HOUSE OF LORDS, THURSDAY, JrxP. 2!). The Law of Entail (Scotland) Bill was, after some discussion, rc.id a second time. Some rout.ae business was disposed of, and the House adjourned.
HOUSE OF COMMONS, THURSDAY, JUNE 29, Tt. Hume (at the request of Lord J. Russell) adjourned the debate upon his motion until Thursday next. Lord G. Bcutinck and Nlr. Labouehere mutually explained a.j in statements they had made on the subject of the despatches and. the Colouial-ofiiea. "YEST IFLTBATE. Sir It. Ingli., after characterising the Government proposi- tion as bused on a neglect of the interests of the West Indian colonists, proceeded to dilate on the horrors of the slave trade, wilier, this measure would tend to increase, and during the recital was at one time so overcome by his feelings that he was uliable to proceed for some moments. But the great question which the House had now to decide was, whether or not negro was to go down to posterity as an abortive ri n I ii lr. Barkly observed that the question before them lay between a 5s." duty for a certain period, and a l()s. duty for a shorter time. In his opinion the adoption of the higher pro- tection for a few years would cost the country less than would trie measure of the Government, whilst, by giving them effi- cient protection for a short time, they might enable many of the pLuters who had been ruined by vacillating legislation, to retrieve to some extent their position. Mr. Labouehere defended the Government measure. Mr. Goulburn opposed it, as a scheme which would not be found applicable to the exigency of the case. There was some- thing almost ludicrous in the proposal of a loan, upon the security of the revenue of the colonies, seeing that those revenues were in a state of progressive annihilation. With n respect to the small additional protection proposed to be given to the colonies, it would not, unless accompanied by other measures of relief, be sufficient as a remedy for existing evils. On the whole, it was a scheme which fell far short of that which he had been led to expect. Sir R. Peel. after taking a review of the past and present state of the West Indies and the legislative enactments on the subject, said the great question for the House to consider was, whether it would consent to give a protecting duty of 10s. for a period of six years ? He could not vote for the amendment without thinking that he encouraged the West India body to hcjie that he was ready to give them the protection recom- mended by the committee. He was not prepared to vote for ssioh. a protection, not only on account of the interests of those concerned, but also from a sincere and conscientious belief that I i, would not conduce to the interests of the West Indians themselves. Tkey were distressed from want of labour, and that which was now asked was to give them a protection, which would equally extend to the Last Indies and the Mauri- tius, where there was no such want. Yet the competition of tHe iiusi Indies and the Mauritius would be as dangerous to the V" ",st Indies as foreign competition, stimulated as their production would be by such a protection (hear, he„) What that House should have in view was not to yut a certain sum into the poeicets of the W est India pro- prietors but to lay the foundation of future prosperity. This the proposal of a protecting duty of 10o. would not effect. The w:"y in which to benefit the planter was to reduce the cost of cultivation, and enable him permanently to enter into compe- tition. with the foreign producer. It was, then, because the amendment would not effect this, that lie could not give it his support. lIe would, then, say nothing about the plan of the Government, which was a matter for subsequent consideration. But he would impress upon the House this tact, that even if they were to give the planter the monopoly of the English market, they would not advance one step in the direction of permanent prosperity, as was fully attested by the history of the sugar-grown colonies (cheers). After a pause, Mr. Urqulurt rose to address the House, and having been received with marks of impatience, moved the adjournment of the debate. Mr. Aiistcy sccended the motion (cries of withdraw," and "goon)." Lord John Russell hoped that the hon. gentleman would not press his motion. Mr. Ur juhart begged to withdraw the motion, and proceeded to address the House. He was so frequently interrupted by cries of Divide" and Oh, oh that he was almost inaudible. i The Marquis of Granby, amidst loud cries of -II)ivide," Sari a few words in favour of protection. Lord ,T. Russell observed that that which the House had to dctide was whether, considering the peculiar state of the West Indies, it