1 By D. EMLYN EVANS. WELSH SINGERS AND THEIR CRITICS, A correspondent writes to us apropos the paucity of Welsh choirs at the Colwyn 11&1 National Eisteddfod and the charge of lack o' pluck brought against them by Press critics of English newspapers, and says: The results of the Gloucester Triennial FeS' tival carry a. lesson which is a rather sant practical demonstration of the fact t,bat the English people generally are not very aP' preciative of Elgar and his school. It is in sense an effective reply to the familiar sneers—of the musical correspondent of the Cottonopolis organ, and others of that coterie, over the alleged funk of Wclsb choirs on account of the difficulties of the piece In the chief choral competition."—It ,ill be remembered that the three contesting choirs were the Rhymney Gwcnt, North' Staffordshire, and Southport choirs. The critics were, however, somewhat too previoO3 —in too much of a hurry, for had they only waited till t.1e following day they would found that their strictures were out of pl¡¡.Ce, as the choral entries in the second competition —one of the test subjects there also being Elgar composition—consisted of three Welsh choirs (Bangor, Cefnmawr, and TrecywO) and one English (Crewe). As a matter of fact* Deep in my soul," the Elgar selection in the second choral competition, was a considerably more difficult test than his O wild west wind," in the chief choral. Fancy," says the editor of the School Music Reyiew," asking the second choral mixed-voice class to sing Elgar's inmy soul'—a virtuoso piece, of ext reme tonal difficulty The hoity" toity mightiness of some of these critics is something amusing. They come among us-— an act of condescension on their part. no doubt —to teach us; and we are not above being taught, I hope. but to write in the vein of this mair will teach no one." The writer proceeds to explain why WeJsh choirs do not come for- ward in greater number at our national gather" ings, and says,there were" good reasons for it, but that' funk is certainly not one of them- It cost the Rhymney choir jE150 to come to Colwyn Bay, and that was the amount of the first prize offered there—had they succeeded in winning it. Under the most favourable circurn* stances they would have only had the bare honour. Eisteddfod Committees, our correspondent informs us—and he is an acknowledged expert on the question of eisteddfod engineering—can* not afford bigger prizes, and there are but places in Wales that can nowadays afford to get up National Eisteddfod choirs either- Soloists, quartettist s, etc., can go but to get a choir together is another matter— a reapon* sibility and an undertaking that cannot b6 lightly undertaken and brought to a successful issue. Of course, it would be but natural to ask here, where were the choirs of North Wales that were within near reach of Colwyn Bay, whose travelling expenses at least wo»J4 be but small ? The well-informed musica* reader will at once realise that at least twG North Wales resident conductors were other* wise engaged at the Eisteddfod—one as an ad" judicator, and the other as conductor of tht Eisteddfod Choir—and if we eliminate tht" two towns and districts represented by thcSØ gentlemen—Bangor and Carnarvon respectively —from that part of the country, what would remain, in the shape of material for the forma* tion of choirs of the first class, would be but limited both as to quality and quantity witb the exception of Wrexham possibly, and poPU" lous places adjacent, such as Rhos, etc.; hub, Wrexham itseif has not, of late years at least* been prominently to the fore at the Eistedd" fod, nor very active in musical work generallyo When circumstances are flourishing among thf quarrvmen of Bethesda, Llanberis, and FeS' tiniog none are more enthusiastic and devoted to musical work than they but even theit chief efforts at the National and other leading eisteddfodau, are confined as a rule to maltl voice combinations. What they may dõ in connection with mixed voice hoirS is to render supplementary assistance to tb4 ce ntral choral society in the chief town of tM district- Llanberis joining Carnarvon, Bethcsd" ditto Bangor, and Rhos, <fcc., may do similarly with Wrexham, and so help- to establish choir that would be neither of small propo** tions nor mean ability.. This is more nee" essary in North than South Wales on aecouO* of the comparative smallness of the towns and the sparse population. But there are other people than these nd admirari gentlemen, who know their Wales* its music, and its musicians far better than they, and who have given mach tboagbt to the question regarding the position of Welsh cboirS which has been exercising and, more or less, agitating the country of late years. The cauac of the defeat of Welsh choirs is not to be found in their alleged want of pluck, and inability to tackle difficult modern music- The particular rase in point, se- lected by their critics as shown effectually disposes of that charge, in that instance anyhow; and their past history bo that they have not lacked courage. Indeed. I were nearer the mark. possibly,to attribute toO much temerity to them, and not to count « cost and sufficiently prepare and equip themselves before hand—just about the faults as those committed by their Celtic fore- fathers centuries ago,though in a very different" kind of tournament. The lesson has been taught to those humble enough to learn-tb sometime, and repeatedly, so that nothing W"1 he gained by again beating thrashed The inhabitants of this little Wales of our* have been gifted with the best of natural vocal powers it is for them to develop and make use of them. To go and hide their talent in the earth will not do. No doubt present-day music makes excessive demandt upon the singers;J nevertheles what can b^ accomplished by one choir can be accomplished by another equally gifted and equally pains- taking. It may be as well to add here that the refer* ence of our correspondent to the GloucesW Festival at the commencement of his remarks* is in regard to the fact that, notwithstanding the onslaughts of the modern Ensrlish musicaj critic on the Messiah and Elijah," and that such musicians as Elgar, Hubert Parry' Harford Lloyd, Lee Williams, GranVille Ban* tock, Vaughan Williams, and Basil Harwood, were conducting their respective works at tbØ Festival; the oratorios of Handel and Me delssohn more than held their own, as testitieu by the increased congregation which came gether to those performances.
