THE RTJSSO-TURKISH WAR. THE RUSSIANS IN BULGARIA.-PARTIAL SUSPENSION OF THE CAMPAIGN. The news from trustworthy sources continues meagre, and there has evidently been no movement of importance in Bulgaria since the unsuccessful attack made upon the Turkish positions at Slatina to the north of Loftcha, on Tuesday week. The causes of this inaction on the part of the invaders are clearly set out in a letter of the Daily News correspondent at Biela, from which its appears that the severe reverse the Russians sustained at Plevna has altered the entire plan of the campaign, and that they have virtually abandoned the hope of carrying the war across the Balkans, at all events during the present year. They will, indeed, continue to liold the Balkan passes, as long as they are able to do so, because of the great strategical im- portance of these positions but they will make no further attempts in Roumella. North of the Balkans the Rus- sians will remain passive until the arrival of their reinforce- ments. Sevn fresh divisions, not formed into army corps, are now on the march. Some are still in Russia, others are pressing on through Roumania. One hundred thou- sand men more are wanted, and the first brigade of rein- forcements has already arrived. The offensive will, no doubt, be recommenced before all the reinforcements are to hand; but a large proportion of them are indispensable for a renewed attack. Plevna must fall, and Osman Pacha must be struck with a decisive blow. Such i.3 the view telegraphed from Russian head-quarters. With re- gard to the actual military position in Bulgaria, we are told on the same authority that the Grand Duke Nicholas is in Bulo-jreni, in rear of the entrenched positions of Schackoskoy and Kriidener, confronting Plevna. Drago- miroff's division stands between lirnova and Loftcha, to hinder a Turkish advance in the direction of the former important centre. It is estimated that from GO,000 to 70,000 Turks stand on the Loftcha-Plevna line. On the left flank equally, a strictly defensive attitude is enforced by circumstances. There are available for holding the line from the Danube to the Balkans on this flank the two corps constituting the army of the Czarewitch, and the first division of the lltli Corps left behind.by Schackoskoy when he marched on Plevna, in all about 60,000 men, necessarily attenuated over a long front; whilst the Turks opposed to them, under Mehemet Ali, are at least equal, and probably superior in numbers, however inferior in discipline, equipment, and field experience. Ihe river Lorn still virtually constitutes the line of the Rustchuk army; but the headquarters of the 12th Corps have been moved beyond it, from Trestenik to Kadikoi. The head- quarters of the Czarewitch, with the 13th Corps about them, have advanced from Obertenik to Zazalgeva, thus confronting Raagrad; while betw een Osman-Bazàr and Tirnova the 1st Division, stands, with its headquarters in Kosarevac. Zimmerman is where he was, no further south than Trajan's Wall. It is stalemate with him. He is guarding the Dobrudscha against an enemy who does not threaten it. He cannot push forward with his 30,000 men, lest enemies from Varna and Shumla should con- verge upon him. Another correspondent of the same paper at Tchernavoda, states that the situation in the Dubrudscha may be described as a simple occupation with a force of 50,000 men—a number sufficient for defen- sive purposes, but too small to enter the quadrilateral. Both in Bulgaria and the Dobrudscha the Russian troops are suffering severely from malaria, which is striking down hundreds daily with fever and dyssentery. According to the Times correspondent at Bucharest the Russians have at last completed a second bridge across the Danube, about half a mile from the first, and reinforcements are pouring across at the rate of a brigade or two regiments daily. The only offensive operations undertaken by the Russians within the last few days have been in the neigh- bourhood of Osman-Bazar, where sundry small successes ;e claimed by the Turks, more especially at Yaillak and Mestane or Mestanlar. It is denied that Russia has any intention of taking Osman Pasha in rear by advancing through Servia, and the Servians have given satisfactory explanations to Austria with reference to the recent mobilisation order. Tuesday's papers say: It is becoming daily more and more manifest that unless the Turks choose to take the initiative they have little now to apprehend from the in- vaders for at all events, the next two or three weeks. The Russians have evidently had quite enough of rash and premature battles, and they will seek no more adventures until they are fairly in a position to control the issues. From all sources there is a remarkable con- currence of testimony on this point, but, perhaps, the most specific declaration of Russian views and intentions is that attributed by the Standard correspondent to the Com- mander-in-Chief, the Grand Duke Nicholas, who is said to have announced, without reserve, that there was no probability of a resumption of operations for twenty days. The Duke, we are told, admitted that the troops were somewhat demoralised, and that, though every disposition had been made to repel a Turkish attack, he should not -Resume offensive operations until he had received a reinforce- ment of 100,000 men, which would bring up the force on the right bank of the Danube to 2-50,000 men. Then he will be able to attack with a certainty of success, and to conclude the campaign victoriously during the ensuing autumn. The Daily Telegraph correspondent at Bucharest lays claim to special information to the effect that the Russians have definitively abandoned for this year their intention of prosecuting the campaign south of the Balkans and another correspondent of the same journal, telegraphing from Buda-Peath, says positively, I hear upon the best possible authority that the Russians have finally aban- doned their hold upon the Balkans by relinquishing not only the Haien-Bogaz, but also the Shipka Pass, so that the mountain barrier throughout its range is once more intact. Gourkho has retreated northwards. This last report touching the evacuation of the Balkan passes comes to us from other sources, but the only authentic informa- tion bearing on the point is the declaration of Suleiman Pacha that the Russians have evacuated Ham bognaz Pass, and that he has already occupied without opposition that of Guerdech, which is probably synonymous with Feredschirck, the general name of that portion of the Balkans which is traversed by the Hain Boghaz. Assuming the correctness of these reports, it would seem that general Gourkho has concentrated his troops in the Shika Pass, the only one of real importance, with the view of making a stand there, at all events for a time. In the event of the Turks blockading the northern outlet of the pass, or otherwise intercept- ing his communication, it might go hard with him; but a comparatively small force should suffice to hold the pass against attack, and if the place is well provisioned, there is no reason why Gourkho should not maintain his position until the arrival of the expected reinforcements enables the Grand Duke to resume the offensive, and come to the rescue of the general of his vanguard. According to a Russian official despatch. General Gourkho has retired to the heights of Chirka, at the mouth of the Schipka Pass, where he occupies a strong position. The Porte, we learn, has now been formally advised that at the request of Germany, Austria has consented to allow the Russians to enter Servia, merely stipulating that, in a certain contingency Austria shall occupy Western Servia. The Russians will, there- fore. enter Servia at Gladova, where a bridge is in readiness, and the Servians will then join them. Mukhtar Pacha reports the repulse of a triple attack upon his position by the Russian centre, under General Loris Melikoff. Two columns from the Russian camp at Boldiravan attacked the Turkish position at Guediklar, while a third marched on Ani. At all points, however, the assault was successfully repelled. Ismail Pacha, in command of the Turkish right wing, is still encamped at Zaryagla. THE WAR IN ASIA. In Asia, the Russians have formally resumed the offen- sive with their left wing, under General Tergukassoff, whose lines extend from the Tschingyi Pass to that of the Karavanserai. There has been a 0 small, engagement at Kalfalu, where the Turks, to the number of six infantry battalions and a number of mounted Kurds and Bashi- Basouks, were repulsed with a loss of twenty killed, but it is admitted that they occupied Alikotschak, and are con- centrating in the direction of Anakotschak. The troops of General Tergukassoff are represented to be concentrat- ing at Igdvr, which is some miles from the Turkish frontier, and due south of Armavir. From Turkish sources we learn that Ismail Pasha, who commands the Turkish right wing, is at Zarijagla, six miles across the Russian frontier, and that Tergukassoff has retreated be- fore him to Rutzuk Agdir, after burning all his stores and destroying the frontier guardhouses. A Paris paper publishes what purports to be a telegram from Schumla, of Wednesday's date, stating that Suleiman Pasha had attacked and taken, after desperate lighting, positions at Selvi and Novaselo, and was advancing on Tirnova, which the Russians had evacuated, abandoning thirteen guns. The telegram has all the appearance of a •;anard. It is improbable that Suleiman Pasha's forces would advance on Tirnova unsupported, and still more improbable that the Russians would beat such a hasty re- treat as to abandon thirteen of their guns. It is believed, however, that the Ottoman forces are concentrating for an attack on the Russian position at Tirnova, whilst the Russians are remaining on the defensive, awaiting the arrival of the main body of the reinforcements. The arrival of these fresh troops will be facilitated by the completion of a second bridge across the river at Pyrgos. Cavalry skirmishes are ieported from Asia, although there, as in Europe, a renewal of hard fighting is supposed to be Imminent.
