our fouiion Corrajjonknf, TWe deetn it rtglrt to state that we do Mt at all tlnee -dentify ourselves with oar Correspondow's eputMna. The death of General Garibaldi has removed from the world a unique figure in Italian history. He may be said to have been a man of war from his youth up and as Cincinnatus returned to the plough after winning fame and honour in the service of the State, so Garibaldi was accustomed to go back to his lonely island home after performing brilliant deeds of con- quest. Indeed his preference for the damp rock of Caprera seemed to be a temptation to those attacks of bronchitis and rheumatism from which he so often suffered, and one of which at last laid him low. He might have had a residence amid the splendid scenery of the Bay of Naples, or uader any of the beautiful skies which look down upon the Italian lakes, or in the stately shadows of the Quirinal itself. But his mind dwelt npon the wave-beat rock where no sound was heard but the plashing surge and the whistling wind. Far out of the track of tourists, and extremely incon- venient of access, the old warrior was indeed a long way from what the poet Gray has called the madding crowd's ignoble strife The roar of the busy universe was certainly nsver heard there. It seems scarcely eighteen years ago that Gari- baldi paid a visit to London. It was in April, 1864, a little over eighteen months after the unfortunate affair at Aspromonte, when he was shot in the foot by one of the soldiers of General Pallavicini, and faced months of suffering before the bullet was extracted. Barely four years had then elapsed since by the power of hia name he had- added the kingdom of Naples and the Two Sicilies to Italy, and the ex- citement and enthusiasm in the metropolis over the General absorbed for the time everything else. He remained in London several days, and was a guest of the Duke of Sutherland, in his palatial residence over- looking St. James's Park. The simple habits of his island life were, however, also those of his sojourn in the home of luxury. He retired to rest early, roae at five in the morning, breakfasted on wine and grapes, and wore his red shirt, just as though he were in his own humble house at Caprera. He received invitations from great towns all over the land, but was unable to accept them because of their very number. His stay here was terminated somewhat unexpectedly but in bidding the English people farewell, he explained that he had come to thank the nation for its sympathy, and this object had been accomplished. The fact that "Great Paul is not to send forth the hours over the metropolis, is somewhat of a disappointment to the people of London. The progress of the mammoth bell from Leicestershire to the capital was watched with much interest; and it was hoped that, answering Big Ben, he would give the time to the east just as the Westminster bell does to the west. But it appears that Great Paul is to be used in calling the worshippers to the daily services in the Cathedral. The idea is a poetical one. It is that the boom of this immense bell, sounding far and wide over the metropolitan area, shall tell them, day by day, that there is another world. It will give this reminder not only to the city itself, ever alive during business hours with animation, but to the distant suburbs; and thus the Cathedral shall become not merely an ornament to the capital, but a centre of religious life and energy. That extended travel tends to the expansion of the mind there can be no doubc whatever. More is learned of a land by a personal examination of its phy- aieal characteristics than by a study of the best of geographies. The two sons of the Prince of Wales must, in the course of their cruise in the Bacchante, have gone over pretty nearly the whole of the world. We get isolated scraps of information respecting them sometimes, much as the wayfarer obtains distant glimpses of the Thames in passing along the Strand. The Atlantic, the Pacific, the Indian ocean, the sun] it waters of the Eastern Archipelago, are all successively visited by the two young Princes, the younger of whom, Prince George, was seventeen years of age on the 3rd inst., the day fixed for the official celebration of Her Majesty's birthday. The establishment of a bishopric at Newcastle-on- Tyne has incidentally brought to light the fact that one more addition has been made to the number of prelates already outside the House of Lords who have to take their turns for admission to that august assembly. When the see of Manchester was founded, in 1848, it was enacted that the number of prelates with seats in the House of Lords was not to be increased notwithstanding, and that in future the junior bishop would not become a spiritual peer until a vacancy arose in another see by which he could be admitted. Thus the prelate last appointed was always outside, and the arrangement had the advantage of enabling him to devote his sole attention to his episcopal duties before being summoned to London for half the year to sit in the House of Lords. Since that time four bishoprics have been created-St. Albans, Truro, Liverpool, and Newcastle and as no relaxation is made of the old principle, each having to wait his hour, the last made prelate cannot expect to sit upon the episcopal benches of the Upper House for some time to come. The presence of the Duke of Edinburgh at Maid- stone in connection with a meeting to promote the objects of the Royal College of Music is the latest in- cident illustrative of the interest felt by the members of the Royal Family in this institution. The National Training School for Music, which was merged at Easter into the Royal College of Music, has just issued its fifth and last annual report. The school was esta- blished in 1876 for the free education of the highest musical talent, in whatever station of society it might be found. It has trained and sent into the world artists who have already won for themselves positions of great distinction in the estimation of the public, men and women whose artistic reputations, according to the Duke of Edinburgh, bid fair to become more than national. The school has also been successful from a business point of view. It began with no funds, has furnished the school, trained 180 students, established a library, and given concerts and lectures on music to the general public. After doing all this it hands over to the Royal College £1,100 in cash. The knighthoods for the Sheriffs of London, supple- mental to the baronetcy conferred on the Lord Mayor in recognition of the Queen's visit to Epping Forest, has given much satisfaction in the City of London, which never spares expense in the entertainment of royalty. Of the twenty-six members of the Court of Aldermen, thirteen are now either knights or baronets, or just one-half of the whole number. Most of the titled gentlemen have filled the office of Lord Mayor but as one of the new sheriffs, Sir Reginald Hanson, was elected an alderman only two years ago, the mayoralty will not come to his turn for some time to come. So far as the dispensing of the hospitalities of the Mansion House is concerned, the manner in which the present chief magistrate has represented the dignity and importance of his office is recognised by all, without distinction of politics or profession. The May Meetings have been iollowed by other gatherings of a purely social kind, which have an important bearing on the earnings of the opera- tive classes. These, in large proportion, have acted on the principle of making provision in the days of prosperity for those of adversity, which generally come sooner or later. The extent to which friendly and cognate societies have been formed is shown by the number of members belonging to the orders of Odd Fellows, Druids, Foresters, Shepherds, Gardeners, and similar or. ganizations. Their purpose is good, and it has been carried out with more or less of success. Some of those old proverbs which tell us to make hay while the sun shines," to "prepare for a rainy day," and so forth, appear to have been very well attended to. The fact that the Manchester Unity alone numbers 545,000 members, and that the last balance-sheet showed a net increase in the funds of jE152,000, is a most important one as indicating a substantial progress of the principles of thrift amongst the industrial population. It is just ten years since the Alabama indemnity of three millions and a quarter sterling was epresented by a twelve months' increase in the receipts from the Excise, and it was facetiously remarked that we had drunk ourselves out of the Alabama difficulty. Now, however, each succeeding year shows more clearly that the habits of providence and carefulness are pervading the operative classes. According to the annual custom the gardens of the Inner Temple have been thrown open for the benefit of the public, and will remain open three hours each evening during the months of June, July, and August. These gardens are in the very heart of the crowded city, where the open spaces are few, so that those which are acessible are duly appreciated. In the last report of the Metropolitan Board of Works, a complete picture of the lungs or open spaces of London is given. From this it seems that the various metropolitan parks and recreation grounds under the control of the Board comprise altogether an area of 1,676 acres, or a little over two and a-half square miles. The metropolitan area, under the jurisdiction of the Board, extends over 122 square miles, and has within its limits a population of more than three millions and a half. Two and a half out of 122 is not a large proportion of recreation ground.. This does not, however, include the Royal parks in London and the commons on the outskirts of the great capital, which are most important breathing- places close to the homes of a great population.
A preaching crusade against Secret Societies in general and Fenian organisations in particular is, it is said, about to be undertaken by the Roman Catholic clergy of the metropolis.
