RICHARDS & COMPY. LADIES' AND GENT'S HIGH-CLASS Tailors and General Outfitters. BOYS', YOUTHS' AND MEN'S READY-MADE .B13YÁNT!n CLOTHING OF EVERY DESCRIPTION Umbrellas, Caps, Hats, Ties, Collars, Shirts, Pyjamas, Bags, Portmanteaus, Trunks, Carriage Apronsand Travelling Rugs. 4 -6, MARKET STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. LADIES' WARM DRESSING GOWNS. AN& Aft A06& I a a S. N. COOKE IS SHOWING A VARIETY OF Warm Dressing Gowns and Dressing Jackets. zn n Ladies' Pure Wool Underwear. Ladies' Flannel and Viyella Niglit Dresses. New Designs in Dinner Blouses, Lace Blouses, Silk Bloutes. Ladies' Viyella Shirts and Delaine Blouses. Winter Hosiery. Kid and Fabric Gloves. Novelties in Art Needlework, Table Covers, Duchesse Sets, Carving Cloths, Tray Cloths, Work Bags, Pillow Cases, &I '-J Sheet Shams and Bed Spreads. 12, PIER STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. And at 20. NEW STREET, BIRMINGHAM. STFAM SAW MILLS, ABERYSTWYTH. R. ROBERTS and SONS, TIMBER AND SLATE MERCHANTS. EVERY DESCRIPTION OF JOINERY DONE QUICKLY AND CHEAPLY. CARS' and BOATô' SAILS made on the Premises; also all kinds of SACKS COAL BAGS, &c. ESTIMATES GIVEN. JOBBING DONE. FELLOFS, FOR CART WHEELS, TRAPS, AND OTHER VEHICLES. Leaders in Smart Tailoring.-Fit Guaranteed! N%D-Na BRADLEYS JL GREAT DARKGATE STREET, Aberystwyth. Tailors, Clothiers, and Outfitters. Business Suits to measure, 21/ 25/ 30/ cS16 E^BUSHZKlSSe. E. ROWE & SONS, OXFORD HOUSE, 65, NORTH PARADE, HIGH-CLASS LADIES' & GENTS' TAILORS. COSTUMES from 45/ to 70/. G HINTS' SUITS from 42/ to 75/ New Ranges in DONEGAL TWEEDS. Please Note that we have taken over the Agency for PULLAR'S DYF WORKS. AGENTS FOR PULLAR'S DYE WORKS. W ATKINS, PLUMBER, FAINTEK, ^DECORATOR, &c., CUSTOM HOUSE STREET, WORKSHOP SEA VIEW PLACE, LARGE ASSORTMENT OF WALL PAPERS ALWAYS IN STOCK. Pattern Books of different makers se nt on application. TELEPHONE 193. Sole Agent for the District for FLUNDJ2LLS PETRIFYING LIQUID. n Every, IAmi ,CoaI I Mine I We ,&%apply 'Only clean docs acit effdffl the Mtoe QoalTtr ■ fturni IS. a.Coat. Ik Is a matter of expero ■ lbca. knowiedgo to know fusa vbere B BiTlnb lb. most -uabAo c.oa) COIPU from. We claim u> hava (aib-11 ered that knowledge, and le boj I anil In a position «o give 700 the I wapply benefit. Let Q8 bamo 0 amwo at '■ trial order—the large order wtuWV OtarHe* ecrtalniy foOom. Any qumOt7,|,l price* bom .y t8IClI IA8d. ,7 '1) 11 r • TREGARON. I 'I EDUCATION. MISS AERONA JONES, 5, BELLE VUE TERRACE, ABERAYRON, accepts music pupils. Her pupils have always done well in the Associated Board Examinations. r787 TAILORING ESTABLISHMENT 13, PIER ST., ABERYSTWYTB DAVID JAMES. Baitings, Ooatinge, Trouserings, &e. it the best fashion and at reasonable prices, Cricketing and Boating Saits made t1 order on the Shortest Notice. 6id. Bazaar ld. 2 FOR GOOD SOUND VALUE GO TO lE&GrWX-.AJKnOS' Royal Bazaar, 1, Little Darkgate Street, You will get all you require in the way of useful Articles, also Presents and Arms China. Come once and we are sure you will visit us again. Notice we are here all the j ear round o339 Important to the Public. BOOTS BOUGHT FROM DICKS Means Four Good Things GOOD TASTE. GOOD MATERIALS. GOOD WORKMANSHIP. GOOD VALUE. All their Branches in this district are now stocked with the Finest Display of AUTUMN & WINTER GOODS. Never were thev in a better position to give satisfaction as regards STYLE, DURABILITY, and PRICE. Agents for the well-known K Boots and Manufacturers of the famous Perfect* make of Boot-Shoes. Repairs a Speciality with the best of everything, JOIICSESS, Next Ioor to Pos BOOTS BOUGHT FROM DICKS Means Four Good Things GOOD TASTE. GOOD MATERIALS. GOOD WORKMANSHIP. GOOD VALUE. All their Branches in this district are now stocked with the Finest Display of AUTUMN & WINTER GOODS. Never were thev in a better position to give satisfaction as regards STYLE, DURABILITY, and PRICE. Agents for the well-known K Boots and Manufacturers of the famous Perfect* make of Boot-Shoes. Repairs a Speciality with the best of everything, JOIICSESS, 12, Great Darkg-ate Street (Ncxt of0 PM) ABERYSTWYTH, AND AT Barmouth. Festini g. Portmadoc (Bank-place). Cardigan. Lampeter. Pwllheli. Carmarthen. Machynlleth Newtown. Dolgelley. Newcastle Emlyn. ^M^opportunities for emigrants. NEW SOUTH WALES.—Urgently required—Farmers, Farm Workers and ESg^r Female Domestic Servants. Reduced fares to Sydney from £ 6. Work WH ftJHR guaranteed. Agent-General, 123 and 125, Cannon Street, E.C. flVW VICTORIA.