TO THE EDITOR OF THE PRINCIPALITY, •gIR>—n was with much pleasure and deep -interest that I reall some few weeks ago the mutual correspondence between yourself and the Rev. D. Charles, B. A., President of Trevecca College, on the great question of the day—education. All with whom I con- versed about it give you both much credit for the Christian-like spirit .in which your short but doubly interesting correspondence •was carried on. There is but one complaint against you which ■\is just the reverse of the common complaint against new$j>aj>cr' correspondence. It is this:—they have dropped it too soon. ..Y m b, t t nio-it assuredly have your respective reasons for so •doing. I- may be you have no more to say to one another on •ths subject. However, that is no proof but that others may have -something to say to you both, and on bjtl siues of the question. With you, Mr. Editor, I have nothing to do on the present occasion, except soliciting your favour of proposing through the medium of your well-conducted paper some few questions to the Rev. D. Charles. My questions are in no wise founded upon his correspondence in the PRINCIPALITY ;-or at least no farther on it, than the correspondence of the Rev. D. Charles on Education has to do with the actions of the same towards education at Talgarth. Your correspondent while advocating Government aid for education of course believes it to be utterly out of our power to support education in Wales without such aid. It would be well for all to remember the old adage—" Deeds speak louder than words." I do rot mean to insinuate that the Rev. D. Charles is indifferent towards education at home or abroad. The friends at Talgarth will give him the credit of having been the first mover of the British school in that town. To start is all well. But in such a great work as education there is agreat space between the be- ginning and the end. Now, sir, my questions to the Rev. D. Charles are the following. I submit them to his consideration with the greatest respect. Mr. Charles allow me to ask you-- 1. What was the whole amount of expenses for erecting the British schoolroom at Talgarth P 2. Was there a worthy and efficient effort made at all to have the schoolroom fr&e of debt by local subscriptions ? 3. Was there more than E90 debt remaining on the building at the time the application was made for Government aid? Is Talgarth bankrupt ? 4. How often did the committee meet to arrange how to clear off this trilling sum, but were obliged to leave without doing any- thing, owing to the non-attendance of a certain, member of the committee? Did the committee not offer to pledge themselves to find some means to clear it off providing their worthy leader should co-operate and give up all thoughts of Government aid? 5. Was it honourable to apply for Government aid when you well knew that with the least effort which called for no serious sacri- fice you could afford to pay oil the debt without such aid P G. Was it not with much difficulty you prevailed with the com- mittee to join you in this beggarly excuse P 7. Has the British school at Talgarth added a mite to its re- spectability since its matrimony to the Government ? 8. Arguing a priori, will not the committee, the master, and pupils become a kind of civil and religious bondsmen to the Court of Inquisition, alias the Council on Education ? 9. Arguing a posteriori, after the manner of Austria, Prussia, Switzerland, France, and our own English n t'oial schools, is it not self-evident that the chief and the only aim of Governments in in- terfering with the education of the subjects is to make of the future generation a race of free slaves for some self-political purposes P Consult M. Camot's scheme of education before the National Assembly a few days since. 10. Would you wish to see the Austrian catechism introduced to the Talgarth British school, or any of the schools that have originated in the exertions of your worthy and immortal ancestor the Rev. T. Charles, Bala ? Are you an advocate of the fine for nort-attendance from 20 to 500 francs as in France ? if not what is your guarantee to Wales that these things shall not accompany the interference of the English Government with the education of the people ? Bear in mind, sir, as you set yourself such a conspicuous ex- ample for Wales in this matter, and more so since your brethren the other side ot the Severn look upon you as one of the" cltam- pions" that are in favour of Government Education in Wales, that your brethren this side who are of the opposite creed, look upon it as your sacred duty to give them a guarantee that no such sur- veillance will accrue from the system you advocate. Now, my dear sir, will you be so kind as to answer these questions through the same medium, and in the same-spirit, as that in which they are proposed ? Believe me I have nothing in view in these questions but the interest of my country. I bear the greatest respect both to your character and attainments. I feel that a man situated as you are, at the head of the rising ministry, among one of the most respectable denominations in the princi- pality, must carry a great influence for or against my country. To a great extent the doom of Wales is at your hand. I have only one thing to say, the time is come whether men like it or not tha whatever is not based on moral justice will be swept away. July 15, 1848. BRODOR GER MYNVDO TROED.
