Papurau Newydd Cymru

Chwiliwch 15 miliwn o erthyglau papurau newydd Cymru

Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

5 erthygl ar y dudalen hon



CHARTIST INSURRECTION AT NEWPORT. (From the Times.) The crime of these ill-fated insurgents in South Wales being complete, there remaiins the punishment —a punishment, too, which must be inflicted, or there is an end of civil society in England. The cri me is trcason IInd rebell ion -nothing more nor less-aii attempt to sack and destroy a large portion of a popu- lous and important town -an attack by fire and sword upon the magistrates engaged in the fulfilment of their deliberative duties—an attack upon the Queen's troops assembled in obedience to the magistrates, and in defence of them—an enterprise, one and only one of the meditated consequences of which was to seize on all the property of the country, to convert it to their own uses, and leave the rightful owners to starve. We shall not follow the exa mple of Lord Normanby, and apply small names to wholesale atrocities. Out- rage" may do well enough for a novel writer, but rebellion is rebellion" in the eyes of a minister. Who headed the rebellion ? FROST. What gave Frost the paramount influence and authority which he exercised throughoutthewholeininingdistrict of South Wales ? Obviously his position as a magistratt. And whomade him a magistrate? Why, who but Lord John Russell; and, what is worse, he was so made by Lord John Russell in the teeth of remon- strances addressed to his Lordship by respectable persons, who had known Frost all their lives, who were aware of his having been once a fraudulent bank- rupt, and of his having for a very long period been occupied in schemes of violence and crime. But what was Lord John Russell's answer to such communica- tions? Did be act upon them? Oh, yes!—by alleging that he felt it his duty still to appoint Mr Frost a magistrate, in deference to the wishes of those inhabitants of Newport who had applied "in his betial fl' that is to say, of the Chartist and other conspirators, who saw a facility for their own plots in the promotion of a leader and a fellow-rebel: these men were deemed worthy of all attention by Lord John Russell, whilst the denunciations and dissuasions of loyal and respectable men could obtain no notice from the Queen's Home Secretary We see the consequence. The 11 Liberal" Govern- ment carried their liberality to a pitch which most reasonably and logically led the poor mountaineers to imagine that Mr Frost, the delegate of Lord John Russell, when he spoke treason, was uttering Lord John Russell's sentiments, and had the noble Lord's full approbation of his schemes! What a plight, then, must the consciences of these popularity hunters be in, when they find themselves forced by the necessities of office, and with the eyes of all England upon them, to issue special commissions forthwith, to try and hang the dupes of their own wicked policy! We know that the commissions must go forth-we knew that some of the immediate perpetrators of rebellion must suffer. But, good Heaven! only think, once more, what must be the feelings of that Cabinet which first made Frost a justice of the peace "nex't sfjm'tUe warranto was a magistrate, must undergo the i o ) .find" If the alternative were l>™Posetj^[^mountaineer or at this moment in the shoes of a re rabhle of those whose Machiavelian selfishi courtship had first seduced and then bit, y undoubtedly would not prefer the position ot Lord Melbourne and Lord John Russell. [Examination .and committal of George Turner continued from the fourth page.] Herbert Williams.—T am a chemist and druggist, residing in Commercial Street, Newport, about 200 yards from the Westgate. On the Monday morning, between nine and ten, I was standing about 50 yards from the Westgate, on the opposite side of the way. The first thing I saw was the mob approaching the Westgate from Stow Hill. After the mob had dis- persed for about five minutes, I saw a man with a wooden leg. He had a gun in his hand. I first saw him immediately opposite the next door to the West- gate. I did not see him do anything with the gun. I did not see him use it in any way. I saw him the second time in about ten minutes after, having lost sight of him the first time. When I saw him the first time there were eight or ten other persons with him, one of whom I saw load bis gun, and fire it at the Westgate window. I saw him 10 minutes after a second time. T was then standing at the corner of my own house. The man was passing down Commercial Street, from the direction of the Westgate. He had a gun in his hand then, "e was going quietly. He had on a light coloured dress similar to fustian, which had been a little dirtied. I noticed the man more than the dress. 1 did not notice his hat. I have sen him since. This morning when I saw him the only doubt I entertained was his dress being different, but on looking at the man I entertained no doubt. I have not the slightest doubt but the prisoner is the man. The prisoner was then cautioned, and asked if he had anything to say 1 The Prisotier.