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dFact, dfirtiott, aittt dAarrtuc. Don't believe that hot whisky punch cures a cold-tha editors are rich-that wine cures the gout-that love ever killed a man-that an old bachelor is happy—that widows dislike a sc cond marriage-or that a lady means yes when she says no. H Oh woman, God beloved in old Jerusalem, the best among us had need deal lightly with thy failings, if but for the pain thy nature will endure in giving heavy evidences against us in the day of judgment."—Martin L'huzzleioit. There is a thread in our thoughts, as there is a pulse in our hearts he who can hold the one, knows how to think, and he who can move the other, knows how to tell.— D'Israeli. FORKIGN INTELLIGENCE.—We stop the press to announce the singular fact of a gentleman's carriage having been seen in Russell-square. REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON EARTHQUAKES IN IRE- LAND.—The committee state, that during the whole of the present year, great agitation has been felt throughout Ire- land. The most serious shocks had been felt at the Hill of Ttra, the Conquer Hill, near Dublin; it was feared by many that an irruption would ensue at the latter; this however, did not take place. Should the internal fires break forth there, the hill will form an interesting link in the volcanic chain connecting Hecla with the southern ranges. METAPHYSICS FOR TIIE MILLIOS-LoVE. Love is a state of being and not being; for somebody, though if he does not choose to love at all he need not love anybody, must, if he loves, love somebody; and nobody necessarily loves nobody.-Ptinch. A GREAT SECRET. How do you do. Mrs. Ternel Have you heard that story' Why, no, really Mrs. Gabb, what is itt do tell." Oh, I promised not to tell for the world. No I must never tell on't. I am afraid it would get out." Oh, I'll never tell on't as long as I live, just as true as the world; what is it-come tell." Now, you won't say anything about it, will you No I will never open my head about it, sacredly. Hope to die this minute." Well, if you believe me Mrs. Funday told me last night, Mrs. Trot told her that her sister's husband was told by one who heard it, that Mrs. Trouble's oldest daughter told Mrs. Nickens that she heard that a milliner told her-that bustles were going out of fashion THE DANGER OF TAPPING.—After a consultation, several physicians decided that a dropsicalpatient should be tapped. Upon hearing of the decision of the doctors, a son of the sick man, who had been remarkable for his devotion to John Barleycorn, approached him and said, Father, don't sub- mit to the operation, for there was never anything tapped" in our house that lasted more than a week." EASY SHAVING.—He happened to have been sharpening his razors, which were lying open in a row, while a huge strop dangled from the wall. Glancing at these preparations, Mr. Bailey stroked his chin, and a thought appeared to occur to him. Poll," he said, I ain't as neat as I could wish about the gills. Being here, I may as well have a shave, .close." The barber stood aghast; but Mr. Bailey divested himself ot his neckcloth, and sat d- in the easy shaving chair with all the dignity and confidence in lite. There was no resisting his manner. The evidence of sight and touch became as nothing. His chin wa3 as smooth as a new-laid egg or a scraped Dutch cheese but Poll Sweedle- pipe wouldn't have ventured to deny, on affidavit, that he had the beard of a Jewish rabbi. Go tcith the grain, Poll, all round, please," said Mr. Bailey, screwing up his face for the reception of the lather. You may do wot you like with the bits of whisker. I don't care for 'em." The meek little barber stood gazing at him with the brush and soap-dish in his hand, stirring them round and round in a ludicrous un- certainty, as if he were disabled by some fascination from beginning. At last he made a lash at Mr. Bailey's cheek. Then he stopped again, as if the ghost of a beard had sud- denly receded from his touch; but receiving mild encourage- ment from Mr. Bailey, in the form of an adjuration to go in and win," he lathered him bountifully. Mr. Bailey smiled through the suds in his satisfaction. Gently over the stones, Poll. Go a tip-toe over the pimples V Polt Sweedlepipe obeyed, and scraped the lather off again with particular care. Mr. Bailey squinted at every successive dab, as it was deposited on a cloth on his left shoulder, and seemed with a microscopic eye to detect some bristles in it; for he murmured more than once, Reether redder than I could wish, Poll." The operation being concluded, Poll fell back and stared at him again, while Mr. Bailey, wipin^ his face on the jack-towel, remarked, that arter late hours nothing freshened up a man so much as an easy shave.- Martin Chuzzlewit. MIKE AND THE MERMAN. Ah, that's it," said the Merman, with a long drawn sigh, and a forlorn shake o' the head. That's just it. It is in your power, Mike, to do me the biggest favour in the world." With all the pleasure in life," replied Mike, provided there's neither sin nor shame in it." Not the least taste of either," returned the Merman. "It is only that you will help me to repeal this cursed union, that has joined the best part of an Irish gentleman to the worst end of a fish." Murther alive!" shouted Mike, jumping a step backward, "what! cut off your honour's tail!" That very same," said the Merman. Hereditary bondsmen, know ye not who would be free themselves must strike the blow.' But you see, Mike, it's impossible in my case to strike the blow myself." Shure, and so it is," said Mike reflectively, and if I thought you would not be kilt entirely—which would be half a murder any how- Never fear Mike. Only cut exactly through the first row of scales, between the fish and the flesh, and I shall feel no pain, nor will you even spill a drop of blood." Mike shook his head doubtfully- very doubtfully indeed, and then muttered to himself,— Devil a bit of Repale without that Not a drop, I tell you," said the Merman, there's my hand on it," and he held out a sort of flesh-coloured paw, with webs between the fingers. Its a bargain," said Mike, but after all," and he grinned knowingly at the Merman, supposing your tail cut off from you, it s small walking you'll gel, onless I could lend you the loan of a pair o' legs." « True for you, Mike," replied the Merman, but it's not the walking that I care for. It's the sitting, Mike," and he winked again with his round, sky-blue eye, it's the sitting, and which you see is mighty unconvenient, so long as I am linked to this scaly Saxon appendage." Saxon is it!" bellowed