HINTS TO INTENDING EMIGRANTS TO AUSTRALIA. The Correspondent of the Globe, writing from Melbourne, my— "It appears from the English papers that a large emigration of English farmers is to be expected, and Australia seems likely to get her share. I believe that to any farmer possessing even a moderate amount of capital Viotoria now offers a capital field for in. vestment. Numerous selectors, tempted by the liberality of our land laws, have been induced to take up land, and have held on to it for one or more years. But these are now finding out that, save in quite exceptional cases, it is the reverse of a paying speculation to take up land without capital. They had not, in many cases, the money wherewith te pur- chase implements, and in many more they lacked sufficient funds to enable them to live until their selections should begin to offer them some return. Consequently, never has there been a time when such farms have been easier to buy or to rent than at pre- sent, and a little capital will go a long way. Bat for domestic servants there is a better opening still, especially for competent female servants. The ordinary professional man's Australian establish- ment consists of three servants—a cook, a nurse, and a housemaid, who also officiates as parlourmaid. The washing is commonly given out, or in some cases done by the cook. That functionary receives from Jg40 to jE50 a year, all found. The other two receive J630 a year each at the very least. The cooking is generally of Spartan simplicity, and no culinary skill is evinced or expected. The factories have more attractions for free-born Australian girls than domestic service, and consequently servants are at a premium. They frequently change their situations, and as they are in much request as wives, it is not to be wondered atlthat a great dearth of domestics prevails in Victoria, They get much more freedom than in the old country indeed, holidays are almost too frequent here for the regular course of business, whether public or domestic. Grooms and butlers should not at present come out, nor are gardeners in great request. But steady and sober working men, who will be content to earn six shillings a day and to forego for some years any temptation to take up land, must succeed, and may eventually make fortunes. They are sure of plenty of good bread and meat, and indeed few of the necessaries of life are dearer here than in England. On the other hand, members of the classes above the working class should remember that we have a plethora of all kinds of clerks, schoolmasters, lawyers, and different kinds of brain-workers. If medical men seek to emigrate they should make up their mind to go up into the bush and avail themselves of the numerous posts which are continually becoming vacant there, in many cases on account of the previous occupant succumbing to the terrible temptation to drink—a temptation springing from the intense solitude and ennui attendant on a life so far removed from con- genial society and from exhilarating amusement. Sportsmen intending to favour Australia with a visit during our Exhibition time should bring a light breech* loader, as there are quantities of English hares and rabbits all over the colony, and the shooting is to be had for the asking. Moreover, the quail and snipe are frequently to be shot, and of all noble game the Aus- tralian snipe is the chief. Our winter has been un- usually dry, and the squatters are complaining of empty water holes."
IN SEARCH OF SUNKEN TREASURE. For the last thirty years, on and off (says the Daily Telegraph). efforts have been made by the seafaring inhabitants of Port Morris, in the State of New Jersey, to recover from the ocean depths a sunken treasure, valued at a million of dollars, which went down in the British transport ship Hussar during the War of Independence. Outside Port Morris, in fourteen fathoms, she has lain ever since, until her timbers have rotted and her copper has been eaten away by rust. That part of her hulk in which rich store of golden guineas is believed to lie hidden is covered up with sand and slime; but the divers to whom renewal of the hitherto fruitless search has recently been committed report that they are approaching the supposed resting-place of the treasure, and expect ere long to bring it to light. Only the other day they came upon and removed fourteen male skeletons in the afterpart of the hold- bleached relics of humanity still arrayed in ragged remnants of the blue uniforms donned by the rebel" militia that overthrew the rule of Farmer George in our Transatlantic Colonies. For more than a cen- tury these grisly sentinels have mutely guarded the sunken treasure for their countrymen. Perhaps, now that they are at length relieved from duty, the missing money chests marked with the broad arrow may be re- covered from the "fastnesses of the deep,"
THE MILITARY RESOURCES OF FRANCE. German criticism on French military matters, if candid and intelligent, is always of interest; and such is usually the character of the criticism to be found in the MUitar- WaehenUatt. That journal, in its latest issue—after printing an exhaustive analysis of the estimates voted for the maintenance of the French army in 1880, which amount to 567,811,444t., ( £ 22,712,457). or to 14.870.082f., (£594,803) more than the credits sanctioned for the present year-remarks that "the war budget of France is interesting alike to the financier and to the soldier." To the former it furnishes convincing testimony of the inexhaustible wealth of the country; while to the latter it supplies evidence that France is determined in all earnest and at any cost to develop the military re- sources of the nation to the most extreme limit. When it is remembered that the navy estimates voted for 1880 amount to 163.359.923f. ( £ 6,534,397), exclusive of 29,673,1391. required for the colonial service; and that of the 400,000,000f. ( £ 16.000,000) voted for the com- pletion of the French fortress system, all save 62.870.000f. ( £ 2,514,800) had been expended on the 1st of January of the present year; it is certainly evident that considerations of expense are not allowed to interfere greatly with the re-organization or re-creation of the armed forces of country rendered necessary by the disastrous issue of the war of 1870-71. The German paper also points out that a comparison of the estimates before and after they had been voted, shows that the Chambers are disposed to sanction any expenditure en the army which the Government sees fit to propose the total gam voted for military purposes in 1880 being only 247,687f. (or less than £10,000) below that originally asked for,—Pall Mall Gazette.
