J.. CIRCULATION. What "is circulation P Is it the number of papers circulated, or is iit the number of papers read; or is it the number of fersons who read .the same paper r An advertiser told me this week that seven persons read his Cam- brian News and it was afterwards sent to London where ten others read it. That is real circulation. Huge .numbers of copies distributed and thrown aside are not real circulation. We offer you real circulation week ,by week, despite paper difficulties, and the unasked testimonials of existing advertisers is proof that we tell the truth. Will you test it for yourself? R. READ, Editor-Manager.
EDITORIAL NOTES. Prestatyn Council have decided to undertake, free of charge, the spraying of all potato crops in the district. This is a tip for Aberystwyth urban and rural councils. Judging by last year's experience, if the work is left to in- 4ividuals spraying will not be generally .ne. < Members of local and appeal tribunals Br" called on, consequent on the renewed call to the colours, to devote a considerable amount of time to the thankless duties of their office. Recently appeal tribunals meet several times weekly, which puts a severe strain on members and officials. The times, however, are criticised and call for sacrifice and devotion v. all sections of the population. < Mr. William Owen, chairman of Merioneth Appeal Tribunal, made references to the action of persons who endeavour by letters and other means to influence individual members of the Tribunal in respect of cases coming before them. This practice is unfortunately not uil- known in other departments of public life. Even in the administration of justice similar protests have been made. The Chairman stated that strong action will be taken against any person stooping to this practice in future. < < < Economists are racking their brains and wasting much paper over the question of how J the country is to pay for its share of the world war. There seems to be no valid reason why anyone should get despondent over the matter, -to the solution is simple. Let the Government Send its accredited representatives to Merioneth to scoop up the gold reported to be waiting Someone with sufficient enterprise to pick it up. The only thing that militates against un- due optimism is that these sensational dis- coveries have been heard of before. The tenth annual Summer School of the University College of Wales at Aberystwyth will -commence on July 30th and continue until August 17th, except in the case of the course for library service which last a fortnight only, under the direction of Professor C. R. Chappie. An attractive syllabus has been arranged, in. cluding library service, history, school horticul- ture, art and handwork, principles of teaching, and principles of accounting. In the evenings public lectures will be delivered on many in- teresting subjects which, it is to be hoped, will be intelligibly delivered. Merioneth Education Committee is again faced by a serious dearth of teachers. The recent extension of the age limit under the Military Service Act will make the situation, already strained, an almost impossible one. One of the results of the war will be the release from schools ot thousands of ill-informed and superficially-taught children- which will cer- tainly not conduce to the benefit of the country. It is stated on credible authority that Germany, amidst its manifold perplexities, has during the war passed and put into operation a complete and elaborate system of educa tion reform and has maintained the efficiency of the teaching staffs at the highest level. • » • Everyone interested in the production of food and the encouragement of thrift will be glad to hear that Mr. ProtLero, president of the Board of Agriculture, purposes initiating legis- lation to regularise the position of the allot- ment holder. It, is estimated that the allot- ments of England and- Wales will this year produce something like a million and a hali e tons of food. When it is considered that a large proportion of that production has been obtained from land hitherto lying tallow, waste, or poorly cultivated, and that the produce has benefited thousands of homes by the provision of whole- some food in times of food scarcity, anything calculated to encourage allotment holders I continue their efforts unci to induce others to take up allotments should be welcomed. Wliere- i .ever possible, reasonable security ot tenure should be afforded. • • Dr. E. Lewys-Llovd, school medical officer for Merioneth, had an encouraging report to present to the County Education Committee last week. Referring to the recently-establishen school clinics, six of which were held at Blaenau Festiniog and three it Dolgelley, he reported that in all 106 cases of adenoids and tonsils had been dealt with by Dr. Malcolm Stockdale, Liverpool, the specialist appointed by the Education Authority, and that 143 cases -of defective vision had been attended to. Merioneth, after some years of unsatisfactory experimenting, has since the appointment of Dr. Tiewys-Lloyd made substantial progress in the direction of safeguarding the health of the future citizens. Dr. John Jones, chairman of the Committee, bore testimony to the efficiency .and excellence of the treatment given the children by Dr. Stockdale, and congratulated the Medical Officer on his record of work. # > What can be done in this country to make the nation self-supporting in the matter of food is shown by recently-published statistics and should encourage the effort to make the land of Great Britain more permanently pro- ductive even when the present special reason for increased production has ceased to apply. Reckoned in tonnage the net saving in shipping hy increased production of corn and potatoes in England and Wales alone during the next twelve months is estimated at about one and a half million tons. The agricultural horse has here and there indulged in a bit of jibbing at plough- ing orders, bti4 on the whole it has been doing steady work, with the result that over eight million and a half acres have been planted for this year's harvest, ah increase over 1916 of more than two million acres. The year's wheat acreage is over two and a half million, the hghest since 1882, and the potato acreage is 645,000. the highest since 1872. Government experts take a hopeful view of harvest pros- pects. • Maior Lewis J. Mathias, D.L of Bron- padarn, Aberystwyth, has sent to the Librarian • of the National Library of Wales a cheque for £500, in accordance with his promise reported to the Court of Governors recently, for the purpose of defraying the cost of the installation -of the apparatus for reproducing facsirnik of manuscripts, rare books, etc. In accordance with the charter, Major Nlathias- by his dona- tion becomes a life governor of the National Library, and his name has been entered on the roll, of life governors. Photostat is a pro- cess which, as described by Mf. Ballinger, the
