Chwiliwch 15 miliwn o erthyglau papurau newydd Cymru
8 erthygl ar y dudalen hon
THE REVENUE. ONE of the most important events of last v eek is the pub- lication of the Itevenue tables for the last qui iter. We have "inserted an abstract in another column. The returns cer- tainly are not over-cheering. The gloomy characteristics of the revenue tables," says the tainly are not over-cheering. I- The gloomy characteristics of the revenue tables," says the Spectator, arc soon told. On the year there is a decrease under every head, with the exception of 'China inoiicv, the whole de- crease being £ 2,587,000. On the quarter, there is an ostensible increase of £ 182,0 JO in Excise, and a small increase under Crown -lands and Miscellaneous also, one not worth noting, except for exactness, on Imprest-moneys: on all the other branches there is a -decrease, amounting, in round* numbers, to £ 327,000 in the ag- gregate. One deficiency in the table is truly stated as being more apparent than, real. For the second time since the change the Post-office figures on the side of decrease, But that depart- ment has just had to pay a claim preferred against it by the Great We8tern Railway Company, for some tim.e litigated, and now de- cided in favour of the company the payment on that head explains the apparent decrease in the annual account—there has been no falling off in the number of letters." The net loss, however, is reduced by the China money to £ 2,587,709. But the decrease in 1847 in comparison with 184(5 was £ 1,453,1;43. The total loss of revenue then in 1848, as compared with the corresponding quarter of 1846, amounts to £ 4,268,229. The following is the comparison of the two last Years :— Year July oth, Year July 5th, 1846, to July 184-7, to July 5th, 1847. 5th, 1848. Decrease. £ £ £ Customs „ „ 18,792,348 „ ,,17 ,888,\)88 903,31)0 Excise „ 12,733,9918 „ 12,273,233, „ 470,765 Stamps „ „ 7,201,797 „ „ 6,4-49,108 „ „ 752,689 Taxes „ „ 4,325,732 „ 4,306,703 „ „ 19,029 Property Tax „ 5,491,936 „ 3,411,253 80,683 Post Office" 85-1,000 „ „ 787,000 „ „ 67,000 Crown Lands 112,000 71,000 41,000 Miscellaneous" 307,621 230,201 77,420 ^iSvem™'117 j 49'819>432 „ „ 47,407,486 „ 2,488,946 It is certainly difficult to imagine what matters for con- gratulation can exist in this state of things. If," as Dou- t/las Jerraid's Neivspiqwr Vf.e 11 observes, "we contrast the national, balance-sheet with the balance-sheet of a private merchant, we become more conscious of the absurdity of our gratulations when we observe only small deficiencies. An indebted individual does not think his business properous, unless the weight of his liabilities is annually diminished; but the nation goes on from year to year, never thinking' of reducing its obligations. It absolutely sends up a loud shout of triumph if the income equals the expenditure, and even when it falls short, its serenity is scarcely disturbed. It imagines that a day of reckoning can never arrive, or con- soles itself with the idea that should such an unexpected event come to pass, all its difficulties may be removed by the application of the sponge." Our financial condition undoubtedly must undergo a strict investigation ere long. The people of these realms will demand at no distant day why they should be compelled to pay for the fooleries and immoralities of past ages. They will inquire why a Christian nation should be compelled to pay the wages of prostitution, and the expenditure of the bastardy of their rulers in former days. The national debt must be swept away by some contrivance or other, or it will be in vain for us to expect permanent prosperity. Our senators may betake themselves in the regions of oblivion, but sooner OJ; later they must assuredly awake from their dream, and be prepared to deal with this monster grievance.
