ANOTHER LETTER FROM CATHERINE WILSON. It will be remembered that one of the supposed victims of Catherine Wilson was Peter Mawer, who died sud- denly, leaving the whole property he possessed to his murderess. His brother, who believed himself defrauded, after her conviction wrote to Catherine Wilson, hoping to get some confession from her, and received the follow- ing reply:— Gaol of Newgate, 18th day of Oetober, 1862. "Sir,—I received your letter this morning. I must decline your visit with thanks.* You say you sincerely forgive the past. You never had anything to forgive me of. I always treated you well, and should of treated you the same had vou of ccme to my house 8 years the 17th of this month. Then your visit might have been bene- ficial to us bota. You "know the advice of a friend in need is a friend indeed seldom to be found. I never had any malice towards you and now I have none towards those that has falsely swore my life away, for I most solemnly declare I am innocent of those dreadful charges. There has iiot been any poison ever traced to my posesion or satisfactory proved that any one had died by poison. At the same time how much better to die innocent than guilty. I have been in prison 6 month, my time has been spent in seeking that Saviour who alone can save my soul. It matters litle what way the poor body is disposed cf as long as the soul is all wright with its Maker. Next Monday by this time I shall be in Eternity there to give account of deeds done. I am not afraid to die. I care not what man say of me or what they think, I will only ask mercy of a offended God and there sue for pardon. I shall dip in peace with all, I have had a few lines from George Kent (a young man who resides in, Lincoln) but I was too iB to write and of course I declined to see him if he came. I will not see any of my own relations who have beged for a interview. I saw all the friends that wish to see me before my trial, then I never asked any to come to speek for me, and since my trial I have refused to see any. I have been very kindly treated by all since I have been in prison. I have plenty of sympythea from Ladays who visit the prison, and all my wants suppived here. I know tois letter I received is not written by you. I hope you have these sentiments that I read in it is my earnest prayer, and believe me to be your wel-wisber. Written by "CATHARINE .WILSON." Inclosed in the letter was a copy of verses, headed "The Question of Questions," and What think ye of Christ ? on which the following words were written by the con- demned :—" To the writer of the letter, from Catharine Wilson, 1862." It will be seen from the letter that Wilson entirely burked the question put to her, and that nearly the whole of it is taken up with assertions of her innocence, and of her being prepared to meet her Maker.
Hints to Carpenters. When you start in business, make up your mind not to chisel or be chiselled. Be liberal to those you employ it will then be plain to all that you are no screwdriver, and as each day comes round, you will find you-self all square with everybody. Make it a rule that any man going into the workshop should scrape his boots. Should the rule be broken, impose a fine of sixpence, which may be called a tin tax. Try all in your power to get your men out of any vice they may have got into; for instance, if you saw them screwed, you, of course, would conclude they bad been to an ale-house, and warn them that drinking to excess in the morning will surely bring them to an earhr bier.
Lincoln Richard the Third. SCENE— Washington. A Room in the White House. Lincoln. What did M'CIellan say as touching Rich- mond ? Seward. That 'twould not long resist the Federal arms. Lincoln. He told a fib: And what said Stanton then ? Seward. He smiled and said, We'll soon effect our purpose. Lincoln. He was in the wrong; and so indeed it is. Seward- Seward. Sirreo* V Lincoln. The slaves set free that day Should have been loosed down South some time ago. A black day will it be to somebody! [Exeun. I BULLET-HEADED SURGEONs.-Some of the doctorswho have latelv visited Garibaldi have asserted that the other doctors are wrong, and that the bullet is still in the general's leg. Doctors provprbially disagree, and. who shall decide when they do? But in this instance, having the opinion of Professor Part ridge to guide us, we beg to inform the promulgators of the new theory that the bullet is not in the ankle, and that the lead exist, merely in their own brains. THE FUTURE OF YANKEEDOM.—It may be confidently predicted that the triumph of the Black Republicans in the Federal States will lead to a rivalry in the struggle for the Presidency, between Pompey and Caesar, and finally in the establishment of an American Empire, under the despotism of either Csesar or Pompey; it will not much matter which, for no doubt the rtsemblance between Pompey and Csesar will be very close, although perhaps especially remarkable on the part of Pompey. TAKING A LIBERTY WITH FREEDOM.—Lincoln can- didly states that he only emancipates the niggers as a measure for the preservation of the United States Government." We should have thought it had black- guards enough for its preservation already. IMPORTANT TO LITERARY MEN.Authors, for the future, are to burn composition candles! WHY is a professed joker like a publican ?—Because he's a licensed wit-teller A NATURAL SEQUITUR.—As the Lord Mayor-elect is a Rose, bis talk wiil of course be flowery! People, in addressing him, will have to say, By your lordship's 1 eaves! POLITICAL CHEss.-In expectation of a revolt of the negrces, Lincoln declares the emancipation of the slaves. Black to move," but he don't. "Check!" ANOTHER POINT OF RESEMBLANCE.—Man, we are told, is the only animal that laughs. Yes; and the only animal, we may say, that is laughed at—moikeys always excepted. A PARADOX.—Standing in your own light is equiva- lent to getting into lux way. j Oh
