OVER 1,000 FIRST PRIZES, TURNS EASiEST. B LASTS t- ONGEST. SKIMS CLEANEST. B Sooner or Later H) You will buy an Alfa-Laval." N 150.000 sold last year. Send a P.C. forlllus- trated Catalogue. ^ragJf' Azent- J. W. DAVIES, I ^Wbest IRONMONGtR, I <tfS^^g^>TEST LAMPETER. »
Hfgh-Grade PLOUGHS THE LIGHTEST DRAUGHT PLOUGHS MADE. BEST FOR ALL CONDITIONS. I UNEQUALLED FOR PERFECTION OF DESIGN, "LONG LIFE" WEARING PARTS AND ALL-ROUND ADAPTABILITY. ( t FOUR FURROW TRACTOR PLOUGH. Immediate delivery from Stock of Single, Double. Three and Four Furrow Ploughs for Horse and Tractor use. ANOTHER COCKSHUTT SUCCESS I-Awarded the Silver Medal (highest award) at the Royal Society of Dublin Show after demonstration before the judges.—June, 1919. Catalogue and all particulars from:- R. A. LISTER & CO. LTD. TaUpkona: DURSLEY, Glos. s Me. 7 Dnnltf. Established 1867. "Machinery, Dursley." 1 The Ideal Country Stores. WOODWARD & SON GENERAL MERCHANTS, New Bridge Stores, Llangwyryfon Near Aberystwyth. Woodward's now have two motor delivery tads giving to the countryside delivery service second to none and wpal to the big London stores. 0 Compare Woodward Prices and Woodward Service with competitors. The Ideal Country Stores. ■■HL "L1NCOLN3H1RCh I nw_ CURE ALL DISEASES OF PIGS. I Soon repay their smalLcast. I j Sold every where, lOd, per floz. post 1/- I from the Sole Proprietor, I J^ Sii J. W. DENNIS, Otamtt. LOUTH, Lino. | SPRING CLEANING. Ooodiass PURE PAINTS, Bird Brand, WASHABLE WATER PAINT and FHESCOLINE, STAINS, VARNISHES, AC. R. WILLIAMS Manchester House, BORTH DAVID WILLIAMS Builder and Undertaker, 12, PROSPECT STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. DPBRIENCED WORKMEN EMPLOYED. ktimates given for every description of work. LIVERINE THE FISH MEAL. MAKES HENS LAY Now being sold by all Poultry Food Dealers. MANUFACTURERS: LIVERINE Limited. GRIMSBY. Cupis's Constitution Balls. Sebd. postcard or out ILLUSTRATED HANDBOOK giving full particulars and treat- 1 went of various diseases, gratis and post free. fiorses For Grease, Swelled Least, Cracked Heals, Coughs. Colds. Sore Throats. Disordered Liver. Broken Wind. Influenza. Lom x>t Appetite. etc.. etc Cattle For Hide-bound Staring Coat. Hove or Blown Distemper. Epidemic Surfeit. Conditioning Preserving Health. sconnnx in Calve etc. Sheep For Rot or Fluke. and keejWns in Health. Assisting to get into Condition. Scouring in Latubs. etc. Dared upwards of 50 years bv the late FRANCIS CUPISS M R.C.V.S. DISS. ISORFOLK Sold in Packets 1/9 and 3/6 each, 7 small Efcekets 10/6, or 7 large 21/- by Chemists and Medicine Vendors, or from Sbakois Ccpiss, Ltd., The Wilderness, Diss on receipt of ameunt. HAIR DESTROYER JAMES' DEPILATORY. Idattlntly removes Superfluous Hlrirs from the .JI- Neck or Arms, without injury to the IIIda ef most chemists; or, free from obser- vatho. post free on receipt of Postal Order for Ik 3L. 2s 9d., or 5s.—Mrs G. JAMES, 268, Caledonian Road, iondon. N. I. —— NEW —— ST. DAVID'S HpTEL, IlARLECH. Clue to famous Links and Seashore, Garage, Inspection Pit, Stables, Billiards, Excellent Cuisine. Write for descriptive booklet, —— FINEST SEA and MOUNTAIN VIEWS. SHAFTESBURY TEMPERANCE HOTEL, MOUNT PLEASANT, LIVERPOIL. taboot Five Minutes walk from Lime Street and Central Stations. Iba^ Pleasaat Car* from Landing Stage atop at the Door. Telegram*: Shaftesbury Hotel, Liverpool." flbme-hke and Moderate. Welsh spoken. HOTEL GWALIA JETER WOBURN PLACE, LONDON, W.C. CENTRALLY SITUATED. Within 5 minutes walk of Euston Staiion and JfJ Minutes from Paddington Station by under- ground to Gower-street Station. ROOMS LUXURIOUSLY FURNISHED. Passenger Lift to all Floors. eakfast, Morning Bath, and Attendance, gfli, B: 69. each Person. .a.¡> hie Address: "Gwaliatel," London, < 3pholne: City 5010 and 5011. 