imperialpaeliament. -J'r, HOUSE OF LORDS.—THURSDAY. The Lord Chancellor presented a Bill for the punishment of debtors explain ins that he did not intend to pro- (.ijjg session, but desired that it should be published ^SXing the recess. The Commons' amend- Va tn thP South Vrica Bill were explained by the Eavl of meats to the South Africa Loan Biu d ?lTrme Assizer Bill passed through all its a second t.me tiie measures were advanced a stage, i'rl ^ve^ham said that, having received an intimation °Pri £ e,?K a'Suiion 0« jmsent time might M',l »iven -nth relation to proceeding further wit a the notice ne i „(.kn0wled<nn<» *y.„ the subject. The Earl of Beaconshe daft^rokTout noble earl s forbearance, stated that when ine Government declared that they would adopt itt ditional neutrality, the condition being that Bnti £ interats should not be imperilled. These interests >verej]^ned ma ^nmmunication to the Russian Government, a con^ht fri 'n^y reply to which had been received. They had noe,n to doubt that the Russian Government would honourable observe the conditions referred to in that cnrrospoiidena-, ill anv case the maintenance of these conditions the poucj of Her Majesty's Government. HOUSE OF COMMONS.-THURSO YY. ,r„ -Rniirke stated, in reply to Lord R. Montagu, that the Mi. ,| n0 knowledge of any direct negotiations Government haUa^n port- Iti rep'ly to a que»y by >Ir. between R explained that her Majesty's Charge V\Tirlrid had been instructed to demand the applica- d Affaires at with reference to the Spanish tion:of the favourednation repJy yefc re^ei7ed tariff uponKn-, i t;ic Chancellor of the Exchequer, In response to an app Eastern affairs at the present tiS teprejXcial to public interests, Mr. G. V. B». j tinck* withdrew the motion of which he had given notice. Mr. Whalley subsequently persisted in making remarks which the Speaker reminded him were irregular, and after having twice called him to order, said that the hon. member had brought him- self within the new rule, whereupon the Chancellor of the Ex- chequer moved that Mr. Whalley should not be further heard, which was agreed to. The Expiring Laws Continuance Bill was then read a second time, and on the motion for the second read- ing of the Appropriation Bill, Mr. Grant Duff directed attention to the frontier policy of the Government of India. After some discussion, Lord G. Hamilton defended this policy, and argued that there had been no departure from the principle of absten- tion from all unnecessary interference with international affairs on the frontier. HOUSE OF LORDS.—FRIDAY. The Royal assent was given to a number of Bills, and several others were read a third time and passed. The Commons' aYlendment to the Lords' amendment to the Metropolitan Street Improvement Bill was agreed to, after some remarks from Lord Redesdale and the Marquis of Salisbury.—Lord Colchester asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether the attention of the Government had been called to reports circulated by the Austrian press, to the effect that the policy of the British Go- vernment is to await and take part in the partition of Turkey and whether there was any foundation for such reports. The Earl of Derby said he had not the slightest difficulty in assuring his noble friend that the reports referred to had no foundation whatever. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—FRIDAY. Sir Baldwyn Leighton took his seat for South Shropshire.— Sir H. Havelock gave notice that next session he will move that the army promotion scheme ought to be framed on the basis of periodically ascertaining the qualifications of officers.—Lord George Hamilton, in reply to Mr. Gourley, explained that accord- ing to the latest information the prospects of the Indian crops were somewhat more favourable. Except in Madras and Mysore he did not thinkgthere would be any scarcity of food supply. In these districts the Government would spare no pains to miti- gate the sufferings of the population.—Mr. Monk enquired whether Her Majesty's Goverment would consider the temporary occupation of Constantinople by RussIan troops so far incon- sistent with British interests as to disturb the relations of amity between England and Russia. The Chancellor of the Exchequer said he thought it his duty to decline to answer the question. Subsequently Mr. Monk again called attention to the subject, whereupon Mr. Forster observed that he thought the question was one whIch the Government could not be expected to answer. The Chancellor of the Exchequer said it was impossible for Government to say what they would do in a certain contingency. They saw no reason to depart from the policy which they had frankly declared some time since. HOUSE OF LORDS—SATURDAY. The Expiring Laws Coninuance Bill WM brought from the Commons and read a first tllne. The Commons' amendments to tl1e Public Record Office Bill were considered amI agreed to. The Turnpike Acts Continuance Bill, the Fisheries (Dynamite) Bill, the County Officers and Courts (Ireland) Bill, the Supreme Court of Judicature (Ireland) Bill, the Police (Expenses) Act Continuance Bill, and the Colonial Stock Bill were read a third time and passed. The sitting was then suspended, and after an interval of nearly an hour, Lord Skelmersdale took tho place of the Lord Chancellor, and the Appropriation Bill having been brought from the Commons and read a first time, their lordships rose at a quarter-past three o'clock until Monday. HOUSE OF COMMONS—SATURDAY. Lord John Manners stated that Government proposed next session to bring in a Bill conferring on the Post Office general powers for the erection and protection of the telegraphs, instead of making partial provision by clauses in private Bills. The order for the second reading of the Bar Education and Discip- line Bill was discharged, on the motion of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, who declined to give a pledge that the measure would be re-introduced next session.—On the order for the third readin of the Appropriation Bill, Sir W. V. Harcourt criticized at considerable length the action of Admiral De Horsey in con- nection with the affair of the Shah and the Huascar, which he condemned as unjustifiable.-1'he Attorney-General contended that the relsons a.1leg-ed by the admiral fully justified what he dill, and after some discussion the subject dropped, 1\Ir. Fawcett said he thought that Parliament ought not to be allowed to iieparate without ome declaration from the Government with respect to the future proceedings in relation to the state of affairs in the East. He did not ask them to declare that they would under no circumstances depart from the attitude of neu- trality, but that if they did so and felt obliged to commence any act of hostility against Russia they would not take that course without calling Parliament together.—The Chancellor of the Exchequer said that the policy which the Government proposed to adopt was already 1)efore Parliament and the country. It was one of strict neutrality, subject, of course, to celtain contingencies which might atfect British interests, which had been most clearly set forth in the despatch of Lord Derby. The Government wis fully alive to its constitutional re- lations, and would not depart from them. The Bill was then read a third time. The Municipal Corporations (New Charters) Bill and the Local Taxation Returns Bill were read a third time. The Lords' Amendment to the Prisons (Scotland) Bill, the Sheriff Courts (Scotland) Bill, and the Canal Boats Bill were considered and agreed to. The Destructive Insects Bill passed through committee, and the Standing Orders being suspended, was read a third time. The Matrimonial Causes Act Amend- ment Bill was read a third time. Mr. W. H. Smith took his seat on his re-election for Westminster, and the House adjourned until Tuesday. HOUSE OF LORDS.—MONDAY. Several Bills were passed through their remaining stages. —The standing orders being suspended, Lord Stratheden and Campbell presented a petition from the kinsmen of the Chief of Palitana, In the province of Kattywar, presiclency of Bombay, with reference to certain alleged grievances, which the Marquis of Salisbury said had been fully anticipated, and the case had been decided, after several appeals, in favour of the chief. It would not be desirable to reopen the consideaation of the matter.—Their Lordships rose at quarter past five o'clock. The Commons did not sit. HOUSE OF LORDS.—TUESDAY. The fourth session of the ninth Parliament of the Queen was brought to a close with the formalities of a Royal Commission. Some half-dozen peers assembled at two o'clock, and, prayers having been read, the Lords Commissioners, namely the Lord Chief Chancellorthe Duke of Richmond, the Marquis of Salisbury, Lord Skelmersdale, and the Earl of Harrowby, took their seats in front of the throne. The Commons were then summoned, and the Royal assent was signified, with usual forms, to thirty-four Bills, including the Appropriation Bill, the Legal Practitioners Bill, the Build- ing Societies Act (1874) Amendment Bill, the East India Bill, Loan Bill, the Fisheries (Dynamite) Bill, the Prisons (Scotland) Bill, the Canal Boats Bill, and the Destructive Insects Bill.—The Lord Chancellor read
