AGRICULTURE. 1 We extract the following from the Farmer:— Early Maturity. "A correspondant, writing on thelSih July, supplies the following remarkable instance of early maturity :— There were dropt on Urquhart farm, Fife, this week, three fine calves. The respective ages of the dams are 15, 16, and 18 months old, and that of the sire 18 months. They were all suckled together in a park last summer, hanca the result. The dams are nursing the calves with abundance of milk." The Movement of Sheep. The reatriaticns affecting the movement of sheep contioue to excite much attention, and the numerous meetings of sheep farmers which are being held at present afford ample opportunities far having the sub- ject thoroughly discussed. "With respect to Scotland, at least, restrictions a,a considered not merely grievous and vexatious, and unnecessary, seeing that only one case of plague was reported in the returns as having occurred in that part of thekingdom; and judging from the steady rate in which cases have decreased, it is not too much to expect a clean bill of health for the country north of the Tweed in the next weekly bulletin from the Government Veterinary Department. During this and the next three months there must of necessity be innumerable transactions in sheep for breeding as well as for fattening purposes, and granting that restric- tions on the movement of sheep were necessary hereto- fore, it is evident to every one that it continuance of those restrictions, now that they ara no longer called for as a protection, will be, unless considerably relaxed, a positive evil to the community." Watering Cattle and Sheep. Oar contemporary, the Farmer, points out the great importance of having cattle and shaep supplied with a sufficient quantity of water, and more especially when being carried by steamer and railway. It says: —"Although there have of late been some heavy thunderstorms, there is a great scarcity of water in many pasture-fields; nor do we think that sufficient care has been taken in several cases which have come recently under our notice to remedy the deficiency. We know that some maintain that sheep do not re- quire water when on grass, but this is a great mistake, especially when the weather is of the excessively hot, parching nature we have recently experienced. But even when the weather has been cooler, the want of pure water in abundance tells on the health of sheep, just as it does an that of cattle and as over wet pas- tures have their own peeuliar diseases, over-dry pastures engender disease which not unfrequently we find attri- buted to other causes. A friend of ours who takes an interest in aueh matters, has been lately measur- ing the water consumed daily by his cattle, and as every drop must be pumped for them, the quantity used has been easily ascertained. The result of his observations is, that the 36 head he has grazing in two adjoining fields consume daily upwards of 900 gallons of water. Now, bearing this fact in mind, what can b9 the state of cattle or sheep carried by railway, and confined in trucks for 24, 48, or it may be 56"ho3rs, and even more, without getting a drop of water all the time, besides the terrible shaking which cattle experience during the journey, and the fatigue caused by their. being unable to lie down ? Is it possible that animals treated in this way can be healthy, or their flssh, if fat, in a wholesome state to be used as human food ? Ea.ilway cattle traffic is a matter in which the public at large, not less than farmers and graziers, are deeply coneerned. If it had been the case of a cab-horse or a costermonger's donkey at work with a galled shoulder, the Society for the Prevention cf Cruelty to Animals would be down upon th3 owner at once, and quite right; but railway folk, we suspect, are too high game to fly at, and in this way an amount of cruelty is perpetrated—unin- tentionally, we candidly believe, in most cases—of which few have any adequate idea. With respept to cattle grazing in fields where the supply of water is neither sufficient in quantity nor pure in quality, it is certain that the animals are thereby rendered much more susceptible to the influence of contagion than they would be if placed in other circumstances. The germs of disease find in the unhealthy system of the animals—rendered so from the want of an essential element of boaltti—a uoug*mVei Woxne imrwbia7a they be- come rapidly and fatally developed. In the reports given of the recent cases of diseaae which have taken place at Enfield, in the county of Meath, it is unani- mously set forth, both by those who have pronounced that disease tc be acute cattle plague and by those who ascribe it to some other cause, that the diseased animals had not access to water, and that the little they occasionally got was impure. To this both parties ascribe the disease, whether it be plague or something else, and we are quite sure they are per- fectly right. Wa therefore earnestly counsel all to look, without delay, to the supply of water in their fields. If derived from natural sources, let them see that it is abundant and pure, not stagnating in dirty holes; and if artificially provided, let them take care that the troughs are never empty."