CARDIFF. TAFF VALE RAILWAY.—The traffic for the week ending July 8th, 1848, was £ 1,651 Is. 6d. The Surprise, of Cardigan, has imported this week 2,916 busll\O. of oats to Mr. John Hees, corn factor, of this town. WK have received the following letter from the secretary of the London Association, for the Protection of Trade:—"170, Regent- street, Lontioi-i.-Pretf-,rided Custom. House Sales, and sales under other fictitious names.—Sir, you have probably observed a letter from me in the Times of the 2.1th inst., in which 1 have directed attention to the efforts which are now being made in the metropolis to impose on the public and .iyure the fair trader by a company of persons who profess to have authority to conduct Custom House sales. These strolling impostors have gone from one part of London to another, prof s;ing to sell Eastern and continental luxuries in d.ress seized at hi Custom House, but which turn out to be English productions of a very inferior description, and sold at enormously hinh prices. The London association for the pro tediot) of trade being desirous to protect the fair trader and the public against this imposition, directed their secretary to apply to the Board of Customs for the purpose of receiving an official con- firmation of their views as to the gross imposition which is prac- tised by these parties. The following is an extract from the reply received from the Custom [Iou--5e Cu.stom House, 20th June, 1S48. The chairman having laid before the board your letter of this date, requesting to be. informed whether the sale of certain goods, alleged, to be confiscated, is authorized by this board, I ant commanded to acquaint you that the goods referred to: are not sold by direction or under the authority of this hoard, and that goods forfeited under the laws of this revenue are only sold at the Com- mercial s,ale rooms, Mmcing-lane. I am to add that you are at I liberty to make such use of this information as you may see fit.' The efforts of the committee to put down this imposture in London have been followed by most satisfactory results, and will not ter- minate until they have been crowned with perfect success. Our anxiety now relates to the provinces, in which these itinerant ven- dors will endeavour to carry out their designs, and we are desirous throughout the kingdom, to put the public on their guard, and pro- tect the honourable trader from damage. Feeling confident that the provincial press will imitate that of London in assisting us to: realize our object, I am requested to beg of you to favour us by the. insertion of this letter, and by any comments you may please to. employ foj-.the purpose. I have only to adds that aay commu- nication from parties who may find themselves injured by a visi from these persons, or who may be ab'e fo give-information of theii movements, may be addressed to, sir. your obedient ser- vant, HBNRY OWEN, Hecrerary," -[Our readers will find an ac- count of tliif, or a similar gang at Newport. Should they happen to visit Cardiff, we believe Mr. Stockdale is fully prepared to send them back as they came. But it would be well for other. Welsh towns to be on their guard.] -=- POLICE, MONDAY, JUNE lo.- (Present the Mayor.)—John Thomas, a boatman, and George Jones, haullier, from Swansea, were charged with fighting yesterday afternoon at three o'clock. Discharged with a caution.- William Pidell was then charged with the robbery of Messrs. Watson and Riehards's. timber-yard. Mary LITwson Snow was called, and said—I live at Mrs. Protheroe's in W hitmore-lane. I have known prisoner for the last two years, and have lived as wife with him. Here witness seemed to prevari- cate, not giving her evidence to the same effect as at the police station. The magistrate cautioned her, but still she would not give the facts. She was then placed at the bar as an accessory to the theft, and John Evans was sworn, who said, I am a sawyer in the employ of Messrs. Watson and Richards, timber-merchants. The timber now produced is their property I know it by cutting it. We have missed some timber of the description produced about a fortnight ago; we counted it to see how much more we wanted for the job, viz,, for the Dowlais company and on the day follow- ing we missed five or six pieees, I know the prisoner lie is not in the employ of Messrs. Watson and Richards; the timber is worth at least 158, the timber is railed in by slabs varying from twelve to six feet high. The prisoner lives in Whitmore-lane, t nd the back of his premises extend to those of Messrs, Watson and Richards; and frequently opposite prisoner's premises a slab or part of one is removed sufficiently large to admit of a man. Police-constable Rollins said. on Thursday nisfht I was in Whitmore-lane, and heard the female prisoner calling out there was a lot of timber stolen and hid under abed. On the following day I went to pri- soner's father's house, and there found some timber under the beds. The prisoner lives with his father I apprehended prisoner on the premises. Mr. Stockdale, sworn, said—I received the prisoner on Friday morning, and entered the charge against him. He said he received it from his brother-in-law, who is a carpenter, and who got it from on board of a vessel. The female prisoner was then dis- charged, and Pidell was remanded till Thursday, POLICE, THURSDAY, JULY 13.—(Present the Mayor, James Lewis, Esq.)-Elle)t -gatthetv.? was charged with.stealing from the person of Samuel Davies, of the "Lower Lamb" public-house, of Hi'>h-street, Swansea, the eum of' lis, Gd. in silver, while in a house of ill fame in Wharton-street, last night. Prosecutor did not appear. Discharged.. David Harries was charged with stealing potatoes. Discharged.
