LONDON COBRESPOflDEJNlifl. j Ont of the Parliamentary reporters hal, I oadtntiad, been retained for the defence of the man aooused of a murder at Yarmouth. This promises to be the cause celebre of the winter, and to be engaged in such a case is a step towards fortune at the Bar. A large proportion of the Gallery reporters are barris- teM, and from their ranks have been recruited aome of the most eminent men of the day. A large parcel of Mauser rifles, made originally for the Transvaal Government, has, I hear, lately changed hands in Paris. The deal was arranged by some journalistic friends of Dr. Leyds, and inasmuch as these persons handed to the former only a small amount of the proceeds it may be oon- sidered certain that they were given the arms in lieu of a douceur in hard cash, on the understand- ing that if they realised more than a certain sum the remainder should be paid over. A large and widely-representative company assembled at the farewell dinner given to Lord Ampthill by the Metropolitan Liberal Unionist Federation (of which he is chairman) before he leaves this country to take up the duties of his appointment as Governor of Madras. Lord James of Hereford presided, and among his supporters were the Duke of Bedford, Lord Wenlook (a former Governor of Madras), the Earl of Clarendon, Mr. Powell Williams, Mr. Jesse Collings, Lord Lawrence, Sir Thomas Sutherland, and the Agents-General for Natal, Cape Colony, New South Wales, and New Zealand. One of the few remaining old houses in Leicester Square, No. 28, on the east side of that thoroughfare, is now being broken up, and it is interesting from the fact that it was at one time the residence of John Hunter, the cele- brated anatomist, whose famous museum was erected in the rear. Close by lived Hogarth, at the sign of the" Golden Head," which has now given way to the Archbishop Tension School at the corner of the square. Hunter's Museum, which included the skeleton of O'Brien, the Irish giant, was purchased by the nation, and the remains of the great surgeon, at first de- posited in the Church of St. Martin-in* the-Fiolds close by, now lie in Westminster Abbey. The widening of London Bridge will be one of the most interesting street alterations that modern London has witnessed. It is pro- posed to take into the normal width 01 the bridge the space now represented by ths "bays" which occur above the piers. The space so gained will be given to the footways on either side. A drawing in last week's Sphere shows very clearly the nature of the plans, which provide for a granite corbel- ling, on which the added width of the pavements willrost. There still creep among us a few Londoners who saw the present London Bridge opened by William and Adelaide on August 1st, 1831; and of these some will doubtless live to see the widening. There are few people in London who read of Sir Arthur Sullivan's death without profound emotion. Nine-tenths of the population of the metropolis did not know he was ill. In musical circles there is widespread sorrow, and in circles that are not musical, except in the sense of feeling unsophisticated delight in pleasing melodies, a deep impression was produced. No composer of the generation has been so much the idol of the public as Sir Arthur has been. It was his music rathec than Mr. Gilbert's humour that drew thousands of individuals to listen to the same opera over sod over again at the Savoy. And his musical genius was of the widest. The suggestion that his remains should be buried in Westminster Abbey meets with wide approval. V How are we to treat the Hooligan ? Is ex- treme severity the only way ? Mr. L. F. Austin, at all eventB, does not believe so, but tells a story in the Illustrated London News which shows that there is good stuff in many of those whom the law and public opinion have con- demned. He says:—" I have never forgotten the impression made upon me by a friend, who, pointing to a gardener in a distant greenhouse one day, said:—" You see that man ? He was a letter-carrier sentenced to a long term of hard labour for stealing a very small sum in postal orders. He had a large family and was wretch- edly poor. When he came out of prison I took him into my service at once, and he has been here for several years. A more honest and in. dustrious servant you could not find." V Some Bishops and humanitarians have set on foot a movement for killing Hooliganism with kindness. The Hooligans are young in years, and it is thought they might be re- formed. At present the idea that luggest, itself to the philanthropists is that a free club might be formed for the amusement of this olass of street savages, where they f might be trained in scientific boxing with the use of the gloves, and gradually led to acquire a taste for other forms of entertain- ment. The fist, so far as the victims of their ferocity are concerned, would be an improve- ment on the pistol or the knife but a gang of savage boxers let loose in our streets is not an inviting prospect to peaceful citizens. As the youth does not beoome a Hooligan until he has taken to ways of violence, perhaps it might be a speedier and more