-I am quite innocent of the crime. I was in bed on the Sunday evcnlllg by nine o'clock. I rose about seven on the Monday morning, and I have witnesses, if I could send up to Blackwood to fetch them down, who would clear me. The constables who took me heard several say that they would swear that I was at home that morning between seven and eight o'clock; that they saw me there. I was not near Newport either Sunday or Monday, and the persons who have sworn against me have sworn falsely every one of them for I am not the man they saw, for F never had a gun in my band from tho day 1 was'born. I have nothing further to say. Mr Coles then said that the magistrates had come to the unanimous, decision of committing him to the county gaol for high treason and sedition. S. Shell, the father of a. Shell, who was shot, was then brought in, and appeared much affected. Rev. Mr Coles.—I a in very sorry to see you, Shell, and believe me the magistrates feel for y0u. | saw your poor son after he was shot, but before he was dead, and I sincerely pity you. flic magistrates have sent for you to identify a letter written by the poor misguided youth before his death. Shell.—I will, Sir. Believe me, Sir, 1 gave him good advice, and until lately he was the most dutiful of children. M r Sbell then produced a letter, which he had writ- ten his son some months since, in which he said Oh, George, my son! if ever you listened to the voice of your father, Usten to me now. Do not let your vouthful days be spent in sinand folly, but strive to know God." He also produced Shell's warrant as a special constable, dated May 3, 1839, Rev. Mr Coles. -Poor, fellow I then up to that time he possessed the confidence of the magistrates ? Shell (weeping).—Yes, Sir, but he was afterwards deluded by wicked and designing men. He is dead, and I should not grieve so much for his loss if I could only think that his soul was saved. Rev. Mr Coles (much affected). -Well, my poor man, let us hope for the best. Shell then identified his son s handwriting, and pro- mised to come forward to prove it. Jenkin Morgan, who was apprehended at Bristol, was then placed at the bar, and having been remanded, The Court adjourned until Monday. Newport, Nov. 17. I 1 s made at Blackwood Yesterday a furthernrrestwa^ Israel,and of an American quack doctor, who in U)e Who is said to have been deep Jestablished institu treasonable plot to overturn t ears <,1^ tions of the country. The Pl's° i^yy shrewd man. and, as I am informed, is a rei < |iawe made I have been unable, notwithstam n wol, i„formed several inquiries in quarters use y prccjse nature on the subject, to ascertain what t|mt he m of the charge against him, but • »jtber 0„ Monday be examined before the magistr. particu|ars of or Tuesday, when J ^Liwin emissary, has the evidence. Cardo, the Birm g notwit|lstanding been discharged from \{ie belief that he is there is every moral g''ou"d'0^anisiug the Chart- come here for the purpose of re 0^ agnlltst him ists, there is not sutticient leg Htin? hllI1. 1 Can- to justify the magistrates in con eUcited fron, not find that any other stateime dy, and indeed him during the time he wa wjjjc|i lie attempted remembering the artful manner brought about to induce belief that the rcbe crafty to be !>v Russian intrigue, 1 think he ^e was desirous drawn into the disclosure of anyt" <? .(j consequencc of concealing. I a in informe South Wales, a of the agitated state of many P convened for to- meeting of the inhabitants has e means may morrow at Carmarthen, to consi ei property, best be adopted for the protection health of the I am happy to inform you l". w improving, late Mayor (Mr T. Phillips, Ju"v' a0>vcutert»Uw4, and that uo fears for his rccovcrj are Mr Morgan, the draper, who was wounded whilst serving the office of special constable, is also fast re- covering, and the wounds of Mr Walker, of the Parrot Inn, who was wounded in the thigh whilst recon- noitring by order of the magistrates, present a favour- able appearance, John Rees, better known as "Jack the Fifer," David Jones, called David the Tinker," and Ze- phaniah Williams, have as yet managed to escape de- tection. A reward or X300 has been offered for them, and the following description of their persons publislied "John Rees, about five feet eight inches in height, rather thin face, cheeks hollow, pale darkcomplexioll, rather sandy whiskers, light hair, full eyes, long neck, blunt manner, very talkative, walks upright, has a military air when walking; had a blue pilot cloth coat on the day of the rIOts, and a black hat. David Jones, five feet eight or nine inches high, stout-built man, marked with small pox, very wide mouth, sandy whiskers, sandy hair, a sort of collier's manner of walking, rough manner and appearance, and generally wears a red plush waiscoat, short-cut dark colour pilot coat, blue trousers, and black hat. "Zephaniah Williams, about five feet eight inches high, strong square built, dark hair, no whiskers, round smooth face, full dark hazel eyes, very short tieck, tiose a little inclined to turn up, pale complexion, rather a blunt manner, and bold talker has the appearance of a seafaring man, and a loose swaggering walk; usually wore a black coat and waistcoat and dark trousers, a small neckerchief round bis neck showing his shirt collar." I have been informed that Mr J. G. H. Owen, of Monmouth, solicitor, has been intrusted with the defence of the Chartist leaders. On Saturday last Mrs Frost was allowed an inter- view with her husband, who is, I am told, much de- jected. (Private Correspondence of tho Morning Post.) I have received the following account of the Char- tists' inode of impressment:- A band of 40 or 5Q Chartists, armed with pikes, guns, and other mortal weapons, march to a