SHEEP AND ANGORAS versus THE OSTRICH. The sheep and the angora (says the Oraaff Reinet Advertiser), have now a hard struggle to hold their own against the ostrich; and if they had tongues to speak, as they had in the days of JEsop, the farmers of the country would hear their warning voice. It is true that ostrich feathers maintain a satisfactory price notwithstanding their enor- mous annual increase. It is true also that the ostrich does not destroy the veldt as do the sheep and the angora, by eating and trampling it down; that it is leading to a general enclosing of farms, and that ostrich-farming requires fewer servants than does farming with other stock. But there must be a glut in the feather market before long, such is the enor- mous increase of the ostrich in the colony; and then, the improvement of sheep and goats having been almost completely neglected, it will take years to bring the flocks of the colony up to what they were before this rage for ostrich-breeding set in. A farmer in the Ruggens, who has not foolishly sold himself altogether to ostrich-fann- ing, writes thus: It is quite time farmers turned their attention to stock-farming we are overstocking the country with ostriches. In a little time it will be difficult to find purchasers for them. Daring the pre- sent year, on five farms in this neighbourhood I sup- pose we shall have at least 1,000 chicks. Goats pay better than sheep in most parts of the colony, and it would be well if the farmers paid more attention to breeding good angoras"
A fatal accident occurred on Monday at Qaeens- town A boat, manned by three artillerymen and one civilian attempted to cross between Carlisle Fort and Camden Fort. There was a heavy sea at the time, and the boat was upset. Two of the soldiers, named Byrne and <jtfpu.li and the civilian, whose name was Dennis, were drowned; the third soldier, named Collison, after being halt an hour in the water, reached the shore in an ex- hausted condition. The boat was subsequently found bottom upwards. The men were stationed at Camden Fort, and were returning from Carlisle, where they had been visiting some friends.
A GOAT SOCIETY. In London, last week, at a meeting held at the Agricultural Hall, a proposal was considered as to the desirability of establishing a Goat Society. Mr. W. Freeman presided. Mr. H. S. Holmes Pegier ex- plained that the objects of each a society would be twofold—namely, to improve the breed of goats and to encourage goat-keeping generally. The number of goats exhibited at the first dairy show was only 12. whereas there were now 95 being shown. The only thing now remaining to be done was to agree upon a certain standard of excellence and to endeavour to breed up to it, the chfef point at which to aim being good milking qualities. He suggested that one feature of the goal of the new society should be tile offering of prizes at the shows of the Royal Agricultural Society and similar bodies. After BO one discussion it was unanimously resolved to form aa association to be called the British Goat Society." Mr. Pegier being appointed hon. secretaiy. A committee waa then elected to make preliminary arrangements and to convene a general meeting of the members during the meeting of the Smithfield Cattle Show. The annual subscription was fixed at 5s,, and most of those present enrolled their names as members. The chairman spoke of the desirability of goat-keeping by cottagers not only on account of the nutritious milk thus obtained, but with a view to utilizing the lArge tracts of waste land in rural districts. Among the speakers was Mr. J. B. Evans, from the Cape of Good Hope, who, it was stated, had kept large flocks of goats succeEsfnlly and profitably for seversJ years past. 7
THE FINANCE MINISTER OF JAPAH,, The Japanese newipapers publish a reply 01 the Governor of Hongkong to the Chamber of Commerce at Hakodate, ta which Mr. Hennesty said :— Speaking now in the latitude of Italy, and north of the latitude of New York, in what may be called a European climate ef the finest kind, you need hardly be congratulated on your rich fields of wheat, oate, and barley, on your mealy potatoes, aa well flavoured as the south of Ireland produces, or on your cows, oxen, and hardy breed of horses. All these are naturally to be expected in such a climate. Bat Japan has also produced what is far more valuable than cereals and beef of European quality —a race of sterling men. You have present here to-day a typical statesman of young Japan. I have no hesitation in saying that Mr. Okuma ia not surpassed by any Finance Minister in the world In those various points that constitute a successful Finance Minister- in ability, in conscientiousness, in intimate knowledge of his country, its resources, the habits, traditions, and wants of the people, the mode of taxation beet Buited to them, and to the free development of their industries. And what a wonderful labour he has accomplished! Mr. Gladstone's brilliant finance, Sir Stafford Northoote's suooeaa aa Chancellor of the Ex- chequer, appear commonplace contrasted with what Mr. Okuma has had to do. In the Finance Department at Tokio, I have seen his army of well-disciplined clerks working at their journals, cash-books, and ledgers, oa the English system, according to regulations as exact as those that prevail iu Downing. Btreet; and in remote towns like Sendar I have seen Mr. Otrama's instruo- tions faithfully carried out in all their details with respect both to the local and the imperial expenditure and collection of revenue. It was as if in England a sudden spring had been made, from the confused taxa- tion and expenditure at the time of the N ormall. conquest, to the days of Mr. Gladstone."
