ABSTRACT OF ACCOOTS OF THE COMMSSIOaEiS, Under Act passed in the 7th Year of the Reign of his ]ale Majesty King "William the Fourth, intituled "An Act for better Paving, Cleansing, Lighting, and otherwise improving the Town of CardLT, in the County of Gla- morgan," from the 1st July, 1844, to the 1st July, 184.3. DR. £ s. d. C s. <1. Pitching and Paving.—Owners of Houses in Balance on last Account due to the Treasurer 083 1 1 Great Fi-ederiek and other Streets 308 2 2 Fire Engines.—Repairs £ o-t 2 0 Rents.'—Corporation Rent of Lamps for 5 Cleaning and Working.. 5 10 1 years up to 1843. 40 12 0 ————— 59 18 I Coal Yard, half year, up to 2.5th Gas.—Lighting Streets 492 0 V) Aug., 1844 11 10 0 Altering Lights 32 12 5 Rates. 1413 010 Lamps 1818 0 Check to Surveyor, not presented 22 4 7 Repairs of Lamps 28 10 0 Balance due to Treasurer 1S3 1 2 ————— 572 7 2 Interest on Debentures and Advances by Treasurer 123 11 2 Advertising and Printing 2 5 0 Property fax 2 3 9 Pumps— Repairs of 7 lG 0 Boat & Stones placed in River by St. Mary St. 1.5 10 0 Salaries.-Clerk to Commissioners I year, to 30th June, 1844 21 0 0 Collector of Rates, 1844 and 1845 49 8 3 Inspector of Nuisances 1 year 5 0 0 Surveyor, half year to 30th December, 1844. 15 0 0 90 8 3 Streets.—Pitching & Paving Mil- licent, Frederick, and Ebenezer Streets, on account 250 0 0 Cleaning,Watering, rav- ing, Draining, Repairs, Carts, &c 170 IG 3 ————— 420 16 3 Rent.—Part of a Yard I 0 0 Masons' Work 8 5 0 Total. E1989 10 9 Total £ }DS9 10 9 The foregoing Accounts were examined and allowed, and the Balance of One hundred and eighty-three pounds one shilling and twopence ordered to be carried to the next account. 0 CHARLES C. WILLIAMS, E. P. RICHARDS, IIENRY MORGAN, DAYID EYANS, Guild-Halt, Cardiff, July 28th, 1845. THOS. STAGEY.
sales bo Auction. MERTHYR TYDVIL. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY MR. JOHN JONES, At the ANGEL INN, in the Town of MERTHYR TYDviL, on WEDNESDAY, the Gth day of AUGUST, 1845, at G o'clock in the Evening, in one or more lot or lots, as shall then be determined upon, and subject to such conditions of Sale as shall then and there be produced, ALL those Three DWELLING-HOUSES, situate in Chapel-street, in the Town of Merthyr Tydvil afore- said, at the back of High-street Meeting House, and now in the occupation of Elizabeth Williams, John Davies, and Evan Evans, as Tenants. These Premises are held for the residue of a term of 99tyears, from the 1st day of May, 1840, at a Ground Rent of jE5 Os. lOd. per Annum. For further Particulars apply to the Auctioneer, Glebe- land Cottage, Merthyr Tydvil. GLAMORGANSHIRE. TO BE SOIiD BY AUCTION, At the BRIDGWATER ARMS INN, NEWBRIDGE, on WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 13 next, BY MR. THOS. WILLIAMS, At 1 o'clock in the Afternoon, A MOST desirable PREMISES & SITUATION FOR TRADE, situate at G WERN-Y-GF.RWN, near Treforest, Newbridge, consisting of a commodious Dwel- ling-House and Garden, with neat Front Shop, extensive 'Cellarage and Stores, and large Piece of Ground walled in for Building Cottages (much in request), situated in the immediate vicinity of extensive Iron, Tin, Rail, Chain, and Coal Works, now in full operation. The above held under a Lease from Sir B. Hall, of which about 76 years are unexpired, subject to a Ground Reht of Twopence per yard. For further Particulars apply to Mr. Newman, or Mr. Thos. Williams, Auctioneer, Newbridge, or Mr. Isaac Morgan, Crown Inn, Blaenafon, near Abergavenny. CAERPHILLY WORKHOUSE. TO BE SOLD BY Ai'CTlOX, BY MR. WATK1NS, (Under the directions of the Poor Law Commissioners), AT THE CASTLE INX, CAERPHILLY, On THURSDAY, the 14th day of AUGUST, 1845, at 2 o'clock in the afternoon, (subject to such Condi- tions of Sale as shall be then produced), ALL that MESSUAGE or DWELLING-HOUSE, (lately used as a Workhouse for the Poor of the Parish of Eglwysilan), and GARDEN, held therewith, situate in Caerphilly, in the county of Glamorgan, and adjoining the Castle Wall. The Premises are held under a Lease for the term of 500 years, from the 1st day of May, 1785, at the yearly rent of £ 1 15s. Od. Further particulars may be obtained of Mr. Evan Evans, Caerphilly of Mr. John Morgan, Overseer of the Poor for Eglwysilan of the Auctioneer and at the Office of Mr. E. P. Richards, Solicitor, Cardiff. Cardiff, 26th July, 1845. GLAMORGANSHIRE TO BE SOLD BY AfCTIOJ, By Mr. THOMAS EVANS, At the WINDHAM ARMS INN, in the town of BRIDGEND, on SATURDAY, the 16th day of AUGUST, 1845, between the hours of Two and Three o'Clock in the afternoon, object to such conditions of sale as shall then be produced, ALL that MESSUAGE or DWELLING, now used as a Shop and Public House, in the tenure or occu- pation of Mr. Tomkin, with FIVE COTTAGES or DWELLING-HOUSES adjoining the same, situate at Garnllwyd, in the parish of Llangonoyd, in the said County. The above- Premises are held under a lease, for an un- expired term of 52 years, at a small annual rent; and from their contiguity to the Works in the Llynvi Valley, offer an advantageous investment. Further particulars may be had at the Office of Mr. Cuthbertson, Solicitor, Neath, BRECONSHIRE. VALUABLE FREEHOLD PROPERTY TO BE SOLI) 13W II'CTIOM, BY MR. HUGH JONES, (By order of the Mortgagee under a power of Sale), At the LION HOTEL, in the Town of Builth, on MONDAY, the 4th day of AUGUST, 18.1.5, at Three o'clock in the Afternoon, subject to such conditions as shall be then produced), ALL that desirable and compact FREEHOLD FARM called MAESYGROES-UCH AF, comprising 36A. lit. 5r. of Arable, Meadow, and Pasture Land, with a convenient Dwelling-House and Farm-Buildings thereon, situate in the parish of Hanavan-vawr, distant from the Market and Post Town of Builth about 8 miles, and within easy distances of the celebrated Mineral Waters of the Llandrindod and Llanwrtid Wells, and is now in the occupation of Mr. Peter Lewis, at the low yearly rent of £ -20. There is a valuable and extensive Right of Common attached The Tithes have been commuted at £ 2 5s. per annum, and the Rates are moderate. The Tenant will shew the Property and further par- ticulars may be had on application to Messrs. Overton and Hughes, Solicitors, 25, Old Jewry, London Messrs. Ventom and Hughes, of Angel Court, Throgmorton- street, London, Auctioneers or to Mr. Hugh Jones, Auctioneer, Brecon. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, fj^HAT on the 13th Day of OCTOBER NEXT, applica- X tion will be made to Her Majesty's Justices of the Peace, assembled at Quarter Sessions, in and for the County of Glamorgan, at SWANSEA, for an orlier for turning, diverting, and stopping up such portion of the present Pathway passing through a part of the Demesne of Llandough Castle, as is situated between the gate enter- ing the said Demesne, and adjacent to the Church of Llandough, and the stile on entering the field called The Park," and adjacent to certain Fish Ponds about 50 yards distant, and that the Certificate of two Justices having viewed the same, &c., with the Plan of the old and proposed new Pathway, will be lodged with the Clerk of the Peace, for the said County, on the First day of September next. (Signed), JOHN SANDS, Surveyor of the Parish of Llandough,
Notices. r—4, TAFF VALE RAILWAY. GENERAL HALF-YEARLY MEETING. Notice is hereby Given, THAT the next GENERAL HALF-YEARLY MEETING of the Proprietors of this Company, will be held pursuant to Act of Parliament, at the Win) E LION HOTEL, BROAD ST., BRISTOL, on WEUNESDAY, the 20th day of AuGusr, 184.5. The Chair will be taken at 12 o'clock precisely. (Signed) J. J. GUEST, Chairman. Notice is also hereby Given, That the BOOKS kept for the REGISTRATION OF TRANSFERS, will be CLOSED from WEDNESDAY, the 13th day of AUGUST instant, until after the holding of the said General Half-Yearly Meeting. By order, A. F. MORCOM, Secretary. Railway Office, Cardiff, August 1st, 1845.