S UPON GARDENING. We extract tha following from the Field :-We went to Battoraea-park the other day, and were delighted with the way they water the sub-tropical" garden there by means of a powerful hose, with a large-rose at its end, which the workmen guide over the beds of thirsty plants, and give them a thick, dense, and heavy, though gentle shower. It is done in a few moments, and without any tiresome nasty labour which occurs where the water haa to be dragged by men. Where every pound of water ia carried at the end of men's arms, we fear that more good than harm is often done by the insufficient and superficial doses that are given. Every large garden liable to suffer from draught should have tha water laid on in this way; than watering would be a pleasure instead of a laborious and dirty operation, as it ia now in too many places. Wa know of many gardens where the cost of men's labour in watering, and for watering-pots, &a., is greater in the end than laying on the water would be. Jlbch of the success of the aub-tropieal of Battersea is owing to the thorough and efficient waterings given to the plants there. It is quite a pleasure to see how luxuriously they apply it on hot evenings just now. At this season watering concerns all gardeners, from those whose subsoil is formed by the window-sill to those that contain acres of glass. It will soon be time to think of propagating the rarer bedding plants, new kinds, &c. A little prickly spinach may be sown for use late in tha season, and there is no more suitable period for smoking the philosophic weed uiider the shade of a dense weeping elm or other tree cf peudclou3 habit, especially in the late after- noon, when the tree shadows are thrown long and far upon the^graaa, and the grass itself seems of golden green, .trap earwigs, murder snails, exterminate mole3 genii-eaieii that sometimes do a lot of damage in a garden and annihilate green fly. Continue to train in the wood, of fruit trees, and remove super- fluous wood. There may be a good deal of pegging down in some cases, and in such, if pegs run short, bits of mat are quite as good as any tiling that can be had, and very much cheaper. Cut it into strips from a foot to eight inches long or thereabouts, and then, by passicg a bit over a shoot and meeting the two ends, and giving them a good firm deep prick into the the earth wiM a- wooden dibber or even a very strong finger, they will hold as weil and firm as any, while they are free from objections that some iron and other pegs are liable to. Shallots should now tea taken up, the ground got for winter spinach. Strike roses to make plants on their own roots. Make a list of bedding likely to be moat wanted for next year, and study the planting of the most tastefully-planted gardens yon have aocess to. Sow seeds of the herbaceous calceolaria, for next spring bloom and in gentle heat. To GTEOVT FINS PABSLEY.—Sow it towards tha end of August. La: the soil be comparatively poor but "well drained; bnt if circumstances prevent such selection, choose the ground which comes nearest to it. It may be sown either in lines where it is to remain, or in Beedbeaa; but in any case it must be trans- planted, for parsley doea much better, and lasts longer in that way than by the usual mode. Spring-sown parsley runs to seed much soonar than that sown in autumn. It will be fit to transplant in March, and should then be put in whatever positions you wish it to remain, ine plants so transplanted will be found excellent tc pep into pots and boxes for the winter, as is the rule in ^aruens where a winter supply of parsley is indispensable in all weathers, or for any other pur- poses for whic-i parsley is used. Edgings of parsley near a dry f3" or desirable for the conve- I nience of piC-iiSg when the ground is sloppy in winter- „ STRIKING ROSES FBOH CUTTINGS AND EYES.— Roses on their own roots are very much better and "y.J.A.Io. more beautiful, either as regards health, profuseness of good bloom or habit, than when budded on the ends of briers; but the preparation of good plants in this way is too tedious a process for nurserymen and others who wish to get up a stock quickly, and good examples of rose growing on their own roots are very much scarcer than they ought to be. Roses budded on Manettis or briers grow very much faster at first, and this and other reasons account for the fact that roses on their own roots are not to be had so readily in nurseries as standards and worked roses of all kinds. It takes a couple of years to make a nice plant of a rose from a cutting; but in the case of a bud which starts into growth in about the same time that it takes a cutting to form the callus to its base, and which is already provided with roots, much less than half the time suffices. As a rule, roses are very much better on their own roots than in any other way, but especially in loamy soils; and that dwarf well-furnished bushes, green and,fresh to the ground, are more beautiful than the ganky examples of worked roses to be seen in the majority of gardens need scarcely be said here. Anyone who grows a lot of good kinds of roses on their own roots, and compares them with the same varieties on standards, will ever afterwards pay full attention to securing a good stock of the former. The simplest way of propagating them is from eyes, much in the way that a vine is increased. The leaf and the bud should be removed from the shoot just as if pre- paring for budding, but the wood behind the eye which is removed in budding, must not be disturbed, and the leaf must be left intact, or we cannot strike the eyes out without it. They should then be dibbled rather thickly into pots of very sandy soil, with an inch of silver sand on the top, and covered with a bell glass. Any kind of bell glass would do, provided it fits properly, and the pots are best about six or eight inches in diameter. Pans will do if bell glasses that fit them are at hand. They must be placed on a mild or half-spent hotbed. The buds or eyes should be pretty large and full, and what is known as pushing, to distinguish them from the dormant and nearly invisible bud. The best will be found on strong free-growing shoots. The soft and the very hard wood should be avoided. Cuttings of three joints or so may be inserted with advantage at the same time and under the same con- ditions. They should be rather deeply inserted, say more than half their length. They may also be struck from one joint-that is to say, by simply inserting the base of the leaf in the sand with about an inch of the stem attached to it. Whether from cuttings or eyes, they should be put in with a little dibber firmly and with the leaves erect. If when thickly inserted the leaves fall off from being too fat and large, the top ones may be cut off with a scissors, and enough will remain to ensure the striking of eyes or cuttings. When this is all done the main point is to keep the leaves alive and fresh till roots are formed. This must be done by gentle sprinklings, and by judicious airing to prevent mouldineas. No heavy waterings must be given. They should be shaded during tha day, and ventilated at night or in the evenings. If well-selected cuttings—from wood neither too old nor too young— are put into a cold frame at this time of the year, either in pots or stuck over the bed, and the light air kept quite close and shaded during the day and ventilated at night, or occasionally taken off altogether on a mild night, success is certain.
