GUFF CRIME TRIAL. Jury Unable to Agree. PRISONER IN WITNESS-BOX. After a remarkable hearing, lasting three J^ys, the jury at Winchester Assizes late on °&turday night disagreed in the trial of John •Francis McGuire, aged 21, the ex-Guardsman Accused of murdering Miss Emily Sheriff on e cliffs at Bournemouth on February 18. Mr Justice Lawrence, in summing up, said whole point of the case was as to whether "}e prisoner was in Bournemouth on the fright of February 18. If the jury were satisfied that lie was, could they say beyond all reason- able doubt that he murdered the deceased *oinan ? The jury retired, and after a long absence Returned with the announcement that they disagreed. They were sent back by the Judge, and after a further protracted stay came back state that there was no hope of agreement. Altogether they were absent three hours, •■nd the suspense must have been a terrible ordeal to the prisoner, whose fortitude through the long day had shown several signs of breaking down. The Judge discharged the jurors, and the Prisoner was ordered to be held over till the Assizes. It was 11 o'clock at night before the trial concluded. The Divided Jury. The Press Association understands that 10 of the jurors were in favour of acquittal and two of conviction, but when they first retired their opinion, it is said, was more equally divided, although throughout the majority ^ere against a verdict of guilty The strenuous insistence of one gentleman that the evidence ^as too inconclusive as to McGuire being at Southbourne on the night of the tragedy had the effect of bringing others round to his view. The two gentlemen, however, who held out against this contention could not be moved after three hours of effort on the part more or less of all their colleagues. Hence it had to be announced that an agreement was hopeless. The next Assizes for the county of Hants are J not held till about November next, so that Prisoner will have to wait some six months before he is tried again. No suggestion has been made of a change of venue. The case for the prosecution was continued by the calling of Mrs Nutter Scott, the lady who alleges she saw the prisoner in the tram- car near Southbourne on the night of the tragedy. Mrs Scott, who was looking ex- tremely ill, was seated whilst giving her evi- dence. In examination by Mr Radcliffe, K.C., lead- ing counsel for the prosecution, the witness said 8he was riding in a tramcar at about 8 o'clock on the pight of the tragedy, when she noticed a man board the car, which at that time was Moving. Did you notice anything about the man's appearance ?—Yes I noticed that he was breathless, pale, and when he sat down I noticed that he was biting his lips. His hat ^as pulled over his eyes, and he was wearing a long coat. When he came in I noticed that he ^as unusually tall, and that is why I noticed him. When he got in he sat opposite to me in the middle of the car. I was right at the top, and he was not quite halfway up. There were four other girls in the car. I got out close to my home at Tuckton Green. Upon alighting I commenced to run, and stumbled over a stone and hurtl my ankle. I wrote a letter in a hurry and my little girl posted it at the letter- box, which is closed at a quarter to 9. Witness went on to say that she mentioned the matter to Sergeant West, of Bournemouth, on March 9th. Three days afterwards she went to the police station at Bournemouth and entered the yard for the purpose of identifying the man. She saw McGuire there amongst a number of others. She stood opposite to him for some time and could not make up her mind about pointing him out. She never had any doubt or uncertainty, but she felt very bad about it, and that was why she hesitated. She then felt she must say something, and she turned to- wards the police and said, "That is the man." Was that only your impression or did you feel sure of it ?—I felt absolutely certain of it. SEVERE CROSS-EXAMINATION. Cross-examined by Mr Hawke, the lady said she was an Armenian. She remembered telling the magistrates that when she left the tramcar went home, wrote a letter, and posted it herself. Did you not swear that you posted the letter yourself, and that you saw by the plate on the box that it was in time ?—Yes, I swore that I posted the letter. Did you not also say that it took you two tttoutes to run with the letter to the box ?— ask you, was your memory in the hiviit6 &nd cleAr state that you assert it to it was not clear just at that moment. i ou.r statement then that you posted the ter is incorrect ?—Yes. It was a slight in- correction. Mr Hawke then subjected the witness to a severe cross examination as to her identifica- tion of accused. Upon reaching the corridor outside the court Mrs Scott fainted and collapsed. Restora- tives were given to her, and she soon revived. Supt. Hack, of the Bournemouth police, stated that when Mrs Scott saw McGuire she said, To my belief, he is the man." Hayes, the tramcar conductor, said, I think this is the man and Wingrove, the bootblack, said. This is the man. I knew him in London." This concluded the case for the prosecution. Mr Hawke (to the judge) Does your lord- ship think that in view of the nature of the identification that this matter should go to the jury ? The Judge I think it must go to the jury. Mr Hawke then addressed the jury forHjje defence. Prisoner's Own Statement. At four o'clock the prisoner went into the witness-box. Resting his arms on either side of the box McGuire answered the questions put to him in a quiet tone, but with no indica- tion of nervousness. He was the son, he said, of an Army pen- sioner, now deceased, but in his lifetime was caretaker to the Bath Young Men's Christian Association. Mr Alabaster took the prisoner quickly through his boyhood, and elicited the fact that the relations of Miss Sheriff and himself were as brother and sister. Uliinjrately he joined the Horse Guards, and afterwards was trans- ferred to the Life Guards. Whilst there he Wet Major Powell Moore, and was adopted by him, so he left the Guards and took up picture dealing. tIn January last he wrote to Miss Sheriff. He wrote to her about some letters, which she answered. It was arranged that he should go to Boscombe. He went about Januaryv6th. He brought a picture from a Mr Lister and took it to a Mr Clarkson. That gentleman had not the purchase money, and prisoner pawned it at Attenhorough's for £25. The money he used for his holidays and to pay some bills- He intended returning from Bournemouth on the Saturday, but changed his miriJTbecause Miss Sheriff wanted him to stop, and his ticket was available until the Monday. Two letters found in his hip pocket he wrote on the Saturday evening, intending to post them when he arrived in London on the Monday. The letters were to Mrs McGuire and Miss Sheriff, announcing his safe arrival in town. They remained in his pocket a week because he forgot all about them. He arrived at Waterloo Station at 4.10 and took a taxicab outside the station. He was driven to the East Strand Telegraph Office and saw a news- paper boy outside and asked him to send a wire for him later In the day. This was to Clarkson, Who' witness knew would see Lister, and he did not want Lister to know he was back. As the boy could not be there after five o'clock he gave up the idea of wiring and drove to Vic- toria, where he was to meet Clarkson. Win- grove was there, not Clarkson, and he asked the former to post two letters late. These were to Miss Sheriff and Mr Hynes. He wished the letters sent late because he did not want his another to know he had gone back to Bourne- mouth that evening. Continuing, McGuire stated that he returned to Bournemouth by the 4.10 train. On arrival at Bournemouth he took the tram to the cross- toads, where he met Miss Sheriff. On Tues- day morning he left Bournemouth by the 11.23 train. He did not know of the existence of an 11.4 train He arrived at Waterloo at 2.10. From there he went to Denbigh-street, wrote a. letter to Miss Hayman, and went out to post it himself. He also sent a wire to Miss Sheriff from the Vauxhall Bridge Post Office. He then saw Wingrove, and later saw Mr Holder, a 'bus driver. He passed Victoria at 3.30. McGuire asked Wingrove if he had posted the letters for him, and the bootblack replied in* the negative. He then went to Bonham's, auctioneers, of Oxford-street, and saw there a Mr Tyrell, and another whose name he did not know. After leaving Bonham's he had tea ac a restaurant in Oxford-street, and then re- ttirnedto Denbigh-street. There he wrote a letter to Mrs McGuire, which he posted him- self at a few minutes to eight. On the way to the post office he called at a newsagent's shop, and afterwards went to the Windsor Castle, and on leaving there went for ride on a 'bus from Victoria to Walham Green and back. He had no recollection of seeing Hetty Holder that /evening. The next morning he sent a telegram to Miss Sheriff, and went down by the 12.30 train, reaching Boscombe at 3 o'clock. Upon arriving there he went to Palmerston-road, and the first persons he saw were Mrs Mc- Guire and Mrs Lane. He did not see Miss Sheriff on the Tuesday. He did not murder her. He did not know she had made a will till after he was arrested. The result was as stated above.
