EPITOME OF NEWS. The Earl of Derby will be entertained by the Mayor of Liverpool at the Town-hall in that city on the 25 th last. Tom SCiner, the ex-Champion of the Prize-ring, has been fined C2 by the Beverley magistrates for ill-treat- ing a horse. The Act to amend the law relating to the duties on sugar, and the drawbacks thereon has now come into effect. The new duty on the importation of cane juice is now 8s. 2d. the cwt. Instead of a drawback on refined sugar of 12s. 10d. the cwt. allowed on exportation, the sum is now 12s. 4d. On Saturday morning a bricklayer, named Mason, employed at the mill of Messrs. Napier and Co., Preston, was engaged with other workmen in pulling down an old warehouse, when the foundation gave way, and one of the walls fell suddenly and buried him in the ruins. When got out shortly afterwards he was dead. An extensive bed of pure white marble, sus- ceptible of a lustrous polish, and said to be sufficient in quantity to supply the whole Mississippi valley, has been discovered in Sauk county, Wisconsin, United States. A congress, but such a one that will iiiot cause an alteration in the map of Europe, will shortly take place at Erfurt, the German gardeners being about to assemble under the patronage of St. Pomona. On Saturday a. blue book was published, from which it appears that the funds of savings banks and friendly societies amounts to £ 93,878,129. It is said that Hamburg sherry, which costs Sd. per bottle, is sold by hotel and refreshment keepers in London at 5s. per bottle. Mrs. Richard Burton sailed on Saturday, the 9th, in the mail steamer Oneida (Captain Woolcott), from Southampton, to join her husband, Captain Burton, the Eastern traveller, in the Brazils. Sir Morton Peto lately paid < £ 30,000 for some Jietroleum wells in America. It is said he would not now take £500,000 for them. It has been calculated that the number of separate estates in England at the present time is not more than one-third of the number existing a hundred years ago. We regret to have to report that a general lock-out of mill operatives is now prevailing in Chorley, re- sulting from a demand on the part of the operatives for an advance upon the present rate of wages paid to the strippers and grinders. At a meeting held on Friday at the Eagle Inn, the operatives resolved to ask for an advance of 3s. per week, or otherwise the rate of wages paid to the above class according to the standard list of Bolton. A meeting to denounce Sunday trains was held in Edinburgh last week, which was presided over by a baronet who regularly every Sunday drives into town from his seat, some five or six miles distant, in a carriage and pair, with coachman and footman, to attend church. The Dumfries, from Havre, the other day, brought to Southampton 1,115 baskets of grapes, which were immediately forwarded to London. Describing a. short visit to France, the Dean of Canterbury says-H At the little inn at Pontigny we had our first experience of the escargots,' or large yellow snails, which form a favourite article of diet through a consider- able part of France. We pronounced them not unpalatable, but certainly should not care to taste them again." A scene occurred, says the Alexandria Gazette (American paper), in a barber's shop at Washington, a day or two ago, between General Rosseau, member of Congress elect from Kentucky, and the barber, in which pistols were produced by both parties, but the interposition of others prevented their use. A letter from Tunis of the 7th ult., says:- cc Tne Bey is indefatigable in his duties. He judges causes every Saturday and Monday. On Saturday last he decided in three hours no less than 155 cases, which at one time it would have taken years to settle. What would West- minster say to that ?" A few nights back the bathing cabinet, re- cently constructed and furnished by the Empress Eugenie at Biarritz was completely devastated. Mirrors, hangings, furniture, everything was broken or torn. An investiga- tion has been set on foot to discover the malefactors. We have to record, says a local contemporary, the death, at West Horsley, near Guildford, of Mrs. Hannah Gander, who had attained the great age of ninety-six years, having been born in January, 1770-the year after those great militacryheroes, Wellington, Napeleon and Soult, first saw the light. She was much respected by a large circle of friends. The following order was issued from the Horse Guards on the 6th of August, 1860, and has recently been reprinted:—"By the regulation of the service a soldier is required to keep his cap on in the presence of a superior, but, as the contrary usage prevails in civil life, the General Commanding in Chief directs that, in a civil court, and be- fore a magistrate, a soldier not under arms shall remove his cap.