STATE EDUCATION. What offence can be shown to be involved in my act of accepting Government money, for the establishment of a school ? Answer-If the object of Government in its interference with education was exclusively the teaching of reading, writ- ing, arithmetic, grammar, and the like, there would be no offence, as the question of the propriety of its undertaking to teach those things could be only a matter of opinion. But its leading object being to teach religion and morals, with political sentiments, the case is different; and in sanctioning its meddling with these you are a great offender; you offend against your own principles, if you are a Christian and a Dissenter; and, whatever you are, you offend against truth, and against the dearest interests of your fellow-subjects. You sanction the interference of the State with religious education by your applause, and by seeking a portion of the funds it appropriates to the purpose and every act of the State arising from it becomes your act, in the full amount of its accountability. The State estblishes a system which propagates what you deem religious and political falsehood, and such a system you sanction aud applaud! You are yourself become a propa- gator of the falsehoods. You make yourself a willing propa- gator of the destructive heresies of the Established Church (baptismal regeneration, priestly conveyance of grace and pardon, &c.), of the Papists, of the Socinians (and of Jews, Turks, and Pagans, if the Committee of Council chooses) consequently, any efforts of yours to teach the truth become an inconsistency and a farce; you have sold the truth and your own power of serving it, and that where you pretend to have found the means of serving it more effectually. The friends of the Gospel arc generally poor, and you know it; and yet you tax them heavily to pay for the secular and for the destructively religious education of the children of the people and thus, after you have disqualified yourself as an advocate of truth, you cruelly cripple the means of those who are still exerting themselves on its behalf. You insult them by your treachery against themselves, and the object of their chief solicitude, while you rob them of their property, which is their strength. Besides, you exhibit ex- traordinary contempt for their understandings and con- sciences in coming to them after all to solicit voluntary con- s 11 tributions from them, in aid of the very object for the sake of which you have abandoned and betrayed truth and all who love it You defend your conduct by saying that yon teach no reli- gion in your school. Do you cheat the Government? Or has Government consented that no religion should be taught by means of its grants? If you teach no religion, what is that but leaving all the religious teaching to those who teach what is false in religion ? You teach no religion Then you refuse to attempt the miserable counteraction which you might carry on with your trifling portion of the national funds you have created, ■ amounting at best to one in a hun- dred! In receiving and applying it exclusively to secular learning, you do no good; you do nothing with a view of counterbalancing the evil you have created; you do nothing but unmitigated mischief, unless your arithmetic and gram- mar exceed the value of all the religious truth opposed, dis- couraged, and destroyed, by the application of the ninety- nine portions of the Government funds, which, running in religious channels, are used in the promotion of views you deem false and destructive. In making yourself a willing propagator of false religions you involve your unwilling neighbours by taxing them also for the purpose; as you are wont to do, when,as a Dissenting parishioner, you impose a Church-rate on your brethren by your vote, knowing that by paying it they must violate their conscience, or by refusing to pay fall into the hands of men licensed to rob them. You are, perhaps, a minister, or a prominent member of your denomination, and you do your utmost to create an un- necessary division In that denomination, as well as to cause it to be justly detested by other sects. You disqualify your- self and your sect to utter a syllable against State Churches, inasmuch as you connect yourself in your religious capacities with the State. You deprive your neighbours and brethren, who cannot go with you, of the power of accomplishing what they might wish to do for education. You boast that their voluntary efforts will be a failure, and you do your best to realise your prediction, knowing that they cannot conscientiously act with you; they therefore must do nothing. If it is the duty of private individuals to educate their neighbours' chiidren, as you say it is, you endeavour to pre- vent thorn from doing auy such thing successfully, unless l they begin by committing all the offences here laid to your charge. You use the old argument that, as "prevention is better than cure," it is better to take Government money to build schools; for schools prevent, while prisons, barracks, police- stations, &c., only cure. What wants to be either prevented or cured is irreligion and crime and you say schools prevent these. You say you are going to teach no religion, and yet you are going to pre- vent irreligion and crime! By what, by arithmetic? By correct spelling and writing ? or by geography ? Do men who have learned these then commit no crimes? Are they all religious ? Are all who cannot cast accounts, according to school rules, criminal? and are they incapable of religion ? We will not express an opinion upon your offence in thus arguing, lest our words should not be deemed courteous; we are satisfied with recording the fact that you do so argue. We have shown that by accepting Government money for your school you commit offences of a most aggravated cha- racter—religiously, morally, socially, and intellectually. Your offence politically considered shall be the subject of a separate paper. H.