THE PRINCE AND PRINCESS OF WALES AT ETON. The 4th of June falling on Sunday this year, the birthday of King George III. was kept on Monday- the occasion being marked by two events of unusual interest-the first, a visit of the Prince and Princess of Wales to the ancient foundation of Eton, and the second the unveiling of a memorial screen erected in the chapel to commemorate old Etonians who were among the officers killed in the Zulu, Afghan, and Boer campaigns. In preparation for the Roval visitors, the little town was in gala trim, the High-street being hung with crossing festoons of evergreens and many- coloured flags from end to end. he company in- vited to the speeches assembled in the Upper School to await the arrival of the Prince and Princess of Wales. Their Royal Highnesses and suite drove from Slough to the College, which they reached about noon. The Provost of Eton, Dr. Goodford, and the Head Master, Dr. Hornby, were at the entrance to receive them, and within the quadrangle was a guard of honour furnished by the 2nd Bucks (Eton College) Rifle Volunteers, while the boys of the school beyond were demonstratively loyal, but most orderly representatives of the public. The Prince and Princess of Wales, instead of passing along the carpeted corridor, went out into the open, and walked along the line of young volunteers, who in their light gray uniforms with Eton blue facings formed a corps of which the College may well be proud. Their Royal Highnesses seemed much pleased with the heartiness of the reception they met with from the boys. The Princess wore a close-fitting costume of deep blue satin, on the surface of which in certain lights appeared spots of ruby red, her bonnet of the same material being ornamented with a cluster of red currants. The visitors in the Upper School formed a large and distinguished assemblage. After the speeches had been delivered by the Etonians selected for the purpose, their Royal High- nesses, followed by the visitors, were conducted to the ante-chapel, where the Prince of Wales formally signified his assent to the withdrawal of the covering of the memorial screen. The service of dedication was simple. The Lord's prayer and an appropriate dedi- catory prayer having been read by Archdeacon Balston, formerly head-master of the school, four verses of one of the Hymns Ancient and Modern'' (No. 437) were sung, and the Benedictioki was pro- nounced. The Royal visitors then returned to the ante-chapel and examined the screen. It is of stone and executed from designs by the late Mr. Street, in the style of the interior of the chapel, a building begun towards the end of the 15th century. A central arch springs from two turrets, each of which is pierced with smaller arches. Within the recesses of the turrets are brass plates, recording the names of those commemorated and their armorial bearings, illuminated and inlaid with silver. In the north turret are inscribed the names of those who fell in the Zulu war of 1879-Charles John Atkinson, lieutenant, 1st Battalion, 24th Foot, killed at Isandula, aged 23; the Hon. R. G. C. Campbell, captain, Coldstream Guards, killed on the Zlobane Mountain, aged 30; Arthur Tindal Bright, of the 90th, killed at Kambula, aged 22 Lieutenant-Colonel Northey, 60th Rifles, kilied at Gingilovo, aged 43; A. C. Baskerville Mynors, 2 60th Rifles, died at Fort Pearson, aged 22 the Hon. E. V. Wyatt Edgell, 17th Lancers, killed at Ulundi, aged 33; G. A. Pardoe, 13th Foot, who died of wounds received in the same battle, aged 23 and three who died during the cam- paign, H. L. Farmer, 60th Rifles, H. J. Hardy, of the Rifle Brigade, and the Hon. S. F. H. Lane-Fox, of the Natal Native Contingent, each aged 28. In the south turret are the names of four who fell in Afghanistan in 1879 :—Lieutenant St. John William Forbes, of the 92nd, killed at Cabul, aged 23; Cecil Henry Gaisford, 72nd Foot, who also fell at Cabul, aged 23; Lieutenant-Colonel R. S. Cleland, 9th Lancers, who died of wounds received in action, aged 39 and Hector Maclaine, of the Royal Horse Artillery, who was murdered by Afghans while a prisoner at Candahar, aged 28. Below is a brass bearing the names of three who fell in the Boer war in 1881:—Robert Hammond Elwes, of the Grenadier Guards, whos6 death was later in the day touchingly alluded to by the Prince of Wales John Raymond Garrett, 60th Rifles, killed in action at Ingogo, aged 22; and E. O. H. Wilkin. son, Adjutant 3rd Battalion, 60th Rifles, aged 28, who was drowned in the Ingogo river while returning by night from succouring the wounded. On the east side of the screen are two brass tablets bearing the following inscriptions:— Populi Sapientia est! J.n Honorem Del Maxime proprium Et in Memoriam Etonensinm Quo in loco ju ventus v Ve,i A c !erl,?ona}1 Informatur apud Indos Septentrionales Grata eorumvirtutemj ProPatri& fortiter militantes Jlemorla prosequi Vlta ehe" (iu*m brevl excesserunt QUiWftria Exstruendum3 ^t orn^ndumcuraverunt Profuderunt A.S. MDCCCLXXXII. The cost of the memorial— £ 2,400—has already been defrayed. At a luncheon served in hall, the Provost presiding, the toast "In piam Memoriam was drunk in silence the toast of The Queen" was received with hearty cheers. The Provost, in proposing the health of "The Prince and Princess of Wales and the other Members of the Royal Family," gratefully acknowledged the kindness of their Royal Highnesses in coming to the College on that occasion, and, after referring to the special object of their visit, spoke of the qualities of those to be commemorated, which were worthy of affectionate recollection and admiration. The Prince of Wales said,—Mr. Provost, Ladies and Gentlemen,-I feel very sensible of the kind way in which this toast has been proposed and received here. The kind and flattering terms in which the Provost has alluded to me have gratified me very much, and I can assure him that it was with the greatest pleasure we accepted his kind invitation to unveil the beautiful screen in the College Chapel to-day. As for my- self, having passed all the earliest days of my childhood at Windsor and in the vicinity of Eton, I may say that I look upon myself, if Etonians will allow it, as almost half an Etonian. (Cheers.) I had two tutcrs from your College, one of whom I am delighted to see here now, and this may be another reason for the interest I take in all which concerns this ancient foundation. The ceremony which we were asked to perform to-day affords a clear proof to us, as it must to every one, of the strong feeling which exists and binds together, not only Etonians of the present, but Etonians of the past, and that those who have studied here and gone forth into different avocations should be remembered in their lifetime by those who are now here must be a matter of gratification to them. But that they should be specially remembered when they are gone and commemorated in an interesting monument like that which we have unveiled to-day must be a clear proof to the relatives of those who have passed away that Etonians do not forget the dead. As further evidence of this I may remind you that there are two windows which have been placed in the chapel to the memorv of those Etonians who fell in the Crimean war. (Hear, hear.) The screen we have unveiled to-day is inscribed with the names of those officers brought up in this ancient College who fell in South Africa and Afghanistan; and I feel sure that those, whatever their walk in life, who have been brought up in this College will never forget that they are Eton- ians to the end of their lives. (Cheers.) The toast I have now to propose, and which I know you will re- ceive with the greatest enthusiasm, is Floreat Etona." (Cheers.) There is a sad and, at the same time, striking circumstance in connection with that toast. During the late campaign in South Africa a young Etonian, an officer in the Guards, who was a personal friend of mine and near neighbour of ours in the county of Norfolk, when in the attack on Laing's Nek he and his comrade rode to the front, the first words on his lips were Floreat Etona and they were his last.
