wmtmm■■■mhmvoA■mmmmmMka CAMBRIAN RAILWAYS ANNOUNCEMENTS FOOTBALL AND HOCKEY PARTIES. I Special Fxcursion Facilities are offered to the above parties (minimum 10 Passengers), and the Secretaries are invited to com municate with the Traffic Manager for full particulars. EVERY MONDAY AND WEDNESDAY From NOVEMBER, 1910, to APRIL, 1911, INCLUSIVE, CHEAP EXCURSION TICKETS Available for ONE or TWO DAYS will be issued to Rhyl, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno, and the North Wales Coast, VIA AFON WEN, From ABERYSTWYTH BY 8-0 a.m: TRAITs Eisteddfod at Barmouth, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 14th. 1910. On the above date, EXCURSION TICKETS WILL BE ISSUED TO BARMOUTH. From all Cambrian Coast Statious CHRISTMAS and NEW YEAR HOLIDAYS, 1910-1911, In connection with the above, EXCURSION TICKETS will be issued from most Cambrian Stations, as under: To DATE PERIOD SOUTH WALES DEC. 24th, For 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, or 8 days SCOTLAND DEC. 23rd & 30th, For 4, 5, or 17 days LANCASHIRE I DEC 23rdj Week-End YORKSHIRE V DEC. 24th, For 3, 4, 5, 8, or 15 daysj „TnT «,nn 0 I DEC-30th & 31st, Week-End MIDLANDS, &c i DFC. 24th, For 3, 4, 5, or 8 days LONDON t DEC. 26th^ For 2, 3, or 6 days J DEC. 31st/ For 3, 4, or 5 days Extension of Week-End Tickets. All Week End Tickets issued on Friday and Saturday, Dec' 23id and 24th, will be available for return the following Sunday (Train Service permitting), Monday, Tuesday, or WEDNESDAY. Saturday to Monday Tickets to London, issued on Dec. 24th, will be available for return on the following Sunday, Monday, or TUESDAY, Saturday to Monday Cheap Tickets EVERY SATURDAY, until further notice, Cheap Return Tickets at a Single Fare and a Quarter for the 0 double journey, will be issued to X^ONJDON From Aberystwyth and all Coast Stations Available by any Ordinary Train Outward on Saturdays. Return following Sunday or Monday Tourist Tickets Are Issued from the Principal Ceimbrian Stations to All Health Resorts On the Cambrian Railways, also to Watering-Places in England, North Wales, English Lake Distrieb, North East Coast, etc., etc., etc. WEEK END TICKETS ARE ISSUED FROM ABERYSTWYTH on FRIDAYS and SATURDAYS to Liverpool, Manchester, Birmingham, Wolverhampton, &c Also to EDINBURGH: and GLASGOW, Available to return on the following Sunday (where train service C3 permits), Monday or Tuesday. Week End Tickets are also issued to various Cambrian Inland Stations. Fail particulars of the above Exonrsions 04D be obtained at the gtatfnnp. CHAS. L. CONACHER, Oswestry, Dec., 1910. Traffic Manager CORRIS RAILWAY. FIWEST COACH TOUR Xmg WA.Z.BB Charming River, Lake and Mountain Scenery. Miniature Gauge from Machynlleth Station lor rorris, Cader Idris, Talyllyn Lake, the Cheap Through Day Return Tickets from Aberystwyth, Barmouth, ud other Cambrian Stations to Corris, Aberllefenni, and Talyllyn Lake. Viaitora.to Wales should not miss a trip to this lovely district. Machynlleth, N.W. 1910. J. J. O'SULLIVAN, General Manager. o982 THE BEST TEA j lIb. and jib Lead t I and 3/0 per nd V "—*|i t ¡ i ALADDIN'S MAGIC TCA P-ICH LUSCIOUS FLAVOUR Wholesale only of W. Wr.LIAMS AND CO Tea Merchants. Bnfcbon Street, Liverpoo' PURITY & QUALITY. Is all the food you eat pure ? No. Is your Bread pure 1 You don't know. To be certain use only "FOUR BELLS" atd ask for Bread baked from any of the BELLS brand. Hall-mark of Purity. A.I. QUALITY. DAt'IES'S COUGH MIXTURE RELIEF FROM I THE GREAT WELSH REMEDY. DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE COUGH DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE IN 5 MINUTES DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE (or Cooghs DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE for Colds DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE for Asthma DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE for BroncMtls DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE for Hoarseness DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE for Influenza DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE for Coughs DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE for Sore Throat DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE Most Soothing DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE Warms the Chust H DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE dissolves the Pbl^m g DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE for Singers R DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE for Public Speakers H DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE By Chemists everywhere DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE 134(1. & 2/9. Postage 3d. H DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE Proprietor— 9 DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE HUE-U DAVIES, I Spectacles, Eyeglasses, v., THE; EYESIGHT IS THE MOST VALU. ABLE OF THE SENSEsS. Yetjmust people go on from week to week without "ever thinking of the eyes until compelled If troubled with your eyes, why not consult a qualified Optician and have proper glasses fitted. W, MIALL JONES, Pharmaceutical Chemist and Optician Fellow of the Institute of Ophthalmic Optician Fellow of the Spectacle Makers' Company. 3, TERRACE ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH ALL VHHOITfiiH JLIFCJ I it is found to he neosssary by most me* and women to ttike me'siciny fr'm time to time. h Weare but human, the best and wisest of us, aod being 110, we are far from perfect in fa wisdom. We are 8uhject to frequenc lapses frnm the strictly correct laws of hygiene. S We are often neglectful of our health, for example, part»kiog of food that, is not suited to g jjj us, putting too severe a strain upon our mental and bodily organs, robbing ourselves of fi ffl f,ur proper amount of sleep. The reault is fcnat Nature rebels, and we gaffer from in- g ■ digestion, liverishness, headache, poor appetite, h«avy, tired fe*]iag, and other indications §1 9 of irregular action of the stomach and dig3stiva"or«aQ-i §1 BEECHAMS J PILLS 9 are the handy home remedy they afford immediate relief, and are a perfectly reliable 1 g medicine. They exerc a very necessary and tonic action on the entire system When- 8 ever the stomach, liver, and bweis are out of order B-eoham's PiiU will be found j§ 8 beyond compare the best means of restoring tnem to heikhy actiou. At all times wnt-n H 3 there is 9 sensation of lassitude and depression, or whea paia is experienced after food, I jjl they should at once be taken, for^they M I Will iurel^ Assist Woo* I ■ Sold Everywhere in Boife". price lIlt (56 Pills) and 2/9 (168 Pills). 1 1 fur -_ä. JAMES REES, DENTAL SURGERY, 30. ALEXANDRA ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH. (Same Street as Railway Station). TREGARON, the first and last Tuesdays in each month at Mrs Dewi Williams, Stanley House. LAMPETER, the 2nd and 4th Fridays in each month at Mrs R Evans, Milliner, Paris House, Harford-square. ABERAYRON, on the 1st and 3rd Wednea. days in each month at Miss Lampshire. 9, North-road. MACHYNLLETH, the 2nd and 4th Wednesdays in each month at Mrs Trevor Jones, Gruthyn Housel, Penrallt-street (close to the Hospital), Teath fillpd, Sets remodelled and repaired. Teeth Extracted by the Latest Proce" All Materials Guaranteed Moderate charges. MAE YN GYMBO.
