Innocent of Complicity. Judge's Favourable Summing-up. CrUPPEN'S TALKOF A DIVORCE. On Tuesday at the Old Bailey Ethel Clara Le Neve was acquitted of being an accessory after the fact in connection with the murder of Mrs Crippen, for which crime Hawley Harvey Crippen was sentenced to death on Saturday. The case was taken by the Lord Chief Justice. The Crown was represented by Mr Ii. D. Muir. Mr Travers Humphreys, and Mr lngleby Oddie, whilst Mr F. E. Smith, K.C., M.P., and Mr Barrington Ward defended. The public interest in the case was quite as keen as in the trial of Crippen. There was again an enormous application for admission, and, as last week, the same ticket-holders were not allowed in court the whole of the day. As soon as the Lord Chief Justice had taken his seat on the bench, the prisoner was con- ducted into the spacious dock by a couple of wardresses. She walked without assistance, and appeared to be quite composed as, advanc- ing to the front rail. she stood on the very spot occupied last week by Crippen. A flat, dark, cloth hat was held down on the head by means of a blue motor veil, which framed a pallid face. The prisoner wore a dark dress, and her hands were neatly gloved. Soon the voice of the Clerk of Arraigns was heard addressing the accused. He said :— Ethel Clara Le Neve, the indictment against you alleges that on 1st February, 1910, Hawley Harvey Crippen did feloniously, wilfully and with malice aforethought mur- der Cora Crippen and that you well know- ing he had committed the felony did on that day and on divers days thereafter feloniously receive, comfort, harbour and assist and maintain him. Are you guilty or not guilty ? Prisoner, in a firm tone—" Not guilty." Before Mr Muir commenced his opening statement for the Crown, the prisoner was accorded permission to seat herself in the dock. With eyes almost closed and with hands clasped tightly together, she sat motionless ■while Mr Muir set forth his case, appearing oblivious to all that was going on around her. Case for the Crown. Mr Muir said that the accused was given an opportunity before the police magistrate of going into the witness box or of giving any explanation, but she made no answer. The jury would have to ask themselves what that meant. Was there any explanation she could offer except that contained in the indictment. If there was any explanation to account for the ( elaborate precaution to prevent pursuit, why had it not been put forth ? Crippen flew from justice for the crime of murder. The motive for the crime was the prisoner. He was ac- companied by the prisoner, and she assisted him to evade pursuit by disguising herself. She assisted him to evade justice by not re- maining behind and telling what she knrw. Unleas and until the Court got from her or eomeone else some explanation the only inter- pretation the jury could put upon the fact was that she knew of Crippen's crime and was assisting him to escape. Mr F. E. Smith's Cross-examination The evidence given covered much the same ground as in the case against Dr. Crippen, and Inspector Dew repeated his interviews with Le Neve, described the Hilldrop-crescent search And the chase to Canada. After her arrest pris- oner said, I know nothing about jt. If I had seen anything in the paper I would have communicated at once." Later Le N eve said I assure you, Mr Dew, A know nothing about it. I intended to write to my sister when I got to Quebec. Cross-examined by Mr Smith: Have you, since you became connected with this case, made inquiries about the prisoner's past life ? —I have made some inquiries. And discovered, I think,that for 10 years she has been working as a shorthand typist ?—Yes. She has not been living with her father and mother ?—I understand not for some years. You recollect the occasion of which you told us, on July 8th, when you called at the house in Hilldrop-crescent. Did prisoner offer to show you all over the house ?—She did, sir. She volunteered the suggestion that we should go over the house 1—Yes, to see if Dr. Crippen was there. Now tell me this—the statement which she made at Albion. House was made, as I under ctand it, in the presence of yourself and Ser- gent Mitchell ?—Yes. How was it taken?—I asked some questions, and some part of it was volunteered. You framed your questions, and her answers were incorporated with her voluntary state- ment in a consecutive and narrative form ?— Yes. She gave a very lucid statement. On some points you asked her questions ?— Yes, my object being to flnd Mrs Crippen. Did Crippen say anything at the time of her arrest ?—Yes. He asked how she was. I said, She is agitated, but I am doing all I can for 1 her." He said. It is-only fair to say that the knows nothing about it. I have told her nothing." Story of Le Neve's Landlady. Miss Emily Jackson.a former landlady of the prisoner was next called. She gave an address < at Camberwell,and said until the 19th of March of the present year she was residing at No. 80, Constantine-road, Hampstead. In September 1908, Miss Le Neve, she said, rentad a room from her, going to her business in the day and sleeping there every night. With the exception of a short period ending August. 1909. prisoner stayed with the witness until J March 12,1910. Witness was in the habit of going to prisoner's room. Mr Humphreys Did you at any time notice anything strange in her manner -something different from what she ordinarily had been ?— During January she appeared strange. On one < occasion I spoke to her about it. On what occasion was that ?—One night towards the latter part of January. I cannot fix the date. What did you notice about her on that par- ticular Occasion ?—She came home feeling very tired. She was strange and very agitated. The Lord Chief Justice: Did she have supper with you ?—N early always, unless she had some out. Proceeding, witness said I felt generally hurt at her manners, and followed her into her room and spoke to her. I forget what I said, but she scarcely answered me. She began to undress and finally got into bed. Bedroom Scene. She sat up to do her hair, witness pro- eeeded, but her whole body was trembling. I saw that she was in a terrible state, and asked her to tell me what was the matter. She did not speak. This went on for some time. I asked her several times to tell me. but she said. You go to bed. I shall be all right in the morning. She stared right across the room. and tried to do her hair. Afterwards she laid down in bed, and I sat beside her. It was nearly 2 o'clock in the morn- ine before she was asleep. Next morning (continued witness) she saw prisoner at nine o'clock, when she came down dressed and with her hat on. Prisoner tried to eat some breakfast, but she could not. Prisoner was so agitated and upset that witness said to her, If you don't relieve your mind you will go absolutely mad." Mr Humphreys What did she say then ?— A little while afterwards she said, Would you be surprised if it was the Doctor ?" Later on she burst into tears again, and said., It is Miss Elmore." Talk of a Divorce. Up to what time had you ev er heard the name Miss Elmore ?—Never in my life. I wondered what she meant, and I asked her. She said, She is his wife, you know. When I «ee them go away together it makes me realise my position, what she is and what I am." I said, What is the use of worrying about another woman's husband ?" She said, She has been threatening to go away with another man. That is all we are waiting for. As soon as she does that he will divorce her." Next day did she speak to you again when she mentioned about realising her position ?— I said why don't you tell him what you have told me. She said she would tell him. Landlady Cross-Examined. Mr F. E. Smith (cross-examining): She be- came very intimate indeed with you, on quite different terms to those of any ordinary lodger ? —Yes. She called you mum and mother "?