PRESENTATION TO A SOLDIER. On Monday evening there was a demonstration at Crediton in honour of two natives of the town who have seen actual service in the Zulu war-vis. Private Lethbridge. of the 13th Light Infantry, and Corporal Barry, of the 1st BattbHon 24th Rsgiment. Lethbridge WM present at Kambula, and fought in the square at Ulnndi, but came out of Doth engage- ments without injury. A committee of working men raised a sum sufficient to purchase two handsome watches for presentation. Berry is (till in Natal, having bought his discharge at too close of the cam- paign, and Colonel Buller has consented to transmit his townsmen's gift. Lethbridge arrived from Plymouth on Monday afternoon, having with difficulty obtained a shod leave of absence in order to be present. He was met at the railway station by the members of the Testi- monial Committee and other townsfolk, who greeted him with loud oheers, and he was then escorted to the Royal Public Rooms, the band of the Volunteer Engineers and the subscription band accompanying the procession. At the Public Rooms, Private Lethbridge was entertained at luncheon, at which over 200 persons were preeent. Sir John Shelley and Colonel Bullcr, C.B.. V.C.. took part in the demon- stration, and the gallant Colonel undertook the task of presenting the testimonial. Colonel Buller. in a brief speech, welcomed Private Lethbridge to his native town, and again took the op- portunity of acknowledging the services of theTrank and file daring the late campaign. In the course of his remarks he referred to the sneering paragraphs which had appeared in the publio Press, and said he regarded these presentations as "healthy sign of the working of the short-service system, which was bring- ing the people more in contact with the Army that used to be the ease.
A RELIC OF OLD LONDON. Within the last week or two there has passed away another relic of the London 01 the days of Elizabeth, the residence on the western side of Alderpg ate-street, commonly known as "Shakespeare's house." The local tradition goes that William Shakespeare lived ia it when he was proprietor of the theatre in Golden- lane, towards the close of the 15th century. In Shakee- peare's time the house bore the sign of the "Half Moon," to which sundry InøcriptiolLl5 and hieroglyphic in the old wood-work referred. A writer in the City Press in 1866 describes the house as well able to vie with any other honae in the City for its elaborate carvings in wood and primitive panelling, well worthy of the attention of those curious in such matters." As a proof of its age he mentions that during some recant repairs there was found under the wood-w >rk a coin of the date of 1596. It is recorded in Ben Jonson'a Life that on one occasion the rare old poet, feeling an inward craving for Back," went to the Half Moon." in Aldersgate-street, but, finding it closed, took him- self off to the Sun," in Long-acre, where he im- mediately sat down and wrote the following epigram Since the Half Moon is so unkind To make me go about* The Sun my money now shall have, The Moon shall go without." Half a century or more later, the aristocratic and literary wits of the Merry Monarch's Court wen accustomed we are told, to assemble at the Half Moon" tavern, opposite to Lauderdale house, which, as is well known, stood on the eaet aide of the street. '1 Shakespeare's hoaae," however, with its heavy pro- jecting gables and quaint oriels and bow windows, ie now a thing of the past, and a large pile of modem buildings is about to be erected on its Bite.-Tkt Timet.