Jtokei fleporis. LONDON DEAD MEAT, Monday.—Good supplies and trade slow, prices being difficult to maintain. English beef, 3s lOd to 4ii! 2d Scotch sides, 4s 6d to 4s 8d shorts, 4s lOd to 5s 2d Deptford and Liverpool killed, 3.3 8d to 4s 2d refrigerated hindquarters—best. 4s 2d to 4s 4d do seconds, 38 lOd to 4s; do fore- quarters, 2s 6d to 201 8d Argentine chilled- nindquarters, 2s IOd to 3s forequarters, Is 10,1 to 28. Mutton—Scotch wethers, 4s 4d to 4s lOd ditto tegs, 4s 6d to 5a ditto ewes, 3s to 3s 2d English wethers, 4s 2d to 4s 6d ewes, 3s to 3a 2d Dutch sheep, 301 8d to 4s 4d veal, 4-j Od to 5s 4d English pork, 4s 8d to 5s Od Dutch, 4 4d to 4s 8d per 8 lbs. LONDON PROVISIONS, Monday Messrs Samuel Page & Son report :-Butter quiet for fine sorts and dull for secondary and inferior kinds.—Dutch, 112s to 114s Siberian, 94s to 106s Danish, 116s to 118s French, 92s to 116* Australian, 90a to 112s Irish, 98s to 114s. Bacon weak—Irish, 6Ss to 75s Danish, 66s to 73s Canadian, 66s to 70. Hams- Irish unchanged, American long cut, 80s to 84s; short cut, 66s to 70s, light weights in good demand. Cheese firm and quiet-Canadian, 54s to 56s. Eggs firmer—values 6d and Is higher. OSWESTRY CORN MARKET, Wednes day.—White wheat, 4s 6d to 4s 8d per 75 lbs red, 4s 6d to 4s 81; oats, 10s 6d to lis per 200 lbs malting barley, 17s Od to 20s grinding barley, 13. 6d to 14s per 280 lbs. OSWEMTRY GENERAL MARKET, Wed pesday. Butter, Is 0.1 to Is 2d per lb eggs, 6 and 7 for Is potatoes, lOd per score rabbits, Is 8d to Is 10d per couple fowls, 4s to 5s per couple geese, 8d to 8d per lb du-ks, 5s to 6s per couple plums, 2d to 6d per lb damsons, 5d per quart; cucumbers 2d to 4d each onions, 2 bunches a Id carrots, Id per bunch watercress, Id per bunch tomatoes, 4d to 6d per lb apples,28 6d to 3s 6d per 100 pears, 2d to 4d a lb celery, 2d to 3d per stick; cauliflowers, 2d to 4d apiece Brussels sprouts, 2d to 3d per lb. CARMARTHEN PROVISIONS, Saturday. —The supply of butter has greatly fallen off.aod demand flattend, price being fr >m Is Oid to Is Id Welsh cheese, 28s to 30s per cwt. Eggs flrm at from 17s 6d to 20s. Fresh pound butter, Is Id to Is 2d. LLANDILO PROVISIONS, Saturday. — Butter in lbs, Is 2d butter in tubs, Is Id. Fowl, 10d per lb ducks, lid per Ib turkeys (alive), 15a to JE1 per pair geese, 14s dead and trussed lid per lb Welsh cheese, 4id to 5J per lb Caerphilly do, 7d per lb. Eggs, 6 and 7 for Is.