The Standard gives the following interesting particulars respecting the heroes whose names are recorded on the Memorial ?- Glancing at the names inscribed on the turret on the right or southern side, we find the list headed by Lieutenant St. John W. Forbes, of the 92nd, or Gordon Highlanders, who was killed at the taking of the high and precipitous hill of Takt-ti-Shah, on De- cember 12th, 1879. For two or three days the fana- tical hordes who followed Mahomed Jan, and who shortly afterwards invested the British army in Sherpore, had flaunted their standards on the top of this mountain, successfully defying the efforts of the British General to effect their dispersal. Early on the morning of the 12th the Gordon Highlanders were ordered to storm the position. It was a race for the top, a race in which young Forbes and Colour-serjeant Drummond, with three or four men of their regiment, were first but a race in which the prize was instant death. The next name is that of C. H. Gaisford, 72nd Highlanders, killed two days after Forbes on the Asmai Heights, above Cabul. Along with the Guides that regiment stood facing some fifteen thousand victorious Afghan clansmen, while General Roberts collected his worn-out troops for the defence of Sherpore, reluctantly convinced that even five thousand British troops were unable to contend in the open field against a nation in arms. The day before Lieutenant Colonel Cleland-the next name on the Memorial-was mortally wounded while charging with the 9th Lancers in attempting to save the battery of Horse Artillery. Three times the Lancers rode through the Ghazies, and only desisted when useless extermination would have been the result of further efforts. They, however, had the satisfaction an hour or two later of assisting at the recovery of the abandoned guns. The melancholy fate of Hector Maclaine-the last on the Afghan Hst-must still be fresh in the minds of everyone. Ordered to open the fight on the disastrous day of Maiwand, he audaciously dashed forward with his two guns and shelled Ayub Khan's host as it streamed across the front of Burrow's weak column. It was Maclaine's two guns which, too late in limbering up, were lost at the close of the fight. The story of how the young officer was captured on the retreat, of how he remained a prisoner in Ayub Khan's camp, to be murdered just as the shouts of Robert s avenging troops broke on his ear, does not require re-telling. Three Etonian officers lost their lives during the hostilities with the Boers. Their names are Lieu- tenants Garret and Wilkinson, of the 60th Rifles, and Lieutenant Elwes, of the Grenadier Guards. Garret was killed at the fight above the Ingogo. Wilkinson was drowned in the Ingogo river that same night in attempting to convey succour to the wounded left with Surgeon McGann on the abandoned position. Lieutenant Elwes was shot at Laing's Nek. His death forms the subject of an interesting picture by Mrs. Butler, exhibited in this year's Royal Academy. During the Zulu War six Etonians were killed, and four died of the fever and dysentery which decimated the British armies. Their names are in- scribed on the northern turret of the Memorial, and are C. J. Atkinson, killed during the fight of Isandula; the Hon. R. G. C. Campbell, Cold- stream Guards, who, while accompanying Sir Evelyn Wood on the Zlobane Mountain, was shot dead in dashing at the mouth of a cave occupied by some of the enemy on which the General's party suddenly came. A. T. Bright, a general favourite, first at school and then with his regiment, was shot through both legs at Kamhulla, at the criticai point of the fight when the Zulus had almost succeeded in making their way into the laager. Lieutenant Colonel F. V. Northey, captain in his time of the Eton Eleven, was killed at Gingilovo. The Hon. E. V. Wyatt Edgell met his fate after Ulundi, during the pursuit of Cetewayo's routed army. Lieutenant Pardoe, of the 13th Foot, received the wounds of which he afterwards died on the same day; and A. C. Baskerville Mynors, 260th; H. J. Hardy, Rifle Brigade H. L. Farmer, 2.60th and the Hon. S. F. H. Lane Fox, of the Natal Native Con- tingent, all died of fever and dysentery during the campaign.
FATAL BOATING ACCIDENT. A sad boating fatality cccurred late on Friday even- ing in last week, at Kent's Bank, near Grange, on the west side of Morecambe Bay, by whieh two young gentlemen lost their lives and another had a very narrow escape. It appears that Mr. Norman Chandler, son of Mr. H. Chandler, of Boarbank Mansion, Allithwaite, bought a sailing yacht a few days ago and had it stationed at Kent's Bank. On Friday night Mr. Chandler and two friends, Mr. YoungandMr. Herbert Elliott, determined to sail round Humphrey Head, and anchored in a creek near Holywell. There was a strong current running, accompanied by a high wind. All went well for about a mile, but when making a tack the yacht ran against the bank of the channel, capsizing and throwing the occupants into the water. Mr. Chandler and Mr. Elliott endeavoured to make for the shore; Mr. Young took hold of the mainmast. The two former were capital swimmers, but Mr. Elliott was rendered almost powerless by being struck with some portion of the vessel. Mr. Chandler, however, nobly assisted Mr. Elliott until a strong wave separated them. and Mr. Elliott was lost. Mr. Chandler swam •J to a shallow part of the bay, where he regained his I feet, and shouted to Mr, Young, who feebly responded. It is thought that as the tide rose Mr, Young crept higher up the mast, but when he was 4ft. from the top, higher up the mast, but when he was 4ft. from the top, > the mast unfortunately broke. j Mr. Chandler, to save his life, had to swim across a channel about a mile and a half wide. He then roused the occupants of a farmhouse, who administered stimulants to the half-drowned man. On recovering he set out with others to search for his friends. The yacht was found half-buried- in the sand. Mr. Young's body was found on the west side of the channel, Mr. Elliott's a mile lower down on the More- cambe side. Both bodies showed signs of a desperate struggle for life. The young men were all 20 years of age.
THE OUEEN'S BIRTHDAY CELE. BRATION. TROOPING OF THE COLOURS. The time-honoured and picturesque ceremony of trooping the colours, or, to be more exact, the colour" of the brigade of Guards was duly ob- served in St. James's Park on Saturday. We take the following description of the ceremony from the Daily News of Monday Only one "colour" is trooped, and that is the "Queen's," as distinguished from the "regimental" colour, and the particular flag selected is that of the battalion which furnishes the Queen's Guard for the day. On Saturday it WhoS that of the 1st Grenadier Guards. This becomes the typical or State colour of the troops taking actual part in the ceremony, that is, the Grenadier Guards, the Coldstreams, the Scots Guards, and a representative troop of the Household Cavalry, in all some forty officers and between six and seven hundred men. An unusual number of spectators were invited by the courtesy of Col. Clive, commanding the 1st Battalion of Grenadier Guards, on which devolved the chief honours of the day. Shortly before ten o'clock the Guards formed in line, with the guard of honour and the colour party on the flanks, and shortly afterwards the Princess of Wales and the young Princesses were seen at the centre window of the Horse Guards, the children of the Duchess of Edinburgh, and the Duchess of Teck with her children occupying the other principal windows. As the united bands of the brigade, under Mr. D. Godfrey, played the National Anthem, the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Cambridge came in eight from the opposite direction, with a brilliant Btaff. The Prince of Wales and the Commander-in-Chief wore the uniform of the Grenadier Guards, with the ribbon of the Garter. The Duke of Edinburgh appeared in an artillery uniform, and the Duke of Teck as colonel of a rifle regiment. Accompanying the Royal Princes were the French Military Attache in a light-blue cavalry dress, and Count von Hohen- thal-Bergen, acting as Milltary Attache to the German Embassy, in the brilliant uniform of the Konig's Hussaren. Conspicuous by the side of Sir Garnet Wolseley rode, still erect in the saddle, the veteran Lord Strathnairn, attired in all the heavy panoply of the regiment of which he is colonel, the Royal Horse Guards Blue. Lord Templetown, who was born a year before Lord Strathnairn, ;>,nd is Colonel of the 2nd Life Guards and Goid Stick in Waiting, was also present, as well as the Staff of the Home District. The inspection being over, the ceremony of trooping or carrying the Qceen's colours through the files, with the apparent object of making every soldier conversant with the flag he is bound to defend, was proceeded with, the bands and drums of the brigade of Guards playing the slow march from. "Nabucco," the quick march from Boccaccio," the British Giena- diers," the Grenadier's March," and the Duke of York's March." When the flag had arrived at the extremity of the line, the roll of the drum and a few bars of God Save the Queen announced the com- pletion of the essential part of the ceremony, and all came to the salute. Then the line broke into columns of companies, and the march past was accomplished in slow and quick time with admirable precision, the bands playing meanwhile the March in Scipio and "British Grenadiers" for the Grenadier Guards, the "March from Figaro and the Minanolla March for the Coldstreams, and the "Garb of Old Gaul" and Highland Laddie for the Scots Guards. The march-past being over, the troops again formed in line, a Royal salute was given, and the ceremony was over. The colour party subsequently escorted the flag to St. James's Palace, where a selection of music was played by the combined bands of the Household Brigade. Her Majesty's birthday was honoured in various parts of the country in the customary way.
