61antOrga}t\íre. The Inte Air Villebois has bequeathed the bulk of his fortune, said to amount to between 200,0001. and 300,0001. to bis youngest brother, Mr Fred. Villebois, the spirited malinger of the Craven hounds. Who will take to the H. H. country, so many years hunted by the deceased, is as yet utikiio,.vii.-IIanipshire Telegraph. [ The successor to this immense property is the late Mr Villebois, formerly Captain in the 14th Light Dragoons, who married Miss Anna Jones, of Fomnon Castle, in this county.] The Rev. Hugh Williams, M.A. has been appointed domestic Chaplain to the Marquis of Downshire. The Merchant Seamen's Hospital Fund, at Cardiff, has been augmented by a donation of five pounds, from 11 A Sailor's Widow," through the Rev. J. M. Traherne. IMPORTANT TO LANDLORDS.—A Bill has passed the legislature, enabling lomliords to remove contuma- cious tenants in houses under £:20, by summary pro- cess before Justices instead of by eje tment. We hope, by the kindness of a correspondent, to give all analysis of the Bill next week. The writer of the paragraph" on the tree of the churchyard of Lvsworney, has slunk from his state- ments, in a dastardly manner. We understand the focts of the case to he as follows: A poor man who occupies a house and garden adjoining the churchyard, complained to the Rector, that an old ash overshadowed his garden, and rendered it of no Value to him. It also appeared that the tree, besides being an injury to the cottager's garden, was a Nuisance to the churchyard itself, its roots being a I'hidrance to the digging of graves near the pot. Ti,e cottager's complaint had been made to a former incumbent, and was repeated to the present Rector *bouL six weeks ago. The consequence was, that the Reverend Gentleman thought it 13 duty to abate the nuisance,and the tree was cut down. CHEAP CHANNEL FOR A RIVER.—In forming the 11 new dock and harbour at Aberavon,a very interesting has been made under the direction of Mr "aimer, the engineer, and which has been found suc- cessful beyond previous expectation. It was required to form an entirely new channel for the river Avon, from below the bridge, through the sand banks to the sea, nearly in a dire, t line, to avont the circuitous course of the natural river; the direct distance I r°ugh the marshes being about three quarters of a Inllo. The soil to be removed was, for the most part, 8-ind, and the removal was proposed to be effected by 10 louring power of the floods, which, in rainy sea- 'ls. descend from the mountains. For this purpose a. rain or trench was cut in the line of the required '■mnel, and an embankment was formed across the Ural channel, so that the water of the Avon, which, laxcel)tillu during floods, is very small in quantity, was verted into the new course. The descent of a heavy ood was looked for with intense anxiety, which, °.wever, was soon relieved, and the channel, which appeared only like a ditch, assumed the ■ ppearance of a river; and after a succession of such °°ds, during a month or five weeks, it was ascer- tained that more than half a million tons of soil had tl .'U 0Xc;lVated and carried out to sea by the force ol le Water alone, and that a navigable river was pro- ceed in that remarkably short period. No portion of Soil was lodged about the mouth of the channel, 5** Was expected by some pe rsons; the current of the ater in the Bristol Channel was sufficiently strong to y.ar fiway the whole. Great credit is due to Mr 'Sors, the proprietor of the Iron and Tin Works in Win Avon, the originator of this great public im- plement. COMMITMENTS TO CARDIFF GAOL AND HoeSE OF OIUIECTION.—20th April, IS37,-Williatn Morgan and Thomas William, by J. Harding, Clerk, charged ss' With having feloniously made an assault upon James y^'Uiams, of Llanelly, and put himJn bodily fear arid danger of his life, and feloniously stolen two pieces of the current silver coin of the realm, called half-crowns, and divers other pieces, of the monies and from the bersonOfthcsaid James Williaiii,lst May, John ~!>wen, by C. C. Williams, Esq., charged with having Ieloniously stolen six pounds weight of cheese and one cloth, of the goods and chattels of Christopher '"aich, of Cardiff. SWANSEA.—At a Petty Sessions held on Tuesday Evan Jones, keeper of the beer shop, known by f the Queen's Head, was fined 40s. and costs ,wr keeping open his house for the sale of beer, be- Ween the hours of three and four o'clock on Sunday *n°ming last; and, on Wednesday, Margaret Jones as convicted in the penalty of "< £ *20, for assisting 5-rancis Adams, « deserter from the Royal Art illery, jn cwcealing himself, lie having been found in her °use, and, in default of payment, committed. SWANSEA, MAY 3.—The brig John Hardy, ar- 'Ved here from Cuba, spoke the Dochfour, from SqIS\*> to Quebec, latitude 47. 48. long. '» West, on the 15th Apri1, all well. The barque Prmgkdl, of Irvine, from Dublin to Quebec, with Passengers, M. 50. 5-5. north, long. 10. 10. west, on the 21st April, all well. hi ^JEATH-—It is with much pleasure we are ena- cd to state that the Neath petition, against the "Urch Rate Abolition has been signed most nume- °usly, and by some of the most respectable inhabitants rate-payers in the town, notwithstanding the great exertions used by the Anti-Church party, who "Actively canvassed the town forsignatures to tiieir Petition, before the friends of the Church had at all l0v,ed. The Neath petition, however, has had a ma- JOrtty of rate-payers, both in number and the value of froperty. Jt is with regret we add, that those who j0?.'4 such active steps against the Church, were ''dividuals who are commonly called "Quakers;' ?ut it is gratifying to learn the number of re- s*ls which they received in the course of their cau- i"ss, from persons, who bad the welfare of our e«erable festablishment at heart, and many of whom are dissenters. n Died, 26th ult., at his residence, 38, Hunter Street, Erunwick Square, in his 51st year, Edward Browne, "'ø##J TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE & GUARDIAN. SiRt—Permit me to divert your attention for a ""nute from the din of politics to a subject that coneerns every lover of the beautiful in nature, and every admirer of the liberal in conduct. Why do not ur noblemen and gentlemen plant fruit bearing trees II their estates and thus afford themselves and the Public the gratifying spectacle of the beauty and anety of their (jjossoms at this season of the year, their fruit at another 1 The answer will be, the ciiiptation thus afforded to depredation when the •"U'tisripe, and the general injury which plantations VvOuld suffer by such depredations. I think these quite insufficient. Ttie destructive inclination s cfc-'rished by the selfishness and exclusiveness of the upp classes Let the poor participate in the plea- sures of scenery— let-the abundance of autumn be s'iored with them, and the depredator and pilferer outd be converted into protectors and grateful New forms of beauty would be presented to the eye and a new bond of alliance would knit rich anct poor in one sentiment of thankfulness to their •-amnion parent. The poor man has senses to be rt>Saled, and he has a heart to be thankful to those w 10 will administer to lfis simple pleasures. The w.int of this sympathy in the innocent gratifications nd amusements of the poor it is which drives them iiito beer-houses and all the grosser pursuits of mere jV'mal enjoyment. I wish, Sir, you would take up tins subject; depend upon it, it is a national one. I am, your friend and CONSTANT READER. .1" THE WEATHER. TO THE ED:TOU OF THE GAZETTE & GUARDIAN. SIR,—Nothing is so common as, when the weather IS unusually unseasonable, to say that it isMnore so than the oldest man can remember, &c. &c. Long as the last winter continued, we had quite as cold and backward a spring in 180S, only 29 years ago. I find a memorandum in my pocket book of that year, on Wednesday, April 20tii. This day was colder ian January." I was then at Alphington, near xeter, which is considered the Montpelier of Eng- *|"d; anda" in Hannah More's Memoirs, that it same in Somersetshire. She writes in April, ti ,,t° Sir William Pepys, as follows:—"Though le Calendar tells us it is April, my own feelings rroborate the testimony of the leaflets shrubs and c'e brown grass, that it is December." It is among a, comforts that we soon forget hardships; '8' 'das! equally true that we are quite as for- getful of blessings. Your obedient servant, 1NGRATUS. "ø.