Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

4 erthygl ar y dudalen hon

Itisttllantøus Jttlelligratt.

Newyddion
Dyfynnu
Rhannu

Itisttllantøus Jttlelligratt. HOME, FOREIGN, AND COLONIAL, A "BERRY" NATURAL QUEBY.—The strawberry was introduced into cultivation in England about the year 1530. Query: Before this period, had any Eng- lish person a strawberry birth mark ? "-FMH. POPULARITY OF PUBLIC CELEBRITIES.—The popu- larity ot public celebrities is tested in Paris by the number of pipes made in their likenesses. Recently Presidential pipes have been the greatest successes, for the Thiers pipe has been most in request, some 57,000 being sold annually; M. Gambetta is second iu favour, and M. Grevy comes third. Next in the list is M. Capoul, the great Parisian tenor, who is run very close by Cetywayo, while two prominent characters in the notorious Assommoir, Gervaise and Mes Bottes, are evidently much liked by dramatic smokers, and Madam Judic is scarcely less of a favourite. FRENCH ALMANACKS.—Almanacks in France are compiled in different forms for the various provinces in order to suit the tastes of divers country people (says the Graphic,) Nearly all the calendars are made in Paris by one particular firm, who fill up the days first by consulting the Roman Catholic Guide, indica- ting the great religious festivals, these varying accord- ing to the different dioceBes. The remaining days are dedicated to the saints most in honour in the particular district for which the almanack is destined, some saints being only known in Paris, and others revered in the provinces but ignored at the capital. AMERICAN DECOBATIONS FOR THE DINNBR TABLE.— We are often at a loss for a simple and inexpensive table decoration in the winter time (says Land and Water). The following clever notion from an American paper is worthy the attention of our London readers: -Sew coarse flannel round a goblet with the stem broken off, place it in a saucer of water, wet the flannel and sprinkle over it as much flax-seed as will adhere to it. The flannel will absorb the water from the saucer, which should often be replenished. In about two weeks the flannel will be concealed in a beautiful verdure which will vie with any table orna- ment. SURVIVORS OF THE PEERAGE OF THE REIGN OF WILLIAM IV.—The following is a complete list of living peers who held seats in the House of Lords previous to her Majesty's accession to the throne, with the years in which they became entitled to ait :—Earl of Wilton, 1820; Earl of Chichester, 1826; Duke of Buccleugh, 1827; Earl of Stradbroke, 1827; Earl of RedeBdale (as Lord Redesdale), 1830; Earl Sydney (as Lord Sydney), 1831; Lord Gardner, 1831; Duke of Abercorn, 1832; Lord De Tabley, 1832; Viscount Falkland (as Lord Hunsdon), 1832; Earl of Sandwiah, 1832; Viscount Torrington, 1833; Earl of Lovelace (aa Lord King), 1833; Duke of Devonshire (aa Earl of Burlington), 1834; Lord Crewe, 1835; and Viscount Portman (as Lord Portman), 1837. MEAL HOURS IN PARIS.-A Paris correspondent of the Bibiiothique Universelle (says Tlte Times) writing Apropos of the new arangement by which theatres may extend their performances till half-past twelve, and of the present dining hour in Paris, half past seven, BUggeBts that it would be a curious subject; of inquiry why in France meal-times become an hour later every twenty or thirty years. The world diner has etymologically the some sense aa dijeuncr, to break jetme, or fast. It was originally the first meal of the day. From seven a.m., it got on to ten a.m. Under Louis XII. this was a common popular rhyme Lever a six Diner à dlx Bouper A six Couchefttdix Fait vlvre t'homme dix tola dix. Then it became the practice to dine at two p.m., (as in some of the provinces still), then at five p. 00" and now it is seven-thirty p.m. At the same time the supper hour has changed in the same direction, becom- ing at length so late as to be dispensed with; and in the morning new meals have appeared, the dijeuner now replacing the old diner, There seems no reason why the movement should not go on, and as the day cannot be prolonged indefinitely, it is probable (the writer thinks) that people will go to theatre before dinner. The fashion of matinies dramatiques is a first symptom of this transformation of habits. When these commence at four or five p.m., instead of two p m., the diner will have quite replaced the old souper, and there will be a return to the usages of the eighteenth century, the names alone being changed. MORTALITY IN THB TROPlcs.