DEDICATION OF "GREAT PAUL." With a rapidity which testifies very forcibly to the efficient skill and masterly arrangement of the surveyor to St. Paul's Cathedral, the largest bell in the kingdom has been suspended in the clock tower, and was on Saturday afternoon last formally dedicated to the service of the church. It was first sounded on Friday afternoon, and for those who had witnessed the efforts that have had to be made in order to move the ponderous mass by inches, the first swing of the monster was really a very impressive sight. It really seemed as though life had been infused into the dead weight, and as though the Woe is me if I preach not the Gospel" inscribed upon it might indeed be the utterance of this newly-inspired creation. The dedication service took place immediately after the ordinary afternoon service in the cathedral, a procession of fifty or sixty clergymen and choristers passing up by the dome staircase to the corridors leading along by the Dean's library, where the service was held. About a hundred and fifty visitors, admitted by card, had assembled here, and stood on either side of the corridor listening to the roll of the organ and the crash of the bells in the opposite north-west tower, as both announce the close of the service and the advance of the white-robed procession, which presently came slowly along the rather desolate-looking corridor, headed by a verger bearing a silver wand of office. Canon Gregory was the officiating clergyman, as- sisted by Dr. Simpson, one of the minor canons. The service was simple, consisting mainly of the chanting of Psalms, followed by two or three appropriate prayers and a hymn. It was, in fact, the same or nearly the same form of service has had been adopted when the peal of bells in the other tower had been dedicated. In the special prayers of dedication there were these sentences 0 Everlasting God, whom no man hath seen at any time, although Thou dost speak to the souls of men through the things that Thou hast made; receive, we beseech Thee, this bell which is offered by Thy people for the service of Thy Holy Church, and bless it to the spiritual well-being of Thy servants, that it may remind us of Thy pre- sence in life and in death. Grant, 0 Lord, that whosoever, by reason of sickness or any other neces- sity, shall be hindered from coming into the House of the Lord may, when he hears this bell, in heart and mind ascend to Thee, and find with Thee peace and comfort, through Jesus Christ our Lord." After the service, the large door opening into the stair- case, up the centre of which the bell had passed, was thrown wide, and presently amid dead silence, the hoarse, heavy swing of the monster could be heard, but it was a long time before he could be per- suaded to speak. It has already been publicly an. nounced that the full tone of the bell cannot be given, or at any rate, will not be given until the disturbed masonry of the tower has been completely restored, which may perhaps be in a fortnight's time. The first stroke of the bell, however, must have satisfied all who heard its fine tone. Down on the floor of the Cathe- dral the sound of it is very sweet and solemn. Saturday was a quiet day in the City, but there were consider- able crowds of listeners gathered about the Cathedral, and the sweet musical tone of the bell was admitted on all Lands.
THE IRONWORKERS STRIKE IN AMERICA. The American Correspondent of The Times, writing on the 4th, says "The ironworkers'strike spreads, and the entire Chicago district is now idle, the mills that were work- ing on June 1 having closed. The Detroit forges are also closed. The labour situation in Pittsburg is un- changed, excepting that the coal and coke interests show more plainly the effect of the strike in curtail- ing sales. Nearly every furnace in the Ohio Valley is going out of blast. One coke company in Pitts- burg reports that the sales there have declined 18,000 bushels daily. The Pittsburg tradesmen still express confidence in the strikers succeeding. Several small iron mills in rural districts are reported to have resumed, making about 12 altegether working throughout the West at the strikers' rates. The ironworkers on the Atlantic seaboard closely watch the Western strike, and are making arrangements to send the men funds. At Philadelphia, the headquarters of the ironmasters, to-day's telegrams show that the Western employers are maintaining a firm front against the strike. No disposition is shown by either side to recede. The employers say that they can stand out for three months or more. Prices of iron are not yet sensibly affected, though some orders are reported to be coming to the Eastern mills from Western buyers, which the Eastern mills can speedily execute. Prices are steady, with foreign imports increasing. The de- mand for steel is active. The mills are all working. Everything is quiet and orderly throughout the region of the strike."
It is roughly estimated that the number of men on strike in all parts of the United States is 150,000.
A Pittsburg telegram states that the estimated loss of wages by the strike throughout the West is 200,100 dols. daily.
A SAD ACCIDENT. Mr. S. F. Langham, deputy coroner, has held alengthy inquiry in the Registrar's Room at St. Thomas's Hospital, London, as to the death of William Taylor, aged forty years, a boiler fixer, lately residing at 22, Daisy-street, Blackburn, Lancashire, who was killed at Messrs. Doulton's Pottery while fixing a large boiler, on the lat inst. Mr. Haworth Taylor, Black- burn, identified the deceased as his brother. The evidence went to show that, at nine o'clock on the 1st of June, deceased and three other men were engaged in placing a boiler 7ft. 6in. in dia- meter and 21ft. in length in its seat at the above pottery boiler-house. The boiler was drawn from the road into the boiler room on a trolley. As the boiler was a large one, there was diffi- culty in getting it into its place. When within 3ft. of its destination the deceased found an obstruction in the shape of a down steampipe. He descended to the ash-hole and measured the boiler, as well as the part where the boiler would be de. posited. When Taylor had finished measuring he called out, There is room for the boiler to pass." Immediately after, a signal by whistle was given for the men to move the boiler. It had only moved a foot, when the ponderous mass struck the down steampipe. A loud report was the result, followed by steam rushing through the broken pipe and the boiler room. Steam was shut off, and, on its clearing, a shocking site presented itself. Taylor was found lying on his face in the ash-pit, terribly scalded up to his armpits. There was a large gash across the back of his head and a severe cut beneath the chin, where the broken part of the down steampipe had struck him. Mr. White, house surgeon at St. Thomas's Hospital, said that the deceased was severely scalded from his feet up to his armpits; he also sustained a scalp wound and lacerated chin. He expired from the result of his in- juries twenty minutes after his admission. The jury, after some consideration, ultimately returned a verdict of Accidental death."
Seventeen thousand four hundred and twenty-nine emitprantt arrived in New York last week.
ARRIVAL of the PRINCESS LOUISE in CANADA. The Allan Line steamer Sarmatian, with the Princess Louise and suite on board, arrived at Quebec on the 4th inst. Her Royal Highness disembarked under a Royal salute, and was received on landing by the Marquis of Lorne. Thousands of spectators were assembled, who heartily cheered the Princess. The Mayor of Quebec presented her Royal Highness with an address in French, after which the vice-regal party proceeded to the citadel under a brilliant military escort. The Princess was in excellent health, having suffered but little from sea-sickness on the passage oat, ———B—
LORD DUNRAVEN AND HIS IRISH TENANTS. Lord Dunraven and his tenantry in the county of Limerick have arranged their differences in a manner satisfactory to all concerned without appealing to the Land Court. It was arranged that the fixing of fair rents should be left to an independent valuator ap- pointed for that purpose; and the rents fixed by the valuator have been accepted as the future rents by Lord Dunraven as well as by the tenants. In many instances the tenants were not only satisfied with the revalua- tion, but expressed such grateful pleasure that Lord Dunraven voluntarily gave a reduction of 3! per cent. on the rent due. Rejoicings and illuminations have taken place at Adare, and Lord and Lady Dunraven were accorded a public ovation on Saturday night prior to their departure for London.
