COWBRIDGE POLICE, Monday, Sept. 7.—At Mr. W. Edmondes's office, before Edward Ballard, Esq.—Walter Bemmond, of Treguff, in the parish of Lancarvan, la- bourer, was brought up in custody, to answer a charge of drunkenness and disorderly conduct on Sunday night, preferred against him by John John, P.C. The defend- ant pleaded guilty to the charge, expressed his sorrow for the oflence, ana promised to be more careful how he behaved himself in future, in consideration of which he was lined only Is. and 4s. 6d. costs, which sums were paid.-At the Town Hall, before Robert Savours, and Edward Ballard, Esqrs. —Henry Hocking, of Treguff, labourer, was brought up in custody, charged by Isaac Harris, toll-collector, with having assaulted him; and on the case being clearly proved, was convicted in the penalty of Is. and (is. 6d. costs. The same defendant was also charged with having assaulted John Howe, one of the constables of Cowbridge, while in the execution of his duty, which charge was clearly substantiated against him and it also appeared from the evidence, that defen- dant had conducted himself very improperly, and was exceedingly abusive and noisy on Sunday night. He was convicted in the penalty of Gs., and Gs. 6d. costs, all of which sums were paid, COWBRIDGE PETTY SESSIONS.—[Held at the Town- hall, Cowbridge, on Tuesday, the 8th iml., before R. C. Nicholl Carne and Robert Savours, Esqrs., and George Traherne and ArthrSrDene, Clerks.]—Richard Rees, of Lantwit Major, charged John Deere, of the same place, with having assaulted Mary Rees, a little girl, the daughter of the complainant. The magistrates consi- dered this case to be very frivolous, and little more than ft qtlSrrel between the children of the parties; the court, therefore, forbore to make any order, but recommended them to try to arrange their differences out of court, which was done, and the costs paid between them.— Thomas Hardee, of St. Hilary, was charged with having been drunk at St. A than, on Sunday week last. The charge was proved by Mr. Dene, and the defendant was, at Mr. Dene's request, dismissed on payment of costs.— John White (a native of Erin's Isle) charged William Williams and Thomas Thomas with having assaulted him by throwing stones at him thiough his window: but as there was no evidence to show that the stones struck him, the case was dismissed.—[Before E. Ballard, Esq., a borough magistrate.]—Joseph Powell, of Lantwit Major, pleaded guilty to the charge of drunkenness made against him by John John, P.C., and was dismissed on payment of costs. SHERIFFS' COURT, BRIDGEND.—TOWN HALL.—[Before William Lewis, Esq., Under-Sheriff, and a respectable Jury of the Town.]—An action was tried between Mr. John Jones, landlord of the Coach and Horses, Castle- town, Monmouthshire, and a Mr. Rawnesley, railway surveyor. It appeared the defendant, being employed in surveying in the neighbourhood, had taken up his abode at the plaintiff's, where he occasionally slept, and the action was brought to recover the sum of £6 9s. lid. I for tavern expenses, &c. £4 4s. of which was for apart- ments. The defendant admitted the plaintiffs claim to the extent of the tavern expenses, but denied his lia- bility to the item for apartments, and accordingly tendered the plaintiff £ 2 14s. lid., being more than sufficient to cover those expenses, which sum was also paid into court. The jury, after hearing the evidence on both sides, retired, and shortly brought in a verdict ior the plaintiff for the amount claimed, ( £ 3 los.,) after de- ducting the sum paid into court. Attorney for the plaintiff, Mr. Grover, Cardiff; for the defendant, Mr. Phillpotts, of the same place. BKIEGJV.VD PETTY SESSIONS, SEPTEMBER 5.— [Held at the Town-hall, before M. P. Traherne, Esq., and H. L. Blosse, clerk.—John Junes was charged by Mr. G. H. Veiity with obtaining money by false pretences, Mr. "Verity said-l am au attorney, and practice at Bridgend. The prisoner is occasionally employed as bailiff and messenger. On the 22d of last May I employed him to convey a letter, directed to Mr. Thomas Thomas, farmer, Blaenallwg, Margam." I agreed to give him 2s. for delivering the letter. Late in the evening of the same day the prisoner came to me and said that, he had delivered the letter at Thomas Thomas's house, at Blaen- allwg. I then paid him 2s. The letter threatened Thomas Thomas with an action; and in consequeuee of I not having received any reply, I issued a writ against him, on or about the loth of June last. On the 15th of July last, I received the same letter which I now produce from the dead letter-office. In about a fortnight after- wards I charged the prisoner with not having delivered the letter, but he persisted that he had delivered it. Morgan Rees said-I keep the Post-office at Pyle, which is about six miles from Bridgend, and ou the road from Btidgend to Blaenallwg. I transmit all the letters which are posted at Pyle to the Bridgend Post-office. The letter now produced by Mr. Verity was brought some weeks ago by the prisoner, John Jones, to the Pyle Post-office. He asked me where Blaenallwg was and I (old him it was about four miles off. He then Ipft the letter in the Post-office, and did not pay the postage of it. I sent the letter to the Bridgend Post-office the same day. I marked it with the Post mark" Pyle" before I sent it. Mr. William Price said—I am assistant to my brother, who is Post master at Bridgend. The letter now produced, directed Mr. Thomas Thomas, farmer, Blaenallwg, Margam," came to Bridgend Post-office from Pyle on the 23d of May last. I marked it as an unpaid letter, and put it in the Taibach bag on the same day. I did not see it afterwards till Mr. Verity showed it to me. In the ordinary course of business, if the letter was not called for it would remain in the Taibach office for a month, and be then forwarded to the dead letter office. The defendant was then committed to take his trial at the next Quarter Sessions for the county. BOWRINGTON.—There has been an addition of five new benefit societies in this place within the last twelve- months. MAESTEG.—There have been lately here processions by three female clubs; one of which took place at the Odd Fellows' Arms, on Saturday, the 29th of August, and two others took place on Monday, at the Star, and at the Coytrahen Arms. They were very numerously attended. LLYNVI IRON WORKS.—On Monday, the 31st August, the first rails were rolled at the new mills in these works, upon which occasion a great number of visitors were present; and among others M. P. Traherne, Esq., and tsons of Coytrahen. The first bar was placed in the Mil- ishing roller by Dr. Bowring, M.P. and the first end was cut with the saw by C. Bowring, Esq., the resident director. The second bar was sawn by Robt. B. Thomas, Esq. As this was the first manufactured rail for locomo- tives ever manufactured in this valiey or neighbourhood, it attracted a vast assemblage; many of whom from the rail-works at Treforest, &c., pronounced the rails and iron to be as good as could beproduced. Theironntade here, being mixed with the black-band, is remarkably good and tough. The different operations of the day were enthusiastically cheered by the surrounding multi- tude. At six o'clock a splendid dinner was served up at the resident director's house, to about a dozen gentlemen. On Saturday, the 5th inst., the Loyal Alfred Lodge met in their new lodge-room, at the Cambrian Inn, Maesteg, from whence they proceeded to their place of worship, and made a most imposing appearance. There were about 130 persons, and with the advantages of a very fine day, their splendid flags and banners, together with the neatness of their sas'ies and uniform dresses throughout, they looked remarkably well. At about halt-past three o'clock, a most substantial dinner was placed before them by mine host of the Cambrian, which gave as much satisfaction as any dinner ever given on a similar occasion in Maesteg. After dinner, by the una- nimous voice of all present, Mr. Crago, of the Bow- rington shop, was called to the chair; as was also Mr. Rees Jones to that of the vice-chair. Excellent speeches were made by both gentlemen, and by others in the room, all tending to promote brotherly love and good fellow- ship and no doubt these addresses wil| induce others to aspire to the honour of belonging to so respectable a society. They met in harmony, and parted in friendship at an early hour. SWANSEA SAVINGS BANK, SEPTEMBER 5, 1846.-De- posits received, jE208 18s. 6d.; ditto paid, £168 2s. 1 Id.; notices to withdraw, £98 lis. Id. Manager, Mr. J. W. Clark. An exceedingly interesting lecture on the Natural History of Birds, was delivered by L. £.1. Dillwyn, Esq., at the Royal Institution, Swansea, on Wednesday evening week. The lecturer, after making some preliminary observations, gave a sketch of the divisions and distin- guishing features of the five great orders, viz.—birds of prey, perchers, game birds, waders, and swimmers, their classification, general characteristics, and habits. The lecturer evinced an intimate acquaintance with the sub- ject, and in elucidation produced a number of beautiful specimens of the feathered tribe. The lecture was re- ceived throughout with marked interest and applause by a numerous and highly respectable audience. SWANSEA.—On Friday evening last, according to ad- vertisement, a public lecture, to prove that war is wrong, was delivered at the Friends' Meeting-House, on the Strand, to an overflowing audience, by the Rev. William Stokes, of the London Peace Society. The lecturer fre- quently made use of apparently very just remarks, and obtained great applause. He argued well against offen- sive war; but with regard to defensive war, we fear that from the constitution and propensities of man, it would be unsafe and unwise to adopt the mode he recommended for he argued that no man had a right to protect his pro- perty, nor even his own life, at the hazard of taking away the life of another!