A LONG FELT WANT. The usual—unpleasant—method of cleaning a pipe by a feather, string, wire, pipe" cleaner," and the rest of them, is promised be obviated by a patent syringe pipe shortly to be placed on the market. Tb" Syrin is so constructed that by a down- ward movement of the piston within tbe mouthpiece the pipe is absolutely cleanef* from bottom of bowl to end of stem. It JII further claimed for this invention that tobacco will always retain its original fla,voot. since the smoke will no longer be drawn to tlt mouth through a trough of nicotine. Clearly the Syringe must be the kind of thing which smokers have been looking since fir8* briar pipes came into fashion.
Osborne and the A.S. R.S. ANOTHER BIG LESAL FIGHT. The Oaborne decision is to figure in the law courts once more. Last June the Executive Council of the Amalgamated Society of Rail- way Servants decided that the action brought against the society by Mr W. V. Osborne brought him within the operation of the rule providing for the expulsion of members guilty of conduct prejudicial to the best interests of the society," and they accordingly recom- mended that he and his fellow members of the Walthamstow branch should be expelled from the society. This recommendation was unanimously adopted by the annual general meeting of the society, which opened at Barry On Monday, 3rd October. Mr Osborne has de- cided to test the legality of this action on the part of the society, and proceedings have been instituted in the Court of Chancery to restrain the society from putting into force the decree of expulsion. Mr Osborne's case is that a member who is instrumental in compelling his Union to desist from a practice that has been declared illegal by the High Courts can hardly be guilty of conduct prejudicial to the best interests of the society," and ought not therefore to be de- prived of his benefits, and prejudiced in ob- taining employment. It is believed that the case will be fought through all the courts up to the House of Lords as was done in the original Osborne ca8é. The Amalgamated Society of Railway Ser- vants has been particularly unfortunate in the amount of litigation in which it has been in- volved. The famous Taff Vale case, which led to the passage of the Trades Disputes Act of 1906, cost them about £38,000, whilst the recent Osborne case cost over £7,000.
TERRORISM IN FRANCE. Decrees of Assassination. Paris, Tuesday.—" The Matin learns that the Prefecture of Police has discovered a mys- terious circular addressed to certain revolu- tionaries already under police observation. The circular contains an appeal issued by a group of Terrorists who decreed the assassina- tion of the chief Government officials on account of their attitude during the railway strike. The police are searching for the secret office where the statement was printed, and have caused investigations to be made in order to trace the authors of threatening letters re- ceived by the Procureur (M. Lepine), the Pre- fect of Police, and the head of the detective i department.Central- News. j
Neu Wreichion Oddiar yr Eingion. By OADRAWD WYDDON. The Rev. D. Jones, Rector of Uanganna' With the following traditional story con- cerning this wonderful man, I shall take leave of him for the present and will end this article by calling him to speak, to us himself out of his diaries, which he seems to have very carefully kept during an exceptionally industrious life. Soon after Mr Jones settled at Llanganna, his fame went abroad, and multitudes from the surrounding parishes came to hear him preach. It is said he fearlessly exerted himself to stern vice and-immorality. There was a notable revelry held on the Sabbath day near Llan. ganna. Crowds of people from far and near, both young and old, resorted thither to drink, dance, fight, and for other depraved customs. 1 This scene greatly grieved him, and he very soon made up his mind to put this old revel down. He courageously went into the midst of them one Sunday and tenderly and affec- tionately Addressed the people, and his effort put an end to the feast for ever. It is said that he preached annually at this place (which, I believe, to be LJanbad-ar-Fynydd, Peterston- snper-Montem) on the Anniversary Sunday for thirty years. At another time he approached a crowd of people who had met for a cock-fight, a very popular pastime in the Vale of Glamorgan at one time. He told them that he had a parti- cularly delightful message to make known to them, and he would be very glad to be allowed to speak to them for a few minutes they might then go on with their work if they liked. They reptied; The gentleman shall do as he wishes." He then spoke to them of the conso- lation of religion. The effect was wonderful; the people abandoned their intention and re- turned to their homes, having embraced the message and an affection for the messenger. Following are a few of his sayings :— Faith is knowledge in the understanding, assent of the will, and trust of the heart." The church is often like a moon in an eclipse—dark towards the earth, but radiant towards heaven." It is ingratitude that make the Godly man's sin so heinous. Solomon's idolatry was far worse than that of his wives—he had been better bred, and God had appeared to him twice." Sin makes wicked men the object of God's hatred, the saints of his pity as we hate poison in a toad, and we pity it in a man, in the one it is their nature, in the other it is J their decease." Mr Jones, like his contemporary reformers, wasvery-fond of rhyming and writing hymns, botmooe of his verses have never found their way to our hymnals. The Rev. Daniel Rowlands, of Llangertho, tried his hand, and Rev. Griffith Jones, of Llanddowror, published a small collection of Welsh hymns, bat Williams, of Pantycelyn, took all the wind out of their sheets and satisfied the demand to over-flowing. The following, however, will bread with the interest which is attached to this evangelist, whose influence is still felt, and whose name will ever be remembered in Wales as one of her most illustrious sons. The following enigma I copied from one of his diaries, to which there is no answer given. Perhaps one of our readers will be kind enough to send an answer to it in rhyme :— gweled yn nhrefn natur, Am hyny 'rwyf yn syn, Wr dyfal wrth ei orchwyl Ynugwyneb bro a bryn Ac eto, er mor ddyfal, Ynol gorchymyn Duw, Ei wrthrych sydd yn para Yn hoflol yr trn rhyw." We shall leave the Rector of Llanganna at present by quoting the last lines in his elegy, by hie neighbour and admirer-the Rev. Thomas '"Williams, Bethesda's Fro, the eminent Welsh hymnologist:— Mi rot heibio 'nawr alara, Gwelaf nodan'n amlhau, I fod amser f' ymddatodiad awr yn agoahau hyderu cwrdd a'r Ffeirad Ar gylfiniau'r gwledydd pell, Nid mewn gwn, na bond, na. ffrengrys, Ond mewn gwisg sydd lawer gwell."
