CARDIFF WELSH SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION. PUBLIC MEETING, r ADDRESSES BY PROFESSORS KOBERTS AND POWEL, MR. D. ISAAC DAVIES, &c. } 1. Public meeting in connection with the Car- it Welsh Sunday School Union was held at the Chapel on Tuesday evening. ere was a fair attendance of the leaders of the ^e'sh Language Movement," together with the and teachers of the Welsh Sunday Schools Cardiff. The proceedings were conducted Purely in Welsh. The chair was occupied by °fessor Roberts, of the University College, rc^ff (the president of the union), who was PPorted by Mr. D. Isaac Davies, Professor oWel, Rev. J. Morgan Jones, Rev. T. T. Jones, Jtc. The meeting was opened with the reading of chapter and a prayer, and several well-known elsh hymns were sung at intervals. The CHAIRMAN, in his opening remarks, ex- fessed great pleasure at seeing such a large rthering before him. It showed, he thought, at. considerable interest was felt in this move- ent amongst the Sunday Schools of Cardiff. In days a good deal of consideration was given -? tnatters affecting the Welsh people, their educa- and their future, religiously and nationally amongst other things that had been under nSlderation was the attitude they should adopt j. *ards the Welsh language. There was at one a tendency to let the course of events decide patters in regard to the Welsh language, but to- L y they had cooie to the plan of considering what 'th*9 ^St 10 110 ^one- was » matter that affected in Cardiff more directly than in morn Welsh rts-what should be done with the children of parents attending Welsh places of who grew up in peril of ignorance of • language in which the religious ser- vices were carried on ? They felt that would be a great loss to the children to be -Plated from the religious life of their parents, d their relation to the history of religion in Wales inl? -*n Per^ being different from that which Insisted between their parents and that history, the ignorance of the language -would stand *e a Wan between the children and that history. he went on, it was specially important that children should know the history ■ of the j*" £ ious life that had been lived in Wales. t was, perhaps, more interesting than Y other chapter in the history of religion in tro l°gdom in the same period. (Applause.) There hQ, been more religious life in Wales, a mohe I "Writual feeling, and the blessing of God had been, more manifest than in any other part of kingdom. There was a danger of these children sing the benefits of the Welsh pulpit, the in- *tence of the Welsh Sunday School, and iter • P*easure and profit of perusing the J'gioua literature with which Wales was richly endowed. (Applause.) The Welsh Sun- |jj y School Union intended providing against this ^endeavouring to promote the study of the 1 language amongst the Sunday School iolars, and, with this object in view, they pro- T^sed introducing duoglott books, which should, ,}*, giving Scriptural quotations, promote a know- of the Bible, and enable the pupils to learn elsh and see by the English text the ^aning of what they were reading. (Applause.) believed this movement would be successful, t) be thought he saw in this Cardiff Welsh g nday School Union the nucleus of a Sunday j, nool Union for the whole of Wales. (Applause.) was nothing in its constitution to prevent denominations joining it. (Applause.) They "^ded promoting the teaching of Welsh reading k? Titing and singing. Those were the principal ]ects. W DAN ISAAC DAVIES, the secretary of the then spoke. He said a new era dawned in the history of Wales. (Applause.) u/e feeling which very generally prevailed in Past was that the course of the Welsh language nearly run, but matters were getting different khT' Education was spreading in every parish, they were looking forward to the establish- Schools, 4c., yet people were out that the Welsh was not a hindrance a help to them in their daily life, and some of complained that it was not recognised as it Uld be by Government. (Applause.) They only themselves to thank, however, and in instanced a payment of £ 5 a year jw to every Welsh teacher who succeeded in #lng an examination in Welsh at the time |^en be (Mr. Davies) was in College. That grant j§L abolished by Mr. Robert Lowe (now Lord ji. brook), and, though the Welsh people com- «yp.lned about many other things, not one ^k.Ca was raised in protestation against abolition of that grant. What wonder, if Englishmen and the English Government the Welsh people did not care for the *eci i lan*ua £ e ? (Applause.) He dwelt upon the u asPect t^10 question because other watiIerS wou^ with the religious aspect; ^1 he would point out that the Welsh was a help students who wished to acquire other jj. ^Uages. Let them ask any of the mis- ifca3arF societies who were the men who be- most proficient in preaching in the native guages of the countries to which missionaries ere sent, and they would find that the. reply » OQld be Those who understand two languages," Cb as the Welsh, the Scotch Highlanders, and ilQe Swiss. (Applause.) Several children then recited and sang Welsh by ay of illustrating the objects to be obtained by 8Q8 union. Mr. T. ROBERTS, Docks, and Mr. T. BROWN spoke J'be difficulties they had overcome in teaching to their children. J professor POWKL then moved a resolution, ^.oicing at the formation of a Welsh Sunday School i. for Cardiff, and wishing it success, rttPPlause.) He said he had lived three years in j<j^.erP°°l. and he was sorry to say that the con- !\>0°npf things in regard to Welsh was much tolrt86 in Cardiff than in Liverpool. He had been >hk ^at there was one Sunday School in Cardiff the Ut a sins^ Welsh class in it, but far'0 25 or 30 schools in Liverpool, and, so tta?8 be knew, there was no class in any of them **>e Was no' ^e'sb- Some people said this move- Was 0De sen^ment» but he considered it IW one of importance. It was incumbent upon parents to do one of two things—either j^?b Welsh to their children or go with their jw'.uren to an English place of worship, they should do was a matter for to determine. He knew for him- that he should consider it a wrench Co nave to sever all the old Welsh associations. To jqj e from Pantycelyn to the sacred songs and of Mr. Sankey would, he considered, be down a good deal. (Applause.) Was it !¡ Orth making an effort to retain the language ? lit considered it was, and that it only required a perseverance to succeed. Almost up to the the Sunday School had been the only i^rsity College Wales had had—(applause)— jj/* although h« did not wish to depreciate to ^^tional advantages now being extended y ales, he ventured to say it would take a great I?*1 of labour on the part of educationists to do (A for Wales as Thomas Charles had done. Pplause./ He went on to speak of the special L^cteristic. of the Welsh Sunday Schools, and cpd they were superior to the English schools. They attended by adults and old people as well as tOng, whereas the English schools were attended children only. If the status of the Sunday to bOola of Wales fell, then the ministry would have la be lowered to the same level. The change of tr llguage so often spoken of was, he considered, j^ght with danger. (Applause.) When the J^°Ple became Anglicised in language they j°pted English habits. In some places horse had taken the place of school gatherings, Md though this sort of thing might be con dered an advance in civilisation-(Iaughter)-he J?|d prefer the old custom. (Applause.) Ihe J°NES> Pembroke-terrace,seconded resolution, and corroborated Professor Powel's s., as to the superior character of the Welsh Schools. The resolution was then put and carried. fhe Rev. E. REES (" Dyfed ") moved a resolution ^Ppealing to Welsh parents in Cardiff to teach liw cbi'dren Welsh at home, and, in the course of .Pointed speech,dwelt upon the warm attachment hich Cambrians from home felt towards their d language and institutions. ev. J. DAVIES seconded the resolution, and it agreed to. it> v. T. T. JONES moved a resolution, and Mr. ^ETn~ON seconded, calling upon Welsh churches iy, that the members of their congregations ^aerstood the language in which the services were °)^ucted. v Ahi8 also was carried, and the meeting was Ol.1ght to a close with the usual votes of thanks.
CARDIFF FREE LIBRARY AND MUSEUM COMMITTEE. monthly meeting of this committee was "eld at the Town-hall, Cardiff, on Tuesday, Mr. ^Ocillor Sanders presiding, and there being also jjj^nt:—Alderman Cory, Councillors Trounce, Hs *er' ^>ro8er> Beavan, and Evans, and Messrs. (\ Dnfeldt, Peter Price, G. E. Robinson, Peter W'1es, J. L. Wheatley, Dr. Wallace, and the Rev. Winks-—The Secretary stated that Mr. *bi .ds, tbe student who held the Ware Scholar- 5UjP in connection with the Science and Art oOls, had been awarded the Whitworth bronze oedal on the completion of his second year's of study at the Normal School of Wrt°Ce' South Kensington, and that he 'by also received ah exhibition of £ 25 awarded W Science and Art Department. He (the secre- thought that Mr. Richards' career had been creditable one, seeing that he had com- Mued life with a very scanty education, and, tt\)ter working for some years as a blacksmith, had raised himself to the position of being either >or sec°nd scholar at the end of his second 5Wr 8 course of study in the Normal School of \y| ?Dce- Mr. Richards had still another year in to complete his course. The secretary ^her stated that Mr. W. H. D. Caple had been •j0arded a silver medal in the national competi- Ot" of works sent from Schools of Art to London I,, examination, the award being for measure -4M'ings an oa^ screen in St. John's Church, ibo ff- The results of the examinations generally i^^6d a very marked improvement upon even JIQ bigh standard attained last year.—There was Other business of interest.
