T O W N TALK. ,/V I-q lp L, honours come to men at an age when the high thoughts and ambition of youth are past, and when things of earth must have ceased to have much interest for all except the most energetic. Lord Campbell became Lord Chancellor, and Lord Clyde Field Marshal, at an age when most men are being wheeled about in Bath, chairs. On. the. other hand, Sir William Atlieno^liss bempoblig^d at fifty-seven to retire from ^p$st*wlrer(!, sootier or later, he would have been made a Chief Justice or a Chief Baron. He is succeeded by Sir Roundell Palmer; and he'by j Robert Porrett Collier, a Queen's Counsel and member of parliament. He is forty-six years old, a pleasant man, and a fair speaker, but not otherwise remarkable in any way. The Prince and Princess of Wales have returned from Scotland, and are cntailaiuing. Kir^g George of Greece, the brother of the Princess, at Marl- boroughr,house, before guing to Sandringham for the pheasant shooting. The unfortunate shareholders in the Great East- ern steamship are at their last gasp. The monster ship has swallowed up thirteen hundred thousand pounds, and seems no more likely to pay now than a year ago. How strange it is that not one of the schemes of so clever a man as Brunei should ever have paid. You get into the Great Western Railway now and travel to Birmingham, by the narrow guage. All' Brunei's pet directors have died or retired. The secretary, Mr. Charles Saunders, a man clever enough to have been a Chancellor, of Exchequer in America, has just retired oh a pension of £ 2,500 ■; a year — the shareholders glad to dispose, of so dangerous a friend at a salary greater than any officer of state can claim exe< pi the. Lord Chancellor. The Great Eastern was designed by Brunei in- stead of three ships of less magnitude, which was the plan of the first company., He found support in wealthy, engineers who wished to see a great experiment tried, and-a pushing iron merchant who saw bis wav to, business: in -the iron supply enthusiasm and newspaper puffs did the rest. The failures from the first attempt at launching were uninterrupted but the great ship turned every one's head, and I have heard that when. the third issue of capital in £1 shares was made, numbers of maid-servants about Birdcage-walk and West- minster took a ticket in this un lucky lottery, Mr. S.cott Russell was being ma" la famous by his share as builder, but it does not.-seem to have done him aity good, as he has since retired from ship- building to his original profession of a. lecturer or talker on science. The ship will shortly be- sold. The shareholders at''their last meet'i?: & 1 riled and talked like se. crew on a wreck, We'- probably neJtfc > hear oil gvnal Leviathan as a French transport 'ship. People are beginning to find out, from such examples as the Great Western Railway, the Great Eastern steamshipi and the Crystal Palace, that some things may be too big to pay. A friend, lately from the Ionian Islands, tells me that themoneyed classes in Corfu ait, beginning to be very uncomfortable, now, that the time ap- proaches for ceasing to be iinkr Brit i uit not; that the. Ionians are more fond of the English than other foreigners, but they are very fond of English money. Now the regiments quartered in Corfu, and the war ships calling there, and the rich people who arrive to visit their military friends, spend a great deal of money, which will be lost when this country gets rid of this very bad bargain. People are beginning to return to town from' the sea-side. It is a pleasure to see the parks filling once more. We see. that the picturèsque i style of dress is still in vogue, though French caprice has threatened more than once to change it, a,nd recall the short waists and scanty skirts of theGreorgian era. There are hopes of abetter season than last. -The Court will" keep Christmas once more with joy and gladness; and the impulse given to amuse- ments by the laying aside of mourning in the 9 1" highest household in the land is expected to be great. Mr. Alfred Mellon's promenade concerts, where the music has been of; the highest character, have been most success- ful.: Miss Pyne. opens Covent Garden for the winter season on Monday next with a new opera. by Wallace. A new play has been produced at the Adelphi, called Leah. It is a translation of tlae;, German play of Deborah, which has achieved a vast popularity abroad from the lessons of toleration towards the Jews which it inculcates. It seems likely to achieve an equal' success in London. Z.Z.
