the C 912 qrs. of beef and 250 carcases of Baltic, 584 qrs. of beef and 190 carcas< and the Bavarian, 338 qrs. of beef; th< week being 3,223 qrs. of beef and i mutton. DEATH OF A CENTENARIAN.—There cester on Sunday last Mrs. Hartshorne 100 years and 11 months. Mrs. E twice married, first to Dr. Nash of A secondly to a Staffordshire gentleman, vived for many years. She retained h the last, and up to a few weeks before to be seeu occasionally walking with 11.1 the streets of Worcester. A POWERFUL DRUG,—Cures of that t< hydrophobia, are from time to time rep< point of the globe or another, without attention, the said cures being generally apocryphal. The latest on record con seldorf, wbere a woman was recently bit dog. Ere long she felt the premonitory hydrophobia, and although convinced 1: was beyond the reach of human aid, wa her friends to apply to a doctor residing who had the reputation of coping succee horrible disease. The latter at once operate on the patient by injecting t twenty centigrammes of curare. This are told, bore unhopei-for fruits, the completely restored to health within Curare, which is said to have effected t case, is a deadly poison employed by tribes to combat epilepsy and a few otht is administered by the Indian Esculapiu pean colleagues administer morphine, e jectionor a pdl. It serves also for less poses, being used to poison the warrio and an enemy wounded with ODe of tl mortally wounded, however slight in a injury he has received may be. Curat ployed occasionally in whale fishing, vogue being that advocated by Dr. means of which the leviathan of the dee; without danger to men's lives. An exp filled with the poison and discharged at the moment it appears on the surface Forty grammes of curare are, it is aBsei to poison iu a few minuses a whale 1 thousand kilogrammea. This may be ti as a cure for hydrophobia his yet to proi a serious belief in its virtues.—Evening 1 "NOT FOR JOSEPH."—Wayfarer, thrcuch thia way to the Agriculturi man?" Farm Servant. "Oh, 'ees- straight on till yer comes ter the meddei bull's kep wot killed a man last week £ through the plantation, on'y take keer oi an' spring guns; then yer comes to a fit are a-barnin' rubble and siftin' cinders yer'll find a rick-yard, on'y moind tl wot's kep there, 'cos 'un boitee, then yer quite easy," Fun. SHOULD LIKE TO BE A NATURALIST.— is from the Science News:—It is n that a young man went to one of the w Smithsonian Institution and said I 1 like to be a naturalist" "Well, be the doctor in charge. But I don't k wish you would get me rightly at work Very well," said the willing master, to be done right here let us begin on Turning to a can of fishes from Arizoni opened the cover, pulled up his sleeve, forth two or three dripping examples weli preserved, but the smell—well, the that t,he better it was very ancient ".fish-like." "There, see what m ,re y of tlut, CITJ?, and Til SHJ YON yhut t, d your < man p.'Mj^d in dismay and tnggí at hia kid glove, Fiaaliy, in depreca asked: "Doctor, is it necessary, in become a naturalist, that I plunge my 81cohé)i ?" "Of course—no other way to of natural history properly, except "Well," was the reply, very decided, all rueful, I-I think I'll go back to L< And go back he did. AVERAGE PRICES OF BRITISH CGRN.— are the average prices of British corn ending June 29, as received from the ii officers of Excise: Wheat, 42s. 6 i.; bai oats, 22s. Id. per imperial qr. Corresj last year: Wheat, 46i. Id.; barley, 3 2Ga. lOd. BEES' SWARM IN A HANSOM CAB.—Il that we find a hansom cab employed in h of bees, but this actually occurred Brixton-road, just opposite Kennington about one milo and a half from Londoi largo swarm settled in a laburnum tree, t fetched, and soon arrived with his hi1 them. rh-j tree, however, was too elena the xvti^ht úf a ladder. A hansom was c driver dhv.ctsd to DRAW on to the footpa £ ai in. The bee-master mounted to th cab, AND iu a very LEW (SECONDS secured hi to tbe oi. R crowd of parole v a.trac;cd by tlli vuau&u^l kigh.t.—Lv,ti ar,
<9ttt" foitkit (Komspcititeitf. Vi o deem it right to state that we do not at all times identify ourselves with our Correspondent's opinions.] The visit of condolence which her Majeatypjud to the Empress Eugenie within a day or two of the reo ceipt of the news of the Prince Imperial's awful death, reminded many who have not yet passed the years of middle life, of the acquaintance made by the two illustrious ladies in happier days. It does not seem so very long ago—less than a quarter of a century—that while the allied armies were prosecuting the siege of Sebaatopol, the Emperor and Empress of the French paid a visit to this country. It was on the ltith of April, 1855, that they landed at Dover, where they were received by the Prince Consort, and proceeding in a special train to London, entered the Royal car. nages at the Bricklayers' Arms Station and drove to the Paddington terminus of the Great Western Rail. way, between miles of cheering crowds. At Windsor, the Queen, surrounded by her children, received the Imperial guests with much splendour, and invested the Emperor with the Order of the Garter. Their Imperial Majesties were entertained at Guildhall, and had a magnificent reception at the Crystal Palace. Four months afterwards, the Queen, Prince Consort, the Prince of Wales, and the Princess Royal wnt to Paris at the invitaton of the Emperor and Empress, and were entertained at a series of the most gorgeous festivities. The Emperor lodged his guests in the