MR. ROLLS, M.P., AT PONTY- POOL. Mr. J. A. Rolls, M.P., had a very warm greeting at Pontypool Town-hall on Friday evening, when the building was crowded, and an excellent meet- ing was held. The chair was taken by Mr. J. C. Banbury, who was supported by Mr. Rolls, Mr. T. Colborne, Major Hair, Mr. E. Jones (Snatchwood House). Mr. Greenway, Mr. T. H. Hazell, and Mr. A. E. Southall, of Newport. There were also present Mrs. Rolls, Mrs. Hanbury, Miss Hair, and several other ladies. The Chairman said letters had been received from Mr. Josiah Richards, and Mr. Phillips, of Woodlands, regretting their absence, and commending Mr. Rolls's candidature to the electors of the division. Mr. ROLLS, who was received with loud cheering, said he was very much encouraged to find that, in going round the division, he was being received by his friends with a reception which was warmer and Warmer. He came before them as a Conservative —to conserve all that was good and to improve all that needed improvement. When speaking of the proposals of Mr. Chamberlain, a noisy section at the back of the hall set up a continuous cheer for that gentleman, whereupon the hon. member asked any of them who felt disposed to come on the platform and show one single measure which Mr. Chamberlain had given to the working men. (Hear, hear.) Mr. Rolls went on to show that the proposals for peasant holdings and free education Were impracticable, and said he luckily refused to sign a petition in favour of the Welsh Intermediate Education Bill, as when he saw that Bill he found it was intended to provide education for the Jhildren of well-to-de tradesmen and others, who Rere quite able to pay for it themselves, lnd part of the proposal was to take away the funds and the blankets from poor people in alms- houses, and to stick on another halfpenny rate to ihe high sum already paid. In concluding a tren- chant address, the hon. member said he cared but little which party was in power so long as the honour and the prosperity and the greatness of England were maintained. (Hear, hear.) Mr. T. COLBOKKE, as an elector in the division, Was very glad to support the l'andidl1t.ure of Mr. Rolls. Question after question Mr. Rolls had to put to Ministers of the late Government until he could get a straightforward answer. No doubt, the procedure of Parliament needed to be im- proved, so as to curtail the length of some gen- tlemen's speeches but. Ministers of the day had much to answer for in not giving straight answers when questions were put to them. A gentleman from their own district—and he had no doubt they would remember his name—went into the county of Derby and sank thousands of pounds in mining. He was unfortunate, and the Undertaking was sold for only £10,000, But one of the landowners of that district—not a Conser- vative, but a distinguished member of the Liberal party—extorted a sum of no less than £800 for transferring the lease. But the Liberals did not raise a word about it, because they dared not expose their own party. Question after question was put by Mr. Rolls on this matter, and at last the truth came out. These questions would be sent to Midlothian, to Birminguam, and to Derby, and if anvone could contradict what he had said a donation should be given to the Infirmary. (Cheers.) In answer to another question put by tor. Rolls, Mr. Childers had confessed, though very Ungraciously, that during the four years inter- vening between 1880 and 1884 millions of money had been taken out of the pockets of the middle- class population of the country in Income-tax more than had been taken during the time the Conservatives were in office. Then, again, when the great railway companies introduced into Parliament a Bill which, if passed, would have given them such powers as would paralyse the trade and commerce of the country, it was Mr. Rolls who put questions to Mr. Chamberlain, and got him to admit that the Bills would be with- drawn. (Hear, hear.) Mr. E. JONES and Mr. T. H. HAZELL then addressed the meeting, after which a hearty vote of thanks was accorded to the chairman.
THE CANDIDATURE OF MR. F. A. YEO. STRONG OPPOSITION. A meeting was held at Gower Road, near Swan- sea, on Saturday afternoon in support of the can- didature of Mr. F. A. Yeo for Gower. A procession \Vfl!I! first formed, which passed through the village, headed by a band. The meeting was to have been held in the chapel, and it was proposed to distri- bute tickets to the Liberal residents of the locality in order to avoid, if possible, any opposition to Mr. Yeo's candidature. At the last moment, however, a rumour was spread abroad that this kind of thing was not to be tolerated, and would provoke the hostility of many of the elec- tors. The meeting was eventually held in the open air. The county police were present in force on the earnest solicitation of several of the Radical leaders. There, however, proved to be no need of their services. Mr. Yeo was accompanied by Sir J. Jones Jenkins nnd Sir H. Hussey Vivian, the latter gentleman taking the chair. Speeches were delivered by the Chairman, Sir J. J. Jenkins, and others. Sir J. Jones Jenkins, in supporting a vote of confidence in the Liberal Ministry, proceeded to enlarge upon Tory intolerance in Gower Road, and said he was told the large employers of labour there had only that *tay discharged one of their workmen because he Persisted in worshipping God in accordance ^"ith his conscience. — Mr. Wright (Messrs ri«ht, and Butler) afterwards asked to he "allowed to address the meeting, and tended the platform. Referring to the proposi- tion before the meeting, he said it was well known In Gower Road that he did not intend to let such II. resolution pass without moving an amendment, lie was sorrv to find that they had not a resident Of Gower Rond to fill the chair for them, and that they were obliged to go to Swansea also to get sPeakers. It seemed to be a matter of surprise to 80lne of the gentlemen on the platform that there ^ere any Conservative working men, but he could Jnform them that there were eighty^ already belonging to the Gower Road Conservative Club. |Cheers.) As for the statement that a_ man had "?een discharged by him in the way indicated, he denied it, and he requested the name of the person 1-eferred to, and also the name of the individual J*ho had made the false statement. Mr. Chamber- :ain, Mr. Wright proceeded, was engaged in throwing sops to the working men. He went the Radical party in Wales, and said We will isestablish the Church for you and went to the £ iicultural population of Wiltshire and said We ^ill give you some land," and he went to the V^bourer and said" We wiH Rive you free education." *r. Chamberlain, however, did not tell them the ?°st of these things, or how they were to be fought about. Again, when t.he depression of trade was considered, the Libera] Ministry gave *ery little satisfaction to the working man. The sPeaker was continually interrupted during his st"eech, and the chairman several times demanded fair hearing. Mr. Wright, however, said it was »?ident they were determined not to hear him, and Jjhen put his amendment, which was seconded by Greenhough.—The amendment was firs't rUt» the Chairman stating that about 50 C*»ds were held up in its favour. be resolution on being put was declared juried by a large majority. A vote of confidence Y Mr. Yeo was afterwards put and .carried.-MI.. l e_9> referring to Disestablishment, said a challenge been thrown down by Lord Salisbury that the ountry Was not ripe for this reform. They in a'es would accept his challenge, and fight out jje question on its merits. The formation cf a easaQt proprietary would, he thought, be an ex* cellent thing, and he could not see why the county boards should cot buy the land for them, to get rid of a monopoly, just as they would buy boats for fishermen to abolish a similar thing in their trade. The fre6 education scheme would, he thought, remove a great hardship which was ex- perienced by the poor at present.
SIR HENRY JACKSON AT RISCA. A meeting was held in the Public-hall, Risca, on Saturday, in support of the candidature of Sir Henry Jackson, the Liberal candidate for that division of Monmouthshire. Prior to the meeting the Cross Keys and Risca electors formed a pro- cession and marched round the district, headed by a brass band, afterwards returning to the Risca Station, where they met Sir Henry Jackson, Mr. Warmington, Q.C., Mr. Moggridge, and others, to whom they gave a very cordial reception. A move was then made for the Public-hall, where Mr. Moggridge presided, and there was a crowded attendance.—The Chairman submitted a resolution expressing confidence in Mr. Gladstone and the chief leaders of the Liberal party, and pledging the meeting to secure their triumphant return.—This was seconded by Mr. Edwards, and supported by Sir Henry Jackson, who received a cordial greeting. He referred in detail to Lord Salisbury's speech at Newport, and combatted many ot the assertions of the Premier, after which he touched upon the House of Lords, and said that on a former occasion lie had advo- cated that that august Assembly should be ended. He now rather wished to withdraw from that state- ment and say that he thought the House of Lords should be re-modelled, so as to make it more in accordance with the spirit of the times.—Mr. War- mington spoke strongly in favour of free educa- tion, and. in alluding to the great public expendi- ture in the government, said that this should be early inquired into. He also spoken in favour of Disestnblishment.-The resolution was then put to the meeting and carried unanimously.—Mr. Cor- nelius Jones then proposed That this meeting expresses its entire confidence in Sir H. Jackson as the Liberal candidate for South Monmouthshire, and pledges itself to use every legitimate means to secure his return by a large mayority."—Mr. Geo. Lewis seconded the resolution, which was sup- ported by Mr. Simons, solicitor, Merthyr, and carried.
MR. CYRIL FLOWER AT BRECON. Mr. Cyril Flower, M.P., delivered his farewell address to his constituents at Brecon at the Town. hall on Monday night. The room, which was full to repletion, was adorned with several complimen- tary mottoes. The Mayor (Mr. John Morgan) occupied the chair, and he was supported on the platform by the most prominent local leaders of the Liberal party. When the hon. member made his appear- ance he was welcomed with a most enthusiastic ovation. Among others by whom he was accom- panied were Mrs. Flower, Lady De Rothschild, and Mrs. Eliot Yorke. After a brief introductory speech by the Mayor, Mr. FLOWER, who was received with loud ap- plause, which was continued for some time, said that the Conservatives of Brecon had shown an example to the whole of England and Wales in ex- hibiting a toleration and a generosity which he be- lieved was almost unparalleled in the history of party conflicts. Referring to the honour paid him on Saturday, Mr. Flower said that just before he came to the meeting he received a telegram from Mr. Gladstone at Hawarden, in which the late Premier said:— Best congratulations on great compliment at Brecon. Hope not too officious in offering heartiest wishes for future success. (Applause.) Proceeding to deal with political matters, the hon. member referred with great satis- faction to the extension of the franchise, and went on to declare that, although the Tories were fond of saying the Liberal party to-day was a disunited party, he believed that in reality there were no real differences. Coming to prospective legislation, Mr. Flower claimed that the Local Government Bill would enable the people for the first time to have a direct voice in the management of their affairs, and would give them the power of electing their own magistrates and of regulating the liquor traffic in their various districts. Having enumerated the measures passed by the Liberal party, Mr. Flower appealed that that party should be returned to Parliament in such force that it should not be possible for Lord Randolph Churchill and his followers, by flirting, coquetting, and allying with the Parnellites, to defeat any measures that the Radicals might desire to pass. It was said that the Radicals set class against class and preached Socialism, but it was not they who were really making a division in society, but the class which separated itself from the poor, which did not take an interest in the lower classes, and did not come down from its heights to lift them up. As to Disestablishment, it. would be, he thought, a great mistake if they imagined for a moment that religion itself would suffer from Disestablishment. He himself believed that religion was buried so deep in the hearts of the people of this country that whether it got State aid or whether it did not religion would flourish and become more and more powerful. (Applause.) The Nonconformists of Wales numbered six-sevenths of the whole popula- tion, and they had managed through good report and through evil report without State aid to raise religion to a higher pinnacle in the Principality than it had ever reached before. (Hear, hear.) In conclusion the speaker expressed the sincere regret, which he and Mrs. Flower felt at parting from the inhabitants of Brecon, and assured them that, although he ceased to be their representative, he would never cease to do all he could to pro- mote their benefit and advance their interests. (Applause.) The Rev. Professor Morris and Mr. Alderman Protheroe having spoken, wishing Mr. Flower success in his candidature for South Bed- fordshire, the meeting closed with a cordial vote of thanks to the chairman, proposed by the lion. member, the audience afterwards singing heartily Auld Lang Syne."
