Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

31 erthygl ar y dudalen hon

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Heu Wreichion Oddiar yr Eingion By CADRAWD. RESTITUTION OF MONARCHY. The 29th day of May is the anniversary of the restitution of monarchy and in England there are still vendors of oak apples in the streets of our large cities on this day. The custom of wearing the oak apples on the 29th of May since 1660 is not so universal in the east as in the west of Britain. To-day, how- ever, there will be large quantities worn in England to commemorate the hiding of K'ng Charles II. in the Deri," by old Richard Pendril, at Boscobel, Worcestershire. Leision Ap Morgan. There is in the British Museum a seal of Leision ap Morgan,who was dispossessed of his property in Glamorgan by Gilbert de Clare, and imprisoned at Cardiff Castle. The Earl of Clare took a number of castles, which were taken over by King Edward I. about the year 1260, on the quarrel, or rather flight of Gil- bert from Rhys ap Morgan, a Son or brother of Leision above mentioned. Gilbert fled for his life before the men of Rhys and Glamorgan, and the King came down into Morganwg to heal the breaeh-a truce which was not favour able to the Earl. The King held his chancery at Llantrisant (the castle had beenassaulted and the garrison fled), and in the inquisition held on the occa- sion the lordship of Glyn Rhondda was awarded to Morgan, the son of Cadwallon, Walter de Hackluyt, who was appointed custodian of the castle, was commanded by the King to finish the erection of the western gate (which had been begun, and which bad been demolished by the assault of Rhys ap Morgan and "Gwyry Gwt "—or as they are best known, Gwyr y Gloren. How the people of Ystradyfodwg got this name is undoubtedly, not as the old legend in- forms us, that when a certain number of the young men were rot one time catching some Welsh mountain ponies on the mountain, and that on the brink of one of the big cliffs over- hanging the valley, one of the young men caught his pony by the tail as he was falling over the precipice. The pony went, but the 'tail remained in the hands of the stalwart i.Rhonddaite. and since that occurence they are known in Glamorgan by this familiar name. But how the people ofYstradyfodwg got this name is due to the fact that their name appears alphabetically last in the list of fight- ing men. Ther~ are such lists to be met with i in the record office, and in war-time the Ystrad men's names would appear and be called last on the list for the division—Aber- d&re, Llantrisant, Llantwit Faerdref, Pen- 4 tyrch, Ystradyfodwg. And from this eircum- • stance, I think, they came to be called Gwyri y Gloran," or the tail end of the wnr list—the i last called. They were the reserved men, and, f- if last called, were nevertheless prominent under the banner of Y Ddraig Goch.v Llywelyn Ein Llyw Olaf's Letters. The epistolarium of John of Peckham gives copies of numerous letters from and to Llew- elyn also states the contents of the letters j. found on Llewelyn's body when he was slain r by the Mortimers at Builth. There are also numerous petitions and complaints by the Welsh to the Archbishop of the insults and robberies committed upon them by the barons and English officials of the churches and mon- asteries. The letters to and from Llewelyn would fill a small volume. John of Peckham was in Wales acting as a kind of mediator be- tween Llewelyn and the English king (Edward Pendaulwyn. This place-name has been variously spelt— Pen-dau-lwvri (the head of the two bushes), Pendwylan, Pendoylan, &c., but the present Welsh pronunciation of the word bears the nearest approach to its origin, which Welsh tradition states to have been as follows— In the days of early Christianity in Glam- organ, and long before the advent of the pagan Saxon— "Addolwyr Thor ag Odyn gau," three of the first pioneers of the Gospel of our blessed Saviour, Tathan Dunawd and Cattwg Ddoeth. the last-named was of Hancarfan, had met and preached the Gospel at the newly founded churches of Llanddunwyd, Welsh St. Donat's, which is situated on Mynydd y Glew, near Hensol. They had in view the erection of another church, and in fixing upon the exact spot of building they yoked two oxen together and agreed that wherever the oxen stayed of their own accord, there, would the Christian church be erected. The f&ce3 of the oxen were turned to the east, to the rising sun, and upon following the ychain they were found grazing, contentedly, on an elevated spot between two groves of trees. Pen y ddau Iwyn Here then was this church founded. The oxen had strayed about a mile due west. The situation of the church fully bears out this old Welsh tradition, and there is more in ancient Welsh tradition oftentimes tha.n there is in new fangled history. Herwiry. In a wood to the west of the greater pond at Hensol is,'and has been for centuries, a -heronry —one of the few places, it is said, in England and Wales where these birds make their nest, and lay their eggs. The female heron (y garen grychydd) sits very close on her two eggs, which are of an olive green colour, and almost as large as a goose egg. The bird, who has very long legs, thrusts them down through two open apertures in the nest when sitting. J have known some to have climbed up the large oak trees at the Hensol, and tied the heron's legs together with their boot-laces beforfe trying to take the eggs away. This was dangerous work, for to approach the old garen grychydd was no mean job, as she is always on the alert, and with her sharp beak, like a two-edged sword, would run it through the fleshy part of & boy's arm. It was usual, I am informed by an expert at this work at one time, when near the nest of the crychydd," to beat the tree with a stout stick after securing the bird's legs with a pair of strong leathern laces, when the poor bird in trying to flyaway usually carried away the nest with her the nest, although light, being composed of many crossed sticks, and about the Circumference of a round table (bord gron), usually came to the ground with the fluttering grychydd entangled therein, when the bird easily became the prey of the inischievious urchins. The expert in question makes this confession, which is rather pathetic — I would not be so cruel as to do this kind of thing now, even if I could climb the old oaks but boys will ever be boys, I suppose." This kind of work could not be attempted now at Hensol, with the vigilance of the many keepers.


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II Suffragettes' Vain Visit…

For and Against the Resolution.





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I"Filled with Shame." ---




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Eastern Valleys Free Church…



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