CAMBRIAN RAII.WAYS.—Approximate return of traffic receiptii for the week erding Dec, 4th, 1910. Miles open "280-PasB:lDgrs, parcels, horses, carriages, dogs, and mails. £1,955; Merchandise, minerals, and live stock, £2,480 total for the week, 94.435 aggregate from commencement of half-year, £ 164,905. Actual traffic receipts for thp corresponding week lastyear. Miles open .280!. -Passeogers, etc, 1:2,055 merchandise, etc., 92,610 total for the week, E4,665 aggregate from com- -nencement of half-year, £ 158,935. Decrease for the week Passengers, etc., EIOO Merchan- dise, etc., 1:130 total for the week, E230 Aggregate Increase—Passengers, etc.. 94,775 Merchandise, etc.. £ 1,195, Aggregate from commencement of half-year, £ 5,970. *Irouldes 231 miles of Light Railways worked by the Company. igtecK r?!N Simply turn the rim anc* any « y 4 WW candle. The « t f't il I grip holds the V candle firm and i am*'■ secure so that It I can be burned to V- the very last: A *J no candle ends, no men, no waste. J J.J. To get the candlestick: A* tvl »end four Archer designs \jf r cut from the new cartons UT of Arrow candles, extra j J y j i You can get Arrow candles at |y 4ti most grocers or stores. You fl can make sure of them too. f' i Arrow candles are packed in f l k sealed triangular cartons: f six candles in each carton, If each candle guaranteed. r jP A* An Arrow candle burns f* J k about 5 hours; it is Tf VV the longest burning tf jr V\ V domestic r <C \.T 1 il Four "Archer" deiigns bring you ESxvAkI mK the free candlestick. Ask for Arrow candles—the candle in the i sealed carton—to-day. y m 6 long-burning candles, 2d. f Jf JXCade by THOMAS, Bristol, 1/ 1 Camdlbuakbrs since 1745. v/
LLANILAR. Debating Societ,y.-Tho subject, "Is the world getting better or worse?" provided the members with an interesting debate last Friday evening. Mr. John Davies claimed that the world is getting better, while Mr James Evans, Tynant, in a humorous manner, tried to prove that it is getting worse. After the two papers were seconded by Messrs. John J. Jones, Tyncoed, and John Jones, Pentrellyn, the following members took part:—Messrs. Thomas James, Blaenwern: M. Edwards', William Evans, Cwmclyd and P.C Lewis. Those in favour of the view the world is getting better gave as their reasons that (1), The workman's lot is better, education is more advanced, means of communication have improved, the press is spreading knowledge, labour-saving machinery has been invented, and food is of better quality. Replying to these facts, the opponents said that the workmen are more dissatisfied now than ever, that education is the means of creating clever criminals. Railways and their concomitants caused the desecration of the Sabbath; the Yellow Press showed depreciation of taste working men were thrown out of work by labour-saving machinery and it would have been better for the nation if it had kept to the same kind of food as our fore- fathers eat. After the leaders had re- plied, and the Chairman (Mr. M. T. Jones summed up, a vote was taken, with the result that by a majority of fourteen it was decided that the world is improv- ing. This week's debate, Miss M. A. Davies will propse "That it is better to be the owner of a holding than "be a tenant under a great landlord," and will be opposed by Mr. T. M. Thomas, Rhos- goch. Petty Sessions.—On Friday, before Dr. Hughes, G. Fosse-tt Roberts, E. M. Leir, and R. E. Jones, Esqrs., Lewis Morgan, horse trainer, C'aenewydd, Bethel, was charged by Superintendent iR. Jones with having been drunk in charge of a horse on the highway at Figure Four.—P.C. Mathias said he saw defendant drunk in charge of a pony at six o'clock on Novem- ber iilst. Witness took charge of the pony and gave it to defendant's brother. in reply to the Bench, witness said defend- ant was riding. Defendant was fined 5s. and costs.—John J ames, choirmaster, Penparke, was summoned by John Hughes, gamekeeper, for having tres- passed in search of conies on land in the occupation of Lewis Lloyd, Graigwen.— The case had been adjourned to enable Mr Lloyd to be present.—Mr Lloyd said he was tenant of Graigwen and the paper (produced) giving James permission to kill rabbits was signed by him. The paper was given in July and was in force on the day of the alleged offence. At that time witness had not given' permission to anyone else. Asked by Major Hughes why he did not tell him he had given James written permission, witness replied it was for him to answer or not, as he thought proper. The case was dismissed. -E. Morgan, painter, Penparke, was also charged with having trespassed in search of conies on land in the occupation of Lewis Lloyd.—This case also stood adjourned.—John Hughes said that on October 6th he was on Graigwen Farm and saw Ellis Morgan in company with James and another man. James had a gun, and there was also a greyhound. Witness spoke to defendant who said thvy had gone to Graigwen together for rabbits. Morgan and the other man carried the rabbits.—Defendant had no questions to ask, and pleaded that he understood that the permission which James had author- ised him also to go—A fine of 10s and costs was imposed.
JUVIS is unequalled for Gravies, Hashes, Soups, Stews, or as an invigorating,nourishing bever- age. The choicest Beef is used in its production age. The choicest Beef is used in its production A Breakfast C- for a ld. Î,t'i't:,D,;y"1"I,>.I3I;\<r> t;>,>};s:
RA TING OF CHAPELS. IMPORTANT TEST CASE. Whether a chapel not used exclusive^ for religious worship is exeS I y street-makmg charges was a Sint de cIded by Judge Bradbury at. Oldh County (lvuxt. am The question arose out of an action brought by the Lees District Conned against the trustees nf +vn^ MpthnrKfd- ci,l T the Primitive Methodist Chapel, Lees, to recover £ 26 + apportioned amount of the cost of certam street works executed by he plaintiffs in Princess-street, Lees where the chapel is situated, and it was intimated that the Primitive Methiodist body regarded the action as a test case. that th^H0?1" faid tlie P&mt raised was that the defendants, being trustees of a chapel, were by law exempt from paying the rtot t workg foie builtyg £ which the defendants were the trustees was one of two storeys, and evidence had been given that the top storey was used excIusYely as a chapel for public religious worship while the lower storey wai used on Sundays as a Sunday school, and on week days for what might be called gen- E T ,^°n^regational_ purposes. It had been proved that on various dates during the twelve months proceed- ing tne claim, a tea party, a bazaar, a grand recital" (as it was described), a frUIt party, and other events were held in the lower room, charges being made for admission. One of the entertainments consisted mainly of the performance of a piece called "The Sky Pilot," while at an- other a song called "The Wiolf"—which was secular, not sacred—was given. Two questions arose on these faots, con- tinued his Honbur. The first was whether the premises were appropriated to public religious worship; the second—whether the defendants were by law exempt from the payment of poor rate. In reference to the first question, it had to be noted that the section required that the premises as a whole must be appropriated for public religious worship; it was not sufficient for a part only of the building to be so appro- priated. Sales of work, "grand recitals," and tea parties could not be said to be public religious worship. But beyond that it might be asked whether even what t<0ok place at Sunday School could be described as public religious worship. It had been argued that the "ingredients" were the same but the words of the Acts of Parliament had to be given their ordin- ary popular signification, and there was undoubtedly a distinction between a church or chapel and a Sunday school. They were not the same thing in popular un- derstanding. The Legislature had dis- tinctly recognised the marked difference between the two, and the Poor Law Exemption Act of 1833 was an illustration of this. The first section exempted from poor rates all buildings exclusively ap- propriated to public worship, and section two provided that their use as a Sunday school should not take away the exempt- ion. a If holding a Sunday school is public religious warship," commented his Honour, there would be nb need at all to insert that second section." It could not be said (continued his Honour) that these premises were appro- priated exclusively for public religious worship. Before the defendants could claim exemption, there was another point which it was necessary for the defendants to establish. They must not only show that the building was appropriated for public religious worship, but that they were by law exempt from the payment of poor'rates. It had been proved that in fact no poor rate was levied upon these premises, though the local authority might levy them if they chose. The Act of 1869, which exempted buildings from poor rates, empowered local authorities to exempt from poor rates any building used exclusively as a Sunday school. The premises of which the defendants were tlhe trustees were niot used exclusively as a Sunday school, and therefore he held that they were not exempt from the pay- ment of poor rates. The defence failed on all points, and he gave judgment for t!ne plaintiffs for the amount claimed, with costs. As the case is a test case, and as the Primitive Methodist body might wish tb take further action, he granted a stay of execution for twenty-oiv days.
