MAILS HELD UP. DARING RUSSIAN ROBBERS. Passengers and Crew Terrorised. Poti (Transcaucasia), Wednesday. — An audacious robbery was perpetrated on Monday night on board the steamer Tsarevitch George, "bound from Sukhumkale for Otchemchiri. The robbers. 25 in number, who had apparently boarded the vessel at various points between Sukhumkale and Novorossisk, were armed With revolvers and rifles, and firing their weapons and shouting to the steerage passen- gers not to move they drove the crew into the ateerage. after which they occupied all the approaches to the compartment and threaten- ing the passengers and crew with death if they resisted, abstracted a sum of 12,000 roubles from the mail and the ship's treasury. The first class passengers made a show of resistance and fired some shots at the robbers. who, however, required the captain to order the immediate cessation of the firing otherwise they would shoot the captain, two mates, and four sailors whom they had retained as hostages. After securing their booty the robbers asked for one of the ship's boats, in which, under the guidance of the hostages, they landed. offering the sailors ten roubles for their services.— Reuter. Troops Refuse to Shoot. St. Petersburg, Wednesday.—The Minister of War is reported to have been informed that "ihe troops composing the Cronstadt garrison have intimated that they will not shoot the 19 laiiors sentenced to death in connection with the Cronstadt mutiny.—Reuter. M. Stolypin Threatened. St. Petersburg,Sunday.—The Moscow Even- ing Garza" states that a short note has been found in the Winter Palace in an apartment occupied by M. Stolypin, signed Maxim," and containing the following word3 We were originally an avenging band of 16. One of us jKonoplannikova) was condemned by the field court martial and executed another is tinder trial for the murder of General Korloff, And three have perished on Aptekarsky Island, Abut there are tiill13 of us lett. Beware." It Is rumoured thlLt the thirteen have passed lentence dooming a person of even higher ttttnding than the Premier, hitherto left un- touched by revolutionary attempts.—Central News. Great Bomb Discovery. St. Petersburg, Wednesday.—The following details have been learned with regard to a daring attempt to rob an official messenger who was taking a considerable sum of money to the Customs department In consequence of information received a strong force of police and detectives were posted in the neighbour- hood of the Bourse. Seeing several suspicious- looking men lurking about. the police arrested three. A fourth took to his heels, but was thot and killed. At the moment a number of men attacked the Customs messenger, and one of the band fired at him, but missed him. The police at once ruched to his assistance, and shots were Exchanged between them and the messenger's assailants. The latter subsequently fled to the banks of the Neva. The police pursued, using their revolvers, and wounding several of the robbers. Altogether ten men have been arrested, including students and peasants. At 7 o'clock this morning the police, acting »n information received, searched the students' library in the Engineering Institute attached to the Department of Ways and Communica- tions. They found 40 bombs and two poods of dynamite left there by a student named Finch. His rooms were subsequently searched, and a quantity of explosives discovered The police have also found a store of arms in the rooms of a son of the concierge of the Engineering Institute. The young man reached Finch's rooms when they were being searched carryin bundle of revolutionary proclamations. He drew a revolver, but was disarmed before he had time to fire. Finch himself was subse • quently arrested. In addition to the loaded bombs 70 unfilled bombs were also found. The police are searching throughout St. Petersburg with ceaseless activity in view of the declared determination of the revolu tionane* to remove fort hwith the most pro- minent upholders of the autocracy. In one house alone 200 revolvers were seized last night.—Reuter.
THE CLYDE STRIKE. Warning by Apprentices. A Glasgow correspondent telegraphs that neither party in the Clyde shipbuilding strike claims to have made any headway beyond the action of the apprentices in annotlDcino the masters that if more apprentices are engaged or drafted to the busy yards they will walk out of the gates. The sympathies of the youths are with the strikers l is given out that one yard will close on Saturday, while others will make big pay offers. The week will probably see at least 12,000 men Idle. The men's officials stilt favour arbitra- ion. and were a neutral line agreed upon the men would at once be ordered back. The masters, however, resolutely decline to allow outside interference. The Boilermakers' Society, although affiliated to the federated Unions, has been a member too short a time To claim financial aid. Had the affilia- tion taken place six months earlier the society would have been entitled to €1,750 weekly. The statement that the King's yacht building at Pointhouse, Glasgow, would be retarded in its construction owing to the ptrike gave weight to an interview Which the King's representative had with the firm on Wednesday. The chief partner stated that his Majesty never took a side in strikes, which would seem to indicate that the Admiralty Would not impose any penalty on the builders.
COMPENSATION CASES. Claims at Aberdare. Two compensation cases were heard by Judge Bryn Roberts at the Aberdare County Court on Wednesday. In the first case John Thomas Evans, who was represented by Mr St. John Francis Williams (instructed by Mr W. R. James, Pontypridd), applied for com- j pensation against the Powell Duffryn Co., who were represented by Mr C. Kenshole Aberdare. In this case the applicant had met with an accident in February, 1905, by a fall or roof. He was then paid compensation at the rate of 17s lid a week until May of the same year, when he obtained light employment, having his wages made up to 3s 5d a week. which he had to give up in July of the saiae year, and he was again paid compensation up to August of the same year. when he again took light employment, this time at 3s 2d a week, and he continued working up to June 2nd. 19C6. when he again had to cease work, and was away for three weeks. Since that date be had been paid 3s 2d a week. For the defence it was urged that in August. 1905. when he was taken back at 39 2d a week, the agreement for compensation was put an end to, and that the man was at present m a condition fit to do his ordianry work. His Honour held that the agreement to pay com- pensation had not been put an end to, but he also held that in view of the medical evidence the man was at present in a position to do his ordinary work, but he would grant a declara- tion of liability, each side to pay their own costs. In the next case the Cwmaman Coal Com- pany, who wererepresent by Mr C. Kenshole, applied to his Honour to set aside an award made in favour of William Edwards. The respondent was represented by Mr W. R. James (Messrs Morgan, Bruce and Nicholas, Pontypridd). In this case the respondent met with an accident on April 16th. 1904, and re- ceived compensation up to December of the same year at the rate of £1 a week. In Decem- ber they stopped payment, and the case was brought by the present lespondent before the late Judge GWllym Williams, who made an order for the payment of compensation. After hearing the evidence his Honour ordered the respondent to be examined by the medical referee for the district. Dr. Martin Jones, of Aberdare.