house, and if the door is not instantly opened to them they at once attack and demolish it. They then enter the house in a body, and demand that the master and every other man on the premises join their ranks, stating that no harm shall come to the women or children, as they are sworn not to injure them. If the master refuse he is then seized and dragged forth, placed in the centre of the baud, and a file of men behind, him with presented pikes, and thus marched off. Many well-disposed persons in this state accompanied the rioters to Newport, where, in the confusion of de- feat, thc-y managed to effect fheir escape. A great number, having obtained information of the Chartists' intention, collected all the valuable property they could and decamped. Newport, Half-past II o'Clock, at Night. Yesterday there were more prisoners taken at Black- wood, and brought down here for examination; amongst them were Mr Roberts, the Chartist solicitor, of Bath, who was taken at Blackwood. We are also given to understand that two of John Frost's daughters were there yesterday disguised as servant girls: the cause of their being there has not transpired. One man also has surrendered himself voluntarily to the authorities at Newport; he states that he works for Mr T. Powell, at the Brind Colliery, and that he was pressed from his house by a body of the Chartists, and obliged to accompany them to Newport he has been taken into custody, and will be brought up for examination as soon as possible. It will be seen by the following requisition that a meeting to thank the military will be held on Thurs- day, and it is generally understood here that Her Majesty intends to bestow the honour of knighthood upon the late Mayor as soon as he is sufficiently reco- vered to receive the honour. To Thomas Hawkins, Esq., Mayor of the Borough oj' Ni,, I vp or t. We-, whose names are hereunto subscribed, being deeply impressed with a sense of grateful feeling to- wards the officers and men of Captaitf Stack's com- pany of the 45th Regiment of Foot, for their gallantry and steady conduct, in resisting and routing on the morning of the 4th of November a large insurrec- tionary host of armed men who entered the town with the evident intention of sacking and destroying it, murdering many of its inhabitants, and commencing a revolution in the government of the country, request you will convene a meeting, to be held in the large room of the King's Head Hotel, on Thursday, the 21st inst., to take such measures as shall be deemed pro- per for conveying to them the expression of the feel- ings entertained by the inhabitantst of the town and neighbourhood for their services on that occasion." (Here follow 120 signatures.) "In compliance with the wishes of the requisitionists. I hereby convene a meeting for the purpose expressed in the foregoing requisition, to be held in the large room at the King's Head, on Thursday, the 21st day of November, 1839, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon. "THOMAS HAWKINS, Mayor." "Newport, November 18." A reward has also been offered for some more of the ring-leaders, and several warrants are granted against parties who are deeply implicated. £ 50 Reward.—Whereas the elder son of Roger Davies, of Blackwood, in the parish of Bedwelty, shopkeeper, and Jack Barwell, a collier, residing near the Greyhound Inn, at Pontlanlraith, are charged with high treason and sedition against our Sovereign I ergon Lady the Queen. Any person apprehending either of the above-named parties shall, upon his conviction, receive a reward ot < £ 2: By order ot the Magistrates, « THOMAS JONES PHILLIPS, their Clerk. Newport, Nov. 18." The proceedings at Pontypool will be read with in- tense interest, unravelling as they do another portion of the plot, and proving the organization to have been most complete, as the meeting of the 50 'delegates at Duke's Town, the Merthyr organization, and the plan for seizing the Lord-Lieuteuant will fully prove. Indeed, the Government themselves have at length opened their eyes to the fact of its being an insurrec- tion deeply laid, instead of a mere outrage, by their having sent down directions to Mr Maule to prepare the indictmeuts for high treason, which we have reason to know was not at first their intention. It will be seen also that the plot was not confined to the lower orders, for Mr Shellard, who has been this day committed for high treason, is, We understand, a man of considerabl6 property, and of some intelligence-a circumstance much to be regretted, but to the in- fluence of which perhaps may be ascribed the extent at which Chartism has flourished in Wales. CHARTIST MEETING AT THE VARTEG. Pontypool was yesterday evening thrown into con- siderable alarm from the men assembling in thousands at the Varteg. The soldiers were called out, and re- mained under arms all Dlght. The Chartist scouts having, however, perceived the complete state of pre- paration on the part of the authorities, separated, and all passed off quietly. r jn*y.P0°l» Nov. 18. Magistrates present.