—that we should "love our enemies;" and that vengeance belongs to God alone." This doc- trine he earnestly pressed upon the hearers, but which, if attended to, would, under the present state of things, cer- tainly be a lure to the idle to plunder the industrious with impunity. MR. WILSON'S CONCERT AT SWANSEA—On Friday evening last this entertainment took place at the Assem- bly Rooms, Cambrian-place. The place was crowded to excess, the company being principally composed of the rank and fashion of the town and neighbourhood. In- deed, so crowded was the room, that we observed Mr. Vivian, Mr. T. Edward Thomas, Mr. Lewis Dillwyn, Dr. Howell, and several other gentlemen of great local influet^e standing, in order that ladies might have seats. The-entertainment began about eight o'clock, at which time Mr. Wilson and Mr. Land entered the ruom, which was brilliantly lighted. Mr. Wilson on making his bow said, the first song would be Weel may the Boatie row;" which he described, explaining, as he proceeded, the Scottish words; so that the song was thereby ren- dered more intelligible and interesting to English hearers. The song was then given, and listened to with all atten- tion; and being sung in Mr. Wilson's inimitable style, was, as it deserved to be, loudly applauded. The next was Burns's complimentary song to his Bonnie Jean. The poetry is of the same measure as Gramochree Molly, and the tune not very unlike. This song was also re- ceived with rapturous applause. Then came on Wha'll buy Caller Herring." \Ve remember having heard, nearly forty years ago, the history of this air; namely, that a gentleman (probably Nath. Gow himself) on going through a town in Scotland, heard an old woman in one of the streets vociferating « Wha'll buy Caller Herring1?" while, at the same time, the bells were merrily ringing. He put both sounds together, and made up the tune. The fifth song was Home cam our Gudemon at e'en." This was partly a dialogue between the Gudemon and his Gudewife, wherein the singer mimicked the female, the absurdity of her answers to her Gudeman's anxious inquiries producing roars of laughter. The history is briefly this. Ihe Gudemon comes home in the eveuing, and observes upon the premises several thiugs of a sus- picious character; and among other things "he espies a saddled horse. He asks with the authority of a husband How cam this horse here without the leave o' meV This was one of those questions which, as is sometimes the case, are more easily asked than answered and tended not a little to embarrass anekperplex the Gude- wife. However, after an interval of a'mument or so, she assumes confidence, and pertly says—" Its but a bonny milk cow, my mither sent to me." This reply did not satisfy the Gudemon, for he instantly calls her attention to the saddle. He next found a pair of boots with spurs fastened to their heels which his Gudewife wished him to believe were two Water Stoups, that is, two water pitchers, which her mither had sent to her. And those sort of answers, or explanations, were given to all the Gudemon's inquiries, who seemed to be conscious that his position was not to be envied—that he was in rather a curious predicament. Principally throughout the evening, it was the excellence of the singing that gave charms to the song; but this song. producing so much mirth, was loudly encored—probably by the gentlemen present, who thereby humorously intended to teaze the fairer portion of the company, who seemed compas- sionately to sympathize with the Gudewife, and to excuse her harmless blunders. The sixth was the favourite old Jacobite song O'er the Water to Charlie"—being ex- o 0 pressive of female enthusiasm in the cause of Bonnie Prince Charlie. Then came on Bonnie Bessie Lee," "Th' Married Man's Lament," and Scott's "Donald Ddhu,"—which were all loudly applauded. And so the First fart was concluded. The first song of the Second Fart was "The Flowers of the Forest," founded, it seems, on the old fragment of a dirge for Flodden Field. The words are plaintive, describing the uncertainty of fortune. The second song was The Auld School," in which Auld Uncle Watty and Auld Antie Mattie come in at every verse very amusingly. The third song was "Woo'd and Married and a' After Mr. Wilson had given his usual preliminary explanation, Mr. Land, on the piano forte, struck up a very lively air. Mr. Wilson soon joined him with The Bride she is winsome and bonnie," &c. According to the song, the young woman laments the want of pear/iugs and plenishing which Mr. Wiison explained meant dress and furniture. Hermother teaches her how to obtain those things as she (her mother) had before her; and says, that in her present state she ought to be content; and then sUlgs- I think ye arc very weel ofr, Tobj woo'd and married anl a' The tune, we believe, is a favourite air in the Be"^ars' Opera. It is triple time, having nine quavers to a bar; and when used for a country dance, youugsters spring up about a foot higher than they do when other and more ordinary tunes are played. After this song Mr. Wilson announced that he was particularly requested to sin" Allister M'Allister," though it was not in the pro- gramme. Those who had upon a former occasion heard him sing it, seemed delighted at this announcement of his attention. Mr. Land played a lively air in common time, and Mr. Wilson accompanied him in a very agreea- UP, drune ill imitation of the bagpipes. The novelty of the sounds roused the audience, so that the direction of all eyes and ears were ctntred in the singer, who, when coming near the close of the first verse, gave a shrill ex- clamation, at the same moment a most significant twist of his arm, and then immediately ran into- 0, Allister M'Allister, Your Chanter sets us a- asteer, Then to your pipes, and blaw wi' birr, We'll dance the Highland Fliag-" the last syllable ending in the whirring note of the bagpipes, which sound Mr. Wilson continued while the piano pro- ceeded with the accompaniment, so that both together had the effect of an exquisite bagpipes well played. The audience seemed transfixed ifisilentastonishmeut. One or two gentlemen moved towards the singer, as if their object was to discover where the bagpipes were concealed! This song was considered by atlas the mostextraordinary piece of the evening. Auld Joe Nicholson's "Bonnie Nannie" was well received. The last song-—" Get up and bar the door, John"—produced bursts of laughter and applause. The song states that at about Martimas time, while at e'en the Gudewife was engaged in making black puddings and white, the wind blew coldly into the house,—the Gudemon directed his wife, rather autho- ritatively it must be owned, to shut the door; but she, being otherwise engaged would not attend to his lordly behest. A dispute ensued, upon which it was mutually agreed that— The first that spak the foremost word Should rise and bar the door." As the door remained open, two men at about twelve o'clock at night, turned in—could get no answer from the Gudemon or his wife to their repeated interrogatories —on seeing the puddings on the table, they first ate the white, then the black puddings after which they deter- mined to shave the man and to treat the woman rather rudely, which they attempted doing, whereupon her hus- band, unable any longer to maintain silence, sprang up, and with the exclamation—" What kiss my wife before my face," thrust them both out. His wife instantly took advantage of his having spoken first, and laughingly thus expresses herself:— Then up and startit our Gudewife, Gied three skips on the tloor, Gudemon ye've spoken the foremost word Get up and bar the door." This song was loudly encored, thereby affording the ladies an opportunity for retaliating upon the gentlemen, for their conduct in respect to the song Home cam our Gudemon at e'en." The proceedings of the evening terminated at about ten o'clock. In conclusion we may say that it is impossible to speak too highly of the gene- ral character of the entertainment; and we hope that at some future time we may again have the opportunity afforded us of being similarly delighted,
The First General Meeting of the Monmouthshire Railway Company was held yesterday at 2, Moorgate- street, London. The Secretary read the report of the committee of management. After congratulating the proprietors on obtaining their Act of Parliament, which received the royal assent on the lath of August last, it re- ferred to the present state and the future prospects of the company. One of the objects which they had started was the purchase of the Monmouthshire Canal Company, which, besides its own course, had a connexion with some 50 or 60 miles of tramway travelling throughout its district. This canal had been purchased by the committee at E200 a share; and the traffic on it was such already as to gua- rantee to the company at least 5 percent.; but, besides this, the tramways already alluded to, and the Newport and Pontypool Railway, aiforded every prospect of a greater development of traffic, more especially to the north, to Liverpool, Birkenhead. and other manufac- turing towns in that district—a country the railway tra- velled through, and which had never yet been opened up. Among the conditions of purchase it was left to the Canal Company to take shares in the railway in lieu of the purchase money, to the amount of 2,080 shares, which if taken, being viewed as paid upon in full, would reduce the amount to be paid to the Canal Company by about £ 52,000. The Canal Company had not yet given notice of the number of shares which it might be their intention to take, and, therefore, the committee could not inform the proprietors what sum for the purchase would have actually to be paid. This report was adopted and the directors were autho- rised to take such measures with the Monmouthshire Canal Company and others, as they might deem neces- sary to promote the interests of the proprietors. The proceedings were considered most satisfactory. NEWPORT.