ç. TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE & GUARDIAN "As the patriotic Editor of the Gidr.dgarwr oftVp°n'^ ,orvval'd, in the most disinterested manner, to t Prizes with the view of obtaining standard e the Welsh language, ol the most deser *>'lces English poetry, I think he well county08 tlle war'«est gratitude and best wishes of his wu,,uynjei). It g-ives IIIC great pleasure, aiid I think it will many of the readers of your valuable paper, to learn that the Rev. Joseph Hughes, of Lockwood, Yorkshire, (Cam Ingli) has again been the successful candidate in the translation of the lines on "Sir John Moore's Burial," as he had been before in that of Bihop I let)cr's I lyiiiii;" but it will be espe iallv gratifying to every lover of our native language to hear, that the Rev. Gentleman has it in contemplation to publish (what will undoubtedly prove a great acquisition to Welsh literature) a translation of Dr. Young's Night Thoughts, a work which surpasses all praise in the English, alld whidl, if we may judge from the above named specimens of the author's knowledge of poetry, and ability in translating, is not likely to loose its beauty and elegance in his hands. May we not rejoice, Sir, to find that the "Cyinro uniaith," will siiortly enjoy equal privileges with the scholar, as far as regards the perusal of valuable and elegant works, which have hitherto been to him sealed books; and ought not every admirer of Welsh poetry to encourage the author, and urge him to fulfil his in- tention, which Ilia ve heard him express, ofcomp)ot- ing and publishing the above work ] I am sure, Mr Editor, you would be conferring a favour upon many of your readers, by the insertion of the following lines from his pen, with which I have myself been lately favored. I am, Sir, Yours very respectfullv, 1). M. Y mae gan byny orphw^sfa eto yn ol i bobl Dduw.ti.EB. iv. 9. Yn nheyrnas nef, ein dinas der, Ni wyr neb Hinder hiraeth; Ac yn eu plith, ni thrig un pla, Na dolur, na du alaeth. Cenfigen, yma, cvnen, cas, Galanas gwyr gelvnol, Yn achos, ing, a thristweh sy I enaid y crediniol. On fry, nid oel, iia chraes, lin cliri, Na chyni, nac achwvnion Naofnaubrad,ofewneubro, I fiino-y nefolion. 'Nawr blin yw'r hin sydd yn parhau,— Mae oriau trist a hirion, A gwyll ddiwrnod tywyll du, I deulu y Duwiolion. Fry, ni fydd eMau golau gwych, Na IIcwveb haul na lleuaå, Yn eirian hauKtydd lor ein ner, Ai loywder heb fachludiad. Fel Hong nr for, y ffron>for ffrwys, Yw'r eglwysbur ryivioglan; Er trwm y gwynt ar lawer tro, Mae n rhwyfo i incwn i'r hafafi. Dan orchudd frudd, yr hawg, yr A wylaam ei llanwylyd; Ileb le i fyw, heb unrliyw fan Yndrigfan ond y drygfyd. Dwclt galar gorplnvysar ei sedd, Yn niddan wedd ei noddwr; A'i phen ar gynlies fynwes fad, Ei Cheidwad a'i Iliachawd wr. CARN INGI-I. TO C. R. M. TALUOT, AND L. W. DIL^WYN, ESQUIRES, Members of Parliament for the County of Glamorgan. GENTLEMEN, | You have, with our sanction, taken upon yourselves the discharge of an arduous and honourab e futy; that of representing in the great council ol tilt, nation, the feelings and opinions of the ridwst and most populous county in the Principality- '"j6 i°°k to your votes, upon all great questions, with a natural anxiety inasmuch as, in the eyes of our country, those votes are the only public and strictly constitutional means for the expression of our political sentiments. We were, (or ought to have been) thoroughly ac- quainted with your principles, before we enti usted you with the duty of expressing our own; and at all events, if we sanction bv our silence any vote you have given, we iidopt that vote, and share 111 its re- sponsibilities. For, be it remembered, your's was not the common case of members returned to Parliament alter a contest for the representation, when the minority who opposed their election must necessarily remain unrepresented, you were unanimously elected; not a halld was raised at the hustings, not an attempt has since been made to disturb or question your posi- tion. You, Oil this day, as 01 thoduv of your election, speak with the voke and act in the name of tile whole, the undivided whole of the constituency; and thus it happens that it may be said, and truly said, that the county of Glamorgan voted unanimously in favor of sanctioning and continuing,the employment of their countrymen as mercenaries in the eivi)war now raging in Spain.—that is, in favour of letting out for hire to one party of Spaniards, our own officers and men to assist in killing and maiming another party of the Spaniards; these two parties being engaged in a civil war on the subject of the succession to the throne of their country. It is said, by some, that we are hound by a solemn treaty to do this. You, gentlemen, at all events, are aware that this is a mis- take. You know well that whatever may be tiie true intcYpretation of that "naval assistance," which we are bound by the quadruple treaty to furnish, there is not one syllable, from the beginning to the end of that treaty, on the subject of the suspension of the Foreign Enlistment Act; in other words, that there is not an expression, which even indirectly alludes to the employment of the body of men called tlw llritisil Auxiliary Legion. This tllen is a purely voluntary measure on the part of our Government, and it is for this measure you have voted. It is exactly as if the natives of Otahelte were to go to war amongst each other for two of their dnds, ali(I we were to IlIre out to one party an Auxillry Lpg-ioll The merc difference in the degree of civilization of the country cannot alter the case. 1 ain not, gentlemen, aware of the reasoas or motives which may have influenced your votes; I shall not attempt to answer the .one by anticipation, nor question the honesty of the other. I shall not dilate on the revoking barbarity of our allies, on the miseries endiired by our countrymen, on the failure of their military operations, or on the disgrace they have been the cause of inflicting on our nanona)character. One of you, closely connected ns he has been with a Christian body, reinarkabh; for their constant endeavours to promote peace on earth," and their abhorrence of war, under any (-it- cumstances, must doubt ess have Ie: himse lf called upon by an imperious sense ol public duty, to vote against a measure which would have materially lessened our participation in the horrors of such a warns that now raging in Spain. I would merely respectfully assure you, that vour votes against Sir M. Ilardinge's motion, are diametrically opposed to the opinions of a very large and respectable portion of your consti- tuents; I mean, of all those who, whether Churchmen' or Dissenters, are disposed to think and act in our na- tional concerns upon broad Christian principles, with- out regard tothedetaitsof a mere worldly policy. Their respect for you is not sufficient to render tliein blind to the course you have on this occasion pursued their intelligence is suiffcient to cause them to (pel inter- ested in the Christian cnaracter of their country, upon a question of peace or war, involving the lives of thousands and although they may, from various causes, refrain from any public expression of their feelings, they will not soon forget nor readily forgive your votps on the Spanisll question. Against those votes, opposed, as ill illy ollill: oil they were, to a humane and Christian measure of public policy, I now pro- test, not only in my own name, but in that of a very numerous body; I mean, Gentlemen, in the name of your MISREPRESENTED CONSTITUENTS. ""#"I"#'#I' II' MERTHYR. CHARTER OF Importatiol1.