—I he Lord-Lieutenant, W. A. Williams, Esq., M.P., the Rev. F. Lewis, and Sir B. Hall. M.P. Thomas Ball was placed at the bar, charged with riot and unlawfully mseinbling. Lewis Morris sworn and examined by Mr Edwards. —I am a machineman at the British Ironworks. Was in bed on the 3rd of November last at 20 minutes past 11. Heard a number of persons come to my house. Got up and went down stairs. They burst open the door, and a second door. They then ordered me to open the third door, armed with bars, pikes, and mardrills. Thomas Ball, the prisoner, came and placed his hands 011 me, and said, We are going to fight for a glorious thing to-night, but he begged for me**7"ir ,Uac'e$° as I was an old man. William Morris, son of the last witness, and Henry Smith gave similar testimony. John Morris, is a labourer at Abersychan —On the night of the 3d of November I was in bed at my father's house. My father came and called me, and told me to rise, for there were hundreds of Radicals around the house. They got into the house, and one irishman told me to make haste and dress, and come with them. They took me down stairs, and there I saw the prisoner with his arms around my father's neck. I then looked for my coat, but they would hardly allow me time to do so. They took me to Newport. The last place I saw the prisoner was by the cross at Tallywain. The prisoner was bound over to appear at the sessions. Thomas Lewis was then placed at the bar, charged with a similar offence. The prisoner was armed with a pike. He ordered the manager to stop the blast at the British Ironworks. The manager would not do so, but was finally obliged to stop the blast. The prisoner was committed for trial. Edmond Richards was then placed at the bar charged with riot, and stopping the blast at the British Ironworks. The prisoner was armed with an iron like a blacksmith's shovel, and insisted upon the blast being stopped. He told the engineer that unless he stopped it "he should have something through his guts." The prisoner was committed for trial. William Shellard, a very respectably-dressed man, and who is a man of some property, was then placed at the bar, charged with the crime of high treason, John Rowberry sworn, and examined by Mr E. F,aNvards.-I am an innkeelier at Pontypool. Some time ago the prisoner came to my house. He asked me If I was a Chartist. I told him no. He said "I am a Chartist, and a real Chartist." Cross-examined.—It may be six or eight months ago. Richard Thomas Johnson sworn.—I am a school- master living in Pontypool. I was in the house of William Jones, watchmaker, of Pontypool, (who has been committed for treason), on Sunday, the 3d of November. I dined therewith Mrs Jones. Daring the day I saw a number of persons coming into the house, one of whom was armed with a gun; there were a number of people in a room upstairs. During the day I saw the prisoner come into Jones s house. He passed by me, but I did not see into what room he went; he came in the back way, and went in the direction of the front door. Cross-examined by Mr Phillips (who appeared for the prisoner.)—J was not out of the room, I was sit- ting in it, and I therefore could not see. It was about 9 o'clock in the evening when the prisoner came there. James Emery sworn.—T am a cabinet maker, re- siding at Pontypool. I some time since joined a Chartist club in Pontypool; it was about three weeks since; It was held at a private house on the Stow Hit!. On Sunday, the 3rd of November, I and John Dyer went for ahorse) from Beavan, the skinner's; the horse was for Jones, the watchmaker, to ride round the hills to get the Chartists togetherto accom- pany him back to Pontypool. I found Jones at David Richard's beer house. Dyer and I took the Horse there to him Jones ordered them to go and collect as many together, and force as many as they could, and to begin about two o'clock he told them to arm themselves, and to meet at the race course. About eight o'clock that evening, I came down to Jones's house; it was a beer house called the Bristol House. I saw a number of men come in armed with guns, and pikes, and other weapons; they were in several rooms up and down stairs. I saw the prisoner join them he went into the room where the persons were armed he drank and smoked in the room with them. I did "not hear the prisoner say anything. I stopped there about an hour, and left Shellard at the house this was about nine o'clock. During the time I was in the house men were continually coming in armed. I went home for half an hour; I then returned to Jones's house, and at the door men were coming out; they were armed. I saw the prisoner there then. I heard the prisoner order them to go on towards the racecourse, and that Mr Jones was gone forward with some others. I heard him tell some persons there was a house in Trosnant where there were arms, two blunderbusses and two swords he said they were at Parry's, the farrier's. The prisoner was a member of the Chartist Club, as I have seen his name on the book. I believe the club was held at Jones's; he was enrolled as a class leader. Mr Pliillips.-I wish the book to be produced, or this is no evidence. Mr Edwards.—It can't he produced, for we cannot procure it. I am therefore entitled to put in the best evidence I have. Examination resumed.