THE NEWS BUDGET. Waiting Long for Promotion.-The oldest sailor in the British Navy visited Cork Harbour with the Channel Fleet on board the Warrior. His name is John Midgley, and his rank that of chief petty officer. At thirteen years old he was at St. Sebastian; at fifteen at Algiers; in the year 1811 he was in the Diana, under Captain Ferris; and he was in the Baltic Fleet under Captain Codrington. For fifty years he has been at sea, and forty-four of these he has served as a petty officer, always with the highest charaoter. Tremendous Smash of Railway Wagons.- On Wednesday, at noon, an accident occurred to a train of loaded coal wagons, about five miles east of Darlington. A train, consisting of upwards of eighty chaldron wagons, was on its way to the Middlesborough district, and when near Fighting Cocks the wheel of the first wagon broke, causing the ether wagons to leap upon one another and rush down an embankment of considerable height with terrible impetus. The adjoining fields for a great distance around were instantly strewn with coal, coke, broken wheels, and the shattered wagons, upwards of seventy of which are now utterly useless. Both lines were blocked up for more than two hours. The telegraph was also broken. The passengers in the train which was due at the place of the accident about four or five minutes after it occurred, instead of arriving at Darlington at 12.35 (the appointed time), did not get there till 2.30, they having to change into a special sent from Dar- lington. A strong force of workmen were soon on spot clearing away the wreck, and the traffic is now being worked on the up-line of rails for about two miles-a not easy matter, the traffic being so immense. An estimate of the delay to the regular working of the trains may be formed when we state that not long after the accident happened nearly twenty trains were standing on the down line, and a la,rge number on the up. The loss in time will be It large item. Blackfriars Railway Bridge.-On Thursday some of the directors of the London, Chatham, and Dover Railway, consisting of Lord Harris, deputy chairman, Sir Cusack Boney, and Mr. Cobb, accom- panied by Mr. Forbes, general manager, Messrs. Cubitt and Turner, the engineers of the company, Sir Morton Peto, and Messrs. Betts and Crampton, the contractors for the works, and other gentlemen, crossed over the Blaekfiiars Bridge of the company, for the first time, in a train from the Blackfriars Station to the intended new Ludgate Station. The bridge and the engine were gaily decorated with flags, and the 111 ma-oris workmen engaged in the operations of the con pany cheered the train lustily during its .progress. The bridge consists of four lines of railway, but it was tfoon those on the western side that the train ran upon this occasion. These are finished. The others are laid, though the filling in is not quite so far advanced. Messrs. Kennard Brothers, of Crumlin Iron Works, near Newport, Monmouthshire, were the contractors; and Mr. Friend French, the practical engineer. The bridge is 939 feet long, 56 feet wide, and the lattice girders at the sides and along the centre are 15 feet high. The total weight of the iron in this portion of the bridge alone is 3,000 tons, and the exact number of rivets fixed in it is 603,682. Three hundred men and boys have been constantly employed on it from the 29th of January last to the 1st of September-a few days before the time allowed by the contract. A new feature on this bridge when altogether finished will fee that along the tops of the cross elliptical braces on both sides of the railway 20 lines of telegraphic wire on each -side will be fixed, making 40 in the width of the 56 feet, thus making a kind of curve overhead. It is expected that the Lud- gate Station of the London, Chatham, and Dover Com- pany will be,opened for traffic to the public the latter end of next month. Child-Stealing in France.—A. blind gipsy and his wife were arrested a few days since at Moyvilliers (Oise) on a charge of child-stealing. When they pre- sented their papers to the mayor of the town he per- ceived that only two children were mentioned, whereas it was found that they had three with them. The mayor communicated the fact to the gendarmery, who interrogated the old gipsies and the children. One of the latter, a girl seven years of age, said that her name was Sidonie Debert, and that the gipsies had picked her up in one of the streets of Lisle and brought her away in their cart. The gipsies were in consequence lodged in prison at Compiegne, and measures have been taken to restore the child to her parents. Garotte Kobbery.—At the Manchester Police- court Martin'; Fleming, a returned convict, was charged with garotting Robert Royal, of the Welcome Inn," at the corner of the street, near St. Peter's Church, and stealing his watch and guard, worth £ 3 10s. The complainant stated that he was walking quietly along the street at half-past one o'clock a.m. on September 30, when the prisoner, who was in company with a woman, struck him, caught him round the neck, and robbed him of his watch and guard. The prisoner and the woman then made off. At a quarter to two o'clock the same morning the prosecutor gave infor- mation to Police-constable Taylor, in whose company he was about three o'clock, when he apprehended the prisoner in Peter-street, within 200 yards of the place where the robbery had been committed. A woman named Jane Wilson, alias Beesy, was with the priso- ner, and endeavoured to rescue him, and for that offence she had been committed for a month. The watch had not been recovered. The prisoner was committed for trial at the assizes. The Monkey Nuisance. — Bartini Pietro was charged at the Marylebone Police-court with begging in the streets. It was stated that a great nuisance was caused by Italian boys, who allowed their monkeys to jump upon ladies and frighten them very much. Numerous complaints had been made upon the subject. The boys at the same time begged for money, and used their monkeys as means for com- pelling contributions.