-As the Corporation pro- jectors have altogether shifted their ground, we hope their opponents will wait to ascertain the nature and character of the new device now afloat under the auspices of Mr Henry Jones," whose name, as we are informed, is affixed' to an Advertisement bearing the title of a Charter of Importation. Now this we imagine is precisely to our taste. Under a conviction that the indigenous produce of M. rthyr is unequal to the requirements of a Municipal Body, it is proposed to import a certain portion of the qualities that will be necessary to give energy and effect to a Corpora- tion. The most obvious imports will be, enlarged views, decent manners, impartial judgment, decorous language, Christian tempers, whatsoever things are pure, honest, and of good report," &c. &c. IVe are exceedingly glad to find that Mr Henry Jones'' is the Chairman of a Committee of Importation," and we anxiously await the arrival of the first cargo. Ou Wednesday se'nnight, a fellow with the strong Gloucester dialect, representing himself as a ter, applied for lodgings at a house in this town, and obtained permission to sleep with a respectable young man, a lodger III tlte house. On the following morning, under pretence of going out to some tea and sugar, he decamped, taking with him a pair of bla<-k cloth trowsers,;< plaid double breasted waistcoat, a lilac silk handkerchief, (with vellow spots,) a whiteciavat, ;tti(la fill(' title,, Tile llllg-rateful thief is represented as being about five feet five inches in height, lair complexion—"no whiskers; and had on a round jacket, a fustian trousers, a flannel sorted waisteo\t; and a doth cap. He must have had the stolen property on his person, under his own clotues, as in U ul no bundle with him onquilling the house. MEUTHYR.—The meeting to receive the report of the Merthyr Incorporation Committee, which was to have been held on Thursday, was adjourned for a week, for want of materials, not for a corporation, but for an assemblage worthy of receiving the intelli- gence to bo communicated by the chairman. 1 he following was the awful summons to the corporate gathering sounaceountably neglected by the recipients. The Committee for preparing a petition for the Charter of Incorporation for Merthyr Tydfil, requests that you will be pleased to attend the public mcctmg at the Vestry Room, on Thursday next, May 4th, and that immediately upon the rising of that meeting, you will attend another to be held at the Long Room, in the Bush Inn." Whether-the Long Room at the Bush" was enlightened by the rising generation of the Vestry we were not careful to enquire; perhaps our reporter was unwilling to encounter the fire of the Bush-raii,crs, not having made himself a quainted with the nature of the" Importation." We under- stand the Corporation motto is to be Neat eH Imported." One word in seriousness. AVe liive. been with injustice to the Dowhis rate payers. They say, they do no man's bidding." Mav we be permitted to ask how it was that, crowding, as we are told they did, beyond all precedent, to the former meeting, they evinced no curiosity to hear the report of the eloquent Chairman of the Committee, oil a subject in which they were so powerfully interested ? Were they told they were "not wanted," in the absence of the great Corporation leader ? So much for their independence! The no meeting was as much a con trived thing, as the first meeting wis -t i)-,icke(i one.- The storm, however, was ready at the appointed hour the thunder and lightning would have furnished the waters with many iLn allusion to elemental sym pathy.-They have lost much by not meeting on Thursday On Thursday night, the yard of Mr Phillip Jones, timber merchant, near the Iron Bridge, was forcibly entered by two boatmen, who carried off various tools ami some poultry. They also entered the garden of Mr Harrison, canal agent, and did considerable damage, besides carrying off a quantity of brocoli- Mil ward and R. Thomas, two of our constables, having ascertained that a boat started from Merthyr yesterday morning, were soon on the alert, and succeeded in tracing the property. One man is now in eustsdy, on suspicion of being concerned in the robbery but the other has, for the present, escaped.
ittonmoutii0furc. On the 20th ult. was married, at St. George's Church, Hanover-square, by the Hon. and Very Rev. the Dean of Gloucester, the Rev. Augustus Morgan, Chaplain in Ordinary to his Majesty, third son of Sir Ciias. Morgan, Bart., of Tredegar, to Frances, second daughter of Row ley Lascelles, Esq., of Upper Gros- venor-street, London. W e arc happy to sav, twenty guineas have been raised, at Pontvpool, for the reiief of the distressed highbinders. Much praise is due to the gentleman, who commenced the undertaking, and to the inhabi- tants, for their liberality; it is to be hoped, other places in the Principality will follow the examples of Polity pool. Brought down, on the Monmouthshire Canal Co.'s Canal, and Train Roads:— Ions. Tons. Coal. Iron. Quarter, ending 31 Doc. 1836.. 112,400 32,4iJ4 Quarter, ending 31 Mar. 1837.-111,782 3),434 MONMOUTH Mop FAIH.—The town, on Wednes- day last, was thronged with country people, of all ages and degrees, who come, as of custom, for a holiday, as well as to stand the market for fresh egageinents and we wish that the many changes WidCh annually take place, between servams and their employers, were re,illy for the "bettering" and better suiting of themselves. The drapers, batters, ^and ready-mude clothes-sellers were generally exceedingly well satisfied with the day. The money that passed over the counters gave indication of a tree and liealtlin, cii-cialatioll of the life blood of the country; happily contrasted with the impoverished and congealed slate of capi- tal, in the mercantile body. l'be cattle, sheep, and pig market, was likewise tolerably well supplied. Fat cows fetched 7d. per lb.; lean things were scarcely looked at; but for good barrens there was some demand. Prime sheep averaged 7id., in the wool. Pigs were plentiful, and a good many were disposed of by the dealers. As usual, a drop of drink makes lI.e "Johnny-raws" a little foolish and low designing blaokguards, take advanlage, to foment quarrels and promote lighting; the evening did not close, without a few of these disgraceful exhibitions, in which some noted and disreputable characters, belonging to the town, took a leading part. An inquest was holden, by Thomas Hughes, Esq., Coroner, on Thursday, in Monmouth Gaol, on the body of James Thomas, aged 30, who was under sentence of imprisonment for 18 months, for having base coin in his possession. This man had been in a wasling decline for some time, and his death expected.