—On Monday evening as the screw-steamer was starting for Bristol she ran foul of a trow belonging to Messrs. Southan and Evans, of Gloucester, and broke off the trow's mast and bowsprit by the concussion. Had the trow not been a-ground it is probable the steamer would have almost cut her in two. A TRAVELLING THEATRICAL booth was on Newport race course on Sunday, the owners, we suppose, not being inclined to leave with the others on Saturday, and were by the high spring tide Sunday morning surrounded with water, which ran up to the axle tree of the vehicle, and the people belonging to it formed a spectacle of im- mense laughter to the flocks assembled on the bridge. CHEPSTOW HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY.—This grand show was held Tuesday, in the Castle, and was a very gay affair. There was a splendid display of Plants, Fruits, and Flowers, and the company comprised all that was lovely and fashionable in the neighbourhood and for miles round. Two steamers started from Bristol conveying at least 500 visitors, and the whole was rendered the more attractive by the brilliant band of the 37th Reg., which performed various pieces during the day. The silver cup for dahlias was carried off by Mr. Sealey; of Bristol, in the face of numerous competitors from London, Bristol, Bath, and other places. Messrs. Gready, Maule, Garaway & Co., were amongst the winners of prizes for Fuschias, Orchideous Plants, &c. &c. In the afternoon a large company sat down to dinner, at the Beaufort Arms, under the presidency of John Lewis Baldwin, Esq. DERBY ELECTION—In our last number we gave a brief outline of the occurrences connected with this election up to Wednesday week, including the nomination. On Thursday week the election took place. On Friday morning, at 10 o'clock, the Mayor attended at the Town Hall, for the purpose of making the official declaration of the poll. The interest had considerably abated, and although the hall was crowded, the numbers were not, of course, equal to those who had jammed every crevice on Wednesday. The usual proclamation having been made, the Mayor declared the numbers to be as follows;- For Mr. Strutt 835 For Sir Digby Mackworth 559 Majority for Mr. Strutt —276 Mr. Strutt than rose and returned thanks. He said the electors had once more placed him in the proud posi- tion of one of their representatives in the House of Commons, and in return he tendered to them his most grateful, most heartfelt thanks for this renewed proof of their confidence. If his honourable opponent had been present, he (Mr. S.) would have said that his fair and gentlemanlike conduct accorded with the high personal character he bore. (Cheers.) He was hopeful, that although the contest had been a strong one. that it would leave behind it not one spark of animosity. (Cheers.) He now retired from the contest with heartfelt thanks to those who honoured him with their support; and without one unkind feeling towards those who had opposed him. Immediately after the close of the poll on Thursday, Sir Digby Mackworth proceeded to his committee-room, where a large body of his friends and supporters were assembled to meet him. The hon. gentleman, in a brief address, returned them thanks for the very warm manner in which they had endeavoured to secure his return. They had been, as they were all well aware, unsuccessful in their canvass and election but although not success- ful over the other candidate, they had still achieved a victory, notwithstanding the many and decided advan- tages possessed by his honourable opponent, and he was rejoiced to say that this triumph of having polled so many had been effected without incurring the expense of one shilling for bribery in any shape. He trusted the result of that contest would be beneficial not only to the in- habitants of that borough, but to the country at large, on account of the purity which had been maintained, and also on account of the decided stand that had been made in favour of Protestantism, and he doubted not it would be of use to them in any future contest in which they might be engaged. Whether he himself should have the honour of again appearing amongst them it was not foi him then to say but he felt that good had been done, and he begged leave to thank them for the zeal they had evinced in his favour. He was quite convinced that if all their friends had been as zealous & indefatigable as those he saw around him, success could not have failed to crown their efforts. He should more publicly thank the electors who had supported him, and for the present he begged to take his leave of them. NEWPORT RACES.—FUIDAY. [FROM A CORRESPONDENT.1 In our last number we gave the proceedings of the first day; we now resume our account. The weather was this day equally tille, -in fact could not be more favourable,—consequently a very numerous and respect- able assemblage was observed on the ground, all anxious for sport, in which they were not disappointed. THE CEFN M.VBLY STAKES of 5 sovs. each, with 25 sovs. added from the fund, for horses of all denominations, did not fill. MONMOUTHSHIRE HUNT CUP, of 3 sovs. each, one for- feit, with lu sovs. added, for horses bona fide belonging to members of the M.H.C., or to gentlemen hunting with Mr. Morgan, of Ruperra, and in the owner's possession on or before the 1st of August. Over hurdles. Two miles and a distance. Mr. Brewer's br. g. Hold Davy, aged, lOst. 41b. (by Mr. Pother4iii 1 Captain Jones's g. m. Novice, aged, list. 101b., (by Mr. Powell) 2 Mr. Pott's cll. rn. White Stockings, 5 yrs, 20,t. 71b., (by Mr. Oliver) 3 Mr. W. Rowland's bl. g. Mystic, aged, list. 7lb 4 Mr. G. Laurence names br. m. (ioneril, aged, list. 01b. 5 Mr. E. Herbert's ch. g. Shipmate, G yrs, 12si. 81b dr. Mr. Cartwright's c. £ The Hinperor, 10u. 101 b Mr. Cartwright's bay Perhaps, 10;(. 7ibs Mr. J. Fothergill ns. b.g. Newport, laLe Mantilini, I0st.71o. This was a splendid race between Bold Davy and the Novice. All took the hurdles in beautiful style. The riding of the different gentlemen was much admired. LLANTARNAM HURDLE RACE, of 5 sovs. each, with 20 sovs. added, for horses of all denominations. Heats, about two miles aud a distance. Mr. F. Jacob's b. m. Valeria, 4 yrs, 10-it. Ulb 1 I Mr. Davies's b. m. h. b. Elixer, 3 yrs, Sit 121 b ;i 2 Mr. Bullin's br. g. British Grenadier, 4 yrs, lOst. 91b. "2 dis Mr. Hili's b. g. Returned, late Merchant, aged, 1 l.,t. 51b. 1 dis Both heats were won easily by Valeria. HACK STAKES, of 2 sovs. each, with 1,5 sovs. added, for horses (never winners) bona fide the property of per- sons residing in the town of Newport, or within twelve miles of it. Heats, one mile and a distance. Mr. Phelps's b.m. h.b. The Doe, 5 yrs, lOst "lb, 1 1 Mr. J. Thomas's b. g. Fancy Biy, 0 yrs, list. JOlhs. 2 3 Mr. Cartwright's ch. g. h. b. Tliu Emperor, aged, l()st7lb. 3 2 Won cleverly, after two well-contested heats, by The Doe, which was ridden by Mr. Fothergill Rowland in first-rate style. Fancy Boy, being a. half-bred Horse, was, in the opinion of most persons, rather unequally handicapped. With a lighter weight he would, in all probability, have exchanged places with the Doe. The Race Ball took place in the evening, at the Town- hall, and was well and fashionably attended. NEWPORT TOWN-HALL, MONDAY. [Before the Mayor, Thomas Hawkins, and Edward Dowling, Esqrs.] Benjamin Price was summoned by the Superintendent of police, for obstructing the footway in Commercial- street, by allowing a large package of goods to remain thereon, to the annoyance of the passengers. This being his first offence he was ordered to pay the costs (t>s.,) which were then paid. Henry Mitchell Partridge, was again summoned for committing a nuisance, by allowing a quantity of dung and filth to remain in Commercial-street, to the annoy- ance of the passengers. Mr. Partridge did not appear, and the case was adjourned until Thursday. Jno. Griffiths was summoned by the Superintendent, for keeping a disorderly house in Friai's Fields. The case was proved by P.O. Bath and John Jones. He was fined 5s. and costs; or, 14 days' imprisonment at Usk. John Lewis, beer-house keeper, Pdlgwenlly, was sum- moned by the Superintendent, for allowing fighting in his beer-house. The case was proved by Mr. Hanbury Davies and defendant was fined 10s. and costs. Samuel Williams was summoned by the Superintendent, for allowing drunkenness in his beer-house. The case was proved by two witnesses, and defendant was fined 20s. and costs. The innocent James Franklyn, of Friars' Fields, was Summoned by the Superintendent, for allowing his old acquaintances—unfortunates—to assemble in his beer- house. The case was proved by P'C. Bath, and defen- dant was fined 10s. and costs. Cornelius Hale was summoned by the Superintendent for allowing disorderly women to assemble in his beer- house. The case was proved by P. C. Bath, and defen- dant was fined 10s. and costs. Thomas Latch was charged by Caroline Jones, with being the father of her illegitimate child. Mr. Owe appeared foe Caroline Jones j and Mr. Hewellin for dant was fined 10s. and costs. Thomas Latch was charged by Caroline Jones, with being the father of her illegitimate child. Mr. Owe appeared foe Caroline Jones j and Mr. Hewellin for Thomas Latch. This appeared to be a curious matter, and Mr. Owen would not offer any evidence. It was rumoured in court, that one of Carolina Jones's witnes- ses had been in the habit of receiving money of another gentleman for the support of the said child. Philip Welsh was charged with assaulting his wife. She did not appear against him. He was severely repri- manded and ordered to pay the costs Bononi Taylor was brought from Bristol, by Sergeant Franklyn, of the Bristol police, charged with stealing a silver lever watch and gold guard-chain, value £ 1 5, from Edward Cochrane. Cochrane proved that prisoner slept with him a fortnight ago; and that he saw him put the watch and chain under the pillow. When Cochrane awoke in the morning, the prisoner, watch, and guard- chain, were gone. He immediately gave information to the police. Sergeant Franklen proved that from infor- mation he received, he apprehended the prisoner in Bristol, who immediately confessed the robbery and Franklyn got possession of the watch and the chain, which were pledged at Chilcott's, in Bristol, for £ 2. Prisoner was committed for trial, and then bailed out. John Pearn Lowther, captain of the Severn, screw- packet, was summoned, for damaging a vessel called the Delta, to the amount of £ 8 Is. 10id. cas« caused a great deal of interest, and the court was crowded to excess. The magistrates, after hearing evidence, stopped the case, and dismissed the complaint. ———