Aberystwyth Tribunal. BUSINESS APPEALS. The Tribunal for the borough of Aberystwyth sat on Friday; present Alderman John Evans, chairman Aldermen E. P. Wynne and Edwin Morris, Councillors David Davies, Captain Doughton, T. J. Morrison, and J. D. Williams, Mr. John Evans, clerk; and Mr. T. II. Edwards, national service representative. Hugh Owen James, forty-three, married with four children, formerly employed by Anglo- American Oil Company and engaged since May 8th as a timber sawyer, applied for exemption on the ground of his wife's health. He had been three times medically examined and placed in Grade 1. He left the Oil Company's service on reduction of staff, but. was offered a position by the Company in Liverpool. The Company wrote that he was an enthusiastic and conscien- tious worker, and Mr. Vincent Evans wrote that he was now engaged at Lodge Park on work of national importance.—30th September. William Pritchard Davies, grocer's appren- tice, Greenfield-street, eighteen, Grade 2, was applied for by Mr. John Lewis, manager of the Co-operative Society's' Aberystwyth' Branch. M: Lewis said Davies was the only male engaged besides himself. He could not send a girl out with a handcart, though a girl might do it. Davies was small physically, but might develop in training, or might break down.—31st August. William Adler, shopkeeper and hairdresser, Pier-street, Grade 2, married with three child- ren, applied for total exemption on the ground that his was a one-man business which would have to be closed if he was called up. He also asked to be allowed to go to the Medical Assessor. Through his father having been killed in a Zeppelin raid he had to support his mother and refugee sister and partly support his refugee brother and family.—In reply to the N.S.R., Mr. Adler said his wife had quite enough to do without attending to the business. To his knowledge there were no hairdressers ii the town to do the work he did. He did not know that two hairdressers' businesses had been closed. He did not know that he had been very patriotic before the age limit was increased and he had not accosted the N.S.R. several cinv s about other people he thought ought to be in the army. He was a naturalised British subject, but was a Russian subject by birth but not by adoption. Was naturalised about twenty years ago. His brother and sister were in business in Germany before the war, but his brother, who had a Turkish passport, escaped from in- ternment and his sister tried to return to Warsaw, but found the frontier closed and got into Switzerland.—Adjourned until after medical re-examination. Mr. T. J. Samuel appeared for Joseph Henry Smith, weighing machine man, Alexandra- road, who had also applied to go to the Medical Assessor, and the hearing was adjourned. Mr. Samuel also appeared for John Owen, Stead and Simpson's local manager, forty-three, Grade 1, widower with one child, who applied for total exemption. He was the only male engaged with three female assistants. His mother of seventy-three lived at Taliesin, and his late wife's mother was seventy-eight. He had a brother and three married sisters, but they could not take charge of the child.—Mr. Kilby, representing the firm, said the firm had lost, 700 men from the factory and shops, and now the age limit was increased was put in a hole to find substitutes for the remaining men. The branch did a good credit as well as cash business, and a manager was necessary to keep the books and superintend repair work. A capable woman could do the work; but he j had no trained women for Aberystwyth, and a Welsh-speaking woman was absolutely necessary for the country business.—The Tribunal granted exemption until September 30th and suggested that in the meantime an effort should be made to train a woman for the position.
PERSONAL. Mr. John A. Inglis Jones, Grenadier Guards, Derry Ormond, who has been wounded, is now in hospital in London. Major J. H. Harford, who has been' men- tioned in despatches, is the son of Mr. Thomas Harford, a J.P. for Cardiganshire and grand- son of Mr. Pryse Loveden, Gogerddan. Miss Gwladys M. Hinds, only daughter of Mr. John Hinds, M.P., lord lieutenant for Carmarthenshire, was married this week to Major John Cremlyn Jones, formerly of the R.W.F., son of the late Mr. Cremlyn Jones and of Mrs. Jones, Anglesey. Lord Rhondda on promotion to a Viscountcy will retain the same title. Mr. Edgar L. Chapped has resigned his office of Secretary of the Welsh Housing and Develop- ment Association in order to take up an ap- pointment as housing inspector to the Local Government Board for South Wales and Mon- mouthshire. Captain J. J. Pugh Evans, Welsh Guards, has been awarded a bar to the M.C. His name appeared in the second instalment, of the King's Birthday Honors List. He is a son of Lady Evans, Lovesgrove I Lord Rhondda's medical advisers are much pleased with the progress he is making towards recovery. The name of Capt. Griffith Lewis Jones, R.A.M.C., of Aberporfh, appears in the Birth- day Honors List, he having been awarded the M.C.
The New Honors. FOOD CONTROLLER TO BE VISCOUNT. HONOR FOR COLONEL PRYCE JONES. 'On Monday the Birthday Honors list con- tained several important Welsh names. Viscounts. Rt. Hon. David Alfred, Baron Rhondda.—For conspicuous public services as Food Controller, 1917-18. Rt. lIoH, Sir John Wynford, Baron St. Davids.—For continuous public services in the following capacities: Lord Lieutenant of Pembroke, president of the Pembrokeshire Ter- ritorial Force Association, president of the Pembrokeshire branch of the Red Cross, mem- ber of the Road Board from iEs inception, mem- her of Investments Advisory Committee under Insurance Act, chairman of Decks Development Committee, first chairman of the Flour Mills Control Committee, president of the Organisa- tion for the Employment of Retired Officers. Barons. Sir William James Tatcm, Bt., J.P.—Chair- man of the Cardiff Shipowners' Association, 1907; High Sheriff, Glamorgan, 1911; president of the Royal Hamadryad Seamen's Hospital, Governor of King Edward VJ1. Hospital, Car- diff. For continuous and devoted work in plac- ing the Universities of Wales on a permanent and secure foundation, and for generous contri- butions to the National Welsh Museum at Car- diff and the National Welsh Library at Aber- ystwyth. Orders of Knighthood. To be K.G.—Henry John Brinsley, Duke of Rutland. Privy Co, -.cillors. William Adamson, M.r.—Chairman Parlia- mentary Labour Party. For public and Par- liamentary services. John Robert Clynes, Esq., M.P.