THE STATE PRISONERS. Contrary to anticipation, nothing up to Saturday last L, transpirell with respect to the promised interview between Lord Clarendon and the parties engaged in getting up the memorial in behalf of the state prisoners. There are now upwards of 28,000 signatures appended to the petition, and it appears to be the wish of the managers to delay its presentation to an early day in the ensuing week, as they expect a vast addition to the names by Monday morning's country post. Among those who have recently signed are Lord Farnham and several Protestant clergymen in the north of Ireland.
SALE or O'CONNELI.'S BOOKS. The sale of the library of Mr. Daniel O'Connell commenced on Tuesday. None of the lots, however, brought anything like the prices which it might naturally be expected they would realise. Even copies having affixed to them the Liberator's autograph, sold at prices not amounting to the mere intrinsic value, and, in many instances, far below the trade price at second-hand. A very splendid copy of the Mores Catholici," in ten volumes, was purchased by Mr. Dolman, the publisher, for £ 4. "Dens' Theologia," seven volumes, went for 12s. The well-known and splendid work Loyola's Spiritual Exer- cises" (Latin), a presentation copy to the Liberator, was bought by Mr. Dolman for 5s. Some of the law works were valuable as books of reference many of them had Mr. O'Connell's name prefixed in his own hand, and others had copious margi- nal notes in his writing. A splendid copy of Cobbett and Ilawell's "State Trials," with index, 34 vols., was bought by Mr. O'Hagan, Q.C., for £7 15s. Generally speaking, fthe prices got for the works did not approach the average value of the volumes, apart from all considerations connected with them.
THE ILLJIAN CATHOLIC PRIMACY. I understand that the three reverend candidates for the Roman Catholic Primacy are what is termed anti-Govern- ment men," and that Dr. Dixon, although a quiet and unob- trusive ecclesiastic, and altogether opposed to sacerdotal inter- ference in matters strictly pertaining to the discipline of his church, is, nevertheless, an ardent Nationalist," and a warm advocate of Legislative independence."
WHOLESALE EVICTIONS. The two North Tipperary papers contain the particulars of one of the most sweeping clearances of tenantry that has yet been recorded in the annals of southern evictions. Both these jour- nals, one being the organ of the landlords, the other the not very cautions" champion of the peasantry, give, as in duty bound, two wholly different versions of the causes which led to this wholesale depopulation. Of the fact, however, of nearly six hundred people being ejected from the lands of Toomavara, the property of the Rev. Massy Dawson, there is no dispute and without entering into the pros and cons of the controversy, and being ignorant as to the amount of blame really attachable to landlord or tenant, I shall merely subjoin a brief account of the dismantling of the village, as it appears in the Nenagh Gii(ii-tlitt;z On Thursday morning last 60 of the constabulary from this town, under command of Mr. Charles G. O'Doll, sub-inspector, left Nenagh for Toomavara. At half-past nine o'clock Mr. S. M. Gason, on the part of the under-sheriff, commenced taking posses- sion of the several houses and cabins, and during the entire per- formance of his duty he was only accompanied by two or three policemen without carbines, there being no disposition on the part of those present to commit a breach of the peace. The police from Nenagh bivouacked in the barracks, and were ready, if their attendance was required. There were between 40 and 50 cabins levelled, and many of them were pulled down by the tenants themselves. The number of persons altogether evicted was,— husbands, 100 wives, 58 children, 313; other persons, lodgers, ike., 105; making, as well as we could ascertain, a total of 576. The day was unfavourable for the unfortunate people, as the rain commenced to descend at twelve o'clock, and continued without intermission until six o'clock in the afternoon. We believe it is Mr. Dawson's intention to put in repair the houses left standing, and also to improve the whole town, by building a better descrip- tion of dwellings in it.
