iltbtttos. REMAKKS UPON THE REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONERS ON THE STATE OF EDUCATION IN NORTH WAI,ES. By an Unpaid Inspector. Bangor: printed and published by Hugh Williams, 1848. 0 THIS pamphlet was intended to have been addressed to the editor of the North Wales Chronicle, but like many a pro- duction on tho notorious Blua Books it grew rather too lengthy for the columns of our contemporary. It was there- fore resolved to publish it separately. Its principal value is derived from the fact that it is written by an Englishman and a Churchman. The Churchmanship is easily discerned, and the criticism of the author on the Welsh language proves him to be a royal Saxon. But we believe that he has diligently endeavoured to improve himself in Welsh, though perhaps not with very great success. For instance, he ascribes to the Welsh a difficulty which is universally "felt by Englishmen in regard to the right use of the pro- noun lie and she. Wo know well that when the English begin to speak Welsili they sadly confound the gender. A Merionethshire magistrate, speaking of his wife, said, Un earw iawn fo am hela, a fo neidio tros y clawdd licfo'r eeifvl, lies y fo tori'i wddw ryw diwrnod." Now a Welsh- man could hardly be guilty of such confusion. Notwith- standing this and similar inaccuracies the pamphlet is a gene- rous defence of the Welsh people, and the state of education among them. The difficulties which Welsh children have to compete with others are thus pointed out;- ,j Imagine a case in some obscure country school, amidst the mountains of Wales a school situated in a parish, in length twelve miles, in breadth two, or another embracing within its boundaries 30,000 acres, more extensive, but more compact! (for such parishes theie are) in such cases, the children of the mist" are often mist when they should be present. Can you wonder, sir, that the Atlantic, borne upon the wings of the winds, and bearing down upon the huts of David Davies and Jane Jones, for six, sometimes twelve, and even eighteen hours together, should deter these persons from sending their children two, three, or fuur miles, to meet the pelting of this pitiless storm, this drwg hin," or dryc hin" (which you may translate ducking), with no omni- bus in the eye, no umbrella in hand, no house by the way, with no living object, either animal or vegetable, to console them, save a hush not big enough to hide a bird, or a patient cow, with her tail turned to the tempest, or the lowly sheep sheltering under the, projection of a shelving stone; or some haeL bent birch brooms, few and far between, the counterfeit presentment"1 of a would-be wood, to stand or sit all day in his wet clothes, and his bread and butter in his pocket, reduced to pudding, or to paddle, or to pulp! Or again; suppose the weather is bright; has the poor cottager, or the l'ttle farmer, who is, indeed, little more than a cottager, nothing to do which renders, the assistance of his children necessary? Where is Owen Owens to-day? says the master. She is gone to Carnedd Dafydd, or Trawsfynydd (as it may be), if you please, says William Williams, to look after the slicepi a tog has tored wan of a sheep, legs very pad t- her is lame, and she is bringing him home. The master again inquires, Where is Grace Griffith ? He is gone to brought some ool (wool) from little way up Bryncryri (Sncwdon, about 3,000 feet), and she say he will sure come in morning. The Inspector enters at this moment; the children are not quite collected in their classes some are standing, leaning with their backs to the wall, for they have not had the advantage of being drilled in St. James's Park, under the eye ot the Secretary of the Council of Education, nor have they been under a regularly trained master from Westmin- ster. Again; these children have walked two or thrpe miles over rocks and morasses, through bogs and briers, woods and water- courses and may, possibly, be somewhat fatigued thus circum- stanced then they are found not quite in an upright posture, with all their appointments in order, when the Inspector enters. The master, however (who by the way is passing rich with thirty pounds a-year, together with a cottage, for which boon his wife instructs the children in needlework), as the Inspector enters, calls his children to order, exhorting them, perhaps, in the following iii,Liiiier:-For the sake of goodness, why do you not all stand upon your own beads? Meaning, in the Welsh idiom, standing upright or supporting themselves by their own means. The In- spector wonders at the order but would cease to wonder, if he was told, what he ought to have known, that the British think in their language, and in translating their ideas into English, convey the idiom of their own language into that into which their ideas arc transfusd, This is the case In all languages, of which many instances might be given., But the Inspector has entered; and having entered, with his attendants, armed with books, pencils, &c., and all the artillery of scholastic warfare