efficacious cure to administei an application of the cat. The rumour lacks confirmation that Lord Wolseley has declined to remain longer in the office of Comraander-in-Chief than the last day of the present month, but it is credited in good quarters. It is said that his object is to have the official gag, which imposes silence upon him, removed, so that he may vindicate his character as the military adviser of the Secretary of State and also his own administration of the offioe he held. Possibly enough it may be a quite re- cent speech of Mr. Brodrick's which may have led him to decline holding the office till the re- turn of Lord Roberts, and his retirement will at least put him in the position of being able to defend himself. The debates in the short Session may compel him to unseal his lips. As the conduct or mismanagement of the war will necessarily form a leading feature of discussion in both Houses, and as both Lord Lansdowne and Mr. Brodrick would have perfect freedom of speech, Lord Wolseley, as the other party implicated, cannot but feel that it would be something like professional suicide to remain in an offioe which technically doomed him to Silence. V Ill-natured critics have sometimes accused the War Office of a certain lack of generosity to the Volunteers. Such a charge is trium- phantly refuted by the simple announcement that each member of the Imperial Yeomanry and Volunteers who has been on active service may, on discharge, be presented with a suit of plain olothes, or the sum of thirteen and sixpence, which is apparently the esti- mated value of the rejected suit. But we cannot imagine that an Imperial Yeoman would dream of rejecting the thirteen. and sixpenny Imperial suit of elothee, in which he would appear among his friends as conspicuous as though he wore the khaki of active service. He will doubtless aspire to set a fashion in cheap lines," and bring in an era when trouserings at more than seven and six will be bad form. Imperial generosity, too, will awaken echoes in the tailors' shops; and one may imagine the men who make thirteen-and- sixpenny suits sitting at work, and singing, as "ell as a close atmosphere will allow, "Rule Britannia" in joy at their privilege of clothing the soldiers of the Queen so cheaply. Surely, lor once, everybody will be satisfied.
Sixty persons at Nurcia have been attacked by trichinosis. Three cases have ended fatally and six persons are seriously ill. The Premier of Natal has decided to send a Ministerial representative to the Australian Federation festivities The result ot the polling for t he Birmingham School Board has been declared. The U udenom- (national party have lost the majority they have had for 24 years. The new board is composed of seven Undenominationalists, six Church nominees, a Roman Catholic, and an Independent. Dr. Thomas Buzzard, a Fellow and member ot Hie Council of King s College, London, has been appointed one of the representatives of the col- lege upon the Senate of the University of London, in succession to Lord Lister, who has resigned. The Queen has, by Royal warrant dated October 6th, 1900, been pleased to graut to Maurice Arnold, Baron De Forest, the right to use and bear his Austrian title and dignity in this ooiwtry. Baron De Forest is the adopted son of the late Baron and Baroness Hirsch, Mme. Jean Pommerol, a French authoress and explorer, is about to start on a new expedition into the heart of Africa. Her objeot is to study the manners and oustoms of the natives in the Sahara, and embody her experiences in a new book.
ST. A8APH BOARD OF GUARDIANS. The fortnightly meeting of the St. Asaph Board of Guardians was held at the Board Room, St. Asaph, on Friday. There were pre- sent lr. R. Llewelyn Jones (Chairman), Mr. T. Howes Roberts (Vice-Chairman), Mrs. Percy, Mrs. F. L. Rawlins, Messrs. Gwilym Parry, Morris Jones, Hugh Williams, R. Griffiths, Hugh Roberts, William Jones, Thomas Lloyd, John Lloyd, Joseph Roberts, Robert Davies, J. Pierce, J. Williams, Edwin Morgan, J. T. Par- ry, O. B. Lloyd, A. Foulkes, P. Mostyn Will- iams, John Kcrfoot, &c. THE HOUSE. The Master reported that the number of in- mates in the house last Board day was 131; admitted since, 9; discharged, 7; remaining in the house at the present time, 133 corres- ponding period last year, 132. The number of vagrants relieved during the past fortnight was 65, as compared with 72 in the corresponding period last year. REMEMBERING THE INMATES. The Master reported that Mrs. Clough, Den- bigh, on the 9th inst. visited the house, and left some buns for all the children. He also ack- nowledged the receipt of 51 rabbits from Mr. W. C. Jones, Llanerch, which were used to supplement the usual dinner on the following day. He also acknowledged the receipt of a parcel of daily papers from Mr. Hughes, High Street, Rhyl. The Board thanked the above ladies and gentlemen for their gifts, and they also decided to allow the inmates the usual Christmas treat. COMPLAINTS AGAINST A VACCINATING OFFICER. A letter was read from the Local Government Board stating that they learnt by the reports of their inspector and assistant inspector that