JAMESTOWN, DAKOTA. Under the above beading The Times has an article by a Special Correspondent, from which we make the following extracts :— Dakota territory measures about 360 miles from east to west and upwards of 400 miles from north to south; it embraces an area one-fourth larger than the British Islands. Of such extensive dimen- sions, it is anticipated that it will shortly be divided into three States, and that Jamestown, centrally situated, will be the capital of the eastern division. This rising town, of about three years' growth, is on the Northern Pacific Railroad, midway between Fargo and Bismarck, about 100 miles from each, and stands fairly sheltered by pro- tecting bluffs, at the junction of the James and Pipe Stem rivers, in the midst of a great country of superior prairie land. The population of the town and country of Stutsman, of which it is the capital, on January 1, 1880, was 1,007, or just one person to every two square mile. In 21 months the population more than doubled at the time of my visit last autumn one third were in the town, which has two good churches, a school, a prosperous flour mill and brewery, numerous well-equipped stores, and about 200 private dwelling houses. Since the spring of 1881 upwards of half of these have been built, but not fast enough for the demand. Numbers costing 300 dols. to 400 dols. readily rent at 25 dols. per month. Lawyers and doctors, of whom there were about a dozen, wisely fill up their spare time with dealings in real estate or other avocations. They, and some of the principal storekeepers, unable to find suitable house accommo- dation, or secare servants, board at the Dakota House, which has been built at a cost of 15,000 dols., puts up 120 sleepers," of whom 25 are regular boarders, moderately charged for their bed. room and meals 7 dols. per week. Day-boarders muster a still larger number, and the Northern Pacific trains going each way allow here half-an-hour for dinner, and necessitate catering for other fifty to eighty guests. The amount of movement and business in this new country has necessitated the establishment of another hotel with accommodation for fifty people fed and rested on even more moderate terms than at the Dakota House. Flour and meat are cheap; other household articles are relatively higher. Hard nut coal, all the way from Pennslyvania or Iowa, costs 12 dols.; lignite from beyond the Missouri, 5 dols. to 6 dols. 50 cents, per ton of 2,000lb.; oak wood for fuel 6 dols. per cord. But all classes seem thriving, and able to pay for necessaries and comforts. Women and children, as well as men, are fittingly and comfortably dressed, there are no paupers, and there should be none, for there is abun- dance of work for all who choose to work. Masons and carpenters are in especial demand, earning 2dols. 50c. to 3dols. per day plasterers have 35 cents per yard labourers, 2dols. per day. Farmers during the six summer months pay their hands 25dols. per month, and all found; the winter farm wages drop to 15dols. per month. Desirous to see something further of the James River Valley, about which many settlers are enthu- siastic, I drove over the prairie 25 miles south, passing through much good deep land, a few portions of which are broken, and some are fairly cultivated. Attracted by the life of freedom and the abundance of sporr, five well educated young Englishmen have taken up claims twelve miles south of Jamestown they have also purchased some conterminous railway land. They amused themselves by breaking in a team of oxen, they have a wagon and pair of horses, have partially prepared" for spring planting about 100 acres of wheat and about 50 acres for oats and barley. They have no barn or shedding for horse or ox. For companionship they usually live together in one wooden shanty, about 18ft. square, which serves for kitchen, dining hall, and bed rooms. They have no labourer or servant. Their guns secure tolerable supplies of antelope, prairie chicken, ducks, and geese. An elk and badger are occasionally shot. Tinned meats, a side of bacon, and biscuits are in reserve for emergencies. Proceeding further south, in the neighbourhood of the Beaver, a tributary of the James, the land is more undulating and irregular in quality. Travelling south and east it agpom improves. The surveys at present extend only 18 miles south of the town. But for 150 miles, and for many miles on either side of the James, are wide expanses of useful, fairly rolling land adapted for grain grow- ing, much of it well watered and suitable for stock. Even on the banks of the streams there is little timber, and what there is proves scrubby and of small value. Over these unfrequented prairies there is small need of spade or tools for examination of the land. The numerous gophers throw up the black surface mould; the badgers, burrowing deeper, exhibit the nature of the subsoil and afford convenient surface sections. Twenty miles west of the river, running north and south and tolerably parallel with it, is a range of coteaux, the best watered of which will prove valuable for grazing both cattle and sheep. North of Jamestown, over the bluffs, stretch more great reaches of prairie. Here, as elsewhere, the ele- vated bluff soil is often quite as deep and good as that of the bottom. Overlooking the town, on the divide between the James and Pipestem rivers, are the ruins of Fort Seward, for some years maintained as a frontier defence against the Sioux and other warlike Indians. From the Northern Pacific road, sweep- ing the river valleys, and proceeding over the table land between them, a branch line is being graded, bound eighty miles north to Fort Totten, and intended to utilize the wood and lignite of the Mouse river. For the first 15 miles of this route settlement is thicker than it is south of Jamestown, and good • farming land is bought at 3 dols. to 8 dols. an acre. The simple, inexpensive making of railroads over the prairie is well illustrated here. The course and lev of the track is marked ont by pegs. A stout plough, drawn by four horses, loosens the friable soil it is then promptly shovelled up by horse scoops, which lay it down for the embankments. These handy scrapers, as they are termed, are made of boiler-plate, are 2J feet wide, about 2 feet deep, and constructed to carry from 3001b. to 6001b. of soil. The steeled edge of the scoop turned among the loosened soil is drawn forward by a pair of horses or mules at- tached to the bale, a load is promptly turned in, when with a lever the scraper is lighted and run off either on skids or on wheels. On the light prairie soil in dry weather unskilled hands can thus do good service. In the absence of trained navvies with pick, shovel, and wheelbarrow, gangs of farmers, their sons and labourers are engaged at this railroad grading. The daily payment for each man and pair of horses or mules is 4 dols. 50c. The hours of work are from seven a.m. until six p.m., with an hour of intermission for dinner. The contractors generally receive 12c. to 14c. for each cubic yard of ground moved. On heavier embank- ments and finishing; work a special railway gang is employed, and here belonging to the contractors are also working 50 stout mules, many of them 16 hands high and 1,2001b. weight, costing 200 dols. each at St. Louis, fed on crushed corn, oats, and hay, lying out without shelter at all seasons, but nevertheless looking healthy and in good condition. Forty-five miles west of Jamestown, extending on either side of the railroad, ia the Troy Station and farm, where Mr. John Van Diisen has purchased 10,000 acres, has invested 50,000 dols., has built in tasteful, substantial manner houses for himself and his people, barns and stabling for 100 horses, and with wheat growing purposes prosecuting mixed husbandry. In the winter satisfactory results are obtained with sheep running out daily and protected in light sheds at night. Similar good woik is inaugurated eight miles further west, at Steele. Upwards of 2,000 acres of dry, useful land have here been broken np four inches deep, well stirred, and produced in 1881 nearly 20 bushels of wheat per acre. A considerable portion of the crop remaining out during the later dripping weeks of September suf- fered from shake and from sprouting. A still larger area was well prepared for the in-putting of wheat, barley, and oats this spring. Yet another of these large model farms occurs thirteen miles east of Bis- marck, owned by Mr. C. T. Clark, of Pittsburg, com- prising 2,240 acres. One thousand acres of wheat were grown last year, and still more will be sown next season. A good dwelling house cost- ing 3,000 dols., cottages and barracks for men, barns and shedding for stock have been built, and indepen- dently of the increasing value of the land, it is said that 15 per cent. is being earned on the capital invested.
A MANIA FOR LOTTERIES.—A resident at Glogan, in Germany, has just died, who h.ad. a perfect mono- mania for lotteries of every description. At hIs death closets full of lottery tickets were found in his house, and a complete library of manuscript books, contain- ing calculations of winning numbers, and the debit and credit of his winnings and losings. During twenty years he had invested upwards of 14,000 marks in lotteries, whilst his winnings during the same period amounted to only 490 mark*.
HIGHLAND CROFTERS. An interesting correspondence between Mr. Mac- Kenzie of Kintail and the crofters anuria estate has just taken place. Thirty of the crofters sent a memo- rial to Mr. Mackenzie, pointing out that they had heard that the farms of Morvaich and Inchroe were to be let as deer forests. They asked him to retain part of the low ground of Morvaich for their use, for which they would pay a yearly rent of £20. Mr. Mackenzie expresses satisfaction with the memorial sent to him. He says that it is quite true that his farms have been let in forests, and observes that the employment of stalkers and watchers causes more money to be expended on labour than when the ground is under sheep, and the rent is the same. His reason for the change is that the hill- pastures have been exhausted by sheep, so that farming is no longer paying, and it was necessary to give the land a long rest to restore its pro- ductiveness. It is pointed out that none of the cottagers pay rent for the houses they live in or the ground they occupy, and 13 acres of potato ground had been given among them two years ago, rent free. Mr. Mackenzie promises to meet the crofters on the ground in the autumn, when he and his son intend to visit the estate to arrange about some plant- ing. He says it will give him great pleasure if he can make them more comfortable for the future than they have been in the put. He hopes to be able to let them have the land rent free, but cannot decide until he visits the spot. Meantime, he suggests that before the meeting they should consider whether they would not improve their prospects and that of their families by emigration.