CORWEN. Educational-Last Thursday, at the Technical School, Nantwieh, Mr J Meirion Owen was appointed head teacher of the Haslmgton Council School Crewe under the Cheshire Education Council' There was a great number of candidates dom Tf°St v.1"0? al! P?rts of th* King- daS' ischool, which is to accommo- date 250 children, will be the mnrUl practising school for the Cheshire County hand° AnaifVng ?°ilege Which is near at hand All the students of the college durfn^thi m ilS W6eks practicaI teaching v sion nfA-C°ege freer and supei- Mr n, i imPortant work will be in Mr. Owen's hands. In addition to the ordinary subjects, prominence will be given to rural work such as gardening, gbe £ keeping, woodwork, and fruit growing for aSco<>king and hou^ wifery for S Mr fh appointment gives pleasure to Mr. Owen s numerous friends in Cor- wen and neighbourhood. Mr. Owen in his youth was with Mr. Anwyl. He won a three years scvhoIarshiP to Bala Grammar School and became a pupil teacher at Glyndyfrdwy under Mr. W C Williim* but transferred to Oorwen School for The last two years of his apprenticeship. He passed all the government examinations at first sitting and entered Bangor Normal College in 1901. Leaving there in 1903 Im entered the service of the LoX i Council which body he served for two years. In 1905 he was appointed head master of the Cynval Council School, near Oorwen, where he had laboured for the SeJX JearS the greatest Possible
GOVERNMENT AND INSURANCE Ti, ™ SOCIFrflES. addressS^the ?rn°f 1 has follo""1g to a oor- The proposals which the Government has in view in counection with insurance against sickness and invalidity are not ">+e S<> as can Juclge at present, tfcv interfere m any way with the business new carried on by Industrial Life Assur- ance Companies or Societies. The pro p^sed benefits do' not include the provision of a funeral benefit or anv immediate money payment on the death of-a contri- butor or his .relatives; nor, of course, will tiiere be any endowment for children on: attaining a certain age. The whole of this field will still be left open on the ex- isting agencies. I see no reason what- ever ffcr apprehending that the operations of these agencies will be restricted in con- sequence of the scheme whicfii the Govern- ment have m view. I have given a pledge on behalf of the Government that no scheme dealing with sickness or invalidity "'1 l' will be submitted tIG the House of Com- mons until all the societies having any in- terest in the matter have been fully'con- sulted. To that pledge I adhere. The reason why the representatives of some of these societies have ntot yet been consulted is that the Government saw no prospect t'lis year of putting forward their plan. Every cnnsideration will be given to the views of every kind and class of society before the proposals take- their final shape. J
MACHYNLLETH. Urban Council.—A special meeting was held on Monday evening, there being present Councillors T. Parsons, chairman: Richard Gillart, Evan Morgan, John Evans, W. Sadleir, John Micah, D. Smith, John Pugh, J M Breese, Messrs Edmund Gillart, clerk; J. R. Leighton, assistant clerk; and D. Thomas, surveyor.A letter was read from Mr. W. J. Evans, Plas- dinam, saying he understood that the Council were in a position to pay the sum agreed to be advanced toward the rteon- struction of Mawddwy Railway. He would be glad if the money was paid over to the Nationaly Provincial Bank at Machyn- Heth. The Bank Manager was authorised to give a debenture certificate in ex- change.—It was explained that the money was in the Council's account at the bank, and no interest accrued.—It was agreed, on Mr. Pugh's proposition, seconded by Mr Breese ,to hand over the sum of P,300 in the Company's favour.-Replying to Mr. Pugh, the Clerk said the Council had no safe for the custody of the certificate and other documents.—The question of procuring a safe was deferred until the preparation of the next annual estimate.- It was agreed to grant permission for merry-go-rounds on part of the Common and charge C,5.-The Chairman and Mr. Evan Morgan reported on their inquiries respecting the haulage of timber over the Common and the condition of the road and, after discussion, during which the Clerk emphasised the complicated nature of the legal aspect of liability in respect of highways, it was agreect on Mr rugns proposition, seconded by Mr Gillart, that the Clerk, in con- junction with a committee, should con- sider the question of the liability to repair the road and report to the next meeting. -It was stated that the haulage had ceased and that Mr. Micah, the owner offered to haul more timber over a/other r?a(V~nT1^6 ^ueR^on, oT> t1ie tables in front of stalls m the Market Hall was discussed it length.—While the Chairman (Mr Par- s-ons) made a statement respecting the condition of a beam, Mr. Pugh was seized with a coughing fit, which was interrupted by the Chairman's remark that he was sorry for the bad cough. Mr. Push immediately asked what the Chairman meant? It was down right impertinence and he would not stand it from the Chair- man or any other man. He could not help the cough. The Chairman quietly replied that he was sorry to. be personal. u ri\l^e realised the responsibility of what he said about the beam. "I do not know," Mr. Pugh interposed, "What you are driving' at, man.The "incident" having ended there, it was agreed to charge a nominal rent of 2«. 6d. a year for the use of the tables by the Council's tena nts, subject to a month's notice.- The Chairman having described the beam in the Market, Hall as unsightly, instruc- tions were given for its removal.—It was further agreed to supply gas to the stalls and shops in the Market Hall.
Mr. E. A Young, general manager of Penrhyn Slate Quarries, left estate of the gross value of P,146,344,, of which the net personalty has been sworn at £ 144,716.