—I mean by a class leader a commander of 12 men. who obey whatever orders he give3 them. On the Tuesday before the 3rd of Nov. I attended a Chartist meeting at John Ltewellin's, Pontnewydd; he is a beer house keeper. At be- tween 9 and 10 o'clock in the evening, [ saw the pri- soner with upwards of a dozen men come in; they marched up the road five or six abreast; there was a butcher a chairman that night. When Shellard came in, the chairman addressed him and his party, and re- peated some part of a speech he had been making before. I had heard the speech before it was to the effect, that lie (the chairman) was sent as a deputy round the hills to see how the organization was pro- ceeding in the association he said there was a number organized and armed; that the deputation from Merthyr said they were prepared and a great number of them ready armed and organized. The chairman asked the parties then present if they were prepared for the worst ? He ordered all that were prepared to hold up their right hands. Most that were present held up their right bands. During the whole of this time Shellard was present, and heard what passed. I went with the party of my own accord part of the way to the New Inn, 011 the Sunday night previous to the riot. At tbe gate of the race course I saw about 30 or 40 men armed with pikes, &c. They were com- manded by a young man named Powell. He was armed. I became alarmed at the proceedings. I went a little further, and saw Jones, the watchmaker, and I attempted to make my escape. I went back a little way, but was taken by three or four men armed, who forced me on to the New Inn. I there saw the house full of people. It was about 11 o'clock. The New Inn is kept by a person named Prosser. I saw Jones come in. He ordered the men to turn out, and pro- ceed in a body to Newport, and the pikemen to go first. This was between 11 and 12. lie said they were to march to Newport in three parties —the pike- men first, the men with guns next, and the rest to follow after with what they could get. I again made my escape. I ran away from the New Inn, but was again stopped by two men with pistols, who threat ened to shoot me if I offered to run back and did not go on with the rest. I was taken back to the New Inn, but finally made my escape. Before I enrolled myself I often'attended the meetings at Jones's house, and have fequelltly seen the prisoner there on the nights appointed for Chartist meetings, which were Tuesday nights. Cross-examined I have seen the prisoner at Jones's on other nights than Chartist nights. I believe it was Mr Shellaru s own house The prisoner never invited me to drink there, it was between 9 and 10 o'clock wheneMr Shellard commanded them to go to the race- fT|Se\ 1PIn?orie«- did not say that he would follow, but h told them to go on to the racecourse, and that Jones would meet them there with another body. I did not see the prisoner armed. I am 21 years of age. [ dIdn t see the prisoner after he gave the men orders to march towards the racecourse. I never heard the prisoner speak at any one of tbe Chartist meetings. I was quite close to the prisoner when I heard him order °n't> 1 was not armed that night. William RowseU sworn and examined by Mr Ed- ward Edwards—I am a collier residing at Aber- sychan I WOrk at the British Ironworks. On Sunday night November 3, I came from the works to Ponty- pooi to Jones, the watchmaker, between 9 and 10 0 clock. The house was so crowded that I was obliged to go upstairs. I there saw a great number of persons and the prisoner. I saw one person in the room armed with pistols. When I went in, I went to sit on a chair behind the prisoner's back, and he asked me where my stick waj/? £ gaJd « I have never a stick, only this one in my mouth which was a short pipe. We sat there about half an'hour, when the prisoner went down stairs and brought np a jug ot beer, which he poured out to the company m the room After he had done this, he said-" Now my lads, it is time for us to go down The prisoner went down stairs, and we followed after him- When we got into the street he called me on one side and said- Now I will tell you of a certain house at the top of Trosnant where there are both swords guns, and pistols." He said-" The man belonging to it belongs to ourclass;" and he said-" and he a real Chartist." He told me to go on and heave up the latch of the door, and I told him that I did Dot know where the house was. He said-" 00 on; I will send a man after you that will tell you where the house is." T went a small way beyond the house, and the man called me back again, and said, "Here is the door here." I said, I'm not going to lift up the latch of the door. I'm not going to rob any man's house to transport myself. D-n thee, go and do it thyself, If thee st want to" I then went on with William Dainty to Crossly Cylog. When we went in it must have been 11 o'clock at night, I should think. I had no watch. Jones was in the passage, and the body of men were outside, all except one. It was dark, and the men were going on the Newport road. Some of them were armed, but I could not see well. There was a man making some kind of noise in the passage, and Jones, the watchmaker, said to him, Now, d—n your eyes, if you don't be quiet, I'll blow your brains out." Jones had either a sword or bayonet in his hand. Jones said to me Come on," and I told him 1 was going to dry myself and have something^to drink. He then said, "You will come, won^you;" I said I would, by and by; and he then said he would give me a jug of beer. I remained at Cross y Cylog until twenty minutes past five in the morning by their clock. I then went on towards Wlj William Dainty and when we got about a mile and a halt from Cross y Cylog I met Jones and another man. Jones was then coming on the road to Cross y Cylog. There were two men talking to Jones He said they could not go through the Newport turnpike-gate and Jones said You cannot get through unless you say, Well is well, and all is well, and then the man will let you through." He was to say it to the man who kept the gate. They went on, and Jones, or the other man with him, called them back, and Jones, and the other man gave the two men their arms —one a sword, and the other a bayonet: the two men then went on to Newport, and Jones came back to Cross y Cylog.. Cross-examined by Prisoner. -What did you do with the pike you brought into Jones s ? Wittiess.