Nodion a Newyddion. ( I Yr oedd y diweddar Mr. J. M. Jones, Hirwain, heblaw bod yn fasnachwr llwyddianus, yn llenor a bardd o gryn deilyngdod, ac hefyd yn Ysgrythyrwr cadarn a goleuedig. Brodor ydoedd o gymydogaeth y Tumble, yn Swydd Myrddin. Talwyd gwarogaeth uchel iddo ddydd ei arwyl, ac yn ddilynol o bwlpud Mount Pleasant, Hirwain, gan ei weinidog, y Parch. M. P. Moses. Er gwaethaf blinfyd rhyfel deil y "Geninen i dyfu. Mae ceninen Ebrill yn werdd ac iraidd. Erthygl o ddydd- ordeb arbenig i bobl Aberdar yw eiddo y Parch. Silyn Evans ar Dr. John Thomas, Lerpwl, traethiad ar un o feistriaid y gynulleidfa gan feistr arall. Darllenadwy a gwersfawr ydyw can Derwenog, "A glywsoch chwi'r new- ydd?" Nid oes lithxicach na naturiolach. I awen nag eiddo y bardd o Lanerfyl. Gwyr Cymrodorion Aberdar fod Mr. W. Bryn Davies, o'r Barri, yn awdurdod ar dafodiaith gwahanol barthau o Gymru. Yn y rhifyn hwn ysgrifena yn hapus neillduol yn iaith lafar Bro Morganwg ar "Y Stiwdant." Gellid tybied fod y gymanfa ganu mor boblogaidd ag erioed yn ein plith, yn enwedig yn Nyffryn Aberdar. Dyddorol fyddai gwybod faint o'r cyf- ryw gymanfaoedd a gynhaliwyd yn y cwm cerddgar hwn yn ystod y ddeuns ddiweddaf. Merch Cymru a chwaer ieuangach y gymanfa bregethu yw y gymanfa ganu. Dywedir mai yn Aberdar y'i ganed, ac yn ol pob tebyg yma y bydd farw, os oes tranc yn ei haros cyn y dydd pan y plygir y ddaear i fyny fel dilledyn. 0 herwydd prinder papyr bydd raid I cyfyngu congl y beirdd yn y "Xeader" o hyn allan. Am hyny da fyddai i'r beirdd gwtogi eu hedyn ar fyr. Apeliwn yn arbenig at y galarnadwyr, y llon- gyfarchwyr a'r rhai y mae en cynyrch bob amser yn "Gyflwynedig* i rywun neu gilydd i fod mor fyrwyntog ag y medront. Os na wna ein poetau lyffetheirio yr awen bydd raid iddynt dalu am adael iddi fathru y borfa gyfyng. Mewn geiriau ereill bydd raid codi tal am gynyrchion hirion.
COOD TEMPLARY IN NORTH CLAMORCAN. The District Meeting of the above was held at Nebo Chapel, Hirwam, on Monday night, under the presidency of Bro. Leonard Cooke, D.C.T. and G. Chap. Representatives attended from Aberdare, Cwmdare, and Hirwain, etc. The D.C.T. introduced Bro. J. T. Pick- ford, Grand Chief Templar, of Pen- arth, and vacated the chair. The G.C.T. briefly responded and continued I the business. The D.C.T. in his report alluded to the dark war cloud that was over us and our duty as Good Templars in the crisis. Passing reference was I made to deceased members and an ap- I peal was made for continued urgent effort.-Bro. Ledger Mason (Hirwain) I and Sister M. Jones moved and second- ed the adoption of the report, which was supported by Bro. Coun. Ed. Evans (Cwmdare) and George Parr (Aber- dare).—Bro. Daniel James paid a tri- bute to the late Bro. David Edwards, Cwmdare. Although dead his life and character still spoke eloquently at Cwm- dare.-Bro. Morgan Parr paid a tribute to the memory of the late Sister Agnes Pugh, Mountain Ash, whose tragically sudden death was reported in the "Leader" last week, alluding to her long, persistent and praiseworthy labour of love for the Order.—Bro. Co. Richard Evans gave an excellent paper on The Possibilities of Good Tem- plarv." We must not lower our ideals, said he, but continue holding up the banner of total abstinence for the in- dividual and prohibition for the State. -During; the discussion which followed Bros. Rev. Wern Williams. Emrys Jones, George Parr, O. T. Perkins, Ledger Mason and Sister M. Jones took part.—Sister Miss Jones ably presided at the piano.