NEWPORT. PUBLIC MEETING.—On Wednesday evening week, a public meeting was held at the Mariners Church to advocate the cause of sailors; the attendance was extremely thin, and evidently showed the want of feeling in behalf of the tempted sailor. On the motion of Mr. Turner, seconded by the Rev. Mr. Thomas, Baptist, minister, W. Jenkins, Esq., mayor, took the chair, and opened the meeting in a short speech, stating the object of the meeting, and expressing his fullest sympathy in the movement tending to better the moral condition of mariners. He then called upon the llev. I). Solmon to read the report, by which it appeared that the general attendance at the public services was gradually declining, and that it did not possess that sympathy which it merited. During the last four years the expenses in con- nexion with the chapel had been a little under £ 20, and that f,4 had been collected during that time for its support; leaving a balan.ce against the society of £ 15 The Rev. W. Thomas then rose and moved the first resolution, that the report now read be adopted," and was seconded by Mr John Sanders. The Rev. Mr. Allen moved the second resolution, that it is our duty to seek the instruction of the sailors, &c." Rev. Mr. Jones, of Chepstow, seconded it in a humorous speech, and as well as the first resolution it was unanimously adopted. Mr. E. Thomas, Anchor-hovse, moved the third resolution, "that the scrviets of tlose ministers and gentlemen of the committee be acknowledged, and that they be respectfully solicited to collfnue their assistance." Mr. Skinner seconded it, and it was adopted unanimously. Mr. Turner's services w. re also acknowledged in connexion with the place. A vote ( f thanks having been moved to the mayor for his kindly occupying the chair, the meeting separated. The collection amounted to about £ 4 11° COUNT TWZKRY AND HIS GANG AT N -.WVORT.—The above gang paid the town of Newport a visit on Thursday last, and pro- cured Williams's large room, Commercial-street, and 'issued a large number of circulars in the town and neighbourhood, under the attractive heading of "Legalised Distribution," setting forth an official ro.'ice (bearing the impression of the Crown) of foreign manufactures, under sequestration, which having formerly been sold by her Majesty's honorary commissioners of customs quar- terly at the Queen's Sale Rooms, Mincing-lane, now" released and redeemed," and conveyed about the country by a company of "competent individuals," to supply iil. wardrobes of ladies of rank and wealth upon "equitable principles." Mr. English, the superintendent of police, who is also inspector of hawkers' licenses for the district, knowing the Towzery Gang to he a company of unprincipled fellows, who, protected in some degree by tke Li- censed Hawkers' Act, are constantly on the move from town to town, opening "exhibitions" and -,¡ expoitj(Jns"of pretended foreign rarities," and "custom-house seizures," which are no- thing more than English manufactures, of the most rubbishing description, paid their establishment a visit on Friday morning; and on inspecting their licenses and advertisements, &c., discovered j several points upon which he could take proceedings against them. He, therefore, strongly recommended the competent individuals" to quit the town as soon as possible, which they at first refused to comply with but seeing Mr. English's determination, after a second interview with him, they paded up their really rare mer- chandise," and left by packet for Bristol, intimating that it was not their intention to visit any of the Welsh towns; but Mr. English forwarded information of them to several of the principal towns in the principality. The SUCQCSS which has, in so many cases, attended these vagabonds, shows how easily the public is to be gulled, ar.d induced to leave respectable shopkeepers to buy bargains" of itinerant swindlers. We are happy to know that the City of London Trade Vroteclion Society has written to Mr. English acknowledging his activity in this with tha.