THE CHANNEL TUNNEL. An eminent Belgian writer remarks A propos of this much contested scheme When one has the honour of being an English- citizen, one should say that the safety of England does not depend on a tunnel more or less. Besides the fact that the tunnel can be easily drowned and rendered useless to an enemy in the event of war, a true Englishman has his heart placed sufficiently high to feel that it is not so much his insular position that gives force and confidence to England, but that these qualities exist rather in the character of the nation, in the profound appreciation of the value of her institutions, in her patriotism, in the immense resources which she has been able to create, in her fleets which cover the seas, in the reality and grandeur of her power, and in her unflinching constancy in resisting oppression or defending her liberties. As regards reactionary hydras, she had only Ireland to fear; but it would show very slight acquaintance with the English character to suppose that that hydra will trouble her beyond measure. She has experienced many others, and will triumph over this one as she has over the rest; it is only a question of time. This is why, generally, it is beneath her dignity to be concerned about a tunnel. The channel which separates France from England is a small affair, but it is no less true that this miserable ditch causes England to be less known of any country. We boast of the monuments left us by the middle ages, but who knows that Eng land possesses more of them than any other country- and that nowhere is greater care taken in the pre- servation of these precious remains ? When the tunnel is made, all the world will go to England, and this will be a veritable revelation for lovers of art. She may well be proud to show her treasures, and can only gain by being well known. C'est ce qu'on peut appeler une patrie," It is hardly neces- sary to say that these sentiments are thoroughly in accordance with the views we have maintained on the subject, believing, as we do, that the moral power of England, backed up by her immense mate- rial resources, will not be weakened by her being placed in direct communication with the mainland. The Alps have now been pierced thrice the Isthmus of Suez affords a waterway for vessels of the largest size and the same result will soon be accomplished in the case of Panama. An internal sea ii destined to improve the climate of Algeria; and, on the other hand, the reclamation of the Zuider Zee now in pro- gress adding to the territory of Holland. Paris and Brussels are eventually to be made seaports and, with all these improvements, it is hard that a small section of alarmists should keep in abeyance one of the greatest means of improved intercourse of modern times.-lroll.
THE WEATHER IN THE ATLANTIC. New York files received by the Cunard steamer Scpthia contain interesting particulars with respect to the ice in the Atlantic. All steamers arriving at North American ports had passed large fields of ice. Her Majesty's ship Firebrand, Captain Sisson, which arrived at St. John's, Newfoundland, on May 22, from Bermuda, passed countless ice- bergs afloat and aground between the 44th parallel and the latitude of St. John. The war steamer Griffin, Commander Inglis, from St. Pierre, fell in with the Peruvian and remained by her until the steamer Arcadian took her in tow. Commander Inglis reports a belt of heavy ice, 60 miles in breadth, en- compassing the whole of tha Cape Breton coast. The Peruvian, as already reported, arrived in Quebec on the 23rd' ult. One of the passengers, recounting his experiences of the trip, said We first struck into the field ice at the western edge of St. Peter's Bank, on the 6th of May, at about eight or nine o'clock, and on the following night, just before twelve o'clock, we came to a dead stop. Next day, when the light dawned upon us, there was ice in all directions, and a dreary outlook it was. The ice close to us was pretty smooth, but in places it was rough and rugged from the action of the waves. There were here and there patches of clear water, and sometimes we could catch a glimpse of a sailing vessel endeavouring to make her way out of the pack. We had two steamers very near us -the Lake Huron and the Valetta-both of which, I believe, were damaged. The cold was intense, and prospects of speedy delivery were as 'blue' as the weather. The passengers had music and dancing, and other amusements, and the officers kept them all ir ."iid spirits. The fans gave way about half-past five or cix o'clock. The noise was something terrible when the accident happened. The shaft revolved like lightning. The sudden jar was followed by a painful silence as the machinery stopped. Immediately after. wards there was a rush of hissing steam as the engi- neers let it escape, and is caused an indescribable sensation. Another passenger said :— The first alarm by the breaking of the screw was not the worst of our case by any means. We knew well enough that the pack ice was setting southward towards the land, and that we were drifting in the direction of as bad a coast as it is possible to find anywhere. There was very little sea in the ice, but we knew what would become of the ship if she went on the rocks with the ice all around her. Thtre were plenty of breakers on the rocks. When the fans of the propeller broke the ladies behaved splendidly. The noise of the ice grating upon the ship's side was very monotonous. We amused ourselves in the cabin, and when we came out we could watch the surrounding ice for seals, which were very often seen among the great sheets of ice that surrounded us. Several shots were fired at them, but 1 do not think any of them were hit. The scenery was something bewildering. A fog would be followed by sunlight, and the effect on the atmosphere was such that we fancied there were mountains and icebergs all around us. In a moment these would fade away, and then ice and water were all that could be seen." The captain of the Lake Huron, Mr. H. C. Wil- liams, first encountered light field ice on May 5, some 250 miles off Cape Race. He tried to get through, hut failed, and he then returned to clear water and waited for daylight. Next morning he pointed the vessel 25 miles further south, and skirted field ice all the way to Cape Race. He met icebergs in very large numbers all the way to Cape St. Mary. Sometimes 40 could be counted at once. On the 8th of May he steamed in clear water until he reached within two miles of Cape Ray, and finding the entrance to the Gulf of St, Lawrence completely blocked,^ went on under easy steam until he reached the Bird Rocks. On the 10th of May the ship encountered a. heavy gale, with a snowstorm from the north-east. Then the ice closed in around her, the whole pack drifting towards Magdalen Islands. Here the vessel remained until the 17th, when she struck clear water.
SURVIVORS OF THE REFORM PARLIAMENT. The Times of Monday published the following letter Sir,—As next week will see the close of the first half-century since the passing of the Reform Bill of 1832, it may be interesting to note the names of the surviving members of Parliament by which that measure was enacted. I believe the following list to be complete with the constituencies they represented in June, 1832 ;—The Dukes of Northumberland (Beeralston), Devonshire (Derby- shire), and Wellington (Aildeburgh) the Marquises of Cholmonaelev (Castle Rising), and Donegal (Antrim county); the Earls of Shafesbury (Dorsetshire), Strafford (Milborne Port), Grey (Northumberland), Mansfield (Woodstock), Amherst (East Grinstead), Verulam (Newport, Cornwall), Harrowby (Liverpool), Mexborough (Galton), Meath (Dublin county) and ( Enniskillen (Fermanagh county) Viscounts Eversley (Hants), Haiifax (Wareham), and Portman (Dorset- shire) Lords Ebnry (Chester), Cottesloe (Bucking- ham), Forester (Wenlock), Brougham (Southwark), Stafford (Pontefract), and Mostyn (Flintshire); Lord Edwar Thynne (Weobley), Sir Hugh Owen (Pem- broke), Sir George Phillips (Steyning), Sir Edward Dering (New Romney), Sir Denham Norreys (Mal- low) Messrs. P. H. Howard (Carlisle), W. L. Maberly (Shaftesbury), F. Barne (Dunwich), Joseph York (Reigate), W. Lyon (Seaford), A. Lefroy (Longford county), R. Etwall (Andover), and C. R. M. Talbot (Glamorganshire) — 37 in all, of whom only the last, Mr, Talbot, is now a member of the House of Commons. If Mr. H. Ross, of Rossie, M.P. for Aberdeen Burghs in 1831-32, is not dead, his name should be added. The peers still living who were entitled to seats in the Upper House at the date of the passing of the Reform Bill were the present Dukes of Buccleuch and Abercorn, the Earls of Berkeley (who has never taken his seat), Chichester, Straabroke, Sydney, Redesdale, Mountcashell, and Selkirk (of whom the last two were, as they still are, representative peers for Ireland and Scotland respectively), Viscount Faikland, and Lord Gardner. The Ead of Sand- wich, Viscount Torrington, and Lord de Tablev had succeeded to their titles, but were minors.—Yon re, &C-I ALFRED B. BEAAEN. Grammar-school, Preston, June 1.