LABOURER AND CHEQUE. How He Cashed it at Newport. John Diamond (68),Dock.street. Newport, was charged at the local court on Wednesday with obtaining S5 3s by false pretences from W. tI. Cijapman, butcher. Newport. It was explained thah defendant called at the shop and told Mr Chapman that his employer. Mr Welsteed, bad sent him from the market to get a cheque for £5 SIt cashed. Chapman asked him why Mr Welsteed did not cash the cheque himself, and defendant; replied that Mr Welstced did not have the amount at the ",tall. Defendant endorsed the cheque with the signature Richard Jone3," to whom it was made payable, and Chapman paid him the money. Later it transpired that Welsteed had not sent him to Chapman. Richard Jones, farmer, Cwmbran. said that defendant was engaged by him as a labourer. He sent him out with a load of ferns to sell on spec." Later be called on Mr G. W. Wil. liams, J.p., managing director of the Cwmbran Brick Works, who purchased the ferns. On September 22nd he again called on Mr Wil- liams, and asked for some money on account of the fern, and Mr Williams gave him a crossed cheque for JE5 8s. making it payable to witness. This was the cheque which was cashed by Chapman..It Defendant pleaded not guilty, and persisted in sayine that Mr Welsteed had sent him to cash the cheque. The money was due to him from Mr Jones as commission for selling the fern. Later he pleaded giiiity# and ^ras to prison for two months with hard labour.
An inquest on the body of William Thomas Geacy, who sustained fatal injuries at Coeg- nant Colliery on Monday, was held at Maesteg on Wednesday by Mr H. Cuthbertson. ritus James said deceased was working with him at No. 1 Chilton's heading, when a stone fell, crashing deceased. A verdict of Accidental Vath "M mrnCfi.
BALLOON RACE WON BY AMERICAN AERONAUT. Paris, Sunday.—The start of the inter- national balloon race for the Gordon Bennett Cup took place in the garden of the Tuileries this afternoon. The filling of the balloons was completed at 2 o'clock, and in the presence of a large crowd the 16 competing balloons ascended in the following order, which was decided by lot O 3 m 00 Numeof Name of 0 Nation- ■Sg, Piloi. Baloon. ce ality. x « « a Oa On 1 M Alfred Vonwiller L'Elfe 1850 Italy 2 M Hugo voa Aber- Duaseldorf 2250 Germany crOD 3 Comte Henri de 1010 Valhalla. 2250 France Vaulx 4 M Emilio Herrerol Ay- Ly-Ay.. 2250 Spain 5 Hon Charhs S Rolli The Brit- 22CO Great asaia Britain 6 M Alberto Santos Lea Denx 2150 South Dumont Ameriques America 7 M Van den Dries- Ojoaki 2200 Belgium ache 8 M Sober] s Schwaben 1500 Germany 9 Comte de Castillon Le Foehn. 2250 France de Saint-Victor 10 ME SdeSalamanca Norte 2250 Spain 11 Mr FranK H Butler City of 2200 GreaS London. Britain 12 Mr Frank P Lahm United 2080 United States States 13 Baron von Newald Pommern. 2200 Germany 14 M Jacques Balsan Ville de 2250 France Chateanroux 15 M Kindelany Dnani Montana. 2250 Spain 16 Professor A K Zephyr. 2200 Great Huntingdon Britain At the start the wind varied between EN E. and E S.E.. and the balloons drifted away towards the Bay of Biscay, but the weather bureau prophesiel westerly currents later on. The wind, however, veered round to the south, blowing the balloons over England A curious incident occurred at Alton, Hants. A thick haze hung over the town early :n the morning, and the guide rope of a balloon that was passing caught in the wires of a bop garden. After getting free it became entangled with telegraph and telephone wires, bringing them down. When it became twisted round a chim- neypcatheronewa3 cut, and the unknown balloo n proceeded. Reports have been received concerning some of the adventures, and it is not anticipated that an7 definite official return of the result can be made a3 yet. Mr Frank Butler, in the City of London," was reported on Monday to have given up on the north coast of France, but a telegram from Shetford. Norfolk, last evening reported the same balloon passing over that place and dropping some where between Brandon and Sto ice the same balloon passing over that place and dro pp ag somewhere between BrandonandStoke Ferry to avoid being carried ever the North Sea. Another balloon had previously gone over nearly the same track. Santos Dumont Injured. An Exchange Company's Paris telegram states that M. Santos Dumont has landed at Broglie. North France. Be has injured his arm by catching it in the cordage of the balloon. M. Santos Dumont was slightly injured when making a descent at Broglie Cure). His car collided with a tree, and tie aeronaut was in- jured in the arm.—Central News. Paris. Monday.—M. Santos Dumont returned to Paris this evening. He sustained somewhat severe injuries in the right arm. His condi- tion, however, gives no anxiety. While oiling his motor as it was running M. Dumont caught the sleeve of his leather jacket in the cordan. His engineer immediately stopped the motor. but M. Dumont nevertheless sustained a serious sprain. A muscle was torn. He has been ordered a prolonged period of rest.—Reuter. An Exciting Descent. The Italian balloon, the Elfe, descended on Monday afternoon at New Holland, a little township on the river Humber opposite Hull. The descent was exciting, though happily un- attended with any casualty. Near the south end of the village the aeronauts threw out the anchor, which however failed to hold. The balloon was swept on to the roof of a cottage in Summercroft-avenue, scattering the tiles and demolishing a chimney stack. The palingi round the cottage were torn up by the anchor, and eventually the balloon settled across the roof, the car containing the two balloonists dangling down the side. They were soon rescued from their perilous situation, and reached terra firma through one of the windows. The aeronauts—Lieutenant Ceannetti and Monsieur Alfredo Von Willer-stated that they sighted England about 2.50 on Monday morn- ing, and passed over Brocklesby, Lincolnshire about 1 o'clock in the afternoon. Later they reached the Humber. which "hey mistook for the sea. and therefore decided to land. The distance travelled is 600 kilometres. The two Italian aeronauts subsequently left for London en route for Paris, The tqat car to start-the Zephyr-with Pro- fessor Huntington on board, came down at Sit- tingbourne, Kent, in the course of the after- noon. A balloon dropped at Walsingham, Norfolk, yesterday afternoon, and the occupants pro- ceeded by train to London. Nearly Blown to Sea. The car named United States, representing America (Lieutenant Frank P. Lahm) alighted on Demesne Farm, Flyingdales. seven miles south of Whitby, at 3.30 p.m. on Monday. Mr Lahm reported that he had crossed the Channel by way of Caen to Chichester, the passage over the water occupying from 11 p.m. to 3 a.m. He was hurried northwards, and not until be neared the sea did he think it advisable to alight. This was attended with some difficulty owing to the dryness of the turf. The place where he landed was about a mile inland. Result of the Race. Paris, Tuesday Evening.