—Parliament- ary Secretary to the Ministry of Food, M.P. for North-east Manchester since 1906. For public and Parliamentary services. Baronetcies. Guy C,dthorpe.-For public services as Con- troller of Coal Min s and as head of the De-. part-ment of the Board of Trade which has con- trol of the coal mines of the United Kingdom. He has been responsible for the inception and carrying out of the scheme for the reorganisa- tion of transport- of coal within the United Kingdom. Colonel Edward Pryce-Jones, M.P.—J.P. and D.L. fyr Montgomeryshire. Also a. member of Montgomery County Council. M.P. for Mont- gomery District, 1895-1906, and since 1910. Junior Deputy Chancellor of University, 1911- 12. Hon. Colonel 7th Royal Welsh Fusiliers, 1908. For public and Parliamentary services. Raised 5th Volunteer Battalion, South Wales Borderers, 1897. Robert Thomas.—High Sheriff for Anglesey. Fifteen years treasurer of the Anglesey Eistedd- fod Association. For public services in found- ing the Welsh Heroes' Memorial Fund, and in supporting the British and Foreign Sailors' Society and Bangor University. Lieut. Colonel Rhys Williams, D.S.O., K.C.- Deputy Lieutenant for the county of Glamor- gan. For public and local services as chairman of Quarter Sessions for the last. 12 'years. Knighthoods. A. G. Jeans.—Editor of "Liverpool Post." John Merry Le Sage.—Editor of the "Daily Telegraph." Thomas William Lewis.—For services ren- dered as Stipendiary Magistrate for twenty years, and as Senior Wreck Commissioner. Peter Peacock.—Mayor of Warrington for fifth year. For active leadership in local patrio- tic work. Chairman of Lord Derby's Recruit- ing Scheme. Late chairman of the Military Tribunal, and now. member of the Lancashire Appeal Tribunal. Chairman of Pensions Com- mittee, Prisoners of War Committee. National Service Committee. Warrington Savings Com- mittee. Refugees Committee, War Aims Com- mittee. Food Control Committee, Coal Control Committee. Health Insurance Committee. Sir Peter Peacock is connected with Fairbourne, Merioneth. To be K.C.B. Liesit.-com. (Act. Com.) Alban Lewis Gwynne, of the Royal Navy, who receives Companionship of the Bath. is the only son of the late Mr. Alban Gwynne, D.L., J.P., of Monacht.y, Ciliau Aeron, Cardiganshire. He is in his thirty-eighth year and entered the Navy as a lieutenant in 1902. He makes his home at the family seat at Monachty. Order of St. Michael and St. George. To be G.C.M.G. Sir Owen Cosby Philipps, K.C.M.G.. M.P.- For services to the dominions and colonies in connection with shipping and other matters.
VISCOUNT RHONODA. Born in 1856, Viscount Rholldda after com- pletion of his college career, made himself thoroughly conversant with every detail of the coal mining industry and attained a leading position as a statistician. His parliamentary career and wonderful work ir South Wales in connection with the Cambrian Combine are too well known to need repetition, but his services to the count'- during the war are little short of remarkable. In his American mission to organise the output of munitions the new Viscount was successful beyond all anticipa- tions: and he accomplished a great work about which very little may be said. It was at the conclusion of his trip to America that lie wa; returning in t-ite "Ltisitania" when that vessel was torpedoed. The Premier paid a very lligh tribute to Lord Rhondda's work, and it is worthy of note that the whole was accomplished without fee or reward—for his Lordship did not even receive his expenses for his five months strenuous labour. In January, 1916, he was raised to the peerage and in that year made his generous gift of Welsh statuary to Cardiff. Then followed what many reformers Inel*s will regard as the most import-ant- works of his life, namely, the energising of the Local Gov- ernment Board and the bringing forward of the Health Ministry. It was this vitally- important work that Lord Rhondda set aside to take up the thankless ask of Food Con- troller, and his success ha4! been a subject, of comment, not only in the public press, but in every household of. the country. The many im- portant duties carried out by Viscountess Rhondda in connection with the war are well known. Lady Mackworth, Lhedaughter of Viscount and Viscountess Rhondda, has accomplished a very great task in connection with national service, and, at present, holds the highest position in connection with the recruiting of women for war work. LORD ST. DAVID'S. Lord St. Davids is the eldest of three famous Welsh 1 nothers, the other two being Major-general Ivor Philipps, M.P.. and Sir Owen Philipps, M.P., the shipping magnate, He is fifty-eigln- years of age and has repre- sented Mid-Lanarkshire and Pembrokeshire in the House of Commons. He was raised to the peerage in 1908. His wosons by his first wife were killed in the war and in 1916 he married Elizabeth Frances, daughter of the Hon Paulyn, F. C. Rawdon-Hastings, of Ashhy-de- la-Zotich. He has ttken keen interest .in all matters relating to Wales and has been a most assiduous worker. He is well known in agri- cultural and financial circles and is chairman of the BUe?lo" Avres and Pacific Railways and three other Argentine railways which, under his guidance, have attained a position of great financial prosperity. His heir, the Hon. Testyn Regina!d Plantagenet Philipps, was born in Febrearv. 1917 SIR OWEN PHILIPPS. Sir Edward Coslsy Philipps, K.C.M.O., M.P., is a brother of Lord St. Davids and has rend- ered signal services to the empire in connection with, shipping and other undertakings. In 1902 he married yTai. co-heiress of 11t: late Mr. Thomas Morris, of Coomb, ficnf,ii-e. He was high sheriff for Pembrokeshire in 1904. He i chairman and managing director of the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company, Union Castle Line, and their associate shipping com- panies. He is also a director of the London and South-Western Railway Company, and holds many important public appointments. SIR EDWARD PRYCE-TONES. Colonel Sir Edward Pryca-Jones. Bart. has been M.P. for Montgomeryshire since 1910 and is one of the Conservative Welsh Nationalists, with a wide outlook, and has consistently sup- ported the Premier in his war aims. He is fifty-seven years of age and a barrister, and in 1911-12 was junior deputy-chancellor of the Welsh University. I 8m RHYS WILLIAMS. Lieut.-colonel Fir Rbvs Williams. Bart.. K.C., D.S.O., deputy general of staff duties at the Admiralty, is one of the most popular men in j South Wales. The eldest son of the late Judge Gwilyin Williams, of Miskin Manor, he acted for several years as vice-chairman of Glam- organ Quarter Sessions, and on the death of the late Mr. 0. H. Jones he succeeded to the chairmanship. At the outbreak of war he
I Dctlgelley Soldier Killed. Private GOMER DAVIES. Killed in Palestine.