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MONEY MARKET. LONDON, WEDNESDAY EVENING. The money market during the past week has taken one step to its old position of insecurity and low figures. A morning mail from Ireland and another from the Continent wrought a sudden reaction in the funds. From 90 down to 85 marks the extent of the damage. In the foreign market the scarcity of stock has tended to keep up prices, despite the fall of the English funds. The better classes of foreign stocks seem generally to be more in demand. The railway share market continued steadily to 'improve until the reaction occurred in the Stock market, but there has not been much excitement or a pressure of sales, the recent advance being far less considerable than that which has taken place in the funds. ,V,v'v,
LONDON CORN EXCHANGE. MONDAY, JULY 24.—From the unfavourable reports respecting the appearance of disease in the potato crops, although we had a good supply of English Wheat to-day, prices recovered the reduc- tion of Monday last, and were 2s. to 3s. per quarter higher. Most of the foreign Wheat now arriving being landed in bond, there is not much offering for sale, and the holders-, are firm in asking the fame advance for good qualities. Good marks of sack Flour were rather dearer. In Barley and Malt but little doing, but fine sam- ples are scarce. Fine Beans and Beas sold more readily, and Egyptian Beans Is. dearer.
QUOTATIONS.. s. s. Wheat, red 40 to 50 Fine 0 0 White 42 57 White .42.57 Fine 0 0 Flour, per sack (Town) 3(5. 42 Barley. 28 .30, Malting — 30 Malt, Ordinary 54 56 Pale 54 58 Rye 27 30 s. s. Peas, Hog — to — Maple 33. 36 Boilers 36 3S Beans, Ticks 29 31 Pigeon 33 35 Harrow 31 34 Oats, Feed 16 19 Fine —23 Poland 18 22 Potato .20.23
SMITHFIELD. MONDAY, JULY 24.—The supply of foreign stock on sale to-day —Sheep and Calves in particular-was somewhat extensive, but its general quality was inferior. The primest Sheep and Calves moved off steadily, at full prices otherwise, the demand was in a sluggish state. There was a decided inerea-e in the numbers of English- fed Beasts on offer, at least a moiety of which was, however, beneath the middling quality. As the attendance of both town and country buyers was somewhat numerous, the very primest Scots were in fair, though not to say brisk inquiry, at, in most instances, Friday's advance in the quotations of 2d. per SIbs, All other breeds moved off slowly, and that day's currencies were with diffi- culty supported. At the close of the market, a total clearance of the Beasts was not effected. For the time of year considered, the supply of Sheep was good, both as to number and quality. The sale for Lambs was in a sluggish state, and the top price did not exceed 5s.-6d. per 81bs. We were heavily supplied with Calves yet a full average business was transacted in that description of stock at our quotations. Price per stone of Sibs. (sinking the offal). Beef 3s 2d to 4s 4d Mutton •; 3 10 5 0 Lambs 4 4 5 6 1 c Veal 3s. fid. to 4s. Gel. Pork 3 10 .4 6 HEAD oi' CATTLH AT SIIITHFIELD. Beasts. Sheep & I;ambs. Calves. PiSs- Monday 3,668 28,990 400 28(1
.V"A-A LIVERPOOL CORN EXCHANGE. TuESDAy, JULY 25.—We have no alteration to state since our last.
