AN ELECTION FOR guardians. ^Ofi the first time in the history of Aberystwyth here has been a contested election for members-' the Board of Guardians in that town. Some the candidates were not aware they had been • nOlYliuated. and took no interest whatever in the Proceedings; but others, in view of the proposed j: County Government Boards, were anxious to secure their return. The result of the election is well known, and had it not been that two of the candidates polled an equal number of votes for the fourth place, nothing more would have been heard of it, perhaps, beyond the usual rumours of ir- regularity which at election times are borne on every breath. The two candidates in whose favour an equal number of votes were recorded are Mr. JAMES JONES, Piercefield, a very good guardian, who would perhaps have been more popular if he had been less independent and out- spoken, and Mr. J. W. SZLUMPER, who occupied a seat on the Board a year or two ago. During his term of office he attended to its duties, and apparently did not find them so attractive as to seek re-election. The tie between Mr. J OXES and Mr. SzLtmpEE has caused great interest to be taken in the voting papers, which have been care- fully examined,with results fpr from creditable to some of the persons who assisted in filling them up. It is said that undoubted cases can be proved where papers have been wrongly filled up by unauthorized persons and contrary to the spirit of the Act. This charge alone, if sub- stantiated, is sufficient not only to invalidate the whole election, but to render the unauthorized persons who have manipulated these papers liable to three months' imprisonment. From Penparke there are, it is said, on very good authority, several of these illegal papers. Three of the candidates have been declared elected, but in the face of charges similar to those we have indicated it is doubtful whether the election would be up- held. There are, however, other irregularities sufficient to set aside the election. These ir- regularities do not involve any charge of wilful or fraudulent action," but are the result of not at- tending carefully to the requirements of the law as laid down for the regulation of these elections. We will give instances. There are three kinds of votes-the votes of ratepayers, the votes of owners who are not ratepayers, and votes by proxy. Owners and proxies must send in claims in the month of February. Now it is alleged that voting papers were left indiscriminately with ratepayers, owners, and paupers, and that con- sequently people voted .who had no legal claim. Article 4 of the Local Government order of Feb. 4th, 1877, provides—" That the overseers of every parish shall, before the 26th day of March in every year, distinguish in the rate book the name of every ratepayer in every parish who has been rated to the relief of the poor for the whole year immediately preceding that day, and has paid the poor rates made and assessed upon him for the period of one whole year, excepting those which have been made and become due within the six months immediately preceding the said day." The rate book so distinguished is the register of voters. Without the book so distinguished, the election is mere guess work, or rather is an ir- regular scramble for a very responsible office. It is said that the persons entitled to vote were not distinguished in the rate book, and consequently the proceedings from first to last have been ir- regular. At the next meeting of the Board of Guardians it is to be hoped steps will be taken to secure a fresh election, not only in the case of the tie between Mr. JAMES JONES and Mr. SZLUJIPEH, but in the cases of the three guardians who have been declared duly elected. The increased in- terest in the election of members of Boards of Guardians is one of the mpst hopeful signs of the times. A Guardian who enters with zeal into his work has the power of doing a great deal of good. In addition to the great and interesting question of pauperism, he has to deal with the education of the people and the valuation of the property and the sanitary condition of- the district is also under his care. So complicated and multifarious are the duties of a Guardian that to thoroughly discharge them requires a long ap- prenticeship and the sacrifice of much valuable time. The general public have no idea of the labour entailed upon a Guardian of the Poor who accepts the office and determines to do his duty.
THE ABERYSTWYTH UNION ACCOUNTS. Tne audit of the Union accounts was fixed for Saturday last, but the auditor adjourned the audit until June because the accounts were not made up. The Clerk will probably be requested at the next meeting of the Board to explain how it happens the accounts closed on the 25th of March were not ready for audit on the 12th of April. A more important matter will also, we trust, be brought forward, namely, the poor-rati collectors' arrears, which amounted on the 25th of March to the large sum of more than thirteen hundred pounds. The collector has twice before been suspended in consequence of his neglect to collect the rates, and yet at present the arrears are greater in amount than ever they were. As long as the Union calls are met with regularity the Guardians will not trouble themselves about the collector, who is thus practically left in the hands of the Aberystwyth ratepayers. Three or four years ago the collector received a gool deal of sapport from people who thought he ought to be allowed another chance. Since that time he has had two chances., and has clearly proved that either he cannot or will not collect the rates. Arrears on the 25th of March amounting to £1,300 means nothing more or less than that a large amount will be altogether lost, and will have to be made up by those who pay rates regularly and promptly. The question whether a collector who so completely fails to discharge the duties of his office ought to be supported, will ultimately force itself upon the attention of Aberystwyth rate- payers, who bear heavier burdens than are necessary, merely to keep in office a servant who requites their misplaced kiadness by repeated acts of neglect. Nobody will venture to say that the collector of poor rates has not been treated with great leniency and even tenderness. He has been afforded every opportunity of doing his work, and now after repeated warnings he has on his books more than zel,300 of recoverable arrears. As we have already pointed out, this is not the first nor even the second time the collector has allowed large sums of arrears to accumulate during the past five or six years. There is in the estimate one item of £ 400., kept there from year to year, merely to enable the collector to keep on hie book a floating balance of debt. When the next vestry is held the attendance will as usual be limited to three or four parish- ioners, and the collector will go on as usual. The parishioners are not altogether to blame for inot attending vestries, as it is not fti-, easy matter to ascertain when they are held. It is most extra- ordinary that people who are always grumbling aboffit heavy rates do not insist upon having a collection who will do his duty. rheir regular collection would save hundreds a yelr. Besldes., as everybody who gives the subject a moment's thought will see, poor people who cannot pay one rate are jaot likely to pay two or three.