lthough you dwell on an unhealthy soil, 01.1 need not fear, you have St. Jacobs Oil. W?- JACOBS OIL is sold by Chemists at 2s. 6d. a ?' or hy post 2s. 9d., from the Charles A. j^Company, sole proprietors, 45, Farringdon- (■ I
A VINDICATION OF THE CARDIGAN- SHIRE ELECTORS. (BY MORIEN.] Cardigan comes from Caredigion," or generous ones. The official name of the county is Aberteivi, or the confluence of the Teivy River. But the Welsh poets call it Caredigion, as, apparently, in- dicative of the character of the inhabitants. I am aware that some people say the name is derived from Caredig, a Welsh Prince of the time of Hengist and Horsa. But the ion" termination in Caredigion is a sign of the plural number, so that clearly the name is intended to apply, not to the prince or the county, but to the Cardies" gene- rally. What fine specimens of the "Cardies" we have had in Glamorgan! I need only point to the late Rector of Merthyr and the present Arch- deacon of Llandaff to confirm the character of Caredigion. Many a black-coated and white- cravated son of this noble county, wandering far away from the paternal roof, has a tender corner in his heart for old Caredigion! The men of Aberteivi, according to the Welsh Triads, formed one of the three primary tribes of Britain. As it was in the beginning," &c. It is a county which has sent forth more clergymen and Nonconformist ministers than any other in the Principality. If we are justified in judging a tree by its fruit, Aberteivi is a very fine one. I have visited various parts of Cardiganshire, and was everywhere delighted with the evidence I beheld of the intelligence, religious feeling, and good taste of the inhabitants. One Sunday evening I entered the town of Cardigan carrying in my hand a. black bag. People were streaming to the various places of worship, and I noticed that my black bag became a general object of curiosity. I left the cwdun at an hotel, and hurried towards the Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Chapel. On arriving at the portals I found there a considerable number of people waiting for the prayer which was being offered up inside to be over before entering themselves. A couple of Cardigan ladies, fashionably dressed, came to me on tip-toe, and informed me that that chapel was Welsh. They had seen me, a few minutes before, carrying a bag into the town, and seemed to have thought I could not possibly be a Cardy," or, indeed, a Welshman at all, otherwise I would not have dared to carry my luggage" into the Levitica town on the Sabbath. They seem to be earnest people, and faithful to what they deem to be right and proper. There is nothing to my mind more contemptible than the everlasting attacks made by small men upon Welsh Nonconformist ministers simply because they dare to have opinions of their own Most of these ministers have sprung from the ranks of the people, and have been educated for the ministry at the cost of those who have chosen them for the pulpit owing to their exceptional talents. Throughout life they receive their pay from the people to whom they minister. It is everywhere admitted that the people of Wales— especially those who still cling to the Welsh lan- guage—are marvellously well up in knowledge of the Bible. This is the result of the Welsh Sunday School. Will anyone dare allege that the study of the Hebrew literature of the Old and New Testa- ment has not had a prodigious influence in stimu- lating the intellect of Welshmen and Welsh- women? Then, again, we nave the influence of the Eisteddfod, which, to this moment, has success- fully resisted all attempts to make it the handmaid of any sect or party whatever. The Sunday School institution of Wales and the Eisteddfod are really the visible manifestations of Welsh intellectual aspirations, while churches and chapels symbolise the religious ones. All these indicate that the Welsh nation is not in a state of intellectual inert- ness, but, on the contrary, that it is in a state of extraordinary activity, intellectually and spiri- tually. There is another most powerful factor in educating the Welsh people, namely, the English press. I leave for a moment out of consideration the native vernacular press, for it will be stated that this is in the hands of Welsh preachers. But as regards the English press, that cannot be alleged. Then, in addition to the English press of Wales, the Metropolitan press pours its productions at a tremendous rate into every nook and corner of the country. Who are its readers ? Are the vast majority of them Welsh people ? Is it not patent to all who know Wales that almost everyone who reads Welsh reads English also? But some blind and bigoted would-be leaders of public opinion presume to allege that all this mental activity, all this craving for information, is met by the priests of Dissent, and that they succeed in bamboozling the Welsh public into their own way of thinking. What nincompoops all these legions of Welsh aud English readers are, in the opinion of Mr. Tudor Evans, Cardiff, and men like him! And what intellectual giants they suggest (uncon- sciously) the priests of Welsh Dissent to be! During the general election of 1885 we had all the Nonconformist ministers in the Rhondda Divi- sion except one dead against "Mabon." Did they succeed ? No; and to-day they readily admit their error. In the County of Cardigan the majority of the voters at the last election acted in accordance with their own convictions, and not because they were guided by the preachers. Were not the preachers and the public personally indebted to Mr. David Davies, Llandinam ? What on earth, then, induced them to go against their benefactor ? It is all rubbish to say the electors of Cardigan thought of Home Rule for Wales. To allege such a thing is as monstrously untrue as to insinuate that the Welsh electors are such a lot of ignoramuses as to become the willing tools of their spiritual advisers. Writers who instil such falsehoods into the minds of tbe English insult the Welsh nation and deceive the English people. Say, if you like, that the Welsh, in their politics, are mistaken, but I, as a Welshman, protest as strongly as I am capable of doing against representing my fellow countrymen as ignorant tools in the hands of others. The intellectual and spiritual robust- ness of the Welsh nation has dotted the valleys and hill-sides of Wales with about 6,000 chapels, at a cost of scores of thousands of pounds. Some will say they are not all paid for. What of that ? Scores of thousands of pounds have been paid, and the debts remaining unpaid prove that their credit is excellent and that lenders are plentiful. This indicates a very healthy condition of things— eh? Take into consideration, also, the vast annual sums subscribed by the Welsh people to maintain Divine worship in all those chapels. In addition to paying for chapels and the cost connected with them, the inhabitants of poor little Wales sub- scribe towards the Home and Foreign Bible Society, and maintain missions in Brittany, India, and other parts of the globe. In reply to your Newcastle Emlyn correspon- dent, Bargoedian," I beg to say I did not state that the" chapels and preachers were with Mr. David Davies. What I meant to say was that, with every inducement to be on his side as far as he, personally, was concerned, when they found that he would not represent in the House of Commons their views on the question of Home Rule for Ireland they evinced their self-abnega- tion by voting against him. Even Mr. Gibson, of Abervstwith, who had sat at the feet of the "Croesus of Cardigan," and had basked under his golden smiles, went against him. Mr. D. Tudor Evans is evidently not a descendant of the Ancient Britons, otherwise he would not so dislike their history. I will not say Mr. Evans is neither fish, fowl, nor a good red herring, but, in common with many others, I should like to know what he really is. What, in effect, I did say in my last was, that the Welsh people entertain a perfect horror of turncoats. I appeal to all whether it is not notorious that those who give up Dissent for the Church are in Wales looked upon as traitors. I am not justifying this sad state of things, but I simply record a well-known fact, which is perfectly known to Mr. Evans himself.
DEATH OF SIR JOHN ANDERSON. Sir John Anderson, formerly in the service of the War Department at Woolwich, died on Wednesday morning at St. Leonard's-on-the-Sea, at the age of 72 years. He was prominently concerned in the manufacture of ordnance, and was an inventor of several improvements in weapons of war,
THE HEALTH OF MR. RUSKIN. Mr. Ruskin obtained more sleep on Tuesday night, and a slight improvement in his condition was reported on Wednesday afternoon. His friends are still extremely anxious, but his case is not con- sidered hopeless.
SUDDEN DEATH OF A GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL. Major-General Reilly, C.B., Inspector-General of Artillery, died suddenly on Wednesday morning while engaged in the inspection of ordnance in the Channel Islands. The sad event occurred on board the steamer Mistletoe which, by order of the Governor of Guernsey, immediately left for Ports- mouth with the body of the deceased general. Previous to the occurrence he had been apparently in good health.
WOUNDING CASE AT SWANSEA. At Swansea Police-court on Monday (before Messrs. Fowler, Buse, and T. Hall) Joseph Silvey, 43 years of age, a rigger, was charged with unlaw- fully wounding Charles Evans on the 24th inst.— It appeared from the evidence of prosecutor that he lived with prisoner, who was his step-father, in Jockey-street. On Saturday night about eleven o'clock, as he was going to bed. prisoner called him a number ot bad names, and threatened to knock his brains out. He then picked up a fender which was lying near him and struck complainant on the head with it till he became insensible.—Prisoner alleged that the prosecutor had struck his mother, and had also robbed her, which prosecutor denied. —Dr. Nelson Jones, who examined prosecutor at the hospital, said be had a scalp wound which cut through the bone. Witness was apprehensive as to what might be the result.—The Bench com- mitted prisoner for trial at the assizes, bail being accepted—two sureties in JE15, and prisoner in £30.
The Liberals of Cheshire have resolved to raise a I testimonial to Mrs. Tomkinson, the wife of Mr. James Tomkinson, of Willington Hall, for her oratorical exertions on behalf of her husband in his candidature for the Eddisbury Division against Mr. Tollemache, M.P. Every week-day for a month Mrs. Tomkinson addressed one, and fre- quently two, political gatherings, arousing great enthusiasm. PAltRY AND ROCXE'S Welsh Knitted Stockings art 4/ 1J,t laoX,
MR. LLEWELYN'S SEAT AT PENLLERGARE. Mr A. Pettigrew, of Cardiff, contributes the fol-1 lowing very interesting particulars of Mr. J, T. p. Llewelyn's residence at Penllergare to the current number of the Journal of Horticulture:— The residence of Mr. J. T. D. Llewelyn stands on one of the finest sites for natural beauty that could be found in the county of Glamorgan. The elevation is some 300 feet above the level of the sea.. The house, a commodious building of two stories, commands extensive views from all sides, embracing rock, wood, water, hill and dale, and rich pasture land. The principal entrance to the demesne is a mile and a half from the Cockett demesne is a mile and a half from the Cockett Station on the Great Western Railway, and about four miles from the town of Swansea. The private approach is a mile and a half in length. It is conducted through the park and along the breast of a wooded hill, and cut out ot the solid rock in many places. As it ascends the hill the scenery increases in grandeur till the house is reached. On the left the ground rises to a considerable height above the drive, and on the right it descends far down to the valley, where flows the River Llan, a rapid trout stream, which passes through two lakes at different levels as it winds its way through the picturesque grounds of Penllergare on its course to the sea. The banks on both sides of the valley are covered with heavy timber, principally oaks, in the best of health, while here and there large trees of hemlock spruce Abics canadensis), taxodium sempervirens, Welliugtonia gigantea, and cryptomeria japonica stand out in bold relief, lit up in many places by a glorious undergrowth of the best species and varieties of rhododendrons and hardy azaleas, some of which are of large dimensions and in the most luxuriant health, the soil and situation being favourable to their growth. As the house is neared the scenery becomes still grander. The valley narrows and