« klulness. City of London Trade Protection Society, zst July, 1848. Charlotte-row, Mansion-house, London, bIH,-I find your town has just been visited by a set of swin- dlers, known as "The Towzery Gang," of whom you will find some particulars in a circular which you will rec-eive with this. I shall be much obliged by your informing me where they go next, if ytu can learn it as I, shall then be able to frustrate their designs; T remain, sir, your obedient servant, ° E. F. L1:1::1\.8, Sec." To the Superintendent of Police, Newport. POLICE COURT, JULY 1Q.Tll, W, Jenkins, Mayor, Thos. Hawkins, and Thos. Hughes, Esqrs.)—Michael Reardin, Jamts Williams, Richard Stroud, Thomas liroc-hs, Jas. Williams, and John Mountain, charged with vagrancy, and sleeping on a lime-Jain at Pillgwcnlly, were discharged, with the exception of Mountain, who wris sentenced to one month's hard labour at T, as a rogue and a vi Cham- bers, charged with stealing china, was discharged, no prosecutor appearing against him.——ilurj t Lester, for being drunk and disorderly, was dispharged.—.— William Jones, for assaulting 1v¡,ry Morgan. Case dismissed. John Snelgrove. Pcjmer, for assaulting his wife Ann Palmer, was fined 408. and 14s. costs. C,, ei; o,'te Cook, charged with stealing a pair of boots, the property of Jonah Jones, of Lantarnam. Jonah Jones sworn I came to town on Saturday to. market, I went to a shoemaker's before going to market for a pair of boots I had left there to be mended. I then went to market and put the boots, iii-to my reticule^ and afterwards went to a person named Morgan's stall to buy potatoes I took the boots out of the basket to put the potatoes iii I left the boots under Morgan's barrow, and weut to another standing to buy a cabbage. I came back in about five minutes, and missed my boots; I asked Morgan if he. knew where were my boots;, he told me he had seen a woman take a pair of boots from off the ground; he described the woman to me. I went to look for a policemanfound P.O. Watkins, who found the woman walking about market. The police-constable asked her what she had in her basket; she said a pair of boots and some potatoes. I knew the boots, and gave her into custody; the boots produced are the same, they may be worth 2s. — Morgan, sworn I live at Barneswell. I keep a standing occasionally in the market. I did so on Saturday, Jones bought some potatoes of me. I did not see Jones put the boots under my barrow. I saw him go away. Prisoner came and, bought some potatoes of me. I saw her stoop down to pick up. the boots. She asked whose boots are these r" I said I do not know." She said Oh, they are my daughter's, she left them here then she took them away -with her. Jones came up in two or three minutes after, and asked where the. boots were, I told him that a woman had been there, and I saw her pick up a pair of boots, and take them away with her. I described the woman to him, and he went away. C. II. Watkins,. police-constable, sworn: In con- sequence of information I received I went with Jones to look for the woman. I saw her walking about the market. It was on Saturday. I asked her what she had In. her basket; she said a pair of boots and some potatoes belonging to an olet Avoman she was looking for in the market. The boots I produce are the same. The prisoner's statement was that she picked up the boots, and looked about the market to find the owner. I walked three or four fms roun Y Did not say they were h r laugh- ter's. Sh3 was bound over to appear at next Monmou;h assizes. — Stevens, charged with being drunk and incapable of tak. ing care of him e ?, AVIS discharged^ T banezer James, ch-trgeel with stealing lea, fro:n Rope chapel, was discharged.
MILFORD, ON Sunday morning, at 5 a. the sloop Providence, Thomas. Thomas, master, on her passage from Stru-mble head for Miifcni^ when in Jack Sound missed stays, and struck on a rock in the middle of the Souad. Ole of the lads named John Thomas leaped on the rock, and in an instant, the sloop got off, and ran across to (he small island called Midland, where the other two got out, and the sloop sank instantly. They ran to see what Avas become of the other lad on the rock when they saw him he tried to swim, and in the act was drowned. The rest were taken. off the island by the boat belonging to Skomer Island, and landed on the maki land at C p. m.