.>- PROVISION MARKET. MONDAY, JULY 24.—We have no change of importance to notice in the demand or the value of Irish Butter. No decrease in stock. The arrivals last week were more than equal to the sales landed.—The new Cheese that is making its appearance hears more than a relative value from the scarcity of old, and we expect the trade will pause before they take much at the rates required. Butter,; per cwt. s. s..( Dorset 50 to 52 Carlow SI — Sligo 80 81 Cork,. 1st 84 88 Waterford 82 — Limerick 83 Foreign, prime- Friesland 93 Kiel 86 90 Fresh Butter, per dozen, 1 la. Oi. to 13s. Od. Cheese, per cwt. s. s. Double Gloucester. 60 to 70 Single 46 56 Cheshire 56 74 Derby 62 66 American 50 51 Edam and Gouda 46 58 Bacon, new. 78 — illiddle 50 60 Hams, Irish 82 Westmoreland. 80 84 Yorkshire. 84 90
LONDON SEED MARKET. LONDON, MONDAY, JULY 24.—The operations in the seed mar- ket were on a retail scale, and no particular variation occurred in quotations. Rapeseed is again much cheaper; but other articles were held at much the same rates as before.
KltlTISII SEEDS. Cloverseed, red 30s. to 40s. fine, 43s. to 48s.; white, 30s. to 50s. Cow Grass. 30s. to 52s. Linseed (per qr.) sowing 56s. to 60s. crushing, 42s. to 48s. Linseed Cakes (per 1,000 of 31bs. each), Ell 10s. to E12 10s. Trefoil (per cwt.) 15s. to 21s. Rapeseed, new (per last) £ 34 to £ 36 Ditto Cake (per ton).JEolos.to £6 Mustard (per bushel) white 6s. to 9s.; brown 8s. to 10s. Canary ( jcr quarter) 73s. to 753.; fine 75s. to 78s. Tares, Spring, per bushel .5s. 6d. to 6s. 6d. ,V'V
WOOL MARKET, CITY, MONDAY, JULY 24.—The imports of Wool into London last week were very small, amounting to 1,519 bah s d whih 1.165 were from Sydney, 208 from Odessa, and 101 from Germany. The attendance throughout was good, but towards the close many new buyers were tempted to comc, in on accrunt of the extreme :ow rates and the better demand for Wool for manufacturing purposes, and they bought eagerly at the advance.
HOPS. BOROUGH, MONDAY,_ JULY 24.-We can notice no im prove- oTlast'week marjt0t P"CeS Contiuue heavy at barely the quotation of last week. Sussex Pockets 42s. t0 46s. Weald of Kcnts 44s..to 48s.
TALLOW. LomoN, MONDAY, JULY 24.-Although the delivery is goodi the trade must be considered heavy, owing chiefly to the lanrt' shipments from St. Petersburg! and prices have receded 3d. to 6d pci cwt. per cwt.
BREAD. The prices of Whcatcn Bread in the metropolis are from 7d. to 7id. of household ditto, 5d. to 61(1. per 41bs. loaf.
"J'V' HIDES. LEADTSNHALL.—Market hides, 561b. to 641h., l ]d. to 2d. per lb ditto, 64ib. to 721b., 2d. to 2,Id.: ditto, 721b. to 801b., 2id. to "'¥d ditto, 801b. to 881b., 2fd. to "3d. ditto, SSib. to 961b., 3$d to 3»d • ditto, 961b. to 1041b, 3.<d. to 3fd. Calf-skins, each 4s. 6d. to 5s 0d HOl'se hides, 88. Gel. to Os.; Lamb Skins, Is. Gel. to 2s. 7d. Shear- lings, gel. to Is. 2cl.
-Y-J. COLONIAL MARKETS. TUESDAY, JULY 25,-Tho Sugar market continues to wear a very dull appearance, and prices again show a decline of 6d upon the closing rates last week, anct but a small amount of business was done. Coffee sold heavily in public sale, and prices were scarcely sun iPn0:hT-do4lyhe imp°rter °f thG 1)500 baSs of Plantation Ceylon bought Rice the large public sales, amounting to 8,000 ba^s excited great attention the whole sold with great spirit and general com- petition, at an advance of Is. 6d. upon the public prices of I'ridav or Is. on yesterday's private transactions.