-The average annual mortality of Para, Brazil, is about 60 per 1,000; in St. Kitts, West Indies, the annual mortality rises as high some years as 74 per 1,000. Throughout the West Indies the autumu is the most unhealthy season, and dysentery and yellow fever the most fatal epidemics. A correspondent of the Southern Clinic attributes the short lives of Europeans in the West Indies chiefly to exposure to cold and dampness and to alcoholic beverages.—London Medical Record. A POSER.-Master Tom. "Stand ia the corner? What for?"—His Mamma. "Because you are a bad b°y."—Master Tom. "Can't I be a bad boy here ust as well?"—Fun. ASKING A LOAN OF AN EMPEKOB.—The Emperor of Austria has received a petition from a printer's apprentice, in Hungary, in which, after some pre- fatory remarks, he says I have a great liking for farming, which I thoroughly understand, and would like to carry on on my own account. To do this I beg your Majesty to have the kindness to lend me three hundred florins at five to ten per cent. interest, which I will return in fifty florin instalments within six years. That your Majesty should not think that I, a boy sixteen years of age and seriously inclined, do not know how to lay out the money, I write here the list of things necessary. I shall contract for ten acres of land for farming purposes, for ten to fifteen years. Things necessary:—Plough, harrow, seeds, boards, straw, animals, two horses with harness and cart, a cow and fowls, a stable for horses and cow, and, as I shall cultivate my fields myself, a hut. If ever your Majesty should carue to Arad I shall have an oppor- tunity of thanking you, and of proving to you that I am not unworthy of your kindness. Finally, I bind myself to pay the installments punctually, and beg your Majesty to send the money before the yearly fair begins (viz., 7th of next month), so aa to get the horses and things necessary cheaper.—Your most thankful and everlasting grateful servant." COPYRIGHT IN JAPAN.—Authors in Japan are for- tunate beings in the matter of copyright. By applica- tfon they can obtain the exclusive right to sell their writings for thirty years, or, if the work be very im- portant, for forty-five years, each book bearing the name and address of author or publisher, and the date of its registration. If the copyright is violated, the offender is fined, obliged to hand over the product of his piracy, as well as the plates from which the work was printed, while the publication or sale of books put forth anonymously, or under a pseudonym, and with. out note of the place of publication, is punished by imprisonment of from ten days to six months, and confiscation of the work. THE FIRST SNOW.-The AUgemine Zeitung of Augsburg says that the announcement of the first snowfall in Germany (not reckoning the higher Bavarian Alps, which have been covered for some weeks past) came on the 14th inst. from Dresden, and from the two ranges of the Giant Mountains and the Fichtelgebirge, which divide Bohemia from Silesia and Bitvaria respectively, and from the Taunus on the 15th and 16th. Snow fell also lightly in Augsburg and Niirnberg on the latter date. At Grai, in Styria, it began to snow heavily at midnight on the 16th inat., and great mischief was done to the vineyards and woods. In the city park some of the largest trees had been broken down by the weight. WHITE SWALLOWS.—Prague papers state that Herr Hofftnaan of Podebrad, in Bohemia, a well-known naturalist, has presented to the Crown Prince Rudolph a nest-full of swallows, differing from other swallows only in colour, being quite white. The parent birds which reared them, and which he has forwarded to the Prince together with their exceptional offspring, have the usual colour of ordinary swallows. THE SWEDISH NORTH-EAST PASSAGE EXPEDITION. —A telfgram received at Lloyd's, dated Kobe, October 17, states that the Vega (Swedish exploring steamer) arrived at that port on October 14. HIGH HEELED BOOTS.—Treating on the subject of health, a French doctor directs attention to the per- nicious effects of high-beeled diminutive boots (says the Rclw). As early as 1490 the poet Coquillard good- humouredly chaffs the ladies of his time for wearing shoes with twenty-four soles and in 1665 Colletet complained that his female friends would insist on adding six inches to their height through the aid of the shoemaker. It is no longer open to us to smile at the singular customs of the Chinese in this matter. When will ladies have shoes made for their feet, in. stead of attempting to make their feet fit unnaturally- shaped shoes? AMERICAN AND CANADIAN FOOD.