THE QUEEN S SPEECH. MY LORDS AND GENTLEMEN,— I am happy to be able to release you from your attendance in Parliament. My relations with Foreign Powers continue to be friendly. The exertions which since the commencement of disturbances in Eastern Europe I have not ceased to make for the maintenance of the general peace have, unfortunately, not been successful. On the outbreak between the Russians and Ottoman Empire, I declared my intention of preserving an attitude of strict neutrality so long as the interests of this country remained unaffected. The extent and nature of those interests were further defined in a communication which I caused to be addressed to the Government of Russia, and which elicited a reply indicating friendly dispositions on the part of that State. I shall not fail to use my best efforts, when a suitable opportunity occurs, for the restoration of peace on terms compatible with the honour of the belligerents and with the general safety and welfare of other nations. If in the course of the contest the rights of my empire should be assailed or endangered, I shall confidently rely on your help to vindicate and maintain them. The apprehensions of a serious famine in Southern India, which I communicated to you at the opening of the session, have, I grieve to say, been fully verified. The visitation which has fallen upon my subjects in Madras and Bombay:md upon the people of Mysore is of extreme severity, and its duration is likely to be prolonged. No exertions will be wanting on the part of my Indian Hovernment to mitigate this terrible calamity. The proclamation of my sovereignty in the Transvaal has been received throughout the province with enthusiasm. It has also been rccepted with marked satisfaction by the native chiefs and tribes. And the war, which threatened in its pro- grs to compromise the safety of my subjects in South Africa, is happily brought to a close. I trust that the mea3ures which have been passed to enable the European communities of South Africa to unite upon such terms as may be agreed on will be the means of preventing the recurrence of similar dangers, and will increase and consolidate the prosperity of this impol tant part of my dominions, GENTLEMEN OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS, I thank you for the liberal supplies which you have voted for the public service. I have issued a. royal warrant to give effect to the provisions which yo hiVe macle for ensuring adequate promotion to the officers of my army. MY LORDS AND GENTLEMEN, The measures which have been passed relating to the prisons of the United Kingdom will secure economy and efficiency in their management, and at the same time effect a considerable reduction in local burdens- The Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, under the Act to which I have gladly given my assent, will obtain power to ex- tend more generally the benefit of the higher education. The Acts for reorganizing the Superior Courts of Justice in Ireland, and for reforming and conferring an extensive equitable jurisdiction in the County Courts, will largely improve the administration of the law in that part of the United Kingdom. I anticipate the best results from the Act which extends to the Sheriffs' Courts of Scotland jurisdiction in regard to herita- hIe rights. In bidding you farewell, I pray that the blessing of Almighty God rest on your labours, and accompany you in the discharge of all your duties. —The prorogation was afterwards read by the Clerk at the table, and, the Lord Chancellor, in the name of the Commissioners, de: clared the Parliament prorogued till Tuesday, the 30th of October. The Commons then withdrew, and the proceedin<Ys closed at twenty-five minutes to three o'clock. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—TUESDAY. The House met at 1'45. A great number of notices were given for next Session re- lating to familiar topics, which are annually brought before the House.—In reply to Mr. Huggessen, Mr. Bourke saLl that Col. Wellesley had returned to report on the alleged Russian atro- cities, and his report would be laid on the table.—In reply to Sir Charles Dilke, Mr. Cross said that he had appointed a committee to inquire into the reorganisation of the Detective Police Department.—In reply to Mr. McCartney, the Attorney General replied that with respect to an English member the disqualification attached only to a bankrupt after election, but with respect to an Irish member, it seemed from the combined construction of the Act of 19 George the Third,, and the 1st of George the Third, it was arguable that it did apply. For his own part he was unahle to cwne to any opinion on it. but perhaps the Attorney General for Ireland could solve the difficulty. The House was then summoned to the House of Lords for the prorogation, and on its return the Speaker read the Queen's Speech, and the proceedings terminated with the usual formalities.
THE CAMBRIAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL ASSOCIA- TION. The thirty-second annual meeting of the Cambrian Archaeological Association has been held at Carnarvon during the past week. The first meeting of the members was held on Monday evening, in Carnarvon Castle, when, in the absence of the president (Mr. E. A. Freeman), and president-elect (Lord.Clarence Paget), the chair was taken by Professor Babington, who, in opening the proceedings, spoke upon the ancient earth and stone fortifications found in Wales and Ireland. According to his view these ancient works were of three types: The first, and simplest, weresup- posed to be surrounded by a mere earthwork or a ditch. That type seemed to be the simplest of all, and his impression was that these works were raised at a comparatively early date, in a pre-historie time. These works might have been held by later occupants, but they were not originated by them. The two other types indicated the time when stone work first came into existence. The second type was a work formed partly of earth and partly of stones. In some cases the stones were few, and in others they were plentiful. Many of them had gradually been taken to build farmhouses. On Friday they could see some of these stones which had not thus been carried away. The third type were works such as existed at Ceiri (Llanaelhaiarn), those on the top of Penmaenmawr, and others at Dol- badarn, near Llanberis. Those at Tre'r Ceiri were a far better specimen than those on Penmaenmawr. The stones were found on the top of the soil in the entrenchment. It was a dry stone wall, of great thickness, built without mortar, and the avails had stood for centuries, he believed certainly from before the Christian era. They could not well have been built since. Then arose the question of the antiquity of the still more ancient works, and Professor Babington said he had come to the conclusion that they were Pre-Arian. Referring to the fact that seme of the cromlechau were named after Arthur, he said that did not prove that they were Celtic, for the people, finding these notable obecta, would natu- rally enough give them the names of their heroes.—A discussion followed, in which Sir Llewelyn Turner, the Rev. D. R. Thomas, Mr. Howell Lloyd, and others took part, and closed with a vote of thanks to the professor.— The report, which was then read by the secretary (the Rev. D. R. Thomas, Meifod), stated that the journal of the society had now attained a vigorous manhood, and more than thirty annual volumes had been issued, besides several supplemental ones of no mean interest and value. One of them, The Celtic Remains," compiled by the eminent antiquary, Lewis Morris, and edited by the Rev. D. Silvan Evans, the learned ex-editor of the" Archæo- logia Cambrensis," will be brought to a close during the present year, as it only awaits a biographical preface from the pen of the distinguished grandson of the compiler. The report also stated that the value and interest of the articles contributed to the "Journal" had by no means diminished; that it contained a mass of information rela- tive to Wales; and that its careful study was essential for anyone that would treat at all thoroughly of Welsh history, as was shown by the use that had been largely made and gracefully acknowledged in many independent works which its members had published within the year, such as the very able "Lectures on Welsh Philology" by the first professor of Celtic at Oxford, the "Lapidarium Wallisii" by another most distinguished professor (Professor Westwood) at the same university, and Mr. Murray's new edition of by far the best and most reliable "Handbook to South Wales." The names of the following amongst other new members were submitted for confirmation: The Lord Bishop of St. Asaph, the Rev. G. W. Griffith, Llan- gurig, Mr. T. W. Hancock, Llanrhaiadr-yn-Mochnant, and Mr E. Parry Jones, Blaenau Festiniog. The committee proposed that the Lord Bishop of St. Asaph should be patron of the association. For the vacancies in the com- mittee, the following were proposed for election: Sir Llewelyn Turner, Professor John Rhys, the Hon. and Rev. Canon Bridgeman, and Mr. J. Romilly Allen. The following secretaries were also proposed for approval: Scotland, Mr. J. W. Mackenzie and Mr. J. Anderson Carnarvonshire, the Hon. F. G. Wynn, Glynllifon; Flint- shire, Mr. T. Morgan Owen, M.A.; Merionethshire, the Rev. D. Silvan Evans; Cardiganshire, the Rev, Professor Edwards, M.A.; Carmarthenshire, the Rev. Aaron Rob- erts, M.A.; Pembrokeshire, Mr. F. Lloyd Philipps; Glamorganshire, Mr. J. T. Dillwyn Llewelyn. The report concluded by recording its satisfaction at the progress which the study of archseology is making along the border land,-as evidenced by the formation within the last twelve months of no less than three new archaeological societies. On Tuesday the weather spoilt the pleasure of the excur- sionists, but a few of them found their way to Tre'r Ceiri. At the evening meeting Professor John Rhys referred to some stones which he and Professor Westwood had visited that day at Penprys, Llannor, and to an ineffectual search made at a place called Beudy'r Mynydd, near Bod- vean, for two stones which he had seen a few years ago. It was supposed that the old man who lived at the place had buried the stones in order to preserve them.— Professor Westwood, referring to the illustrations in the room intended for the" Lapidarium Wallise," gave an in- teresting history of several of the stones represented therein.—A discussion ensued as to what would be the best mode of preserving these historic stones, and the general feeling seemed to be in favour of leaving them in the districts where they were found. Dinas Dinlle, Craig- y-Ddinas, Clynnog, and various other places, ^were visited during the week, and on Wednesday Sir Llewelyn Turner gave an address on Carnarvon Castle.