ABERYSTWYTH. BOARD OF GUARDIANS, December 5th.—Present: Messrs Edwin Morris, Aberystwyth, chairman; T. Oliver Jones. Devil's Bridge, vice-chairman; Mrs Morgan, Penllwyn; the Revs D. A. Jenkins, Llanbadarn; E. J. Davies, Capel Bangor; John Davies, Talybfcnt; Mrs James, Mrs Davies, Messrs Hugh Hughes, E. Liew- ellin, W. Thomas, G. Possett Roberts, C. P. Lloyd, Aberystwyth; W. Jones, Cyioethybrenin; Richard Thomas, Parcel Canol; Wm. Mason, Llancyn- felin; E. J. Williams, Ceulanamaes- mawr; R. W. Morgan, Maesnewydd; David Lewis, Evan Elvans, Llanrhys- tyd; Isaac Jones, Llanilar; David James, J. Richards, Trefeirig; W. S. Davies, Llanbadarn Upper; David Jones, Llanbadarn Lower; Daniel Jen- kins, Vaynor Lower; John Davies, Llanfihangel Lower; J. L. Powell, Cwmrheidol; John Bonner, Llanafan; E. L. Jones, Vaynor Upper; John Rob- ørts, Uchayndre; Daniel Lloyd, Llan- ychaiarn; E. J. Evans, Cnwcybarcud; Thomas Jones, Llanfihangel Upper; W. T. Lewis, Borth; Hugh Hughes, clerk; H. Parry Edwards, assistant clerk W. Jones, master; and the relieving officers. Master and Matron.—Referring to the statement in the advertisement for a new master and matron that furnished apartments would be provided, Mr Llew- ellin said the present Master and Matron furnished their own apartments; but he agreed it was the proper thing for the Guardians to furnisli the apartments.— The Clerk said that in the majority of cases the Guardians provided furnished apartments.—!Mjj~ Llew'pillfrn; That is so.—A letter was read from tlhe Local Government Board seating that they attacned great importance to the appointment to the offices of master and matron of persons who have had previous experience in similar capacities. They trusted the Guardians would bear that in mind in making the appointments. Workhouse Repairs.—The Local Gov- ernment Board wrote that they had con- sidered the report of Mr Williams, their inspector, 011 his visit to the Workhouse. The whole interior of tine wards and dor- mitories required painting and some of the other walls were in need of repair.— Mr W. Tlilomas: They are- too late this time.—The Clerk said he had replied that the matter was in hand.—Seven tenders had been received for'the necessary work, and a committee recommended that the lowest/ namely, that of Mr David Thomas, 14, Cambrian-place, at £215, should be accepted.—Mr J. Richards: This is rather an expensive shanty. (Laughter.)—Mr W. Thomas explained that the tender included various repairs beside painting.—On Mr Llewellin's pro- position, the lowest tender was accepted. Obituary.—The Master reported the death of John Hughes, aged fifty-four, and William Jones (fifty-eight), both of Aberystwyth. The first named died on the day of his admission into the Work- house. kunefal expenses were paid by relatives. Rememoering the Inmates-On the pro- position of Mrs James, seconded by Mrs Davies, it was agreed to allow the usual Christmas treat to the inmates.—Mr D. Lews: Any beer? (Laughter.)—Mrs Morgan: No, tea and ooffee.-A vote of thanks was passed to Mrs Purton, North-parade, and Mr Hewitt, Pen- parke, who had sent parcels of period- icals to the inmates. Relief.—In discussing an application tor relief, the Relieving Officer said he was informed that the applicant had been out of work for some time.-Mr W. Mason thought the Guardians should help those who could not work rather than those who were out of employment. —Mr Llewellin said it was not a case in which relief should be given. It was a disgrace that able-bodied men should ob- tain relief when there were older people in the town who were starving and re- ceived no support.—The Relieving Officer said his difficulty was tb know what to do with people who were destitute.—Mr. Llewellin: You have done your dutv if you offer them the Workhouse.—The re- lief given in kind was confirmed; but it was agreed not to grant further relief. Mr Hugh Hughes complained that cer- tain members repeated outside what was stated in the meeting when dealing with relief cases. He had been unfairly ac- cused in connection with one case. He hoped that members would be more cautious next time they told tales of that kind. Dr Bonsall and the Guardians.—On a notice of motion, Mr Llewellin proposed that the Board should give notice to Dr. Bonsall to terminate his appointment as medical officer of the Workjiouse and dis- trict medical officer and that application by mede to the Local Government Board for their consent thereto, and also that notice be given to him to terminate his contract as public vaccinator. Mr. Llewellin said he had an unpleasant task to perform, and it had been suggested to him that he should withdraw the motion as it savoured of a spirit of spite. He contended it was not in a spirit of spite that he brought the motion as it stood on the agenda. He had said nothing since he was a member of the Board that Dr Bonsall could take excep- tion to and nothing to justify Dr Bonsall in calling him a cad, or in other words a vulgar, low-bred fellow. Dr Bonsall was an educated man, and when he made a statement of that kind he must have known its meaning. It would have been different if an uneducated official made that remark without knowing its mean- ing. He (Mr Llewellin) considered it was his duty to proceed with the motion, not only on account of the remark which Dr Bonsall made about him, but also hav- ing regard to his conduct, generally. It was the duty of every official to assist the Board as much as they could. At the previous meeting when Dr Bonsall was asked by the Chairman whether it was necessary to retain the services of a night nurse, he replied "You provide fire extinguishers although they are hot used." What deduction could be drawn from an observation of that kind ?-Mr J. Richards: That he was not going to help us.—Mr Llewellin said it was simply the usual evasive reply that Dr Bonsall gave when asked a question. He (Mr. Llewellin) did not want to labour the Board with statistics, but he could say that the cost of administration in Aber- ystwyth Workhouse was higher than that of any workhouse in Wales of its size. In fact, it was higher than that of larger workhouses, and it was the duty of the Guardians to economise. Rates were in- creasing and the Guardians should do what they could to relieve the rate- payers. (Hear, hear.) That was what he had tried to do and he considered that Dr Bonsai! was entirely in the wrong when describing him as he had done. He contended now that the Guardians would have a new master and matron with a new nurse and were having the Work- house cleaned—(laughter)—it would be well for the Guardians to have a new Medical Officer. (Hear, hear). He firmly believed it would be to the ad- vantage of the Guardians, to the benefit of the ratepayers, and the welfare of the paupers to have a medical officer with whom it would be possible to work amicably. For those reasons, he did not hesitate to propose the motion. (Cheers.) -Mr Charles Lloyd: Assuming the resol- ution was carried. Mr. W. Thomas: Order, rr(ler.