SPORTS AND PASTIMES. --+-- IRISH SEA FISHERIES.—The commissioners for administering the laws relating to the deep sea and coast fisheries in Ireland, report upon the whole in the year 1865 the continuance of a manifest and deoided improvement in the condition and progress of these fisheries as compared with their state a few years back; an improvement, however, scarcely, if at all, apparent this year on the western and northern coasts, partly owing to the loss by emigration of the more able men, the poor condition and equipment of the boats, and the want of an immediate and remunerative market, but partly also, it seems, to real scarcity of fish. But the return of the herrings to the east coast and the success of mackerel fishing in the deep sea, have given confidence to the Irish fishermen; and the haddock and whiting, which for a very long time had scarcely been seen on the coast, reappeared last year. The oyster fishery is not in a uot owing to any decline consequent on natural causes, but to the increased demand and price stimulating dredging to an extent which the beds are unable to bear. The commissioners have extended the close season on the south-east coast, and encouraged the formation of private layings, with a view to create sources whence the public beds may be re-stocked. They feel obliged to dissent from the recommendation of the Royal Commission in reference to the abolition of a close season for the oyster fishery, and the re- moval of the restrictions on trawling on the banks along the coast, believing that the fish ought to be left. undisturbed during the spawning season. CAN feathered game swim ?" This question being asked by a correspondent of the Field, led to several answers, amongst which are the following :— I was witness to an incident similar to that men- tioned by Muzzle-loader.' I was shooting in the Isle of Skye a few years ago, and shot at a grouse, which fell near the margin of a hill loch slightly wounded. On the pointer going through the long heather to seek dead,' the grouse took to the water and swam out towards the other side. On its nearing the land again, after about a hundred yards' swim, I went round with the keeper to secure it, ansl was surprised to see it re- laotant to leave the water and making the best of its way out again. The pointer had watched the bird all this time, and on seeing it going out again plunged into the loch, and after a short swim retrieved it. The dog had never before taken to the water, and after showing such sagacity it was impossible to find fault with him." "Your correspondent Muzzle-loader' asks for an instance of a pheasant swimming. At the end of last season, while beating a small cover abut- ting on a large pond of perhaps 150 yards by 40, two cock pheasants were dropped into the water, and, although much wounded, continued to swim so strong and lustily across, that one of them reached the oppo- site bank, landed, and got some distance into a field before it was caught by the retriever sent in pursuit. The other was overtaken when juat quitting the water; but both birds swam with great apparent ease to themselves. I admit that this is not a parallel case to that mentioned by Muzzle-loader,' inasmuch as the swimming was in his case voluntary,' and in mine enforced' by necessity; but they both prove equally the power of the pheasant to swim; therefore I send it to you in compliance with his request. I may add that I never before witnessed a similar instance." IN consequence of the unhealthy state and the scarcity of grouse this season, and the unfavourable prospects of sport on the Scotch moors, Lord Stam- ford has decided that his grouse shootings shall not be disturbed this year, and he has consigned his kennel of pointers and deer-stalking dogs to Messrs. Tattersall for sale under the hammer. HORSE-RACING in India is becoming a popular pas- time, and as an evidence of its success, there is about to be a horse-breeding establishment on a large scale formed in the Punjaub. AT the meeting of the Braemar Highland Society last week, the secretary laid on the table letters from his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales and Colonel Farquharson of Invercauld, suggesting that the annual competition and athletic games of the Braemar Highland Society be held this season on Thursday, the 6th of September. IT is expected that the total number of volunteers who will be present at the groat review at York on the 11th of August will be 20,000. The Duke of Cam- bridge is to be the reviewing offioer, and the Prince and Princess of Wales are to be present. His Royal Highness, on the Monday following, is, it is reported, to prooeed to the Yorkshire moors for grouse shoot- ing. ON Monday a number of the tenants and servants on the Balmoral estate assembled on the top of Craig Gowan, at the desire of the Queen, to erect a cairn in commemoration of the marriage of Princess Helena. A pleasant and merry day was spent, and the health of the lately married couple was drunk amid hearty highland oheering. Craig Cowan, beautifully fringed with birch almost to its summit, stands immediately to the south front of the castle. THE MOORS OF ABERDEENSHIRE AND BANFF. SHIRE—NOW that the shooting season is near at hand, the usual interest is excited as to the prospects of the sportsman. It was anticipated that the rather severe winter would prove unfavourable, by disease and other. wise to the birds of last season, but in general this has not been the case; and now, from most of the moors in the two counties, we are assured the. pros- pects of the 12th of August were never more