Palace of Versailles, where the ball given in their honour eclipsed in the beauty of its surroundings anything which had been witnessed there since the days of Louis XIV. The Prefect of the Seine gave them a splendid banquet at the Hotel de Ville, and right imperially did the Emperor welcome them in the Palace of the Tuileries, A wise and sagacious writer has told us that the world's glory passeth away-sic transit gloria mundi. In a little more than fifteen years from that time, the armies of France, which had increased their reputa. tion in the Italian war of 1859, were in full retreat before the advancing Germans the Emperor was a prisoner of war Paris was besieged Versailles was the headquarters of the German Emperor; the Tuileries and the Hotel de Ville were in ruins; and the Empress, with her son, was an exile in England. In exile and upon English soil, as the Great Napoleon had died, so died Napolecn III, And while the disasters of foreign war and the storms of revolution had spared this country, the hand of bereavement had fallen heavily upon our Queen, First her husband; and, a few months ago, her married daughter had been taken from her. The Empress Eugenie also had lost her husband and her only Bon had been killed thousands of miles away by seme of the most fierce barbarians which this earth can produce. No wonder that her Majesty's visit to the Empress was thus a sad one. If the two illustri- ous widows had any reminiscences of the splendours which had accompanied their meeting four-and-twenty years ago, first at Windsor, and then in Paris, the result could have only been to show more strikingly by contrast the present bitter and ineradicable grief which has fallen upon the Empress Eugcaie, Without distinction of party or of political conviction England and France have sympathised with her in this great trial, for her son possessed a plenitude of good qualities, and seems to have favourably impressed all who came within the sphere of his influence. Although there has been no such fierce burst of heat this summer as that which last year characterised the closing days of June, the arrival of what are called the "dog-days" warns us that we are face to face with the sultry hours of July, and are approaching the end of the Parliamentary Session. Another five weeks will bring to us the usual period for winding up the business of the legislative year. That annual occurrence known as the Massacre of the Innocents," will once more be witnessed. The innocents ara the measures which, having been advanced to various stages, have to be abandoned because there is no time to pass them; and so they are figuratively slaughtered, and cast upon the fbor of the House. This yeai the number of the sacrifices will probably be less than at the end of some former sessions, because fewer Bills have been introduced. The wave of public sen- timent ii the direction of foreign affairs, which set in three years ago, has not yet subsided and whilst it continues comparatively little will be attempted in the way of home legislation. A time will come when domestic concerns will be once more uppermost, but until it arrives it is clearly unreasonable to blame the House of Commons for doing so little home work, It would do home work fast enough if there was a public demand for it. The great show of the Royal Agricultural Society at Kilburn has attracted almost as much interest in the country as in London—of which Kilburn is one of the pleasant suburbs. The last time that the Royal Agri. cultural Society held its exhibition in the neighbourhood of the metropolis was in 1862, the year of the world's fair at South Kensington. The gathering took place at Battersea, a southern, as Kilburn is a northern, suburb. The two places are miles apart, and practically the in- habitants are as completely strangers to each other as those of Manchester and Birmingham. Ask a resident of Battersea whether he knows how to get to Kilburn, and the chances are against his possessing the in. formation. Inquire at Kilburn how you are to reach Battersea, and a dubious shake of the head is the reply. Facts like these forcibly illustrate the vast size of London, and go far to explain the want of unity of action which so often characterises the capital. Still it is well to know that a satisfactory response was made to the Lord Mayor's appeal for the funds neces- sary to secure the success of this show, so far as the efforts of man could make it successful. It is not in the power of man to control the elements and when after so much labour and expense the remorseless rain lays the show yard three feet deep in mud, he can only mourn over it, for he cannot avert it. It is an indis- pensable condition to the prosperity of an out-door exhi- bition that there shall be fine weather and unfortu' nately, although science has made marvellous strides within the past half-century, the ensuring of a single fine day for any purpose whatever is a point which has not yet been reached. The agriculturists who, from all parts of the pro- vinces, have assembled in London this week to take notes of the Kilburn show, have had ample oppor- tunities of talking over the vicissitudes of the past extraordinary season, and of estimating the prospects of the harvest. Half the year has now gone, and we have entered upon its decline. In a few weeks the fields ought to be ripe nnto the harvest; and it ap- pears that at present all that can be said is that the hopes of a moderate yield are not altogether