ABERCWMBOI JOTTINCS. I BY PASSEE-BY. The Cinderella Dance at the Hall was a great success the other night. But fancy lanto getting sea sick! Hard luck. Almost all the speakers at the open- ing of the new premises of the Co-op. referred to the Garden. City. It may be news, even to our residents, to know that 134 houses in the city are already tenanted, 140 rented, and 32 more in course of erection; total, 172, with lots more to follow. One speaker almost condemned us for changing the village's name from "Cap Coch, as it sounded so much like "Co-op," he thought. Two citizens left the village last week to take their part in the world struggle in the persons of Messrs. J. I Eiddig Davies, school teacher and choir conductor, and Edward W. Thomas, another school teacher, who has done good work for our Hall and Library. Mr. Thomas was the secretary of the Games Committee. The two attested under the Derby Scheme, but as they had a fancy to the R.G.A. they enlisted prior to being called up. On Thursday last they went to Gosport, but have been drafted since to Weymouth. Mr. David W. James, son of Mr. David James, is home from West Africa on a short visit. He looks well. Private Arthur Williams, R.E., has been home from the firing line. staying with his brother, Mr. Edward Williams, 85 Jenkin Street.—Private Daniel James, who has been a year and eight months in France, is staying at 81 Park View Terrace with his brother, Mr. James James. Both are in the best of form. Private James, who is with the 1st Dorsets, has seen some of the severest battles from Mons on. Previous to enlistment he was at sea, and as soon as his ship arrived at Port Talbot in August, 1914, he joined the colours. The present was his first furlough.
BETHANY'S NEW PASTOR. i Mr. David Smith, of Bala-Bangor College, has accepted a unanimous call to the pastorate of Bethany English Congregational Church, Godreaman. He is a brilliant preacher, being a j fluent speaker in both Welsh and English. He is a native of Llanelly.
"Phat's that ye're givin' me ter drink," asked Pat. "Water to revive you," replied the doctor. "Givin' me wather after falling six stories," said Pat in disgust. "In Hivin's name how far would I have ter fall ter git a drink of whiskey?"
MOUNTAIN ASH EDUCATION COMMITTEE. The fortnightly meeting of the above was held on Tuesday, May 16th. Committee's Secret Sitting. A Member's Fear of Public Pressure. The first matter brought forward was a letter received from Mr. W. L. Her- bert, Mountain Ash, on behalf of the Mountain Ash Free Church Council. The writer asked the committee to re- ceive a deputation, who wished to sub- mit a resolution carried by the churches last Sunday by overwhelming majori- ties, requesting the committee to allo-v Mr. J. J. Beckerlegge to resume his duties as teacher under the authority. There was an item on the agenda as follows: "To consider Mr. Becker- legge's case, provided a reply has been received from the Board of Education," and a member asked whether both matters could be dealt with together. Mr. Thomas Jones What is our posi- tion? Is there a reply to band from the Board of Education? Mr. Bruce Jones: I think we better consider this matter in private, and re- solve ourselves into committee. As you are aware, the Press at our last meet- ing were asked to keep the report of this matter out of the papers. Thev did not accede to our request, so the only thing we can do in future is to re- solve ourselves into committee. Mr. Noah Bowles said that that was what they ought to have done at the last meeting. Now the whole matter had been discussed publicly, and a good deal of public interest had been aroused in the place. Therefore it seemed to hita that the proper course to adopt was to discuss this question openly, so that that public interest might be satisfied. Mr. Bruce Jones did not agree with that point of view. The members ought to do their duty and not be influ- enced by outsiders in any shape or form. When matters of this kind went out, public pressure was brought to bear on members, and they were not able to go the way they should. Mr. Noah Bowles: That won't appiy to me. I. shall do my duty whatever the public pressure is. Mr. Bruce Jones moved that the question be considered in committee. Mr. W. Lamburn seconded. Mr. Noah Bowles moved an amend- ment—that the matter be dealt with in the presence of the Press.