MERTIIYR. EENEWAL OF DOWLAIS LEASE. GRAKI) RECEP- TION OF SIR J. JOHN GUEST, BART., M.P. v,Qn Monday a notice, of which the following is a copy, Wt", posted around the town. "NOTICE,-The inhabitants of Dow- lais purpose to meet Sir J. J. Guest, Bart, M.P., in processionoa his arrival in tbe county to-morrow, Tuesday, the llth instant, and to present an address of congratulation on the renewal of the Dowlais lease. Sliou (L the trade and inhabitants of Merthyr wish to join in the mark of respect, their presence will he highly appre- ciatnl by the Committee appointed to carry the above purpose into effect. The Dowlais procession will arrive at the Penydurrau Old Gate, at. half-past six p. nl", when the Merthyr inhabitants intending to join arc respectfully requested to be in readiness to form in procession according to arrangements which will be then made known.—Dowlais, July 10-, 1 011 our arrival at the Old Gate, at half-past six, we found a large number of gentlemen on horseback, consisting of the professional gentlemen of the town, the principal tradesmen, the agents and clerks of the surrounding works, and the Cyfarthfa brass band in a carriage. At a little before seven tie Dowlais equestrians and pedestrians arrived with their banners and flags in thousands, and the whole went down roverMorlais bridge, down High-Street, to theR ,t'wiiN, StatioI, i where the honourable baronet and Lady Charlotte Guest arrive at half-past seven. As soon as they came to sight, the cheering was immense, vfhich proved how the people of Merthyr appreci- ated the renewal of the Dowlais lease, and the respect due and paid to the worthy baronet and his lady. The grand procession then moved up High-street towards Dowlais. Rouse in t)lC foi- loAving order-4 police walking abreast; 148 gentlemen and others on horseback, 2 abreast. A large banner with an inscrip- tion, "Guest forever." A L rge flag with an inscription, "Lietty Ivor," and the members 4 abreast. A large fl; g with ("aradoe inb Bran" inscribed on it, and the members 4 abreast. A Ia-ge flag inscribed with the words Cyfnu fa lend Cana l, and the mem- bers 4 abreast. Another large Bag with the Rival arms, and members 4 abreast. A flag with Ivor Bach, and members 4 ) abreast, and many with large leeks in their har.ds. A flag with Cymru, and members 4 abreast. Flag and members 4 abreas*. itechabites with white rosettes several female clubs, and benefit societies, with the members 4 abreast. Two large flags and the members 4 abreast. Snperintei dent Wrenn on horseback the Cyfaithfa brass band in a carriage drawn by 4 horses a carriage containing Sir John and Lady Charlotte Guest and the Iiev. E. • Jenkias, rector of Dowlais. An immense crowd of people of sit ages and sexes followed, and the streets on both sides were lined with spectators, as they were when Hubert Thompson Crawahay-, Es.q., and his bride vyere welcomed two years ago. There was a large Union Jack suspended by the Station, and several, "hanging from the windows of the tradesmen wi icii were all closed. The procession moved in the above order, increasing as it l eached Dowlais, and the cheering and waving of hats were more and more as the vast crowd approached the place which. was gloomy in the extreme before the lease was renewed. As soon as the procession arrived at Dowlais .House, the Itev. E, Jenluus, read the address, of which the folic wing is a copy; "To Silt JOHN GUEST, BART., MP. Srrt,—With cordial and sincere feeling we beg to present to YOU Ollr cOlwratuJations on the renewal of the Dowlais lease. The settlement of an affair of such vital importance to the trade and prosperity of the neighbourhood, has spread universal jOeY amongst all its inhabitants, and whil t it lIas mcrcased their obligations to you and the DoAvlais Company, it has strengthened.the sentiments of high respect which they have ahvays entertained for you and your'family. "We cannot refrain from also congratulating you that Divine ProA-idence should have granted you the health which enables you to undertake so arduous a task as the reinstatement of the Dowlais- works, and induced you to incur so heavy a responsibility. Praying that continued prosperity may attend the undertaking;t and that your generous mind may be rewarded in the general welfare of the popul; tion directly and indirectly dependent on your esta- y blishment, and that the amiable Lady Charlotte and your children may be spa ed to participate in all your successes, we beg to sub- scribe ourselves, E, Jr.NinKS, On behalf of the inhabitants of Dowlais. To which the honourable bayonet replied, and said that he EI:t of all thanked those gentlemen present who were not im- mediately connected with Dowlais works i he next thanked those who had joined the procession, and also the inhabitants of Dowlais for the kind manner in which he was received. He had lived to, a good age, and. had met his.fellow-countrymen oa many occasions, but when he contrasted their joyful countenances that evening to what they would be if Dowlais works were stopped, he felt very happy, on his return. Had he consulted his own personal comfort in many respects he would not have incurred the respon- sibility of taking the works, as Divine Providence had blessed him with abundance but having brought together a large population on the Dowlais works, he had no option in. the matter. Th-at they were jio a, visited with critical and depressed times, neverthe- less if all that were connected with the different departments would exert Iirmielvc-s, they might expect the return of prosperity, and hoped to see Dowlais again the means of subsistence to thousands (loud cheers). He-proposed three cheers for Dowlais work.. Three checrs wpre ginm for Lidy Charlotte Guest, three fur tL, childrell. Lpdy Charlotte returned thanks, and proposed three cheers for yr hen iclad (old country), &c. The vast crowd then separated. All honour to Lady Charlotte Guest for her respect to our mountain land! A boy, only four years of age, fell into the river at this place on Sund,-ty-dtiriiig the time of the large flood, and was. carried away with the stream' upwards of one hundred yards, when two men stepped in, and rescued the little fell.ow a watery grave, to the joy of the parents and all present, lie. was not injured in the least.