CHINA AND THE TAEPINGS. The following is from the China Mail of the 11th ult. "The events of the fortnight in China and Japan are neither numerous nor remarkable. As regards the rebels, we have to record the reappearance in the im- mediate neighbourhood of Shanghai of those plundering bands which usually precede the main body when the Taepings meditate attacking a large city. The strategic purpose fulfilled by the approach oftbeirregular companies thus sent on, is to spread alarm previous to the arrival of the general force, and it has rarely been found un- successful where a city has been held only by Imperial troops. On the 22nd ult. the smoke of burning hamlets showed to the residents of Shanghai the now well-known signs of an advance into.. the district by rebels. On the 29th ultimo the same indications were most marked, and a reconnoitring force was dis- patched from the settlement to check the further approach of the marauders. Refugees, as before, continued to pour into the city and settlement in large numbers, and the destitute among them had their immediate wants re- lieved by a charitable committee, which has been doing the work of the good Samaritan for some time back. Unfortunately the means at this committee's disposal is not at all commensurate with the demand already made upon it, but the best is being done that can be done. Doubtless all the provisions taken in future excur- aions against the Taepings will be placed in the hands of proper persons for due distribution among the sufferers, instead of being appropriated as spoil by the troops who may happen to find them. On Mon- day, the 25th, a reconnoitring party proceeded into the country to inspect the state of affairs. According to the North China Herald, this party must have consisted of eleven individuals, ten of whom were civilians. Ihe party was composed of Captain Borlase, R.N., Mr. Ala- baster,of her Britannic Majesty's Consulate,Captain Pan- mure Gordon, and eight troopers of the Shanghai Mounted Rangers. After passing some hundreds of affrighted villagers on the way, they reached the second hamlet beyond the stone bridge north of the Soochow Creek, where they discovered some Taepings plundering the houses. These fled on their approach, but the gallant Rangers, it appears, not content with this proof of their usefulness, pursued and sabred all they could come up with. It is a pity that our attitude towards the rebels should be fated to have a demoralising effect upon most of the agents employed in traintaining it, for we cannot very cordially applaud the prowess of a few mounted and well-armed mercantile gentlemen who merely pursued and cut down flying wretches that were offering them no resistance. It is reported that these straggling skirmishers, or plunderers, had been sent on in advance from the army of Chung Wang, who is suspected to be re-organising an attack upon Shanghai against the time when the hot weather shall have abated.
I AN ENGLISHMAN KILLED IN A DUEL. r Mr. Dillon, a member of the English bar, who for many years past has been the editor of the French journal the sport, and was well known as an organiser '1 of French races, was killed on Wednesday, at St. Ger- main, in a duel with the Duke de Gramont Caderousse. The cause of the quarrel which has resulted in this fatal issue is said to be that the duke, some time ago, on the occasion of some races at the Ch&lons camp, objected to a certain Mr. Thomas being entitled to the qualification of a "gentleman rider." Mr. Dillon, in his journal the Sport, espoused the cause of Mr. Thomas, and wrote several paragraphs which greatly irritated the Duke de Caderousse. The latter addressed several letters to the Sport, and to the France Mippique, and those journals not inserting them, he got them printed in a minor Belgian paper. Thereupon Mr. Dillon sent a hostile message to the duke, choosing for his friends Colonel Viscount de Noe, and another officer named De Maury. The duke at first objected that a man of his rank was not bound to meet Mr. Dillon, but being provoked by a strong letter from Colonel de Noe, he waived that objection, and authorised his friends, the Prince d'Essling and Viscount Talon, I to arrange a meeting. Mr. Dillon, as the offended party, chose pistols for weapons, but after a nego- tiation, which resulted in the withdrawal of the Prince d'Essling from the affair and the substitution of M. Fitzjames as one of the duke's seconds, it was agreed that the duel should be fought with swords. After a few passes. Mr. Dillon was run through the body by his adversary's sword—the heart was torched, and he died on the spot.