OUTLINES OF THE WEEK. » .—>■ EVERY mail seems to bring us news from America of more bloodshed, of more determined attacks, and more obstinate resistance on the part of both belligerents, and the results of the battles appear to vary more than any war which history records. We have again to chronicle a terrible battle in the neighbourhood of Chattanooga. The American. civil war, like our Crimean campaign, seems to '!a'èqu.aint:us with localities that were before un- known. The topography of Chattanooga is, fot instance, among the recondite branches of geogra- phical lore, and to the general reader it is difficult to understand the positions of the contending armies. Taking, however, a glance at the map, we perceive Chattanooga placed in a most peculiar position at the head of a kind of peninsula formed by the Teraiessee river. Looking at it more care- fully, we discover, some twenty-five miles distant, a ■■thin -mountain streamlet descending from the hills flows in a hilly gorge a little to the west of La Fayette and Pigeon Mountain, where Bragg's army had fled when .he evacuated Chattanooga. This mountain streamlet is Chickamanga Creek, along which we were informed by: the previous dispatches that Eosecmns had placed his army, so-i- as to cover Chattanooga and keep the Confederate 4dfny"|H check'. Bra^rfrfSIust.'bo\remembered, wa$on|the £ >ppo&to side of the'river, and it was ■fhdugpj; advisable for his arnqpr to c|qss the Ten- ne^ee soin^ten inik-s from the city of Chattanooga |or tl|$pijrpose j of rtickng the Confederates. |jras FeAralj^ under denial Thomas, marched on "and ippai cntfy occupied a strong position along the western bank of the Chicka- manga Creek, when the Confederate- army, under General Bragg, appeared, and made their attack z, on the lef$,wing: of the Federals—that nearest to Chattanooga—hoping thereby to cut them off from their supports, and compel them to retreat .among; the hills of the south-west. In this iattempt -they failed, but afterwards threw them- 's elv^s upon Rosecrans's centre, which they Suc- ceeded in breaking. Meanwhile the Federal general hurried forward his troops, and the con- test continued with varying success to either side, as reinforcements were received. The fight of the 19th of September was changeful and eddying, fortune shifting from side to side, a characteristic which explains the capture of prisoners and guns by both. By the close of the day the Con- federates were repulsed, not from their own position, but from that they had momentarily won in the Federal centre. All that the Federals claim, as the result of the first day's fighting, is that they re-established the line as it was when the battle began. They repulsed their assailants and held their own. The next day's battle was on a larger scale. Both sides had been able to bring up their men, and the issue was contended by the entire strength of both armies. The carnage was great, and many brave men fell. It is probable that the Confederate losses must have been very severe, and the desperate determination with which they fought is remarkable. The Con- federates were the assailants, they had the Creek to pass, and the hilly banks of the stream afforded a natural entrenchment to their antagonists. They would thus be exposed to the fire of the Federal musketry on the opposite bank; nevertheless they still advanced, and Eosecrans retreated from his position on the Chickamanga Creek, and had to fall back upon Chattanooga,, where he still re- mains,, and where he may expect to be able to resist any further attack of the Confederates until the expected arrival of General Burnside, which will more than restore the balance in favour of the Federals. Thus the-war appears as lasting as ever, and all its mighty horrors are being felt throughout that once peaceful and happy continent of America. THE Archduke Maximilian has formally set forth the conditions on which he will accept the crown of Mexico. In his reply to the Mexican deputation, who had audience of him at Miramar last week, hej firstly, expressed his opinion that a monarchy could not be satisfactorily established without the spontaneous consent of the whole nation. He next demand^ guarantees for the in- t'ernal and external pfeace and security of Meixico. Finally, he will ask for the approval of his brother the Emperor..It is believed that the guarantees he requires will bo a combined pledge of sup- port. fEnglaxul, and ffrance arid, from the views'that "our Government have expressed in the matter, it is deemed very improbable that they will consent .to a guarantee of any kind in con- nection with this affait, even if the Archduke obtains his first stipulation and is elected by the universal vote of the nation. The latter might be accomplished in time through the overpowering influence of French authority; but. England has takenfno part in: th& nomination of the crowned head, nor will, she have anything to do