—Mr. Mansfield said the evi- dence was not clear upon the question of begging, and he could not therefore punish the prisoner, but the bettor way would be for any person annoyed in this manner to make a charge of assault, and then the owner of the monkey could be punished. Destruction of a Pox Cover by Fire.—The inhabitants of Clondalkin and the surrounding neigh- bourhood were alarmed by the appearance of an exten- sive fire in the vicinity of Belgard demesne, the resi- dence,of Dr. Kennedy, J.P., last week. It .proved to be the expensive fox cover, the property of the above- named gentleman, occasionally resorted to by the Kildaro Hunting .Club as their rendezvous. In one hour and a half the whole was consumed. It is thought that the fire was the work of an incendiary, though from what motive it is difficult to imagine, as the proprietor is one of the most popular gentlemen in the locality. A Blue Eyed, Flaxen Haired Orphan Wanted-At a recent' weekly meeting of the St. Luke's board of guardians, a letter was read from a gentleman in the neighbourhood of the City-road, setting forth that he had been requested, on behalf of a lady of property, to ask if the board had a com- plete orphan," with blue eyes and flaxen hair, not more than two years of age, and of gentle manners, to be given up to be adopted-the lady agreeing to take such a child, educate her as a lady should be edtlcD,ted. and finally to will over .£300 per annum. The letter was referred to the house and visiting committee, to see if there might be a "blue-eyed, flaxen-haired, complete orphan in the union. Escape of a Prisoner from Grantham Gaol —A prisoner in Grantham Gaol contrived to get into the governor's house, whence he borrowed a great eoaA and coolly walked out of the prison door in Guildhall-street. Within five minutes he was missed by the warder, and immediately the officers were sent in'all directions in pursuit of him, and succeeded in securing him. The prisoner's name is Jesse Dale; he was convicted last' April sessions for picking the pdcket of a woman from Gonerby in Grantham market, and sentenced to 18 months' imprisonment, .six of which he had served. The next day he was taken before the magistrates, charged with stealing the .coat of Mr. Mawyer (the governor), and committed for trial at the next sessions. Death of Mr. William TyIer.—With sincere regret we CEra) announce the death of Mr. William ■Tyler, for many years proprietor of the vast establish- ment known as the Royal Surrey Zoological Gardens, .and who has just died, after a short illness, at his residence, Cringleford, near Norwich. Mr. Tyler be- came proprietor of the gardens in 1844, having pre- viously been secretary to Mr. Cross, the original founder of them, and he continued the proprietorship till 1858, when the property was vested in a limited Liability company. The Grand Music-hall was after- wards used as a chapel by Mr. Spurgeon, and is now doing duty as the temporary site of .Si Thomas's Hospital. a. Muller's Trial, and his Counsel. There is every probability that Muller will take his trial at the October sessions of the Central Criminal Court, to open on the 24th inst., as in a reply to a communica- tion from the Solicitor to the Treasury the solicitor for the prisoner has stated that he will be quite ready for his defence by that time. The prosecution will be conducted by the Solicitor-General, Mr. Giffard, and Mr. Beasley on behalf of the Crown. Sergeant Parry is specially retained, with Mr. Metcalfe and Mr. Besley, for the defence. Muller being entitled to be tried by a jury of half Englishmen and half foreigners will, it is understood, avail himself of the privilege. It is currently rumoured that such a constitution, of the jury is one of the grounds upon which he places his reliance for acquittal. Ferocious Assault with a Scythe—At the Liverpool Police-court an Irish harvest-man, named Felix O'Hara, was charged with a murderous assault on Patrick Fleming. It appeared that the prisoner and the prosecutor were drinking together in a public- house, when a dispute arose between them as to who should pay for the ale they had had. Fleming refused to pay, and O'Hara first struck him with his fist, and then followed him into the yard with the scythe, threatening to cut him in two unless he consented to pay for the ale. Then he took a swinging aim at Fleming with the scythe, and inflicted a most serious and dangerous wound in the thigh. Fleming was at once taken to the hospital, where he still remains. The prisoner was remanded. Business at the Bank.—The amount of stock transferred at the Bank of England in a year' is larger than many may suppose. A return just issued shows that in 1860 it reached ^8196,282,526; in 1861, £ 268,900,776; in 1862, ^228,453,050, yet the number of holders of stock varies but slightly; in 1861 it was 261,367; in 1862, 264,696; in 1863, 264,011. The num- ber of persons entitled to large dividends has increased. In 1861 there were 529 persons entitled to dividends of .£2,000 a year and upwards, in 1862 they were 569, and 1863, 585. At the humbler end of the list are 92,190 persons whose year's dividends did not exceed £ 10 in 1861, 92,262 in 1862, but only 91,870 in 1863. Kindness of the Earl of Cork to his Tenants.