A WELSH illDLAXD RAILWAY. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, THAT the Engineers of the above Company have been instructed and are now engaged on a survey of the Country, between Leominster and Kidderminster, and between Kidderminster and Birmingham; with the view, of effecting a direct communication between the Mineral Districts of South Wales and the Manufacturing Towns of the Midland and Northern Counties, that portion of the line between Leominster and Kidderminster being already fully determined on, and it being the intention of the Welsh Midland County to carry out the continuation from Kidderminster to Birmingham, in case no similar line of Railway which will equally serve their purposes shall be projected by some other Company acting in connection and co-operation with them. Dated this 30th day of July, 1845. BARKER, ROSE & NORTON, 30, Great George-street, Solicitors to the Company.
AQUATIC EXCURSION. The Public are respectfully informed that the LADY CHARLOTTE STEAM-PACKET, HENRY JEFFERY, COMMANDER, IS ENGAGED TO SAIL TO IKaFRJLC2OMB1 ON MONDAY, AUGUST 4th, 1845, LEAVING the BUTE DOCKS at half-past Five o'clock, A.M., piecisely, arriving at Ilfracombe at half-past Nine, allowing seven hours and a half on shore. The Company will re-embark at live, P.M., at the Pier-head, on their return to Cardiff. The Band of the Institute leill attend. The number of Tickets being limited, an early application is requested. Tickets forthe Excursion Gentlemen,4s.; Ladies, 3s. To be had of W. Nicholl, Esq., President; C. Vachell, Esq., Vice-President; and of the following Gentlemen :— W. T. Edwards, Esq., surgeon Mr. Moxley, St. Mary- street; Mr. Harris, cabinet-miker Mr. T. Price, draper; Mr. Coleman, druggist; Mr. Donovan; Mr. Jefford Mr. T. Thomas, St. Marv-street; Mr. Barry, Jeweller; Mr. Geake, Bute-street; Mr. G. C. Baylis; Mr. J. Pride; Mr. W. Bird, jun., Bank; Mr. Mason Mr. Rhys Lewis, Crockherbtown Mr. Cosway, St. Mary- street; Mr. J. B. Hopkins Mr. J. Williams, ironmonger; and at the Institute. Omnibuses will be in attendance to convey parties to and from the Packet. tr4- The above early hour has been fixed upon in order to obviate the necessity and expense of landing in boats. C. CLINTON, ? „ T. H. LOWDER, f Hon. Secretaries. Cardiff Mechanics' Institute, July 26th, 1845. CHEAP AiVD DURABLE MOOFim BY ROYAL HER 7 LETTERS MAJESTY'S PATENT. F. M'NEILL AND CO., (OF LAMB'S buildings, BtROW, LOSDON,) MANUFACTURERS AND ONLY PATENTEES OF Improved Patent Aspiiktcd Felt, THIS FELT has been exhibited at the Great National Agricultural Shows of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and obtained a PRIZE for being the best and cheapest article FOR ROOFING HOUSES, COT- TAG ES, V ERA N DA H S, O U T- B UILDIN GS, S HE DS AND EVERY OTHER DESCRIPTION OF BUILD- INGS, in lieu of SLATES, TiLE", THATCH, z.r:;c, &C., and for lining Granaries and Storehouses, for covering Garden Sheds and Frames, and Corn and Hay iti It is also a protection to Ceilings under flooring from wet and damp, at the same time deadening sound and is particularly adapted fur Exportation to the Colonies, where it is now extensively used and when used under Slates or Tiles, adds greatly to the warmth and durability of the Building. The Felt is perfectly impervious to Rain, Frost, and Snow, and resists the heat of the Sun, and its great supe- riority over every other description of Roofing consists in Us CHEAPNESS, LIGHTNESS, ELASTICITY, WARMTH, and DURABILITY; advantages which no other description of Rooting combines. Samples, with full directions as to its uses, and the manner of applying it, with Testimonials from Noble- men and Gentlemen, Members of the Royal Agricultural Society, who have extensively used it, some for seven years and upwards, sent fret- to any part of the town or Country, and orders by post immediately executed. jgSgT The Price of the Roofing Felt is only ONE PENNY PER SQUARE FOOT, which is considerably less than half the expense of Tiles and Slates; besides which, there is an immense saving in the Timber necessary to support the Roof, as the weight of the Felt is only about 25 lbs. to the 100 square feet. Patent Felt Manu/actory, Lamb's Buildings, Bunhill Row, London, March, 1844. F. M'Neill and Co. also manufacture a Dry Hair Felt, for covering Steam Pipes, Boilers, &c., by which a saving of at least 25 per cent, is effected in Fuel. ileti res, UP S. iJ/ 121 ID$ A PATTERS MAKER & TWO M0ULBEM. Apply at tlle TrOll Fonnllry, Bridgcnå. TO IIlTI Jj!)EII§. ..t 1D .II ] j. TIIE Committee of the Cardiff British Schools am now prepared to receive TENDERS for the Erection of a SCHOOL IIOl.'SE. Tenders wiil be received, not later than the 20th of this month, by Mr. Jon JAMES, Ironmonger, where the Plans and Specifications lie fur inspection. TIIOS. HOPKINS, ) JOHN BATCHELOR,) Cardiff, Aug. 1st, 1845. 31 Alt Si MARKS, &U@TIIOW APPRAISER, AND HOUSE AGENT, 9, St. Elary-Strcet, Cardiff, RESPECTFULLY returns his sincere thauks to his Friends and the Public fur their liberal support and, in soliciting a continuance of their favours, begs to assure them that his undeviating promptness, in all cases entrusted to liini, will merit their approbation, wlricil will be his constant study to deserve. Clocks, Wulch-s, Plate, Jewellery, Nautical and Mathematical Instruments Cleaned and accurately Re- paired, on the. mosi reasonable terms and dispatch. Cardiff, July 24th, 1845. [A CARD.] MRS. CI-IALLIES RICHER, (LATE MISS ELIZA GREGORY), BEGS respectfully to state that, by the solicitations of her Friends, she has been induced to enter upon arrangements for receiving a limited number of Young Ladies, for instruction in the CONTINENTAL LAN- GUAGES, the PIANO FORTE, GUITAR, and SINGING, together with GENERAL EDUCA- TION, upon the most modern and best adapted systems. Piivate Lessons, in either of the above accomplish- ments, maybe received by those whose leisure or arrange- ments will not permit of their attendance during the hours set apart for the duties of the School. Mrs. RICHES wishes to state that she is desirous of engaging with a Young Lady as an ARTICLED PUPIL, and who may be anxious to be thoroughly prepared for undertaking the duties of Resident Governess. Cardiff, 5, Working-street, 22d July, 1815. -:£'
Jxrrign EnttlligfHff. _0 FRANCE.—The Paris Opposition journals are still occupied chielfy with the honible massacre of the Dahra, to which atrociotB affair they return with new vigour; and which, and its author (Marshal Bugeaud), they stigmatize and condemn with a warmth and an amount of execration that demonstrate how truly they are im- pressed with the odium it has attached to the French name. They also give vent to expressions of alarm, lest the humane Marshal have the command of the forts round Paris (and he would have it) in case of an entente. CHINA.—We understand that private letters have been received in Liverpool from Shanghac, of a date later than any intelligence which has appeared in the newspapers; and the intelligence which they contain, if strictly correct, is highly important, as showing the great extension of the market for British cotton manufactures in the eastern ports of China. The statement is to the effect, that within three weeks, no less than six vessels, the Sarah Louisa, the Yalon, the Thomas Worthing ton, the Flora, the Monarch, and the Richard Cobdev, all which left Great Britain in October, had arrived at Shanghae and that nearly the whole of their cargoes of manufactured goods had been disposed of at satisfactory prices, both for cash and in barter for teas. The alleged date of the preceding intelligence is the 14th of April from Shanghae. CAN ADA.—Another awful fire has taken place in Quebec. On Saturday, June the 26th, and Sunday morning, upwards of 1300 houses were burnt, by which 10,000 persons were rendered houseless. The workmen were totally ruined. A large number of families had left the city. A newspaper states :—" The scene was one truly piteous. Hoary age, and helpless infancy, frail women, the sick and the decrepit, halted in these bleak highways and rude outbuildings, unable to fly further from the scene of danger; there they sunk down, over- whelmed with despair. Some idea of the sufferings of these broken-hearted people may be gathered from the fact that two children, who were taken from a bed of fever, expired yesterday in a stable. A woman also expired from fright and exhaustion in an open field, and we have been told that a man also died in some wretched corner on Sunday night." AMERICA.—By the New York Express, we find a great fire has occurred at Matawzas. The loss is estimated at eight hundred thousand dollars!