(Continued from previous column.) li.bravian, reproduces all accurate and a perfect copy of the most delicate drawings and prints, etc. It is a method which has proved of great, value in engineering shops where accuracy and perfect detail are essential. Th value of Major Mathias's gift lies in the fact that he has made it possible for students living in all parts of the world to receive perfect reproduc- tions of the valuable and, in some cases price- less works, at the National Library. It is no mere gift to the Library; it is a gift to the students througnout the world; and, as the South Wales Daily News suggests in pay- ing tribute to the donor, the example might well be followed by those who desire to help forward research in other parW of the kingdom. It is a A-ell-coilceive(Y gift and one which can- not be fully realised, for time alone will show how much more valuable the collection in Ahi; National Library is rendered by the prine I. donation. Cardiganshire Liberal Association held a four- iiours meeting last w.eek at Lampeter when several resolutions which had been placed in the hands of the delegates at the commencement of the meeting were adopted without much opportunity for mature consideration. Mr. Vaughan Davies, who has represented the county for twenty-three years, came in for hostile criticism for, in the opinion of some delegates, his sin of commission in his vote in Parliament respecting the conscientious objector, and, in the opinion of others, for his sin of omission in the matter of Welsh disestablish- ment. One delegate went to the length of threatening the County Member with opposition in the next Parliamentary election, which Mr. Lima Jones of Aberayron, declared would result in his return by a more triumphant majority than ever. The Hon. Member's reply will ryc found in a summarised report of the meeting, and no doubt will be satisfactory to some and unsatisfactory to others. At the meeting letters were read from Mr. Towyn Jones, the Welsh Liberal whip, and Mr. Lloyd George testifying to the faithfulness of Mr. Vaughan Davies to Liberal principles and to the value of his services in Parliament and the delegates in the eud passed a vote of confidence in their representative. It is no use denying tlie-fact: however, that there is a certain, or uncertain, section of Liberals in the county who desire a change in its Parliamentary representative; but as the population of the county is so scat- tered and divided by geographical conditions and Liberals meet to confer once a year only it is difficult to ascertain the extent to which that desire prevails, or whether it emanates from a weariness of waiting for dead men's shoes and that deferred hope of the sweets of office which maketh the heart sick. At any rate, h. Vaughan Davies's twenty-three years service entitles him to courteous, if not graceful treat- ment. Strong points in his favour are that he is a consistent supporter of the Government in bringing the war to a righteous conclusion and that, he is not everlastingly asking silly ques- tions in the House of Commons calculated to embarass the Government and cause disquiet and dissatisfaction in the country.
Aberystwyth Brothers. I EVAN and LEWIS DOUGHTON. Sons of Mrs Doughton, 31 High Street. Evan is in the King's Liverpool an 1 T.ewis is in the A.S.C. M.T. convey in England.
Machynlleth Tribunals. RURAL CASES ADJOURNED. Machynlleth Rural Tribunal sat on Wednes- day, present, Messrs. M. E. Francis, presiding; Edward Hughes, John Davies, W. P. Rowlands, clerk, and R. C. Anwyl, N.S.R. In the reviewed case of Robert Parry, tenant farmer, Pwlimelyn, Llanbrynmair, the N.S.R. explained that the case WAS only brought up to ascertain the exact position of Parry, who was "starred" before, but the protection had been withdrawn and exemption granted.—Exemption was confirmed. the cases of Thomas Jones employed by James Grant, Llanidloes, and Thomas Jones, in the employ of Mrs Sarah Jones, Saw Mill, Pennant, Llanbrynmair, the Tribunal and N.S.R. did not know the exact position of these men, being agricultural cases, and the cases were adiourned. In the case of John Llew. Jones, employer M. J. Roberts, Rhosfarch, Pennal, the case was ad- journed for medical examination. Humphrey Evans, Esgairgoch, Llanbrynmair, supported the application of Wm. H. Jones, his employee, 30 years of age and single.—The N.S.R. pointed out that the man was not called up and said the wisest course was to with- draw the application, which was done.-The Em- ployer was advised to apply to the War Agri- cultural Committee for a voucher as soon as applicant is called up. If the voucher was ob- tained there would be no need for a Tribunal exemption. Thomas O. Cross, Ynvshir Hall, Glandyfi, ap- plied for exemption for Matthew Tye, 43, Grade 1, married, farm hand, in his employ. Tye had four children and his wife was in delicate health. He (Cross) had a farm of 210 acres.- Adjourned till the next meeting. It was reported by the N.S.R. that Richard Emlyn Jones, Esgairgeiliog, whose case was adjourned and who worfcftl on the Corris Rati- way, had now a protection card.
DEVIL'S BRIDCE. Mr. Lewis.. Faengraeh, last week lost a mare through natural causes estimated to be worth £100. A reicept.bn entertainment was given at Woodlands Bungalow, on Saturday evening for Sapper Tom Thomas, R.E., Plvnlimon View, home from hospital. Sapper Thomas has seen three years active service on the Wt-ste, Front, and. escaped unscathed until recently wlien, as a result of shell fire, he had to taken to a base hospital and afterwards trans- ferred to a home hospital. The Rev. Charles Evans presided. The programme was com- piled by the Honorary Secretary (Mr. n Edwin Davies, station master). The opening song of "Hen Wlad fy Nhadau" was sung by Mr. Tom Morgan, Tynrhyd, Cwmystwyth. Other songs were sung by Mr. David Davies, Dolau; Aiiss Margaret Davies, Winllanwen: Miss Myfanwy Eunice Evans, Tynclawdd: Miss Victoria Bray, Tanllethr. Rhosygell: Mr. W J. Davies, Dolau; Miss Annie Jones. Wern- driw; Miss Katie Lloyd, Penlonfedw; Mr. J. M. Williams, Rhydypererinion; Mr. Tom Morgan, Tynrhyd-; and Mr. William John Davies, Rhosygell. The presentation of El on behalf of the Devil's Bridge Entertainment Committee, was made by Miss Gwyneth Richards, School House., which Sapper Thomas suitably acknowledged. The accompanists were Miss Katie Morgan, Tynllwyn, and Miss Beryl Lloyd, Penlonfedw. The solo in "God Save the King" was taken by Mr. W. J. Davies. winner at Goginan chair eisteddfod. A communication has been received by Mr. and Mrs. William Davies, Dolau, Rhosygell, that their son (Private E. R. Davies) who a short time ago was reported wounded, is now progressing satisfactorily. Similar good news short time ago was reported wounded, is now progressing satisfactorily. Similar good news has been received by Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Williams, Bancrliydd, that their son (Private Ivor Charles Williams) recovering from illness through his having been engaged in stemming the onslaught of the enemy. Mr. John Evans, precentor of St. Iago's, is seriously ill at Treorchy.