THE WELSH CONGREGATIONAL UNION AT PORTMADOC. (Continued from, last week) THE DEPUTATION FBOM THE CALVINISTIC METHODISTS. The Rev. JOSEPH THOMAS, Carno, said he felt, though in a strange place, quite at home here with his brethren of another fold. He was very happy to see this approach- ment between Christians. He had been brought up amidst the turmoil of contending religious parties, though that contention did not extend to the higher circles of the people. It was said that the air was filled with smoke in the neighbourhood of Waterloo for days after the great battle. There had been battles between the denominations. When he was a boy he saw the smoke after them, but he did not see the battles themselves. (Laughter.) Some asserted that nobody went to heaven except those of their own connexion but sometimes it happened that a certain person belonging to another denomination was too good even for them to send him to the bad place. They, how- ever, held him to undergo some sectarian change after death, to pass a sort of sectarian purgatory, and that he was admitted to heaven at last under their own flag. "Do you say," said a friend of one of these narrow-minded men, "that we shall not go to heaven?" Well, no," he said, I do not say that, but I believe you will i^ot go to the same place as me, for there are many mansions in heaven." All of the denominations had given up the doctrine of infallibility, and he did not.think there was any one be- sides the Pope that still clung to it. That fact was a favourable condition of union. You never met any man now-a-days that knew everything, such prodigies were supposed to exist in the time of their fathers. (Great laughter.) We had now learnt to say that we do not understand many a thing, and that was favourable to union. It was not necessary to be able to agree upon everything in order to form a union. He was afraid that they used the small terms of trade to describe the deep things of God the language of the earth was too poor to clothe them. They had made up their minds to dwell more on the points they agreed upon and less on the points of disagreement. When the great men of the different connections agreed, the little men in the ranks would soon be tired of quarrelling over unimportant matters. (Laughter.) The farmers of the Vale of Clwyd had lands on the sides of the mountains as well as rich land in the vale, and the beasts pasturing in the vale were larger than those on the mountains; but the latter had longer horns. When he saw people with long horns, he at once inferred that they pastured on poor land. (Great laughter.) Another point of agreement between them was that their old Bible was consistent with itself, though they might not be able to find it to be so. Formerly the adherents of the different denominations counted how many verses of the Bible were in their favour, and how many against them, and maintained that if they had the majority of verses in their favour, they were the favourites of Heaven. (Laughter.) A man once remarked, "Reread a Wesleyan chapter at the commencement of the service, and was therefore bound to go wrong to the end." (Laughter.) They had not met at Portmadoc that day to dispute as to who should be greatest; but it would be well for them to understand one another in order to be able to co-operate better in the good work, and in places where one English cause was enough, for one of the denominations not to build where the ground had already been taken up by the other. The rev. gentleman's address, which abounded in homely but apt illustrations and humour was listened to with the greatest attention and interest. Mr. THOMAS LEWIS, Bangor, in a short but able speech, said he declared he could not see any reason why these two denominations should not be united in the holy bonds of matrimony. (Great cheering.) The Rev. Dr. JOHN THOMAS, Liverpool, proposed a resolution of welcome to the deputation, and oi compli- ment to the denomination to which they belonged. He did so in an able speech. The Rev. Dr. REES, Swansea, seconded the motion, which was supported by Mr. W. J. Parry, Bethesda. NEW PRESIDENT OF THE UNION. The Rev. Dr. John Thomas, Liverpool, was chosen, by ballot, president of the union for the next year. PUBLIC MEETING. At six p.m., a public meeting was held at the Taber- nacle Calvinistic Methodist Chapel, which was crammed to the fullest extent of its large capacity, and there were hundreds outside unable to obtain admission. Two minis- ters were sent to the Congregational Chapel, to hold a service for them. The meeting was opened by the Rev. William Edwards, Aberdare, with praise and prayer. Mr. HENRY RICHARD, M.P., and president of the Con- gregational Union of England and Wales, presided, In his 0 opening address, he said he found it difficult to decide whether he should speak in English or Welsh. (Cries of Welsh, Welsh.") Well, he supposed the audience were nearly all Welsh. They felt, like himself, that the sound of their old language was more sweet to the ear of a Welsh- man, but they would not be afraid if there were present some of the shorthand writeraready to flash theirwords over Off a's Dyke. Perhaps the best plan for him would be to give thenAvhat was called in Cardiganshire sypris, which is a mixture of barley flom- and oatmeal, and makes very sweet bread, i.e. to give a little Welsh and a little English. The committee of the union had assigned to all that were to address them that evening their subject; but they had behaved towards him as the Egyptian task-masters had, towards the Israelites they expected him to make bricks without straw. But he-had found a subject in the after- noon meeting, which was, "Behd how good and how pleasant a thing it is for brethren to dwell together in unity." In that meeting a deputation from Calvinistic Methodists were introduced, consisting of his old friend, Dr. Edwards, a most worthy and able man the Rev. Joseph Thomas, Carno; and Mr. Lewis, Bangor. It was really a beautiful sight, worth coming down all the way from London to see the Independents and Calvinistic Methodists embrace each other. (Great applause.) He believed that Wales was getting on in the path of advance- ment, notwithstanding the contrary reports in some of the papers that it is getting worse. There was an immense improvement in the feelings of the different denomina- tions towards one another, since he was a child. He re- membered the time when instead of trying to pull down the middle wall of partition between them, their ancestors raised it still higher, and used to watch over these walls to pop at each other. He remembered. Mr. Evans, Llwyn- ffortime, afterwards of the New Inn, asking him on one of his visits to Wales, whr, was the most popular preacher in London. He replied that he believed it was Mr. Mel- ville. He further asked if he were an evangelical clergy- man, and he replied that he used to be considered so, but that lately he had been preaching the apostolical succes- sion, and that no blessing could be expected except through the authorized thannel. Mr. Evans observed that he was mueh like a little man from his neighbourhood who held that there were only two sorts of people in the world, riz., the Baptists and the ungodly. (Laughter.) That was I formerly the opinion entertained by most of the denomin- ations the Methodists held that there were only them- selves and the ungodly, and so did the Independents and the other denominations. But that feeling had happily died away to a great extent. He was particularly grati- fied to be present to see the two denominations exchanging fraternal greetings, because he in a measure belonged to both. They were aware that he was a Methodist by blood; but when he turned his attention to the ministry, the Calvinistic Methodists had no college, and he was ad- mitted to a. Congregational College. His old friends, the Methodiste looked at him askance they said "],1.0 good will ever come of him." (Laughter.) On his return from college he was invited to preach at Llangeitho there was a whisper through the county against that, and his old friends were very much, afraid let he should come there to extinguish a revival which was beginning in some parts of the county. (Laughter.) But however, he had a very good hwyl there, and some twenty joined the Church at Llangeitho. Before he had half gone through his sermon, the audience were in the hwyl. The Methodists then became quiet, but the Independents be- came jealous, saying he is still a Methodist, though he has received his education from us. (Laughter./ That was rather hard upon him, for bis father, mother, and brother were Methodists, and there were none but Methodists at Tregaron, and he should have to go several miles to find a congregation of Independents. The Independent- were jealous because he was fratermising with the Samaritans. (Laughter.) So that he was much in the position of the bat in Æsop's Fable-neither the beasts nor the birds would recognise the poor bat, (Laughter.) By this, how- ever, he thought both denominations were ready to acknowledge him as a Christian and politician; but he hoped they would not treat him as Solomon directed that the live child should be dealt with. (Laughter.) But he did not now stand in danger of that, as both denomina- tions were joined in heart and spirit. He was happy to think of the fathers, though they wrangled a good deal over the atonement, justification, and baptism, such as Roberts, of Llanbrynmair, Christmas Evans, and Richard Jones, of Wern—they were now in the land where thore was no sin and no theological quarrels, singing the anthem "Unto Him that loved us, and washed us- from our sins in His own blood. He then addressed the audience in English, as followsThey had just-■ been wit- nesses of a most delightful sight. The Welsh Presbyterians had sent an influential