with the terms of his occupation." Indeed, the answer of the Archduke appears to many persons to be neither more nor less than an absolute refusal of the erown. -What Napoleon's next, step will be remains a mystery. The rumours of annexing the empire; of Mexico to Texas lacks authenticity. There is, however, a firm belief in many minds that "Napoleon longs to recognise the South, aftd to obtain an iniluence across the Atlantic which he never before possessed. THE revenue returns for the quarter ending Sept. 30th have just been issued; it shows a net decrease of £ 1.89,,479 on the corresponding quarter of last yearbut this cannot be considered other- wise than satisfactory. The decrease is mainly owing to the loss in customs from the reduced tea duties, and to the property tax, by the reduction which has been made in it. The three items of decrease are: Customs, 432.9,000; property tax, < £ 108,000 ^and miscellaneous, =6102,479. On ex- cise, however, there is an increase of £ 318,000; (jOn stamps, ..811,000, taxes, £ 10,000.; Post-office, -P £ 10.000; and Crown lands, < £ 1,000. The total revenue'for the quarter was £ 14,411,504. In the amount for the year an increase of £808,842 is shown, the total revenue having been Y,70,49,4, 1382, against £ 69,685,540last year. This is pretty well in bad times, considering the north and cotton districts. Doubtless, the Chancellor of the Ex- chequer is well satisfied and hopeful when he looks forward to the prospects of the large expenditure of the country during the winter and spring, owing to the magnificent harvest and the country pockets being twenty millions fuller than other years. A VERY extensive speculation. is going forward at the present time, which shows the extraordinary grasp of design human beings are capable of-we allude to the Suez Canal, on which twenty thou- sand labourers are constantly employed, though p it becomes^very doubtful, if the great undertaking is ever accomplished, that it will pay, But, beyond this, at the present moment, it is felt to be a positive nuisance, for, by employing all the available hands; it hinders the growth of Egyptian cotton, -and consequently the prosperity of the country. The present Viceroy is doing all he can, to encourage the Cultivation of this useful plant. Last year he sowed four thousand acres of cotton, and is said to, have planted ten thousand this, and to have offered to supply the people gra- tuitously with seed. We sincerely- trust his energies will Ibe rewarded with success, and that the fertile lands ,of, Egypt ,'will,'] ere long, give, to England a plentifulfsupply of that raw material for her manufacturers, ^the lack of which has caused so much suffering. How wonderfully things change, and how fashion rules everything, may now be observed in agricul- tural meetings. Once the farmer drove to the show-yard to exhibit his fat pig or trim shorthorn, and he viewed the affair in a purely practical light. Farmers' wives and daughters also 'went, but always with an eye to the larder or the dairy. What a change now! The modern show-yard is a fashionable gathering, where daintily dressed ladies and gentlemen meet to lisp small talk and worry the fancy poodles and poultry. The com- mittee, seeing this kind of attendance a paying oue,take- care to. £ md "-attraetions" to foster the habit. The ladies are even admitted in the or- chestras to hear the after-'diiTner speeches and, ■ indeed, Lord Bateman decided that at the next meeting: at Hereford they should be permitted a seat at the table with the lprds of creation. We must admit, however, ilmt agricultural meetings haye done veiy much toward 1 npio ng the culti- vation of land and in Staining a knowledge of what animals -will prdthice^rrd'st profit to the farmer. The after-dinner speeches, too, are very useful, for who- ever the big guns in the county may be they must show themselves upon these occasions; and politics being very properly excluded, the ad- dresses must be pinned down to the real topic, though it is very often the case that Parliament men or titled landlords show that their knowledge of agriculture is only theoretical and shallow in the extreme. Sometimes, however, we get the right man in 'the right place, instance Ldrd Grey de Wilton, a few days ago at Radcliffe. Amongst a variety of subjects he discoursed boldly upon the evil of the day, namely, the, condition of agri- cultural labourers, and frankly avowed that their progress, in a social point of view, was not in pro- portion, to the progress made by their--employers; and, notwithstanding the presence of a couple of clergymen, he said he saw no reason why a little of the vast wealth subscribed to church building should not be diverted to the improvement of the homes of the labourers. The late Prince Albert was perhaps one of the first who called attention to this subject. The nation then took little notice of it, but now the* mighty power of the press is brought to advocate the claims of the country poor to healthy homes, all true philanthropists will follow suit, and we trust that ere many years have elapsed it may be considered a disgrace to the landlord-if the peasantry on his estate, aLre, not propejcly housed. to r>l>v