PEMBROKESHIRE SUMMER ASSIZES. [Before Sir Thomas Cultman, Knight ] HAVERFORDWEST, THURSDAY, JULY 24th.—The Rev. Richard Buckby pleaded not guilty to an indictment found at the last assizes, charging him with having, at. the parish of Begelly, built a house across a certain public path leading from a place called Langdon to Begelly parish church. Mr. Chilton appeared for the prosecution. The prosecutor is Mr. James Mark Child, a gentleman of property aad a magis- trate of the county. The defendantis the Rev. Richard Buckby, the rector of the parish of Begelly. He (Mr. C.) regretted exceedingly that Mr. Child, who is the squire" of the parish, should be under the necessity of taking those proceedings against the parson. He apprehended that the great and principal business of a parson was to give all his parishioners every pos- sible facility on their way to heaven, and he thought the church was the first stage thereto. Then, if the parson stops up the road they run a very great risk of going to another place. There was no doubt whatever that the path in question leads from a place called Langdon to Begelly parish church. It is a foot path. There is a road by which the parishioners might go to church without any inconvenience in the summer; but in the winter, if they had to wade through that road, they could not decently appear in church. It appears that Mr. Buckby has recently erected a mansion on the gIche belonging to the parish of Begelly, and through wl'.ioh the path in question ran. Mr. Buckby intended to divert the path in another direction; but before he got any order to do so he built his house across the path, and then, after having committed this blunder, he adopted very curious means of remedying it. lie hit on the notable expedient of turning the path out of his house by g t- ting himself appointed surveyor of highway s. This was quite a new office for a dignitary of the Church, because, up to this time, it was considered that a parson had enough to do in kok- ing after the ways of his parishioners, without taking upon him the care of the parish ways, lie then gave a notice of his in- tention to apply at the Quarter Sessions, to be held on the Lith of October then following, for an order to divert the path into another course, and he gave his consent to the diverting of the old road. On giving this notice he deposited, as he was require 1 to do by the act of parliament, a plan of the old road and cf the intended new one, from which it very distinctly appears on his own showing, that his house is built directly across the old path. Mr. Child and some of the other parishioners g'lve notice of their intention to oppose the granting of this order, whereupon Mr. Buckby withdrew his application, and in this state the matter now remains. All attempts to compromise this unfor- tunate afl'air have hitherto been unavailing, and no other resource remained than to submit the case to a jury. The simple question for their consideration would be whether Mr. Buckby had built his house across the public footpath leading to the church, and Mr. C apprehended they would have no difficulty in answering that question in the affirmative. George Hugh was then examined by Mr. Y. Williams I am a labourer, born in the parish of Narberth, but have lived in the parish of Begelly since my childhood. I have known the path referred to since that time. It is the church road, and I have known marriages and funerals go that road. This pathway goes through the property of Mr. Childs and Mr. Buckby. I know Mr. Buckby's new house: it is built upon the path in dispute. Sure the house is upon the pathway. Spoke to Mr. Buckby when they were digging the foundation about the right of path. John Mathias examined: I am 53 years old. I lived 2G years at Small Drink, but now at Tomlins-hili. 11;now the pathway in dispute it leads from Thomas Chapel, Hackct, and other places, to Begelly Church, and does not end at the church, but goes further. It was my best and only road from Small Drink to the pubiic-house. Cross-examined by Mr. Evans I recollect the Rev. Mr. Thomas making a new path. The present path is much straighter than the old one. The stile, which was formerly in the fold, is walled up now, and a different entrance made. John Jones examined by Mr. Chilton 1 am in my 67th year. I was parish clerk of Begelly for 31 years, until Mr. Buckby became rector. I have known the path through the Wynch field since 17 J6, I remember parson Thomas taking away the soil where the path was, to mix it with lime, and put some coal- pit earth in the old path to keep it dry. It was put in the old path, as near as 1 know. 1 know Mr. Buckby's new house. A part of the house is built over the path, and covers it. 1 have seen seven funerals go along that path. The first funeral I at- tended was that of John Leech, who died at Langdon Brake, and was brought from there along the path to the church. The path is the church road from the Langdon side of the parish to the church it also leads to the mill. Thomas Phillips examined by Mr. V. Williams I am a car- penter, and work with the Tenby and Begelly Coal Company. I am 57 years of age. Forty years ago I lived with my father near the field called Small Drink. I used to go over the path in question it was a public footpath. I know Mr. Buckby's new house part of the house is on the path. Mr. Buckby sent for me to the house about last Christmas. I went. He asked me if I remembered the path. I said I did. He asked me to walk it, and I did. I began a few yards from the house, on the Langdon side, and went towards Begelly. I was stopped by Mr. Buckby's new house. Mr. Buckby then came and said he had done with me. I think I am quite sure as regards the path. Cross-examined by Mr. Evans I did not tell Mr. Buckoy that I was sure the house was on the path. The first time 1 tuld him I thought I could not tell the path. He then desired me to walk it. When I went, I saw the old path at both sides. 1 thought the old path went direct from Small Drink held to the old fold. I never remember that it curved down towards the Wynch. John Phillips examined I am a collier. About 18 months ago I was going from Small Drink to Mr. Buekby's. I met him in Wynch meadow. 1 was on the footpath, lie told me that was not the path at present, and that he was going to stop it, and would suffer nobody to pass by the house, I told him it was au old path, and that Mr. Thomas had kept the path correct. I then went back. In Mr. Thomas's time he employed me to plant thorns alongside of the path to prevent people going on the grass. Mr. Buckby's house is built four or five feet on the path. Mr. Potter, jun. I am the publisher of the Pembrokeshire Herald. I inserted this abvertisement in the H\etjx\d by Mr. Buckby's order, (Advertisement read;, Cross-examined by Mr. i.vans The a' ivertisement wus >■ .ere • by Mr. Buckby to be inserted four times. it was inserted on! three times bv mistake. Mr. Win. Phillip" clerk to Mr. Leach, the clerk of the p?acr», produced certain papers which had been deposited at the u the pevec's oiffce. They were lodged by Mr- i'uekby's attorney. This was the case for the prosecution. Mr. Evans then addressed the jury for the defendant to the following eiVect: He intended to occupy as small a portion of the jurv's time as he couM in stating to them the questions thev would have to consider in this C1,se and in making intcHi'dble the controversy between the parties. lIe had oiten heard tell of differences which had arisen between neighbours hi the country, and the way in which they hate each other; but for himself he had passed l1H¡;t of his time in citit's, :1111 was not at all prep .red for the bitterness and animosity whit-hprc- vail among people in the country, particularly if they are persons of large property and great interest in the place. They then think they have a right to exercise every sort of vindietive- ness towards those who have offended them. He (Mr. E. ) thought there never was a ease brought before a jury itS un- founded as the present. It was brought forward, not to vindicate a public right, hut as a means by which Mr. Chilleonld harass Mr. Buckbv, and put him to expense. ]f Mr. Child had brought an action a'rainst I»Ir n. for the injury sustained by him, or any of his tenants, and had failed in his action, of which there could be no doubt lie would have h id to pay the defendant's costs. But instead of taking this step, he comes forward on pretence of vindicating a public right, But he plr. E.) thought that when the jury heard the statement of the cir- cumstances of the case, they would be of opinion that so far from these proceedings being taken for the purpose of vindicat- ing a public right, they were taken solely with the view of gratifviii-1- personal animosity, and annoying the oei 'iid.