—In consequence of the wetness of the seasons of 1862 and 1863, some of his lordship's tenants suffered severely in their crops, entailing as a consequence nearly the total ruin of many of them. These facts having been represented to his lordship, he has allowed, through his agent, 25 per cent, off their rents to the tenants who have held under a lease recently made to them, and 20 per cent. of those who have held under an old lease of three lives. To many of his tenants he ha& given slate and timber to build substantial dwellings and out-offices; to others who had the misfortune of losing their cattle by the dis- temper he has given ample compensation. A Girl Dashed to Pieces. An inquest was recently held at Donington, before Mr. J. Bidlake, on the body of a young woman, named Jackson, twenty years of age. Deceased's father is charter- master of a pit at Lodge Bank, and on Thursday had occasion to descend the pit in company with another man, leaving his daughter standing on the bank. The men had arrived at the bottom of the shaft in safety, and were turning to enter the workings, when they were alarmed by hearing the sound of a body falling behind them. On looking round Jackson was horror- struck at discovering the mangled body of his daughter lying on the ground. Had the unfortunate girl fallen a minute earlier, both men must have been killed. It appears that she was leaning against a chain which fences the top of the shaft, and, this giving way, she was precipitated to the bottom, a dis- tance of 190 yards. The body was literally dashed to pieces. The jury returned a verdict of Accidental Death." Stripping Children of their Clothing.- Harriet Wortley, a young woman, an inmate of the Greenwich Union, was brought up at the Greenwich Police-court on a remanded charge of stealing articles of wearing apparel from children in Greenwich-park. It appeared, from the evidence of the mothers of four children (the eldest about -eight years) that, in the month of August last, they were sent into Greenwich- park to play, and that, under pretence of buying them something, the prisoner had taken them to a secluded spot, and there stole from them different articles of clothing. Information was given to the police, but! nothing was seen of the prisoner, who, it appears, had been into the hop districts, until a few days ago, when one of the children who had been robbed accidentally met her and identified her, although dressed in the Union clothing, which she did not wear at the time of "he robberies. The prisoner was also identified as a frequenter of the park by a woman selling fruit, and who also deposed to seeing her at different times with children in her company. The prisoner, in answer to the charge, pleaded guilty, and she was sentenced to two months' imprisonment with hard labour. A Fast Cab-horse.—John Harper, a. cab driver, appeared at the Thames Police-court to answer a charge of furious and reckless driving. It appeared from the evidence of a police-constable that the prisoner was driving his eab in a dangerous manner, and whipping his horse. Much alarm was caused by his imprudent conduct. The horse and cab were pro- ceeding at the rate of 16 miles an hour. The defend- ant What! 16 miles an hour? My horse won't go eight miles an hour. Police-constable No. 121 K was called to confirm the last witness, and he said the defendant's horse travelled at the rate of 60 miles an hour. Mr. Selfe: Nonsense. Sixty miles an hour, that is a mile a minute. Policeman: Sixty miles an hour was the pace; not less. Inspector Griffin: The constable is under some misapprehension. He don't mean it. The Police-constable.: Yes I do. Inspector Griffin: You don't mean 60 miles an hour? The Folioe.constable: Yes, I do. Sixty miles an hour; not less. Inspector Griffin: Well, if you insist on it, I have nothing to say. The defendant: Now, what am I to say to that officer ? Sixty miles an hour ? Is there any horse can do it? Mr. Selfe: Not any cab horse could travel at that speed. The Defendant: The fact is, the policemen were asleep, and the hallooing of the men in the cab wake them up, and I pulled up at the Bedford Arms, Bedford-square, Stepney, and the policemen rubbed their eyes and had a look at me. Mr. Selfe said there was a slight dis- crepancy in the evidence of the two police-constables, but he believed there was furious driving. The de- fendant might have called the men in the cab if he was not guilty of the offence imputed to him. He fined the defendant 5s., and 2s. costs. Daring Robbery by Boya. — Richard New- berry, 1.6, William Smith, 15, and William West,' 13, were charged at the London Guildhall with robbing & boy named George Dickenson, of four gold chains, value £ 21, the property of Mr. Chapman, his master. Dickinson said that he was carrying the chains in a paper parcel in his pocket, and while passing along Farringdon-street, he was struck by three boys who came out upon him. He put his arm up to protect himself, and he was then surrounded by a crowd of boys, and the parcel stolen from him, not by the prisoners, but they were among the crowd, and he saw the parcel passed from one to the ether of them. When he got up and attempted to pursue the thieves he was again knocked down with a shovel.—Mr. Alderman Ohallis said a number of blackguard boys and juvenile "thieves congregated in the place called the Ruins," in Farringdon-street, and sallied forth to commit depredations on the public, and he should, therefore, remand the case, in order that the other .parties might be apprehended. Charge against an Ofticer. Among the charges at the Surrey Sessions was one against John McDonald (an assumed name), stated to be an officer in her Majesty's service, for stealing a leather bag and its contents, the property of Paul Hodge, at the South Eastern Railway terminus, London-bridge. The grand jury came into court stating that they were precluded from finding a bill, or going into the merits of the case, owing to the absence of the prosecutor and a cabman, who were bound over. Their testimony was of the utmost importance, and they (the grand jury) trusted that those witnesses' recognisances would be estreated. The crier of the court, at the desire of the deputy chairman, called the witnesses; and on their not answering, their recognisances were estreated shortly afterwards. The deputy chairman observed that the defendant was of course liberated, and the recognisances of the witnesses would be estreated. The defendant then quitted the court. The Circulation of Counterfeit Sovereigns. -Counterfeit sovereigns continue to come into the Bank from various quarters, leading to the impression that the