—By command, JAMES YORKE SCAIILETT, Adjutant- General." A Dorchester butcher, named John Sansom, was, on Saturday evening, fined 25 by the local magistrates for having putrid pork in his possession. He had bought the carcase of a diseased pig from a local butcher for 10s., and was in the act of rendering it into lard—which accord- ing to the wife's statement, Smsom's mother sells in the villages around the town-when the police entered the premises. At that time the stench from the pot of putrid matter was sickening. Madame de Kossuth, wife of the ex-Dictator of Hungary, has just died at Turin. Her maiden name was Meszlenyi de Meszlon. Her body has been transported according to her desire, to Genoa, to be deposited in the cemetery of Engish Protestants at San-Bendigo, near the body of her only daughter, who died three years ago. Madame de Kossuth was in her fifty-fifth year. Mr. John King Watts, a solioitor, was com- mitted for trial on Thursday by the Huntingdon magis- trates on a charge of fraudulently inducing Mrs. Harris, a client of his, to execute a mortgage on one of her estates, with. intent to deal with the mortgage as a valuable se- curity. Bail to the amount of £1,200 was demanded, but was not given. The story that Captain Robert Lincoln, son of the late President Lincoln, had gone to Paris to study the law is quite untrue. He is not, has not been, and is not ex- pected to be in Paris. He is studying for the bar at Chi- cago. Has there been any spurious yaung Lincoln at wort ? We suspect so. The IndSpendant of Constantina (Algeria) gives a long list of the forests which have been ravaged by fires in that province, nearly all of them forming part of concessions made to the French. It is stated that a marriage is approaching which will cause great interest in the fashionable and political world. It is that of the Lord President of the Council, Earl Granville, to Miss Castalia Campbell, sister of Mr. Walter Campbell of Islay, of Lady Mackenzie of Gairoch, and of Mrs. Davenport-Bromley. Master Oliver John Garret, a youth aged fifteen, eldest son of the Rev. John Garrett, rector of Christ Church, Manchester, won the first prize in two swimming races at the annual regatta held at Rhyl. The races were for 50 yards and 300 yards respectively, and the youth had to compete with men who had won prizes for swimming on previous occasions. Mr. Glutton, who was chosen as arbitrator in the compensation to be paid by the Metropolitan Railway Com- pany for the chapel of the Rev. Mr. Binney, Fish-street-hill, has Ordered that the company shall pay as compensation: For the chapel and schools, £10,000; for the freehold site, £ 28,000; besides a life annuity of zC500 as compensation to Mr. Binney. The deliveries of tea in London during the past week^were 1,132,8971b., which is an increase of 1,6071b. compared with the previous statement. Dr. Lankester, the coroner for Central Middle- sex, recently held an inquest at the Royal Free Hospital, Gray's-inn-road, respecting the death of John Patrick Bour- hilly, who was knocked down and killed by a train whilst at work in the tunnel of the Metropolitan Railway. After evidence had been given, the coroner remarking that the accident was the first of the kind which had happened on the line, a verdict of Accidental Death was returned. The Ladies' Medical College open a second session of medical study at three o'clock on October 2, at the Hanover-square Rooms, with an address by Dr. Ed- munds. This colle? e has been commenced at Fitzroy- square by the Female Medical Society, in order to promote the proper education of superior women for midwifery, and it already numbers some twenty lady students. There are probably few who will not be ready to help this movement, and to wish it God speed. The number of visitors at the South Kensing- ton Museum during the past week was as follows :-On Monday, Tuesday, and. Saturday, free days, open from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m., 11,981; on Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, students' days, admission to the public, 6d., open from 10 a.m. till 6 p.m., 1.142-total, 13,123. From the opening of the museum, 5 534,190. At the Croydon Petty Sessions, a young man, named M'Intosh was tried for attempting to kiss a young lady named Sutton whilst passing under a tunnel on her way home in a South-Eastern Railway carriage. He was handed over to the police at the Croydon Station, and Miss Sutton was advised, as well as anxious for the protection of other ladies, to prosecute. The defendant through his so- licitor expressed great sorrow, and was fined in the amount of £5, and 13s. costs. The following is the latest bulletin of the cholera f m Marseilles:—On August 31st, 64 deaths; 35 from < ,iolera. On September 1, 44 deaths; 23 from cholera.. A conflagration which broke out at Quebec on the night of the 17th ult., and raged till the forenoon of the following day, destroyed almost the entire suburb of St. Eoch. Colonel Plunkett Burton, late of the Cold- stream Guards, died at his residence in Grosvenor-square on Sunday last, from rheumatism, which was first caused by Aposure while serving with his regiment in the Crimea. The deceased was the only son of Admiral Ryder Burton, K.H., and the Hon. Mrs. Burton, youngest daughter of the 13th Lord Dunsany. He leaves a widow and one child. I By an Act of the 27th George III., phea- sants are killed between the 10th of June andlst September, in Ireland; and, by a recent Act, they are not to be killed between the 1st February and the 1st of October. The suit of the Great Western Railroad of Canada against the Commercial Bank of Canada, involving £ 200,000, has been decided against the bank. An explosion @f fire-damp took place at Kirk- wood Colliery, near Coattridge, a few'days ago. There were thirteen men in the pit, one of whom was killed and several severely injured. The oxen that remain of those landed, last week from the Maas steamer, from Rotterdam, continue in a healthy state. The whole will be slaughtered and the meat sent to market before the expiration of the term of quaran- tine ordered.