— Yes. Would you say that she seemed to you to be of a gentle, retiring, and sympathetic nature ? —She was always most loveable and affectionate towards me. I understand you to say that when you gave us any dates it js more or less a matter of guess work ?—I could not make sure of the exact date. I When the police came to see you in July, of course, you began to think about these matters?—Yes. You had, of course, read about the Crippen case ?—I had not. I could not read it. It was simply horrible. When the police came you tried to recall what you could of your conversation with Miss Le Neve ?—Yes. At the beginning of February, when you say she came back more pleasant than you had ever seen her, you mean she was in high spirits with no traces of anxiety, depression, or ill- health about her ?—They had all gone. You, by way of a joke, said Have you come to some money?" and did she reply that somebody had gone to America ?—Yes. Had you any doubt; as to whom she meant ? No, because she had told me previously. I think you said that Crippen had told Le Neve that his wife had threatented to go away, eo that did not surprise you very much ?—No. No Witness for Defence. After luncheon, the case for the Crown having been concluded. Mr Muir, stating that be understood Mr Smith would call no wit- nesses, again addressed the jury. He urged that nothing but the knowledge of the murder of Mrs Crippen could account for the accused's silence. Mr F. E. Smith's Speech. Mr F. E. Smith said :—I think it very essen- öa4 that you ehould clearly understand what is the nature of the charge here, and what is I the proposition to which the prosecution in I this case stands committed. It is that in this murder committed by Crippen-a murder callous, calculated, cold-blooded, which would be hard to match in the whole annals of crime I —the prisoner was privy to the a ffair, and that she became privy to it after its commission. That and that alone is the issue which you have to try. Was the prisoner, before she went away with Crippen, aware that he had committed this murder ? Ten or eleven years ago, at the age of 16 or 17 years, accused was left to make her own living. Speaking in a low voice, which was inaudible throughout the greater part of the court, Mr Smith pointed out the temptations of Miss Le Neve's early position. It was a supreme misfortune to this girl," he proceeded, that when she was little more than a girl and when it had become necessary for her to earn her own living, to have come across her path, at the age of 17, one of the most remarkable men of the centiuy. Carry your minds back ten years. There were two people one a deter- mined, unscrupulous, insinuating man the other a schoolgirl, age 17-an age when most of you would be shielding your daughters from the world. I submit that the intrigue between them lasted three years. There is no reason to suppose that she was other than chaste for the first seven years." Mr Smith went on to describe the doctor as the really important figure looming large in Le Neve's life. He was the Doctor," she the tyag-writer. It was suggested that the man who had killed Belle Elmore with a fiendish and detailed calculation of which there were few illustrations in the annals of crime, told the prisoner, a young and nervous woman, that he had committed the crime, although she was a woman who did not belong to the criminal class and would have received the news with revulsion and disgust. That would be a possibility which Crippen would have borne in ipind. Crippen, how- ever, must have told her something, and it was for the jury to ask what he did tell her. From first to last not a single in- acc uracy of the slightest importance had been found in her statement. If there could be one circumstance which suggested innocence more than another it was the way in which prisoner dealt wirh the clothes and jewellery. Motive of Disguise. What did they suppose Crippen told Le Neve before she went away. Mr Muir asked them to draw the inference that if she bad not been told of the murder she must have been told something before she went away with Crippen in disguise. He (Mr Smith) submitted that not only had the prosecution failed to prove prisoner that knew of the murder, but it had been shown as a fact she was not told before, that she did not know anything of it. Before they could draw, the tremendous inference that she must have known of the murder, they had clearly to de- cide that there was nothing else that Crippsn could have told her to induce her to go away with him in disguise. They must consider that he was the dominating influence. Prisoner was required to decide whether she would stay in England, penniless, or, as Crippen's mis- tress, leave with him and save him the risk of being detained on suspicion. JUDGE'S SUMMING UP. His Lordship, in summing up, said the only point was—" Did Ethel Lo Neve know when she went away with Crippen that Crippen had murdered his wife ?" You are not to judge Ethel Le Neve," continued the Lord Chief Justice, because she has been this man's mistress. This is not a court of morals, but a court of law. It is a Court of Justice, and no one ought to judge a woman, particularly in such circum- stances, because she has fallen. Proceeding, his Lordship said they were able to fix upon the 2nd February as the day upon which tne prisoner could have first known, and that Belle Elmore (undoubtedly her rival) had gone away. It was to be said in favour of the girl that it was at this early date in Febru- ary that she made the statement that Belle Ellmore. had gone to America. What the jury would have to consider was whether the agitation witnessed by Mrs Jackson occurred on or after the 2nd of Pebuary. If it occurred before that date it could have nothing whatever to do with the murder. She might have had twinges of conscience at the time when she realised that she was in the horrible position of being mistress of a married man. That she had a deep affection for him there seems to be no doubt. Was there any reason to suppose that Crippen would tell the woman be wanted to make his wife a different story from that which he had circulated throughout the preced- ing six months ? This Scoundrel." The prosecution was bound up in the evi- dence of Mrs Jackson, and he was bound to Say that it was entirely for the jury to con- sider what waA the probability of this scoundrel having told the prisoner. As to the statement of Crippen at his arrest that Le Neve knew nothing about it. that was a most serious statement for Crippen to make as it was against his own interests. They might or might not lieve it from such a man as Crippen. but the jury must look at it so far as this poor girl was concerned. Had he told her that his wife had gone to America it was an ex- planation of Le Neve's conduct which in our wicked world was a ready and seasonable one, although it could not be one of which they thought very highly. The Jury's Verdict. The jury found the prisoner NOT GUILTY." The Lord Chief Justice merely said to the accused—" Discharged "—and prisoner, who had remained in court during the absence of the jury for 18 minutes, left the dock. Within a moment after the verdict had been delivered the public were leaving the court. There was little trace of excitement, the de- cision appearing to take no one by surprise. As Miss Le Neve went down the dock stairs she did not appear to display any emotion. Many lingered in the hope of catching a glimpse of the acquitted woman, but in this the majority were not successful, the authori- ties, after waiting a short time, taking her out of the side door without attracting much attention.
