RICHARDS & COMPY. LADIES' AND GENT'S HIGH-CLASS Tailors and General Outfitters. BOYS', YOUTHS' AND MEN'S READY-MADE > <> <> <mII[><><IIIIIII> CLOTHING > <> <> <miD> <> <> <1iIIII>: OF EVERY DESCRIPTION Umbrellas, Caps, Hats, Ties, Collars, Sltirts, Pyjamas, Bags, Portmanteaus, Trunks, damage Aprons,° and Travelling Rugs. 4-6, MARKET STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. FIRST SHOW OF XMAS NOVELTIES. 8. N. GOOKE Is now Showing a large assortment of Novelties suitable for Christmas Presents. TOYS, GAMES, & ANIMALS IN ENDLESS VARIETY. Also Cosies, Cushions, Table Centres, Pincushions in all the Newest Patterns. 12, PIER STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. And at 20. NEW STREET, BIRMINGHAM. STFAM SAW MILLS, ABERYSTWYTH. R. ROBERTS and SONS, TIMBER AND SLATE MERCHANTS. EVERY DESCRIPTION OF JOINERY DONE QUICKLY AND CHEAPLY. GARS' and BOATS' SAILS made on the Premises also all kinds of SACKS COAL BAGS, &c. ESTIMATES GIVEN. JOBBING DONE: PELLOFS, FOR CART WHEELS, TRAPS, AND OTHER VEHICLES. CHRISTMAS AND NEW YEAR PRIVATE GREETING CARDS stx. :^3Fwa%ttKflMKai Cards Designed by the most famous Artists of the day. New materials, Fresh Ideas, Novel, Beautifu Designs. REMEMBER YOUR FRIENDS ABROAD. SAMPLE BOOKS NOW READY. On Receipt of Postcard, Books will be forwarded for insp ection or our Representative will call. "CAMBRIAN NEWS" STORES, Terrace Road, ABERYSTWYTH Ever Coal Mine w ly .t,J" I clean doewmat arkre tbeuae qoalffr ■ ■ burning. of Coal. U is a cmatterolvxpero B I ileal knowledge to know put where ■ igi n& lbe most serviceable coal camcs., I I BB> from. we claim to have gatb-ji I I' -asb cored that knowledge, and to I -coam H 'and tn PQ&imD, to gige yoo the ■ fl *>upp'l benefit Let as have « sznaBvl fl a| trial order—the large aider willFgl ■ BiarHe' certainly follow. Any quantity.I ■ price* I from • hunrtitd«c|gh» to «vl truck J.' 1;¡H" EDW ARBS, EVANS CO-t r TREGARON. t j Brown go. Wrapping* Paper.. FROM 15/ per Cwt AT THE "Cambrian News" Works, .if¡,fi; Important to the Public. BOOTS BOUGHT FROM = DICKS Means Four Good Things GOOD TASTE. GOOD MATERIALS. GOOD WORKMANSHIP. GOOD VALUE. All their Branches in this district are now stocked with the Finest Display of AUTUMN & WINTER GOODS. Never were they in a better position to give satisfaction as regards STYLE, DURABILITY, and PRICE. Agents for the well-know,, K Boots and Manufacturers of the famous Perfecta make of Boot-Shoes. Repairs a Speciality with the best of everything. BICKS, 12, Great Darkgute Street (Nexb P03) ABERYSTWYTH, AND AT Barmouth. Festini-ig. Portmadoc (Bank-place). Cardigan. Lampeter. Pwllheli. Carmarthen. Machynlleth Newtown. Dolgelley. Newcastle Emlyn. ESTABLISHED 1880. G RQWE & SONS, OXFORD HOUSE, 65, NORTH PARADE, HIGH-CLASS LADIES' & GENTS' TAILORS. COSTUMES from 45/ to 70/. GKNTS'SUITS from 42/ to 75/ New Ranges in DONEGAL TVVEEDS. Please Note that we have taken over the Agency for PULLAR'S DYF WORKS. AGENTS FOR PULLAR'S DYE WORKS. n W ATKINS, PLUMBER, PAINTEK, :DECORATOR, &c., CUSTOM HOUSE STREET, WORKSHOP SEA VIEW PLACE, LARGE ASSORTMENT OF WALL PAPERS ALWAYS IN STOCK. Pattern Books Jof different makers se nt on application. fELEPHONE 193. Sole Agent for the District for BLUNDELL'S PETRIFYING LIQUID. Leaders in Smart Tailoring. -Fit Guaranteed! BRADLEYS GREAT DARKGATE STREET, Aberystwytb. Tailors, Clothiers, and Outfitters. Business Suits to measure, 21/ 25/ 30/ o816 Offer To Parents with Capital. 11 I t ro Parents with Capital,. t I Place your sons on Australia's fertile lands, where they may speedily become prosperous farmers. farmers. The Commonwealth is a wide new I. land. To-day 2,974,581 square I miles are held by 4,370,000— I an average of 435 acres to every I head of the population. I I Note the value of production and the rate of progress :— 1901. 1908. £ 114,585,000. £ 164,945,000. Note also the value of the produce of the soil Farming. Pastoral. £ 52,195,000. 