PENLLWYN. A singing festival was held at the cliapel on Friday and was largely attended. The circuit included Goginan, Ponterwyd, Capel Dewi, Capel Madoc, Aberffrwd, Llwyngroes, Pisgah, and Penllwvn. Capel Seion, Llanbadarn, and Aberystwyth were also represented in the I attendance. The conductor was Mr. T. J. Morgan (Pencerdd Cynon). Aberdare, under whose leadership the choirs sang well. j A successful rehearsal in connection with the singing festival was held at the C.M. Cliapel on Tuesday evening week. Prof. T. J. Mor- gan, Abercynon. Glam., was the conductor.
YSTUMTUEN. At the funeral of Mr. John Daniel, Tvg,yn, Mrs. Daniel was unable to attend through ill- ness. The mourners present included Messrs. David and Rieltard i,aniel Crosshands; Private John Daniel, "IiJitary, Police, Mr. William Daniel, Tygwyn 'son=). Miss Mar- Daniel, Tylorstown: and married sister, Mrs. J. D. Rieuarils, Bod rain. Mr* Joseph Evvis, Ty- gwyn (daughters): Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Daniel, Penrhiwceir. Mrs. Rowland Daniel, Mr. David Owen, Lluest Faeh (cousins); Mrs Lizzie Williams (sisters Mr R. H. Jones. Svchnant (brother-in-law): several grand-children and other relatives. The Rev G. Bedford Roberts assisted by the Rev. Charles Evans, Yspyttv Cynfvn, and Mr. Willialh Evans, C.C.. Pont- erwyd, officiated.
I (continued from previous column). joined the Ist, Battalion Grenadier Guards, and was transferred to the Welsh Guards soon afte the formation of that new household regiment with the rank of captain. SIR ROBERT THOMAS. Sir Robert Thomas. Bart, is a well-known Liverpool shipowner who has been a generous benefactor of Bangor University College. He founded the Welsh Heroes' Memorial t Fund in North Wales, has been treasurer of the Anglesey Eisteddfod Association for fifteen years, and is the present high sheriff of that countv. SIR V-tAM YS w, LEWIS. Sir Thomas William Lewis, for over thirty- n-> rears h< b""1I stipendiary magistrate of Cardiff, and in that important and exacting office he has established the highest reputation by the soundness of his judgments and the strict impartiality* with which lie disr»*n=e« instice. He is a brother of the late Lord Merthyr.
j t Aberystwyth Rural i Tribunal. I LETTER FROM oIR A. GEDDES. Aberystwyth -Rural Tribunal sat on Monday present Messrs. David Edwards, Dolfor, pre- siding; E. J. Evans, J. Bunce Morgan, Tom Jones, David James, Penllwyn; L. J. Lewis David James, Penrhyncoch: David Jenkins Bryncarnedd; David Lewis, William Jenkins; John Roberts, John Richards, Mr. Huo-h Hughes, clerk; and Mr. T. H. Edwards, -N.S.R. The N.S.R. read the following letter from Sir Auckland Geddes, of the Ministry r National Service: In the course of visits have made to different parts of the country i have had the pleasure of meeting'personally a considerable number of N.S.R.'s; but it. has not been possible for me to get into personal touch with everyone. I therefore wish to take this opportunity of saying how fully I realise the value of the constant and difficult work which has been performed by N.S.R.'s the im- portance of which it is impossible to over- estimate. At the present critical stage of the war even greater efforts and sacrifices than those already made are necessary on the part of all classes of the community. The demand for men in the higher medical grades or cate- gories is insistent and must be met at once if the national forces are to be maintained in adfequsite strength. An N.-S:R. in putting forward the views of this Ministry before the xriounai is tultulJmg a function of great re- sponsibility. I rely on you to keep steadily before the tribunals at which you appear that no fit man of fighting age should receive ex- emption on occupational grounds unless he is engaged in work directly important to the prosecution of the war and also the general paramount necessity that an increased flow of ™<rnTTs}l°uld be obtained without delay to fin-msh H.M. torces, the support which is essen- The cases of Albert. Victor Rees, 18, single, Gelli, Ponterwyd, and Herbert Davies Jones Pengraig Villa, Llanrhystyd, 18, single, were further adjourned. William Gray, 41, married, Glangorslwyd, Devil's Bridge, applied for exemption. He had a small holding and ploughed fifteen acres. He was a lead miner and held a M.A.R.O. .certificate. Six months temporary exemption was granted. David DavJes Padarn-terrace, Llanbadarn, forty-four Grade 3, married, gardener in the employ of Mr. Hugh Hughes, who supported the application and said Davies was the only man in the garden and orchard.-Six months exemption. Exemption was refused Alfred Edgington,' Rose Cottage, Hafod, forty-four, Grade .1, married, in the .employ of Mr. T. J. Wadding- ham since 1913. Mr. Morr.is Davies appeared and said they had five men and a woman on the farm, of which 641 acres were ploughed. I There were eighteen milking cows, twenty-two store cattle, seven horses, and sheep. David Thomas Emanuel, Crugiau, Hafod Grade 1, applied for exemption. He was a carter and farmer and had a wife and seven children, seventeen to four years.