SIR HUSSEY VIVIAN AT NEATH. A meeting of electors was held at the Town-hall, Neath, on Tuesday evening for the purpose of hearing an address by Sir H. Hussey Vivian, Bart., M.P., the candidate for Swansea District and Boroughs. There was a large attendance, the hall being crowded. The MAYOR presided, and, in opening the pro- ceedings, said As chairman of this meeting, it is my duty and privilege to introduce to you Sir Hussey Vivian as representative of Swansea District and Boroughs. H" is well-known to us all; he has served us in the Liberal interest, I believe, for 29 years in Parliament; he has done so faith- fully as a true and consistent Liberal. Moreover- and this I should like to proclaim on the house- tops he has never been absent from the House of Commons on any important occasion. He is known to us as a large manufacturer and also as a large employer of labour in the district. (Cheers.) Sir HUSSEY VIVIAN, on rising to address the meeting, met with an enthusiastic reception. He said it gave him unmixed satisfaction to be pre- sent that night, especially so after the kind words which had fallen from their excellent mayor. He had mentioned that he (Sir Hussey) had repre- sented the county for 29 years, and the reception they had given him proved that his conduct had met with their approval. The present moment was one of deep interest to the country it was an epoch which would always be marked in the history of this country, one which never occurred before. So great an en- franchisement and so great a transfer of power had never previously occurred in the history of the country. (Cheers.) He did not in any way fear the result of such a transfer of power. He had always felt complete confidence in the working classes—(cheers)—and he believed them to be as deeply endowed with honesty of purpose, common sense, and rectitude as those who occupied a higher position socially. He believed that the legislative machine about to be created would be as vigorous, at least, as anything which had pre- ceded it. (Cheers.) He would remind them that this machine required to be adjusted. He daresay they had read the Manifesto of their great leader, Mr. Gladstone. (Loud cheers.) After passing in review the occurrences during the late Government's tenure of office, he pro- ceeded to bring under the notice of the meeting the question of procedure in Parliament. (Cheers.) There was an absolute necessity for a change in the Upper House. Mr. Gladstone had said so, and that meant something. (Applause.) Now, he was not one of those who in any way desired the abolition of the House of Lords. Out of the twelve Parliaments they had had since the year 1832 ten had been decidedly Liberal. That House had restrained many measures. but this must not be allowed any longer. The honourable baronet then dealt with the necessity for registration of transfers, and next spoke on the question of peasant proprietor- ship. He did not quite agree with the scheme as formulated, and was of opinion that small farms of twentv acres would lead to disastrous consequences,"both to the ratepayersand the tenants. He could not say this was a whole- some or sound system. He had read Mr. Chamberlain's speeches with great attention, and he did not see that, he had recently pressed the question of peasant proprietorships. What was perfectly sound was this, that if a man acquired property by his own industry and became a farmer, having previously learned his business, he might purchase a small acreage; he would then know what he was about, and probably end his days in comfort. In that way they would have a number of freeholders who would be a credit to the country. As to compulsory sale of land, he was not quite sure it would work. There was another branch of the subject in which he was thoroughly in accord with those who required a change. He had strongly supported Mr. Broad- hurst's Bill, as he believed it to be perfectly sound and right. (Loud cheers.) He should be glad to see that those who were able to build their own houses should become freeholders and not leaseholders. The speaker next re- ferred to local self government, and said there was little or no system of representative local government in the counties. The condition of things at present was extremely complicated, and he was in favour of largely-extending the powers of the County Boards. The question of free education was one of very great difficulty indeed. Lord Salisbury said the State had no right to make presents of money to those who were able to pay for themselves. With Mr. Gladstone the diffi- culty was a religious one. He believed that religious teaching must in some way enter into the curriculum of tli6 school, and it would be impossible for the different sects to have any religious agreement. After considera- tion, however, he (the speaker) declared himself in favour of free education. He believed the best thing was free trade in religious teaching, by which he meant the imparting of the plain, broad truths of Christianity. Theology was the worst ology ever invented in this world. He was happy to say the great problem of general religious educa- tion was being worked out. At the London School Board they paid a great part of the school expenses already, and why should they not pay the remainder which represented the pence of the poor working man ? School fees were a great burden placed on the working man just when he was least able to bear it. No doubt the expense would be very great. Mr. Chamberlain had put it down at a million and a half, and others at very much more. But they must bear this taxation, for it would serve an ex- cellent purpose. Statistics showed that crime and pauperism were largely decreasing owing to the influence of education, and he contended that if it was a sacrifice to pay for it it would prove an economic one. Speaking of the Disestablishment f question, Sir Hussey said that during last century the number of Nonconformist places of worship had increased from 2,391 to 21,300. The number of places of worship belonging to the Established Church was 14,500. In the face of that fact, the existence of an Established Church was a. social and political injustice. When he was in America he carefully studied the aspect of religious equality. He found the people religious and God-fearing. Their places of worship were numerous and magnificent, and their ob- servance of Sunday even stricter than in England. But if that were so in England how much more was it the case in Wales ? According to the figures supplied by the late-lamented Dr. Rees in Decem- ber last, the population of Wales and Monmouth- shire was 1,574,000. of which 1,100,000 were Nonconformists, 220,000 Churchmen, 224,000 non- religious, and 30,000 Roman Catholics. He had had plenty of opportunities of observing the rela- tions of Church and Nonconformity in Wales, and he knew better than Lord Salisbury what was the general feeling there. In conclusion, the hon. baronet declared his willingness to express his opinion on any further questions which might be brought up. Mr. POMEROY declared that the hon. baronet was mistaken in asserting Mr. Bradlaugh had stated the oath would not be binding on his conscience. Sir HUSSEY, in reply, said that he distinctly under- stood that Mr. Bradlaugh on coming to the table claimed to affirm because the oath would not be binding on his conscience. Mr. HEHBKRT HOWELL wished to know whether it was a fact that tenants ot Sir Hussey Vivian had been turned out of their holdings because they availed themselves of the provisions of the Ground Game Act. Sir HUSSEY No absolutely and most certainly not. Continuing, he said if the elector would let him know upon what ground he based the question he should be happy to go into particulars upon it. Mr. HOWELL then asked whether Howell Richards, of Aberdulais, had been obliged to leave his farm owing to the decrease of game, and whether the land had since been taken by Mr. Bruce for game preserves. Sir HUSSET VIVIAN replied that Howell Richards had paid him JE120 a year for the farm he held. He had on two occasions complained of this as an excessively high rent, and asked for a reduction. He (Sir Hussey) sent his bailiff up, and had a careful estimate made of the letting value, and his bailiff reported the farm to be worth JE200 a year. He consequently told Richards that lie could not continue to let the farm except at an advance of £50 a year. This he would not do, and, Mr. Bruce having applied for the land, it had since been let to him at JE200. Mr. HOWELL: Will Sir Hussey be prepared to vote for a measure giving to tenant farmers security against eviction so long as they pay a fair rent ? Sir HUSSEY VIVIAN I really do not know what that question means. Does it mean the three F's ? Mr. HOWELL Yes. Sir HUSSEY VIVIAN said lie was not prepared to vote for that, In Ireland, where it had been applied, everything on the farm was done by the tenant. He in most cases put up the buildings, and he always did the repairs and made the drainage and roads therefore, lie was, undoubtedly, entitled to fair compensation on going out of his farm. In England a wise and just law-th3 Agricultural Holdings Act—gave every tenant compensation for improvements effected on his farm. He (Sir Hussey) was not prepared to go further than that. Mr. C. E. THOMAS, the Gnoll, next addressed the meeting, and proposed a resolution approving of the candidature of Sir Hussey Vivian, and pledg- ing the meeting to do all in its power to secure his return as their representative. The resolution was seconded by Mr. JOHN H. ROWLANDS, who alluded to their past member, Mr. Dillwyn, in warm terms. Upon being put to the meeting the resolution was carried. The following resolution was proposed by Mr. Councillor S. T. EVANS :— That this meeting of electors of the Borough of Neath heartiiy congratulates Mr. Dillwyn on his partial recovery from his serious accident, and desires for him a speedy and effectual recovery. This having been carried, a vote of thanks to the Mayor concluded the proceedings.