GRUESOME DISCOVERY. Concealment Mystery. The story of the strange discovery at Lon- don Bridge Railway Station was told at the Southwark Coroner's Court on Tuesday, when an inquest was held on the body of two female babies which were found in a black bag on Wednesday. Walter Guire, booking clerk at Balham Station London, Brighton and South Coast Railway, stated that at 10.30 on Saturday, October 8th, a man came to him at the booking office and said he wanted to send a bag to Box Hill Station. Witness said, It can't be sent away to-night," and the man replied, Be sure and send it to-morrow morning. The charge will be paid the other end." Witness took the bag in, and found on an envelope attached to it was the following Watson, Box Hill. To be called for." George Johnson, a porter of Box Hill Sta- tion, said the bag arrived there on the night •of the 9th instant. As no one sent for the bag it was forwarded to the lost property office at London Bridge. Frederick Mason, clerk at London Bridge Station, spoke to receiving the bag from Box TTill on the 19th October. The bag was not locked, but fastened with string. As the offi- cials at Box Hill were suspicious as to the contents, the bag was opened on Wednesday last, and inside the bodies of two female babies were found, wrapped up in a piece of calico and some brown paper. The Coroner commented in strong terms on the fact that the report of the discovery ap- peared in thenewapapers before it was reported to him. He asked every witness whether he had given information to the Press, and each denied having done so. Detective-Inspector Francis Carting, M Divi- sion, said he had been unable to trace the man who hadJeft the bag at Balham, and upon in- qoiries being-madeat BoxhiU it was found that nobody of the name of Watson lived there. Witness was of opinion that the bodies were left in this manner by poor people who could not afford the funeral expenses. Dr. Reginald Larkin, divisional police snr- geon, .said the bodies were decomposed, and .deactbhad apparently taken place from four to r- eight days previously. There was a mark round each .neck, which might have been caused by a stout piece of string. Witness thought the babies were twins, and that they C- had not hadalegal existence. He was quite satisfied that the birth was attended by an expert, probably a midwife. The jury returned a verdict of Stillborn injespect of "both cases.
M BIRDLAND. < On Monday Mr Oliver Pike lectured under auspices of ■ the Cardiff Y.M-C.A. at the Cory Hal) on Birdland through the Bio- scopeL" Mr F. S. Higman presided. The lecturer for the space of an hour and a half held his audience entranced with his descrip- tions of bird life, which were illustrated by a magnificent series of lantern views and by the gramophone. The latter gave a realistic repro- duetion of the song of the most famous of British warblers, the nightingale. Mr Pike took his audience to many parts of the country and showed them a wonderful series of views illustrative of the haunts and habits of birds. Mr Pike appealed to the boys of to-day not to plunder birds' nests, but to take a higher view of things, and to get a camera and be content with photographing them.
A MONMOUTH WEDDING. The wedding took place at Dixton Church, Monmouth, on Monday of Miss E. Lewis, of The Garth, Monmouth, to Mr Arthur Lewis, contractor, of Caerphilly. The bride was given away by her brother, Mr G. S. Lewis, of Aber- dare. Mr J. M. Shelby-James, of Aberdare, was the beet man. The officiating clergyman was the Rev. J. Rickards, vicar of Dixton, near Monmouth. Those present in the church in- cited Mrs Arnott (sister to the bride), Mr G. Lewis, Mr and Mrs Shelby-James, Aberdare Miss Rhoda Lewis, Miss Speir, and Masters Ewan, Ronald, and Trevor Arnott. The honeymoon is to be spent in,London. ?
HUNG HIMSELF IN PLAY. At the inquest on Monday in the case of Theodore William Meyer, age 12, son of Sir William Stevenson Meyer, chief ofth e Madras Presidency, who was a pupil at Dr. Williams's School at Summertown, near Oxford, a verdict of Death from misadventure was returned. After returning from the football field the boy was found in a semi-conscious state in the schoolroom with the ventilation cord round his neck. Efforts to restore animation failed. It is supposed the boy was playing with the cord, and that the slight pressure produced unconsciousness, during which he slipped from his seat.
At an inquest at Landorc on Monday on Ann Nathaniel (75), widow of Thomas Nathaniel, Cooper's'row, Louisa. H'-istc, the foster daughter of the deceased, said that on Satur- day morning she took breakfast upstairs to the deceased. She opened her eyes when called by witness, and died. Dr. Kemp thought death was due to syncope, the result of old age. A verdict of Death from natural causes" was turncd..