BRECONSHIRE. BRECON INFIRMARY.—Sept. 8, 1846. ——— IN. OUT. Patients remaining last Week 5 51 Admitted since 0 15 5 66 Cured and Relieved. 0 12 Dead. 0 0 Remaining u 5 54 Physician for the ensuing week Dr> Lucas. Surgeon,&c Mr.Batt. The Duke and Duchess of Beaufort and Lady Blanche Somerset arrived at Llangattock Park, the noble duke's seat near Crickhowell, on Saturday last. CLERICAL PREFERMENT.—The Rev. John Jones, to the Rectory of Llanthetty, Brecknockshire. THUNDER STORM.—On Sunday last Brecon was visited by one of the most terrific storms ever remembered by any of its oldest inhabitants. It caused great apprehen- sions to many, thinking the last awful day had appeared. It poured down torrents of rain, so that the streets were in many parts knee-deep. The thunder was really awful for about two hours, shaking the foundations of many houses. It is said that a horse was struck dead by the forked lightning, besides doing considerable damage to trees. THE RADNORSHIRE BOROUGHS.—Richard. Price, Esq. in an affecting and grateful address, announces his re- tirement from the representation of these Boroughs at the next election.—When it is recollected that the hon. gentleman has faithfully and consistently served his con- stituents and the country for the long period of fifty years, having first been elected for the Borough of Radnor in 1796, it must be allowed that his plea for retirement is not an unreasonable one, though we are sure there is not a single elector who does not esteem the venerable member for his private worth, whatever difference of opinion there must necessarily be on the merits of his public votes. By a large majority, however, as testified by his re-electiou on all occasions, the latter were always approved of.—Mr. Whittaker having withdrawn from the contest, Sir Thomas Frankland Lewis, of Harpton Court, near Kington, is now the only candidate. -Hereford Journal. FAIRS.— Builth August Fair, or feast," as it has been termed from ancient times, held on Monday week, turned out one of the best that has taken place in that town for many years the demand for cattle of every description was very great, and the prices paid were consequently high. All the animals offered were cleared away at an early hour; the farmers seemed remarkably well satislied with the day's business; and no anxiety appeared to prevail with regard to tariffs" or free trade. The demand may in a great measure be attributed to the ready sale for fat stock found at the iron works, and the quantity of grass and other fodder this season. At Bristol, on Tuesday the 1st instant, the market was exceedingly well supplied, there being no less than 1000 head offered for sale, and these were eagerly bought up at good prices. Every thing in the shape of poor stock sold well. There were a few fat beasts on sale, which realized 56s. per cwt. The supply of Sheep was large. about 2500 being penned. A great portion of those met with a ready sale, at advanced prices. The increase in price must chiefly be attributed to the abundance of keep which there is at the present time in the country.—There were but few Pigs on sale, and those fetched high prices, as much as 10s. and 10s. Gd. a score being paid for them. —The quantity of wool pitched was less thaa usual, and fewer sales were effected, which is chiefly to be attri- buted to the large sales of colonial wool, which are just about to commence. There appeared to be less dispo- sition on the part of the manufacturers to buy than at the late fairs, and prices were evidently lower than at the last March fair, but were about the same as have been obtained for the last three weeks. The demand for the finer description of wools was very limited.—In the lea- thpr fair prices were kept up, and the trade exhibited a healthy aspect Monmouth Fair was held on Fiiday the 4th, and was unusually brisk. A large quantity of stock was exposed for sale, and, in many instances, eagerly bought at an increased scale of prices, and sur- passing the customary averages. Fat cattle readily sold at about 6d. per lb.; sheep, 6M. to 7d.; stock sheep were especially high, as wpre pigs of every description. Some of the latter, for feeding, realized upwards of 8d. per lb. in many instances.
PUBLIC HEALTH. To the Editor of the Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian. SIIl,-Thc ignorance so generally prevalent in re- gard to the simplest functions of the animal system, must often have met the notice of every medical practitioner. It is from the same ignorance of the commonest facts in the constitution of the human body, and of the influence of external conditions upon its various functions, that we meet with so many persons of much good sense and in- formation in other respects, who not only subject them- selves unwittingly to the active causes of disease, but who give their sanction to practices destructive equally to life and morality, and which, if seen by them in their true light, would instantly be discountenanced with feelings akin to horror and detestation. I am led to make these observations by having had my attention called to the deplorable state of many of the out-of-the-way streets, couits, and alleys with which this town abounds. For example, I will just glance at Whitmore-lane, which is, however, a great thoroughfare—the principal one between St. Mary-street and the Docks. In most of the yards at- tached to the houses on the lower side of the street, I saw huge accumulations of filth, which I was told the wretched and ignorant inhabitants hoard as a species of property, unmindful, in the prospect of reaping a comparatively trifling pecuniary benefit, of the withering influence which their pestiferous eflinvia must continually exercise over the condition of all who come within their reach. During the warm weather of summer these and similar nuisances must have proved fertile sources of disease. I might name various other obscure localities in which cleanliness is unknown, and in which similar and equally dangerous nuisances exist; but in order to accomplish the object I have in view, it is unnecessary to do so, as I am sorry to have to state, What is wanted is not information of the existence of those local evils—they are unfortunately too notorious—many months ago, Dr. Moore entered the Police Court, and complained to the Mayor (the late Mr. Watson) and Mr. Henry Morgan of the state of all abo- minable court in St. Mary-street, which he said was cal- culated to cause disease of the worst description—but an earnest desire for their efitire and effectual removal. The Contagious Diseases Prevention Act is now in ope- ration, and authorises justices (under certain circum- stances) to make an order for cleansing, whitewashing, or purifying any dwelling-house or other building, or for the removal of nuisances. If their order be disobeyed, they have the power of entering upon the premises and carrying these remedial measures into effect; the expenses incurred by so doing may be recovered summarily from the owners of the property in question. Wre hear much of the fearful and terrible ravages of the cholera in India, and of other dangerous epidemics nearer home; and although this town has hitherto, providen- tially, escaped similar visitations, yet, Mr. Editor, I can- not but view with feelings of serious apprehension t'le utter want of attention to those habits and wholesome precautions by which alone may we hope to escape the disastrous effects of typhus or other malignant fevers. Yours obediently, Cardiff, Sept. 8th, 1846. AN INHABITANT. To the Editor of the Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian. 8111,- Will you allow me a small space in your widely-circulated paper. The trade of Maesteg having fallen away very much two years ago, at which period at least five houses out of every six were tenantless, as a commercial man, I gave up my quarterly visits; but on my resuming them last week, my astonishment was great at the alteration I belmld. Hundreds of houses have been built; the shops have increased four-fold, and in appearance ten-fold,sollle have been recently finished, while others are now iu course of erection, which, alto- gether, when finished, may compete in style with any shops in the county. All these improvements may be attributed to the spirited disbursement of cash by the new Llynvi Iron Company, whose extensive outlay and em- ployment of men in enlarging their works, have undoubt- edly given rise to this great and beneficial change. Rents are treble what they used to be, and not a house can be now obtained on any terms. Among other things, I saw an enterprising auctioneer, who displayed much ability, mounted on his rostrum in the open air, selling bed and bedding, bedsteads, and all sorts of household furniture, wearing apparel, mixed with a sale of unredeemed pledges; and the good folks bought most eagerly from him. I learnt by accident that this was his first attempt at periodical sales in Maesteg; and so successful has he been that he intends to pursue it once a month, or oftener. Even the market gardeners of this place (1 write from Bridgend) convey their produce to Maesteg, and dispose of it with profit. Considering the rising prosperity of this place worthy of notice, I have presumed to solicit your insertion of this hasty scrawl; and remain, Mr. Editor, your humble servant, A COMMERCIAL TRAVELLER. Britlgeud, Sept, 9, It\4G.