DISTRESS IN THE MIDLAND COUNTIES. From the subjoined conversation, which took place at a meeting of the Carlow Board of Guardians, it appears that famine, with all its fearful consequences, is making rapid strides v, in districts hitherto free from its devastations Mr. Fislibcurtic.-Befoi-e one month I anticipate we shall have claims from no less than 500 persons from the Queen s County. In the barony of Slievemarguy I know it to be the fact that at this moment many of the people live on weeds. About two months since there was abundant employment in the barony but since General Thomas's and other works were completed the labouring classes are, to a great extent, unemployed. I met the other day several able-bodied men from Lord Kenmare's estate in the same barony, looking for employment on the Burrin drain- age, in the county of Carlow, and they informed me on their re- turn that they might lie down and die. Mr. Cooper, Mr. Gale, and Mr. Parker corroborated the state- ment of Mr. Fishbourne, namely, that the people were subsisting on the yellow weed which grows spontaneously in the cornfields at this season, and that in the district of Shrule. Colonel Bruen.—Owing to the operations of the Poor-law sys- tem, that district will soon become as destitute as Mayo.
THE BANTllY UNION. Taking for its data a document drawn up by some influential gentleman of the district, the Cork hxaminer scarcely exagger- ates when it states that the affairs of the hapless union of Ban- try are come to a dead lock, and that it now vies in misery with Skibbereen itself, both being the Minister types of Ballinrobe. Here are a few figures illustrative of its coilditioii The population of this union in 1841 was estimated at 50,764 souls. But, owing to the joint operation of extermination and emigration, famine and plague, we may not be very far from the cxaet figure when we set down the present population at 4;>,0OO. Of these, one-half are known to be in a state of actual destitution. Limiting the destitution to one-lialf of the population—which is, we fear, narrowing it into too small a compass we have the fact that the half comparatively sound is supposing the half notori- ously unsound. Each man of those not yet reduced to absolute destitution has another man saddled on his back. The numhers relieved a few days ago, including in .door and out-door paupers, was 15,700; but it is ascertained that the numbers positively in need of this relicfmny be set down as 2,000 more. or 17,700—the cost of whose support would, at a muderale calculation, amount, to £ 2.3,000. Let us sec how the union is in a position to bear this enormous drain on its resources. The valuation struck in 1843 Was £ 37,206, which, it is contended by the ratepayers, was cnor- mous, and out of all proportion to the real value; which, from various causes well known to be in operation, may now be set down at £ 25,000. Were relief given to those who stand in need of it, every penny of ibis fair valuation would be absorbed in in- door porridge and out-door Indian meal. But a margin is allowed, and it is said, suppose the valuation to be really £ ,>0,000, what then ? Why, that less than £ 5,000 would remain to meet in- terest upon incumbrances, fiscal burdens, allowances, losses, and the support of owners." Let us look a little fun her into the affairs of this union. It is enormously in debt—indent to contractors for food and necessaries—in debt 10 the officers, for their snlaries- in debt to the Government, for recent advances. At a round sum, the debt may be set down at £ 12,000.' This is entirely a -Poor- ltt\N' (tef)t, lot include a sbilling ofwhai the union owes on account of advances under the Labour-rate Act.
>=- War. RULEY, the superintendent of the goods department of the Lancashire awl Yorkshire railway, has absconded from Manchester after embezzling a large sum of money, said to be upwards of £ 2,0.0. Uailey,whoisayoungman,hadbctted on horse-races, and was a lrge loser on the Chester cup. A reward of £ 50 is offered for his apprehension. THE DAY TICXBT SYSTE>r.-The Midland (Bristol and Bir- mingham) ItiuLwav Company, alter six months' experience of the effects of discontinuing the day tickets on the line, have lctumed to the old plan —a tacit admission of its utility. It was found that the abolition of day tickets had the effect of driving first and second class passengers into cheaper trains, arid thus diminishing instead of increasing the revenue. The directors, however, have not altogether restored the old privi- lege, for they have increased the charges for day tickets from two-thirds of the full fare to three-fourths, so that the saving to the public will nut be so great as under the old plan. Satur- day's t are available for the return journey on that day, Sunday, or Monday. Birmingham Musical Festival is now fixed to commence on Tuesdav, the -it'll of September,—to last four days. A CAT belonging to a druggist in IIull is now suckling, two fine puppIes of the lung Charles's treed. TINS ,Siamese twins are said to be on their way to New York to embark for Europe,'with a view to consult the most eminent surgeons on the practicability of an operation to divide I he ligament that binds them together. WE and from the Journal- that the restorations of We] is Cathedral, which wore commenced about fourteen months since, have been suspended, partly owing to a difference of opinion, and pnrtly to a want of funds*