when the scholars are told this gentleman has come from London, and has been sent by the Queen to examine them; when these urchins, who liardiy ever saw a gentleman, except a tourist, i,ho has given them a penny for showing him the way, or twopence for a piece of Snowdon crystal, or sixpence for a woollen Welsh wig, by wllieIl he hail won their confidence. When this London gentle- man, commissioned by Queen Victoria, steps up to the first class ü: these country urchins, and peremptorily demands of them, as one having authority, answers to some questions in theology,chronology, geography, grammar, &c., couched in no very easy language, is it. not enough to make the stoutest heart among them quail, and lead thorn, astounded and stunned as they are, to say something lather than nothing ? and from mere sound and association to declare Paul (mennng Saul) to be the king of Israel! and Judas (mean- ing Judah) to be one of the sons of Jacob Or again not fully understanding the familiar ward made in all its acceptations, can we wonder that,, if the Inspector should ask a child of what, occu- p i!Km Jacob was, the child should answer, A tailor, because he ■i.i ~:dc■ his son Joseph a coat, of many colours i Or would you won- der if a little, g,rl, hurried and frightened, should transpose some 1 Hers, and for the passage, "sittit.g on twelve throncs." should read twelve thorns i Or, never having seen the word mystery, should read the p.issage which contains it thus Therefore sail a lave his lather and his mother, and sail dare to his strife, and they twain sail be one fist; this is a great misery I Or again, can you wonder if a Welsh child, though long under instruction, t-ii >u!d not always be able to give an English word for some fa- ir.: liar object of daily occurre: c-e ? I remember an instance of this A boy had answe: eft every question pat to him reading the his- t..ry of Lot's wife, the master asked him how slip was punished for her disobedience ? The boy answered, She was turned into a pill-tr of Here he hesitated, saying, I cannot say what M English, but the Welsh word .s said another boy. The fact was, that the boy could answer the most difficult ques- tions, but that familiar word sail was not 1amdiar with him. Such an aaee'dote as this will put foreigners in possession ot the difficul- ties which the Wei ,h have to overcome in learning a foreign lan- go age,'7 The purity with which the Welsh speak the English lan- guage is thus generously pointed out:— I have given a reason and have made an excuse for the Welsh cliiid iti using the letter k, when preceding the letter n, I wish I make as good an excuse for certain orders of the English, in the perpetual misapplication of the letter /t. From this fuult (the English shibboleth) the Welsh are entirely free. The Welsh child never perverts the meaning of words, nor alters the sense of passages, by omitting or supplying this letter. In the description of the awards made by Pharaoh to his servants, we are satisfied that the following version is correct as applying to the chief baker, «a-ul liim he hanged." I have however heard the following leading in England, Han ini e anged. No Welsh child was ever fTilly of such a perversion of the account of the baker's fate as would make him worthy of the same. "Exe is the lipre come, let iu kill ini." Accustomed as I am to hear the reading of the Weifih children, I confess that I have a prejudice in favour of the re<"h-ed version. The Welsh children do not crush heaven into (.?;; nor exalt earth into hearth. The do not mistake the letter i for hell; nor make all 11 lay heggs. They permit the owl to be an owi, since a hoot,, not a howl, is its natural cry. Every horse- ■man is not a norseman in the esteem of the Welsh child. The feabstantive ear is not the verb hear in his pans of speech; nor again, the substantive eye the adjective high. Nor is a, high hill necessarily a nigh ill, especially in. Wales. Now t .11 me where's this fancy bred, Not in the art nor in the cad No, 'tis hengender'd in the The meekest miiden of our Welsh Infant Schools could not be t;uiq;ht to sympathise with the London hairdresser, who lamented that the prevailing epidemic was in the hair; correcting-, how- ever, the mistake to which he had led his companion, by saying, Act the air of the cad, but the hair of the hat-mosphere. It must be allowed, however, that there is a close connexion between the huir and the ha\ In short, the Welsh children dare to say, and do, what the Eiiglidi children can neither say nor do. They can jeptat the following well known li!.e How high his highness holds his haughty head.' The boys can leave their houses, and mount their horses, and hunt the hare over the histh hedges,' holding their reins in their hands, as they hurry over hill and hollow, hallooing and hooping as they baste the harriers to their home. Nor, when they arrive there, are they so hungry, aS-of necessity to eat their own pokers, ovens, and teakettles. Nor is their lar 'er so lean or so ill stocked with j fish, flesh, and