Private Beaten to Death. INVALID SOLBIER'S FRENZY. A Coroner's inquiry was held at Tidworth Garrison, Salisbury Plain, on Saturday, into the death of Private William Williams, of the Royal Army Medical Corps. It was stated that Michael Noonan, a powerfully built private in tha 2nd Royal Munster Fusiliers, had beer. confined in hospital suffering from alcoholi.; mania since October 10th. On Wednesday night deceased was night orderly in charge, and three privates of the Munster Fusiliers were deputed to watch Noonan. The latter had been restless during the day, but became quiet in the evening. One witness said he listened to the reading of a newspaper report of the Crippen case, and expressed the opinion that Crippen ought to be hanged. About nine o'clock he sprang out of bed and attacked three attendants. Privates Flack, Foley and Leach—temporarily laying them out. The cries of these men reached the guard room,and Private Rudge went to the place,and had no sooner reached it than he. too, was knocked down. He managed to get back to the guard room and tell Private Williams, who was in charge. Williams at once proceeded to the scene and was savagely attacked, but he returned a second time and was knocked down. Seizing the opportunity, Noonan, now thoroughly frenzied, rushed into the guard room, seized a poker from the scuttle, and slashed right and left. All but Williams were able to evade the blows, but Williams', who was lying unconscious, was beaten about the head with the poker. Assistance was fetched, and eventually Noonan was overpowered, being felled by a blow from a chair. After a terrific struggle he was placed in a straight jacket, handcuffed, and tied down. Williams was con- veyed in a shocking condition to hospital, where he died without regaining conscious- ness. A verdict of Wilful murder was returned against Noonan. Noonan was present at the inquest, and put questions to witnesses. He was subsequently taken before the AndoVer magistrates and remanded. The Late Private Williams. Private William Williams, of the Royal Army Medical Corps, who is alleged to have been beaten to death at Tidworth Garrison, Salisbury Plain, by an invalid soldier in a sud- den frenzy, was a native of Taibach, Port Talbot, where his widowed mother now resides in Alma-street. He has also three brothers living there, one of whom, Mr Samuel Williams, is caretaker of St. Theodore's Church, Port Talbot. The Victim, Private Willie Williams, of Taibach. (Photo by Holman, London.) I Deceased commenced his career as a cold-roll boy in Messrs D. R. Daniel's tin works, Taibach. He subsequently went to Dridgend Asylum as a warder, establishing a good repu- tation as a capable officer. He joined the Army about ten years ago, and served with distinction in the South African war, securing three medals. At the inquest on Saturday a verdict of wilful murder was returned against Private Noonam, of the 2nd Royal Munster Fusiliers. Deceased's brother travelled to Salisbury Plain in order to attend Private Williams's burial. Deceased's widowed mother is over 80 years of age and was unable to attend' the funeral.
CarmarthenAppeintment COUNTY COURT REGISTRAR. Mr David Evan Stephens, solicitor, Car- marthen, has been appointed registrar of the Carmarthen County Court, high bailiff and bankruptcy and Admiralty registrar for Carmarthenshire, in succession to Mr Thomas Parkinson, resigned. The appointment, which is to take effect from the lafc proximo, wtis made by his Honour Judge Bishop and countersigned by the Lord Chancellor. It is a popular appointment. Itfr Stephens, who was bom at Ferryside in 1862, is the son of the late Capt. John Stephens and Mrs Stephens, daugh- ter of the late Mr David Da vies, of Trdwsmawr. Mr Stephens was educated at Charterhouse and Magdalene College, Oxford, and took his B.A. degree just before he attained his majority in 1883. Three or four years later he married Miss Lucy Helen Grace Leeds, daughter of the late Captain William Montague Leeds, of East MR D. E. STEPHENS. (Photo by Giles, Carmarthen.) Sheen. London, the issue of the marriage being a son and a daughter. He was admitted to the Incorporated Law Society in 1888, and since that time he has practised at Carmarthen. He has a thorough knowledge of Welsh. He is uikder sheriff of Carmarthenshire, and is clerk or the Old Age Pensions Committee. He is well known in the literary world, and also for well known in the literary world, and also for the attention which he has given to economic studies. For years he was a member of the old Carmarthenshire Farmers' Club, and the Carmarthen Board of Conservators, over whom he presided for severall years, are indebted to him for the work he has rendered as their delegate at various commissions and conferences. For a long period he was a member of the Milford Haven Deep Sea Fisheries Board, and he has served as vice-chairman of the Carmarthen Board of Guardians. He is a keen motorist, fond of game shooting, and a good all-round golfer, being a holder of many golf trophies.
MATRIMONIAL SUIT. In the Divorce Court on Monday Lady Leth- bidge was granted a decree of restitution of c onj ugetl rights against her husband, Sir Wroth Periam Christopher Lethbridge, Bart. Counsel stated the parties were married in 1892 and had three children. They lived happily at first, but in 1908 differences arose in consequence of respopndent's attentions to another lady. In July of last year a deed of separation was entered into, but, in April last they made up their differences, and Lady Lethbridge returned to her husband in Lon- don. In May petitioner received a letter from Sir Wroth in Milan, saying he had made up his mind not to return as it was quite im- possible to continue living under the same roo with her. Lady Lethbridge requested him to return, but he replied, saying he bad made up his mind to live apart.
AN EXCITING RADYR INCIDENT. At T la-ndftff on Monday P.C. Thomas Davies (499E) told the magistrates (Mr Edgar David and Dr. T. Wallace) a thrilling story of a dis- covery and chase at Radyr at 4 a.m. on October 11th. Witness said that he heard a noise in St. Winifred's School, a private estab- lishment kept by Miss Bertha. Wilson. He ap- proached, and saw a man inside lighting a candle on the piano. Witness went up to the side window and found that it had been opened. The man inside was then walking about the room, holding the candle before him. Witness watched him for a few minutes, and then. opening the window, threw the light of his lamp upon him. The intruder was fright- ened and made for the front window, and wit- ness went to meet him. Then the man made for the side window, and thus the two of them ran backwards and forwards, one inside and the other out, for about five minutes. The insider eventually made a dive through the front win- dow, and fell on the lawn. Witness was upon him like a dart, and a struggle followed. The officer said he stumbled against a fence and the intruder made away. Witness gave chase, but ineffectually. Wm. Phillips was yesterday brought up in custody, charged with loitering with intent at Birchgrove, and P.C. Davies said he recognised him as' the marr he had seen at St. Winifred's School, and charged him with burglariously entering the building. The man stoutly denied the charge. It wa3 stated that a man's cap and a pair of boots had been left at St. Winifred's. The magistrates adjourned the hearing for a I week.