THE NEW HUNGARIAN TARIFF. The expectations we held out in a recent number of this journal, that the establishment of a popular Government in Hungary would open a new and extensive market for British manufactures, is on the point of accomplishment. So long as the authority of the Em peror Ferdinand was acknowledged in Hungary, even the most ardent wishes of the people were subdued in respect to the monarch, whose abdication was assumed to be the result of a court intrigue, which the victory of Kossuth would reverse. The appeal to Russia, however, presented an unexpected obstacle to the accomplishment of this wish. A new cotirse was forced upon the nation, which was thus menaced from a new quarter. Instead of directing the resources of Hungary to the re-establishment of a sovereign with- out issue, and undertaking to teach the Austrian courtiers how to govern the magnificent empire which is crumbling to pieces under their rule, the Hungarians thenceforth determined to use their advantage against Russia, and to throw the war into Poland. Their whole force, as we are on the best authority informed, will in future be directed to aiding the Poles to recover the independ- ence the Magyars have achieved for themselves. But no other method of abandoning Austria to its own politics and its present rulers was deemed feasible, than by severing the bond which fet- tered the fate of Hungary to that of the Austrian Empire. The Hungarians would not run the risk 'of sharing a policy of which they renounced the guidance, and, as a natural result, Hungary has been declared independent of a country which it now only looks upon in the light of a province of Russia. The Act of Independence was voted in full Diet nearly a month since, immediately upon the discovery that the Russians were preparing to march. M. Kossuth, the head of the Council of Re- gency, which until then bad acted in the name of Ferdinand V., was elected to the post filled in former times by the famous John Hunnyady, that of Great Captain of the kingdom, until the Diet shall elect a king. The first act of the new magistrate has been to gratify the wish of the Hungarians as far as in his power, by throwing open the trade of the kingdom. We have prefaced the information given to us on this subject, which must soon become one of primary interest for our manufacturing and mining districts, by the political details with which it was accompanied. Both are from a source deserving implicit confidence, although, from the circumstance that no official connexion has as yet been opened, either by France or England, with Hungary, there are no means of notifying formally the acts of the Government do facto to friendly nations. The policy that has been observed towards South America, Mexico, Spain, and France, of course renders it impossible that the courts of Europe can refuse to recognise, even for a short time, a state of such magnitude as Hungary but it is necessary that our readers should be in possession of all the facts of the case, to guide them in commercial speculations. This will serve as our excuse for having dwelt more upon the political side of the question than is our wont. We have then been officiously informed, that the captain-general, in the plenitude of his power, has ordered a provisional tarifF to subsist until the Diet shall finally determine the question of cus- toms' duties. By this decree the following regulations for the admission of foreign wares are established — Colonial wares and medicines are admitted. Free. Itaw materials for manufactures. Free. Arms, ammunition, accoutrements, saddlery, horse millinery, &c Free. Woollen clothing of all kinds Free. Cotton goods and clothing ) f An ad Silk goods, &e. valorem duty Hosiery ) ( of 15 per ct. We most willingly comply with the wish expressed, that we should contribute to make this liberal tariff public. Considering the size of the market thus opened, and which in our last notice of the subject we estimated to contain 20,000,000 of consumers, me- diately and immediately made accessible by the opening of the Hun- garian ports on the Adriatic, our miners and manufacturers cannot too soon bea pp rised of the existence of a field OIl which they are sure to meet their German and Belgian rivals. The drawback at present to the occupation of this field lies in the fact that the Magyar army, being drawn to the north, has not yet opened the port of Fiume, from which Hungary can most easily draw supplies. The want of foresight in allowing the Russians to close the Danube is hence strikingly apparent. Were it not for this impediment, the route through the Black Sea, by Wallachia and Moldavia, would be open—an expensive route, no doubt, but still one that is known, and to a certain extent made available. From Galaez, goods might be sent in commission to Belgrade, where we ha\e a consul-gene- ral and the merchants of Jassy and Bucharest would not prove wanting in means to forward goods to Transylvania; still the risk of sending wares through the mouths of the Danube, now altogether in the hands of Russia, must be carefully considered. Fiume, on the Adriatic, besides being much nearer to us than the Black Sea, is connected with Hungary by an excellent road over the mountains and the large navigable rivers form excellent channels of distribution, as soon as the basin of the Danube is at- tained. There can be Jittle doubt but that the detachment of General Bern's army, which, by the last accounts, had overcome all opposition, and had scoured the country to the frontier river Save, will push on towards Fiume, and secure the connexion with the sea, it may be hoped, without vexatious opposition on the part of the Croatians. The Croatians are, however, by no means so formidable au obstacle in this direction as the Russians are in the other for they are not numerous; and a large portion of this fraction of South Hungary is favourably disposed to the Magyars. We may, at a future day (for we doubt not that the importance of this subject will justify our often recurring to it), show more at large the errors on this and other matters connected with Hungary, which have been unwarily propagated by the daily press. For the present we confine ourselves to announcing this partial fulfilment of our prophecy, and congratulating our mer- chants and manufacturers upon the event.—Jlining Journal.
