Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

12 erthygl ar y dudalen hon



1 CHATS ON NEWS- PAPER HISTORY. t 3. The Days of Stamp 1 Duties., | t F' OR a hundred one historian has computed ii t'iat in those days "there and eleven years was hard,v an editor of Liverpool's old- any note who had not est newspaper has m escaped imprisonment"; or est newspaper has escaped imprisonment"; or given to the public the worse. Even when best and the latest said Dr Johnson was writing up the Parliamentary I and done in the world. rosK&S-} A ■• r Debates for a newspaper 1» the earlier days in 1733, so harshly I newspapers were few punishable a crime it was and comparatively ex- to publish any report of a T- J debate in the Commons, pensive. To-day they ? J691 t that Jt could only be j are many and they are L "■ — attempted, in the first in- wonderfullv cheap. stance, by bribing the The first impression of the Liverpool -Courier"-such as may still be seen framed and preserved in several public places-was printed at a period when all > news-sheets were liable to an impost. avouched by a stamp upon the cover, of 3§cf., with an additional tax of three shillings and sixpence upon every adver- 1 tisement, payable by edict of the King. The principle on this anti-democratic "tax on knowledge" daterf from Queen Anne's days. Many famous editors had suffered under it from Daniel Defoe and Addison and Steel to Fielding; and "those little penny papers" which Swift comments on at the dawn of the Stamp impost in 1712 were soon "stamped" out of existence. Throughout the administrations of six English monarchs until the Repeal of the Newspaper Duties in Victoria's reign, the Press was battling for the freedom of speech and comment which it has bequeathed to the entire nation in oiw own davo. When the Courier" was founded in the reign of George III. repression by taxation, by the pillory aad by flagellation was the risk of most newspaper owners and printers, so that doorkeepers at Westminster to smuggle in reporters. Johnson's own Parliamentary Reports were, as we know, ingeniously printed ia defiance of the law, only by disguising the" debater's names and ascribing the Debates to the Fictitious Proceedings of the Empire of Lilliput, described by Captain Lemuel Gulliver." It was in that age that four newspaper printers were even forced to apologise upon their knees at the Bar of the Commons for the printing of newspapers embody- ing an account of Parliamentary pro- ceedings. As a general consequence of the fiscal penalties upon newspapers the taxed journal of three or four generations ago were sold at sevenpence. When the "Courier" was first printed in 1808, in the newly invented Stan- hope Press," it could then be produced at the amazing rate of approximately 190 complete papers an hour a modern machine turns out papers several hun- dred times as fast-but by 1825 long before a Victorian Prime Minister had repealed the "taxes upon knowledge" its swift overnight tales were being printed at the rate of 1,000 in the hour. The dead and gone Liverpool folk who met in house and tavern to pass round the Courier treasured it because it was dear and because it was the best of its age. To-day three-half- pence buys it. It is still quoted and talked about as in those oldea days, only by intinitely greater multitudes of readers. Its news-all the news-its diplomatic information gleaned authoritively from the high places, its special articles by famous publicists, its sound commercial intelligence and its brilliant literary writers, still circulate its fame wherever think- ing men and women meet in study, workshop or mart. JvtrpooI Coatier FIRST in 1808 and FIRST in 1919. æGmGmmmm ? m I HOWELL Coy., I The Welsh Stores, I | ABERYSTWYTH. ? ? I THIS WEEK'S 1 1 SPECIAL SHOW | I Ladies' Gent's | | PURE WOOL | m UNDERWEAR. I I A Scarce Commodity. I m t) I HOWELL <SC Coy„ | J6 J The Welsh Stores, | ,1 ABERYSTWYTH. | "t t t "tt. 'n' v, t. v: v. "¡:;t.:t, II' .t I 53t f I Your Hat f & SE 23c jg Should suit your individuality e^aally with your other clothing. That s why so many well-dressed men purchase 3* at OWEN & SONS. |g ff Stiff Black Felts. if I Tweed Caps. 1 Soft Hatb. S 1 Velours- f *3( 3* Your satisfaction Is our Chief Aim. Jg Our Only 4,idress- Established l Owen & Sons, | 1 1850- 1 Ladies 6°- Gentlemen s > £ £ & Telephone No, J Tailors & Outfitters, g 94. 1 Paris House, Aberystwyth.

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