KAISER'S COUNTERBLAST. Rome, Sunday.—It is freely stated here in Political circles that the Emperor of Germany bag proposed to his allies the King of Italv and the Emperor of Austria the anvisabilii y of an imposing demonstration of the Tript),- All iance for the purpose of counteracting the impression created by the suggested Anglo- franco-Russian alliance, the demonstration consisting of an interview between the three Sovereigns, accompanied by their respective Ministers of Foreign Affairs. The Nuovo Giornale," however, throws strong doubt on the authenticity of the report, and says it is very certain that Italy would not participate. --Reuter.
Women & Mr John Burns AN AMUSING ENCOUNTER. Another amusing encounter between Mr John Burns and the Suffragettes was witnessed on Saturday night in the Theatre Royal at Old- ham. The occasion was an address by the Presi- dent of the Local Government Board to the Oldham Liberal Union, of which he is presi- dent. To begin with, Mr John Burns, M.P., had an exceedingly cordial greeting in Oldham on Saturday, when he delivered his presidential address as president of the Oldham Liberal Union. The gathering took place in the Theatre Royal, and the lion, member had not proceeded far in his speech when Suffragettes made their presence felt, although a large bodyf of stewards we\'e on the look out. Mr Burns recalled his first visit to Oldham over 50 years ago, when his father worked for Messrs Platt, machinists. He sincerely regretted that time did not permit him to visit the works and find the vice where Sandv Burns did his work. "Tell us something about votes for women," a woman interjected at this point. When Mr "Burns went on to speak at length of the work done by the present Parliament a new war cry was heard. What's the good of Parlia- ment?" queried one feminine voice after another. For some time the speaker took no notice of the interruptions beyond asking his audience to keep their eyes on the platform, but at last. turning from his manuscript, he remarked that last year he had the pleasure of passing a Bill through Parliament enabling women to sit on local authorities. If the lady who had just in- terrupted him would go to a municipal school to learn manners she might qualify. (Laughter and cheers.) She might probably, added Mr Burns, be better engaged in sewing her brothers' buttons on instead of disturbing the audience. He thought some of the women's own buttons were off. (Laughter, and then the voice again was heard, causing more laughter and dis- order.) Never mind, said Mr Burns, my voice is strong enough to break that down." (Laughter.) f Votes for women was again heard later. Not a bit of it," retorted Mr Burns. "If they were all like you they would want more protection than they deserved—(loud laughter) —and, what is more, you will get it from the gentleman in blue, if you don't mind." A lady at the back of the gallery- continued to create disorder, whereupon Mr Burns exclaimed, I think that lady had better be asked to leave. Her loving husband is waiting for her outside." (Laughter.) i I have not got one, replied the interrup- ter, sharply. I Well, I don't want you," observed Mj Aurns, amid laughter. Then a feminine voice at the back of the platform, aud apparently up in the flies, was heard crying Votes for women." Mr Burns There's another jolly row up- stairs, and, after a pause. It's all right. She's out. A policeman has got hold of her." Another woman having been put out. Mr Burns was allowed to conclude in comparative peace. The ejected Suffragettes held a meeting just outside the theatre, but the crowd clearly regarded the gathering as a form- of amusement.
AEROPLANE RECORD. M. Delagrange Flies8 Miles in 15 Minutes Rome, Saturday.—M. Delagrange this morn- ing carried out a most successful trial before members representing the aeronautical societies recognised by the Aero Club of France. Several notabilities were present, including the presi- dent of the Aeronautical Society of the United States, Prince Doria, the Duke of Gallese, and some officers belonging to the Italian Aero- nautical Society. M. Delagrange started at 20 minutes to 6. A light breeze was blowing. After covering 100 metres on the ground, M. Delagrange began to fly, and with wonderful facility circled ten times round the Piazza d'Arme at a height of four metres to n metres. The aeroplane remained in the air 15 minutes 26 seconds without once touching the ground The distance covered is estimated at 12,750 metres (nearly eight, miles). By this performance M. Delagrange has beaten all previous aeroplane records. He was warmly congratulated at the end of the trial. -Reuter. Later.—M. Delagrange made a further trial with his aeroplane at 8.45 this morning, in the presence of M. Barrere, the French Ambas- sador to the Quirinal, and Madame Barrere. The aeroplanist, however, was prevented from repeating his previous success by the wind, which rose considerably. Nevertheless, he succeeded in making a complete circiyt of the Piazza d'Arme, touching the ground three or times during his flight. As the wind grew stronger, he was finally compelled to postpone further attempts.—Reuter. Rome, Sunday.—At 7 o'clock this morning, M Delagrange continued his experiments with his flying machine. In the first flight the aero- plane flew iou.times round the Piazza Darini, at a height of between three and four metres in four and a half minutes. At the second attempt the motor failed to act, but at the third effort M. Delagrange travelled five times in front of his shed .—Reuter.
ST. JOHN AMBULANCE BRIGADE New Division at Ogmore Valley. A meeting was held on Saturday evening last at the Workmen's Hall, Nantymoel, under the presidency of Mr Thomas Lucas, miners' agent. Mr Tom Davies, chief superin- tendent of the Rhondda Fawr Corps, presented the certificates to about 30 pupils who passed at the last examination in connection with the St. John Ambulance Association. In the absence of the Deputy-Commissioner of the No. 7 District, Surgeon-Colonel E. Cureton, M.D., V.D., Shrewsbury, Mr Davies was deputed to form the division. Chief Superin- tendent Tom Davies spoke on the formation of brigades, stating that it was necessary that the proposed members should clearly understand the distinction between the St. John Ambulance Association and the St. John Ambulance Brigade, and should realise the obligations which they voluntarily v took upon themselves in joining the latter. As regarded the employment of members of the brigade in aid of the military and other medical services in time of war or other necessity, it should be clearly understood that no obligation was incurred by persons joining the brigade to serve in conjunction with the Army and Navy ambulance in nursing ser- vices, and that any understanding to do so in case of national emergency would be an absolutely voluntary act. It was also ex- plained that the new Territorial Army scheme had nothing whatever to do with brigade work. Addresses were delivered also by Dr. D. J. Thomas, J.P.. C.C., Rev. D. Davies, Mr J. Phillips, and Councillor H. Lewis and Mr J. T. Job. A vote of thanfcs were accorded to Mr Tom Davies.