A MAN KILLED BY AN HOTEL LIFT. A .fatal accident occurred on Friday to a man named William Chasmar, employed as assistant to the driver of a coal-lift at the Langham Hotel. Among the improvements introduced into this hotel is an hydraulic lift for the convenience of coal, linen, &c., from the basement story to the various floors in the building. The lift is of the simplest construction, and is governed by a sijiall rope, which extends from the bottom to the top floor, and which opens or shuts the water valve. This rope can, however, only be pro- perly worked by a person inside the lift. The deceased, it appears, was upon the mezzonine floor (next above the basement), and wishing to convey some linen to the laundry, instead of descending to the basement, he foolishly mounted the iron railing protecting the open- ing on to each floor, and, reaching across, pulled the rope which caused the lift to ascend. No doubt he intended to check the lift when it reached the floor upon which he was, but unfortunately its upper frame- work struck his chin, and before he could withdraw himself his neck became jammed between the top of the lift and the ceiling above, where he was suffocated before the accident was observed. Messrs. Easton and Amos, by whom the lifts were made, have not yet given up charge of them, and as the deceased had no authority to set the lift in motion, the accident may be said to have occurred entirely through the temerity of the unfortunate man, who has, unhappily, left a widow and several children.
ACCIDENT AT THE FINSBURY EXTEN- SION RAILWAY WORKS. On Tuesday afternoon a serious accident occurred at the new station of the Finsbury Extension of the Metropolitan Railway, now in course of erection in Aldersgate-atreet. A little after twelve o'clock two men were employed in lifting a crate of glass, weigh- ing about four cwt., on to the roof of the station by means of a crane. The men succeeded in getting the crate on to a narrow board which was resting on the iron girders of the roofing. The board broke in the middle, and the men who were standing on it were thrown to the ground, a distance of about 70 feet. The glass also fell, and the noise of the crash was great, and when it was heard by a workman standing on a scaffolding near he became dreadfully alarmed, and running to the edge of it looked down at the in- jured men. He then fell to the ground, and was fear- fully injured. The men who were on the plank in the roof of the building when it broke were named respectively Philip Potter, aged twenty years, and Robert Chafe, aged eighteen. The unfortunate man Potter, it is believed, had his back broken by the fall, and his case is regarded as hopeless. His com- rade, Robert Chafe, escaped with a broken leg and severe concussion; though he is at present delirious, his recovery is expected. The third sufferer, Edward Lewis, aged twenty-seven years, has had his left thigh and right leg broken, and he received besides a serious concussion on the right shoulder. He states that when he was standing on a scaffold he heard the fall of the other men and of the glass, and that he pro- ceeded to get down hurriedly to go to their assistance. In doing so his hand slipped, and he too fell headlong to the ground, and so met with his injuries. Lewis, it would appear, had been employed at the works since their commencement, and being regarded as a steady hand was employed to do the dangerous work. He says that he had frequently been up at greater heights, and had come down ropes, &c., with perfect safety. The two other men had not been long em- ployed on the works.
AN AUNT AND NEPHEW: STRANGE' DISAPPEARANCE. An application was made the other day to the pre- siding magistrates, at the Huddersfield Court-house by Mr. Freeman, on behalf of Mary Ann, the wife of Samuel Eastwood, greengrocer, Huddersfield, for an order under the Matrimonial Causes Act to protect her earnings from her husband. The application was made in consequence of the disappearance of Samuel Eastwood, who is supposed to have eloped with his aunt and gone to Australia. The circumstances con- nected with the affair appear to be as follows :-Some few months ago Jonathan Eastwood, uncle to Samuel, was brought before the Huddersfield bench for brutally assaulting his wife with a coal rake, and the bench marked their sense of his conduct by sending him to Wakefield House of Correction for six months. Since then the nephew has been assiduous in assisting his aunt to conduct her business, and he and his wife went to live with her, but quarrels arose between the females, which, it is said, led to her again living apart. The nephew of the incarcerated man, however, con- tinued to aid his aunt in business matters, and in con- sequence of the attention he appeared to pay to the welfare of a rival in business and also through his aunt mistaking another person for him, clasping him in her arms, and addressing him as Sam," some par- ties began to entertain an opinion that there was more than a friendly feeling of relationship existing between them. About a fortnight age Samuel intimated to his wife that he should visit the Dublin Exhibi- tion, and when he returned he would take her into Scotland for an out. He left home on the 18th Angust, and has not been seen since by any of his friends in this locality. The elder Mrs. Eastwood, having given it out that she was going to purchase fruit, also disap- peared, and as she did not return inquiries were made, which resulted in the discovery that she and her lov- ing nephew had taken a goodly quantity of luggage and a very considerable amount of money, approaeh- ing ;82,000. It was alleged that there was scheming on the part of both the parties to obtain the money, and it was effected thus:—Samuel was at the railway station at Huddersfield some time last year on busi- ness connected