deepens, and the drive for some dis- tance runs close to the edge of a precipice, with only a frail rustic wooden rail between the road and it for protection or, what is more reasonable, to mark the edge of the cliff, which descends per- pendicularly 100 feet or more below the road. The view from this point, looking to the right over the tops of the trees and down to the bottom of the glen, is charming. The ground from the foot of the precipice sweeps boldly down to the river, and then rises rapidly to a great height on the opposite side, completely shutting in the view. The view from the left side of the road is hemmed in by the rock out of which it is cut and the rising ground above it. Advantage has been taken of the narrow- ness of the valley here to make a lake by throwing a bank across it and damming the stream. The lake is beautifully s ituated, and its surface along the margin is covered with different kinds of water lilies, while the steep banks on all sides are wooded down to the water's edge. In the middle of the bank, at the lower end of the lake, there is a strong bulwark, composed of large blocks of stone, which forms the resisting power to the heavy weight of water at a point where the lake forms a cascade, which leaps boldly over a fall of eighteen feet, and then the river assumes its natural course down the valley till it is again interrupted, where it forms another lake of greater dimensions. Both lakes are well stocked with trout, which afford good sport to Mr. Llewelyn and his friends from boats during the fishing season. From this point the drive continues to rise gradually till it emerges in front of the mansion on a small open plateau, which is neatly laid out in shrubberies, flower beds, and plots of well-kept short grass. Here the ground immediately to the right descends to the lake, aud for some distance past the east side of the house. Shady, winding walks lead from the mansion down to the lake, and along its side nearest the house, past the cascade, and down the right side of the stream for a great distance till it is crossed by a bridge, where the walks diverge into the woods and ascend the opposite bank. Osmunda regalis and other British ferns in great variety grow luxuriantly in every available spot, and fringe the banks and sides of the stream abundantly. The immense quantities of rhododendrons, species and hybrids, that are grown here form one of the principal features of the place. Rhododen- drons are grown everywhere about the grounds— in shrubberies, woods, and in clumps on the open lawn, with a luxuriance to be met with only in a few places favoured by soil and climate. Mr. Llewelyn and his father before him have taken great interest in the cultivation and introduction of new species and varieties of rhododendrons that will stand the climate of Penllergare, and their efforts in this, as evidenced by the fine col- lections, have been crowned with no small degree of success. Thousands of seedlings from the best species and varieties are raised annually in boxes and planted out in nursery lines in succession, where they remain until they are large enough to be planted permanently in favourable situations in the woods or elsewhere. The seeds are sown early in spring and the boxes placed in a vinery for the seeds to germinate, which they do freely to judge from the boxes I saw covered with young plants as thickly as if it had been mustard and cress. The varieties con- sisted of the choicest kinds in cultivation, amongst which I observed the following:—R. Viviani, R, eximium, R. Hodgsoni, R. barbatum, R. fulgens, R. cinnabarinum, R. ciliatum, R. Fortunei, R. Thompsoni, R. arboreum, R. calophyllum, and many others. In passing, I may say the rhodo- dendrons at the time of my visit were in full flower. I am sorry, however, that time did not permit of my noting the names and giving the dimensions of some of the adult plants which are growing here so plentifully. The forcing and plant houses, with the excep- tion of the conservatory, which is attached to the west side of the mansion, and some small plant- houses to the right of it, are all in the kitchen garden, which lies on a higher level a little to the south of the residence, and is hidden from it and the finely-kept grounds around it by a plantation of large trees. The conservatory, a substantially-built half- span-roofed structure,is slightly curved inits length to suit the wing of the building to which it is attached. It is about 60ft. long, 20ft. high, and broad in proportion, with a fountain and beds in the centre, and a narrow stage at the side of the path round the back wall. The wall is covered with camellias and orange trees, and the bed in the centre of the house is planted with large camellias, tree ferns, and other greenhouse plants. Fuchsias and various climbers cover the rafters in front and hang down in graceful festoons. The house contained a general collection of greenhouse plants, which were ciean and healthy, and everything looked neat and orderly. Besides the plants in the conservatory the entrance-hall of the mansion was neatly furnished with a miscellaneous collection of flowering plants, amongst which were a batch of well-grown plants of an extra fine strain of calceolaria. Mr. Llewelyn devotes a great deal of time to the pursuit of natural history. He is a good ento- mologist, a keen florist, liybridiser, and arboricul- turist, and it is but right to say he is ably assisted in horticulture and arboriculture by his genial and intelligent gardener, Mr. Warmington. The observatory garden, which is entirely devoted to the culture of the rarest and choicest florist flowers, is laid out in small oblong beds for minutely observing the plants and flowers at all stages of their growth. Besides these and rockeries, it contains a great many pits and frames for growing rare and tender varieties. The large collections of auricula, carnation, primula, pansy, and other florist flowers grown here can scarcely be surpassed, if, indeed, equalled, in nny private place in the kingdom. What is called the new garden adjoins this, and is partly enclosed by large shrubberies. It is a delightful piece of undulating pleasure ground. tastefully laid out and planted with the choicest kinds of trees and shrubs. Amongst coniferous trees were good specimens of cryptomeria japonica, thuiopsis borealis, cupressus Lawsoniana,Welling- tonia gigantea, araucaria impricata, hemlock spruce, and many others, ranging in height from 30ft. to 60ft., and furnished to the ground with the most luxuriant growth. The banks of rhododendrons and azaleas were magnificent, and arranged in colour so as to produce the best effect while in flower. The broad gravel walks which wind through it are bordered by rich shrubberies, rare flowering plants, and well-kept short grass. The garden contains a good lawn tennis ground for recreation, and a cosy summer-house to rest in and shun the heat, or to shelter from pelting showers. In an adjacent shady pine plantation Mr. Llewelyn showed us a collection of some of the new and more tender kinds of rhododendrons that he is trying to inure to the climate of Penllergare. The plants were making strong, healthy growths, and Mr. Llewelyn is sanguine that many of them will prove hardy when planted in sheltered situations in the woods. The kitchen garden, which lies high and ex- posed to the north-east, contains five acres, the forcing and plant houses, melon ground, gar- dener's house, and bothy. The inner portion of the garden is enclosed by walls, and the outer portion by tall hedges and shrubberies for shelter. The ground is laid out in convenient quarters for crop- ping, which are divided by gravel walks. The borders on either side of the principal walks are planted with espalier and pyramidal fruit trees at suitable distances from the walk. The trees, how- ever, do not grow freely nor bear fruit satisfactorily, on account of the exposed situation of the garden. Itis different with the trees on the walls, which grow vigorously and mature heavy crops of fruit in good seasons. There is a good peach wall here with a projecting framework of glass under the coping, which affords protection to a line lot of trees in the best of health, and at the time of my visit were ladened with fruit the size of pigeons' eggs; The varieties consisted of Lord Palmerston, one of the best of the large late varieties, which ripen in the end of September; Prince of Wales, another excellent late variety, fruit tender, melting, and juicy; Barrington, an old standard variety that should be grown in every collection; early Alfred, which ripens in the beginning of August; Dr. Hogg, an excellent variety ripening in August; and Hardwick Nectarine, which is one of the hardiest and most prolific in cultivation. The different quarters in the kitchen garden were cropped systematically, each being filled with vegetables of one kind, the dwarfer and choicer sorts by themselves, and the coarser and stronger-growing kinds were treated in like manner, a quarter being devoted to rhubarb, artichokes* asparagus, peas, &c. The smaller fruits—gooseberries, currants, raspberries, and strawberries—were grown on the same prin- ciple. The melon ground is one of the best I have seen for some time. It is convenient to the forcing and plant houses, and is completely shut in and sheltered by high hedges. It contains a good many pits and frames for bedding and other plants, and plenty of open space for growing and plunging plants during the summer, and for storing hardy plants in winter. It is here that the seedling rhododendrons, azaleas, and coniferous plants are grown in boxes until they are sufficiently large to be bedded out in nursery lines. Mr. War- mington had growing here an excellent assortment of liliums in 11-inch pots, amongst which were L. Fortunei, L. speciosum, L. longiflorum bicolor, L. marmoratum, L. sanguineum, and others. They were growing in a compost of equal parts of peat and loam, which seemed to suit them admirably. After leaving the melon ground with its many objects of interest, I was shown through the forcing and plant houses. The first of these, a lean-to greenhouse, was furnished with a good selection of tuberous begonias, vallotas, pelar- goniums, and a choice collection of cool orchids. The roof was partly covered by a large plant of lapageria alba, which grows vigorously and flowers freely, the flowers lasting for a long time in per- fection before fading. Next to this is an orchid house, which contains a rich collection of well- grown plants, clean and healthy. Mr. Llewellyn is a good orchidist, and perhaps it would not be too much to say that he inherits bis love for them from his late father, who was so deeply interested in their introduction and cultivation that he and another gentleman employed a collector of orchids between them long before orchidese became so common in this country. The following are a few of the varieties that were in flower or throw- ing up spikes at the time of my visit:—Cypri- pedium barbatum, C. Lowi, C. niveum, C. canda- tum, C. Pearcei, C. superbiens, C. Lawrencianum, C. Parishi, C. con color, C, hirsutissimum, C. venus- tum, C. purpuratum, and C. Stonei. In close proximity to the latter was a large plant of Peristeria elata throwing up five spikes of great strength, and five large clumps of Dendrobium nobile in 14in. pots, each pot having a little forflSt of pseudo-bulbs. Besides these, there were fine pieces of D. Dalhousianum, D. Wardianum, D. macrophyllum, D. pulchellum, and others, growing in boxes 2ft. square. There were also good pieces of Aerides odoratum, A. crispum, and a large plant of A. odoratum purpurascens with 70 spikes, Phalsenopsis grandiflora, Vanda Cathcarti, Phaius maculatus, DendrochiJum filiforme, Onci- dium ampliatum, with strong spikes 2ft. long. Besides these there were large batches of calanthes and other winter flowering varieties, some large plants of eucharis, strong and healthy, and a few specimen pitcher plants. The next range consists of three lean-to vineries, each about fifty feet in length. The first of these was filled with a black Hamburg vine some eighty years old. It is planted in an inside border, and produces heavy crops of medium-sized bunches yearly. The second division is planted with Lady Downe's seedling and black Hamburg, which were carrying heavy crops of large bunches. The third division is planted with late varieties, which prolong the supply of grapes to the end of March. The vines in all the divisions were clean and healthy, and showed signs of good culture throughout. In conclusion, I have to thank Mr. Llewelyn and his courteous gardener for my enjoyable visit to Penllergare.