Horses for the Army. THE GOVERNMENT SCHEME. Menmouthshire Breeders' Criticism. At Tuesday's meeting of the Monmouth- shire Chamber of Agriculture at Chepstow, Mr 0. Lipscomb, Monmouth, presiding. Mr A. M. Pilliner, J.P., Llantarnam, deaJt. with the Gov- ernment's new scheme in breeding. He had written to t Government Department for details of the i ieme, but had received a reply regretting that they could not then supply them. As far as he could understand, the Government was going to subsidise stallions. The Hunters' Improvement Society was to he done away with. The Government would buy three year olds and not four olds, and would leave them with the breeder for another year, for which they would pay according to the land and the horse. A good deal depended on what class of buyer the Government sent to the country. Some of them knew the value of a horse in the rough, but more than that he was afraid they were of little use. They remembered the fiasco at Usk some time ago, when the Government's man described all the horses as useless. He (the speaker) asked JE50 for one of his horses, but the Government official said it was too much. Later he (the speaker) sold the same horse to the Government for 70 guineas, hut through another official. This second official referred to one horse on the road as the class of horse the Government would buy, yet this very same animal had been described by the first Government official at Usk as use- less. The Government had taken a census of the horses in the country, but the census had been taken in a most careless manner. He (the speaker) had forty horses, but the Government did not have them in their returns, and there were probably many other instances. Then they accepted the owner's version as to the quality of the horse for census purposes. It was difficult to get, at the actual position on this question, and until the Government gave details of their proposals he was afrai d the Chamber could nA. do much. Colonel J. H. Walwyn, J.P., Monmouth, said he had been asked to be the remount officer for the district, but he had told the Government officials that their scheme was ridiculous, and that he would have nothing to '•■o with it. He was supposed to mobilise 387 hoi-ses. H3 wrote for particulars of the scheme, but had had no reply. The Government did not really know what they wanted, and so far as he could see it would be better for farmers to go on breeding bullocks and cart horses. In Germany they had all sorts of methods to assist farmers to breed good light horses for the Army, but here there was no practical scheme, and it was utterly futile to expect farmers to take up the breeding of good horses. The horse conscription scheme was unsound, and whoever came to his place for the Government he would tell his servant to show him the door. The Chairman thought they should approve of the proposals put forward by the Hunters Improvement Society in their report on light horse breeding. Mr R. Stratton, Newport, disagreed with this as it frittered away £5,000 or £6,000 a year. He thought that moderate prizes should be distri- buted throughout the counties, and not con- fined to London. As to the Government scheme, it was all in the air, and the Govern- ment did not seem to know what kind of horses they really wanted. He would not advise any farmer to go in for breeding light horses at present. He found that one bullock paid better than two horses. No resolution was passed, it being under- stood that Mr Pilliner would bring the subject forward when further details of the Govern- ment proposals were known. Margarine v. Butter. A letter was read from Mr D. Kilbride, M.P., on the Margarine Bill, which had for its object the prevention of margarine being coloured to resemble butter. The Bill was defeated in Committee last Session due to the opposition of the Grocers' Association and others. In first five months of this year the import of margarine had been over 11,000 tons. He hoped they would support the Bill. The Chamber agreed to do this. Tomato Disease. Mr W. J. Grant, Monmouthshire County Council, spoke on the wort disease in potatoes and tomatoes in Monmouthshire. It was, he said, conveyed from one crop to another, and unless rigid means were adopted to stamp it out it would have serious consequences for the county. A letter was read from the Town Clerk of Cardiff asking for financial support for the Bath and West Show, which would be held in the city next year. It was decided that as the finances of the Chamber were low to make no contribution. One of the mem- bers asked what did Cardiff do when the Bath and West was held at Newport 1-& query which was followed by laughter. Tinned Meat. A letter was read from the Shropshire Cham- ber of Agriculture soliciting support for the movement to urge the Government to make full inquiry into the question of importing diseased carcascs aad tinned meat from America: Mr Godfrey Burchard Ashton said Council were deal- ing with this. The county analyst had pur- chased samples of tinned meat all over the county, but in no case did he find it other than what it was certified to be. The County Council would deal with any case they knew of. On the motion of Mr C. D. Phillips, it was decided to support the Shropshire movement. A vote of condolence was passed with the family of the late Mr Henry Williams, Llanarth,
PERSIAN PRESS BITTER. British Note and Russian Troops. Teheran, Tuesday.—The local Press comments on the British Note in extremely bitter terms. The Foreign Minister formally and emphati- cally contradicts the statement that delay in the withdrawal of Russian troops from Northern Persia is due to the high handedness of the Persian authorities. He declares the attitude of tha Persian Government has been consistently friendly towards Russia, and the withdrawal of the troops from Tabriz was un- conditionally promised, while the withdrawal of the Russian force from Kazvin was made conditional, not on the attitude of the authori- ties, but on the safety of foreigners, which has never been endangered. —Reuter.
ROBBERY WITH VIOLENCE. Swansea Ship's Cook's Allegations. At Swansea on Monday W. Henry Timmins, ship's cook, charged John Glass (22), labourer, and Albert Smith (27), hawker, with stealing 27s, and at the same time using personal violence. The complainant said that about midnight on Saturday he was going to his ship, having a parcel in each hand and one under his arm. Glass asked him the time. On telling him, prisoner struck him in the eye. Witness immediately dropped his parcel, and was on the point of retaliating when the other prisoner appeared on the scene, caught him by the throat, and threw him to the ground. Witness said he could not shout because he was being held too tight round the throat. Whilst on the ground Glass rifled his pockets and took a leather purse containing about 27s. Smith then said to his companion, Run." Glass did so, while Smith landed out again at the witness, and then bolted. Witness lay on the ground dazed. He saw P.C. Francis, who took him to a hotwe in the Strand, where he identified Glass among five others. Smith was also subsequently arrested. Both prisoners were remanded for eight days.