would think fit to grant a committee to consider whether or not it would effect any alteration in the duties of the act of 1846 ? After hearing the protracted debate, he was felly confirmed in the opinion which he had already expressed, th:it Sir J. Pakinston, instead of aiding by his amendment the solution of the question, had only placed embarrassment and deiav in its way. The amendment only went to condemn the proposition of the Government. Supposing him to carry it, what would be the effect of his success? He would get rid of one proposition amongst many which had been broached—he would destroy the proposal of the Government; but he would u »! advance one step towards any settlement from which the West In iians could derive relief. Mr. Muntz was opposed to the Government proposition. Mr. Avistey, amidst loud shouts 01 oil and all man- iv*r of noises, addressed the House. He accused the Govern- ment oluuking disgraceful overtures to the Irish members, and road eopiousiv from a pampk-cet published many years ago by Mr. Cobden, to show that free trade, as expounded by that 1!)¡, gentleman, meant neither more nor less than a dismem- berment of the empire. Being met with continued interrup- tioiiff, lie moved the adjournment of the House, (;,)1. Dunne denied cue assertion respecting the Irish mem- U The motion for adjournment was then withdrawn, and the lIuLi.61o! vilV on the Ill-Úa UllCbtlOil. For die motion 2-io Against it. 2t>«) M noritv in favour of ministers. lo The IIou.se thru went into committee. The resolution was then read from the table, whereupon Lord John Russell moved that the chairman report progress* and ask leave to sit agtin, The chairman thereupon reported progress, and, the other business being disposed of, the House adjourned at two.
HOUSE OF LORDS, FRIDAY, JUKE 30. ROYAL COMMISSION. The royal assent was given this day by commission to the folio vvm°' acts ;— i ale oi eatii xiai^way Bill, anu Oswesuj Markets and Fairs Bill, ItKALTH OF TOWNS BILL. Lord Campbell rose to move the second reading of the Health of Towns bill. This was a measure that was more particularly iur the lower orders of society. It might be most prüperJy caiked the Poor Man's bill (hear, hear). It would not be doubted that many of the causes of disease wei-e'Lilliiet- the COH- u'iu of legislation and lie would, Lridiy show the effects of ov er-crowding, tilth, and bad ventilation in two counties—one agricultural and the other manufacturing. In W estmoreland, tdki.ig a population of 10,000, twenty-three per;,out:i died of epi- d-e• ni j diseases, whilst in i_*aiicasiiire the propoit>on was irit^-five to i0 di)0. In the former county the deaths from diseases of tile respiratory organs were forty-seven in. 10,000, and in the lazier seveiity-tliree in the same number. The noble and è;ú1eù lurd thou went into a comparison of the state of health in «ji agricultural union in Lancasnire, and a manufacturing Üld¡) in the same county—the union of TTverstone and the u .ion of Liverpool, which showed that the average rate of mor- dancy was much higher in the latter place. The Duke of Buccleuch gave his cordial assent to the bill, M he thought had been delayed too long. The Earl of Devon made a few observations, which were not he <rd in thv gallery. Lord Foreman thought the country must feel greatly indebted tv :Ue present Mini.-try for bringing forward so excellent a measure—one which would be productive of the greatest good to the whole community. The Bishop of Oxford begged to call the attention of the Government to the 74th and 75th clauses of the bill, which r<-avc authority to the loer>l boards to shut up burial-grounds within towns" They might do this for their own interests if thev were proprietors of a burial-ground outside the town. Hei"(,vhl therefore mqgest that the consent of ike bishop should 0i> obtained before they eould do so He also thought that the power.given to the local boards with respect to the rights of j,he poor to paro^uial sepiiitiire suouid be mouihed. Lord i!eties..ale hoped that sufficient time would be given to consider the bill before it wae committed. The Duke of Argyll concurred in the opinion of the utility ahil value of & sanitary bill. He therefore hoped its provisions would be cxtCl led to Scotland, no plec stood more in need of it tluii Glasgow una the old town of Edinburgh. (bear)., Lord Campbell said that the observations of the right rev. prelate would be considered by the Government. The same reason that existed for not applying the provisions of the bill to the metropolis existed with regard to Scotland. The bill was then read a second time and ordered to be com- mixed on Friday next. The House then adjourned.