1.. caging Director: JOHN JENKINS. ø. YOU BUY THIS MACHINE ON MERIT. i THE' I flSTER I I 0 Cream Separator For Perfect on of Design. Material I and Workmanship this Separator. made throughout in our works by British Workmen, cannot be ,Urpassed Made in 4 Sizes Capacities. 25 to 84 Gallons. MODERATE PRICES. IMMEDIATE DELIVERY. Write for Catalogue to Sole Makers': R. A, LISTER & Co. Ltd. CDept. S. 16J DURSLEY, Glos. Telegrams: Telephone: "Machinery DursUy." No. 7. Dursiey I Telephone-No.54. Telegrams-Hartley, Merchant, Aberystwyth. Hartley's GRAIN STORES Queen Street, ABERYSTWYTH BUYER AND SELLER OF OATS, WHEAT. BARLEY, MAIZE, FEEDING MEALS, CAKES, Etc. I. o- Estimate* Free REPAIRS A.l'fD PAINTING Neat.y Executed WHEELS HE-RUBBERED on the Premises while you wait L Thomas and Sons, Coach Builders, SOUTH GATE, Aberystwyth. f BUILDERS OF FLOATS, GOVERNESS CARS, and TRAPS of every description Agents for Worthington's Oil & Gas Engines J. VEAREY, 17, Northgate Street,: ABERYSTWYTH, Fresh Supplies of Vegetables, Fruit, Flowers, & Home-Grown Tomatoes, From our Own Gardens. FRESH EVERY MORNING I' FOR THE BEST PIANOS, PLAYER-PIANOS, ORGANS, &c. Dale, Forty Co., Ltd. HIGH STREET. CARDIFF. Send for Catalogues. Tel. 1103 j Children Against § i| Protect the 1 i Summer Epidemics 1 ij Let them suck a few || S Formamints morning gg and evening; then they 11 | won't catch other chil- 11 ij dren's infectious dis- |J eases. Genuine Forma- || i mint is harmless and m hit very palatable. Of all jj^j P chemists — price 2/2. PIE CERM KKlHfC THROW R|5 iianufacturtd soltly by pii IM GENATOSAN, LTD. 1 Rls tMaKersof SaraUgen. Cenasprin.&cj ks U|j 12, Chenies St., London, W.C. 1. ». • Chairman :TU« Vi«rouiiUwRhondd«y /lim i:: ) C
Property Market. P,300 AN ACRE AT PWLLHELI. Messrs Robert Parry and Son, auctioneers,- offered for sale at the Crown Hotel, Pwllheli, on Thursday, a portion of Rhylloch Estate. As much as JE300 per acre was secured for one lot. Many others reached E200 per aore. Mr. Arthen O. Owen acted as solicitor for the vendor. The property was sold as follows:- Penrallt Cottage and three fields (four acrns). sold to Captain Seaborn Davies £730. Field called Caobryn (one acre) sold to Col. Lloyd Evans, Broom Hall, for C250. Field called Caellan (one acre), Mr R. 0. Davies, Bayswater, London for E210. Fields known as Tynycoed, in the occupa- tion of Mr. Richard Williams. Henllvs (fire acres), sold to Mr. John Elias, Tyfarn, for £360, Caeau, Penfenmaen (two acres), with the buildings, sokl to Mr. Griffith Williams, Karnia. for E600. Two cottages known as Penfenmaen, sold to Mr. Griffith Pritchard, tenant, for E120. Semi-detached house, Edge HilI. sold to Mr. Robert Harries, tenant, for C450 57 Lleyn-street, sold to Mrs. Roberts, ten- ant. for £95. The Lodgo, Lleyn-street. sold to Mr Isaac B. Anthony, tenant. for £ 1,650. 34, Llovn-*t*-eet, sold to Mr. R. Isaac Jones tenant, for £ 350. Brown Boot Stores, Penlan-street with- drawn at £ 900. Mr. Parry also sold the house called Ccrnlyn in LIevn-streot to Mr. Edward Williams, Glas- fryn Shop. for C540. Mr O. Robyns Owoa acted as solicitor for the vendor. Sv, T A CARMARTHENSHIRE SALE. Lively s~nnos occurred durin? the PalP by Messrs ^illinm and Walter James, auction- eers. it Llandovery, or Cilgwvn Estate, parish of Mothvey. comprising 2,000 acres. The auotionee-s acted on instructions from the + -u<=teoq of tho late Mr. J. P. W. Gwynne Hol- f"rrI 011" time member of Parliament for Breconshire. Tn t}IP morning, Mr. Daniel Johns secretary of the Farmers' Union with a committee, met An-hWr- and Estate, Agoent and put be- for them thdr caso for the purchase bv private prran«r»mQ?,t with the tenants. The reply was werp bar impediments. When the action "1" started. Mr W:H''r»m f0 ohin there freqiipnt interruptions. With two ex- ce-tnns, the tenants became the purchasers.