WILLS AND BEQUESTS. The will of Mr. Edmund Crosse, of Harrow Weald, Middlesex, and Cambridge-terrace, Edgware-road, was proved under £140,000 personalty. His will, with a codicil, bears date 1861. The executors appointed are his relict, Mr. Samuel Blackwell, and Mr. James Mitchell. Mr. Crosse has died possessed of considerable property, real and personal, and held a number of shares in railway and other companies amounting to upwards of £ 40,000. These the testator bequeaths to his relict for her life, and upon her decease they are to be divided amongst their children. His freehold at Harrow Weald he has devised to his eldest son and his issue, and to him he has also left some leasehold property. There are annuities to the testator's brother, Mr. Thomas Crosse, of Chicago, and to a servant; and bequests to his partner and executors. He directs that the residue of his property, real and personal, sliall accumulate for eight years, and at the expiration thereof a sum of £15,000 shall be paid to each of his four sons, and that the surplus residue then remaining be divided equally amongst all his children. The will of Major-General Sir Charles Cuyler, Bart., of Poole-hall, near Nantwich, Cheshire, was proved in the London Court on the 13th inst., by the executors, John Rocke, Esq., of Clungunford-house, Salop, and the Rev. Stephen Croft, rural dean, and rector of St. Mary Stoke, Ipswich. This gallant officer died July last, aged 68, possessed of both real and personal property, the latter sworn under £ 20,000. The will bears date 1860. Lady Cuyler being amply provided for, Sir Charles has directed his estate at Lyndhurst to be sold for the benefit of his daughters, and has left his fundea property to be divided equally amongst all his children, bequeathing the residue of his real and personal estate to his eldest son. The general's sword, with gold-enamelled hilt, is to be held by Lady Cuyler during her life, together with his pic- tures, all of which pass, on her decease, to the successor of the baronetcy. The will of Thomas Young, Esq., of Clapham, who died in August Jast, was proved under £120,000 per- sonalty. The will was executed in 1858. To his wife the testator leaves a life interest in his freehold and per- sonal property, which, upon hei decease, is to pass to their son. He also leaves his wife a life interest in his leasehold and personal estate, subject to the payment of legacies to some relatives. His three daughters are left annuities of X200 each until the decease of their mother, when each daughter is to receive £ 20,000. The grand- children have reversionary interests bequeathed to them. The ultimate residue of his entire property will be divided equally between his sonand three daughters.—Illustrated London News.
The Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway Company lately had, it is said, an arrangement with the Accidental Death Insurance Company to cover. them against claims arising from death or injury to passengers, but that the arrangement some time ago ceased. Mr. Hosie, one of the victims, it appears, was insured for £25,000, and in his case it is expected there will be three actions raised against the company; one by the repre- sentatives, another' by the employers of the deceased, and a third by the insurance company for repayment. The late Sir James Graham, Bart.-The marble tablet to be erected in Arthuret Chui ch, to the memory of the late Sir James Graham, is of Grecian design and made of statuary marble from Carrara. The black marble used in it is Irish black. It was removed to Arthuret Church, from Mr. Pickering's studio, on Tuesday, along with his brother's, the Rev. William Graham, the late. rector of Arthuret. His tablet is a plain oval statuary slab, put on an oblong slab of black marble. Sir James's tablet has the arms of the Grahams, Stuarts, Callanders, and Mackenzies, below which, on a ribbon, is the family motto, "Reason contents me;" and on the other side is a sprig of laurel and festoons of drapery, and an inscription recording the name, dates of birth and death, &c., of the deceased. The whole is surmounted with the Graham crest, two wings addorced on a helmet. Presentation to Two British Captains.- Two interesting presentations took place at the Liver- pool Local Marine Board on Thursday. One consisted of a binocular telescope, the gift of the French Govern- ment to Captain Blaster, of the Elenora, of Working- ton. It was stated by Mr. Mondel, one of the members of the Board, that the French Consul in London had offered compensation to the owners of the Elenora for the services rendered, but they declined it, remarking that they only deemed their captain had acted with or- dinary humanity. The second presentation was to Cap- tain Beattie, of the schooner Skelton, of Dumfries, who was rewarded by the Board of Trade with a very fine telescope, in acknowledgment of his promptitude and humanity in rescuing the captain and survivors of the crew of the schooner Elizabeth and Jane, which was wrecked on the 18th August when on a voyage from Rio Grande to New York. The vessel was overtaken by a fearful hurricane and cast upon her beam ends. The mate and three of the crew were washed overboard. The captain and survivors remained upon a portion of the vessel which was uppermost for five days without food and without water (except what they could collect during the time it rained), until they were rescued by Captain Beattie, who, notwithstanding that both himself and crew were suffering from sickness and were short-handed, rendered most cheerfully all the assistance which they could give. French Opinion of our Garibaldian Sym- pathy.—The Monde has the following remarks on the late meetings in Hyde-park in favour of Garibaldi:— It is, at the least, singular that the English nation, which passes for being reasonable and reflecting, does not feel how extremely ridiculous it appears in the eyes of France with its Garibaldian meetings and its Hyde- park boxing matches. We could understand very well in France a summons to quit Rome, and we should reply to it with the politeness that characterises us but we understand less those cries, hurrahs, and insipid speeches which invariably terminate with the sacramental words: —'That it may please the Government of her Majesty to use its efforts to induce the Emperor Napoleon to recall his troops from Rome.' Of what use is all this outcry? Whom does John Bull think of terrifying? But supposing it should not please the Emperor to withdraw his troops; if he leaves John Bull to himself to cry and vociferate until, tired of the occupation, the comedy comes to an end, on which s'de will be the laughers in Europe ? That the occupa- tion of Rome displeases you, good neighbours, no one contests; that it hinders the realisation of your projects, nothing can be more true; that it should reduce your Mazzinian proteges to powerlessness, that is most annoy- ing but do you think with your meetings to again set the demolished hero of Aspromonte afloat, ard to open to him the gates of the Eternal City ? Do you think yourself again at that period of happy memory in which we were ready to indemnify all the Pritchards in the world, and when a sign from Lord Palmerston was sufficient to cause poor France to pass through a needle's eye ? Or do you judge the true French nation according to the measure of our Piedmontese writers? Great would be the error. Learn, good neighbours, that if there is a pressure more insupportable to us than any other, it is yours. We do not trouble ourselves with your affairs. Have, then, the goodness to let us alone."