with his trade, and being lame, was struck, and, as he alleged, severely injured, by some wagons which were being shunted. He sued the London and North-Western Company, and a sympa- thising jury awarded him .81,500, to the great astonish- ment of all who knew him. This money was placed in the bank, and before he went to Dublin," he drew some £1,200 out so that he would not be short of money on his excursion. Eastwood, the uncle, now sojourning in the House of Correction, had money in the bank, and his wife, desiring to extend the busi- ness," sought for his signature to enable her to draw it out. She also sought for the signatures of the committing magistrates to a. requisition for the com- mutation of her husband's term of imprisonment. In both cases she was successful. What became of the requisition does not appear—perhaps it en- abled her to obtain the other signature-but the other document was used to obtain all the money her hus- band had in the bank except < £ 20. When the parties had been missing long enough to give rise to the sus- picion that they had eloped, Ex-detective Partridge was set on their track, and according to the statement made in court on Saturday, the parties had been traced to Queenstown, and were supposed to be on their way to Australia. In the evidence given by Mrs. Samuel Eastwood, in support of the application, she stated that she was married at Almondbury parish church, on the 5th of November, 1860; her husband left her on the 18th of August last, and had eloped with another man's wife. The order of protection was granted » ■■
A few days since a London tradesmen, "in an extensive way of business," was fined by the Ramsgate magistrates fifteen shillings and costs for attempting to travel from Ramsgate to London with the return half of a cheap excursion ticket, which he had bought outside the railway station for a shilling. The defen- dant plea Omjd that he was not aware he was doing any wrong. In future, we trust, it will be remembered that the tickets issued for these cheap trips are not transferable; and that though they entitle the excur- sionist who originally took them to return home with them, the piece of pasteboard in question, purchased by anybody else with a view to defrauding the railway [ company of the regular fare, will prove to be not the j ticket, j
THE FENIAN CENTRE IN LIVERPOOL. The central position of Liverpool has commended the town to the leaders of the Fenian brotherhood, and for some time past it has been pretty well known that from their organisation there they directed the movements of the "brothers" in all parts of the kingdom. A hint of this might have been gathered from the announcement made the other day by a journal in the north of Ireland that supplies both of money and arms were expected, as it was pretty plainly implied, from across tha Channel. The organi- sation is believed to be by no means contemptible, and it is asserted that many of the leaders who operate from this centre are men of education and influence. In a port so large, with a, floating population which is probably not equalled elsewhere, there are manifest fatalities for enlisting rolling stones, as well as for organising the brothers already enlisted. The Fenians' are not all Irishmen. The Central Committee, it is alleged by those who should know, have officers who are constantly employed on service at a dis- tance, stimulating the movement, propagating its principles, and rallying its adherents. They have a keen eye to the advantage of enlisting men who have been in one or other of the regular services; and so much alive are they to the necessity of drill and discipline, that delegates have been sent out to America, there "posted up," and then brought back to act as instructors in various districts. Considerable sums of money have been expended upon these opera- tions. They have to keep clear of the priests, who everywhere frown upon the movement. Some of the beliefs of the Fenians are peculiar. They profess to regard the recent visit of the French fleet as a mission of observation intended to prelude the union of French and American forces for the demolition of the Saxon and the restoration of Ireland. The central committee, mindful of the power of song, is said to supply lyrics to the patriots, and the following is one of their effusions:— As Mars and Minerva were viewing some fine instruments, Bellona stepped forward, and asked them What news ?" Or were they about repairing the warlike fine implements That were getting rusty for the want of being used ? Our Parliament is gone, our nation is diminishing; Our people are half-starving, and have neither clothes nor brogues. But come stir up the war, and our nation will be flourishing, When we will get our own land from the den of rogues!
THE TAILORS AND THE CUCUMBER SEASON..r A well-dressed boy, aged eleven, was charged, at the'Marylebone Police-court, with assaulting another lad, named Robert Deves, in Oak-village, Kentish- town. The evidence showed that the juvenile offender threw a stone, which struck Deves in his mouth. The effect of the blow was to knock out two teeth, and severely cut the lip. He was then taken into custody by Bryden, 309 S. Mr. Yardley inquired if either of the parents of the prisoners were present ? The Mother stepped forward. Mr. Yardley: What is your husband ? The Mother He is a tailor. Mr. Yardley: And I dare say earns good money. The Mother: No, sir not now. Mr. Yardley: Why not ? The Mothert Not in cucumber season (laughter). Mr. Yardley: Not when P The Mother Not in cucumber season. Mr. Yardley: How is that? The Mother: Because when cucumbers are in the gentry are out of town (laughter). Mr. Yardley: That is new to me. He then ad- journed the case for a month to see if the parents on both sides could not come to some arrangement as re- garded compensation.
