Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

33 erthygl ar y dudalen hon

AMERICAN BUDGET.

Newyddion
Dyfynnu
Rhannu

AMERICAN BUDGET. CHICAGO'S NEW THEOLOGIAN. GENTLE LITTLE WAYS OF • AMERICAN POLICE. (FItOM OUR SPECIAL CHICAGO COBRESPONDENT.) Hare you heard of Chicago's new theolo- &ta.n? I know you are busy with one of your own, but jur fellow—the Rev. Dr. Samuel Btijyjj-is "the haziness." He makes. blazlDg assertions aabut things down betow-ac- cordiuf; to the reverend doctor the wicked place is not. so far down as people generally suppc-ae—and hits right and left at every one connected with the administration of the city's affairs. He's a smart fhowman, t.«o. is Dr. Bugg. and he knows how to tickle the public. He doesn't stand and talk like a snr-c- individual. No. Sane individuals can be seen at any Chicago Church. He climbs to the top cf the desk in front of the pulpit, balances Himself in a kneeling position, aud fc^px, his congregation guessing as to the actual moment he'll fall over and break h's nidt. He act* for all the world like a rav;g lunatic. And he's the rage of the hont 'Or. lings made his first great hit with the statement, "Chicago is Hell. He stormed and raved to a crowded congrega- tion ti5 ■ rut the wickedness of the city and its public officials and politicians, and con- cluded fiery sermon with the words: "Two tnilli< a souls are in the pit—way down in the pit. Every one in the City Hall, from the Mayor to the mouser. is on the make. That was enough for Chicago. The refer- ence be the city pussy-cat, who is said to 'have c.;right more rats and mice than any other tabby in the world, made the whole State of Illinois shake with laughter, and Dr. B'-igcg. on Monday morning—his sermon ebout the Mayor and the cat was delivered on Sunday evening—was made famous ly the i; wspapers. The cat's photograph was reproduced in all the papers, and the re- veretui doctor appeared in pictures kneel- ing on the pulpit desk. Fortunately for the preacher the Jamaica earthquake—Oh. such a &hov. man this Dr. Bugg—followed upon hie many sensational announcements, and he was smart enough to send huury-up call" to the people of Chicago, who rere excited at the news of the terrible disaster, to :1.t, tend a meeting at the Coliseum. Before 16,000 people he did the- old balancing trick, and shrieked out words of warning: "You're in the pit. You're sinking. See. you are going down—down—down." And as a finale he called for firearms. "Give me a gun, men. I'll rid the City Hall of its black- guards. Give me a gun." Yes. Dr. Bugg has poor old "Dr." Dowie "skinned to death," as the papers say. yet many of his ootpourings against the powers that rule the city of Chicago were founded on abso- lute fact. To begin with, the police department is a faroe, I am not quoting Dr Bugg in this in- stance. We must leave that gentleman to work oat further sensational stunts, when regoid of his week's work will be given in my aexi letter. Every policeman in Chicago "is cn the make." He admits that fact, and is proud of it. He will tell you oandidly he is not in the Western States for his health, nor is he looking for trouble The public have to resort to peculiar me- thodf in the' matter of police business. It Simkins for instance, on his way home from. business is held up at the point cf a revolver and asked to relieve himself of all hiS cash and jewels, which ha does 'n a hurry, of course, he never looks for a return of his valuables when the police have caught the thief. That kind of thing ie all out of date like the English dictionary. Ho talks to the police officers in his district—or tho iistnet of the hold-up-and oflers to pur- chaoobaek his watch and chain, diamond Pin and whatever haa been stolen, at a *eftgnsmbl« price plus a commission for the t Mi-, o istrict politician is another man to rt-: i;->ned with, fie and the police officials J c.;iy worli: together. A storekeeper, bo ■ hjjf' iin«r-0f bnsinees. b&t> W tK/iitioai fallow and hie friend, ice officer. No one escapee these Conditions. The politician is said to be the surae of thu stockyards. Every one knows that the so-ceiled meat revelations would never have developed into scandals had the packers not combined to fight the profes- sional political fellows behind the Presiden- tial chair. Even the ioreign fruit vendor, with a few inches of pavement for the dis- play of his stock, hae to make it all right with the politician and the policeman, be- sides paying in-nt. The manufacturer haa to hand his distri. e political friends a cheque, ctherwiae he is hauled before a trained pG. Utical magistru:-e—a mac who knows his business thoroughly—and fined heavily for allowing his chimney to smoke. The suc- cessful storekeeper has to hand out his bit ox dough" to similar sources, otherwise Mr Building Inspector, who also knows his busi- will close up the shop cn the ground that the windows are a menace to the pub- lic. or he will order the upper &torey of