-I had none. By Mr Phillips.—I don't know what house Shellard directed me to at Trosnant, but it was on the top of Trosnant. There are three dwelling houses, one after the other. It is on the leit hand side going along, going down the hill. Charles James Phillips, examined by Mr Edwards. I am a confectioner, residing at Pontypool. I have known the prisoner for five years. He is a shoe- I maker at Pontypool-a master shoemaker. On the morning of the 4th of November, at about 9 o'clock, I had a conversation with the prisoner. 1 went fyj his shop to make a purchase. There were a great many men going down the road. He asked me what I thought of the Chartists now? I said I thought there were a great many them going down that would never return. He said Oh no, the soldiers are all disarmed this hour ago, and Newport is in possession of the Chartists." I then spoke of other things, not wishing to enter into that, made my purchase, and left. Joseph Kerbv, examined by Mr Edwards. I am a watchmaker of Pontypool. I was coming down George Street, Pontypool, between 10 and I I o'clock on Monday morning, the 4th of November. The prisoner lives in that street. When I came to the prisoner's house I saw him in conversation with some persons. I. heard that the convervsation was on the Chartist question. I came down and accosted the prisoner in the usual way, and then remarked that things were brought to a pretty pass. The prisoner said it was no more than might be expected. I then said, that if nothing could be obtained by quiet or peaceable means, nothing could he done by confusion and destruction of property and lives. The prisoner said they had no intention for the destruction ol either he said they hold tried to obtain redress of grievances by quiet means, and now they were re- i, solved on force. I remarked, addressing myself to him, "You cannot bring a congregation of men to- gether without a destruction of life and property." Then I remarked, that I had no doubt on my own mind as to the Bristol riots. Some time J met the prisoner at the White Hart, Pontypool. I heard him state while I was in the room, that a man ought to be d-d, and have a chain around his neck, that was not a Chartist." This was about May last. Cross-examined -From the general tenour of the conversation, I inferred that there was a sort of exulta- tion about the report which was just then brought to town, that the soldiers were disarmed, and Newport in possession of the Chartists. 1 should infer that the prisoner had been drinking when he made the remark that a man ought to be d-d, and have a chain round his neck, that was not a Chartist." I said he appeared to exult, by his manner and conduct on the 4th of November, but there was no verbal ex- pression of gladness. Stephen Fletcher, a general shopkeeper, at Ponty- pool, was examined by Mr Edwards. The prisoner declined saying anything at present. The Rev. Mr Lewis.—It is the opinion of the ma- gistrates that you must be committed upon the charge of high treason and sedition. The prisoner, who then appeared much overcome, was removed from the bar. James Moore was next placed at the bar charged with riot. t, Edward Carrell sworn.—I am cinder hauler at the Varteg furnaces. On Monday morning, the 4th of November, between 1 and 2 o'clock, a number of men armed came up to the Varteg furnaces. They were armed. I saw the prisoner there. He was armed with a gun. He ordered me to come along with them. I told him I would as soon as I put the horse in the stable. went home, and in less than half an hour another party came to the house and took every- body out of it. Thomas Lewis and George Williams corroborated the first witness. The prisoner was then committed for riot and un- lawfully assembling. On Monday several small charges against persons for assaulting constables, and for being drunk, were disposed of previous to proceeding with the Chartist prisoners, and where the case was clearly proved, they were fined in the full- penalty of £5 for the assault, and 5s for being drunk, and costs. An application was made to the Court by Mr Ro- berts, the Chartist solicitor of Bath, for his immediate examination, but the papers found on his person not being examined, and it being understood that a war- rant has been issued by the magistrates of Bath for his apprehension, the magistrates stated that they could not proceed with his examination until an an- swer was received from Bath, and the papers found on his person when taken into custody had been ex- amined by the solicitors for the Crown. Mr Phelps applied, on behalf of the Crown, for Israel Furman, a prisoner 91 years of age, to be ad- mitted as evidence, it being necessary for the ends of justice that he should. The magistrates granted the application. Edward Edmunds, who keeps the Greyhound at Pontllanfraith, was charged with high treason and sedition. Israel Furman, Catherine Charles, Mary Charles, Henry Charles, jun., and Thomas Hopkins, gave their evidence for the