A CARDIFF AMBULANCE FUND. For the purpose of raising sufficient funds towards equipping the Cardiff City Division of the St. John Ambulance Brigade with uni- forms. stretchers, etc.. a well-attended concert was held on Friday atSt. Paul's Congregational Schools, Canton. Councillor Bell Harrison, who presided, referred in eulogistic terms to the good work voluntarily accomplished by the brigade, and pleaded for greater financial support. Mr Herbert Lewis gave an interesting account of the association, and a squad of the brigade gave a demonstration of first "td. All the artistes acquitted themselves well.
SWANSEA COMMISSION AGENT CHARGED. Committal for Trial. At Swansea on Saturday Thos. Arnold Fox, a commission agent, was committed for trial on a charge of obtaining £9 10s from Mrs A. S. Jenkins, of the Osborne Hotel, Langland Bay. by means of false representation. The alleged false representation was that he was employed to collect money on beftalf of Messrs Wills, publishers, of London. It was admitted that defendant had been appointed sub-agent in another matter for Mr Cooke, of Bristol, who represented that firm, but it was denied that he had authority to collect money or give receipts. A further charge was then gone into of obtaining 15s from Mr Rowe, umbrella maker, of Portland-street, Swansea, by /alse pre. tences. Prosecutor said he advertised in the guide published by the Swansea Chamber of Trade, and defendant called on him with the guide book, and asked if he would continue his advertisement for 15s. He agreed, and paid the 15s, and defendant gave him a receipt. Asked where the false pretence was Mr Verley Price (for the prosecution) said that defendant was authorised by the Chamber of Trade to act as its collector. The Clerk, however, pointed out that defendant did not say he repre- sented anybody, or was sent by anybody. Mr Price said he could prove false. pretences by conduct—that if defendant acted in such a way that no other construction could be put on his action. The Clerk That won't do. Mr Price Then we will prefer a charge of attempting. Mr Vaughan Edwards (for the defence) objected that no notice of such a charge had been given, and the case was dis- missed.
FIRE AT NEWPORT. Sun's Rays Focussed on Celluloid. The sun's rays concentrated by a mirror on celluloid combs appears to have been the ca.use of a fire at the shop of W. Glover and Co., hairdressers, Bridge-street, Newport, yes- terday. A number of persons who were pass- ing the shop on their way to morning service noticed the combs in the shop window in flames, and it is supposed that a big mirror which was fixed behind the combs and other articles was the cause of the outbreak by focussing the heat. There was no one living on the premises, but some of the neighbours effected an entrance and promptly put out the fire with buckets of water. The damage, owing to the timely discovery, was small—estimated at about £10.
Cardiganshire Assizes. LORD COLERIDGE'S MERCIFULNESS- Lampeter Perjury Charge. The Summer Assizes for the County of Car- digan were held at the Town Hall, Lampeter, on Saturday, before Mr Justice Bernard John Seymour (Lord Coleridge). His Lordship arrived in the college town on the previous afternoon, and was met at the railway station by Sir Edward John Webley Parry Pryse, Bart., Gogerddan (the High Sheriff), the Rev. Richard Williams, B.A., Penrhyngoch (chap lain), and Mr F. R. Roberts, and was escorted to his lodgings at Peterwell by Deputy-Chief Constable Williams. Charge to the Grand Jury. His Lordship, in his charge to the grand jury, of which Major Price-Lewes, Tyglyn Aeron, was foreman, said that the calendar was happily a light one, containing only two cases. One of these was a charge of perjury against John Oliver Davies—perjury committed during affiliation order proceedings, and if the evidence of the prosecution was to be trusted it was quite clear that a prima facie case existed upon the depositions to show that the person did make on oath certain false statements which were material to the issue which was then before the court—namely whether or not the accused was the father of the child in question. They would have no difficulty in arriving at a conclusion on that subject. His Employer's Money. John Humphreys (39), farm labourer, pleaded guilty to stealing Jb7, the monies of James Davies, Ffostra^ol Inn, which is halfway between New Quay and Llandyssul, on the 8th April last. Prisoner was employed as a labourer by Mr Davies at the time in question, and was sent to bank the money for his em- ployer, instead of which prisoner converted it to his own use. Prisoner admitted two previous convictions for larceny at Upper Llanilar and Aberayron. His Lordship, in passing sentence of eight months' hard labour, said that the defendant had twice before been leniently dealt with for like offences, but it did npt seem to have cured him of the habit of stealing. His Lord- ship said he misrht be doing wrong, but he did not intend to pass such a severe sentence as perhaps the prisoner deserved, in the hope it might be the last time that he appeared in the dock. Just think of that," he added. Try when you come out of gaol to lead an honest life. Probably this is your last chance, otherwise you will get a very heavy sentence indeed." On the application of Mr David Rhys, who appeared for the prosecution, the money found on prisoner at the time he was arrested, together with the clothes he had bought with some of the money, were ordered to be re- turned to Mr Davies. Taken Unawares. John Oliver Davies, a young carpenter, living at Plasnewydd Cellan, near Lampeter, was charged with committing wilful and corrupt perjury in his evidence as a witness on his own behalf at Lampeter Petty Sessions on the 24th April last. Mr Lloyd Morgan, K.C.. M.P. (instructed by Mr D. Pennant James, Aberayron), stated that acting on his advice prisoner had pleaded guilty to the indictment, as he felt he could not reasonably ask the jury to say that prisoner did not state that which was untrue before the magistrates when giving evidence. Counsel said he would like to point out the way in which prisoner came to give that evidence. It was not a case where a man made up his mind to go before the magistrates and say what was deliberately untrue. Prisoner went to the Petty Sessions to defend the proceedings without having any intention of going into the witness box. The solicitor who appeared for applicant called the prisoner to give evidence in order to support his case, and the prisoner was then at once subjected to cross-examina- tion. No doubt in answer to some of the questions put to him prisoner overstepped the limit. But even so far as the evidence went on that occasion there was a good deal to be said for him. As a matter of fact, he did not intend to say what was untrue, and when in the box he made most damaging admissions against himself. Defendantsaid he had written letters; he said he had been in the girl's company, had spoken to her on occa- sions, and one could not help but think when reading the depositions that the govern- ing idea which the defendant had in his mind was that he had not been guilty of improper relations with her on some of the occasions to which the solicitor had referred, and he hoped that under these circumstances his Lordship would be ablero take a lenient view of the case. Counsel said prisoner was a young man of excellent character, and if he was sent to prison he would be in this difficulty—that he would have the order to pay 3s per week towards the maintenance of the child hanging over his head, and of course he would be unable to earn anything to pay the money. When he came out of prison all the arrears under the order would be against him, which might lead to subsequent imprisonment. Mr David Rhys (instructed by Mr D. Wat- kins, Lampeter) appeared for the prosecution. His Lordship, addressing prisoner, said You have pleaded guilty to perjury, and that is a very serious crime. I have listened to what your learned counsel has said on your behalf, and I am impressed with the idea that there are in this case mitigating circumstances. You v ere, so to speak, taken unawares in going into the witness box, and you were there subjected to the cross-examination, and while no doubt in the course of the cross-examina- tion you permitted yourself to say things upon oath which you must have known were un- true and which were very properly discredited, yet the case differs from other cases in which a man deliberately, designedly, and of afore- thought determines to mislead the Court by giving false evidence. Proceeding, his Lordship said On the whole I have come to the conclusion that justice in your case will be satisfied bv not sending you to prison. Under these circumstances I am willing that you are to be bound over in your own recognisances in-a sum of jE50 to come up for judgment when called upon. Defendant immediately entered into the agreement. This concluded the business of the Assize. High Sheriff's Hospitality. The High Sheriff (Sir Edward Webley Parry Pryse, wearing the uniform of a captain of the 41st Welsh Regiment, with the Egyptian star and medal and the South African medal) en- tertained a large company to luncheon at the Black Lion Hotel. The company included Colonel H. Davies-Evans, Highmead (Lord Lieutenant of the county), Major Pryce Lewes, Tyglyn-ar-Aeron Sir Marteine Lloyd, Bart. Bronwydd Colonel Newland, Dolhaidd Mr Charles Lloyd, Waunfor Colonel Howell, Partgwyn Mr D.. C. Roberts, Aberystwyth (ex-sheriff), Mr G. Rice Pryse, Peithydd Mr W. Inglis-Jones, Derry Ormond Canon Camber Williams, the Hon. Stephen Coleridge. The Lord Lieutenant (Col. Davies Evans) proposed the Health of the High Sheriff." and said that he had set a good example to his countrymen by doing his duty for his country in the foreign parts to which the medals he wore bore such eloquent testi- mony, and following on those duties he had set them the example of doing his duty to their county. Sir Edward had always taken a keen interest in the social and other duties of the county, and in wishing him long life he hoped he would be spared to fulfil the high position he held in the county, apart from that of the high sheriff. The toast was drank with enthusiasm. The High Sheriff, in reply, said it was a very great honour to be the King's representa- tive in Cardiganshire, and because he was the representative of a monarch who was so uni- versally beloved he felt the onerous duties all the harder to bear.