HOUSE OF COMMONS, FRIDAY', June 30. The Speaker took the chair at four o'clock. SUGAR DUTIES. The House then went into committee on the Sugar Duties. On the first resolution being put from the chair, Mr. Bright rose to move the amendment of which he had given notice. The question was whether there should be a large or a small increase made in the amount of the protection now given to West India sugars. The debate that had just closed had entirely destroyed the propositions brought forward bv the noble lord, but there was one thing in particular which could not have failed to strike any person who had heard the dis- cussion—namely, that one great party to the question had been totally overlooked, and that was the great class of sugar con- sumers in the three kingdoms for whose benefit the Act of 1S4G had been passed. Now, he stood there on behalf of that great class by whom sugar was consumed; and he asked the committee to refuse to alter the Act of 1843. The noble lord was without blame to himself at the head of a Government which was then in an unfortunate position in regard to finance, and it was his duty to consider howhe would make up the present deficiency before he increased it. That he had done that which would sacrifice revenue, be injurious to the sugar consumer of this country—that which the West Indians themselves re- pudiated, and which the committee of the House did not re- comrr end—that which would unsettle a great settlement, was, he thought, matter of blame to the noble lord and his Govern- ment. Standing by the bill of 1816, they might have defied any combination of mistaken philanthropy on the one side, and of monopoly on the other. As it was, they had given to their opponents an advantage they would not recover and as he thought the measure alike .pernicious to this country and the West Indies, he would move as an amendment, That it was not desirable to make any alteration in the sugar duties of 1840" (hear, hear). Mr. G. Berkeley said that he trusted the House would reject the measure of the hon. member for Manchester, and that the next packet which went to these unfortunate colonies would be the bearer of better news than the last. He was certain that they needed the most ample -protection. Mr. Bagshawe also opposed the amendment. Mr. Tolleinache having made some explanations of the evi- derce he gave before the committee, said that he conceived that ex, essive pr( tection would be not only unjust to the people of th's country bv making prices high, but injurious to every class connected with the West Indies. The Chancellor of the Exchequer said that he concurred in a great part of the speech and in most of the principles uttered by the hon. member for Manchester but circumstances some- times rendered necessary the iiiod-iticatioll of a principle which he thought might be done without any sacrifice or dereliction of it. In this a ;( they were pa. sing from protection to free t; ade, and they proposed a temporary compromise between them, softening the evils which would arise from an abrupt change. The lion, gentleman said, and truly, that he (the Chancellor of the Exchequer) declared last Friday that the h.ll of 1846 ought not to be departed from. But he should be utterly deaf to all information if he maintained that opinion mcr Iv for consistency sake, and in the face of the evidence of the committee and the change of circumstances that had since taken place. Under those circumstances he consi- dered that the Government was bound to make an attempt to check the destruction of property which was threatened from utter want of credit. The Government had abandoned the in- tention of proposing an additional vote for the militia, whereby an outlay of £ 15o,000 would be avoided. lie had gone through the navy and ordnance estimates with the First Lord of the Admiralty, and they had satisfied themselves that without in, any degree impairing the efficiency of these services, a reduc- tion on the year of £ 300,000 istight easily be effected (cries of "hoor. hear"). His hon. friend the Secretary to the Admiralty had stated that a much larger reduction might be expected in the ensuing year; but with the existing contracts it was im- possible to carry the reduction in the present year beyond what he had stated. The result of this was to reduce the whole ex- penditure by £ 685,000. Mr. Hastie felt thoroughly convinced in his own mind that the proposition of her Majesty's Government would do much to relieve the planter and to increase our exports by raising still more the condition of the negro. He should, therefore, give it his support. Mr. Oardwell said that the right honourable gentleman had. given them a second budget (laughter) yes, but he had admitted frankly that his second budget was not satis- factory, and he had very considerately promised them a third. He thought they had great cause to congratulate themselves on the reluctance to replace the alleged two millions by in- creased taxation at a time when it would have been peculiarly heavy to bear, for without any exertion on their part no less than £ 1,500,000 of the amount had disappeared (cheers). He did not know that they had very much otherwise to congratulate themselves upon in the budget now before them. The miscel- laneous estimates appeared to be as high as they were in pre- vious years, though they were much below what was origin- ally proposed this year. He could have no hesitation in record- ing his vote against the motion of the hon. member for Man- chester. Mr. Wilson thought that the evidence taken before the com- mittee showed that there were exceptionable considerations from applying to these colonies the general principle which he entertained with regard to commercial policy, and he thought it unwise to apply strictly to the West Indies 'the provisions- of the Act of 18*16. Lord Nugent said that the statements of the noble lord (J. Russell), and 'he argume: ts urged in support pf his propositions. had only confirmed km in his views of the Act of 1846; and he was therefore resolved t) vote against the amendment of the hon. member for Manchester. He should also give his cordial vote, ii, all its stages, a ainst what he considered to be a feeble, a faithless, and, in its tendency, a wicked measure. England had a sacred duty to perform — which wiis to renounce all"commerce and com- munion with the menw, cue pursuits were those of piracy and murder, and who.