THE HON. ARTHUR WALSH AT NEWBRIDGE-ON -WYE. An enthusiastic meeting was held at the Reading- room, Newbridge-on-Wye, on Saturday in support of the candidature of the Hon. Arthur Walsh for the representation of the county of Radnor in Parliament. Mr. J. W. Gibson Watt, J.P., Doldow- lod, occupied the chair, and there were also pre- j senl Mr. George S. Venables, Q.C., London the Rev. R. Lister Venables, Llysdinam; Mr. Howel Gwynne, Llauel wedd Hall; Rev. J. J. Evans, Llanyre; Mr. G. W. Colt, Trawseoed Mr. D. P. Powell, Howey Hall; Major Scott. Builth Rev. J. E. Lloyd, Newbridge-on-Wye Mr. S. \V. Williams, Rhayader Mr. E. Wood (the ConservRtive agent); Mr. S. H. Cowper-Coles, Llysdinam; Mr. liowen Woosnam, Tynygritig Mr. It. Woosnam. Llanidloes Dr. Richardson, Rhayader; Dr. Bennett, Builth; Major Twyning, Llandrindod Wells; Mr. 15. P. Cole, Llanerch Hotel; Mr; F. Mvddleton Evans, Pump House Hotel; Mr. T. Thomas-Moore, Old Hall; the Rev. W. E. Prickard, Disaerth Mr. G. R. Smith, Newbridge; and a great number of ladies, including Mrs. Gibson Watt, Mrs. and Misses Venables, Miss Cowper-Coles, Miss Graham Clark, Misses De Winton, Miss Woosnam, Mrs. Gwynne, Miss Lushington, Ssc. The CHAIRMAN, iu introducing Mr. Walsh to the meeting, spoke in laudatory terms of that gentle- man's qualifications for the position of ropresen. tative of that county in Parliament. The Hon. ARTHUR WALSH, who was greeted on rising with very hearty applause, having referred to the foreign policy of the late Government, said the Liberals had each preferred to ride his own hobby to furthering the welfare of the nation, and, after a string of unfulfilled promises and pledges, the Liberals come to the country expecting all this to be forgotten, and making promises for the future. The people were tired of their promises, and would not trust them in the future. (Applause.) Three acres of lar.d and a cow were now promised to everybody, but he maintained it to be dishonest to promise things that they wore not able to perform, (Applause.) Referring to a challenge thrown down by Mr. Hugh Vaughan (Mr. Rogers's agent) at a meeting on Thursday night. whether he (Mr. Walsh) would say that he was in favour of taxing the poor man's loaf, he had frequently said, and he would say again, that he would never be a party to any measure that would increase the cost of t.he poor man's food. (Applause.) Far from taxing the poor man, he wished him to have as large and as cheap a loaf as possible. He wished to tax the rich men —(applause)—men like Mr. Chamberlain. (Ap- plause.) He wished to see personal property bear- ing a greater share of taxation, and taken off the farmers and the land. (Applause.) lie wished to see local taxation reformed and adjusted; to see agriculture flourish, the farmers befriended, and trade and commerce revived. These five promises he had made, and these he intended to keep should they do him the honour of returning him to Parliament. He thought he could do something for them in this direction. In every way lie could he would make his voice heard, and both in and out of season ho would attend to their interests. (Loud applause.) Mr. GEORGE S. VENABLES, in moving a vote of confidence in Mr. Walsh, criticised the action of the late Government in the Transvaal and Zululand, and, coming nearer home, condemned Mr. Chamberlain's recent proposals as wild and illusory. The Disestablishment of the Church would cause one-halt the parishes of England to be without any place of worship whatever. The resolution, having been seconded by Mr. COLT, and supported by the R^v. J. EVANS, was carried with but two dissentients. A vote of thanks to the chairman was very heartily accorded on the motion of Mr. D. P. POWELL.
REPRESENTATION OF EAST CARMARTHEN. CANDIDATURE OF SIR MARTEINE LLOYI). A special meeting of the Conservative leaders in the Eastern Division of Carmarthenshire WaS held at Llanelly on Monday afternoon, when the question of the representation of that division was under discussion. Themeetingwasunanimousin its selection of Sir Marteine Lloyd, of Bronwydd, as a candidate at the forthcoming election. Sir Marteine Lloyd is a Liberal-Conservative in politics, and has taken up a very decided stand in opposition to the cry for the Disestablishment of the Church in fact, so strongly is he opposed to this proposal of the Radical leaders that he volun- tarily resigned his position as president of the Liberal Association and decided to contest the constituency in the Conservative interest. MEETING OF THE CONSERVATIVE LEADERS AT LLANDILO. Colonel Evans, Highmead, presided over a meet- ing of the leading Conservatives in t.lio Eastern Division of Carmarthenshire held at the Cawdor Arms Hotel, Llandilo, on Tuesday. About thirty gentlemen were present, and all the polling dis- tricts in the division were represented. The object for which these had been called together was for considering the candidature of Sir Marteine Lloyd,of Bronwydd,and to make arrangements with a view to assure its success. It was unanimously resolved to accept Sir Marteine as the Conservative candi- date for the division, and, furthermore, that the campaign should at once be commenced. In accordance with this, meetings will be arranged forthwith in all the polling districts of the divi- sion. The tone of the meeting was sanguine and enthusiastic.
THE WESTERN OR GOWER DIVISION. THE CANDIDATURE OF MR. MIERS. A meeting was held at Swansea on Tuesday, under the auspices of the Glamorgan Conservative Association, at which several of the leading Con- servatives of the district attended, including Mr. Howel Gwyn, General Benson, Mr. T. Penrice, Mr. O. H. Jones, Mr. Felix H. Webber, Mr. Osborne Shepherd, Mr. Arthur Gilbertson, Mr. J. T. D. Llewelyn, Mr. J. C. Vye-Parminter, Mr. Nicholl Morgan, Mr. Roger Beck, Dr. Thomas, Ystalvfera; Mr. R. Wilmot, Mr. W. H. Player, Mr. E. E. Peel, Mr. J. E. Moore, and Mr. J. R. Wright. The candidature of Mr. H. N. Miers for Gower was considered, and it was resolved by those present to afford that gentleman all the support in their power; Mr. Miers' decision to contest the division was received with marked favour.
MR. MEREDYTH AT SWANSEA. A most successful Conservative meeting was held at Christ Church School on Tuesday evening. Mr. R. Glascodine presided, and there was a large attendance. Speeches were delivered by Mr. Meredyth, the Conservative candidate for Swansea Town Division; Messrs. C. H. Glascodine, Roger Beck, Everard Jones, and others, and a vote of confidence in the candidate was passed unani- mously. The proceedings were most orderly throughout. "MABON" AND DISESTABLISHMENT. At the Swansea Liberal Club on Monday evening an address was delivered by Mr. Fisher, the depu- tation from the Liberation Society. The atten- dance was not large. Amongst those present were Mr. W. Abraham (" Mabon"), Councillor Mali- phant, and Mr. T. Phillips. jun.—Mr. Fisher, in his speech, declared the Church to be the bulwark of Toryism and the opponent of reform. The Non- conformists asked for simple justice in the aboli- tion of State control, which would place the Church in a healthy condition.—Mr. Abraham also spoke, pledging himself to support the Disestab- lishment movement. MR. ALFRED THOMAS AT TREHARRrS. Mr. Alfred Thomas, the Liberal candidate for East Glamorganshire, addressed a public meeting at Brynhyfryd Chapel, Treharris, on Monday even- ing. The chair was occupied by Mr. D. E. Wil- liams, J.P., Hirwain.—Mr. Nathaniel Edwards moved a resolution, expressing confidence in Mr. Gladstone and his Administration, and Mr. Evan Morgan seconded. Mr. ALFRED THOMAS, in supporting the resolu- tion, said they were very glad to see the Conserva- tives running so fast after the Liberals, but they seemed to be out of breath. Shorn of the Dises- tablishment part, Lord Salisbury's speech might, on the surface, be almost taken for a Radical speech. They had advanced, as it were, years since the conduct of the House of Lords was condemned only a few short months ago, and the Conserva- tives seemed to have thrown aside, in their anxiety for office, everything they had thought worth preserving. The resolution was then put and carried. A resolution pledging the meeting to support Mr. Thomas's candidature was also passed. LIBERAL MEETING AT AMMANFORD. A meeting in support of the candidature of Mr. David Pugh (Manoravon) and Mr. Frank Ash Yeo (Swansea), the Liberal candidates for East Carmarthenshire and Gower (Glamorgan) Divi- sions, was held on Tuesday evening in the Ivorites' Hall. Dr. Rees (Taibach) presided. There were also on the platform Sir John Jones Jenkins, M.P., Mr. J. Gwynne Hughes (.Tregib), and Mr. Walter Jones (Ystrad). Mr. T. Powell (Carreg Cennen) proposed, and Mr. Elias seconded, the usual vote of confidence in the late Government, which was adopted, and to which Sir J. J. Jenkins responded. Mr. F. A. YEO condemned the application of the screw by employers, and spoke of the absolute secrecy of the ballot. Mr. David Pugh confined himself to remarks of a general character. Mr. Walter Jones, Mr. Williams (Bryncethin), and others also spoke. LIBERAL CONFERENCE AT READING. A conference of representative Liberals for the counties of Berks, Oxon, and Hants was held at Reading on Tuesday, under the auspices of the National Liberal Federation. Resolutions were adopted in favour of a reform of the procedure of the House of Commons, a complete alteration in the Land Laws, including the giving of powers to representative local authorities for the acquisition of land, and the establishment of local government bodies wholly elected by the ratepayers. In the evening a great meeting was held, addressed by Mr. H. H. Fowler, M.P., and Mr. Shaw.Lefevre, who dealt with the land question. RADICAL MEETING AT ST. ARVAN'S. On Saturday last a meeting was held in the Con- gregational Chapel, St. Aryan's, near Chepstow, when a lecture advocating Radicalism in its broadest sense was delivered by a Mr. Alford from Birming- ham. Colonel Bond, amidst a great deal of uproar, refuted the arguments of the lecturer. MR. THOMAS CORDES AND INTER- MEDIATE EDUCATION IN WALES. Mr. Thomas Cordes, the Conservative candidate for the Monmouth Boroughs, has written the following letter to Mr. Edward Jones, coal mer- chant, of Monmouth, in answer to interrogatories with regard to Monmouth Grammar School:— Bryn Glas, Newport. Mon., Oct. 13,1885. Dear Sir,-I am duly in receipt of yours of yesterday, puttlna: to me several question*. 1. Whether I would vote for the exclusion of Mon- mouthshire from the Welsh Intermediate Education Bill? Monmouthshire is an English county, and as we have several valuable educational endowments doing good work within it, I do not see why we should run the risk of losing them in whole or in parr, for the benefit of Wales generally, and I would, therefore, vote for Mon- mouthshire beiiig excluded from the operations of the Bill. 2. Will I use my vote and influence for the restoration of 100 free scholars to the Monmouth Grammar School ? I have always been of opinion that the intentions of the founder of a charitable institution, as expressed in his will, should be carried out as closely as possible, and as I see that William Jones, the founder of this school, e pressed his wish when making his bequest that 61 there should be for ever in the town of Monmouth one free grammar school," 1 feettttat it would only be carrying out his intentions that part, at least, of the school should befiee, and I would, therefore, use my vote and ill- fluence for the restoration of the 100 free scholars to Monmouth Grammar School. You are quite at liberty to publish this correspondence. (Signed) THOMAS CORDKS. MR. CARBUTT AND THE MONMOUTH BOROUGHS. Mr. E. H. Carbutt, M.P.. has written the secre- tary of the Newport Liberal Association accepting their request that he should stand as the candidate in the Liberal interest for the Monmouth Boroughs.