LLANDYSSUL. un Saturday, the reauaius of Mrs M. A. Jones wife of Mr Jcmeo, of Dorwr Mills, Ptaitracoiurt were laid to rest in Liangele: (Ihttrehyarct, DoceaneU was higlily reispectad by all who knew Iter. Her death will be greatly deplored r-nd she will be sadly missed by hear husband and daughters and also the employees of Derw MiUs, for whose wo!fare she \va.s aiways solicitous. She figured prominently in all work connected with the nÙef of the needy, and suffering and particularly during the past four years when she actively a<?sr>ci_ ated herself with all charitable, organisations, such as the Red Cro,s and Soldiers' Welfare Committee. Several ox.soldiers from the neighbourhood of Pentrewaem and Llangc-'er have had tangible procfs of her kindness and constant consideration for their welfare. Her daughter (Miss Maggie Jones) has been on active service in Egypt for some years and is now serving as a nurse in a military hospital in Cairo. The chieif mourners were: Mr John Jones (husband); Mr and Mrs Davies (daughter and son.injaw); Misses Clara organist at Llangelea* Church. arul Loiiie Jones, Dcjtw Mills (daughters); Misaes Dilys No t, Lyne, Kenneth Davies. Llandilo (grand, children); Mr Griffiths and family Pontarbib (brother); Mr and Mrs Jcnoi. Post Office, Pentrecourt (brother and sister.in_Iaw); Mr and Mrs William Davies Crossweil (brother); Mr Tom Davies and Miss Davies. Crcsswell (brother and sistc-r-iu-law); Mra L Jones, Penygraig (cousin); Mr Evan Davies lay reaclar of Llandyssul (brcther-in-law); Mrs Thomas, Trewen. Llandilo'; Mr John Griffittis. TaHen^; the Rev. Bazil Jones rector Clf Dyffryn, Merioneth; Mr T. Morgan, Tylors. town; Mrs Morgan Neath; Mrs Dayics and Mrg James, Tylorstown; Mr Alfred Jones, Nantyglo; Mrs Davies do. Mr Stephen Morris, J.P., Ebbw Vale; Mr Tom Thomas The Avenue Carmarthen; Mr Penry Lewis, sanitary in'-poet" r, Ijlandys^ul; the Rev T. A. Thomas and Mrs Thomas, Llandyssul; Mr D'wid Lewis and J. Oliver Lewis Llandyssul; Mrs Davies, Pantoythan Farm; Mr Tom and Miss Flossie Jonest Olantedfy; Mr and Mrs Thomas, Talgnrreg; and Mr D. Hughes, High- mead Hotel, Llanyhyther (cousins). In the attendance were Dr. A. T. Evans, medical officer of health, Llandyssul; Dr and District Coroner T. J. Jenkins. Henllan; Mr J. Evans B.Sc. Llandilo; Mr D. Evans, Pongelli; Mrs J. 0. James and Master James, L'andyssu'; Mr D. Davies, superintendent cf police, Cardiff Docks: Mr Henry Thomas and family Pont. ardulais; Mr J. Morgan*, draper, Porth Glam.: Mr and Mrs Davies, Medical Halt_ Llandyssul; the Revs. Dr. Dan Evan-. Hawen; W. William,, vicar of Garnant; T. Madoc .rone" vicar of Llandyssul; W. Edwards, L'anllwch Carmarthen; and! Morga.n Jonoi, Holy Trinity, Swansea; Mr D. Bonner Jen_ kin^s. St. James', Llangeler and Nurso Phillips, Aberbanc, HenUan. A large num. ber of wreaths were received. The Revs Henry Joncl;, B.D.. Vangele-r; W. Williams Garnant; and William Edwards. Vanllwch Carmarthen, officiated. Miss Lizzie Jonas, Plas Parko presided at the organ. The fun_ eral was onp, of the largest seen in the dis- trict for many years, the cortege being wall over a mile in length. SUNDAY SCHOOL OUTING.—On Wer'nes_ day wetek the members and friends of the Church Sunday School went to Abcrystwvt11 for an outing in two charabancs. The visitors were fortunate in having fine weather and all enjoyed themselves heartily. The success of the outing was largely due to the Sunday School Superintendent' (D.C.C. Williams, and I toi Miss Brown, Pont-twclly.
iS FOR ALLOTMENJL HOLDERS. By SPADE-WORKER. SELECTING SEED POTATOES. The great value of Scotch-grown potato "seed" is now generally recognised by allot- ment-holders, and most of us mako a point of obtaining a certain quantity of seed potatoes every year from Scotland. It has been proved many times that they yield more heavily than seed tubers' saved from the home-grown crop. There is, however, this important point to bear in mind: if Scotch "seed" was planted last spring it is possible, and indeed probable, that tubers saved from this crop will give better re- sults than even the original Scotch "seed" did. But it would be a mistake again t. save seed potatoes from next year's home- grown crop; you may save them from tho crop grown from Scotch "seed," but not from the following year's crop. It is thus wise for all who planted Scotch "seed" to save their own tubers, or a considerable proportion of them fer next year's plant- ing. Select thow weighing from 2oz. to 3oz. in weight, which have been produced by vigorous, healthy plants. They may be stored in bags or boxes in a perfectly cool place until early in the New Year; then they should be "brought out and placed in shallow boxes to sprout. Or they can be set out in boxes now in a light, frost-proof place. WINTER LETTUCE. Those who sowed seed of cabbage lettuce last month should, if they possess a small frame, transplant some of the best plants to a bed of soil made up there; they should be set at Sin. or 9in. apart, and must have quite cool treatment, the frame being freely ventilated in mild weather. Great care is necessary in watering during dull weather; if the soil is kept too moist many of th. i leaves will damp off. CLUB ROOT IN GREENS. Club root, or "finger and toe," is one of the worst possible diseases the allotment- holder has to contend against. It attacks, cabbage, cauliflower, sprouts, and other greens, as well as turnips. When planting seedlings a careful watch should be lccpt tot those which havo lumps or wart-liks swell- ings on the roots, and all such ought to discarded and burnt. As the disease pro- gresses these swellings increase in size, and eventually become a putorid mass. The ae- companying sketch shfws a plant affected with club root. Cabbage plant attacked hf club root. Tha only way to get rid of club xcot If to cease growing greens, and the other vegetables named, on the ground for three or° four years, and to apply quicklime freely, say, half a bushel per rod, each year. If allotment-holders would. only take the simple precaution of raising their own seed- lings instead of purchasing them they would run little risk of introducing