Mr. J. K. Davies, the vaccinating officer for the St. Asaph district, had not made himself acquain- ted with the duties to be performed by him under the Vaccination Order, 1898, and that the duties had not been performed by him in an efficient manner. Among other things it ap- peared that Mr. Davies had not made the ne- cessary personal inquiries before placing the names of the children on the list, in conse- quence of which some of the public vaccinators had had fruitless journeys he had not proper- ly kept the report book, and not supplied the weekly returns. The Local Government Board requested the Guardians to call Mr. Davies' attention to this, and obtain from him a written promise of amendment in the future. lr. Davies was then called in, and explained that the Act was so complicated that even ex- perts differed as to how things should be done, and how the duties should be carried out. The Chairman pointed out that there was no complaints against the other vaccination offi- cers. Mr. Davies said he had a larger district than the other officers, and a more hostile one, as there were several anti-vaccinators in Rhyl. Some of the things complained of had occurred through his trying to bring personal pressure on these people to agree to have their children vaccinated, and in this way he had succeeded in inducing many to do so, who would not have done so if he had enforced the law. In reply to the Chairman, the Clerk said that the duty of prosecution laid with the vaccina- tion officer. Mrs. Rawlins asked whether it was not the duty of the vaccination officer to make inquiries as to whether a parent had a conscientious ob- iection, and if he had to report it to the Public Vaccinator. The Clerk said it was the duty of the vaccina- tion officer to pay i personal visit, and also to send to the Public Vaccinator every week a re- turn giving a list of all the children registered with him who had attained the age of four months. lr. Davies, at the request of the Guardians. promised to give a written undertaking of amendment as required by the Local Govern- ment Board. THE REDUCTION IN VAGRANCY. The Clerk said that the Holywell Union had been receiving returns from the different unions of the vagrants relieved during the past three years. From these returns it appeared that there had been a considerable decrease during the last three years in North Wales. In 1898 the number of vagrants relieved was 25,182; in 1899, 22,023; and in 1900, 17,780, showing a decrease of about 7,000. The Chairman: I believe that ;he Holywell Union come out very well, and they want every- body to know it (laughter). The Clerk said the decrease was general throughout North Wales. In St. Asaph in the year 1898 there were 2,793 vagrants relieved in 1899, 2,439; and in 1900, 2,025, so that there was a reduction of nearly 800. Mr. J. Williams I should like to know what. is the object of that return. The Chairman In order that you might know what they have done in Holywell. The Clerk: I suppose the reason 'hat thev sent it is that we went to the trouble of getting up the return, and they wish to let us know the result. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. Letters were read from Mr. J. D. Jones, Bod- oryn, and Mr. Rice J. Williams, Rhyd, acknow- ledging the receipt of votes of sympathy with them passed by the Guardians. A DISPUTED CLAIM BY THE RHYL URBAN DISTRICT COUNCIL. A letter was read from Mr. Arthur Rowlands, Clerk to the Rhyl Urban District Council, ap- plying for the balance due to Rhyl with respect to the school attendance accounts. The Clerk said that there was a balance on school attendance accounts of between J312 and £13 due to Rhyl, when Rhyl was made a separ- ate authority. That balance had been applied towards the maintenance of a boy belonging t" them in the Chester Industrial School. The Chairman: Theie was a balance due To them ? The Clerk: Yes. The Chairman And we have confiscated thai money. Ir. R. Davies I propose that the Rhyl Ur- ban District Council be informed that the mon- ey has been applied towards the maintenance of this boy. Mr. J. Pierce seconded. Mr. P. Mostyn Williams I don't think that will satisfy the Rhyl Council. If you want to avoid litigation ycu had better pay up. lr. R. Griffiths: If we don't pay will there be litigation ? The Chairman That all depends on the good sense of the Rhyl Council The resolution was carried. THE WORKHOUSE ALTERATIONS. The Clerk produced the plans prepared by Mr. J. Hughes, of Denbigh, of the proposed alterations in the Workhouse. He thought it light that the Board should know that the Work- house accommodation at present provided for 134 inmates of all classes, exclusive of the reo ception and vagrant wards. When the altera- tions had been carried out there would be ac- commodation for a total of 141, so that the al- terations would only provide for an increase of seven. The Chairman: So it is proposed to spend £2,500, and there will only be an increased accommodation to the extent of seven. The Master said that the increased accommo- dation was the least feature of the alterations. As a result of the alterations the conditions