AN ARTILLERY DUEL. Further particulars have been received of the bom- bardment of Antofagasta by the Peruvian ironclad Hoasoar. A despatch dated Panama, says the Huascar visited the harbour of Antofagasta for the purpose of attacking the Chilian vessels Abtao and Megallanes, and destroying the cable communicating with Santiago. There were a number of English vessels in port taking in nitrate of soda, and the Chilian worships sought protection behind the line of their neutral zone. Admiral Gran was making pre- Earations for destroying the cable when the shore atteries, mounting 10 or 15 gnna, including one 300-pounder and two or more 150 pounder Krupp guns, opened fire. The first shell from the 300- pounder struck the funnel of the Huascar and ex- ploded on the deck, killing one of the lieutenants and doing csnsiderable injury, The gun was badly placttl, and after the recoil of the first shot it could not be placed in position again. The Huascar then cleared for battle, and for four hours a brisk artillery duel was maintained, the shore batteries being assisted by the Chilian corvettes, which would occasionally move out from their shelter and fire upon the Huascar. A shell from the Huascor struck the Abtao, killing and wounding several of her crew and doing consider- able damage to the vessel. After four hours' fighting the Huascar retired. The commander claimed to have silenced the Chilian batteries, but this was denied by the Antofogaeta papers. The conduct of Admiral Gran in this action has been much praised for respect- ing neutral obligations. It is stated that had he desired to force his way through the merchantmen in port he might easily have destroyed the Ciuhan oorvettes,
AN AUDACIOUS EOBBEBT.—A few days ago, while the Princess Lobkovitz was taking her usual walk from her castle of Krimic in the direction of Mulesic, m Bohemia, she waf accosted by two gipsy women, who asked for alms. The Princess took her portmonnaie from her pocket and handed them a few small silver coins. But they were not satisfied with the amount; and while one of them snatched the portmounaie octt of her hand, the other made away with a large gold medallion which she had round her neck. The princess was EO surprised by their audacity thlaot some time elapeed before she recovered herstli tud called for help. But the two robbera had deciac^eii and left no traoe behind.
JOHN RICHARDS & Co., TAILORS, DRAPERS, AND GENERAL OUTFITTERS, 10, MARKET STREET, ABERYSTWYTH, r MOST respectfully beg to inform their customers and the general public that their first Parcel for the AUTUMN has been delivered in Scotch Tweeds, all Wool, and warranted well Shrunk. Patterns free on application. GENTS' SUITS MADE TO ORDER, FROM 42s. An assortment of Silk, Felt, Straw, and Tweed Hats, Caps, Shirts, Collars, Cuffs, Braces, Ties, Scarfs, Umbrellas, &c., &c. Variety of 'Gents' and Boys' made-up Suits kept in stock. GENTS' from 35s., BOYS' from 7s. 6d. ALL GOODS MTRKTED IN PLAIN FIGURES. Any Article not approved of may be exchanged. ORDERS PROMPTLY EXECUTED IN GOOD STYLE & WORKMANSHIP. AGENT FOR ELIAS HOWE'S NOISELESS SEWING MACHINE. M. H. DAVIS & SON, BRIDGE STREET AND QUEEN STREET, ABERYSTWYTH, Have just received a new supply of BRASS AND IRON BEDSTEADS, Spring and other Mattresses, T 4- Of which they respectfully solicit inspection; also to their extensive stock (by the leading makers) of Grates, Kitchen Ranges and Stoves. Reaping Machines, by Hornsby, Samuelson, and others. Chaff Cutters in great variety, and other Agricultural Implements. WATER FILTERS by several Makers. Cutlery, Weighing Machines, Baths, and every description of Furnishing and Building Ironmongery, Electro Plated Goods, &c., &c. S. ALLSOPP AND SONS, BURTON-ON-TRENT. OFFICE, Alfred House, Upper Portland Street, Aberystwyth. STORES, Railway Station. GEORGE CARESWELL, AGENT. y I, I Gold MedalPaiia ExMbitionTl878. K I NAHAN U PURE, MILD and MELLOW. DELICIOUS and MOST WHOLESOME. I I THE CREAM OF OLD IRISH WHISKIES. IM Dr. HASSALL says—" Soft and Mellow, Pure, well Matured, Â1o-. & and of very Excellent Quality." WHISKY « The Gold Medal Dublin Exhibition, 1865. «* 1 20, GREAT TITCHFEELD STREET, LONDON, W. J. E JONESI Mf FASHIONABLE BOOT AND SHOE MAKER, JBSL 54, NORTH PAR2.DE, ABERYSTWYTH, TVTAKEE of the Celebrated TOURIST and PORPOISE HIDE jSBfcer -LtJL SHOOTING BOOT. Every description of goods made /fffg jfl ^MH|||jg||lk to order on the premises, of the best material and guaranteed workmanship. A varied stock of Ladies', Gentlemen's, and