ARRIVAL OF THE [ KING OF THEl: GREEKS. His Majesty George ■ I., King of the Greeks, accompanied by Count Sponneck, arrived at Brus- sels on Saturday, the 3rd inst., at five a.m. His Majesty's, suite were awaiting his arrival. at the Northern Railway Station, having preceded him. Two superior Belgian officers were also in attend- ance to welcome him in the name of King Leo- pold. King George alighted at the Hotel de Belle- vue, 'where apartments had -been retained for him. A number of Greeks having inquired at the hotel when it would be convenient for his Majesty to receive them, the King ordered them to be admitted at once, and received them in the most cordial and gracious manner. The Count of. Flanders and the Duke of Brabant paid an early visit, to the, young King.- in the evening there i was a grand banquet at Court. Among the' In-" vited was M. Christopoulo, ex-Minister of Interior of Greece, who is staying at Brussels. J At three p.m. on Monday his Majesty arrived at Dover frdm (Calais in tfhre Londoh, ChathaAV and Dover liailway Company's new steamer1 the Sam- phire, which performed the passage in one hour twenty-six minutes. His Majesty was accompanied across the Channel by Lieut." Morgan, R.N., the naval superintendent of the company. His Ma- jesty was received. on arrival at" Dover "by the Greek ambassador. General Sutton, commanding the garrison, Captain Triscott,. R.N., Admiralty superintendent, &c., and after partaking of lunch at Birmingham's Lord Warden Hotel,: proceeded ri by special train to Victoria Station, London^ on the London, Chatham, and Dover Railway. -The arrangements at the station at Dover were under the superintendence of Mr. Cox, the station-; master, who had charge of the train to London. His Majesty arrived at the Victoria station punc- tually, at six o'clock, the. special train performing the journey in two hours and ten minutes. On arrival at Victoria Station his Majesty was met by his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, and was received by Lord Harris, the deputy chairman, and Mr. Forbes, the general manager of the company, Mr. James Wyld, M.P., one of the vice-presidents of the Philhellenic Committee, and M. Stefanos Xenos, the honorary secretary. His Hellenic Majesty was greeted with shouts of Long Live pur Beloved King George by a number of Greek ladies and gentlemen who thronged the platform. His Majesty and the Prince of/Wales then pro- ceeded to MarIborough-house. (
THE LATE LORD SINCLAIF The oldest member of the peerage, the Right Hon. Charles Lord Sinclair, died last week at Pilmuir, near Torquay, at the advanced age of ninety-five. Eight hundred and eighty-eight years after Christ, Rogen- wald, Earl of Masre and Raumdahl, in Orkney; ob- tained a grant of the Orkney Isles from Harold Harfagr. This gentlemancwas the maternal ancestor of the Sinclairs. Their paternal descent is via William St. Clair, a noble Norman baron, who had the castle and lordship of Roslyn bestowed on him by King David I., of Scotland. Henry, eighth lord, died in 1762, and his son, the Master of Sinclair, being in- volved in the troubles of "the '45," was attainted. The barony remained in abeyance (the second son of the eighth lord not choosing to claim it, and dying without issue), until 1782; it has fallen into the hands of fa junior branch of the family—the St. Clairs of Hermandston—-tln-ough a pecsuliar grant to the head of the house by Charles II,, but the claim had never been preferred to a committee of privileges." Charles St. Clair, late lord, was born in Edinburgh, July 30, 1768. In 1782 he recovered the ancient barony of his family. He was the son of Andrew St. Clair, Esq., by the daughter of Sir John Rutherford, of Edgerton. In early life he was in the army, and retired, when lieutenant-colonel of the 15th Foot, after the peace of 1802, since which .time he has been lieutenant-colonel of the Berwickshire Militia, He married, first, on the 13th of February, 1802, Mary 'as Agnes, only daughter of James Chisholme, Esq., of Chisholme, by whom (who died on the 16th of July, 1814) he had issue three sons and one daughter second, on the 18th of September, 1816, Isabella Mary, youngest daughter of A1. Chatto, Esq., of Main- house, Edihburghshire, by whom he had one son and two daughters. He was for many years a representa- tive "peer for Scotland, biit retired at the general election of 1859. The late Lord Sinclair is succeeded in his title and estates by John, Master of Sinclair, late a captain in the Grenadier Guards, who was born on July 3, 1803, and married, September 14, 1830, Jane, eldest daughter of Archibald Little, Esq., of Shabden-park, Surrey., i.