this troublesome disease to their plots. WINTER GREENS. Much can be done to assist these to make good frrowth during the next six or eight week*r First of all, it is necessary to keep the soil loose by means of hoeing. For this purpose I find the three-pronged Canterbury ho- a most useful tool. It enables one to get over a jgocd deal of ground in a short time. If a little guano or other concentrated fertiliser is scattered round about the plants they will benefit considerably, and the re- ward will be reaped in tiner and itire abun- dant produce. VALUE OF GARDEN REFUSE. Yard or stable manure is so expensive that it id out of the question to use much of it. But an excellent substitute is found in such garden refuse as weeds, leaves of cabr bacre and turnip, potato tops and pea haulm, •,v.iu if some turf parings from the roadside enn be added so much the better. If a heap of such material is accumulated, and. scat- terings of soot and lime are given occasion- ally, it will be in good condition for digging in the ground next spring. If the heap is objcctod to on th-c score cf untidiness, as much of the refuse as possible should be burnt, the ashes being returned to the soil, or kept dry for use in spring. PRIZEWINNING HINTS. An interesting note comcs from Mr. H. Benson (to whom "Garden Work for Every Dav" is awarded) on raising rhubarb from seed. Mr. Benson writes: I sowed seed in A uril, and I enclose you one of the stalks, which is 24in. long. I have 20 or more roots for the cost of Gd., and next year shall be able to gather a fair quantity. Mr. Benson go on to say that he never uses bean sticks, but employs artichoke stems as a substitute, and they answer well: a portion of the rootstock should be taken up with cach stern. Pieces of gas piping are fixed as supports at the ends of the row, and are connected by a wire 4ft. from the ground: to this the artichoke stems are tied. PRIZE COMPETITION FOR ALLOT- MENT HOLDERS. Every. week two prizes are offered for the best allotment hint or recipe. The prizes consist of useful gardening books. All en- tries for this competition must be addressed. Spadeworker," oare of Editor of thitl paper. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. L. E.-Possibly the marrow is planted in too rich a soil or has been over-watered. It would be as well to thin out the shoots, if crowded, to let in sunshine and air. Try fertilising the flowers by using pollen from the so-called false blooms. Novice.—It is of little use allowing the secondary shoot. of broad beans to remain and bear pods, because yoji can put the ground to better use by planting with crops for winter. Next year sow seeds earlier. Express.—You may now cut off the tops of the tomato plants and shorten some of the largest leaves to help the ripening of the fruits. "Spadeworker" is open to give practical advice, free of charge, to readers of this paper. Replies will be sent by post if a stamped addressed envelope is enclosed. Address your inquiries to "Spadewerker," care of M.
WOODEN LEG WONDERS. Many "d varied are the uses to which artificial limbs have been put in times of emergency, but one seldom hears of wooden logs being receptacles for stolen property. Recently, however, a man was arrested for breaking into a Paris fl,at.. At first nmiB of the missing property could be found in his possession, but a police commissary be- thought hknself to unscrew the man's wooden leg and examine it, when it was found that LSGO in securities, which had been taken from the flat, were hidden away in the artificial limb. A few years ag& a wild man was dis- covered by a party of hunters in Missouri, stumping along on a rough-looking wooden leg, which he himself had carved from a troo and hollowed out. In the hollow part a swarm of bees were found to be hou-s.ed-- indeed; the man seemed to be very fond of bees, for he had another swarm housed in I a strange old "stovepipe hat which he was wearing. p A man with a wooden leg had been noticed to enter a Bavarian town somewhat. fre- quently from the country. This aroueed the suspicions of the police, and he was arrested. On being en to the station it was dis- covered that the wooden leg which he was wearing was a hollow one, and that he had 11 one-pound packets of butter neatly hidden away in the hollow part. Inquiries proved that he had been smuggling butter for aonae considerable tuae. .0 i
-.q Farmer's Column. BUTTER AND CHEESE PURCHASES. Tho Governmont has bought, the whole ex- portable butter surplus from New Zealand and Australia for the seasons 1918-19 and 1919-20, and paid 181s per cwt. f.o.b for first grade N.Z. and 175s. f.o.b. for first grade Australian, with sacond and third grades at proportiona rates. Purchases have also been -ii. from the Argentine at 170s. f.o.b., and from South Africa ?.t 175s. f.o.b. Quantities of American butter have also been contracted for on Gov- ernment account. Lara, quantities of Irish butter havo also come through the pool, th-i Government having bought the whole of 1918 and 1919 exportable surpluses. Tmpcrt-s of butter into the United Kingdom from all sources during the year aggregated only 70,775 tons against an average importation of 210,000 tons before the war. Reviewing the world's position of bu'<ter in the light of to- day, it looks as though it might be nearly two years before conditions revert to anything like a norma.? level, and as long as the present scarcity of better continues some sort of con- trol may be thought necessary if only ;<o ensure equitable distribution. Prie»T are nof likely to become lower under control. An interesting T>oint in connection with butter control in Europe is that the price of butier in England is 2s. 6d. per lb.: in France, 3s 6d. ner Ill.: in Ttalr. 