Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

22 erthygl ar y dudalen hon



By SPADE-WOEKEE. VEGETABLE MARROWS. t Marrow -plants raised from seed sown, in a frame a few weeks ago should now be pi t.itotl out, and seeds may be sown out of doojy where the marrows are to be grown. Most people make a marrow bed by piling up a heap, of soil, manure, leaves aaid ;rdeii refuse; such a bed is very liable-to from drought in hot weather, and, as veryone knows, you cannot grow these pl uits satisfactorily unless you keep them moist at the root. A better way than in king- a heap is to dig a hole about two feet deep and fill this with the soil, manure, etc. Manure is not essential, and excellent crops can be grown in ordinary soil with which decayed leaves are mixed. If I plant marroVs in a raised bed I never make the latter higher than 12in. or so above the sur- face the other 12in. of prepared material is below ground. Those who delight in large marrows should grdw the Long Green and Long "White trailing sorts. Personally, I piffer the smaller sorts, such as Pen-y-Byd and More's Cream. I find the bush mar- rows more useful than the trailing sorts. Instead of wandering to such an extent as to become a nuisance, they form compara- tively compact bushes, and bear a good crop of fruit. This year I am growing chiefly the bush custard marrows. PUMPKINS AND GOURDS. These need the same kind of treatment as vegetable marrows, and prove very useful during winter; pumpkin pie is a favourite dish of mine. Those who wish to add a little variety to their allotment should grow a few of the ornamental gourds; they are obtainable in many shapes, and some are highly coloured. There are, for example, the orange, pear-shaped, and Turk's cap gourds. These plants make vigorous growth, and they must have an abundance of water during hot, dry weather, though the labour of watering is lessened consider- ably by planting in deep, rich soil. The ridge cucumber is worth growing for Bummer salad; the fruits do inot, of course, ifl size with those grown under glass, but they are of good flavour if a variety such as King of the Ridge is chosen. It is best to sow the seeds singly in small pots in a frame, and to plant out the seed- lings later on. PRIZEWINNING HINTS. Those who wish to grow the finest possible garden produce, whether fruits or veget- ables, should endeavour to apply liquid I manure to their crops. One cannot always obtain it, but whenever I have the choice I prefer the liquid from yard manure to any other fertiliser-it is perfectly safe, and has a magical effect on the crops. At first it should be diluted with water to the extent of half, but may gradually be used at greater strength. Mr. Middleton is awarded a prize of "Garden Work for Every Day" for his note and sketches dealing with this subject. The sketches show an 'admirable method of making liquid manure. Obtain a Method of Preparing Liquid Manure. Ifirge tub aij.i fix a tap in tho lower half, and th-n nail or -crew half a do-.vii b'ocks of wood round the inside p1)out h: if-wav up; also put a'notlier piece of word right across the centre, as shown. The pieces of wood act as bejircis for a siitvt of'stout perforated zinc, which, to i*got in povitic-n, will re- ouir-:1 to bo cut in lia'f as the to?) of the tub is smaller thr^ th-v middle. The zinc being fitted weli all .<i:?id the tub you can- load it with a sufficient quantity of any description cf rviinn,] manure. The tub is afterwards fed from the top ,.¡th water from the down spout off the greei hous'O or any other out- building. or by bucket. The liquid will be a fiixl'-rate fertiliser by the tin e it reaches V-i- bottom portion, whence it I)Lwdiir.-ii off by mean? of the tap. SEEjj TO SOW. Seeds of French or kidney lxoaEs, haricot and runner beans, g'.obe and long beetroot, New Zealand spinach, peas for a late crop, ] carrots, maize or sweet corn, kohl rabi, per- petual spinach, and various sorts of winter greens may be sown now. If -one of the shorthorn carrot. i.s ehfsen there will be many acceptable dishes of small but excel- lent roots in late summer and autumn. Per- petual spinach is a most useful crop for the allotment, for it continues to yield produce for many months. The ceedlings should be thinned to 12iu. apart at least. If it is found that the allotment is likely to be short of Wintt-r greens, sow more seeds continue to set out earlier seedlings at Gin. apart, so that tbev may be sturdv and wen rooted when the time comes to put them out finally. Potatoes may still be planted, but they ought to be got in with the least possible delay. The earliest varieties are now ready to he earthed up; after it has been broken down the soil should be drawn well up to the potato stems. Before doing this scatter superphosphate of lime along each side of the row, using 2oz. per yard of row. "■D7 I PRIZE COMPETITION FOR £ Td/)T- f MENT HOLDERS. Every week Wo prizes are offeiv?^ for the best allotment la lit or recipe. Tfafe prices consist of gardening books. All le'n- tries for this 'competition must Vie addressed S padewoHter," care of Ed'A-cr of this paper. AK&WERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. J. A.—The salt must be used very spar- j Îngly, at the rate of 1(W;. per square yard, ■ or 21b. per rod, for sweh crops as aspatra. gus, cabbage, beetroot^seakale, and Ikklr, toos. It is useful fti'i-.1) for helping to down soil pests. ■. Colmont.-Yon fCMJ 'only grow radishes really well by s^wiffi the seeds sbtaewhat thinly on rich soil, cefore sowing •break up the ground well, and. work in soine partly decayed manure—fresh manure pauses a lot of leaf growth. A. sunny position or one only slights- shaded is best,. Try the globe or round varieties. Ignoramus.—There are many reasons for .the falling 'of the tomato flowers; if the! soil is showed to'get dry or kept sodden, if the plants are put out of doors before being 'hardened oft, if the soil is unsuitable or not made firm—these are some of the causes. Runner be arts are commonly grown for the use of the green pods in summer, but the seeds may be allowed to ripen and are then used im wintel as haricot beans. **Spadeworker" is open to give practical advice, free of charge, to readers of this' paper. Replies will be sent by post if a stamped addressed envelope is enclosed. Address your inquiries to "Spadeworker," I care of Editor.


|Llyfrau Bwyd. 0




[No title]






i ;•Poultry.




'----------------Farmers Column.



Aberystwyth Rural Food Committee,

,——' t.HENLLAN.