-e merchandise was produced by the most ciuel and barbarous p oceedings. The galieiy w, s cleared, when a division was taken on the main question.. The numbers were- For ihe r> s uutiou 302 Agaii st it 3G—260 After a short discussion, The Chairman rorted progress. Report to be received on Monday next, it beng understood that the further discussion of the question should be concluded on that evening, MISCELLANEOUS. A writ for the bore ugh of Shgo was ordered. Another was a'so ordered for Great Yarmouth. Mr. LTquhart put several questions to Lord Palmerston in re- gard to the state of Spain, and the producing of a correspondence ordered by the House a few weeks HgO. Mr. Wj Id asked Lord Palmerston if a British vessel laden with arms had bten seized by the French authorities on the coast of Brnahi. The noble lord said lie was not aware of it. and expressed his decided approbation of the mode in which the Provisional Govern- ment and the Executive Committee had conducted themselves towards this kingdom. PARLIAMENTARY ELECTORS BILL. Sir De L. Evans having moved the reports on this bill, After some (,ojiver,.ill, ioti the report- was postponed till Monday next, and the House adjourned at a quarter past one.
HOUSE OF COMMONS, MONDAY, JULY j. THE SlG It DUTIES. The House resolved itself into a cuiuitiittee of the whole House oil tile sugar duties. Oti that part of the first resolution which imposes a duty of 13s. a cwt. on Muscovado or any other sugar, not .being equal in quahly to white clayed, from anil uiicr the Oth of July, iSlo., to the 5th of July, 1849. inclusive, Sir J. Pakington moved as an amendment that there sbotii(i 't)e imposed on the 5lh of July next a differential duty of, los. in favourofcotonialsngar. He proposed to levy this duty not by raising the duty oil foreign sugar, but by lowering it on colonial sugar. Mr. H. Drurrmond .complained that. on bothsides of the House hon. members were afraid to carry their principles Sully into efiect.. The WeHt Indians should have a right to getläGour where they pleased, and to import all their produce into this country fiee of duiy. Mr. V. Smith opposed the amendment, which would be equally .unsatisfactory to the producer and consumer ol su^.u. ilir. B. C< ehiane supported the amendment upon the principles so clearly laid down by Mr. H. Diummoun. lie wished to pro tcct the olonies, and preserve the faith of the Imperial Pari lament. Mr. Spooler, Mr. Godson, Mr. Mangles, Mr. G. itolmsOfi, Mr. Oswald, supported the claims of the West Indians upon the consideration of Parliament. The Chancellor of the Exchequer went over his former argu- ments in defence of the Government resolutions, and showed that the Government resolution would produce more benefit to the revenue than the amelldment of Sir J. Pakington. Mr. M. Gibson contended that in a case of this kind we ought to consider only the revenue of the State, and not the revenue of individuals. If we were to relieve the distress of the West India interest at the public expense, we must consider the causes and the extent that distress. Now, the West India interest was not the only interest distressed—it was not so much distressed as the cotton interest of Lancashire. Mr. T. Baring contended that a great alteration in the bill of 1S46 was necessary, but not such a one as that now proposed by her Majesty's Government. Lord J. iiusscll did not detain the House many mmutes in de- fending the proposal of Government against the amendment and reasoning of Sir J. Pakington, because he felt that the subject had already been exhausted in the former debate. j i i <- t Mr. D'lsyaeli, from the experience which he had had of the opinions of Lord J. Russell upon the revenue this session, could not repose much confidence in the correctness of his calculations as to tHe effects of this amendment upon it. Mr. C. Villiers contended that nothing could be more erroneous than the representation that the report of the committee oil sugar and coftiee had been agreed to by a majority of free traders. Lord G. lientiuek contradicted the facts stated by Mr. Villilers. He gave all analysis ot the composition of his committee, and after giving it appealed to the House whether its composition was not most fair and unobjectionable. Mr. Cardwell explained the course which had been followed by himself and Mr. Gladstone in the committee, and stated the rea- sons why they considered that protection would not be a satisfac- tory remedy for the distress of the West India colonies. The House divided, when the numbers were- "° Eor the amendment ••• Against it ,2jl~62r J After some debate as to proceeding with the resoiuaous, i.on J. Hu scil said as it appeared that the question could not be sett.ed before the 5 th of July, he would propose that the chairman should report progress to sit again on Friday next.