-ji. RocKby succeeded '• 1 homss as rector of tiie palish (if Ih'ijplly ■ the roctorv house had become dilapidated and Mr Buc;,bv 'elected the'b<t spot on which to rebuild it One of the. witnesses had said that Mr. B. had as lied him where was theb-st and diiest situation for the house, and he advised hun i' was the sp"t where the house now stands. That happened to he the spot over or near which the path in qii"s:iou ran. In cder, therefore, thai Mr. B. might erect the house without any obstruction to the. parish, Mr. Buckby ttot notices prepared to turn the path in another diieciion It never was his inten- tion to slot) the path altogether, but only to divert it a liitle on one side. The roa ran at first through IWr. B.'s fold across tlm Wynch meadow, and then into the field calle.. Su.idi Drink. The lcn'(lh oi' the path was 85 yards from the piace where it eetered the ynch meadow to the ro id. ATr. Buckby proposed to carry the path alitile from the house, and go into one of the corners of his fnid-yard, and had lie not been pre- vented doing so by the inteiference of air. Chiid, he would have made the distance 77 yards instead of oo, as it used to be; and now Mr. Child, a magistrate of the county, comes j forward End says, "You shall have your hou^e pulled (town, because vou have covercd the path. Mr. Bui khy savs, "If I have, I will make a better and shorter path," and nobody on eaith could be prejudiced hy it but !\ir. Ch Id savs, \h>; it is true vou havis dnne no misdlief, bllt yon hate OiiCiidcd against the law. and therefore your house shall come down." If Mr. Child had brought an action, he would not have got half a farthing damages, but he says, -'No; I wiit treat you as a criminal, and indict you for a nni-ance." Now, he (Air. Evans) thought that when the jury looked at these circum- stanccg, they \\ioul,! say that more cruel and vindictive, pro-, cc'dings were never brought under their notice There were two questions which the jury would have to eonsi ler first, whether the padi is a public h'ghway, and, secondly, whether, if it be a public hiihway, there had been an obstruction of it by Mr. Iiuekbv* Now, wi:h respect to the first question, he submitted there was no evidence whatever to show that it M.r-. ever used as a public highway. There was no dispute that it wa- a church road lor the tenants of Small Drink an t Lang- don; but further than this tlicie was no proof at all •>( she use of the road by the O'ibiic. In regard to 'he second question he (.M-. !■) submitted the cvi lence on this p-unt, produced on die other side, v. as vorv inconclusive and unsatisfactory, some <>f the wi'ness s having stated that the house covered rhe path, and others that the path curved down out of the traight line when it came near the spot on which the house wascrect-d. It was not denied that the Small i )i ink people bad a rhrht to go to Church that w ay, bill it had notbcen attempted to be shown that the public ever used the. path, or th -.t it had ever been repaired at the public expense and if it ha.1 been shown to be* a public highway, the prosecutor ought to be ashamed of himself in bringing such a case as this before a jurv, and in saying that the house shall be pulled down merely bec.ie.se tie-. Small Drink, have to go six steps round the corner, instead of six steps in a straight line. The learned counsel concluded by expressing his confident expect- ation that the jury would re'urn a verdict of acQuinai. His lotdship then summed up the evidence, alli L.ft it to the jury to say, ifrst, whether they were satisfied the. pa h was a public highway, and secondly, iif it was, whether the defend- ant had caused an obstruction of it by the erection of his house, jf ijiey were satisfied that it was a highway, and that the defendant had made the obstruction, they would tlnd him guilty j if, on the contrary, they were not satisfied on either of those points, they would return a verdict of acquital. The jury then retired, and in about two hours relurned a verdict of tinilty. Sentence deferred until next assizes. It is expected that an arrangement will take place between the parties.
iSenetTil Mi&t?Hauin FACT FOR SMOKERS.—German physiologists affirm that of twenty deaths of men between 18 and 25, teu originate in the waste of the constitution by smoking. The value of Provisions imported into Liverpool, from Ireland alone, netted last year £ 7,003,000. A Boston paper states that three islets, near Pasco, be- longing to Peru, contain 40,990,000 tons of guano. ]SHW RAILWAY ENGINE.—Mr. Brunei, we understand, has devised a new engine, to run 50 miles an hour, and to work on eight driving wheels. From an estimate furnished to the House of Commons, it appears that there are in the valley of Erewash, Derby- shire, and its vicinity, 253,000,000 tons of coal in the space of sixty square miles, A Portuguese gold coin, about four hundred years old and the weight of a sovereign, was found on the farm of Branxton Buildings, in this county, a few days ago, by a young woman while working in the fields. — Newcastle Ji/'inril. SUN DKN LAND ELECTION.—It is reported that Mr. Hud- son's (Conservative) return for Sunderland is tolerably certain. GLOUCESTER AND P.CAN FOREsT RAILWAY. — We are happy to be able to state that the Great Western Company and the Gloucester and Dean Forest Company have per- fected their arrangements and that our Gloucester Company, in conjunction with the Great Western, will take immediate steps to complete, by means of the Dean Forest line, the chain of communication from Gloucester to Hereford and Monmouth, and from that place into South Wales. — Gloucester Chronicle. OLD HUNDREDTH*—^ie miJsie IN harmony of four parts of this venerable church tune was composed by Claude Gotidimel, about the year 15 -4. The composer, who was chapel-muster at Lyons, France, died in 157: a victim to religious opinion. The harmony of this hymn has since been altered, as may be seen by comparing- the same, as arranged III the present collections of church music, with the origin: It is a popular mtisico-histori- cal error, that Luther was the composer of ihis choral.— Musical World. THE Ro-AL CONTINENTAL ^KXCU:;RION.—T>y private letters from Cologne received Moauay, we learn that her Majesty and his Royal Highness Prince Albert are ex- pected to arrive at Stol/.tnifels on the 15th of the present month, and not on the bih, as at first anticipated. ller Majesty remains five days at the royal residence, and then proceeds by Wurzburg and Bamburg i0 Cobtirir, where, as we have before stated, the Palace Rosenau has been prepared for her d "Caption. It inav not be UlJ- interesting to state that in that f-yal abode Piitiee Albert was born. RELEASE FROM A L°-0 CONFINEMENT. -O"1 Tuesday last, an aged man. named Cnarlesworth, was released from York Castle, after an i-npttsonrnent of 2Ul years. In 18 IG he was committed for contempt of the award of a referee who had been appointed to. decide a dispute be- tween him and another party respecting the height of a dam attached to a mill betonging to him, in the neigh- bourhood of Ilolmfirth. He has been discharged hy a judge under the provisions of an act of parliament passed in the reign of William • SINGULAR AND FATAL ACCIDENT. —ON Saturday last a boy named Hartley, the son of a widow, and employed as a yard-boy by Mr. Clarke, gardener, at Northwich, met with his death in a. very singular manner. He was in the stable, teasing a horse with the butt-end of a pike, or hay-fork, having the other end towards his own body, when the animal struck out suddenly, and hit the handle of the pike with such force as to drive the prongs com- pletely into the boy's breast, killing him instantaneously. An inquest was held on Monday, nnd a verdict of "Accidental Death" returned.— Liverpool Mercury. BHISTOL SUGAH MARKET, July 30.—There continues to be a good demand for all kinds of Sugar, and v,"e must quote this week Is. per rwt. advance on every description. The supply is very short, and fut ther arri- vals are anxiously looked for. Refined goods have at length given way 4s. to as. per cwt. from the highest point, owing to the increased make.—There is but little enquiry for Rum, notwithstanding which prices are rising. Ross.—SHOCKING ACCIDENT.—A most distressing occurrence took place at Walford on Tuesday week, which we hope will prove a caution to persons using fire-arms. John Dew, living at the Lays, heard, as he thought, a jay in his cherry tree, at which lie fired, and unfortunately shc.t his own son, a youth about 18, in the face. The injuiies received are very painful, and there is much reason to fear the loss of the sight of one eye will be the consequence. The grief 0f the parent on discovering the catastrophe may be better conceived than described. SIn WALTER SCOTT ON UEAUTy.