—Good openings for Farmers, Agricultural Labourers and Domestics. mt 1W '< Full particulars, apply Agent-General for Victoria, Melbourne Place, Strand, W.C. /W 11 QUEENSLAND.—Agriculturists. Passage £ 5. Deposit £ 50. (Wife and family n SB free.) Domestics free. Plenty of work, for willing workers. Apply, Agent-General, B 28 SOUTH AUSTRALIA.—Agriculturists with Capital. Farm Labourers and V Domestic Servants. Agent-General, 85, Gracechurch Street, E.C. WE8TERN AUSTRALIA.—Urgently required. — Farmers, Farm Labourers, Domestic Servants. Passages from £ 2. Detailed I information, The Agent-General, 15, Victoria Street, West- I minster, S.W. • 1/ l« TASMANIA.—For those seeking a home in temperate climate | with cheap living—Farming, Fruit Growing, Mining, J WUfljl HL^ &c.—Agent-General, 5, Victoria Street, S.W. J lb ■ JH ■CI The High Commissioner for the Commonwealth PC nJrW If I Cf Australia, 72, Victoria St., London, S.W. J Vll |Cb JU NEW YEAR PRIVATE GREETING CARDS Cards Designed by the most famous Artists of the day. New materials, Fresh Ideas, Novel, Beautiful 5 Designs. "CAMBRIAN NEWS" STORES, Terrace Road, ABERYSTWYTH REMEMBER YOUR FRIENDS ABROAD. SAMPLE BOOKS NOW READY. On Receipt of Postcard, Books will be forwarded for inspection or our Representative will call. Benger's is a Food || specially prepared for || Infants, Invalids and || I an<^ ^or t^iose 1| V7f\f\T\ whose digestive || powers have become || | deranged. || ] <^N/ Js entire]y distinct from other foods in con- || 1 taining a natural digestive principle which changes the || preparation into a soluble cream, and softens and modifies || | the curd in the milk. These changes take place while the || | food is being prepared—see directions. || This delicious and highly nutritive Food can therefore || Ibe taken when milk alone fails. By promoting a high state of || bodily nutrition with little or no digestive effort, it assists nature in || restoring digestive activity and renewing health. || BENGER'S FOOD AND How TO USE IT." A Guide to Infant Rearing II and Invalid Nursing and Feeding; post free on application to S| BENGER'S FOOD LIMITED, OTTER WORKS, MANCHESTER. || Bender's Food is sold in tins by Chemists, etc., everywhere. »39 Bender's Food is sold in tins by Chemists, etc., everywhere. 859 rJl*,llJ_IIJr" li]1-=. "illi:l} II I Convalescence. 1 I Forinvalids, and those recover- I I ing from influenza and other I I illnesses, a food constantly I | recommended by Doctors is | ROBINSON'S | y GROATS I (In POWDER FORM). I Made into Porridge it is B splendid for Breakfast, and as B Gruel it is excellent for I Supper, being easily digested, 1 nourishing and soothing. t M Send for Booklet: IEEN, ROBINSON & Co., Ltd., LONDON. Brown I Wrapping Paper.. FROM 15/- per Cwt I AT THE "Cambrian News" Works, ENTERTAINMENTS. ABERYSTWYTH FOOTBALL CLUB. A (HAND DRAMATIC PERFORMANCE OF "DANDY DICK" (A Farce by A. W. PINERO) in aid of the funds of the above Cluh, will be held at THJ; COLISEUM, WEDNESDAY, 25th JANUARY, i-gii. Tickets 2/6, 1/6, 1/- r620 ENORMOUS SUCCESS. THE NEW MARKET HALL, ABERYSTWYTH, as an up-to-date PICTURE PALACE AND ELECTRIC THEATRE By A. CHEETHAM, Proprietor of the famous Silvograph Pictures Aberystwyth Visitors from London state that these Pictures aro superior to any in Loudo, Two Shows Daily at 7 and S-30 3d., 6d., and In. Afternoon Perfornitoce», MONDAYS aud ISAiUR,DAYS at 3 o'clock. ft FISTEODFOn Ca-flL.333E3IJE5.XOX- MEIRION, PUBLIC ROOMS, DOLGELLEY CALAN, 1911. (January 2nd.) Presidents-GLYN EDWARDS. Esq, H.M.T.F- Cardiff Dr. JOHN JONES, D.L., Wenallt Lieut. Col. G. F. SCOTT, D.L,. Penmaenucha. CHIEF CHORAL COMPETITION at the Morning Meeting Z5 Z5 MALE VOICE COMPETITION at the Afternoon Meeting Chief Adjudicator Mr DAVID THOMAS, M.A., Mus. Doc. EVENING CONCERT At 7 p.m. Part I.— « WALPURGIS NIGHT' (Mendelssohn) Part II.— MISCELLANEOUS Principals Miss DILYS JONES, London; Mr IVOR WALTERS, London Mr JAMES COLEMAN, V. Choral, Lichtield. Chorus — The Idris Choral Society. FULL ORCHESTRAL BAND, Principal Mr Vasco V. Akeroyd. Accompanists :—Miss Eira James, Mr John Roberts, Mr M. W. Griffith, Mus. Bac. Special Trains after the Concert O. O ROBERTS ) „ 0 E. WILLIAMS (Llew Meirion) ) Hon* becs- r810