WM 88^ Children's Boots and Shoes for summer wear on hand. Repairs 0f every description executed on the shortest notiee. £ s!55^w» T. & W. BU B B, PAINTERS, PLUMBERS, GLAZIERS, GAS FITTERS, HOUSE DECORATORS, PAPER HANGERS, GENERAL HOUSE FURNISHERS, TERRACE ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH. —————— AGENT FOR BRONER'S BURNERS, WRIGHT'S GAS STOVES, and ATKIN'S GOVERNMENT FILTERS. Cheap Paperhangings from 3d. each. Baths, Perambulators, Fancy Baskets, Ac. FURNITURE DEPARTMENT TABLES, CHAIRS, SOFAS, COUCHES, PIER AND TOILET GLASSES. ESTABLISHED 1826. THOMAS WHITE, (Son and successor to the late Elizabeth White,) MANUFACTURING LAPIDARY AND JEWELLER, EGYPTIAN HOUSE, TERRACE ROAD, AND YORK HOUSE, MARINE TERRACE, ABERYSTWYTH. A splendid collection of Jewellery of the newest designs, comprising Necklets, BroocheB, Ear Rings, &o., GEM AND OTHER RINGS. ™ ^OLD CHINA IN GREAT VARIETY JFTSR ANYTHING NOT IN STOCK MADE TO ORDER. •NT-R £ eALER IN SILVER AND ELECTRO PLATE. -No connection with any other firm in the town the same name. TWV, it AND ELECTRO PLATING. Beach Stones and other Pebbles Sliced into Slabs, Drilled, and Cut into any Shape or Form. ALL Cabinets, Tables, &c., inlaid. Church Decorations. ALL WORK DONE ON THE PREMISES. RELIANCE HOUSE, GREAT DARK GATE-STREET (OPPOSITE THE MEAT MARKET), AND 7, PIER STREET WILLIAM PEOBIN, WORKING LAPIDARY, JEWELLER, AND STT VT?T? SI M TTTT BEGS to inform the Gentry, Inhabitants, and Visitors of Aberystwyth that he has now on hand a well- selected Stock of Diamond Rings, Wedding Rings, Signet Rings, and Gem Rings. Bright and coloured Gold Jewellery^ m all its branches, made upon the premises. Every article warranted Also a o,d s — — IN CONSEQUENCE OF |B SPURIOUS IMITATIONS OF LEA A & S SAUCE, *4mf PERRINS" Which are calculated to deceive the Public, Lea and Perrins have adopted A NEW LABEL, bearing their Signature, thus, c which is placed on every bottle of WORCESTERSHIRE SAUCE, and without which none is genuine. e- Sold Wholesale by the Proprietors, Worcester; Crosse andBlackwell, London; and Export Oilmen generally, Retail, by Dealers in Sauces throughout the World. Marble and Stone Works, SWAN HILL, SHREWSBURY. R. DODSON RESPECTFULLY begs to intimate that the Show Rooms contain a large collection ef Marble, Stone,and Enamelled Slate Chimney Pieces, Marble and Stone Mural Monuments. Cemetery and Churchyard Memorials, Fonts, Fountains, Vases, &c. EL P. TAYLOR7 RT_,X FRUITERER, LICENSED DEALER IN GAME AND POULTRY, SEED,&c., NEW MARKET HALL, TERRACE ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH. JGLLLHEADS AND INVOICES: OBSERVER OFFICES, FLANNEL! FLANNEL! FLANNEL!! GREAT REDUCTION IN WELSH FLANNELS! White Flannel, all Wool, 9d., 10Jd., Is. and upwards. Plain, Grey, and Stripes, very heavy, 10R, Is. and upwards. The New Patent Flannel, in all colours, from 2s. 3d Welsh Blanketings, from 2s. Welsh Knit Stockings, from 2s. Welsh Knitting Yarn, from 2s. per lb. White Whittles, 16s. and upwards. WELSH FLANNEL DEPOT, TERRACE ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH. JOHN EDWARDS & Co., P ROPRIETORS THOMAS GARNER, CONFECTIONER, BAKER, &c., TERRACE ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH. REFRESHMENT ROOMS. ESTABLISHED 25 SEAR DAVID THOMAS, Watchmaker, Jeweller, &o., 13, GREAT DARKGATE ST., IA. ABERYSTWYTH. THE FLORENTINE ELECTRIC HAIR BRUSH WILL RELIEVE NERVOUS OR BILIOUS HEADACHE IN FIVE MINUTES Positively remove Scurf and Dandrif, Prevent Falling Hair and Baldness, while promoting a Healthy and vigorous growth oi the Hair. It will always be found most Efficacious in those distressing Headaches peculiar t« Ladies. Price 2s., 2a. 6d., 3s., Ss. Od., 4s., 4s. 6d. Made only of the Best Pure Bristles, and supplied wholesale only, by THE PATENT LiONITE MANUFACTURING CO. (Limited), who possess the formula and sole right of manufacture Factories and Depots :—London, Paris, New York, Hamburg, Berlin and Vienna. AGENT :—H. P. HAWKINS, 23, Pier-street, Aberystwyth SAVE OF 80 PER CENT. OF COALS. SECURE CLEANLINESS AND INCREASED COMFORT! This can be done by .the use of CONSTANTINE S TREASURE KITCHEN RANGE, Which can by seen in operation on application to MR. GEORGE GREEN, AGENT FOR ABERYSTWYTH of whom all particulars can be obtained. NONE SHOULD BE WITHOUT THEM. NEW LABEL. IN consequence of the continued use of IMITA- TIONS of SCHWEPPE & CO.'s Red Label, used over the cork of their SODA WATER, they have been compelled to adopt a New Label, which is affixed on the side of