-The following is approximately the final order of the competi- tors in the race Aprox. Balloon. Pilot. Nation'ty. Miles. (1) United States Lieut. Lafc>n United States 400 (2) Elfe Von Willer Italy 370 (3) Walhalla Count De La Vaolx France 234 (4) Britannia C. S. Rolls Britain 287 (5) Zey) by r Prof. Huntingdon Britain 212 (6) Ville de Chat- eauronx Balsan France 206 (7) Montana Capt. Kindelan Spain 2CO The foregoing seven balloons crossed the Channel and alighted in England- Nine other aerostats came down either on the seaside or further inland in France. The official order and exact distances covered will not be definitely determined until all reports have been received by the French Aero Club in a few days' time.— Reuter. HON. C. S. ROLLS' ADVENTURES. All anxiety as to the fate of Mr Rolls and Colonel Capper, the intrepid aeronauts who took part in the Gordon Bennett balloon race from Paris, and disappeared altogether for I some time from human ken, has been set at rest by the news that they descended with their balloon in Norfolk, at a village near Sandringham. Mr Rolls, who recently won the tourist trophy race in the Isle of Man. and is a son of Lord Llangattock, was up 26 hour3 18 minutes, and at the time of his descent had a third of his ballast remaining. This announcement destroys the hopes of Mr Rolls's countrymen that the long-continued silence as to his fate meant that he was still on his way north, and was outdistancing his com- petitors. The Hon. C. S. Rolls, about whose lengthy sojourn in the air some anxiety was felt, gave a graphic account of his aerial experiences to a Press representative on his return to London on Tueeday afternoon. •• I cannot quite account for all the fuss that has been made owing to my not turning up last night," he said. We didn't descend until 6.31 last night, and then at the little out-of-the-way village of Shernbourne, in Norfolk. There was no telegraph office in the village nor at the nearest station consequently it was not until on my way up to London to-day that I was able to inform first my mother and then the Aero Club of France of our sale descent. I Briefly, our time table can be summed up as follows Leaving Paris at 4.20 on Sunday afternoon, we travelled over France all that evening. Leaving the French coast at 5 25 a.m. on Monday, at 9.50 a.m. we sighted the Eng- lish coast, and passed over Hastings at 1L20 a.m. The next point we located was Staple hurst at 12 47 then the Medway east of Chat- ham at 1.35, and the Thames at 2.15, after which we continued in a north-easterly direc- tion until we descended. Altogether we were in the air exactly 26 hours 15 minutes, and 1 believe our trip was the longest of all the competitors in point of time. When we descended in the vicinity of Sandringham there was not a soul around. The descent was the easiest I have ever made, and the balloon was quite undamaged. We had to walk a couple of miles to the village of Shernbourne, where the vicar (the Rev. W. C. Waters) kindly put my companion (Colonel Capper) and myself up for the night. We were travelling about 43 miles an hour just before we descended, and we concluded that. in about another five minutes we should have been over the sea. .-is to the result of the race, I must say that personally I am very surprised that wo were so well placed. According to the distance covered I believe that we were placed third. Even when I came down I had a third of my ballast left, and I would not have descended had we not been so close to the sea. If we had missed the Wash we would have been perfectly c.ear for a run over the rest of Eng- land. The wind I wanted, however, was on the ground, and although I tried different alti tudes we could not get the proper current. The greatest altitude we reached was 5,500 feet The voyage across France was more or less uneventful, although rather circuitous, and we began to cross the Channel about 12 miles to the west of Dieppe. At the commencement all the balloons were going straight for the Atlantic with the easterly win. The chanze, however, sent us to the north-east. We hung about for some time before we ascended to cross the Channel, and that was why we were so late in getting over. We were over the Seine practically for four hours without moving. We bad a pretly good idea of our location throughout, but in France we lost ourselves once. and descended to ascertain our whereabouts. I see in the papers this morning that at < Evreux shouts were heard from a balloon with an electric light attached. That must have been our balloon, as we were the only ones carrying a continuously burning light, and we did descend somewhere about there and shout to the people to discover our exact location. Our greatest altitude was in crossing the Channel, but when we were carried too near the Straits of Dover we descended and let our trail rope drag in the sea, narrowly missing three steamers. When near Beachy Head, however, we rose again, and the reat of our voyage was marked by different altitudes according to the air cur- rents we met. I believe that I have won the Mrs Howard Gould Cup, which is presented to the English competi-or doing the greatest distance in the race. The balloon was of 78,500 cubic capacity, and one of the biggest in the world. As an American has won the race, in the ordinary course of events the next race ought to take place in America, and I for one am quite prepared to go over there. In the event, however, of America not being able to offer the necessary facilities the race will again be held in France."