MR. CHAMBERLAIN AND THE UN- EMPLOYED AT BIRMINGHAM. AN ILL-TIMED LECTURE. THREATENING DEMONSTRATION. On Tuesday morning, taking advantage of the knowledge that Mr. Chamberlain would be at home after his speech to the Liberal Association on Monday evening, the unemployed of Birming- ham met about ten o'clock, and at once determined to march in a body to Highbury, with the view of getting the reply to the demonstration which took place a few days ago. About 700 men marched in procession the five miles between the centre of the town and Mr. Chamberlain's residence, and created great excitement., being accompanied and preceded by a strong body of police from the town and county forces. A largo body of constabulary was drafted into the house before the procession arrived. Then only a deputation of three was allowed inside the gate, and Mr. Chamberlain reproved them severely for their proceedings, saying that would alienate sympathy from them. He refused the suggestion that a meeting should be held in the Town-hall, and that he should address it on behalf of the unemployed, and said some of the money raised for the destitute had got into the wrong hands. Ultimately the deputation had to withdraw, with the promise that Mr. Chamberlain would write to the mayor about the distress and the guardians of the poor, and tho men marched into town loudly expressing dissatisfaction.
LORD SALISBURY AND THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC. IMPORTANT CORRESPONDENCE. We are requested to publish the following corre- spondence :— United Kingdom Alliance, Great George-street, London, Oct. 8. My Lord,-In your speech at Newport, I perceive that your lordship referred to Lord Jloberr. Grosvenor's Sunday Trading Bill of 185&. In that reference your lordship implied that that Bill was one relating to puhtic-houses, and thattlie disgraceful riotingconsequent, 011 its second reading arose from the attachment ol the people to the Sunday saie of intoxicating liquors. I am afraid that your lord-ship's word not, be construed as discouraging mob violence where mobilldination is thwarted, but I will simply remark that Lord Gros- venor's Bill had no relation at all to public-houses, and that the inference drawn from the opposite statement is utterly groundless. This error has often been pointed out, and it is somewhat strange that on a point of history within the memory of the speaker and his audience an error of the kind should be confidently affirmed and made the basis of a totally unauthorised conclusion.—I am, my lord, your lordship's obedient servant,, I)AWSOX BURXS. The Marquess of Salisbury, K.G. Lord Salisbury has sent the following reply to the Rev. Dawson Burns' letter:— Hatfield House, Hatfield. Dear Rir,-I have delayed answering your letter in order that I might, have an opportunity of referring to Lord Itobert Grosvenors Sunday Trading Bill of 1855. It is not, however, a document, easy to find. I have not any copy myself, and a copy of a Bill which tailed to pass 30 years ago is not to be found in ordinary libraries. I am not, therefore, able to answer er your question whether my memory misled me on the point or not. On reference, however, to the debate which took place in Committee on the Bill, I find that Mr. Maguire stated that the object, of the sup- porters of the Bill was to keep people out of public-house3 on Sundays. If I understand him rightly, this would indicate that either in the Bill itself or in some amend- ment, of which notice had been given on behalf of the promoters, there were provisions which would have affected the public-houses as well as other purveyol s of food and drink. It does not, however, appear to me that the argument is very materially affected, for the dislike of the people of London to be prevented from buying what, food they liked upon Sunday won!d probably have extended to their beverages as well. That, however, is a matter of opinion.—I have the honour to be your obedient servant, SALISBURY. Rev. Dawson Burns, D.D.
SHEFFIELD REFORM CLUB. The new buildings of the Sheffield Reform Club were on Tuesday morning formally opened, in the presence of a large gathering of Liberals, by the Earl of Rosebery. Mr. Mundella, M.P., presided, and expressed a belief that the house of Primrose would live in history when the knights and dames of the Primrose League had been forgotten. The ceremony was followed by a luncheon at the Cutlers' Hall.
DEAN VAUGHAN ON POLI- TICAL STRIFE. PROVOKINGS FROM THE PRESS AND PLATFORM. At Llandaff Cathedral on Sunday afternoon the sermon was preached by Dean Vaughan, who selected his text from Psalms xxxi., 22:—" Thou shalt hide them privily by Thine own presence from the provoking of all men: Thou shalt keep them secretly in Thy tabernacle from the strife of tongues (Prayer-book version). In the course of his remarks he said the delightful and beautiful promise contained in the text set before them two lives, an outward and an inward it contrasted the natural with the spiritual. Of the former it gave two descriptive particulars, It spoke of the "provoking of aU men and of the "strife of tongues." Of the latter it said, in sub- stance, but one thing. It was a life hidden by God Himself in the secret place of His own presence. Speaking of the life of provocation, the very rev. gentleman said there were platforms, magazines, and newspapers whose very occupation was pro- voking. There were talkers, and speakers, and writers who, to quote from the Book of Proverbs, sleep not, except they have done some mischief," whose" sleep is taken away unless they have caused someone that day to fall" either from his peace of mind or from his reputation among his fellows. Odious, contemptible, disgusting occupation-yet who declined it when it happened tocomein his way? So well was this understood that, c a man scarcely adventured into public life unless he felt that he was proof against it. If in no other form, he must at least expect it in the form of misrepresentation. Who possessed the art of so expressing himself by voice or pen that no dis- tortion, no inversion, no displacement or isolation of his utterances should make him to have said something quite unlike or something the very opposite of his meaning? He gave it as an example of the provocations of life for men who in any sense lived their life in public. It was one of the detestable things of politics that such pro- vocations were excused or justified, that the maxim of Divine humanity, "Putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour, for we are members one of another," was either avowedly or by tacit consent made to have no application to that which ought to be the union of all hearts and hands in the promotion of the highest welfare of mankind. Give peace at home was a prayer that might be breathed in the "Veni Creator." But wben they passed without those doors, when they put their hands to busi- ness, even if that business called itself charity, when they took part in the management of local institu- tions, still more in days of political excitement, when everyone imagines that upon him and his view and his party hangs the life or death of Church and State, what was then the agravation of the Psalmist, "Strife of tongues." From the 18th of October till the fateful 17th of November, if each week and each day was to add something to the turmoil and the acrimony of the month that had gone before, who should live through it, and be still a Christian? To the usual provoking of all men additional accentuated and exasperated strife of tongues peculiar to the present crisis, and what would become of them? Would that the Voice might yet make itself heard which should whisper into the ear of contending factions that memorable question, "Your fathers, where are they ?" Gone from the strife of tongues of their day which predicted all manner of terrors and horrors as the sure and certain consequences of their little Reform Bills and Catholic Emancipa- tion Acts, and even lesser measures than these—gone from amidst all these conflicts, which seemed to them pregnant with certain ruin to empire and universe. Yet this earth was our habitation, and we must play our parts well and diligently upon it. But there was another life, above and within this life of provoking and dis- cord of party politics and angry tongues. There was the life out of sight. In conclusion, lie said there were words written and spoken in the party rage of the day after the writing and speaking of which a man could not say his prayers. Such words written and spoken must be unbecoming and unworthy of a Christian. Let them not imagine that even the most sacred cause-nay, the best of a!I—demanded or could palliate violent acri- monious, least of all unjust or untrue speech." For every idle word that men shall speak "—and there was no exception made in favour of words spoken on platforms or published through the printing press at seasons of political excitement—" they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment." Let them not say, I can say this or that, which I know not to be true, which I half-suspect of being calumny, or suspect of being an invention, because he of who.n I say it is a political antagonist, whom it is my business to supplant, or a leader of men, who is public property, and who must take what comes." By these excuses, by these obliquities of the moral sense of vision, the public tone was lowered, and the national character discredited. Deeply responsible were the public jDurnals which guide .the opinions of the multitude, for that to which they give currency concerning men and things, for their selections of topics, for their revelations of crimes, for their tone of morality, for their treatment of indivi- duals, for their estimate of right and wrong, for their random shots and bows drawn at a venture the daily press of England, in its Metropolis and in its provinces, incurred a heavy responsibility in the sight of God and man. Yet, after all, the readers could depute and delegate no responsibi- lities of their own To their own Master they stood or fell.—There was a large congregation. 1-1
ST. DAVID'S COLLEGE, LAMPETER. INTERESTING LETTER FROM LORD NORTON. Unfortunately prevented by a sudden attack of illness from attending the ceremony of laying the foundation-stone of the new College Buildings at Lampeter, Lord Norton addressed the following letter to Mrs. Hurford, of Falcondale. whose guest he was to have been on the occasion. The letter represents his lordship's feelings and opinions in reference, not only to tho College, but to the whole subject of Higher Education in Wales. The writer says:— Hams, Birmingham, Oet, U. Dear Mrs. Harford,—It, is with the greatest, regret that I am forced at the last, moment, to t-live up going to the fun"tion at Lampeter. Your kindness in asking In! and Mr. Jayue's. in giving me all information 1 desired, my reverent, affection, and grateful love, for the Primate, inv most kind recollections of the genial founder of the College were all strong allurements. But the occasion itself has the deepest interest for me. Whatever may bf thought of the way to develop Higher Education in Wales, L.nnpe!pr must have the first claim. Its having taken the lead in the great work, its foundation in private munificence, rather t 11.11 looking to Government support, its exhibition of a National Church, with the widest openness to all, give St. David's College the highest, claims. The renl religious feeling which in Wales has led to so much independent action would, at the same time, make the embmcement, of all in some National Church action seem desirable. All cannot be elder brothers, but the family, if wide and open enough, may covcr all divisions of the Christian brotherhood in united action. I regretted the reason given for special Government aid to higher education in Wales, from the precedent, of Ireland and Wales being considered equally separate from Kngland. Both in Church and in all national interests 1 hope England and Wales will be considered one. St. David's, both by its foundation and aiiiliation with the old Universities, seems to me to realise this national unity, and in that view I was extremely anxious to take part in its extension and prosperity.—Very sincerely yours, NORTON.
UNIVERSITY COLL EG E OF SOUTH WALES AND MONMOUTHSHIRE. The Thompson and Shackell Music Scholarship of twenty guineas has been awarded to MissShipton. of Mountain Ash, for her proficiency as a vocalist. There has been a little delay in deciding the matter, as the lady's engagements as head-mist,ress of an Infants' School made it difficult for her to comply with the necessary conditions laid down by the Senate as regards attendance at the College lectures; but the difficulty was overcome by per- mission being given by the School Board at Mountain Ash to Miss Shipton to absent herself from her school duties for a few hours in each week. We hope the Cardiff public may have the pleasure of hearing the lady sing at one of the College chamber concerts this winter.