— Verdict accordingly.. At the Monmouth Summer Assizes, of 1831, a man named Sherwood, was tried and convicted of stealing a horse Irom a person in Worcestershire, the expenses of which prosecution, the Judge or- dered to be paid by the parish of Monmouth. This not having been complied with, the Crown has ordered an indictment to be preferred, and a writ cilme down a few days ago, to Messrs. Powles and Tylur, of Monmouth, the Under-sheriffs at the period alluded to, to be served upon the then Overseer. It appears, that the man was apprehended at Mon- mouth, taken before the Mayor, and committed hy him for trial at the Monmouth Assizes, and the owner of the stolen horse bound over to prosecute. The parish, however, at subsequent vestry meet- ings. demurred to the payment of the expenses) right thinking the case should have been removed to Worcester, and the expenses of prosecution defrayed by that county. Meeting after meeting took place, at which the subject was brought forward; and, ultimately, it was resolved to bear the overseer harmless in refusing compliance with the demand. This, the parish of Monmouth, must now do, in support of the officer, who acted under their advice and direction. The mortal remains of Lady Brownrigg, relict of the late Sir Robert Hrounngg, Bart, lay in state, at the Beaufort Anns, Monmouth, on Thursday ni,t, on the way Irom Bath, for inteiiiient, yesterday, at St. Maughans; in which parish, Ililston House, her late residence, is situated; and where their bodies will moulder together in the \O\ll. The poor of that neighbourhood will long cherish the memory, and deeply regret the loss of two such kind and generous friends. On Thursday evening week the Monmouth Lvric Society gave their second concert of vocal and instru- mental music, under the direction of Mr Wall, the talented gentleman to whom this town owes so much for his successful endeavours to improve the musical taste of its inhabitants, the selections were chiefly from the work,, of Auber, Weber, Rossini, Bishop, King, Ivalkbrenner and Berbeguer. The overtures to Masaniello and Fra Diavolo, ^md selections from II Barbaiere di Siviglia and Semiramide wereexecuted by the twelve members, ably assisted by Mr Davis, of Cheltenham, and late of Monmouth, in a style and with a precision that drew down unanimous plaudits. Mr Wall gave the Seena from Frieschutz, and the popular song from the Mountain Sylph, Farewell to the Mountain," with that exquisite taste and feeling so characteristic of him. The glees of tiie "Chough and Crow," Mynheer Vandunck," "Forester sound the cheerful horn," and that of the Witches in Mac- beth were well sung, and the two former. were enchored. Mr Davis executed a very difficult solo, composed by himself, on the Ilute, in admirable style, and Mr Wall played an Air varie" on au Irish melody on the piano forte; the last of which was encored, and the first of which escaped it from a con- sideration of the extreme exertions of the performer. The bass voice ot Mr Merry was much admired during the evening. Tiie Building, which is spacious and well adapted for meetings of this description, was crowded to overflow—more than three hundred were present. Altogether the affair went off most satisfac- torily; and we cannot conclude this brief account without again acknowledging our obligation* to the director for such a successful result to his judicious and persevering exertions. We much regret to state that the splendid mansion of Pontypool-prk, was on Saturday night last on fire, from the beam on the side of an old flue over the kitchen fire-place having ignited, and remained burning many days without being discovered. Had it not been for the distinguishing and characteristic coolness, good sense, and firmness of the worthy owner, the Lord-Lieutenant, who remained with the workmen all night, this most splendid mansion must have been burnt to the ground but from his calmness, and giving all directions himself, Mr Hanbury Leigh, not only saved his noble house from falling a sacrifice to the devouring element, but spared Mrs Hanbury Leigh, who is in very delicate health, as well as a house'full of friends, who were visitors there at the time, the alarm even of hearing of the catastrophe until the next day, notwithstanding the engines and workmen were employed in forcing through a wall of eight feet in thickness to get at the flue where the mischief began. Happily no reat. injury was sus- 0 tained,and tiiis seat of hospilallty still remains in full power to dispense its accustomed allurements.— livening Paper, CAEKLEON FAIR.—The. favourable change in the weather had its fu!l operation on this fair on Monday last—and though the increase of price was not equal to the increase of demand, the latter effect must always raise the spirits of the. farmer, and we trust it will be followed by a corresponding advance of price. ST. DAVIDS COLLEGE, LAMPETER.—The fruits ol tins excellent institution are beginning to present themsel ves. Two of the gentlemen selected as preach- ers, at the late Visitation of the Diocese of Llandaff, were ordahied from St. David's CoIfcge-v iz. the Rev. W Price, Curate of Llannrth, the new Incum- bent of Dingestow, Monmouthshire, who preached the visitation sermon, at Abergavenny, and the Rev. L. A. Nicholls, late Curate of Gelligaer, the new Vicar 01 St. Bride's Super Ely, who preached the sermon, on the same occasion, at Llandaff. The matter as well as the manner of both these divines, afforded a truly favourable specimen of the effect of our Welsh Uni- versity.
BRECON, Saturday, May 6, 1837. » — An address in Welsh, containing as much falsehood, impudence, and republicanism—as much hatred, malice,and uncharitableness, under the mask of Christrian zeal, as ever was com- pressed into an electioneering advertisement, has been put forth, and report says circulated by Ma- jor IIolford,with his own hands. There is no fact better know:, in the county of Brecon than this, that the Major could not interpret a syllable of the language of the address he was distributing —he had been told probably that it was lauda- tory of himself, and in vituperation of hit oppo- nent, and this was all he cared to know. To announce Major Holford as the champion of any religious sect cannot but be received with shouts of laughter, by all who are acquainted with his character and pretensions. We very much question whether, if interrogated on any of the broader points of difference between Church- man and Dissenter, he could give an answer that would not betray his ignorance. He has all the qualities for a tool and a dupe, in the hands of designing men—an overweening vanity, which leads him to devour with greedy ear the applause of interested mercenaries, and which blinds him to the wild projects of the Tom Paines, the Wat Tylers, and the Jack Cades who surround him. Poor innocent, he is pre- cisely the ladder to be kicked away in the first moment of revolutionary success—he is the very "perri winkle" to be first cast asbore WhHI the storm awakens—the first fly to be brushed away by the tail of Democracy, or, to be more graceful in our simile, the first dew-drop to bo shaken from the inane of the rampant Lion of Popery. It is his fortune to which the specu- latists have an eye, not his talents; but he com- prehendeth it not-his inordinate love of self is betraying hiui first into all manner of folly, and next will betray him into all manner of danger. As a Proprietor of the "SiLuriatl," he