Gulf Hurricane. SEA BLOWN INTO A CITY. Pensacola (Florida), Saturday The hurri- cane on Thursday caused tremendous destruc. tion 25 persons were drowned and 2,000 rendered homeless. The Santa Rosa quaran- tine station was demolished. Eight British seamen were in the hospital, which was carried away. The sailors clung to the roof five were washed up safe, after a night of terror the other three and the nurses were drowned. Fort Perkin". a modern fort, was badly damaged. The 15th Company of Artillery, with the men's families, climbed to the highest point available, lashing themselves to the guns and projecting pieces. Fort McRae, opposite Fort Perkins, was almost completely wiped out. The United States naval station was greatly damaged some lives were lost and some naval vessels foundered. The Gloucester is 200 yards inshore, the Wasp is stranded, and the Isla de Luzon is a complete wreck. The tug Accomac and a number of small launches and tugs were also wrecked. Nineteen foreign vessels were beached, and 25 tugs wrecked or beached, while 25 fishing vessels and 100 launches and pleasure craft were lost. The British steamers damaged are the Ber- wind. Nonsuch, Athington, Ibex, Pilar de Larrinaga, and Angelo. Every house along the water front for a distance of ten miles was wrecs.ed.. In one case a big iron steamer was forced through the wall of a house a block from the water front. Thirty fishing smacks were destroyed.—Keuter, Mobile Devastated. Mobile. Saturday.—The total loss of life caused by the hurricane here may reach 75, most of the victims being negroes, and the losses sustained will probably turn out to be as extensive as at first reported, in view of the fact that 5 000 houses are damaged. Eight steamers, including a United States cutter and a number of smaller craft, were sunk, and it is feared that the crews have been lost, in which case the loss of life will be much greater than at present estimated. No news has been received as to the fate of a large num- ber of fishermen who live on Dauphine Island and other outlying marshy tracts. The water in Mobile Bay was blown into the city by the gale, and for a time the streets in the wholesale quarter from Royal -street to Alabama River were under seven fett of water. All the churches in the city were damaged. Christ- church Cathedral suffering the most. Forty thousand dollars will be required to put the cathedral in repair. The wharves between the extreme southern point of the city and Three Mile Creek up the river were destroyed. They include the new wharves of the Mobile and Ohio and Louisville and Nashville railroads. Numerous saw mills in northern marsy regions were torn to splinters by the wind, and the lumber was scattered over the city. Hundreds of biles of cotton were seen floating in the main streets and were carried out to sea, and other cotton which was not lost was damaged by muddy water. The roof of the Mobile Medical College was blown cif. and the museum was damaged, as were also the girls' asylum and the Creole School. The clock in the tower of the County Court house was blown out. At Southead, outside Mobile, only one house out of dozens was left standing, and several I opular summer resorts on the Mobile and Ohio railroad also suffered. The fruit and ..vegetable crops in Southern Alabama and Mississippi as well as the cotton and sugar cane crops were destroyed.—Reuter. Great Damage at Gibraltar. Gibraltar, Saturday.—The great storm of windand rain has so severely damaged Alge- ciras that railway communication is inter- rupted. No mails have been received since Thursday. Great damage has been done in Gibraltar and the vicinity. Many houses collapsed, and the great rush of water carried almost everything before it into the sea, including trees, cattie and an immense quantity of cork. The planta- tions suffered considerably. The bay i3 now full of debris. Very heavy losses have been suffered. —Exchange Telegraph Company.
The Floods in Spain. Madrid, Saturday.—The Government to-day voted £6.000 and the Bank of Spain £2.000 towards the relief of the sufferers. At Villena l a house collapsed, burying five persons in the ruins, where they perished.—Central News.
CARDIFF WOMAN AND BAILIFF. Discharged with a Caution. Jennie Greedy, a frail, weak-looking woman, was on Wednesday summoned at Cardiff for assaulting a big, burly Corporation assistant bailiff named Charles Newberry. Mr F. W. Ensor, on behalf of the Corporation, told the I Deputy Stipendiary that Newberry went to the house of Mrs Greedy, in Rose-street, to execute a distress warrant for rates, but Mrs Greedy refused to let. him and the other bailiff go to the kitchen. When they eventually suc- ceeded in going in Mrs Greedy took up the fire irons—a casting and a fender—and flung them at the bailiff, striking him on the head and shoulder. She flew to arms and acted like a demon," said the bailiff but the defendant alleged that Newberry struck her with a stick before she did anything. Mr Ensor. in reply to the Deputy Stipen- diary. said that the defendant's husband had already been punished for another assault on the bailiff on the same day, and he urged that the case should be proceeded with. The Deputy Stipendiary Well, you see the state of the woman's health. I don't like to punish her. Yet I feel that bailiffs ought to be protected. I shall take time to consider the matter. Later in the day Mr Ensor said that the Cor- poration did not desire to press for an extreme penalty under the circumstances, and asked the Deputy Stipendiary to administer a severe rebuke. Mr Milner Jones accordingly did so, and pointed out that bailiffs must be protected, and if it had not been for the state of defen. dant's health she would be very severely punished. She would be discharged with a caution.
JUMPED OFF MOVING TRAIN. Brynmawr Collier's Death. At Brynmawr on Wednesday Mr R. H. A. Davies, coroner, conducted an inquest touching the death of David Charles Smith (19). collier. Clydach-street, Brynmawr, who succumbed to injuries received at Nantyglo Station on Monday. Mr D. Harries, solicitor, and Mr J. Pitman, district secretary, watched the pro- ceedings on behalf of the Miners' Federation. John Blakemore_ collier, Nantyglo, said that he was in the same compartment of the colliers' train as deceased, who sat next the door. Deceased opened the door while the train was in motion, but witness could not say whether Smith got out before the train stopped. Dr Sheehy, Brynm iwr, said that deceased had sustained a compound fracture of the light leg and a simple fracture of the left arm. and there was also evidence of interoal hemorrhage. He died from shock and internal hemorrhage due to the accident Wm. Henry Beddis, signalman, Nantyglo. said that he saw the deceased standing on the footboard and when opposite the exit gate at Nantyglo, deceaed jumped off while the train was in motion. He reeled and fell between two carriages. A verdict that death was due to misadventure was returned, all the blame being attached to the deceased. The jury added a rider to the effect that it would be a good thing if the rail- way company tried to put a stop to the prac- tice.
MILITIAMEN IN THEIR CUPS, A 40 Half-Pinter. After receiving their Militia pay, Wm. Watts and Thomas Michael. Clydacb Vale. labourers, had a jollification which had its sequel at the Pontypridd Court on Wednesday, when they were charged with refusing to quit the Dunraven Hotel. Tonypandy, and assaulting P.C.'s Lewis and Price. When the officers who had been called arrived, they had a warm receytion, and were violently assaulted De. fendants, in extenuation, pleaded that they had their pensions that day. and were the worse for drink Michael, to demonstrate what his condition was, appealed to the magistrates to say whether it was possible for him to be sober after drinking 40 half-Dints of beer. (Laughter.) Michael was fined £4 for, the assault on the officers, and Watts £6. The summonses for refusing to quit were dismissed.