Mike, hurrah then for the Repale," and whipping out a huge clasp knife from his pocket, he performed the operation exactly as the Merman had directed,—and, strange to say of an Irish operation, without shedding a single drop of blood. There," said Mike, having first kicked the so dissevered tail into the sea, and then setting up the Half-Sir like a nine-pin on the broad end, there you are free and incle- pindint, and fit to sit where you plase." "Iillia Bacchus, Mike," replied the Merman, and as to the sitting where I please," here he nodded three times very significantly, the only seat that will please me will be a seat in College Green!" Och! that will be a proud day for Ireland!" said Mike, attempting to shout; and intending to cut a caper and to throw up his hat. But his limbs were powerless, and his mouth only gaped in a prodigious yawn. As his mouth closed again his eyes opened, but he could see nothing that he could make head or tail of-the Merman was gone. 11 Bedad V' exclaimed Mike, shutting his eyes again, and rubbing the lids lustily with his knuckles, what a dhrame I've had of the Repale of the Union!"—Thomas Hood in tlte New Monthly. FAQUEERS AT AN INDIAN F AIR.-Seyeral Faqueers were to be seen walking through the fair, with one of their arms immoveably fixed over their heads, and their finger-nails a couple of inches long, and resembling horns. One of them earned a. little li?ht red parasol over his head, with his remaining hand, to protect his holiness from the rays of the sun! All these men seemed in the prime of life their arms were much withered and shrunk, and even some of their fingers had disappeared-probably from ulcera- tion. Amongst them one sat prominent. This man's age was, probably, thirty; his countenance was a most superb one, at once graceful and dignified. His air, while sitting on a tiger's skin, under his chatta or umbrella, was perfectly majestic. One of his arms, perfectly shrivelled, was extended to the sky, thoroughly fixed and immoveable. The nails of his fingers, having pierced the palm, appeared to protrude a couple of lIlchn. His thumb nail, of a dirty dark brown eolo was curved like a half-moon, about half an inch wide, 1 j.¿- i and at least six inches long, strongly resembling the tusk of a will! hoar. His plaited hair, full six feet long, was wound round his head, and worn as a turban. II ere and there were to be seen groups of three or four men and boys, marked with tridents of white clay on their foreheads, chanting songs in praise of the river God Gunga, Ki-isliiioo, or other deities. _Davidson's Travels. NEW COMET.—A new comet, visible only through a telescope, has been discovered by M. Faye, of the Royal Observatory, Paris. Its position, when first seen, was near the star Gamma, of Orion. LIGHT GOLD.-I-tr. Bridges, collector of the land and assessed taxes for the parish of llnllwell, Weston-super-inare, lately paid a sum of money into the bank of Messrs. Stuckey and Co., of Axbridge, upon which occasion the sum of -Is. 4d. was deducted from sixteen sovereigns short of weight, and the gold was clipped. The collector, however, applied to the Chancellor of the Exchequer for the return of 4s. 4d., upon the ground that the bankers had no right to detain and cut the money, that power being reserved until after the expiration of the present year. The Chancellor has directed the amount to be repaid, but states that it will be necessary for Mr. Bridges to be more careful in future in taking gold deficient in weight. USE AND AnCSE OF LIME. — But before I close, I must just advert to the latter part of the notice of my paper or introduction of the subject of discussion, and that is, on the abuses of the application of lime and here, I am happy to sav, that I have little to say, as I conceive there are few situations or circumstances in which lime cannot be service- able. The chief that occurs to me is what I before adverted to, that is, the application of quick lime simultaneously with manure. Not that the lime itself is then hurtful, but I conceive it drives away one of the most fertilizing parts of the manure, that is, the ammonia. That this is the effect I think I can illustrate by chemical means. The only other abuse of lime that at present occurs to me is, that the appli- cation too frequently, say every other year, is apt to operate too powerfully upon and exhaust the vegetable matter in the land, and to render the constituents too much of the mineral character. I may, however, add, that the application of quick lime to land, which has already an excess of calca- reous matter, is useless, but as we have little of this descrip- tion of Land in the West Riding of Yorkshire, I will not dwell upon it. The observation applies only to that part of the country where there exists a soil only three or four inches thick, resting immediately upon the chalk or lime- stone.-Lime as a Manure; by Jlr. Briggs, Flockton. How TO ApPLY LIME.—I imagine that not less than two months ought to intervene between its introduction or the sowing of the seed; for if its quickness or hot nature is not materially subdued (which is a work of time), it is apt to injure vegetation. One of the great uses of its hotness is its power of killing, not only weeds already vegetating, but rendering their seeds incapable of vegetation, as well as the destroying of grubs, wireworms, beetles, and other pests to the farmer. Lime is considered by some persons to be a forcing tillage for one or two years, and that it stimulates so much during that petiod, that afterwards the land appears exhausted. That it does actually stimulate the land certainly is its primary effect, and this can be explained by its putre- fying and rendering available, during the first one or two years, the inert, and thereby useless, vegetable matter lying in the soil; but that when that effect is accomplished, lime has done all its duty, and ceases, usefully, to operate upon land, I cannot for a moment suppose. The nature of the lime has certainly become changed in that period, being converted into carbonate by having absorbed the carbonic acid both from the air and from the different vegetable in- gredients in the soil; but when it has become this carbonate, though it will no longer so forcibly act upon half decayed vegetable matter, yet it then begins to perform other very im- portant functions, hiefiy in correcting acidities in the land, and neutralizing the hurtful qualities of many things that are found in the soil, paticularly canker water, fryrits, and water exuding from particles of coal which may be on the surface—and those things which were