RETURN OF LORD LYONS TO WASHINGTON. Lord Lyons leaves England to-day (says the Globe of Oct. 25), to resume his post as the representative of her Majesty at Washington. We have no doubt that the ability and discretion by which his tenure of that office has been hitherto marked v ii, continue to stand the country in good stead, and that our intercourse with the President's Government will remain as peaceful and un- interrupted as the best friends of England and America could wish. At a moment of great delicacy and difficulty Lord Lyons comported himself to the complete satisfac- tion of his Government and the public, and should be have any similarly grave task before him he will doubt- less fulfil it with equal success. But the principal reason for our confidence in an tieipating Rmoothness in our Trans- atlantic relations is based upon the great improbability of any cause of political differences arising between the Government at Washington and our own. We hear, indeed, of something like an inadmissible course of pro- ceeding on the part of Commodore Wilkes in the Bahamas. As yet our information is imperfect, and we are unable positively to say how far that officer may have been trying to lay the foundation of a new chapter on international law based on his own abnormal views, or whether he is merely exercising those rights in a somewhat vexatious manner which are liberally ac- corded to belligerents by the usages of nations. But we feel sure that if Commodore Wilkes transgresses the fair bounds of warfare his Government will not sanction his acts, and as they repudiated him before, so, if there be occasion, they will repudiate him again. We have the fullest confidence that President Lincoln's Government will not act in a manner to impose any unpleasant duty uponour representative at their capital. On the part of her Majesty's ministers we may feel equally confident that no course will be pursued calcu- lated to give any just Cause of offence to the still great State beyond the Atlantic. Up to this our policy as regards the Northern States has been clear, wise, and unselfish, and it will continue so. If impressions have arisen that any immediate change in our position as regards the belligerents were about to take place, and that Lord Lyons was to carry off in his pocket instruc- tions likely to lead to a crisis on his landing, they have only originated in a kind of superabundant mental agility on the part of some of the public who have turned a fixed plank into a sprirg-board, and have jumped from a minister's plain narration of a fact scarcely to be denied, to an extravagant and unjusti- fiable hypothesis. Many, no doubt, believed that the meeting of the cabinet appointed for last Thursday would result in the recognition of the Southern Con. federacy, and those who somewhat inconsiderately press such an important step at the present moment upon the Government have precedents cut and dried for our taking such a course. There is scarcely a single diplomatic step for which a precedent cannot b-j unearthed on both sides, and if the Government were merely to follow precedent in a case of such extreme gravity, they would be misera- ble doctrinaires, instead of statesmen fit to judge of a great question upon its merits and its practical bearings on the vast interests involved. Pedants and enthusiasts may not look at consequences; but those who undertake tp guide the councils of a great country must well weigh the advantages, and not only the probable, but even the possible effects of what they jecommend. Even those who are most eager for the recognition of the Southern States as a member of the family of na- tions-even those who form the most sanguine estimate of its effects upon our own material interests, must admit that its accomplishment will precipitate upon us a future of great gravity, which it would be almost criminal for us to seek to hasten without the strongest reason and the most solemn consideration. We do not expect to find that her Majesty's Government have resolved on such a course, or that tney have adopted a policy the very expe- diency of which is debateable, even if its accomplishment were less difficult. When we speak of its expediency we do not use the word in any narrow or unworthy sense, but as regards the practical effect of the step in prolonging or terminating the contest by which America is con- vulsed and Europe shocked. We have no doubt that in the interests of humanity and civilisaticn the Government of Great Britain would be glad to take any steps and assume any responsibility if there were a prospect of their being able to change this vast scene of fratricide into one of peace. But suggestions, still less interference, should only be offered where the circumstances render it pro- bable that they would be effectual. In the present instance they would be met with difficulties at the very threshhold, and might defeat their own object. While we all deplore the continuance of this Struggle, while we would all make sacrifices to bring it to a termination, we must not forget the dictates of wisdom and avoid inter- ference, at least until we have good reason to think it will not be useless or mischievous.