spurious coinage has been conducted, con- trary to previous belief, on a rather considerable scale. Country bankers have been lately overhauling their specie deposits to discover what amount, if any, has reached their hands. The Bank of England authori- ties invited the Master of the Mint to take action in the matter; but the suggestion has been declined, and the whole matter referred to the Lords of the Treasury. Although the counterfeit sovereign has only now come to light, there exists no data for ascer- taining the period during which it may have been in circulation, possibly circulating in the colonies, where light coins abound. It has even been suggested that the same system may have been carried on with gold coins more exactly representing the sovereign, and consequently cast from more perfect dies. On this account the Bank is causing sovereigns on hand to be tested by the "ring"—a by no means infallible test even as respects the present light sovereigns, which greatly differ as to sound. The matter is certainly one of general concern; and we must confess we are far from sharing in the regret expressed by certain official parties that the fact of these counterfeit sovereigns being brought to the Bank should have obtained publicity through a communication from a Bank officer, for we think that the authors and abettors of the fraud will thus be more promptly detected than by any other course. It is somewhat singular that only at the Bank should the fraud have been made apparent. Indeed, it is so long since a similar fraud is known to have been carried out that all suspicion, where the coin proved to be gold, was lulled. The variety of quarters from which the light sovereigns are brought are calculated to baffle attempts to discover the counterfeiters. — Honey Market Review. The Post Office.-The following facts concerning the wonderful postal organisation of this country are deduced from an official return just issued:—On the 1st of January, 1863, there were in the United King- dom 11,316 post-offices, which was a decrease in number from those in operation during the two years preceding. During the year previous to that date there were delivered 605,471,000 letters, which, although the number of offices had been lessened, was a steady increase; this would give about 21 letters to each person; and the whole weighed 5,450 tons. At the same time there were delivered 45,047,000 newspapers, weighing .3,110 tons, and 41,814,000 book-packets, weighing 3,295 tons. In all these there were delivered by the postmen 11,855 tons of literature. The pro- portion gives 24 letters for each person in England and Wales, in Scotland 19, and in Ireland only 9. In England and Wales the weight of letters was about twice that of the newspapers circulating; but in Scotland the weight of these was nearly equal, while in Ireland the weight of the newspapers conveyed ex- ceeded by 143 tons that of the letters. The amount of postage collected for the whole kingdom was < £ 3,428,581,- Committal of a Boy for Manslaughter.— John Mordaunt, 16, was placed at the bar before a full bench of magistrates, at the Sessions House, Ilford, Mr. H. Ford Barclay presiding, charged with the manslaughter of Henry Brenkley Jameson, a boy thirteen years of age. Mr. Boydel, solicitor, prose- thirteen years of age. Mr. Boydel, solicitor, prose- cuted; and Mr. Maynard defended the prisoner. The prisoner and the deceased were both sons of clerks living in Dalston. The hearing of the case occupied several hours. It was affirmed by several witnesses that the accused and another boy named Meadows, were out shooting in Epping Forest on the 7th ult., and that they met deceased and some comrades, whom they threatened to shoot. The deceased remonstrated, upon which the accused said, "I will shoot you," and levelled his gun at the deceased and shot him in the head. 4The deceased's companions said that Mordaunt deliberately shot the deceased under the influence of anger at the remonstrance. Mordaunt, however, pro- tested that he had no intention of shooting the de- ceased, but that he levelled his piece in a "lark," to frighten him, and that the gun went off, he did not know how. The prisoner was committed for trial by the bench, but bail was accepted—himself in .£100, and two sureties in X50 each. Desperate Encounter with a Poacher.— Constable Shaw, of the Berwickshire police, stationed at Earlston, having found a travelling tinsmith on the public road near Park carrying a gun and some newly- killed rabbits, and suspecting nun, of poaching, seized both gun and rabbits, in terms; of the Poaching Pre- vention Act, and conveyed them to the police-station. At a late hour at night, while Shaw was sitting in his own house, the tinsmith rushed in and seized the gun, with the view of making off with it. The policeman laid hold of him, and booh closed, when a fierce struggle ensued. The man, who was armed with a butcher's knife, which was subsequently found to have been recently sharpened, made repeated stabs at the policeman, cutting him in the back and shoulder. The policeman managed to get hold of the knife, and wrenched it out of the man's grasp; but in doing so he inflicted some severe wounds on his own hand. The only other person present was the constable's wife, who ran for assistance, and on getting it this desperate fellow was locked up. He was next day conveyed to Dunse and committed to gaol. After being secured, he repeatedly expressed his determina- tion to kill the constable, saying he had walked five miles for it that night, but would yet have an oppor- tunity of doing so, and would then kill himself. He is about forty years of age, and gave the name of William Fraser, a smith. Fortunately, the injury done to the policeman is not serious. Assumed Misconduct in a Railway Car- riage.