—It was decided that applicant be used as a substitute in agriculture. T Mr. A. J. Hughes appeared for Evan Arthur Jones, Chapel-street, Taliesin, thirty-seven Grade 1, widower with two children. He had been granted exemption by Rhondda Tribunal. His mother, sister, and children were depend- ent on him. Mr Hughes said applicant wished to be re-examined, and the case was adjourned for that purpose. Mr William Davies (of Messrs Smith, Davies, and Co.), appeared for Evan Jenkins, Glan- cennion Llanbadarn, forty-three, married, Grade 2. He had five children and his wife was certified to be in delicate health. He had some knowledge of farm work.-Mr. T. W. Powell, employer, supported the appeal and said applicant managed a van and two horses and made several trips in the country with bread and commodities. A woman could not do the work.-To be a substitute in agricul- tural work. The appeal of John Dan Jenkins, Brondderw Penrhyncoch, forty-four, B2, married, was supported by Captain George Pryse. Applicant had five children and the only mason and bricklayer on Gogerddan Estate. A letter was read from the Trustees of the Lodge of Odd- feHows at Penrhyncoch stating that applicant was secretary and was essential to the carrying on of Lodge work.—Temporary exemption for six months. Mr. David Samuel, headmaster of Abervst- wyth Bounty School, supported the application of Richard Evan Edwards, 18, Primrose Hill, Llanbadarn, a pupil. He had entered for the Welsh matriculation and Central Welsh Board examinations on July 27th and asked for ex- emption to cover those examinations.—The N.S.R. said he could not agree to two months. —Exemption to July 29th, final, was granted. Thomas Edward Humphreys, Llain, South- gate, forty-four, Grade 2, applied for exemp- tion. He had a small holding, three cows, and a horse. He worked as carpenter on Glan- paith and Nantceirio estates and fetters to that, effect were read from Mr. Parry, Glan- paith, and Mr. T. J. Morgan, Nantcaerio. Applicant had one child and his wife was in delicate health. He was prepared to help neighbouring farmers.—Temporary exemption for six months, applicant to work four days a week in agriculture. James Pearce Evans, forty-three, Grade 2, The Shop, Bontgoch, smallholder, carrier, and assistant overseer. He had three children and his wife sometimes attended to the shop. He ploughed for neighbouring smallholders and did all the carrying of goods for the village Temporary exemption for six months. Owen Jones, forty-four, Grade 3, Maenllwyd. Llanrhystyd, when asked for his calling-up notice by the N.S.R., said he had not received one. When asked who told him to appeal, he replied the people around his home. He was advised by the N.S.R. that there was no need for application until lie was called up, as lie was in Grade -3. Mr. Emrys Williams, Aberystwyth, said that Evan Jenkins, Albion House, Llandre, forty- four griae 1, married, applied for medical re- examination, and the case was adjourned for the result. Mr. Emrys Williams appeared for William" Williams, forty-four. Grade 1, married, Gors- facli, New Cross. Applicant's son holds a com- mission in the R.A.F. He also had a daughter and another son who worked on a farm. Applicant. was a timber feller, haulier, anrl small holder of ten acres, of which three and half were ploughed. He also had a garden, the produce of which he sold to Aberv«twvr'- greengrocers. He had two horses, one of which worked in timber hauling.—Temporary exemp- tion for six months. Evan Morgan, Coedmore House, Talie • forty-four. Grade 1, married, the only m- between Machynlleth and Penygarn, and rural postman, who had ten children, the oldest being seventeen years and the youngest eight months, was given six months exemption. In the case of Daniel Rowlands, Rhiwgoch, Ponterwvd, forty-three, Grade 2, single, road- man. the N.S.R. said members of the Rural Council, who applied for exemption, could not sit. The remaining number of members not rural councillors not forming a quorum, it was agreed to refer the case to the County Appeal Tribunal. David Lloyd Rc.cS', Grade 1, forty-three, Glynwern, Lianilar, said he carried on b>!«in»ss in coal, litne, building material, etc. Had a large capital in the business and did not think his brother or wife could manage it.—Tempor- ary exemption for six months.
NEW OUAY. Private Johnny Jones, Mason-street, has been ',io)iie. He has been in hospital for about! three months. On Wednesday a memorial service to Mr. William Evans, Tanybrvn, was held at Towyn Chapel, the Rev. E. Ainan Jones officiating. Mr Evans was drowned at sea through the action of the enemy. The death occurred on Wednesday of Mr. Evan Evans, Hill-street, who had been ailing for some time. Interment was made at Llan- llwchaiarn on Monday, the Revs. Aman Jones and R. D. Hughes, Bethel, officiating. The local Tribunal met on Thursday to con- sider the following seven cases .Messrs. J. O. James, ironmonger: E. B Evans, London House, grocer; G. A. Rees, Rock^street, carpenter; D. Thomas, Pwllglas, carpenter: D. James Davies, Penbryn, mason; D. O. Williams, saddler, Blodfa and D James, Field-place. motor driver. It was decided to grant them six months ex- emption, and the N.S.R. intimated that the decision would be appealed against.
BERTH. Mr. and Mrs. Jones, Bryncipill, have received information that their son (Private Tom Jones) is a prisoner of war in Germany. Private Jones was previously reported missing.