-ln one of the de- lightful descriptions of Female Loveliness which adorn the pages of this interesting writer, he alludes to a fragrant and balmy mouth and pearly set of teeth, as ranking among the first attributes of Feminize Beauty. The care and conservation therefore of ornaments, so precious and important cannot fail to become objects of high interest, and our own experience induces us unhesi- tatingly to recommend Rowland's Odonto, or Pearl e' Dentifrice," as an indispensable appendage to the Toilet of Beauty, and as calcuiatcj to heighten and preserve the advantages of Balmy Brc-ath," and "Pearly Teeth," in all their beauty and perfection,-See Advt. DREADFUL AVFAIR. i->oin a private letter, dated Trieste, July 9, we learn that a dreadful occurrence took place recently on board a steamer in the Mediterranean. It appears that 0.1 board the steamer pljing between Smyrna and Constantinople there happened to be two Turks as passengers, wd10 at the accustomed hour of prayer, spread out their carpets and commenced their de- votions. One of the crew passing by, wittingly or acci- dentally came in contact with the Mussulmc-n, which so incensed them that they immediately shot him dead. The passengers flocked around and attemnted to secure the two Turks; but they made a most desperate resistance, killing and wounding several persons when one of the stokers, having armed himself with the first weapon he could lay his hands upon, attacked and killed both the infidels. BAIT FOR A CROCODILE.—It is not long since, said the katsheff, that a man from Berber settled here, and was well known to all of us. Cue morning he led his horse to the Nile to water, and fastened the rope by w1¡ieh he held itroundhisatm, and whilc the animal wasquenclt- ing his thirst he knelt down to prayer. At the moment when he was lying with his face upon the ground a cro- codile attacked the unhappy man, swept him into the water with his tail, and swallowed him. The. ter.i'iad horse exerted all its strength to run away, and as the rope which was attached to the arm of his dead master, in the stomach of the crocodile, did not snap, and he could not disengage himself from it, the affrighted animal not only pulled the crocodile itself out of the river, but dragged it over the sat.d to the door of his own stable, where it was soon killed by the family, who hurried to thespot. and afierwards found the dead body of ihe victim entire in the belly of the monster. — Kr/t/pt un'hr Me/teuut AH A RIII.WAY THROUGH THE WII.DERNKSS.—A few years ago it was a fatiguing tour of many weeks to reach the Fails of Niagara from Albativ. V»'e are now carried along at the rate of 1(5 miles an houron a railway often supported on piles, through large swamps covered with aquatic trees and shrubs, or through dense forests, with occasional clearings, where orchards are planted hy antIcipation among the stumps before they have even had time to run up a log-house. Tilc traveller views with surprise, in the midst of so much unoccupied land, one nourishing town after another, such as Utica, Syracuse, and Auburn. At Itodlester he admires the streets of large houses, in- habited by 20,0d0 souls, where the first selller built his log-cabin in the wilderness ontytwetity-nve years ago. At one point our (rain stopped at a handsome newly built station-house, and, looking out at onc window, we 8aW a group of Indians of the Oneida tribe, lately the owners of thebroadlands around, but now humbly offering for sale a few trinkets, such as baskets ornamented with por- cupine quills, II10CCaSSillS of moose-deer skin, awl boxes of birch bark. At the other window stood a well-dressed waiter, handing ices and confectionery. When we reflect that some single towns, of whidl the founùations were hill hy persons still living, can already nnmberapopula- tion equal to all the aboriginal hunter tribes who posM-s- sed the forests for hundreds of miles around, we soon cease to repine at the extraordinary revolution, however much we may commiserate the unhappy fate of the dis- inherited race, Dyell's Travels in iwrth America. IN ARROW ESCAPE OF A FAMILY FROM ISEING POISONED. — The farm of Mounlharrick, in the parish of Crawford- John, being, iu common with other farms of that district, infested with rats, the worthy farmer and his wife resolved some time ago to destroy them with poison. A strong dos3 of arsenic was aeeordingly procured, and mixed Witil aquantity of butter, but without, it appears, sufficient warning having been g-iren to the various persons em- ployed about the house. The consequence was that last week one of the servants, while preparing food for the family, used the poisoned butter by mistake. The two children, as well as Mr. French, their father, had par- taken of the food, without suspecting anything wrong, till one of the former—little dreaming of the consequences, playfully remarKed, that" Hdcn (thl) servant) had taken the butter off the rats' pl'tie." On inquiry, Mrs. French found this to be too true; and the whole family were thrown into a state of the greatest alarm. A messenger was immediately despatched on horseback to Douglas- distant about six ll1iles--f:Jr Dr. Meiklo, who arrivell at Mounlharrick in the almost incredible short space of an hour and a half from the time the messenger left. The father, as well as the children were, by this time, suffer- ing severely from the effects of the poison but by the active treatment of Dr. Meikle, they were soon con- valescent, and in the course of a few days quite recovered. We can add nothingto the force of this case, as a warning to all persons employing poisonous substances, for pur- poses which, however innocent in themselves, arc attended with frightful risks.—Glasgow Citizen. H,ALLY, \VIIAT NEXT 1--011 Wednesday, Mr. M. White, of Horbury, joiner, purchased a milch cow in ourcattiefair. On the followiug morning, he went to view her, and found the animal minus her tail. He was, as may be imagined, greatly astonished and indignant at the discovery, believing that it had been severed during the ni^ht by some inhuman wretch but, upon a closer examination, he ascertained that the tail had been spliced on in so ingenious a manner as to escape detection. The tail coming off was to be attributed to the giving way of the materials with which it had been put on namely, divers yards of waxbatid, &c, We understand that, as soon as Mr. White can ascertain the name and residence of the late owner, it is his intention to apply to that genius to have the valuable appendage r'eplaced.— Wakefield Journal. U DKTARTURE OF THE GnEAT BRITAIN STEAM-SUIT FOR NEW YORK.—Liverpool, Saturday—This mammoth steam-ship, which has attracted so much attcntion not only at this port, but at London, Dublin, and Bristol, has at length taken her departure for the western world. At twenty minutes past three o'clock she leffher moor- ings in the Mersey amid the enthusiastic cheers of thou- sands of spectators who had assembled on the shores both of Cheshire and Lancashire, independently of the hundreds who had embarked in various ferry-boats for the purpose of obtaining a more close and accurate view of her movements. Ou board was a largeparty of the merchants of the town, who accompanied the ship as far as the north-west light-ship, a distance of about IG miles from the port, and for whom was prepared a very hand- some entertainment. The ship went majestically down the river at half speed, which was gradually increased as she approached the open sea, but up to the time of my leaving her at the nortit-westtight-shi;) she had not attained her full speed however, she accomplished the distaHce in little more than two hours. She carried out 4o passengers, and had on freight about 3(h) tons of light goo's, upon wInch £ .5 per ton was paid, The general opinion on board seemed to be that she would make the voyage to New York in about lG days. FASHIONS TOR AUGUST.