the pramiaes removed, certifying the top rooms aa dangerous. It is readily seen, therefore, th8,t bribes in Chicago are inevitable it a ipan wishes to live in peace. In tha residential part of Chicago a is very rarely seen walking about. He his time throwing dice in comfort- able saloon". where he quaffs the landlord's laager beer. There are times when the posi- tion of affairs in this connection becomes S'l' dvwperately iserious that one of the local tapeH turns out its otafi of reporters whja iustvnCtions to find missing policemen t rjci report. The following is an extract- from a recant articlo on Chicago police officers and bow they pa-s^ away time when on duty:— "Officer 622, on duty in State-Street, Viaited Jeny's saloon and played poker tor two >iour«. "Officer 513. <n point duty in "Michigan Avenue, called at Mrs Tugwell's boarding house fend had a bath. Two accidents and tltte* collisions during his absence. "Officer 3643 left district of his beat and visited a stockbroker's office. He called oft prieee from the tape. "Gfiiper 1000..0: duty at North State" and Division Streets, called at Kousman's C'afe and passed the morning reading Ger- man illustrated papers." Before passing from tne subject of the Chicago police department, 1 muet tell you &bout tho sweat-box system, if a ruan is arrested on a charge of murder, embezale- tteut, or any ether criminal offence, and he has no money to hand to political tuenie for "influential interference," or for the tn- K-igement of "professional witnesses.' 113 jg 1,11.lt through the three degrees if he persists V1 a plea of innocence. The Chicago Police official favours a good confes &iou. it t. akes things pleasant and save a great amount of work. The first degree is merely a friendly talk | w*th one of the assistant chiefs of police. This gentleman, as a rule, is the hypnotist 04 the department. He has piercing tyte ia also a good conjuror, and performs ghost tricks before nervous suspects. Should 'to" assistant chief fail to get a confession at the first interview, he follows up iiis talk ^Jth a stiff cross-examination. Then the "swr-at-box" or third degree is worked. At this stupe the prisoner is taken before the Chief of Police, who talks kindly on topics quite foreign to the matter of the crime with which it is proposed to charge the pri- Soner. Suddenly, right in the midst of the conversation, the assistant chief turns on the iiufortunate man or woman, as the case may be. and with blazing eye? and Imtfer t>olfcted close to the face of the prisoner, oiastifi c You are guilty of this crime. Cjn- Jobo Jonea, or it will be the worse for Voa. See, there 13 blood on your hands Out with it. John Jones. You are a mur- ^«rer." Assistant chief twists and wrijffl a into all shap,,¡; while accusing the person tthdtt arregt, and it is known that many aQ unfortun&t<' being has been fi-igntecrd tnto admitting a crime he knew nothing &bout. -The third defrree is regir.i-d as a Ifgtti- tnate piece 6f ijolice -vork. It is quite the thing for detectives to visit the cell of a and punch him into confe^ion. ^Mother' trick practised is to keep a nsaji a",¡. '.£.1.> aU light Robbing a prisoner cf *!<?«$^ oatJ of the most effective meane of forcing confections. Continued loss of slrep ^n«i«rminee the nervous system and breaks the wiJl To have a bright light thrust into £ ace every time the eyelids close is a I form of torturo that does credit, to a more barbarous people- than the American M sup- posed to be. Added to the other forms of coercion, it is calculated to break down the will power of almost any man. Shinkicking is also considered v?ry effec- tive. Two equally unfair, but less brutal methods of forcing confessions, however, are in common use. Tho first is the misrep'e- &entation to a prisoner that his accomplice has confessed all. A criminal often xeveab facts, believing his "pal" to have squealed, when he could not have been driven to con- fession otherwise. The other method 's the- long-distance, relay "sweating." Prisoners often are questioned for as long as iVfeary- four hours at a stretch, the questioners taking turn about the prisoner. If the prisoner talks at all hft is certain to oecome confused and contradict, himself. Female prisoners do not escape the third degree. They are generally thrown into a rat den. A woman was arrested on suspi- cion of theft a few weeks ago, and she thus described to a reporter her night in the third degree dungeon .—"The cell was horri- bly foul. A gutter, or open drain, runs through the back part of it, and hundreds of rats, raced up and down this drain a.nd prowled the floors of the cell. I sometimes almost believed the police have a vay oi turning the rats loo&e in the cells when they want to. Twenty-four hours in one of these cells is enough, 'third degree: to i ring 1 woman to the point where she would tall not only the truth, but any kind of a lie the police wanted."

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