5s.; in Sweden, 3s. 6d to 3s. Rd.: in Switzerland 3s; and, in Germany 6s. Mar- garine is also cheaper in England than in any other European country Early in 1919 tho Ministry of Feed entered into negotiations .0 purchase cheese from Canada, and could have secured the whole of the exportable surplus for the present season at a reasonable nrice, but the transaction was not completed. TTip price paid by the Govern- ment for New Zealand and Australian cheese works out at Is. Id. per pound, landed terms, or pay, 120s per cwt., e.i..f., Bri'.ish port. whe-cas Canadian cheese has been sold freely during Mav and June at prices, ranging from 150s to 160s. per cwt., coi.f., British port. WELSH NATIONAL FARMERS' UNTON. A meeting of representatives of Wel-b farmers' unions was held at Chester under the presidency of Sir K. J. Thomas, M.P. to pro- ceed further with the soheime for uniting tho organisations under the title1 of the We)3h National Farmers' Union The Chairman said such a union formed on Ifo^factory and democratic line* would bring great benefits to agriculturists. They were not forming the union for any selfish purposes, but because they believed agriculture was and always had been, the premier industry in the eountry, and that the whole community was depending on its success. Farm labourers were demanding better conditions and better wages, and he thought no farmer would say a labourer was not entitled to • adequate wages; but the said rightly "I must be assured of suf- ficient profit for my prioduce to enable me to pay those wages." Unless farmers united and spoko with ono voice in the House of Com- mons like farmers in other parts of the United Kingdom, Wales would bo neglected. Agri- culture, in Wales had been neglected in the past owing to lack of unity on the part of farmers. Welsh farmers had not been protecting but neglecting, their own interests and by doiny so iieglocted the interests of the community at large. MT. J. R. Chambers (Llanfwst), wes appointed secretary pro tern Delegates from the existing unions gave re- ports and, on the motion of Mr J Allan Jones (Flintshire), seconded by Mr. Phillips (Mer- aaeth), the following resolution was confirmed r "Tho Flintshire Farmers' Union the Cardi- gan Land Union, tho South Carnarvonshire Farmers' Union. aart the National Fanners' Union of Wales_ while preserving their county organisations, agree to dissolve and form into one union, to bf» called tho Welsh Farmers' Union, and that an effort bo made to federate with other farmers' unions in the United King- dom." The Cliairman thought the aim should he to endeavour to federate in order to advocate a policy which affected the whole without losing their Welsh identity. Mr. Jamen (Cardiganshire) said in the past, farmers in Wales had been looking after evi"~> one's interest except their own. It was Irgh time for them to look after their own business. When Wales acted independently of England they always succeeded, and when they had united they always failed. Consideration of the rules was proceeded ,wit,h. It was decided to retain the rule that armers in Wales and the borders occunvin? one acre of land and upwards should bo eligible as members. It wee also agreed to form a temporary committee, with power to add to p?r number to get thn Union into working nV ] ;'t11e Chairman paid in order to create confi- fdenoo in the Union and to help it forward in its first yes.r, ho would subscribe £500 in the following imt;;Yment!! :-When the eountv or- ganisations had sent to the central fund £10(" he would send a cheque for bis ,firt £ 100; on th county organisations sending their second #00 he would send a further £ 100, and so on during the first year. On the motion cf M-. G. H. Evans (Madrvn) the Chairman was cordially thanked It was decided that each existing union be asked to contribute £30 to carry on the Union to January 1st, when the financial year will begin. It was resolved to adont all means, including advertising to obtain suitable paid officiah and to appoint, a general secretary with a know- .edgn of Welsh a salary of £ 400, plus ex- penses. Mr J. M. Thomas (Holyhead) was elected president of the Union. CONCILIATION IN CARDTGANSHIRE. Mr. David Evans, Pengelly, Newcastle Em- Ivn presided over a meeting at Lampeter on Thursday. It was tho first meeting of repre- sentatives of the Farmors Union and Agricul- tural Labourers Union in the county. The ohieet was to form a Conciliation Committee for the purpose of settling disputes in regard to wages, etc.. between members of the two unions. Mr. John Davies. Llangeitho, secretary at the Labourers Union, explained the objects and advantages of forming the Conciliation Committee in order to establish friendly re- lationships and to arrive at an amicable under- standing for the mutual welfare of both parties. It was wrongly assumed that the discontent amoag the working clashes emanated from the .agitation of a few. Tho fact was that the a3zitation was produced by the discontent, not th.a.t the discontent was produced by any hostile agitation. Mr. Daniel Watkins, secretary of the Farmers' Union also spoke of the advantages of conciliation. He had no doubt that both parties would benefit by organised co-opera- tion to promote their interests and tu prevent unnecessary ill-fruling. It was agreed to ask Mr. J. H. Davies. Cwrtmawr, to art n' independent ('11:l.i"1"\ Committee. Mr. John Davies l'I.nl1 M". Dani"! WatHns consented to act as ioint sec- retaries. and to submit proposals to the ncrt fneetin? respecting the constitution of the rop-imittc. Representatives were anpointed to c)!tsK:vnd<'n5r disputes and to meet at Llandys- Tul cn September 13th. AGRICULTURAL WAGES A f'"t,i'1<; of the Aeri^'dtural Wa^fS 11,1(1 n Tendon on Thursday, Sir Ai''wyn TeJl-ytres /presiding. A larsre of resolutions from districr, v;iz(,3. com-,iitf," and other communications ^er^ considered. On ji report Tvcsented by Sir TTeprv frcm the Comm t^ee on Allowances with regard to frrim obtain District "/11"1''1 Comm'tteos r.o:: to th", value alleged for Voard and lodging in part »s.i'm»nt of mini- YIIIM rat"l of' wasres,. tTie Board decided to T)rov" tho of Anglesey and Oarna.rvrvn T)i-ti-i-t V!1<c; Committer for in- creases in the values of board and lodging for imille work in their area. Tn order to rro- i(lo for greater uniformit.v in such determina- tions in Wa.'ts tlv Board decided to in- h", value allowed for beard and ledg- in Merioneth and Morttgorrerv to the s*nif* scale a-s t)i-,it now adopted, for Anglesev and (3"I.-YOn apd. ilreadv ia operation in the c^uni.iea of Brecon and Radnor and Denbigh aM Flint. Dervutatieps received from the ffl'esVro District Wages Ce-mmit^e and from principal employers and workers' organ- fcatiens in Cheshire with regard to a further variation in the minimum rates of wages in forqp in that county. After consideration of the :views p'i». forward bv t"" depntn+iong Ülf1 Foard decided 1;) wive potico of proposal to vary tt1 mifhimum rates of wage/? fo- all classes of Í1a.e workers in the connt.v. Befo-e revised yatw can cotrp into operation month must cla.pssfi from the date of the nct;~e. clilrn- "rh'ch period <1"" oh;('T1<1 to the proposal J!1""V be lodged ".iP, fl." Bo«rr7. On '1. report, bv the D'fti-m. 4 foard decided to communicate again with the I district wagos committee in regard to th", sug- j gestion that a concession should be made in