CRIPPEN'S" CONFESSION." Newspaper Editor Fined. In the King's Bench on Tuesday, before a Di- visional Court, counsel said he appeared on be- half of Mr Clarke, secretary of Edward Lloyd, Ltd., and of Mr Donald, editor of the Daily Chronicle," to show cause against a rule obtained against them for contempt of court in publishing in the Daily Chronicle" a statement to the effect that Crippen had made a confession that he had poisoned his wife. He wished to emphasise the fact that the statement came from a trusted correspondent, that careful inquiries were made as to its accuracy, and that it was not made for some days. Counsel had affidavits from Mr Clarke, who knew nothing about the publication, and from Mr Donald, who was away on holiday at the time. He (counsel) wished to call in question the jurisdiction of the court as at the time of the publication of the statement there were no proceedings against Crippen in any court of summary jurisdiction. Proceedings were only in the Coroner's Court which was a court of record. If. however, the court held they had jurisdicition his clients were prepared to express regret for the publi- cation and to place themselves at the disposal of the court. v In the course of. discussion it was stated that the information was procured by. the Chronicle correspondent in Quebec from the chief detective there. A similar statement was published in Montreal. Mr Perris, who was acting editor in the absence of Mr Donald, was fined JE200 and costs, and was ordered to be imprisoned until the money is paid.
BRAVE ACTS IN WALES. Under the presidency of Admiral Sir G. D. Morant, K.C.B., the Committee of the Royal Humane Society on Monday continued its in- vestigation of nearly 300 cases of brave action in saving or attempting to safe life, and made the following awards in cases from Wales:- Bronze medal to Thos. B. Edmunds, Station- road, Burry Port, for his gallant action on August 17th in saving W. E. Bowen, who while bathing at Burry Port was caught by the treacherous under-current and carried out into deep water. After bringing him in Edmunds, with heroic courage, again swam out and attempted to reach Arthur J. Bowen, who had also been swept away, but failing in the attempt. The youth was drowned, Edmunds himself only reaching shore with difficulty. Testimonial to John H. Brown, beach in- spector, Barry Island, for his pluck in swim- ming out fully clothed, on August 1st, and rescuing Horace Palmer, who had been seized with cramp while bathing in deep water. Testimonial to A. V. Jackson, Glyn-terrace, Tredegar, for his plucky rescue of David Stephens from a deep and dangerous pond there on July 15th' Testimonial to Thomas E. Cuffin, Trefynant, Ruabon, for his rescue of a child from the canal there on July 23rd.
Minister's Warning. MR RUNCIMAN-ONTHE POSITION Danger of Conference Delay. Mr Walter Runciman, the President of the Board of Education, speaking at Dewsbury on Tuesday, made a strong point of the disad- vantage to the Liberal party of the conference truce. He said the sooner they knew the result of the conference the better. Great interests allied to the side of the Conservative pafty were not waiting their time. They were work- ing everywhere and at all hours endeavouring to strengthen their local and national positions. The Tariff Reformers had not regarded the past few month as a time of truce, and in pressing forward their cause were doing their best, though he did not think much of it.
MR REDMOND'S MINIMUM. Ridiculous Falsehoods." The Freeman's Journal publishes a cablegram from Cleveland, Ohio, recording Mr John Redmond's visit to that city on Sun- day night, when he addressed a meeting at the Lyceum Theatre. Mr Redmond said that an attempt had been made by some English newspapers to misrepresent the nature of his declarations in America during the tour. Those newspapers had gone so far as to represent that he had minimised the Irish Home Rule demand and had lowered the Irish National flag. He characterised all such representations as ridiculous falsehoods. He appealed to the tens of thousands of people, Irish and American and other nationalities, whom he had addressed at great public meet- ings in every part of the United States. They knew what he had said and could themselves supply answer to the absurd suggestions of English papers to which he had referred. Mr Redmond proceeded :— Since I landed I have said the same every- where I have gone I have said as I say now that the Irish party stand by the position of Mr Parnell on Home Rule. Our minim- um is the same as Parnell's. The minimum is an Irish Parliament with an executive responsible to it with full control of all Irish affairs. The correspondent adds that the cheers which greeted this statement were renewed when Mr Redmond said devolution is dead." Proceeding to refer to the subject of federal Home Rule, he declared :—" If what is called Federalism means either the postponement of the settlement of the Irish problem or the watering down of our demand, I say it is im- possible."