WELSH MARKETS. PONTYPRrnn JULY 26 Wheat, 7s. 6d. to 8s. Od. per bushel; Barley os 0d Oats 3s. 3d. to 0s. Od.; Beef, od. to 7d, per lb. Mutton, 7d. to 7,id' Lamb, 6d to 7d. eal, 6d. to 7d.Fresh Butter, Is. Id to ls 2d Cheese, 4d to 7d.; Potatoes, Is. 4d. per quarter; Eggs, gel. per dozen; Cabbage, Id. each; Beans, 4d. per quarter. °° "V'V'V'.F'F'F'r_
MOLD. 7 rJ'Y tT i Perhobbet, 18a. 0d. to 18s. 6d. Oats, 7s. Od. to If' r c'l + 1 to > Vetches, 0s. Od. to 0s 0d Beef 6d. to /d.j Mutton, 6d. to 7d.; Veal, 5d. to fid to^lSs' fid' t0T?l;f 11 xm' ?d' t0 10cL Potatoes, per hobbet 18s. 0d' to 18s. fid. Butter, Iresh, lOd. to Ild.; Salt, 9d. to lOd Eggs to" Od per couPle> 2s- 6d- to 0s.; Fowls, Is 9d! to 28. Oc1. .r-rvI,I'o.-
LLANRWST. f8'^W!nat|,PCl' hobbet, 16s, Od. to 18s. fid.; Barley, £ t0o)f p i°ats> 7s. °d. to 8s. 0d.; Oatmeal, Ios. io 16, 0d. Old Potatoes Os. 0u.; New, ditto, per 181b. Is Beef, ad. to 7d. Mutton, 7d. to Sd. Lamb, 6d. to 7d. Veal 4dT to 5d.; Butter, lOd. to 12d.; Eggs, 6d. per dozen. "r..r.r-rv-
IIOLYHEAD. JULY 22.- Wheat. 52s to 54s; Barley, 28s to 30s.; Oats 16s to 17s. Oatmeal, per 24Q lbs., 25s to 26s Beef, 5d to 6d; Mutton, 6d. to 7d.; Yeal, 4d. to 5d. Butter, lid. to 12d.
CARNARVON. JULY Wheat, 54s. to 56s. Bailey, 30s. to 3ls.; Oatmeal, 27s. to 29s. Beans, 72s. to 80s; Longpod, per bushel, 15s. to 16s, Vetches, per Cibbyn, 2s. 6d. to 3s. "J"I'
CARMARTHEN. JULY 22. Our market to-day is again dull, prices as follows:- Wheat, 6s. 6d. to 7s. Od. per win. Barley, 3s. 9d. to 4s. 3d. per win. Oats, 2s. Od. to 2s. 3d. per win; Butter, 8^1. to 8d. per lb. Cheese, El 9s. Od. to El lis. Od. per cwt. New Cheese,-El 3s Od. to 1:1 4s.; Beef, 4d. to 6id. per lb.; Mutton, 5;d. to 7eL Lamb' 5d. to 5d.; Veal, 4d. toojd. Cow Hides, ld. per lb. Tallow 3,'d' to Od. per lb.; Fowls, Is. Od. to Is 2d. each; Ducks, Is. 6d to Is. 9d. Eggs, three for 2d.; Potatoes, id. per lb.; Fish. Sewiu, 6d. per lb.; Salmon, 7d. Peas, 4d. per quart; Beans, 2d.'
CARDIGAN. JULY 22 -Wheat, 7s. to 7s. 6d. per win.; Barley, 4s. to 4B. 6el. Oats, 2s. to Os. Od. Beef, 5d. to 6d. Mxitton, 5d. to 6d. Veal, 4tL to 5el.; Lamb, 5d. to Od. Fresh butter, lOd. to ls. Salt, 74d. to, 8d. Cheese, new, 18s. to 20s. per ewt.