WORKING CLASSES IN ENGLAND.1 We said, on a former occasion, that the working classes had conquered their place in the world, and that nowadays they have power and liberty. Is this saying that the organisation of the working classes is perfect? No, evidently. Nowhere are more flagrant contradictions to be seen than in England, especially in so far as workmen are concerned. By the side of immense and unlimited liberty we see a sort of in- credible servitude; the importance of the working classes in society is quite acknowledged, but still from several points of view they only play an insignificant part in it. To comprehend this strange contrast, and to clearly understand the situation of the working classes, it is necessary, first of all, to examine the English social system as a whole, otherwise it would be impossible to acoount for what goes on before our eyes. What is England ? It appears to us like Holbein's picture, which represents the dance of the dead, in which the forms ef animate life are mixed; one of those magic circles in which the institutions and prejudices of the middle ages alternate, and are con- founded with the most advanced principles of the 19th century — a strange mixture of monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy. The social condition of England can only be known by taking into account this confusion of such opposite interests which seem as if they must destroy each other, and which, never- theless, subsist side by side in a certain harmony. England has now no need of a, crisis to unite in a homogeneous whole the different elements represented by the aristocracy, the clergy, and the bourgeoisie, and to force them to sacrifice their privileges to the good of the State. England has not had a night of the 4th of August in her history. The English nation, has, nevertheless, not completely purged itself; but it is slowly and without any violent shocks that it accomplishes its reforms. The different classes make mutual conces- sions to one another, and each one is capable of giving up a part of its privileges in favour of the ethers. England is like the island of Robinson, which different races, it is said, divided amongst them. The nobility have taken the greatest part, the bourgeoisie have taken what the nobility have left, and, as for the people, they have got nothing but a small corner of the space allotted to the bourgeoisie. Well, these reciprocal limits are respected by every- body, and nobody tries to de-stroy them. When ne- cessity requires it, one class of this singular society makes a little room for the others; and this conces- sion every time marks an advancement, although in each of the particular circles the remains of the middle ages are still to be seen. It is this calm, quiet pro- gress, this moderation, with which reforms are de- manded, which has always made compromises between the different classes and different parties possible without revolutions. Social history in France only move3, so to speak, in a bloody circle, in which hatred urges one against another. From 1789 to 1852 there was nothing in France but armed struggles or temporary truces. There is a violent animosity between the classes which possess property and those which do not, and there is ever the danger of a revolution or a coanter revolu- tion. In England there are neithsr revolutionists nor re- publicans. The egotism of each class has an open field, and it has no need to struggle to move in that field; hence, struggles are impossible, for the reason that they would be no use. Never has the English people thought of disputing the rights or power of the aristocracy, although that aristocracy has both the poli- tical influence and the landed property; and on part the aristocracy has for a long time given up op- posing the progress of the middle classes and the free movement of the working classes. Is this hypocrisy? No, it is only the respect for, and reciprocal recogni- tion of invested rights. ° Each one wishes to be master in his own place (chez soi); but without encroaching on the ground of his neighbour. Never in England, even at the most critical times, have the principles of equality and the defence of the rights of man been put forward and never has a tendency towards uniformity or towards a general levelling of ail classes manifested itself. English liberty has never taken the word equality as its motto. Liberty in this country is only a neutral ground on which all parties follow their own egotistic tendencies. This is the reason why in England there is an extreme confidence in the Constitution, in the monarchy and the legislation, spite of the incalculable number of laws, which no jurisconsult has been ever able to know perfectly, and no assembly been ablefto make into a code-—L'International (London French paper). t
The usual weekly report of the Registrar- General on the health of London states that, during the last ten weeks, 127 deaths by cholera have taken place in the metropolis. It is called English cholera, but the Registrar says the disease does not differ essentially from the Asiatic and Egyptian kind. This latter has now reached the licit of the western basia. of the Mediterranean.