I iht atUbriau llews Friday, December 30th, 1910 CHRISTMAS EISTEDD- FODAU. QUITE apart from the National Eisteddfod, and, perhaps in spite of i t, eisteddfodau are one of the greatest mental stimulants in IVales. We know what the adverse critics say, but it is a wonderful thing that the nation should possess a musical and literary entertainment whose educating influence reaches the youngest and the poorest of the peopie and never loses its popularity. Whatever else is degenerating or decaying-, the Welsh eisteddfod holds its own and is an essential parf of the mental and emotional life of the nation. There are those probably who would lilke to restrict the com- petitions and to make the bardic circle more exclusive, and there! may be even those who look upon the eisteddfod as in some senses inimical to religion. Still, there is the fact, that old and young-, rich and poor, learned and ignorant, gather together in every town, village, and rural district in Wales to sing songs and play music, to recite poetry,, and make speeches, and to compete with each other for small prizes which in the ma'.n are obtained out of the money obtained for admission tickets. No Welsh village is so small, and no rural district so sparsely populated that during Christmas-time an eistedd- fod cannot be successfully held, with local conductors, adjudicators, and competitors. If a crowd of Welsh children who had met together were prevented by rain from playing in the open, it would only be necessary to turn them into a large room and they would quickly set up a sort of eisteddfod and would enjoy themselves as no crowd of English children could possibly enjoy themselves. They would quickly assort themselves and could find capable conductors. Music is in the very soul of the Welsh people, and from the cradle to the grave they are accustomed to music in one form or another. It is sometimes said by the shallower sort of critics that at the National Eisteddfod a Leeds or Man- chester or Birmingham choir may defeat the Welsh choirs. This is so. Nobody who has g-iven thought to this subject says that it is not possible for a town like Leeds or Manchester to get together a more skilful choir than a small town like Lampeter, or Cric- cieth, or Welshpool could get to- gether. What we do say is that a promiscuous crowd of English children cannot sing as Welsh children can sing, and that the rank and file of English workers cannot compete with the ranlk and file of Welsh workers in knowledge of vocal and instrumental music. If a hundred working men from a hundred different parts of Wales were gathered together for some purpose the probabilities are that in any prolonged interval of their business they would join in singing, and that no average listener could tell that they had not been more or less trained together. Music is a common means of expres- sion for the Welsh, and also a recognised bond of sympathy between the people of every age and condition. We are not claiming for the in- habitants of Wales a high degree of musical endowment or culture that is not found in the other three nations. What we do claim is that in Wales, largely owing to the eisteddfod, there is a widespread knowledge and an enjoyment of music which are not found in other parts of the United King- dom. Nothing is more common in the seaside resorts of this district, during the summer season, that f; fliers and quarrymen and other workers from different parts of the Principality to hold impromptu concerts on the beach, such as the workers oil England could not possibliy hold, not because they are less intelligent, but because they have not been suffused with music from their earliest days. There are people who want to "reform" the eisteddfod. We do not want to see the eisteddfod made more exclusive, or more refined, or more artistic. The eisteddfod is the nation's voice in song, and we no more want that voice altered than we want the song of the lark, or thrush, or blackbird altered. We would like more of it and, if possible, under more favourable conditions, but it is a great thing- for Wales that music is a national possession, and if the singing I-. not always of the sweetest, allowance must be made for who, like the ravens, have not been endov^' with pleasant voices, but are not aware di the fact, and are not by any means to blame for It. There are many advantages in eisteddfodau besides those directly pertaining to music and oratory, and among them the knowledge which competitors obtain of the other person's ability. The local choir that has plumed itself on its excellence meets at a Christmas eisteddfod another