-William Bangor Balster, of 9, Mornington Villas, Wanatead, Essex, was summoned before the Worship-street Police-court on a charge of misconduct in one of the carriages on the Great Eastern Railway. Mrs. Charlotte Puffett, a middle-aged woman, said she was travelling in a third-class carriage on the above railway on the 28th ult. The defendant sat opposite her, and there were six other persons in the same com- partment. It was rather dark, and there was no lamp in the carriage. The defendant addressed her, and then placed his hand upon her bosom and upon her knee; she pushed him away indignantly, but he soon afterwards repeated the -same conduct, and endea- voured to pull up her clothes. She said she would give him in charge, and he answered that he would give her three months' imprisonment. He got out at Stratford, when she made a complaint to the porters of his misconduct, and his name and address were taken before he was allowed to go away.-Clara Brazin a servant, who was sitting next the complainant, con- firmed the statement of Mrs. Puffett. Witness did interfere, nor did any one else.—For the defence, three gentlemen were called, who spoke to the high moral character of the defendant.—Mr. Bennett pleaded for the defendant that there was no ground whatever for the charge.—Mr. Elliott said it was a very peculiar ease, and he thought the defendant ought-to have an opportunity of a hearing before a jury.—Mr. Ashley, solicitor for the railway company, then asked that the case might stand over to take the opinion of the directors of the railway, to which the magistrate consented. Death of an Ecclesiastical Celebrity.- I Intelligence has been received of the death of the Hon. and Rev. George Spencer, Father Ignatius of the Order of Passionists. The deceased, who was the youngest son of the second Earl Spencer, and brother of the third earl, who was better known by his courtesy title,of Viscount Althorp, was born in 1799, and was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cam- bridge, where he graduated in 1820. In 1823, having entered priests' orders, he was presented by Earl Spencer to the family living of Brington, near North- ampton, which he held until 1830, when he broke off all connection with the Established Church and joined the communion of the Church of Rome. He studied for some time at Rome, and then became a priest of that Church, eventually joining the Order of Passionists, of which, up to the time of his death, he was a devoted member. The hon. and rev. gentleman occasionally presented a curious appearance in the streets of Lon- don in his middle-age costume, his naked legs, and his feet strapped up with wooden sandals. Our readers must not confound him with "Brother Ignatius" of Norwich celebrity. A Royal Present to the Mayor of Doncaster. —Mr. Henry Moore, the Mayor of Doncaster, has received a very handsome and valuable present from his Royal Highness Prince Humbert of Italy, as an acknowledgment of the courteous attention shown to himself and retinue by his worship, during their recent visit to Doncaster races. The present consists of a large and very-beautiful scarf-pin, from one of the chief jewellers of Turin. It consists ..of an oval centre in deep blue enamel, upon which is worked out in figured gold the monogram or cipher of the Prince, which is surmounted by a crown, also in gold. Start- ing away from the centre-piece, at slight intervals all round, are eight stars of most brilliant diamonds, the top one of all being much larger than the rest and of surpassing beauty. The whole is enclosed in a large case of crimson velvet, inscribed in gold with a crown and the letter H. The Weather on the Continent.-The foreign journals announce that a great change has suddenly taken place in the temperature. At early morning ice has been seen on the ponds in the neighbourhood of Paris, and also in places lying far more to the southward. It is also stated that, although according to military regulations the sentinels in Paris do not make use of their great coats until the 16th, the day on which fires commence in the guard-houses, the Emperor, in consequence of the premature cold, has given orders that warm clothing shall at once be adopted. At Brussels there has also been a great change. For the past fortnight the weather has been more like that usually experienced in July, but now it freezes every night, and the out-door promenaclers have taken to their over-coats, while fires have been generally lit within doors. Earl Granville at the Turin Riots.-A corre- spondent, describing the riots in the great square of San Carlo, says" Some of the dead bodies had been left on the ground, when Earl Granville, who had not yet started for Bologna, being under the portico, hastened with others into the square. Seeing that the sight of those dead bodies was exciting the exas- peration of the bystanders, his lordship, with the pluck of a true Briton, walked straight 1 o the carabi- neers, and, asking for the officer in command, advised him to have the bodies removed, and he succeeded in his charitable and generous endeavour, though not without personal danger. The exasperated multitude, seeing him return under the portico, thought him an agent of Signor Spaventa's police, and began to menace him in an alarming manner. He did not, how- ever, lose his sang froid, and, having explained the object of his walk towards the carabineers' line, he was able to return unmolested to his hotel."