I Annual Wesley an Assembfy. WELSH GATHERINGS AT ABfRYSTWYHt. ( PRESIDENT ON WORLD GOVERNANCE. I Difficulties in rationing and other war con- ditions compelled Wesleyan Methodists at Llan- idloes to cancel their invitation to the Assembly to hold its meetings in that town. Aberyst- ¡ wyth came to the rescue and offered to receive the Assembly if the representation were cur- tailed. The President (the Rev. Evan Isaac), in consultation with the Secretary (the Rev. E. Tegrrd Danes, and ex-President) decided to invite a committee to Aberystwyth, made up of ex-officio officers, which includes the chairman and secretaries of the three districts as well as the departmental secretaries and four lay- men elected by each district. The President. with the Revs. J. Hornabrook and L. Wise- man, B.A., were to represent, the English con- ference, but unforeseen events prevented all the English brethren, except the Rev. Simpson Johnson, the president, being present. The first pastoral session was held on Tues- day at St. Paul's. The reports of probationers were considered satisfactory. The Revs. W. O. Luke, Montgomery, and W. G. Hughes (C.F.), were recommended for transfer to English work. The Rev. Thomas Jones, Ferndale, who has travelled forty-two years, was permitted to retire. Obituaries of the Rev. T. J. Pritchard, Cardiff, late chairman of the South Wales district, and of Private J. E. Evans, who in hospital at Malta, were read. Privates J. y Williams, Tregarth, R. H. Jervis, and Hugli Hughes, Criccieth, were taianimously rec< I mended as candidates for the ministry. The Revs R. T. Roberts, Mold, Abi Williams, B.A. (C.F.), Thomas Jones Hughes^ Tregarth, and J. Price! Criccieth, were recommended to be ordained at St. Paul's on Wednesday evening, the charge to be delivered by the Rev. Evan Isaac, ex- president. On Tuesday evening, the Rev. Thomas Isfrvn Hughes, superintendent of Liverpool Oakfield- road Circuit, the Assembly president, was in- ducted at St. Paul's and delivered an able address on The Church and Social Reconstruc- tion." Though we are still in the crisis, he said, reconstruction is in the air. Some maintain that the Church has no claim to co-operate in restoration. These critics not only refuse Chris- tian dogma, but the Christian ethic. The Church failed in Europe not because it followea Christ, but because it followed anti-Christ. Bertrand Russell and others would have us believe that even Christ is a failure; but this is not Christ Qf the New Testament. He is a living presence, and He teaches that social re- construction comes from social regeneration. The former works through the forces inherent in man; the latter through supernatural power. The Church has neglected to accentuate the social aspect of regeneration. The regenerating power emanates from the Cross. While sacra- mental religion centralises in the Church, evan- gelical religion centralises in the Cross. The Cross is the basis and the agency in personal and social reconstruction. The Rev. J. L. Williams welcomed the Assembly on behalf of the F.C.C. PRESIDENT'S SERMON. On Tuesday evening, at the English Wesleyan Chapel, the President of the Conference (the Rev. Simpson Johnson) preached, nd the ifev. A .C. Pierce conducted the service. The President spoke on Isaiah 9t.h. verse 6, The Government shall be upon his shoulders." They could rejoice that the world was governed. The temptation was to lose faith and ask questions, but that loss of faith would be the greatest loss of all, and the answer was in the text. Jesus was the Governor of the world and of His Church, and could they imagine that He was not concerned for the destiny of the world that He had redeemed. No, they must hold to the great Christian faith. Passing on to speak of the war, the rev. gentleman denied that the war was a war of nation against nation, asserting that it was a war of Christ against all the deadly evils referred to in the Revelations. He detailed these and said that the "Beast" did not mean Germany or Turkey, but the beast in all the nations. If they had any spiritual insight they must realise this. Priestcraft did not refer only to the Roman Catholic Church. There might- be priestcraft in Nonconformity. Militarism also would be destroyed. Whoever won on the Con- tinent the forces of evilp would be annihilated. There was arising good, he said, and spoke of the union of the peoples, the spread of the Gospel as against Islamism and Mohammedan- ism, stating that the latter was defeated in every one of its strongholds—that great re- ligion which believed only in war. He urged his hearers not to forget the good that was in the Empire and to give the credit to the Church of Christ. The cheerfulest men in the country to-day were the wounded in the great hospitals. There was no language which could describe the wonderful work of the women. Whence did these qualities come? They came from the Bible and from the influ- ence of the sanctuaries and the Sunday schools. He believed the Kingdom of God to be advanc- ing, though it was possible for the Church to be halting. The Church was only a means to an end and it was possible to be so wrapped up in the Church as to forget the Kingdom. He appealed for confident hearts. Christ would direct the issues of the struggle, for the Church stood for the Unseen Forces. Victory was not on the side of big battalions: the government of the world was on His shoulders, and he would never be defeated. WEDNESDAY S SITTINGS. The sittings on Wednesday were opened with a welcome address to the President of the Con- ference by the President of the Assembly. which the Conference President acknowledged in an appropriate and timely speech. Much business was transacted by the Repre- sentative. Conference in home mission affairs, temperance, education, local preachers, class leaders, chapel affairs, and foreign missions. The pastoral session, under the presidency of the Rev. Simpson Johnson, went through stations of ministers and preachers on trial for 1918-19. On Wednesday afternoon the Rev. D. Tecwyn Evans preached at Siloh Chapel (kindly lent by the C.M. Church). At St. Paul's, on Wednesday evening, the ordination service was conducted by the Rev. Simpson Johnson, English president, and the Rev. J. Isfryn Hughes, Welsh president. The following were ordained:—R. T. Roberts, Llanarmon; John Price, Dolgelley: T. Jones Hughes, Bethesda; and R. W. Jones, Cric- cieth. The charge was delivered by the Rev. Evan Isaac, his text being taken from 2110 Corinthians, 5.
LLANDYSSSUL. Mr. Josiah Jones, the member of Cardigan shire County Council for Llandyssul North, writes to state that on the question of the treatment of German prisoners engaged on farms in the county, referred to at the last meeting of the County Council, lie still advo- cates humane treatment of German prisoners; but he did not say that German prisoners worked more conscientiously or more satisfac- torily than British substitutes, nor did he agree with the Chairman in expressing that agree with the Chairman in expressing that opinion. The following, who were reported missing from their regiments in France in April, have this week written home saying they are pri- soners of war in Germany:—Pie. James Jones, Bryniago, Penrhiwllan, and Pte. Tom Evans, Svchpant Gorrig. The latter is in Limburg. Both state that they are quite well and have no complaints to make. Pte. Evans tells his people not to send him any food until they hear again. He was well supplied at the time of writing. Pte. H()wll Thomas, Llwynbedw, Penrhiw- llan, arrived home from hospital on Tuesday morning, and looked wed and cheerful in spite of having had his leg amputated. Sergt. Hughes, son of Mr. and Mrs. D. F. Hughes is home on leRn. He has seen hard fighting, having joined the forces since almosti the outbreak of hostilities.—Pte. Jones, son of Sergt. Jim Jones. town postman, Is home on leave from the East.
REVIEWS. The Great Crusade by the Right. Honourable Lloyd George, M.P. London: Hodder and Stoughton: Is. 6d. The speeches of the Premier have been arranged by Mr. F. S. Stephenson into a handy volume which Messrs. Hodder and Stoughton have just I published. All the speeches deal with the war and the publishers have been rble to put into reada-ble form a great deal of matter which cannot fail to be of interest to students of international affairs. There wiil undoubtedly I be for the book a large sale in Wales.