local choir and is beaten, to its own great wonderment. A further useful lesson taught the individual competitor is that when a five-shilling prize at an eisteddfod has been won the world is not greatly altered and that many other things still remain to be done. It may be said by the adverse critic that we are attributing to music and to the eisteddfod far more than it justice they can claim. We are not making comparisons or striking balances. The world of work in which the masses of the people have to live is hard enough and bleak enough and sad enough to make anything welcome that will lighten and brighten and ease the way all through the years. Eistedd'iod music, com- petitions, and successes will do this, and iong after youth has fled it may give the eisteddfod prize-winner joy to remember that he or she fifty or sixty years ago was a successful singer at eisteddfodau. There is one important fact in con- nection with eisteddfodau, namely, that from time to time it enables genius to reveal itself and also to win its wav into some measure of publicity. There- have been many famous orators and singers who first discovered their natural gifts at local eisteddfodau.
LAND, LANDOWNERS, AND CULTIVATORS. IF American millionaires have taught the landowners of this country nothing else, they have taught them that land is not the only possible embodiment of wealth. Nobody cares whether Mr. CARNEGIE, who has given away scores of millions of pounds, is a landowner or not. He may own a few square yards of land, I but it is as a millionaire philanthropist, and not as a landowner, that he secures the attention of the public. There are in this country many land- owners who would be much better off if they got rid of their estates at the market price, but It is the custom for them to nominally hold land, and if there is one thing more than another from which they shrink it is a breach of ancient custom. The British aristocrat is estimated, not so much by his wealth, as by his reputed ownership of land. The owner of a landed estate, mortgaged up to the hilt, stands socially higher than a rich chandler, or brewer, or shopkeeper who has a large credit balance at the bank. All this is altering. Whether the change is due to land taxes, or to new standards of social reputation we do not know, but there can be no doubt that there is a rapidly-growing disposition on the part df owners to sell land and to take whatever conse- quences may follow landlessness. It is said with confidence by experts that the breaking up of great landed estates in England and in the other three nations of the United Kingdom is proceeding with considerable and increasing rapidity. An expert says that already more than two hundred thousand acres are known to be coming into the market next year and that the probabilities are that this acreage will be greatly increased before the close of 1911. Here is an extract from a newspaper that we thin'k fairly puts the case In the vast majority of the sales of estates the land is offered in lots. It is, therefore, not a case of large estates simply passing from one "proprietor to another, but of estates going into the hands oli a con- siderable number of owners. Whether this breaking up of estates has been greatly accelerated by the land taxes is doubtful. In many cases the land to be sold is purely "agricultural, and is quite untouched "by the Budget of 1909. The fact seems to be that landowners get on the whole a very small return for their capital, and they prefer to place it in investments the return from which is safe, and which involves no trouble and labour in manage- ment." Tenants are mentally dis- turbed by the modern development, for they do not know what is going to happen. WThat one landowner may do other landowners may do, and unless tenants are prepared to pur- chase their holdings they may be thrown out of house and home, Land as an investment simply does not pay at the present time. Under the existing system of land tenure neither landlords nor tenants are in an enviable position. The tenant is afraid to invest money in his holding for fear his rent may be raised or his holding may be sold, or he ma.v have notice to quit, and the landlord has shrunk from selling his land for fear of losing local prestige. The change that is now manifesting itself will not only enable landowners to realise their possessions but will put the new owners, who were formerly tenants, ;n a position to