DROPPED INTO SEA. Berlin Balloon Party's "Try" for London Amsterdam, Sunday.—The German balloon Hildebrand, which left Berlin at half-past 5 yesterday evening with three passengers, with the intention of sailing to London, hardly got clear of Ijmuiden Harbour, at the western en- trance to the North Sea Canal, which connects Amsterdam with the North Sea, when for some reason the vessel dropped into the sea. Fortunately the occupants were all rescued by a steamer, and the balloon was picked up. In J6! hours'tra velling the balloon had covercd about 320 of the 500 miles of the jouimey.— Central News.
I Miss Le Neve. Late King of Siam's Son. I f The smaller youth in the photo (taken at Eton list year) is Prince Prajatipok, son of the late King of Siam. (L.N.A.) .J
Protector of Islam. TURKS APPEAL TO THE KAISER. Berlin, Monday.—A profound sensation has j been caused by the reports of a meeting of Mohammedans, held yesterday at Constanti- nople, which called nominally as a protest against the Anglo-Russian policy in Persia, developed into an enthusiastic demonstration in favour of Gerrpkny and the German I Emperor as Islam's best friend. A Russian Tartar, M. Agajew, urged that the Persian question was a matter of life and death to Turkey as the policy adopted there now would eventually be applied to Turkey, whose hope of salvation lay in friendship with II the Triple Alliance. Radchi Bey, a member of the Young Turk Committee, declared England had abandoned the policy of humanity on the day on which she concluded an entente with Russia. I Ubei Dullah, representing Smyrna in the Turkish Parliament, moved that a telegram should be sent the German Emperor, begging him to give his protection to their menaced brothers in Persia. I The proposition was greeted with prolonged applause, and a committee was appointed to draw up and despatch the telegram to-day.— Central News.
Death of King of Siam. r MONARCH OF QUAINT PEOPLE. Bangkok, Sunday.—King Chulalongkorn died at 12.40 this morning after a few days' ill- ness. The cause of death was uraimia. His Majesty had been suffering for several years from chronic nephritis, but he did not become seriously indisposed until Monday. His con- dition took a turn for the worse four days later, and yesterday morning symptoms of uraemia had fully developed. His Majesty then fell into a comatose state and passed peaceifully away early this morning. At a meeting of the Privy Council which was held after his Majesty's decease the Crown Prince was proclaimed King. There is univer- sal mourning.—Reuter. The new King is a well-known figure in England. He first came here as a boy of 12, and was educated at the Military College, Sandhurst, and at Christ Church, Oxford. He was born in 1881.
MORE MOORISH TROUBLE. Madrid, Tuesday.—The Correspondencia de Espana publishes the following telegram dated from Ceuta yesterday evening. Advices from Tetuan of to-day's date state theMoors of Shiadama territory, near Marrak sh have mur- dered several explorers who were passing through their territory. It is believed the French will shortly take possession of Tazza. The natives are greatly perturbed by this news knowing that in that event Fez would be at the Mercy of the French —Reuter.
CHOLERA AND PLAGUE DEATHS ri-) r, i Barbary, Monday.—Eight fresh cases holi-r.,L and se ven deaths have been notified, and the alarm created by the continuance of the disease has caused a good many people to go up country Qr abroad.—Reuter. Rone, ld&y.—In the last 21 hours two cases o* c'olera have been reported from NapleA, six cases and four deaths from the Neapolitan Provinces, and two cases and one death in Rome. No cases arc reported from Apulia. -Reuter. The Governor of Mauritius report a to the Colonial Office that there were 26 cases of plague last \vcek and 17 deaths.
WIRELESS OPERATOR'S PLUCK. Messages from Cape Town announce the wreck of the Portuguese mail steamer Lisboa on Soldiers' Reef, in North-west Bay, near Paternoster, a hundred miles north of Table Bay. The passengers were saved, but seven of the crew, including the chief engineer, named Brown, are reported drowned, and three of them are said to be British subjects. Exciting scenes accompanied the rescue of passengers and crew, but full details are not yet to hand. Wireless telegraphy again played an important part in life-saving, and the last man to leave the ill-fated mail steamer was the wireless operator. As the ship was tossing wildly in a tremendous sea he was repeatedly called upon to jump for his life, but he reso- lutely refused to make a move until he had finished sending his messages for assistance. Then he jumped overboard and swam ashore. The Lisboa communicated by wireless tele- graphy with the German steamer Adolf Woer- mann in Cape Town Docks. A message stated, All the passengers are safe. The ship is full of water. After the passengers had been taken ashore a Norwegian fishing vessel took posses- sion of the Lisboa and hoisted the N orwegian flag. The ship's flag was hoisted again later. The vessel is exposed to dangerous seas. Reuter. On receipt of first news of the wreck H.M. cruiser Hermes was ordered to the scene, but the order was countermanded on the arrival later of a message announcing that the pas- sengers had been saved. Tugs have been sent from Cape Town to the scene of the wreck. The Lisboa left Lobito Bay, Portuguese West Africa, on the 19th, with 250 passengers, and this was only her second voyage. She is a fine twin-screw vessel of 7,700 tons gross, built in the present year, and owned at Lisbon by the Empreza Nacional de Navegacao a Vapor a Africa Portugueza.
BRITISH VICE-CONSUL'S STORY. Capetown, Tuesday.—Mr Fussell, British Vice-Consul at Lobito Bay, who was a passen- ger aboard the wrecked steamer Lisboa, has arrived here. He states the persons drowned were one Dutch passenger, two British en. gineers, two Portuguese soldiers, and two Por- tuguese barmen. Mr Fussell said the Lisboa left Lobito Bay on the evening of Tuesday, October 18th. She at first met with strong winds, but later on the weather moderated. There was no fog throughout the passage. She struck at a quarter to eleven on Sunday night on a reef three miles from land. The shock of striking was severe, and there was great alarm among the women and children, but no panic occurred, although there was some confusion when the passengers took to the boats owing to lack of orders. The boats remained near the ship till daybreak, when the shore was reached without difficultv.-Reuter. The names of the drowned are :— First engineer, Brown. Third engineer, Maclachlan. Sergeants Marcemento and Braz. Mr Lambert, a passenger, and Stewards Ferreira and Lutio.-Reuter.