—The supply of live stock and frtsh meat at Liverpool last week from the United States and Canada was again much below the average of recent periods, though not quite ao small as the previous weeks as regards live stock. The steamers with live stock were:—The Iberian, with 180 cattle and 217 pigs; the Illinois, with 218 sheep the Lake Champlain, 68 cattle and 24 shaep the Victoria, with 245 cattle theNeatorian, with 150 cattle and 1,190 sheep; and the Espanol, with 114 cattle; making the totals 1,019 cattle, 1,442 sheep, and 217 pig?. The following steamers arrived with fresh meat:—Iberian, 686 qrs. of beef; the City of Brussels, with 1,077 qrs. of beef, 175 carcases of mutton, and 150 pigs; and the Britannic, with 620 qrs. of beef and k50 carcases of mutton being 1,383 qrs. of beef, 425 carcases of mutton, and 150 pigs. A GIANT PALM.—The King of the Belgians haa purchased a large horticultural collection at Enghien, and among the trees is a giant palm, a sabal umbracu. lifera, which is 42it in height, and the crown of which is about 27ft. in diameter, the base of the trunk mea- suring 6ft. This great tree has been safely transported to the King's new winter garden at Laeken, a work of no small difficulty. The weight, which had to be carried, was more than 26§ tons, and the truck upon which the huge tree was laid was drawn from Enghien to Brussels by seventeen horses, twenty-one being used from Brussels to Laeken. This has been, in all pro- bability, the largest tree which has ever been conveyed to such a distance and transplanted. The palm has acquired a European reputation, being known as the largest in these latitudes, and the difficulties of its transport were increased by the necessity for avoiding the bridges over the canals, none of which were strong enough to bear so great a weight with safety. The King is forming in this building a remarkable and valuable collection of exotic trees, and the building is expected to be thrown open during the jubilee fites of the Belgian Independence in 1880, POBTBAIT or LOBD BEACONSFIELD. —A remarkable °f the Earl of Beaconsfield, from sittings granted to the artist, has just been com- pleted by Mr. Weigall (says The Times). The moment chosen is that of the speech In the House of Lords on the subject of the Treaty of Berlin. The Premier stands upright with folded arms in front of the red-covered benches, and has just come to his peroration. The picture has been painted for the Marquis of Exeter, and is to be added to the collection of Burleigh, but is likely to be first engraved. Mr. WeigaU M, we believe, now at work upon a companion picture of Lord Salisbury, which is also intended for Burleigh. SHEEP-DOG TBIALS.—Sheep-dog trials, under the patronage of Sir W. W. Wynn, Bart.. M P., were held last Saturday near Llangollen. In the Local Stakes Mr. James Ewart's (Eglwyseg) "Toss" took the first prize of JS7, penning its eheep in twelve and a half minutes. The second prize of £3 was won by Mr. Rutherford's (Maes Maelor) Don," the dog doing its work in ten minutes, and the third prize was won by Wait," another of Mr. Rutherford's dogs, which suc- ceeded in penning its sheep in fourteen minutes. In the Cambrian Stakes (open to the world) the first prize of JB12 waa won by "Bob," the property of Mr. Rice, Solelfe, Rhagader; the second prize of 25 by "Don," the property of Mr. Rutherford; and the third prize was won by Handy," the property of Mr. Roberts, Pentrevoelas. EMIGRATION OF ENGINEERS.—On Tuesday morning a large number of engineers, who for several months past have been on strike at Bradford, left for Liver- pool, en route for Harrisburg and Middletown, Penn- sylvania, where they have been engaged to fill impor- tant situations by two of the largest engineering firms in America. Their departure was witnessed by a large crowd of persons, and as the train left the station the emigrants were loudly cheered. Arrange- ments have been made to send away another batch towards the end of next week. A QUAINT CEBEMONy.