gone. That is not much to be able to say in the beginning of July and in many counties the state of the crops in- spires grave apprehension.. Wheat appears to have Buffered much; for the most part it is thin and back- ward, patchy and yellow, Grass has grown rapidly during the past three or four weeks, but it made a bad start, owing to the cold weather in the beginning of May, and it is feared that it will be rank and coarse in most districts, Long before this time we ought to have experienced the delightful perfume of the hay- Selds but throughout the greater part of the month of June, when the sun's power ought to be most keenly felt, he has been hidden behind vast banks of cloud. The south-west wind has brought a deluge of rain from the Atlantic; the hill-side has been con- verted into a mountain torrent, the valley into an inland sea meadows have been laid under water and towns hava been flooded to the infinite damage of property, A six months' winter has been followed by a wet summer, Yat, as the Emperor Napoleon wrote after the battle of Woerth —l! All may be regained." If July and August turn out well, the farmers will b9 enabled to look more cheerful than they have been enabled to do of late. The concession by which the Government has opened the Tower of London two hours longer on free days, is one which will be highly appreciated by all who care to pay a visit to this ancient fortress on those occasions. Hitherto, even on Bank Holidays, the gates have been closed at four o'clock in the afternoon, and considering that on Whit Monday when hundreds of applicants were sent empty away at that time, between four and five hours of daylight still remained, it seemed a matter for regret that a point could not be strained to keep the place open a little longer, and thus prevent the disappointment which fell upon the crowd without. This has new been done, thanks to the consideration Oi the Sur~»-yoT-Oenes-al of the Ordnance. Pl-ic-1* of public interest and tr.rw <\>1(1 go bn" there i5? pc diminution in tho popularity of the T07ier, ifcera is a mysterious fascination fcr the psopia in its grey battlements, its drawbridge and Its meat, Its portcullis and its loopholed keep. From the daya of the Conquest, when it was firtf called into existence to overawe the citizens of London. until the present time, flanked with busy marts upon the land side, and with the ever-flowing river at its base, it has never failed to be an object of curiosity not nnmiegled with a feeling of terror, in all ages', and to the visitors from all countries. From France and Prussia, from the nations which claim their capitals in Vienna and Berlin, but above all from the United States of America, travellers have come to look over the Tower, standing as it dee a like a grim sentinel in the very heart and centre of the City of London. The First Lord of the Admiralty, in distributing the prizes to the boys cu board the training ship Conway, gave them some very excellent advice, which, followed, cannot fail beneficially to affect their future career. It will be denied by none that the quality of its seamen is a matter of the greatest im- portance to a maritime nation. The great naval vic- tories which marked the ck*e of tile lass "nd the beginning cf tl>3 prscent century, were won th-a aid of very indifferent material. The press-gang had too often to go to work men were seized by chance in our seaports and made to do duty in the king's ships; and.men.of-war were constantly stopping mer- chant vessels at sea and taking from them their best hands. If those left on board were insufficient for the navigation of the unfortunate merchantmen, so much the worse for them; his Majesty's service and the safety of the realm were the first considera- tion. The men-of-war's crews were at times of the most heterogeneous description; and at times the pressed men were palpably sullen and inclined to be mutinous. What would Nelson have given for men trained in such ships as the Conway, the Warspite, the Worcester, and the Arethusa ? Yet, with what he had, he won imperishable renown. England's naval supre- macy is still unassailable; but in these days of scien. tific appliances it must be maintained by carefully developed intelligence as well as by an Englishman's inherent courage, The controversy over London Bridge, which has lasted for years, is by no means at an end. It has lately occupied the attention of both Houses of Parlia- ment, the Lords having had before them a bill for widening thes'ruc'ure; while the Commons have been considering a measure for conatructing & new high level bridge between the Tower and Tooley-street. The opponents of the former declare that to widen Lon- don Bridge would utterly destroy its symmetry, and would be entirely useless without also widening the approaches the antagonists of the latter affirm that a new bridge would so interfere with the traffic that it would tend to injure the trade of the port of London. Meanwhile, week by week, it becomes more apparent that London Bridge is in- adequate to the accommodation of tho enormous traffic daily poured over it. Nothing like that continuous stream of animation can be seen in any other city in the world. Whether the fabric be widened, or a new one built farther down the river, it becomes increasingly clear that something ought to be done to relieve the pressure upon this substantial structure, the last of the bridges beneath which the Thames flows on its way towards the German Ocean—forty miles away.