947,259,000. In 1908 the farmer for the first time beat the pastoralist. And the farmer is only commencing. II Australia has 576,000,000 acres I with a rainfall of 20 inches and more, I i. £ a farming rainfall. A pleasant, sunny land -which I■' enjoys the lowest death rate in the 11 world. I ■ REDUCED PASSAGES FOR AGRICULTURISTS. I The HIGH COMMISSIONER for the COMMONWEALTH of AUSTRALIA, [ t 72, Victoria Street. London, S.W. I I I the Jlged. A FOOD of i value, which can | be made suitable for any | degree of digestive power by I the simple process of letting it 8 <S?Sr stand for a longer or shorter time || at one stage of its preparation, ji Therefore Benger's Food is pre-eminently suited for it Infants and Invalids and those whose digestive powers || have become weakened by illness or advancing age. il The British Medical Journal says—" Benger's Food M has, by its excellence, established a reputation of its own." II Mothers and interested persons are requested to write for Booklet,"Benger's Food M and How to Use it." This contains a Concise Guide to the Rearing of Infants," ||| and practical information on the care of Invalids, Convalescents, and the Aged. ||§ Post free on application to Benger's Food, Ltd., Otter Works, Manchester. B5J & at one stage of its preparation, ji Therefore Benger's Food is pre-eminently suited for it Infants and Invalids and those whose digestive powers || have become weakened by illness or advancing age. il S The British Medical Journal says-" Benger's Food M has, by its excellence, established a reputation of its own." II Mothers and interested persons are requested to write for Booklet," Benger's Food M and How to Use it." This contains a Concise Guide to the Rearing of Infants," ||| and practical information on the care of Invalids, Convalescents, and the Aged. ||§ s Post free on application to Benger's Food, Ltd., Otter Works, Manchester. aS3 & I gicen-tenarp. 1710-1910 SUN FiRE OFFICE. FOUNDED 1710 THE OLDEST INSURANCE OFFICE IN 1HE WORLD. ——— Copied from PoUcy dated 1726. Insurances effected on the following risks FIRE DA.MAGE. Resultant Loss of Rent and Profits. Employers' Liability and Workmen's Compensation, nclud ing accidents to Domestic Servants, Personal. Accident, Sicknes* and Disease, Fidelity, Guarantee, Burglary, Plate Glass. Agent for Aberystwyth cntre, 34* HUUH HUGHES ql5 THE WHITE HOUSE, CAFE AND RESTAURANT, TERRACE ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH. BOARD AND RESIDENCE. HOT DINNERS DAILY. PARTIES CATERED FOR Accommodation for Cy clists and Commercia rl21 DON'T SUFFER PAIN! TOOTHACHE OURE 71d & Is per Bottle NEURALGIA DROPS la & 2a per Bottle Gives insUpt Relief and Quickly Cure. Prepared only by M. D. EVANS, MPS., C.D.SA, R'.Pharmaciat, PhotographicJChemist J; Optician,3 THE PHARMACY, TOWYN. SOLE PROPRIETOR OF EVANS' INDIGESTIONAND LIVER MIXTURE, Price Is 6d & 2a 9d per Bottle. rb99 (Entertainments, Cr-tc. ABERYSTWVTH FOOTBALL CLUB. A GRAND DRAMATIC PERFORMANCE Of "DANDY DICK" (A Farce by A. W. PINERO) in aid of the funds of the above Club, will be held at THE COLISEUM, WEDNESDA 7, 25th, JANUARY, 1911. Tickets 2/6, 1/6. 1/- r620 ENORMOUS SUCCESS. NOZY OP-Eiv THE NEW MARKET HALL, ABERYSTWYTH, as an up-to-date PICTURE PALACt: AND ELECTRIC THEATRE By A. CHEETHAM, Proprietor of the famous Silvograph Pictures. Aberystwyrh Visitors from London statp that these Pictures are superior to any in Londou. Two Shows Daily at 7 and S-30. 3d., 6d., and Is. Afternoon Performances, MONDAYS and SATURDAYS at 3 o'clock. The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. THE ANNUAL PUBLIC MEETING In connection with the above Society will be held in THE BUARTH HALL, ABKRYSTWYTH, On Thursday, February 2nd, 1911, at 3 p.m Local Hon. Secretary—Misa Mary L Watkins, 53. Marine-terruce. Further particulars to follow. 1755
ABERYSTWYTH TOWN COUNCIL. THE prolonged proceedings, on Tues- day, of the Aberystwyth Town Council, if they are nothing else, are a complete answer to a suggestion that the meet- ings should be held only once a month. The need is, rather, that the Council meetings should be held weekly and that instead of referring matters to committees they should be settled by the Council, as the suggestion of taking over a portion of Constitution Hill was settled, once for all, on the suggestion Z-1 of Alderman PETER JONES. In refer- ence to obtaining additional statutory powers, Professor EDWARDS made a wise suggestion, which was adopted, that the committee appointed to deal with the subject should bring in a report within three months. THE NEW RESERVOIR. We do not know how to deal with the almost incredible letter signed by some of the medical men of the town in reference to the new reservoir. It is so utterly wrong in all sorts of ways that the statements made are not worthy of notice on their own account, but when medical men sign a letter in which all sorts of charges are made —charges which are not borne out by the facts-then it is necessary to look for some other reason for their extra- ordinary