the bottle, in addition to the one over the cork. SCHWEPPE'S GINGER ALE. SCHWEPPE'S MINERAL WATERS received the HIGH- EST AWARD at the PARIS EXHIBITION, 1878. They have always had the Patronage of Royality, and continue to be supplied to THE QUEEN. Every bottle of the Genuine is Protected by Labels, with Name and Trade Mark-A FOUNTAIN. Retail of all Chemists, Wine Merchants, and Groc 3 ONE BOX OF CLARKE'S B 41 PILLS is warranted to cure all discharges from the Urin- ary Ojgans, in either sex, acquired or constitutional. Gravel, and Pains in the Back. Sold in Boxes, 4s. 6d each, by all Chemists and Patent Medicine Vendors; or sent to any address for 60 stamps by the Maker, F. J. CLARKE, Consulting Chemist, High Street, Lincoln. Wholesale Agents-BARCLAY & SONS, London. Aberyatwyth—W. G. VAUGHAN, Chemist 1, North Parade. And all the Wholesale Houses, GEORGE'S PILE AND GRAVEL PILLS. Patronised by several eminent Physicians and Surgeons, and UNIVERSALLY held in high esteem. Though you have suffered and despaired for years and tried Remedies in vain, be assured there is still a safe and speedy cure for you at a snail cost by using GEORGE'S PILE AND GRAVEL PILLS, which are now recognised by all as being the best Medicine yet discovered for PILE AND GRAVEL, as well as for the following pains, which in Ninety-nine Cases out of every Hundred, are caused by these painful Maladies Pain in the back, Flatulency, Griping, Colic, A sense of weight in the back and loins Darting Pains in the region of the heart, Darting Pains in the region of the heart, Liver, and Kidneys, Constipation, Pains in the thighs, sometimes shooting down to the calf of the leg and foot Suppression and retention of urine, Pains in the Stemach, and all Liver Complaints. Thousands have been cured by these Pills, and many who had been pronounced hopeless have been thoroughly restored to health by their use. ONE BOX WILL CONVINCE THE MOST SCEPTICAL OP THEIB EFFICACY. In order to suit all who may be suffering from One or Both of these Maladies, the Proprietor prepares this Vegetable Remedy in the following forms No. 1—GEORGE'S PILE AND GRAVEL PILLS. No. 2—GEORGE'S GRAVEL PILLS. No. 8—GEORGE'S PILLS FOR THE PILES. Important Testimonials from Doctors, Chemists, and In- valids, from all parts of the country, will be forwarded to any address on receipt of a stamped envelope. Sold in Boxes, Is. lid. and 2s. 9d., by all respectable Chemists; by Post, Is. 4d. and 3s., in postage stamps. EVERT BOX IS PROTECTED BY THE GOVERNMENT STAMP. NOTICE.—The title "PILE AND GRAVEL PILLS" is Copyright, and entered at Stationers' Hall. Proprietor, J. E. GEORGE, M.R.P.S., HIRWAIN, GLAMORGANSHIRE. T)RAPERS' POSTERS & HANDBILLS, displayed in first-rate style, and on the shortest notice. OBSERVER OFFICES, ABERYSTWYTH AND ABERAERON
GARDENING OPERATIONS FOR THE WEEK (From the Gardener's Magazine.) fAØ. excellent weekly journal, containing much valuable Information for amateur and professional gardeners.] KITCHEN GARDEN AND FRAME GBOUNB. Artichokes must be cleared of flower stalks, and have a little protection at the roots the amount of protec- tion to be increased as the winter advances. Asparagus Beds must soon be dressed for the winter. Cnt off all the tops, carefully weed the beds, slightly break the surface with a hoe, taking care not to injure the roots, and cover the bed with four inches depth of rotten dung. Do not disturb the alleys. Broccoli.—Those heading must now be protected in ease of frost. A very simple way of accomplishing this is to snap the midribs ef a few of the outer leaves, so that they will fall over and cover the head without being quite separated. Plants that will have to stand the winter must be treated according to the climate of the district. In the southern and western counties broccolis stand ordinary winters without harm, but in many places they are so frequently killed that some assistance must be rendered them. A very simple and effectual method is to heel them over with their heads to the north; this checks growth, and enables them to resist severe frosts. But if the plants are forward and strong, it is advisable to lift them and replant them, and lay them in trenches with their heads to the north, and with earth covering their stems as high as the leaves. They help each other much when planted close. Endive.—Plant the last lot on a warm dry border. Blanched endive will be in demand now that most other saladings are scarce, and a few plants should be covered every eight or ten days to keep up the supply. PClrmipa.