Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

20 erthygl ar y dudalen hon













[No title]



DEFEAT OF THE SIKH ARMY. The Tattil of the 4th of March from Bombay brirfgs intelli- fence from the theatre of war in the Punjab to the 21st of 'ebrufiry, on which day a battle had been fought by the united forces of Lord Gtnigh and General Whisli, which ended in the complete rout of the Sikh army. Of this vic- tory, however, no details have arrived by this mail, as the despatches of the Commander-in-Chief had not reached Bombay when the steamer left. We are enabled to state, however, that semi-official accounts leave no doubt as to the complete success of our arms. The proceedings of Lord Gough from the date of our pre- vious letters, and up to the 10th of February were chiefly Confined to the defence of the position which the British army occupied at Chillianwallah. The Sikh forces having received some addition to their numbers by the junction of Chuttur Singh, the father of their leader, Shere Singh, took up positions to the right of Lord Gough's camp, as if with an intention of outflanking the British. This movement led to the supposition that the Sikhs contemplated an attack; but nothing of the kind took place. The enemy caused a good deal of annoyance to the grass-cutters and camp-fol- io wers but no serious encounter took place, for Lord Gough persisted in his plan of waiting for the arrival of the Bombay division under General Whish, and of the Bombay column commanded by Brigadier Dtmdas. During several days, from the 6th to the 12th of February, various skirmishes took place, but no serious encounter, as the British General continued to act, on the defensive. Pro- visions were abundant in the British camp. On the 8th, a prisoner was brought into the camp, who I gave the news that Dost Mahommed was collecting the re- venue in the Attock districts, and that he had built bridges over the Indus and the Loandye. 0 On the 11 th, the Sikhs advanced to a village near the British camp, as if to bring oil an engagement, and the whole line was turned out, but no fight took place. The Sikhs plundered the outward and inward mails from the camp. A proclamation was published by Sir Henry Lawrence., in the name of Dhuleep Singh, the young Maharajah of La- hore, which promised forgiveness for the past to all those who should retire to their homes, and threatened condign punish- ment to all who persisted in the rebellion. This proclamation was supposed sufficient to produce an effect amongst the Sikh chieftains, many of whom were not satisfied with the course which the campaign had taken, as they found that money and provisions were wanting. On the 12th the Sikhs, who during the late feigned at- tacks on Lord Gough's camp had found means to remove their heavy guns from their intrenchments at Ittissoul, drew up their cavalry at the village of Coira, and under its cover struck their tents, and marched towards Goojerat. This retreat allowed the British an opportunity of examining with attention the ground on which the battle had taken i place on the 13th of January. That position of the Sikhs was found to be immensely strong, and consisting of a double line of intrenchments, in front of which they had planted large bushes in every direction, so as to mask them- selves, and to prevent the movement of cavalry. Their camp had been pitched upon the slope of a hill, with a bat- tery in the midst of broken ground. Close to this battery was a deep and rugged ravine with a narrow bridge. To the rear of this natural fortress was a perpendicular wall of rock near the Jhelum. This was the strength of the Sikhs on the memorable 13th'of January. An advance upon that position would have cost many more lives than those lost in that battle. The plans of the Sikhs during several days showed that they wished to entice Lord Gough into an attack on that position but failing in their schemes, they retired from this spot at three o'clock on the morning of the 13th of Feb- ruary, and encamped at Needun and Chimbur, with the evi- dent intention of moving in the direction of Goojerat. On the 15th it was known that the Sikhs had gone to- wards Wuzeerabad, as if with the intention of crossing the Chenab there and of proceeding towards Lahore. Fortu- nately General Whisli with his cavalry and a portion of his infantry had reached llamltuggur, and a part of his force was detached from Ramnuggur to Wuzeerabad, so as to pre- vent the passing of the Sikhs at that ford. The Sikhs plun- dered all the districts between the Jhelum and Chenab, and took up a position near the town of Goojerat. On the 16th Lord Gough marched from Supooree to Sudalpoor, a village about five miles from the Chenab while General Whish constructed a bridge of boats over the Chenab at Hmreke Puttam, which facilitated his move- ment to join the Commander-in-Chief. Ou the 18th the troops were hastening towards the point at which they were to concentrate. The Bombay column, under Brigadier Dundas, arrived at Ramnuggur, and 011 the 19th marched to join Lord Gough. On the 20th the last preparations were made for the con- flict, and Oil the 21st Lord Gough attacked Shere Singh in his position near Goojerat, defeated him on all points, and routed the Sikh army. Shere Singh fled, leaving a great portion of his guns and of his ammunition, as well as his standing camp, in possession of the victors, who were engaged in the pursuit of the dispersed Sikhs when the in- telligence left. The news of this victory reached Bombay by express late at night of the 3rd of March, and a royal salute was fired in its honour on the 4th, at one o'clock in the afternoon. The steamer started in the evening of the 4th for Suez. The intelligence from other parts of India is not of an exciting nature. Mooltan is under the superintendence of Major Scott, of the Bombay Engineers—about to become the Gibraltar of the Southern Punjab, and promises also to be soon an emporium for British manufactures. From Bombay we learn that Mr. Reid has left the Council and come to Europe. Mr. Blane has taken his place. Major Lawrence had obtained unlimited leave from Shere Singh's camp 011 parole. He reached Lord Gough's army on the 17th, and Lahore on the 19th, whence he was about pro- ceeding to join Lord Dalhousie at Ferozepore. He brought a message from Shere Singh to the effect, that all the prison- ers would be returned to us immediat- ly.

[No title]





[No title]