AN A VALANCHE AMONGST THE WELSH MOUNTAINS. During the late storm which seems to have desolated the Welsh coasts and the districts inland in every direction, a peculiar and fearful event occurred in an. isolated and mountainous district between Merthyr Tydvil and Tredegar, an avalanche of mud and stones, nearly destroying a policeman and his family. A con- temporary says: Police-constable Lewis, of Tir Dhil, a dingle in the Rhymney Mountains, perched near a precipitous hill, narrowly escaped destruction, with his wife and family. They occupy one of a small row of houses, and are quite isolated from the district, of Merthyr. About 7.30 p.m. the neighbourhood was visited by a terrific storm, accompanied by an unusualry heavy fall of rain. Policeman Lewis, thinking the rain from the mountain might overflow a gutter that was near his house, went out to clean it, but while doing it he was transfixed by hearing a roar like an eartbquake —a frightful rumbling noise that seemed approaching, paralysing his movements. At length he recovered presence of mind, and went on to see what it was, when he found a torrent of water rushing down the mountain opposite his back door. He ran to warn his wife and children of the danger, but had only gone a few yards when he was struck down by the flood of water, clay, and stones. He got up, but did not know for a moment where he was, and ran round to the front of the house; the back he could not reach on account of the mound of clay and stones that was against it. Mrs. Lewis, in the meantime, was in the house, but knew nothing of the occurrence until the back door was forced in, and before she could reach the front door to escape, the house was half full of stones, completely blocking up the front door, and rendering escape im- possible. She then made her way to the door of the stairs and tried to open it, but that also was blocked up. At this time the water had men up to her shoulders. She held one child on her shoulder and the other was climbing up her side, when Lewis broke in the front window with an axe, and rescued first the children, and afterwards the wife, but it was with the greatest difficulty Mrs. Lewis was saved, as the clay and stones had accumulated around her. The damage done was very great, the wall between the kitchen and front room was knocked down the pantry was filled to the ceiling, and everything in it destroyed. The front room was also filled up, and all the furniture down stairs broken up or rendered worthless. Tile next house escaped with only three feet of mud and rubbish on the ground floor, and the remaining houses of the row were simply wetted as if a torrent of water had passed through. ——————-——<?————————-
Rabbit Shooting in France.—"The rabbit- warrens of St. Quentin," savs the Sportt which lie along the coast between the Somme and the Bay of Authie, in the neighbourhood of Crotoy (Somme), and extend over 3,000 hectares, are rented by a company of amateur sportsmen, whose president is M. de Tartigny, well- known as a first-rate shot. The number of rabbits on these sandy downs is estimated at not less than 80,000. The members of the company had a grand battue in the beginning of the present month, during the first two days of which 8,000 shots were fired, and 2,300 rabbits killed." A Watchman Poisoned by Rum.-An inquiry was held by Mr. H. Raffles Walthew, the deputy coroner, at the Green Man Tavern, Poplar, last week, respecting the death of Frederick Towers, aged 30, who lost his life under the following circumstances :-It appeared, from the evidence, that the deceased was employed as a watch- man on board the American ship Sabine, now lying in the West India Docks, and that he went on board sober at six o'clock at night. The next morning he was found de&d on board the ship Caroline Goodyear, which had lately arrived from the West Indies with a cargo of rum. Dr. Brownfield said that the deceased was a remarkably healthy and powerful man, but he appeared to have taken such a quantity of rum that it had acted as an irritant poison on the coats of the stomach, and caused speedy death. The man's brain and lungs had a strong smell of the spirit. The alcohol acted as a narcotic poison. The chief officer of the American vessel said that no spirits whatever were kept on board that ship, and, therefore, the deceased, no doubt, went on board the Caroline Goodyear, and drank until he died. The jury returned a verdict that deceased died from the poisonous effects of an excessive quantity of rum.
THE POLICY OF M. DROUYN DE i L'HUYS. The following circular in the Moniteur of the 18th October, is addressed by M. Drouyn de l'Huys to the diplomatic agents of France abroad Sir,-In taking possession of the post to which the Emperor has deigned anew to call me, I believe it advisable to explain to you in a few words the spirit in which I have accepted the mission now confided to me. I need not recapitulate to you the anterior acts and pro- ceedings of the Government Imperial in regard to the Roman question. His Majesty has manifested more pre- cisely his views upon that subject in a letter addressed to my predecessor, and which the Moniteur of the 25th of last September has made public. This document sums up the view3 of the Emperor with an authority which any commentary would only weaken, and I cannot do better than simply to refer to it to-day. In all the phases through which this question has passed during thirteen years, the constant aim and study of his Majesty, as he himself has taken care to prove, have been to reconcile the great interests which he found divided; and the more those dissidences have acquired gravity, the more firmly has the Emperor believed that his Government ought to apply itself to the task of smoothing them away, without at any time sacrificing any of the prin- ciples which have been the permanent guide of his resolutions. The policy defined by reason so high and so impartial has not changed. It remains animated by the same sentiments as in the past towards the two causes upon which it has lavished in an equal measure the proofs of its solicitude. The Roman ques- tioil involves the highest interests of religion and of politics; it arouses all over the globe scruples the most worthy of respect; and in examining the difficulties by which it is surrounded the Emperor's Government regards it as its first duty to secure itself against all that might resemble on its part a yielding to either side, or might make it deviate from the line of conduct which it has marked out for itself. Such is the point of view in which I have placed myself when accepting the direction of foreign affairs. I do not believe it either necessary or opportune to enter into longer explanations upon this subject. It will suffice to have thus summarily indicated to you the basis of the principles on which I propose to act in carrying out the intentions of the Emperor. Unswervingly faithful to the principles which have guided it up to the present, the Government of his Majesty will continue to consecrate all its efforts to the work of conciliation which it has undertaken in Italy, by labouring there with a full sense alike of the difficulty and the grandeur of the task, without discouragement as without impa- tience.-Receive, &c.. DROUYN DE L'HUYS.