—Rev. Geo. Neighbour seconded. For privacy: Mrs. Williams, IVIessrs. W. Lamburn, James Evans, D. Rogers, T. W. Jones, Bruce Jones, Thomas Jones, and the chairman—8.—For pub- lic discussion: Messrs W. Davies, G. H. Hall, Noah Bowles and Geo. Neigh- bour—4. —The Press representatives thereupon retired and did not return. The deputation, consisting of Rev. E. Burges, Messrs. W. L. Herbert, Thomas Netherwav and David Davies. subsequently attended and were re- ceived by the committee. Copies bf the resolution above referred to were sent by the F.C.C. to the various churches, and a vote took place, and, as stated, it was carried by oveVwhelming majorities.
LOCAL MEMS. BY MEMO. The Merthyr Board of Guardians held one of the shortest meetings on record last Saturday week. The whole pro- ceedings were over by 11.15 a.m. As a rule they last till 1, 2, or even 3 o'clock. Mr. T. T. Jenkins, as chairman for the ensuing year, started well. May he continue to dispatch the business with as little talk as possible. Perhaps he himself will talk less as chairman than as an ordinary member. Another effect of the war is seen in the further restriction of public-house hours. Who would have believed that, the Trade would have put up with such interference, and in districts which can- not be any approach to the designation of garrison towns. The miners are annoyed because the public-houses are closed when they leave work about 3 and 4 p.m. Some of them miss the customary pint with which they swill the coal dust down from their throats. Councillor Bruce Jones, Abercynon, I waxed exceedingly eloquent the other I day, when the Mountain Ash Council chairman and clerk were deputed to re- present the Council at some meetings I dealing with the earlier closing of pub- lic-houses. He was furious against cur- tailing the liberty of the subject, and supported the inalienable right of every man to enter public houses and drink whatever he likes. Moreover, he contended that fewer hours did not lessen the consumption of beer. His theory was that a person en- tering a public house would insist on I his 'Iowa nee whether the inn was open for one, two, or three hours. That is to say if the hours were reduced-as they have now been reduced-the con- sumer would gulp down a certain num- ber of pints in a short time, whereas he would take plenty of time, and consume no more, if the ordinary hours were in operation. That was the argument applied by the workmen's advocates when the Eight Hours' Bill was being promoted. It was stated that the colliers would pitch in and do their whack in eight I hours—and even more than they did in 9 hours. I wonder if Mr. Bruce Jones would endorse that argument, and whether he would say that the colliers I would still insist on performing their average day's work even if the hours I were further reduced from 8 to 5|. Mr. Griffith Evans, J.P., is once more in harness as chairman of a public body. ¡ Two years ago he had a very successful year as chairman of the Mountain Ash District Council., and at the end of his I term every member got up and paid a tribute to his tact and capacity m the chair. Now he is chairman of the I, Mountain Ash Education Committee. Mr. Evans lays no claim to being a i fluent speaker, and such men always make the most successful chairmen.