t2d Poultry. EXHIBITION STOCK. Now that the war is over and things are becoming more normal wolmay look for more pultry shows. There will be some who think that fancy poultry can be left alone, and that a:1 we should do now is to produce food either in the shape of eggs or table bit' But you cannot limit the energies of poultry keepers anc! rno::ot of them a.t some time or other liko to havo a flutter on the show bench. We all havo an inclination, to competition and when cine of our neighbours has done something big. whether ing rowing marrows or chickens, we like to go c-no better. Frioindly rivalry is good no matter what shape it takes, and only harm can come when malice runs away with good judgment. As long as shows arc held so long will there be breeders ready. One man may get tired because he thinks ho should have done better but another soon omes along and n'ts up the rank*, and thus the competitive spirit ig maintained. It is a good sign when a young maxi has this idea for ho can never mako much headway without' it, oither in his business or hobby, and there is much more fun to be got out of ou pleasure when it is flavoured with success. There ia much to be said for the production of foods, but the high class stock has kept many a man thinking and at work when his spare moments might have been used to forward les} worthy objects. Most men who are good fanciers make good man. The pursuit of t!'e fancy haa this tendency. A few ba.ntims in a back yard wi11 keep a man interested in the right kind of way after his ordinary toil is over and give him added pleasure for tho next days labour. The poultry industry has much to thank the fancier for and tho two branches can work hand in hand much better than strive the one to oust the other. is much in the hands of the fancier, and though many will favour utility it ia the fancy breeder who has provided so much material to work with. It matters little what port of stock he keeps ho will not find it any more costly to keep pure than crossed bred stock. There is no more trouble entailed in hatching or rearing while therp, is infinitely more boauty and more value in keeping the better stock. One can always find a market for good class stuff, and tho little extra. return will soon make up for cost incurred Pt the beginning. No doubt some will wonder how they could start without finding it too costly. Of course it is possible to get sitting of eggs and hatch them, though that is rather an unsatisfactory method be- cause one is so often dissatisfied with tho results. All the fertile eggs will not hatch and then the vendor is likely to bo blamed. On the other hand should there not be a champion among them the owner is fearfully dis. appointed. First of all remember that a big breeder with really fine stock can go through a whole seascn and not produce a crack win. r, go it is a small wonder that a man with a sitting of eggs should fail. Many big winners have been sold in tho egg and that has moant a slice of luck for the man who has it, and may probably mean that the seller has nothing among his chickens so good. Given a reliable firm the buyer of few eggs is on the way of making a start at a. little cost. Then the buying of a few birds is to be advised where there arc means at disposal. The number can depend upon the amount available, and also variety, for. either of the heavy breeds will do with four or five birds, a.nd the lighter breeds up to ten, though guccess has boren gained with these from one cock and three hens. With the birds at home the eggs will be more rHablo for hatching. Hence a bigger percentage will give chicks and these more ivgorous than when shaken about after a railway journey.
NATIONAL EISTEDDFOD CRITICISED. The "Welsh Outlook," in its September issue, gives prominence to comments and articles dealing with the National Eisteddfod at Corwen. The editorial notes are on the whole, complimentary, but it is urged with relation to eisteddfod reform "that the eis- teddfod lacks continuity and that it lacks in- itiative it regard to the putting of its energies to their right use." A vigorous article entitled A Comment from Corwen" appears from the pen of Mr J. O. Francis, the well-known dramatist and author of "Change." He went to Corwen honestly anxious to be favourably impressed," but found the Gorsedd as a pageant disappointing. Writing as a man of the theatre," he remarks that after the Gorsedd prayer, which was "moving, "the ceremonial quality began to evaporate. and the occasion became a limp sort of Sassiwn' meeting, with no theological baek- bone to keep it straight." He declares that "tbero is no shadow of an argument for a feeble and emasculated ritual that flouts the law on which all ritual stands." Tnside the pavilion Mr. Francis found things more pleasing—especially the ceremony of crowning and chairing tho bards, but he aiks--Ts tlie-.rm any reason, outside a cafe-hardened tradition, why tho crown or the chair should not go to the writer of a Welsh play or of a Welsh novel ? The Rev. D. Tecwyn Evans, in tliet -amp i'sye, criticises the Welsh of the eisteddfod programme. Other good features in the Sentember "Wolsh Outlook" include a study of "the poetry of T Gwynn Jones." bv the P-v. Llew G. Williams, and "Jack Gian y Gors," by Mr. J. S- Lewis of Swan?ea.