CEREBRO-SPINAL MENINGITIS. A Case in Llanarthney Parish. At a meeting of the Carmarthen Rural District Council on Saturday, Mr J. S. Wil- liams, Trelech, the chairman, presiding, the Medical Officer (Dr. Bowen Jones, The Friary, Carmarthen) reported a fatal case of cerebro- spinal meningitis in the parish of Llanarthney, the only case on record in his district. A letter was read from the Carmarthenshire County Council, who asked if any steps had been taken in regard to the drainage of Corran Brook, Laugharne, about which there had been so much correspondence. It was reported by the surveyor that diggings were taking place with a view to testing the line of route of the pipes, and it was decided to convene a committee meeting to thoroughly consider the scheme.
MONTH OF SUNSHINE. The months of May in the past two years are remembered only with regret as times of cold and rain. But the May which closed on Sunday has been the brightest month of the past 12. Up to Saturday 180 hours of bright sunshine had been enjoyed since May 1st. This is particularly generous dealing, for the weather records of the past 25 years show that the average amount of sunshine during May was 167 or thereabouts. One of the best merry months remem- bered was that of 1905, when there were no fewer than 237 hours of sunshine—72 above the normal. Temperature rose above 78 degrees, while the total rainfall was only 1*10 in.
BATHING FATALITIES. Nicholas Charnley (19), residing at Galgate, Lancaster, was drowned on Sunday while bathing in the river Lune. Lieutenant Waller, Connaught Rangers, was drowned on Saturday morning while bathing at Luska Bay, Lough Derq. The lieutenant had previously dislocated his knee, and it is surmised it went wrong again while swimming.
The usefulness of local applications of hot wlitèr is well known. The general hot douche is a remarkable means to bring blood to the sur- face of the body, to accelerate the circulation, &c. Nothing is more cleansing than the moist vapour bath. since it cleans out the pores from within by the expelling force of hyper-secre- tion.—"New "iork Medical Journal."
I Chinese on British Ships LOCAL SEAMEN'S AGITATION. Calling in the Federation Ticket. MASS MEETINGS AT NEWPORT. At a mass meeting of seamen at Newport on Saturday Mr George Jackson, local secretary of the Sailors and Firemen's Union, said that the forward movement amongst the sailors of the Bristol Channel was making headway. The policy of the Shipping Federation was to import thousands of Chinamen to overstock the labour market, with the intention of re- ducing wages and avoiding responsibilities under the Workmen's Compensation Act. The large majority of sailors and firemen were now opposed to the Shippng Federation, as they believed it was degrading to be compelled to pass the medical examination before being allowed to obtain employment. Furthermore, the Shipping Federation ticket had a demoralising effect on seamen generally. Some of them had read the at- tack upon the character of British sea- men by Mr W. S. Raeburn, of the Shipping Federation, and he (the speaker) thought that until Mr Raeburn had made an apology and the abolition of the medical examination of seamen had been conceded they should refuse to go near the Federation office or accept a Federation ticket. (Cheers.) He asked all seamen to hand in their tickets, and added that already 132 tickets had been handed in to him to be dis- posed of as the majority of the men affected would decide. (Cheers.) They had had great doings at the Pier Head on the previous night. A big effort had been made to find men for the s.s. Wandby. After the men had been advised of the position at Newport they returned to Cardiff. A second crew was engaged, and it was alleged that they would come up the Channel bv tugboat and join the steamer at the Pier Head. In view of this a large crowd of seamen gathered at the Pier Head. There was an extra posse of police on duty, but they were not needed as the crew did not come by tug, and the steamer was obliged to leave the docks without a crew. (Applause.) He appealed to them to carry on this forward movement in a peaceful manner, and not to bring themselves within the scope of the law. Having condemned the attitude of those men who failed to join their ships after signing their agreements, he went on to say that the Board of Trade had not used powers vested in them in the 1906 Act to put an end to this serious evil. The following resolution was unanimously carried :— That this meeting of seamen of the port of Newport regret to observe that during the year 1907 nearly 14,000 sailors and firemen engaged at ports in the United Kingdom failed to join their ships after signing the agreement. We, the members of the National Sailors and Firemen's Union, are of opinion that such conduct on the part of certain seamen is calculated to bring discredit upop our class. We also regret to notice that the Board of Trade .have failed to avail themselves of the power; given to them under Section 65, Sub- sections 1—2 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1906, which provide for the suspension of the continuous discharge books of seamen who fail to join their vessels after signing the agree- ment. I" It is therefore resolved that Mr Havelock Wilson, M.P., be requested to urge upon the Board of Trade the necessity of directing the Advisory Committee to appoint a sub-com- mittee, with a view to all such cases of failures to join being remitted to a sub-committee of the Advisory Committee to consider whether or no the certificates of seamen who fail to join their ships should be suspended, and that before action is taken in this matter the Board of Trade should issue posters and handbills giving three months' warning to seamen that on and after a certain date every seaman who fails to join a vessel his continuous certificate of discharge will be suspended for a period according to the discretion of the sub-com- mittee of the Advisory Committee to the Board of Trade." Beckworkers and Seamen's Meeting. A large open-air meeting of seamen and dockworkers was held on Sunday morning at Cardiff-road corner, Mr J. Twomey presiding, supported by Messrs J. Henson, G. Jackson, C. Damm (of the Seamen's Union), Councillor Peter Wright and S. Fitzgerald (of the Ship- wrights' Society). The following resolution was moved by Mr Benson, and seconded by Mr S. Fitzgerald :— That this meeting of seamen and dock- workers protest against the introduction of Chinese and other cheap Asiatic labour into British ships, with the view of cutting down wages and evading the Merchant Shipping Act of 1906, and we call upon all seamen in the port to hand in their Federation tickets to the local secretary of the Seamen's Union, and to keep awav from the hbcklegdepots of the Shipping Federation, and object to pay for their berths, or to be compulsorily medically examined at such depots." Mr Henson (who is a member of the Local Marine Board and of the Advisory Committee to the Board of Trade) delivered a stirring address. In criticising Mr Raeburn's attack on white seamen, the speaker said Mr Raeburn stated that the Chinaman was a better man than the European or British sailor, as he was able td stand the heat in the stokehold in hot climates better than the Britisher or European. He (the speaker), as an old sailor himself, gave the lie direct to this statement, and in proof of this quoted from official Board of Trade returns, showing that deaths from boat stroke, heart failure, suicide, &c., were three times larger amongst Chinese seamen than amongst white seamen. He dealt with the danger to the safety of life at sea by carrying Chinese crews. The officers could not speak Chinese, and only the leading Chinaman on <feck and in the stokehold could speak English. If any. thing happened to these men, where was the safety of the ship ? The men in Barry were firmly against the liactics of the Shipping Federation in imposing the free labour ticket and medical examination of British and Euro pean seamen, while Chinamen were allowed employment in our ships without this imposi- tion. Councillor Wright said this was the thin end of the wedge towards employing Chinamen on shore, with the resultant Chinese colonies in our midst. Mr George Jackson, local secretary of the National Sailors and Firemen's Union, also addressed the meeting. The resolution was carried unanimously.