—Shot silks have become so co:nn1011, that plain colours are now considered moie eletrint; stripes are still fashionabie. Hedingotcs and peignoirs aredecidedty the favourite style, the materia and form alone distinguishing the neglige from the toilette. For young ladies, instead of redingot 'robes of coutil, or plail] foulard, embroidered ill wide oraid gimp is more worn than ever, and equally applied to dresses of coutil as taffetas d'ltalie it harmonizes well with the buttons so much used narrow ceinlures witll small buckles and long ends are reappearing; for the* sea-side and country wear, foulards ccrus are much in request, with deep flounces, festonnes in the same colour, tin bodies very high, but open in front, and short sleeves, with under ones of muslin, and chemisette embroidered orplisse. As jackets continue to be used with some dresses, they have been introduced to put on and offat plea- sure, thus entirely changing the st.vle of a dress, and form- ing two different toilettes. Leghorn bonnets continue as ever the favourites of the Parisian ladies j they are oma- mented with three tips of featheis, termed panaches, or a single ostrich featheriaid fl it across. The Pamela bonnett" are not. very generally adopted, but the small bonnets are expected, ere long, to yield to them; the foim is spread, and rounded at the ears; they are made in paille de riz, crape lined with pink gauze or tulle bouil'onne. China crape shawls have been very fashionable in Paris, em- broidered a:l over, not only white ones, butpoonccan, deep bin1, and green Scarfs of grenadine are much worn, with transversal stripes, and trimmed round with fringe. Mantelets echarpes are often preferred to. the real mantelet, being smaller both in the pelerine and ends. Mantelats echarpes are pretiy of white poult de soie, trimmed round with a new kind of l.tce friuge, the long ends forming three folds, which are fixed, and straight down from the waist. Many scarfs for the sea side haye been made with hoods; they were simply of Caehmere, blue or red, with borders of velvet to match all round, fastening at the throat with cordciiere. Caps are all small in form, and very few have brides, though some have long lappets, but the majority arc rounded, The Pamela cap is with embroidered crown, tied witha single noeud, and long ends, on each sid", three rows of clear Mechlin lace, or a single wide one, which serpentines over the forehead, and turning round the head, is tied at intervals with choux gauze of two colours. —Front the London and Paris Ladies* Magazine of Fashion. REVIEW OF THE BRITISH CORN TRADE DURING THE PAST WEEK.—The weather during the last week has not been at ail favourable for maturing the growing crops of wheat and other grain, principally from the want of sun- shine, and the consequent low temperature of the atmos- phere. That the harvest will be late is certain, and that fact alone is sufficient to cause considerable uneasiness on the subject: but in addition, we hear frequent complaints of blight in the wheat plant, arising from the cold and rain experienced when it was in bloom. "e are, how- ever, still disposed to think that a few weeks of tine weather would go very far to remedy all the mischief done. The uncertainty which hangs over our prospects has induced holders of wheat to manifest a disposition to hold back supplies, and the quantity brought forward at most of the markets held since our last, has been small. Buyers have, on the other hand, deemed it necessary to act with caution j and, though prices Inyre on the whole tended upwards, the advance has not been of much im- portance. At Liverpool, oil Friday, considerable tran- sactions in Iiish wheat, both on the. spot and to arrive, occurred tit an amendment of full 2d. per 70tbs. upon the rates of Tuesday. Although no great amount of business was done in English and foreign free wheats, each, how- ever, realised a proportionate amendment. Several car- goes of Baltic red, in bond, changed hands on improved terms. English and Irish flour had a good demand, and obtained Is. per 280lbs. over late prices. From 6000 to 7000 barrels of Canadian were sold at from 27s. Gd. to 28s. also, 1000 barrels of sour at 17s., and 2000 of sweet States, in bond, at 20s, perbarrel. Barley, malt, and peas, continue stationary in value, but attracted little notice. lieans, owin" to the reduction in duty, were the turn cheaper. Oats were rather better in price, whilst oatmeal seems neglected and unimproved, but not offered below former quotations. In London, during the week, the arrivals of British corn were only small, but we re- ceived a few cargoes of foreign wdieat and oats. The weather has been for the most part cioudy, with occa- sional showers of rain, which, with some unfavourable reports from the country, have occasioned an increasing demand both for free and bonded wheat, and we must note an advance of Is. per quarter on English, and fully 2s. per quarter on foreign, either in bond or for shipment or arrival. The averages arc now moving up in earnest, the general return for the kingdom pub- lished on Thursday being 50s. per quarter. English barley has come sparingly tj hand having, however, as yet experienced very little demand, either on speculation or for consumption, sellers have been unable to realise enhanced terms. The very abundant arrival of oals from Ireland and abroad, about the close of the week before last, has kept our markets well supplied, though the receipts since then have not been very large. The trade has been very slow, and prices scarcely maintained. Warmer's Journal, RELIGION IN THE COLONIES.—From a bulky Parlia- mentary return published Monday, it appears that ac- cording to a schedule of the grants, endowments, and appropriations, made for the purpose of religious instruc- tion or of education in the colonies (the gross total popu- lation of our colonial 'dependencies amounting in the ag- gregate to 4,70.3,739 souls), there was paid in 1S12 a total sum of to the clergy of the churches of England, Scotland, Rome, and the Methodist and Dissenting ministers, of which £ 4o,9(5l was paid by the British Treasury, and £ 173,933 from colonial funds. The grants from the Siritish Treasury to s tliools dining the same period amounted to £ 2o, 117, and that for colonial funds to £ 146,*23!), making a grand total of £ 172,407. Of the sum ot £ 4y,9(!i granted by the Treasury to tne clergy, those of the Anglic.m establishment received £ 44,503 those of the Scotch, £ 347 and those of the Romish, £ 2,024. Of the sum of £ 17G.938 granted from colonial lunds, £ 118,4 13 was receive;! by the Anglican clergy, £ 20,<>I5 by the Scotch, £ 4,034 by the Wesievans and Dissenters, and £ 24,2 IG by the Romish priests. :i\IuI:DE't 0.' TUg CGEW OF THE ,VAsl'Thc trial of the Spanish Portuguese prisoners, charged with piracy, and with (he murder of 10 English men belonging to lierM aje sty's Ship Wasp, commenced on Thursday week at Exeter, be- Cs )C- fore Mr. Baron Piatt. The examination of witnesses oc- cupied the wdiole of Thursday and the greater part of Friday, but as the substance of their evidence has already appeared in our columns, it is not necessary to repeat thedetaits. Mr. Serjeant Manning, for the prisoners took an objection to the jurisdietion of the Court, which was overruled by the learned judge. On Saturday coun- sel was beard at great length for the after a careful and elaborate summing up from Baron Piatt, thejtny retired from court to consider their verdict, They were abse:it about half an hour, and then returned, when they pronounced a verdict of Guilty against, seven of the the other three, who were Sebastian de Santos, Manoel Antonio, and Jose Antonio. Mr. Baron Piatt, in an impressive manner, sentenced these seven miserable men to be hung, holding out no hops of to Majaval, through the interpreter, then requested that he might be permitted to inform the Queen of Spain of his situation, aud complained that justice had not been done, to him. The icarned Judge said he might ask for any indulgence of the government, about which he would not at all interfere. The prisoners were then handcuffed, alul ¡TIll()"I from the Court. It was stated that Serva was a man of consirlerable property, and that Majaval had belonged to a good family in Spain, from which couutry he had been obliged to fly. THE LATE EARL OF STAMFORD AND WARRINGTON.— Probate of the will and six codicils of the Eight IIon. George Harry Earl of Stamford nnd "Warrington, late of Enville Hall, Stafford, Dunham Masscy, Altringham, Rnd IIiH-strcet, Berkeley-square, was granted on the 5;\1 ult. to his brother, the Hon. William Booth Grey, John Cotes, Esq., and the Rev. Chailes Grey Cotes, clerk, the nephews, and the Rev. George Heron, clerk, the execu- tors. His wife, the Countes3, enjoys ati annuity of £ 2503 -i,t 1* -ii'llil:xll ), under marriage settlement appoints Col. "W iidinan sole guardian of his grandson, George Harry Lord Grey, and directs that he shall b entered as a member and graduate of the University of Cambridge, and not of Oxford, aud leaves his said grandson the residue of his estates, real and personal. The persona! estate within the province of Canterbury swotn under £ 140,000. Leaves the jewels, plate, pictures, books, &c., at Dunham Massey and Enville Hall, as heirlooms; bequeaths to his son, the Hon Henry Booth Grey, a legacy of £ 30,000, and to his brother the Hon. William Booth Grey, all annuity of £ 1000; to each of his daughters, Lady Henrietta Gnar- 1 lotte Law and Lady Jane Walsh, a legacy of £ 20,000, and an annuity to each of £ 500. Leaves to each of his ex- ecutors £100:), and legacies and annuities to his servants and bequeaths to the Chester, Stafford, Manchester, and Leicester Infirmaries, £ 500 to each. The will is dated March 6, IS34, and the last codicil Jan. 13, IHH. The will and codicils together are of great length, each sheet bearing the signature "Slamford and "Warrington." His lordship died on the 2Gth ofAnril tast. at his seat, Emille Hall, aged 80. HINTS TO NEWSPAPER CORRESPONDENTS.