action. The. -Aberystwyth water supply is as near perfect as any public supply can be. It had only one defect, and that was the shortness of the supply during the busiest part of Z, the summer season. The new reser- voir will supply that deficiency, and the requirements of Aberystwyth will be met for at least a quarter of a century. It is to be hoped that the subject will be vigorously followed up to a finish by the Local Government Board, as what the medical men who signed the letter, whether they had read it or not, have done is to drag down the town to a level that no health and pleasure resort should occupy. We wonder if the BOROUGH MEDICAL OFFICER could not put his finger on the reasons for the wild statements contained in the letter? We thinik he could. The whole subject should be sifted. COUNCIL FINANCE. We are not going to enter into details in reference to the financial statement made by the CHAIRMAN of the Finance Committee. There are certain facts which stand out promin- ently. and all we intend to do is to point them out. One is that the sum of a thousand pounds a year has to be paid out of the borough fund to the harbour fund for thirty-five years. All the accounts are said to be in a healthy condition, except the two which are not. This is equivalent to saying that a person is in good health, except for two serious diseases which appear to be incurable. From 1906 up to last March £ 2,600 had been spent in liti- gation. The harbour has continuous loss of many hundreds of pounds a year. Nothing more is needed than yearly losses and plenty of litigation to get rid of any revenue, however large, from the Corporation estate. The adverse balance on the Borough Fund Z-1 account in September last was 63,060, but as the CHAIRMAN says, if there had been no litigation, no harbour losses, and no other extraordinary payments' the Borough Fund would have been in credit ^3,872. Of course, if every- thing were different all things would be much otherwise. It is no use a man going to his banker and saying that if he had not lost money here and had not failed to get money there his adverse balance would not only not have existed, but there would have j been a large sum to his credit. The finances of a business, and a town is a large business, should be so man- aged 1 that the incomings are equal to the outgoings, and any indebtedness j there is should be solely on capital account. Aberystwyth is losing money on the harbour every year, is also wasting money on litigation, and is making extravagant payments on' advertising and running the Pavilion and engtaging- bands. The liabilities I should be met every year. We do not think there is anything satisfactory in Maki 'n- low rates which experience shows do not cover the outgoings, the result being that interest has to be paid on overdrawn accounts. Mr. FOSSETT ROBERTS pointed out that the adverse balance on the Borough Fund account had been increasing since 1907. In 1 1907 it was ^841 in 1908, ^"1,630 in 1909, ^3,000; and in 1910, ^4,007. With this state of things what is the use of saying that other accounts are all right. As Alderman PETER JONES tritely observed, if the income was ^"3,000 and the Corporation spent £4,000 they would get into debt. This is an elementary and obvious truth in finance that even the poorest financier in the Town Council ought to under- stand. COMMITTEES. The question of admitting reporters to committee meetings is really the question whether committees should transact Council business. IIf com- mittees only did the work that com- mittees should do, there would be no need for their proceedings to be re- ported. If subjects are referred to committees in order to avoid publicity, then some other way of avoiding- pub- licity will be devised. What is re- quired is that all questions of policy and principles and action should be discussed and settled by the Coun- c'l. All preparatory work and details should be done by com- mittees. At present, as soon as a subject comes up. somebody sug- gests. in order to get rid of it for the time being, that it should be referred to a committee. The matter then disappears, and it is a sheer matter of chance what eventually becomes of it. The present arrangements for dealing with the business of the town are very unsatisfactory, and part of that unsatis- factoriness is due to the Corporation being in possession of an estate, and its carrying on the busin-ss of public entertainers. There never was such muddlement, for instance, as