The Times of Monday, in a leader noticing the fiftieth anniversary of one of the greatest events in our history, the passing of the Reform Bill, says :— On the 7th of June, 1832, the Bill for Parliamentary Reform became, by the Royal Assent, the law of the land. All over the world revolution was either threatened or in accomplishment; and the party of order and religion, as it believed itself, went on the singular plan of staving off revolution by maintaining all the reasons for it. The Reform Bill was a very large and comprehensive measure. All parties agreed at the time that it was a political convulsion. It was, in fact, a readjustment of balances and powers, i n- mensely strengthening the people and the country, and, on the other hand, weakening all the lesser interests that from time immemorial had banded against the State for mutual protection. In these days we may hardly think it possible that a measure so just, so beneficial, and so necessary should be in some danger or not passing and we may hardly appreciate the courage and re- solution of the Ministers who went through with the work. The Reform Act of 1832 has saved us from the alternative of revolution or slavery, But we have only to look around us to see how much remains to be done in the social system of these isles, and how necessary it may be to have the most powerful legislature that can be constituted out of the various elements of British society. The House of Commons is not too strong for its work. It cannot boast the giant's strength at least, it cannot boast to use that strength to more purpose than the poor giant of the nursery tale. How this has come to pass is a question yet unanswered. But so long as our representative system is full of anomalies and in- equalities, it must always be open to question whether this is not in some measure the reason that Parliament finds itself weak-handed, indecisive, vacillating, and sometimes apparently quite broken-hearted. What it has to do requires the support of the whole nation.
In connection with the above, The Times has pub- lished the following letter Sir,-In The Times of this morning you comment on a letter which gives a list of the survivors of the Reform Parliament," and you ask whether any of them would hold to the opinion, then expressed, that the sun of England has set for ever ? I am one of the survivors but I do not recollect that I ever expressed that opinion, nor was it the opinion of the great statesmen who at that time resisted the measure. They maintained that it would lead eventually to large and organic changes that it would overthrow the Established Church, and destroy the independence of the House of Lords, if not altogether annihilate its existence. They never contemplated these issues as immediate they generally believed that about thirty years would elapse before the full and permanent effects were seen. In this they were right. The Household Suffrage Act of 1867, followed by the introduction of the Ballot, gave the final stamp to the future cha- racter of legislation. One enactment yet remains, the enactment of household suffrage for the counties. This measure will affect the tenure and transmission of property in every form, as the other measures have affected the principle and action of political institu- tions. To say that England would not be as great under the new as under the old order of things would be dic- tatorial and presumptuous. She has yet many signs of a noble career. She has, nevertheless, many of a very opposite complexion and the ultimate issues of the Reform Bill, if they do not make her much greater than she was will certainly make her immeasurably less.-I am, Sir, your obedient servant, SHAFTESBURY. June 5.
SOME FOREIGN,, ANE A SUBTERRANEAN FOREsT.-During the progress of some excavations on Lord Normanton's estate, near Crowland, Peterborough, the workmen have exposed about three acres of a subterranean forest 10ft. below the surface. Some of the trees are in an admirable state of preservation, and one gigantic oak measures 18 yards in length. The trees are in such a condition that oak can be distinguished from elm, while a kind of fir tree seems to be most abundant, the wood of which is so hard that the trees can be drawn out of the clay in t'leir entirety. The surround:ng clay con- tains large ijuantities of the remains of lower animal life. SAD DEATH OF A SOLDiER.-An inquest has been held at the Royal Free Hospital, London, respecting the death of Henry Lewis, aged thirty-seven, a corporal in the 17th Lancers, who was rewarded for bravery in the Zulu war. He had come up to London on a visit, and was lodging at a tavern. On Friday, in last week, shortly before one a.m., while going upstairs to bed, he fell backward, and fractured his skull. He was taken to the hospital, and died a few hours afterwards. According to the evidence he was quite sober at the time. The jury returned a verdict of Accidental death." JAPANESE ENGLISH.—For the benefit of English visitors to the Grand Exhibition at Osaka, the authorities are stated to have affixed the following notices in various parts of the building:—"Visitors not allowed to touch the articles without a permission of watchman;" "Visitors must recomplace the articles if they have done any damage "First en- trance for visitors to visit all arranging of articles." The crowning effort seems to have been the following mysterious inscription upon a curious antique canoe This boat was diggen on from the ground which is belongs to S. bakura's own property when was digging up the river called Itachi-kawa at Numba- mura, 1878. Therefore this is an ancient boat, which had been used before or after thousand years, and perhaps this is ancient Utsubo-Fune." THE BITER BIT. Hullo, my dear boy !-who the deuce pinned you on to that rose Might I, in return, old man, ask who the deuce hung you on to the end of that cigar ? "—Judy. HARVEST PROSPECTS.—Favourable accounts continue to be received from all parts respecting harvest pros- pects (says the Magnet). The expectation of a good yield continues to be indulged in, and unless anything adverse occurs there is no doubt that these expecta- tions will be realised. Grass is being cut, but the hay crop does not appear to be heavy. From Russia re- ports are eminently satisfactory. As regards the American crops, late advices describe the position as favourable. The low temperature of May does not seem to have wrought any damage to the winter wheat. The acreage under this crop is probably less than last year, but the yield will probably prove larger. The harvest has commenced in Texas, and in the majority of the Southern Statas it will commence in July. The spring wheat is a full acreage. The season is later and the crops promises to surpass last year's, especially in the quality of the corn. The harvest will be fully a fortnight late. AgSLIPPERY ANSWER. — Schoolmistress: "Now, Matilda Ann, look up and tell me what first caused the fall of man." (No answer.) "You are very stupid, after having just read all about it. What fruit was it?"—Matilda Ann: Please. Marm Please, Marm !—Orange-peel." (Howls heard.)—Fun. GERMAN CARP IN AMERICA.—Some short time since a quantity of carp roe was forwarded from Berlin to Rochester, U.S., where it was placed in the ponds and lakes of the Adirondack and Green Mountains, as well as in some of the rivers and ponds of Cali- fornia. In all of these localities it is said carp have increased rapidly, and is now one of the cheapest and most favourite articles of food in various districts in America. THE GREAT DIFFICULTY I-When he had finished with the climate, soil and productions of Idaho and had stopped to blow his nose, one of the group asked —"How about education facilities?" That's the only thing we lack," replied the old man with a mournful bigh. We've got schools enough, but we can't, keep no teachers."—"W^hat's the trouble ?"- Well, take my school, for instance only two miles from the nearest house, eminently situated on top of a hill, and paying the highest salary. We can't keep a teacher over two weeks," "Do they die;"—"Some do; though its no place for dying. We had a young fellow from Ohio, and he met a grizzly and whistled for him. The grizzly cum. We had another, and a widder run him down and married him inside of a month. The third one was lame, and the Injuns over-took him. Then we tried women folks. The first one got married the r,i..ht she lit down there; I took the second about the middle of the third week, and the next one was abducted by a stage robber."—" Why don't you get the ugliest, homeliest woman you can find-some perfect old terror, like that lantern-jawed, razor-faced female over by the ticket window ?"—" Why don't we? Stranger, you Eastern folks will never understand us pioneers in the world-never. That's my wife—the identisal school teacher I married, and she was the handsomest one in the drove JUMBO AND HIS KEEPER.—A very painful im- pression in English society will be produced by the news that Jumbo has nearly killed Scott (remarks the Pall Mall Gazette). It seems that the elephant and his keeper were in their railway car on a siding when the shriek of a passing engine caused Jumbo to whisk round in his cage. Scott, who was standing near, was jammed against the side of the car. Fortunately, although the skin was abraded from his cheek, shoulder, hip, and leg, the keeper was not crushed to death, and he was rescued by an assistant. According to the latest intelligence, he was in the doctor's hands in a Brooklyn hotel. The bulletins report "that there is no serious injury, but that he is well shaken np as to his inteiior." Since Scott's accident Jumbo performs in chains, taking the place of honour in the great parade of "22 elephants, 20 camels, 10 giraffes, 33 golden chariots, and 16 open cages of animals, with which the illustrious Barnum is delighting the public of Brooklyn. A LITTLE SURPKISE !