deputation to present words of Christian and brotherly greeting to the Congregational Union of Wales; but to his mind it was still more significant as illustrative of a tendency which he thought was one of the best signs of the times, a growing tendency to unity among the free churches of this coun- try. He had seen it estimated recently that the evan- gelical Nonconformists of this country have among them 24,000 places of worship, and he ventured to say that a member of any one of those churrhes might go into any of those places of worship and find that the same truths were preached, and the same forms of worship observed, as in his own. The reason of this state of things was that these bodies have been drawing nearer to each other; and it can now be said with propriety that the two great bodies referred to are in reality one united body. Refer- ring to the Established Church, Mr. Richard observed that the consciences of the members of that body allowed them to live for years in close ecclesiastical communication with men who taught the doctrines of the mass, prayer for the dead, &c., but their consciences rebelled against allowing an evangelical Nonconformist to go into a churchyard and say a few words of Christian consolation over the re- mains of a deceased brother. Comparing the Established and Nonconformist churches, he said that the one was united by the iron hand of the law, while the other was m unity of spirits. Addresses were afterwards delivered by the Revs. T. P. Evans, New Quay, on the Sailors," J. T. Evans, Car- marthen, on "the Proper Observance of the Sabbath," and D. Jones, Gomer, America, on "the Voluntary Prin- ciple in America-" Mr. C. R. JONRS, of Llanfyllin, then delivered a long and interesting address on the Dissenters and the State. After giving a brief historical retrospect from the days of Bishop Hooper, who three hundred years ago declared that earthly powers had no right to govern the consciences of their subjects, Mr. J ones continued—And now we see that the principles professed by the Puritan Nonconformist fathers, upwards of 300 years ago, have leavened the whole of society and permeated the whole national life, so that more than one-half of the population of England are Nonconformists; and if we turn to the Principality we find fut the Dissenters form ninety per cent. of its entire population. But, it will be asked, and what ser- vices have the Dissenters ever rendered to the State? Have they really done any good service, or have they been merely a stumbling block in the way of the State I Sir, I answer this question without any hesita- tion. Whatever constitutes the greatness and glory of England to-day, I say most distinctly that the Dissenters contributed no mean share to its present elevated position; in shaping its political destinies, and forming its national character. At the time of the "glorious Revolution" in England, in the year 1688, we find the Dissenters joining that political party in the State, known from that period as the Whigs and let me here state, to their great honour, that they are never known to have deserted their party, or proved unfaithful to the principles represented by that lrty, except, indeed, there may be some one here and there, like a black sheep," whose convictions are too weak to withstand the hope of gain. Indeed, the Dissenters are the very soul of Liberalism throughout all times. This is the principle that gives it strength, and crowns it with beauty and glory. But, sir, at this time—the time of the Revolution—the Dis- senters were deprived of nearly all their rights as citizens by a series of enactments as cruel and as degrading as any that ever disgraced the Statute Books of any country — the Act of Uniformity, the Corporation Act, the Conventicle Act, the Five Mile Act, and the Test Act; Acts that actually made- them nothing less than outlaws in their own country. But, sir, it will be admitted on all hands that, notwithstand- ing the oppressive laws under which they were then placed, they freely sacrificed their own rights for the general good anutbe common weal of their country; and they rallied as one man in support of William Prince of Orange, against nearly the whole body of the clergy, who repudiated his claims, and it is acknowledged by all parties that their services at this critical juncture contributed very materially in bringing about that settlement which laid down the foun- dation of our national Protestantism And permit me to say further that the Dissenters are the bulwark of our Protestantism, and the only guarantee against the spread of Popery over the hole of our land, from that period until now No sooner did William III ascend the British throne than he gave expression of his obligations to the Dissenters by recommending to both Houses of Parlia- ment in 1689, that the Test and Corporation Acts be re- pealed. But all that the Dissenters then obtained was the Toleration Act, the very name of which is an insult to Nonconformity to this day. At the commencement of the last century, during the Stuart Rebellion of 1715, we again find the Dissenters rallying round the House of Brunswick, and through their efforts and influence a.t this time they rendered no mean service in establishing the crown of England in the line of the House of Hanover And again in the civil war of 1745, the Dissenters held faithfully and clung unflinchingly to the British Constitution and their loyalty to the Crown. Thus speaks that eminent statesman and great orator, Charles James Fox, in respect to their services on these occasions :— In the rebellions in 1715 and 1745, this country was ex- tremely indebted to their (Dissenters') exertions. During those rebellious periods they had acted with the spirit and fidelity of British subjects, zealous and vigilant, in de- fence of the Constitution. At both these periods they stood forward as the champions of British liberty, and ob- tained an eminent share in repelling the foes of the House of Hanover. Their exertions were then so magnanimous that he had no scruple to assert that to their endeavours we owed the preservation of Church and State Regard- less of every danger, they had boldly stood forth in defence of the rights and liberties of the kingdom." Let us again come down to the beginning of the present century. In the year 1828, at the request of a large body of Dissenters, Lord John Russell at that time—a name that will always be endeared by every Dissenter—succeeded in carrying a Bill for the abolition of the Test and Corporation Acts and thus, after 140 years of incessant effort, did a large body of British citizens, as loyal as any in the State, ob- tain toleration at last to hold offices in the State without denying their faith And I venture to say that this is of %io disadvantage to the State In four years after this, in the year 1832, Lord John Russell carried his great Reform Bill. The Dissenters at once threw themselves, heart and soul, into the support of this measure, and helped materially to carry it through Parliament. Lord Russell has since declared that the Dissenters carried that Bill. During the great movement for the abolition of slavery in the West Indies and other British dependencies, we find the Dissenters side by side with Wilberforce and Clarkson, and Buxton, and their fellow-workers; and they are not found to rest upon their oars until they bring judg- ment into victory And was it not the Dissenters that chiefly supported Richard Cobden and John Bright in their noble efforts to repeal the Corn Laws and establish free trade, and in securing cheap bread for the people ? Thus saith Richard Cobden himself over and over again :— "I am bound to say that in our long struggle for free trade, we found your people (the Dissenters) everywhere our most earnest and trustworthy friends." And thus spoke Lord Russell, in the House of Commons, when he raised his voice against the Church rate :—" I know the Dissenters," said the experienced veteran statesman, they carried the Reform Bill, they carried the Abolition of Slavery, they carried Free Trade, and they will carry this question." And, Sir, this prophecy has come to pass they have succeeded in removing this impost, which lay heavy upon the country in the days of "the taxing." And in respect to education, is it not through the unabatin0- exertions of the Dissenters that the doors of the Unverities of Oxford and Cambridge were thrown open to all her Majesty's subjects independently of their confession of faith ? Neither have they neglected the elementary edu- cation of the people from the days of Joseph Lancaster, at the commencement of the present century, to the Education Bill of Mr. Forster in 1870, they have con- sistently fought in favour of providing a free and unsec- tarian education for the people. \Vhen Lord Brougham introduced his one-sided and sectarian Education Bill in 1820, the Nonconformist wing of the Liberal army took a very prominent part against that measure, and succeeded in completely defeating it; and when Sir James Graham, again, in 1843, brought in his equally unfair and one- sided Bill, the Nonconformists had to fight the battle themselves and thy did so, against the avowed hostility of the leaders of the Liberal party, and this Bill was also deservedly defeated And so long as the grievances in connection with the Education Acts of 1870 and 1876 remain unredressed the Is onconformists will also remain at their posts, like the little drum- mer boy who was taken prisoner by the French, when he was asked to give a specimen of the British army beating a retaeat. "Ah," said the little drummer, British army never.retreats!' So, I say, in respect to the Nonconformists, they never retreat, and they dare not, in regard to this question, until the educa- tion of the country is made m every respect a truly national education Sir, step by step for the last 200 years, have the Dissenters, after a hrsrd fought struggle, won, not only for themselves, but for- every section and party m the realm, their rights :1$ citizens When the Catholic. Emancipation Act wis passed, Mr. O'Connell acknow- ledged the services of Dissenters from the platform of thij Protestant Society in tho following words—" I stap.d here in the name of my country to express our gratitude in feeble but in sincere language for the exertions mad e in i our behalf by vur Protestant Dissenting brethre n. I have come hew to express my thankfulness for the support they have given to the cause of my country." The Jews have len admitted into Parliam ent, and the Nonconformists Registration and Marriage Acts have baen passed. The Qualifications for Offices Bill has been secured, and, as the beginning of end, the Established Church in Ireland has been disestablished. In view of theTirraltifarious services of the Dissenters to the State, every impartial mind will at once admit that they are entitled to the warm gratitude of all the friends of constitutional freedom, Then sir, such services done to the State create obligations on the part of the State to its benefactors. What then are the obligations of the State to the Nonconformists ? I answer—1. Free education 2. Free Burials! 