HOUSE OF LORDS, TUESDAY, JULY 4. The Duke of Richmond presented a petition from certain persons in the city of London, complaining of the increase of juvenile delinquency in the country. Lord Monteagle presented a petition from an individual com- plaining of the conduct of the directors of the inorth A»ales Some other business was also transacted, and their lordships adjourned.
HOUSE OF COMMONS, TUESDAY, JULY 4. The order of the day having been read for going into com- mittee on the Encumbered Estates (Ireland) Bill, Sir L. O'Brien moved that it be an instruction to the com- mittee to extend its operation to England and Scotland. The motion w.s resisted by the Solicitor-General. After a discussion, in which Mr. Napier and inly. Monsell joined, the debate was adjourned till Monday next. The House then adjourned till a quarter past five o clock. On its re-assembling -i Mr. Bankes moved for leave to bring in a biil to repeal the Railway Commission Act. r <. Mr. Labouehere resisted the motion; which, after interest- ing speeches from Mr. Gladstone, Mr. V. Smith, and Lord J. Russel1,was negatived by a majority of 73 over 62 voices. Mr. Urquhart was proceeding to move two abstract resolu- tions on the impolicy of interfering in the internal government of other countries, when the stream of his eloquence was cut short by the announcement that forty members could not be prevailed upon to stop to hear him. The House in consequence stood adjourned.
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TO CORRESPONDENTS. It is our invariable rule not to insert any communication withou possessing fu confidence the lcal name of the writer. Morgan Morganwg "—Your orders shall be attofcded to. You are quite right in your remarks on Education, lljo Editoi lia. already iuls"ocivt?d the uieasaies you recommend. Hie I'oetry froin 'Swansea cannot be inserted unless we have tin real name and address of the writer. real iiiiiie ti.1 The Report of the Meeting in London would occupy two pages If an abstract, occupying about one column, will be sent, it slial appear. Vv e beg our correspondents first, to write a. Ciear, legible li«.nd secondly, not to send any public intelligence in private notes, blot to write oil separate pieces of paper whatever they wish to appear and, thirdly, to remember that the editor cannot possibly under- take to re-write any communications. Signatures for the Memorial have been received fram Llanybri Bvvi.mair, and Carmarthen. \\7, congratulate our readers that our columns have now the information so long called for of the times of sailing of the Car- diff. Swansea, and Tenby packets. No doubt this convenience will be dUly appreciated. Many articles of intelligence which arrived all ihursday evening arc unavoidably deferred. r "f,Ui'¿"¡;;l;r" _r.'I'I' '_c
nve fear most of our subscribers will be disappointed in the arrival of our puper this week. In consequence of not receiving our stumps tiil late on Thursday evening, we have st,, found it inipossihle to work oft" the impression m time foi the different, mails. We exceedingly regret the deluv, ana trust it will not again occur.]