prosecution. The Rev. J. Coles then addressed the. prisoner as follows: -The magistrates have given your case a very serious consideration, and are very sorry to see a man of your respectability in such a situation they have felt it their duty to commit you to Monmouth gaol to take your trial for high treason and sedition. The prisoner then inquired (with tears in his eyes) whether they would take bail? He was answered it was not a bailable offence. The prisoner was then removed. The witness Henry Charles was then confronted with Lurinan. Furman was asked whether he had seen Charles among the rioters. Furman answered he could not say he had not. Charles was then removed in custody, and will be examined on a charge of high treason. I, Charles Jones was then placed at the bar on a house6 a''0wing illegal meetings to be held in his i lr|kfi,eV'^e-ace was not conclusive, and Mr Coles then 0 e prisoner that if he thought he could hold mee ings iu his house of an illegal character, he would e isappomted: he then said the magistrates would take 0f his 11^. ie prisoner was then discharged. e °urt then adjourned at half past six o'clock. (From our own Correspondent.) rp, Newport, Thursday, Nov. 21. lomas Phillips jun., Esq., the late Mayor of New- por is to have the honour of knighthood for his me- ntorious conduct in the Chartist riots, 011 tbe morning of the 4th instant. We understand as soon as Mr Phillips is sufficiently recovered of his wounds to attend, there will be a NeVpor*eneral ttank«*ivin« at St> PnUl'S C1'Urcl1' Yesterday, Jenkin Morgan, a milkman, of Pill- gwe.nlly, Newport, was fully committed to take his trial for treason and sedition. In evidence it appeared that the rioters intended to blow up Newport bridge, so as to stop the mail and all communication and if the mail was not in Birmingham for an hour and half after its usual time, that was a signal that the Chart- ists had been successful in taking Newport, and a general outbreak was to take place in Birmingham, and all through the North. A respectable requisition was presented to Thomas J"*a^kins, Esq., Mayor, to convene a meeting of the inhabitants, to take such measures as shall be deemed proper for conveying their grateful feelings towards the officers and men of Captain Stack's Company of the 45th Regiment of Foot, for their gallant and steady conduct in resisting and routing, on the morn- ing of the 4th, a large insurrectionary host of armed men, who entered the town with theevideut intention of sacking and destroying it, murdering many of the inhabitants, and commencing a revolution. The meeting is fixed for this morning, to be held in the large room, Kiug's Head Inn. A letter from our own correspondent, received last night, gives information of further arrests and com- mittals, the particulars of which shall appear next week. MONMOUTH.—-Thomas Dyke, Esq., has been re- elected to the office of Mayor. It is with sincere pleasure we announce to our readers, that the thanks of the General Commanding in Chief have been conveyed, in the most handsome terms, to Lieutenant Oray and Ensign Stack, of the 45th, and to the men composing the detachment of that regiment under their command, for the steady spirited, and soldier-like manner in which they re- sisted and repulsed the body of Monmouth on the 4th of the present month.—Phiefrf Service Gaz. A Titoop of the 10th Hussars are stationed at Chepstow, under the command of Captain Sir James Baird nephew of tho late General Sir David Baird The old poor-house has been engaged for their stores' '.#.#1' LONDON MARKETS. CORN EXCHANGE, MONDAY, Nov. IS —The arrival of Wheat to this morning's market was tolerably good from Essex and Kent. Wheats came to hand very damp, and sales are made with difficulty at 2s. to 3s. decline on this day week.^ Hie supply of Barley is larger than of late, and puces of all kinds are 3s. per qr. lower. Oats without attention. Good boiling Peas and dry new Beans are in request, but other sorts are a slow sale. In other articles no particular alteration. ilops.-We continue to experience a steady de- mand for the remaining growths of Pockets of first- rate character, as well as for those of a secondary de- scription. The most coloury weald of Kent and Sussex pockets, particularly the latter, are also firm • ordinary qualities as heretofore, heavy and almost un: saleable. In the middle Kent bag trade but little progress is made. It appears somewhat doubtful if their general quality will exceed or even come up to that of last year, although in some forward districts they will be very good. As the returns from the various districts become completed, a closer estimate is made of the duty for the present year, and it is thought that the duty for the kingdom will not ex- ceed £ "205,000 to ^210,000—it had been estimated at i'Wa.OOQ, TO THE EDITOR OF THE GAZErrE AND GUARDIAN Siit,-Would you have the kindness to enquire, for the benefit of the inhabitantsof this disturbed district, what steps the Magistrates of the division took for the perservation of the public peace, between the Tuesday, Oct. 29th, the day on which full information of the in- tended "rise" was given to them, and the Sunday, November 3rd, the day on which ttic "rise" did actually take place? because, Sir, it is quite notori- ous that had activity and promptitude been exercised by those in authority, the insurrection might have been nipped in the bud, and the lamentable loss of life at Newport, avoided. Their conduct calls most loudly for enquiry. I am, Sir, your obedient servant, A SUFFKRER By the late rise, and Subscriber to your paper. Ebbw Vale. ## Mr MORGAN'S hounds will meet on Monday Nov. 25th at Castletown, Wednesday.. 