BRIDGEND. THE LLYNVI IRON WORKS. — A reduction of 20d, in the pound has taken place in the Avages of the men employed in the above works. The eircum?t.races of the working oiass in Maesteg and the neighbourhood are truly distressing. 1,L;y. .oAving to, the scarcity of employ, the low rate of wages, and the high price of provisions, have only a yery scanty share of the necessaries of life.
& NARBERTII. NARBERTII TRUE IVORITKS SOCIETY.—On the 7th of July, the members of the Samaritan Lodge" celebrated their sixth anniversary at the King's Arms, about ten o'clock in the forenoon, and formed in procession with the splendid banners, &c.. followed by the officers, as well as the other officers of the different lodges in the neighbourhood, C, and the brethren of the order, in all about seventy. The procession proceeded from the lodge to the church, for divine service, when a most excellent discourse was delivered by the Rev. Mr.. Harris, of Llandissilio, a brother of tho order the discourse was eloquent and impressive, and well calculated to call brotherly love into practice. After the service, the members perambulated the principal streets in the town; their sashes, band and rosettes, and their various and splendid banners, had a very pleasing effect. At tAvo o'clock they sat down to an excellent dinner, provided by brother Henry Eyans, of the King's Arms, which he served up with his usual good taste and style the chair was like- wis' ably filled by Mr.John Williams, post master, and the vice by Mr. Lewis, of Mountain. After the removal of the cloth, the usual loyal toasts were drank. Several brothers addressed the meeting, a.nd many appropriate speeche, AVCJ O delivered in English and in the Welsh language. Every person present testified their entire satisfaction with tho proceedings, of the day, and proceeded to their respective homes in perfect good order. ROBESTON WATHEN, NEAR NAEBTN^N.—On Wednesday week, the inhabitants of this village were conveyed in wag- gons to Berllan-deg, a cutting on the South Wales railway, and entertained with a splendid dinner, and tea, provided by Mrs. Garratt, wife of Samuel Garratt, Esq. A band was m attendance, and the day was spent in rational and social enjoyment. Those who were too old to accompany tho party were supplied with the means of enjoyment in'their own homes. THE PROCEEDS of the Wesleyan tea meeting, at Narbertlu an accountof which appeared in our last impression, amounted to E28 19s. THE HAY HARVEST is getting on briskly in the neighbour- hood of Narberth.
WHAT 1& TO BE DONE TO IRELAND?