PARLIAMENT. THE whole proceedings of Parliament during the past week may be almost entirely comprehended in the words, AYest Indies. Debate has followed debate, and all for the West Indies. The ministerial measure is likely to be passed only LO furnish another cause for grumbling to the West In- dies, The half-a-million of British money will be given to I:) be swallowed up In t ie leviathan of the West Indies. A legalised slave trade will be carried on to satisfy the appe- tite for negro flesh and blood so peculiar to the West Indies. The British consumers will have to pay more for sugar in order.to maintain, the dignity of the West Indies. Articles, of;slav(? production of any and every description will be al- lowed, 'piHwided that the consumption -will not interfere with the gain of t he West Indies. After this scheme shall be tried we shall hear again of the distress of'tho West Indies. To whatever Philinpi we mav betake ourselves we shall be met by the ghost of the West Indies, At home and abroad,. 't and there and everywhere, no music will be complete I unipss it. includes the wail of the West ladies. At all times and under all circumstances, the Alpha and Omega of ciss tress have flic West Indies. And unless matters will greutlv fmculd not be. surprising that some minister of the Ci'oWuc\ L'Uta^ily iufurm us that unless tvicn-y millions more of our money should be given utter annihila- tion will overtake the West Indies. Perhaps he will add that the poor of this country should, consider it a high ho- nour to be taxed for the West Inditts. And then men will understand that they must shake off the nightmare of the West Indies.
FOREIGN BROILS. CONTINENTAL affairs seem to continue unsettled. France is struggling with the waves. Arrests continue to be made, so that the prisons arc fall. Such is the number of the imprisoned that it is probable we shall soon hear of Prison Insurrections. Indeed they have already been acted on a small scale. Labour is not resorted to, and the deprivation of the prisoners of their wine and tobacco, and the system of compulsory silence maintained, are great grievances." At Louthe priso iers have attempted, to break out of the prison, and at Melun they barricaded themselves in the sleeping- rooms. Nothing positive is known, as yet, in regard to the origin of the late bloody conflict. The charge of the insure rection being instigated and sustained by foreign gold is indignantly denied in. this country. Thus much, however, is certain, that the rebels had abundance of money, and conse- quently, they must have had it from some source beside themselves. Some lay the blame on Henry V., others on Russia, and others on Louis Philippe. We are told, how- over, by a most unexceptionable authority, that the Ex-King is realty poor, and could not afford to furnish means for a costly insurrection. It is now currently reported that M. Emile Girardin is implicated as the agent of Russia, and that an extensive correspondence has been found, which will most undoubtedly bring the charge home to him. These things, however, arc mere rumours, and perhaps the papers of to-morrow will tell a different talc, and give positive contradictions to the foregoing reports. We think, how- ever, that there can be but little doubt of the legitimists being concerned in it. Such an enormous plot so well con- trived, and so desperately maintained, does not really seem to be the work of the disaffected and impoverished workmen, or of the thieves. The workmen, no doubt, assisted, and the thieves failed not to turn the opportunity to their own profit, but we cannot persuade ourselves that either party could succeed so far as the rioters seem to have done. General Cavaignac, notwithstanding the dissatisfaction created by the formation of his ministry, seams to be main- taining his popularity. His statemcnt of the dissolution of the national workshops, given on Monday, in the National Assembly, was well received. He conceived that not more than one-half at the utmost, probably considerably less, of the workmen had united in the insurrection. lie had given. orders for the different mayors to give what they deemed suitable assistance for the present to those who would be thus thrown out of employment. The financial project of M. Goudchaux was likewise well received. His policy differs from that of his predecessors in his determination to pay off immediately the holders of Bonds of the Treasury in the sum of forty-eight francs at three per cent. consolidated, and the depositors of the sums placed in the Saving's Bank i.n five per cent. at seventy francs. Goudchaux stated it to be his intention to negotiate the loan for 150,000,000 francs from the Bank of France proposed by his predecessor. The new cabinet have determined to abandon the project of the former ministry in regard to railways, and thus make one advantageous remove from Communism. The financial state- ment caused an immediate rise in the price of