-The- Chairman Are you going to second the resolution (-Mr Charles Lloyd: Certainly not. (Laugh- ter.) I was going tio. ask a question, if you can answer me.—The Chairman: You can speak after the resolution is seconded.—Mr Evan Evans having sec- onded the resolution, Mr Cfnarles Lloyd asked, assuming the resolution was carried and assuming it was sanctioned by the Local Government Board, would it be possible for the Medical Association to step in and say it was too trivial an excuse to dismiss Dr Bonsall ? Notwith- standing Mr Llewellin's remarks, he thought a little bit of spite was attached. Mr Llewellin and he were personal friends and he hoped that would not affect their friendship. Assuming the Local Government Board will sanction the resolution, do you think the Medical Association will allow a medical man to take the appointment?—Mr J. Richards: We have nothing to do with the Medical Association- (Laughter and cneers.)— -vir Llewellin: We must wait and see. (Laughter.) If the Medical Association are going to boycott us, let them be an- pointed as guardians. (Hear, hear.)—Mr Charles Llovd: You will resign then?- Mr Llewellin): Certainly.—Mr Oharies Lloyd proposed that tihe resolution should be left on the table.—The Rev E. J. Davies asked if that was in order?—The Chairman said Mr Lloyd must vote ne- gative.—Mr Charles LLoyd then spoke against the resolution and said it was ,a matter between Mr Llewellin and Dr B onsall. (Cries of No, and Sit down.") "I have a right to my opinion." Mr. Lloyd exclaimed, "have" I not? You sliout and 1 will stand up. I am not in the least bit of a hurry. (Laughter.) There is not much doing to-day. If I am out of order, I will sit dbwn, and if you want to let off your superfluous verbosity, you can do so." (Laughter.) Mr Lloyd added that the trouble "between Mr Llew- ellin and Dr Bonsall occurred outside the Board meeting and had nothing to do with the Guardians. If Dr Bbnsall had neglected his duty in an" case, or causedi an injury that would affect any poor per- son, he would be the first to second the resolution. The resolution, however, arose through Mr Llewellin making a slip regarding Nurse Jones when he said til at she had not the certificate of the Central Midwives' Board. If Mr Llew- ellin had passed her house before making the statement, he would have seen a brass plate saying that she held a certi- ficate of the Central Midwives' Board. Mr Llewellin apologised for making the statement, and Dr. Bonsall had offered ample apology to Mr Llewellin for any- thing he might have said. The resolu- tion was only a bit of grievance between Mr Llewellin and Dr Bonsall, which had nothing to do with the Guardians and would land them eventually in a lot of trouble. It would not only add incon- venience to the administration of the Workhouse, but the poor and the rate- payers would suffer.—Mr Llewellin said he had stated that Nurse Jones held the C.M.B.—Mr Lloyd": What did you a.polo- gise for, then?—Mr Llewellin: It was a different thing. You do not understand what it was about.—Mr Ffcssett Roberts said he would vote against the proposal, because as Mr Lloyd had put the case there was nothing alleged in the way of neglect against Dr Bbnsall. It was only right before taking so serious a step against an official that a definite charge of neglect or incompetency should be bibught against him. The Guardians had no charge against Dr Bonsall, except that there was a personal matter between him and Mr Llewellin. It was within the knowledge of the Guardians that a short time ago they invited the Local Govern- ment Board Inspector to meet them. Unfortunately, that meeting was not re- ported. if it was reported, the public would have been in possession of all the facts on both sides. Now, they were only in the possession of facts on one side. Mr Williams, the inspector, re- peatedly said that as far as Dr Bonsall was concerned, he was one of the most efficient and painstaking doctolrs in the w&ole of his district. On that statement alone and on the ground that there was no charge of neglect against him, he (Mr Roberts) did not think they were treat- ing Dr Bonsall properly by bringing on a resolution m that way suggesting th.lt he should be summarily dismissed from office.-Tlie Rev John Davies said the Inspector also stated definitely that if there was an official in the Workhouse who did not co-operate, or work amicably, with the Guardians, he should be dis- missed.—-Mr Charles Lloyd He said an official in the Workhouse. Dr. B-oiisall is more than a workhouse official. The' Rev John Davies: He meant an official of the Board.—The Rev E. J. Davies said it was a serious thing to give notice of summary dismissal to an official. If the resolution was passed, no official was safe if he happend to come into conflict with a member who could bring forward a re- solution to aismiss the official on account! of a personal quarrel. A few months ago the Inspector came to inquire into the ad- ministration of the Workhouse, and the conclusion arrived at was that the Work- house was administered in a satisfactory! manner. Was there a fresh charge against Dr Bonsall subsequent to that in- quiry? He maintained that Mr Llew- eUin had absolutely failed to bring one charge against Dr Bonsall to prove that he had neglected his duties in any shape or form. Were they going to dismiss an official who discharged his duties pro- perly ? There was a great deal of talk about co-operatiion. He had hoped they had succeeded in having co-operation since the Inspector visited the Work- house.—Mr J. Richards: And we have failed.—The Rev E. J. Davies said it was a great pity that Dr Bonsall could not to look on members as friends and that they could not place a little more con- fidence in him. He was afraid that the Guardians placed no trust in Dr Bonsall. The only charge which Mr Llewellin brought against him was the argument with reference to the fire extinguishers. He (Mr Davies) admitted that the logic of the argument was bad, but that after all had nothing to do with Dr Bonsall's efficiency as a medical officer. There were important principles underlying the re- solution, because if the Guardians dis- missed one official other officials would feel that they had no security. Mr. Llewellin knew well that Dr Bonsall could not be dismissed without the Local Gov- ernment Board's consent and it was also known that the Local Government Board had a 'high opinion of Dr Bonsall. He could n'ot call the resolution anything else than a blank shot, and it would not be the means of obtaining that co-operation which the Guardians had desired all along.