previously considered as poisonous, are by means of lime converted into nutriment. -Ibid. FASHIONS FOR DECEMBER. Velvets, satins, and all the richer materials of dress are now fashionable; the make varies but little. High dresses continue to be much worn, a la puritaine, and redingotes are the favourite styles for negleges for demi-toilettes the corsages are lower, with berthes revers of the same material. A new style of trimming, dentelle de velours, is likely to be very much worn, not only on velvet dresses, for which it is peculiarly adapted, but it will be used on various other toil- ettes, mantelets, manteaux, camails, &c. The point de Venise is the richest and most delicate gimp trimming that has yet appeared, and, being open, it is often prettily intro- duced as quilies on watered silks, and has an agreeable effect. Spanish buttons are also fashionable they resemble small round bells attached to a chain, and are equally used for chemisettes, silk redingotes, and velvet bodies. They are made in gold. pearls, and enamel. Alecon lace is the description most used four or even five flounces of it some- times ornament the velvet or satin dress. Skirts continue long and full, and often without trimming, but they are also ornamented en tablier in front, or have flounces of extreme width. Long ceintures of ribbon in plaids, stripes, or pines, are worn; the sleeves a l'orientale, with the under one of muslin bouillounee, is much in favour. Fur is now very generally introduced, and much approved for dresses as well as manteaux, which are now seen in everv ,aiiai) ur run. 'Nh.V vniuci^ nuea witn tur, and sleeves are very generally introduced for them. Paletots, pardessus, polonaises witchouras, are all in favour, but the newest form is the valeche, and may be made of velvet trimmed with lace, satin bordered with fur, or of levantine encircled with a broad border of quilting, finished with a fringe. Camails are less worn, and when they are, the corners in front are lengthened to a point, and the material should be of velvet, embroidered or trimmed with fur. The sleeves for manteaux are tho Danoises, Yenitiennes, Isabella, or Spanish, orna- mented with gimp, large fancy silk bnttons, brandenbourgs of silk or velvet. Bonnets are made a little shorter at the ears, and a little more raised. Ribbon is more worn inside than flowers, and veils are almost indispensable. "V elvet and satin are the principal materials in use, and the colours are dahlia, green, violet, and black. Marabouts and long feathers laid entirely across the front, with wreaths of flowers, black lace and birds—not onlythe entire bird, but often merely a wing are the ornaments in fashion. Some bonnets have nceuds of velvet, lined with satin, supporting an aigrette or bunch of flowers. Morning caps are small, and prettily rounded at the ears, and the crowns are often -lined with transparent gauze. All the ornaments, folds, naauds, are placed en touffe at the lower part of the check. Bugles are still used with coiffures, in which there is much varieties. The Rosine and Sevilienne are the most novel. There is a decided inclination tcf wear the coiffure more forward on the head, and the crowns are larger to admit the iiattes.-Froin the London and Paris Ladies' Magazine of Fashion. FIRE NEAR EVESHAM.-SEVEN LIVES LOST. It is our painful duty this week to record a most tragical event which occurred at the village of Willersey, near Broadway, about six miles from Evesham; on the borders of this county, on Wednesday morning last, and which ter- minated in the sacrifice of no less than seven lives. The circumstances of this shocking and lamentable affair are briefly as follow:— It appears that a family of the name of Rimell had been preparing for a wash on the following day, and had fired the chimney, which was supposed to have been extinguished. A good deal of negligence, however, appears to have been manifested, for on the servant girl being sent to see if the fire was out previous to the family retiring to rest, she reported that it was safe and that only a few sparks were falling. The family were soon, however, aroused by the suffocating smoke arising from a fire fiercely raging, and the husband and two sons escaped by a window. The wife, who was sleeping in a separate apartment, was seen at one of the windows, but after uttering an exclamation in refer- ents to her children, she retired from the window and was seen no more alive, having perished, together with five of her children in the flames The washerwoman also perished in a similar manner. The District Fire Engines were in attendance and although the house was destroyed, a build- ing adjoining stored with farming produce was saved, though the latter from its hasty removal was much injured. The Fire Brigade from Evesham, after the fire was subdued, recovered the bodies from the ruins they were charred and burnt in a most shocking manner. A feeling of horror and regret peivades the whole neighbourhood of this dreadful calamity. The following account gives a more detailed statement of the occurrence,- I send you the particulars of a fire which occurred in the village of Willersey, near this town, between 3 and 4 o'clock this morning. It appears that in the course of yes- terday, a chimney in the house of Mr. Rimell, who rents a small farm at VVillersley, caught fire, and it was supposed that it was completely put out but unfortunately such was not the case, for about three o'clock this morning, Mr. Rimell awoke and found the house was on fire. He imme- diately got out of the bed-room window, and brought a ladder, hoping to rescue his wife, eight children, and a poor woman from Weston, who had been washing at Mr. Rimell s. Such, however, was not the case, for dreadful to relate, Mrs- Rimell, five of the children, and the poor woman 1 fell sacrifices to the devouring flames. Mrs. Rimell might have been saved, but when her husband begged her to come down the ladder, she exclaimed, Oh, my poor children," n and returned into the room, when the floor sank under them, and they were not seen again until dug out of the ruins mere cinders. The age of the eldest child burnt is nine years and a half the youngest one year and a half. It appears a miracle that any one of the family escaped. Poor Rimell has lost all his clothes, furniture, and money and but for the intrepidity and skill of the fire brigade of the Birmingham District Office, the whole village of Willersey would, in all probability, have now lain a heap of ruins. What adds to this melancholy event is that the woman who came from "Weston to wash for Mrs. Rimell was a widow, and