has a right to its praises but surelv, having been educated as a Gentleman, his taste must occasionally recoil from his vulgar panegyrists. The Electors of Brecon will not, however, be cajoled by an appeal to their Christian sympathies in behalf of Major Grwynne Holford let them find, if they can, a tittle of evidence as to his ability, his sincerity, or his fitness in any shape for the Championship of any cause, or for the right understanding of any one political question now dividing the minds of men. We tell them not to be misled by the angry and inflam- matory ravings of partizans—but to seek him and interrogate him, to try his sounding* and mark his sliallotfs-guage and measure the acquirements, religious, moral and intellectual, of this Candidate for their suffrages, and act as becomes men of sense, who have a desire to be fiily represented in a House which should consist of the wise and virtuous of our land. With respect to the absurd outcry about "Civil and Religious Liberty," of which Major Holford is supposed to be the able advocate, and Colonel Wood the inflexible opponent, it will require something more, we apprehend, than the delirious rant of the author of the Welsh address, to induce the Electors of Brecon to believe that they have lost a particle of either. But they know full well that there is a "Liberty" which is used as a c!oak of maliciousness," against which Scripture and reason alike lift up their voice. They know that there is a Liberty opposed to Law and Government, a Liberty that seeks its own ends by its own means, and that the friends of such Liberty should complain of the restraints which interfere to prevent the free course of their seditious opinions, is as natural, as that the thief should cry out against the gallows. If it can be proved that Colonel 11 Wood is the enemy of Chriitian Liberty, or Covstitutional freedom-reject liim-lie will be speedily on his trial; give him an impartial judge, and an honest jury, and we will answer for his honourable deliverance I We recommend, in conclusion, lo a party with which this county swarms, the perusal of the following strong, but just observations of Mr Oastler, the independent candidate for Hnd- dersfield. They are worthy the particular consideration of the author of the Welsh address. "The iinceasing ravingi of that party which Is clothed in the garb of piety, and which apes the songs of the patriot, I would never cease to oppose —their power should not prevent me from telling the world what they are. The) are monsters who profess to be the friends of liberty, and the defen- ders of the poor, whilst, in reality, they are, as the apostle has it, 'False teachers, bringing upon themselves swift destruction.' 'Through covet- ousness have they with feigned words made mer- chandise of you while they promise you liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption.' But now their damnation sluinbereth not.' Vo you ask for proof? Gaze upon the samples in your own borough; t here you see men, who prate about f hol i- ness; as impure as demons. Men who croak about 'liberty,' not only 'statnpin, on their political opponents, but crushing the unobtrtiding honest church members of their own body—men who curss their neighbours when they need not their help, and then boast that Itliev have their fee "I Pon their necks;' but onnhe eve of an election, they desire to be all things to all men, in order that they may establish their power; they will thencrawl through the mire on their bare kirees 1 to unite all classes of Reformers to upport his Majesty's Ministers. Sneh Illonqers as these it shall be my business to disarm, lose or win. Member or steward, to these I swear eternal opposition. \Ve have been humbugged long enough You know what I am: as a neighbour you have witnessed my proceedings; such as I have been at home, you will find me in the House of Commons.1
BUECKNOCKSHIRE.— Pursuant to tho provisions of the statute 6 and 7 Win. 4, c. 102 the following ad- ditional polling places for county electors, for this county, have been appointed by the King in council, Brecknock, Devynnock, Hay, Talgarth, Crickhowell, and Builth. Captain Price, of Brecon, captain of his Britannic Majesty's ship, Portland, who is now at Athens, has been invested by King Otho, of Greece with a comi.iandership of his "order of Knighthood of the Redeemer of Greece," for his services, near Missolon ghi, last year, when attacked by the rebels. A new market-honse is about to be built in that rapidly improving town Knighton.andasubscription is commenced for the purpose. THE TRIENNIAL FESTIVALS.—We regret to bear that there is some doubt whether the music meeting will take place at Hereford, this year, in consequence of the difficulty in procuring stewards, ou whoiu all losses fall. Penry Williams, jun., Esq., is appointed a Deputy- Lieutenant for the County of Brecon. BRECON FAIH, on Thursday, was numerously, if not well supplied with store cattle those ill better order obtained at least thirty shillings a head more than they would have, fetcned a fortnight ago. of %y! ;I !;tr.L,,c proportion in Jow condition, could find but few buyers at any price. I n cart hurses, high prices were asked, but little business done, and inferior riding horses were plentiful at low prices, though scarcely "dog" cheap. It must not be for- gotten that tiie new Candidate for the honor of re- presenting the county in parliament, exhibited a fair face, and made many fair protestations. We have not heard with what success, or how much business wns done. We had supposed his canvass completed, and that "all was right" There was an old song sung in the fair, about" Oh dear what can the matter be," which did not seem to please the-lion. Calldidate. Meetings were held last week, for the commuta- L tion of tithes, in the parishes of LJanvihangel-ta! vllyn, Devynnock, and Aberyscir, in the county of Brecon, when agreements were entered into for those of Llan- vihangel-talyllyn, and Aberyscir, to th-i satislaeton of all parties, (Devynnock was adjourned to the 25th instant.) Mr M- Sayce, of Capeldewi, attended in each casewilolivoti behalf of the tithe owners, also for several land owners, a task doubly arduous at the same time his knowledge of the value of tithes, and their connection with the Tithe Commutation Act, qualified him for effecting an equitable adjustment between tithe and land owners. Mr Price, of Gaer, attended on behalf of L. V. Watkins, Esq. (From our Brecon Correspondent. )-The armorial bearings of his Grace the Duke of Beaufort, executed in London, by our respected townsman Mr Thomas, of Belgrave Plaie, Pimlico, are now placed in front of the new Town Hall, at Crickhowell. Tile spirited style in which the supporters are sculptured is highly creditable to the artist. ESCAPE OF A CONVICT.—Last night, 1\.1.r Rice, governor of the county jail, at Brecon, arrived in this city, by the Carmarthen coacii, on his-way to London, with a convict, named Philips, who was sentenced to transportation for life, for an aggravated highway robbery. Mr Rice, took his prisoner to the Currier's Arms, Angel-street, where after treating the man with great kindness, and giving him a good supper, he ordered a double-bedded room and retired to rest, the prisoner well secured (it was supposed) to the bedpost by irons, sleeping in the second bed. Mr Rice woke several times in the night, and about four in the morning sa w that his prisoner was safe, but at five he had gone, leaving his irons still fixed to the bedpost. The door of the room was locked but there is little doubt that the man made his escape, though from a two pair of stairs window, by placing his hands on the sill of the window, and dropping by some activity with bis feet on the signboard; from which, stooping and clinging to the board with his hands, he could again throw himself on the board over the door, and descend to the pavement. The police have been in active search for the prisoner.