STRENGTHEN THE STAFF OF LIFE. Ma.ke the bread eaten at every meal twice as use- ful ad a food. The King'3 Pnysician recommends everyone to eat currant bread as often as possible, and he explain*, in effect, that the small fruit sold at the grocers' shopa is simply full of nourishment. In fact. there is no fruit so abundant in materials for making energy and preserving general health as the enrrant. He says. Many are the ways in which currants can enter into daily use in the household with great advantage tn health and poeket." Currant bread is within the reach of people of line most modest income and the 8&"1012: that will result from its frequent use is surprising. Leading bakers a apply both White and Horii cuzant bread.
English Lady Murdered. BRUTAL CRIME IN GERMANY. Essen-on-Ruhr, Wednesday.—The English lady murdered here on Monday evening has been identified as Miss Madeline Lake, aged 39 years. She is the daughter of a British officer, and had been staying here at the Villa Gruen- weiler since July 1st in the family of a journal- ist, named Kienast. Miss Lake intended re- turning to England on Thursday, and Mon day afternoon she went into the town with an- other English lady to make some purchases. Having finished shopping the ladies set off for home on foot, when they separated. Miss Lake disregarding the warning of the companion decided to take the patb through a gloomy wood, called Stadtwald, and it was in this wood not far from Langenbrahm Mine that her bod ywas found The murder was clearly perpetrated with revolting brutality. Robbery was the motive for a purse with some six pounds in it was found on the body. On the right arm are distinct marks of the murderer's hand and they show his grip must have possessed terrible force. Finger marks on the throat indicate the assassin attempted to trottle his victim, but a fearful wound on both temples were the imme- diate cause of death. As soon as the murder was discovered the Public Prosecutor proceeded to the spot, and his investigation left no doubt of the brutal purpose of the murderer. M ;ss Lake was a lady of great refinement and possessing a graceful figure and fascinating manner, gave the impression of a person far younger than her years. From particulars published here it seems after the death of her parents Miss Lake lived with her sister at Richmond Surrey, and both ladies usually spent their summers abroad. Another sister is said to be the wife of a clergyman holding a benefice in Somersetshire. —Reuter. Berlin. Wednesday.—From further details which have been received here it appears tbat Miss Lake parted from her friend at 7 o'clock on Monday evening at the Restaurant Zur Flora to go through the forest back to the suburb of Bredeney, taking the so-cailed blacv road," near the Langenbobn coal mine. She was discovered by some miners yester- day morning, lying with outstretched arms and head thrown back. The authorities visited the scene of the discovery yesterday afternoon and photographed the spot. The Stadtwald, as the wood is called, has a reputation as a haunt of low characters after dark Miss Lake's companion stated that she begged her not to take the forest road. as it was already quite dark. Miss Lake bad taken a ticket to Amster- dam, where she contemplated stopping a few days on her way to London. The police inves- tigations have so far proved resultless, and no clue has been obtained— Reuter. A Pathetic Message. The Pall Mall Gazette published on Wednesday afternoon some interesting details conceramg Miss Lake, who was murdered on Monday evening in a wood at Essen. All her friends were expecting Miss Lake to return home from Germany in a day or-two. for she had written saying that she contemplated coming back this week. By a sad coincidence a pic- ture post card from her recording her inten- tions was delivered on Wednesday morning at the house of Miss Bannister, her neighbour and friend, simultaneously with the papers announcing the murder The post card runs as follows You will begin to think we are never going to return, but I am now on the point of coming home. and in a few days. I don't exactly know when I shall eross the Channel. A thousand thanks for your care of Tissums (the cat). Hoping to see you soon, and much love to all—M. L." German Reward Offered. Essen (Later).—The District Public Prose- cutor has offered a reward of 1,000 marks for information leading to the capture of the murderer of Miss Lake.—Reuter.
LORD TREDEGAR'S OBITER DICTA. SPEECHES AT ST. MELLON'S SHOW. Race of Ploughmen Dying Out. NEWPORT DOCKS NOT IN THE MARKET The annual ploughing match and general show in connection with the St. Mellon's Dis- tl ict Farmers'Association was held on Wed- nesday on Mr Hughes's Llanrumney Farm, St. Mellon's. The entries were larger than usual. and the quality was Qp to the average. In the ploughing competitions a feature was the total absence of entries in the boys' class. The judges were Ploughing and roots, Messrs E. Watts, Llantrithyd, and W. Bosser, Liangs ton Court cart horses, cattle, and sheep, Messrs W. Lewis, Llangibby, and Thomas Edmunds, Lianbradach cobs, hacks, and jumping, Messrs W Cope. Bridgend, T Jones, Llechryd, and R. Williams, Roath Court cheese, butter, and poultry, Mrs Williams Coedygoras, Miss Cox, Christchurch; cottager*' class, Mr W. Webber, Penylan. The secretarial arrange- ments were efficiently discharged by Mr A. H. Williams. Lord Tredegar presided at the luncheon, and he was supported by Colonel the Hon. F. C. Morgan, Sir John Gunn. Mr Geo. Williams, Mr W. Cope. Mr Edmund Handcock. Mr Matthew Cope, Mr L. F. Stedman, Air Henry Webb, Llwynarthen. Mr Mitchell Innes, and others. Viscount Tredegar. 'n proposing the toast of the St. Mellon's and District Farmers' Associa- tion, congratulated them on the weather and the entries. It was regrettable, how. ver, that ploughmen were almost dying out. but as lar as they could gather from the ploughmen on the ground that day they had men quite as good as in any part of the country. But it was unfortunate they had not got more. There was an old saying that when people left the Army they turned their swords into ploughshares. He was afraid they would have to change the expression nowadays, and speak of turning their swords into mowing machines or some- thing else. (Laughter). Gatherings of that kind were started for the sake of improving and encouraging ploughing, and unless the Government came to their assistance and gave some benefits to ploughmen to hold those shows he was afraid it would be very difficult to keep ploughmen in the country. Mr Lloyd George said the other day that the Eisteddfod was the only institution in the country that had been kept up without assistance from the rates. His Lordship thought the right hon gentle. man had forgotten to include agricultural shows, which certainly received no assistance from the rates, and