has left eight unfortunate orphans to bewail her loss. I assure you that this awful visitation has cast a gloom over every grade in this place, and sincerely do I hope that they who can afford it will raise a subscription for poor Rimell, to enable him to buy necessary clothing and furni- ture, that he may not have to contend with the accumulated misery of heaven's chastening hand, and this world's priva- tions.IVorcestei- Guardian. TAUNTON AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION. THEx splendid exhibition of this association was held on Friday, the 24th Nov. The attendance was large, and upon the whole, the exhibition was a very excellent one. The oxen, both for size, and, apparently, general quality, excited considerable admiration. The show of horses was well enough, and several superior animals were exhibited. The swine merited particular remark, as did also the sheep, both for size and symmetry. The fat heifers, too, were of no mean quality, and certainly worthy of this truly beneficial association. After the exhibition a dinner took place at the assembly room at three o'clock. The Right Hon. Heniy Labouchere, M.P., presided. The Chairman, in the course of the evening, proposed The health of the Secretary," and presented to him an elegant silver tea-service, as a testimony of the soc.ety's approbation of his services. Mr. Stephens, in accepting the present, returned thanks. Prizcs- Society's Premiums for Stock. For the best bull, silver cup, value 10 sovs., Mr. Lyddon, of Withiel Florey; second best, silver cup, value 5 sovs., Mr. J. Webber, of Halberton. Fat ox, silver cup, value 5 sovs., Mr. North, of llarnham. Cow, silver cup, Mr. J. Bult, of Dodhill. Breeding cow, in calf or a calf by her side, silver cup, value 5 sovs., Mr. T. Baker, of West Buckland. In calf, heifer, or a calf by her side, silver cup value, 5 sovs., Mr. C. Boucher, of Langley Farm, Wiveliscombe. Pen of breeding ewes, silver cup, value 5 sovs., Mr. J. W ippell, of Axminster; second, 3 sovs., Mr. J. Monday, of Greenham Barton. Pen of fat wether sheep, silver cup, value 5 sovs., Barton. Pen of fat wether sheep, silver cup, value 5 sovs., Nl r. W. M. Gibbs, of Bishop's Lydeard; the umpires strongly recommended fat wethers, No. I, (not corn fed) the property of Mr. Badcock, of Tuckerton. Boar, 3 sovs., Mr. Thomas, of Roseash. Breeding sow, 2 sovs., Mr. J. Bryant, of Pound farm. Ram, a piece of plate or 3 sovs., Mr. S. Webber, of West Bngborough; second, 2 sovs., Mr. Monday, of Greenham Barton. Hog ram, 2 sovs., Mr. Babb, of Ashbrittle second, 1 sov., Mr. W. Miles, of Comb Florey. MEMBERS' PREMIUMS. Best 2 acres, of Swedish turnips, silver cup, given by the Right Hon. H. Labouchere, M.P., Mr. W. Baker, of Ham, grown with fifteen loads of stable dung per acre, broad cast. Quantity grown in weight, 21 tons 1 cwt, 481bs per acn; second best, Mr. Hewetts, of Norton, grown with twelve loads of dung and three bags of woodashes, broad cast. Quantity grown in weight, 20 tons 2 cwt. Umbs. Cow and offspring, silver cup, given tby T. D. Acland, Esq., M.P., Mr. J. Wippell, of Axminster; pair of working oxen, silver cup, by F. H. Dickenson, Esq., M.P., Mr. Badcock, of Tuekerton Farm; fat ox, silver cup, by E. A.Sanford, Esq., Mr. J. Bult, of Dodhill; cow in milk, silver cup, by V. Stuckey, Esq., Mr. Badcock, Tuckerton Farm; boar, 3 gui- nea, by A. G. Lethbridge, Esq., Mr. W. Gadd, of Lyng- ford breeding sow and litter, 2 sovs. ty A. G. Lethbridge, Esq., Mr. T. Chard, of Haydon for an essay on the most advantageous rotation of crops, piece cf plate or 5 guineas, by Mr. Cox, Mr. C. Addams, of Moohouse. SWEEPSTAKES. Best 2 acres of common turnips, a sweepstake of 10s. each, with 2 sovs. added, Mr. W. Fouracre, af Durston, grown with about 10 putt loads of dung per acre also about five hags of compost (ashes, soot, and earth,, drilled, 14 in drill. Quantity grown in weight, 23 tons 8 cwt. 64lbs. second, Mr. Hancock, of Halse, grown wif1 eight loads of farm- yard dung per acre, broad cast. Quaitity grown in weight, 22 tons 14 cwt. 221bs.; best acre of mmgel wurzel, a sweep- stake of 10s. each, with 2 sovs. added, Mr. Edward Bond, of Dunkhill; two-year old colt or fill), a sweepstake of 10s. each, with I sov. added, Mr. J. Corner, of Kittisford three- year old colt or filly, a sweepstake of 10s. each, with 1 sov. added, Mr. J. Monday, of Greenham 3arton. Premiums were also awarded to servants and labourers. FANATICISM AND MANSLAUGHTER. On Thursday, the 23rd ult., a frightful occurrence took place at Crewe, in Cheshire, which Ins caused the liveliest emotions of pity, anger, and surprise throughout the whole of that now populous neighbourhood. It is well known that the Grand Junction Railway Company have erected immense works at Crewe, and have in their employment between 400 and 500 workmen. Among these are men of all shades of religious opinions, and some of them are Mormonites better known as "latter-day saint." The priest of the order is a blacksmit h, of the name of Cartwright, and among the devotees is a fanatic named Pugmire, also a smith, or en- gineer. The latter was married to a respectable woman, about thirty years of age, who had borne him three children, and was within three months of her next confinement. She had steadily refused to adopt the fanatical opinions of her husband, and much altercation had ensued in consequence. Worn out, however, with his repeated solicitations, and his continued declarations that unless she submitted to be bap- tized into the order, she would be eternally lost, she declared her intentions to one of her neighbours to obey her hus- band's wishes, being satisfied, as she said, that unless she did so, "she should never have any more peace with him." On Thursday, the 23rd ult., at eight o'clock at night, the poor worn-out creature was taken by her husband and the blacksmith priest down to the river below the works, was denuded of all her clothes, except a small flannel cingiel, and, notwsthstanding her interesting situation, these wretched fanati'-> fcer muttering some incantations, nlunsreil ncr into the stream. The night was dreadfully cold and dark, and, in consequence of the late heavy rains, the river was running at a great rate, and was much higher than ordinary. The priest, having hold of her naked arm, unfor- tunately let go his grasp, and the current running like a mill-race, immediately carried her away, and it being pitchdark, she was instantly everwhelined by the boiling flood and drowned. The husband walked home with the greatest deliberation and nonchalance, and told his neigh- bours what had occurred and