ECCLESIASTICAL INTELLIGENCE. The Llandaff Diocesan Conference will meet at the Town-hall, Cardiff, on Friday, the 30th inst., at eleven o'clock, and the meeting will be preceded by Holy Communion at the Church of St. John the Baptist at ten o'clock. The business of the confe- rence will be confined to the reports of the com- mittees appointed at. the last conference, which will then be presented and considered.—The ev. W. H. Williams, M.A., rector of Portskewett.. has been appointed to the Rural Deanery of the Middle Division, vacated bv the resignation of the Rev. E. Turberville Williams, M.A.—The Rev. E. V. Collins, M.A., was on Monday instituted by the Lord Bishop of Llandaff to the vicarage of Oaldicot, vacated hv the resignation of the Rev- E. Turbet ville Williams, M.A., to which he has been presented by the trustees of Koble College, Oxford.
THE HEALTH OF CARDIFF. There were 95 births recorded in the Borough of Cardiff in t.he week that ended on Saturday last, the 17th of October, 76 being the weekly average number last year. The births relate to 57 boys and 38 girls. The deaths have scarcely undergone any change, only rising in the week from 4-2 to 43. or to one less than the average. The death-rate is now taken at 231 per 1,000 inhabitants, lower rates, however, being presentpd from most of the large towns noticed for compari- son. There were four deaths recorded in public institutions, 5 were inquired into before the coroner, and 3 were due to violence. The deaths of young children under one have risen from 15 and 18 to 22, whereas those of adults aged 60 and upwards fell from 11 to 5. A good account is presented as to the causes of death, the only fatal cases of zymotic disease being 3 of whooping cough and 2 of diarrhoea. In the corresponding week last year there were 105 births and 39 deaths in the borough, yielding a rate of 218. The fatal zvmotic diseases were scarlet fever 4, whooping cough 1, fever 1, and diarrhoea 3, altogether giving a rate of 5'0, against 2-7 in the present case. The sixteen principal death-rates for the past week are thus arranged in order:— Huddersfield.. 9'0 18 8 Hull 14-0 Halifax 18-9 Bradford 14*3 Oldham 19.3 Newcastle 16'7 Liverpool 19*-1 Sheffield 16*7 I 20'7 Birmingham.. 17"1 j Cardiff 23-1 London 17"2 Manchester 24-0 Blackburn 17'6 I Preston 27'0 Per 1,000 inhabitants of each place. At the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, the mean temperature of the air in the past week was 45 4, and this is said to be six degrees below the ave- rage of the corresponding weeks in twenty years.
JOTHAM AND SONS' real Welsh flannel shirts and shirtings, made from the best Welsh yarns, 26 and 27, St. Mary-street. Cardiff. o
SWANSEA PILOTS AND THEIR GRIEVANCES. THE MEN'S OPINION OF THE NEW MOVE BY THE HARBOUR TRUST. There can be no doubt whatever that, if the Swansea Harbour Trustees succeed in obtaining the Urder in Council authorising the abolition of compulsory pilotage they are applying for, it will revolutionise completely the existing system of pilotage at this port. Thenceforward—at least, so the men argue-there will practically be no more Swansea, pilots, for it will be worth no one's while to take the business up. Their occupation will have become as uncertain in its remuneration as that of the crossing sweeper, to whom you may throw a copper if you like, but whom you are not bound to reward with anything, even although he stood broom in hand to ask for it from now till doomsday. Anxious that the views of the port pilots as a whole should be laid before the public through the columns of this journal, one member of that body visited our Cardiff office a day or two ago, and, in pursuance of a promise then made, a representative of the western Mail met by appointment a number of the men at Swansea on Saturday and talked matters over with them at considerable length. His account of the interview, just handed in, may as well, we think, be given in his own words:- I was rather disappointed, he writes, when, after considerable trouble and search, I dropped across the headquarters of the Swansea pilots, to find it a dingy little box at the top of a flight of steps, not much unlike a certain barber's shop I knew in my early days up among the hills of Glamorganshire. A bench running round the room, a stove, a table in a corner, which served for writing purposes, and a picture or two upon the walls were all the room had to show in the way of furniture. Everything was in strongest contrast to the well-appointed place the anine class of men possess at Cardiff. Everything, did I say ? Well, not quite everything, either. The men were quite as intelligent, and certainly quite as good-hearted, as their fellows of the sister port. As to the inferiority of their habitat, I had not heard half their story before the explanation became perfectly simple and easy. It was as good a place as they could afford not impossibly a trifle better. I immediately found myself the centre of a group, who opened fire upon me from all sides without any loss of time. We look upon this move of the Harbour Trust as only another roundabout dodge of Chamber- lain's to get. done what he failed to do by means of his precious Merchant Shipping Act," one of them began. "Ah! I remember. That gentleman endeavoured, by the 31st and 32nd clauses of his Bill, to abolish compulsory pilotage altogether." "Just so, Sir. But then we put a stop to that. A number of our association visited London, and after some little trouble persuaded the then Presi- dent of the Board of Trade that if compulsory pilotage were abolished we should at any rate be entitled to compensation." "And have you ever made any specitic claim to compensation as a body or otherwise?" WeU, we submitted a claim of 133.000, but the bill came to nothing. People saw that this was a I piece of class legislation got up in the in- terest either of shipowners or Harbour lrusts, or botll, ana mat ir, was not likely the public at large would submit to be taxed for the benefit of these to the amount of the compensation which was our just due. Mr. David M'lver, you may recollect, blocked the Bill on its second reading, and in the end it came to regular griof, nearly bringing Mr. Chamberlain into the same fix, which would not have mattered in the slightest. Well, Mr. Chamberlain, having failed to have his own way in Parliament, thinks now to get the local authorities to do the thing for him piecemeal." But have you any particular reason to think the Swansea Harbour Trust are acting in concert with him ?" It would be difficult to get evidence of that, because the trustees would hardly be silly enough to let it out. Under what powers do they proceed ? There is the Merchant Shipping Act of 1854, which makes the trustees the local authority in outports and then they have a special Harbour Act of their own passed in the same year. Tiley can apply to the Board of Trade for a Provisional Order for almost anything, and they are now actually going in for one to abolish compulsory pilotage inwards. Whether the thing will be done by an Order in Council under the Merchant Shipping Act ot 1854- or by a Provisional Order, which would have to come before the House, we cannot yet tell." You wish the latter, of course?" Certainly. The pilots are not afraid to fight the question in Parliament not a bit.. All we are afraid is they will smuggle it through without giving us achanceof being heard in opposition." "The principle of compensation having been pretty generally admitted—indeed, if I remember, Mr. Chamberlain himself has thought it right and fair—do the Trust propose to compensate you? "That's just what they mean to avoid -doing if they can help it anyhow. I suppose you know, sir, that they abolished compulsory pilotage out- wards without giving us any compensa- tion whatever? Yes? Wet!, they'll abolish compulsory pilotage inwards in the very same way. l!y whom are the trustees elected? Partly by the corporation and partly by the shipowners. The shipowners we can't influence directly, of course, but-yes, you're quite right, sir-we mean to fight every Chamberlain worshipper on the corporation who wants a Swansea vote. And we'll get some of them out next election, too; see if we don't." But I must tell you fairly that I have talked to a few people who are interested in maintaining an opposite view of the question, and they appear to think that the action of the Trust, by sending you farther nfield-or, I ought more property to say, a-sea—for in-coming ships, for which you will be paid long distance money, will increase very materially the business of the port." "Humph! We know, They want to place us on the same footing as Cardiff. Hut there is all the difference in the work! between bringing a ship into Cardiff and bringing her into Swansea. In the one case you have to steer her up a tremendously long and narrow gutter. In the other you can sail her right in without anything like the same care and trouble. The trustees want to extend our waters to Lundy, but if compulsory pilotage is abolished do you think it likely any long-distance money will be earned from shipping masters with whom the payment of even a short-distance fee will be optional ? If doesn't stand to reason. It is a moral certainty that the most we could hope for is payment from the Mumbles in. You can t:tke it from us, sir, that the people who have spoken to you know nothing at all about the work in general. It is impossible in these days of steam to earn long-dis- tance money, and if we can't do that how are we to maintain an efficient service of pilots for the port? Further, tho trustees think that by the abolition of compulsory pilotage inwards they wili be able to claim compensation for damage done to t.he harbour works by any in-coining ship. Masters who have a pilot, on board under the pre- sent eompuisorv powers escape all that. We would put it to these masters themselves whether rhey arc going to risk such claims, which will inevitably increase upon them under that inefficient service of pilots which the abolition of the compulsory in-coming pilotage is certain to bring about. The trustees also will be losers from the same cause, for a less-skilled body of men will mean increased risk to property, yes, and to life also, within the port. You can't expect a great harbour like this to be worked without damage, and to try and make the shippers pay for it all is a most mean thing to do. whichever way you look at it. This abolition of compulsory pilotage inwards would bring,not only an inferior class of men, but an inferior class of boats to the work; and hence the risk and the danger would be still further enhanced. It is the compulsory pilotage that is all the inducement there is at the present moment for both a good man and a good boat." What effect has the adoption of non-compulsory pilotage outwards had upon you as a, body ? A very damaging effect indeed. Since that came about, in June, 1883, one pilot has lost 93, another 92, another 97 vessels, and so on. Four pilots lost, between them, from August, 1883. to August, 1885, 43,011 tons of shipping, and the average rate of wages per man has gone down in a twelvemonth from .£200 to about JE130 or JE140 —a loss, say, of at least 33 per eent., In two years no less than 597 vessels, which would have 'been divided among half-a-dozen pilots, have gone out without any pilot on board at all." And I suppose the loss consequent upon the abolition of non-compulsory pilotage inwards will be quite as much?" "It will be greater, for under the system of long-distance money yoq would naturally earn less oil the short distance." Do you think the action of the Swansea Harbour Trustees likely to have any influence upon those of other ports in the kingdom?" We are glad you thought of asking that question. Undoubtedly it will, and a most marked influence, too. This is not, a local matter, sir, depend upon it. It is the thin end of the Cham- berlain wedge, which will be driven into the heart of the whole system. If Swansea succeeds every other port will follow suit, right. along the line—London first, Liverpool afterwards, and so 3n. It. is a matter which affects shipowners, masters, trustees, and pilots ail over the kingdom, so that we in Swansea cannot take action too soon or too vigorously." Having been warmly thanked for what some of those around me were good enough to call the in- telligent, interest I had taken in their affairs, I accepted the invitation of some half-dozen of them to a sail over their beautiful bay and got into Mumbles just in time for a refresher at the Mer- maid and to catch the down train for Swansea. proper.
