Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

15 erthygl ar y dudalen hon



JUSTICE TO THE WORKING CLASSES. T 'nea P011 '1 011 If- C. has written two letters to fin. on the question as to what t.he working in' jfes.m^ht lightly claim from the Legislature, and I'* I'^Howiiitc letter he proposes to carry the research a 11 tie farther/ He say." fit h <1,c. Prcscnt moment the authority in Kntfand is i!,y Yielded by the upper middle clasps. Jfthe jtower of tK06 talfen out of their hands, it will pass over the heads the lower middle classes, who are the Gallios of our Wn\e:y' ail(l win fall to or he seized by the nibses, by our "1!'K men and artisans. One need not coiiaust the A Imp i 'c/e of Ziidlviel or the Prophecies of Cummiug to fortell that -c struggle for tb.e next twenty years will !>e for supremacy t'hoiVeen tllcse two clas<:cs- .'Jerha]fs, without going out of fllrireaten tracks of observation, one might enunciate the h. _rproposition that it is a mere question of time when tbo ^V0I'^hig classes, with more or less despotism, will hold -■^nies of England, her prosperity and honour in their If this be so, it behoves us to consider, not only what the win i "lay claim as a right, but also what they erhi^lclcavon'' to claim as a right, and as a consequence to «t e }QV} a Jus'- perception of their true interests. hniPr*SL'n have many ambitious guides and patrons rpri?'!• /L cari>est; but most ot us are inclined to ivi -It wisdom and excellence of their lessons. ■SirVb ?srs' EradJaugh an(1 0<1 .<*«', Professor Leesley, and of thf-, v Mke fair representatives of the fair requirements iutr iifi, ieD'8' the lower classes desire or need train- rudinip f branches of haute 'politique, or in the more simple donifot- i °* decency, sobriety, education, and votinfr »C ^PPhiess ? Are they so thoroughly persuaded that ind"e?i "ah°t is a divine panacea? Do they really, and, Puhlip.' "ker after the gaily-painted fruits of atheism, re- Tl iUnsrn' cpmmunism, and revolution ? reiit\Te aie mar|y straws which seem to show that the cur- io gmii? Tl0^ S-e^ strongly in tnis direction. Even if it does, it ,vb]i niajority of common-sense individuals would think has pr. i stem such a stream with all the strength that God the "stiii '6(1 them with, and to divert the flowing tide into incit + channel of domestic legislation, instead of allow- Constih/•lnc^erm'ne tlie ro°t3 of an ancient and workable Bills Factory, mining, education, and Poor Law likely to promote the welfare of the •working hords ^al'ot Bills and the overthrow of the House of ^hat in ■+■ these classes require, what they will demand, or* ]'e«i iS-i\c-e' Puhli° opinion, and the strong arm will more have ^Vllllnk'ly concede sooner or later is, that, now they -~fhp> ii1100 a^e' they should step into their inheritance elements of civilised life in a Christian country. sanHo^ )iave not received this inheritance yet. Many thou- Woi-i- + wiliinjr-iKja.rteil and able-bodied men cannot get tbv'e -i? mul callno1 emigrate. To many thousands a "J s illness means a day's starvation for them and their L tlip3ianfl children. Education in the three R's was given Drm- lt last yeal'- and "P t0 the Present time no efficient OVP on hasbeen ma(ie toJProvent the manifold horrors of len™ l.llg in Pestilential courts. If any one, desirous to don °omethmgof the condition of our lower classes in Lon- trrei't \nis flth fhsmay from dry statistics he may, with l, a-u'?ntaKe to himself, run over the admirable pages of v-'01'k as EpUodet of an Obscure Lif e. C'hrilHS^mn^e what the elements of civilized life in a it n fi'e liM somewhat enlarged in our days, bin England says, even to the lowest of the low, We 'id ourselves to give you a night's lodging and prevent you "oni starving; we bind ourselves to commence the mental and, in some sense, the moral education of your children \Vili it not follow as a corollary that she will be compelled to add to the decent and respectable artisan, "We bind our- selves to provide you with decent and respectable homes, and Lorni*i indecent and uuliealthy overcrowding fivttWy'-iV;04 this PauPerize the recipients ? No doubt at rea^fin Irl f,11 to do so. But, on the other hand, the main is be t the giving of charity demoralizes the recipient chariM-USC-Ti f rec'Pient accepts it not as his due, but as his »n' es n°t demoralize the public servant to get and T ril!n" He says,—"I get this yearly income be Ti, n°thingfor it, and I am not ashamed nor need sUltrm "u'aSalp. our present system of charity, which is not ate in <i-™ ls n°t so much indiscriminate as discrimin- is at ti,1'1^to the clever impostor who lives by his trade, thev r A !i"i° 0 t,ic demoralization of the poorer classes. If ley eouJd see that charity was equal-handed and clear- svaiiiot think there would arise so bitter a cry form fP?'uP?rlsh1ff- I do not think (hat charity assuming the Prolrm^ will do much harm—certainly will not do knockitw ff1?11- ,^vil ia hydra-lieaded, audit is well if, in is a 7 H heads, only one grows in its place. There iouMn ) i A' a^. costs it must be redressed. No shall ,.kii lla'cy°n c!ays will never come when soup kitchens v..»? a,way as a when there will be no need to say a fittin^T8^ i Kar' 'J1611 a working man shall seek in vain for liuf I i0.ndoi.i rookeiy to lodge himself and his belongings. W fi f W a"vlH the clouds m*y chance to hit a tree." something may be done. Two words to the political economist. It will pay to lodge our pigs, poultry, dogs, horses, workmen, and all other kfrM w civilized life, each in a manner suitable to their imt, i ) e Prest^e i'1 01,r stables and kennels over certain ten-iT1" Instincts of their tenants in order to improve their fubin61' the length of their life, their strength and iiealth- Pav -t' « ^encral usefulness to their masters. It will pay, if, as far as we can. we regulate the conditions of life wen f •0wer classes- ancl see also to their kennels. It is eni;0i1?)I>r jVe •t'le. hreed. It is not consistent with our slicini t i lle/t civilization" that the inmates of our towns niri ti Ve ailea'A shorter 4han the inmates of our villages, f ,lat' -when draughted into the Militia or Line, the work shnvi ,tornier' expressed mathematically in foot-pounds, hhouKl be so startiingly less than that of the latter. Our present system of neglecting the back-8lumsis worsethan a crime-it is a blunder." v'r'le two letters that yon, Sir have permitted me to send to >oai columns do not exhaust the subject. I fear, however, J have exhausted your patience, and will not trouble you 1 a 'bird letter on the French mistake ill Imperial times ° PT0yiding unlimited work with no definite limits of h wK f^,n />aris' c.,v with the future out-look of the Pca- to the exceedingly difficult question how unrv tj6 s1-UJlc:lelit work for all men able and willing to letter t ° y repiains for me to end as I began my first a cirmiovT i"" x ^°hody. If a society can be formed with first tnmnL«, wifh two definite objects—the to r'eLnilite l^rlr-fn iS1S'aturc to Pl evellt overcrowding and next to huv mf tifA^^T111^ more efficient manner; the iS ii' up the foul London courts and to introduce light, air, cleanliness, and the love of God inside them 1 £ 5 a'year Speak aS a should be most happy to give