ANOTHER" GOLD FIELD" DISCOVERED. Papers have been received from Melbourne, Port Philip, to the 8th February, and contain some curious though vague accounts of alleged gold discoveries in the neighbourhood of the Pyrenees dis- trict. The party said to be in sole possession of the secret was a shepherd lad, who had refused to divulge the exact spot where the auriferous deposit was concentrated, but he had so far given colour to his statements by having disposed of specimens of the ore to individuals who had brought them into Melbourne. Two persons (Messrs. Bretani and Duchene) are actually named as the fortunate purchasers of lumps" which separately weighed 22 and 24 ounces each, and this circumstance is alluded to by more than one respectable journal. So great, was the excitement oc- casioned by the various reports in circulation, that it was feared a mama would set in, and that attention would be diverted from ordinary agricultural pursuits, "I which, after all (it is remarked), are likely to prove the true wealth and resources of the settle- ment." Exploring parties had been formed, with the view of proceeding to the" run" where the shepherd was presumed to have made his discovery, and as the prospect existed of farm la- bourers deserting their masters, and mixing in the general rush of adventurers who were preparing to leave town, it was hoped the Government authorities would interfere and prescribe regulations for arresting any precipitate abandonment of such engagements. It was also asserted that, in further mineral researches, prompted by: this movement, lead had been found in another district in considerable quantities. As furnishing a graphic illustration of the position of affidrs in Melbourne since the reported gold disco- veries, the annexed extract of a private -letter, dated the 5th of February, maybe quoted:—"The good people of Port Philip have all gone demented on the subject of gold seeking. First, an account was started of gold mines in California, where it could be dug like sand upon the sea shore--whereupon four or five vessels departed, crowded with passengers, from Sydney, and a like number from Hobart Town. Meetings for a similar purpose were held at Melbourne, and plans were being matured for emigration to California, when the tide was turned (and men's heads along with it) by the reported discovery of gold nearer home (at the Pyrenees, 120 miles to the westward). All sorts of stories aie afloat but one thing is certain, that gold ore, in large masses, has iound its way into Melbourne. Ihere are many reasons for doubt- ing the reports, and as many for believing them at any rate, the town has gone mad tradesmen, publicans, and sinners, have shut up their places of business and gone to seek for gold. Carts, horses, spades, picks, and hammers arc all put in requisition, and Melbourne is gone out of town. It is impossible to give any idea, upon paper, of the ferment this gold mania is making."