W. E. TUDOR j THE ONLY WELSH-AMERICAN HERBALIST IN THE ABERDARE VALLEY. May be Consulted Daily from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. URINE ANALYSED. NOTP ADDRESS: 49 JUBILEE ROAD, CODREAMAN, ABERDARE. ABERDARE RACES «E,;DvoV NEXT MONDAY, MAY 22nd, 1916. GRAND TROTTING, G ALLO W A Y AND WHIPPET RACES. ——— OVER 950 IN PRIZES. Gates Open 2.30 p.m. First Race 3.30 p.m. prompt, CLAMORGAN EDUCATION COMMITTEE. Aberdare Says9 County School. ADVANCED SURVEYING CLASSES (with practical demonstrations in actual surveys), Open to Aberdaio and Mountain Ash Students, Commencing Thursday, May 25th, at 6 p.m. TIMES (:1" MEETING Thursdays 6-8 p. UL Fridays. 6-8 p.m. Saturdays 5—7 p.m. (Until July 29th, 1916.) Teacher: WILLIAM DAVIES, CVmnrv Travelling Teacher. Registration Fee 2y6. (This will be Returned to Pupils as Prizes.) Attendance at First Lesson Advisable. For further p;i rticuk write tr— Mr. Wm. Davies, County Mining Teacher, Tudor Ten-ace, Aberdare, or to Mr. W. Rees Williams, B.Sc., Local Secretary, 6 Brynhyfryd, Aberdare. | 'Why I 4 'BURN' SUITS | p give satisfaction p BECAUSE, they fit well, look well, wear ^55 well and—are the finest value Suits that can possibly be bought. BURN" Suits are quite distinctive in quality, cut yfink and style—every "Burn-built" suit is carefully tailored by experts—and from the time the order f&S fXnt is given until it is completed, every care is taken £ SgSffX to ensure the customer's complete satisfaction. tpt j} 40 You can confidently place your order with Fred y Burn, Knowing that your instructions will be care- ? fully carried out—and that YOUR suit will be made to your individual requirements and will suit you a £ £ £ just perfectly. f Call and see our superb selection of materials | and—let us maKe you a smart, well-fitting suit for "WHITSUN." m m FRED BURN, W, j!ggj 57, Queen Street, 29, High Street, pp. CARDIFF. NEWPORT. ,XO<a- —-—— &; !?=-<—|]j ) !} IF YOU ARE THINKING I OF HAVINC A NICE CHARABANC TRIP 1 WRITE TO US. IF YOU ARE NOT THINKINC-START THINKINC RIGHT NOW Our Charabancs are the nicest in Wales. Phono 22. ¡ II Coughs Garage Co., Mountain Ash. i — r U '1 I BEVAN trS": FURNITURE at PRICES! I How is it Done P The Explanation is that immediately the War was declared we did not" wait and see" but forthwith entered into by far the largest contracts we have ever concluded during our sixty-six years record! The Goods were packed from floors to ceilings in the respective reserve warehouses in connection with our seven South Waks Branches, and the result is that whilst some Furnishers have been compelled to close establishments through inability to obtain supplies, we still hold a very large proportion of these Contract Goods, which we have decided to CLEAR AT PRe: W Af PRICES!! I Near Empire and 97 SAINT MARY STREET, CARDIFF, Terms Cash, or Generous Credit Arrangements! Delivery free up to 200 Miles from any Branch The Train Fare of Cash | Customers Paid! 71 TAFF STREET, I PONTYPRIDD, I SWANSEA, &c.|
ABERCYNON & YNYSYBWL MEN COURT-MARTIALLED AT CARDIFF. A court-martial was held at the Car-" diff Depot on Saturday to hear charges of wilfully disobeying the orders of their officers while on active service, against Gwilym Idris Smith, Percy James Ken- dall, Bethuel Wm. Morgan, Emrys Hughes and Idwal Williams. The president of the court was Major A. B. Mosley (Western Cavalry Depot), and sitting with him were Captain L. S. B. Tristram (Welsh Depot), and Capt. M. P. R. Oakes (Western Cavalry De- pot). The prosecutor was Captain J. W. J. Cremlyn (21st Welsh). Mr. Edward Roberts (Dowlais) defended. Replying to questions, Emrys Hughes and Williams said they did not admit they should be tried by military law at all, but apart from that they had no ob- jection to raise to the personnel of the court.—The President said he would make a note of the objection. The first case taken was that of Gwilym Idris Smith. The charges con- cerned the disobeying of orders given by superior officers on April 20th and 2oth. On the former occasion the al- legation was that he refused to strip for medical examination, and on the latter that he refused to sign his attestation form. The President: Do you plead guilty or not guilty on the first charge?