cheering. On the highest shooting ground in Aberdeenshire-the 3trathdon hills—we understand there is an exception to I the otherwise favourable reports frem the lower-lying moors. There, we are informed, grouse were numerous and healthy all last season, and continued so up to the spring of the present year. Disease, however, is now very prevalent, and it is always far more fatal on the higher hills than on the moors at lower elevations. It would appear that where the heath had been most severely damaged by the very severe frosts of the past winter the grouse on such places are most affected by disease. In consequence of this it is to be feared that the sport on this and neigh- bouring moors will this season be very much curtailed. It is, however, satisfactory to be able to state that roe and red deer are very plentifal and in excellent condition. On the Braemar and Deeside moors disease has not made its appearance, and the accounts given of the fine healthy appearance of the birds are very encouraging. The fine weather during the hatching season doubtless contributed not a little to the pleasing prospect of the moors in this district. From the Abergeldie, Crathie, and Balmoral moors the reports are equally favourable. The young broods at this date were scarcely ever seen stronger or more numerous and healthy. Ptarmigan, blackcock, and other birds are also plentiful on the several moors before named, and no disease has as yet been observed. On-the lower-lying moors in Aberdeenshire, particu- larly in the Strathbogie district, game birds are more than usually abundant, and no signs of disease. On the Huntley Lodge moors, tenanted by Major Boyd, includ- ing the Wishach, Melsach, and Corskie hills, the birds are already on the wing, and in coveys from 10 to 12 strong. The other game, including rabbits, on these moors, is very abundant, in consequence of no great number being killed last season. On the Clashnadar- roch grounds it is stated that disease has manifested itself partially, but to no great extent. If the weather continue favourable, the sport on these will not be in. ferior to that of former years. Of the Cabrach and higher-lying moors of Banffshire, a correspondent writes :—The prospects of the sportsmen this year are very promising. Upon the moors of his Grace the Duke of Richmond, the Earl of Fife, Lesmurdie, and Beldorney, game of all kinds is very abundant; indeed, the grouse are at this date strong and quite healthy. There is not the slightest symptoms of disease to be observed either among birds young or old. There are, however, to be seen on Cabrach and Glass moors small packs of small grouse flocking together, the cause of which may be owing to the ravages of foxes, which this year have been more than usually destructive. Despite this, however, we anticipate that the coming season will be exceedingly good for the sportsman, and very largo bags may be looked for on the 12th of August.
THE CHOLERA. The following instructions have been issued to the clerks of the Boards of Guardians of the metropolis:— Poor-law Board, Whitehall, July 27,1866. S'r,—In consequence of the outbreak of cholera, the Poor-law Board have already transmitted to you, for the information of the Board of Guardians, a copy of the regulations recently issued by the Lords of the Privy Council under the Diseases Prevention Act, 1855, and the Amending Act, 23 and 24 Vic., c. 77. "By the provisions of the 23 and 24 Vic., c. 77, sec. 11, the vestries and district boards under the 18 and 19 Vic., c. 120, are the authorities for carrying into execution those regulations. But these statutep do not remove from the Board of Guardians the responsibility which the law has imposed upon them in regard to the relief of the destitute poor. The epidemic will necessarily create much additional suffering, and may probably cause a great increase of destitution among the poorer classes in the metropolis. "The Poor-law Board are satisfied that the guardians will not relax their exertions because vestries and dis- trict boards are made,responsible for the performance of the duties created by these regulations; and that the guardians and their officers will co-operate when- ever practicable with those authorities. The guardians are fully justified in calling to their aid such medical and other assistance as in their judg- ment the emergency may require. They can also pro- vide those purifying and disinfecting agents which their medical officers recommend as requisite in the dwellings of the sick poor, and such additional sus- tenance or clothing as the peculiar circumstances may render necessary. In all these respect* the, powers and ob\igatio»a of tTie jfuardiana remain in full force. "It is inexpedient t'hat the accommodation to be provided for cholera patients should be in the work. house or on the workhouse premises. As far as prac- ticable, therefore, the admission of cholera patients into the workhouse should be prevented. The guardians should procure for themselves and their officers the fullest and earliest information as to the arrangements made by the vestry or district board, so that due notice may be given to every person who may require aid from the guardians of the arrange- ments applicable to the case, and how and where the requisite attention can be obtained. The Poor-law Board will pay immediate attention to any communications which the guardians may address to them, and affurd them any assistance in the discharge of the duties and responsibilities im- posed upon them.-I am, sir, your obedient servant, GATHORNE HARDY, President. To the Clerk of the Board of Guardians."