SOOTS FOR HOME CONTROL. Natienal Committee Inaugurated. The inaugural meeting of the Scottish National Committee, formed to secure Scottish control over Scottish affairs, was held in Glas- gow on Tuesday. The Right Hon. Munro Fer- guson, M.P., presided over an attendance of fully 3,000, and svas supported by twelve Scot- tish members of Parliament. The Chairman said if they disentangled their local from national affairs, not only would they get their social problems dealt with faster, but they would find it easier to get typical representatives, while many of their constitutional difficulties would be solved. Sir Henry Dalziel, M.P.. moved a resolution approving of the formation of the Scottish National Committee. He said that whether under a Liberal or Tory Government, Scottish interests were never properly attended to, simply because it was physically impossible to get time to deal with their affairs. The system was wrong. In their devolution scheme Ireland was with them, and he had the direct authority of Mr Lloyd George to say that Wales had whole-hearted sympathy with their object. The only eminent man in Scotland against them was the Duke of Argyll, but their scheme meant less room for Dukes and more for the people. The resolution was carried with enthusiasm.
LABOUR AGAINST COMPROMISE. Mr Shackleton, M.P., speaking at Birming- ham on Tuesday, said as far as he could gather the Liberal and the Irish party would vote solid for the payment of members, but the Unionists were divided, so that they were certain to get an overwhelming majority. He was afraid the conference was going to result in a compromise, but the Labour party was against it. Compromise meant that the trouble would be deferred, and he hoped they would be able to have it settled now. The policy of the Labour party with reference to the House of Lords was short and sharp.
Mr and Mrs R. McKenna. RECEPTION AT ABERGAVENNY. Mrs Reginald McKenna, as president of the Abergavenny Branch of the Monmouthshire Liberal Social Council, and the Right Hon. R. )I <>U ¡¡¡JlÇ£.J9(. Admiralty, were givena hearty welcome at the annual meeting of the Council, which was held at the Corn Exchange, Abergavenny, on Tuesday. There was a large attendance of ladies and gentle- men, including Lady Herbert, the H )n. Mrs Pelham, Miss Powis-Jones (secretary), Mrs Hiley (treasurer), Mr E. Foster, J.P., and Rev. J. Prys. Mrs McKenna, in the presidential address, expressed the pleasure it gave her to be present as their president. She regretted that her duties in London prevented her from being more frequently amongst them, but she hoped that her work in connection with the London Committee would somewhat compensate for the absence. She'hoped they would join with her in expressing the warmest thanks to Mrs Prys and other workers of the Council for their services during the year. The aims of their organisation were to foster and promote closer personal relationship between Liberals, and to afford opportunities for friendly intercourse. The time was bound to' come when they would need the comrade- ship which their organisation was designeq to foster. She would urge them to exercise them- selves by example and sympathy and devo- tion to the cause to do t heir utmost for the principles which they all held dear. They were not working alone, and she wished to remind them of the Prime Minister's famous words, They had to support them the memories of the past, the needs of the present, and the hopes of the future." (Applause.) The reports of the secretary and treasurer, which were adopted on the motion of Rev. J. Prys and Mr A. Williams, showed that the branch wa3 in a sound financial and flourishing condition. The officers and committee were unanimously re-elected, and the Hon. Mrs Pelham appro- priately moved a vote of thanks to Mrs McKenna for presiding. Mr E. Griffiths seconded. Mrs McKepna, in acknowledgmg it, said that she- had done nothing to deserve thanks, but, like the landlords, she was only too anxious to absorb that particularly pleasing form of unearned increment. (Laughter.) She begged to tender her most grateful thanks for their appreciation. (Loud applause.) Tea and a very pleasant programme of music was provided during the afternoon.
JOHNNY FATE. At Tuesday night's meeting of the Caerphilly Council, Mr Hubert Jenkins presiding, a letter was read from the Home Secretary stating he regretted he could do nothing in respect of the accident to the boy who fell down the old pit at Penyrheol. He understood that efforts had been made to have the water in the shaft drained in the hope of recovering the body, and that the pit had been securely fenced in. Members of the Council said they under- stood that the work at the pit had been aban- doned, and that the pit had been covered up. The clerk explained he had been informed it was a mistake to say that the work had been abandoned, and that a fund existed to proceed with the work of draining the water. The matter then dropped. The Medical Officer of Health in his report stated the Council's inspector and himself had visited premises on the Twyn which it was in- tended to convert into a common lodging- house, and he recommended that the conver- sion be allowed. Mr J. P. Charles moved the adaption of the report. Mr R. T. Rees seconded, and this was carried. The clerk, Mr W. Spickett, remarked that the number of vagrants in the district was enormous. There were over 100 applicants per week for relief as against 120 at Pontypridd, and the guardians were seriously considering he matter.
LLANSAMLET DOCTOR'S WARNING. Dr. E. Rice Morgan, the medical officer of health for Llansamlet, has sent on a postcard the following communication to the Streets Committee of the Swansea Corporation I beg to give Corporation of Swansea notice that if anything happens to my horse in passing along Cwmbach-road I shall sue for damages. No horse can be expected to keep its legs with such a rutty state of the road." The'surveyor reported that the road had since been put right.
WALES & HOME RULE. Attitude of Public Men. DISESTABLISHMENT DEMAND. Special Interviews. It is absolutely certain that the Govern- ment will be required to give an undertak- ing. as the price of the passage of the Bill through the Lords,-that the local Legislature will not be permitted to either establish or disestablish any Church. Will the Welsh people therefore agree to defer for the pre- sent their demand tor Welsh Disestablish- ment, which, as Mr Lloyd George jeminded the Free Church Federation deputation some time ago, is still a dead-weight even in Liberal constituencies in England, and accept a substantial scheme of national self- government now rather than wearily wait for many years more for a boon which shows no sign of drawing near ? That is the question. This was the closing paragraph of the article contributed by a well-informed correspondent to last Saturday's "South Wales Daily News on the question of Home Rule all Round.