fowl as to constrain them to eat their heels at the fire, or to heat their eels upon the table. Their language is not, as it is in England, at one time a baseless fabric of a vision which leaves no It behind, and at another a baseless fabric which leaves each A behind." The following anecdotes arc also given in illustration of the same subject:— "A gentleman thus addressed his lady at dinner, 'My dear, your soup is hacid, and your heels are greasy.' A churchwarden put the following item in his accounts :—'For eating the church.' A lady, touring in Wales, took a car to convey her from Llan- rwst to Bettws-y-Coed. One side of the road is bounded by a hedge; on the other is a steep precipice overhanging the river Conway. The lady, being alarmed when she found herself so close to the edge of this precipice, directed the driver to keep close to the edge, meaning the hedge. The Welsh driver, conceiving that the English lady must understand her own language, took her direction literally, and persisted in drawing close to the edge, at the same time declaring that he kept as close to the edge as he could, for he was then within a foot of the precipice. The lady, by signs, at length, made him understand that by edge she meant hedge. Our limits will not allow us to multiply quotations. We can promise our readers, however, that the whole pamphlet is very readable and interesting. Though it advocates Go- vernment education, it does so in a style so harmless, that no injury can possibly follow front its circulation. It clearly points out the injustice of the appointment of the Commis- sion, and the unfairness with which the learned gentlemen prosecuted their work. The Commissioners must be bad off when thus assailed from every quarter, and by men holding every shade of opinions which prevail in the principality. THE CROSBY HALT, LECTURES OX EDUCATION. London: John Snow, 35, Paternoster-row. These able lectures are seven in number. As Mr. Bur- net's lecture was not written, it could not be included in the series. The first lecture is a masterly exhibition of "the Progress and Efficiency of Voluntary Education in England," by Edward Baines, Jun., Esq. If ample statistics, undis- puted facts, sound premises, and luminous conclusions will satisfy the reader, we can promise him that they will be found in abundance in Mr. Bilines's lecture. Indeed, so invincible are the statistics of the honourable gentleman that he has long ago turned to flight the armies of the aliens. In 1846", statistics were everything with the State Educationists. They had them at their fingers' ends. They met you at every turn of the argument in imposing array. With utmost propriety it might have been said to the Go- vernment men, these be thy gods, 0 Israel!" But long before the close of 1847, these gentlemen had discovered that statistics" arc next to worthless," and would if they could utterly abolish their former idols. But it is impossi- ble. The voice of statistics is the voice of truth. The second lecture, by the llev. Algernon Wells, on the Education of the Working Classes is able and earnest. The third, by Dr. Hamilton, on the Parties Responsible for the Education of the People is a lofty and magnificent oration. We would counsel sundry parties whose notions appear some- what dreamy on this subject to peruse with all the attention they may be able to command this masterly exposition. Perhaps they may thereby be led to the conclusion, very obvious to most men of common sense, that the State is not a parent—the Church is not a parent—and the Sect, is not a parent; and that the State, Church, and Sect, have enough to do iu minding their own legitimate business, without attending to that of Parents. We should be very happy for the sake of the Executive Committee of the Normal College for Wales, if all our countrymen were to study, the fourth lecture, by the llev. Andrew Reed, B.A., On Normal Schools for the training of Teachers." It is a masterly and eloquent production well worthy the attention of the whole people, and especially young men who may be disposed to enter a Government Normal school. The fifth lecture is on the Non-interference of Government with Popular Educa- tion," by Edward Miall, Esq., and it is one of the ablest disquisitions on the subject that, we have ever read. We do not know a single scribe iu favour of Government Education who has endeavoured to meet any of its powerful arguments. In fact, the writers on that side feel it exceedingly conve- nient to take for granted, that it is the duty of the State to educate the people. They beg the very question which they ought to prove. Our countrymen are already ac- quainted0 with the sixth lecture On the Progress and Effi- cacy of Voluntary Education, as exemplified in Wales," by our eminent countryman, the llev. H. Richard. If the Congre- gational Board had'done no more than publish this masterly defence of our educational and moral condition it would amply deserve the warmest support ofevery Welshman. But. in the support which has been given to the