-=: "n_ _M the other in Ireland. It breathed fire and bristled with pikes on all sides. It smelled with vitriol and butchery, and teemed with suggestions for bloody and decisive carnage. The other journals follow in his wake, the country is gar- risoned. Arms arc everywhere circulated. Drilling, marching, and training become common diversions of the Irish people. The United Irishman occupies the attention of the British Senate, and a special Act of Parliament is passed in order to get i-id of John Mitchel. He is appre- hended, imprisoned; tried,, and transported. But mark, be- fore tliis transporting could, take place, Government found it necessary to interfere with the ordinary constitution of the jury. Before the smoke of the Sheanvater, which conveyed Mitchel: to Spike Island,. had hardly vanished, there are two successors to his paper-—the Irish Tribune; and Irish leiotu Both meditate murder, and breathe violence and bloodshed, The country is planted all over with clubs, each club being the centre of an: armed and trained force. Every man that, ctii, reqcl, write, or who possesses either skill or valiance, is invited to, devote himself to the service of his country. Tender wives and delicate women, talk of the ap- proaching conflict with calmness, and inspire thoughts of blood and words of fire by the effusions of the muse. Four newspaper proprietors lie at the same time imprisoned at Newgate. Meagher of the sword has gone to America to gather forces and agitate the question. From, east to. west, from north to south, all Ireland is. filled with this dream of nationality, and the people, according to all appearances, are quite determined to drench the land with their own blood or that-of their opponents. This, be it remembered, is the state of Ireland under the reign of a most popular Viceroy, and a most able and devoted- nobleman, the Earl of Clarendon. Tory rule is not to be added" to the list of grievances. The Catholics are not expelled- from office,, the popular f-,ii- li is not insulted, and there is no subject to excite political ani- mosity. Offices of high importance are filled by Irishmen, and yet the country rings with the cries, Ireland for the Irish," Down with the Saxon." In forming our estimate of the real condition of Ireland we must make some allowance for the statements of the Irish press. The repeal organs, of course, wish to convey the most favourable impression of the strength of the war party. On the other hand the English daily press, the source from which the generality of the weekly and pro- vincial papers are supplied, affect to despise the real strength of the discontented parties. There are, however, two or three facts that are clear to all. First, the number of soldiers in Ireland is very large, and, the preparations of Government against the anticipated outbreak are on. the largest scale. Secondly, public opinion must be strongly in favour of war, before the newspapers, would assume a tone so warlike. Journalists in general, furnish the commodities that will suit the taste of their readers. The enormous sale of the war journals clearly indicates, then, that Ireland has a most vo- racious appetite for rebellion just now. Thirdly, young aien of property and education place themselves in open defiance of the law, and incur all the risk, of banishment from their native land to spend their clays with felons in shivery and toil, which would not he the case but for the strength of public opinion. And, fourthly, the very fact » that Government must interfere with the ordinary adminis- tration of justice, in order to secure the conviction of such men, is fraught with instruction. John Mitchel has been transported, but lie has left his principles behind. Of his guilt there could not be the shadow of a doubt, yet a packed jury alone would convict him. He burned his hand, and he has followers who push their hands into the fire with des- perate energy. They have seen the past and can divine the future. The dock, the handcuff, the Shearwater, and the penal settlement form their land of promise, and yet on, on, madly they rush, between the tremendous jaws of the British 1 i ii What is to, be done for Ireland ? Is. the elephant to squelch it ? Granted that the military and naval force of England eould easily crash any insurrection, would it add to our fame, shed lustre on our dignity, and pour consolation to our heart, to squelch the sister isle ? What is.. to be done P, The ques- tion is serious. Far be it from us. to adopt the tone of either the Irish or English dgily press in its discussion. As expo- nents of truth we have no object in view further than to lead our readers to think on the subject, in order to form an opinion of their own. Sooner or later we shall be compelled to think on the matter. There are nQW three courses open to England i,1 her treat- ment of Ireland—squelching,, yielding, or reforming. Let us begin, in the beginning. The power of England for squelching, vast and terrible as the rebellion mnjht prove, is feu yond a reasonable doubt. So thoroughly disciplined are her soldiers, so fearfully murderous are her implements of carnage, and so enormously vast are her resources, as to render success a matter of impossibilty for the insurgents. But then who the terrors of civil warfare without feeling the deepest horror creeping over his whole constitution like the mortal coldness of death p, A civil war- fare assuredly it would prove. Think of the thousands of Irish- men who are everywhere scattered throughout England, who teem through our colonies, and, who could swarm the Canadas from the United States at a very short iioti.ee/ Is it too much to suppose that these peculiarly excitablje people would not remain quiescent to witness, the