-Take up and store if the ground is wanted if not, let them remain, and dig them out as required. They are much more buttery and sweet when cooked if but recently taken out of the ground. Seated for forcing may be taken up now and laid in under cover, but in a cool exposed place. This will give it a check, and cause the crowns to ripen prepara- tory to forcing. FBUIT GARDEN AND ORCHARD. Orchard Trees may be better pruned now than later in the season, as the dead and dying branches can be easier discerned while the trees are still in leaf than when they are quite bare. In pruning standards, which is not often necessary, remember all through that bearing trees very seldom grow too vigorously, or make wood where it is not wanted, and the less use of knife and saw the better. Planting may proceed without regard to the leafi- ness of the trees. They will soon shake their leaves off after being lifted. If the operation is delayed, bad weather may render it impossible to plant until perhaps late next spring, and the trees will lose a period of four or five months in making roots in their new quarters. Every practical man can call to mind having lost the early period of the planting season, and having to wait till March or April following in conse- quence of rain, frost, snow, and other little incidents of the British winter. FLOWKR GARDEN AND PLEASUBE GBOUND. American Plants may be moved now better than at any other period of the year. Whoever plants these must be sure in the first instance that the soil is suit- able. Many of the natural loams about London suit them admirably, and, on the other hand, there are many otherwise good loams in which they will not grow at all. It is only to be determined by experience on the spot, and where there is any doubt the only safe course is to cart in peat from the nearest source of supply in the district. Pontic rhododendrons and their varieties are the least particular about soil of any of the race. Clay or chalk will not do for any of them, but loamy turf and leaf.mould are of great service either to increase the bulk of peat where it is an ex- pensive article, or to take its place entirely where it is difficult to obtain. In any case American plants must have a soil in which their fine hair-like roots can run, and quite free from chalk or lime, which poison them. As they do not root deep, an excavation of two feet is plenty in the making of a bed. Deciduous Trea may be planted now at discretion. Roses, forest trees, ornamental shrubs, and all such things may be ordered in from the nurseries and planted at once and from this date every day gained is a real gain for the future well-doing of the trees, which will beginto make roots directly, for the ground is now warm, but from this time will become cooler every day, and the longer planting is delayed the longer will the trees require to make more new roots, on which their vigour next season will depend. Never plant while the ground is in a saturated state; if it does not crumble freely, wait a bit; meanwhile lay the trees in by the heels to prevent injury to their roots by sunshine or drying winds. Hardy Herbaceous Plantl.-This is a capital time to form and plant collections, and this is a fortunate circumstance, because in arranging them for effect various hardy bulbs may be planted at the same time. Such things as primulas, polyanthuses, daisies, See., &c., may be parted and planted, and will be sure to make new roots immediately if the earth is preBBed firmly to them. Ranunculuses and Anemones.—It is ftal time to pre. pare for planting these showy subjects. Autumn planting is certainly to be preferred except in special cases, such as a wet soil, a very bad climate, or a com- pulsory procrastination through stress of weather, or some other circumstance. These bulbs required a well- drained rich mellow loam. It is a matter of fancy and convenience how and where the bed should be placed, except that an open sunny spot is impera- tively necessary, FORCING AND FRUIT HOUSES. Cucumber Pit,—Cucumbers for winter fruiting must be kept growing freely with a steady heat. Damping and mildew are the plagues that trouble young eul- tWaters at this time of year. Both may be prevented by affording sufficient heat, and carefully regulating the degree of atmospheric moisture. If mildew ap. pears apply dustings of sulphur immediately. If the plants show fruit before they are strong enough to bear nip the fruit out. Mushroom House.