-Wor. ccster Guardian. .6>### COURT OF EXCHEQUER. FARR V. WARD. Mr White moved for a rule to show cause why pro- ceedings should not be stayed whilst Bromagc, Sneed, and Co., bankers, at Brecon, were called on to pro- duce-evidence that a bill of exchange for .£220, drawn by the plaintiff and accepted, by the defendant, had come into their hinds for a valuable consideration. When the bill became due, the defendant refused to honour it on the ground that the signature of the drawer was a forgery. On the other side it was alleged that the bill was signed per procuration. On this point the Court held that the defendant, by accepting the bill, had acknowledged the authority of the person who drew it in the plaintitrs name. For the rest the plaintiff had paid the bill into the bankers, he had commenced proceedings for the amount, and the bankers, as holders of the acceptance, had also threatened to proceed against tiie defendant. The defendant, it appeared, had recently offered to pay the amount to the bankers, provided they gave him an indemnity, which they declined to do. The Court recommended that the defendant tender the money to the bankers, and he could, after he had taken all proper means to obtain the indemnity from them, apply to the Court, and meanwhile he might take out a summons for time to plead. „ The rule was granted, on the understanding that the defendant would act in conformity with these recou] uiciidatious. NICHOLL V. WILLIAMS. Pleading-Plea of Payment—Particulars of Demand. -lit(lebitators issuiiil)git for use and occupation. Pleas as to all the monies in the declaration men- tioned, except t.5-2 JOs, parcel, &C,, non assumpsit; and as to t52 10s payment. The plaintiff took issue on the plea of nan assumpsit; and as to the .£52 10s. in the other plea mentioned, entered a nolle prosequi. The particulars of demand were for "the balance of a year's rent of a farm of the plaintiff, occupied by the defendant, which he quitted oil or about the 2nd Feb., 1833." At the trial, before Coleridge, J., at the Glamor- ganshire Assizes, the defence set up was, that all the arrears of rent had been satisfied; and the defendant did in fact prove that he had paid all the rent. It was objected, that even if this was the case, there being no plea of payment on the record, the evidence could only go in mitigation of damages. The learned judge, however, admitted the evidence in bar of the action, giving the plaintiff leave to move to enter a ven ict, if necessary; and the jury having found a verdict for the defendant, E. V. Williams now moved, pursuant to the relief reserved contending that, without a pla of payment the defendant was not entitled to set up any answer to the prima facie ease which the plaintiff made out, by proof of the de- fendallt S occupation at the rent stated and that the only effect of the particulars was, to restrict the plaintiff from suulg for a greater amount than £2 10s. The Court granted the rule, expressing however, considerable doubt, whether the defendant having prlma facie covered the whole amount for which the plaintiff went, namely, £ 52 10s., if he went in fact tor rent due at an earlier period, he ought not to have new assigned, or else to have traversed the plea of payment.-Rule granted. "I'#"ø,,#"# TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE & GUARDIAN. S'R,—The lines which vou last week submitted to the consideration of the combatants in a recent duel, are, I apprehend, but another version of the answer of Colonel Gardiner, who fell at the battle of Preston Pans, 1745, when challenged by a stripling. I am not afraid of fighting, but I am afraid of sinning A braver officer than Colonel Gardiner never lived. It is in vain to read homilies against the sin of duelling to men of the WOULD: they Jive to its service, and by its laws they arc governed. When GOD himself has changed their nature, his authority will be respected, but not till then, and this change had been wrought in Col. Gardiner. Yours, &c., NEMO. Brecon, May 1st, 1837. "1'##1' TO TH & EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE & GUARDIAN. SIR,-Tiiere arc three departments of Logic, shall I call it? or Pseudo-logic, now very generally in use, and I am much at a loss to which of them ought to be attributed the greatest weight. They may all, per- haps, be serviceable to many of His Majesty's subjects ifjudiciously distributed The argumentum ad hominem, The argumentum baculinum, The argumentum vapulinum. Now, I think the first of these might be applied, with great effect, to the Whigs in general, and in particular. The second seems well adapted at present to the Irish (particularly to their Champion), and to the Radical Reformers. No one will deny that the first debating Society in great Britain may be wonderfully improved by a plentiful application of the latter. I should be glad to see your opinion on the subject. A fool may ask questions which a wise man cannot answer. I do not know whether I dare assume the latter half of this sentence to myself, but I am quite sure that the Whig Ministry and their endless commissioners have puzzled me and the rest of his Majesty s subjects, from right to left, with never ceas ing queries, shall I say? foolishly expecting us to give evidence against ourselves for every thing done since weTJV(;ro taken from our cradles. we were taken from our cradles. If the cap should happen to fit them, relative to the former part of the sentence, I will not attempt to move it from their heads, but I have long made up my mind to turn a deaf ear to all their enquires; and if they want proof of my delinquencies, I hereby refer them to the numerous gossips around me and to the Radical Reformers. A. B,
THE IRos TRADE.—The Sheffield Mercury says :( Tiie iron trade supports itself with more firmness and steadiness than the cotton-market; but it is the opinion of parties conversant with the market, that neither the rate of wages, nor the price of ore, nor the advance upon coal, nor all put together, will enable the iron-masteis to keep up their prices. !!II"" (From our Milford Correspondent, May S.) t ia I:ist, I Monday last, being their anniversary, the members belonging to the New Britons' Friendly Society, about DO it number, assembled at their club room, and walked from thence in procession (preceded by the Hakin Amateur Band) to St. Katliorines Chapel, where an excellent and appropriate sermon was preached on the occasion, by the Rev. Thomas Brigstocke, C.iap lain to the Countess of Mansfield after which they returne 1 and partook of a good substantial dinner, at the Coopers' Arms. The weather, during the last few riays, has been ex- tremely fine and mild, w ith occasional fog. Vegetation, which had been severely checked in consequence of the late frost and cutting winds, has assumed a most gratifying appearance. Barlev sowing, which was much retarded in the commencement, is now for the most part finished, and potato planting is also very forward. Should the weather continue as at present, we have every prospect of a good supply of grass, I which, owing to the scarcity of fodder in this neigh- bourhood, is anxiously looked for by the farmer.