EDUCATION IN WALES .—N o. I I. BY CAMBR0 SACERDOS. "Oes y Byd i'r faith Gymraeg."—GAMMER GURTOX. No words can ever sufficiently express the severity with which the Trustees of these schools ought to be treated,—For Trustees, it is presumed, they have, the same as other Charities. Being recorded in the Inspector's minutes, exposed before the public—all this is nothing, commensurate with the evil and the loss their negligence entails upon that public. Indeed, when such unpardonable conduct as this is considered, it is a matter of very little wonder that Education should be at so low an ebb in Wales. If existing endowments are thus ma- naged and squandered, it cannot be expected that new endowments should arise and multiply. When any one scheme fails and is unprofitable, it invariably serves as an authentic example which no one is inclined to follow. Breconshire seems to be peculiar in matters of this kind On visiting a town in the north of Brecknock- shire," says Mr. Allen, "where there is a considerable endowment, I was met by some of the Trustees, who told me that the master was an HABITUAL DRUNKARD, but"- pray mark this—" as his connections were respectable, no one was willing to incur the odium of an effectual attempt at his removal. I proceeded to ascertain whe- ther there were credible eyewitnesses of his misconduct, and having provided myself with written testimony, I communicated with one of his relatives, who undertook on his behalf that he should rcsign his post as school- master, which rftsignation has since taken place." A question may well be asked here :—Is it customary for Trustees to take an oath that they will diligently attend to, and carry out the intentions of the founded By an oath, we don't mean that kissing of a book before a legal functionary, and the paying of a shilling to the said functionary's official. But we mean that oath which every right-minded, every honest man never fails to take between himself, his God, and his country, whenever he is called upon to discharge a public duty? Oh; "but his connections were respectable," and so, "no man was willing to incur the odium of an EFFECTUAL attempt at his removal." We should like to examine here the physiology of this odium—its bearing upon the public, the private, or the profitable status of the person incurring it. It would be curious, and perhaps show an interesting, and a vast deal of commiseration, engrafted, one way or another, in the heart of man—the commiseration of self-interest. But Wales seems cursed more than any other country with these corrupt and nefarious dealings: In a town in Radnorshire," says the Inspector, I was told that the master was so far known to be addicted to liquor, that when ONE OF THE TRUSTEES (a man of considerable station) was expostulated with on account of the MASTER'S BEING DRUNK IN THE STREETS [what fun for his pupils], it was answered, that the quarterly pay- ment of his salary from the endowment had just been made, AND ONE MUST NOT BE TOO SEVERE IN ONE'S EXPECTATIONS AT SUCH A SEASON." No pica for those words, ingenious compositor, but real, genuine capitals. Would any one believe that this took place in a civilized, in a Christian country 1 —Nay that it was said by a man of considerable station ?" Pity—ten thousand pities is it, that Mr. Allen has not favoured us with his name: that we might exhibit it in letters, not of gold, but of brass, base, Corinthian, Rad- norshire brass we would hold it out to our children, as nurses do a Bugaboo, that, if they would avoid rogueries, felonies, and murders, they must remember that NAME, that man in a considerable station." But, we'll ferret him out yet: w'e'll have him one of these days. The lesson taught by it would be worth the search. Mr. Allen continues; and pray witness the bold and wicked effrontery of this drunken schoolmaster: but what else can we expect in a country—I mean county, for I will not degrade the rest of Wales with this flagrant piece of iniquity—I say in a county where the "men in a considerable station" preach such damuable doctrine:- I saw this schoolmaster, and telling him what I had heard of his character, I represented to him that I must use every effort with the Trustees to get him removed from his post. He answered in effect, that he would not deny that he was occasionally under the influence of liquor— who was not1?—but that whenever he was so drunk as not to be able to go into his school, he took care to pre- vent his scholars from seeing him in that state, and to provide a proper substitute in his place." Considerate man—exemplary schoolmaster-all sense of shame had not left even him, it seems, drunken as he was—though it appears to have altogether left the man of brass, "the man of considerable station:"—For the Inspector does not say whether the latter, when he made the above reply, was drunk or sober. A proper sub- stitute what considerateness, what kindness for the poor children is involved in the expression. But, sup- pose "the substitute" got drunk too, to whom would they go then"? -would they go to the man in a consi- derable station V' As yet," Mr. Allen continues, I believe that this master retains his post."—"On speaking of this case to a gentleman, and asking how it, and similar evils"—it seems there are many of them—" could be suffered, he replied, "We live here, and get accustomed to them; I go away for a few weeks every winter, and on my return these evils shock me for a time, but after a week or two the edge of my feelings is taken off.' The Clergy, too, it appears are affected in the same senseless way: On expressing myself somewhat warmly as to the circumstances of a case previously noticed to the Clergy- man who drew my attention to them, he said, When I first came to Radnorshire, I felt as you do, but a few months' residence in our mountain air would cool your enthusiasm. That is to say, the principle upon which this Clergy- man interprets the command which he received to preach and to do good is this;—If you go to a mountain country, where the men swear much, lie much, get drunk often, and commit all manner of depredations, these things it is true shock you at first, but the coldness of the air and the poverty of the country soon cool your enthusiasm;" like the eels, your feelings become used to it, and pre- sently you neither mind the harrowing, nor the skinning either. It is to be feared that too much of this feeling has existed among us of the Welsh Church or it is probable, had the case been otherwise, we should not have the mortification to see matters as we do see them now. Listen to Mr. Allen's conclusion on the foregoing cases; "If there be a district in which order and right, and the claims of the community are not so much re- garded as private interest" (alluding to the odium of removing the drunken schoolmaster) and a fellow-feel- ing for individuals if, when a place of trust is to be filled, the first question asked is not, WHO IS LIKELY TO FILL THE PLACE BEST'? but WHOSE CIRCUMSTANCES MOST NEED EMOLUMENT 1 that district must be lapsing into BARBARISM." This is Mr. Allen, Her Majesty's Inspector: this is the view he has come to upon our moral and social con- dition. But he shall speak for himself: — My own impression was, after visiting Radnorshire, and some other of the remote parts of South Wales, that the eye of a stranger was needed, and that no one could go through the district without being strongly moved to do all that might lie in his power to draw attention to the existing condition of things." The following extracts, at the same time that they declare the wretched and the deplorable poverty of our Church, do also show a state of things which every thinking man must resolve cannot, ought not, to last long, if we are to remain in the scale of civilized beings:- There is a school in Radnorshire, the endowment of which is about £-10 per annum, after being long in a most unsatisfactory state, and special notice of it having been made of it in the Report of the Charity Commissioners, an arrangement was made whereby a Clergyman was appointed, who was also incumbent of a poor parish, with a population of more than 500 souls scattered over a district nine miles in length. At the time of my visit he had undertaken, as a temporary arrangement for an inde- finite period, the duty of another large parish, with a population of more than 900, scattered over a mountain- ous district; he had also undertaken the duties of a Chapel, situated in a district adjoining his own incum- bency. The endowment which was left for the encou- ragement of a good schoolmaster, is applied to augment the income of a poorly paid Clergyman, who on a Sunday has to ride a circuit of 20 miles, to do the duty of three Churches. Is it to be wondered at that on entering his school, four children only were found in attendance in a miserable hovel?" There are, it cannot be questioned, many humane people and friends of the Church, who rejoice at such an oppottunity as this parochial £40 ''to augment the income of a poorly paid Clergyman and looking upon it in this view, they do not think it a very hard thing that some convenient, neighbourly endowment like the present should be converted to so useful a purpose. But, to parody a well-known proverb, is not this very much like robbing ragged Dio, the widow's orphan, to pay our Curate, Mr. Williams, the farmer's son!