SWANSEA RAILWAYMEN. Address by Mr W. Hudson, M.P. At the Star Theatre, Swansea, on Sunday night, Mr Walter Hudson, M.P., addressed a meeting of railwaymen. Mr T. S. Payne, president of the Trades and Labour Council, presided. Mr Walter Hudson, M.P.. presented the disablement grant of JE20 to Mr George Lewis, and medallions to Messrs A. Davies, J. Thornhill and E. Collier, in recognition of ser- vices rendered to the socieiy. Mr G. Codd moved, and Mr' J. Griffin ascended, "That this meeting of railwaymen iully recognises the necessity of complete organisation for the betterment of their condi- tions of employment to be obtained through the new Conciliation Board, and earnestly urges all who are not Trade Unionists to enrol themselves under the banner at once. Further, it deplores the unconstitutional attitude of the Midland Railway Company in its action of dismissing employes elected to represent them upon the Conciliation Board of that company. Mr Hudson. M.P., speaking in support, said as soon as the railwaymen decided that they would be a power, and a power to be reckoned with, they would get the respect they could command. He was in favour of Conciliation Boards, but the present agreement was of a most cumbrous kind, and there was no doubt that some of ther opponents would take advantage of every opportunity that offered to circumvent them. He urged the railwaymen to be determined, having accepted the machin- ery, of using it for all it was worth. Referring to the Midland Railway Company, he asked if anyone thought any attempt to victimise the more stalwart representative men elected on the boards was going to bring advantage to the company or delay the progress, of organi- sation. For everyone cut down in the cause of progress, they might be sure two would rise up. It was a shame that such a thing could occur, but it was a shame that the rail- waymen of the country tolerated it. He wished the railway men to realise that now they had got a board to deal with hours and wages, so far from the need of organisation ceasing, it had become all the more necessary. It was for the railwaymen, and the public as well, to realise that a human being was some- thing more than a piece of machinery to raise dividends. The burden of increased work was so much more exhausting than it nsed to he that the only remedy was in a shorter day, and they must run up against every obstacle raised against it. As to wages, he maintained that the men must insist upon having what they earned, and not the miserable pittance the employers might choose to pay them, and then only would they remove themselves from the position of never being more than a fort- night removed from actual want. The motion was carried unanimously. In the evening a public meeting was held, over which Sir D. Brynmor Jones, M.P., pre- sided, the Rev. Dr. Jarvie being the principal speaker. On Sunday the Rev. Dr. Jarvie preached in the morning and evening, and in the afternoon the Rev. R. Thomas (New Siloh) conducted a Welsh service.
FIERCE DUILIN FIRE. A fire occurred early on Saturday in Dublin, the premises of Messrs Dockrell, oil and hard- ware merchants, being completely gutted. The firm is one of the largest in the city, and the damage is estimated at £ 50,000. Sloan's Hotel, adjoining, had a narrow escape, the guests making their way out in night attire, but the firemen succeeded in preventing the spread pf the flames to this building. The brigade cap- tain was injured during the operations, and several men had very narrow escapes.
ARTILLERY PARADE. Cardiff was invaded on Saturday by Artillery, whose mission, however, was purely peaceful and patriotic. It was with a view to stimulating recruiting for the 1st Welsh Brigade, R.F.A., that the 53rd Battery of the R.F.A stationed at New- port Barracks, and by permission of the War Office authorities, visited the City. The bat- tery with its four 18-pounder quick-firing guns, drawn by all black and well-matched horses, arrived a few minutes after noon, and pro- ceeded to the Drill Hall in Dumfrics-place. Here the horses were fed and watered, and officers and men entertained to lunch by the officers of the 1st Welsh Brigade. Major Rugge Price was in command of the visiting battery, and with him were Lieutenants Lemmon and Massy, and attached officers Cap- tain Digbv Williams and Captain Cullum, together with some 40 men. They were met at the Roath Power Station by Colonel J. J. David and Acting-adjutant Captain W. E. Jones, of the 1st Welsh Brigade. After men and horse3 had been refreshed the battery paraded the City, returning to Cathays Park to execute a few manoeuvres. They were accompanied by eight N.C.O.'s of the Is!. Welsh Brigade, who wore recruiting ribbons and used their powers of persuasion upon likely-looking young fellows to join the local brigade. Several hundreds of people visited Cathays Park to witness the manoeuvres. These con- sisted of unlimbering and bringing the guns into action. The first time there was a hitch through one of the horses getting over the traces, but on the second occasion the guns were brought into action in less than a minute from the word of command., The smartness of the troops and the rapidity of the (supposed) firing greatly impressed the- spectators, and the parade generally had a very good result, inasmuch as the temporary recruiting officers secured the names of a considerable number of young men for the 1st Welsh Brigade. It was, however, a pity that a timed programme of the events had not been published prior to Saturday. Had this been furnished to the Press, and had the parade through the city taken place after instead of during the dinner- hour, the probability is that the manoeuvres would have been witnessed by many thous- ands of people. However, good results are expected from the visit of the Newporters, and it is hoped that the 1st WTelsh Brigade will be brought to its full complement before going under canvas.