funds. Tho discussion on the project of the constitution is carried on with vigour in several of the Committees. It is thought that important alterations will be made. The transitory and fleeting character of popular applause may be learned from the fate of Lamartine. That great man was at one time the idol of the people. Now he is closely watched, and it is hinted lie participated in the preliminary .transactions to the late deadly conflict. We cannot bring ourselves to believe this: either Lamartine is deeply wronged, or he is beyond doubt the arch-hypocrite of Christendom. We believe his star will be again in the ascendant, and that the poet-States- man will yet rise to that eminence, which his talents, and we hope his principles, deservedly adapt him for. Like the splendid creations of his own sublime genius, we fondly trust, for the honour of our common nature, that he will be found the pure and true. Spain is brooding over internal convulsions. Narvaez rules with a rod of iron. He has just given orders for u. forced loan, and the deduction of a month's salary from all who are engaged in public offices. The journals are busily liscussing the probabilities of the Queen being in a condition likely to give an heir to the throne. Poor Isabella! who would envy her queenly rank ? Domestic ties, political con- vulsions, and fading splendour seem to vie in mocking her helpless woe! Tiie affairs of Italy arc still held in the balance. The sword continues unsheathed, and the decisive lour seems as distant as ever. Prussia and Denmark remain uiipacified, but no hostilities have taken place of late. There is a rumour that Russia has declared war against tho Jerman. Confederation, but it is not confirmed. 0
THE GOD-SEND OF FINALITY. SOME people, under the influence of some strange peculia- rity of vision, some time imagine that this world and its wonderful affairs arc not to move further than the limits prescribed for them in their narrow mental vision. To pro- gression in every shape, mentally, morally, socially, and politically, they say, Thus far thou shalt come and no fur- her." They are the Canutes that are for ever forbidding the waves, and the sages who prefer going by Parliamen- tary trains. They claim intimate relationship with the sluggard whose house does not want repairing in summer, .i'u z, and which must not be renovated in winter on account of tho weather. Unlike all the world around them, they are at an endless stand-still. Their language has but one point, and that one a full stop. Their mind can comprehend but one dca, and that single, unsocial one is finality. Their whole sh ength is expended in the construction of barricades, bar- ri,rs,and dams to resist the progress of liberal principles. They never had so high an idea of the sun an when it stood still, or ather when it retreated tell degrees on the dial of Ahaz. Their idiosyncracies are stereotyped. They dwell among the graves, and have all their sympathies entwined around the sepulchre. Silence is congenial with their aspirations, and all their admiration is reserved for the dust of former, °The progress of liberal opinions had lately caused much deep and sincere • concern to this generation. The people asked for an extended suffrage, and had a full stop in reply. Thev demanded the ballot, and were informed that it was exceedingly un-English, They requested that the duration of Parliament should be shortened, and were informed that the stand-still doctrine was indisputably orthodox. They prayed for equal electoral districts, and were reminded that A I. Finality comprehends the whole course of statesmanship, Perfectioji had, become the order of the day, unless we re- gard the declaration of the Prcmier, that it was possible that depositors in saving's banks may be admitted as voters some time before this and the milleniuni, as an cxcepfiob. Notwithstanding this apparent dead calm, the progress of liberal opinions was felt. It was felt in the Cabinet, by Lords and by Commons. Editors of sundry newspapers crossed themselves for very fear of the deluge, and muttered to themselves arid'' their confiding readers un- utterable thoughts 'of horror against the extended suf- fra.re; whet), lo, and bcloldl, the God-s-end of Finality occurred, With terrors surpassing, those of a falling thun- derbolt, the French Revolution rolled a cloud of daikne:$ over Paris, and shadowed the fairy city .with tints of crimson,' hue. The fatal and portentous cloud bedewed the city of. the fair with blood. Forthwith, reeking with the blood that flowed iu the horrible carnage, went forth Finality to proclaim the extreme danger of universal suffrage and vote by ballot. It sought to bapHxe reform with blood, and to invest it with murder, carnage, and pillage as its own legiti- mate robes. It is really pitiable to see the glee wherewith some pa- pers, and we regret that some of them aic not more distant from us, announced the tragedy of Paris. What on cayth