-In London, on Tuesday, in accordance with ancient custom, a quaint legal cere- mony between the Crown and the Corporation was duly observed. It was held for the first time in the new Law Courts. The Secondary, the City Solicitor, and the late Under-Sheriff attended before Sir Frederick Pollock, the Queen's Remembrancer, to render services due from the Corporation to the Crown. Proclamation waa made in these terms Tenants and occupiers of a piece of waste land called the Moors, in the county of Salop, come forth and do your service." The City Solicitor then stepped forward and cut one faggot with a hatchet and another with a bill- book. A further proclamation was then made as follows: Tenants and occupiers of a certain tene- ment called the Forge, in the parish of St. Clement Danes, in the county of Middlesex, come forth and do your service." The City Solicitor then counted six horse-shoes and 61 nails, the Queen's Remembrancer saying, "Good number." With that the ceremony ended. A SIMPLE TREATMENT. — All who suffer from sciatica and neuralgic pains may at any rate try the novel yet extremely simple treatment devised by Dr. Ebrard, of Nimes, who has employed it far many years, for the experiment will coat nothing, may pos- sibly effect a cure, and, at all events, can do no harm. The apparatus to be used consists merely of a flat-iron and vinegar. The iron is heated until it is hot enough to evaporate the vinegar, next cover with some woollen material moistened with vinegar, and then apply at once to the painful spot. The application may be made twice or thrice a day. It is stated that the pain dis- appears in twenty-four hours, and iscovery follows immediately. A TABULAB STATEMENT.—" Tide tables are those which are lashed to the deck of a cabin on board ship. -Fun. TEBBIBLE DISASTEB AT A FAIR. -A special despatch from Adrian, Mich., gives the particulars of an acci- dent which occurred at the County Fair grounds, in that city, on the 2nd inst. About 2,000 people had assembled on a newly-erected grand stand to witness the races, when the centre of the stand gave way with a crash, the front part falling outward and the back part falling into the river, precipitating the mass of people into the ruins. Work was at once begun to ex- tricate the dead and wounded. The Opera-house was opened, and many of the dead and wounded, as fast as they were extricated, were conveyed there. Many of the injured were taken away by friends, so that the actual number cannot be ascertained. The total number of deaths up to the afternoon of the 3rd inst, was 16, and the seriously injured numbered 75, some of whom, the physicians stated, could not survive. AFRICAN EXPLORATION. — M. Paiva de Andrada haa just started for Mozambique, accompanied by a staff of engineers, to survey the banks of the Zambesi, and to ascertain the possibility of exploring, on a large scale, the tract of country of which the Portuguese Go- vernment recently granted him a concession. The matter has been taken up by a company, which pro. poses to establish a colony at Zumbo, about 50 miles from Tete. They have the exclusive privilege for 20 years of searching for and working mines of gold, coal, iron, copper, &c., and of exploring the woods and forests belonging to the State. In addition, the Go- vernor-General of Mozambique is authorized to make them a grant of 250,000 acres of land. News has been received that the Indian elephants presented by the King of the Belgians to the International African As. sociation have reached Mpwapwa in safety, and have so far given satisfaction. It is believed that an en- deavour will probably be made to use them at first for catching and taming African elephants. There is also a rumous at Zanzibar that Mr. Sanderson is to be Invited to go over from India for a time, and to take with him his staff for the purpose of catching and training African elephants for the service of the Bel- gian expeditions.—Academy. SALMON IN THE THAMES.—In the Inspectors of Salmon Fisheries' Report for 1879, may be found the following interesting account:—" About 1820 a salmon of 201b. weight was caught by a fisherman named Finmore. It was taken in a deep hole near Surly Hall, jufct above Windsor. This was sold to the king for a guinea a pound, who then resided at Virginia Water. A salmon was wanted in 1821 for the corona- tion of King George IV., and 30s. per pound was offered. No salman could be caught in time for the dinner, but the day after two were caught between Blackwall and Woolwich Reaches." NEAPOLITAN INDUSTRIES.—Some suggestive facts bearing on English commerce are mentioned by Mr. Consul Grant on his report for 1878. The engineering operations of the Italian Metal Works Company at Castellamare, started in 1871, have been a great suc- cess, and have entirely relieved Italy from all fears of foreign competition in the matter of iron bridges and railway plant generally. Between 1871 and 1878 this company has erected 801 iron bridges, mostly for Italian railway?, besides supplying 25,371 square mfetres of railway station and other roofs. All the pig iron consumed comes from Belgium. The wages per day of ten hours are as follows :-Fittera, Is. 2d. to 19. 