41 LOCAL AND DISTRICT NOTES. The stone paer at the Aberystwyth harbour has to be lengthened thirty feet. It was also decided tG proceed with the painting of the lamjy railings, &e. Last year this work was done wherf summer was far ad- duced, to the great annoyance of visitors. Could sot the lower end of the Terrace be cleared of the rubbish from the foundation of the house now in course of erection. # The Iste Mr. HACKNEY, when he was a member of the Jommis:;ic¡:ers, once said that the street lamps at Aber- pstwyth weic so high that they "lighted the clouds." That 1 ;he lamp pnstil would serve their purpose more completely i f they were eighteen inches low.er there can be no doubt. J Sew that the Lights Committee have at last succeeded in J getting their report adopted it is to be hoped they will see ¡ if it is not possible to complete the work of lighting the town as a fashionable watering place ought to be lighted. We are glad the back streets are to be made brighter. Mr. MORRIS JONES, the medical officer of health for the Aberystwyth Urban Sanitary Authority, presented a very excellent and satisfactory report to the Town Council on Tuesday last. From that report it appears that the death rate for the year is only 15'98, against 24"7 last year. This is a most satisfactory state of things and is almost certainly due to greater care among the people in sanitary matters. The health of the district is not yet quite satisfactory as will be seen on comparing the average length of life at Aberystwyth with the aver- age of the United Kingdom. It is a matter for serious consideration that permanent residents at Aberystwyth as a rule live- shorter lives by nearly three years than if they lived in an average place in some other part of the country. It must always be remembered, however, that the death rate in a place like Penparke may keep up the average in Aberystwth when the town itself is good. Again, the fact that Aberystwyth is a watering place and a resort for invalids has a bad effect on the mortality statistics. From the comparison of the death rate among children at Aberystwyth with [other places, it may be fairly inferred that the deficiency in the average of life is due to past exceptional circumstances which have now passed away. The report is very carefully prepared, and as was observed speaks very favourably for the town. Three things ought now to be done. Care ought to be taken to maintain the favourable position obtained; the greatest possible publicity ought to be given to the report, and the recommendations of the medical officer as regards the water supply should be attended to as soon as possi- ble. With an ample supply of pure water from the hills Aberystwyth might hold its own without fear of com- parison among the watering places of the United King- dom. A report like that presented to the Council on Tuesday is of incalculable value to the town. Thejonly thing to be regretted was the unwise proposal of a vote of thanks to the medical officer, and the more unwise objection to it. The drainage of the flats will improve the health of the town, and if the main sewer [behind the Gas Worksjwere covered in before the summer comes, a great nuisance would be got rid of. The Surveyor could do this work at no great cost. A pension has been granted by Government tojtthe widow of THOMAS HUMPHREYS, who lost his life in gallantly saving that of a lady who was upset from a boat in Carmarthen Bay. On Tuesday afternoon the Manchester and Milford train, due at Aberystwyth at 5-40, met with an accident at the harbour junction. The engine left the rails at the facing points, travelled about fifty yards on the ballast, and then fell upon its side in the hollow between the:two lines, which form an angle at this place. No blame is attached to anyone. Fortunately no onejwas injured. The engine driver and stoker escaped without a scratch, as also did Mr. OWEN, the permanent way inspector, who was on the engine at the time of the accident. The train was in goad time, and was travelling slower than usual at this spot. It has been feared that the Paris Exhibition would this year probably injure the Welsh watering-places. A gentleman greatly interested in Barmouth is of opinion, not without reason, that a large number of foreigners will visit Wales this summer. What EvisitorsLto the Parig Exhibition have to expect may be judged from the follow- ing cutting from the letter of the DailyiNciosIFrench correspondent:— Paris, Saturday night. Let all who propose to visit the Universal Exhibition count the cost. Parisian tradesmen strain like grey- hounds in the slips," eager to pounce upon visitors. Talking with a butcher to-day about his high prices, I jocosely said :—"I am afraid you will do what Vienna did, and frighten away foreigners instead of attracting them." The man replied with some asperity, "We are not obliged to feed foreigners." That speech is typical of the anti-commercial and grasping spirit of too many French shopkeepers. They clutch at what they think a temporary opportunity to raise prices, and do not consider the pro- bability of over-reaching themselves. Their national vanity leads them to believe the attractions of Paris are so great that all the world will be forced to come here, and they do not reflect that many a family with a closely- calculated budget, intending to stay a month, may be driven away at the end of three days by the extravagant charges which seem likely to rule. What do you say to half-a-crown a pound for mutton chops not of the very first quality, with a quantity of bone, greese, and gristle ? That was the rate to-day at the bucther's I am speaking of. I hear of frightful prices being asked for lodgings. A lady of my acquaintance who stands at t20 per month for five small rooms in the Rue Tilsitt, near the Arc de Triomphe, has accepted notice to quit rather than pay more. The erection of houses at Barmonth is having the desir- able effect of reducing the rates. If Barmouth continues to improve at its present rate the Local Board will be able with light rates to carry out great public improvements. The inhabitants are more united than at some other places in their efforts to keep the town well to the front. A water cart is an absolute necessity, and doubtless one will be procured before the summer comes. The Chairman of the Local Board, Mr. J. R. DA VIES, was perhaps quite right in his very sanguine view of the financial prospects of the own, but no harm will be done by raising an extra £50. ;+ Mr. W. R. DAViES, solicitor, Dolgelley, was elected Chairman of 'the Local Board, onTuesday last, for the ensuing year. The election for Pocr Law Guardians at Aberystwyth has caused a good deal of excitement in the town. Not only were an eq"al number of votes recorded for Mr. JAMES JONES, Piercefield, and Mr. J. W. SZLUMPER, but the election is said te have been irregularly conducted throughout. ♦ » On Monday, the Dolgelley magistrates enquired into the case of the man who was sentenced at Chester in October last to a term of imprisonment for bigamy, and who now turns cut to have pleaded guilty to a.n offence of which he was innocent. The magistrates were convinced that there was no ground for the alleged charge. In another part of the paper the facts will be found as de- tailed before the magistrates who held an enquiry on Mon- day at the request of the HOME SECRETARY. The Aberystwyth Rural Sanitary Inspector was asked on Monday last if he could not prepare a statement show- ing what has been done during the year by that public and somewhat exAisive body. The Inspector thought he could prepare a statement of the kind suggested, and we have no doubt whatever about it. To have weight it would be well if the statement showed how much of the work done last year was done the year before, and also the year before that, again. The removal of manure heaps is a yearly labour Perhaps thejlnspector while he is at the work will give us the exact date when he