.V' NEWPORT. JULY 22.—Beef, 64<1. to 7d. per lb. Mutton, 6-1 d. to 7d.; Veal, 6td. to 7d. Lamb, 7d. to Od.; new Potatoes, 5d. to 7d. per quarter green Peas, lOd. per peck; Gooseberries, 1 j-d. per quart; Wine- berries, 2?,d. per ditto Broad Beans, 6d. per peck Fresh Butter, ls. 2d. salt ditto, Is. to Is. Id.; Cheese, 6d. to 8 id.
MERTHYR. JULY 22.-Beef, 5d. to 6d.; Mutton, 6d. to 6d. Veal, 5d. to 6d. Lamb, Gd. to G4d. PDrk, Gel. to Od.; Cheese, 4d. to 8d. Butter' Salt, Od. to IOd. Fresh, IIJD. to Is. Od. Potatoes, ten pounds for 6d. Onions 2d. per lb. Apples, Is. to 3s. per hundred Pears, Is. per hundred; Carrots, 2d. per bunch; Turnips, Id. per lb. Currants, 4d. Pease, 4d. per quarter; Beans, 3d. per quart.; Gooseberries, Hù. to 2d. per quart.; Eggs, ten for 6cl. Fowls, 2s. Od., to 2s. 6d. per couple.
-V"VVv"V' SWANSEA. JULY 22.—Wheat, 7s. Od. to 8s. Od. Barlev, 4s. Od. to 4s. 8d Oats, 2s. 8d. to 3s. 4d. per bushel.—Meat (per lb., to sink the ofial); Beef, prime, 6Jd. good, 5id. inferior, 5d. Mutton, prime, 6}d.; good, 6d. inferior, 5d. Veal, prime, 6id. good, 5d. inferior, 4d.; Pork, prime, 5|d. good, tUd. inferior, 5d. Lamb, prime, 6d. good, 5|d. Fresh Butter (19oz.), Is. Id. to Is. 2d. Salt ditto, in cask, 9d. to 9id. per lb. skim milk Cheese, old, 3hl. to 4d. per lb new, ditto, 2jd. to 3!d. per lb. Fowls, 2s. 6d. to 3s. Od. per couple Chickens, Is. lOd. to 2s. 8d' per couple Ducks, 2s. 6d. to 3s; 6d. per couple; Eggs, nine for 6d.; Potatoes, d. to ld. per lb.
23ui|)S. On the 17tli instant, the wife of the Rev. M. Rees, Jfhiteeross, of a daugh- ter. On the 20th inst., Mrs. John Thomas, grocer, Caepanttywyll, Merthyr, of a daughter. jlJlaniùgc$. On the 21th ult., at Suminerfield chapel, Neath, by the Rev. D. Evans, Mr. David Robert, engineer, to Miss Elizabeth George, both of Cwmavon. On the 22nd inst., at the Registrar's Office, Merthyr, by Registrar Lewis* Mr. Thomas Millard, to Mrs. Hannah Joncs,both of Merthyr. On the 23rd inst., at Mount Pleasant chapel, Swansea, in the absence of the minister by the Rev. G. P. Evans, Mr. William Afainwaring, stone-cut- ter, to Miss Rachel Rees, both of Swansea. On the 25th inst., at Summerfield chapel, Neath, by the Rev. D. Evans, MY. Lewis Jones, the-youngest son of Mr. Lewis Jones, shopkeeper, of Briton Ferry, to Miss Ann Thomas, of Bridgend, Glamorganshire. On the Sith inst. at St. John's Church, Cardiff, by the Rc-v. T. Stacey, ill". T. V. Hagon, officer of excise, Pontypridd, to Miss Mary Griffiths, daughter of the late Mr. David Griffiths, of this town. On the 27th inst., at St. Gary's Church, Pembroke, the Rev. W. Pryse, Calvinistic Methodist missionary to the' Cossya Hills, to A. Edwards, daughter of Mr. Thomas Edwards, supervisor of excise, Pembroke, DEATHS. On the 27th inst., Mrs. Ann Hawkins, of this town, wife of Mr. J. Hawkins, late principal light keeper of the Flat Holmes, for 28 years, much lamented by a large circle of friends and relations. Lately, at Swansea, the infant child of Mr. James Powell, sad- dler, of the Iron Bridge, Merthyr. On the 23rd inst., at Macsteg, aged five months, MarylIibbcrt Alexander, daughter of Mr. Robert Alexander, grocer, &c., of the above place. On the 14th inst., at his fathers house, near Aberystwith, Mr. Thomas S. Williams, late master of the Briti h school, Blackwood, aged 25 years. He was also a preacher with. the Independents for the last eight years.. On the 9th inst., Mr. Thomas George, jun,, of Mynydd-melyn, in the parish of Llanychlwydog, aged 22 years. On the 15th instant, Mrs. Hannah Hughes, of Parkey, in the parish of Newport, Pembrokeshire, aged 88 years, after whom the poor will feel a great lo;s. Printed and published by the Proprietor, DAVID EVANS, at his Office, No. 7, North-street, (near the Savings Bank,) in the town of Cardiff, in \b,8 .parish of St." John the Bajitist, Glamorganshire. Friday, July ZS, 8i.