NEWFOUNDLAND WRECK. Nineteen Lives Lost. St. John's, Newfoundland, Monday.—The steamer Regulus, owned locally, went ashore in a dense fog and during a raging storm 12 miles from this port. The whole of the crew, 19 in number, were drowned.—Reuter.
ON THE ftOCKS AT CRASTER. The trading steamer Merlin, of Liverpool, went ashore on Monday on the rocks at Craster, on the north Northumberland coast, and it is reported is likely to become a total wreck. The vessel had loaded a cargo of stones at Craster, and fouled her propeller on putting to sea. Then she was driven ashore while a heavy sea was running. The crew have had to leave the vessel owing to her dangerous pdsition.
BRITISH SHIP'S RESCUES. Lloyd's agent at Key West, telegraphing on October 19th, states British steamer In- ventor proceeding to Liverpool. Captain re- ports rescued six men from the schooner Marta and ten men from the Uruguayan barque Hugo."
An inquest on Thomas John Leonard (45), fireman, of Cavan-row, Maesteg, who wan killed by a fall of about 25 trams of rubbish falling upon him at the Coegnant Colliery, was held on Monday morning by Mr Cuthbertson, coroner. Dr. Sinclair, who was down at the colliery when the body was ft-eed from the fall, said he examined him and found that his I right leg and left knee were broken. The face, which was very mu-h discoloured, I proved that be died from suffocation. A ver- diet of .A,dd"ntal dci,tti was returned. i Deceased leaves a widow and six children.
Matinee Hat Case. AGAINST PUBLIC POLICY." A sequel to what has become knoMfcn as the matinee hat incident, which occurred at the Prince of Wales Theatre, and was the sub- ject of subsequent proceedings at Bow-street Police Court, took nlace at the Westminster County Court on Monday. Last Week Judge Woodfall had before him an action in which Mr Frank Curzon, the leasee and manager of the Prince of Wales Theatre, defended an action brought against him by Mr and Mrs Dann for services alleged to have been rendered in bringing about the scene that led to a magisterial decision on the rights of a theatrical manager to refuse ad- mittance to ladies with large hats. Judge Wcodiall. at the conclusion of the evidence, said that he considered the most im- portant point about it was whether a court of justice could be exploited for the purpose of getting an advertisement, or in other words whether the contract was not void on the ground that it was contrary to public policy. He regarded the question as being of such importance that he would like to consider it. Yesterday Judge Woodfall delivered his judgment. Reading a written judgment, his honour briefly reviewed the facts which led up to the matinee hat incident, the scheme of which he said was carried out in every de- tail even to the alleged assault. The ladics I then proceeded to summons the defendant ) for the alleged assault, which summons was dismissed. The plaintiffs now allege that the ) defendant agreed to pay for their services in I carrying out the venture. His Honour, how- ever, was of opinion that plaintiffs' claim was illegal, being contrary to public policy, and that no action was maintainable upon it. He came to this conclusion for two reasons- (1) The spectacle of two ladies being peremp- torily and brusquely treated might well have aroused intervention on their behalf and led to a serious breach of the peace: and (2) the invocation of a court of'law to punish an offence which to the knowledge of the parties had not been even technically committed, was in the nature of a fraud on the administration of justicer He therefore dismissed the two actions, and leftea.ch party to pay their own costs. His Honour continued In the case of a successful appeal against this decision, and to save the expense of a second hearing, I will state what otherwise would have been my finding and decision. I find that the defendant did agree to pay the plaintiff Dann £105, and that the defendant's set-off is valid, and I should have given judgment accordingly for the defendant, with costs. I find the defendant did agree to pay the plaintiff, Mrs Dann, £52 10s, and I should have given judgment for her, with costa.
Welsh Surgeon's Research AWARDED TYNDALL SCHOLARSHIP, Some time ago Mrs Tyndall, widow of the celebrated scientist, founded, in connection with the Royal Society, a research scholarship to be applied in the manner thought to be moat desirable by the society for the physical and intellectual welfare of the miners of the United Kingdom. The Royal Society invited papers from leading men of science, and at a meeting on Friday the award was made to Dr. T. L. Llewellyn, M.D., M.S., Bargoed. The subject of Dr. Llewellyn's contribution was the investigation of nystagmus in miners, and he stated that the amount of physical and mental suffering produced by the disease is very great, and that the subject is also of the greatest importance to the colliery manager from the economic point of view. Nystagmus is a disease of the eye. I Dr. T. L. LLEWELLYN. Dr. Llewellyn has bad a distin £ Qi?hed career. He was a student at the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire, and is consulting surgeon to Powell Duffrynlron Colliery, He was formerly house physician and house surgeon, University College Hos- pital resident medical officer, East London Hospital; studied at University College, Lon- don entrance scholarship five first-class cer- tificates. He was gold medallist in surgery Bruce gold medallist in surgery and pathology Tuke silver medallist in pathology. He has been three years colliery surgeon. Dr. Llewellyn will be enabled to pursue his studies in nystagmus and report to the Royal Society. That he has won the Tyndall award out of applicants from all parts of the United Kingdom is an eminent distinction for South Wales.