TERRIFIC EXPLOSION OF NAPHTHA. Three Deaths and several Injured. Shortly after noon on Wednesday Mr. Alfred Lingshaw, druggist, Bolton, received a barrel of naphtha, containing about 26 gallons, from a lurry. The barrel was put in a narrow passage adjoining the shop, and a tap was placed in it running the naphtha shop, and a tap was placed in it running the naphtha in a tin vessel, and then pouring it into a large storing oask, in a small and confined yard. The capacity of the cask was about 100 gallons. Whilst engaged in this work he was called into the shop, and had un. fortunately left the naphtha running into the can. Immediately opposite where the barrel stood in the entry there is a cottage whioh was then occupied by three persona. One of them, a young woman named Nancy Tempest, seeing that the can was full of the dangerous liquid, and running over on the ground, ran for Mr. Langshaw. Both instantly returned, but the naphtha on the ground bad then ignited, and the flame was hastening to the barrel swiftly. He seized the barrel, struggled for a few moments, but was unable to get it away. The fire reached it, and in a moment the barrel was blown over a cotton waste warehouse I occupied by Mr. Lowe, and fell in a passage: The passage being only about a yard and a half wide, the the flames set the cottage on fire. A bed in one corner on the ground floor was speedily consumed, and all the furniture, flooring, and stairway were in a blaze instantaneously. The borough fire brigade and engines were speedily at the scene of the sad occurrence, and with an immense power of water drowned the fire, but the flaming liquid could not be extinguished, and ran down the passage a shept of flame into the main sewer. As soon, however, as the fire had been subdued, the efforts o. f the firemen and others were next directed to the dead or injured. The body of Mr. Langshaw was found lying in the doorway of the cottage opposite the spot where the barrel had stood. Every article of clothing was burned off his body, and his watch lay at his side, being stopped exactly at 20 minutes to three o'clock. Everything inside the_ dwelling was burned. In the corner near the remains of the bed, knelt the body of the occupier of the house. Hia wife having apparently fled upstairs for safety was found there. Both were dead. Several men who ran down the passage to render what assistance they could were caught by the burning liquid, and rushed back into Deansgate, their clothes being on fire, two of them being on fire from head to foot. The flames were smothered by persons near, and the injured taken to the infirmary. The names of the dead are-Alfred Langshaw, druggist; John Spencer, 55 years of age, partially a cripple; Ann Spencer, ;his wife, 52 years of age, who was engaged washing at the time of the occurrence* Of the men who offered to render assistance William Cross, a painter, of Black. horse-street, is the moat seriously injured; next to him Michael Canavan. Both were badly burned about the middLe of the bodv. Another man, known as Tom Seth, had the lower portiou of his legs burned. Nancy Tempest (who ran for Mr. Langshaw), niece to the occupier of the house, had her arm burned. Nothing is yet known as to how fire got to the naphtha, but it is supposed that the vapour arising from the naphtha penetrated the dwelling, and ignited, on coming near the fire-grate, and that the flame got to the spilled liquid and spread to the barrel. The yard door was on fire at one time; had the fire got to the other side of the door there was the 100 gallon cask, and the results would have been more disastroua.-Manchester Courier.
A falsa leg has Vieen ordered in Paris for Prince Antoine of Hohenzollern. It is to have the new silver ointa, which are a great Isixury.
