Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

11 erthygl ar y dudalen hon

- THE RTJSSO-TURKISH WAR.

Newyddion
Dyfynnu
Rhannu

THE RTJSSO-TURKISH WAR. THE RUSSIANS IN BULGARIA.-PARTIAL SUSPENSION OF THE CAMPAIGN. The news from trustworthy sources continues meagre, and there has evidently been no movement of importance in Bulgaria since the unsuccessful attack made upon the Turkish positions at Slatina to the north of Loftcha, on Tuesday week. The causes of this inaction on the part of the invaders are clearly set out in a letter of the Daily News correspondent at Biela, from which its appears that the severe reverse the Russians sustained at Plevna has altered the entire plan of the campaign, and that they have virtually abandoned the hope of carrying the war across the Balkans, at all events during the present year. They will, indeed, continue to liold the Balkan passes, as long as they are able to do so, because of the great strategical im- portance of these positions but they will make no further attempts in Roumella. North of the Balkans the Rus- sians will remain passive until the arrival of their reinforce- ments. Sevn fresh divisions, not formed into army corps, are now on the march. Some are still in Russia, others are pressing on through Roumania. One hundred thou- sand men more are wanted, and the first brigade of rein- forcements has already arrived. The offensive will, no doubt, be recommenced before all the reinforcements are to hand; but a large proportion of them are indispensable for a renewed attack. Plevna must fall, and Osman Pacha must be struck with a decisive blow. Such i.3 the view telegraphed from Russian head-quarters. With re- gard to the actual military position in Bulgaria, we are told on the same authority that the Grand Duke Nicholas is in Bulo-jreni, in rear of the entrenched positions of Schackoskoy and Kriidener, confronting Plevna. Drago- miroff's division stands between lirnova and Loftcha, to hinder a Turkish advance in the direction of the former important centre. It is estimated that from GO,000 to 70,000 Turks stand on the Loftcha-Plevna line. On the left flank equally, a strictly defensive attitude is enforced by circumstances. There are available for holding the line from the Danube to the Balkans on this flank the two corps constituting the army of the Czarewitch, and the first division of the lltli Corps left behind.by Schackoskoy when he marched on Plevna, in all about 60,000 men, necessarily attenuated over a long front; whilst the Turks opposed to them, under Mehemet Ali, are at least equal, and probably superior in numbers, however inferior in discipline, equipment, and field experience. Ihe river Lorn still virtually constitutes the line of the Rustchuk army; but the headquarters of the 12th Corps have been moved beyond it, from Trestenik to Kadikoi. The head- quarters of the Czarewitch, with the 13th Corps about them, have advanced from Obertenik to Zazalgeva, thus confronting Raagrad; while betw een Osman-Bazàr and Tirnova the 1st Division, stands, with its headquarters in Kosarevac. Zimmerman is where he was, no further south than Trajan's Wall. It is stalemate with him. He is guarding the Dobrudscha against an enemy who does not threaten it. He cannot push forward with his 30,000 men, lest enemies from Varna and Shumla should con- verge upon him. Another correspondent of the same paper at Tchernavoda, states that the situation in the Dubrudscha may be described as a simple occupation with a force of 50,000 men—a number sufficient for defen- sive purposes, but too small to enter the quadrilateral. Both in Bulgaria and the Dobrudscha the Russian troops are suffering severely from malaria, which is striking down hundreds daily with fever and dyssentery. According to the Times correspondent at Bucharest the Russians have at last completed a second bridge across the Danube, about half a mile from the first, and reinforcements are pouring across at the rate of a brigade or two regiments daily. The only offensive operations undertaken by the Russians within the last few days have been in the neigh- bourhood of Osman-Bazar, where sundry small successes ;e claimed by the Turks, more especially at Yaillak and Mestane or Mestanlar. It is denied that Russia has any intention of taking Osman Pasha in rear by advancing through Servia, and the Servians have given satisfactory explanations to Austria with reference to the recent mobilisation order. Tuesday's papers say: It is becoming daily more and more manifest that unless the Turks choose to take the initiative they have little now to apprehend from the in- vaders for at all events, the next two or three weeks. The Russians have evidently had quite enough of rash and premature battles, and they will seek no more adventures until they are fairly in a position to control the issues. From all sources there is a remarkable con- currence of testimony on this point, but, perhaps, the most specific declaration of Russian views and intentions is that attributed by the Standard correspondent to the Com- mander-in-Chief, the Grand Duke Nicholas, who is said to have announced, without reserve, that there was no probability of a resumption of operations for twenty days. The Duke, we are told, admitted that the troops were somewhat demoralised, and