make the best possible use of the land. The fact is that a sort of agricultural revolution is going on that will bring about great changes without injuring anybody. Land is not falling in price, nor are tenants and others afraid to purchase. The result will be that the number of land- owners will be greatly increased and the poulation of the rural districts in- stead of diminishing will begin to grow. The business of the farmer has changed during the past twenty or thirty years more than the business of any other section of the people. The farmer needs freedom, and also safety for investments, and he ought not to be afraid either of success or of investing his earnings in the land which he holds. How general the 5 tendency is to sell land may be judged < from the following extract from a i Conservative paper:—"SIR WATKIX I "WILLIAMS Garthgwvnn 1 estate, in Denbighshire, valued at 1 ^21,000, has been disposed of piece- 1 "meal, and Sir EVERARD CAYLEY'S > Llannerch Park, St. Asaph, in its t entirety, sold ior £46,000. The 1 Carnarvonshire County Council 1 'I' bought the Madryn Castle estate for "£45,000, and the Montgomeryshire County Council secured 2,575 acres di Lord JOICEY'S Gregvnog estate "for £45,500. Garth, in Brecon- t shire, extending over 1,829 acres, made £27,500, The Merioneth- < shire estate of Cors-y-Gedol, Bar- < mouth, 3,800 acres, was privately 1 "accounted for." What is wanted 1 is that the. Crown, by far the worst landlord in the United Kingdom, a should be forced to sell the land which 1 it holds in Wales and keeps in barren- < ness generation after generation. < There is no land reform more 1 urgently needed than to take out of ■ the hands of wooden State officials ] the hundreds of thousands of acres of J land which are now kept unfenced and uncultivated. It would be liar better to give the Crown lands for noting to any persons who would take them than to keep them unfenced, un- drained, and uncultivated. There are areas, the estuary of the Dovey, for instance, which could easily be reclaimed, but the State, mule-like, stands In the way and, unhappilv, there are Liberals who object to Crown lands being brought into tilth. The Crown lands scandal is too large a subject for incidental discussion as a side issue in an article of this kind, but there is the obvious fact that the State is the most stupid, ignorant, un- reasonable, and blind landowner in the C nited Kingdom. What is to be done with it? What farmers want are freedom and security. They can get neither under existing conditions. It is not a question of good landlords and bad landlords, di reasonable landlords and unreasonable landlords. It is simply a question of freedom and security. It a landowner in any part of this district were to sell hah of his estate, he could obtain a larger in- come from the purchase monov than he now receives, and the value of the remaining half would be increased. it is population that gives value to land, and during the past half century the population of the rural districts has been decreasing, mainly owing to the policy of landowners who cared more for game than rents, and more for unquestioned possession than j profit. The small holdings movement has been much in evidence recently, but small holdings are not really an essential feature in the agricultural condition of the country. Of course if the sale and consequent breaking up df large estates brought about a growth of rural population, there would be a growing demand for more small holdings, but the main feature in the agricultural position is how to give farmers freedom of action and security of position. This freedom and security, it seems to us, can only be secured by farmers being in possession of their holdings. The question is not one between good landlords and bad landlords. What is wanted is assurance that if a farmer spends money on land and increases its value that he will not be liable to legal notice to quit. It is a costly thing to establish a business. Farming is a business, and the intelligent farmer is not going to build up a business on land which belongs to somebody else, from which he may be ousted any day, not by his landlord's injustice, but by his bankruptcy, or death, or other reasons. We think that landowners are wise in selling their estates, for the simple reason that existing conditions do not permit tenants to make the best possible use of their hold- ings. If the land is not cap- able of greater