after seating himself in a chair, rolled himself in flannel, and declared his conviction that it was the will of God that she should be drowned," adding, that it was the weakness of her faith that caused it, but that he was now satisfied that she was in glory." Captain Winby, of the Crewe station, and other parties, hearing of the sad occurrence, immediately rushed down to the river, and after some time discovered the body of the unfortunate woman in a bend of the river, about 200 yards distant from the spot where she was immersed, but life was extent. A coroner's inquest was held upon the body, and the jury having returned a verdict of Manslaughter," the husband and blacksmith priest have both been committed to Chester Castle to take their trial. It is somewhat remarkable that a preacher of this sect, whilst baptizing a disciple, was carried away by the Hood and drowned the other day in the river at Handsworth, Wood- house, near Sheffield. NOVEMBER FAIR. — This fair, which took place on Mon- day week, was thinly attended. The horse fair was very dull in the cattle fair tilings were much brisker. There was an advance on the price obtained at our last fair. A Complete Suffrage" Association, or union between electors and iloll-electo"s,tit institution which the Rev. Thomas Spencer, of Charterhouse, Hinton, was chiefly in- strumental in forming, has been established in this town. AN OLD INSOLVENT.—On Friday last, Sir Hugh Evelyn who is described as very aged and feeble, was discharged by the Chief Commissioner of the Insolvent Debtors' Court, in London, after having been imprisoned in the Queen's Prison eighteen years. THE GREAT BRITAIN.—This magnificent vessel is ap- proaching rapidly towards completion. It is rumoured that some parties in London have made an offer to the company of £ 10,000 for the use of the ship for three months, for the purpose of exhibition. No doubt such a speculation would succeed, but it is understood that the company have refused to accept the oiler. A HINT.—Young ladies who indulge in bed too many hours in the morning would do well (divested of curl-papers, of course) to copy the example of their youthful sovereign, who generally breakfasts at eight o'clock. Even amidst the excitement of the present tour her Majesty observes her usual custom. The late Earl of Egremont, during the last sixty years of his life, distributed in acts of charity and liberality, the im- mense sum of £ 1,200,000, or about £ 20,000 per annum. DEATH OF THE MARQUIS OF WINCHESTER.—Died on Wednesday morning, at his residence in Cavendish-square, Charles Ingoldsby Burrough Paulet, 13th Marquis of Win- chester, Earl of Wiltshire, and Baron St. John of Basing, Premier Marquis of England, born January, 17G4. His Lordship was Herediary Bearer of the Cap of Maintenance, Privy Councillor, and held the office of Groom of the Stole during the Regency and the reigns of their Majesties George IV. and William IV. He married July, 1800, Anne, daughter of the late John Andrews, Esq., of Shotney-hall, Northumberland, who died March, 1841, by whom he had issue five sons and two daughters, who survive him. The Marquis is succeeded by his eldest son, John, Earl of Wiltshire. PLEASANT PROSPECT FOR MR. O'CONNELL,—Feargus O'Conner, in his Northern Star the other day, in a letter addressed to Mr. O'Connell, tells the great agitator that either repeal will be carried, or his head laid on the block by the 1st of April next. SUICIDE BY A CI-IILI).-On Friday last, the neighbour- hood of Ketley-town was thrown into great consternation from the following distressing circumstance:—It appears that a little girl, daughter of James Colley, was sent by her mother to get some coal from one of the pits, and being gone longer than usual, she was met by her brother, who told her that she would catch it lwlien she got home. The child, it seems, dreaded the thought of going home, which she did not like, because her mother, she said, was not kind to her. She threw away her bonnet and pinafore, contrived to creep to the edge of a pit, and threw herself into it. The pit was 200 yards deep' When her body was got out it was in an emaciated state. Shropshire Journal. STATISTICS OF CRIMINALS A Parliamentary paper of last session shows the aggregate number of persons com- mitted for criminal offences in England and Wales, and Scotland and Ireland, in each of the two past years." It appears that in England and Wales the number committed for trial in 1841 was 27,760, of which 20,280 were convicted. In 1842 there were 31,309 committed for trial, and 22,733 convicted, In Scotland, in 1841, the committals were 3,560, and the convictions, with those outlawed, 2,688. In 1842, 4,188 were committed, 3,170 convicted and outlawed. THE QUEEN AT DRAYTON MANOR. The princely hospitality which Sir Robert Peel has dis- played during the royal visit—a hospitality not confined to the nobility end gentry of the county, but shown to all classes of the community, from the high to the low, the rich and poor—has been the theme of universal praise throughout the surrounding district. The festivities consequent upon the royal visit to Drayton Manor terminated this evening with a dinner given by Sir Robert Peel, at the Town-hall, to Colonel Monckton and the officers and men of the Staffordshire Yeomanry, who have been on duty the whole period of the Queen's visit. Colonel Monckton presided, and Major Peel, the brother of the Piemier, officiated as the vice-president. It was gene- rally expected in the early part of the day that Sir Robert Peel would have honoured the company with his presence, but it appears that urgent public business precluded the possibility of his doing so. About 170 of the yeomanry sat down to a dinner supplied by Mr. Rhoades, of the King's Arms, in his very best style. As might be expected, the auspicious occasion upon which this corps were the first time assembled gave great eclat to the proceedings. The hall was not only splendidly decorated within, but most brilliantly illuminated without. Indeed, during the whole of the present afternoon the town as been as gay, and the inhabitants as indisposed to do anything but make merry, as they have been during the past four days. HER MAJESTY AT CHATSWORTH. If there be one spot in England which more than any other is princely in itself, and grand in its natural position, that place is "the Palace of the Peak." It may well be supposed that the munificence and taste of its noble owner rendered it still more worthy, if that be possible, of so auspicious an occasion as the Royal visit. On Friday the Duke of Devonshire having preceded Her