that which exists in reference to the extension of the borough boundaries. If the Council had decided to extend the borough. If a committee had then been appointed to make whatever enquiries were necessary and had pre- sented a report. If the Council had adopted, amended, or rejected that report, the work would have been got through long ago, but the whole thing is just where it was at first-or worse. What is true of borough extension is true of the isolation hospital scheme, and of many other schemes. WTe do not think anything will be done in reference to isolation hospital provi- sion. The whole thing has been on wrong lines from the first. All that is wanted is a place where the rare cases of infectious or contagious diseases could be treated. There has not been a of smallpox in the town for many years. WThat is wanted could be provided by the Infirmary authorities, not at their charge, with- out danger or inconvenience to any- body. It is no use fighting against ignorance or superstition. The onlv thing is to wait for the calamity and to take it calmly when it comes.
CARDIGANSHIRE SMALL HOLDINGS MUDDLE. IF the meeting of the Cardiganshire Small Holdings Committee, held at Lampeter on Thursday of last week, made nothing else clear it fully revealedf the fact that Sir EDWARD PRYSE, Bart., Goger- ddan, was wise in not being present to take part -in the muddle. Sir EDWARD has been wholly upheld in the statements made in reference to Fclingyffyn being two holdings, so that really the Committee wanted to take what were already small holdings to let them again as small holdings. We did not think it would be wise to make any comment on the enquiry held at Rhydypennau on October 27th pending the Board's decision, but we had not a shadow of doubt that what- ever was said in respect to the tenan- cies by Gogerddan was rightly and truly said by Sir EDWARD PRYSE, and by Mr GEORGE PRYSE, the manager of the estate. WThat is made more and more obvious as the discussions go on is the important fact that Gogerddan is a well and kindly-managed estate, mainly of small holdings, and that neither the Small Holdings Committee nor the Committee's officials can teach the Gogerddan landowner anything in the way of reasonableness and sound business arrangements. We think the long but greatly abbreviated report of the Lampeter meeting cannot fail to be interesting to landowners, tenants, would-be small holders, and the ratepayers of the county generally. Some very curious facts, conditions, and arrangements were revealed and chief among them is the fact that the Committee itself does not really know what it is doing and does not seem to be able to get information on the point. Mr. PARRY, the Agent, was talked to strongly, but he seems to be master of the situation and is never to blame. He had signed a cheque, for instance, which Mr. D. C. ROBERTS said he had no more right than the man in the moon to sign. He said the whole responsibility must rest on the Aberayron Committee. We presume in the AGENT'S case, as we presume in the case of all public ser- vants that what is good enough in the way off service for local governing or administrative bodies is good enough for the ratepayers generally. Prin- cipal BEBB, with terse directness, which was not lessened by a meddlesome re- mark by one who was not chairman, said that he had attended the meeting at some inconvenience in the hope of learning something of the working of the Act. The Committee were talking however, as if they had a week before them, and as if there was no big ques- tion of principle on which they might have the COMMISSIONER'S advice. He should like to know whether it was advisable to lease land or purchase land? Wre think the foregoing- state- ment is quite justifiable and that the question is perfectly reasonable. After a good deal of aimless talk about the repayment by the Board of Agricul- ture of expenses incurred by the County Committee. Mr. J. H. DAVIES, Llan- geitho, suggested, and it was agreed, that a scale should be drawn for the valuation of mountain land and be submitted to the Board for approval. How very much in the dark the Committee is was shown by Mr. LOXDALE in reference to the question of insurance. At present the Com- mittee will have to pay for insurance. Mr. PETER JONES said in future insur- ance could be considered in taking the land. The point in this matter of in- surance is that so far the landlords have not paid insurance. While on this point, Mr. LOXDALE