Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

7 erthygl ar y dudalen hon









THE NEW l'Ail1.1AMKNT AND THE IRISH CHUllCH. The new Parliament will meet in soma respects under favourable circumstances. There is a spirit of content- prevailing, all the more so that the Liberals have a decided m jority in the House of Commons. With that kind of selr-sa'.isfaction which successful men are apt to indulge, the Liberals are jubilant over their triumph. How obtained? is not the kind of question about which they trouble themselves. The Hngiisb counties pos-ess the best average constituencies—electors whose position is above poverty, and so mixed and varied that they repre- sent the average iiiteilig, nee and industry of the country. Were the electors to be weighed and not counted, thti hahnee wonld be largely on the Conservative side. This not being the case the Liberals assume that they are to have their ov.-n way in the Commons. The Scotch Pres- byterians and English Disse nter-, aided by Irish Roman Catholic electors, have given Mr Gladstone a majority, and with his victory the Liberal difficulty really begins. The laws of primogeniture und enta l, the repeal of the ratepayiug clauses of the R- form Bill, are all questions ot importance, ami .they exhaust the programme of the Radicals, apart from the abolition of the Irish Church, and the English Church in its turn. The most ardent defender of Radicalism has never claimed for it any specialty for constructive legislation; and should tha working men insist upon giving their opinions legislative effect 011 labour, capital, and exchanges, they will havo no more decided opponents than the Radical capitalists. When Hir Gladstone has formed his Cabinet, his mora exuerne followers will demand prominent placcs; his more moderate suppot rs feel themselves slighted, in time to come disgusted. To support. Air Gladstone has been the shibboleth of his party but how and when, beyond the disestablishment of the Irish Church is un- decided. Even on the cardinal question, the disestab- lishment oi tho Irish Church, the whole bacile ht^ to be fought, and a compact minority in the House of Com- mons, backed by a large majority in the Peers, will constitute a barrier not easily ov rconv. This is net the kind of question en which popular clamour can be used lor the purpose of revolution"; the Peers will not, as in the case of the Reform Act of 183*2, present themselves from motives of patriotism, and the Crown will not readily volunteer the manufacture of a Gladstoi'.ian p.,erzigeto carry a constitutionally destructive measure. Public opinion requires instruction, and as Scotland has been the aident aliy of Air Gladstone, the Scotch Dukes and [.(! eat. laU(lowners had belter consider their position. 'I he Church as by law established is one of tiie active forces of Scottisa national opinion, :.he Free Kirk, separated from the Establishment on the question of patronage, is another, and the United Presbyterians have acted together at the last election, and giver to Air Gladstone au almost undivided supper" how this union has been brought about on the part of the Free Kii k, and the recorded judgment of its founder—the late Dr. Chalmers—the Duke of Argyll, Lor.; Paiimure, and Dr. Candlish, can explain. The tact and its con- sequences ure before the public. Many of the S. otell gentry are Episcopalians, and the. Scotch Episcopalians are muob nearer the Roman Catholic (Janre;1 tb the ordinary English Churchman; by their Ciahops the Scotch Episcopalians have intimated Ihat they are not opposed to the disestablishment of the Irish Church. The great landowners, in the face of these f.icts, may also remember tha: the press of Sotlarul !3 in the hands of the Liberals, and that it is a power which does something "lore than represent public opinion—it creates and directs. If-Conservatism hopes for a harvest in Scotland it must sow the seed. One thing is certain; while the Scotch representatives may aid in the disestablishment of the Irish Church, they will unhesitatingly oppose the endow- ment of itaraan Catholicism in any shape or form. i'H England, the Constitutional party must look to thq working men, and the experience of Lancashire is in- valuable. Nothing is more to be deprecated than religions rancour, except religious indifference and political cowardice. The resident Irishmen, led by the priests in their various localities, and represented by Mr Gladstone and Mr Bright in Parliament, must be met by the English working men in the,, same -Locaiities and their leaders in the House of Commons. It, is mainly a question of political organisation, and no good reason can be given wity the Liberals and Rotnsn OatholiC9 should monopo- lize mis essential of political success. Leeds is an eminently representative Yorkshire town, and its Conser- vative member owes nis election to organization and the support of the working men. There are not a few timid persons, excellent and amiable in private life, who fear the tumult and strife of a great conflict, and naturally counsel concession others 1 here are who have their own purposes to serve by a compromising policy but those who hope to serve i heir coumtry, now end in the future, must nerve themselves for the conflict. It is at hand, and will be fatal/to all who fear its consequences. The Irish Church is, within Ireland, the bulwark of Protestantism, as the Archbishop .-of'Ai ina -h proved in M* admirable iettfr toMr GJad- PJI-AF-.S'JUCKIUIDHAS been no reply, 1 tco, is an integral part of t ie English Caursh arid, asfauoh, ciaiuie na ional support. Those whet know what can be done by organizifion have no ri,<r!i £ to despair of the future of the Irish Church. The fiction ju.,t closed has not sent tt; the House of Commons a s.ngle assailant of commanding intellect; it has added only fo numbers, and those who may any day separate on details, and sucn details, too, embody principles. Against, this majority will De arrayed a phalanx of mem- bers, sustained by the Protestantism of this country, and supported by a majority of the Peers and by (be Crown, with nothing to fear from clamour, and everything to gain by.discUosion.— The Press. £ We ar-3 authorized to state that the Convocation o the prelates and clergy of the Province of Canterbury wil'. be opened at St. Paul's Cathedral on Friday, the 11 th inst, when the returns wil be presented to the Pre- sident and a Prolocutor elected ;"¿¡ut the Convocation will not assemble for the despatch of business until Parlia- ment meets after Christmas. DEA-SH OF THE NEW RAJAH OF SARAWAK —It was only about six months ago, or even less, that we an- nounced in these columns the death of Sir James Brooke the Rajah of Sarawak, and now it is our duty to record the death of bis nephew, Captain Johnson Brooke his successor in his Eastern Raj. He was the son cf a Somersetshire clergyman who married the sister of S r James Brooke, and while still a boy was adopted by the Rajah, and went out to Borneo to help him in the ad- ministration of his settlemeat. He was at one tin e tin officer in the Queen's service (we believe Captain in the 88th Foot), and at the time of his death he was only in his 46th year. He was known in Sarawak as the "Tuan Muda," and he published about two years ago a book descriptive of his Bornean experiences, entitled Ten Years in Sarawak. In the preface which he added to the book, Sir James Brooke bore testimony to the faet that since his own return to England the Raj of his nephew had been most successful; that hehadeontit.u d to represent his own authority and the honour of the British name in the Eastern Archipelago; and that in that far distant settlement he was looked up to as the uhief of the Sea Dyakg, with whose habits, customs, and feelin r a he was better acquainted than any other indivi- iual: Captain Johnson Brooke was twice married, but ias been twice left a widower. He is succeeded by the inly surviving son, the issue of his fi; st maniage with me of the Grants of KilgTaston, Perthshire. HOLLOWAY'S PILLS.—For Indigestion, Stomach and Jver Complaints.—Persons suflenng from any derange- neut of the liver, stomach, 11 or the organs of digestion bon d have recourse to Holloway's Pills, us there is no medicine known that acts on these particular complaints fith such certain success. They strengthen the tone of he stomach, increase the appetite, purify the blood, and orrect depraved secretions. In bowel complaints, they emo-ve all morbid humours, and soon restore the patient o sound health nervous or sick headaches, and depres-- ion of spirits may be speedily removed by these Pills, ^hey are composed of rare balsams, without the admix- ure pf a grain of mercury or any noxious substance, and re as safe as they are efficacious.