THE LATE PRINCE IMPERIAL AND THE EMPRESS EUGENIE. The Times of Monday says;—"The Empress did not sleep on Friday night, and Saturday's bulletin stated that Her Imperial Majesty required calm. On Saturday, however, she had some sleep, and there was no unfavourable change in her strength. The follow- ing bulletin was issued at nine o'clock :— 29 Join, 1879.-9 heures du matin. It n'y a point de changement dgfavorable danllee forces physiques. Cette nnitilyaeudusommell. 'Baron CORVISART.' "At ten o'clock the Empress was well enough to attend Mass, which was celebrated at Camden-place by Monsignor Goddard, chaplain to Her Majesty. It was also attended by Prince Charles Bonaparte, the Duchesse de Mouchy, Madame Le Breton.Bourbaki, Comtesse Aguado, Baron Corvisart, the Due de Bassano, M. Pie# tri, M, de Prinoli. At five in the afternoon of yesterday, the Duke and Duchess of Connaught visited Camden-place. By the same train travelled Princess Frederica of Hanover and the Grand. Duchees of Mecklenburg Strelitz. Their Royal Highnesses were received at Chislehurst station by the Due de Mouchy and drove in the Empress's closed carriages to Camden-house. In the first carriage were the Duke and Duchess of Connaught and the Due de Mouchy. In the second were the Princess Frederica and the Grand Duchess. Their Royal Highnesses stayed an hour at the house. The Empress sees only the Duehesse de Mouchy and Madame Le Breton-Bourbaki. The sight of fresh faces of those who knew her son only excites new outbursts of grief. The Duke and Duchess of Con- naught, and the two ladies of Royal rank who accom- panied them were received by the Princes and ladies of the Imperial household. Prince Lucien Bonaparte had now also arrived, travelling by the train which reached Chislehurst soon after three, with Madame d'Arcos, and joined in the reception."
About eleven o'clock on Monday morning a bulletin was Issued, to the effect that the Emprells got up on Munday to hear mass In the late Prince Loull Napoleon's room. and went to bed at eleven at night. The night was disturbed, but there was no other change of Importance. In conse- quence of the quietude Insisted on, very few people visited Camden House during the day. The Duke and Duchess of Teck arrived about four o'clock, and left at five o'clock. They were met at the station by the carriages of the Empress. In reply to an lnqutry at Camden House, it was stated that the Empress had heard the gist of the news from the Cape that morning, but that no great prostration had occurred, though she was stUl grieving sorely.
Nothing is known at Chislehurst, as to the precise date when the remains of the Prince may be expected, but the Empress intends to await the interment ot her son, the stories of her proposed departure for Vienna or Madrid to the contrary notwithstanding.
The Estafatte (French paper) gives the following as the full text of the MS. prayer, with many erasures, found in the Prince Imperial's mls.!al Mon Dieu, je vous donne mon cttur, maii!, vous, donnezinoi la foi. Sans foi il n'est point d'ardentes prieres, et prier est un besoin de mon ame, Je vous prie non pour que vous eeartiez les obstacles qui s'eikvent sur ma route, mais pour que vous me permettiez de les franchir. J e vous prie non pour que vous d&iarmiez mes ennemis maw pour que voua m'aidiez k me vaincre moi-meooe Et daignez, 0 Dieu, exaucer mes pneres. Conservez a mon affection les gens qui me sont chers, accordez leur des jours heureux. Si vous ne voulez repandre sur cette terre qu'une certaine somme de jeies, prenez, 0 Dieu, la part qui me revient. R3- partisaez la parmi les plus dignes et que lea plus dignes soient mes amis. Si vous voulez faire aux hommea des repr £ sailles, frappez moi, Lemalheurest converti en joie par la douce pensde que ceux que l'on aime sont heaureux. Le bonheur est empoisonnd par cette pensee amère, je me rejouis et ceux que je cberis mille fois plus que moi sont en train de souffrir. Pour moi, 0 Dieu, plus de bonheur, je le fuis; enlevez- le de ma route la joie, je ne puis la trouver que dans l'oubli du passe. Si j'oublie ceux qui ne sont plus, on m'oubliera a mon tour et quelle triste pensee que celle qui vous fait dire le temps efface tout La seule satisfaction que je recherche c'est celle qui dure toujours, celle qui donne une conscience tran- quille. 0, mon Dieu, montrez-moi toujours oil se trouve mon devoir, donnez moi la force de l'accomplir en toute occasion. Arrive au terme de ma vie je tournerai sans crainte mes regards vers le pasøé. Le souvenir n'en sera pas pour moi un long remords, alors je serai heureux, Faites. 