"KILLING NO MURDER." AN EXTRA- ORDINARY ACTION FOR LIBEL. A remarkable action waa tried, before Baron Deasy and a special jury, at the Belfast assizes, last week. Joseph Crawford sought to reoover damages, laid at ■ £ 1)000, from Mr. A. J. M'Kenna, registered proprietor of the Ulster Observer, the organ of the radical party in Belfast. The plaintiff is a farmer, residing in the county of Monaghan, and served as foreman of the jury which tried Edward Warren Gray for the murder of Patrick Shovelin, at the spring assizes for that county. A verdict of acquittal was returned. The alleged libel was headed "Killing no murder: "Edward Warren Gray, a protestant, who was accused of basely, brutally, and cowardly shooting Patrick Shevelin, a catholic, last July, was yesterday accquitted of the deed by a Monaghan jury. Two men named Steen and Glen, also protestants, who beat the dead man and fractured his skull before the assassin murdered him, were also acquitted. Some catholics charged with having assaulted the station-master, a pro- testant, were found guilty, but all the protestants ac- cused of bloodshed and riot escaped-tbe only convic- tionsworo convictions of catholics whose offence if com- mitted at all, were minor offences and were the result of bitter provocation. The protestants, from the alleged murderer down to the least rioter, were allowed to walk scatheless from the dock; and this is the way justice is still administered in the north of Ireland. We mean no offence to our protestant fellow-country- men in general by the observations. They are, as a body, above reproach of any man, and have the qualities which command our respect; but, we repeat, the protestant juries-the Orange juries, perhaps we should say—which liberated Gray, Glenn, and Steen, enacted a travestie on justice, and disgraced the sacred functions they were called upon to discharge. It is monstrous to think of it that innocent blood can be shed with impunity, and justice herself turned into a defender of guilt. We must perform at any cost the duty which devolves upon us, and we now arraign the verdicts given at the Monaghan assizes as the most infamous and corrupt that ever proceeded fr»m the jury box, even in Ireland." Mr. Butt, Q.C., was principal counsel for the defendant. The jury gave a verdict for the plaintiff—6d. damages.
THE HYDE-PARK RIOTS. Mr. C. St. Clare Bedford, the coroner for West. minster, held an inquest on Friday, at St. George's Hospital, on the body of Charles Smith, aged 17, who was killed on Taesday night about half-past' nine o'clock, near the corner of Park-lane, in Piccadilly. The jury having viewed the body, the following evi- dence was taken:— ° James William Smith, the father, said the deceased waa a page-boy, 16 years old last May. James Ward deposed that on Tuesday evening he saw the deceased behind a brougham, which was going about five miles an hour. The boy was riding at the back of the brougham, and witness looked round for a moment, and then on turning again saw him between the wheel and the spring, one arm being in the spoke of the wheel and his head fixed in the spring. He was dead before taken out, which was only done with great difficulty. Some person called to the driver of the brougham, who stopped immediately. There was not much crowd about then. The driver of the brougham who was sober, did nothing but stood by the wheel as the deceased was taken out. There were a. great many carriages about. Isaac Halstead, living ia Halton-streat, Battersea- park, confirmed last witness as to seeing deceased killed as described. Several police came up, who pushed him (witness) away. He saw deceased taken out. The driver said he did not know anything about it, but thought the vehicle went very funny. Patrick Winter, 321 A, said that he was called to the spot, and found deceased there, as described. The driver of the brougham was qaite sober, and expressed his regret at the occurrence. George Turner, a ceachman, living at 335, King's- road, said he was the driver of the brougham. He knew nothing of the accident, but was told by several persons that the boy had been sitting on the spring, and he (witness) supposed he had overbalanced him- self and fell between the wheel and the spring. Hf. Willm« Idigb, at St. George's Hospital, deposed that death ensued from fracture to the skull and other injuries. The driver, being reoalled, said that there were a great many vehicles passing. The coroner said that he considered the driver had perfectly exonerated himself. The jury returned a verdict of Accidental death."