THE CAMBRIAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION. The local committee are doing their utmost to make the visit of the Cambrian Archaeological Association to Swansea this year a brilliant suc- cess. On Monday they had a full meeting at the Royal Institution, with Mr. T. P. Martin in the chair, when it was re- solved, among other things, to appoint the mayor the local president, and Mr. Robert Capper, harbour master, vice-president of the gatherings. These will extend from August 23 to August 27 inclusive.—After considerable discussion, a pro- gramme was agreed to, of which the main features are as follow:—August X3 An evening meeting at the theatre of the Royal Institution and a public reception of the president (Mr. J. T. D. Llewelyn), officers, and members of the association by the mayor (Mr. W. J. Rees). The president will deliver an opening address, and the annual report of the association will be read and discussed. Arrangements have been made for the attendance on the occasion of Hulley's Band. On the follow- ing day members and visitors will leave the Royal Institution at 9.30 a.m. for Margam Abbey, in the ruined Chapter House of which a paper will be read by Mr. S. C. Gamwell on the history of the ancient Cistercian foundation. A visit will also be paid to the orangery, some of the trees in which are reputed to be 400 years old. An opportunity will be afforded for an inspection of the splendid modern mansion occupied by the father of the House of Commons, Mr. W. Llewellyn, Court Colman, acting as guide. Leaving here the archaeologists will proceed to Neath Abbey, where a paper will also be read on the history of the abbey. The reader has not yet been definitely fixed upon, but it is believed ho will be Mr. David Lewis, of the South Wales Circuit. The party will lunch at the Walnut Tree Hotel at Aberavon, and return to Swansea in time for the evening meeting. On Wednesday, August 25, North Gower will be visited; the objects of interest en route including the tumulus at Penygrick. near Kilbion, Llanrhidian Church, an old stone coffin, a thirteenth century grave-stone in a garden near the church, the old stone pillar opposite the church gate, and Weobley Castle, where a paper will be read by the Rev. J. D. Davies, rector of Llanmadock. The visitors will also be taken to see the maenhir called Samson's Jack," at Manselfold Farm, the Rev. J. D. Davies acting as guide, and the day's proceedings winding up with an evening meeting as before. On Thursday the first place of visit will be Swansea Castle, Mr. Charles Bath being cicerone, and Mr Capper the reader of an historical paper on the old fortress. Thence a move will be made to the Hospital of the Blessed David in St. Mary-street, where Mr. J. Buckley Wilson will read a paper. With reference to the Parish Church, the committee were in some difficulty, but eventually, on the suggestion of Mr. J. Harris (Cardiff), who remarked that Mr. Gamwell had, doubtless, the material for a brief paper here at his fingers' ends, it was unanimously resolved that the gentleman named be asked to do the requisite service here also. The party will leave in the afternoon for Penllergare, returning in time for an evening meeting. On Friday the scene of operations will be South Gower, vid Park- le-Breos (where a paper on the chamber tumulus will be read by Sir Hussey Vivian); afterwards Pennard Castle and Church, the Bone Caves, Bacon Hole, Minchin Hole, Bishopstone Church and Valley, the famous subterranean stream, and (by way of Merton) to Oystermouth Castle, where a paper will be read by Mr. T. P. Martin. Mr. Arthur Lewis, C.E., who has been the admirable and inde- fatigable secretary of the committee, reported the addition of several influential names to the lists of vice-presidents and committee, and stated that Professor Rhys had promised, if his health allowed him, to attend one of the evening meetings to discourse on tbe inscribed stones of the district.— This and some minor business brought a successful gathering to a close.
SOUTH WALES CHORAL UNION, On Monday next, Bank Holiday, the above re- nowned musical association will give a grand performance of Mendelssohn's immortal oratorio of St. Paul" within the ruins of the ancient Caerphilly Castle, kindly lent for the occasion— through Sir William Thomas Lewis—by the Most Noble the Marquess of Bute, for which kindness the society,with all its omcials.areindeed truly grateful. The various railway companies have signified every willingness to meet the requirements by running convenient and cheap trains throughout the circuit extending from Abergavenny to Maesteg, Cardiff, and Merthyr, embrac- ing all the places within that circle. Caradog" will be the director-in-chief. The band and chorus will number about 500 per- forirers, and, judging from the excellent progress made, it would not be wrong in stating that the choral movements will be executed within the ruins of old Caerphilly in a style equal to any performance given of the work since its first rendering at the musical festival of the Lower Rhine atDusseldorf on the 22nd of May, 1836, fully 50 years ago. Madame Williams Penn will be prima donna, and the whole of the other soli parts will be executed in a manner worthy of the South Wales Choral Union.
RENT REDUCTION IN WALES. Lord Aveland has intimated his intention of allowing a reduction of 20 per cent, for three years on all his farm rents in North Wales, and that any cases were exceptional losses have been incurred through the severity of the winter will be separately considered. In one instance losses sustained by one farmer were so severe that his lordship has granted remission of the full year's rent. Sir Richard Bulkeley has granted 15 per cent. reduction to the tenantry on his Anglesea Estate, and Mr. David Pugh, M.P., has made an abatement of 25 per cent. to his Carmarthenshire tenants.
I BANGOR ORDINATIONS. The Lord Bishop of Bangor on Sunday held an ordination at Christ Church, Carnarvon, when the following were admitted to the priesthood• William Morgan, B.A., Trinity COlleJtØ. Dublin; Vice- Principal of the Training College. Carnarvon, Maurice Jones, B.A., Jesus College, Oxford; curate of Carnarvon. Owen Francis Williams, IJurham University curate of Llanbedrog, South Carnaivonshlre. Robert Williams, B.A.. Keble College, Oxford curate of Llandudno. The candidates were presented by the Rev. Canon Price, M.A., rectof of Trefdrseth, Anglesea, and examining chaolain to the bishoD.
NEW PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH AT CARDIFF. LAYING MEMORIAL STONES. The ceremony of laying the memorial stonesof a new building in connection with the English Cal- vinistic denomination, to be erected on the Plas- newydd Estate, between Castle-road and Albany- road, took place on Wednesday, and, as the weather was remarkably fine, a large number of persons assembled to witness it. The new building will be of a Gothic character, but at present it is only proposed to erect the mission-hall or schoolroom, which will afford accommodation to about 400 persons. A large plot of ground adjoining the hall has been retained, and on this, at a future time, it is proposed to erect the chapel, which will seat 800 persons. The contract for the hall, kc" has been taken by Mr. David Thomas, 108, Richmond- road, and the work will be carried out from designs and under the superintendence of Mr. J. H. Phillips, architect, Tynte Chambers, Cardiff. The cost of the hall, &c., which will be used as a schoolroom, as well as the place in which religious services will be held for a time, will be about £1,000. A covered platform had been constructed, at the back of which the memorial stones were laid, and on this were the Revs. John Pugh, minister of St. David's Chapel, Pontypridd W. Francis Jones, J. H. Parry, Aberdare; D. W. Davies, Newport; J. P. Jones, Mountain Ash S. Lewis, Pentyrch; E. Rees, Cardiff; and J. William- son, Charles-street Congregational Church, Cardiff; Mr. Alfred Thomas, M.P., Mr. and Mrs. Morgan, The Parade, Cardiff; Councillor Andrew Fulton, ex-mayor; Mr. H. J. Lewis, &.c. The arrange- ments were left in the hands of the Rev. John Pugh, and the ceremony commenced by singing a hymn, followed by prayer, &c., in which several of the ministers present took part. The Rev. John Pugh then read a letter from the Rev. Cynddylan Jones expressing his regret at being unable to attend, and also expressing a hope that the services would be a. success. The rev. gentleman also hoped on a future occasion to be able to spend a Sunday with them. Letters were read also from other ministers who were unable to attend. The rev. gentleman then referred to the great pleasure it gave him to see so many friends from all denominations gathered together on that occa- sion. The denomination to which they belonged had a strong element of Congregationalism, they had much of the Episcopalian Church in them, and they might be said, and it had been said, that they had the best part of Presby- terianism, the best part of Congregationalism, and the best part of tbe Episcopalian Church. In Wales they had taken a forward place in the educational, the moral, and the religious trainmg of the people, but, while holding their own distinctive views, they wished God speed to all denominations of Christians, not forgetting that they were all regiments in one great army. He then referred to the district in which the chapel was being erected as one in which the houses were springing up with great rapidity, and the chapel was erected there to meet the wants of a large and still increasing population. It was also intended to meet the wants of the children of even Welsh parents, who daily conversed in the English language, and it might also be said that the building would meet the requirements of the ] rising generation, and of some out of the many thousands for whom no religious accommodation had been provided in Cardiff. It had been arranged that three memorial stones, each of which contained an inscription cut on the principal face, should be place in position, one by Mr. Andrew Fulton, one by Mrs. Morgan Parade, and one by Mr. Alfred Thomas, M.P., and the Rev. Mr. Pugh presented to each a handsome silver trowel. The first stone was laid by Mr. A. Fulton, who expressed a hope that the building would be one that would prove a blessing to many of those residing in the neighbourhood, and that in its erection nothing would occur to cause injury to those engaged on the work. The situation of the building was a good one, and it could not fail to be the means of carrying on a good work in that part of Cardiff. He thanked them for the honour done him by selecting him to lay one of the memorial stones, and the trowel which had been presented to him be should treasure up as a memento of the part he bad taken in that day's proceedings. The next stone was laid by Mrs. Morgan, of the Parade, of whom Mr. Pugh spoke in the highest terms. She was, he said, the daughter of one of their ministers and the wife of an excellent lay- man connected with them. Mr. Morgan had sent them a handsome donation towards the cost of the building, and that was only one of the acts for which they were indebted to the family of which Mrs. Morgan was a member. This stone was also laid by Mrs. Morgan in a very workmanlike" manner, Mrs. Morgan, through the Rev. Mr. Pugh, expressing a hope that all would go on well, and that the Church which would be formed there would be a blessing to many. The Rev. Mr. PUGH then said that the next stone would be laid by Mr. Alfred Thomas, the member for East Glamorgan, and it was somewhat gratify- ing to those who lived in that locality to find that they at Cardiff could not carry out even the placing of memorial stones to a chapel without asking East Glamorgan to assist them; or, at any rate, asking the assistance of their excellent and popular member of Parliament, whose heart was always with them, and in pro- moting every good cause, and his pocket was always open to assist in the work. He could only tell them that they were proud of him in East Glamorgan. The people of Cardiff had reared him for them, and they were thankful to the Cardiff people for it. This stone having been duly laid. Mr. THOMAS proceeded to address the meeting. He referred to the great changes that had recently taken place in the district in which they were assembled. He rejoiced to see the rapid development of the town, but considered that they would not be a Christian people if they did not, when material prosperity dawned upon them, seek to provide the necessary accommodation for religious worship among the people who occupied the houses that were being built. It was no great credit to them to see a large number of houses built and no places provided for the people for the worship of God. He was glad to see the Calvinistic body assisting in the movement in providing places for religious worship, and was also glad to find that many other religious denominations were moving forward in the same direction. Cardiff was a very different place to many others, where three or four chapels were erected where one would be suf- ficient,and where they performed a kind of religious cannibahsm, eating each other up. At Cardiff the population had got the start, and do what they would for many years they could hardly provide the necessary religious accommodation for the rapid increase in the population. It had been said that Nonconformity had got out of its danger, but he felt that Nonconformity was never in greater danger than it was at the present moment. There was a time when Nonconformity was prosecuted and persecuted, and at that time the very spirit of aggression against them kept alive the spirit of resistance and determination to go on, but now the danger was from lethargy and the want of incentive to go on. He was very pleased to see, under such circumstances, any religious body pressing forward to supply the want, which, do what they could, they could not fill for some time. He wished success and every blessing on the work they had undertaken. The company then adjourned to a large marquee, where tea was provided, the tea tables being pre- sided over by Mrs. Reese, Mrs. Thomas, Mrs. Mor- gan, Mrs. Lewis, Miss Miles, Miss Matthew, Mrs. Bock, Mrs. Josiah Thomas, Miss Davies, Mrs. Glover, Miss Gregory, Miss Moggridge, Miss Thomas, &c. In the evening a public meeting was held in the same place, when addresses were delivered by a number of local Nonconformist ministers and others. ======
WINDING ACCIDENT AT FERNDALE. A winding accident, which might have ended I fatally, but which was. fortunately, confined to injuries, occurred on Tuesday night at a new shaft which is being sunk in connection with the Ferndale Collieries. The rope by some means broke off the drum and fell into the pit when there were eight men in the bottom. Several of the men were injured, two of them sustaining more severe blows from the falling rope than the others. One had his leg and the other his arm broken. The others, though bruised, were able to walk home.