TRIMNELT-'S TIC-EKADICATOR will instantly remove Toothache, Tic-Doloreux, Neuralgia, or any Pains in the Head or Face, by simply applying it to the part, affected, its superiority over all others being that it is applied outwardly, while many ot the nostrums that are in the market contain strong poisons, and are taken inwardly. Jf.B.—This will neither leave any mark nor injure the skin where applied. Is.l^d. perbottte; per post Is. 3d. Is YOUR CHILD ILL ?-If so, try Williams's Pon- tarilawe Worm Lozenges, which have been in use over twenty years, and eclipsed all other remedies. Sold by most chemists, at 9jd., 13^0., and 2s. 9d. Prepared from the original recipe only by J. JDavies, Chemist, 31, High- street, Swansea. The liozenges are agreeable and con tain nolhinginjurious. 7634c HOLLOWAY'S OINTMENT AND PILLS will be found the best friend to persons afflicted with ulcerations, bad legs, sores, abscesses, fistulas, nlld other painftu and complicated complaints. Printed and very plain directions for the ap- plication of the Ointment are wrapped round each pot. Holloway's alterative Pills should be taken throughout the progress of ttie cure, to maintain the blood iu a state of per- fect* purity, and to prevent the health of the whole body being jeopardis d by the local ailmeuts; bad legs, old age's great grievances, are thus readily cured. without confining the patient to bed. or withdrawing from him or her the nutritious diet and generous support so imperatively de- manded when weakening diseases attack advanced years or constitutions evincing premature decrepitude. WARNING.—When you ask for Reckitt's Blue see that you get it. The manufacturers beg to caution the public against imitation square Blue, of very inferior quality. The Paris Blue in squares is sold in wrappers bearing their name aaAftaitMHrk. Kef use all others.
I FUNERAL OF THE LATE MR. JOHN WILLIAMS, CARDIFF. On Wednesdav afternoon the remains of the late Mr. John Williams, of Charnwood House, Cardiff, were conveyed to their last resting place, the New Cemetery. The great amount of respect in which Mr. Williams was held was manifested by the immense concourse of people who, in spite of drenching rain, assembled near the residence of the deceased at the hour appointed for the funeral to pay a last tribute of respect to their departed friend. The mournful cortege left the residence of the deceased gentleman shortly after 2.30, the coffin, which was of polished oak with massive brass furniture, being borne on the shoulders of the older workmen of the firm of which Mr. Williams was a member to the Roath-road Wesleyan Chapel. On their arrival at the place of worship, at which the deceased gentle- man had been an official member, an impressive service was conducted by vnrious ministers of the Wesleyan body, many of whom came from a great distance. The chapel was crowded to its utmost extent, and many were the signs of emotion visible when touching references were made to the life and work of him whose death in the full vigour of manhood they deplored. As the congregation dispersed the Dead March in Saul" was played. At the conclusion of the service the coffin was taken from the chapel literally covered with magnificent wreaths of the choicest exotics. After the body had been placed in the hearse a long train of carriages drew up in order for the purpose of accompanying the mourners upon their melancholy errand. The imme- diate relatives and near friends of the de- ceased were conveyed in nine mourning coaches, the chief mourners being:—Mr, Lewis Williams, Mr. Alfred Chenhalls, St. Just's, Cornwall; Mr. Rosewarne Chenhalls, Mr. Charles E. Williams, Mr. Charles Rosewarne, Gwinnear, Cornwall; Mr. Hambly, Mr. W. Dyke, Milburn Port; Mr. L. M. Williams. Mr. G. B. Williams, Rev. D. Young, Mr. Rees Lewis, Mr. H. Roberts, Mr. W. Davies, Rev. H. Burchell, Bolton; Mr. W. H. Lewis, Rev. H. Barton, B.A., Manchester; Mr. J. B. Ferrier, Mr. S. Davies, Mr. W. H. Davies, Rev. E. Wilkes, Mumbles Mr. A. Hopkins, Mr. Howard Chenhalls, Mr. Tregean Chenhalls, Mr. J. Hibbert, Mr. W. Trice, and Mr.J. W.Fawckuer. Amongst those who also followed were: Aldermen Elliott, Stone, and D. Lewis; Councillors Beavan, Gunn, and Alfred Thomas Messrs. Lewis Davis, Ferndale; W. Andrews, ex-mayor of Exeter; E. Hancock, W. Price, Philip Morel, E. R. Moxey, W. P. Gibbs, C. E. Rassett, Pontypridd; D. Roberts, C. H. Walker, Barry; George Parfitt, John Gunn, Rees Jones, S. Cooper, E. P. Lee, J. Hemingway (head-constablej, Wills, E. Hearne, Wesley Price, Fletcher Price, Archibald Hood, J. Merrils, Thomas Morel, Dunn, Marcus Gunn, Padv, Bird, F. Edwards, A. E. Reed, Wood, and S. Hali; Revs. A. L. Barley, J. S. Ingram, Clifton; J. A. B. Harry, Radyr; R. F. Capo, Cardiff; D. Young, J. Stringer, C. J. Back. George .Harbottle, J. L. Bleby, A. Tilly, and Launcelot Railton; Drs. Treharne, Andrew Davies, and Fiddian. The following were amongst those who sent wreaths:— Mrs John Williams, the children, and the house- hold Mrs Williams, Singleton House; Mr A. Chenhalls and family; Mr Lewis Williams (anchor), MrC. Rosewarne, Gwinnear; Mr llamblv, Didsbury; Mr Dyke, Milburn Port; Mr Lewis Davis, Ferndale; Mr Lewis, Glamorgan Villa; Mr and Mrs W. H. Lewis. Llanisheu; Miss Ida. and Mr Edward Williams, Caecoed children from Ban- bury; Mr Hely Roberts and family; three large wreaths from the staff and managers of the firm, the employes at the shop and works Mr and Mrs W. P. Gibbs. Mr and Mrs Moxey, Mr and Mrs P. Morel,|Mrs Hewertson, Mr and Mrs Fred Edwards, Mr and Mrs Thomas Morel, Penarth Mr J. Robert Gibbs, Mr and Mrs John Hibbert and family, Mr Walter and Mr Arthur Hibbert, Mrs Gibbs, sen., Mrs John Gibbs, Mr Edmund Handcock, sen., Mr J. 15. Billups, Mr Seward, Mr and Mrs Henry Frazer, Mr A. E. Reed, Mr Robertson, Mr H. T. Williams and family, of Claremont, Redruth Mrs Herron, Dr Lougher, Mr and Mrs E. Herne, Mr T. Reynolds, Mr E. P. Lee, Mr Harry Cousins, Miss Thomas, the Infirmary; Mr and Mrs James Howell, Mr and Mrs Case, Mr and Mrs Tilcott, Sen»henydd-place; Mr Emerson Williams, Mr Lloyd Williams, Mrs Bacon, Cathays Wesleyan Chapel Choir, Mr W. P. Straw- son, Stourbridge; Mr Furnival, Mr J. B. Ferrier, Company of St. John, the Royal Arch Lodge of Freemasons, the Tennant Lodge of Freemasons, and the Glamorgan Lodge of Freemasons. One feature in the procession showed to a re- markable degree how the many good qualities possessed by Mr. Williams had endeared him to those with whom he was associated in life. Prece- ding tiie hearse came the officers and teachers of the Sunday School, who were followed by the workmen, general staff, and clerks In the employ of the firm, after these coming the ofiicers of the Roath-road Church. A number of Free- masons also attended the service. The Burial Service was read by the Rev. R. F. Cape, The funeral arrangements were carried out by Mr. G. A. Stone.
DEATH OF MR. JOHN EVANS, OF PEXGAM. Shortly before midnight on Monday the honoured life of Mr. John Evans, of Penguin, terminated somewhat suddenly. Mr. Evans had recently been taking a brief holiday, returning only 011 the evening of his death, Do retired to bed at about eleven o'clock, and in a very short time he was seized with a choking sensation in the throat. He felt that his end was near, and asked that his children might be called to his bed- sido. A hasty summons was sent to his sons and Dr. Evans, but death had taken place before their arrival. Mr. Evans, who was very much respected, was an old inhabitant of Cardiff, having lived at Perigam Farm for close on half a century. During this period he occupied mallY important public positions. He was the eldest son of the late William Evans, of Great, Barn Farm, and was for many years churchwarden and overseer of the parish of Roath. In 1551 Mr. John Evans was unanimously elected parishioners' churchwarden, which office he re- tained for fifteen years in succession. For two consecutive years he was one of the overseers of the parish. He was also for many years a member and deputy-chairman of the Cardiff Board of Guardians. He was a member of the Rural Sanitary Board for Roath Parish and a mem- ber of the Roath Local Board of Health from its formation, being twice chosen chairman of the latter. In addition to this lie was a member of the Roath Burial Board, and in 1876 was appointed on the Commission of the Peace for the Cardiff Borough. Before the establishment of the Roath Local Board the appointment of surveyor of highways was held by him. He was a member of the County Committee under the Contagious Diseases Act, and also of the County Roads Board, and at the time was an ardent supporter of the Yeomanry Cavalry. His advocacy of the Roath Cattle Market did much towards its establishment. He was a staunch Conservative, and, at the 1875 municipal election, was returned at the head of six elected candidates, and, if he had continued in the council, in all probability the civic chair would have been filled by him in 1882. His widow and twelve children survive to mourn his death.
MISSIONARY WORK IN MADAGASCAR. THE REV. MR. SHAW AT SWANSEA. The Rev. Mr. Shaw preached at Walter-road Chapel, Swansea, on Sunday, and attended missionary meetings on Sunday afternoon and Monday evening. In his sermon on Sunday Mr. Shaw said that perhaps in no country had the Gospel been more btessed than Madagascar. Many of them remembered hearing the news that the King of Madagascar had opened his country to the missionaries. Very soon a band of Welsh missonaries entered the country and accomplished marvellous things there. They learnt the language from the lips of the people, and translated portions of Scripture to that language, and subsequent missionaries have largely reaped of what the Welsh missionaries sowed. After this King died and iiis Queen came to the King died and his Queen came to the throne she at once commenced to perse- cute the Christians. For 25 years the perse- cution lasted, and the country was filled with weeping. England's Christian heart was then stirred, and the speaker thought that the great subsequent success was due in a great measure to the prayer? then offered. The missionaries were called back to the island, and from that time until now the history of missionary work there is con- tinued progress, not only from a spiritual point of view,but from every point, of civilisation. Such being the case all Christians in the island were praying that the French would cease from warring against the people of the country. But. Madagascar is not yet entirely Christianised. Three-fourths of the people have yet to be reclaimed. Mr. Shaw made an energetic appeal for continued assistance in the movement. Several meetings are to be held during the week.
