Aberdare Tribunal. Wednesday's Proceedings. The following additional cases were disposed of on Wednesday night, June 28th, after the "Leader" went to Press. All these persons had previous- ly been granted total exemption, and the Tribunal were now revising their certificates. Fred Davies, 5 Seymour Street, slaughterman in employ of Messrs. R. H. Miles and Son. Previous certificate cancelled. Postponed 6 months. J. V. H. E. Burgess, Graig Street, Aberdare, hairdresser, employed by Mr J. Bishop. Certificate of exemption cancelled, and postponed one month. Allen S. Jones, Hawthorn Terrace, Aberdare, slaughterman employed by Messrs. Eastman. Certificate of ex- emption cancelled and postponed 2 months. R. M. Jenkins, Gloucester Street, Aberdare, slaughterman employed by Aberdare Co-op. Society. Certificate of exemption cancelled, no postponement. Sidney Higgs, Maindy Place, Aber- dare, slaughterman employed by Messrs R. H. Miles and Son. Previous exemp- tion certificate cancelled, no postpone- ment. Lewis Price, Pendarren Street, Aber- dare, slaughterman employed by Messrs Miles and Son, previous certificate can- celled, postponed 6 months. Walter Jones, Dean Street, Aber- dare, slaughterman employed by Mr. H. T. Morgan, previous certificate can- celled, postponed 6 months. Geo. A. Panniers, St. Joseph's Ter- race, Cwmaman, milk vendor. Certifi- cate of exemption cancelled, no post- ponement. Sidney Vaughan, Lewis Street, Aber- aman, slaughterman employed by Mr. John Morgan, butcher. Certificate of exemption cancelled. Postponed one month (final). Richard Griffiths, Ynyscynon Shop, Cwmbach, grocer. Previous certificate cancelled, postponed 2 months. Dd. L. Davies, Upper Regent Street, Aberdare, wheelwright employed by Messrs. Williams and Sons, coach- builders. Certificate cancelled. John Williams, 24 High Street, coach-builder. Certificate cancelled, postponed 6 months. Henry Wallace, Aberpennar Street, Mountain Ash, butcher salesman for Cwmbach Co-op. Society. Certificate cancelled, and postponed one month (final). Thomas Albert Francis, Merchant Street, Aberdare, slaughterman em- ployed by Mr. Evan Evans. Certificate cancelled postponed 6 months. Wm. H. Griffiths, Ynyslwyd Street, Aberdare, boot repairer and maker. Postponed 3 months.
Friday's Proceedings. On Friday evening. Councillor T. Walter Williams presided, and the fol- lowing members were present: Mrs. Davies, Councillors Geo. Powell, W. M. Llewelyn, Evan Jones, Joseph Martin, Wm. Lawrence, Wm. Rees, J.P., E. Stonelake, also Major F. N. Gray, J.P., and Sergt. Major Johns (military re- presentatives), Mr. W. R. Morgan (clerk) and Mr. Abraham Watkins (deputy clerk). Mr. E. Evans, saddler, Commercial Street, applied for one of his employees. Mr. Evans said that 7 of his men had already joined the Army, and the one he was now applying for was the only man of military age at present in his employ. Applicant put in several let- ters from colliery companies proving that he was doing urgent work for them.—Chairman (to Mr. Evans) Is he a good man at his trade? Mr. Evans: Yes, he was employed at the P.D. this week.—Mr. G. Powell: Oh yes, but the men employed at the P.D. are not all good men. (Laughter.)— Postponement was granted for 6 months. Henry Jones, employed by Mr. J. Scott, Canon Street. Mrs. Scott ap- peared, and said that her husband was still indisposed.—Postponed 2 months, Jones in the meantime to be -medically examined. The Aberdare Gas Co., per Mr. A. E. Davey, manager, applied for the ex- emption of H. H. Kenney, rental clerk, etc., in their employ. Kenney had passed Class C. 2. Mr. Davey said that at present there were only 3 clerks out of 7. There was one lady employed.— Mr. J. Martin was of opinion that more ladies ought to be introduced, and Mr. Davey replied that they required a good deal of training for the work. Post- ponement for 2 months was granted, and the manager was asked to employ more ladies so as to release some of the men clerks. Edmund R. Evans, solicitor. Aber- dare, had only passed Class C 3—se- dentary work. The military repre- sentatives said that men of that class were not wanted and postponement was granted for 6 months. Evan Thomas Jones, chemist appren- tice employed by Mr. 1. E. Thomas, Aberaman, and Dd. C. Anthony, chem- ist apprentice at Mr. Emrys Evans'. The employers applied for exemption, supported by the Insurance Commis- sioners.