"MABO^'S" ELECTION EXPENSES. On Wednesday Mr. W. Abraham, M.P. for the Rhondda Division of Glamorganshire, made the usual declaration as to his election expenses. Thev amounted to the unprecedentedly small sum of JE7, the fee.
PENARTH BOAT CLUB REGATTA. The weather on Wednesday afternoon being all that could possibly be desired, residents and excursionists attended in exceedingly large num- bers to witness the various events of the Penarth Boat Club Regatta. The esplanade was literally crowded with spectators, and many hundreds strolled and sat about on the beach. The new seats just placed on the esplanade by the Local Board, through the kindness of Lord Windsor, were fully patronised and appreciated. The sight from the promenade was an excredingly pretty one. Every boat that could be hired was secured, and the licensed boatmen appeared perfectly satis- fied with the takings of the day. The screw steamer Nelson was placed at the disposal of the committee by Mr. Hancock, and was reserved for the use of the starter, umpire, and various members of the com- mittee. The result of each event was signalled from the committee boat to the shore by some of the Sub-marine Mining Engineer Volunteers, under the direction of Capt, Thomley. The Hungarian Band was in attendance and, during the afternoon, plaved a choice and varied selection of music. The entries for the various events were not large, and, even when they were open, the only competi- tors besides the members of the Penarth Club were those connected with the Taff Row- ing Club. The officials were as fnll ow:- Ju-de, Mr. J. B. Roskell; umpire. Major Ingram starter, Captain E. C. Fry assistant starter, Mr. G. Thomas regatta committee, Messrs. F. P. Adey, S. Brain, W. J. Brodie, A. Ll. Batchelor, E. Batchelor, C. E. Bennett, S. C. Corrv. W. Denton, C. E. Evans, E. C. Fry, C. A. Heywood. C. W. Ingram, F. Matthews, W. R. Parker, H. J. Parsons, J. B. Roskell. A. Slieppard, J. Y. Strawson, W. Simkin, G. Thomas, A. Thornley, and H. J. Vella- cott; hon. treasurer, Mr. W. J. Brodie; hon. I secretaries, Messrs. E. Batchelor and C. E. Bennett. The results of the events were as follow I FOFR OARED OUT-KIGGED RACE. Penarth Boat Club only. Distance, one mile. Course from Seven Sisters to Club Stage. Prize value £ A 5s. t No. 2.-Bow, J. Jekin No. 2, M. IngTai-, Ko. 3, G. Jessen strokp, H. E. Radford. 1 No. I.-Bow. K. Batchelor No. 2, J. Lear No. 3, A. Thornley stroke, J. Getliiii 2 Won by a length. FOUR OARED OCT-RTGGKD RACE. Open to Members of recognised Amateur Boat Clubs. Distance, one mile. Course, from Seven Sisters to Club Stage. Prize, value LiO 10s. Taff Rowing Club-Bow. F. Lovering: No. 2, J. Lovering; No. 3, A. Rmith: stroke. J. Smith 1 Penarth Boat Club-Bow. S. C. Crone; No. 2, F. Fisher; No. 3, R. Arthur stroke, A. Ll. Batchelor. 2 CANOE RACE (HANDICAP). Open to amateurs. Distance, half-mile. Course from Stage, round buoy, and back. First prize, value £ 2 2s second prize, value £ 1 Is. R. Batchelor, Penarth Boat Club (SO sees.) 1 The other starters were A. Ll. Bn.ix-heior (scratch), R. Arthur (3Dsecs), and F. Fisher (<5sec»). The winner obtained 60secs. start, and won easily. SroLLIXG RACE. Open to members of recognised Amateur Boat Clubs. Distance. half-mile. Course from a buoy, between Seven Sisters and Boat Club Stage to Stajje, Prize, ,-alue £3 3s. J. Lovering, Taff Rcwinc: Club 1 The other starters were A. Ll. Batchelor, J. Gethin, and J. B. Roskell. This was a very close and exciting race between Love- ring and Gethin. the former put on a spurt just within a few strokes of the race being completed, and narrowly won. PAM-OAlirl) RACE, Open to members of recognised amateur Boat Clnbs, To he rowed in Penarth Boat Club boats only, with coxswains. Distance. liree-quarters of a Irlile, Cn-Lirse from Cefn-y-Wrnch Buoy to Cmb Stage. First prize, value £4 4s second prize, value £2 2s. Taff Rowing Club—Bow, F. Lovering stroke,-J. Lovering 1 Penarth Boat Club-Bow, J. Gethin stroke. R. Arthur 2 8WIMMING RACK. Open to members of recognised amateur Boat Clnbs. Distance, 350 vards. Course, from Ferry Stage to Boat Club Stage. Prize, value £ 2 2s. G. G. Spray, Cardiff Rowir,g Club 1 L. Walker, Penvtrth Boat Club 2 This was a capital race and produced a close finish. The duck hunt prize was won by Mr. M. H. Ingram, and in the water tournament Messrs. H. M, Ingram and Thornley were successful. A Neapolitan pole dance created roars of laughter. There were about a score of competitors, and the prize was ultimately won bv a Mr. Gray. At the close of the regatta the prizes were presented to the successful competitors in the Club-house by Mrs. Ingram. —
THE LLANDAFF CLERGY CHARITY. At the Town-hall, Cardiff, on Monday afternoon a general meeting was held of the Clergy Charity for the Diocese of Llandaff. The Bishop of the Diocese occupied the chair, supported by Canon Hawkins, the Revs. C. R. Knight, T. Jenkins, S. R. Jones, W. David, J. P. Hughes, E. Allen, and R. Jones, Messrs. R. Griffith and J. C. Nictioll, hon. sec.—From the treasurer's statement of the accounts it would appear that the funds are in a flourishing condition. A number of applications for assistance were considered, and the present list of recipients revised.—The customary votes of thanks brought the meeting to a close.
A ROYAL SUPPER PARTY ON THE STAGE. The London correspondent of the Manchester Courier writes:—The Prince and Princess of Wales supped on the Lyceum stage with Mr. Irving and Miss Terry on Saturday night. The royal party attended the special performance given at Mr. Irving's house in aid of the Actors' Benevolent Fund, and at the conclusion they went behind the scenes to supper. Four friends joined them, the party numbering eight in all. A tent was erected on the stage, and by the time that Miss Terry and Mr. Irving had put off their stage attire and dressed themselves in everyday garb supper was ready. The presence of the Princess was a very high compliment to the actor, the actress, and, indeed, to the theatre. The Prince has fre- quently taken supper at the Lyceum and the Hay- market, but the Princess was never before Satur- day the guest of any actor.
THE WELSH CONGREGATIONAL UNION AT ABERDARE. On Monday evening the meetings of "this body were resumed at Ebenezer Chapel, under the presidency of Mr. Thomas Williams, J.P. (Merthyr), when addresses on Temperance were delivered by the Rev. Owen Thomas, M.A., Holywell, and the Rev. T. Johns, Llanelly. The Rev. Josiah Jones, of Machynlleth, occupied the chair at the com- mittee meeting held in Silva Chapel, on Tuesday, for the purpose of making arrangements for the continuance of the meetings and approving of the various resolutions to be submitted thereat. There was a very large attendance of ministers and representative lay delegates, which included the Revs. Dr. Evans, London; D. Roberts, Wrex- ham; Owen Thomas, Brynmair; Owen Thomas, M.A., Holywell; D. R. Davies, Rhydceisiaid; William Thomas, Whitland; H. Jones, Birkenhead; J.Chartes, Oswestry; R. W. Griffiths, Carnarvon; Job Miles, Aberystwith; Jonah Morgan, Cwmbach R. Rowlands, Aberaman D. Silvan Evans, Aber- dare; and L. Jones, Tynycoed; Messrs. T. Williams, J.P., Merthyr; H. Matthews, Liverpool; Henry Thomas, Llanelly; Moses Jones, Aberdare; T. Thomas, Ton Ystrad; John Williams, Aberdare; T. Evans, Skewen; W. J. Williams, Carnarvon, and others. After the termination of the committee meeting the whole of the delegates, some 400 in number, were entertained to tea in the spacious vestry adjoining the chapel, and at night sermons were delivered by the Rev. E. Jones, Nefyn, and R. Morgan, St. Clear's. To-day (Wednesday) the proceedings will be continued at Siloa Chapel during the day, and at night a public meeting will be held in the Temperance-hall. The sittings of this body were resumed at Siloa Chapel on Wednesday morning, under the direc- tion of the Rev. E. Herber Evans, Carnarvon, the president for the year. The spacious chapel was thronged in every part, the congregation in- cluding representatives from tbe whole of the Principality. The principal business of the day was the presidential address, on The answer of Christ to the questions of the day, and the present dangers of Society." In a most able discourse, which was listened to throughout with rapt attention, the rev. gentleman dealt with the present danger of our country, our Churches, and our families. The Rev. W. ROBERTS (Liverpool) proposed, and Mr. W. J. WILLIAMS (Carnarvon) seconded, the following resolution, which was enthusiastically carried:— That we desire to express our unabated confidence in the Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, and our increas- ing admiration of bis character as a wise, courageous, and Christian statesman that we regret the inadequate support accorded to him at tbe late general election in his praiseworthy efforts to satisfy the lawful national aspirations of the Irish people without weakening the Imperial Union or endangering Imperial interests that we rejoice that Wales ín this emergency has proved itself to be the most enlightened and truly patriotic portion of Great Britain and that we earnestly desire that Mr. Gladstone, the successful leader of many a hard fought battle on behalf of justice and freedom, may still be spared to conduct the present struggle with his accustomed ability and fidelity until judgment shall be brought unto victory. Upon the proposition of the Rev. Dr. OWEN EVANS (London), seconded by the Rev. W. J. PARRY (Bethesda),the following resolution was also agreed to:— That we desire to express our sincere admiration of the unblemished character ar<d philanthropic spirit of Mr. Samuel Morley, to whom we, as Welsh Congregation- alists, are so deeply indebted for repeated acts of un- paralleled generosity; that we are sorely grieved on account of the severe illness under which be is now suffering, and earnestly pray for his speedy recovery, and that he may IOIlg be spared to adorn" the doctrine of God, our Saviour, in all things," as he has hitherto done. The Rev. J. B. JONES, B.A. (Brecon), proposed, and Mr. JOHN GRIFFITHS, Park Schools (Aberdare), seconded a proposition to the effect that it was desirable to support the efforts of the Society for Utilising the Welsh Language in Day Schools." Mr. D ISAAC DAVIES, her Majesty's Inspector of Schools, in explaining the purport of the resolu- tion, said that a tree was known by its fruit, and he would give one strong example of how a know- ledge of Welsh jvaa difficult of attainment by; children in the Principality. In Cardiff it was found that the Welsh-speaking parents spoke English to their children at home. They also learnt it at school, and were gene- rally surrounded by English influences, yet these children were taken on Sundays to Welsh places of worship, in which the singing, praying, and preaching were in the vernacular, so that they did not understand one tithe of what was taking place. Such a course was fraught with moral and religious danger. (Hear, hear.) A union had been formed of the thirteen Welsh Sunday Schools in Cardiff, with a view of inducing parents either to attend English services with their children or to teach Welsh to them at home and in the Sunday Schools, and eventually in the Day Schools generally. This Cardiff move- ment was a direct result of the general desire to utilise the Welsh language. (Hear, hear.) It was not the fault of the Government that Welsh was not taught in schools in Wales. Schools were generally open for five hours daily, but the Government required only four hours of secular instruction. The other hour was in the discretion of the managers, and the Government did not pay for such instruction. There was nothing in the code to prevent Welsh managers from giving that hour to the teaching of Welsh, but they would not pay for teaching the language at that time in the same manner as they now declined to pay for religious in- struction. Still, Welsh was paid for as a specific sub- ject, but there were only a few classes at the top of the schools, such as the fifth, sixth, and seventh standards, able to earn this special grant. An effort was, however, being made to induce the Government to modify the English class subjects already paid for, so as to make it suitable for Welsh-speaking districts. If successful, it would not be compulsory, but every school would settle for itself the question of adopting either an English subject or one suitable for the propagation of the Welsh language. (Cheers.) The resolution was unanimously agreed to. Mr. Alfred Thomas, M.P., and the Rev. B. Evans, Gadlys, attended as a deputation from the Baptist Union, whose meetings are shortly to be held at Aberdare, for the purpose of cordially welcoming the Congregational Union. In a pithy Welsh speech, the hon. member congratulated the meeting upon the able address by their president, and said that if all preachers were equally as powerful as the Rev. Herber Evans Wales would have no need to be ashamed of her ministers. (Cheers.) A very pertinent address was also delivered by the Rev. B. Evans. It was resolved that the next meeting of the union should be held at Dolgelly, and resolutions of sympathy with the families of departed ministers—notably the Revs. B. Williams (Canaan) and W. Nicholson (Liverpool)—were also passed. A petition from the union in conference assembled was ordered to be forwarded for pre- sentation to the House of Commons, gratefully acknowledging the benefits experienced by the passing of the Welsh Sunday Closing Act, and praying that a Bill might be passed stopping the sale of intoxicating liquors throughout England during the whole of Sunday. At night a crowded meeting was held in the Temperance-hall, when addresses were delivered by a number of the most prominent members of the Union. Mr. D. Isaac Davies (Cardiff) officiated as chairman.