G. F. TRAIN'S IMPUDENCE. The following amusingly impudent letter was ad- dressed to the Society of Cogers, meeting at their hall, Shoe-iane, Fleet-street. It appears that while Mr. Train was in England he was a member of this society "Revere House, Boston, Sept. 26, 1862. "Dear Cogers, I am knocking the bottom out of English aristocracy every time. To-day I have more power than any man in this empire. I speak to 4,000 and 5,000 at a time, and take 500 dols. to 1,500 dols. for an hour's talk, some of which (as in England all went) goes to charity. I am smashing up the abolition party here, and you see on my note paper my maxims. I am with you, as you know. There are 200 in dress circle, 2,000 in pit. I belong to the pit. England must have her revolutions. The times are changing. The boys in the discussion halls will some day be a power. Think more of yourselves. Remember what I have said to you. I am a Coger. Do you want Shoe-lane advertised all over the world ? Then get up a splendid address from the Cogers as being from the people of England to me, speaking of my qualities as a debater, of my charitable actions, of my union fights, of my prophecies, and my warnings. Let it be signed by the Cogers, and resolutions strong, and I will reply, publishing the correspondence. My name is' in all mouths, 30,000 photographs off, and bought by the dozen. When I pitch into England, remember I only speak the senti- ments of-, to whom give kind regards. I am too young to take Charles Sumner's place in the Senate, else I should be elected by acclamation. I look to my debating education in the discussion-hall as the most important feature of my public life. No member of par- liament can compete with the minds under your hos- pitable roof.-R-Sincerely, G. F. TRAIN." The society, as might be expected from Englishmen, on hearing the letter, unanimously adopted the following resolution:—" Resolved, that we the members of the Cogers' Society, having heard read the letter of Mr. G. F. Train, dated Boston, Sept. 26, 1862, cannot refrain from expressing our surprise and indifrnaH^ to a double fraud firstly, to assume to speak in the name of the English people; and, secondly, to give Mr. Train credit for qualities contrary to our own estimate of his character. That we further emphatically and explicitly disavow all participation in the views of Mr. Train with respect to the institutions of this country—institu- tions to which we are fervently and loyally attached, because they assure to our fellow-citizens of all classes an amount of freedom of thought, speech, and action, combined with order and security for life and property, such as is possessed by no other people on the face of the earth." The mottoes referred to in Mr. Train's letter are severally printed on the corners of the note paper, and are as follows"Death to England," "Cheer for the Union," "Death to Treason," "Obey the President." On the envelope—"Buy no English goods," "America for Americans," Our country heads the world." By a unanimous vote of a crowded meeting Mr. Train was subsequently unanimously expelled from the society.