said the Black Lion at Llanbadarn, a house he has condemned will be closed. If he has lost the date we can supply him with it. A large number of notices have been served, and numerous recommendations have been made, but people are still living in houses unfit for habitation poor vil- lagers are still carrying water long distances and villages are still undrained. The sum of 5s. represents, we be- lieve, all the Board's expenditure since its formation for everything, except officials and official expenses. There has been a good deal of moral suasion, and some of it may have dene good, but we want something more than talk for the money that the Sanitary Board costs the rate- payers. The Inspector is going to add another report to the mass of that useless literature already ion possession of the Aberystwyth Rural Sanitary Authority. Mr. GILL ART has beem re-elected chairman of the MachynUeth Board of Guardians. Llanwrin parish has elected a Guardian for the first time for two or three years. < A report presented to the Pwllheli Board of "Guardians at their last meeting shows bow easy it is to vsaste the money of the ratepayers by negligent expenditure, and how soon a little .eare and a wise expenditure reocups it. self. The Board have spent £ 26 13s. 6d. in compelling persons to support their relatives, and the result is a caving of S314 17s. lid. in the rates
Many thousands ,(j¡f cotton, operatives in north and north-east Lancashire came out on etrike on Wednesday, April 17, at the expiration of notices of a 10 per cent. A- duction in wages. In other cases the notices expire en Thursday, and thel niiinber of hands on strike wfil be largely augmented. A meeting of the late Lord Leitrims's tenants has' passed resolutions expressing deep abhorrence of the mur- der of their late landlord, and protesting against the language made use of by Mr. O'Donnell in the House of Commons. From their personal knowledge of the late Lord Leitrim, they were able to give an unqualified con- iradiction to Mr. O'Donne!,1' .statements, and they ask for a parliamentary enquiry,
ECCLESIASTICAL APPOINTMENTS.—The Rev. Wm. Evan James, M.A., vicar of Abergwili; rural dean of Llandilo. The Rev. David Lewis, vicar of Llancynfelin curate of Eglwysfach during vacancy. The Rev. Hugo Daniel Harper, M.A., principal of Jesus College, Oxford sine- cure rector of Llandyssul. MR. GLADSTONE AND WALES.—A strong effort is being made to induce Mr. Gladstone to visit Wales, and to take part in a national public meeting it is contemplated to hold in the Carnarvon pavilion, and a deputation, in- cluding the mayors of Denbigh and Carnarvon, were appointed at a preliminary meeting held this week at Carnarvon, to wait upon the right honourable gentleman. An address has been prepared for signature by Welshmen. In the course of the address the warlike policy of the Government is strengly reprobated, and the warmest ad- miration is expressed for Mr. Gladstone's high character and great abilities, and for the course of conduct which he has pursued during the last eighteen months. MR. WATKIN WILLIAMS.—It is stated that Mr. Watkin Williams, Q.C., has accepted an invitation from the Liberal party ih Newcastle-on-Tyne to become a candi- date for that constituency at the next general election. Mr. Watkin Williams is well known professionally in Newcastle, a large proportion of his practice at the bar being derived from that seaport. Mr. Cowen hadintended to retire from Parliament, but it is said that he will stand again in conjunction with Mr. Watkin Williams. THE. DEBIGH BOROUGHS.—A meeting of the Liberal Committee was held on Tuesday evening, April 16, Mr. C. Hughes in the chair. The names of Sir R. A. Cunliffe, Bart., and Mr. West, Lord Lieutenant of the county of Denbigh, were mentioned as eligible persons to fill the vacancy which will be caused by the retirement of Mr. Watkin Williams from the representation of the Denbigh boroughs. Ultimately, it was agreed to leave the matter to stand over till Mr. Watkin Williams addresses his con- stituents, which he will do on Tuesday evening, April 23. The Hon. Geo. Kenyan has issued an address to the electois in the Conservative interest.—At a representative meet- ing of the Denbigh Conservative Association, held on Fri- day night, April 12th, a discussion arose on the retirement of Mr. Watkin Williams, and a unanimous resolution was passed that the secretary write to the Hon. George T. Kenyon expresssing the satisfaction with which the mem- bers received the assurance that he fully intended con- testing the boroughs on the next vacancy, and assuring him of their continued confidence and determination to give him all possible support.
ABERAERON PETTY SESSIONS, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 17.-Before Captain J. G. P. Hughes, Alltlwyd, Captain Vaughan, Brynog, and J. M. Davies, Esq., Antaron. Vagrancy. Daniel Jones, tramp, Dowlais, was charged by P.C. Thomas Philips, New Inn, with begging alms at Clogfryn, Henfynyw, on the 15th April. -Sentenced to twelve days' hard labour. Poach irtg. -Dayid Morgan, farmer's son, Tyrgwndwn, Cilcenin, was accused by Mr. John Lot, Blaencragian, Llanbadarn, Trefeglwys, with killing game without a licence at Llanbadarn, Trefeglwys, on the 9th of April.— Defendant said he was coming home from Pennal School, when the dog followed him he did not send the dog to search for game the dog caught a hare. When he saw the complainant run to take hold of the game he ran also, and took the game himself.—The Bench cautioned the de- fendant and told him he must understand that he was responsible for any dogs that followed him. They would, however, let him go this time with a caution. Jfon-Maintenance.—Mr. Daniel James, Sailor's Arms, Aberaeron, was charged by Mr. John Jones, clerk to the Guardians, with neglecting to maintain two of his grand- children, who have become chargeable to the Aberaeron Union.—Notwithstanding the statement made by defend- ant as to his circumstance, the Bench made an order of 9d. each child.-Evan Williams, master mariner, Greenland- terrace, was charged by the same complainant with re- fusing to pay C2 12s. arrears due to the Guardians for the maintenance of his father.—The summons was served at his place of abode.—A distress warrant was granted. Obsti-itctioit.-P.C. T. Phillips, New Inn, charged Evan Jones, Pontygido, Llanarth, with obstructing the free passage of a certain highway, by leaving a thrashing machine thereon, for an'unreasonable period of time, at Llwyndafydd, Llandysiliogogo.—Defandant said the machine was not his, he had hired it, and had done with it when it wa.s left on the spot mentioned till the owner removed it.The Bench was of opinion that the machine was in his charge, and fined defendant Is. and costs. Transfer of Lictitce.-The licence of the Red Lion Inn, Aberayron,. lately held by Mr. Thomas Williams, was transferred to Mr. David Evans. Charge of Threatening to Kill. —Stephen Jones, Moelfryn, Bethania, late of Blaenpant, was charged, by Anne Jones, Bankeithin, Llanbadarn Trefeglwys, with (threatening to kill her on the 14th April.—Anne Jones said On the 14th he swore with an oath that he would kill me. I hold a small farm. I had some sheep in a field which I had held for thirteen years. He turned the sheep out of my field. I told him not to worry them, and that if they trespassed he should claim damage. I live within the distance of five fields from hip. My farm is part of the property called Moelfryn, where defendant lives. I am afraid to sleep at night.—Mr. T. Pugh, solicitor, who appeared for prisoner, said he would not deny the charge, and that respectable sureties were forthcoming.—Mr. Isaac omln Morgan, Nantgoy, Mr. Ellis Ellis, Crosswinter, Mr. Morgan, Rhiwlas, Cilcenin, and Mr. Owen, Cilerwisg, offered themselves as sureties.—The Bench bound over the first two in £ 50 each, and Stephen Jones, himself in £100, to keep. the peace towards Anne Jones for the period of 12 months.