The Patent Ozonized Cod Liver Oil conveys arti- ficially to the lungs of the'delicate and consumptive, ozone, the ,vital principle in oxygen, without the effect of inhalation, and has the wonderful effect of reducing the pulse to its proper standard, while it strengthens ahd invigorates the system— restoring the consumptive to health; unless in the last stage. The highest medical authorities pronounce it the nearest approach to a specific for that most dreaded of all maladies yel discovered— in fact, it will restore to health when all other remedies fail. See Lancet, March 9, 1861. Sold by all chemists, in 2s. 6d., 4s; 9d., and 9s. bottles. A Fact.—Insecticide Vicat. Patronised by French Govern- ment. The most efficacious INSECT KILLING Powder, warranted by 22 official reports not to contain an atom of Poison or any ingre- dient injurious to man, vertebrate Animals, plants, fruits, woollens, and furs, though fatal to insects. Sold by all respectable chemists oilmen, florists, &c., in bottles and apparatuses at 6d., Is., and Is eaafc. Wiolesalfi, 1, Carter-lane, London, E,C, j
THE PRINCE AND PRINCESS OF WALES. '.The Prince and Princess of Wales and suite left i Abergeldie Castle on their way south on ThursdayJ morning about half-past sniSo. Theyposted d rectj to Abovne, where they- ari'ived a'f hve m^nute^i pi st ele\ en—five minutes befoie the time arr^ngecM Theie was a considerable ^number of /pee>ple corfy 0 he gicgated outside the ~siationr who gave ft he Prin,^ and Princess a very hearty reception, which was very graciously acknowledged by the Royal couple. .Inside the station a more select party of lpdi@s,and gentlemen the Prince a?id ?Priiieee& -^itl Sarah Dyce Nicdl, daughter of 'Mr. Dyce Nicol, of Ballovie, presenting a beautiful bouquet to the Princess of Wales, who received it very graciously. Prince and Princess were •conducted to their carriage by tlise chairman and two of the directors of the Decsige olallway Company And every-* thing being ready the train-a special one—moved out of the station amid enthusiastic cheering from the spectators, repeatedly acknowledged by the Prince and Princess. Their Royal Highnesses were timed to arrive in Edinburgh at twenty minutes past six o'clock in the evening, by the limited mail from Perth; but, owing to certain detentions, the train did not reach the Waverley station till about twelve minutes to seven. The visit of the Prince and Princess being strictly private, and it being under stood that they were averse to any display, the customary guard of honour and military' for- malities were dispensed with, and the arrange- ments made for the reception of the Royal pair were of the most undemonstrative nature. The Lord Provost, magistrates, and council, the town clerk, Sheriff Gordon, the Earl of Kintore, Major General Walker, Sir John Douglas,, adjutant- -1 -1"'1\/1'" -T 'y-r, .,J general, and Mr. Logan White, were on the plat- form to receive their Royal Highnesses. The station was kept by a large body of police and by the high constables of Edinburgh, and instruc- tions were issued by the railway authorities to keep the inclosure clear of the public and to allow none but official personages admittance. Shortly after six o'clock the Crown Prince and Princess of Prussia, accompanied by Lord Charles Fitzroy and the Countess Hohenthal, drove down to the station in covered carriages to meet the Prince and Prin- cess of Wales. Shortly after entering the station their Royal Highnesses alighted from their car- riage etad 'Conversed with the'Lord Provost, Sheriff Gordctm ""General Walker, and other gentleman upon f £ e platform, while they awaited the arrival: of the train. About twelve minutes to seven o'clock the" train moved into the station, and immediately on the door of the saloon-carriage being opened the Crown Princess advanced and affectionately kissed the Princess of Wales onj both cheeks. The greeting between the Crown Prince and the Prince of Wales was also most cordial, and excited the interest of all present. The. suite of the Prince and Princess of Wales con- sisted of Lieut.-General Knolly, the HoriisColonel Keppel, the Hon. M. Meade, and the?