More County Constables. WEEKLY REST-DAY COST. The chief business before the Glamorgan Standing Joint Committee on Monday was the consideration of Chief Constable Lindsay's report on the needs of some of the districts in respect of police supervision. Several addi tional constables were added to the strength of the force. Mr O. H. Jones presided, and there was a full attendance of the committee. The Chief Constable reported that to carry out the Weekly-Rest Day Act would, accord- ing to the reports of the inspectors, require 80 men extra in Glamorgan in order to relieve the different beats most conveniently. The Chairman said they would have to take some steps to meet the requirements of the Act, bat since it involved a very serious ex- penditure, it was not a matter they should hurry. He thought they should delay the matter until the Chief Constable was able to give a larger and fuller report to the com- mittee. The chief constable wa4nstructed to prepare this report, and also a return of the amount of short leave which the constables enjoyed during the past year. In regard to the applications of the chief constable for an augmentation of the force, General Tyler drew from the chairman the remark that the Home Office regulation was one constable to every 1,000 of the population. They had nothing near that. The chief con- stable had no authority for stating in his report that the committee had agreed to that standard. The Chief Constable stated he had been under the impression that the committee had recognised that standard. He had calculated the increase in the population over last year at 28,000. In many places an extra constable was absolutely necessary. The Chairman, in the course of the discus- sion, said it appeared that the members wanted "an extra constable in their own particular dis- tric and if they all got one it would be very expensive for the county. The Chief Constable asked for a total increase to his force of 28 men—three sergeants, three acting-sergeants, and 22 constables. The com- mittee proceeded to deal with the applications for extra men seriatim, and decided to appoint constables to Mountain Ash, Carnetown, Pont- lottyn, Llantrisant, New Park, Blaenrhondda, Aberkenfig, Porthcawl, Kenfig Hill, Cymmer, Pontardawe, Neath, Seven Sisters, Grovesend, Penclawdd, and Whitchurch. An acting-ser- feant was appointed to Bargoed, a sergeant to tridgend in place of acting-sergeant, and an r acting-sergeant to replace a constable at Ton Pentre. The recommendations in respect of Mount Pleasant, Sandfields, Skewen, Cwm- gorse, Barry Dock and Barry, Penarth, and Maindy were defeated.
CABINET MINISTERS' WIVES. Reception at Pontypool. The Market Hall, Pontypool, presented a picturesque appearance on Menday, when a reception was held under the auspices of the Pontypool Branch of the North Monmouth- shire Liberal Social Council for the purpose of meeting Mrs Mc Kenna, wife of the First Lord of the Admiralty, and Mrs Winston Churchill. A large number of invitations were issued, and over 700 acceptances were received. The guests were received by Mrs-McKenna, Mrs Churchill, and Miss Hozier, Mrs W. P. James (president of the committee), and the Right Hon. R. McKenna, M.P. for the constituency. Tea and refreshments were provided, interspersed witli an interesting musical programme. The guests included the leading residents of the district, and formed a distinguished and fashionable gathering. At the conclusion of the reception, which lasted from 3 to 5.30, Mr McKenna moved a vote of thanks to the president, vice-presi- dents, and committee of the Council, as well as to Mrs Churchill, who had so kindly travelled from London to be present at the reception. It has been, said Mr McKenna, the most successful gathering of the kind ever held by any party in Pontypool, and reflects the greatest credit on those who are respon- sible for organising it. The vote was carried with acclamation- A great public meeting was subsequently he'd in the spacious hall.
At Llandilo Police Court on Saturday L nvis Thomas, landlord of the White Lion Inn, was fined £ 1 and costs for selling beer on Sunday, the 16th inst.
SENTENCE INCREASED. Three Extra Years on Appeal. On Monday in the Court of Criminal Appeal* Wm. Simpson appealed against a sentence of 1 years' penal servitude, passed last Septemke~ for unlawfully wounding. Prisoner while In It railway train fired several shot at a city gently* man named Frost, who wAs severely wounde"* The Lord Chief Justice said it was a JI10S determined attempt to murder, and as he con- sidered the sentence was too light, it wou1 now be increased to 15 years' penal servitude*
WELSH TIN IN AMERICA. A Consular report issued at Washing* points to the increasing shipments of tin fr Wales, and the likelihood of the business panding to an enormous extent. The Lib by Corporation, who recently cjr tracted to pack 1,000,0001b. of rations for tn British Government, have decided to nf. Welsh tin solely in the packing of cond milk and Californian fruits, and other }a;1p>- corporations are preparing for trial of the best quality tin from Wales.
COMPETITIVE CONCERT AT MERTHYR. On Saturday evening, a competitive conce was held at the Merthyr Drill Hall, in aid of t' Y.M.C.A. The adjudicators were :—Music, W. J. Watkins, F.R.C.O., and Mr W. J. recitations, Messrs W. Edwards, H.M.I., Perman, M.A., and — Jones (Pelidros). Lj Mayor (Councillor F. T. James) presided, a Mr John Beynon conducted. vAitb Awards :—Pianoforte solo (under 14), p jj. Price, Merthyr recitation (under 14), )f,)ss 10 A. Rees, Penrheolgerrig; open pianoforte By J. Haydn Jones, Clydach Vale; open recital^ James Rees, Hirwain; champion solo^V Madame Hosgood, Cardiff 2, Mr D. Grixh Clydach Vale juvenile choir—1, Cwmparc • Troedyrhiw Boys. Tha Mayoress district the prizes.
¡. The Had Constable of Swansea (CaptaJn of Colquhoun) is making an appeal to factorics situated outside the borough fo tCr s.' riptions towards the purchase of a bg ^0 ambulance car than the one already possession of the police. The cost of the posed new motor ambulance will be about The Swansea public are indebted to Cal'jj Colquhoun for the a3sidijou$manner in. w he ofomoted the scheme, for providing the sent ambulance, which has proved oi S value to the town and neighbourhood.