HAVERFORDWEST. JULY 22.—Wheat, 6s. 3d. to 7s. Od.; Barley, 4s. to 4s. 6d. Beef, 5jd. to 7d.; Mutton, 5d. to 6.id.; Veal, 3d. to 5d.; Lamb, od. to 6d. Butter, sixteen ounces, 9d. to Ilcl. ditto, twenty ounces,. Os. lid. to ls id.; Eggs, thirty-four for is. Ducks, 2s. Od.'to 2s 6d' per couple Fowls, ls. 6d. to 2s. Od. ditto.
faitli," as they are called here, addressed by the candidates at the late general election to form the National Assembly. When I first saw this address I knew not the author, but lately I have had the pleasure of becoming acquainted with him, and have had the joy of knowing that he is a cordial friend to the distribution of the Holy Scriptures, having himself taken a part in it to some extent, and is also de- sirous of seeing the doctrine preached in its purity amongst Ills countrymen. I send you a translation of Mr. Le Tiec's address to the electors of the department of the Cotes-du- ord, in Lower Brittany, on account of its excellence, and its loin' perhaps the most remarkable production of the kind which has appeared in all France, as it bases all go- vernment on the sovereign will of God revealed to man. Moreover I have no doubt many of my countrymen will be glad to see that there is a Breton gentleman professin the views contained in this address, and who has made them known far and wide by means of his circulars to the electors, and that in a province in the welfare of which they feel a deep interest, but is noted for being under the yoke of the Homish priests. In case you will think proper, you will oblige me by inserting this document in your valuable paper. I am, my dear sir, yours, very truly, M'orlaix, July 18, 1848. J. JEXKINS. Glory to Godin the highest, and on eartA peace, good will toicard men. Where resides the legitimate incontestable sovereignty? Who has the right of commanding man ? The solution of this problem can alone conciliate obedience and liberty, right and duty. Is not the answer of the National Assembly to this Question to become the foundation of the constitution of the French Repub- lic ? Slay this foundation be for ever immoveable. The constitution of 1791, and the constitution of 1793, pro- claimed the sovereignty of the people. The tenet of the sove- reignty of the people is a political tenet as false, as pernicious as the sovereignty of kings. The sovereignty of kings implies ser- vitude the sovereignty of the people has for its consequence anarchy. Where then resides the absolute right of commandment? Who is the legitimate sovereign of man ? Who is his master, if he has one? Who can tell him without crime, "My will i. thy law?" It is by resolving this great social problem that Jesus com- menced eighteen hundred years ago the regeneration, the renew- ing. the revolution of the world. '• To this end," says he, "came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth and ye shall know the truth, and the truth will make you free. All ye are brethren you have no master but the Lord; ask that his kingdom come, and his will be done on earth as in heaven." What is the will of the common Father ? That all his children shoukfbe happy that each should desire, even as God does, the happiness of all; that each should labour to realise it according to his strength and means. b All things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them for this is the law. and the prophets. Ye know that the princes of the nations exercise dominion rtver them, but it shall not be so among you. The Son of Man came not to be served, but to serve. Ifany man desire to be first, the same shall be a servant of all." The fundamental tenet of the Scriptures is the sovereignty of .eod alone, an inalienable sovereignty. If kings tremble on their worm-eaten thrones, be not astonished at, it; they are guilty of the crime of divine high treason; they »',e sacrilegious usurpers who have dethroned God to reign in his place. Citizens of the towns and country, will you have the feudal- collar, called Charter, replaced by a Christian constitution, which, i'l accordance with the noble sentiments that throb in your hearts, would have for its object the happiness of all, and not the spoli- ation of all by a small number? Will you that this constitution should have the gospel for its base that it should raise the sovereignty to its true source, and lay down in principle—the reign of God, the sovereignty of the Creator? The fr-iterriity of all his children ? From the fraternity of men results, not the equality of worldly goods, but the abolition of privilege, the equality of rights and duties. Proclaiming the reign of God, is it not acknowledging that the will of the Lord is the first law, the fundamental law, the sove- reign law ? What results therefrom ? That the will of all the kings of the earth, of all the priesthoods .