—Beds made now will begin to produce at a time when mushrooms will be much valued, Let the stuff be beaten firm ia making up the bed; make a large bed in preference to a small one, and have it four feet deep if possible; mix turfy loam with the dung, both to moderate the heat and secure a longer state of bearing; do not spawn the bed till the heat has declined to a moderate point, and take care from first to last that the bed is never too wet and never too dry. For other matters in this practice refer back, and abundance of information will be found. Peach House— Trees in the early house must be pruned at once, and the house must be rendered clean before starting them. Begin gently, to allow of a steady increase of heat, and take eare the border is moist enough in the first instance. Vinery.-Grapes intended to hang must be well aired, and the house be kept dry. Generally, various plants are kept under vines, and these want more or less water, and the humidity occasioned thereby causes the grapes to rot. Gardeners are too often ex- pected to perform impossibilities in the keeping of ripe grapes. All that can be done where there are plants is to watch for fine mornings to give water, and occa- sionally to let things go drier than is good for them, and to use a little fire heat, so as to allow of ventila- tion and dry the atmosphere. OONSBBVATOBY AND GRMMHOINSIL Cinerarias are growing freely, and must be en- couraged by giving them a shift on, using a rich, light, fibrous soil. Do not put any in heat, and keep as many as possible for the present in cold pits. A few, however, may have a place on a shelf near the glass in the greenhouse for an early bloom. See that they re- ceive enough water. Heaths are generally Bpeaking so hardy that a good pit suits them as well as the greenhouse. Where they have to be mixed up with other plants, let it be borne in mind that they must have abundant ventilation, plenty of light, and only a moderate amount of water. The heath house at this season is rather dull. Give abundant ventilation, and avoid the use of fire heat until the actual occurrence of frost. Mignomtte sown now, and put in a heat of 70 deg., will soon make a start, sow in rich light soil, in pots extra well drained. When the plants are up, thin them to four in a pot, and keep them in the green- house, where they will flower from the middle of February to the end of March, and be much valued. Any excess of moisture during winter quickly kills mignonette. Myrtles require protecting in almost all parts of Britain, though in the southern counties we find them hardy on Bouth walls. There is no plan so good as to mat them, but a few branches of spruce or any other dense evergreen thrust in the ground in front of them will screen them very effectually from severe frosts. There will probably be no need for any protecting till after Christmas, but there will be no harm in thinking of the matter now that frosts are to be ex. pected. Myrtles in pots can be kept anywhere out of the reach of frost; but the best place for all the myrtles in pots and boxes is the greenhouse.
THE PROFIT OF TREE PLANTING. The Journal of Forestry points out that now that corn can no longer be profitably grown upon poor lands, the planting of forest trees opens a new and profitable source of investment to landowners (says the Evening Standard). Trees once planted are independ- ent^ good or bad seasons; the price of timber is likely to increase rather than diminish; and a large and certain profit can be made by the planting of forest trees. This suggestion appears worthy of the most attentive consideration by the owners ef farm land who now find the greatest diffi. culty, first, in obtaining occupiers of their land secondly, in getting the rent after they have got the occupiers. It is true that the great profit of tree-planting is not arrived at for very many years, but the value of the thinnings is large, and will pro- bably after a few years equal the rent now obtainable for the land, while year by year the capital value is steadily increasing. Surely in a time in which the future looks even more dark for landowners than for farmers-for although farmers may be the first to suffer, It is upon landlords that the pressure must finally come-the question of extensive planting of trees on poor lands is one of great importance. Even if the present returns are small, the value of the estate could be kept up in spite of low prices and de- creased rents, and this alone is a matter of the highest importance to landowners.