under the present Govern- ment were not likely to- (Laughter.) They had had very fine promises from the Earl of Carrington about assistance and sympathy but so far they bad had nothing but his sympathy, and that was very cheap. Continuing, his Lordship said he w afraid farmers were at present overridden by inspec tions and analyses. If they were to believe what the doctors said about the dangers con- tained in milk, about the insanitary conditions of their cow-housea, and even about the in- sanitary condition of the tumblers from which they drank their milk—(laughter)—he did not see bow they were to make milk selling pro- fitable. lie thought they must ask for a limit to those analyses and inspections, which seemed to have become a kind of craze amongst the members of the medical or the sanitary profession, who were trying to persuade them that they must neither eat nor drink. (Laugh- ter.) A celebrated philosopher a hundred years ago wrote eight volumes to prove that men could not live without eating. (Laughter.) He was thought a very silly man for taking such trouble, but his Lordship was not sure that such a work was so much out of place at the present day. He believed, however, there was sufficient commonsenae among farmers and the people generally that they would go on very much as they did before, and be as healthy and as safe from infectious and other diseases as theywere formerly. (Hear, hear.) Colonel the Hon. F. C. Morgan (president of the association), Mr Williams, Coedygoras, and Mr A. H. Williams responded on behalf of the association. The health of Lord Tredegar was given by Sir John Gunn in characteristically happy terms. His Lordship, returning thanks, said Lord Beaconsfield once declared tbat self was the only person that they knew nothing about. It was very true, but his Lordship feared that if he were to take his character from the gentle. man who had proposed bis health he would be more conceited than he already was. (Laugh- ter.) He thought it was wise to be a little conceited, because if tbey did not have a good opinion of themselves they might be cer- tain that no one else would. (Laughter.) He regretted tbe absence of the Lord Mayor of Cardiff. He had hoped they might have seen him there with a blanIc cheque in his pocket, prepared tcfbuy up tbe Bute Docks-(laugh. ter)—and offer shares to anyone of the com- pany who had been sufficiently primed by the. waiters to feel tbat they wanted them. (Loud laughter.) He was sorry he was not there because he was fully prepared to offer him the Alexandra Docks (Laughter.) But it was too late no«r that opportunity had gone. The Alexandra Docks were not In I he market—not at present at all events. His Lordship concluded with a humorous refer- ence to the judges, and said there were doubt- less many on the field who considered they knew more about the work than they them- selves did. Which reminded him of a story about the celebrated Charles Lamb. Asked one day what sort of turru ps he liked best. the famous essayist turned round and blandly made reply: Oh, that depends entirely upon the legs of mutton (Loud laughter.) The Chairman proposed the health of •* The Judges." and Mr W. Cope and Mr Rosser reo sponded..
SWANSEA POLICE AND GYMNASTICS. At a meeting of the Swansea Watch Com- mittee on Tuesday. Captain Colquhoun emphasised the necessity of encouraging gymnastic exercises on the part of the police, and it was agreed to ask for the use of the appliances at the Intermediate Schools one night a week, and to engage an instructor. The head constable also urged the necessity of the police becoming proficient swimmers, and it I was agreed to give each officer who qualified a I sovereign.
COAL TRADE ROMANCE Memorial to Pioneers. GIFT TO MERTHYR. Origin & Growth ofa Great Industry GRAPHIC RECITAL BY SIR W. T. LEWIS A ceremony of interest and importance in the annals of industrial Wales took place at Merthyr on Wednesday, viz., the formal pre- sentation to the ancient town by Sir William Thomas Lewis of an artistic fountain, which he and his brother-in-law, Mr W T. Rees, Maesyffvnon, Aberdare, have erected to com- memorate the pioneers of the South Wales steam coal trade, Robert and Lucy Thomas, Waunwyllt. There was a, civic procession to the fountain, and Sir William was givea a great reception by a large crowd. Answering the call of the Mayor, the town clerk read an address to Sir William. who returned thanks. While he could not claim to deserve such kind expressions, he could claim to be one of those who had always desired to assist in promoting the best interests of the town and its inhabitants, and especially the very important industries upon which the welfare of the whole population depended. With respect to the allusion in the address to the site which they had been good enough to grant for the erection of that lountain, it may in- terest some of them to know thot more than 60 years ago, for some years as a small boy, be- ginning at less than eight years old, he passed that spot after a two mile walk six days a week, in fear and trembling unless he saw by the church clock that he could reach Taliesin's School by 7 o'clock in the morning. It now afforded him the greatest pleasure on behalf of his kinsman, Mr W. T. Rees, and himself to nresent that fountain to their native town in commemoration of the founders of the South Wales steam coal trade, Robert and Lucy Thomas. The Mayor moved a cordial vote of thanks to Sir William and Mr W. T. Rees for their gener- ous gift to the town, and expressed his aopre- ciation of SIr William as a Merthyr boy who had raised the name of Merthyr as a result of the great work he had accomplished Alderman D. W. Jones, Deputy Mayor, seconded. The vote of thanks was carried with enthusiasm. Origin of the Steam Coal Trade. Sir William, who was received with much cheering, said Mr Rees and himself deeply appreciated the satisfaction expressed through the vote of thanks. Having been identified with the coal trade and grown with it for above 50 years, it had been very natural for him to take special interest in the origin of the South Wales coal business, and the pioneers who started it at Waunwyllt, less than a couple of miles away. Having regard to the many difficulties which the founders of the trade had to contend with, and the enormous importance to which the trade had grown in about 80 years, he had long felt that, inasmuch as his native town was the original home of the South Wales steam coal trade, and that the name of Merthyr had since been borrowed and adopted as a stamp of merit all over the South Wales coal districts, it would be fitting that some permanent erection should be pro- vided in this town as a commemoration of the first steam coal colliery owners, viz., Robert and Lucy Thomas, of Waunwyllt. Mr Robert Thomas, while acting as a contractor in work ing a coal level at the