INCONCEIVABLE PROPOSAL Views of Aldermah Martin, Swansea Alderman Richard Martin (chairman of the Swansea Liberal Electoral Organisation), interviewed by our Swansea representative, said "You have asked me whether Home Rule with restrictions as to dealing with Dis- establishment and the education ^question would be worth having. I cannot conceive of a Home Rule for Wales being conceded differ- ing materially from what would be conceded to other parts of the United Kingdom, and so I would gladly accept whatever our leaders could obtain for us in connection with the other parts of the kingdom. I conceive our leadefs would never consent to anything whereby our claims, rights, and prospects for the attainment of these ends would be denied us. Home Rule of a kind that would tend to rivet these institutions permanently upon us is to me inconceivable, and therefore would never be agreed to by our leaders. Setter no Home Rule than such an one."
HOME RULE AND VETO ISSUE. Merthyr Alderman's Statement. Alderman D. W. Jones, Merthyr, said :— I do not see that Home Rule all round is going to solve the greater question of the veto of the House of Lords. National Parliaments for Scotland, Ireland, and Wales would simply mean the delegation of some internal matters subject to the veto in some shape or form with proper safeguards of the Impenal Parliament. If the power of the House of Lords remains as at present, there is no hope for democracy. That question must be settled simultaneously with Devolution, so that Liberal and Labour measures may have a fair chance of being passed. Wales can never hope to have the Church question settled until the Lords Veto is solved, 80, for my part, I should welcome Home Rule' coupled with a settlement of the veto question."
RELYING ON THFCHANOELLOR. South Glamorgan Official's Hepe. Mr W. Jones Thomas, of Barry, h. treasurer of the South Glamorgan Liberal Five Hundred, was quite emphatic in favour of Federal Home Rule as set out in the columns of the South Wales Daily News." With regard to the difficulty which would present itself of a Welsh Parliament being unable to deal with such questions as Dis- establishment and education, I should imagine," added Mr Thomas, that the great desire always manifested by Mr Lloyd George for both these measures is reassuring. The Chancellor of the Exchequer may be relied upon to safeguard the Welsh nation in some way, and I do not for a moment believe that he will accept even Home Rule if Disestab- lishment and the settlement of the education question are to be ppstponed indefinitely."
DISESTABLISHMENT FIRST. Carmarthen Leader's Preference. Mr H. E. Blagdon-Richards, J.P., a member of the Carmarthenshire County Council and a leader of Carmarthen Liberals, said :—" If there is one thing in the, political situation that gratifies me more than others it is the forward step which is now being taken towards Home I Rule for Wales. Home Rule would be good for Ireland, but it would be better for Wales. I am inclined to advocate, however, that before we have a measure of Home Rule for I Wales the question of Disestablishment should be settled, because I think that once the reli- gious question is disposed of there will he nothing likely to interfere with the Home Rule measure being framed on the most perfect and equitable lines." 4--
New Swansea "I t ON TOWN PLANNING PRINCIPLES. I The Swansea Corporation is considering the question of dealing with the western part of the borough on town planning principles, and the Surveyor (Mr Bell), who has visited the Tdwn Planning Exhibition, reports :—" From the study I was able to make in the time afforded I gathered ideas which will be useful in the preparation of the plans for laying out the western part of the borough under the Town Planning Act. I may state that in connection with the scheme for Swansea I have already had a considerable quantity of ground of the proposed area to be dealt with contoured every 5ft. in height, and when this is com- pleted I will proceed to lay down the lines for the suggested new streets, etc.
CARDIFF CORNISHMEN. The Cornishmen of Cardiff held their annual re-union at the Royal Hotel, Cardiff, on Tuesday. They sang in their nativejdialect: 'Tis a bare and a bold land, But never a cold land, On^ ocean-wrapped old land, Our Cornwall." And while they delved deep into history, and re-adorned Cornish legends, theyenjoyed a rich menu, which included Kelford oysters and Mevagissey pilchards, Cornish broth, and West Coast turbot, Cornish pasties, junket and cream, Padstow pudding, Lizard Point ice, and Newquay pastry. A Scotchman, Professor Hepburn, sang the Cornish song, One and All," and a Welshman, Mr R. B. Shepherd Trelawny and Cornish Land," while Mr R. Butterworth declaimed in song, And shall Trelawny die ? Here's twenty thousand Cornishmen will know the reason why." The dinner was the most successful and pleasurable yet held. and few will forget the delightful Cornish stories so quaintly told by Mr Blight (Swansea). The secretarial arrange- ments were admirably carried out by Mr A. L. Goldsworthy and Mr R. Penrose Kernick. The President (Mr A. Rosewarne Chen halls) was in the chair, supported by the Lord Mayor of Cardiff (Alderman John Chappell), Mr Digby Collins, J.P., D.L. (a venerable Coraishmah who, as the guest of the evening, delivered an excellent speech), Coitncillor H. C. Vivian, Col. J. J. HandcockI(vice president), Mr Ed. Nicholl, R.N.R., Mr Gilbert Robertson (solicitor), Dr. Mitchell Stevens, Mr John Chellew, Mr G. E. Downing, junr.. Professor Hepburn, Captain E. R. Care, Mr R. E. Care, Mr I Howard Chenhalls, Mr Ivor Downing. Mr W. H. Pethybridge.Mr Martin Richards, Councillor S. Thomas, J.P., Mr F. S. Higman, Mr Bennett, Mr Wm. Jones (Channel Dry Doc Ids), Dr. Fitzgerald, Dr. Anderson, Dr. Morris, Mr A. Macintosh (solicitor), Mr Geo. R. Martyn, &c. The banquetting hall was adorned with some charming oil and water paintings of Cornish scenery. A collection was made in aid of poor and distressed Cornishmen, and £10 15s was sub- scribed. During the evening an attractive Drog"atntne of music was given by Mr Arthur Angle's band.