—From an en- dowment of JE40 four boys only are educated—that is, each boy costs £2 10s. Od. per quarter for his education merely-a sum, we venture to say, no Classical or Com- mercial School in the kingdom expects from day pupils only. Yet this is charged at a hovel in Radnorshire." But, it is absolutely painful to go through these things; much more is it to record them. The GUARDIAN is read at several of the Clubs in London—at Paul's Coffee- house, Peel's, and Deacon's. We, therefore, feel a deli- cacy in making known such a state of society—we are thorough Wrelsh, and no mistake about us—we are, too, proud of our country and our birth—we have spoken a good deal about it, and even boasted on the subject— but, it must be confessed, we feel now a great inclination to draw in our horns and to disguise our nationality—as much as possible. These confounded Blue Books tell a tale which it is by no means agreeable to acknowledge: they exhibit us as Goths and Vandals, or something a great deal worse perhaps Philistines with the Goliath of Barbarism towering in our front. We shall certainly chauge our card from "the Joneses" to the Higginses" —we may make very decent Cockneys after all. Any land, however, Cockney land or Timbuctoo land, is as good as the land of which such things as these can be predicated: Another School in that County" (Radnorshire again) "endowed with land worth £50 per annum, is attended by some twelve or fourteen children the master farming the land has latterly given more attention to his farlll than to his school." Who is the Lord Lieutenant of Radnorshire ?—What may be the duties of that functionary?—Is it nothing else but to strut in a twopenny postman's Co:ich at St. James' or Buckingham Palace? Radnorshire, too, has Members of Parliament—they go to St. Stephen's like the rest of them-01 but we forgot: Welsh Members are naturally deaf and dumb. Mr. Allen continues Matters still more painful show need of some foreir/n inspection."—" Of 15 schools visited in Radnorshire only three were found to be provided with the outbuildings necessary for decency. As a poition of the Church is, in Radnorshire, the most common pbce for school-keeping, the evils of snch a deficiency appear in their most repul- sive form. For example, in a parish where a Master, paid by Mrs. Bevan's Trustees, had recently been ap- pointed, I was shown by the Churchwardens the west end of the Church (which was of moderate size) parti- tioned off for the School. This had been done during the previous year, but on the floor of the Church (diminished as it was) a large heap of lime was still lying. The font enclosing bits of candle, slates, and fragments of books was in that portion which had been set aptrt for the School." There is great reverence here. But, will any civiliied, any Christian country in Europe-will Geneva itself match the following — On going with my companion to the Communion rails, and observing to him that they enclosed no table, he assured me that the Church was furnished with one, but that it might be removed to the School-room, where we found it accordingly placed for the Master's use." The question must be asked here—What is Christian- ity?—what is the Lord's Supper? Is it an Institution, pure, holy, and undefiled?—or is it a system of mockery and absurdity, whereby, like so many mountebanks, we get our living and advance our worldly interests?—The very table upon which our Lord commanded that his sacrifice should be commemorated is polluted and dese- crated with the filthy slates and greasy copy books of a sacrilegious Schoolmaster; or rather a sacrilegious Cler- gyman; for the blame must lie there. Are there no Deans rural"—no men of small authority, and great consequence, to be found even in Radnorshire ?—It would appear not, for continues Mr. AHen "On drawing my companion's attention to the filth left by the children under the walls [of the Church], and observing to him that he would not permit that sort of pollution under his parlour window, he replied Nay, nor under my kitchen window neither." This sort of thing is really too painful, too offensive to proceed with; and yet how true it is of how many Churchyards in Wales can the very same thing be said. Most truly in commenting on these offences is the In- spector's conclusion that "W AST of decency, will be followed by WANT of morality. The number of illegitimate births in Radnor- shire is stated as ONE in SEVEN of the entire number. No county in England or Wales"—thank God for that— "stands so low in this respect. The number throughout England is reckoned at one in sixteen." (Registrar- General's sixth Report, pp. 40—47.) This is proved by a reference to Mr. Jones of Cefn- faes' returns of the Rhayader Union, of which he is Chairman. At Nantmel it appears that the proportion of pauper relief paid to mothers of illegitimate children is 25-2 per cent. out of a population of 1345; at Llanba- darn-fawr 25- per cent. out of a population of 448; at Abbey Cwmhir 19-7 per cent. out of a population of 589; at Cefnllys 16'9 per cent. out of a population of 379 at Llanfihangel Helygou 19. per cent out of a popu- lation of 102!—andsoonfortherest. There is no lack here of commenting on the text" Increase and multiply." As the Noble Lord at the head of Her Majesty's Govern- ment has made marriage really so very accommodatino-, our countrymen pay him, we regret to say, but a very poor compliment by despising in this manner the conve- niency even of a registrar's office. However, it is "an ill wind," they say, "that blows no one any good." If Emigration flourishes Her Majesty will need no lack of subjects: the colonies will be well stocked; and if the state of things in Radnorshire do not alter there is strong presumption to think that the penal colonies, too, will have no cause to complain. For other parts of Wales much may be said; and said powerfully too. The Welsh language; "Oes y Bvd i'r laith Gymraeg" presses most severely upon us. If igno- rance, brutality, and indecency, prevail in our parishes, we can truly say that we have no means of grasping with the evil, till the Welsh language be swept from among our people. This it is that lowers them in the scale of civilization it shackles them with bigotry, fanaticism, and folly it fills their minds with all manner of ridicu- lous prejudices and fancied wrongs; it makes them, too, dupes, and ready instruments for any purpose, in the hands of designing men and supercilious hypocrites, those sons of Jeroboam" who made Israel to sin. But this is not the case with Radnorshire. Throughout the whole of that county the Welsh language is only spoken in two parishes !—And yet what an example they set us. Perhaps some one will say that this very fact is a suffi- cient argument for the continuance of "Oes y Byd." When any man can be found so rash as to say so, we will then consider, whether we shall argue the subject quietly with him, or apply for his admission as a mem- ber of the new Lunatic County Asylum about to be built by the Auti-Eisteddvodians in the upper part of the Vale of Neath—as "Oes y Byd" is supposed to prevail mostly in that valley, and from thence all along as far as Tre- degar and Abergavenny. For the present we have done with Radnorshire. To the Editor of the Cardiff Merthyr Guardian. SIR,—I shall feel particularly obliged by your con- tradicting the marriage of T. D. Wiltshire, inserted in your valuable paper of Sept. 5th, 1846. I am, Sir, your obedient servant, T. D. WILTSHIRE. 