Majesty by a few minutes to Chatsworth, was there in wait- ing to receive her. On Her Majesty's arrival at the grand entrance she took the arm of the Duke of Devonshire, and Prince Albert offered his arm to Lady Louisa Cavendish. They proceeded imme- diately, accompanied by Mr. George Cavendish, through the painted hall, to the private apartments prepared for Her Majesty. These apartments, it is needless to say, were fitted up with that elegance and attention to Her Majesty's eonve • nience which might have been anticipated from the personal supervision of the Duke of Devonshire. Her Majesty, after her arrival in her own private apart- ments, accompanied by the Prince, partook of lunch, after which the Duke of Devonshire again attended Her Majesty, and conducted her with the Prince through the music room and the yellow drawing room to the great drawing-room. In the great drawing-room were assembled the illustrious and distinguished guests who had been invited to Chatsworth on the occasion of Her Majesty's visit. Her Majesty, who still leant on the arm of the Duke of Devonshire, accompanied by the Prince and the whole of the guests referred to, then proceeded through the state rooms, the sketch gallery (so calicd from its containing the rough sketches, rarities indeed, of some of the most remarkable works of the greatest artists), the statue gallery—a place crowded with living marble, and worthy to be dwelt upon, and the orangery. Her Majesty then signified her wish to see the conservatory, a building and collection of plants so grand and so rare as to be deservedly ranked among the minor wonders of England. To this she was conducted by the Duke and attended by the guests. The Royal party had previously passed into the grounds to see the rockwork. From the conservatory they went on the west terrace, from which Her Majesty came to a tree which was planted 11 years ago by herself while still a child. Her Majesty and her Royal Consort stood some time contempla- ting this memento of earlier years, and it was then arranged that Prince Albert should plant another tree by the side of that which had already grown up. He selected an oak sap- ling, and planted it with all due formality. As Her Majesty appeared at those points of the grounds of which a view could be obtained from without, she was cheered in the most enthusiastic manner by multitudes of people there assembled. Leaving the terrace Her Majesty ascended the steps of the south front, to go to the west garden, returning towards the mansion by the" Fragment Lodge," and proceeding thence to the apartments enclosed from the mansion for Her Majesty's use. The dinner took place at half-past 7 precisely. To describe the effect of the vista afforded from the dining- room by the suite of rooms at Chatsworth, as the Royal party came up from the extreme end—five minutes at least being occupied in passing up to Her Majesty's seat at the dinner- table-would be almost impossible. All that princely muni- ficence, regulated by refined taste, may effect, has been accomplished in this suite of splendid saloons. Immediately before the dinner-hour the distinguished guests invited to meet Her Majesty assembled in the draw- ing-room. On Her Majesty's appearance she took the arm of the Duke of Devonshire to the dining-room. The Prince escorted Lady Louisa Cavendish and the Royal party fol- lowed. As Her Majesty approached the dining-room, the military band at the mansion played the National Anthem. The Rev. Mr. Wilmot, the Duke's private chaplain, who sat at the lower end of the table, said grace. Her Majesty sat on the right of the Duke of Devonshire, next her sat Prince Albert, and on his right was Lady Louisa Cavendish. The Duke of Wellington sat opposite Her Majesty, and beside him was the Duke of Buccleuch. Lady Portmau sat next the Duke of Wellington. Immediately after dinner the Hon. George Cavendish rose, and proposed The Queen," and the band immediately played the National Anthem. The health of Her Majesty having been drunk with the deepest respect, the Hon. Mr. Cavendish soon after gave the health of his Royal Highness Prince Albert, upon which the baud played" The Coburg March." No other toasts were given. After dessert had been served Her Majesty and the ladies present retired to the drawing-room, the band playing the National Anthem. They were soon joined by the Duke of Devonshire and the gentlemen. Her Majesty wore at the dinner, and afterwards at the ball, a pink satin dress robed with lace, with a wreath of roses iu her hair she also wore the insignia of the order of the Garter and a magnificent diamond necklace. The dress of Lady Louisa Cavendish was of white muslin, and she wore on her head a wreath of blush roses. LIST OF NEW PATENTS FOR NOVEMBER. Joseph Dickinson Stagg, of Middleton, in Teesdale, Durham, manager of smelting works, for a new and im- proved plan for collecting, condensing, and purifying the fumes of lead, copper, and other ores and metals also the particles of such ores and metals arising or produced from the roasting, smelting, or manufacturing thereof; and also the noxious smoke, gases, salts, and acids, soluble and absor- bable in water, generated in treating and working such ores and metals. David Evans, of Coleshill-streef, Eaton-square, engineer, for certain improvements in sweeping and cleansing chimnies and flues, and in increasing the draft therein, and in pie- venting the same from smoking. William Edward Newton, of the Oific.e of Patents, 05, Chancery-lane, civil engineer, for inprovements in furnaces or fire-places. Arthur Dunn, of Rotherhithe, Surrey, soap boiler, for im- provements in the manufacture of soap. Thomas Clarendon, of Great Brunswick-street, Dublin, gent., for an improved method of shoeing horses. James Smyth, of Peasenhall, Suffolk, machine maker, for improvements in the construction of drills for sowing grain, seeds, and manure. Arthur Wall, of Biste rne-placo, Poplar, surgeon, for cer- I tain improvements in the manufacture of iron. Moses Poole, of Lincoln's Inn, gent., for an improved machine for towing or propeltiug vessels, which can also be used as a boat. Richard Garrett, of Leiston Works, near Saxmundham, Suffolk, agricultural implement maker, for improvements in machinery for drilling, thrashing, and cutting agricultural produce. RAILWAY TRATTIC.—The following calculation of the last weekly returns of 43 railways, 1,558 miles in length, will, we believe, be of interest :—Number of passenger on 31 railways, 257,614 consequently the total for the werk must be above £ 400,000. The receipts for passengers on 43 railways, £ 54,445 13s. 3d.; ditto for goods on a railways, £2;),550 10s. 3d.; total. £ 80,005 3s. (jd. This is an average of £ 513 per mile per week. The traffic, therefore, is cer- tainly at the rate of about foul millions and a half a-year, and carrying twenty millions of passengers. THE IllON TRADE WITH PiUl:SIA.