ALARMING FIRE AT LLANGOLLEN. An alarming fire broke out shortly after two a.m. on Wednesday at Wenffrwd. an old country residence near Llangollen. North Wales, occupied by Mr. Benjamin Cooper, a Manchester merchant, who, with his wife, left on Tuesday morning. The fire was first seen in the best bedroom, which was occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Cooper the previous night. The housekeeper, nurse, and five young children were asleep, and were almost stifled with the smoke. When they discovered the building was on fire the nurse-girl, Caroline Robinson, and one of the children jumped from the bedroom window, twelve feet above the lawn, and though injured by the fall the nurse raised an alarm, and numerous willing hands were soon upon the scene and rescued the housekeeper and children. The greater portion of the building was saved, but the drawing-room, bedroom, bath-room, and two ad- joining rooms were destroyed, together with a quantity of furniture, clothing, and jewellery.
TERRIBLE FATALITY AT A THEATRE. A dispatch from Madras states:—A Hindoo theatre at Tinnevelly has been burned down. Over 100 natives were killed. Many were also injured.
TRESPASSING ON THE GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY AT CARDIFF. At Cardiff Police-court on Wednesday (before the deputy-stipendiary, Mr. Valpy) four lads, named William Crockford, Edward Crockford, Frederick Evans, and Charles Wilson, were charged with trespassing on the Great Western Railway on the lith of July. The first three lads were also charged with throwing stones at a break van, and with interfering with the signal wires.—Mr. Ensor appeared for the prosecution.— William Stone, a signalman in the employ of the Great Western Railway Company, stated that at three o'clock in the afternoon of the day in question be was on duty in plain clothes between the Splot Bridge and the Long Dyke signal-box. He saw the brothers Crockford and Evans get upon some trucks and attempt to break the connections. Afterwards they commenced throwing stones at the signal. Witness subsequently caught Evans and William Crockford, and his brother was cap- tured bv another servant of the company named Stevens.—Wm. Stevens corroborated the evidence given by the last witness, and further stated that he saw Charles Wilson trespassing on the line shortly after the three other boys had been cap- tured. Wilson had done no more than trespass on the permanent way.—Robert Seaborne, police inspector in the employ of the company, stated that a notice board, cautioning persons not to trespass, was fixed at the various crossings along the line. The boys in that neighbourhaod were a source of great annoyance to the company, as numbers of them were continually trespassing on the rails.— The Deputy Stipendiary, addressing the defen- dants Frederick Evans, Edward Crockford, and William Crockford. said, had any injury been done to the signals, he should have dealt very severelv with them. William Crockford would be fined JS1, or, in default, fourteen days' imprisonment; and Edward Crockford and F. Evans 10s. each, or seven days' imprisonment. With regard to Wilson, there being nothing against him other than that of trespass, he would be fined 5s., or, in default, five days' impnsonment.
THE ALLEGED OUTRAGE ON A LITTLE GIRL AT NEWPORT, At-Newport Police-court on Wednesday James Daley, aged eighteen, was brought up on remand and charged with criminally assaulting Catherine Sullivan, thirteen years of age. Mr. Fred. Davies, who appeared to defend the prisoner, applied for a further adjournment, which was granted.
THE VOLUNTEER CAPITATION GRANT. A circular just issued by the Secretary of War directs that 5s. a day shall be granted for each officer, non-commissioned officer, and eapper of submarine mining companies of engineer volun- teers for the actual days of continuous attendance at camps of instruction in submarine mining, inclusive of the days of forming and breaking up the camp, provided that drills are actually per- formed on such days. Another circular sanctions an annual allowance of £5 for every member who has become an efficient according to the scheme prescribed.
THE STRANDING OF A TUG AT ABERTHAW. The tugboat Noord, of Exeter, which went ashore at Aberthaw on Tuesday, has been got off the beach, and is now in Aberthaw Harbour, very little damaged.
THE MANCHESTER SHIP CANAL. At the half-yearly meeting of the Manchester, Lincolnshire, and Sheffield Railway, on Wednesday. the chairman (Sir Edward Watkin, said the Man- chester Ship Canal had beeu a great delusion. It was about the worse piece of engineering that he remembered to have come across in forry years' experience, and the way that the public had been I deceived in money matters deserved very severe reprobation. The ship canal, as at present pro- jected, was a gigantic mistake. l The directors of the Manchester Ship Canal Company met on Tuesday at Manchester to consider the situation. As it was reported that many inquiries had been made at the offices as to the future of the scheme, a statement was issued in reply to the effect that there was no intention of allowing the enterprise to lapse. It was resolved to continue the efforts to secure the capital required, and authority was given for the steps necessary to that end to be taken, and the directors expressed confidence that the full amount of capital would be raised.
A serious fire occurred on Wednesday morning in a tenement house at Grey Horse-quay, Bullring, North Shields. It originated in the Bullring, and spread rapidly, and a woman named Agnes Allen, who lived in the attic of one of the houses, was burnt to death. Two others of the inmates had narrow escapes.
WEDDING FESTIVITIES AT GLAN-YR- ELWY, LLANTRISANT. [BY MORIEN.] Generally the above place iff mistakenly-ren- dered Lanelav," a senseless way of spelling the pretty Welsh name. I have just witnessed there such interesting events that I cannot jot down the name in the usual corrupt form. The events were connected with the celebration of the wedding of Dr. A. Rees, Cardiff, and Miss Margaret Thomas, the second daughter of Mr. Edmund Thomas, J.P., and Mrs. Thomas, late of Maindy Hall, Ystrady- fodwg, but now of Glan-yr-Elwy. The marriage ceremony was performed at Llanharan Church by the Rector of Llanilid and Llanharan and the Vicar of Ystradyfodwg. The morning was delightfully fine in the green glades and under the great green branches of the gigantic oaks of the park. The wedding party left for the church in four or five carriages, drawn by beauti- ful pairs of horses, whose proud and gay stoppings along the highway seemed almost to convey to the mind the impression that they were conscious as to the purport of the visit to the distant village church of St. Aaron. In the carriages were the bride and bridegroom, Mr. Edmund Thomas, J.P., and Mrs. Thomas (father and mother of the bride), Mr. and Mrs. Rees, Maesteg (father and mother of ) the bridegroom); Dr. Howell Rees, Brynaman. Caer- marthen (best man); Mrs. Edward Thomas, Miss Thomas, Miss Gwen Thomas, Miss Bessie Thomas (sisters of the bride); Mrs. Daniel Thomas, Pentre t Mrs. James Thomas; Mrs. Lewis, Vicarage, Ystrady- fodwg; Mrs. Morgan, Llanilid Misses Rees. Maesteg ) (sisters of the bridegroom); Miss Williams, Vicarage, Peterstone-super-Ely; Mr. Daniel Thomas, Mr. James Thomas, Mr. Fred. Thomas, Mr. Robert Thomas, and Mr. John Thomas (buothers of the bride); Dr. John Rees, Mr. Tom Rees, and Mr. D. Rees (brothers of the bridegroom). The arrival of the large wedding party at the village excited a lively interest among the villagers. The happy pair were accompanied to the alLar by the father of the bride and by.Dr. H. Rees, as best man. The bride was attired in travelling costume. On the completion of the sacred ceremony the newly- j wedded and several relatives retired to the vestrv, i where the parish register was signed. On emerging again into the church they received the hearty con- gratulations of their kindred and other friends. On leaving the sacred precincts they were well peppered with rice. and even the carriages and the harness of the horses bore abundant traces of the Egyptian seed which had fallen so plenteously. I must not forget that at the gates of the church the ancient Welsh custom of chaining "—viz., obstructing the path of the newly-wedded until they had fee'dthe villagers—took place. It is need- less to state that the fee was quickly forthcoming, for the old custom is so identified with marriage rites in Wales that no one likes to aee it neglected. The chain" across the path having been removed, merrily the carriages were re-entered and the return journey commenced. It appears that chaining is a relic of old days, when it was a recognised custom in the Principality to literally gallop away with one's fair lady from the borne of her parents. In those days, when pursuers might be coming post-haste to recover the damsel before the nuptial knot had been tied, a chain across the road was a serious matter. On the way back to the home of the parents of the bride a group of villagers stood on the road opposite Pistill Arian, and near the old kennels of the late Squire Jenkins. Here a shower of silver flew among them from the hands of the father of the bride. On the highway opposite Glan-yr-Elwy the men servants stopped the carriages with another "chain." These, again, were made happy and the high stepping ones, with the gay company in the carriages, swept along the finely-kept winding drive to the front of the mansion: The wedding breakfast was of the richest description. This having been done ample justice to, the toast of The Bride and Bridegroom was proposed in an excellent speech by Dr. Howell Rees. This was drunk most enthusiastically by the company, and the bridegroom suitably acknowledged. Other toasts followed. Dr. Rees and Mrs. Rees left the Llantrisant Station for Tenby en route for Ireland by the train leaving at noon. Their departure for the honeymoon was a most touching affair: rice, old shoes, and tears—tears of joy mingled with regret at the departure of a dutiful daughter and kind sister prevailed. After this the rest of the company drove to Llantwit Major, where the seashore was visited. The old site of the once great University of South Wales was inspected, and the grand, venerable church of St. Ultyd was explored with very great interest. But I will have something to say about this on another occasion. The party then returned to Glan yr Elwy to dine.