-6 months postponement in each case. Mr. W. E. Price, master baker, Aber- dare, applied for his haulier and baker, J. H. Roberts, Fforchaman Road, a single man 22 years of age. Three months had already been granted on a previous occasion. Mr. J. Martin pointed out to Mr. Price that this man was single, and the Tribunal were send- ing men who had 5, 6 or 7 children, into the Army.—Mr. Wm. Rees: The man can only join the Bantams. Mr. T. Walter Williams: Lord Roberts was only a bantam.—Mr. J. Martin: And this man bears the same name. He may prove another Lord Roberts. (Laugh- ter.)—Postponed one month (final). Oswald T. Davies, Cwmaman, assist- ant school-teacher, asked for postpone- ment to enable him to prepare for the London Matric. Examination next Jan. Applicant's uncle, a minister, appeared to support the appeal, and explained that the case was one of great hardship. Davies had been before the Medical Board and had passed Class 1.—It was pointed out that there was no provision at all in the regulations to enable the Tribunal to grant the request, therefore it was refused. t Mr. Chas. Kenshole arrived at this juncture from a meeting of the Red Cross Hospital Committee, and presid- ed for the remainder of the evening. Mr. Joshua Davies, butter merchant, Aberdare, applied for the exemption of David Davies, manager of his stores. Two months had already been granted. —Adjourned for medical examination. James Francis, Gloucester Street, carpenter, applied for by employers, D. Davies and Son, builders, Aberdare. Case adjourned. Mr. A. J. Paddock, plumber, Aber- dare, applied for a man employed by him. Applicant said he performed work for the Council and could not do all the work himself.—Case adjourned. E. Morris, grocer, Penrhiwceiber, re- presented by his son, applied for Evan I. Evans, Aberdare, an employee doing out-door work. The son said that they had four men in the business, viz., he and his brother and two assistants. — Evans had applied on personal grounds and had been refused.—The employer's application was referred to the Moun- tain Ash Tribunal.
Two Conscientious Objectors. Walter Williams, Herbert Street, Aberdare, postman, and Hugh Wil- liams, Aberaman, clerk at Aberaman Co-op. Stores, two young men, applied for exemption on conscientious grounds. The former wrote that he believed in the universal brotherhood of man, and it was against his moral convictions to take part in war. Hugh Williams said he was a member of a Christian Church and had been so for several years. He had endeavoured to carry out the teach- ings of Christ, and he objected to tak- ing part in military service and in the destruction of human life. Mr. Kenshole, before the applicants were called in, said that certain forms, containing a number of questions, had been sent down from London. These forms were to be handed to conscienr tious objectors, and he suggested that a copy each be given these two men, to be filled in and returned to the Tribunal by Monday, to be considered the same evening. Major Gray said that time should be given, after the forms had been re- turned, to ascertain the genuineness of the answers given. The Chairman replied that that would be arranged. Mr. T. Walter Williams I suppose we shall be able to ask supplementary questions. Mr. Stonelake said he had not seen the list of questions. The Chairman read the list, about a dozen. Mr. Geo. Powell observed that the questions usually put by Mr. Stonelake to conscientious objectors, were not there. Ir. Kenshole: He can put those as supplementary questions. (Laughter.) Mr. T. Walter Williams: I think we have been submitting all those ques- tions to the cases we have heard here. Mr. Geo. Powell: Yes, with slight variations. The two applicants were then called in, and were handed a copy each of the written questions.