HOUSE OF LORDS.—THURSDAY, MAY 24. NAVIGATION LAWS. After some miscellaneous business of no importance had been disposed of, The Earl of ELLENBOROUGH moved the insertion of the word "one" in the first clause, postponing the operation of the bill from the 1st of-January, 1850, to the first of January, 1851. This extension of time, not at all hostile but rather ancillary to the act, was necessary to enable British shipowners to compele with fo- reigners. Earl GREY hoped their lordships would not consent to the ad- journment. After a few words from Lord WIIARNCLIVVE and the Earl of GRANVIUE, the committee divided, when the amendment was ne- gatived by 57 to 44. The Earl Of WALDTIGRAV, L- then moved an amendment to re- strict the benefits of a British register to British built ships, the Duke of NORTHUMBERLAND, the Earl of CADOGAN, Lord COL- CHESTElt, Earl TALBOT, and the Earl of HAREOWBY insisting that the Americans could build and repair ships cheaper than we while the Earl of GRANVILLE, the Earl of MIXTO, the Earl of ELLESMERE, and the Marquis of LANSDOWNE maintained that England possessed all the elements of building ships cheaply and well. On a division, 37 voted for, and 49 against it. Lord STANLEY, observing that it was quite ciearlier Majesty's Go- vernment had it in their power effectively to carry into operation all they intended in this bill, and that they were determined to re- sist all modifications that might be suggested, would not waste their lordships' time or his own by going into further discussion, leaving to the combined force of Government and their allies the joint responsibility of the consequences that must result from the adoption of this measure. The noble lord took that opportunity of explaining the proposal he made with respect to Canada, to show that it was not liable to the objections which had been urged against it by Lords Grey and Granville on a former evening. Earl GREY, after the explanation now given, remained of the same opinion still. The proposal of the roble lord with respect to Canada was perfectly futile, and was calculated to create great dis- content in other colonies. Clauses up to 9 were then agreed to, the amendment given notice of by the Bishop of Ox FOIlD being postponed till the third reading. Lord WIIAUNCLIFFE moved the omission of the reciprocity clauses which imposed restriction by way of retaliation. He thought it much more convenient that the Government should make such regulations in each case as might be most likely to iu- duce those fair concessions we had a right to ask. After a few words from Earls GREY, ELLENBOUGUGH, H.ut- ROWBY, and St. GERMANS, the amendment was not pressed and the remaining clauses of the bill having been agreed to, the report was ordered to be received on Friday. Their lordships then adjourned.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.—THURSDAY, MAY 24. THE BALLOT. Mr. Henry BERKELEY rose to move for leave to bring in a bill to give the electors of Great Britain and Ireland the protection of the ballot in the discharge of their solemn and bouuden duty to return fit and proper persons to serve as their representatives in Parliament. He protested against being told that the House had been surprised or entrapped into passing the resolution last ses- sion, and he referred to the debate on that occasion as containing his case, confining himself to the arguments and objections of the opponeilts of the ballot. Their main argument, lie observed, was that the ballot was hostile to the spirit of English institutions and to the constitution of this country, and he proceeded to show that this argument presupposed that we were in a primitive state of po- litical innocence, and that the electors were free agents; wheteas their compulsory subserviency was the rule, and their free agency the exception. He characterised as preposterous the sequel to this argument, which was opposed to experience, that if the ballot were established it would be futile, as the electors would be unable to keep 'their own counsel. His bill did not impose secrecy it merely threw the protection of secrecy around those who had cause to fear the effects of open voting. The ballot was not necessarily dependent upon an extension of the suffrage; it would be effica- cious without it; it had never failed in any country where it had been tried it had been eminently successful in Belgium, and it would in this country improve the relations been landlord and te- nant, and all orders of society. Mr. J. WILLIAMS seconded the motion. As one of the class of traders, he knew the persecutions they endured in the exercise of the elective franchise, which to many of them was a curse rather than a blessing, and he mentioned instances of intimidation, in- cluding a case in which he was a victim. If the trading classes were thus victimised, how must it be with the working classes P The ballot could not make things worse than they were but he believed it would be a death-blow to the present system of ter- rorism. After GHANTLEY BERKELEY had shown how the Gloucestershire farmers were coerced by their landlords, and Captain BERKELEY had defended the Earl of Fitzhardinge, Mr. W. J. Fox said he scarcely expected the House would have been disposed to dismiss in so summury-he might call it so con- temptuous a manner—a proposition which had received the sanc- tion of their deliberate resolution. He supported the motion, though with some regret, which was twofold—first, because it had been brought forward as an isolated proposition, unconnected with various regulations as to the size of the constituencies, and it would thus widen the antagonistic feelings between the repre- sented and the unrepresented; secondly, because he did not think that secrecy in such an act, to which responsibility was attached, was fit and proper. He regarded the bill, however, as affecting not merely the rights of the democracy, but the character and social relations of the aristocrary, and Mr. Fox drew no flattering portraiture of those who sapped by influence the principles of the constituency. He thought it would be conceded that the House did not really represent the people, and under the ballot candi- dates would feel that it was a struggle not of influence, but of opinion, and would apply themselves to action upon opinion. Sir H. VERXEY opposed the motion, after which the House di- vided, the numbers being 85 ayes and 136 noes. Leave to bring in the bill was, therefore, refused.