27th at Highcross. Friday 29th at Duffryn. Each day at 11 o'clock. ,1' NEWPORT. COAL SHIPPED COASTWISE EXCEPT TO IRELAND. Ions. Newport Coal Co 3700 J. F. Hanson 660 W. and R. Thomas 340 R. Welgh 670 Ann Rees and Co 337 Tredegar Coal Co 217 John Corner, and Co 29 James Poole, Jun 335 Monmouthshire Iron and Coal Co. 72 COAL SHIPPED COASTWISE TO IRELAND. Newport Coal Co. 3701 J. F. Hanson 70 Tredegar Coal Co 491 John Corner,, aud Co 130 Monmouthahtre iron and Coal Co. 289 J. H. Langdon and Co. 6 MONMOUTHSHIRE IRON AND COAL COMPANY. The half-yearly meeting of this company was held on Thursday, the 31st ult., at their office in Harring- ton Place, Hath, and was numerously attended by the shareholders. The report of the directors read to the meeting, in- cluded an account of the state of the works, and esti mates for their completion at Victoria, from a survey made (by order of the board) by Mr Bevan, an eminent mineral surveyor, of Swansea. This document de- tailed a circumstantial account of the expenses re- quired to complete the underground works, furnaces, rolling-mills, with their necessary appendages, at their establishment at Victoria. From the balance-sheet, it appeared that the amount of the expenditure of the company up to the period therein stated (October 1 st last), was £ 168,000; being little more than half of the proposed capital of the company. On reviewing the items, it appeared that, out of the sum above stated, £25,000 had been expended on the works at Abercarne; and X4000 on the wharfs and buildings at Newport—leaving the total outlay on the works at Victoria, including expenses attending the forma- tion of the company, about X140,000, up to the date mentioned. On referring to the establishment itself, it must be satisfactory to the shareholders to know the great progress which has been made since the lay- ing the foundation of these works, not more than two years and a half since. There is now a regular and well-built town, containing 220 houses, besides those for the residence of the directors, managers of the works, engineers, and other offices belonging to the company, with a population of more than 2000 in work. Three blast furnaces are completed, and a fourth will be ready in February next; besides levels and pits, with requisite machinery, sufficient for the supply of coals and minerals to keep in full operation the four furnaces; together with refineries, puddling furnaces, and a powerful rolling-mill for the manufac- ture of bar and railway iron, to the amount of 200 tons weekly. A large range of buildiii-g for work- shops, storehouses, and foundry, with the requisite machinery, have also been built, and are occupied by the workmen. The excavation for four more blast furnaces has been already completed, and estimated made by Mr Bevan, and laid before the directors, for their erection at Victoria, as originally proposes. The expense of this additional work will amount to X30,000, including the engines and other necessary erections, which will complete an establishment (ac- cording to its extent) not to be surpassed by any similar work in the kingdom. At Abercarne the works are progressing satisfactorily; and the outlay of e-25,000 on that part of the company's property, has prepared the site for building four blast furnaces. Pits havo been sunk, engines erected, and a considera- ble coal work is in active operation. Other pits are being proceeded with to reach the veins of minerals and coals to supply these furnaces. The estimates for four furnaces, according to the calculations of the principal engineer, amount to £ 46,000, which will include a powerful rolling-mill, with its necessary ap- pendages, and four or even six additional furnaces can be erected for a similar sum. From a review of the entire report, it is evident that the works pro- posed to be erected by the company at Victoria, Aber- carne. and Newport, will be completed at an outlay of about £ 270,000; a sum within the proposed 'capital of the coolpally-viz., £ 300,000. It must therefore, be satisfactory to the shareholders to he informed from positive facts, and the testimony of persons most competent to give an opinion, that the prospects of the company, though they have been re- tarded from various causes, are in no way diminished and that time, capital, and labour, are only wanted to complete all that was contemplated by the share- holders at the formation of the company, and within the estimates of the expenditure originally given. TASTE FOR READING.I were to pray for a taste which should stand me in stead under every variety of circumstances and be a source of happiness and cheer- fulness to me through life, and a shield against its ills, however things might go amiss, and the world frown against me, it would be a taste for readitig.-Sir J. Herschell, BRITISH MUSEUM.-—It is in contemplation to take down the outer wall of the British Museum, and to make a more respectable-looking entrance in Great Russell Street, and also materially to alter the front of the building, so as to make it correspond, in some degree, with the objects to which it is appropriated.



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