Other Cases. E. G. Henton, architect, Aberdare, postponed 3 months, applicant to go be- fore the Medical Board in the mean- time. John Davies, car conductor, 18t years of age. It was pointed out to him that financially he would be equally well off in the Army.—Refused. Dd. Philip Williams, a student, son of Mr T. Williams, Park Inspector. Ap- plicant said he had passed Class 2, and a new circular issued by the Board of Education provided that full term students in Universities and Universi- ty Colleges were exempt if they had not passed in Class 1.—It was explained that the classifications of the Medical Board had been changed since May 31st, and Williams was asked to re-present himself for medical examination. John L. Evans, colliery clerk, Cwm- aman, applied on personal grounds. The Tribunal held that there was no finan- cial hardship and refused the applica- tion. Griffith J. Davies, grocer's assistant, employed at Peglers Stores. Applica- tion made by employers.
Monday's Proceedings. Mr. C. Kenshole presided. There were also present: Messrs. T. Walter Williams, vice-chairman; Evan Jones, W. Rees, J.P., J. Martin, G. Powell, with Major Gray and Sergt. Major Johns, military representatives, Messrs W. R. Morgan and A. Watkins, clerks. H. J. Skidmore (31), an employee of Mr. A. J. Paddock, plumber and gas- fitter, Aberdare, was granted two months to enable Mr. Paddock to find a substitute. Mr. F. W. Mander appeared on behalf of H. Trunkfield, manager of butchering department, and two hauliers, Edward Jones, Rose Row, Hirwain, and R. Hales. Trunkfield also appealed on personal grounds. He was granted 3 months exemption. The cases of both hauliers were adjourned for medical ex- amination. H. F. Baker, hairdresser, Fforch- aman Road, Cwmaman, 3 months. F. C. Smith, Billiard Saloons, Aber- aman and Cwmbach. Three months. William Husband (26), a Hirwain grocer, 3 months. Mr. J. Jackson (Worthington) ap- peared on behalf of Charles Baker (38), Dean Street, Aberdare, a beer tester. Three months. T. J. Price, Pleasant View, Godre- aman, manager of grocery business at Abercwmboi. 3 months. H. Harris, photographer, Aberdare, applied for exemption on business grounds. He said that his brother was not applying for exemption and was waiting to be called up.—Granted three months. i
Conscientious Objector's Objections. Hugh Williams., Clarence Terrace, I Aberaman, clerk in the employ of the i Cwmbach Co-op. Society, whose case was adjourned on Friday, now present- ed his answers to the questions put to j him. He objected to taking part in war because war was not in accordance with the teaching of Christ. He ob- jected to taking up arms whatever the circumstances. In reply to the ques- tion Are you prepared to join any branch of military service for the sav- ing of life? his answer was: "Nothing whatever under military control." Ap- plicant had been asked to give written evidence in support of his conscientious I objections, from persons of standing. Williams did not give any written evi- dence, but referred the Tribunal to the Rev. H. P. Jenkins. In reply to other questions he wrote that he belonged to the Congregational Church; that this body did not penalise anyone for taking part in military service that he had been a member since 1911; that he was not a member of any society which objected to all forms of military ser- vice could not state any sacrifice he had made for the sake of his conscience; was prepared to undertake work of national importance, such as clerical work, coal-mining or agriculture; had not been engaged in philanthropic work since the war began. Applicant was called in and answered a few supplementary questions put by Mr. Kenshole. Applicant said he had never worked in a mine or on a farm. Mr. Kenshole: Then you have put down things you cannot perform? I would learn them as quick as I would learn soldiering. In the course of further answers ap- plicant quoted the commandment, Thou shalt not kill," as one of his reasons why he would not join the Mr. Kenshole: Do you suggest Army. that applies to wars between nations? -No answer. The commandments were in force when the Israelites had their battles. Do you say those wars were all wrong ? —No answer. Mr. Kenshole: Some, at least, of those wars were under divine institu- tion. Applicant did not know what he would do if the Germans invaded this land and attacked his parents. He would try to persuade them to desist. He was asked to quote a passage in Scripture to sup- port his objection to the saving of life under military service, but he could not. He added that he would not object to succour a soldier if he knew that soldier would never go back to fight again, otherwise he would not succour him. Councillor Joseph Martin: If a soldier were knocked down by a tram- car, and likely to be able to rejoin his regiment, would you help him? No. Nothing under military control. The application was refused.