HOUSE OF LORDS.—FRIDAY, MAY 25. Lord BROUGHAM called the attention of the House to an impu- dent forgery which had been inserted, no doubt inadvertently, in the limes that, morning, in the shape of a letter purporting lo emanate from Signor Manzoni, and containing a challenge to him (Lord Brougham). The noble lord also expressed his decided disapprobation of the proposed expedition of English visitors to Paris. On the motion of the Marquis of LAXSDOWNE, it was ordered that the House on its rising should adjourn to Monday se'nnight. The Bill for the Protection of Women was read a second t:p.je on the motion of the Bishop of OXFORD. Their lordships then adjourned.
NEW PEElts AND MINISTERS.—We can state on what we con- sider tolerably good authority, that Sir J. C. Hobhouse and Mr. Labouchere are to be created peers, to make WHY for Lord Lin- coln and Syclney Herbert in the cabinet. We also hear that S'.r R. Peel's son is to be made a lord of the Treasury, but that Sir Robert himself will remain out of ofHce-n Minister, behind the scenes, without emolument or responsibility.—Bath Journal. IT is proposed to lay down an electric telegraph in the river Thames to communicate with a coast-line telegraph. lR. Pii's HIS DIARY.—Wednesday, 1849.—Went this Morn- ing to Exeter-hall, where one of the May Meetings that do regu- larly take Place at this Time of the Season, and serve in Lieu d Concerts and Shows to a Sort of People that call themselves serious. This, one of the Meetings of a Protestant Association, which I had heard much of and did long to go to, expecting to hear so.ne good. Argument against the Roman Catholiques. but, instead of Argu- ment, I did hear Nothing but Abuse, which do always go in at one Ear and out at the other. No new Point brought forward ti) confute Popery; but only an Iteration of the old Charges of Super- stilioll and so forth, urged with no greater Power than mere Strength of Lungs. The Commotions on the Continent last Year laid much Stress on, and the Turmoil in Catholique ruHl Quiet in Protestant States contrasted, as though there had been no Disturbance or Trouble in Prussia and Denmark, or any Tumult or Revolution in. Belgium or Portugal. I did note two chief Speakers, whom, on their rising, the Assembly did applaud as if they had been actors, and, to be sure, they ranted more frantically than I did ever see Hicks. Yet at Times they stooped to Drollery in the Height of their Passion, and one of them did make sueli Sport of the Roman Catholique Religion as would not have been suffered in the Adelphi Theatre. But I do find that some who would not be seen in a Play-House can enjoy their Langhat Exeter Hall. This Orator was a Clergyman of some Kind, for he was called Reverend in the Hand-bill, and dressed in a clerical Habi*, out, his Eyes and Face bla^iug with Wrath, did storm like a mad- man against the Maynooth Grant and the Pope of Rome and howled as fierce as a Hyaena. The other, a Clergyman to,), ant looked as much like one, with his sneering, angry Visage, and did vehemently harangue, crying bitterly out on some of my Lords and the Members of the Commons House that had voted for Popish Endowment. His Oration a Medley of Sarcasm, Invective, alhi buffoonery, and wound up with a Flourish of Patriotism and Loyalt v. 1 he Speeches received with Applause and Laughter, but also with interruptions and ciying to turn somebody out. The Speakers on a Platform, whereon they bounced backwards and forwards, hav- ing Itail, in Front, as if to hinder them from. breaking loose on the Audience. Behind them a Crowd of dainty smooth Gontlemea in Black, with white Neckerchiefs, and to see how demure h.-y looked, as if Butter would not melt in their Mouths In the Bouy of the Hail a goodly Number of Heads, but by far the Most of them in Bonnets. The two chief Speeches lasted an Hour and a Hall each, and the Chairman leaving his Seat, I away, my Head-aching through the Raving. Such Violence, roethinks, do only that there are other Bigots besides Papists; and is the worst Mear-s of erifol-eilig any Truth; for they that speak in Anger and Passiofe are commonly concluded by indifferent People to be in the Wrosier. The Society complaining of want of Funds, which I ,10 not WOB- oer at, for I fear me the Subscribers have but few Catho3%r>et convened fur their Money.- -Punch,
Tii is extensive basin in Devonport Dockyard, the excavation of which has occupied several years, at a cost of a million sterling, is now to be refilled, to save the cost of completing it. Certainly It is the right way for the disposal of the public money—sink- ing it. Mit. ROBERT "V iinxON, donor to the nation of a splendid col- lection of paintings, died a few days ago, in his 75th year. A STEAM-CAititiA615, adapted for the common road, and capable of carrying thirty-two passengers, is in course of construction, and is intended to run on the road between Reading and London, with a view to extending it to Bristol and Exeter, at a charge of a half- penny per mile. The carriage will be ready in two months. THE AUTHORITIES OFTIIE GENERAL, POST-OFFICE have found it necessary to repeat the intimation that all newspapers for New South Wales and New Zealand (being now transmitted by private ships only) are liablo to a postage of one penny each, which must be paid in advance, or the newspapers cannot be forwarded.