Continued from previous column. the wages payable to town boys entering agri- culture for the first time. A report was presented by the Administra- tion Committee relating to the issue of permits of exemption and stating that a communica- tion had been sent to certain district wages committees calling- attantion to the necessity for dealing promptly with applicsytons made to them. The action taken to secure the enforce- ment of the Board's orders since tho previous meeting of the Board was approved and the results of proceedings in twenty-two cases of prosecution were reported. The next meeting of the Board will be held on Monday. the 22nd September. ADVISORY THRESHING COMMITTEE The President of the Board of Agriculture has appointed a Committee to advise tile Board upon the organisation of threshing and rates of payment for threshing operations during the coming season. The "Committee consists of the following members:—Messrs John Alien, O.B.E., Thompson Close, A. AI. Cole F. M. Elgar, Major P. B. Foster, Messrs H. G. Richardson, and G. Thurlow. Mr H. G. Richaidsion has been appointed chairman, and Mr. P. Barker secretai-y of the Committee. FRUIT AND VEGETABLE PRESERVATION The Board of Agriculture desirer, to im- press all fruit growers, smali holders, and allotment holders, the necessity for con«ervin<* as much aa possible of tho present season's crops of fruit and vegetables for use during the coming winter. Those who require in" formation as to the best methods of pi-eser- S'08(Sh0U^ write to the Agricultural Education Committee for their county for particulars of any demonstrations that have been arranged. or to the Board's Leaflet Room 3, St. James's Square, London S.W. 1. for the Board's leaflots on the sub" ject. NEW SECRETARY. Glamorgan Farmers Union on Saturday appointed Mr O. Gibbin Carmarthen, as secretary in succession to Mr W. G Carter M.A. (resigned). Mr Gibbin was a captain in the army tnrougliout the war and has been lecturer in agriculture at Aberystwyth Col. i?*t- RoSI°,'utl(>ns were passed urging the" abolition of supor.gracjors and against the Summer.time Act as being iinpokctica.1 for farming*. A resolution was a!so parsed in favour of removing- the control on veal, so that more food wou!d bo at tho disposal of the nation,
Wasted with Indigestion. SLEEPLESS, NERVOUS, PAIN-WORN, BUT CURED BY DR. CASSELL'S TABLETS. Mrs White, 5, Headcorn Road, Tottenham, London, N. 17, says: "It have no hesitation in faying that Dr. Cassell's Tablets saved my life. I had been a sufferer from indigestion for years, which got worse and worse. I dared not cat. The least mor-el made me suffer the most terrible pain, and wind formed all round my body, setting my heart going like an engine. The pain went right through to my back and round my side too. I was tortured with head- aches, and my nerves were in a dreadful state. For weeks I never seemed to get any sleep, and I wentas thin a < a shadow. Doctor's medicine did no good. but when I get Dr. Cassell's Tab- lets I regained my health rapidly. Now I eat what T like and nothing hurtf, me." Dr. Cassell's Tablets are the perfect modern. home remedy for Nervous Breakdown, Nervo and gminal Pg.ra,lys,is, Malnutrition, pasting, Anaemia, Sleeplessness, Indigestion, Kidney Trouble, and Premature Decay. Specialty suitable for "nursing mcthers and women ef middle age. Sold by chemists and stores in all parts of the world. Prices; Is. 3d. and 3s" the 3s. size being the more economical. Frfte 1 information on any case sent on request. Dr. Cassell's Co., Limited, Chester-road, Man- chester. <» ^iiibiim in i mi msmuammttmm————— f Mr A. Jarvis (frow photo ) Weak and III for Years. De Witt's made me a Strong-Man. Do you wake in the morning feeling heavy and tired, stiff in the joints, and with a bad] taste in your mouth? Have you tired, dragg-J ing,. sharp pains in the limbs or back? Dol you feel dull and irritable You need proper! treatment for your kidney trouble, the kidneys' are not functioning properly, and the poisonous! uric acid which should pass out through them is retained in the blocd. De Witt's Kidney and Bladdjer Pill3 have already proved them.I selves absolutely successful in thousands ofj eases, and testimonies are pouring in from all; over the world. Mr. Arthur Jarvis, of 32 Franci-q-street, Battersea, stated in 1912 that he had been cpm.. pletely cured after 40 years of acute suffering from Bright's Disease. He says: "You may,, refer anyone to roe or make what use you like of this testimonial." Oyer 60 years of age, Mr Jarvis said that for the last 20 years he had' only been able bj work for a few days at a time .at long, intervals. Again and again he was struck down with his affliction, and once was refused admission to hospital as incurable. In March, 1912, he was taken ill with rheumatic fever, ao badly that no hope was entertained of his recovery. His son-in.taw hearing of De Witt's Kidney an Bladder Pills, bought a box |for him to try. To everyone's amazement all jsign8 of fever left him after taking them for jtyo days. A few weeks later he commenced iwork, and was able Do continue regularfy from, ,that time. Six years later Mr. Jarvis said:—"I am now 69 vears of age, and foeling wonderfully young and strong. Since I last wrote I have not missed a day's work. I have Da Witt's Kidney and Bladder Pills to thank for a marvellous recovery." With this splendid testimony in mind, can you continue to suffer without giving De Witt's Kidney and Bladder Pills a trial? For rheumatism, gout, lumbago, seiatica, bladder pains and inflammation, stone and Bright's Disease thoy are absolutely unrivalled. Thegf never fail to givq relief. Within 24 hours the relief from pain and a certain blue tinge in the urine show that they hava passed right through the kidneys and eoanmenoed their work. Kidneys Bladder AM ^5 ww itl S Pills Vw &9LOL Do Witt's Kidney and Bladder Pills are sold only in white boxes, printed in blue and gold. You can obtain them from all fimt-clas3 chemists and drug aftoree^ The price is 2s 9d. per box, or 5s for one two and a half times as large. If you would like to try them first be- fore purchasing, write to E. C. De Witt and Co., Ltd. (Dept. 162J), 44-45, Rathbone-place London, W., mentioning your Chemist's name and a free trial box will be sent you plainly packed by return post. i r il li I I I III In I II li III imHTUT"'iril II II III I, III I| I. J || j|i L ■J L "J1 J J1 jr Itt-TT-gn Vmf«y f 6TUPMEV 3-apeeoGeA* ( The Lajys FOREVER ios,,IM iii'ies vvitliotit troti'nle tell:; tfie < Thr Ralrtjf\ 'X7! story of Raleigli service. As an illustra- 1 h Girl J ( lion, ail Raleigh wheels are hand-trued & I I <^?