made another important statement, namely, that the Committee would have to pay rents to the landlords from whom the iand had been taken whether the tenants paid or not and as time went on he feared the Committee would find their position not very enviable as they would be liable for all sorts of things which they did not anticipate. Perhaps the most hopeless state of things was revealed by Mr. PETER JONES in showing what had been done in reference to some land taken by the Committee for small holdings in Cwm- cynon. He said that many people feared there would be an increased charge upon the rates, and there was a consensus of feeling that that was not a thing which should be done. The statement made by Mr. PETER JOXES brought out two facts which must be most illuminating to small holders, namely, first, that the former rent for Cwmcynon land was £110 a year, and that now the small holders under the Committee have to pay a year second, that the rent paid by the small holders will purchase the land in eighty years and that then the land will belong to the county and not to the smallholders. In short, the small holders are buying land for the country. As Mr. HARFORD satirically exclaimed What an advantage No wonder the applicants for small holdings withdraw their applications. Ir. R. S. ROWLAND said that applicants had withdrawn because they could get land cheaper from owners than throug'h the Committee. The Crown, which is the worst landlord in the country, perhaps, refused to treat with the Committee at all. Mr. J. T. MORGAN showed that landlords had voluntarily provided small holdings. Several of those present at the meeting showed that landlords are far more easy to deal with than the Committee and were less exacting. Mr. DAVIES, Troedyraur, said that several people on the Bronwydd Estate who applied to the Committee for small holdings were now sorry they did so, as they found they had better treat with Sir MARTEINE LLOYD. Mr. DAVIES advised all applicants to apply to the landlord. This opinion was strongly supported by other speakers. There will always be the desirable bit of land near to somebody's house, and the somebody will want it for his own profit and convenience, regardless of the owner. The Small Holdings Act was not intended to serve these grabbers, and the Committee ought not to serve their purposes by allowing them to pick the eyes out of farms. It is probably true that the Act is having good effects indirectly, but as far as we can judge up to the present time the ratepayers are going to pay smartly and the small holders are going to lose. In the end the landlords will probably get the land back for less than they sold it. There was a tone and an atmosphere about the meeting which, in our opinion, was not satisfactory. Did the AGENT need the defence which was so frequently forced upon him? Again, why should one person accuse others of making one-sided and mlsleading- statements? Anybody might think that the gathering was not a confer- ence, but a trial, and that the CHAIR- MAN had nothing whatever to do with the conduct of the assembly. The COMMISSIONER was in the" bless you, my che-ild humour, but things are not going to run smoothly, as we think is already clear. Our advice is to read the report carefully and to trv to under- stand what it means and implies.
GENERAL ELECTION LESSONS. THERE is a great deal that is humiliat- ing in the revelations made during a general election. Human nature is then seen mainly on its worst sides and the rank and file of the voters, if they took real interest in the proceedings, would be indignant and ashamed of the view herd of them and of the way they are treated by many political leaders. The most vulgar and impertinent forms of deception .are practised and lies are published in order to create wrong im- pressions among those who do not think for themselves and who are not able to discriminate between masked lies and distorted truths. We are frequently sorry for candidates who have to bear in silence what are humiliating insults, although they may be meant as compliments A general election reveals how frequently the grasping-, greedy, unscrupulous" brutfe is only just beIowr the surface, although he may talk patriotism and even pre- tend to protect religion. Anyone who reads half la dozen newspapers which we could name might think that the members of the Government are more criminal than convicts, and that the leaders of the Opposition are, if pos- sible, worse than