- Berlin, Nov. 20.— A statement has appeared in several journals to the 'effect that most of the union states had, in this year's Zollvcrein Congress, rejected the proposed tax on raw iron, by the im- position of an import duty on the mere dissent of the Prussion plenipotentiary. We are enabled, on the most positive information, to declare that the statement in question is wholly devoid of foundation and* that-no such dissent was ever pronounced on the part of Prussia. It may, with more truth, be said that a concurrence of opinions on the important and difficult question of an alteration of the present iron duty met with other obstacles, which, how- ever, there is reason to hope will be speedily removed. The exertions of the bankers' clerks in London and Westminster are of such a paralysing nature, that if any one goes into a banking-house with a check, they generally ap- pear to be in a state of mesmerism, and stand for a few minutes opposite the party presenting the check without taking the smallest notice of him. Occasionally they are enabled to walk to a desk and speak to a fejtow-clerk, after which they so far recover themselves as to attend to their duties.- ilitnek. EXTRAORDINARY SUPERSTITION AT PLYMOUTH. —Mrs. Hill, the pretended witch, charged with imposing upon the I credulity of a simple country girl, named Charlotte Horn, under the circumstances detailed in the Western Luminary, and copied into The Times of yesterday, was again brought before the bench I magistrates on Monday, when the pri- soner was committed to the House of Correction for three calendar months as a rogue and vagabond, under the 4th section of the 5th George IV.— I Vest of England Conserva- tive. REQUISITES FOR A MASTER OF HOUNDS. —First, let him ask himself, how he's off for money, as the lady at Portsmouth asked Peter Simple how he was off for soap." Money, after all, is the great thing. Lord Petre'» observation to Mr. Deitne Radcliffe, who was solieitiilg" the benefit of his Lordship's experience prior to taking the II ertfordshire hunt, that he would never have his hand out of his pocket, and must always have a guinea in it," was one of the most use- ful and friendly admonitions an old master of houii(i-ind one, we may add, who had hunted his own country in a style inferior to few in the world—could give a tyro entering on the same line. A master of foxhounds, as we have already observed, is like a county member in many respects; he is looked upon as privileged plunder—his purse as public property. If, however, our hero can answer this first im- portant question satisfactorily, let him then ask himself how he's off for temper!" Tin, as the cockneys call it, and temper, may be looked upon as the two sine qua nons for keeping foxhounds. By temper, we don't mean that a man should be one of those milk-and-water sort of articles that old women mean when they talk of a good-tempered man,— one that will let their wives ruin them in milliners' hills and fiddlements without "kicking;" but a man with a sufficient degree of nerve, determination, and self-possession not to be ruffled by trifles, or disgusted by the frequent vexations he must reckon upon receiving. Determination is a great thing for a master of hounds. If he is fit for the situation, he will feel that confidence in himself that will render him independent of extraneaus advice at all events, let him stick to his resolutions, unless he is thoroughly satisfied he is wrong. Advice is one of the cheapest articles in life, and men will give it by the ton from whom no con- trivance whatever would extract a £5 note in way of sub- scription.— The Sporting Magaxine. MANURE nanr Cows. — It has been ascertained by ex- periments that a cow voids in the year 13,000 lbs. weight of urine such urine contains 900 lbs. weight of solid manure, finely dissolved (including 2:30 lbs. of ammonia), which solid matter would be more fertilizing than guano, and if valued at the same price (E 10 per ton) would be worth f;4 a-year; multiplying this by three millions (the number of cattle said to exist in the United Kingdom), and we should have 32 millions sterling, as the value of the urine, supposing it to be worth no more than guano. It is impossiule to estimate how much of this runs to waste. One-tenth of it will amount to nearly as much as the whole of the income-tax of the kingdom. In Flanders, where manuring has been long practically studied, and liquid manures are highly esteemed, the urine of one cow, kept up all the year round, is valued at 40s. a-year. In a course of experiments made with the solid matter extracted from urine, applied at the rate of a cwt. and a half to the acre, the following results were ( obtained 0 An acre, undressed, produced Dressed. Bushels. Bushels. Wheat. 44 ..5 4 Ditto 31 i I. 40 Oats 49" 50 Turnips 12jtons 24) tons 2 Potatoes 12| tons 14^ tons Ditto 8? tons 13^ tons Let any dairy farmer with these facts before him make a fair calculation of what is lost to himself and to the country by the hitherto unheeded waste of the urine of his cattle, and he will see the importance of taking some steps for pre- serving it in future.—Mark-Lane Express. STATE OF TRADE IN LIVERPOOL.—The large sales of American provisions, including beef, pork, cheese, lard, and butter, brought forward at auction, went off without spirit, and the greater part was withdrawn for want of buyers, although importers were willing to meet the trade at prices which consumers have never known. It will certainly be a new feature in domestic economy, if America is enabled to carry on a profitable trade in these commodities and supply us with cheese at from 26s. to 46s. per cwt., butter at 60s., lard of the finest quality at 37s., and beef and pork, salted, at 30s. to 32s. per cwt. These are about the present rates, including the duties to which they are severally liable, and we learn that arrangements on a large scale are making in America to continue and extend the business. The shipping trade improves but very slowly, and ships are now offering at freight nearly as low as at any time during the last two years, but ship-building in British North America has extended to such a degree that the trade is at present overdone, although British vessels are every year getting more into the cotton trade of the United States, and they will be fully