ELECTION OF PROCTORS FOR THE DIOCESE OF LLANDAFF. A meeting of clergy of the Diocese of Llandaff was held on Wednesday afternoon at Llandaff to elect two proctors to represent them in the ensuing Convocation. The Bishop presided, and there was a large number of clergy present. The meeting was adjourned from the Consistorial Court held on Saturday so that an election, if required, could be held. It was understood that this course would be taken, but only two candidates for the office were propesed on Wednesday, it being explained that Canon Evans. who was supposed to have been one of the candidates, had been elected by the dean and chapter to represent them, an announce- ment which elicited loud applause. The Rev. Mr. WOOD, of Penmark, proposed the election of the Rev. Charles Rumsey Knight, vicar of Merthyr Mawr, which wan seconded by the Rev. F. W. EDMONDES, vicar of Coity. The Rev. E. G. DAVIS proposed the election of the Rev. J. Taylor Harding, vicar of Rockfield, Monmouth which was seconded by the Rev, WENT- WORTH WATSON. The latter gentleman,in seconding, stated that a letter of his had been inserted in the Western Mail in which he had urged everyone to be present that day, as from the notice that he had received it was intended to propose candidates in opposition to the present ones. In the letter he had in the most innocent way mentioned a" section of the clergy," a phrase which had given some offence. He explained that he had used it in no sectarian sense, and what he meant was, that it was not universally done by the clergy. Referring to the candidature of Mr. Harding, he felt sure that in that gentleman they had got a representative who possessed quali- fications which would make any diocese proud to have him. (Applause.) No other candidates being proposed, the BISHOP declared the two proposed candidates elected. He expressed his pleasure at the result, and said that he was glad that they had had the wisdom to bring matters to such a satisfactory conclusion. He then called upon the two newly-elected proctors to address the meeting. The Rev. CHARLES RUMSEY KNIGHT, in returning thanks for the honour done him, said that it was the fifth or sixth time he had been elected proctor to represent them in Convocation. The present occasion had been marked by a most agreeable circumstance, which was the election of an eminently good and excellent man to represent the chapter—Canon Evans. (Applause.) There was no man more deserving of respect. (Applause.) Referring to himself, he did not conceal for one moment that his sympathies were with a certain section of the Church, but his endeavour had been on all questions in Convocation to bring his faculties of judgment to bear and deal with them in a purely impartial manner. (Applause.) They all knew that the Church had been lately passing through two most important crises. He himself did not take a desponding view of the state of affairs. They had gone through far greater crises. In his opinion, the raising of the questions of disestablishment and the dismemberment of the Empire had made people look into the true position of the history and constitution of the Church, and also the rela- tions of this country to the other portions of the Empire. The result had been that the two great questions had been settled in a way that they could not have been unless they had been dis- turbed. Right had prevailed, and the Church and nation were both in a more satisfactory position in all respects than they wero twelve months ago. (Loud applause.) The rev. gentleman, in con- clusion, again thanked those present for his elec- tion. The Rev. JOHS TATLER HARDING then addressed the assemblage, and also thanked those present for electing him for the second time. He had been given to understand that something he had said on the last occasion had been mis-interpreted. Ho was told that he had said something which seemed to cast some kind of a slur upon some of his brother clergy in the diocese. Such a thing, he said, would be the last thing which he would possibly have done. (Applause.) What he had endeavoured to express was that he did not consider it essential for the interest of the diocese, or any part of the diocese, that a man of any par- ticular nationality should be sent to Convocation simply on that account. He desired to speak apologetically for himself. He did not think that it was essential, in the interest of the diocese, that nationality should take the first place, or even a prominent place. During their last session the principal matter which occupied them in the Lower House was the question of Church Reform. That question, he thought, was interesting to the Church in Wales, and an opinion might have been expressed with regard to the principle on which Church Reform I should proceed. Nothing of the sort was done. There were sitting in Convocation a great number of excellent Welshmen, but during the I whole of the debates upon Church Reform they did not hear anything put forward by any Welsh- man present concerning the interest of the Church in Wales therefore, he thought he was justified in saying that an Englishman was capable of repre- senting the diocese, provided, of course, he bad other qualifications besides that of mere nationality. The rev. gentleman concluded by thanking the bishop for presiding, a sentiment which the Rev. Mr. Knight begged to endorse. The BISHOP briefly replied, and, having pro- nounced the blessing, the proceedings terminated.
ALLEGED FRAUDS ON THE POST- OFFICE. A CLUMSEY DODGE. At the Thames Police-court on Wednesday John Simmons,33, bookbinder, of Clerkenwell, London, was committed for trial charged with attempting to obtain money by false pretences from some post-office clerks. Evidence was given as to several cases in which the prisoner had purchased money orders for small amounts, tendering half-a- sovereign, and on receiving his change had de- manded another half sovereign, stating that he had given the clerk a sovereign.
NEWPORT TOWN COUNCIL. APPOINTMENT OF NEW MAGISTRATES. A special meeting of the Newport Town Council was held at the Town-hall, Newport, on Wednes- day. The Mayor (Mr. E. J. Grice) occupied the chair, and there were also present Alderman H. J. Davis, T. Bevnon. J. Moses, and J. R. Jacob, Coun- cillors J. W. Jones, F. Phillips, H. Faulkner, M. Mordey, A. C. Jones, W. Evans, T. Goldsworthy, Dr. Marsh, T. J. Beynon, T. Jones, H. J. Parnall. D. A. Vaughan, O. Goss, H. A. Huzzey, C. D. Phillips, Dr. G. A. Davies, and T. Pugsley. WATCH COMMITTEE. The Watch Committee reported that the subject of the complaint made at the last meeting of the Town Council by Alderman Davis that no suffi- cient police protection had been afforded to his field and hayricks had been inquired into, and, having heard the statement of the superintendent of police on the matter, the com- mittee in the result were satisfied that there had been no neglect of duty on the part of the nsad- constable or the police force in connection with the complaint. The committee passed the accounts, amounting to £ 42 7s. 3d., the total of the expense of additional constables brought to the town during the recent election, and recommended that this amount be paid, together withanextra day's pay to each of the borough officers. This was agreed to. PROPOSED SWIMMING PONDS. I Mr. T. JONES said, in company with other mem- bers of the Sanitary Committee, he visited on the previous day the brick-ponds at the bottom of Pill. The sanitary aspect of the matter would be brought forward at the next meeting, but it struck him that if the corporation did a little work at these ponds something might be done which would be a public convenience to the town, and which would also tend to remove a great public danger. At present they were much used for the purpose of bathing, and, as was well known, deaths by drowning were by no means infrequent. In the upper pond the water was sufficiently pure and good to be of use for that purpose, and it struck him if the Tredegar Wharf Company would be prepared to give to the town one of tbe ponds, which were now of no use to them, it would be worth while for the corporation to spend a small amount of money to adapt it for bathing pur- poses. Bathing could then take place there decently and without danger. On the motion of Mr. T. JONES, seconded by Mr. D. A. VAUGHAN, it was agreed to refer tbb matter to the Public Works Committee. NEW MAGISTRATES. The TOWN-CLERK read a letter, dated July 24, from the secretary to the Lord Chancellor, stating that the names of Mr. Theo. J. Beynon, Mr. H. A. Huzzey, Mr. Oliver Goss, Mr. William Graham, and Mr. H. J. Parnall had been mentioned to him with a view of their being placed on the commis- sion of the peace for the borough, and his lordship would be willing to consider any observations which the Town Council desired to make upon the appointment of the gentlemen named to the office. The Town-Clerk said, on receipt of the letter in question, he called the attention of the Lord Chancellor to the fact that the Town Council had on a former occasion asked for the appointment of three of the five gentlemen named, and some others beside. Mr. J. W. JONES said he thought there was only one feeling amongst the members of the council, and that was that the gentlemen named com- manded the respect of the corporation. He was sure that no one could say a word against the gentlemen named. But he very much regretted that the name of one gentleman who bad passed the civic chair had been overlooked. He referred to Mr. George Fothergill, and be really thought it was a slur upon that gentleman's character that his name was not included in the list which bad been sub- mitted. If it required a resolution he should be prepared to move that the Lord Chancellor be asked to add Mr. Fotbergill's name to the commis- sion of the peace as well as those of the other gentlemen who had been named. Mr. D. A. VAUGHAN seconded the motion. They knew, he said, that these appointments were made for political services rendered, and he wished to see the services which Mr. George Fothergill had rendered to the Liberal party recognised. Mr. J. C. SANDERS supported the resolution. Mr. D. A. VAUGHAN asked if any member could inform him the source from which the names had been submitted. The MAYOR: I should think there is no gentle- man who knows better than Mr. Vaughan. (Laughter.) The resolution was then unanimously passed. THE SCHOOL BOARD PRECEPT. The TOWN-CLERK said he had received a letter from the clerk to the School Board making a formal demand for the payment of a sum of SI,438, the amount for which the last precept was issued, but he had sent no reply to tbe communication, He had written to the Local Government Board asking that they would hold an inquiry into the deficiency of funds by the School Board, but had merely received an acknowledgment of the letter and an intimation that it would receive the atten- tion of the board. He observed, however, by the newspaper reports of the School Board meeting that a similar application, made by the School Board, had been refused by the Local Government Board so far as the accounts prior to the 29th of September last were concerned, but the auditor was directed to make an audit of the accounts I' subsequent to that period on August 3 next. The MAYOR suggested that the town-clerk should attend the proceedings and watch the progress of the matter on behalf of the Town Council. This was agreed to, and the consideration of the payment of the precept was deferred till after the audit.