Normal School, there is an additional claim on our gratitude. We trust that this lec- ture will be extensively perused and attentively considered. It is one of the best, if not the very best, article that has appeared in reply to the Commissioners. The concluding lecture On the Educational Condition of the People of England, and Ihe position of Nonconformists in relation to its Advancement," is by the llev. Robert Ainslie. It is a theme worthy the attention of Dissenters, and we believe Mr. Ainslie has done it justice. We trust most of our readers will speedily possess them- selves of this volume. It is perhaps the best compendium and the ablest exposition of the great argument that has yet appeared. THE By ROBERT CLARK Gardener to Henry John Grant, Esq., Gnoll Castle, Gla- morganshire. London Longman and Co. Neath T. Thomas and W. Hibbert. # This is a very useful little work, containing plain and practical rules for cultivating the most useful vegetables, with directions respecting draining, trenching and cropping. The author was induced to publish it by witnessing the neglected state of cottage gardens. He anticipates that by careful attention to his instructions the cottager will find that at an expense of a few shillings a-year, and a very small amount of labour, he will not only make some profit of his little garden, but provide a source of great gratification for himself and family. The instructions are given in the alphabetical form, and are easy of comprehension. We trust Mr. Clark wiil be amply rewarded for his efforts to benefit the cottager, not only by a speedy sale of his little work, but by seeing its directions generally practised.
FRANCE.. ■ APPOINTMENT OF GENERAL CAVAIGNAC PRESI- DENT OF THE COUNCIL.— THE NEW MINIS- TRY—M. MARIE, LATE MEMBER OF THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL, PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. General Cavaignac has caused, the 8th, 9th, and 12th Legions of the National Guard to be disarmed. The 8th comprises the Marais, the 9rh the Faubourg St. Antoine, the 12th the Faubourg St. Marceau, (the Garden of Plants, the Gobelins, &c.) He also disarmed the National Guards of Belleville and the Courtille," and after the legions were disarmed, they were dissolved. When tho drum was beaten at Belleville, on Friday last, only 123 National. Guards turned out., although one battalion alone comprised 1,200 men. A portion of the rest, including many officers, joined the insur- gents,, and aided in throwing up huge barricades at the bar- riere, the Courtille, which is the haunt of all the most dan- gerous and villanous ruffians that infest the capital.. The district has been declared in a state of siege. All the des- peradoes who had been murdering the citizens of Paris and their brave army for four days will likewise be disarmed for, being ih the ranks of the insurgents, they could not have been wilh their corps, and an order is issued to, disarm every man who had not been fighting against the insurgents. General Cavaignac will follow up this course until he has placed Paris in perfect safety. It was reported that numbers of insurgents were shot in the afternoon of Monday in the Faubourg St. Antoine. It was also said that General Piat, their supposed commander, had been shot in the garden of the Luxembourg. In the Faubourg dn Temple, the situation of the inhabit- ants was awful. For three days their houses were alternately taken by the insurgents or the forces of the Republic. The shutters of the windows and shops were battered to pieces; cannon balls and bullets poured into the houses, and whole families were compelled to seek refuge in the cellars till the battle was over. The Moniteur publishes two decrees of the National As- sembly, declaring that General Cavaignac and President Se- nard have deserved well of their country; and a third, ex- pressing the regret of the Assembly at the death of the Arch- bishop of Paris. "The most eminent men in the Assembly," says the Times' correspondent, are denounced as cognisant of the conspiracy, and parties to its explosion. The name of one representative of the people—lately extravagantly popular—is in all men's mouths. He is said to be incessantly watched, and that his life would be the price of any attempt of his to withdraw. According to the universal impression, Paris owes everything to the 16,000 or 18,000 boys and striplings embodied, armed, and organised as a National Moveable Guard. I repeat that this is almost the universal conviction, but the opinion seems equally entertained which General Cavaignac is said to have stated on Monday, at two o'clock, to an officer of the Na- tional Guard, who observed to him, We are victorious, Ge- neral.' Yes,' said the General, 'as I am told; but without my old Africans you would have been done' (the only word by which I can convey the expression attributed to the General). If General Cavaignac used these words, he might truly have said, 'without me and my old Africans for the for- tunate result of the insurrection is universally