— Guilty .as far as refusing to strip, but with reasons. The President: And on the second charge?—Yes, in like manner. Major A. R. Reade, recruiting officer, Cardiff, said on April 20th prisoner was brought under escort as an absen- tee. Witness ordered him to strip for medical inspection. He refused to do so and did not do so. Efforts were made by Major Lucas and Colonel Cox, president of the Medical Board, to persuade him, but unsuccessfully. By Mr. Roberts: Smith was perfectly courteous. Witness did not know that Smith had a certificate exempting him from combatant service. "That," added witness, would not exempt him from, medical examination." Sergeant-Major M. F. Ashton, Re- cruiting Staff, Cardiff, gave corrobor- ative evidence. He said that Smitti was brought from Abercynon. -When Major Reade gave the order to strip, prisoner replied, I refuse to do so." Prisoner was then taken downstairs and left for half-an-hour to think the matter over. At the end of that time Major Reade again saw him. Again he re- fused to strip and was then sent to bar- racks. On April 25th witness again saw prisoner at the recruiting office, whither he was taken under escort. He was ordered by Major Reade to go be- fore the Medical Board, but he refused. He also refused to sign his attestation papers. By Mr. Roberts: Witness did not use bad language to accused on his re- fusal to strip. He did not tell Smitii he'd like to cut his throat. There was no attempt in any way to intimidate the prisoner. Sergt. T. Hughes (Headquarters Re- cruiting Staff, Cardiff) gave corrobor- ative evidence of prisoner's refusal to sign the attestation papers. By Mr. R oberts Witness did not hear any bad language on that occasion. He had oc- casionally heard bad language at other times—barrack-room language. There was no attempt at bullying. Smith then gave evidence, after being sworn. He said that in civil life he was a schoolmaster. He was a conscien- tious objector, and applied to the local tribunal for total exemption from the provisions of the Military Service Act. The local tribunal granted him nothing, and he then appealed to the County Ap- peal Tribunal at Pontypridd. They granted him exemption from combat- ant service. At the recruiting office Major Lucas ordered him to strip for medical inspection. Mr Roberts Any bad language used r —Most decidedly. Was any threat made to you?—I was bullied by a man whose name I do not know. He said If there wag no one in this room, before God I'd tear you limb from limb." Witness said it was a private soldier in uniform who said this. Sergeant Major Ashton said that they were not men, and should be wearing petticoats. The President: Well, I think he was quite right. It is not bad language.— No, sir, but it is insulting. Witness added that since he had been at the barracks he had been treated with all civility.—When ordered by Major Lucas to sign te said, I cannot obey you, sir." The Major said, Why not- and witness replied, Because m this matter I obey a higher authority than you, sir."—In cross-examination witness admitted that he was ordered by an officer to strip, and he refused to obey the order. Did you recognise that the order was given by one in authority ?-I\Tot to me. Witness added that the doctor tried to persuade them that what they were asked to do was not a military com- mand. Major Reade gave him no order at all personally on any occasion. Wit- ness could identify the person who made use of the expression to him about tear- ing him limb from limb. His (wit- ness's) action in refusing to obey the orders was because of his conscience. Addressing the Court for the prose- cution, Captain Cremlyn urged that re- ligious grounds were no rea.son for dis- obeying orders given by a competent military authority.—For the defence Mr: Edward Roberts contended it was illegal to have placed the defendant in the Welsh Regiment when he had a cer- tificate for non-combatant service only. There had been no evidence that his regiment was on active service. In reply, Capt. Cremlyn pointed out that there was a lot of non-combatant work that could be done, such as road-mak- ing etc., in a regiment such as the Welsh. The finding of the Court will be pro- mulgated in due course.