-if all the people of the globe, cannot impose on man a law con- trary to the law of the Lord Nor divest a single individual of mankind of any one of his liberties, of any one of the rights which he holds from his only legitimate sovereign. Of the number of the holy and inviolable rights which man holds from the will of his Creator, are The inviolability ..f the property of each; the security of the persons of all The liberty of conscience; the soul created free in the image of God cannot be constrained to believe such or such religion, such or such tenet, nor to act contradictory to his faith The liberty of communicating to his brethren his feelings and thoughts.; the liberty of speech; the liberty of the press; The liberty of giving to his children the education he believes best calculated to make them attain the end of their destiny; to make them happy in this life and in the other the liberty of teaching, of instruction The liberty of rendering unto the Lord the adoration which he believes most agreeable to him the liberty of religion; the liberty of worship. To proscribe a worship or pay its ministers are on the part of governments two actions equally impious, equally violating the rights of conscience. I hear contradiction, and I stop to answer it. Men upright of heart, it is to you I address myself; is there not impiety in paying salary to the falsifiers of the gospel ? Ministers of Catholicism and of Protestantism, in the name of tUe gospel do you not teach to the people contradictory doctrines P Do you not mutually accuse each other of imposture of falsifying the gospel ? Which of you is in error ? We know that truth is one; we know also then that the govern- ments which pay you indistinctly, pay falsifier8 of the Gospel, m >21 who teach false and lying doctrines Oh ye who in the sincerity of your souls call for the reign of truth on earth, remember well that truth in order to confound e-ror never asked, and never will ask, but the equality of arms, and the liberty of battle. The lLlion of faith must precede the solid and sincere union of families ar,d peoples. What, during eighteen hundred years, opposes itself most to this unity ? The usurped oppression of governments over the consciences of men. Run-over times and kingdoms, everywhere you will find error un.ler the protection of governments. The history of the oppression of mankind can be comprised in two words. Everywhere tyranny has paid wages to.imposture; everywhere paid imposture has sanctified, deified tyranny. Therefore no more leligious persecutions, but also no more mer- cenary pastors liberty for every belief no poliiieal salary for any. French nation, after raving frightened the tyrants by thy audacity, the time is come to enlighten the peoples by thy wisdom the eye of nations contemplates thee they seem to say, "march, we will follow To thee then it has been given to direct the going out of the ■impressed peoples from the house of bondage; may the living word of the living God be thy luminous pillar; the promised land is net far oft: A new constitution, based on the gospel An electoral law, maintaining direct and universal suffrage, modifying the electoral circumscriptions The unity of the legislative power; The unity of the executive power The election of the functionaries of the ad mi n'sf rati m: by those whom they were called to serve, in order that the public func- tions may be entrusted to the most worthy hands; The union of the French people under the reign of equal justice. Fellow-citizens of the Cotes-du-Nord, such are the principles and the wshes of him who desires more your happiness than your -suifrages. FRANCOIS LE TIRc, Cultivator.