acknowledged to be in a great measure due to him. What an assemblage of old Africans' Paris now boasts 1 CVtvaignac, Bugeaud, Bedeau, Lamoriciere, Changarnier. Arrests continue to be made every instant." The Journal des Debats contains the following interesting particulars of the late insurrection We at first estimated the number of insurgents at from 25,000 to 30,000 combat- ants. Now that the facts arc better known, after four days' fighting in an immense circle, the number may be taken at 40,000. This amount does not appear exaggerated when we consider that it required not less than double that number to triumph over that insurrection, the most formidable, the best conducted, and the most desperate that has ever been seen amongst us. The explosion, was preceded by four days of disturbances and of tumultuous assemblages. Everything was prepared in the midst of the first tumult. Some barri- cades of considerable extent presented an angle which neu- tralised the effect of the shot, and permitted the insurgents to direct a converging fire upon the troops. The insurgents likewise pierced the houses in several streets, and the most skilful marksmen kept up a murderous fire whilst their com- panions loaded their guns. When General Cavaignac was invested with the chief command by the National Assembly, the defence of the capital, and the attack on the insurgents, was directed with a precision and vigour of which we never before had an example. The General decided the victory, and saved Paris from pillage by his excellent manoeuvres, and by the confidence which his honourable character in- spired in the entire population of Paris and the army. The number of victims on either side is immense. Some persons estimate the entire loss at 10,000 men killed or wounded. Six thousand insurgents are in the forest of Bondy, the Wood of Versailles, the Forest of St. German's, and even in the Bois de Boulogne. They threaten to destroy the rail- roads. Troops have left to disperse or capture them. The number of insurgents arrested increases every day, and the prisons are gorged with them. In the prison of the Rue Tournon alone there' are 1,500, without even straw to lie on, and in a place where the air is so infected, that the physicians have already declared that typhusfeveris breaking out among them. It appears that the report that the Count de Narbonne was shot arose from a mistake. The person shot was a per- son of the name of Le Comte, from Narbonne.
NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. The bill to punish with transportation those convicted of participation in the late insurrection was passed on Tuesday night. M. Martin de Strasbourg rose and demanded that General Cavaignac be appointed by a decree of the Assembly Presi- dent of the Council, and authorised to name his Ministers, which was passed unanimously. General Cavaignac ascended the tribune, and, in the midst of the deepest silence, said In conformity with the notice which I had the honour of giving last evening, I depose into the hands of the National Assembly the extraordinary power which it was thought fit to confide to me. I wish to remark, that it is necessary that it be perfectly independent in its action. In presence of the great events which were passing, I at once accepted the powers confided to me, but, now that the exceptional circumstances have ceased, I think it becomes me to retire'to my former position. Looking, however, at the still troubled state of the public mind, and in order to forward the restoration of onler, 1 think that it will be ne- cessary to continue for some days the state of siege now esta- blished. Having submitted to you these considerations, I have the honour of rendering to you the power which you commuted to me (loud cheers). I omitted to say that the Ministry has sent me in their resignation. M. Flocoii: As long as the dictatorial power established by the Assembly existed, or that it was likely that the Minis- try could be of use, they thought it their duty still to remain in their places. But now that General Cavaignac has re- signed his power we find ourselves relieved from the tram- mels which our duty imposed on us, and we resign. I have only to add, that our resignations preceded that of General Cavaignac, and that my object in coming here is to regularise our proceedings. The President: I think that I express the sentiment of the National Assembly, and of the whole nation, which it repre- sents, in declaring, that after what we have witnessed during the last few days, General Cavaignac deserves all our grati- tude. I therefore propose that the Assembly do vote to him the expression of our thanks (tremendous cheers, the whole Assembly rising simultaneously). I have now to declare, in the name of the National Assembly, that General Cavaignac has merited well of his country (tremendous, cheering-, clap-. ping of waving of hats, in the midst of which Gene- ral Cavaignac ascended the tribune his appearance there was the signal for fresh acclamations). I think there is no