Mountain Ash Tribunal. On Tuesday, Mr. Griffith Evans pre- sided. Also present: Messrs. Bruce Jones, Thomas Jones, W. Millar, Geo. Hall, W. H. Jones, James Evans, David Rogers, A. Pincombe (Clerk), and F. Stock (Assistant Clerk). Col. Morgan and Sergeant-Major Johns represented the military. Edwin Tom Jenkins, a Penrhiwceiber music-teacher, asked for absolute ex- emption. As a music-teacher he was in a one-man profession, and his wife and child absolutely dependent upon him. The Medical Board had placed him in Class C3.-Granted three months. David Keen, Osborne Hotel, Penrhiw- ceiber, appealed for absolute exemp- tion. His barman had been called up, I and he had to assist his father in the bakery business. Passed in Class 2. He employed no other male assistant.— Granted 3 months. David Hugh James, a grocer, of Ynysybwl, appealed for total exemption on the ground of hardship. He will be 41 years of age on the 22nd inst.— Granted one month. Daniel Ed. Evans, 20 Consort Street, Miskin, District Manager of an In- surance Society, and secretary of a local lodge with 900 members. Married with four children, and an invalid father dependent upon him. Medical certifi- cate in Class Al.—Granted four months. David William Davies, 5 James St., Miskin, appealed for exemption on the grounds of serious illness.—Absolute exemption granted. Walter Smith, 10 Ffrwd Crescent, Mountain Ash, a bread baker, appealed for total exemption. He had not been medically examined, and did not see the necessity of doing so.-Chairman: if you did it would save us a lot of trouble. —Applicant was of opinion that he was helping the finances of the country by paying income-tax and local rates.— Clerk: That's a very weak excuse. Every man in the country can practi- cally say that.—Adjourned for medical examination. Jeffrey Williams, Robert Street, Yn- ysybwl, applied for total exemption. He is a milk vendor and has a wife and seven children. He had several con- tracts for milk with farmers.—Mr. Bruce Jones: He has already done his duty nobly.—Granted four months. Gordon Vivian Llewelyn, 47 Penrhiw- ceiber Road, Penrhiwceiber, a painter and decorator, was rejected by the Medi- cal Authority. Evan Evans, 14 Station Street, Aber- cynon, a fish and potato frier, appealed on the ground of business hardship, and also that he helped to support an invalid father and mother. Placed in Class C2.-Granted three months. Richard Thomas Gibbs, bootmaker, i Abercynon, appealed for absolute ex- emption. He is married and 40 years of age.—Adjourned for medical examina- tion. James Daniel Rees, 64 Consort Street, Miskin, book-keeper at the Cwmbach Co-op. Society, appealed for absolute exemption. He is the sole support of his mother, is married, with no children. —Adjourned for medical examination. James Nicholas, grocer's assistant in the employ of Mrs. Smith, Oxford Street, Mountain Ash, had been rejected by the Medical Authority. David Rogers, employed by Messrs. Halewood, bootmakers, Mountaiiu Ash, appealed for exemption. Applica* had been medically examined, and placed in Class Bl. He had adopted the two children of a soldier fighting in France. He also worked regularly as a local preacher for the Primitive Methodist Circuit. He has a 6ic wife and four children.—Granted four months. John T. Meredith appealed for total exemption. He is a railwav employe, and the company had refused to exempt him. He is a conscientious objector. His case was adjourned until the Rail- way Company exempted him.