the members of the Government. We have always refused to (treat political opponents as un- worthy. We are not particularly fond of politicians who change their parties, but even that act is not an offence in our eyes, as political parties are not permanent fixtures, but change with the times. Political life is far too deeply influenced by profit and place and power. Mr. A. J. BALFOUR does not, in our opinion, care a brass farthing for the high place he holds in the political world, but he cannótget out of it. There is nobody else with his qualifications. We believe he is really what we would call a Liberal. As the masses of the people take more interest in political affairs certain dangers will certainly increase-the danger of wild-cat Socialism, for in- stance. The masses of the people are liable to become more and more dis- contented because df their inability to release themselves from the grip of poverty. Liberal leaders see this danger and are providing against it by old-age pensions and in other ways. The rich, who have never known what is meant by the industrial worker's poverty, can no more understand how a man and his wife and five or six children can be maintained on a pound or twenty-five shillings a week than a cock sparrow can understand the physical needs and functions of an elephant, and yet a cock sparrow is probably not less intelligent, perhaps, than an elephant. Men who know by personal contact what poverty is see the danger of the contemptuous treatment of the People by the Peers, just as they see how ever-expanding armaments threaten the Constitution of the country. Some day the military and naval forces of the country may at once fall under the control of wild revolutionaries. What is felt by the poverty-stricken workman does not cease to be felt by him when be has been driven by starvation into the army or navy. A centre of popu- lation like London is a danger to the State in ways that the Peers do not seem to comprehend. Once the right key is struck, revolution will be com- plete, however disastrous, before any- thing can be done by the Peers who have treated the people as unworthy of confidence in reference to important national requirements. The hereditary members of the House of Lords must go. There is no doubt about that. Their suggestion that when they refuse to pass a measure it shall be referred to the country is. perhaps, the grossest insult that ever was flung in the face of the people, for it means that when the Con- servatives are in office every measure passed by the Commons would be accepted by the Lords, and that when the Liberals are in office every measure passed by the Commons would be rejected by the Lords and then be referred to the country. This is a sort of Tory game Heads we win tails you lose." The Liberals, our readers know, have adopted the referendum. The question before the country to-day is whether the Peers or the People are to rule? If the country now says that the Peers are to rule, what would be the use of asking the same question again in three months? If the decision of the —* electors of this country in the next few days is that the House of Lords is to- override the House of Commons, then the Government will accept that verdict and a Conservative Government will come into office. If the verdicc of the polls is in favour of the Government, that is, if the electors say that the hereditary Lords shall not be supreme.. does anybody \vho is not a lunatic or an imbecile contend that when the House of Commons passes a Bill to embody the decision of the people that it shall be again submitted to them in order to ascertain whether they knew what they were doing in the first instance? Cer- tainly not. To-day the referendum is in operation, and the Conservatives are running away from tariff reform and from an hereditary Second Chamber. Thre is really only one question before the country, namelv. whether the Peers °u*t^e ue°p,e are to he- supreme? We thmk the verdict will be in favour of the Peop e. Mr. F. E. SMITH, speak- ing in Walton the other night-our readers know Mr. F. E. SMITH-aid hat never had the fighting- temper of the Unionist party been higher, and he belicved that the sixty seats which would wipe out the coalition majority would be secured. We have not the Sift of prophesy, but if the Conserva fives do not lose thirty seats, instead slxty-sha" « andVLhaVe coafiden« in the people Claltr^ arvr lil5dy t0 dcl"ded not^vork refere"d™ dodge wiil slowlv and e}^°r th'nks deliberately. The,-e a^eTw S!