- Hon. Mrs. Grey. The Princess of Wales wore a straw bonnet and black crape veil and light mantle and dress. Alighting on the; platform the Royal party was received by the Lord Provost and Sheriff Gordon, and conducted to their carriages, which were in waiting within the station. By the time this took place large numbers of people who had come with the train that had conveyed the Prince and Princess 6f Wales from Perth crowded round the vehicles 'and jostled and elbowed each other vigorously in order to get to the front and procure a glimpse of the Royal party. The people pressed so strongly that the line of police and special constables guarding the space before the carriages was broken; through., and; the guardians of order wer^/firfispd up with the crowd. This having been acoofn-' plished, large numbers of eager sightseers battled their way up to the carriages, and made strenuous exertions to see the Royal occupants; some for a moment; allowing their curiosity to' get the Jo&tter of their manners in the fixedness with gazed through the windows of the carriage, This, however, was but for a few moments; the orderl was given to drive on, and the Royal party left the station amid the enthusiastic cheers of the assemblage. Their Royal Highnesses drove by way of Canal-street, Waverley-bridge, and St. Andrew-square, to, Slaney's Hotel, where apart- ments had been prepared for them. Along this short route large numbers of people had assembled to welcome the Royal party, but owing to its being nearly dark and the carriages being closed very few had the. gratification of seeing their Royal Highnesses.. These circumstances, however, did not damp the popular enthusiasm. The Princes and Princesses were lustily cheered as they passed and a very large crowd assembled in St. Andrew- square gave, vent to cordial demonstrations of welcome as the Royal party alighted at the hotel. So strong was the feeling of enthusiasm manifested on the part of the populace that the greater part of the crowd waited patiently in the square for about an hour and a half in expectation of the Royal party again coming out; and even pretty late at night when darkness had set in and there was not the .slightest prospect of their Royal Highnesses again venturing abroad, large numbers of people continued to hang about outside. — » —■
The Great Bank I'raud. — Intelligence has been received in the City of the capture of Sigmund pietrichstein, a Hungarian, lately residing at Worth- ing, and a habitue of the Jamaica Coffee-house, who stands charged with having on the 29th of August obtained, by means of fraud, from a bank in the City, Bank of England notes to the amount of between £8,000 and £ 9,000. He absconded on the same day. j A few days afterwards a warrant for his apprehension was issued from the Mansion-house, and since then some of the: more skilled of the City detective police- officers have been engaged in an active pursuit of the fugitive, both in this country and on the Continent. He was taken in the city of Pesth on Sunday.: A reward of X200. had been offered for his .apprehension, and a further one of < £ 800 for the recovery of the bank- notes ,in question.: r, Sir Charles Elliot, the Governor of St. Helena, has sent home samples of cotton now growing in that island, with a view to ascertain its value in our market. There is a considerable tract of land assigned to the governor, and as there are numbers of captured-Africans frequently landed there they might, under skilful man- agement, be trained in cotton cultivation, and would thus become very valuable labourers in the West India colonies, to which they might, afterwards be as- signed. The Macon Vintage.—A circular just issued by the Societc de Viticulture of Macon contains the fol- lowing :—" Many rumours respecting the wine crop of 1863 were in circulation before the vintage; now that it is almost terminated we may be permitted to make some observations upon the result. The Macon vine- yards have on the whole produced a quantity of wine inferior to that of the year 1862. The deficiency may be- estimated at a fifth, or a quarter at the outside." But whatever may be wanting' in that respect is more: than compensated for by the quality, which appears to occupy a place midway between that of 1862 and the; extra of 1861. The Wines of 1S63 are of a fine deep colour, and the general opinion is that they will Unwove hrvKh in iini arid Olmlihr in umoiL" Berwick's Baking- Powder is used by thousands of families for raising bread, with half the trouble, and in quarter the time required with yeast, and, for rendering puddings and: pastry light and wholesome. Dr. Hassali remarks, "The in- gredients of which it is composed ate pfore and good, and none of them are in the least. degree injnrLousl" The Queen's private i ba&er aays. It is: a, toost useful:(invention*" Captain Allen !i Young, of the Arctic yacht Fox, states, that "It Keeps well and answers admirably." E. Hamilton; Esq., M.D' FiS.A., observes, that It is much better far raising bread than yeast, and much more wholesome." Fearful loss of life in England takes place simply through the people being ignorant of the fact that there is a medicine in existence that will cure them. Therefore it is oui bounden duty to inform them that PAGE WOODCOCK'S WIXD Piitts are the best and safest medicine for wind in the stomach ndigestion, debility, nervousness, biliousness, &c. Of all medicine vendors, at Is. ljd., or free for fourteen stamps from Paf« Woodcock, Chemist, Lincoln.