3. Free Seligion f These things, sir, we demand in common justice. They are questions which must be adopted by every Liberal platform, and written in large type upon the banned' of every aspirant for parliamentary honours throughout England and Wales. THURSDAY. At seven a.m., a conference was held ureter the presi- dency of the Rev. Mr. Evans, Cardiff. It was opened by the Rev. J. Jones, Machynlleth. The report of the previous meeting was read by the secretary: and the financial statement by Mr. T. Wil- liams, J.P., Merthyr, showing a balance- of about £ 150 in favour of the union. The Revs. Mr. Oliver, Holywell, and Mr. Miles, Aber- ystwyth, were elected secretaries, and the Rev. Mr. Evans, Llanbrynmair, senior secretary, retired,, having served his term of three years. MISSION TO BRETAGNE. On the motion of Dr. REES, seconded by Mr. WITXIAMS, J.P., Merthyr, it was resolved that this meeting: rejbiccs to understand that two young Welshmen, one from Spring Hill, and the other from Bala Colleges, have offered their services to go to Bretagne as/missionaries, and as, the Evangelical Continent Society is ready to send then- out as soon as money can be found to bear the expenses* we beg of the Independent Churches of Wales to make collec- tions for that purpose. UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF WALES. On the motion of Mr. HUGH OWEN, London, seconded by Mr. WILLIAMS* Canaan, it was resolved that the, union rejoices on account of the liberality shown by the different denominations of Wales with regard to supporting the fund of the University during the last two years, and the union begs to. deelire their trust that the churches of the connection will co-operate heartily and energetically with the churches of other denominations, to make a collection for the third year, and, since this will be the last, it is hoped that it will be at the same time a very large one. There were upwards of 300 delegates present, and the Conference was a success from every point of view. LAYING THE FOUNDATION STONE OF NEW CHAPEL. At 9-30 a.m. on Thursday, Mr. Henry Richard, M.P., in the presence of hundreds of spectators, laid the founda- tion stone of a new Congregational Memorial Chapel, in a field close to the Sportsman Hotel. From a framed and glazed drawing of the plans set up in the field by Mr. 0, M. Roberts, architect, it appeared that the chapel will be a very handsome one. The con- tractors are Messrs. William Jones and Humphreys, Port- madoc. „ The proceedings were opened by singing the old and appropriate stanza—" Gosod Babell yn ngwlad Gosen, after .which the Rev. THOMAS JONES, Eisteddfa, read portions of the Scriptures, and offered the Consecration prayer. The Rev. L. PROBERT, minister of the place, in a short but feeling address, presented to Mr. Richard a silver trowel bearing the following inscription Presented to H. Richard, Esq., M.P., president of the Congregatiohal Union of England and Wales, on the occasion of laying the foundation stone of the Congregational Memorial Chapel, Portmadoc, August 9th, 1877." In the founda- tion stone were deposited the report of the Congregational Union of Wales for 1876; copies of the Carnarvon and Denbigh Herald and Herald Cymvacg; Cambrian News, Baner, Dysgedydd, Congregationalist, Liverpool Mer- cury, Gentdl Gymreig, Tyst a'r, Dydd, Drychr &c., and the coins of the realm. Mr. RICHARD said he felt great pleasure to have the honour to take part in laying the foundation stone of a building to be consecrated for the glory of God. The pro- gress of independency at Portmadoc was a history full of interest and full of encouragement. It was scarcely more than fifty years since the first attempt was made to establish a Congregational cause here, principally he believed through the exertions of a zealous and pious lady. That beginning was made in 1837, when the Rev. Wm. Ambrose settled here. The number of the church was then only fifteen. His advent was the turning of the tide of prosperity, and Wm. Am- brose was the gift of God to Portmadoc. # His ministry was so largely blessed that there was a rapid and remark- able increase in the church. In the year 1840 it was found necessary to enlarge the chapel; and in 1842 ano- ther, and in 1860 it was found necessary to build a new chapel, in which the Conference this week was held. Now they were laying the foundation stone of another chapel, which was to be, not a substitute for, but an ad- dition to the other chapel. In the proportion to the in- crease of the population, the strength of the cause in- creased. It was also an indication of the increase of liberality. The first chapel cost z2300, which was then found to be a great burden, the second cost t2,000, and the chapel whose foundation stone they were now laying would cost upwards of 24,000. But this was only a sample of what was done in other churches in all parts of the Principality. Their worthy friends who clung to the idea of an Established Church speak in desponding terms as to what is to become of the Established Church in the case of disestablishment they say that the country will relapse into paganism. He pointed to them his poor country of Wales, where they would see that that would not be the result. In the year 1742 the number of Nonconformist chapels in Wales was 110; in 1775 they numbered 171 in 1816 they had in- creased to 993; in 1851 to 2,286; and in 1871 to 3,500 chapels. (Great applause.) He begged to call their attention to the state of Nonconformity in 1851, when the first census of religious worship was taken in Great Britain. The population of Wales was then 1,188,914; the total number of churches and chapels was 4,006; total number of churches or places of worship belonging to the Church of England was 1,180, and of those belonging to the Nonconformists 2,826. (Cheers.) The Church of England had provided 301,897 sitting, and the Noncon- formist connections 792,239 sittings. The Established Church had provided sittings for 30 per cent. of the population, and Nonconformity 70 per cent. (Cheers.) They were told, especially in England, that matters had changed, and that the Church of England had been roused from its torpor. He had to write an article in 18711 on the state of Wales, to one of the Quarterly Reviews. He took pains to ascertain the figures and facts he adduced. He obtained returns from the Independents, Baptists, and Calvinistic Methodists. He found that from 1831 to 1871, in the four Welsh dioceses, there had been an increase of 110 new churches, churches rebuilt or en- larged, 132. During the same period the Calvinistic Methodists and Independents had built 581 new chapels, against 110 churches had enlarged 734, against 132 rebuilt or enlarged by the Church. But they had a right to claim the new churches and enlargements done by the Church, in favour of the voluntary system for they were done by voluntary contributions. (Cheers.) He did not say these things for the purpose of disparaging the Church; he and his friends rejoiced to observe any revival in the Church and they did not the less rejoice because the fire that had been kindled had been taken from the altars of the Non- conformists, and that their Church friends had been stirred up by the noble example Nonconformity afforded them. (Cheers.) But what he wanted to impress upon his Church friends was that when Disestablishment came —and come it would sooner than some people anticipated —the cause of God would not perish from the land. He held that there was plenty of liberality within the Church itself, only it wanted to be evoked by some such events as the Disruption of the Free Church of Scotland. This new chapel was a memorial chapel, in remembrance and gratitude for the long, exemplary, and useful career of his departed friend, the Rev. William Ambrose, whose acquaintance and friendship he had had the pleasure to enjoy, and he always found him a genuine friend and a true Christian. The last time he saw him was at the laying of the foundation stone of a new Welsh Chapel at the Borough, London, where Mr. Samuel Morley and himself had to go to take part in the proceedings. There were then indications in Mr. Ambrose of the disease which took him home, and there was something more pathetic in his words, which he would never forget. Services were held in the Chapel in the morning, and in the Park in the afternoon and evening, where excellent sermons were delivered to an audience reckoned at about 4,000. All the proceedings were interesting, and the meetings of the Union a success.