butchery of their countrymen at home ? In our opinion a sanguinary conflict with two or three European powers would be far preferable to civil war in Ireland. There are yet those the torrents of ¥.ood through which our military waded in 1798. The squelching process, moreover, might not only be a very dangerous, but a highly expensive one. We are already ground to death by the millstone of taxation. A warfare of a month or two in Ireland could not by carried on. without adding considerably to our burdens. And then think of burning villages, bombarded towns, widowed wives and orphan children, and a tempestuous deluge of fire and blood! Consider it well before you determine iia, favour of the squelching process. I Shall we yield ? By what moral or hereditary right do we claim Ireland.? By the right of conquest, just as Wales, is united to the English crown. If the right of conquest;, as it is called, supplies no valid title becomes simply a ay.itter of policy. There is nothing in itself morally obli- gatory on a conquered nation to remain for ever in the power of their conquerors, if they can succeed in. gaining i J O O independence. Our opinions 6n this subject are well expressed by our contemporary, the Scottish Press:- "A neutral party will inquire whether Britain has a j uster ground for maintaining, by the sheer superiority of her physical p::wer, Ireland in a legislative union against the desire of-Irishmen, than Ireland, if she were the stronger party, would, have for main- taining Britain in a union against the will and wishes of English- men and Scotchmen. Some of our contemporaries, Scotch as well as English, we are aware, cannot afford to discuss the ques- tion on tint ground but that is the only ground on which it can he satisfactorily, and on which it must be finally discussed. ",That is the argument of states and kingdoms." The others may be left to the scribes, whose Governmental connexion restrains the ex- ertion of their faculties, shaping their logic, and fashioning their phraseology to the times. It is becoming necessary to speak out in this way. There is a disposition on the part of a portion of the press to run down Ire- land, Irishmen, and all Irish questions. Even the Examiner, en- lightened and generous on most subjects, finds a suitable exercise for its great talents, in taunting Ireland with her inability to extort the repeal of the union from resisting and powerful Britain, in vili- fying the motives of chiefs who have, enjoyed- the-confidence of Irishmen, and in ridiculing Irishmen for reposing their confidence in such chiefs. This is, as gross a blunder in logic as it would be to rail at England for her non-achievement of some impossibility. rail at England for her non-achievement of some impossibility. It is as heartlessly ungenerous as would be the conduct of a pow- e erful ruffian who, having driven a weak man up to the wall, should thcuinsult his position, asking why he did not move on his way, why he trembled, why he shrunk from the uplifted hand. We keep in the thralls of a connexion by our superior physical power, and then amuse ourselves with demanding why she does not shalke.herself free. We put our foot upon the neck of Ireland, and. then, like the magnanimous Cloten, speak an insulting speech over her pro,stratioll," Yielding might afford a dangerous precedent to other dis- tricts of. the. empire, and might be conducive to insurrections and rebellious without end, so that there can be no doubt that such a' step is highly impolitic if it can be avoided. .1 11 I But we must look at the question in another light. Is it not 11 a fact that we lose enormously year after year-by and lat the uuion is more of a curse to England than a blessing ? Think of the countless masses that are annually landed on our shores, now as our fellow-subjects, of which if the union were repealed we should have none- So far as pecuniary gain is concerned-, we undoubtedly pay too much for our whistle. Ireland is a beautiful country, but we pay too much for its beauty. We maintain, our power oyer its dis- affected denizens, but we do it at fearful expense. In regard to the financial bearings of thp question, wq are clearly of opinion, that justice to England would demand the repeal of the union. If we are to govern Ireland at all, and that with any credit to ourselves, we must try remedial measures. The disease undoubtedly is formidable, and may baffle the skill and prove the difficulty of more than one pliysican. We must however strike at the root of the matter and institute a thorough system of reform throughout all the departments of society. Absenteeism must be visited according to its deserts. The enormous abuses of the Protestant Establish- ment must be removed. The administration of law must not be tampered with, and jobbing must be reckoned with the things of the past. Let it be proved to the working classes that the Government is sincerely desirous to benefit them, and then, unless we greatly mistake human nature, the trade of agitation will languish in Ireland, when the stock of grievances will disappear. Would that our Government would try to be good as well as strong among our Celtic brethren! It may yet be saved,.by a wise and conciliatory ministry, but we greatly fear the present is not destined to achieve so happy a consummation. The session is just closing and rebellion is brewing, but there is nothing done to pre- vent the approaching catastrophe; no remedial efforts pro- posed to avert from unhappy Ireland that storm which will drench her green plains with the heart's blood of her own sons. Depend upon it we must sooner or later make our election and betake ourselves to one of the three courses we have mmed. We earnestly counsel the adoption, of the last.