SUICIDE AT ABERDULAIS. Mr Howell Cuthbertson held an inquest at Cadoxton, Neath, on Tuesday On Eliz. Jones (26), whose body was found in the Neath Canal, Aberdulais, on Sunday last. Jenny Jones, a sister, said that deceased left home on Wednes- day last, saying she was going to look for a situation. Deceased's sweetheart, David William Noon, of Neath Abbey, said when he saw her on the Sunday prior to her disappear- ance she seemed very happy. David Turner said on Thursday morning he found an um- brella on the bank of the canal amongst some trees, and some hatpins stuck in the ground. P.C Ivor Davies spoke to findinthe body in the canal, and Dr. Thomas said that death was caused by drowning. I I The jury returned a verdict that deceased committed suicide by drowning whilst tem- porarily insane.
UNRULY STUDENTS. Prime Minister Anncyed. I I BOISTEROUS ANTICS. Mr Asquith and Dogma. ADDRESS ATABERDEEN. The Prime Minister delivered his Rectorial address to the students of Aberdeen Univer- sity on Tuesday. Mitchell Hall, Marischal I College. was crowded. There was, as is usual at such gatherings, a, good deal of silly frolic and noise, not only before, but during the ad- dress. It was, however, confined to a compara- tively small minority of the youngsters at the back of the hall, yet it was distracting enough at one time to make Mr Asquith threaten, If you don't stop, I wity stop." The intervention of Principal George Adam Smith, I am sure the bulk of the students want to hear the Rector out," was loudly cheered. One student, who, masquerading in female attire, had the impudence to spring up on a bench, unfurl a yellow flag, and blow a tin horn during one of Mr Asquith's opening periods, was seized upon and expelled amid the up- roarious merriment of the assemblage, the interruption, however; causing much chagrin to the professors on the platform and evident annoyance and astonishment to the Rector. At the close of the address there was further horseplay. The rector, principal, and profes- sors left as they had entered—robed and in procession through the cheering students. Some of the undergraduates had provided a landau, in which they designed by ropes to haul the Rector to the house of the principal for luncheon. The vehicle, however, was boarded by a mob of the youngsters and drawn, so loaded, round and round and in and out of the quadrangle, upset several times, and raised again upon its wheels, and at last smashed and reduced to splinters and scrap iron. First the Universities Mr Asquith said when they looked back to the way in which organised education had been developed in Western Europe, and particu- larly in Great Britain, they were struck by the fact that it apparently began at the top of the scale with the more advanced forms of teaching. They bad first the Universities, then the public schools and the grammer schools, and finally the parish school, which the whole English speaking world owed in so large a degree to the insight and foresight of John Knox. J'he mediaeval University was never an aris- ocratic or exclusive institution. The typical University of the Middle Ages was cosmopolitan in composition to some ex- tent, as the institution of the rectorship proved, democratic in government, and recruited by students drawn from all ranks and classes, but for the most part from the sons of lowborn or needy parents. As time went on and the so called ages of chivalry were sub- merged by the renaissance, what we now des- cribed as culture in the academic sense came to be looked on as the proper and necessary accomplishment of a gentleman. but the notion that education was for the com- mon man, a part of his natural heritage, n, necessary condition of his civic usefulness, an ingredient that could be safely mixed with the drudgery of manual toil and the simple round of homely pleasures, except indeed to some extent in Scotland. (Cheers.) Such a notion would have been everywhere dismissed as a dangerous paradox. The growth of enlighten- ment, a stimulated sense of social community and corporate duty, and, it must be added, the advent, of democracy had brought about without violence and by general consent the most revolutionary of all the changes of our time — a national system of free and compulsory teaching. (Cheers.) Touching on specialism in education, he said the advantage might be purchased at an ex- cessive price if it were gained by the sacrifice of width of range and catholicity of interest. There was much to be said for the old Univer- sity ideal of the all round" man—not the superficial smatterer who knew something about everything and much about nothing, but one who had not sacrificed to the pursuit of a single dominating interest his breadth of outlook. It ought to be regarded as one of the serious functions of a university to inculcate the impor- tance and to cultivate the practice of style. The man who wanted to write or speak English would go to the great authors again and again, not to echo their cadences or to mimic their manneritms. not merely even to enrich his own vocabulary, but to study the secret of their music, to learn how it was that with them language became the mirror of thought, to master step by step the processes by which these cunning artificers in words forged out of them phrases, sentences, paragraphs, and gave to each its proper place and function in the structure of an immortal work. Could Not Set On Without Dogma, But. further, it was not enough that a university should, teachits students to eschew narrowness in the range interests and slatternliness in speech and writing. It should put them permanently on guard against the dogmatic temper. We could not get on without dogma, which was nothing more than the precisely formulated expression of what we believed to be true. The term was sometimes used as though it were restricted to the domain of theology, and were specially appropriate to the accretions—called by some excrescences, by others developments —which councils and schoolmen and doctors had embroidered upon the simplicity of the Gospel. But science and philosophy had their dogmas also. If it were suggested that that which differen- tiated a dogma was that it wa3 ace epted in deference not to reason but to authority the same might be said of not. a few of the proposi- tions which in every department, both of speculation and of practical life, formed the basis of belief and of conduct. But to give in- tellectual acceptance to a dogma, or a series of dogmas, was one thing, to carry on the operations of the intellect in a dogmatic spirit was quite another. To be open-minded, to struggle against pre- conception and hold them in douè subjection, to keep avenues of the intelligence free and un- blocked to take painS that the scales of the judgment should be always even and fair, to welcome new truths when they had proved their title despite the havoc they might make of old and cherished beliefs—these might sound like commonplace qualities well within every mans reach, but experience showed that in practice they were the rarest. This temper had nothing in common with that chronic paralysis of the judgment which made some men incapable of choosing between the right and wrong person or the better and the worse cause. It implied, on the contrary, an active a.nd visible IDentallife.equipped against the fallacies of the market-place and the "cave;" animated by the will to believe and to act, but open always to the air of reason and the light of truth. (Cheers.) Let them keep always with them wherever their course might lie the best and most endur- ing gift that a university could bestow, the company of great thoughts, the inspiration of great ideals, the example of great achieve- ments, the consolation of great failures. So equipped they could face without perturbation the buffets of circumstances, the caprice of fortune, the inscrutable vicissitudes of life. Nor could they do better than take as their motto the famous words which he read over the portals of that college They have said. What say they ? Let them say." (Prolonged cheering.)