0 mon Dieu, penotrer plus avant dans mon cteur la conviction que ceux que j'aime et qui aont morts sont les témùins de toutes mes actions. Ma vie sera digne d'etre vue par eux et mes pensees les plus intimes ne me feront jamaiB rougir." Ihe following U the translation of the prayer — My God I give to Thee my heart, but give to me faith. Without faith there Is no strong prayer, and to pray is a ionglng of my soul. I pray, not that Thou ahouidest take away the obstactes on my path, but that Thou mayest per- mit me to overcome them. I pray, not that Thou shonldeat d barm my enemies, but that thou IhouJdelt aid me to conquer myself. Hear, 0 God my prayer. Preserve to my affection thole who are so dear to me, atve them happy days. If Thou only glvest on this earth a certain sum of joy, take, 0 God, my share, and bestow it on the most worthy, and may the most worthy be my friends. If thou seekest vengeance npon man, strike me. Misfortune il converted into happiness by the sweet thought that those whom we love are happy. Happiness Is poisoned by the bitter thought — while I rejoice those whom I love a thousand timeB better than myself are suffering. For me, 0 God! no more happiness. Take it from my path. I can only And joy in forgetting the past. If I forget those who are no more I shall be for- gotten In my turn, and how sad the thought which makes one say.. Time effaces all The ouJy satisfaction I seek >>s that which lasts for ever, that which Is given by a tranquil conscience. 0, my God show me ever where my outy lies, and give me strength to accomplish it always. Arrived at the term of my life, I shall turn my looks fear- lessly to the past..Remembrance will not be for me along remorse. Then I shall be happy. Grant. 0 God that mv heart may be penetrated with the conviction that thosa whom ,L tovs and who are dead, *hnll jee all my actions. My hfe shall, be worthy of theIr ^Urteas, and my lnner«io*t thought shuu BtveT me blush."
The Amy and Navy Gazette publishes the following extract of a letter recently received from an omcer with General Wood's column.—"The Prince Imperial Is very wishful to see some real service, and would rejoice heartily could he show his gratitude to the English nation by con. scientiously earning a British decoration, he being fired with all the necessary martial ardour. The Prince Is aa charming and oheerlng a companion as ona couid wish to meet- full of spirit, and without any self-corioeit. It may safely be said of him that he is the most popular jouug officer of all tnose now attached to the force in the field, for he spares no troutse, and always has a pleasant wora and a smile for everybody.
THE PROPOSED INLAND SEA IN ALGERIA. The cost of excavating the canal through which the waters of the Mediterranean are to flow from the Gulf of Gabes into the so-called Chotte," and so convert the desert region to the south of Algeria and Tunis into a vast inland sea, will not, it is estimated by M. Roudaire, under whose supervision the preliminary surveys lately made have been carried out, exceed at th" moat- 20,ODO,OOOf. Last year a sura of 40,000f. wa1* voted by the French Chamber for defraying the ex- pense of carrying out the necessary soundings and surveys end the ra?ult of these has been te show that it is only nscessary to cut through the narrow isthmus separating the head of the Gulf of Gabea from the ex- tremity of the Chott El-Djarid, to form the proposed sea. In a paper written some time ago by M. Roudatre and read by M. de Lesseps before the Academy of Sciences in Paris, the advantages which may be expected to result from the creation of this new sea were stated to be an immense amelioration of the climate of Algeria and Tunis, since the moisture caused by the evaporation from the vast expanse of water will be driven by the prevailing southerly winds over these countries, forming a layer of humid atmosphere which will greatly mitigate the intensity of the solar rays and retard the cooling of the earth by radiation during the night. The proposed sea, too, being navigable for shipe of the greatest draft, will also open a new commercial route for the districts lying to the south of the Aures and the Atlas range; while water coursea which from tho Mouth, west, and north converge towards theChotts, but which are now dry during the greater part of the year, will again be- come rivers, as they once undoubtedly weres leading ultimately to the fertilization of vast tracts of now desert land on their banka."—Pall Mall Gazette.