HIGH COURT OF THE FORESTERS. The High Court of the Foresters met last week at Greenwic. The High Chief Ranger, Brother Wood, presided. The Executive Council submitted several propositions with the view of removing the apprehension aroused in some districts that registration under, the new Friendly Societies Act as legal branches of the Order will tend to centralization and deprive courts and districts of the control of their respective funds. Several amendments were rejected by decisive majorities, and the Executive's propositions were adopted. They provide that the whole of the funds of courts and districts shall be kept separate and distinct, and entirely under their own control, and that this arrangement shall not be disturbed by less than nine- tenths of the delegates present at any future High Court meet- ing, thus giving additional security for the independence of courts and districts in future. An alteration was made in the fortieth general law, recognizing the principle of representation bein<>- proportionate to the number of members which will probably in time be extended to the High Court meeting. Tbe change made was that courts with 500 members-may, if they think proper, send two delegates to district meetings.—A proposition was submitted from the Executive Council for em- powering courts to admit :1'3- probationary members youths- of 16 years of age, who had for twelve months belonged to- a Juvenile Foresters'Society. Several technical difficulties raised, and eventually the question was referred back to tne Executive, with instructions to endijavour to secure sucli a modification of the Act of Parliament as would; necessary any change in tie general laws. The 15:. permission for foreign o.' colonial members to butions into any court villing to receive the same, members going abroad to pay iato any foreiOT he desirableness of raising a superannuation -und of permanently disaMed and af.ed members th^isoout the Order was raised hy several propositions ( ,tlle subject. Tbe usefulness of such a fund was needed, bat the difficulty oi satisfactory also ad- mitted. It was finally decided that the .4ueBtioashoiildl,e sub- mitted to the nsxt High Court meeting Executive Council who should in the meantime oosain f om some competent actuary such tafctea.of ifJ)eneAts as they mi^lit thrsk necessary. For c°mmittQe to report to tie next High Court meeting on the proceeding* af the Executive Council during tho current year, twenty-sav.an candidates ^ent to the poll. nfnf^^ )ve' b;milS received 1 rioar lrmoritv of the votes m tne room, were eventually elected -—Brothers T. Lane (Hereford), T. Barnett (London United'District), A. J- Dyer (Soi^hampton), F. Fletcher CShrewsbury), and P. Mack (Edinburgh). In the choice cf a p\ace for the High Court meeting of 1879, Sheffield received the majority of votes, and was consequently selected. The Executive Council for next year, elected by the Newcastle and neighbouring districts, were formally installed in office, the Hi'di Chief Hanc;oi- for next year being lirothsr-George Smith, and the H.S.C. Hanger Brother W. 11. Smith.
THE NORTHAMPTONSHIRE ELECTION. Lord Burghley (Conservative). 2,261 Capt. Wyatt Edgell (Libera,!) .1,475
BYE-GONES. NOTES, QUElClES, tnd REPLIES, on subjects interesting to Wales and the Borders, must be addressed to "BYE-GOSSS, Croeswylan, Oswèstr)', Real names and addresses must is given, in confidence, and JfSS must 1m Written legibly, on VK6 side of the paper only.
AUGUSr 15, 1877. DA VYDD AP GWILYM (July 1, 1877).-0\1¡! correspondent GYPT says he believes the transIi'Alons of the peems of Davydd ap Gwilym mentioned by E." a.t' published by Hooper, were done by the late Judge Johnes.
NOTES. MORE CALVES' HEADS THAN ONE The death was recorded, in July 1773, a the age of 92, of Philip ap Monrice, Eaq., of Cardigan", "who by hig will has ordered thirty-one calves' heads to be given anaoally to the pDor of Cardigan, on St. Matthew's day, being. hia birthday," NEMO CAPTAIN JOHN DAVIS.—This rtninent navi- gator and discoverer of the sixteenth century, whose memory is perpetuated, in the Straits leading from the; Atlantic Ocean1 to Baffin's Bay, which bear his name, in- stated by English writers to have been a native- of Sand- ridge, near Dartmouth Devonshire. His name, Davis;, however, implies tihat he- was a descendant of a Welsh' progenitor; an implication which is confirmed; by the following extract made by me some years ago frfloftt the Pedigree Book of Aberpergwm— David Popkins of Ynys Bawis Gent. Edward, married Elizabeth, daughter of Rees 1 bomas of Ycys- • ) ybiben, Gent' and grand-daughter of Christopher l Fleming or Flimetone, David Edward David POpkin; of Danygraig, Llansamlet marned Catherine, daughter of Rees ap Evan of Britton Ferry, Gent., grand-daughter of Dd. Mansel' of Gower, Esq. She was sister of John Price, Esq. of Cwrt-y-Camau; who wrote a letter to Sir Edward Stradlmg in 1583. of Cwrt-y-Camau; who wrote a letter to Sir Edward Stradling in 1583. John David Edward, mirriecl:d-sughter of Robert I Smith of Swansea. Captain John Davis, that great ad venturer fry sea. GWYMONYDD. The Pedigree of Hopkins aiul Popkir.^ of Ynys Dawe is-included in Sir Thomas Phillipps's Book of Glamargan- shire Pedigrees," but not having, a copy of that work at hand, I am not able to refer to it. In the Popkin Pedigree given in Dr. Nicholas's- County Families," p..58.4, the name of Captain John Davis-is net mentioned. It would be important to know if -big, name occurs in any other Book of Pedigrees, with the view of obtaining further information confirmatory of his-identification with the discoverer of Davis's Straits. Or, otherwise,, it may not be amiss to enquire what connection, if any,. the Popkin family had with Sandridge in Devonshire, by which that locality could have ncquired the reputation of having been the native place of Captain John Davies. LLALLAWG. JOHN WESLEY'S PREACHERS (Aug..S,,1877). —We left THOMAS OLIVERS paying his> debts-ia Mont- gomeryshire, and sent to the stocks by Lord Hereford. When he had finished his business he went to Shrews- bury and paid what he owed in that place. Many persons had quite forgotten their debts and the debtor.. Those who had been defrauded "by any unlucky trick" were also paid, with interest. He says One instance of this was, a companion of mine- had defrauded a Quaker of a shilling, and because I was concerned in laying the scheme. I. thought I ought to pay him. When I went to enquire after him I found him in jail, and told him the whole affair, He then asked me, Art thou the young man who preached' in the Methodist meeting, concerning whom there is so much noise 1" I said, I am." He said, "Wilt cthowcome next first-day and preach to the prisoners?" I said I.will." Accordingly I went and preached in the prison-chapel,, and many were glad to hear what God had done for my soul. From Shrewsbury Olivers went to Whitcburch" on pur- pose to pay sixpence," and from thence to Wrexham, "and satisfied every one there." When all his debts were paid at Bristol and other places he returned to Bradford with the intention of setting in business "with the small, re- mains of his money," but Mr. Wesley desired he would give it up and go immediately into Cornwall. He had parted