CARDIGAN. ECCLESIASTICAL.—The Rev. W. Cynog Davies, vicar of St. Mary's church, has been appointed surrogate for the lower division of this district. RELEASE OF A PUr.SO.VER. -In the High Court of Justice (Chancery Division), on Thursday, April 11th-before Vice-Chancellor Sir C. Hall-in the case of Davis v. Davis, Mr. Millar said he moved on behalf of Enoch Davis, for the release of the unfortunate man from cus- tody. It appeared that Mr. Davis had been in custody for the small amount of £8 ever since May, 1877. Mr. Davis was one of the next of kin in an administration suit, and was an illiterate Welshman. Mr. Davis received a sum ofC19 Is. 2d. in excess of the amount to which he was entitled, and was ordered in July, 1876, to pay that amount in this court. Not being able to obey the order, in May, 1878, his lorchhip committed him to prison, and Mr. Davies had been in the county gaol at Cardiganshire ever since. All the parties concerned concurred in be- lieving that Mr. Davies had suffered punishment, and in affidavit he humbly apologised for not being able to pay. None objecting, the Vice-chancellor made the order. STEALING UMBRELLAS.—On Saturday, 13th instant, a travelling umbrella mender named William Johnson, was brought up before the Mayor, in custody of P.C. Lewis Davies, Blaenpooth, charged with stealing three umbrellas, of about the value of 6s., on the 5th inst., from Mrs. E. Davies, "Royal Oak" Inn, Cardigan. On the application of the Police Officer, the prisoner was remanded until Monday last, when he was again brought up before the Mayor and Mr. T. Davies.—Miss Annie Davies, daughter of the prosecutrix, proved giving the prisoner three um brellas to mend on the day in question, and she identified those produced as those given to the prisoner, which he had not returned.—Samuel Paupham, landlord of the Trewern Arm- Aberporth, proved pur- chasing one of the umbrellas prod need of the prisoner on the 8th April, and giving him 4s. for it.—After the evi- dence of the constable, who stated he arrested the prisoner at Gellygunnor, parish of Penboy, Carmar- tl-ieiishire.-The prisoner pleaded guilty, and stated that he did not intend to ste4 the umbrellas, but got drunk and wandered about not knowing where he was for two days, and he was actually within a mile or so of the town for two days.—Sent to the House of Cor- rection for 14 days' haard labour, and at the expiration of that time to be seen out of town by the police-
FFESTINIOG. DAMWEIXIATT.—-■Cymerodd amryw o ddamweiniau le yr wythnosau (hweddaf. Tarawyd un John Owen, miner, o Drawsfynydd, gan ergvd yn chwarel y Llechwedd, a ni- weidiwyd ef yn bur boenus. ROBYN D ERYRI.—Bu Mr. Robert Parry ar ymwel- iad eto elem, a thraddododd araeth ragopol ar yr achos dirwestol nos Lun diweddaf yn Nghapel Jerusalem, Four Crosses. Y LLADRASAU DIWEDDAR.—Nid yw y llsdron eto wedi eu dal. Clywsora fod colled y tafarnwr o Ehiwbryfdir yn unig yn £ 9. FESTItl Y GIFRIKON. Dydd Sadwrn diweddaf cynhali- wyd festri yn y Club Room, i ddarllen cyfrifon y flwyddyn, £ c. Cymerwyd y gadair gan gan Mr. D. Llewelyn Lloyd, Plas Meini. Yr oedd yn bresenol yn mysg eraili—Y Mri. J. Vaughan, J anyinanod, — Vaughan, Tanycoed, E. P. Jones, Cefn-faes, D. Williams, Glasdo, R. Owen, Rhiw House, G. H. Ellis, cyfreitfciwr, Andreas Roberts, Cwm- orthin, &c. Darlllenodd Mr. W, Davies, yr ysgrifenydd, y cyfrifon, y rh&i a basiwyd. Cafwyd ymddiddan maith ar y military rate. Hysbyswyd fod £ 700 wedi eu talu, a chvvynid mai ychydig iawn oedd wedi ei wneud. Ystyrid fod y drefn bresenol gyda'r Pwyllgor Iechydol (Parochial Committee) yn gwbl aneffeithiol er llwyddo i dreulio 11awer o arian. Pendcrfynwyd yn unfrydol bod elw festri i'w galw yn mhen y elau fis i ystyried y fantais o g&el Bwrdd Lleol. Datganodd y cyfarfod hefyd deirulad cryf yn ei ffafr. Pasiwyd hefyd i roddi o-,ais ar Mr. A. M. Dunlop, !Brynmawr, i fod yn gynullydd ar berchenogiou y chwar- clau i ystyried yr En mater cyn :hyny. Cymerodd ymddi- ddan pur faith le ar y ffordd newydd sydd YIl cael ei gwneud 0': i Riwiau Coehion ond ystyrid ei bod yn rhy ddi-.veddar i fyned i'r cwestiwn yn awr fod y ffordd ar gael ei gwiieud. Cynygiwyd fod y festri i gael syud yn y dyfodol (;. r Blaenau, ocd pasiwyd gyda mwyaf- rif jddi fod yn y fan lie y mae hi, sef yn yr ystafell blwyfol yn Lian Ffestiniog.—COFNODYDD.
boetmadoc. Face.—-About half-past one on Thursday morning, the 18th Auril, the people of Portmadoe were roused by the alarm <sf fire given in tie streets. Tkere was no need to make iflaiuiries as to the locality of the fire, as the smoke and the flames pointed out the Park as the place. When we arrived on the spotthere was a verr large number of people present, busy carrying water when it could begot. A block 'o f timber workshops and offices were burnt to the ground, amoagst others the office of Mr. Isaae Williams, timber merchant. By the efforts of the people present, and the calmness of the night, the nm was kept from extending to a yard which was close by, where powder and paraffin oil were kept. Had the fit-e reached this yard, the consequences might liave been most serious to the town, but there was for- tunately scarcely a breath of wiud. It was found that the water was cut off from the pi", and the water used in extinguishing the fire was carried, either from water stored in private houses, or from the sea. CREW RESCUED m A PORTMADOC SHIP. The Patra, owned by Captain David Richards, Portmadoc. and com- manded by his nephew, Captain William Richards, has just landed the crew, twenty-one in number, of the ship Vermowl; of Liverpool. Yigo. The V?rnj=-.nd was found chok j0ur"^er'Ilo state in the Atlantic, the pumps being
TOWYN NARROW ESCAPE.Ifr. H. P. Jones, draper, of this town, had occasion to cross the long, low reach of sands near Penrhyn, on the evening of the 15th of this month. Night was fast coming on as the weary traveller toiled his way through the treacherous sands. The tide was rising rapidly at the time and covered the path almost as fast as Mr. Jones could pasfe over it. He, however, reached the landing point and began hailing the ferrymen, but the foaming tide was rushing on faster and faster, and long ere asssistance reached him the traveller was over his knees in water, though standing on the highest point- available. He was, however, rescued from his dangerous position.
CORRIS. PRESENTATION.—On Saturday evening, April 13, a public meeting was held by the inhabitants of this neigh- bournood, for the purpose of presenting Dr. and Mrs. J. 1. Jones, Bronygraig, with a handsome tea and coffee service, as a token of good wishes on the occasion of their marriage. The chair was occupied by Mr. William Williams, Arddal Houses and the present was handed to the bridal party by Mrs. Anne Thomas, Chapel-street. The principal speakers on the occasion were Messrs. D. Owen Brynawel, .R. Hughes, Fron Wen, E. Griffiths, Aberllefem, E. Williams, Frongoch, and It. Owen, Bron- meinon. [A longer report will appear next week. Other Corns news is also held over in conseauence of having to go to press early.]