development, then it can be bought back again for less money than it is now sold for. If it is capable of greater development, as we believe it is, then the land retained will increase in rental value. The problem landlords have to solve, who do not desire to sell their estates, is how to secure freedom of investment and security of tenure for tenants. The tendency to sell land is increas- ing, and it will soon be discovered whether the demand for freehold farms is as great as it was supposed to be. The sales of land will soon reveal what cultivators think freedom and security are worth in hard cash. The subject is deeply interesting, quite apart from good and bad landlords. The one thing that is 'felt to be needed is some- thing that will put a stop to the large and steady decrease of the rural popu- lation, for decrease of population in the end means a decline in the value of land, as land is worth nothino- where there are no people.
THE SAME ALL ROUND. ONE of the dangers of repeatedly call- ing attention to municipal defects is that members of the bodies whose action is called in question may think that the criticism is due to personal spleen or to distorted notions of what is right and reasonable. Our case, and we think it is a strong one, is that local governing bodies are brought face to face with certain and well- defined conditions which are inimical to health, life, prosperity, comfort, cleanliness, decency, and public order. They make byelaws, pass resolutions, appoint officials and pay them, and yet nothing is done, to the shame of the local governing bodies and the loss and suffering of the whole com- munity. It is interesting to find that what the local governing bodies of Cardiganshire fail to do from one end of the county to the other is just what the local governing bodies of Mont- gomeryshire, Merionethshire, and Car- narvonshire also fail to do. The County Councils, Education Com- mittees, Rural Councils, Town Coun- cils, Board of Guardians have the same kinds df conditions to meet. Of course, there are variations, but essentially their work is identical and it is not done. Week after week and after year we call attention in these columns to the scandalous neglect, and still nothing is done and nobody cares. The incapacity of the public bodies is fully equalled by the indifference of the people, who only arouse themselves in crises and very soon settle down again into their former hopeless apathy. The fact is there are higher theoretic conceptions of public duty and requirements than there is practical common sense to enable them to be embodied in official practice. < We have dealt recently with dirty schools, non-enforcement of byelaws, :he sweeping of deadly dust into the streets, and other matters in Cardi- ganshire, and we might as well have vh is tied into the ear of the. north wind. v e will now show our readers that :he local governing Bodies of Carnar- vonshire are neither better nor worse :han similar bodies in Cardiganshire.. \t a recent meeting oÍ the Gwyrfai Rural Council, Carnarvon, there was 1 discussion over a matter in which 1 butcher refused to comply with the sanitary byelaws in reference to his ilaughter-house. It was stated that :he building, though it might be lltered so as to satisfy the MEDICAL OFFICER of Health, could not be made :0 comply with the byelaws.. Several nembers severely commented upon :he futility of having byeiawrs if they were not to be enforced, it having .Iready been stated that if compliance was to be enforced In the case under onsideratjon a considerable number of slaughter houses in the district would have to be similarly dealt with. Nothing was done except to defer the matter for a month, which probably means that no more will be heard of Lt. iN this case had been manufac- tured in order to illustrate the sort of thing we are constantly pointing out, it could not have served our case more completely. There are the byelaws; there are the evils there are the representatives of the ratepayers and there are the helpless officials. What is to be done? The Abervstwyth Rural Council is just in the same plight as the Gwyrfai Rural Council and has the same sort of faith in adjournment. Some members of the Gwyrfai Council asked what was the use of having bK eiaws. which are not enforced? This is the question that is in need of an answer from one end of the Principality to the other. In order to illustrate the completeness of the identity