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I Machynlleth Governors. BOYS AND FARM WORK. The County School Governors met on Friday present the Rev. D. Cunllo Davies, Mrs Davies* Royal House; Messrs. Richard Rees, T. r! Morgan, T. Parsons, Mr. Meredith Roberts, clerk; and Mr. H. H. Meyler, headmaster. On the proposition of Mr. T. R. Morgan, seconded by Mr. R. Rees, the Rev. CunHo Davies and Mr. T. Parsons were congratulated on being re-appointed governors.—The Rev. Cunllo Davies thanked the Governors for their kind words, but said lie had hoped that some other public man be appointed, so that he could see what the School was doing.-Mr. Parsons also thanked the Governors and said he would do his best to further the interests of the School. The Headmaster said he had advertised for a teacher of physical culture and had received many replies; bilt none of the candidates were free to commence duties before September.—It was decided, on the proposition of Mr. T. R. Morgan, that the Headmaster should advertise once more and consider any further applica- tions with those already in hand.—A committee consisting of Mrs. J. Davies, Mr T. R. Morgan Mr. Parsons, and Mr. Richard Roos, was appointed to consider the salary. A letter was read from Mr. G. M. Stable thanking the Governors for his re-appointment on the Board. A letter was read from Montgomery Educa- tion Authority stating that six exhibitions of £ 25 were open for competition.—It was decided that the Headmaster should draft a list of likely candidates from the school.—A letter was read from Mr. A. T. Davies, secretary to the Board of Education, asking if there were any boys in the School who were it enough for work on farm during hay and wheat har- vests. All boys had to be over sixteen years of age. Good housing, food, and wages were guaranteed.—The Headmaster said all bovs in the school who were over sixteen worked at home during the vacation. Many boys had been withdrawn from school to do that work. It was decided, on the proposition of Mr. T. R. Morgan, to appoint a committee consisting of Mr. Rees, Mr. Parsons, and Dr. Davies to go into- the matter. Dr. H. A. L. Fisher wrote that he had re- ceived a letter from the King and Queen who had been inspecting many schools, and wished well to every school in the country. They were proud of the' British school children, whose handiwork was excellent,
BORTH A concert was given on Friday at the National School to welcome home Sapper Evan Hugh Davies, Ballara; Private George Morris, R.A.F., Seamen J. R. Tibbott and John Davies. The Vicar (the Rev. E. P. Davies) presided over a large attendance. Interesting recitations and songs were given by local artistes. The collec- tion amounted to over E8 and one guinea was presented to each of the men. The remainder of the collection will be kept in hand, from which presentations will be made to sailor or soldier members coming home. News has been received that Second-lieutenant Desmond Macartney Filgate was killed while flying in Kent during the week-end. He was eighteen and half years of age and the son of Mrs. Macartney Filgate, Elidr. He entered an R.F.C. cadet school last autumn and was gazetted at Easter time. Tne funeral took place at Wye, Kent, on Tuesday. Early in 1914 he enlisted in the Inniskillin Fusiliers as a private, but was discharged as too young. His brother, Terrence, who was at that time second- lieutenant in the same regiment, is now serving in Palestine, and another brother who, has been twice discharged is working on munitions in Coventry. At the inquest, Second-lieutenant Robert Bramwell stated that deceased starter flying some few months ago and had no previous experience. He was a pupil under instruction and commenced flying on April 8th. He had used the same machine practically al Ithe time. About 2-30 p.m. on Thursday he went up in ideal weather condi- tions and, when a little way up, the engines commenced to choke. Later the choking be- came acute and the engines gradually dwindled, with the result that the machine nose-dived to the ground. He was then up about 100 feet, and came down in a sort of spinning nose-dive to the field. Witness rushed to his assistance and found him badly injured and unconscious. He was at once removed to hospital. Witness thought that if deceased, when he found he had engine trouble, had kept straight ahead instead of turning he would not have crashed so badly Dr. F. Coke stated that death was due to shock, following fracture of the skull and other injuries. If deceased had worn some protec tive head covering his injuries would have beeu considerably lessened. A verdict of "Death from misadventure" was returned, and the jury endorsed Dr. Coke's suggestion. The pupils of the National School received a letter on Tuesday from Sergeant T. Condon, R.F.A., a patient at Aberystwyth Red Cross Hospital, thanking them for their gift of a cane walking stick.
ABERAYRON. Aberayron and Llanon district held its annual singing festival at the Tabernacle (M.C.) Chapel. It was one of the most successful festivals ever held in the district. The morn- ing, afternoon, and evening services were ex- ceedingly well attended. The chairmen were the Revs. Myfyr Evans and E. Davies, and Mr J. R. Evans. The Committee had secured the services of the promising young musician (Mr. T. J. Morgan. F.T.S.C., R.A.M., Pencerdd Cynon), as conductor. He proved himself +.0 be a gifted and experienced conductor and musician. He has the tact and skill necessary to make a most successful conductor for a gymanfa ganu. Though young in years, he has had wide experience in conducting choral societies and cymanfaoedd. In his own district he has been highly honoured and has been conductor of the well-known Aberamman Choral Society, Cwmbach United Choral Society. Aber- dare and District Orchestral Society, Aberdare festival, and has also been organist and choir master of the C.M. Chapel, Cwmbach. for years. A feature of the cymanfa was th- singing of "Lead. Kindly Light," by Madame Edith Thomas, Aberdare, one of Mr. Morgan's promis- ing pupils. An artistic rendering was given of "Pwv Yw y Rhai Hyn." and the Conductor's skill was at its best in the singing of the "Hallelujah Cliorus." Hymns were sung with great feeling and fervour, such as Rhydy- groes," "Tyddyn Llwvn," "Caerleon." and "Rhondda," and their strains will long linger in the memory. Mr. J. M. Howell contributed to the gvmanfa's success by givmg several brief and interesting addresses which were greatly appreciated by the audience. The accompanists deserve praise for the able manner in which. they performed their duties.
CROSS IM. On Friday, Dr. T. J. Jenkins, coroner, held an inquest. into the death of Mr Elias Davies, Cserwedros Shop. Deceased was found dead on the roadside, apparently having failen from the cart. The Rev..T. J. Jones, B.A.. Pensarn, the cart. The Rev..T. J. Jones, B.A.. Pensarn, was foreman. Dr. Griffiths, New Quay, sa the cause of death was fracture of the base of the skull. A verdict of "Accidental Death" was returned.