EXTRAORDINARY DEATH OF A CHILD AT NUNHEA.D. On Monday Mr. W. Carter, coroner for East Surrey, held an inquiry in the board-room of the Camberwell workhouse, respecting the death of the naw-born ille- gitimate child of a young woman named Mary Brown- ing. It appeared that the girl Mary Browning was seen at two o'clock on Monday, the 9th instant, sitting under a hedge in a field at Nunhead-green. She re- mained there all day until eight o'clock in the evening, when a police-constable named Barrett, 133 P, went up to her, and found her to be very ill. A woman who came up at the time pulled aside her shawl, and in her arms was discovered the body of a child quite iead. The police-officer at once sent for Dr. Stokoe, of Peckham-rye, who promptly attended. To him the young woman stated that she had given birth to the child at eleven o'clock that morning in a railway arch in Albert-street, Peokham. She attributed its death to want of proper attention at the time of its birth. Dr. Richard Stokoe deposed that the body of the deceased was that of a well-developed, full-timed female child, newly born. There was a mark around the neck and a discolouration in front as though strangulation had been caused by the compression of a cord. Lydia Hewitt, No. 5, Old Gower-street, Nunhead, a young girl, said that she went into the fields to get a little fresh air, when she saw a young woman, Mary Browning, sitting under a hedge. Witness walked on and upon turning suddenly round she saw the naked body of a child seated in the young woman's lap. She had it partly concealed by her cloak. Witness said nothing, but ran home and told her mother, who at once left the house and went into the fields. Mrs. Sarah Petlow, No. 8, Stafford-street, Peokham, said that the young woman Browning had been stop- ping at her house for the last four months. Witness had known her for several years, and she had allowed her to remain at her house until she was able to pro- cure a situation. On Monday week she said that if she could not get a situation she would write to her mother for money, and go home. She then left the house, and witnessdidnotseeheragain. Witness had fre- quently charged her with being enceinte, but she always stoutly denied the fact. The accused, Mary Browning, was present during the inquiry, and while the witnesses were under exami- nation she appeared to be in a state of great grief. After Dr. Stokoe's evidence, she said she should like to state the circumstances to the court. Coroner: Be very careful. You need not make any statement. If you do make one you must be sworn. Your statement will be used in evidence against you. The accused: I wish to tell the truth. Coroner: Swear the witness. Police-constable, stand near her, and hear all that is a-iid. The accused was then sworn, and she deposed: I came up from the country four months ago. I said I was going to get a situation, but I did not intend to get one, knowing the way I was in. I denied to Mrs. Petlow that I was enceinte. I then intended to return to the country. My sister was coming up to London, and I intended to tell her. On Monday week I felt ill, and went out for a walk. When I came to the rail- way arch I got ill, and before the child was born I lost my senses. When I came round I found the child born and dead. I was an hour sitting under the arch, I then got up and held the child in my arms, and went to look for a policeman. I then saw the young girl's mother, and I told her, and she went for a policeman. I did not like at first to tell what was the matter, but afterwards I told several persons. When I was becoming insensible I heard the child (the witness then signed her statement in the presence of the police-constable;. The Coroner said that the case was one of a very painful character, but if the accused's aiatemen w_ correct, it was very unfortunate that she aiia form some of the people at the houses n way arch of the state she was in when sne discovered the child to be dead. The jury, after an hour s deliberation m private, re- tunied a ^verdict That the deceased cnild was acci- ^Th^Coroner said that the verdict had been returned in consequence of the statement made by the accused.
FACTS AND F ACE-TIÆ. Why is the letter A amphibious (-Beoause it is found both in land and water. Why is a man who squints like a needle that can- not be threaded (-Because his eye is defective. Why are bankrupts more to be pitied than idiota ?— Because bankrupts are broken, while idiots are only cracked. Can a man keep his feet dry when he has a creak in his boots ? Why is a French franc of no value compared with an American dollar ?—Because it is worth-less. A confirmed toper was bothered how to honour his birthday. A brilliant idea struck him. He kept sober. A drunkard, upon hearing that the earth was round, said that accounted for his rolling about so much. An old lady being asked to subscribe for a news- paper, declined, on the ground that when sha wanted news she manufactured it. A man recently wrote to a. shoemaker:—"Cend me a pair of esq. Toad Shooze." A quaker, in business in Philadelphia, disliking the "Esq." to his name, advised a correspondent to direct his letters to him without any tail, and received a supply superscribed, "Amos Smith, without any tail, Philadelphia!" A man advertises for competent persons to under- take the sale of a new medicine, and adds, that it will be profitable to the undertaker." We have no doubt that it will. Good Ad vie 3.—An excited father called in great haste on Dr. Abernethy, and exclaimed, in an excited manner, Doctor! doctor! my boy has swallowed a mouse!" Then go home," quietly replied the doctor, and tell him to swallow a cat! An advertiser in one of the papers says he has a cottage to let, containing eight rooms and an acre of land. An Irishman once ordered a painter to draw his picture, and to represent him standing behind a tree. If I want a statne of myself, why should I be foolish to present a sculptor with the marble for the work ? Because if I did, he would be sure to chisel me out of it! The following definition of the rights of woman is given in a Vermont paper: To love her lord with all her heart, and her baby as herself-and to make good bread." Jack, did you carry that umbrella homq I bor- rowed yesterday ? "No, father, you have of ten told me to lay up something for a rainy day; and as I thought it would rain before long, I have laid the umbrella up." "Did you take the note. and did you see Mr. Thompson, Jack? Ees, sir." And how was he ? Why, he looked pretty well, but he's vory blind." Blind! what do you mean ? Why, while I war in the room he axed me where my hat war, and I'm blessed if it wur not on my head all the while." A Prompt Heply.