CARDIFF AND PLAGUE. Seen by one of our representatives on Wednes- day on the subject of the plague, which has re- cently attracted attention in other parts of the country, Dr. Walford (medical officer of health for Cardiff) said he had received a com- munication from the Local Government Board, but so far as Cardiff was concerned there was not at present the slightest cause for anxiety. Every precaution that could be de- vised had long since been taken, to deal with such cases. Notification of plague was com- pulsory in the district, and he (Dr. Walford) would at once bp informed of any case,or suspi- cious case, by the medical practitioner called in. Isolation of any such cases would imme- diately take place in the hospital on Flat Holm Island, and all measures for disinfecting and stamping out the disease promptly adopted.
MUMBLES WATER SUPPLY. Urban Council's Negotiations. At the conclusion of the ordinary business of the Oystermouth Urban Council on Wed- nesday the Press were Mked to retire while the Council discussed the water question. Mr John J. Jones suggested that the time had come for the Council to take the ratepayers into their confidence regarding their negotia- tions with the Waterworks Company. The Chairman (Mr W. L. Jarvis) and other members disagreed, though the former said the public might be informed at this stage that in accord- ance with the report of an expert the Council had offered a certain figure for the waterworks, but the offer had been refused.
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Back From Canada. SIR A. MONO, M.P., INTERVIEWED Sir Alfred Mond, M.P. for Swansea, upon arrival at Fishguard after a tour in Canada, had a card slipped into his hand bearing the words, Welcome home, from Swansea post- men" Do you know," said Sir Alfred, it gave me quite a pleasant thrill, making me feel that I was indeed home again." In an interview with our representative, Sir Alfred said he lost no opportunity of talking of Swansea and of the opportunities it offers for commercial expansion. Swansea people, he added, must really do more in this direc- tion. Sir Alfred then talked of the character of the audiences which he addressed on the sub- ject of Protection and Free Trade, and mo- tioned that he found an opinion prevalent that Britain was a played out country. When I talked of the prosperity of Britain," went on Sir Alfred, "and gave tacts and figures to prove that our manufacturers were an alert body doing the greatest volume of trade of any country on the face of the globe, they were delighted. Where the Ca nadian and American methods differ from ours is that they boom everything. They want to let everyone know that they are the people, turriing out the best goods in the greatest quantities, and they seek in every way to convince the world that it is advan- tageous to trade with them. Why a man in the bankruptcy court will endeavour to make his position the source of a future advertise- ment, and many traders I met told me they were.simply unable to understand the idiotic policy of self-depreciation in which British politicians are too prone to indulge." The Growth of FreeTrade. Speaking of Free Trade opitupn in North America, Sir Alfred said no one having eyes to see or eaps to hear < ould evade the many evidences of the growth of Free Trade opinion in Canada. or in the United States. The hard- ships produced by the high cost of living were being realised. Over and over again, proceeded Sir Alfred, I had my attention drawn by business men in Canada to the fact that the British manufac- turers will not supply what the Canadians want. They will not take the trouble to study Canada's requirements. This is much more important for the development of trade than any amount of PrefcrEnce juggling. If the Englishman wants to bold the Canadian trade he must make up his mind to provide Canada with sufficient, stocks and with travellers. A reference to the fact that the Canadians are all Home Rulers and to the immense amusement afforded them by the agitation against the land taxes, and to their inability to square the thwarting of the people's wishes by a chamber of irt econcilables with their ideas of democratic government, brought Sir Alfred to the result of his inspection of the mineral property belonging to the Mond Nickel Company. The Salisbury Mines, he said, are actively proceeding and a larger outfhit will soon be accomplished. The ore we raise is treated at the Swansea Valley Works and the larger our output in Canada the busier we shall be at Clydach.
NEW GERMAN CRUISER. Berlin, Tuesday.—An official communique is issued here pointing out that the armoured cruiser Von der Tanu on her latest trials achieved a speed of 27.4 knots. This figure was obtained as the average speed of six tests on a six knots measured course at Neukrug, where the depth of water is about 65 metres. The official records, however, show that the abso- lutely highest speed reached was 28.124 knots. The engines developed 80,000 horse power. It may, therefore, be calculated that in water over 100 metres deep, with her engines work- ing at full pressure, the cruiser has a speed of 28 knots. According to the statements of Mr McKenna, First Lord of the Admiralty, in the House of Commons, the speed of British cruisers of the same class as the Von der Tann is:—Invincible, 26.65 knots Indomitable, 26.1 Inflexible, 26.5 knots. It can, therefore, rightly be said that the Von der Tann possesses a higher speed and greater engine power than any other armoured cruiser, and therefore greater than any other ship in the world.—Reuter.