TELEGRAPHIC NEWS, .AMERICA Defeat £ tnd JJetreat of Rosecrans. I. « NEW LOKIV, SEPT., 21. General EoSkjran^ias been clefeat4d ^and consipylleu to retreat to Chattano'oifa after two days fightingj by General Bragg, who had been heavily reinforced by Lee, Beauregard, and Joe Johnston. On the morning of the 19th inst. the Confederates. attacked General Eosecrans, near Chickamanga Creek, A fierce musketry engagement ensued, the wooded nature of the ground preventing the use of artillery. Early in the engagement the Confederates captured five guns of the celebrated Loomas battery. Fierce fighting continued till two o'clock in the afternoon, when the Federal ecatte was pushed, broken, and re- treated in disorder, pursued by the Confederates, who were, however, afterwards checked and driven back. The Confederates then drove General Davis's division back, with heavy loss, capturing every gun of the 8th Indiana regiment; Davis, however, succeeded in rally- ing his forces, <and re-tookhis guns, General e oldsti division. suffered severely, but maintained its position. Palmer's division lost two guns. Van Cleve's division lost ground, and did not regain its position. A general fight continued until long after dark/ At its termination both armies are said to have occupied the same ground as at the commencement. The Federals captured ten guns and lost seven. Bragg's army is variously estimated at from 70,000: to 96,000 strong. The Federal loss in killed, wounded, and prisoners s estimated at 12,000 men. 1,300 Confederate prison- ers have been sent to Nashville. Intercepted Southern dispatches state that General Bragg engaged General Eosecrans on the 19th and 20th, capturing twenty guns and 500 prisoners. News has been received from Charleston to the 20th Sept: It is reported that the Monitors wore "finable to pass up to Charleston. The erection of Federal batteries in Fott Gregg' and Cumming's Point was proceeding slowly, on account of the annoyance from the:Confederate batteries, which fired every twenty minutes. The Confederate^ were reported to be repairing Fort, Sumter. General Lee's and Meade's armies are confronting, each other on the Eapidan. The New York World asserts that information had reached New Orleans t^hati the. French had occupied; Matamoras with 5,000 troops. A collision is expected to take place at the. mouth of the Rio Grande between the French and Federal gunboats on matters con- nected with cotton and supplies for the Confederates. Cortes, the Governor of SonMa, has arrived at Washington. It is rumoured that his object is to establish a Mexican alliance with the Federal Govern- ment, The New York Herald says :—"Hr is reported that Vice-President Stephens has gone to Europe with an offer to cede Texas" to France in return for French assistance to the Confederate Government." The first news of General Rosecrans's defeat, re- ceived on Monday last, sent gold up to 40! and ex- change to .155. They yesterday, however, receded,, under the impression that Eosecrans's position was better than the first accounts represented. The closing quotations to-day are: gold, 37J; exchange, 151 J. Accounts from: Washington and Cincinnati of the 21st state that. General Bragg renewed the attack at an' early hour on the 20th. The" contest raged with great fury throughout the day. General Eosecrans was defeated, and compelIedtoretreat to Chattanooga,, which he hoped to hold until reinforced by General Burnside, who was reported to be. within six hours* march, with 30,000 men. The Federals lost heavily in prisoners and artillery. It is estimated that 30,000 men of the two armies were either killed or wounded. NKW i'OEIC, SEpT, 23. Washington telegrams of yes fcerdwy state thafLbfficial dispatches had been received from iQeheral'Eosecrans,. dated five p.m. of the 21st, according to which he de- nied having been defeated on Sunday. Intercepted Confederate dispatches stiito-tliat General Bragg had. j eajptsaied'2.3300 ^prisoners and twenty-five cannon iqi tpe^ battles: of Saturday and Sunday. J The latest inteliiigence from Charleston is to the 19th inst., at which, time the siege had been temporarily suspended. j Considerable anxiety, if not alarm, is expressed in Washington at the probable recognition of the "Southern Confederacy by