doubt that this vote of thanks will b2 adopted unanimously (the cheers were again repeated). General Cavaignac Permit me to include in the decree which you have thus brought forward, the brave army and gallant National Guards, as ell as the various general offi- cers who so devotedly seconded me in my efforts to restore order, as well as the several leaders of the troops whose names are in every mouth (loud approbation),. M. Martin (de Strasburg) I have the honour of propos- ing to the Assembly the following deeree The executive power is hereby confided to General Ca- vaignac, who shall assume the title of President of the Council, with power to appoint the Ministers" (loud cheers). The first part of the preposition, declaring that "the exe- cutive power is confided to General Cavaignac," was unani- mously adopted. The second, that lie shall assume the title of President of the Council," also passed without a dissentient vote. The third, that he shall have power to appoint ministers," with about thirty votes against it, And lastly, the vote on the whole bill only showed about, perhaps, the same number of opposing votes. The whole Assembly then sent forth enthusiastic cheers, concluding with the cry of "Live the Republic." WEDNESDAY NIGHT.—The sitting was resumed at nine o'clock, whel. General Cavaignac ascended the tribune, and announced that, in compliance with the decree of the As- sembly of that day, be had composed the Cabinet as follows —M. Senard, Minister of the Interior;, M. Bastide, Minis er for Foreign Affairs; M. Goudchaux, of Finance; M. Beth- mont, of Juitice General Lamoriciere^ of War M. Carnot of Public Instruction M. Touret, of Agriculture and Com- merce M. liccurt, of Public Works Admiral Leblanc, of Marine. When the General pronounced M. Carnot's name, an ex- plosion of murmurs and disapprobation arose in the bottom of the hall, followed with exclamations of "Shame! shame!' The name of M. ltecurt was also unfavourably received. M Dahriel protested again t the appointment of Admiral Le blanc. It Was strange that a competent Minister of Marine could not be found among the 900 Representatives of the people. The previous question being called for, the Presi- dent put it to the vote, and it was almost unanimously carried. The ballot for the election of the President nest com- menced, and gave the following results :— .Number of voters 790> Absolute majority 396 M. Marie obtained 414 suffrages- M. Dufanre 297 ° M. Lacrosse 6-1 •■*«•••» 'J in, lUane, having obtained the absolute majority, was pro- claimed President of the Assembly for the ensuing month. The Military Commission and the Committee of Inquiry into the late revolt are permanent. Various serious insinua- tions against personages of note unconnected with the Re- public are in circulation. The evidence obtained of the' origin of the insurrection and its authors is said to be com- plete. The preparatory examination of the prisoners (now amounting to 8,000) is pushed with extraordinary activity. Thousands of men are employed in replacing the paving- stones. The wounded are dying in. great numbers. Killed and; wounded, it is estimated, amount to nearly 10,000,, but! believe this to be exaggerated. The shops are all open, but there is no trade. The fact of the insurgents having received large sams of money is every day being confirmed. It is said that in the hospital of the Pitie alone the gold and silver found on the persons of the wounded amount to the sum of 159,000f. ( £ 6,000). The cash found on the insurgents searched at the 5th Mayoralty, too, is said to amount to 3500.0f. (X 1,400). One individual arrested in the Hue Grange aux Belles car- ried 2,100f. in gold (£84) in a belt, and 30f. in silver. Many others, who had not even shoes to their feet, were in possession of 60f., 100f., and 200f.. It is said that a great number of the bullets extracted: from the wounda inflicted on the National Guards and troops of the line were composed of pieces of iron, through, which., with a refinement of cruelty almost incredible, a portion of copper was passed. This infernal precaution in many cases prevented the extraction of the iron, and the victims conse- quently died. The new Government (says the correspondent ofthe Chroni- cle) satisfies no party. Its military names give it an appearance- of strength which is an utter fallacy. The character of Ge- neral Cavaignac is that of a bold and able soldier, but his choice of Ministers shows the ignorance and weakness of the politician. The impression that some of the Members of the- late Government were implicated in the recent insurrection; is every day gaining strength; and it is thought not impro. bable that more than one will have to appear before the tri- bunals of the country. It is a matter of simple prudence not I to mention names. It is to be feared that the new Govern- ment is following in the steps of its predecessors. There is an evident wish on the part of General Cavaignac to spare the Republicans, and to throw the blame of the insurrection on other parties. It