RHIWARTHEN. A CASE OF DROWING IN THE RHEIDOL. A case of drowning occurred in the river Rheidol on Friday, April 12. A man named Daniel Herbert, aged 18, farm servant at Rhiwarthen-uchaf, on his way home, had to cross the river, which was low. A few yards above the ford there was a deep pool. Some children who were playing saw him in the middle of the pool, and gave an alarm. A little girl was sent to Rhiwarthen Mills to tell Thomas Jones, who immediately ran with his sister-in-law to the spot. He went into the water up to his shoulders to try to find the young man, but to no purpose. David Jones, Taù'r- allt, fetched a crook to which they tied the rope and ultimately recovered the body. An inquest was held at Rhiwarthen on Saturday, before Mr. Evan Rowland, sur- geon, deputy coroner, and the following juryMessrs. John Morgan, Gwarallt, foreman, William James. E. J. Morgan, Richard Blackwell, R. Probert, H. N. Morgan, Isaac Vaughan, James James, David Junes, Thomas Thomas, John Edwards, and Thomas Jones.—Anne James said that about six p.m. on Friday, April 12, the children ran to the house and said that Daniel Herbert, Rhiw arthen was on a horse's back in the middle of the river and in distress. She ran to the door and saw him in the middle of the pool with his hands up. She saw his hands dis- appear. She thought from the time she first saw him until he was drawn out of the water twenty minutes passed. When she first saw him she was about 150 yards off.—Thos. Jones said the little girl ran to the mill and told him that the servant of Rhiwarthen was in the river. He went for a rope, and ran to the place as fast as he could. He tied the rope round his waist and went into the water up to his shoulders. The place being very deep he could not find the body. David Jones came up then and fetched a crook and tied a rope to it and threw it into the water three times unsuccessfully, but the fourth time it got hold of the leg and they drew the body out, but life was extinct.—The jury returned a verdict of "Acci- dentally drowned," and highly commended Thomas Jones for his efforts and great presence of mind in bringing out the body from the water.
HOUSE OF LORDS APPEAL. (Present, the Lord Chancellor, Lord Hatherley, Lord Selborne, Lord Blackburn, and Lord Gordon. EAGLESFIELD V. MARQUESS OF LONDONDERRY. This was an appeal fromlan order made by her Majestv's Court of Appeal on the 24th of November, 1876, whereby it was ordered that a decree dated the 8th of December, 187.5, made by the Master of the Rolls in a suit instituted by Messrs. Eaglesfield, Han-is, and Crook against the Marquess of Londonderry and other Directors of the Cambrian Railways Company, and the Secretary and Company should be discharged, and the plaintiff's bill dis- missed out of court with costs. Mr. Southgate, Q.C., Mr. Davey, Q.C., and Mr. Phear were counsel for the appellants, instructed by Mr. Plas- kitt, of Lincoln's Inn Fields. Mr, Benjamin, Q.C., Mr. Marten, Q.C., and Mr. Cracknall were counsel for the Directors, and Mr.-J. Pearson, Q.C., and Mr. Speed for the Company, and Secretary, instructed by Mr. Corfieid, of Oswestry. The plaintiffs in 1865 contracted with Mr. Savin for the purchase from him of £10,000 Llanidloes No. 1 Preft rence Stock of the Cambrian Railways Company, issued under the Mid-Wales Railway (Extension) Act, I860, and in the certificates issued by the company to Savin, and which were forwarded by him to the secretary of the Company for the purposes of the transfer, and in the deed of trans- fer to the plaintiffs the stock was so described. Subse- quently, certificates were issued by the company to the plaintiffs, stating that they were registered in the books of the company as the proprietors of £ 10,000 Llanidloes No. 1 Preference Stock, issued under the Mid-Wales Railway (Extension) Act, I860. In 1869 the plaintiffs as- certained that upon the true construction of the Acts of Parliament under which the stock was issued the stock held by them was not Llanidloes No. 1 Preference Stock as all parties believed when the stock was issued to Savin and transferred to the plaintiffs, but Llanidloes 1864 Stock, which was almost worthless, while the other stock was valuable and saleable at par, or nearly so. In 1874 the plaintiffs filed a bill against the company, the directors and secretary, to make them jointly and severally liable to make good the loss sustained by the plaintiffs through the alleged misrepresentation of the defendants. The bill alleged that the plaintiffs purchased the RLO,OW stock .¡_t..l_l:_L1.L!L unuei Liie ueiiei viiav, it iormeu part ot the Llanidloes No. 1 Preference Stock, but this allegation was not verified by affidavit, the plaintiffs only swearing that they purchased the stock under the belief that it would rank with the Llanidloes No. 1 Preference Stock.—The Lords Justices, reversing the decision of the Master of the Rolls, held that the defendants were not liable, as they had made no mis- representation by which the plaintiffs were in any way deceived, and also that the plaintiff 0' delay in seeking re- dress would have disentitled them to relief even if they had been deceived, nothing having been done for several years. The plaintiffs now appealed, and after hearing the arguments of Counsel on the 5th, 8th, 9th, and 11th April, their Lordships dismissed the appeal with costs.