Children on Railway. TRAGIC ACCIDENT AT GODRE- AMAN. Last Friday afternoon two little children, whose parents reside in Wood- land Terrace, Godreaman, were knocked down by a passing workmen's train near Godreaman Halt on the G.W.R. Cwmaman Branch. Doris Owen, 16 months old, died soon after- wards. She had received injuries to her head and right leg. Drs. Finney and Hill amputated her leg, but the child died the same day. Kenneth Scammell, a little boy, 22 months old, sustained severe injuries and is re- covering. An inquest on the body of Doris Owen was held at the Workmen's In- stitute, Aberaman, on Tuesday morn- ing, before Mr. R. J. Rhys. The first witness was Benjamin Owen, the child's father, who said that he lived at No. 3 Woodland Terrace, Godreaman. Asked if his daughter could walk he replied that she was able to walk before she was 12 months old. Witness was a haulier employed by Mr. Greenhalgh, botanical brewer. He was at work when the accident happened. The Coroner said he would like to see his wife and to ask her a few questions. Witness replied that his wife was ill and could not attend. His wife saw the child about five minutes before the accident occurred. She was then on a pavement, about 30 yards from the railway. He had never known her ramble on the railway before. John Price, engine-driver, deposed that he was driving a workmen's train on Friday afternoon in the direction of Cwmaman. He left the Black Lion Crossing at 3.10. The accident happened on the Cwmaman side of the Godreaman Halt. The train did not stop at the Halt. When he saw the children they were 12 yards away. One of the children was between the rails and the other about to follow. The train was running about 15 miles an hour. There were nine coaches. The engine and half the train had passed the children by the time he was able to stop. He often saw children walking on the side of the railway just at that point. There was a curve in the road, and that was why he could not see the children sooner. Frank Luckett, guard on the G.W.R., said he was at the rear of the train. He heard the brakes put on suddenly. When he saw the children one was between the rails and the other along- side. He lifted the boy from under the coaches. Inspector William Bevan was asked by the Coroner as to how the place was fenced. Witness said that on the Wood- land side there was a wire fence and an unclimbable iron fence on the other. The wire fence was quite new. P.C. George was of opinion that the children came through the gate 50 yards away, and walked up the line. The Coroner said that the children were too young to be aware of danger He was glad to learn that the little boy was recovering slowly. The jury returned a verdict of "Acci- dental death," no blame being attached to anyone.
Riot at Penrhiwceiher. PAWNBROKER'S SHOP ATTACKED BY CROWD. There were some riotous scenes at Penrhiwceiber on Saturday evening. Sergeant John, Penrhiwceiber, had anticipated trouble, and on Saturday the local constabulary had been re- inforced in the event of an "outbreak of hostilities." He had communicated with Supt. Rees, Aberdare, who arrived at Penrhiwceiber on Saturday, accom- panied by Inspector Davies, Mountain Ash, and Inspector Toye, Abercynon. About 10.30 p.m. a number of boys assembled in front of the establishment of Mr. B. Levinshon, pawnbroker. They were sent away by the police, but eventually the juveniles returned, having been reinforced by a crowd of adults, who soon began to assume a menacing attitude. Eventually they commenced throwing stones and other missiles at the windows of Mr. Levinsohn's shop. The crowd grew in dimensions, and a fresh posse of police arrived under Supt. Rees. Missiles were still hurled by infuriated men and women. One stone smashed a large plate glass belonging to Mr. Levinshon, and another damaged the window of an adjoining shop kept by Mrs. Rachel Davies, draper. Several stones were aimed at a window in which some jewellery were exhibited, but this was shuttered. Several women were among the rioters. In the rumpus Inspector Davies was hit in the back, and a mem- ber of the f-rowd was knocked uncon- scious. It was considerably after mid- night when the disturbance was quelled. Apparently the cause of the crowd's hostile action is the fact that last week Mr. Levinsohn's son, Mr. W. Strafford' Levinsohn, was brought up before the Doncaster Bench on a charge of falsely representing himself to be acting on behalf of the Ministry of Munitions. ALLEGED RIOTERS BEFORE THE BENCH. Before Alderman W. Jones and Mr. G. Evans on Monday, at an occasional court held at Mountain Ash, George Mitchell, labourer, of Church Street, Penrhiwceiber; David Alexander Wil- liams, labourer, Park Street, and Thomas William Profit, haulier, of Prosser Street, Miskin, were charged with riotously damaging property at the shops of Benjamin Levinsohn and Mrs. Rachel Davies, respectively 35 to 39 Penrhiwceiber Road, on Saturday night. Evidence of arrest was given by Inspector Davies, who applied for a re- mand until Thursday at Mountain Ash Court. This was granted, and bail was allowed, the accused in t50 each, and two sureties of 925 in each case. The damage was estimated at £ 16.