with his horse, and had not money enough to buy another, so he set off on foot, in October, 1753. It is no part of my purpose, nor would it be desirable-in Bye-gones, to follow his career in the several "circuits" he was stationed in for the next few years. We find him marrying, in Lancashire, a "Miss Green, a person of a good family, and noted for her extraordinary piety." Dur- ing his residence in York in 1760 he was thought to be "near the last stage of a consumption," but this did not deter him from "riding three-hundred miles" and" look. ing after sixty societies" every six weeks, and he found the exercise gave him an appetite, and he gradually gained flesh and recovered his health. A few years later he again visited Wales and the borders. He says I came over to Chester, where I was stationed for a year: From hence I went to pay a visit to my own country and preached in Montgomery, Newtown, Llanidlos, and many other places. In Tregonan, where I was born, I preached once, and had most of the village to hear me. But when Mr. B n y who owned most of the parish, heard of it, he told my uucle (who with my grandfather had lived in that house near an 100 years) that if he encouraged mo to preach in the village he would turn him out immediately: he also sent a servant to a aousin of mine, who lived in another parish, and told her the same. After the lapse of another year or two, we find Oliver,4 in London, disputing with Toplady on the doctrine of- Predestination, and he complains of that divine that, although he spoke well of him in private, he attacked him, in his next publication. There is nothing further in the autobiography, of a local nature, so there will be no need to make further extracts, but another week I should like to give some account of: Olivers from Williams's Eminent Welshmen, and Sidney^ Life of Sir Richard HiU. PORITAK.. QUERIES. THOMAS HUNT, ESQ.—Your contemporary- Eddowes's Journal in a notice of the late Right Hon. Ward; Hunt, says The deceased gentleman was, as many of our readers are- aware, intimately connected with this county. His father Rev. George Hunt, of Wadenhoe, Northamptonshire, was the second son of Rowland Hunt, Esq., of Boreatton, the grand- father of the present Squire, as well as of the right hon. gentle-- mnn now deceased. Their ancestor, Thomas Hunt, Esq was- M.P. for Shrewsbury in the Parliament of the CommonwaIth1 and Sheriff of Shropshire in 1656. He was married to a daughter • of Edward Owen, Esq., of Woodhouse, and purchased the- Boreatton estate after the restoration. lrs. Butler Lloyd, of; Preston Montford, is a sister to the right hon. gentleman, whose- form and features from his frequent visits to the town were not. unfamiliar to the inhabitants of Shrewsbury. It will be remem- bered that the "deceased First Lord of the Admiralty was present. it the reopening of St. Mary's Church, in this town, in.April L871. f I should be glad of some further particulars of the Thomas- Hunt mentioned in the above. I have been told that he was one of the trustees of the Old Chapel, Oswestry. O.C. MACAULAY AT LLANRWST.-In,vol. 1 of the Life of Lord Macaulay, p.p. 101-2, we have the following. passage:— Macaulay liked Cambridge too well to spend the long vacation elsewhere, except under strong compubioiv- but in 1821, with the terrors of the Mathematical Tripos already close at hand, he was persuaded into joining a reading party in Wales with a Mr. Bird as tutor. Eardley Childers, the father of the statesman of that name, ha3 pre- served a pleasant little memorial of the expedition To Charles Smith Bird, Eardley Childers. Tlios £ Msnnl-v Wiliiam Clayton Waiters, Geo. B. Paley, Robert Jarratt, Thof' JaTratt, Edwin Kempson Ebenezer Ware, Wm. Cornwall, John Greenwood, J. Lloyd, and John Wm. GleadaU, Esquires- • '^ent'einen,-We, the undersigned, for ourselves and the inhabitants in general of the town of Llanrwst, in the county of Denbigh, consider it our duty to express to you the high sense we entertain of your general good conduct and demeanour during your residence here, and we assure you that we view with much regret the period of your separation and departure from amongst us. We are very sensible of the obligation we are under for your uniformly benevolent and charitable exertions upon several public occasions, and we feel peculiar pleasure in thus tendering to you individually our gratitude and thanks. "Wishing you all possible prosperity and happiness in your future avocations, we subscribe ourselve n with unfeigned respect Gentlemen, Your most obedient servants, Rev. JOHJ; Tijivy,ll (&c &c 25 signatures) In one respect Macaulay hardly deserved his share cf this eulogiuin. A scheme was onfo in the town. to foaod an auxiliary branch of the Bible Society. A public meeting was called, and Mr. Bird urged his eloquent pupil to aid the project with a specimen of Union rhetoric. Macaulay, however,had nad enough of the Bible Society at Clapham, and sturdily reiased to come forward as its Champion at Llanrwsii. If this should meet the eye of anyone. t Llaniwrst, or elsewhere, who can supply the names included, in the twenty-five signatures- the publication would be interest- ing in Bye-gones. Some correspondent may .perhaps, also b8 able to say who the Rev. John Tiltey was, who headed the memorial. No such name appearsi the list of vicars or masters of the Grammar School, o £ Llaair^t^ in Mr. Thomas's boolean St. Asaph Diocese. b N.W.S. REPLIES. ROBBING Alf OSWESTSIAN (A Ss 1877).- If the following loiter (which lfind juat as-it is in an old scrap book) refers to the case .)f peculiar interest already given, then the r ot occurrence was 1880 :.— w (COpy °F iiSTTER.) Sir,—I kavrotjjHm to say that the two men and woman wo ar condemd lor >oin. mister Stanle are inosenh of the crim for it was me and another that robed him—Mte foliod him from Gaston and hp.tno chone to get by him in, the, publick Hous at go-at-We th;,¡te to stop him before but ib wa-s too late—We got inside the Gave- and wated for. him but the woman that begt of him had lik st.pPt us-We saw the 3 prisoners go and I stoppt- to mak v.ats-iyat the gat thay was droidi qc.aiilin ai the time-. t mon fK ^WOre to the g1..oaS has done-ro.ng—You will be con. vincert th;J, It was not ttera by rising, to the clirgyman oft vv roxton;ear to maidstore in, Kent for 'ne is a justis too—V5e> robed a there and tia'him with wire the same, but not ta. a, gate abj-ajfc crisnias last We robed 1: to between astiby rts la, souse Cfcad Derby sometiiae before hub we did not ty him-H: yon will fco these plases you wil liiid from this that the*, poor foks "ir- as much inosen jas you- \J.q.b..ave robed 8 men altogether but iwil not roh no mere for we fyot money anof to cajry us out ji-tlie Gauntry ayd;that is JKalli we wanted for we and not l!;e\l/iH'k in this—tte money acdL things my pardnea- took to liij-jand soon after—if this is not ti rue and i ever used any of the pvjsioaers i wish i laay sink to,tho bottom and find n^self ever iUst in hel tormeat so heSp;me» good gocl-i clir Jjoi put my name. The officiating eiergeymaa afc Lancaster Castlo., This is directed as recei ved Mar. 20, an-A bearing the Liverpool poitlipark of "Mar. 18, 1830. 0"1 S.B. »
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