is evident that the new President would if he could, join his friend the Mayor of Paris in declaring- the insurrection to he the effect of" foreign intrigue." The Monitew publishes the following handsome testimony Z!1 to the loyalty of the proceedings of the English Government, which, during the days of the insurrection in France, M. Flocon had thought proper to calumniate before the As- sembly. The insinuations directed at the tribune of the National Assembly against a neighbouring country by one of the members of the late Government having justly moved the Ambassador of England, his Excellency thought it his duty to protest energetically, by a note, addressed 'to, flic Minister for Foreign Affairs, dated the 27th ult,, against the possible application of these words to the English people or English Government, whose good faith and character are of themselves a sufficient reply to such attacks. The Mi-, nister for Foreign Affairs, appreciating the noble suscepti- | bility of Lord Normanby, replied &s follows :— I THEN»INI8TER OF FOREIGN AEFAIRS TO HIS EXCELLENCY THE M AMBASSADOR OF ENGLAND. S "My Lord,—My opinion, and that of my Government, is, that the Government of her Majesty the Queen is too loyal to have taken any part in exciting the frightful scenes in Paris. I see nt3. impropriety in your giving to this declaration, as well as to your own note, such publicity as you. may deem proper. I should see you do so iyittl the more pleasure, as it would afford a new proog of the reciprocal sentiments of good friendship which animate both our Governments. I have the honour to be, my lord, Your most devoted, "JULES BASTIDE." General Cavaignac has announced his intention of raising the state of siege of Paris on Wednesday. 1\1. Emile de Girardin is accused of being an agent of Russia., and it is said there is ample evidence to, bring the charge home to him. Some disturbances occurred at Mulhouse on the 27tli ult., when the late events in Paris became known there. Some operatives employed in the commercial workshops in the town struck for higher wages. The authorities, however, adopted all the necessary precautions, and the National Guards having turned out in considerable numbers, patrolled the town, and dispersed some rioters, who were shouting Vive Napoleon One of them having resisted the guards, received a bayonet wound, which has endangered his life. General Cavaignac has announced the dissolution of the national workshops, a measure which has given great satis. faction to the peaceable and orderly. The Minister of binanee, M, Goudchaux, has made a financial, statement, in consequence of which the funds immediately rose.
RUSSIA. The Silcsian Gazette says that a letter from Riga mentions the fact that serious disturbances had taken place at St. Petersburgh, The authorities succeeding in ciueiiing then), but several hundred persons have fallen victims. No details are given.
b ITALY. Letters of the 24th from the head-quarters of the Pied- t iu.pn.tese army, say that the King, had that day gone to Pesehi- era. Movements against Verona were again projected, but. nothing serious had been done. The Government of Milan had declared the capitulation of Vicenza to be null and void in consequence of Radetsky having violated one of its prin- cipal articles. A land blockade of the city of Venice had; been established. We have received no intelligence to con- firm the report that Verona had surrendered to King Charles Albert. Qn the contrary, the Austrian arms have achieved a new victory. A telegraphic despatch received, at Yiennu. on the 27th ult., announces the entrance of General Nugent into the fortress of Paluia.Nuova, which fortress surrendered at nine o'clock on the morning of the 25th. This will at once place the Austrian army in perfect free communication with its respective divisions, besides placing in its power a. large park of artillery and ammunition. The terms of the capitulated are not mentioned.
DENMARK. The Lion steamer which left Hamburg on the 29th ult- reports the conclusion of peace between the Danes and the Confederation.
GERMANY. News has arrived from Frankfort, that the National Assembly decided, after a long sitting, that the Archduke John of Austria was elected sole head of the provisional central power; the Archduke obtained 4o6 votes, Ga- gern 02, and Itsstein, 32. The Lieutenant-General is declared, irresponsible. The result of the division on the motion., "That" with regard to war and pcace, 0 and treaties with foreign Powers, the central power make, its resolutions in concert with the National Assembly, v, as, ayes 408, noes 143.
IRELAND. DUBLIN COMMISSION COURT, MONDAY. Chief Justice Blackburn and Mr. Justice Doherty presided here to-day. True bills have been found against Mr. Dcvin Reilly for marching and drilling, and his trial is fixed for half-past ten to-morrow (Tuesday) morning. True bills have also been found under the late Act against fourteen other persons, accused of the like offences, and their trial will immediately follow that of Mr. Reilly,