Address to the United States People. Sir Henry de Hoghton, Bart., has forwarded to the Governor of the State of New York the following letter, accompanied with an address from the people of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to the people of the United States of America. It is stated that the signatures to the address were obtained within three weeks, and embrace every class of the community, and that the clergy of all denominations have supported it; especially the Catholic priesthood of Ireland, from which country more than 130,000 signa- tures have been obtained." The total signatures are stated to comprise about 350,000 names, extending over 700 yards of canvas in four parallel columns, which if taken consecutively, would stretch beyond a mile and a half m length. The letter is as follows 16, Cockspur-street, London, Sept. 28. Sir,-I have been deputed to forward to your excellency an address from the people of Great Britain ■ and Ireland to the people of the United States of America, a copy of which I have the honour to enclose. As the first to have signed the address, in the fervent hope that it might tend to promote peace in America, I accepted the office, and trust that you, sir, will take charge of it as a missive from one great nation to another, based upon the principles of Christianity and of goodwill towards our fellow- men. Three hundred thousand names were appended to this address within the short space of three weeks from its first appearance, and, with sufficient time, I verily believe we might have obtained those of nine-tenths of our country. They comprise men of all ranks, classes, religions, and politics, and emanate from every part of the United King- dom of Great Britain and Ireland. It is our earnest desire that your excellency would place our address before the people of the United States of America in such a way as you may deem expedient, with a view to secure the object of our appeal. The address will be conveyed to your excellency by the next mail, leaving Liverpool on the 1st of October, in the personal charge of Mr. JOseph Parker, of Manchester, whom I beg to recommend to your excelleney's protection.—I have the honour to be, sir, your most obedient servant, HENRY DE HOGHTOK-, Baronet. To his Excellency Horatio Seymour, Governor of the State of New York, &c. &c. &c. United States of America.
3 £ oney Market CITY, OCT. 12.-The discount market is quieter, th amount of bills which have matured to-day being limited- The lowest rate, however, is still 9 per cent. In the Stock Exchange short loans on English Government securities are obtainable at the reduced rate of 6 per cent.-Consols are now quoted 88 to i for money, and 8Si to f for the account (Nov. 10). The official business report is as fol- lows:—Three per Cent. Consols, for money, 88, 87-J, 88J, i ditto, for account, 88|, t; Three per Cents. Reduced, 86t, 86; New Three per Cents., 86h 86, t; Bank Stock, 237, 235; India Five per Cent. Stock, 104, 103f ditto, Four per Cent. Debentures, 1866, 974 ditto, Bonds, 12s dis.; Exche- quer Bills, Blarch, 10s, 5s dis.: ditto, June, 15s .dis.—The railway market is firmer to-day, and most of the principa I lines have advanced. Great Eastern stock is in especial request, and has risen t per cent. Caledonian and Gre?.~ Northern have also improved -1, Great Western, t, and Mid- land and Metropolitan, t. London and North Western stoc r. is now quoted 110 to t; Great Wester i 69t to i; Midland, 129 to t; Lancashire and Yorkshire, 113 to Caledonian, 122 to 123 South Eastern, 81 to Great Eastern, 44t to f Great Northern, 127 to 128; London and Southwestern, £ 4 to 96; and Metropolitan, 106t to 107.
The Corn Tr^ds E, OCT. 10.—Prices ruled steady for English Wheat at this day's market; there not being a large supply and a good demand prevailing, nearly all was disposed of at rates ruling for new white at 39s to 44s, and red at 35s to 38s per qr., quality and condition was again excellent. There was no apparent change in the value of foreign, but ma,nyparcelsol offer, and purchases made with caution, at 36s to 45s; hic a mixed, 45s to 47s. American met a fair sale; and white, at 41s to 44s.-About the usual business was transacted in Flour, and prices ranged for town-made as to quality, at 33s to 40s country, 26s to 30s; Spanish, 34s to 35s per sack; American, sour, 20s to 21s; and fresh, 22s to 218 per bar. Wheat is much cheaper in comparison, with Flour.—Demand good for Barley for malting pur- poses, and rates full up, ranging at 29s to 35s; but distilling- and grinding met a slow sale at the moderate terms of 2,,1 to 28s per quarter.—The terms obtained for Malt were 60s to GGs for pale and brown, 50s to 52s, with only a moderate business.—Oats ruled at firm prices, supply being less plentiful, with a large business: English and Irish feed and black brought 17s to 20s; potato, 20s to 24s; Scotch, 19s to 25s; and foreign, 17s to 24s.—Beans not much wanted, and rates weak: pigeon selling at 38s to 44s, tick and Maza- gan, 34s to 42s.—Peas firmly held, although only in mode- rate demand: white and maple at 37s to 41s; blue, 40s to 50s; and grey, 36s to 38s.-1Ylore Maize on offer than re- quired, and 27s to 28s the terms accepted.—Dulness in the Linseed market, and prices still on the decline East India selling at 58s to 64s, and Black Sea at 60s to 60s 6d. Several transactions in Rapeseed, and 57s to 65s the value of East India. A fair business in Linseed cakes town-made bring £ 10 10s. to zell per ton; American, £10 15s to £11; and in bags, £915s to £101021 per ton. Prices for English Eape- seed cakes are C5 5s to £5 10s; and foreign, £6 ,to £ 3 5s. LIVERPOOL, OCT. 11.—Fair attendance. Wheat slow sale; prices slightly in favour of buyers. Flour steady, at late rates. Indian corn mixed, from scarcity, brings full prices. Btsans nominal. Oats and oatmeal dull. .0' Aru: COTTON, LIVERPOOL, OCT. 12.—Cotton dull and irregular. Sales about 4,000 bales. TALLOW, OCT. 12.—The market is quiet. Prices are quoted as follows:—Town tallow, 42s; Petersburg Y.C. on the spot, 41s 9d; October to December, 41s 6d to 41s 3d; December, 42s 6d; January to March, 43s; March, 43s 6d. HOPS, OCTOBER 12.—Messrs. Pattenden and Smith report the market firm, with a steady demand for all good and sound,samples of the new growth, at fully late prices. HAY, SMITHFIELD, OCT. n.-Messrs. Harvey and Easton report trade firm at the following prices-Prime meadow hay, 80s-to 110s; clover, old, 100s to 130s; ditto, new, second cut, 90s to 110s; straw, 27s to 32s. FRUIT AND VEGETABLES, COVENT-SARDEN.