^\ by the most highly-skilled operatives jj^ ^aud all spoVe-threads roll^'i on, not cut -THE A LL S TEE L BICYCLE V Beware of cheap, garret-made bicycles. See i > ml the Kaleitfh trademark and (Seal only through I g 3fj\ f i M our authori e<l agents Your life depends < E 2. y on yo -r blcvc'.e and you can depend i 1c j have co-ntitiu- | upon the rapid, reliable Raleijgfa. £ Kalritfb ;r 12 I Aberystwyth.—C. Evans, 15. Northgate Street 4 E years, aveiagin^ J Aberdovey—W. D. Evans i jC over 9,000 miles a 1 Abergynohvyn-J. Davies j E year, without a 1 Taliesin-J, R. Jones -Ing e I Towyn—R. R. Davies, Idris Works. Station 2 8| S. !l o w land, V. Road ML Alni-rh li, Cheet- V»—^ J Criocietb—R Davies, Eifion Hardware Store Cc ham.iiunchester 1 ^"TI • P if J 1 "Cycling for Health and Points for Cyclists." « tt .1 LJ by Sir Frank How *en, Bart, F.R.G.S.. &c,. a V idFv 100 pp. 1/ cloth, of Agents and Bookstalls -i & ftALSIf.H CVCL# Ctl/f MOTTtNGMAH 9 1
LEAGUE OF NATIONS. Tho conference of voluntary associations for a League of Nations which had originally been fixed for September 22nd at Brussels wiil take place there in the latter part of October. Tho Brussels Conference will be the third gathering of the voluntary associations which has taken place this year. The first, which was held in Paris in January had for its task to submit to the Prime Ministers of the Allied Nations a sories of resolutions embodying the opinion cf the voluntary associations with regard to the drafting of tho covenant^ The second, which met in London last March was oharge4 with examining the covenant and suggesting minor amendments. The approach, ing conference at Brussels will be the most important hitherto held both with regard t:) worldj-poiicgr and organisation. UndtJ- the former heading the conference will have to consider how the provisions of the Peace Treaty referring to the League of Nations are to be put into execution particu'ariy in regard to the application of the mandatory principle and the establishment of an inter, national Court of Justice. Under the heading of organisation, the conference will consider the project for an "International Bureau of League of Nations Societies" with the head, quarters at the seat of the League. The functions of this international bureau will be to assemble conferences as occasion demands and generally speaking, to co-ordinate the work of the voluntary associations in all countries. The object of these voluntary associations is, on the one hand', to stimulate active interest in the League in their respective countries and on the other hand to act, in regard to the League, as organs for the expression of public opinio* Social importance attaches just now to the latter TO'), because it affoi-dt a means by which the nations of the world can formulate views as to the future policy eill Sutinp enS-Bsq^ øq to uot^usiu'bSjo Pula period of inactivity to which the latter is con. demned until the formal ratification of the Treaty. It is intended by the local branch to hold an important conference at Aberystwyth in the autumn when Lord Robert Cecil or Sir John Simon may attend and speak.
DRUG FIENDS. The craze for drug-taking has surely reached a sorry pass. Cocaine and morphia are the stimulants of which one hears most, and are no doubt used because their effects are so rapid and so powerful. But these are only two out of a score or more of the poisons which many people have got istc the habit of taking. Women who wo,.ild shiver at the idea of taking morphia, doso themselves daily with eau de cologne. Spirits of lavender are often taken in similar fashion, and the effects are equally destructive. Though little haa been said about arsenic eating, the practice continues, half a grain to a grain being a dose. The arsenic victim gets a pretty complexion and becomes plump and rosy, but is liable to very sudden death.
THE LUCKY M60N. Why do people hang up horse-shoes? For luck. Over the door of almost any old farm-house or cottage you will find a horse- shoe nailed up, A"k the owner where the luck comes in, and ten to one he cannot tell you. The origin of the superstition is interesting. From earliest time the moon, the new moon especially, has been looked upon as a lucky symbol, and the moon goddess was represented as wearing horns. In some old pictures Moses is shown as wearing horns when he descended from Mount Sinai. Hence the horse-shoe symbol.
THRIFT STAMPS AS PREMIUMS. An unique and novel method of popularis- ing tho purchase of thrift stamps through- out the province of Alberta, has been adopted by the municipality of Pinto Creek. All premiums for the destruction of gophers* will be paid in thrift stamps. Many rural municipalities throughout the province have this method of payment under consideration at the present time and the idea is likely to become general. *Note: A gopher is a burrowing quadru- ped of the size ef a squirrel. •
CARDIGAN. APPOINTMENT.—Mr. Johns, postmaster, has bf;on appointed postmaster of Carnarvon, to succeed Mr. W D. Jones, who has left to fill a similar appointment at Llanelly.
Agricultural and Garden Seeds. Agent] lor Carter s Special Guaranteed Seeds. '> Eggs, Butter in any quantity v. taken. ø- Cash payments on receipt of goods. J. J. MORRIS, Grocer & Provision Dealer, Tea Warehouse, LLANILAR. Ellis's Pharimilacy I t Dispensing of Englishand Foreign Prescriptions. Medical and Surgical Requisites. ROBERT ELLIS, Pharmaceutical Chemist, 53, Terrace Koad, I Tel. 71. ABERYSTWYTH ::ta. "'0 QJ 0 -w ;t:' .004 (1) ro Prams, Push Chairs, Bath Chairs, Wired on Tyres with Patent Core. Chairs. &c., on Hire. Furniture stored at bought for cash. All classes of repairs. J.(;.Sl YLES,F urnisher 10, Terrace Road (No- BUtioa* „ Aberystwyth. '4.Il NOTE NEW PRICES 7*tl., 1/3, 2/6, 5/ T?WR*rP8}S8llJ BAKLBY^CW E. P. Wynne, Chemist, Aberystwyth; J. W. Evans, Chemist, Llandyssul; T. Jones, Chemiat, Tregaron; R. Evans, Chemist, Lampeter; J. R Jones, Chemist, Newcastle Emlyn; E. Lipia* Jones Chemist, Aberayron; H. Davie#, Mach- ynlleth W. J. Evans, New Quay; D. Jono% Llaofyllin; J. Davieti, Llanybythor.