Accidentally Hanged.-A little boy, twelve ye rs of age, the son of a farmer in the neighbourhood of Merthyr, was found hanging in the stable on Friday morning and quite dead. Several suicides having oc- curred in Merthyr of late affording subject for much con- versation and discussion, it is supposed that the lad suspended himself from one rung of the ladder to see what the sensation was like, his foot slipped, he was what the sensation was like, his foot slipped, he was unable to regain the step or call, and so insensibility came and then death. No motive can be given that he should commit suicide. The Emperor JS apoleon, walking the other day on the beach at Biarritz, it is said, happened to meet an iutelligenl-looking boy, about eight or nine years old, who took off his hat as he passed. The Emperor courteously returned the salute, and said, "Are you English ? No," answered the boy very quickly, and drawing himself up, I'm Americas." Oh! American are you ? Well, tell me which are you for, North or South ? "Well, father's for the North, I believe, but I am certainly for the South. For which of them are you, sir?" The Emperor stroked his moustache, smiled, hesitated a little, and then said, I am for both." "For both, are you? Well, that's not so easy, and it will please nobody." His Majesty let the conversation drop, and walked on. Mr. Western Wood, one of the members for the City of London, presided on Tuesday at the annual dinner of the West Kent Agricultural Society at Brom- ley, and, in addressing the company, made the following allusions to the fratricidal war in AmericaHe hoped, for the sake of the honour and glory of this country, that her Majesty's Government would persevere in that course which they had laid down and so religiously followed, and which had received the approbation of the country at large, and that they would continue to observe a strict neutrality between the contending parties. We had nothing to do with their quarrels, and could only offer our sincere and earnest prayers that it would please God to point out to the belligerents the enormity of the offence they were committing, and induce them to consent to a peace which would restore not only prosperity to them- selves, but to a most important portion of our country. Death of Lord Sherborne.-The Right Hon Lord Sherborne died at Sherborne, Gloucestershire, on the 19th inst., in the 84th year of his age. The deceased John Dutton, second Baron Sherborne, of Sherborne, Gloucestershire, in the peerage of Great Britain, was the only son of James, the first baron, by Elizabeth, the second daughter of Wenman Roberts-Coke, Esq., of Longford, Derbyshire. He was born at Sherborne, in 1779, and married, in 1803, Mary, the only daughter and heir of Henry Stawell, Bilson-Legge, the second Baron Stawell, whose title is extinct. (She was born in 1780.) He succeeded his father May 22, 1829. The deceased, who in politics was a Liberal, was patron of three livings. He is succeeded in his estates by his SOD, the Hon. James Henry Legge Dutton, who was born in Portugal-street, in 1804, and married in 1826 Lady Elizabeth Howard, the eldest daughter of the sixteenth Earl of Suffolk, (who died in 1845), by whom he had six sons and three daughters. The first peer had been M.P. for Gloucester- shire, and was son of James Lenox Naper, Esq., of Loughcrew, Meath, who assumed the name of Dutton in lieu of his patronymic on inheriting the estates of his maternal uncle, Sir John Dutton, Bart., of Sherborne, descended from a younger son of the Duttons, of Duttoi, in Cheshire.
— TOPICS OF THE DAY. -+-- A GLADSTONIAN DISTINCTION. To form opinion s upon questions of policy, to announce them to the world, and to take or be a party to taking anv of the steps necessary for giving them effect, are matters which, though connected together, are in themselves distinct and which may be separated by intervals of time longer or shorter according to the particular circumstances of the case.-MR. GLADSTONE'S APOLOGY TO MANCHESTER. Yes, "the South is a nation." This truth you announce; And yet, though the inference perhaps may be bitter You are forced to admit that the statement was bounce"— The mere trick of an orator eager to glitter. A barbarous war may persistently rage, And hurry two nations to utter perdition, Whole counties may starve, yet our Gladstone the sage, tion ks 1uite right, won't advise Recogni- The plan, though ingenious, is certainly old— /J? TIs one thing to act and another to chatter: Æsop tells of the man who blew hot and blew cold, And thereby extremely astonished a Satyr. LBA NR! t!°PF tnat from llenceforth delusions are fled. I • 7°Ur admlrers *he absolute folly see Of thinking you now and then meant what you said, And that conscience, not interest, prompted your policy. C.-Press. ENGLISH EPISCOPATE.—The drawback to the English organisation is the tendency to produce sloth, and to at- tract men who sum up the Christian law in one eleventh command, Be thou respectable." The office is made too mueh of a professional prize; while, even as such, it is ver37 seldom given away to the ablest. Political motives, personal motives, a Royal fancy, a University claim—all manner of worldly motives enter into the selection, and the result is that, during the past thirty years of fierce intellectual activity, no man has found in a bishop a satisfactory leader, no bishop has written a work which has helped to guide or to comfort the mass of clerical life. The leaders of thought are not on the Bench, and even in Parliament they have not produced a single lead- ing mind. The Bishop of Exeter was acute, and the Bishop of Oxford i3 eloquent; but when men want re- ligious guidance they look elsewhere, and the lead in all works of philanthropy belongs to a lay and not a spirit- ual peer. Lord Shaftesbury is no favourite of ours, but j1,13 cj? £ e0.r> ?s far as his deeds are concerned, is far nearer the Christian ideal than that of any prelate of recent days. He has made himself a living force-a visible leader in the race towards a particular and most noble end, and of what living bishop can as much be said? Was it his business or theirs to go out into the streets, and bring a ragged and filthy genera- tion within the influence of light and kindness ? Was it for Romilly or for them to protest against legal cruelty-against death for larceny, transportation for blasphemy, and torture for refusing to plead ? Even in their own department they are outstripped, and the new schools look up to men who were not bishops, to Wesley and Whitfield, Simeon and Pusey, Maurice and Kingsley. The control of thought passes away, and they are