GLAMORGAN ARTILLERY. The New Commanding Officer. Major J. P. M'Gaul, whose appointment to the command of the Glamorgan Royal Horse Artillery, which has its headquarters at Port Talbot, has just been announced, has risen speedily, for he only joined the cyclist com- pany at Bridgend in 1891. He was gazetted second lieutenant in March, 1693, lieutenant in April, 1904, and captain on March, 18, 1906. He was instructor of musketry to the battalion from September 4, 1897, to September 4, 1901, and was acting adjutant from the 1st of June, 1900,to the 31st of December in the same year. He was attached for duty at the depot of the Welsh Regiment, Cardiff, from April, 1902, to Major J. P. M'GAUL, O.C. Glamorgan R.H.A. — —. March, 1904. Major M'Gaul has passed the school of instruction for the rank of field officer, qualified at a school of musketry, holds certificates on supply and transport duties from the Army Service Corps School, Alder- shot, and is, all round, a very capable officer. Major M'Gaul, who is recognised on all hands as a very capable officer, has acted as A.D.C. to three brigadiers in command of the Welsh Volunteer Infantry Brigade. Colonel J. Owen Quirk. C.B., D.S.O., Colonel (now General) A. W. Hill, C.B., and Colonel J. Rees Banfield, C.B. Major M'Gaul was in January, 1902, sent as musketry instructor to the East Yorkshire Regiment, who were doing their musketry course on Salisbury Plain.
YEOMANRY CAMPS. Glamorgans' Canteen Blown Down. Glorious weather again favoured the Glamor- gan Yeomanry camp at Margam on Saturday and Sunday. On Friday nigbt a strong gale sprang up, and one of the guide ropes in the canteen was broken, causing the structure to come down. Some of the support* fell across the piano in the canteen and badly damaged the instrument. There was no one in the canteen at the moment. On Saturday the whole of the squadrons left camp at 8.30, and had squadron drill on the Kenfig Sands, returning at midday. Lectures were given in the afternoon and rifle inspec- tions were made. A thunderstorm broke over the camp on Saturday night, accompanied by a heavy downpour of rain, but it did not last long and caused no damage or accident. On Sunday the combined squadrons at- tended Divine service at Margam Church, when the chaplain (the Rev. H. C. Davies, St. Hilary) officiated. Retirement of Colonel Wyndham-Quin. Colonel Wyndham-Quin retires from the command of the Glamorgan Yeomanry this year, and will be succeeded by Major C. Ven- ables Llewellyn, at present second in com- mand. Before the camp breaks up Colonel Quin will be presented by the non-commis- sioned officers and men with a token of their appreciation of his long and valued services. Information was received on Saturday that the inspection will take place on June 9th and 10th by Colonel Meyrick, commanding the South Wales Mounted Brigade. The Pembrokeshires. The Pembrokeshire Yeomanry have been favoured with splendid weather since their arrival in camp at Holloway, near Tenby, on Tuesday last. The first two days of the training were devoted to squadron drill, and on Friday an outpost and reconaissance scheme was carried out. On the same day the clothing and equipment of the regiment were valued by the Army Ordnance Corps, with a view to their being taken over by the County Association under the Territorial Act, the secretary of < hat body. Lieutenant Pugh, being present. On Saturday morning regi- mental drill was carried out on the sands he- low the Esplanade, at Tenby. Colonel Ivor Philipps, D.S.O., M.P., kindly permitted the band to play on the Esplanade while the driil was being carried out. In the afternoon the customary military sports were held in the camp field. Church parade took place on Sunday morning ott\the camp ground. Montgomeries at Builth Wells. The Montgomeries are still having beautiful weather for their encampment at Builth Wells. Saturday morning was occupied by drill on Rhwstyn Mountain, where the squadrons were inspected by Colonel Williams Wvnn, D.S.O. The first heats of the sports were brought off before a large crowd in the evening. The regiment attended Divine ser- vice at St. Mary's Church, Builth Wells, on Sunday morning, when the Rev. Howard L. Crosbie (vicar) preached.
1st WELSH FIELD COMPANY. Carmarthen Establishment Assured. There has been not a little doubt as to whether the engineer section of the 1st Welsh Field Company Royal Engineers could be established at Carmarthen. Great efforts were made by those interested, with the result that the requirements of the War Office have been met with, and the returns were sent up on Saturday to London. The captain is Mr Jack Francis, the field officer for South Wales being Major Nevill. Men are enlisting daily, and the requisite num- ber will be obtained very shortly.
BORN TIRED." A Risca Collier's Condition. Thts man, George West, collier, Ponty- waun, Risca, who is charged with neglecting his children," said Mr Lyndon Cooper to the Newport county magistrates on Saturday," will not work." He was strong and able, continued Mr Cooper, but as long as other people looked after his children heloafed about. When offered a job at Newbridge, he said he would not work at. such a place. He added that he could live without work, and that only fools and horses did any work. He was really lazy. Inspector Sparks, N.S.P.C.C., said that if it had not been for relatives and friends the children would have suffered considerably. Defendant and his familv lived in his mother's house, and the parish reiief granted to his mother, was spent on defendant's family. David West, defendant's brother, said there was plenty of work in the valleys. He (defen- dant) had never done much work, and had a, cheap shelter in his another's house. Why doesn't he work i" asked the magis- trates' clerk. Witness Oh, he is one of the born-tired lot. P.C. Powell s4id he had known defendant for I two and a half years. He had worked about six months in that time. When spoken to about I his family, he said he would not sup ort them as long as he could get other people to do it. The case was adjourned for a month, Colonel Wallis (chairman) saying, You had better get ♦o work."
CARDIFF, Injured Asylum Patient. The Workhouse Visiting Committee reported to the Cardiff Guardians on Saturday that a letter had been received from Dr. Goodall, medi- cal superintendent of the Whitchurch Mental Hospital, stating that a patient had been re- ceived from the Cardiff Workhouse suffering from a fractured rib, and that no report was given informing him of this, although the patient was, he admitted, properly bandaged for the injury. Mr Pritchard, who removed the man, stated that as a rule he gave such information, but apparently it was not desired at the Whit- church institution, and therefore he did not tender it, especially as the man was obviously bandaged for such a fracture. The committee recommended that the assis- tant medical officer give"with each lunatic sent to an asylum a copy of the entry in the work- house lunatic register regarding his examina- tion of the patient, this to be subject to the approval of the Lunacy Commissioners. Mr L. Llewellyn moved the deletion of the recommendation on the ground that it was a reflection on Mr Pritchard. Mr J. Enoch seconded. Councillor Good was of opinion that the case was a reflection not upon the board's officers, but upon Dr. Goodall and staff. Not only had the duty of inquiry about the patient been neglected, but information had been almost refused. The Rev. D. Davies spoke against the amendment on the ground that the recommen- dation was an improvement in procedure. There was not the slightest reflection upon Mr Pritchard. This opinion was held by the board, the amendment being lost. The recommendation will therefore be carried out. Other Business. It was decided to obtain an estimate of the cost of two huts to be erected at the Ely Workhouse for the treatment of consumptive patients. Alderman F. J. Beavan said that there were now 28 patients suffering from phthisis, and he estimated the cost of the experiment at from JE70 to JE80. Mr J. J. Ames observed that it would be nearer £200. The National Deposit Friendly Society ap- plied to the Guardians for the use of the Queen-street Chambers to hold their monthly meetings. Mr Gilbert said that the Local Government Board had sanctioned the arrangements, the object of which was to pre- vent societies being obliged to hold their meet- in public-houses. He moved that the request be granted. Mr A.. J. Harris (clerk) pointed out that the offices were rented and not the property of the Board. There might, there- fore, be a difficulty with the landlord. Major General Lee said that if the con- cession was granted to one Society it would have to be made to all. It was the thin end of the wedge. Mr R. Suther- land secondfd the motion and further dis- cussion as to terms followed, it. being ultimately decided to refer the matter to the, Finance Committee for full consideration. The Board had asked the Ix)cal Govern- ment Board to consent to, making the appointments of the medical officers for the Grangetown, South, Central, and Cathays districts annual ones. At Saturday's meet- ing a letter was received from the L.G.B. declining to permit this rearrangement on the ground that it was contrary to the terms of the Order of 1857, and the Authority saw no reason for departure from this regulation. On the motion of Mr R. Sutherland, seconded by Mr J. J. Ames, the Board cordially welcomed Mrs Sankey back after her absence through illness. The Chairman .J.-the Rev. Canon Buckley) expressed his gratififcation at Mrs Sankey's return.