—Mr J. Richards said Mr Davies had described the resolution as a blank shot. What were his arguments but a blank shot ? Mr Llewellin's motion was but the result of continual differences which had existed between the Board and Dr Bonsall for a long time in every hble and corner. It was not the reference to fire extinguishers which was so much ob- jeched to, but the manner in which Dr Bonsall made the observation. He had always adopted a similar attitude in answering questions and in his relations with the Board. It was said that other officials would not be safe if the resolu- ton was passed. Certainly they would not be safe if they adopted the same at- titude as Dr Bonsall. (Hear, hear.) What the Inspector said was that if any official did not co-operate with the Guardians the Local Government Board would not hesitate to put their foot down. This was an opportunity for them to dfo so. (Hear, hear.) There was much talk about the House of Lords. (Laughter and a Voice: "No politics.") By all means, abolish the House of Lords and abolish the methods in which the Guard- ians were treated. He hoped the resolu- tion would be carried with a large major- ity so that it would have a good effect on the Local Government Board. (Hear, hear.)—Mr Hugh Hughes said he remem- bered Mr Llewellin telling him six weeks ago^that he believed tlhe only blope of salvation in the administration of the Workhouse was to have new officials. He said that in justice to Mr Llewellin, hav- ing regard to the suggestion that the re- solution was the result of a personal mat- ter between him and Dr Bonsall. Now that the Master and Matron had re- signed, Mr Llewellin naturally thought it was an opportune moment to bring the _1_.J. TJ iwMuiiuoii 011. it was not iair to say that Mr Llewellin was actuated merely by what Dr Bonsall called him. Mr Llewellin was acting on principle which he had previously expressed.—Mr E. J. Evans said the opposition to the resolu- tion was rather extreme and one-sided. It was stail-ed that the resolution dould only apply to anything which had hap- pened after the Inspector's visit and that it was brought on because Dr. Bon- sall had made a remark about Mr L,lew- ellin. That was niot so. There had been trouble for many year's.—Mr E. J. Williams: For twenty years.—Mr Evans said the resolution ought to have been passed long ago. There had always been a great deal of trouble, and he knew a number of persons in tfhe town and country who would not become members of the Board because of the quarrels with Dr Bonsall. He could name two or three who would join the Board if it were not fur that trfcuble. Now that the Board had the opportunity, let them vote strongly so as to have a majority which would in- fluence the Local Government BIoard. If they were half and half, they could not expect to have any influence. Let every member support the motion and have a clean house for the new officials. If they did not have a change, there would be similar trouble in future. The Ethiopian could not change his skin. (Laughter.) —The Rev E. J. Davies: I would like, to kntow what charges are brought against Dr Bbnsall ?—Mr Llewellin said he had refrained from going into past history. He could give dozens and dozens ot in- stances where Dr Bonsall had behaved differently from what an official should do.—Mr Charles Lloyd: Since you are a ardian P-Mr Llewellin: Yes. Mr Wil- liams, the inspector, said the hot water question was nothing but a quibble on Dr Bonsall's part. There are other mat- ters known to members who attend t!he Visiting Committee. Dr. Bonsall has treated the Master and Matron like dogs. He told the Matron when looking after the children and assisting the Board to keep down ,expenses that she had no right to look after the children. He told the nurse the same. What is the Matron's duty if not to. look after the children? It was obvious that all he wants is to land us in expense. (Hear, hear.)—Mr Charles Lloyd asked for per- mission to speak and there were cries of "No," tiie Chairman saying Mr Llewel- lin had closed the discussion.—Mr D. Lewis (to Mr Lloyd): You are wot on. the Town Council now—Mr. Lloyd: Mr. Llewellin opposed the appointment of the present Chairman because he said he was against Dr Bonsall. (Cries of Order.") —The Chairman suggested that the reasons for the resolution should be de- finitely stated on riaper and Mr W. T. Lewis agreed.—Mr Llewellin I am quite prepared to give my grounds for the re- solution. The principal ground is that Dr Bonsall has stated that one of the guardians was a cad.—The Rev E. J. Davies: That is not proved.—Mr LTew- eHin: And that in the opinion of the Board it would be to the advantage of the Guardians, to the benefit of the ratepay- eis, and to the welfare of the paupers if a new medical officer is appointed.—Mr Charles Lloyd proposed that the names of members voting in the division should be recorded, which was agreed to.—The following voted for the proposition:—• Messrs Oliver Jones, W. Mason, D. Lewis, J. Bonner, E. J. Williams, R. W. Morgan. D. James, W. S. Davies, J. L. Powell, EK-an Evans, R. Thomas, E. J. Evans, AV. Thomas, John Davies, Thomas Jbnes, Hugh Hughes, E. Llewellin, J. Richards, Daniel Lloyd, D. Jenkins, Isaac Jones, the Rev John Davies, Mrs James, Mrs Morgan,. Against, Mrs Davies, the Revs E. J. Davies, D. A. Jenkins, uessrs Fossett Roberts and C. P. Lloyd. The resolution was theji car- ried by twenty-four votes against five. A number of members did not vote. Relief Cases.—Mr Fossett Koberrs had given notice of motion to divide the Board into three committees for the con- sideration of relief cases. Since he gave the notice of motion, Mr Roberts said it had been pointed out to him by Mr Llew- ellin that, probably, the number of pau- pers would be reduced owing to old age pensions. He noticed on the Aberyst- wyth list of paupers that six were over seventy years of age and there were no fewer than thirty claimants for pensions to be considered at that day's meeting of the Pension Committee. That was an unusually large number, and it looked as if the number of aged paupers wlould be considerably reduced. Therefore, he pro- posed to withdraw the motion. He hoped, however, that the matter wlould be reconsidered in six months. He be- lieved the Guardians should meet every half year to consider the relief cases on their merits. At present, that was left to individual members representing the parishes, and the rest of the members sat there as silent as the figures in Madame Tussaud's exhibition. The cases were not really considered as they ought to be considered at each meeting. When the late Mr James Jones, Tyllwyd, was a member, he insisted on every member discussing applications for relief.—The motion was then withdrawn.