DENBIGHSHIRE QUARTER SESSIONS. These sessions commenced at Denbigh, on Thursday, April 11th, under the presidency of Mr. Thomas Hushes The CHirF CONSTABLE reported that during the quarter 439 persons hail been proceeded against summarily, of whom 70 were discharged and 369 convicted. The county is free from foot- and-mouth disease, but pleuro-pneumonia has broken out within the last few days at Croes Newydd, Wrexham, and one animal slaughtered. Sheep scab has been reported on 100 farms. and five horses destroyed through suffering from glanders. A new assessment for the county was sanctioned. Mr. ARCHIBALD PEEL, of Brynypys Park, ne-ir-Wrexham, qualified as a magistrate of the county.—No police rate was asked for during the quarter, and only a county rate of d., there being a balance of over £3,000 in hand. cThe MAYOB of DENBIGH attended to ask permission for arrying out structural improvements in the Council chamber, which is part of the county hall, and the Council wanted oart of the cost from the csunty. The court agreed to the alterations but declined Joining in the expense.. The (question of converting the militia barracks into bridewell police residences, and county hall at Wrexham, came on again for discussion, some alterations having been made by the Secretary of State as to the cells therein. The court agreed to the expenditure of the money and the carrying out of the plans in their entirety, thus giving excellent countv buildings for Wrexham. A decided objection was raised to selling the present bridewell there, in consequence of the growing state of Wrex- ham, aHd its sale was deferred for the present. A strong effort was made to prevent the provision of cells in connection viih these new buildings, but it was overruled. # Chirk lockup, which was reported in a dilapidated state, was ordered to be repaired. The gaoler reported 41 civil prisoners in gaolaad 25 military, and three for trial at these sessions. The North Wales asylum extensions for 120 more patients were agreed to, and the Cierk of the Peace directed to borrow HS^200, which is the share of the county towards the cost. TRIAL OF PRISONERS. On Friday, before Thos. Hughes, Esq" chairman, the tria: of prisoners was proceeded with. 251 VERSION OF A ROAD AT LLANSHLTN Mr. Simpson applied on behalf of the parisliioners.of LlansEin for an order to divert the road between Llanrhaiadr-yn-Moch- nant and Tanycoed. The consent of the landlords through whose property the road went was given. The order was granted. Also on the application of Mr. Simpson another order was made for. stopping up a footpath in Liansilin. Several petty jurymen called were unable to epeak Welsh, and therefore they were removed from the box. THK ERBISTOCK CASE. Thomas Hughes, on bail, was charged with •stealing at Eibi- stock a bag containing a shawl, a piece of beef, lj, pair of hoots. a piece of wincey, and other articles, the property of Dar-id Vaughan, a miller.—Mr. Simpson prosecuted; Mr. Higfrins de- fended.—The prosecution alleged fliat prisoner took the tec, whict was put outside a shop door at Overton bridge whilst Mrs. Vaughan went into the shop for goods, it being afterwards found in a hay loft near the prisoner's cottage, but he denied the theft.—The defence was that a tramp stole the bag and Lid it in the loft, but being disturbed decamped. An excellent character was given the prisoner fey his employer.-The iury found a verdict of Ouilty."—Mr. Higgins asked for a case to a superior court, on the ground that the facts of -the case did not come within the meaning of the law laid down by the chair- man to 'fee jury, a« the stolen goods were never found hi prisoner's possession or under his control. After full dis- cussion, a case was granted on this point, prisoner being liberated en bail till the superior courts settle the point. If the chairman's ruling is upheld, prisoner will conse up for juâg- ment. LARCENY AT OEXBI-GJI. Ann Williams pleaded guilty to stealing glasses from Mrs- Braden, Denbigh, and a letter weight from Mrs. limner, Den. high, and to a previous conviction. Sentenced to ;ix months' imprisonment. THE CASE OF OBTAINING GOODS BY FALSE PRETENCES. .Tane Price, Wrexham, pleaded guilty to obtaining a large quantity of drapery goøis and boots from from Messrs. Peters and Rowlands, Wrexham. Sentenced to four months' imprison- ment.
CAMBRIAJT RAJLWAYa.-Approxirnate return yf traffic receipts for the week eliding 14th April, 1878. Miles open, 1781. Passengers, parcels, &c., £ 1,457; mer- chandise, minerals, and live stock, t2,090 total ffr the week, £ 3,547. Actual traffic receipts for the correspond- ing week last year. Miles opeR, 178J. Passengers. parcels, &c. £ 1,731; merchandise, minerals, and live stock, £ 2,00o total for the week, £ 3,736. Aggregate from commencement of half-year to this date, ^48 • last year, £ 47,712. DEATH OF THE HON. MRS. G. W. WINDSOR CLIVE. The Hon. Mrs. G. W. Windsor Clive, wife of the member for Ludlow, died in London on Thursday afternoon April 11th. Mrs. Clive had a few days before her death given birth to a son and heir. The deceased lady o was born in 1845, was married III :Novpmher, 1870, to Lieut-Colonel the Hon. George H. W, Windsor-v- (late of the Coldstream Guards). M.P. for Ludlow. T1:e! deceased lady was daughter of the 18ti; Bilron ciir.tua. and niece of the present Baron Clinton.
BIRTHS. MARRIAGES. & DEATHS. "r' BIRTHS. EVANS-April 15th, the w-ife of Mr John Fnnt Chester Hons-, Barmouth, of a daughter 1 an" THOMAS-April 14th, the wife of lr. Robert Thomas. Rock-ttr race, Harlech, of a daughter. CK marriages H!r"DWTL,U4J!S-APriI1?th'at Salem Chapel Portmador PU: isys? sjrv&gr is, ^KrtS3„1,oW'Uiam' WiUiams.D^ Mby th^v X7nAlvL1Jth' Mthe 0!d chape1' Ua^rvnmair, Registrar, Mr. Kvan^lorgati Howelli Jones, Ystradfawr, LJanbryn'mair. no, to.vf^s >arnii D E -A-IT H S .1 DAVIES—April 3rd, aged 50, at Vale HOUSP in™ R. road, Bristol, John Davies, builder Eec..and- DAVIEs-April Stb, tged 6S' at Charles.street, Wrexham, Janet Jane EgoUenApril 9th, agNI S7' Mr Edward Evans, Fron, Lhn- gollen. EAZiSn 5th, aged iO, 34 MouKt"street> Wrexham, M,ry Ann Eyton. G^PANK-April eth, aged 54, at Plasllewllyn, RhyI. Henrv Nicholson Gilbank, Esq., late of Newtown, Monteome'rvshir^ Nicholson Gilbank, Esq late of Newtown, Monteome'rvshir^ GRIFFITHS-Apri! 7th, aged 67, at 7, Powell-street^ AwJX •■eif' nne* widow of David Griffiths, of PeiSan- HTv'!P'S7April }Uh' :^ed at Xorthgate-streel Aberrstwvth Richard, son of Mr. Richd. Hughes, builder HUGHES—April 11 th, aged SI, at H,Vh-street Abervstwvth iCC'pa Mr David Hughes, joiner, formerly of]Wilkes HULL-AprU 9tb, tged 7 weeks. at LI:milar, Lucy, infant dau,h- of Edwd. Hull. "SI. iKy? CifcT1 S0' J"™'Wi,e °' ,oh" Humphry, The JONES—Apri1 8th, aged 70, at 35, Baring-street. London A-ne G^h^lAeKttt§hter °f the JoxES-April 12th, Mrs. Jones, wife of Afr. Lewis Jones, grocer, Borth, near Portmadoc. PARRY—April 15th, aged S3, at the Pwllheli Wnrt-h, tw Parry, formerly of Xyffryn, Uaniestyn orkho^e. Tb°*- PRICHARD—April 3rd, at her residf>i>r-i j of the Rev. JP Prichard, D.D.^ Llangoben the RICHARDS—April 6th, aged 6', at 4, Tenmleton mn/i Mr. Phillip Richards, late oi St. John-street, Clerke^wST^2 SELWYN—April mil age* C9, at Lichfield, the Right Rev Geo Augustus h>elwyn, Bishop of Lichfield ^?M^-AprU Sth aged 76, the wife of Mr. John Thomas NOTth\iew, Bwlchycibau, and formerly of Penliwyn. L1M- fyllin.