REPAIRS OF CHURCHES. ) TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZETTE & GCARDTAN. SIR,—When the Emperor Julian directed the con- fiscation of certain Church property, A. D. 3G), "This act of aggression was aggravated" (writes Gibbon) by the most ungenerous irony."—" I shew myself," savs Julian, the true friend of the Gali- leans. Their admirable law has promised the King- dom of Heaven to the poor, and they will advance w:th more diligence in the paths of virtue and salva- tion, when they are relieved from the load of temporal possessions." In unconscious imitation of this great, if not good, example, the pamphleteer urges, not only that it is a most invidious and unclerical duty to receive rent, as Bishops and Deaus, like the rest of us, are but frail creatures, and it is very fiard to con- tinue to expose them to temptation;" but be con- cludes in the exact phrase of the sneering apostate, that they ought to be relieved." How unequally does fortune shower her favours, when she rewards one who entertains these sentiments with a diadem, and perhaps may leave another only a drop. In an earlier part of this tract, borrowing the dis- guise of a Churchman, to deceive the unwary, the Querist tries to fix on "many who profess and call themselves Christians," the reproach of a persecuting spirit. Although within the pale of our Establish- ment, "Tiley have still," he says, "a lurking satis- faction at seeing a staid dissenting neighbour fined or humbled for differing from them in religious matters, and it is this feeling that makes them cry aloud for Church Rates, which afford so Christian a triumph over Chapel men." We may regret the spirit, while we rejoice at the mistake under which such a para- graph was written. Intolerance will, however, shew itself where least expected. For instance, while in power, during a short and troubled period of our history, the Dissenters called liberty of conscience, when it operated against them, cursed toleration," that "hideous monster toleration;" hard words, which they have, however, now exchanged for milder terms, since Mr Somebody contented himself, the other day, with tiie flrou complaint, that he "did not know what business the King had to tolerate him, any more than he had to tolerate the King." In the days of the long Parliament, their carry ings-oti were more serious, when the Reformed House enacted a penalty of five pounds, for the first offence of using the book of Common Prayer; ten pounds, for a second; and visited a third-delinquency whether in public or in private, by 11 one whole year's imprisonment, without bail or main-prize," 11th August, 1615. Would that this misguided zeal were wholly softened down amongst us. It is part of that old leaven of malice, which every Christian should most scrupulously eschew. Returning to the Tract we find at page 20, that there are many instances of the constitutional, legal and beneficial interference of the Legislature, in the affairs of the Church admitting this, it does not follow that the proposed interference, is "constitu- tional, legal and beneficial;" that is another matter- for assertion is not proof; still less so, is mere insinuation. "The interest of the Clergy is," says our author, to benefit themselves at the expence of the permanent interests of the Church, the Nation, and their successors; and, if interest tempt them strongly, power, as irresponsible trustees, is at hand, to enable them to Accomplish their desires." Yet," he argues, with glaring inconsistency, the removal of those restrictions, by which they are now rendered responsible to the Legislature, is "to discover a vast sunken fund of dormant, or unemployed capital, which may be reüdcrr.d active and highly productive by legislative enactmeuts." It is most unfair to hint away the honesty of a large body of men, because they arc" irresponsible," and then ground tile whole measure and its lauded advantages, on it taking away those statutes, which so strictly limit and confine them from injuring "the Church, the Nation and their successol-5, as to render them and their representatives, the most responsible of a II proprietors." I- Quathbd in quemvis opprobna fingers soevus" is the true character of such all objector. The leases of Oswald, Bishop of Worcester, A. D. 962 to 9S4, wherein he grants Upton to Kenelm, his Minister or Thane, and demises other lands to Wulf- geat, to Eadrie, and to Ethelred, and for the life of the lessee, and two other lives after his decease with reversion in each case to the Church of Worcester, were sanctioned bv the consent of the King of the English, and the Duke of the Mercians—Meining. So that the custom of leasing out Episcopal pro perty is ancient; accordingly, it has been the subject of many enactments. Still, to make those disabling statutes, which were intended to prevent the im- poverishment of the different sees, an excuse for seizing their lands—to take awav a common right out of ten derness to the interests of successors, and then, to sell that reservation for a third and totally different party, is not quite honest, especially as it would be possible to remove the old limitations on the Bishop's leasing powers, and yet devise sufficient safeguards to protect the interests of their successors. We admit, that this is a subject of grave importance to all who sup- port the Establishment; and we complain that the artifice of our opponents consists in keeping out of view, any mode of amending the exercise of the Bish- ops, Deans, and Chapters leasing powers, with the hope of stripping them of oil such powers, and de. livering their temporal affairs, into the hands of a knot of Commissioners. Our answer to the mingled threats and cajolerv addressed to the lessors and lessees of Church property, then, is tilis,-if without prejudice to the interests of successors, and the per. manency of the endowments, the restrictions in ques- tion can be done away with-let them be removed- and the advantages of the re-enabling statute accrue, where alone they can justly and constitutionally do so. 11 is both false and unjust to infer that, because eccle- siastical persons and property are subject to the law, it matters not what laws you make about it or them. Professing to take a plain matter of fact and common sense view of the subject," the pamphleteer revives IIn old and rather ingenious quibble, at page 20th, the purport of which is, that the Clergy as a body politic, being the creatures of the law, and thus holding benefices, if they are deprived of their political cha- racter, their property reverts at once to the State. To this it has been already replied, that "although the law to bring the lands of the Clergy within the system of tenures adopted in this country, has given the holders of those lands a politic capacity, still, the real right of the Clergy to their property, no more depends upon the character with which the law in- vests them, than the moral worth of a man depends upon the great coat he wears.P. 33, Walter's Notes on Endowments. Surely, (be continues) a Legislature which professed to upliold the rights of property, can- not first sanction its dedication to a certain use, rttid then destroy the use, and confiscate the endowment." Owning that he sees" Jittlé use in entangling him- self in wire drawn distinctions"—between meum and tuum, right and wrong,, the tract writer, would therefore ask, "What is the Church ?" 11 INliat is the State ?" "Wuere does the one begin and the other end?" And from these questions he draws the most erroneous conclusion, that the offices and func- tions of both are alike appointed by, and alike subject to, King, Lords, and Coftomons. But stop—the Church is not a mere human institution—the State is -we enter the one by baptism—the other by birth. —In spiritual matters, the head of the Church is Christ; in temporal, the King. Tlje Ministers of the Church, though grateful for tle aid of the State and submissive to its ordinances, when not opposed to those of God, are not the precarious officers of the State for, as the State could not unmake the Church by persecu- tion, so it has not made it by adopting it as national. In pressing these distinctions, we do not "split hairs and prevaricate," as this man supposes but reply ac- cording to the tenor of our 39 Articles and sacred Scriptures. Both Church and State are ordinances of Divine appointment, and accordingly, may be made harmoniously to combine; and though they have separate and special, as well as Joint duties to perform, "it is in accordance with their common origin," and their "common end that they should act in deli- berate harmony of purpose. DECUMANUS. P.S. In contradiction to the four conclusions drawn by the pamphleteer, we come to this convic- tion and conclusion 1st. That Church Rates are neither an innovation or encroachment, and still in force as a legal demand. 2nd. That it is grossly false to maintain that Bis. hops' and Deans' property, was originally liable to repairs of Churches. 3rd. That the pretence of relieving the Bishops and Clergy, is an old pagan scoff, or according to the detector of the snake in the grass, a monkish superstition. 4th. That more Commissioners, would neither add to our profit nor our peace." y -J. NEW POOR LAW. (From the Halifax Guardian ) Th new Act ha. been in operation with us. as it respects the bastardy clau-e-s for three years, during wiiicri period we Liave made most satisfactory pro- gress as it regards the question of morality. The following yearly return of the number of bastard children born in the township of Halifax has been copied frotii the overseers' i-egi,er. Number of bastards baptized in thi- From 25th March, 1834, to 25th March, ls.:5..32 From 5,h March, ls3">, to 25th March, lbSo. From 25th .March, 1S30, to 25th March, 1 3i 1 I .1:: W e call upon every candid and honourab'e person to ask himself if this be not a sufficient answer to the external boasting of the improvement effected in the morals of the working classes by the New Poor Law I Can a more decisive contradiction be given to it ? And yet this is the last important direction of t'te operation 6f the bastardy clauses. When we con- template their reults a it respects the ciimt- ci infanticide they are infinitely wore detestable.