—The editor of the New York Tribunediscourseth to its correspondents, in the following language:—"To Correspondents. — I)o oblige us by omitting all such tiourishes as 'your in- teresting and valuable paper,' your able and patriotic course,' &c. Our subscribers know all about that sort of thing, and we have also a tolerable opinion of our own merits. If you thillk by this to improve your chances of insertion, yon mistake ruinously. When you have writ- ten what yon have to say, run it over and see if there are not some sentences that could be spared without serious injury. If there are, out with them! We are often com- pelled to decline good articles, because we cannot make room for them. A half column has ten chances where two columns have one, and three columns none. Try to discourage as little as possible, aud, where you must con- demn, let your facts be stronger than your words. When you assail any cause or person, always give us your real name, which we shall give up to whoever has a right to demand it. lie is a sneak and a coward who could ask us to bear the responsibility of his attacks on others. If vou send us word that you 'have no time to correct, and have written in irreat haste,' we shall put your manuscript into the fire. Why should you throw upon us the task of correcting your scrawl, when we are obliged to slight our own work for want of time] Give us facts, incidents, occurrences, at the earliest moment, and we shall be grateful though you wrote with a pudding-stick; hut if you attempt logic or sentiment, do it upright, instead of leaning upon us."—[We say, Ditto to Mr. Burke."] LANDLORD AND TENANT. NORWICH, July 24th.- Before Mr. Baron ALDEHSON and a Special Jury.— MARRYAT v. BARBER.—This was a "landlord and tenant" action, the plaintiff complaining that the defendant had omitted to perform cettain covenants, binding him to drain two acres and to clean out ail the ditches yearly, on a farm demised to him by the plaintiff. In answer to this the defendant pleaded i,Uer aha, that the land in question did not require draining, and also that by a certain agreement between th rn, the plaintiff had ac- cepted the execution of certain works by the defendant elsewhere in lie-u and in satisfaction of the breaches so complained of. From the evidence of the only witaess called on the part of the plaintiff, who is the celebrated novelist, it appeared that the farm in question consisted of about 400 acres, and was situate atLangham, in Nor- folk. In 1837 it was let to the defendant at 25s. per acre, and various string-nit. covenants were introduced into the lease, and among them those on which the present action was founded, it asserted by the plaintiff that the defendant had neither drained a single acte nor cleansed a ditch on the farm. Th;,s miscondiJ' t on the part of the defendant having being shown to have worked great in- jury to the propertv, it was contended by the delendant. that the action was wholly uncalled for, and proceeded entirely from the desire of'the plaintiff to possess iiimself of the farm in question and as to the argument advan- ced by the plea, evidence was given in support thereof. The witness, however, who was called for that pu.pose, did not substantiate the defence, and his lordship, in summing up the case, withdrew that part of it altogether from their notice. The parties had agreed by their co- venant that £ l,i per acre should be the penalty for the first breach and the only cmestion was, how much the jury would ghe for the ditches. At the same time, if they would say what was tha amount of actual damage sustained by reason of the first breach, in the even; of the plaint ill's demand being hereafter limited by the court above to that extent only, they would advance the ends of justice. The jury, after much deliberation and discussion, found for tiie nlaintiff, with £1,J,) damages on the first breach, and 410 oq the second, while they said that the actual damage sustained on the first breach was only £ 2; INCAUTIOUS USE OF FIRE ARM?.-— At Stafford recently before Mr. Justice Patteson, William Henry Parker, a mild-looking boy, only 13 years of age, was charged with the manslaughter or' Sarah Withers. This was one of those unfortunate cases in which the very reprehensible, indeed criminal, practice of leaving loaded fire-arms about a house, was the cause of one life being lost, an i of ano- ther being possibly during its continuance embittered. The uncle of the prisoner had, it appeared, been out pigeon-shooting, and had loaded his gun with shot; but when he returned home he had not fired it, nor did he then take the proper precaution of drawing the charge, but he placed it, loaded as it was, without a case, however, in tiie corner of his parlour. Titi., room was not commonly used by the family, but it was always accessible in fact there was not any lock on the door. The prisoner the following morning, the 2Sih of June, on returning from his work, happened, to go into the parlour, and, taking the gun, went out into the court or yard facing his uncle's house, wheie the deceased, who was a play-fellow of his, was. The prisoner, it appeared, had repeatedly amused himself by firing percussion caps at candies to blow them out, and also was in the habit of causing th°m to explode by placing them on the stones and striking them. Going into the yard with the gun, he cried out, "Sallv, Fit shoot -oil "Do it if you lbre," repliell the girl. He immediately put on a cap, levelled the gun, "fired, and inflicted mortal wounds on the unhappy child. The injuries were numerous, and more than one would have produced alone a fatal result. The prisoner, seeing the dreadful issue of what he doubtless intended as a piece of play only said, I did not. think of doing it," and was much affected. The prisoner's counsel declined making any observations to the jury, and left the case entirely in his lordship's hands. The learned judge while summing up tiie evidence to the jury, said that there colli(i not be a doubt the most goiuy party was the prisoner's uncle, who had so incautiously left a loaded gun in his parlour. The prisoner often fired off caps, and from seeing that there was not any cap on the gun had doubtless con- cluded that it was not loaded. His Lordship observed that he considered it very wrong and foolish to allow hoys to get the habit of blowing out candles by firing percussion caps at them. The jury acquitted the prisoner, who was instantly discharged. TIIF. PADDLE WHEEL AND SCREW.—The Mechanics' Magazine, in an article under the above head, after describing a trial of speed which took -place recently down t.he°rivcr, between the royal yacht tender Fairy, pro- pelled bv the screw and the Meteor paddle-wheel steam- er, when the latter had c^psiderably the advantage, observes —" We are not aware that any material exception can he taken to the fairness of this trial, on account of any difference in point of tonnage or steam power be- tween the two vessels. The Meteor was 170 feet in length, and 18 in breadth The Fairy, 145 feet and 21.2 feet. The former draws 4 feet 5 inches, the latter 4 feet inches The cylinders of the Meteor are 37 inches in diameter—stroke, tthe cylinders of the Fairy, 42 inches—stroke the same. Tiie Meteor, therefore, though it is'the larger and (perhaps) better proportioned vessel of the two and presents a less midship area of resistance than her rival, is decidedly her inferior in point of steain power." The writer then contrasts the peiformances of the Fairy with those of another well-known screw- vessei—the Wateriily. The Fai.y made the distance between Greenhithe and Portsmouth in 18 bonis, in- cluding four minutes' stoppage at Dover. Tiie Water- lity," le.t Blackwall at 37 minutes past one o'clock on 'he afternoon of Thursday, the 3rd iiist., and performed tne passage to Portsmouth-harbour in 17 hours II min- utes, having had to encounter a strong head-wind all the way from the JS'ortii Foreland, her average speed during tois trip^being sometning over fourteen miles all 1 lie W aterlily," it is added, "i" a smaller vessel, and of less engine-power, than either tiie Fairy or Meteor. Her length is 132 feet breadth, lt'i feet 0 inches; cylin- we.s, 2:)3 inches s'roke, 14 inches. Seeing that siie went the distance from Blackwall to Portsmouth in 17 hours 11 minutes, this is a greater performance than that of the i* airy, which took 17 hours 5'J miniUes to perform the distance from Greenhithe (only) to the same port of den- tinal ion." Itti; "SONG or THE SIIIRT" ILLUSTRATED.—Mr. hakiey, M.P. held an inquest 011 Monday, at London, on the body of Louisa Potter, aged four months. FaIlny Porter, a respectable looking woman, hut. whose appearance indicated that she "earned her bread by the sweat ofherbrow," stated she was themotherof deceased whom she brought up "by the hand," as she could not give it the breast, inconsequence of being compelled to eain a lhclihood for her other four chittroi, her husband ha\ing deserted her. On last Friday deceased suddenly became ill, and soon afterwards expired. The Coroner, after commenting i»p m the hard fate of the over-worked and ili-paid females engaged inshirt-making, said that if the woman Portercould have suckled her infant the probability was that the latter would have lived, whereas the mother had to work, and it was her infant's lot, to die a premature death. The jury agreed with the Coroner, and returned a yerdict of "Natural death." 1 iie body of the infant, which was brought into the inquest-room, was a complete skeleton, presenting the appearance of bones in a skin. _x-