CRICKET. 'oJ ST. DAVID'S COLLEGE, LAMPTER, V. TRUSING COLLFTV CARMARTHEN -A matph was played between the above tS on Saturday, April 6, on the ground of the former. The wealhlr attK*te« a rentable number of spectS ™ WLtn^S the hr^ of this season played at W peter. The hatting on both sides was verv goo a, but the superior bowling of R. r. Jones and W. Dovey for Lampeter told heavily on their opponents. The Lampeterians won an easy victory, and managed to beat their opponents bv nine wicket? In justice to the visitors, it may be seated that their fielding was remarkably good. After the match was finished the CarmTr then men were entertained at the College Hall Appended isthe TRAINING COLLECR. Skinner, c J. H. Lewis, b H. T. Jones « c Lewis, b R. H. Booth, bR. T.Jones 4 c Reece, b R. T. 7 Robins, b R. T Jones 0 not out" '1 Hdolam, b R. T. Jones 15 k T)r>v«>v r Clark^T^ieA R T°f 7 c Rossir. b Dovey 4 Harrptt bl^ri .t J°neS • 3 bR. T. Jones 4 Harrett, b R. T. Jones 0 c James James b Gilbons, bR. T.Jones 0 c R°i Jones,' b ° Evans, c and bR T.Jones 0 c Jamel, V, Dovey 1 Barwood, c R. T. Jones, b W. Dovey 0 c J. H. Lewis b PileExtrasUt ° b ^Joaes"' 1 Extras 3 Extras 5 40 48 ST. DAVID'S COLLEGE. James J:unes, b Haslam 5 R. T. Jones, b Clarkson 14 not out. R. H. Jones, c Haslam, bClarkson.. 12 T'?Jew's' 5 ^Jarkson 2 not out g J. F. Reece, b Clarkson 1 J. J. Rosser, run out 5 C. E. P. Tvler, c Harrett, b Clarkson 10 W. Dovey, run out 14 Barrow, run out 3 H. Williams, c Haslam, b Clarkson 1 j H. A. Parry, not out 7 b Clarkson 5 Extras '4 Extras 1 7S 20
CORRESPONDENCE. 'r.v.r_ Several Letters are unavoidably held over. CONFERENCE OF GUARDIANS. Sir,-Perhaps you will allow me to remind your readers who take an interest in the administration of the Poor Laws in North Wales, that the Annual Conference of Guardians in North Wales will be held at Rhyl, on May 3rd, at twelve o'clock, when the following subjects will be discussed I.-County Boards. Introduced by the Rev. The Warden of Ruthin. 2.—Districts of Medical Officers of Health. By Dr. Lloyd Roberts. 3.—The working of the Education Act, it affects Boards of Guardians. By Mr. J. Oswell Eury, (Clerk to the Guardians, Wrexham Union.) I am, &c., T, CHARLES S. MAINWARIXG, LIaethwryd, Corwen Hou. Secretary. April 15tb, 1878.
PORTMADOC COUNTY COURT. ROBERTS V. FESTIXIOG RAILWAY COMPANY. At this Court, held a few months ago, his Honour re- served judgment in this case. We have just received a copy of the judgment, which was as follows-- The plaintiff in this case sued the defendants for breach of a contract to carry him from Tanygrisiau to Minffordd Junction within the hours advertised bv the defendants under the following circumstances The plaintiff on the 28th of August took a ticket at Tanygrisiau for Minffordd Junction, and travelled by the train timed to arrive at JUiniiordd Junction at G .")0 a.m. It was admitted on the the defendantH that the train was late in arriving at Minffordd Junction, at which place the defendants' railway forms a junction with the Cambrian Railway. Had the train kept its advertised time the plaintiff would have been enabled to catch a train on the Cam- brian Railway to take him to Llangollen, at which place he intended to take part in a rifle match,'but the train being late the plaintiff lost his train and waited at Min- ffordd Junction until 11 20, when he travelled by another taun to Llangollen, arriving there at 3 30 p.m. The plaintiffs claimmay be divided into two parts. The first the railway fare expenses and two days' wages, occasioned by his first journey to Chirk on August and for wS damagesn°Y wwtf dfeI1endants liable as consequents damages. 1 am of opinion, however, that thev cau i-i no r/Z <bC r!garded as arisinS from the breach of the defendants contract, and consequently in no way re- coverable from the defendants. y Similarly with regard to the claim for two days' wa^es and expenses incurred by the plaintiff on August 28& I am of opinion that they cannot be regarded as following from the breach of the defendants, and therefore not re- coverable. The wages would have been lost and the ex- penses incurred equally if the defendants had committed no breach of their contract. The remaining item of the plaintiff's claim is the railway fare to Llangollen on August 2K. Now, the defendant? contract was to parry the plaintiff only to Minffordd June- tW bf • if1",? f 110 evidfnce to shew that they had notice Iward^r'Sibp P^ceed beyond, and the damages to be awarded to the plaintiff, if any, are such as arise naturally from the breach of the contract, and may fairly and reasonably be considered to have been on the contem- plation of both parties at the time the contract was en- tered into. The plaintiff knew that the rifle contest he wished to attend commenced at 10 a.m., and it mav ho thatff at the time he took his ticket he had given notice to the defendants that he must be at Llangollen by 10 a.m. b would have been entitled to take some other con- f Minffordd Junction, if possible, and charge the defendants with it. He did nothing of the kind but waited there until 11 20 a.m., and then took a train which brought him to Llangollen at 3 30 p.m., too late for the rifle match as he knew. Under these circum- stancee I am of opinion that the plaintiff cannot charge the defendants with his railway fare to Llangollen Be did undoubtedly suffer, but not of such a kind as can be estimated by damages. My judgment therefore must be for the defendants.
BREOQN AND MERTHYR RAIL WAV un Traffic Statement for the week ending April Passengers, parcels, &c., £ 209 16s Od • J I• rtock, em 17,. 7d total, f 1,179 per mile per week. Corresponding week last™. Vci mnes open): Passengers, parcels, &c £ ^15 14= i? goods ani live stock, £ %2 8s. 7d: total PI "1- o ol £ 19 6s. 3d. per mile per week.-Incret I 8d; 10s. lid. Aggregate for 15 weeksm^l^1" w^k> aggregate for 1(3 weeks, 1877 £ 17019 A 1}S' for 15 week*, £ 7!)7 l]s_ 3d ■ ^d. Decrease PWLLHELI MARKET.—Prices a 280 lbs.; liar ley, 22.s 0,1 SL 7, n flour> °°3- to 00s. meal, 00s to 3 £ s. (XI? 24(f lbs Indian 27s* °* 315 lbs.; oat- eggs, os. to 7s od. ? 240 fresh butter, is. JO<1. to is lid f to.ls- r,a- lb.; couple; ducks Oil to 0s Od f°wls> 3s. Od. to 3s. 4<1. e £ Bi- to 2s. 4d. ;p tore Ings, OOs. to 0 )". each: 188. to 20s. Od. each; O to Os. 120.; codtish, 28. each: freshwakr fish, lOd. 40 lb. CRISIS.- In'the0EfoS c,f'Commo™ wPSf ET^AXD THK 11th Mr. David Davies, sai.The IhouU^ very fair one in every raspect excent tlp Bu.,1eelt a lng to the dog-tax, which ought to havp °-K?sa. r t" of 7s; 6d. The Income-tax, fn his on^L legitimate aource of revenue. If unfnw'P 6C £ came involved in war, he hoped ih* We,be" paid every year as it proceeded. Tnrloe/f u would be sorry if it continued to see a °s fir) 7. woulu not be because he believed by that means' 11*lcom^'t.a,x lmPosed, made sick of it, and we should n-et ri i^f ^hhc would be Of course, we should boat Pn sia h f -t-i } sooner, might be a protracted one aIthouJ^ 1^ StniS^ ^.ve^the eJpiSef* ^h^aer'wo^d (Hear, hear.) year m ms Budget.