MERTHYR. Surcharged Officials. The Clerk reported to theMerthyr Guardians on Saturday that Mr Propert, Local Govern- ment Board auditor, had now closed the audit of the Union accounts for the half-year ended Michaelmas. 1907. The auditor had expressed himself satisfied with the way in which the books had been kept, but he had surcharged three of the relieving officers to the amount of £ 38 14s. The auditor had not yet written his reasons, so that he was unable to bring the matter before the board with a view to ap- peal. The Board interviewed candidates for the appointment of master and matron for the Workhouse. Mr and Mrs Wm. Davies, 'master and matron of Carmar- then Workhouse, received fire votes Mr and Mrs Henry Evans, master and matron Newcastle Emlyn Workhouse, seven votes; and Mr and Mrs D. J. Wiliams, master and matron of Bridgend Workhouse, 34 votes. Mr and Mrs Williams were unanimously appointed. The Clerk presented a return showing that during the past 12 months 494 paupers of 70 years of age and upwards had received out-relief at a cost of £5,600, and that 101 paupers of 70 and upwards had received indoor-relief at a cost of £1,575. The return was presented on the request of Mr J. Prowle, who now moved :—" That this Board, views with regret the proposal of the Government to exclude from the benefit of the old age pension fund persons at present in the receipt of poor law relief, and urges the Gov- ernment to extend their scheme so as to in- clude such persons." The Rev .LI M. Williams, rector of Dowlais, seconded the resolution, which was carried. The House Management Committee reported having received a letter from Mr J ohn Owen alleging disrespect in the way deceased paupers were conveyed to Cefn Cemetery for burial. The letter was a lowed to lie on the table.,
PEMBROKESHIRE SHOW ENTRY. A Resolution of Restriction Criticised. A special meeting of the Pembrokeshire Agricultural Society was held on Saturday afternoon to consider a resolution passed at the annual meeting restricting the exhibits to the county of Pembroke. The Chairman (Mr A. W. Massy) now stated that by the rules of the society all members were entitled to twelve months' notice that they could not exhibit, so that the resolution of exclusion could not become operative this year. Alderman T. Rule Owen said that had he been present at the annual meeting he should strongly have opposed the resolution restricting the show to Pembrokeshire. His own experience of agricultural societies was that the first symp- toms of decay manifested themselves when the show was confined exclusively to their own county, and to prevent any step in a down- ward direction he moved that notice be given of the restriction that day five years. Colonel Lloyd (Treffgarne) seconded. The Chairman said that would not be in accordance with the rules, and on his suggestion it was decided that notice be sent to all members not resident in the county that they would not be eligible to compete at next year's show unless the resolution referred to is rescinded in the meanwhile. The general opinion was strongly in favour of rescinding the resolution, but this can only be done at the annual meeting.
CARDIFF CHAUFFEUR FINED. Exceeding the Speed Limit. At Raglan Police Court on Saturday Edward Matther Saul,chauneur in the employ of the Cardiff Automobile Co., Charles-street, Cardiff, was summoned for driving a motor car at a speed dangerous to the public at Raglan on May 2pd. There was a further summons of exceeding the speed limit. Mr F. C. Shackel. solicitor, Cardiff, defended. P.S. Jones, Raglan, said the car came into the village at a very fast speed, and covered a distance of 350 yards in 29 seconds. This worked out at over 24 miles an hour. There were vehicles on the road, and cyclists and pedestrians. Mr Shackel: And were there birds on the trees ? (Laughter.)—Witness I did not look so high. —P.C. Jones gave corroborative evidence, and John Lloyd, a waggoner, said he certainly thought the car was going at a dangerous speed.—Defendant denied that he was exceed- ing the speed limit. He had a clean record as a chauffeur, and knew that he must drive carefully through Raglan.—The Chairman (Sir John Seale) said they would impose a fine of £2 and costs tor exceeding the speed limit.
A LLANDRINDOD WAITRESS. Miscellaneous Theft Charge List. At a special Police Court at Penybont, Radnorshire, on Saturday, Elizabeth Work- man, formerly waitress at the Bridge Hotel, Llandrindod Wells, was brought up in custody charged with stealing the following articles, the property of her former employers :—1 toast rack, 18 prongs. 3 table spoons, 8 dc-spert spoons, 1 pair sugar tongs. 2 egg spoons, 5 salt spoons, 1 sugar sifter, 3 pepper pots, 2 white plates, 3 tea plates, 1 china. milk jug, 3 cups and saucers, 25 servi- ettes, 5 table clothes, 3 sheets, 1 pillow slip, 16 towels. The total value was put at £8. The charge was admitted, and the prisoner was committed to take her trial at the forth- coming Radnorshire Assizes. Bail was offered, but no one came forward as surety.
MR WINSTON CHURCHILL AND MR McKENNA. To Speak at Pontypool. The Pregressives of North Monmouthshire are preparing for a huge demonstration in favour of the Licensing Bill, to be held at the Market Hall, Pontypool, on Thursday even- ing, July 9th. The speakers will be IVfr Winston Churchill, M.P" President of the Board of Trade, and Mr R. McKenna, M.P., First Lord of the Admiralty. Advantage will be taken of the occasion to present Mr McKenna with a wedding subscribed for by the electors of his constituency.
On Friday evening, as Mr F. Gardner, of Neath-road, Landore, was cycling from Llan- samlet towards Morriston, he had to turn his bicycle to avpid a child' who was playing on the road. In doing so he fell off his machine ,in front of a waggon, the wheel of which Dassed over his right leg, breaking it.