LLANWRIN. Council SchooL-Last Friday was prize day at Llanwrin Council School when the children and their parents were addressed by the iRevs. D. H. Hughes, Machynlleth, and John Williams, Seion, Messrs. Edward Hughes, J.P., Mathafarn, and W. Jones, 0.0., Coed-ddol. The presentation of medals and books was made by Miss Petra Jones of Machynlleth, to Winifred M. Williaifis, Maldwyn Hum- phreys, and Henry Humphreys, each of whom received a medal and a book for having made two years' perfect attendance. The following also received book prizes for having attended ninety-seven per cent and over for two ^ears:—Elizabeth Evans Gwladys Humphreys, Jessie Olwen Ryder' Annie Mary Jones, Hannah E. Davies' S. Ryder, Annie Davies, Polly Davies, and Richie Lewis. The children entertained the visitors with a few songs and recita- tions. On dispersing, each child was pre- sented with a bun by Mrs Evans, Aber- ffrydlan, and a packet of sweets by Messrs E. Hughes.w. Jones, and other kind friends. The same day, H.M. Inspector's report on school work came to hand. It read:—"This school is in excellent order and is taught with intelligence and suc- cess. Not a little of the work of the older children is very gooo-and some of it is excellent.
PENLLWYN. Literary Society.—On Wednesday in last week, two carefully-written papers were read by Mr. Owen Morgan and Miss Lizzie Blackwell, Gwarcwm, in the debate That novel reading is detrimental to re- ligion," the former taking the affirmative, and the latter opposing. A bright and in- teresting discussion followed. Messrs Wil- Jiam Henry Jones, Tom Griffiths, William Francis James, and David Owen supported the former, and Misses Jennie Jones, Miriam Vaughan, Messrs. H. B. Lewis', and I R. Lewis favoured the latter. Both sides were urgent in their arguments, and after the leaders had replied, the Chair- man, Mr. A. J. Pierce, summed up, and in a division the affirmative was carried by a majority of thirteen. Several mem- bers refrained from voting. At the next meeting, there will be three impromptu debates which will be taken by Misses Getta Jones, Lizzie Jones. and Maud Vaughan, and Messrs R. B/Letris, James L. Rees, and William Henry Jwies.
ABERDOVEY. Obituary.—On Thursday, the death occurred of Mr. John Baines at the Lodge, Trefrie, after a long illness of nearly eleven years, at the age of seventy-eight years. He had been at Trefrie for over thirty-six years as gardener and coachman with the late Misses Griffiths and the present owner, Dr. Kershaw, and before coming to Aberdovey was on the staff of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway at Miles Platting, Manchester. He was. much respected by all who knew him at Aberdovey. He leaves a widow, two sons and a daughter, and many grandchildren to mourn his loss. He was a native of Oswestry. The funeral took place at the Cemeterp the ;R,ev. S. Evans, B.A curate, officiating. At the Church Sun- day School on Sunday, a vote of condol- ence was passed with the family, many of wncm are members. Social Meeting.—On Friday night, a successful social meeting of the Free Church Girls' Guild was held at the English Presbyterian Chapel, lent for the occasion. The social was provided for the members by Mrs. J. Hughes-Jones, the president of the Guild, and Miss Williams Ardudwy, one of the secretaries. A large number of ladies assembled. The arrange- ments were perfect and a pleasant evening was spent. The president was in the chair supported by the Rev. R. Jones, and gave an interesting account of the Guild and its objects and the necessity of maintain- ing the good work. The programme con- sisted of musical selections by Miss Enid Evans, J. L. Davies, Bessie Jones, Miss Lew is, and Mr. Hugh Lewis and party. Addresses were given by the Revs R. Jones, W. D. Evans, and Mr. E. L. Rowlands, J.P. A vote of thanks was proposed by the Rev. J. Lewis to the promoters of the meeting. The Guild starts with Mrs. Hughes-Jones as presi- dent; Miss 1Villiams, Ardudwy, and Miss Owe, Pier House, as secretaries; and Mrs. E. L. Rowlands, as treasurer; and has a roll of eighty-two members. H omen's Suffrage.—A meeting of the National Union of Suffrage Society was held on Tuesday of last week, under the presidency of Mrs. F. A. Steel, who addressed the members and replied to questions. In answer to one woman who said she objected to suffrage societies be- cause of the conduct of the militant suffra- gettes Mrs. Steel said "that the 579 militants who have been sent to prison are in proportion to the women of England what one small boy would b eto 50,000 people She also said that men are not ntted to represent women's needs in Par- liament. Mrs. Wright, Trefeddian, made some lucid and stimulating remarks, chiefly on the question, Are women ready for the vote?" Miss <B. A. drew attention to the vast amount of noble work at present being done by women, from which the fact that they are ready might be deduced. Several new members joined and the auguries of success are hopeful. Election Results.On Saturday and Monday evenings, the Literary Institute was open until one o'clock to receive elec- tion results. On Monday evening, there was about sixty members present. Mr H. H. Clayton presided on both evenings No demonstration was allowed. The mem- bers during the intervals formed them- selves into groups round the fire, and the committee and older members sat. The Conservatives were around the centre table. On the right there was a strong committee of Liberals, and in the window recess was a large gathering of juniors n, 1° r,USed tl^emse ves b-y writing humor- °ne described the members lound the fire as the "House of Lords and suggested that they should change places with the juniors, a request which was not responded to. Another notice suggested as an addition to free trade and free education, "Free Beer." The whole humou S Wer6 conducted with good November Weather.—The amount of bright sunshine was eighty-two hours, which was about two hours above the aver- age for the past six years. The number of inches of rainfall was 4.81, and the six years' average, 3.06 inches. The mean temperature of the month was 43 degrees and the mean average forty-five degrees' colder than tb KovemTber was setter and more than the a'verage! Md the su"shilw Wesley Guild—On Monday evening a meeting of the W esley Guild was presided oyer by the )Rev. R. Morton Robert? Riclrird Davies' ,HVSh Davies, and Richard Griffiths gave their "Recollection of remarkable preaching meetings." Mr ■■ L Rowlands afterwards spoke and a of Mi?« T T? rWaS passed on th« motion Morgan seconded b~v Mrs, L.