I THE NEWS BUDG-ET. At a special meeting of the Court of Common Council on Tuesday, at which the Lord Mayor pre- sided, the question of the cattle disease was largely discussed from conflicting points of view. We gather from the report of the proceedings that the council voted £1,000 to head a subscription list to compensate owners of cattle which might have to be killed, under the Orders in Council, as being affected with the disease. Burned to Death at a Furnace.-On Thurs- day afternoon a labourer named Michael Meaghan, aged forty, came to a horrible death at the foundry of Messrs. Graham and Sons, Habergham Eaves, Burnley. He was charging a furnace with coke and iron, and put his face to the mouth of the furnace to see if he had put in a sufficient charge, when the flame from the furnace caught his face and head and burned him to death. He was found in that position soon after- wards by the foreman, kneeling in front of the furnace exactly in the state he was scorched. A Lady Bankrupt.—The Hon. Georgina Augusta 'u Frederica HenriettaCavendish B entinck has been before the^ Bankruptcy Court. The bankrupt was described as spinster," of 5, Greek-street, Grosvenor-square. The cause of bankruptcy is said to be the loss of a sum of money lent to the late Dowager Lady Rivers, and insufficiency of income to maintain the Hon. Miss Bentinck's position in life. The debts are nearly £1,700, Lady Clare being a creditor for £60, and the claims on the estate being made by a long list of West- end tradesmen. Who is to have the Lordship of the Admiralty ? That is now the question. Has Mr. Stansfeld been so far purged of his offence in the Mazzini business as to be eligible for restoration to an office in which, ad- mittedly, he was successful? Mr. Stansfeld is very generally liked, even by political opponents, and his influence in Clerkenwell and Islington was proved by the recent rejection of Cox of Finsbury," who lost his election from no other cause than having, in the House, asked the question which led to Mr. Stans- feld's resignation. Accidents from the Incautious Use of Fire- arms.-As Mr. Charles Lennard, of Hayes, was in the act of drawing out a gun from a place in which it was usually kept, with the muzzle towardi him, the piece being unfortunately leaded, something caught the trigger, it went off, and the contents lodged in his left arm, shattering it in a dreadful manner, insomuch as to render amputation necessary.-The second acci- dent occurred to Mr. Strangeways, of Lee, who having fired a gun, which had been loaded for some time, for the purpose of cleaning and rendering fit for use, un- fortunately left a piece of naextingnished wadding therein, which taking fire at the second loading ignited, whilst Mr. Strangeways was in the act of ramming, and struck his left cheek, from which he now lies in a state of great suffering. Fatal Scaffold Accident.—On Tuesday after- noon an aocident, which immediately proved fatal, oc- curred at Messrs. Aldebert and C(i).'S premises, Bow- street, Long-acre. An English bricklayer, named William Atkinson, was with other men engaged in putting another story to the premises, when the de- ceased, in stepping from the top of a high ladder onto the scaffold, missed his footing, and fell fram a height of thirty-six feet on to a stage eight feet from the ground. On the lower stage were pieces of brick, one of which fractured his skull and penetrated the brain. The unfortunate man was conveyed to King's College Hospital, when Dr. Bond and Mr. Wood pronounced life to be extinct. Deceased was known to the work- men by the name of Samuel," but of his connections and place of abode they could give no information. Rescue of Two Ladies from Drowning.—A gallant instance of rescuing persons from drowning occurred a few days since at Blakenberghe (Belgium). Two young ladies, the Countess de Chatel, of Gand, and Mdlle. Ponowska, while bathing in the sea, got out of their depth, and must have been drowned, had not M. Tanner, a young gentleman of Liege, swam to their assistance. He reached them just in time, and, not- withstanding their clinging to him in the most desper- ate manner so as to render him almost powerless, he managed to keep their heads above water till a boat came and rescued all three. The young ladies, one of whom had fainted, soon recovered butM. Tanner was so exhausted by his great exertions that he had a violent attack of fever, and for nearly two days his life was considered in danger. He is now much better, however, and able to leave his chamber. The Young Lady and the' Groom.-The young lady who ran away with a discharged groom, both being under age, remained in Wandsworth until Friday afternoon, when she left with her father and her brother for some place of security. After the I examination which took place on Wednesday, she resolutely refused to return to Oekham Rectory. A compromise was eventually made, the young lady con- senting to remainjvith the family of Inspector Love- lace, who is a very respactable officer, for a few days, and who promised that she should not have any com- munication with her youthful clover. The inspector appeared to have undertaken a somewhat arduous task, such as he did not at first contemplate, for the groom soon discovered her temporary abode, and was found early and late promenading in front of the house. So determined was he to remain in the sight of the fair damsel, who was able to see him from her window, that he defied the inspector to remove him, telling him at the time that it was a public highway, and that he had a right to be there. He, however, consented to go away if desired by Miss Crosse, who then, in the presence of the inspector, said, George, go away; I don't wish to see you." He implicitly obeyed her injunctions, and returned to the old lodgings at Mrs. Wiggins's, in Love-lane. Serious Accidents from the Storm.