PROPOSED ORGANISATION OF ANOTHER GREAT CAMBRIAN CHOIR IN GLAMORGAN. On Saturday "Caradog," the renowned Welsli choir leader, met several well-known vocalists at Pontypridd, among them Mr. Tom Williams. Mr. S. Rowland, and Eos Rhondda," for the purpose of considering the best mode to organise a great choir, similar to the one led by "Caradog" to London and to victory in 1S73. It was decided to adopt immediate measures to invite the best vocalists of South Wales to meet at Pontypridd on the 22nd of this month to decide upon immediate action. It is proposed to hold a Cambrian National Musical Festival similar to the Birmingham, Worcester, Hereford, and Gloucester Festivals. Choir leaders atDowlais, Rhvmney, Merthyr, Hirwain, Aberdare, Pontypridd, Rhondda Valley, Mountain Ash, Cardiff, Maesteg, &c., are expected to he present on the 22nd, at two o'clock in the afternoon. It will be remembered Caradog" retired some years ago to Llanybyther, Carmarthenshire. He has now returned to Cardiff, where, it appears, the spirit of song has again descended upon him, and where, like a giant after a prolonged rest, he has stood up and is once more prepared to lead the musical "Cadres" of the Principality. "Who that witnessed the uprising of the crescent-shaped "Cambria's Five Hundred" at the Crystal Palace, in response to the signal delivered by Caradog" with his baton, will not rejoice at the tidings that he is again to the fore ?
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CURRENT AGRICULTURAL TOPICS. CBr "AGRICOLA" OF THE "FIELD. A great many farmers are very much perplexed just now how to provide for their flocks in the ensuing winter, turnips in some districts being almost a failure, and swedes almost everywhere a defective crop. Prices of store sheep have been greatly affected throughout the autumn by these apprehended difficulties in regard to winter keep, and not a few farmers accustomed to buy in wether lambs for wintering have refrained from making full stockages in consequence. Most farmers have, however, excellent supplies of hay, harvested in admirable condition, together with good sweet straw to fall back upon, and with such resources no farmer ought to shorten his accus- tomed number of either sheep or cattle before winter, inasmuch as he can make up for the deficiency of roots by employing artificial foods. Probably only a few farmers, comparatively speaking, are possessed of sufficient valour, skill, and knowledge combined to make circumstances bend to their systems of management, instead of becoming victims to the former. Still, it is not too much to say that only systematic farmers are fit to farm in such times as the present. The weak are blown about by every wind that blows, and are never able to steer fairly ahead, whereas the strong hold on their courses undaunted, and are never changed therefrom by the severest storms. An article by Mr. Charles Randall, the well- known agriculturist of Chalbury, Evesham, which appears in the Agricultural Gazette, shows to what lengths good managers may go in keeping up a heavy stockage of animals ou their farms despite bad seasons for green crops and defective yields. He says, I have only 10 acres of turnips sown on the 7th of August where other turnips should I have grown after peas I have planted 16 acres I to thousand heads and 11 acres to rape for the ewes and lambs to eat off in the spring. I must do as I did last year, fold the feeding sheep on the land with mangolds and cake, and get spring vetches, rape, and perhaps spring cabbages after- wards. If the mangolds are not likely to hold out I shall reduce the daily allowance to all sheep early enough to make them do so." The number of sheep Mr. Randall has to winter is 400 ewes, 370 lambs, and ten rams, and he hints that he shall, perhaps, add to the number, the temp- tation being great to do so owing to the present low values of store sheep. Here, then, we have an instance of a fanner occupying heavy land where, not only turnips, but seeds have generally failed this year, making adverse circumstances bend entirely to his control, and actually in- creasing instead of decreasing the number of his sheep. He has, however, a recipe which enables him to feed his sheep entirely on straw chaff and artificial food, and by it the entire allowance, besides straw, for 180 sheep appears to be three bushels of maize or barley meal, and half a bushel of linseed per day. He states that his ewes get fat on this allowance. Probably, more than half the battle, however, depends on how it is done, so that the part of the recipe referriug to the mixture ought to be given in full. Ho says; "Roil t}Q gallons of water, add half a bushel of linseed, -titl Jet it continue to boll ten minutes, Pour this into a tub, and add throe bushels of kibbled barky or maize or a mixture of the 1 wo, putting the torn tO the water, not the water to thocoru, Covet1 it up and JUL it stand all night; then mix with ilufficient chaIT for a day's allowance fot- 13Q shcop," As to winter food pragpeets, tlioro can bo no doubt that both manyokls and turnips have IIn. proved very much during the past month since the autumn raina oime, and if these had been accompanied with warmer woather the increase in bulbing would have been much greater. Farmers have, however, to make the best of existing resources, and in well nigh all districts will, if they are wise, take a leilf out of Mr. Randall's book by supplementing their short root crops with abundant supplies of straw chaff, intermixed with meals, or rendered otherwise palatable and nutri- tive by the addition of artificial food of some sort. It must be regarded as a fortunate circumstance that there is so much good sweet straw as well as hay, on most farms. Values of sheep would not fall because of turnip failuros if farmers generally were to adopt Mr. Randall's tactics, but it appears that they are depreciated this autumn quite as much by the low rates of mutton as anything, and these are probably likely to continue. Prices of store sheep are even now quite sufficiently high to make their fattening a remunerative business. In the majority of instances farmers are unable to obtain more than from 6id. to nd, per lb. for the best wethers, and for fat ewes they are compelled to be content with Id. a lb. less. How does it happen, then, that butchers sustain their retail rates for joints in selling to the public almost as high as ever?" This appears to be the most vexatious feature in the present bad times for producers, that whether it be corn, meat, or anything else, enormous profits are taken by middle men, so that while farmers sell for very lLtle money the rates given by consumers are high. The evil is. how- ever, even now working its own cure. Many of the smaller working farmers, having sufficient population in their immediate localities, are adopting the custom of slaughtering their own sheep instead of selling them alive to the butchers, and as by doing so they are enabled to send joints of meat to customers at about 2d. per lb. less than they can be obtained at butcher's shops they find no lack of the latter, and they have thereby addi- tional occupation sufficiently remunerative to re- pay them for the labour incurred. The "Regeneration or Ruin of Agriculture" is rather a startling topic. It is, however, the one that was selected by Mr.J. Howard,M.P., for his lecture to the Farmers' Alliance. That British agriculture is in great danger of being ruined is very generally admitted just n iw, yet, strange to say, there have been many junctures in the past, when it has been deemed quite as nearly dead or dying, after which it has, happily, revived and flourished. Most optimists think that what has occurred once will be sure to do so again, and that, consequently, the present must be an i excellent time for taking a farm. Those possessed of sufficient knowledge of the business, with ample means,might get farms in some districts exceedingly cheap, and not only so, but would be able to stock them with flocks, herds, and horses at considerably lower rates than farm animals have commanded in recent years; so .that it would require from 30 to 40 per cent. less capital to enter into the farming business than was necessary about two years since. Pedigree stock are very much depreciated no less than ordinary market animals. At the Birmingham Shorthorn Show and Sale last week, good cows not more than seven or eight years old, of valuable lineage, could have been picked up at from 18 to 24 guineas each; many promi- sing heifers were obtainable much lower, the figures announced when some left the ring being only 14 or 15 guineas each, and a good pedigree calf could be obtained for a C5 note. What venture of an agricultural nature could possibly pay better than purchasing pedigree calves at the rates they commanded at Birmingham and rearing them to sell again in about a year or 18 months after getting nearer maturity ? Strange to state, another sale of pedigree cattle held last week yielded satisfactory prices, but the animals were of the North Devon breed-a. service- able good lot of the Somerset-Devon type-bred by M-essrs. Cornish at Bishops, Lydeard, Taunton nineteencows and heifersof whichaveraged .£25 4s. Sixteen pairs of fat and grazing steers were dis- posed of at this sale, the three-year-old ones ranging from f44 IDs., the lowest.,to £69, the highest figure. It must surely bo a mistake to deem all Devon beasts small when a pair of steers submitted to public competition can realise so much as £69. Mr. Pugh's herd of smoky-faced Montgomery- shire cattle was said to be the only pure-bred one of the variety left in the kingdom, but, in all probability, several fresh ones will be started from foundation stock procured at this dispersal. Mr. Allender, of the Aylesbury Dairy Company, bought a bull and several cows, and several Welsh- and Shropshire agriculturists did the same. Prices were moderate, not high.