FATAL ACCIDENT AT THE RHYMNEY WORKS. A large quantity of st-eel sleepers fell upon a. man nRmed Ebenezer Lewis at the Rhymney Works on Wednesday morning, from the effects of which he died a short time afterwards. An inquest will be hold.
DR. MILLER COMMITTED TO PRISON. Dr. Miller, formerly a candidate for Sheffield, was on Wednesday committed to prison for 40 days on a judgment summons for refusing to pay the costs in an action in which he was non-suited. II Tbe warrant was suspended for a week.
A supplementary return was issued on Wednes- day, showing that up to the time of the dissolution of the late Parliament 1.532 petitions, with 449.217 signatures, had been received against the Government of Ii land Bill, and 46 petitions, with XJL15 signatures, in jt. f»-~—
SHOCKING TRAGEDY AT) PENZANCE. FOUR PERSONS KILLED. About hah-past one on Wednesday afternww.. shocking crime was enacted at Penzance by a man named James Hawke, who shot his sister, bel husband, and the wife of a neighbour, and, t4 complete the tragedy, shot himself. The" Pres8 Association Penzance correspondent supplies the following details :—The murderer was the son of at shoemaker, and was 52 years of age. He h" passed many years in Australia, where he attained some success in the wool trade, and returned to this country about the end cf last year. He had latterly visited Bi-isto!, and came back to Penzance some six weeks ago. He wis of quiet and sociable disposition. His sister was many years his junior, and her husband, Charles Wren, a shoe" maker, was the son of Mr. John Wren, printer. They all lived together in Marine-plaee, The other victim, Mrs. Gerald, was the wife of a watch* maker in the town. Hawke had been in conver- sation with several young men at the bottom of Queen-street; and, on going to his house, one j of the young men who had occasion to gC to the same court followed him. Hawke went in C few moments afterwards and shot his sister, and then the husband. Coming out to the door, be followed and shot Mrs. Gerald in the side. Ali three expired almost immediately. The young man previously referred to spoke to him, when he put up his hand, and said, Stand back." Placing the muzzle of the revolver under his ear, ht fired, and fell dead in the doorwar. The house is situated in a tolerably-spaciotl- courtyard behind the Queen's Hotel. The stone steps inside the little iron gardec gate were stained with blood, and inside thr house the kitchen floor was also similarly marked and the entrance into the small back-yard was also stained with gore. The murderer and his victims were discovered stretched out on the floor, side by side, in a large pool of blood. Wren was shot ir the right breast. The murderer lay next to him— a short, thick-set man, dressed entirely in blue serge. The faces of all wore a peaceful expression; Mrs. Wren had evidently been shot near the mouthy a portion of the nose having been blown away, as also the right, upper portion of the mouth. Mrs. Gerald's body lay to the right of the othera. She had been struck in the back as she attempted to escape, and had evidently died at once. Super- intendent Nicholas, with a sergeant and two con- stables were soon on the spot, and Drs. Grenfell. Hooking, and others were promptly in attendance., but no signs of life were visible in either of the victims. The murderer had been going about during the morning conversing with friends, and nothing unusual was noticeable in his manner oc appearance. There is no motive known which ca explain the frightful tragedy. Mr. and Mrs.Wreo leave seven and Mrs. Gerald leaves six children.
THE EARTHQUAKES IN NEW ZEALAND. SCENES OF TERRIBLE GRANDEUR. Further details of the earthquakes and volcanic! eruptions in New Zealand were received on Tuesday. It appears that the most violent disturbances werel felt in the neighbourhood of Rotona. The severity of the shock led many of the people to believe that the island would sink into the sea. The sensatiort experienced is said to have been fearful beyond description. Immediately after the first shock the inhabitants rushed frantically in all directions. When the second shock came the entire country for miles around was lit up by the glare trom a; volcano which bad suddenly burst into activity. The scene was as grand as it was awful. Huge volumes of smoke, illuminated with flames, simul- taneously burst forth from a range of mountains over sixty miles in length, and above the smoke could be seen huge masses of lire, resembling. meteors, rushing through the sky. The natives who had escaped death gathered in groups and: held religious services, but when another shock caused the earth to tremble they fell with their faces to the ground. As soon as the news was received at Auckland a Government agent made immediate preparations to go to the relief of the sufferers. Wagons were chartered and filled with provisions and clothes. Mr. Johnson, the Grovern-i ment agent, on his arrival at Rotona, sent back the following account:—"The scene among the moun-' tains, as viewed from the Wairoa-road, is terribly grand. Flashes of lightning, peals of thunder, and shocks of earthquake are incessant, while dust is falling in heavy showers. In addition. to these inconveniences, the roads throughout the entire country are covered. with several feet of blue clay mud, ejected from the vclcanoes. All vegetation is destroyed, and the aspect of the country is entirely changed. Blue Lake and Lake liotakakahi have been transformed into mud baths. The outlet of the latter lake 14 blocked up; and the bridges which cross the lower end are covered with mud. Nearly all the buildings that were noticed were crushed in by falling mud. At this place, Snow's Temperanct Hall and the two principal hotels, as are nearly all the other buildings in the town, are eompletelj wrecked. The house occupied by Mrs. Hazard an< her family was borne down by the weight of tlit debris. Mrs Hazard was dug out alive, but four of he, children were found dead. Mr. Hazard is missing Detailed reports of the foreign residents at othat points who were killed have not yet been received.* The captain of the steamship Soutnern Cross, which arrived at Auckland on June 18, reports having felt at sea the effects of the disturbances. On the morning of June 10, the day following the earth- quakes, he experienced a downfall of dust. From live to ten a.m. there was complete darkness, and balls of fire were continually playing around the mastheads. A terrible gale suddenly sprang up- and carried all his canvas away before it could be taken in. The men were urnble to stand the blinding showers of dust, and the vessel was put about and stood away to the north, but it was not until eleven o'clock of the day following that the dust was left behind. The reports show that earthquake? generally prevail at all points in New Zealand during the same period.
THE DISTRESS IN NEWFOUNDLAND FIFTEEN THOUSAND LIVES IN DANGER. INDIANS EATING THEIR DEAD COMPANIONS. Intelligence from Labrador states that snow- storms have cemented the ice and closed all the trails. Fifteen thousand persons are thus cut off, and it is feared cannot escape death. Polar bears, driven south by starvation. are devastating the country. Indians are eating their dead com- panions. Winter sets in in two months, and it is thought impossible for ice to disappear in that time. The Hudson Bay Strait is either frozen or choked with floating ice, forming a solid barrier The intense cold only prevails for a distance of 200 miles from the coast.
AGRARIAN MURDER IN IRELAND A Kilkenny correspondent telegraphs that a man named Whelan was found dead on Tuesday night at Calian, in that county, under circumstances which point to his having been murdered. A hatchet was found with which it is believed the crime was committed. The murder is stated tc have been due to agrarian causes. A persot named Tobin has been arrested in connection witt the affair, and further inquiries are being made concerning it.
ALLEGED OUTRAGE UPON CHILDREN. At Oldbury Police-court on Tuesday William Bodman, 50, labourer, was charged with indecentl assaulting three little girls. It was alleged that plllÏsoner met the girls, who were selling matches and fish in the Stores, Birmingham-street, and, after conversing with the children, he enticed t.hem into an outhouse in the yard, where it was alleged the offence was committed. Prisoner war committed to the sessions for trial.
LORD WINDSOR'S ESTATE. GENEROUS REMISSION OF RENTS. At the rent audits held at Merthyr and CftPP" philly on Monday and Tuesday Mr. R. Forrest returned the farm tenants 10 per cent. on the last year's rent as a mark of sympathy by Lord Windsor in these times of agricultural depression. We understand the same reduction will be made1 to the St. Fagan's tenantry. Considering tha farms on the Windsor Estate huve always been held at the old low rentals, Lord Windsor's generosity in the present case is much appreciated.
PONTYPRIDD BOARD OF GUARDIANS. At the fortnightly meeting of this board on Wed- nesday, the Rev. D. W. Vt illiams in the chair, the Rev. W. Morris said that, in order to dispel a false impression which had been created by some remarks made at a public meeting in Cardiff a few days ago, he wished to ask whether it was true that all the religious services conducted at this Workhouse were in English, and whether any minister had been prohibited from con- ducting Welsh services.—The Chairman asked the master of the workhouse to reply. —„ Mr. Thomas, workhouse master, stilted that the services were conducted in Welsh and English, that of last Sunday being all Welsh. He knew of no one having been prohibited. (Hear, hear.)—The Rev. W. Morris huped the reply would be reported in the newspapers, as the allegation suggested in hie question had been made as a charge against this board.
THE VACANCY IN THE CARDIFF, TOWN COUNCIL. An influential mrcting of thp supporters of Mr Richard Price, the Conservative candidate tc till the vacancy in the representation o* the West Ward in the Cardiff Towt Council occasioned by the. elevation of Mr. T. W, Jacobs to the aldermanic oetieh, was held at the Committee rooms, Penarth-road, on Tuesday evening. Most encouraging reports were received from the gentlemen who have undertaken to canvass the wurd in the interest of Mr. Price, and various details connected with his candidature were gone through. A rumour was current in the town last night that Mr. Lodwick Price had resigned, to make way for a stronger candidate in the Liberal interest, and that the wire-pullers of the party had already sounded several well-known members of it, including Mr. Raper, of the Tempe- rance Hotel, Wood-street, and Mr. Henry Jones, marine store merchant, but up to a late hour last evening nothing definite had been decided.