that improvement may be most easily and readily attained, no apology whatever is required. The prevailing tenure in Wales is a yearly tenancy which, strangely enough, farmers themselves, in many instances, are not anxious should be super- seded by leases. There is, indeed, a wide-spread reluctance to accept long leases, which of course entail a considerable degree of responsibility to farm carefully, and almost certainly necessitate increased rents. The cultivators of the soil possess no security of any kind for the investment of capital in the land and are averse to changes that would fasten upon them its restoration k to fertility. The processes of exhaustion and di- lapidation have been going on so long that the farmer naturally shrinks from an undertaking which would entail an outlay equal to the present fee simple of his holding. The sidelands may be fairly drained, but every flat place is wet and covered with water growths the fences are fuller of gaps than quicks gates are useless, and con- sequently absent; the house, unwisely built on the side of a hill, is neither weather-proof, com- fortable, nor convenient; and the farm buildings are more than half ruins, and if they ware in good repair, are neither in the right place nor nearly large enough. The bad effects of a tenure that has failed in the past to maintain the productive- ness of the soil are visible on all sides. In old times there was, if not the feudal spirit, at least something akin to it, which gave tenantry confi- dence. In those days life was simpler than it is now, and the absence of legal contracts was less seriously felt. Railways, education, and the numerous openings afforded by trade and com- merce to men of enterprise, have not been with- out their ill effects upon agriculture. Slowly through the years farming in Wales has lost ground in the estimation of the people. It is no longer the favoured occupation to which men in the country apply all their energies, and with con- fidence put their eldest sons but the last re- source of younger children who are too poor for business and too ignorant for the ministry. The lament that the old class of farmer-shrewd and intelligent-is dying out, is far from unfounded. He is, undoubtedly, becoming scarcer every year, and unless landowners insist upon leases and higher cultivation he will ultimately be.come extinct. The improvement of an ex- hausted estate is a slow and costly process, but when compared with the improvement of a deteriorated tenantry is easy and cheap. To say that the conditions under which agriculture is pursued in Wales are now more unfavourable to the farmer than they were half a century ago would be wrong. Both positively and relatively the Welsh farmer is now in a better position than perhaps ever before. Markets are more nume- rous and more accessible although hampered by poverty, landlords are disposed to listen to reason, and, according to their means, strive'to make up for generations of past neglect; railways again have placed in the farmers' hands the power to produce that only which pays bim--he is no longer compelled to grow on his own land every- thing he consumes, but may apply himself specially to that in which he obtains most suc- cess emigration, too, by opening up new fields in the colonies, has reduced competition for farms whilst education has placed the liberal professions within reach of farmers' sons. Land- owners, called upon to make good the neglect of their predecessors, are unable to meet the heavy demands for drainage, reconstruction, planting, &c., especially as the tenants are unwilling to pay increased rents for improvements, however indis- pensable those improvements may be. There are scores of estates in Wales that require the entire rental expended upon them for many years merely to bring them back again into fair cultiva- tion but instead of this the rule among land- lords as well as tenants is to take as much out of the land and to give as little back as possible. The landowner, for instance, whose estate will pass to a distant relation, looks carefully after expenditure, and, instead of improving the land, realizes every shilling he can in order to make provision for daughters. What he is compelled to do by strictly "orded covenants is all that need be expected from liim, and that only grudgingly. Even when a landlord is willing to do what lies in his power to maintain in a state of efficiency, bulld- ogs, drainage, &c., on a large property he is pro- bably crippled by povei'ty, and cannot invest the capital necessary to make his estate really profit- able. That landlords unable to provide the capi- tal required for the development of their property should hesitate to adopt measures for attracting other people's capital can only be accounted for on the presumption that landlords prefer a decay- ing estate rather than surrender a little even of the appearance of ownership in the soil. The landowner, the bulk of whose estate is let on long leases, is as certain to become wealthier as the landowner who has nothing but yearly tenants to depend on is sure to become poorer. Not only will the land where leases are granted yield more 1 0 produce, but the tenants themselves will improve with the soil. There ara estates in Wales on which tenants are scarcely more in danger of eviction than if they were freeholders. In fact, the freeholder whose property is mortgaged may not only have io pay more rent, but be more in danger -of being turned out than a yearly tenant. Cases could be given where freeholders have sold their farms to pay off mortgages, and ,have afterwards become tenants of those very -farms at rents much below the amouht they were Previously paying in interest. Small freeholders ate probably the worst farmers in the Principality, and live from hand to mouth, a harder life than labourers. In no sense can their position be favourably compared with that of tenants on an estate where evictions are unknown, and where in- creased rents are seldom heard of. The great drawback of a tenancv of this kind is that the farmer is able to live without much exertion, and is afraid to improve ihig holding lest he should bring upon himself additional rent. Although he is in no danger of eviction, and has but little to fear ofirevalufition, yet the remote possibility of a rise 1ft UllS rent is sufficient to paralyze his effort and to prevent him from manifesting signs of pro- sperity. How secure yearly tenants are on some estates may be inferredfr-om the fat that the estates ;are virtually from interimarriages in the occupation of one family. These intermarriages go on from generation to generation, and owners of estates in Wales ratber than rudely break up 'these clans llt up with lth losses and other inconveniences of a low state of cultivation. How far it is wrise on the jpart of landowners to encourage a system tkat practically prevents the in- troduction of new blood and new systems is a many-sided question not easily settled. One hmg is clear, thit bad farmers keep each other in countenance, just as good ones stimulate each other to further efforts. In districts where a wrt of clae has been established, and where old pre- judices and habits effectually defy the spirit of re- form, it ma.y be necessary, when fifing oppor- tunity oecars, to break in upon the circle by letting cl vacant farms to men from other parishes or dis- fricts, who are not imbued with the spirit of bad farming, and are likely to show a good example 1Vhere it is most wanted.