of Gwyrfai Council with similar bodies elsewhere, we will take another instance from the same meeting when the Council had under further consideration the unsatisfac- tory character of a large number of houses in the villages of Ebenezer and Ciwtvbont. Both the AGENT and SUR- VEYOR of the estate on which the houses are situated had signified their desire to meet the Council in everv way possible, but as the expense of restoring the houses to a proper sani- tary condition would be out of all pro- portion to the benefit to be derived, they intimated their willingness to dis pose of the property, comprising thirty-five houses, for £500. They also undertook not to let any more houses which might become vacant. The Council deferred its decision pend- ing the receipt of Vurther information, and the SANITARY IXSPECTOR was in- structed to secure particulars in respect of every parish. Of course. This means that nothing at all will be done. W e know the members of puoac bodies who allow all sorts of evils to grow until they are intolerable and then refuse to tackle part of the evil because it cannot be tackled in the lump. Why did not the GM.ivrfai Council settle on the spot and at once the evil they had before them on the best terms possible? The owners of the estate and their representatives were reasonable, and there was no ground, except the foolishness of the Council, for not dealing with the sub- ject without further delay. There is no possilble explanation or justifica- tion for not dealing with one evil because facts relating to all the other evils in the district of the same kind are not officially known. The whole situation is quite intelli- gible to us. We have had to deal with it hundreds of times in reference to all sorts of questions from end to end of many counties. What the Gwyrfai Council means to avoid, at cost of life if needs be, is increased local expenditure. There are the Council's own violated byelaws, but it is easier and safer to degrade the Council than to add a penny in the pound to the local rates. After all, what are a few deaths compared with an increase of local rates? vVhat, indeed ? We ask our readers all over the district what is to be done in the face of this feebleness, and worse? Here is a community managed bv a Council that is supposed to represent the ratepayers. That Council, in order to meet certain conditions, passes carefully-prepared byelaws. Well-paid officials are appointed to enforce those byelaws. Then the Council, with inexpressible feebleness, refuses to support the officials or to enforce the byelaws, and generally befools itself. What is to be done, not only at Gwyrfai, but in hundreds of other places? We do not know. There is the Local Government Board to fall back upon, but the Local Gov- ernment Board is as helpless as the feeblest of Parish Councils, and if there is anything that embodies utter aimless, hopeless incapacity it is a Parish Council.. We long ago abandoned the hope that the Local Government Board might do some- thing in the direction of forcing local governing bodies to enforce their own byelaws and to carry out their own resolutions. As far as we can judge, the people must go on drinking diluted urine, and inhaling filth germs, and dying of infectious and contagious diseases until their average intelligence has reached a higher level. Nineteen- twentieths of the inhabitants of the Principality do not believe that sheer. unadulterated muck is dangerous to human life, and to them hideous and fatal filth diseases are far less objec- tionable than higher local rates. We have been struggling for greater municipal cleanliness for more than forty years and have not made any progress worth mentioning. We freely give the local governing bodies of Cardiganshire any consolation that can be derived from the fact that the local governing bodies of Carnarvon- shire are not a whit more advanced, or intelligent, or far-seeing than them- selves.
EDITORIAL NOTES. Mr. GEOnGE DAVISON, of Has Wern- faivr, Harlech, has presented the people of Harlech with a much-needed public hall. The clever people who do not know any- thing about it are foretelling, as usual, who are to be the recipients of royal New Year honours. Mr. and Mrs. WILLIAM LLOYD, master and matron of Ellesmere Workhouse, hare been appointed to be master and matron of the Aberystwyth Workhouse. Before going to Ellesmere, Mr. and Mrs. LLOYD were master and matron of Dolgelley Workhouse.