9d. firemen, Is. 4d. to Is. 6d. erecters, Is. 9d. to 2a. 5d. strikers, lB. to Is. 4d. boys, 4Jd. to 5id. The work. men are described as sober, willing, and intelligent. The cotton industry of the district is nearly entirely in the hands of Germans and Swiss, who have greatly im- proved their machinery and raised their standard of production, As the raw material can be procured from India direct, and wages are very low, English cotton goods, such as domestics, T-cloths, and prints, are nearly driven out of the market. HINT FOB THE WINTER (in advan-ce). -How to keep your rooms warm—keep your grates coal'd.—Punch. IN PRAISE OF RED HAIB.-An admirer of red hair, who has it himself, glorifies that style thus :— "Throughout creation, nature appears to delight in red. It predominates in the pleasure of the imagina- tion, for whatever is beautiful, agreeable or sublime, partakes of red. The rainbow, the rose, and the charming lip and cheek of beauty's self, the sun, the source of heat and light, all are red as ia also the fire, the mighty autocrat of the universe. The most brilliant flowers, the most delicious fruits, the orange, the apple, and the peach, are red. Through the animal kingdom red predominates, as in the king of beasts, the lion. But go further: Adam, the first mankind, was red. The greatest of Grecians, Jupiter, Apollo and Jove, were crimson. Samson, whose strength was gigantic, derived his power from his red hair, and the destiny of the empire of Athens depended on the red hair of Niøus. Queen Elizabeth had red hair-so had Spenser and Shakspeare. Milton is another instance of the proof of my proposition. Also Defoe, the author of that world-renowned story, son Orusoe, Lafayette had red hair; Bonaparte's nair was of this colour. Artemug Ward has red hatr; so have the Red Indians, or else why so named ? &c. SALT PRODUCTION IN GERMANY,—Some interesting particulars as to the salt trade are given in the August number of the Government statistics published at Berlin. The production of rock salt has been rather on the increase, while that of salt obtained from salines has somewhat decreased. It Is as follewB (1 centner, 1101b.):—Rock salt, oent- ners: 1877-78, 3,220,992 centners; 1878-79, 3,757.186 centners. Salines, 1876. 8.3L1.061 ceatners; 1877-78, 8,317,886 centners; 1878.79,8.205 531 centners. Russia takes by far the largest amount of salt from Germany, as regards the exports, her requirements in 1878-79 (775,258 centners) having more than doubled those of 1873 (338,655 centners). Austria, the Netherlands, and Norway are the next largest-cuftomen). The total exports of German salt in 1878.79 were 2,089,785 centners. The applications of salt to the various industries during the past year were-in the prepara- tion and PregeryajQ°?0i)^ fodder, 1,815,251 centnen; artificial manure, 59,227; soda and glauber salt manu- factories, 1,783,816; chemical and dyeing works, 208,660; soap and candle works, 104,870; leather and tanning trades, 103,381; metal trades, 64,254; glass and pottery, 50,616; sundry technical uses. 31,256; total, 4,2217333. DISASTERS AT SEA.—There were 25 British and foreign wrecks reported during the past week, m^g a total of 1,268 for the present year, or an increase of 120 as compared with the corresponding period of last year. The approximate value of property lost was je540,000, including British, £ 320,000. THE MANHOOD OF AMEBICA.-Under the above title a lecture was delivered in London, on Tuesday evening, at Exeter Hall, by the Hon. L. U. Reavis, of St. Louis, U.S.A., who embodied in his address some interesting information respecting the North American Continent, its productive power and physical features, and the growth and the commercial interests of the United States. The object of the lecture was, Mr. Reavis stated, to present America as the land of refuge for the toiling millions of European peoples who are seeking homes for them- selves and their posterity on the wide areas of the globe. Mr. Reavis marshalled his facts and figures in an able manner, and managed to open up an attractive prospect for emigrants to the West. Referring to the ocate of Missouri, he said that there was no more in. viting field for those who wished to cultivate the soil or to engage in manufacturing industry of any kind. liaten^ to!' WM cordMjr received and attentively Near the village of Beeton, county of South Sunooe Ontario, Canada, there ia a bee farm which is probably one of the most extensive and successful things of the kind in the world. It consists of four bee-yards situate at the angles of a square which embraces several square miles of country. The current year, so far, has proved favourable for honey. Mr. D. A. Jones, the owner of the bee farm had at the end of July already secured 50,0001b. of honey from 620 stocks of bees. He expects a total yield for the year of 70,0001b. of honey from his 19,000,000 little workers. A TUNNEL THROUGH MONT BLANc.