con- tented it should. It is this addiction to respectable sloth, this determination to forego an initiative which they ought to exert of which we complain, and which is produced, we fear, chiefly by a position too full of digni- fied ease. We are not going, of course, to write un- practical things about the unspiritual mode of electing the bishops. They must be appointed somehow, and the only alternative to the Royal warrant, election by the clergy, is opposed to the very principle of the episcopate, which is to be a restraint on the clergy, not the condensed expression of all its strongest passions. Nor are we about to recommend asceticism, and declare that holiness is in- compatible with carriages, wisdom with footmen, and spiritual strength with silver spoons. Saints have died, and will die, in ermine as well as in sackcloth; and toere is work for Tillotson as well as Baxter, for Lord George Beresford, stately in holiness, as well as for Bunyan, holy in rags. Prizes are useful, and it is well that the Church should support its children. But it is pos- sible to overdo every principle, and this has been over- done.. The prizes are too large, so large that it is not in human nature to keep the crave for them decently down, not in statesman nature to give them except with an eye to Parliamentary or party advantage. Lord Palmerston would give a living of .£300 a-year, perhaps, to the very best man, but he feels as if he must reserve Adesham, worth sg700, for some Elliot or Villiers. The prizes- should be cut down till they secured only the decent competence of an English gentleman's household, and should then be supplemented by pensions to widows and children, making all saving superfluous. Bishop Myriel is not perfect, though his poor haskp'L fr Bishop." for he is miy11, ^JJU s at feast one uft wuo aoeS not recognise in Hugo s dream some- thing nobler than the reality.of our existing episcopal bench? Myriel with children about his knees, and therefore humanised-that is the best expression we can think of for the ideal towards which episcopacy should direct its steps. Till then the only course is to watch bishops and Premier vigilantly, and bring to bear on both the one weapon whLJh the soutane cannot blunt, or the official wand ward off.—Spectator. PASSIVE RESISTANCE OF PRUSSIA,-The King of Prussia is. now consoling himself for his defeat in the Legislature by receiving deputations from remote dis- tricts, and addresses from obscure congregations of fanatics, to all of whom he repeats the assurance that he is King by the grace of God, and that he will rule, if need, by the dis-grace and humiliation of all presump- tuous men. Tranquil, and confident in their strength,, the popular party seem minded to fool him in this respect to the top of his bent. They give all manner of publicity to the political and religious rubbish in which his Majesty takes delight, convinced that nothing will serve the popular cause more effectually than furnishing food for the ridicule which the monomaniac monarch is daily drawing down on himself. The spirit of quizzing has, in some cases, indeed been carried so far that sham addresses, little exceeding in verbal absurdity those actually got up by noble blockheads of the Junker party, and carrying the tone of adulation and baseness only a few degrees further than that which is found in the columns of the Kreuz Zeitung, have been for- warded to Count Bismark, by him laid before King Wil- liam, and duly acknowledged, with grateful approval, "by command." As soon as the public have done laughing at the senseless servility of the mock addresses, and the more senseless assumptions of the genuine re- plies, they are informed that the first half was but a mere hoax, and thus set laughing again. But when it comes to the collection of taxes not voted by Parliament it is likely to be no laughing matter. It is more than e two centuries since Charles K tried that method of carry- ing nfavy estimates with a high hand. The result proved anything but satisfactory in this country: how will it turn out in Prussia ? It is not representative Govern- ment that is now upon its trial. As far as the action of the Elective Prussian Chamber is concerned, nothing can have been better. The deputies have done their duty by their country faithfully and well; it remains to be seen whether the great body of the people are prepared to do theirs. All they have to do, if it be not a solecism to say so, is to do nothing; not to afford their enemies any pretext for violence by threatening or boisterous speech, and not to pay money when asked for it without getting a proper receipt. The refusal of course implies liability to official abuse, and even to ill-treatment in person and goods. The farmers' cattle or burghers' merchandise may in some cases be seized unlawfully by the contrabandiatas wearing the livery of the King. It may even be feared that in their fury the partizans of reaction will proceed to imprison as well as confiscate, and to violate the sanctity of the fireside as well as to rob the till. But when we had looked similar dangers in the face in England, we were not scaled by them out of asserting our rights. The battle of Ship-money in 1638 was the same battle which Prussia has now to fight for brigade-money; Parliament in both cases having pronounced against the outlay on J,he partlof the King, the next step m ust be the attempt to com- pel the people to pay it, regardless of the Parliamentary veto. History tells what our fathers did in that great emergency, and how from the great root of passive resistance sprung rapidly the full growth of popular right and power, with all the rich fruits in due time which we in our day enjoy. We cannot be true to ourselves or our national antecedents if we do not say to our Prussian brethren,-Go ye and do likewise I-Examiner.
The Young Ladies of the Exhibition.- A lady has forwarded to Mr. Morrish a very liberal sum of money to be spent on an entertainment ta all the young women, without exception, who are employed in the building. The donor gives as her reason for this entertainment that during all her visits to the building she always experienced the utmost courtesy and attention from the young women engaged there, whether in the, refreshment rooms, photographic or catalogue stalls, &c. and that she wishes to mark her sense of this conduct by an evening entertainment to them all before they are dispersed by the closing of the building. This generous wish is therefore to be gratified on the Friday before the closing, and the entertainment given in one of the cor- ridors after the daily visitors have departed.