France. A letter from Washipigton statef; that the .Efipeyor; .'Napolepn con- sented to form an alliance with the Confederates and asstetithenbi to 64talilish their, inddpefifdende as earing De6gihber:tV' I«otided they would !yield-Texas >to France.; The Confederates objected to the conditione thinking that peace with the Federal States could be more cheaply obtained. The mission of Vice-President Stephens, undertaken in July last, was, it. is asserted a last attempt to secure a compromise before accepting the Emperor's terms. His failure to obtain an audience with President, Lincoln decided the Government at, Richmond to dispatch Mr. Stephens to Paris, with full powers to negotiate with the. Emperor. Though the statement is disbelieved, ;as to the price of recognition, ari impression prevails that the recognition itself has Deeh finallydeterminedupon.- A fugitive white man, recently arrived here from the Southern States, reports that Eichmond is in a most, perfect condition of defence; that 100 guns éoverthe approach to the city by the river alone that sufficient wheat, corn, and beef for the use of the Confederates has been produced during the year, and that luxuries only are deficient. He adds that the citizens pf Charleston are fully determined to destroy their cify rather than Surrender it; and that everything is in readiness for the application of the! torch, in case it should be found necessary to abandon it. NEW YOEK, SIJPT. 24. Furthier details of the battle fought cm the 20th inst. between General Eosecrans and Bragg have been re- ceivecl. Rosecrans' right and centre were driven from the held. General Thomas, though temporarily re- pulsed on the left, stubbornly maintained his position until after dark, retiring during the night to Sossville. On the following afternoon the Confederates at. tacked General Thomas, but were repulsed, and Thomas proceeded to Chattanooga, ,whepe; Eosecrans had concentrated his forces, and was awaiting rein- forcements from General <3rant. General Eosecrans announces that he MU be able to maintain his position until he is^x.eiflf oi^jed,. The Con- federates-continued active in his froht. J The Richmond Whig estimates the Confederate loss at 5,000 men, including six generals (filled) and seven wounded. The .Fedi3ral loss is estimated at 12,000 men. The Richmond Dispatch asserts that the Confederate Government has effected a loan of 100,000,000 francs in France upon the security of the cotton now in the South. General Eosecrans telegraphed to Washington on the night of the 23rd that lie could not be dislodged from Ins position. There had been no further fighting. It is semi-officially announced that the Government has received, advices from England that the Confede- rate rams would not be allowed to sail. This .has created a kindly feeling on the part of the Federal GovernmeBLt towards England. I
THE POLISH; QUESTION, The (Jorbstitidionnel .publishes an article signed hj- M. Paulin Limayrac, giving the reasons why France accepted the treaties of 1815 as the basis of negotia- tions on the Polish'question. M. Limayrac1 Says "Russia having refused to continue the negotiations, England, who proposed those treaties as the basis of negotiations, has acknowledged that they are now a dead letter, and ought to be Considered void. Accprd- ing to Russia they are already valueless as far as the Poles are concerned, and according to Earl Russell they are now void for Russia. Framed with the object of guaranteeing liberty to Poland, they would now be nothing more than a guarantee for the domination of Russia. This would be an injustice to which Europe could not .lend her hand." The Patrie says We have reason to believe that Earl Russell is about to address a note to the English representatives abroad, setting" forth the legal con- sequences "which, as far as concerns the possession of Poland by Eussia, would result from the non-fulfil- ment of the treaties of 1815. The Goverment of the Emperor would join in such a step by addressing a communication to the Powers which: signed the firm, act of the Vienna Congress."
■: < -■ Duty off Tea,—Full benefit obtained by pnrehasing HorhU man's Tea in Packets: very choice, 8s.4d; .t46. "Sigh Standard." is. id. (formerlv 4f. 8d.) is the but imported. 2,280 Agents.