—Sup plies of most things continue abundant, especially those of grapes and melons. Apples, and plums are also abundant, and there is a fair supply of Louise Bonne of Jersey, Marie Louise, and hansel's Bergamot pears. Kent filberts and cobs fetch from 70s to 80s per lOOlbs. New walnuts are very plentiful, and oranges begin to make their appearance, For Potatoes a heavy sale. Flowers consist of orchids, heaths, asters, mignonette, aud roses. Pine apples per lb, 6s to 8s; Grapes, per Ib, Is to 3s; Peaches, per aoz., 4s to 8s; Nectarines, ditto, 2s to 6s; Melons, each, Is to 4s; Figs, per doz., Is Od to 2s 6 J; Plums per ii sieve, 2s to 4s; Pears, per doz., Is 6d to 3s Oranges, pr. 100,16s to 20s; Lemons, pr 100, 10s to 14a: Nuts, Barcelona., do. 16s; Neir Brazil, do. 16s; Almonds, do., 18s to 20s: Adples per sieve, Is Od to 2s; Cabbages, per doz., Is to 2s; French beans, per half-sieve, 4s; Peas, per basket, 2s 6d to 3s 6d; Potatoes, York Regents, per ton, 60s to 80s; Rocks, do., 45s to 55s: Flukes, 60s to 90s; Ca.rrots, per bunch, Od to Sd; Turnips, per bunch, 6d to 8d; Cucumbers, each, 4d to Is; Beet, per doz., Is 6d to 2s; Shalots, per lb., 6d; Garlic, per lb., 6d; Lettuces, each, Id to 2d; Endive, per score, Is to 2s j Horseradish, per bunch, Is to 4s; Mushrooms, per pott. Is to Is 9d; Parsley, per 12 bunches, 3s to 4s Herbs, psx bunch,6d.
Cattle Market. METROPOLITAN MARKET, OCTOBER 10.—The supply of beasts is rather larger than on Monday last. There is a fair demand for best qualities, but prices are ratherlower. Several inferior remain vhsold. Sheep are more plentiful, and trade very dull for them. Lower prices are taken, and a large number remain nnsold. Good calves are in demand at full prices. From Germany and Holland there are 2,780 beasts, 7,130 sheep, 150 calves, and 30 pigs; Spain, 107 beasts; Ireland, 640; and 3,150 from the northern and midland counties. Per stone of 81bs. s. d. s. d. Per stone of 81bs. s. d. s. d. Best Scots, Hfds. 5 2 5 10 Best Long-wools 4 10 5 2 Best Short-horns 4 10 5 0 Do. do. shorn 0 0 0 0 2nd. qual. beasts 3 4 4 4 Ewes & 2d. qua!. 4 4 4 8 Calves. 3 8 5 2 Do. do. shorn. 0 0 0 0 Pigs. 3 4 5 0 Lambs 0 0 0 0 BestDns&i-bdss. 5 2 5 4 Beasts at market, 6,950; Sheep and Lambs, 29,060 CaJr-f 162; Pigs, 390. -it. .A Poisoning by Tobacco.—A very curious case of poisoning by the absorption of tobacco through the skin was mentioned, at a recent meeting of the Aea- demie des Sciences, by M. CI. Bernard, who received the information from a M. Namias. A smuggler had placed a quantity of unmanufactured tobacco next his skin, and the heat and perspiration produced by walk- ing caused the poisonous properties of the tobacco to enter the system, the consequences of which were very serious.-Once a Week. Testimonial to Dr. Campbell.—The friends and admire.s of the Rev. John Campbell, D.D., for many years editor of the British Standard, have long determined to present him with a testimonial of their regard, and thought it a fitting occasion to do so on the rev. gentleman entering his 70th year, which occurred on the 5th of October, 1864. To his are the public indebted, in a great 'measure, for the virtual overthrow of the Bible-printing monopoly +11, free publication of this holy book which hassiucefnl- lowed has been of inestimable advantage to the wo-H- at largo. As an author and journalist, as well as s. mi ras- ter of Christ. Dr. Campbell has always acted a conscien- tious and praiseworthy part; and Christians of all de- nominations have united in a demonstration of public esteem to a man who has so faithfully served his gene- ration. Amongst those who have signined .HMr approval of the proposed testimonial we notice the names of the Right Hon. the Earl of Shaftesbury, tlie Hon. Arthur Kinnaird, M.P., Sir Morton Peto, M.P., George Hadfleid, Esq., M.P., Edward Baines, Esq.. M.P., Thomas Barnes, Esq., 31.P., Charles Gilpin, Esq., M.P., &c. &e. The sum already subscribed, we are informed, amounts to £ 3,000, and it is con- fidently hoped that in a few weeks before the close of the subscription lists this amount will be raised to = £ 5,000, a sum sufficient to relieve the closing years of Dr. Campbell's life from anxiety and toil. Subscrip- tions are received by the Rev. Robert Ferguson, LL.D., 3. Serjeant's Inn, Fleet-street. The Joys and Sorrows of a Schoolmaster.- This is the title of a new work said to be written by one of themselves." In these sensational" days it is quite refreshing to take up a book like this, fall of thought and interest, picturing every-day life in a man- ner peculiarly pleasant and agreeable; at the same time depicting the toils and difficulties of a poor school- master's life, and all without one touch of immorality or one stain of vice. It is evidently a German trans- lation the characters are all German, and the scenes are German, but the language is thoroughly English. It narrates the struggles of Peter Kaiser, the son of a. weaver and small farmer, who shows ability at school, and is ill treated at horns; the latter of which he leaves, and becomes an assistant schoolmaster, marries a good wife, has several children, all of whom he manages for a length of time to support on a miser- able pittance, which he gains partly as a schoolmaster, and partly as a weaver. At last, after many struggles to overcome difficulties, he is plunged into debt and dsspondenoy, and his friends persuade him to write this autobiography, when, to his extreme satisfaction, he is rewarded by the Sapreme Council of the Canton with a subsidy of sixty thalers a year. Kaiser's own cha- racter, withits vanity and weaknesses, is well drawn, and its amendment in the school of affliction is very effec- tively worked out. The gentle, tender wife is a beauti- ful creation, if creation it be; for the whole narrative reads like a true one. The parts which will astonish English readers are those which tell of the defective education given in the Swiss schools, the inferi '.r cha- racter of the teachers, and their miserable remunera- tion.