NI r A- o. in his amusing work, The Philosophy of Living, Mates as an instance of the tendency of man, as well as other animals, to imitation, that, "I j when three or four persons arc sitting at a table at;s ene-aged in conversation, you, seemingly without deign, take up the snuffers and slowly open them to the utmost, aud shut them several timps, one or two of the party will immediately fall into an imita- tive yawn." Two gentlemen, afterwards eminent in their professi oil one of them, indeed, became Chief Justice of England—served their clerkship with a very rich but excessively miserly attorney in that county, whose larder was very generally ill Pupplied. I know not what we shall do, Sir" he resided in the country), said his housekeeper to him one day, on finding that t wo of his clients intended stopping to dine with him; "there will not be dinner enough, I fear." Have you brothed the clerks?" inquired the lawyer. I have, Sir." replied the housekeeper. "Then broth 'tm again" resumed the miser. --N-i?nrod, in Fraser. APPLICATION OF STONE COAL To THE SMELTING OF IRON Oitr,For some time past our columns hav e occasionally been occupied with suggestions as to tiie practicability of iutroouci ng that species ot fuel called Anthracite, or Stone Coal, into more general use" », d our readers are aware of the large portion of this description of coal which the South Wales mineral basin occupies. Some months ago, we were informed that our neighbour, George Crane, Esq., of the Yniscedwin Iron Works, had directed his attentiol110 the application of stone coal to the smelting uf iron ore. From our knowledge of the indefatigableindustrv and perseverance with which this gentleman follows up every pursuit in which he may be engaged, m entertained a confident, and, as the result prol es, a well-grounded hope that his efforts would prove su/cessfvl. For many weeks past, we have been anxiously expecting a confirmation of the verv favourable reports which had reached us, of the suc- cessful progress of Mr Crane's experiments. L n daunted by the failures which had attended similar attempts, Mr Crane, in tiie autumn of last year, secured a patent right, and by a method hitherto untried (viz., the application of hot blast to thisfueM, he has most fully succeeded and the peculiar ad:ipt. — tiou of anthracite coal to the reduction of iron ore is now fully demonstrated. We were aware of the peculiar properties of anthracite coal, and that the veins with which this district abounds afford from eighty-seven to ninety-three per cent, of carbon: it did not. therefore, occasion us surprise, when wo learnt that Mr Crane anticipated that, by the successful introduction of this fuel, a description of iron would be produced, very uearly resembling in its quality that formerly obtained by the use of vegetable charcoal. In this, also, his anticipations have been fully realist-d, and we cordially congratulate him on the result. That most important manufacture, the iron trade, has been hitherto of necessity cOllfilwn to such parts or this country where bituminous coal prevails* and a large portion of tlia mineral district where alltr:cite coal abounds, has been excluded from its advantage* Our local knowledge enables us to state, that ironstone in great abundance is found to alternate with this peculiar fuel, and the eventual effect of this most important discovery must therefore be, to induce the erection of iron-works over a large extent of country from which this manufacture his iiittict-to been wholly excluded.—Mining Journal.
FROM THE LONDON GAZETTES. London, Friday April, 28. IXSObYTNTS. Daniel Barker, Qucpn Street. Ciieapside. rrocer. Edward Padgett, Davies Street, Berkeley Square, wine merchant. W nliaiii Smith, Loatherhead, Surrev, innkeeper. P. A N K U Margaret and Janet Svmons, Brighton, milliners. Wil'i m Scott, Bristol, corn-factor. Francis Garfit, Swinton, Yorkshire, iron founJtr. T,nd(,n, W i11 iam Jones, Shrewsbury, shoe maker. Anthony Pryer, Bury St Kdauind's. innk*or.«r. Ri,hert worker'*1" iMain''er: Cockcrmouth. Cumberland, tin plate manufacturer.40' Greta Mills' Cumberland, valen'ia Jidin H!!]/P'n 'a!,i°'°"ir7'e:sl'1:0• im.h"lder. and Bar up, cotton spinners.3* *'s'<er, Manchester Jo.;epli Xrcliil)alj, Manrliester, tail.r. James Wright Evans, B.r.ninehau,, japanner, Tuesday, May 2. INSOLVENTS. Husrh Mackintosh, Cambridge, tailor. Henry Kingsley, Enfield Town. tailor. BANKRUPTCY ANNULLED. Henry Holdsworth and Alfred Knight, Halifax, York- shire, and London V all, worsted spinners. BANKRUPTS. Edward Fermor, Hastings, Sussex, brewer. James M-Diarmid, King Street, New North Road, Islington, baker. Francis Gittins Francis, Adam's Court, Old Broai Street, wine merchant. Thomas Smallwood, junior, Newport, Shropshire, scrivener. Edward Charles Sandell, Oxford, apothecary, David Clive, Birmingham, victualler. John Manning, Leamington Priors, Warwickshire, builder. VV illiam W iison. Manchester, small ware manufacturer. Jdm and Joseph Moss and William Barnngton, Haslington, Lancashire, cotton spinners. Thomas Roach. Manchester, linen draper John Haworth, Rawreustall, Lancashire" plumber. William Burton Palmer, Birmingham, and Northfidd, Worcestershire, draper. Simon Kinsey. Badwell Ash, Suffolk, innkeeper. Hugh Morgan. Builth. Breconshire. farmer. May lfi, June 13, at 10 o ciock, at the Castle Hotel. Brccon: soli- citors, Messrs. Bicknel!, Roberts, and Finch, Lincoln's inn fields. John Loosemore, Tiverton, Devonshire, scrivener. Edward Patzcker, Poole, timber merchant.
BIliTHS. Yesterday, the wife of Mr Henry Jones Davis, Dowlais Works, of a son. ,r 22^at Will, near Bristol, the ladv of Hudi Vaughan, Esq., of a daughter On Saturday last. April 29th, at Brecon, the wife of Mr John Jones, druggist,of a son uifeof Dey, druggist, of a 80n.. Same day, at Drecon, the wife of Mr John Sea!on, tea dealer, of a dau-, ,,I,t,r. MARRIED. Fs^of2!51! 31 ^>lcot Churct'- Bath, Henry Lura^. the 1 P s Villa, Glamorganshire, second son of daull ,VJ0hf"L"cas- R*b. of Stout ha! 1, to Caroline. 2nd Bath' R°hert James, Esq., of Grosvenor Place, I, Chnrch, Brecon, on Friday, the 2Sth K i\l vi iciiarti largest, wheelwright, to Miss Eliza- oeui Morgan. DIED. On the 26th ult.. at Bod wigiad, after a 1 inhering illness, borne with calm resignation, under ;he sustaining influence ",of a mind fortified by religion, aud deeply imbued with the best and highest of ail considerations, Magdalene, the daughter of Morgan Morgan, Esq., in the 19th year of her age On Tuda", th 2nd instant, Joseph Evans, tiler, of Merthyr, in his'lOlst year. On Tuesday, April 25th, in Lis Slst year, Ali- Palmer, Struet, Brecon. On Thursday, April 27tb, Mr Llewellyn Price, draper, of Brecon, aged 29. On Friday last. aged nine months, Anne, the infant daughter of Mr George Brown, farmer. Crundale, near Haverfordwest. April the 24th. at Swansea, Jane P. Collins, eldest daughter of the late J. C. Collins, Esq., M. D., of that town. April the 22rffl. at Courtcridrim, Llanedy, aged 72. the Rev. Morgan Jones, universally respected." He had been for manv years a Magistrate of Carmarthenshire. April the 16.h, Horentia, oniy daughter of Nichoil Wood, Esq., of Pibor, Carmarthenshire. April the 25th, at Bath, Lady Brownrigp, relict of the late Sir Robert Brownrigg, Bart.. G. C. B., ot Hilstone House, in the county of Monmouth. At Leeds, Colonel James Cassidy, for many Years LieufColouel of hi. Majesty's 31st regimel.a