°n • V"y positions befor" the ™ ? ma'n pro' 4. 4-u r \lor" rne countrv. Fir^f that the food of the poor shall be taxed Lords'UlMthe heredit,u" House Ten maSter of th« elected House of Commons. We believe that he majority of the votes recorded Vt netaPS-ele'eCtr a decided negative in each case. It is no coming up at the Iast o use- O r:TeerfrorthaWing the HoUSe of L-ds decide the fate 'of mons. The Hrmc^ c Um- I has no hereditary rights or privileges. The people can send to Parlia- ment at the present election whom- soever they please, and the men thev end are not to be held in the least bv he hereditary House of Lords hat we want to point out are not troubled ab^ut theTon.ti encies in our district—is that theT servative pol-cy as fL ° judo- ;c a J as we can policy T-?t /vTr°US and ruinous s stronJf r eSalt°gether- Therc l shedTl in%3gamst the Estab- IZr Chtirch. That feeling is so haveg to go thew^stab,ishment will 'Th' h^t Wil1 Phave0ttomegon The hate engendered bv th- Stata connection does far U, t than the Church can do £ £ vfo™ p P^ctlcal'y unanimous against the not count" W" What u 1 °ht*cs are everything What can be done to alter the relations 01 the people of Wales towards Con servatism ? No- hino- r- • me-in* T Conservatisrn XTLk f '?stabl,shed Church, and the bulk of the people will not have Church^ t0 u 'th the EstaWished Church o, with the political partv that determined to maintain the Conner oon between the Church and the State" ere are many lessons to be learnt fiom the general election, and it is to be hoped that the Peers will learn ^n^her things, that the must rule.
EDITORIAL NOTES. MR PHITCHAHD MORGAN withdrew llis candidature for the Merthyr Boroughs. We understand that Sir J. D. Rms is much happier now that he has gone back- to hB own sort. We are glad he is where The chastened tone of the more offensive Conservative newspapers is almost comic in its contrMt with the bluster before the fight began. Rot fnu ni''j0rity °f PmPle believe in a Second Chamber. What the majority do no believe is that the members should be it. It is the hereditary member of the House of Lords who has to go. Protection, which meant starvation for the people, was afterwards called Tariff « orm), but it was the same thing and also meant starvation. Now Tariff Reform is to be called Referendum, which is pre- cisely the same as the other two! There is a great deal in a name We are glad that Mr. HAYDN JONES, M.P., has not to fight another battle which could only be forced upon him to put him to expense. The friendly relations which exist m Merioneth public life between Liberals and Conservatives is a most pleasing one. men Lord IROSEBERY thought he was a Liberal, in 1894, he said: "The issue at the "next election will simply be thi.v-Will you be governed by the House of Lords or will you be governed by yourselves?" Lord ROSEBEBY has changed since then, but the issue is still the same. The ques- tion is, Peers or People? Mr. JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN is troubled about Wales. He says he does not know why the Welsh constituencies are so much against the Conservatives. Perhaps the reason is that Welsh Liberals tock their lesson from him when he was a Liberal and did not go over with him when he ratted. Even when he professed to be a Liberal we did not believe in him and said so in plain language which was strongly resented at the time. We do not like political "twicers." Towards the close of the last session oi the American Congress a resolution was adopted authorising the PRESIDENT to appoint a commission of five members to consider the expediency of utilising the existing international agencies for the purpose of limiting armaments by an in- ternational agreement, and constituting the combined navies of the world an inter- national force for the preservation of universal peace. The work is going on. Two or three hundred millions a year could be saved if the mad strife of the nations were discontinued. The Commis- sion was instructed to consider and report upon any possible means of diminishing expenditure for military purposes and lessening the probabilities of war. In pursuance of the terms of this resolution the PRESIDENT has begun negotiations with the Great Powers to ascertain whether they are willing to enter a conference to carry out the spirit of the resolution. If something is not done soon to put a stop to the waste on armaments, there will bo- widespread revolution.