LAST OF THE SUPPOSED WOLD INCENDIARIES. Benjamin Wilson, alias Big Ben, a desperate poaching character, and one of the men bound over to appear when called upon, on suspicion of being one of the perpetrators of the great Wold fires of last winter, was brought up'at Norton, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, on remand, charged with trespassing in pursuit of game during the night of the 16th of September, 1859, on lands of Lord Middleton, at North Grimston. Palmer, the game watcher, had at that time newly come into his lordship's service, and he with two others were watching, when a well-known dog, which belonged to the prisoner, came up. Judg- ing th,t Wilson was not far off, the three watched, and in ten minutes Wilson and two other poachers, carrying a net, came up. On Wilson ordering one of his companions to "ram a charge irato that gun, and be quick," the watcher's two companions made off, being afraid of Wilson's desperation. Palmer, how- ever, went up to the three, and one of them closed with him and threw him down, a struggle ensuing on the ground. During this Wilson beat the watcher with a stick on the head, and left him laid insensible. Wilson was known, the others were not. Wilson absconded, and had never been seen till last Saturday. It seems that he had been apprehended in Hull by Mr. Superintendent Young, of Driffield, for the Wold fire business, and had been handed over to Mr. Super- intendent Harper, of Norton, on the poaching charge. The Bench said they never heard clearer evidence given, and should send the prisoner to gaol to hard labour for three months, and afterwards to be bound over to keep the peace for twelve months. Thus the whole of the Wold rangers are in the hands of justice.
The Address. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED KINSDOK OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND TO THE PEOPLE OF THE UKITED STATES OF AMERICA. We are of the same race, and many of you are our brothers. We, therefore, come to you as peacemakers, and address you in plain language as friends and fellow-men. We ask you, Has there not been enough of strife and bloodshed, of misery and suffering; and is it not time to cease the cruel war in which you are engaged ? There is not a Christian man or woman amongst us whose heart does not respond affirmatively to this question. We have admired your free BE institutions, and have gladly witnessed your rise as a people to eminence in wealth and political power. You promised to become one mighty nation, famed for the liberties of its citizens, the triumphs of peace, and the conquests of commerce. When this unfortunate war began, our hearts were more inclined towards you than towards your sister States, because we believed with you that the action of the South was but the work of a faction. When you asserted that secession was the work of dis- appointed ambition, and promised to quell it within sixty days, we accepted your assurances in good faith, looking for the speedy restoration of peace, for we did not wish to see the American Union broken up. But so far from this promise being fulfilled (and your ef- forts to accomplish it have been unprecedented in the annals of history), peace and the restolation of the Union are ap- parently as distant as ever. The events of the struggle have convinced us that a more united people never rose up in defence of their rights than those of the Southern States. Surely there must be many now among you who share with us the conviction that it has become utterly impossible to subdue the South, or to re- store the American Union, as it existed in the past days of the Republic. You have tried sufficiently, and found the gulf between you and the seceded: States to widen with each effort that is made to subdue them,. We believe that it is now time for you to pause, and, after calmly reviewing all that you have accomplished, the dis- tance which you have travelled from your well-known land- marks, and the difficulties and dangers that are certainly be- fore, to take counsel (together as to the best means of restor- ing peace. We cannot forget that the question of peace or war was never submitted for your consideration before hostilities had actually commenced; that they came upon you little by little; that both Government and people found them- selves plunged into this fearful contest almost unawares, and that you have never been permitted as yet an oppor- tunity of consulting together in general convention, for the purpose of making known your opinions and wishes about the war, or any of the vast issues growing out of it. We believe that the war has changed (for the present, at least) the character of your Government. It has swept away your freedom of speech, your free press, and the in- estimable right of habeas corpus. We believe that the Southern people are only following the precepts and example taught and practised by your fathers and theirs, when they withdrew their allegiance from the mother country, and that the Declaration of Inde- pendence, which you hallow and celebrate every fourth day of July, asserts, as self-evident, the right of the Southern people to set up a Government of their own. We believe that should you, at the end of another three and a half war, succeed in subduing the South and restoring the Union'by force of arms, you will find out, when it is too late, that those pillars upon which rest your re- publican form of Government have been violently torn down, and that your own liberties have been buried in the ruins. We ask you to compare the course pursued by the South no'w and the colonies in 1776, with that adopted by the North now and the mother country then, and we think you will-discover many striking resemblances. It ie in your hands to give peace to the American con- tinent. The Southern States have appealed to you for peace, and to be let alone. We appeal to you to recognise the duty which attaches to your high privilege, and to make peace with the Southern States; and we make this appeal in the name oi religion, humanity, civilisation, and common justice.