COLONIAL GOVERNMENT. Mr. ROEBUCK rose to move for leave to bring in a bill for the better government of certain of our colonial possessions. The subject, he acknowledged, was not in its nature very attractive, hut it was one of serious moment. There were two modes of proceeding in the conduct of colonisation, one of order and of system, the other without order and without system and after comparing the two modes, he should ask the House to permit him to embody in a bill the views he thought would most conduce to what should be the great object of colonisation. He accepted the position that our colonies were a benefit to us; but how had we governed them ? Sometimes with neglect; sometimes with mis- chievous meddling and Mr. Roebuck reviewed at much length the history of our colonial possessions, with relVreuce to the pnn- ciples upon which our dominion had been exercised, and the effects of it, contrasting, as he proceeded, the system of colonisa- tion pursued by the United States with our own, which did not attract emigrants from this country, for they preferred the United States colonies to encountering the degradation and uncertainty they foutrd in ouvs. lie stated the reasons why the scope of his | bill was confined to North America, South At'nea, Australasia, and New Zealand, and he described the sysiems of law and confe- deration he proposed to apply to these colonies 'he policy which should guide the legislation of the mother country towards them, in imitation of the American; and the tneory (it local administra- tion, based on the principles of self-government and free trade, which his bill would work out in the colonies, As an example of the no-system of the Colonial-office, and the stubborn energies of English settlers, he gave a history of the settlement of New Zea- land, and of the evils which had attended it, the necessary fruit of the utter imbecility of the Colonial Department. As a specimen of its mismanagement of our long-settled colonies, he referred to ,lg Canada, the future hostile independence of which, he maintained, could only be prevented by the policy he recommended, of making her a member of a great confederated community, or federal union, Mr. HAWKS entered upon a minute examination of the details of Mr. Roebuck's project, pointing out the difficulties, many of them, as he said, insuperable, which it would encounter, observing that Mr. Roebuck had based all his views upon American analo- gies, whereas there was, in fact, no analogy between American colonisation and the English. He disputed the correctness of some of the statistic-s in the book, as veil as the speech of Mr. Roebuck, whose tests were sometimes fallacious, and he doubted whether bis scheme with respect to Canada, which involved a repeal of the Union act, and an interference with the colonial legislature, would < find favour in that colony. He defended the proceedings of the Colonial-office iti the matter of New Zealand, where native rights had to be considered. At the Cape, again, Caffraria would inter- pose an obstacle to his scheme of and in Australia there were independent legislative bodies, with which it would ( come into collision. Mr. Roebuck did not propose to release the confederated colonial provinces from Imperial control, and where liberal representative systems existed in the colonies there was as I ( complete a system of self-government as was consistent. with sub. ( ordination to the Imperial power; and he (Mr. Hawes) would shortly lay before the House a plan by which this principle, of self-government would be extended, upon a system of confedera- tion, in some of the colonies. He vindicated our colonial policy from the reproaches of Mr. Roebuck, and he refused his assent to the introduction of the measure. Messrs. A.NSTEY, WYLD, and AGLIONBY spoke in favour of the measure. It was attacked by Messrs. M'GREGOU and NEWDEGATE, and Lord J. RUSSELL, who, when he considered his proposal to lay down in an act of Parliament certain fixed rules by which to govern 40 colonies in various parts of the world, was appalled at the magnitude and boldness of his scheme. The first objection to it was that, with regard to certain colonies, it would interfere with rights conferred by act of Parliament and if Parliament began to meddle, its