TALKS ON HEALTH. By DR. ANDREW WILSON. Sleeplessness. The subject of sleeplessness is one constantly recurring in the social history of many indi- viduals. Of late days, I have received no fewer than five inquiries from readers for some infor- mation regarding the cure of this ailment. There can be little doubt that the person who suffers from inability to procure his natural rest represents a case which is well calculated to excite a full measure of our sympathy. Not merely is he restless and disturbed during the watches of the night, but the morning finds him wearied and fagged, and presenting a state of bodily and physical collapse such as highly unfits him for the proper discharge of his work. Yet another feature in this distressing malady has to be considered in respect of the fact that as time passes it tends to become more and more a settled habit of the patient's constitu- tion. One of my correspondents remarks that he has not known for the last four or five years what it was to enjoy a sound night's rest. Another remarks that his rest is taken out in short instalments of sleep with long intervals of wakefulness. In order the more clearly to understand the position of such unfortunate persons, we have to take into account the fact that natural sleep represents a very dis- tinct bodily habit. It arises from the fag or wearying out of the brain cells exhausted bv the labours of the day, and sleep is demanded as an essential feature in the renewal of their activity. The effect of sleeplessness,"< how- ever, reach further afield than the brain itself. The general want of tone and energy produced by this complaint makes itself felt on every organ of the body. The sleepless man will therefore be found generally to suffer from digestive ailments in addition to his brain fag, and a disturbance of the heart's action is also a not uncommon feature asso- ciated with the want of repose. Some Causes. I have said that sleep represents a natural habit of the body. Opposed to this fact we have to take into account another important point, namely, that sleeplessness itself re- presents an unnatural habit. In other words, the habit of sleep has been replaced by a habit of wakefulness, and if we realise. the importance of this remark, we are able to ob- serve that the true cure of sleeplessness must consist .in the gradual replacement of the sleepless habit by that of natural repose. This is, of course, very frequently a difficult task to accomplish. Yet, with care and per- severance, much may be done in the way óf cure of even inveterate and long-standing cases of insomnia, 'this 'last being the tech- nical name for sleeplessness. Amongst others we have to take info account the state of the health of the person, for insomnia is fre- quently found to accompany a low state of health. Sleeplessness is itself a frequent symptom or accompaniment of most diseases, and the restless state of a fever patient is sufficient of itself to illustrate this last re- mark. Again, there are many habits which are to be blamed for the production of sleep- lessness. A heavy supper entailing a loaded stomach, and representing indigestible foods taken at an improper hour, in its turn brings before us vividly the cause of disturbed rest. It is hardly necessary to refe also to brain worries, arising from circumstances of life, unconnected with our daily existence, aijd with our business, such as are impossible to be avoidecUin very many cases. Occasionally also, the habit of sleeplessness appears to be developed without any adequate cause being apparent to account for its onset, these last being the cases probably most difficult to cure. Finally, there are brain troubles of varying degrees of severity and gravity, in which sleeplessness is a prominent feature. Treatment. ( In respect, of the treatment of sleeplessness we have to keep in mind one important fact, namely, that whilst it may be necessary to use drugs, we should clearly understand that in no sense is any medicine to be taken con tinuously to produce sleep, its trne purpose being to stimulate the beginning and encour agement of the sleep habit. The state of anj person who has to rely for long periods on drugs by way of inducing rest may be described as an existence of the most miserable kind. The practice of drug-taking is one which in time defeats its own ends, seeing that the dose of any sleep-producing drug which may at first induce rest, requires to be increased as time passes, until very large doses are taken with disastrous effects to the general health at large. Simple measures should certainly he given a fair trial first of all. A little light sup- per may be taken an hour before rest, for the reason that many persons do not sleep well on an empty stomach. Next in order, a walk in the open air should be tried before bedtime. One physician commends very highly the tak- ing of onions at supper as a cure for sleepless- ness, the onions being stewed or boiled. Occasionally, in the case of old persons, a little spirits and hot water, taken the last thing at night, will induce sleep, and as a med'ia* use of alcohol, in some cases a little stout, taken at night, has had a desirable effect. About Drugs. Note also that a tepid or warm bath taken at bedtime has asoothing influence,and an old- fashioned remedy, that of sleeping on a pillow stuffed with hops, has its warm advocates although, to my mind, such a cure, if cure indeed it may be called,is rather to be regarded as depending more on the imagination than on definite physical effects. With respect to drugs which are used to promote sleep, one of the safest is bromide of potash. This should be be taken on an empty stomach, at bedtime, dissolved in a little water in a dose varying from 15 to 20 or 25 grains. In practice it may be well to commence with the smaller dose and to increase it to the larger amount if necessary. If this remedy fails after a fair trial of, say, 4 to 5 days, it should be renounced. The sleep- producing remedies prescribed by physicians, are extremely numerous. Veronal, given in a dose of 5 to 7 grains, or one or two tabloids, tends in some cases to commence the sleep habit. A safe draught has also been used con- sisting of one drachm of paraldehyde; half a drachm syrup of orange-peel extract of liquorice root, twenty drops and distilled water two ounces. This draught should,be taken at bedtime on an empty stomach. In all cases, if. after a few days' trial, any remedy is found insufficient, a medical man should bo consulted. Subsidiary conditions favouring the sleep habit are also important. Thus the person should go to rest in a room darkened and quiet. In the winter the bed should be warm, and if cold feet be suffered from, sleeping sacks should be worn. Removal of Hairs. Two inquiries have reached me regarding the removal of superfluous hairs. It may be said that the only effective mode of removing hair is by means of electricity. This method, however, can only be applied by an expert. It is not capable of removing fine downy hairs, but only large and coarse hairs, and each hair has to be separately removed. The operation is somewhat expensive, and only a few hairs can be removed at a sitting. All other means for destroying superfluous hairs are useless, in respect that the hairs will grow again. I should like to give a warning against the use of many substances used for the fpurpose of removing hairs, inasmuch as their frequent use tends to produce inflammation of the skin.
ROYAL WELSH LADIES' CHOIR. Sacred Concert at Cardiff. In aid of the Sir William Crossman Fund Madame Hughes-Thomas's Ladies' Choir gave a sacred concert at the Empire, Cardiff, on Sunday night. The choir is the identical one which leaves for an important American tour in August, and a large number took advant- age of this opportunity to hear the famous Welsh combination. The programme was A choice one. Miss Marianne Squire, whose superb voice is in itself sufficient to dis- tinguish the coming tour, was at her best, and. with some of the other soloists had to respond to encores. The choir rendered several choruses, opening with Jesus Lover of My Sou! (Prothero) in Welsh. Mr Dewi Michael and Mr Dan Jones were specially engaged for the occasion, and they did full justice to their parts, Mr Dan Jones especially distinguishing himself in his notable rendering of There is a green hill." Miss Nolcine and Miss Marion Lewis gave solos, the latter's singing of "Nearer my God to Thee" being highly appreciated. The trio Duw bydd Drugarog" (Parry), undertaken by Madame May Jones and Messrs Michael and Jones, was the most striking item of the evening, Madame Jones' fine voice being heard in this to advan- tage while the quartette. by Parry also, on Ceiriog's immortal words, "Ti wyddost beth ddywed fy nghalon," was sung by Messrs, Michael and Jones, Miss Bessie Lewis, and another lady with great effect. Miss Maud Parsons, who took part in another quartette and a duet, was as fresh and striking as eTCr. The accompanist was Miss Mayme Davies, and Madame Hughes-Thomas herself conducted, and also accompanied the solos. Alderman John Jenkins, M.P., presided and paid high tribute to Madame Hughes-Thomas's public- spirited work..
MINES RESCUE WORK. Swansea Coalowners' Decision. After a meeting of the Swansea District Board of the Monmouth and South Wales Coalowners Association, held at the Hotel Metropole, Swansea, on Saturday, Major Gray presiding, when routine business was trans- acted, a general meeting wTas held of all owners—associated and non-associated—in the Western coalfield for the purpose of consider- ing the desirability of forming rescue stations for accidents in mines in the Swansea district. Those present expressed their approval of the proposal to erect at Swansea a central station for the training of men in rescue work in mines, and a strong committee was formed, consisting of the principal colliery owners, for the purpose of realising the idea.
All day Saturday search was continued for little Kate Davies, of Malephant-street, Swan- sea, who had been missing since Thursday!, when she was seen on the canal bank. The canal was emptied, and eventually, at 8 o'clock in the evening, the body was found in a sluice*