— An amusing mis lately mode by an artillery officer up-country The new Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal was Siuda, and. after a dusty, fatiguing journeJ at a bungalow on the way for a short rest travel-stained, and hungry, the Lieutenant-C appearance was not that of an important ofl kindly artilleryman in the bungalow, not kn' visitor, greatly patronised him, and on partii him lack, and hoped that a-s he was going to would get some Government employ. M Thompson thereupon thanked him, and meek that he had got temporary employment at Si was. The feelings of the artilleryman on quent discovery may be readily imagined. A REMEDY FOR BALD HEADS. — Mr. S British Consul (says Oil and Drug New that a former servant of his, prematur whose duty it was to trim his lamps, ha of wiping his petroleum-besmeared hand scanty locks which remained to him; three months of lamp-trimming experi practice of his habit, he found he had a n head of black glossy hair than he evei before. Mr. Steven's therefore tr$;d the reI wonderful success on two retriever spaniels become t-udcenly bald. During tliesurnm, h's attention was called to several cases baldness of bullocks, cows, oxen, and thj tails and manes among horses. His previ rience induced him to t-uggest the use of p, and it was found that, while it stayed the the disease among animals in the same stables, it effected a quick and radical cu animals attacked. Mr. Stephens says that the should he of the most refined qualities, and rubbed in vigorously and quickly, with the p hand. -It should be applied six or seven tir. at intervals of three days, except in the cases tails and manes, when more applications requisite. THE PARKS OF PARIS.—The Budget of Municipality contains provisions for the ms of the parks and public gardens of the city, cost being estimated at rather less than being exclusive of the wages paid to the pa in the Bois de Boulogne and the Bois de I who number nearly a hundred. The arE principal of these parks and gardens is as i The Bois de Boulogne, 8,400,000 metres tl Vincennes,. 8,000,000 metres the Buttes ( 250,000 metres the Place du Trocaderc metres the Parc Montsouris, 188,000 m, Champs Elyseea, from the Place de la Conc, Rond Point, 185,000 metres the Avenue < Boulogne, 120,000 metres; the Pare I 85.000 metres and 22 small squares fori 1852, 120,000 metres. THE BRITISH GOAT.—The breeding an( ment of the goat have been much neglec British Isles, through a mistaken notioi animal is too insignificant to be cared for (r Evening Standard). It is forgotten that C is a sign of the Zodiac; that the twelve-bu which adorn the hands of beauty are ma from the skin of his young and the venei locks that give gravity to Judges from the elders. Small boys are in the hab t of teasing ruminant, in open defiance of his patriarchs he quietly browses on the common. He is pr sharp sticks, and laughed at when he galla round to defend himself from his tormentors. amount of respect is paid to him, unless a foreigner, a Cashmere from Tibet, or a ci Angora from Asia Minor. Yet the Britis useful and deserving mammal, sober o hardy, easily trained, and bringing good p owner when he is fairly treated. His f young, is a delicacy. His skin furnishe morocco, and the rich milk of the she-goat digestion than cow's milk, and is a nutriti, infants and invalids. Indeed, in Syria ai land, large herds are kept for the sake of alone. It is pleasant to be able t> that the claims of this serviceable creature a about to be recognised. A society for hi ment is in existence, under the preside Duke of Wellington, and holds its meet Dairy Farmers' Association. At this d over two hundred members, and a balance over twenty pounds. AMERICAN FARMS.—Complaints are heard in the United States that the Amer passing into the hands of a fewer numbei by consolidation and absorption (says La: figures which we have been enabled to forthcoming census volume, show that thl is altogether unfounded. The number farms in the States is truly enormous. the largest number of farms of any State in —255,741 Ohio has 247,159; New Yori and Missouri 215,575. In Illinois and States farms are worked "on shares," t: York there are a trifle of 20,000 farms ci this way. The average area of the higl farms in New York is from 100 to 500 mainly in the newly broken up Western £ the mammoth farms of which we hear s "located." PROTECTION IN VICTORIA.—A mass One ing of working men and tradesmen was fat Ballarat to consider the action of the Victori ment in sending to England for £35.000 wi way carriages. A telegram from Mr. Ber by the mayor, which stated that the Gove no intention of interfering with the prote of the colony, and that he was prepared tenders for £2:)0,000 worth of railway mat following resolution was carried unanimousl this meeting strongly condemns the act Government in sending to England for j33. of railway earriages, and is of opinion the v be done by our own artisans." THE POPULATION OF NEW YORK.-The of the City of New York, summarized a the tenth census and embracing the full has been arranged in tabular form and ii manner by Andrew Soehngen, a clerk in office, for C. W. Seaton, the Superinteni Census. The population, showing the fin the tenth census, is detailed in wards by se colour, and age. Of the total there were land 198,593 in Germany, 163,462-over the entire population of the city. The An: children of the foreigners are probabl] numbers to the foreigners in New York. the German and Irish and their childret the foreigners of all other nationalities in will be seen that the Europeans have a decid of the inhabitants of New York. WHAT IS A DIADEM?—The questiol asked recently, with regard to a lady's dress being described as a diadem (says Journal). What is a diadem ? The diadeu in a ribbon, or fillet, woven of silk thread was tied around the temples and forehes ends being knotted behind and let fall oi It was usually white and quite plain, tl times embroidered with gold, and set, and precious stones. According to Pli invented by Bacchus. Athenasus assu: topers first made use of it to protect then the fumes of wine, by tying it tightly a heads, and that it long afterward came t ornament. And this is what a diadem is EVICTIONS IN IRELAND.—From a retui Parliament of evictions in Ireland, it appe Ulster 137 families, of 612 persons; in families, of 485 persons; in Connaught 1 of 897 persons in Munster 127 families, sons, a total of 519 families, 2,734 persons, the month of April evicted. VINEYARD PROSPECTS IN FRANCE.— prospects of the grape crop in France could be desired for those vines that at (says the St. James's Gazette). In tt country, notwithstanding the "coldsna night ago, they say that if the clerk oi had gone round for orders, the sunshin showers could not have been better timed Spring frosts, which are generally so i have been entirely absent, and this bid true comet year. In Champagne, whe loxera is still unknown, there has not memory of man been a finer promise; Cognac district, where peopla were becon to their vast losses, hope is reviving so f maining vines are concerned. TAKING A PRACTICAL VIEW OF TB certain Sunday school in the back wood vania the lesson for the day was that d passage of the Israelites through the R4 superintendent, as is usual, began askii relating to it, and, among others, propou lowing—"What happened to the Egy they attempted to follow the Israelites Sea ? There was a short pause, when a of five or six summers triumphantly They stuck in the mud VOLUNTEERS ON BICYCLES.—The Co says that Lord Eicho has given in his ad proposal to form companies of volunteers bicycles or tricycles. The idea looks b moment's consideration than it does atfii sudden call upon volunteers for their sen the coast, would bring a large numbe riding volunteers quickly together who m to make a stand before troops, and a n teers could be forwarded. A SIGN WlIiCH CONQUERED.—A W farmer who is much annoyed by tran Detroit a while ago and had half a' do Small. pox-Beware painted to poi house and grounds. Although he had o side of his gate, they had not been up tw a rover passed between them and knocket and asked for food. Did you see those gate?" demanded the farmer.—"Yes'r, read."—The next one said he was neai thouqht the si¡ms read for sale." The tl small-pox and was willing to nurse the fourth had been vaccinated and was n fifth had a remedy to sell, and the sixth, away with a cold bite, turned to his be said: "If yon want to beat the boys them signs and put up one reading H It never fails to keep 'em jogging stra The farmer followed the advice, and he call since.-Detrolt Free Press. SERIOUS ACCIDENT.—On Monday aft( accident happened at Runcorn, by wl dozen persons were injured, Eoine ve The procession of Sanger's circus formei street, when, owing, it is stated, to the of the ladders used in arranging the ti other cars, about eight ponies, att carriage adoined with a figure of some an startled, and ran off at a very rapid mediately behind this carriage was a ( drawn by about 40 horses, and the result becoming alarmed was that all the anims to the establishment bolted. About fifty down, at a point opposite the Commissiol great crowd had collected, and the sight away animals produced among them terror and excitement. They trample another in their desire to escape, but wert more than a few seconds to effect i ponies were upon them almost instant number of persons were injured, and sev< moved to the police station and adjoining every assistance waa rendered them by lo<