-The proposal of French engineers to carry a tunnel through Mont Blanc, instead of the Simplon, is receiving considerable attention in Switzerland. In the French Senate, General Billot, on the Commission respecting the com- pletion of French railways, had already advocated the superior claims of the Mont Blanc route, and now, in a special brochure, M. Chardon, Deputy for Upper Savoy, adds his voice in support of the latter scheme. His chief reasons in favour of it are, first, that the tunnel through the Alps would thus be entirely on French territory and, secondly, that by the Mont Blanc route the distance between Paris and Genoa will be 97 kilometres shorter than by the Simplon line, while the distance from Paris to Milan will be shorter by 44 kilometres, that between Geneva and Genoa by 140 kilometres, and that between Geneva and Milan by 88 kilometres. The cost, moreover, would, accord- ing to M. Chardon, be smaller and the work would be executed more rapidly, so as to be ready by the opening of the St. Gothard line. The tunnel would be carried through the mountain from Chamounix to Cormayeur at a height of 1,014 metresi The estimated outlay would only be 75 million franca, while by the Simplon route the cost would be no less than 136 million francs. PRAYER BOOK LEGISLATION.—At the suggestion of Archdeacon Denison, two meetings will tie held in London to declare that it is not expedient at the pre- sent time to alter the Prayer Book. The Archdeacon, writing on the Bubject, says:—"There are remedies for the difficulties of a position which are worse than the disease. Such a remedy is the convocational legislation' n~w proposed. There are two ways of dealing with this remedy—one to leave it alone to be rejected by Parliament, the other to prevent its being discussed in Parliament. In bringing together the meetings to be held iu London, Thursday, November 13, I nava invited churchmen of all sections to con- centrate their strength upon the latter of the two Ways above specified, as heing, under all aspects, much the better of the two." SMALL-POX IN HOLLAND —A Dutch correspondent writes (says the Echo) During the year of small-pox epidemic, in 187L, there were in Holland alone 15,787 deaths from that disease. In the year following the number of fatal caseB still amounted to 3,7Jl; in 1873 it was 351; and in 1874 130. Sinse then no official statistics of small-pox cases have been given; but the Handehblad publishes monthly lists of deaths from various ca.ueaa in the twelve greatest towns of Hol- land. For some time past," the correspondent con- tinues, I have carefully watched these list", and in- variably against small-pox deaths I found the mark nil. In the last two or three publications of those lists I have missed the column 'Smallpox', altogether. Vaccination is not compu'sory in Holland; but no child may be admitted to the public schools unless it has been vaccinated." SMOKING IN THE DARK—The question has been asked why a man smoking a pipe should not be aware when the candle is put out whether the tobacco is still burning. There it, first the point of fact. It may be questioned if any one really finds himself in the diffi- culty supposed. We believe, under certain condi- tions the doubt may exist. Smokers are not always large consumers ef the weed. They often form a habit of taking very little smoke into the mouth and of breathing chiefly through the nose. The consequence is that the "pleasure "of smoking may consist in having something to do, and the sensation of doing that something is quite as likely to be a matter of seeing as of tasting. In cases of this class the smoker, being deprived of his accustomed evidence of means of enjoyment, may be distressed. Of course, it is not alleged that a man cannot ascertain whether the contents of his ptoe are lighted when he happens to be in the dark. That would be sheer folly. Mean- while the experiment, if such it can be called, is well calculated to draw attention to the economic question how far the pleasure of smoking is generally imaginary. If it be, a suitable substitute for the expensive cigar and wasteful pipe might be found in some permanent material, of proper consistency, moulded into the ap. proved shape. It has long been a mystery to some smokers how other smokers could systematically smoke bad cigars; the mystery may be dispelled if it should turn out that the fumes of the tobacco consumed are not even inhaled.