-About two o'clock on Saturday morning the metropolis wa3 visited by a severe thunderstorm, accompanied by a sharp fall of rain. The lightning was extremely vivid, and the thunder-claps were both loud and frequent. In the Easton-road, a horse, drawing a Hansom cab, in which were two gentlemen, took fright at a vivid flash of lightning, and started off at a furious pace. The cab was eventually overturned, and the gentlemen were dashed with violence into the roadway. One of them sustained a compound fracture of the right leg, and the other was aiso severely hurt—the driver escap ing with some slight contusions. On the Thames, at Bugsby's Hole, a foreign brig was struck by the electric fluid, a man on boaid was injured, and the mainmast split, and otherwise considerably damaged. A cow was struck dead by the lightning at Dalwich. Systematic Uttering of Counterfeit Coin —William Hambleton, of 15, Broad-street, Woolwich, and Catherine Babb, of 18, Newton-street, Holborn, charwoman, were brought before Mr. Knox, at Marl- borough-street Polioe-cotirt, charged with knowingly uttering a counterfeit shilling to Eliza Mudd, barmaid to Mr. Alfred Pamphillon, of Pamphillon's Restaurant, Argyll-street, Regent-street, and a second counterfeit shilling to Ellen Kennett, barmaid to Mr. Herbert Hamlin, of the Pantheon Restaurant, Oxford-street. The shilling uttered by the male prisoner at Mr. Pam- phillon's being discovered to be bad, Mr. Pamphillon followed him, and saw him joined by the female pri- soner, and afterwards leave her and go into the Pan- theon Restaurant, and having ascertained that he had tendered a bad shilling there, leaving the liquor he had called for behind, and hastily leaving with the change, Mr. Pamphillon followed the prisoners and gave them into custody. Boden, one of the officers of the court, said the male prisoner had been charged before with a similar offence, but discharged. Mr. Knox remanded the prisoners, that the Mint authori- ties might be communicated with. Cutting and Wounding.—Richard Hill, forty- five, a tall, powerful fellow, described as a foundry man," living in Three Colts-lane, Mile-end, was charged before the magistrate at Worship-street, with cutting and wounding Catherine Trayling.-Tripp, 39 N, said: At half-past one o'clock on Saturday morning I was on duty in theWhitechapel-road, and saw a woman leaning against a shop door. She was bleeding frightfully from a wound in the face. I took her to the London Hospital, close by, and it was then seen that she had another wound in the chest. From information after- wards given me, I went to the prisoner's lodgings.. He was in bed. Another constable was with me. We made him get up, and I found in his pocket this knife (a buck-horned three-bladed knife produced, but on which not any stains of blood could be seen). He denied that he had used it against any one. Alluding to the injured woman, he said I was called upon by the landlord of the Three Colts," to turn her and her husband out, and the husband in consequence of my interference had a fight with me, but that was all. did not strike her." I then took him into custody. Witness handed to the bench a certificate, stating that from the nature of the injuries the woman Catherine Trayling was unable to appear, and it was farther shown that she had in his presence accused turn of the act by pointing at and saying "That's the man." Prisoner was remanded. Breach of Promise of Marriage.—William Baldwin, of Elliot-cottage, Granville-park, Lewisham, appeared to a summons before Mr. Traill, at Green- wich, charging him with being the father of the ille- gitimate child of Elizabeth Smith, of 3, Brsnawick- street, Deptford.-The complainant said thJ.t the defendant had paid his addresses to her as a suitor for a period of five years, and had promised her marriage. On the 19th of July of last year an intimacy took place between them, which resulted in the birth of a child on the 13th April last.—The defendant, in answer to the magistrate, denied the paternity of tha child, and said he wished to ask the complainant when and where the alleged intimacy took place ?—Tha Complainant: William, you know it was on the occasion of our going with the policeman's excursion party to Shoreham last year.—Mr. Traill inquired if the complainant had any corroborative evidence ?-— The complainant replied in the affirmative, and called her mother, who confirmed her statement as to the courtship, and said that, after the birth of the child, the defendant called at her house and saw it, and then promised to marry her daughter in the course of six or seven weeks.—The defendant said he had no questions to put to this witness. —Mr. Traill said he held it to be conclusive proof that the defendant was the father of the child otherwise he would not have called upon the complainant after her confinement and promised to marry her.—The usual order for payment of 2a. 6d. per week, with costs, was then made. Biting a Man's Nose Off.-On Thursday, a man named Patrick Kenny was charged before the Bolton magistrates with wounding a person named John Bennett, with intent to maim and disfigure him. The prosector and prisoner are both shoemakers, and have been acquainted with each other about six months. On the previous day they were both on the spree," and left a public-house they were at about nine o'clock in the evening. In the street they began to quarrel. Prisoner struck prosecutor on the eye, and decamped. The latter went to his lodgings, and after a few minutes the prisoner came in. The quarrel was then renewed. Kenny got prosecutor down on the floor, struck him several times, and deliberately seized hold of Bennett's nose with his teeth and bit it com- pletely off. The surgeon who examined the wound stated that the whole of the nose, with the exception, of the middle cartilage, was taken off level with the cheek. The unfortunate prosecutor presented a frightfully disfigared appearance, and produced his nose in court enclosed in a piece of paper. The magistrates committed Kenny to the next Assizes foe trial. The Irish Exodus.