Cyfarthfa collieries, dis- covered in 1824 on ths Waunwyllt property the outcrop of the upper four feet seam. and con- ceived the idea of opening a colliery for sale purposes only, the whole of the coal then worked in the district being applied to the manufacture of iron alone. At that time the sole employers of labour at Merthyr were tbe four Great Ironmasters, and they were extremely jealous of any new employers so that apart from the difficulties of negotiation for obtaining a lease of the pro- perty, Mr Thomas had a great deal of opposi- tion to contend with, as many obstructions were imposed upon bim, not only in connection with the opening of the colliery, but also in getting the produce carried from the colliery to the canal, as well as along the canal. Fortunately, however, after considerable time Mr Thomas, with the assistance of friends from the Plymouth Works, at the other side of the valley, surmounted the difficul ties, and managed to place the coal on the market—first of all at Merthyr, and subsequently, in 1828, at Cardiff. In a few years, when the superior quality and smokelessness of the coal became known, by trial cargoes forwarded to various seaports, and especially to London, for use on the Thames steamboats (where the late Mr Nixon informed him that he first saw South Wales steam coal used), the demand greatly ex- ceeded the supply, with the result that addi- tional collieries were opened out in Merthyr, subsequently in the Aberdare Valley, and many years afterwards in the Rhondda and other valleys. To meet the growing demands for this New Steam Fuel Robert Thomas, and subsequently his widow, Lucy Thomas, together with their eldest son, William Thomas, took a lease of ah the coal under the Graig property, adjoining Waun- wyilt. where they sunk a pit and opened out a new colliery, close alongside the Glamorgan- shire Canal—the whole produce being then sent by canal to the Bute Dock, which had by this time been constructed and opened by the Marquis of Bute—some years before the con- struction of the Taff V-ile Railway. As the Graig Colliery again developed and increased its output, Mr William Thomas, the son of Robert and Lucy Thomas, took a lease in 1843 of several coal properties in the Aberdare Valley, upon which he sank pits, and was among the first to send steam coal in any quantity from that valley by means of the Aberdare Canal. Mr Nixon informed him that when he first saw the Welsh coal used on a Thames steamboat he was so surprised at the entire absence of smoke, and other special qualities which he found on inquiry of the engineman and stoker, that he straightway took Coach to Merthyr, and tried to buy the whole output of the Graig Colliery (which by that time was at work), but he was greatly surprised and disappointed to be obliged to return to London without securing any of the much-sought-for steam coal, as the whole of the output had been sold forward at that time. However, Mr Nixon was not to be deterred by slight difficulties, and through bis persistence over some years he succeeded in obtaining cargoes of South Wales steam coal sent to Fi ance, and after much op- position he induced the French Government by his personally stoking Welsh ste&m coal to adopt it as the fuel for the French Navy during a time when the British Admiralty had declined to use it. Owing to the impetus given to the Welsh steam coal trade-through the efforts of Mr Nixon and many others who became interested in the working of such coal, these early developments, of the Thomas family in Merthyr led to many other new sinkings for the steam coal by Mr Nixon, Messrs Wayne, and others in the Aberdare valley later on the Marquis of Bute's trustee* sank pits in the top of the Rhondda. Fawr Valley (years before the Tag Vale constructed their Rhonddabranch up to that district), and subsequently pits were opened further west. so that the trade in steam coai went on extending by leaps and bounds in the various valleys, and Robert and Lucy Thomas's output of about 22,000 tons per annum, employing about 50 men in 1828, which was the first South Wales steam coai colliery, was now represented by a shipment in the port of Cardiff alone of 17,000 000 tons per annum in the foreign trade, affording employment for above 100,000 workmen directly and indirectly. The Corporation Entertained. Sir William Lewis and Mr W. T. Rees after- wards entertained members of the Corporation and other gentlemen to luncheon at the Drill Hall. Sir William, replying to the toast of his health, spoke of the development of local trade and of early Cardiff. The superior quality of the steam coal soon created a market, by which the demand exceeded the supply, and new pits were commenced in the Merthyr Valley and subsequently in the Aberdare Valley, whereupon the Marquis of Bute, who was the founder of Cardiff, and whose foresight was very remarkable, deter- mined to construct the West Dock, which he did at a very large expenditure, and opened the same in October, 1839. Concurrent with the construction of the West Dock. Lord Bute was so sanguine as to the success of bis great venture and as to the development of the coal trade, that he sold a number of agricultural properties in the Vale of Glamorgan, and pur- chased steam coal properties in the Aberdare, Gtlligaer, and Rhondda Valleys, and also ac. quired leases of other mineral properties, where he was unable to purchase the same. The shipments of coal increased but very slowly uHtil the West Dock was opened in 1839, and even afterwards for some time the pro- gress was disappointing, although new pits were being sunk to the steam coal in the Aber- dare Valley. He happened to have a letter written by the Marquis in 1840 to a friend of his at /Cardiff, wherein he referred to it as a subject for rejoicin; that there wer four vessels at the same time in the West Dock. (Laughter.) Comparing the condition of Cardiff and the trade of the dis- trict other than the iron trade at the present time with that of 80 years ago, when Robert and Lucy Thomas started the steam coal trade, it was difficult to exaggerate the importance and the wonderful progress in the coal trade of this district, which had created the necessity of providing 300 acres of docks in the port of Cardiff in addition to the 12 acres which was the only accommodation in 1828. Merthyr and Its Buildings. Sir William went on to say that all the money he ever made in Merthyr was £20. which he made in tbe last be was there. (Laughter.) But fortunately for him he left Merthyr. (Laughter.) He would not say fortunately for anybody eise. (Laughter.) But he certainly agreed with those speakers who had indicated very great surprise that after all the millions that had been made in Mertbyr there had been so little evidence in the way of public buildings or provision for the people in Merthyr up to the present day. (A pplause.)