that, though every disposition had been made to repel a Turkish attack, he should not -Resume offensive operations until he had received a reinforce- ment of 100,000 men, which would bring up the force on the right bank of the Danube to 2-50,000 men. Then he will be able to attack with a certainty of success, and to conclude the campaign victoriously during the ensuing autumn. The Daily Telegraph correspondent at Bucharest lays claim to special information to the effect that the Russians have definitively abandoned for this year their intention of prosecuting the campaign south of the Balkans and another correspondent of the same journal, telegraphing from Buda-Peath, says positively, I hear upon the best possible authority that the Russians have finally aban- doned their hold upon the Balkans by relinquishing not only the Haien-Bogaz, but also the Shipka Pass, so that the mountain barrier throughout its range is once more intact. Gourkho has retreated northwards. This last report touching the evacuation of the Balkan passes comes to us from other sources, but the only authentic informa- tion bearing on the point is the declaration of Suleiman Pacha that the Russians have evacuated Ham bognaz Pass, and that he has already occupied without opposition that of Guerdech, which is probably synonymous with Feredschirck, the general name of that portion of the Balkans which is traversed by the Hain Boghaz. Assuming the correctness of these reports, it would seem that general Gourkho has concentrated his troops in the Shika Pass, the only one of real importance, with the view of making a stand there, at all events for a time. In the event of the Turks blockading the northern outlet of the pass, or otherwise intercept- ing his communication, it might go hard with him; but a comparatively small force should suffice to hold the pass against attack, and if the place is well provisioned, there is no reason why Gourkho should not maintain his position until the arrival of the expected reinforcements enables the Grand Duke to resume the offensive, and come to the rescue of the general of his vanguard. According to a Russian official despatch. General Gourkho has retired to the heights of Chirka, at the mouth of the Schipka Pass, where he occupies a strong position. The Porte, we learn, has now been formally advised that at the request of Germany, Austria has consented to allow the Russians to enter Servia, merely stipulating that, in a certain contingency Austria shall occupy Western Servia. The Russians will, there- fore. enter Servia at Gladova, where a bridge is in readiness, and the Servians will then join them. Mukhtar Pacha reports the repulse of a triple attack upon his position by the Russian centre, under General Loris Melikoff. Two columns from the Russian camp at Boldiravan attacked the Turkish position at Guediklar, while a third marched on Ani. At all points, however, the assault was successfully repelled. Ismail Pacha, in command of the Turkish right wing, is still encamped at Zaryagla. THE WAR IN ASIA. In Asia, the Russians have formally resumed the offen- sive with their left wing, under General Tergukassoff, whose lines extend from the Tschingyi Pass to that of the Karavanserai. There has been a 0 small, engagement at Kalfalu, where the Turks, to the number of six infantry battalions and a number of mounted Kurds and Bashi- Basouks, were repulsed with a loss of twenty killed, but it is admitted that they occupied Alikotschak, and are con- centrating in the direction of Anakotschak. The troops of General Tergukassoff are represented to be concentrat- ing at Igdvr, which is some miles from the Turkish frontier, and due south of Armavir. From Turkish sources we learn that Ismail Pasha, who commands the Turkish right wing, is at Zarijagla, six miles across the Russian frontier, and that Tergukassoff has retreated be- fore him to Rutzuk Agdir, after burning all his stores and destroying the frontier guardhouses. A Paris paper publishes what purports to be a telegram from Schumla, of Wednesday's date, stating that Suleiman Pasha had attacked and taken, after desperate lighting, positions at Selvi and Novaselo, and was advancing on Tirnova, which the Russians had evacuated, abandoning thirteen guns. The telegram has all the appearance of a •;anard. It is improbable that Suleiman Pasha's forces would advance on Tirnova unsupported, and still more improbable that the Russians would beat such a hasty re- treat as to abandon thirteen of their guns. It is believed, however, that the Ottoman forces are concentrating for an attack on the Russian position at Tirnova, whilst the Russians are remaining on the defensive, awaiting the arrival of the main body of the reinforcements. The arrival of these fresh troops will be facilitated by the completion of a second bridge across the river at Pyrgos. Cavalry skirmishes are ieported from Asia, although there, as in Europe, a renewal of hard fighting is supposed to be Imminent.

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THE QUEEN S SPEECH.

THE CAMBRIAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL…

. THE WELSH CONGREGATIONAL…

HIGH COURT OF THE FORESTERS.

! THE NORTHAMPTONSHIRE ELECTION.

BYE-GONES.

AUGUSr 15, 1877.

NOTES.

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