8, Diddington Place, Caledonian Road. [The letter containing the announcement referred to by our correspondent was signed as the above is; and the address was also the same; but the handwriting was different. It bore every indication of being authentic. —ED.] To the Editor of the Cardiff 9' Merthyr Guardian. SIR, 'I recollect reading in your columns, some time ago, an account of the proceedings of a public meet- ing which took place in Merthyr, and at which much was said in favour of the spot which has been selected as the site of the projected station for the Vale of Neath Railway. I was surprised to find that nearly all the speakers considered the spot selected the most eligible for a station. Without reference to their remarks, or to the arguments with which thev supported their opinions, I must be allowed to say that I differ from the conclusion I they arrived at, as I do not think the spot selected the most eligible for a station. If they, or any disinterested person, will ascend the steeple, many mare eligible sites will instantly present themselves, where stations may be erected at less expense and inconvenience than on the site referred to. Yours obediently, JOHN THOMAS, Miner. Merthyr, Sept. 8th, 1846. GOOD EFFECTS OF WATER DRINKING. To the Editor of the Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian. Sm,—I will anticipate the arrival of Father Mathew by giving you a living lecture on his favourite subject. I have just conversed with old Mr. Edmund Fishley, a superannuated Excise-officer living on the quay at Ilfracombe. He was a teetotaller before Father Mathew was heard of. He is now in his hundredth year, and has just told me that he H shall live five years longer." I asked him how he knew it; he said—" The Spirit of the Lord spoke to me when I was considered to be dying in the year 1836 and as I firmly believe my life was pro- longed by His mercy, in a similar manner to Hezekiah's, I shall live 15 years from that period." He spoke this in the most confident manner, but without presumption. The very expectation of it gives him energy; and as he is now a heaity old man, he may yet see his expectation accomplished. Your obedient servant, HYDROPHILUS. To the Editor of the Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian. SIR,—I have read with astonishment the account given by the Government Commissioner of Cwmavon, which you published in your last valuable journal. First, the Clergyman being resident, is correct; but that the Church has been improved by the Company is totally untrue, having been repaired fourteen years ago by Mr. Vigurs, at his sole expense, previous to its being part of the Governor and Company's property. 2. The Parsonage House being built for the Clergyman, whose services are acknowledged by an aunual donation, is untrue, as I built the house with funds of Queen Anne's Bounty, under the Gilbert Act, for which I pay annually £ 17 interest on the money. I have no aunual donation whatever. Previous to Mr. Vigurs disposing of the works to the Governor and Company, he entered a minute on the ledger book, ordering coal to be found me, gratis," from a long friendship of nearly 30 years,—in fact, from the commencement of the works. We have but one school in this parish, so that you have had a most gross untruth sent to you. 3. That singing is taught in classes, on Mr. Hullah's plan, is another untruth. 4. A baud of music, in number 20 instruments, and a master was at first engaged: there are eight musicians, who frequently play each side of the valley; they belong to Mr. Llewellyn, Margam Tin Works. There is a net kept among some of the men, but few fish are taken. 5. There are no fines whatever in the works since Mr. Gilbertson left. Having been incumbent nearly 34 years, before the works began, and beiug daily visiting the various branches of it, the conclusion I arrive at is, that the long history of I the minister, and the workmen, and works, is a tissue of falsehoods from beginning to end. I am, sir, vours obediently, WM. THOMAS, Incumbent. Parsonage, Cwmavon, Taibach, Sept. 9th, 1846. [By the foregoing letter the commissioner, who is evi- dently a gentleman of great intelligence aud respectability, must have been grossly misled. We shall send to his address a copy of this number, and hope, shortly, to be in a position to give his explanation of circumstances which seem, at present, to bear a most extraordinary aspect. By a reference to the Report (which we abridged) we perceived that he derived certain information relative to the company's shop, and some other matters, from Mr. Joshua Williams. Mr. Williams may be able to throw some light upon the matter. From a hasty glance at the Report, we believe it does not state who gave the infor- mation which the Rev. W. Thomas so flatly contradicts.— ED.] I
Y FERCH O'R SKER.—(MAID OF SKER.) "The Maid of Sker," as sung by the Welsh in their native language, has long been a popular song in the county of Glamorgan the air is well-known throughout the Principality, and, though somewhat monotonous, is exquisitely sweet and plaintive. As far as I can judge from oral tradition, it is of much older date than the words, which undeniably bear the impress of modern creation. These were written, report says, about ninety years ago, by one David Llewellyn, (a happy combination of names for a harper), and have the merit of running smoothly and expressing the tender passion with much feeling and felicity. I cannot succeed in affiliating the air it might have been composed by Hugh Morgan, cousin to that Hugh, Whose cousin was the Lord knows who." The burden of the present Welsh song does not accord with the local history of the love-lorn swain as recorded lln his native valley. There the tale of his trouble is at. once interesting and affecting. The young harper falls in love with the Maid of Sker, the Cynosure of neigh- bouring eyes,"—and withal, a "Syren of Song." He pleads his passion successfully, and becomes the accepted and avowed suitor of the lady. His whole soul is devoted to her charms, he lives upon love and music, and is ready, if required, to retire into a wilderness to feed upon berries with the object of his idolatry. But, alas, for the harper and the happiness he anticipated! the small- pox seized him in a virulent form, and, had it not been for his temperate habits and fine constitution, he must have died under the attack. He rose, however, from his bed of sickness—his face furrowed and his sight gone. Had the lamp of life been extinguished, he would have escaped the anguish of a blighted, broken heart, which sent him, after many years, with sorrow to the grave. The Maid of Sker cast him off in his affliction, and bestowed her hand upon another. In the bitterness of his soul he might have said with Milton:— ————————— Oh why did God Creator wise —————— —— create at last This novelty on earth, this fair defect Of nature, &e. Or had Burns flourished in those days; 0 can she bear so base a heart So lost to honour, lost to truth, As from the fondest lover part The plighted husband of her youth. Another version releases the Maid of Sker from this scandal: a third person, a rich and influential landowner, steps in to mar the mutual happiness of the Maid of Sker and her impassioned lover, and by the aid of parental authority succeeds in carrying away the lady an unwilling captive; while the harper dies in despair: Hseret lateri lethalis arundo." The writer of the following song leans to the last version: — THE MAID OF SKER. Maid of Sker, my harp is sounding Still of thee by Severn's tide, And every chord with love abounding Tells the tale my heart would hide; The summer breeze That loves the seas And revels o'er its bosom fair, Ne'er fanned the face Of Nymph or Grace, So sweet as thine, my Maid of Sker. Maid of Sker, my bosom ever Fondly sighs to think of thee, The hand I love is bound to other, But its pulse responds to me: The golden God Has but to nod And friends will rend the fondest tie; Fraught with anguish Love may languish, But if true 'twill never die. As setting sun that's lost to vision Gilds the sky with parting beams; So oft in sleep thy bright expression Lingers still to bless my dreams And thus, I ween, In happy scene Renews again each tender tie, When side by side By Devera's tide We whispered love and constancy. Maid of Sker, in fancy's hour Oft I've sighed, alas in vain That harp if mine had Orpheus' power To win thee to my heart again And though we sever Here for ever, We part to meet beyond the skies, In realms above Where all is love The love alone that never dies. RUSTICUS. THE BACHELOR T. S. TO THE GREEN HORN "CATTWS." Cattws wrote a note of love, Heigho, heigho Which the coldest breast might move, Heigho, heigho Talk'd of mantles, rural green, And a dozen geese I ween Cattws makes the whole thirteen. Ileigho, heigho! Bless my stars, she has a stock, Heigho, heigho On her iron chest a lock, Heigho, heigho Shortly I shall have the key, There'll be bliss for her and me, Should the chest not empty be. Heigho, heigho Cattws thinks of taking tea, Heigho, heigho And a tete-a-tete with me, Heigho, heigho Hence, ye curs'd intruders, hence! I shall have to list perchance To many words and little sense, Heigho, heigho! 1 shall lead a life divine, Heigho, heigho! Gwyddaut moch, a' mwlsyn mine, Heigho, heigho Oh, ye Gods where have I beeu, Not ere this to have known the Queen Of the bonny breeches green, lleigho, heigho Cattws, I am waiting now, Heigho, heigho But before we take the vow, Heigho, heigho! Let me one small question ax, (Doubtful, tho' no wish to vex,) Are you of the second sex ? Heigho, heigho Is Cattws, fair. your love sincere, Heigho, heigho Or is there behind your ear, Heigho, heigho Dipp'd in deep pools of native gall, A lilial quill, whose bilious scrawl You pertly launch from Printers' Hall. Heigho, heigho! THEOPHILUS SAMUEL.
CARDIFF MARKET, SEPT. 5.—Beef, 6yd. to 7d. per lb.; mutton, 6|d. to 7d. lamb, 7d. j veal, G1d. to 7d.; geese, 4s. to 4s. 9d. each ducks, 3s. 6d. to 4s. per couple; fowls, 2s. 6d. to 3s. 6d. per couple butter, Is. Id. per lb. eggs, lOd. perdoz. hedge nutts,6d. per quarter; kidney beans, l|d. per lb. j potatoes, 14s. to 17s. per sack.