meddling would be more mischievous than that loosely attributed to the Colonial-office. If the Government were not fit to manage the colonies, let it be removed but if otherwise, it would be better that the Government should bring forward mea- sures from time -to time for the consideration of the House than that this bill should be laid upon the table, which might lead the colonies to conceive that, Parliament were about to adopt all the views of Mr. Roebuck. Mr. GLADSTONE felt it to be his duty to vote in support of the motion. He could hardly think that Lord J. Russell had under- stood Mr. Roebuck, in imputing to him a desire to interfere with the rights and privileges of the colonies, which this House would not permit; and with regard to the principle of uniformity, he agreed it would be unwise to deal with colonies so various in their circumstances upon one uniform principle but Mr. Roebuck had admitted many exceptions, and when the bill was seen, the House might consider whether the. exceptions should be enlarged. lie saw no force in these objections therefore, nor in a third, that if the bill were laid upon the table, it would excite alarm in the colonies. His reasons in favour of the motion were, that there was an im- pression throughout the country that our colonial policy was sus- ceptible of great improvement, and the plan of M r. Roebuck, if capable of being reduced to experiment, might offer a solution of so many practical problems that he desired to see it embodied in a bill. Mr. V. SMITH opposed the motion, which was supported by Mr. ADDKRLKY, and, after a reply from Mr. ROEBUCK, the House divided, when the motion was negatived by 1 16 against 73. The Encumbered Estates (Ireland) Bill was re-committed. The Landlord and Tenant Bill was read a third time, after a division, and passed. The other orders were disposed of, and the House adjourned at a quarter to one o'clock.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.—FRIDAY, MAY 25. After a long conversation respecting the condition of Ireland upon the report of the Committee of Supply on the Navy Esti- mates, Colonel SIBTHORP called the attention of the House to the sala- ries of the principal officers of the Admiralty. He proposed to "knock off" two of the lords, and to reduce the salary of the First Lord by E500 a year, and the salaries of the secretary and other officers, making a reduction in the aggregate vote of £\55U. After some remarks by Captain PECHELL, Mr. B. COCHRANE, and Admiral DUNDAS, upon incidental topics, Sir F. BAKING defended his own salary modestly, the other salaries with more confidence, and resisted the reductions, show- ing the diminution which had already been made in this item uf expense. Ultimately, the motion was withdrawn.
COMMITTEE OF SUPPLY. After discussion, the following: votes were passed zcl,855,388, being part of a sum of E for the charge of her Majesty's land forces. ;CSG,376, being part of a sum of £ 173,376, for the charge of general staff officers and. officers of hospitals at home and abroad. X9,408, being part of t 17,408, to defray the expenses of the Military College. £ 10,"298, being part of £ 19/298, for the Royal Military Asylum and Hibernian School. £:3,28S, being part of £ 06,286, for the volunteer corps. £ö,120, being part of £ 15,120, to defray the charge of allow- ances and rewards for distinguished services. £ 39,908. being p,i i-t of X- 79,908, for the pay of general office fs not being colonels of regiments. £ 200,000, being part of £ 10-1,000, for half-pay and allowances of retired officers of the land forces. £ 2-2,150, being part of a sum of £ 14,150, for half-pay and reduced allowances to officers of disbanded foreign corps. £ 64,778, being part of a sum of £)2S,77, for pulsions to otti eels' widows. £ 57,500, being part of a sum of k95,500, for allowances on compassionate list. £ 18,541, being part of a sum of X35,541, for Chelsea and Kil- mainham Hospitals. £ (>24,853, being part of a sum of £ 1,224,053, for out-per:- sioners of Chelsea Hospital, &c. £ 1,0,000, being part of a sum of fur superannuation or retired allowances. Leave was given to Mr. BAIJTES to bring in a bill to amend the procedure in Courts of General and Quarter Sessions. The House adjourned at. half-past nine until Thursday next.