NOTICES, &E. Monday, 4tlJ.-To be Sold, Freehold Premises, lately occupied as a Workhouse, Cardiff, at the Guild-hall, bv T. Watkius. To be Sold, Freehold Ifaes.N- groes Ucliaf Farm, Ilreconshire, 'at the Lion Hotel, Builth, by 1 I ugh Jones. Steam Packet Excursion from Cardiff to Ilfracombe. Wednesday, Cth.—To be Sold, Three Dwellillg Houses, at the Angel Inn, Merthyr, by John eg. IhursJay, Tlh.—To be Sold, Freehold Property, at St. George's, Gloucestershire, at the Com- mrrcial llooms, Bristol, by Fargus and Son.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. L|YR ^COMMUNICATIONS and ADVERTISEMENTS intern! for this JOURNAL should be forwarded early in the Week—not inter than THURSDAY MORS INC.. OUR READERS AND SUBSCRIBERS.—We should feel obliged to such of our friends and readers as will send us information of matters of local and general intercst- meetings and incidents occurring in their respective neighbourhoods. Tile obligation would be enhanced by the information being authenticated by the name and address of the correspondent. THE LATE HIGHWAY ROBBEUY AT SWANSEA.—By the kindness of a gentleman residing at Swansea we are enabled this week to present our readers with a full and able report of the proceedings in this case, which will be found in our third page. We beg to tender our best acknowledgments to the gentleman who has thus favoured us with this as well as other notices of great local interest; and to assure him that we shall at all times be most happy to insert any communication he may send to us. The Mimng Journal has not been received. We have received a copy of Mr. WymHiam Harding's excellent work on The Guagc Question," which points out tiie evils of a diversity of guage and a remedy."
T H E CARDIFF AND CffAItM H. FRIDAY, AUGUST 1, 1845. THE EARL OF DUNRVVUN V. MALINS.—We have read in the Camurian paper of hnt week a very malevolent letter, which has reference to a statement contained in our report of the proceedings in the trial of Lord Dun- raven against Malins," namely the following:—"This verdict will throw the costs of the action upon the defendant; but we are informed, on what we consider the very best authority, that the majority of the gentlemen of the jury did not contemplate such a result when they returned their verdict." In the letter just referred to, the insertion of which we think the Editor of the Cambrian would have shewn not only better feeling, but better judgment, if he had rejected, this extract from our report is termed" a comment upon the verdict;" and the writer proceeds in a strain of rancorous sarcasm, which we shall not attempt to imitate or reply to, to charge us with partiality. With regard to this most ridiculous charge, which was evidently conceived in the over-heated brain of a most prejudiced writer, we have merely to state that the Messrs. Malms are almost strangers in this county, and quite so to us we know not what their political opinions may be and if, therefore, we were inclined to be partial, we should unquestionably have espoused the part of Lord Dunraven, if of any. We are not prepared to state that the gentlemen who composed the jun were aware that their verdict would threw the costs of the action upon the defendants, neither are we prepared to affirm tha: the knowledge of that fact would have inil'ienced their deci- sion in the slightest degree weadv.iti:e no opinion upon the matter. The information contained in the extract from our repol t given above was received by us from par- ties of the greatest respectability-men quite as capable of forming a judgment upon the question as the Editor of the Cambrian or his congenial correspondent. Hitherto we have confined our attention to reporting the proceed- ings of the trial-to the insertion of such a general outline as we thougnt would prove of interest to our readers and the public generally. PARLIAMENTARY SUMMARY. I ROTRACTKD D- DATES, rather than any very extraordi- nary despatch of public business, have distinguished the proceedings of Parliament during the past week. On Wednesday, the 23rd ult, Mr. C. Builer's motion on the afnuis of New Zealand, which involve.1 a condemnation of the course of policy hi.herto adopted by Lord Stanlev. was negatived by a majority of 155 to :-m. On Friday, the motion for a Committee of Supply was stopped by Mr. liume, who called the attention of the House to the loss sustained by the hol lers of light sovereigns, and moved an address to the Queen, praying Her Majesty to direct that some office should be appointed by the Government to receive light gold at the intrinsic value, according to the number of grains deScicot it, the average weight, and not allow the loss of sixpence, more or less, to the holder of the coin, according to the will of the person who is to receive it in payment. An animated discussion ensued, in which Sir R. Peel, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Muntz, and other members took part, 'I he motion was negatived by a majority of Gel to ::4. In the House of Lords, on Monday, Lord Campbell moved that the stand- ing order, prohibiting the publication of the lives of de- ceased peers, should be rescinded. The noble lord said that the standing order originated in 173-3, when the House of Peers was startled from its propriety by the appearance of an advertisement in the Post Boy, stating that the famous Curll intended to publish a volume containing pope's correspondence for 30 years with the Earl of Halifax, and other noble lords. The black rod was immediately- directed to bring every copy he could find before the house, and also to briiig the publisher to the bar. From that period the stan, ling order remained a dead letter upon tlic journals. 1 iUS motion, which was agreed to without opposition, excited a brief, but lively conversa- tion. Their lordships then went into committee on the Commons Enclosure Bill, the discussion of the clauses of which occupied a considerable portion of time. They were eventually agreed to, and the report was ordered to be received on Tuesday. In the House of Commons, on the motion for the house resolving itself into Committee of Supply, Mr. Kwart moved the following i-esotuduns :— Th.it a statement be made, on the part of the Government, of the condition aad prospect of such educational establish- ments as are sllppJrteù wholly or parti.illy by a vote of th:" house, that it is expedient that the forniniifia of public libraries, freely open to tha public, be encouraged. That it is expedient that schools tor the training of masters be more ex- tensively promoted. That it is expedient that appointments c) too subordinate offices of Government, be wade (as far as possible) by examination of the merits of the candidates for such offices." Sir 11. Peel entered into a statement of the views of till) Government upon the important subject of and thougat that the increased grants for educational purposes was an indication of the desire of the Govern- ment to piomote education as far as could be dene bv augmentation of the grant. With regard to the condition of schoolmasters, the right honorable baronet observed— The ocCn¡nF011 of a schoolmaster outfit to be rc-irded as an honourable one, and lie was persuaded that anything which that h^UsO C0Ui.l no to allow their sense of its .value, and to ini- pr^ve the-v'a.Oi5 ol those devoting their energies to the fulfilment of Us duties would be amply repaid. In addition to the sums which he had mentioned, grants had been made for the erectiun. o sc 1001S, inie.iber ot which had increased annually up to y^!r' whcn tAf "umber of schuols so founded amounted to was.a'S° aa grant for the purpose of pro- moting the comfort and elevating the condition or the school- in,is eis ne -ou.iaittee of Council oil ,aa \ie>\ cou-.ee.ted to a grant for the erection <n schoolmasters' nouses. lIe very much doubted whether au increased sum for u putp .s. ol education next year vouKl not be fully justified ta/' 8UCC0S8 which will have attended the measures hitherto aaopted under the liberal sanedun of Parliament." Mr. Ewart ultfmately withdrew bis motion. Mr. Wil- liams then drew tiie attention of the house to the con- stitution p.ud management of the School of Design, and moved for a select committee to inquire into the allegations vout-uued iu the petition of the senior students of the