-Lancet. A DISTINGUIHED EMIGRANT.—Amongst other pas- sengers by the National Steamship Company's steamer France, which left the Victoria, Docks the other day, is a magnificent three-year-old bull, Prince George, by Royal G jorge—Katherine. He was bred by his Royal Highness Prince Christian, at Cumberland Lodge, Windsor Park, and is sent to New York for account of his present owner, Mr. William Arbuthnot, of Coworth Park. Ruyal George, the sire, bred by Her Majesty the Queen, at the Royal Dairy Farm, Windsor, realised in this country the handsome sum of £2,500. A NEW TORPEDO.-Very satisfactory trials have, saya the New York Army and Navy Journal, been recently made with an "aggreaatve torpedo" of a novel and peculiar design lately invented by Captain Ericsson, The torpedo with which the experiments were made ia 19 feet long and 15 inches in diameter at its largest part, but pointed at both ends and carries a charge of 2501b. of explosive substance In its head. The tail is provided with a cast iron armarture, to balance the weight of the charge in the head, and the whole torpedo weighs 1,2811b. The peculiar feature in this new weapon is that instead of being propelled below the surface of the water by machinery placed within the t rpedo itself and worked by compressed air, Captain Ericsson's torpedo is fired from a gun, the bore of which it exactly fits, a cast iron piston being employed to transmit to it the initial energy of the charge and the gradually diminishing energy of the expanding powder gases, while the tail end of the torpedo is made blunt to enable it to withstand the crushing effect of the great pressure brought to bear upon it. A BALLOON AaciDENT.—A San FransiBoo despatch states that Professor Colgrove, aeronaut, and C. H. Williams, manager of Woodward Gardens, attempted to make a balloon ascension from the gardens on the 5th instant. The wind was blowing almost a gale at the time. The balloon seemed to be insufficiently in. flated, and rose heavily above the buildings of the garoen. It soon after dropped and sendded along at a low elevation, tearing away telegraph wires in its flight. The cloth soon ripped, and the gas escaped with a roar which was heard for a great distance. Both of the occupants were thrown out, falling in Folsom street, and the balloon came down a few rods beyond. vVuuama was fearfully crushed about the face and head, and died in a few moments. Colgrove's injuries seemed to be mostly internal; he died soon afterwards. The disaster created great excitement. Professor Marton, the aeronaut, and others who were present at the ascent begged Mr. Williams not to ge uP. Baying that in the half gale which was blowing he was literally taking his life in his hands. DESTRUCTION OF FiBBDAMP.—A mining student of Freiberg has invented an improved lamp for the pro- tection of life against explosions of fire-damp. It 18 based upon the property possessed by ethiope of olatinum of condensing on its surface not only oxygen, but also light carburettad hydrogen even when only small quantities of it exist in the atmosphere, and in this close contact of the two gases effecting a dark combustion of the carburetted hydrogen. A wire- gauze lamp is charged with pieces of pumice stone, impregnated with ethiops of platinum. These lumps are surrounded by coke to protect them, and enclosed in the lamp, which is then ready. In the presence of fire-damp the ethtops of platinum attracts ,vhe gas, which is gradually and harmlessly destroyed, the con- sumption being within the gauze and not of a nature to ignite a surrounding explosive atmosphere^. Mr. Korner, the inventor, points out that a great van- tage of this safety inflammable^ air-consuminBjj\anoP consists in ite not requiring continuous at'/??con a»a maintenance, as the ethiops of platinum *»■ a large quantity of the light tbe ja) >gen without losing its properties. Control as ip 1 effected through the escaping places "eB* cribed may be advantageously « journal. rl\o;)"f8 there is inflammable air, 4f»w»»y

enr. Janbmt Caraspaitiicnf.

The SANITARY CONGRESS at CROYDON.

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