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GARDENING NOTES. y [BY MR. J. MCIR, MARGAR.) WINDOW PLANTS IN WINTER. Most of the window plants which were gay throughout the summer and until lately arc now ceasing to blossom and show signs of going to rest. This applies more especially to fuchsias, begonias, musk, &c. As soon as the fuchsias drop their leaves they should be kept almost quite dry at the root, and they may be placed in any shed or out- house until spring. Begonias with tuberous roots should be dried off altogether and then the roots may be taken from the soil and put amongst dry sand or ashes for the winter Musk may be treated like the fuchsias. Geraniums will not bear drying quite up, but they will exist without much water throughout the winter, and it is much better to allow the plants to rest now than try to keep them growing on. Window ferns will remain green if they are kept fully in the light and not given too much water. Bulbs wil" soon take the place of summer flowers, and they should be potted or put into glasses of water in small numbers now and again. Primulas and cineraries make very good winter window plants, and those who have no frames in which to grow them in summer may do worse than buy a few plants in. FLOWER BORDER PLANTS of a half-tender charar ter which are liable to be injured by frost should not be trusted out much longer as the winter is approaching fast, and they may be severely in- jured any night. Where there are plenty of young plants of anything, such, for instance, as geraniums, and the old ones will not be required. these may be left in the ground until they are quite decayed, but choice and scarce kinds should be dug up at once and placed under cover. Ther;e will grow little or none until spring, and they maj be stowod away as close as they can be put in Old shallow boxes do very well for such purposes as one, say 18 inches by two feet, will hold threi or four dozen plants, and they-can be convenientlj shifted about, or stored during the winter. Light sandy soil is the best material to put about th. roots, and water shouid only he given in modera- tion, as it is damp which spoils plants in wintei more than anything else. Where such plants cannot be placed in glass houses they should be taken to the garret or an outhouse,where they can have fresL air on a fine day, and be protected from frost when necessary. More than likely some of thost taken up and treated in this way will die, but many of them will, undoubtedly, live throughout the winter, and pay for all the attention accorded them. .AUTUMNAL TINTS.—HOW glorious these have been of late, but their time will be short this season, as ten days ago the majority of the tree- were quite green, and they assumed their declining hues mu) e suddenly than I ever saw them before. Just now there is hardly a tree to be seen on which the foliage is not tinted, and many of them arc far more grand and effective in a state of decav than ever they were when they were bursting into growth or fully developed. In very small gardens it would be rather difficult to plant a variety of subjects to secure special autumnal tints, but there are some bushes so very con- spicuous in this way and good in other respects that they deserve to be planted. Amongst these 1 would make special mention of the hardy Client azaleas, which are classed with the choicest, of our out-door shrubs in spring, and now the foliage i; all aglow, and, if possible, more striking than th< rich blossoms in spring and early summer. The maples, too, are very lovely in their warm autumn hues, and so are some of the oaks, but they require more room to develop than can always be given them. There are many trees which display no attraction [in summet that shine with great brilliancy now, and their inimitable and charming colours are more delight- ful than any other aspect that trees assume. PINE-AFPLE CULTURE.—At a meeting of the Fruit Committee of the Royal Horticultural Society las week Mr. Pettigrew, of Cardiff Castle, wasawarde< a cultural commendation for a Charlotte Roths child pine-apple of unusually large proportions. PBN-T-BYD VEGETABLE MAKROW.—" W. W. B. writing to the Journal of Horiailture respecting this new vegetable, says :—Now that the marrow season is about over, and taking into consideration what an important part they play in the summet and autumn vegetable supply, I venture to giv( my experience on the merits of pen-y-byd. Oui marrows were all sown early in March and plantec out under handlights about the middle of May including, besides the above, Moore's vegetable cream and the long white. The last week in Junt the first marrow, a pen-y-byd, was cut, and since, that time up to a week ago this varietv has given; us a supply of marrows which have been preferred to either of the others named. It is a most pro. lific variety, in several instances carrying n couple of fruits from one joint, not large, but of such a size that they can be cooked whole, a mode of cooking this vegetable which is said by many to be preferred to any other. As to quality, I may state that my employers think so highly of it that when having visitors they have asked for the best marrows, adding The long ones will do some other time.' For a gentleman's table I consider it a decided acquisition, and should, I think, bt grown in every garden where this vegetable is esteemed." Another correspondent, Mr. (jr. Merrit. writing in the Garden, also remarks :—"This new marrow, distributed last year, is a welcome addi tion to our list of vegetables. It is very prolific handsome in shape, and excellent in flavour Grown by the side of several other varieties, it ha? proved superibr to them in every respect. I am saving some for seed and think of growing no other sort in future. I was pleased to see it among the fine collection of vegetables exibited at South Ken sington on July 14, thus showing how early it is.' AUTUMN CATALOGUES.—Amongst these that 0) Messrs. J. C. Wheeler and Sons, Gloucester, merits, notice, as it is very attractively executed, and contains an uncommonly well-selected list of fruit trees, roses, evergreens, vines, &c. Careful selec- tion has evidently been the aim of the compiler of this list, and on this account it is extra valuable especially for amateurs and cottagers. Chionodox; luciliae, or glory of the snow, is a plant specially recommended in it, and, being an easily-managed hardy subject, no one could make a mistake in in troducing it to their flower bed or border. HOSKMARV AND LAVENDER.—A writer in a con- temporary says No matter how small or how large a garden may be, these two small shrub? never seem out of place in it. In large gardenf they may be formed into considerable masses witt good effect, and in cottage gardens they may b( represented by single plants. Immense bushes 01 rosemary are occasionally met with in cottagc gardens. I saw one the other day 7ft. or 8ft. in height and as much in diameter, and very effective it was, much more so than many things of greater pretensions. In spring, when in flower (and it flowers early), few plants arc superior to a good bush of rosemary. Lavender is not quite so ,hardy; old plants of it often suffer in severe winters. The best way of meeting this difficulty is always to have some young plants coming on. Cuttings of both rosemary and lavender will root if planted now in a shady border nearly every cutting will strike if put in under a hand-light or in a frame." The Chrnnicb■ of October 17dealschiefiy with pear.c. Many excellent illustrations as to the best modes of training are given, and all who are especially interested in these luscious fruits should see the issue, and that of the 24t h, which will be another interesting pear number." The PAMPAS GRASS, Gynerium Argenteum, becomes a very conspicuous object in autumn, ui its noble plumes are thrown up in profusion and attain a height of six feet, or more. It is admirablj adapted for planting as an isolated specimen on s small lawn, or more extensively near the margins of lakes and rivers, and nenr shrubberies generally It will succeed in a marshy soil or in stiff loarr anywhere. Attempts are sometimes made to raise it from seeel, but the little plants are so long ir displaying their silvery panicles that it is generally more satisfactory to buy a few plants in from a nursery. HEATING WITH OIL STOVES.—A writer in Gardtr Work recommends these, and remarks-—" I sawn week or two back in your columns a letter relating to heating a small greenhouse with an oil stove. ) think my little house is about the same size as your correspondent's, and if my experience is ot any use to him and others, hero it, is. I amusec myself last winter by running up a small green- house, and put my flowers, which had been in thr windows, in it. They were zor.alc pelargoniums fuchsias, a few pots of Koman hyacinths, snow drops, spirspa japonica, dielytra, &c. I had a small square Kippir.gille stove given me in March, which I at once set to work, and found I couid very soon raise the temperature. Having a fancy to raise some seeds, I procured a box about. 2ft square and let a small tin dish into the bottom over which I placed a slate. By half filling the box with ashes, filling the tin with water. and placing it. on the top of my stove. I had a hotbed which, for its size, did wonders. I raised mimu- Juses, petunias, phlox drummondi, cucumbers, and several other things so fast that I had great trouble to find protection for them all, and they have all done exceedingly well during the sum- mer. I have some of the petunias in fine bloom now, some measuring three inches across, so that, although it, may seem a very rough makeshift, it'answered well. I can confidently recommend an oil stove, if kept clean, and the house ventilated as much as possible, consistently, of course, witt maintaining the temperature desired." A SUBSTITUTE FOR GRASS UNDER TREES.—Ever\ now and then we have complaints that the gras: under trees on a lawn will not live and we ar( asked: What kind of grass will grow unde< trees ?" or, How can 1 make the grass live under my troes?" We have answered a number of time; that no grass with which we are acquainted wil make a "ood turf under the shade and drip of trees A well-defined circle of bare soil around each trunit we do n,)t regard as objectionable but, if this if left to itself, and the grass near the tree allowec to die out, as the spread of the branches increases the effect is very unpleasant. A circle should be carefully marked, large enough for its margin to rest upon good, firm turf: this should be neatly cut, and the space withir kept in neat, order by dressing the surface every time the beds and borders are cared for. If one will have a green surface beneath the tree then he must make it of something other than grass. The best plant we know of for this purpose is the periwinkle, vinca minor, generally known as tunning myrtle." may add, by the way that, it is most singular that a plant. not at al resembling a myrtle should be so called. The name appears to be peculiar to this coun. try, as the English works on plant names give no indication that myrtle is applied to the periwinkle in that country. There are two species of vinca, or periwinkle, the large, V major, and the small, V. minor. The latter is most suitable for carpetting the space under trees, as it is more prostrate, and forms a more compact carpet. It is no disadvantage that the plant, when. well established, blooms freely in the spring, bear- ing numerous small, pale blue flowers. There are forms with variegated leaves, which, as they are less hardy, are not to be commended. Where there is a well-established patch of this periwinkle, smalt rooted bits can be taken up and planted beneath the tree, where they will soon form a dense carpet. The line between the bed of periwinkle and the grass should always be kept well defined.- American Agriculturist,
Morgan would have his vote and the vote of every Member of his family. (Hear, hear.) Another thing which he admired in Colonel Morgan was hIs consistent character. He observed that the Liberal candidate, Sir Henry Jackson, replying to some questions at Magor, said, with reference to Disestablishment, that he would support the step for Wales and Scotland, but not for England, because the Church in England was stronger; but since his first meeting the Radical candidate had declared himself in favour of Disestablishment altogether throughout the whole of Great Britain. They could not, therefore, depend upon what he said from one day to another. He (the chairman) ad- mitted that the question of Disestablishment alone might very fairly be argued on both sides, but not BO the question of Disendowment as it had been put before them during the last few months. He could not see how such a proposal could commend itself to any honest man; it savoured tov. much of robbery. (Loud cheers.) With reference to the statement made by Mr. John Morlev at Newport on Thursday that Disestablishment would not be one of the items of the Liberal programme for the next Parliament, he believed that was one of the most extraordinary statements ever made, for during the past few months or so the electors had been advised by the Liberals to make this one of the most critical questions to put to candidates. (Hear, hear.) Colonel MORGAN, who was then introduced to the meeting, met with a perfect ovation of cheer- ing. Having thanked them for the warm recep- tion they had accorded him, he went on to speak of the proporais now before the country, and defied anyone present to tell him how any one of the Radical schemes would benefit any class of people in the country. Referring to the present depressed state of trade, he had been informed on trustworthy authority that trade had never been so bad as long as people could recollect, and yet in spite of this fact the Liberals had Boycotted the Royal Commission to inquire into the condition of affairs. He spoke of the impracticability of the proposal to split the land into small plots so that svery person could be an agriculturist. Who, he isked, would have the land on the tops of moun- :ains ? Some would have to take their portion from land of that character, as there would not be sufficient in the valleys to supply all. Having re- ferred to the scheme for giving free education, and the great increase which would be cast upon the rates by the adoption of such a proposal, the hon. member resumed his seat amidst great cheering. At the close of the gallant colonel's address a Mr. Biscombe, a shoemaker, rose to put some questions upon certain remarks which he affirmed the candi- date had made on a previous occasion. But the questioner was so much at sea that it turned out the remarks referred to were not made by Colonel Morgan at all. In one case the hon. candidate's views were sought with reference to compensa- tion in case public-houses were closed. Colonel Morgan, in reply, said he would be prepared to deal fairly with either landlord or tenant in such a case. A vote of confidence in the hon. member was then proposed by Mr. Green, seconded by Mr. Phineas James, and supported by Mr. Holland and Mr. Wilkinson.—The Chairman asked if there were any amendments to be moved, and, there being no response, the motion was put to the meeting and carried with only one dissentient.—After the vote had been carried, a Mr. Jones, chairman of the Liberal Association, wished to move an amend- ment, but his reception was a mixed one, the howls predominating over the cheers.—The Chair- man informed him that the motion had been carried, and the business of the meeting was at an end.