-The Irish Registrar-Gene- ral's return for the quarter ending June, 1865, shows a decrease in emigration, as compared with the simi- lar qaarter of 1864, of 11,284. The total exodus," as it is called, for April, May, and June, wag 43,802. Adding together the emigration and number of deaths since January, and deducting the number of births from the sum, it appears that the Irish population still continues to decline. Daring the first six months of. the present year the diminution has been 29,669. The number of persons in receipt of poor relief in Ireland is 3,115 less than for the corresponding period of last year. It appears also from these statistical tables that twice as many marriages took place daring the last six months in Munster and Connaught, in propor- tion to the population, as in the more highly civilised provinces of Leinster and Ulster. A Comical Freak.-On Friday afternoon a gentleman who called himself Vivian, and who is said to be an officer in the army, marched through severa. of the principal streets of Liverpool carrying on his breast and on his back two boards, which bore an inscription to the effect that he had been staying at the Washington Hotel, that after he had paid his bill the persons at the hotel learnt that he had no more money upon him. In consequence of this they looked up his luggage, and refused to let him have even a change of clothing. He felt it his duty to make these facts public. He was followed by a large crowd. At length he went on 'Change, and hung his boards on the railings of the Town-hall. There the police shortly took them in charge, and the officer himself was fortu- nately discovered by a friend, who promised to look after him. Barnet Cattle Fair. This great cattle fair opened on Monday morning, and the several fields apportioned out for cattle were well furnished. The Scotch cattle fair exhibited a fine show, and the Welsh beasts were numerous; but whether from the high; pi'icas asked or the fear of the cattle plague, there was an obvious reluctance on tha part of stock- feeders to make purchases. In the field for dairy cows business was brisk, and milking cows sold at from < £ 14 to £ 20 each. In the horse fair there was a lively trade among Welsh forest ponies; and these little unbroken animals were selected out of the droves at 4 to 8 guineas each. Nag horses vary in prices from 18 to 40 guineas, and cart-horses were in good request. Cart colts and miscellaneous S3rts sold at 15 to 30 guineas. The Impending Famine in Palestine.— The reports from Jerusalem are becoming more and more ala.rming as each successive mail arrives. The devastations caused by the innumerable swarms of locusts which have invaded the Holy Land are such as no words can adequately describe. The green crops have been wholly devoured, and the trees stripped of leaves and fruits. The prices of the ordinary neees- saries of life are already doubled. The Bishop ef Jerusalem is peculiarly pressed at this time by the arrival of 1,500 Jews from Morocco, who incessantly supplicate help from the head of the Christian Church there. Shall not we, on this most trying occasion, follow the example of the first Christians, of whom, oa the occasion of an impending famine, it is written, Then the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined to send relief unto the brethren which dwelt in JudaBa." Contributions will be grate- fully received, and forwarded without delay, to the bishop by Captain H. Laya.rd, 16, Lincoln's-ian-fielda, London, W.C.; or, the Rev. G. H. Marriott, Moor Critchill, Wimborne. A Bad Son.—A young man named Charlochet, aged twenty-one, was tried on Saturday at the Court of Assizes of the Seine for wounding his mother. The antecedents of the accused were of the worst cha- racter. He had already been condonmed six times, twice for embezzlement; and he inspired so great a terror in his father and mother that on the 3rd July last, having menaced to stab the latter,.both parents abandoned the house and took refuge with a friend. A week later they returned, and a day or two after the son demanded some money of his mother with threats, and on meeting with a refusal threw an empty bottle with great violence at her head. The missile struck a table and was broken to pieces, and one of the fragments inflicted a wound, happily of no great gravity, on the woman's skull. For this br: con- duct the prisoner was now tried, but the jury simply returned a verdict of wounding by imprudence. The court, however, taking into consideration his previous condemnations, sentenced him to four months' im- prisonment and five years' surveillance of the nolice. New Mode of Preparing Grain for Food With the present method of separating the exterior coating of the grains of corn, a considerable loss of farina and other valuable constituents occurs; it is well know that a large amount of useful matters are removed with the bran. A method of decorticating the grains, of which a most favourable official report has been made, has been invented by M. Poissaut. The apparatus used for the purpose consists of a hopper, through which the grain, previously moistened to a slight extent, passes into a cylinder, where it is subjected^for some minutes to tne action of a beater, making 3/2 revolutions per minute. This coHipietely separates the pellicle, which is driven off by the action of a fan. Experiments showed that, with this treat- ment, only the 1.21 of the weight was removed by tha operation. Grain treated in this way afforded, when ground, 86'6 per cent. of its original weight in farina wtib the pellicle, which, by itself, constituting only about four per oent. of the weight of the grain, is re- moved, all particles adhering to it, and everything due to the maladies produced by cryptogamic vegetation. Hence the product is favourable to health. Fatty* mineral, and azotised substances, which occur near the periphery of the periaperm, and which are to a greater or less extent, removed during other processes for preparation of the gram, are left when this method is used; and the flavour and aroma of the bread formed with it are such as to render it extremely agreeable as food. It is not, however, of that extreme whiteness which is so unwisely sought after by epicures; this, however, should it be considered de- sirable, may perhaps be remedied Scientific Review.