able to compete with the ships of the latter country. The share-maket is in great activity, with some advance in prices. THE WEATHER AND THE WHEAT SOWING.We have not for some years had so unfavourable a season for wheat sowing as the present in this part of the country. Owing to the heavy and continued rains of the last month, the land is everywhere saturated with wet, and on the heavy and ill- drained soils, of which there is only too great a breadth in Lancashire and North Cheshire, the water stands in the furrows to as great a depth as ever was known before. The consequence of this is, that wheat sowing has made no progress for the last three weeks, and that many farmers who had 20 or 30 acres sown at this time last year have either none or only two or three acres at present. Even those who have their seed in are not out of danger; for all the low lands which are ever liable to be flooded have been umlci wntor more than once during the last month, cind those that are not too full of water for the seed to germinate kindly. If the same kind of weather that we have had here has been at all general, considerable quantities of land which ought to have been sowri with winter wheat will have to be sown with spring corn of some kind or other. -Liverpool Times. PENNSYLVANIA.—If I were an American of any of the honest states, I would never rest till I had compelled Penn- sylvania to be as honest as myself. The bad faith of that state brings discredit on all; just as common snakes are killed because vipers are dangerous. I have a general feeling that by that breed of men I have been robbed and ruined, and I shudder and keep aloof. The pecuniary credit of every state is afiected by Pennsylvania. Ohio pays but with such a bold bankruptcy before their eyes, how long will Ohio pay 1 The truth is, that the eyes of all capitalists are averted from the United States. The finest commercial un- derstandings will have nothing to do with them. Men rigidly just, who penetrate boldly iuto the dealings of nations, and work with vigour and virtue for honourable wealth — great and high-minded merchants will loathe, and are now loathing, the name of America; it is becoming, since its fall, the common shore of Europe, all,1 the native 0 home of the needy villain. And now, drab-coloured men of Pennsylva- nia, there is yet a moment left—-the eyes of nil Europe are anchored upon you- Surrexit mundns justig furiis;" start up from that trance of dishonesty into which you are plunged; don't think of the flesh which Avails about your life, but of that sin which has hurled you from the heaven of character, which hangs over you like a devouring pesti- lence, and makes good men sad, juid ruffians dance and sing. It is not for gin sling alone and sherry cobbler that man is to live; but tof those great principles against which no argument can be listened to—-principles which give to every power a double power above their functions and their offices, which are the books, the arts, the academies that teach, lift up, and nourish the Avorld — principles (I am quite serious in what I say) above cash, suderior to cotton, higher than currency— principles, without which it is better to die than live, which every servant of God, over every sea and in all lands, should cherish. Uses ad abdita spiramenta animaj.—Sidney Smith, on the American Debt. CorrEHiNG Suirs BY G,L\NISM.-A patent has re- cently been granted for applying (j10 electrotype process to coppering the ships. The inventor proposes to float the vessels in a dock containing a saturated solution of sulphate of.copper, and by means ot a powerful voltaic battery, to deposit a coating of copper on the yvood, which must he previously rubbed over with Vllllbago, to cause the metal to adhere. Assuming that sufficient electric force eoidd be obtained to effect the deposition of the copper on so large a surface, the project is practicable, but the expense would prevent its adoption unless the requisite quantity of elec- tricity be generated at much less cost than by the present plans. The cost of the zinc consumed in exciting voltaic batteries has operated as a serious drawback on all attempts to form copper utensils by the process, which at first threatened to throw all coppersmiths and workers of metal out of employ, If that difficulty can be overcome by a cheap mode of exciting electricity, there appears nothing* to prevent the deposition of metal vessel. in lieu of manufac- turing them and not only may ships he coppered by the process, but metal ships themselves might be constructed in the same manner, without any labour Avhatever Liverpool paper. THE RAT LAV AY INTEREST.—The capital paid up by calls for eighty-one railways was £ 48,.>08,05; at the end of Octo- ber, 1843, when the premiums, amounting to £ 10.340,629, exceed the discounts, amounting to £ <03$,492, by £ 7,702,137 or £ 16 18s. 6d. per cent., being improvement of £ 10. 3s. 6d. per cent. upon the previous six months. It must, however, be observed, that the period between April and October embraced the best, part of the year, for both passenger and other traffic, aided also by money at a very low rate of interest but, taking all circumstances into con- sideration, railways under the best management, and having assumed a settled character, now staud amongst the most ready and safe securities for tempor,lrv or permanent invest- ments, Avheu discretion can be used for personal or other appropriation. THE LANDLORD AND TENANT INQUIRY.—The objects of the inquiry are thus briefly defined The scope of the commission is to inquire into the nature of the law and practice with respect to the occupation of land in Ireland— the burdens of county-cess, and other charges which fall respectively upon landlord and tenant. Its objects -to sug- gest amendments in the laws which, having due regard to the rights of property, may appear calculated to encourage the cultivation of the soil, to extend a better system of agri- culture and to improve the relation between landlord and tenant." THE BLOOD. — TO a person who has at all studied the organization of the human system, the circulation oj the blood will necessarily appear one of its most ifiie cs.ing and essential principles. When we reflect for an instant on the astonishing manner in Avhich this crimson current shoots from the main spring of the heart; when we consider it coursing rapidly through its various channels, and branching out into a thousand different directions and complicated windings, for the nourishment of the frame; we cannot avoid bein<>- moved by an involuntary thrill of astonishment. °

BUTE DOCKS. CARDIFF