BIRTHS. Sept. i, at Dunraven Castle, the Viscountess AJare, of a daughter. Sept. 5, in Cambridge-square, London, the wife of Thomas Entwisle, Esq., of a son. Sept. 2, at Clifford-place, Herefordshire, the lady of the Rev. Henry Dew, of a daughter. Sept. 6, at Caversham, Oxfordshire, the Hon, Mrs. Jolm Gel- librand Hubbard, of a son. Aug, 26, the wife of Mr. Llewellyn 1\1organ, of the Vord farm, in this county, of a son. MARRIAGES. Sept. 8, at Devynnock, Brecon, by the Rev. J. W. Downes, M.A., Henry Edward Purchase, Esq.. of Ynysagored, Merthyr, to Sarah, eldest daughter of John Downes, Esq., of Penbryn, Devynnock. Sept. 8, at St. Mary's, Cheltenham, by the Rev. Charles H. Jenner, rector of Wenvoe, Edward Kendall, Esq., of Chelten- ham, to Eliza Lee, widow of the late Watkin Homfray, Esq. Sept. 5, at Merthyr Church, by the Kev. J. C. Campbell, M.A.. Mr. David Lloyd to Miss Mary Ann Evans, both of Merthyr. Sept. a, at Handsworth Church, William Henry Muntz, Esq., second son of G. F. Muntz, Esq., M.P., to Alice, second daugh- ter of George Parker, Esq., of Church Hill House. Sept. 1, at Chepstow, Mr. Richard Parsons, of Crick, to Sarah, second daughter of the late John Cole, Esq., surgeon, U.N., formerly of Alvington, near Chepstow. Sept. 2, by special license, at Denton Park, Yorkshire, Lord John Hay, C.B., to Mary Anne, eldest daughter of the late Donald Cameron, Esq., of Lochiel. Sept. 3, at St. James's Church, London, Viscount Stopford. SOil of the Earl of Courtown, to theHonorable Elizabeth Fran- ces Milles, second daughter of Lord Sondes. Sept. 7, at High-street Chapel, Merthyr, by Mr. Thomas Davies, minister, Mr. John Francis to Miss Ann Jones, both of Merthyr.—AtCaersalem Chapel, Dowlais, by Mr. W. R.. Davies, minister, in the presence of Mr. David Lewis, registrar, Aug. 17, Thomas Davies to S. Jones IHth, Edward Edwards to Ra- chel Jenkins; 21st, Evan Cully to M. John 22d., Jason Wil- liams to A. Jones; 29th, at the same place, and. by the same minister, in the presence of Mr. Roger Williams, registrar, W. Griffiths to Louisa. Thomas. DEATHS. Sept. 1st, at Cardiff, after a lingering illness, borne with ex. emplary patlence and resignation, James Williams, Esq., aged so years, brother to the late Rev. Daniel Williams, vicar of Romsey, and of the Rev. Thomas Williams, rector of Preston Cander, Hampshire,—deeply regretted by his relatives and friends. He was the oldest freeman of the borough. Sept. G, in Edy's Court, Duke-street, in this town, at the age of 74 years, Elizabeth David. Sept. 4, at Swansea, aged 3Z. Harriett Marie, only surviving child of William Hopkin, Esq., of Bristol, and sister of Mrs. Joseph Richardson, whose death was announced in onr last. Sept. 7, at Tyr-tywod Cottage, in the parish of Baglan, near Nea.th, at the advanced age of 91, Mrs. Catherine Thomas, mother of the Ret. Evan. Thomas, incumbent of Briton-ferry. Sept. 7. at Cowbridge, the wife of Mr. David Thomas, of that town. The deceased was the mother of a numerous family, who will severely feel their loss. Sept. I, in Portland-place, London, Emily, ^he wife of Sic Richard P. Jodrell, Bart., aged 03. Sept. 3, in Wilton-crescent, the Hon. John Kr janedy, grandson of the Marquis of AiLsa, aged 27. Sept. 4, at the Vicarage, West Lavington, Wilts, in the 78th year of his age, the Rev. Robert Clarke Can f L.L.D. Sept. 5, at Malsha.nger House, near Ba singstroke, the Right Hon. Lord Metcalfe, in the 62nd year of b is age, Sept. 6, the infant son 01 Mr. Davies, i weper, Brecon.
01 some other business; he also expressed a wish to retire,hut did not rClmn, anil we are told that hc was seen going ia the direction of Trpdrgar, with his utmost velocity, having, no doubt, felt that he had already enough of his excursio!1 to "China." Upon the retllm of the magistrates, she conse- quently was discharged. Richard Taylor an,1 Robert Wyhle, two hullies,' were charged re-pecivelv hv Serjeant Ken* and SlIperintendent Wrenn, wilh being drullk and disturbing the peace of the in- habitants on the mrJrning of Sunday preceding. Having been in c,,3tOdy for sevelal hours, thcy»were reprimanded and dis- charged. DiiUNKF.NNF.SS,— William Griffiths was charged hy P.O. Vigors with being drunk and disorderly in Hi^h-street, at two o'clock 011 the precedii1[! morning. Having hern locked up for 10 honrs, he was discharged. OHSTCPCTf SG THE PoUCi:.— William Thomas was chirked with ohstcucling the above constahle whilst conveying Griffiths to the station. Fined 5s. and expenses. DRUNKENNESS.—John Fitzpatrick, a ptiddler, a diminutive little mau, and a genuine native of the Emerald hIe. was charged with being drunk and disorderly on the preceding morning. The Sllpcrintendcnt stated that Jack was an old offender, havinl! vften made his appcarance in the Court upou charges of drunkenness. Jack, with 11 contrite look, replied, "The same's true, yer riverence, but if yer worship will let me off this time, ye shall niver spe me here agin." Mr. Fitz- patrick having heen in cllstody for several h"ur5, the magis- trates told him that Ihey were disposed to accede to his request this time, and cautioned him, that if he again made his ap- pearance there, he would, in all probability, be committed as an incorrigible. HVADING THE TOLL.—John Davies, a haulier, was charged with evading the toll at the Dowlais turnpike gate. Fined Is. and expenses. Daniel Williams, alias Daniel the Balher, was charged with assaulting Anthony Allen, a bailiff, by striking him with » bar of iron whilft distraining upon his goods for rent. Defendant did not appear: it having been proved that the sum- mons had been served, the case was heard in his absence Fined £ 5, or two months' imprisonment. Several assault casus were allowed to be settled out of Court. WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9.-[Before J. Wilson and Wm. Thomas, Esqrs.] John Lewis, of the Three Salmons' beer-house, Dowlais, charged by Superintendent Wrenn with keeping his house open for the sale of beer before 1 p.m. ou Suuday, the 6th inst., was fined 15s. and costs. Thomas Rees, of the Plymouth Arms, and Jacob Macklin, of the Canal. House beer-houses, Mert h) r. were charged by Superintendent Wrenn with keeping their houses open at an illegal bour on the night of Saturday, the 5th instant, and Were fined Is. each aud the costs, beii. Iheir first offence. William Miles, blacksmith, of Penydarran, was charged by Thomas Williams, a baker, with assaulting biln in oue of the TafF Vale Hailway carriages on Sunday, tbe 6th inst. Fined 2i 6d. and COSIS. Rachael Howells, Jane Howells, Ann Edwards, & Anthony Howells, (being the wife, son, and daughters of Howell Ho«ells, Biack Lion beer-house, Dowlais,) were charged witb assaulting George French and Jane. his wiie, at Dowl-iis, on the 4th inst. Ann Edwards was further charged with wilfully damaging their household furniture and house- door; and Anlhony Howells with indecently exposing his person, and disgustingly assaulting the female complainant, lie was fined 20". and COSIS; or, three weeks imprisonment. Ann Edwards fined 8s. 3d., amount of damage 10s. for the assault a/ld tbe costs. Jane Howells fined 10.. for asssulting George French; am) 20s. and costs for the assault on Jane French. Hachaul, the mother of the hopeful family, was fined 10s. and costs. The fines and costs (amouuting alto- gether to £6175 3d.) were immediately paid. Ann Williams was charged, llponthe information of Super- intendent Wrenn, with selling beer without a liccnse,—to which she pleaded guilty. The Superintendent sta'ed that these houses (Cwrw IJachs) were a great nuisance in Merthyr particularly upun Saturday nights-when they were kept open till Sunday morning, and were frequented by the worst characters, who kept the neighbolHhood 111 great disorder. Upon promising not to otfend agdin,she was lined the nominal penalty of 1<. and costs. Charles Jackson, puddler, of Dowlais, was ordered to pay Is. 6d. per week. towards the support of his illegitimate child. Catherine :1Ieredlth was charged with using violeut threats towards Diana LewIs. Complainant stated lhat a little girl, her niece,had given evidence at the last Cardiff assizes against John Meredith, a brother of the defendant, who was tran- sported, for robbing a Jew on lbe highway, at Merthyr. Since that lime, the little girl and herself had otteu heen threatened by the defendant and her husband; and such was their vio- lence of late. that they went in bodily fear of them. Ordered to find sureties to keep the peace, but not being prepared with them. she was committed. William Powell, mason, of Dowlais, was charged by James Wiltshire and Thomas Harvard, with refusing to pay the former 14s. and the latter 30s., amount due foe wages. Case adjourned for furthcr evidence.