THE TERRIBLE PAIN OF Kidney Disease I Ev," Putu, Tells a Stø'7. Don't Neglect an Aching Back. It is one of the first Symptoms of Kidney Disease, which causes Dropsy, Urinary and Bladder Troubles, Gravel, and Rheumatism. We bave just received a communication from Mrs L. Lewis, 22, Wood-street, Penarth, Wales, which is exceptionally interesting. Just previous to the birth of her first child Mrs Lewis became so ill with dropsy that her life was despaired of. The pre- mature birth of the child, however, saved her, and the dropsical swellings went down somewhat. But at the second period of piegnaccy the dcopsy reap- peared worse than ever, the water threat- ening the patient's heart. A specialist I and Mrs Lewis's own doctor agreed that the case was hopeless, but the second child I was providently born some months before its time, and the mother's life again saved. The doctor then warned the patieno that bo attempt to rear children would coat her her life, but at this time Mrs Lewis heard of Doan's Backache Kidney Pills, and began taking them. This medicine drove I away every trace of dropsy and ifI:, trouble, and so built up the patieil strength that her third child was healthy and strong, and up till the las^ mother was able to perform her house'a0 duties. Over four years later Mrs Lewis sal" • I've never had the least sign of dropsy kidney trouble since my cure by Pills. And I've more good news to t you Twelve months ago I gave birth another baby, and a fine little fellovvhe And again, in May, 1906. she said < had another baby born ten weeks SSOO, am as well as ever myself." Doan's Backache Kidney Pills are 2s 9^ box, or 13s 9d for 6 boxes. They cannot be loose, but only in the 2s 9d boxes, which ^^Z^xo- had of all chemists and stores, or direct nv. the Foster McClellan Co., 8, Oxford-street. londou, W. Doan's, Remember I CURED BY paws s AW The remarkalble popuiapity of ROWNTREE'S ELECT COCOA is exactly shed. by the comparative sizes of the above discs. SALES STILL GROWING- —
Lord RoseberyAInsanity- PLEA FOR THE SANE. Great Wits and Madness." On Wednesday Lord Boseberv formally opened Bangour Lunatic Asylum, built to accommodate pauper lunatics chargeable on the Edinburgh District Lunacy Board. At the luncheon which followed his Lordship proposed prosperity to the curative agencies of the village and the hope that it might some day be found unnecessary. He pointed to the great increase in insanity in the Kingdom during the last 47 years. Twenty-five per cent. was said to be due to hereditary transmission. The remedy for that might be excellent if prac- ticable, but it might extend too far, for perfect sanity was the possession not of the majority but a trifling minority. He contrasted the sumptuous homes being erectoci lor the intel- lectually dead with those occupied by the artisan class, and said he did not believe the flower and blossom of municipal work would have been reached till they attempted to make better provision for the living and worthy worker. He said it was strange that the rocky ridge from which emerged the sweet ripo scholar and the adventurous Jacobite, Hamil- ton ot Bangour. should now be crowned by an asylum devoted to the relief of intellectual disability. It exemplified the line that great wits are sure to madness near allied."
THE CHURCH CONGRESS. The Church Congress was officially opened on Tuesday afternoon at Barrow, under the chairmanship of the Bishop of Carlisle. In. formal proceedings, however, commenced on Sunday, when all the Anglican Church pulpits were occupied by special preachers, mostly members of the episcopate, while on Monday afternoon there wa? a mass meeting for women, and iu the evening, a similar meeting for men. On Tuesday morning the Mayor gave an official welcome to the Congress, after which the official sermons were preached by the Bishops of JRipon, Birmingham, and Liver- pool. After luncheon in the CoDgress Hall, I the Bishop of Carlisle delivered his presiden- tial address, which, as was anticipated, was of a noteworthy and robust character. Papers on a variety of topics, affecting the Church's work and life, have also been read and dis- cussed. As for the towi itself, Barrow has been gailY beflagged for > great occasion. Over the Congress Hall was placed the Ited Cross of St George on a. white ground, symbo- lising the common birth of Church and State. The clerical invasion was, of course, at its height. Close on a thousand delegates have been present at tbe Congress, a large propor- tion being entertained by, the residents of Barrow and district.
This week work has been started at the top end of the north wall at tLe New Dock at Swansea. Trenches are being; made for the reception of the concrete. j
Royal Motor Smash. PRINCESS CHRISTIAN IN THE OAR. One Passenger Injured. ø Grenoble, Tuesday.—An accident happe 000- to-day to a motor-car in which gd Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, accornp* by a lady member of her suite and Mandat Granvey, was travelling from les-Bains to the Grande Chartreuse. reo Details of the accident have not been ot; ceived beyond the fact that the brakes did act and that one of the occupants of was injured.- Reuter.
DIAMOND ISLAND SHIP. The Future of the Xema. With reference to the report from Town that the treasure ship Xema is D 0t offered for sale, Mr Kenyon Collis, maiiafS. the Collis Diamond Syndicate, sa'a an interviewer:—" It must not he ferred that the diamond expedition has abandoned. We chartered the Xema c months, and the arrangement was that I to discovered diamonds, we would contribu buy the vessel. Recently the owners 49 \j0 they might inquire as to whether it possible to find a buyer at a big price in B Africa, should we not require her,and ,eVJ s9,l0 this gave rise to the impression she is t°r now." f ib0 On Monday evening the directors Collis Diamond Syndicate had a meeting the purpose of further considering the caused by the refusal of the Cape to let those on the ss. Xema land in the « Islands. In reference to the report tha _a> Xema was being offered for sale at th'" Mr Collis states that the offer has _ef, made by the syndicate. The Xema, ch had been chartered for four months, ^r* term would expire at the end of N At the end of the charter the owner had intended to ?ell the ship, and he tboaJJ^. could get a better market for her in Africa than in home ports. She was coS irabl0 syndicate £ 130 a day while she lay in Bay. i Nothing definite, he said,had been bear Dr. Jameson as to the intentions of the Government. Further Meeting of Directors.^ On Tuesday evening the directors ^0 Xema expedition again met to CODSI veSsel position caused 1 y the stoppage of t g ba4 by the Cape Government. The nlee to been adjourned from the previous eve Dr. see if any communication came fre Jameson, but none bail arrived. ayndi' The manacrer of tbe Collis Dianoon h0 cate, which fitted out the Xema, statea had bad frequent communications VV ceived Cape Agent-Ageneral, and the reP ymeSgage* had been that they were waiting for Iness from the Cape. furth0* The directors decided to send ■> at,te»* urgent ldfter to Dr. Jameson calling tion to the delf.y and asking for arV,oUrned- answer. The meeting was further adj Cape Government Another prolonged meeting Diamond Syndicate was held on evening to consider a reply recelVfj.„ refus»l Cape Government in reference to tn land ,I* allow the expedition in the s.s Xern the Guano Islands. „ follis After the meeting Mr Kenvo _ep]yto tb^ formed our representative thati t fc8en syndicate's urgent letters which en0ral ceived through the Cape Agen^- unsatisfactory. Mr Kenyon -j .,4 was not in a portion to say what co syndicate would now take, no^ 0 of the Gnrgmments answer
Mr Lloyd George is among the Miniete now in town.