—A little boy some six years! old, was using his slate and pencil on the Sabbath, when his father, who was a clergyman, entered and said, "My son, I prefer that you should cot use your slate on the Lord's-day." "I'm making meeting- houses, father," was the prompt reply. The wicked editor of the Springfield Republican says this:—" Garters with diamond buckles are worn with the new hoops in Paris. It is impossible not to see that they are not introduced here yet." A German writer says a young girl is a fishing- rod, the eyes are the hook, the smile the bait, the lover the gudgeon, and the marriage the batter in which he is fried. We wonder what English girls will say of this German idea. A Head Centre.-Herod's wife is said to have been like a Fenian organisation, because she had a head sent her (head centre). A would-be prophet down South lately said, in one of hia sermons, that he was sent to redeem the world and all things." Whereupon one of his audience palled out a Confederate shinplastor, and asked liim to forle orroic tha"gpecie for ifc. Judy Bralegan, having been requested to open some oysters, after knocking them about for some time, exclaimed "Upon my conscience, but they are mighty hard to peel! A poor man once came to a miser and said, I have a favour to ask." So have I," said the miser, "grant mine first." "Agreed." "My request is," said the miser, that you ask me for nothisg." Piano, Con Espressione.-(" Alderman Sidney said it was out-Heroding Herod."—Times' report of the Court of Aldermen.) That ain't ow it's spelt now—tha usual mess You makes of our Haldermen, gents of the press !— Which I chanced to drop in, and, I give you my word, 1 Hout-Erarding Erard distinctly I eard. Billingsgate. No Pity for Constant Complainers—Oh dea.r sighed a young field-mouse to the squirrel; I am so sorry, so Bad!" What's the matter ? asked the squirrel, stopping short in a run. That poor wood-pigeon—it goes to my heart to hear her; just listen to her plaintive accents; how mournful, how af- fecting Ha! ah ah! laughed the squirrel, mer- rily, don't fret yourself; when you've lived in the woods as long as I have you'll know better. I used to pity her myself once (and it's not in my way to make troubles either), but I have found out that complaining is just a trick of hers, and that whether she's happy or miserable, she has but one note; so I never conoeru myself about her." Clever Rata.-An amusing dodge of some rats at one of the minor theatres is related. The man who had charge of the lamps, fineing that his oil had diminished very rapidly, watched for the supposed thief. After waiting in silence for about an hour, about a dozen rata successively made their appear- ance. Some six or eight mounted on each other's backs, so as to enable one to reach the top of the oil- can. The orifice was very small, but the uppermost rat introduced his tail into the oil, and descending, allowed his accomplices to lick the oil which the tail had imbibed. The tale is literally a strange one, but the truth of it is affirmed by the Epoque. A Refrigerator.—An American paper says the coolest specimen of impudence of modern times is a recent speech of the bottled hero of Big Bethel (Butler), who declares that he was" impoverished by the late rebellion! This declaration can be guaran- teed as a capital substitute for ice. Let all who read it out it carefully out of their newspaper and use it as a refrigerant where ice is not to be had. We have pasted the speeoh up in our office, which has a Southern exposure, and we expect to wear winter clothes and keep up a fire during the summer months, if it remain where it now is. Cunning Son.—" Jacob," said a father, yester- day I forbade you associating with the neighbour a children any more, and to-day you have disobeyed me The next time I catch you there I shall punish you. The next day Jacob was there again, totally oblivious to the interdiction, till he saw his father enter the neighbour's yard with a rod in his hand. Jacob made for the fence, over which he leaped, P™edby his father, and ran home there he was oa g my son," said the irritated father, what did I tell you I would do, yesterday ? father, that if you caught me there aS,P^ me." "Well" Hold on, father, said the little reprobate, who knew that iftecouldmake his father laugh the matter would be all rIght;, 4' you didn't catch me there, you catched me here! U The desired effect was produced, and the rod was dropped. Wife's Commandments.-l. Thou shalt have no other wife bat me. 2. Thou shalt not take into thy house any beautiful brazen image of a servant girl to bow down to her and serve her; for I am a jealous wife, visiting, /•"°u shalt not take the natne of thy wife in vain. 4. Remember thy wife to keep her respectably. 5. Honour thy wife's father and mother 5. Thou shalt not fret. 7. Thou shalt not find fault with thy dinner 8. Thou shalt not chew tobacco. 9. Thou shalt not be behind thy neighbour. 10. Thou shalt not visit the rum tavern; thou shalt not covet the tavern-keeper's rum, nor his brandy, nor hIS wine, nor anything that ia behind the bar of the A rhou stlalt not visit the billiard-hall. i Jt- mT commandment is, Thou shalt not stay out later than nine o'clock at night. ♦
rru^" the committee was held on xnursday at Mr. HoflinB's studio, to inspect the model, to consider the site for the statue, and to appoint a treasurer in place of Mr. James Lloyd. It is expected that the statue will be oompleted in about a year.