BAR HOOK LOSES GRIP. Mr R. J. Rhys held an inquest at Llan- bradach on Wednesday on Goo. H. Morgan (36). master haulier. A journey of trams—some full others empty-were resting on a bar hook near a double parting in the local colliery. There was a gradient in the road. John Bar- nett, a rider, said he heard the trams running wild, and then he found deceased crushed be- tween the side and one of the trams. It tran- spired that deceased had set the bar hook him- self. The Coroner remarked it was possible for a bar hook to lose its hold on hard bottom, but it was strange for the trams to run back a distance. Verdict Accidental death." Mr Hubert Jenkins, miners' agent, was present at the incuiry. -I- tr
AMERICAN STEELWORKS INQUIRY. In accordance with a resolution of the United States Senate, the Bureau of Labour of Com- merce and Labour is now investigating the conditions of labour of the steelworkers in the United States. Details are called for of every accident in iron and steelworks in the United States in the two years ending June 30th, 1910. Employers are asked to indicate what pro- vision is made for the care of employees in cases of accident, who bears the expense of treatment, and information as to compensation. Particulars have also to he supplied of appli- ances for preventing accidents and as to wages and conditions, &c.
Problem of Village Youth. BISHOP OF HEREFORD'S LAMENT. Fellowship with Nonconformists. The Bishop of Hereford in the course of his address at the the Ijiocesan Conference on Wednesday remarked :— It is in quiet unnoticed pastoral work and influence amidst our rural population even more than in the much advertised work of great cities that we see the most valuable influence of the Church on national life and character. One thing, however, constantly oppresses me with a sense of comparative failure, our lack of influence over the life, con- duct, tastes, habits, and standards of the lads and young men in our parishes. To anyone looking on our parochial life from the outside this must seem the more surprising, because in almost every parish we have had the educating and upbringing of these young men in our Church schools. There is something amiss in allowing them to slip away, as they so commonly do, out of the range of our persona* and Church influence. I lately made inquiry as to the number of classes for instruction of lads and young men held on Sundays or week- days all over the diocese. And you will understand and share my surprise and. dis- appointment when I inform you of the result of that inquiry. We have altogether about 365 incumbents in the diocese but the replies received tell of only 55 such classes held on »- Sundays, and only 25 on other days. In plaio English, this means that in four out of every five of our parishes this important branch of Sunday work has still to be taken in hand. In a great number of parishes there is required a new conception of rftinipterial-end social duty, and of what might be done by daitjr effort to raise the tone 0# our young men's life. In a brief reference to Christian unity his Lordship said he welcomed the growth of friendly feeling towards and fellowship in Christ with their Nonconformist neighbours as one of the most hopeful signs in the religious life of our time, and, moreover, as likelv to be of great and lasting service to our own Church. We Anglicans," he proceeded, have been from various causes somewhat slow to encourage or help this growth in our diocesan and parochial affairs but it has begun to come into our life with irresistible force both from the study of the scholar and historian, and from the Christian mission field. The flowing tide of knowledge and goodwill is irrevocably in the direction of this newer spirit of Christian brotherhood."
Llanelly Tersonalities. SQUABBLE OVER WORKMEN'S HOUSES. An acrimonious discussion took place at meeting of the Housing Committee of the Llanelly Urban District Council on Wednesday Mr Thomas Jones presiding, relative to the proposal to erect workmen's dwellings. After deciding upon the erection of 50 houses as an experiment, Mr Nathan Griffiths moved tha* they be built upon the Coke Works site and at the back of Ropewalk-road. Mr William Vivian seconded. Mr E. T. Jones, in seconding an amendment moved by Mr D. R. Jones,that the committee visit the spot, stated that he understood the clerk had received a letter from a firm at Pontypridd who were prepared to take over the ooligation of Messrs Richard Thomas and Co. to build 500 houses on the Morfa estate.. Mr Nathan Griffiths then remarked that it was not right for the chairman of the Council* as a representative of the working man, to throw a red herring across the path. Mr E. T. Jones replied that ne represented the ratepayers with as much interest as M* Griffiths, and more so perhaps. He had other interest to serve on that Council. Mr Griffiths: What interest have I ? I ha only done my duty. Mr Jones stated that he was not adverse to building workmen's houses. Mr Nathan Griffiths You are not one of the clique. Mr E. T. Jones I object to a statement of that kind goingforward. I am not one of clique at all. Was it fair or honourable of Griffiths to make such a remark, and I ask hilo to withdraw it. Mr Griffiths If I have done any wrong to Mr Jones I should certainly be the first to withdraw it. I have said nothing against him,; the only reason why I referred to the clique was that in the past we have had nothing bu- cliques and circles in this Council. It was subsequently agreed to visit the spoil at the Coke Works site.
TRIBUTE TO NEWPORT MAYOR. Councillor W. M. Blackburn, J.P. (Mayor of Newport), who has also held various offi06* in the Newport Master Builders' Association* has been presented with an illuminated dress and timepiece by the master builders oi Newport in recognition of his services Mayor and to the building trade. During b» mayoralty the Mayor and Mayoress divided the sum of iE440 among various charities ø the town.
LANDLORD'S WATCH WAS SLOW. At Coleford on Tuesday Albert John landlord of the Royal Forester Inn at Millen # Coleford, was summoned for keeping b licensed premises open during prohibited on the night of the 8th inst.,and also for aid- ing liquor to be consumed on the date na £ after closing hours. Defendant, who not guilty, was represented by Mr F. C. mour, of Lawford's-gate, Bristol. The lan lord's answer to the summons was tha* watch was 10 minutes slow; he always obser^* a rule of never drawing drink after five niinu c before closing time. The Bench convicted the first summons, fining defendant 10s 15s 6d costs. The second charge was wiw* drawn.
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