■i VICTOR FREED, Mountain Ash, Invites you to apply for his PIANO CATALOGUE Before purchasing elsewhere. VERY LIBERAL DISCOUNT TO I ■ CASH BUYERS. j | Free Lessons. | -J THERE IS NO SLACKENING i ——————————————————————————————————————————————— + I IN THE GREAT FURNISHING DRIVE. i THE ROATH Furnishing flUA M Company, i Taff Street, Pontypridd, æ I HOLDS EVERY TREMCH. I » I MATERIALS WELL BROUGHT I UP TO THE LINES QUALITY EXCELLENT. I « PRICES LOWEST OBTAINABLE » | FOR CASH OR EASY TERMS. t I ALL OPPOSITION OUT-MAMEUVRED. « I • I « K I i CALL OR SEND FOR CATALOGUE. I IDEAL MOTORING At the price of Third-Class Railway Fares. I You have no need to enter stuffy railway carriages to enjoy an excursion. Let us quote you for your next outing. Anywhere-at your time. Our Motor Charabancs are the nicest in Wales. Goughs Garage Co., I Automobile House, Mountain Ash. I Phone 22. Telegrams: Gough, Mountain Ash. I9I& FORD CARS IN STOCK. SHEEN. Ford Service Depot, ABERDARE. S. WATSON Artistic Picture Frame Maker BEST VALUE AND GOOD FINISHED WORK. 3 Dean St.,Aberdare! 0. TYSSUL DAVIES, I Builder, Contractor 8 Undertaker Estimates given for Bricked Graves. Personal attention to Funerals. Offices I MOUNT PLEASANT, TRECYNON, Aberdare. TURKISH BATHS, MERTHYR. Open Dally for Gentlemen from 10 till s. J. PONTER, from Bath, Attendant. Ladies' Day—Tuesdays. Mrs. E. PARKER, from Droitwicii, Attendant. Single Bath, 2s.; Six Tickets, los.; u Tickets, jEt. Unequalled for Rheumatism, Sciatica. Lumbago etc. SPECIAL TERMS TO CLUBS. I T8 Typewriting Bureau. fOR ARTISTIC TYPEWRITING AND COPYING OF EVERY DESCRIPTION Miss M. GILBERT, 23 CANON STREET, ABERDARE. LESSON 8 GIVEN. TERMS MODERATE. KILL THAT INSECT, TOMMY. Rend your pals "out some tint ot HARBISON'S NURSERY POMABJI —they'll be very acceptable. Who. you haven't time to wash there's o chance you'll have "companions." < little Hamson's Pomade kills erary y, sect on hair and body. Insist on bs-f-.o, Harrison's Pomade. "Tins of Comfort at 41d. and 8d. Sold by all Ch em lata— or by post from Harrison, Ckemlai. Reading.—Agent for Aberdare: Smrsta Evans, Chemist, 9-18 Victoria Bfuajrag Aberaman, 1. E. Thomas; Moliittala Ash, W. H. Jones. Chemist; Paarhiv ceiber, A. M. Jones.