of life in the Workhouse would be very different. He explained in detail the nature oc the re- arrangements, which would prevent the present overcrowding of the different rooms. He did not hesitate to say that though the nominal ac- commodation was 141, they could put up 160 comfortably without any of the present over- crowding. Mr. E. Morgan said that although he quite approved of the plan, he must say that taking into consideration the large amount of £2,500 which these alterations would cost he was rather disappointed that they were only increasing the accommodation to seven. He thought that they were increasing their accommodation much more. The Chairman said he understood that in case of emergency the increase would not be seven, but seventeen. Mr. P. Mostyn Williams said if they com- pared the cubical alterations which they gave now with that which they proposed to give, the difference would 'be considerable. Whether that plan would satisfy the Local Government Board he could not say. There were two points that they insisted upon, and that was the proper classification of the inmates they wished the epileptics and the imbeciles kept separate from each other, and that the children should be kept apart frooa the adults. Whether the plan would satisfy them on these two points he could not say. He was rather afraid that with all this expenditure they should not be able to sa- tisfy the Local Government Board. But so far as the plans go, he thought they were satisfac- tory. The Master, in reply to the Chairman, said that the alterations provided for certain classi. fication. They would be able to keep the young and the old separate from th rougher element. Miss Bennett read the report of the Visiting Committee, who had unanimously approved oi the plans. The report of the Visiting Committee was ultimately approved of. THE NEW DIETARY TABLE. Miss Bennett reported that the Visiting Com- mittee had had the new dietary table recom- mended by the Local Government Board undei consideration. The committee were of opinion that the present dietary adopted in the house was quite as good as that approved of by the Local Government Board, and in some respects better. The Medical Officer and the Master were, however, asked to look through the tabic- with the view of suggesting slight change to vary the diet. The committee's report was approved of. THE MILITARY AT BETHESDA. Mr. R. Griffiths gave notice that at the next meeting he would move That this meeting of the St. Asaph Board of Guardians condemns the importation of the military into Bangor as being uncalled for, and a reflection on the char- acter of a peaceable and law-abiding people."
MEETING OF PARLIAMENT. PROCLAMATION BY THE QUEEN. A supplement to the London Gazette has been issued, containing the following proclamation summoning Parliament to meet on Monday next:— VICTORIA, B. Whereas our Parliament stands prorogued to Monday, the tenth day of December next; and whereas for divers weighty and urgent reasons it seems to us expedient that our said Parliament shall assemble and be holden sooner than the said day. We do, by and with the advice of our Privy Council, hereby proclaim and give notice of our Royal intention and pleasure that our said Parlia- ment, notwithstanding the same now stands pro- rogued as hereinbefore mentioned to the said tenth day of December next, shall assemble and be holden for the dispatch of divers urgent and important affairs on Monday, the third day of December next; and the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and the Knights, Citizens, and Bur- gesses, and the Commissioners for Shires and Burghs of the House of Commnns, are hereby required and oommanded to give their attendance accordingly, at Westminster, on the said third day of December next. Given at our Court at Windsor, this twenty- sixth day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred, and in the sixty-fourth year of our reign. God savo the Queen" PARTY SUMMONSES. The following circular, drawing attention to the time at which the Address in reply to the Queen's Speech will be moved, is issued by Lord Salisbury:— Carlton Club, November 23rd. My Lord,—I am desired by the Marquis of Salisbury to inform your lordship that the House of Lords will meet at a quarter to four p.m. on Thursday, December 6tb, when an Address will be moved in reply to her Majesty's most gracious Speech, and to express a hope that you will be able to be in your place in the House on that occasion. To enable peers to take the oath necessary on the assembling of a new Parliament the Lord Chancellor will be at the House of Lords at the following hours :—Monday, December 3rd, two to four p.m.; Tuesday, December 4th, half-past ten a.m. to four p.m,Youre faithfully, WALDEGRAVB. The following letters have been issued to Liberal Peers and to Liberal members of Parlia- ment :— Kimberley House, November 26th. My Lord,—I trust you may find it convenient to be in your plaee in the House of Lords on Thurs- day December 6th, when the Address will be moved in answer to her Majesty's Speech.—I have the honour to be, your faithful servant, KIMBEBLEY. 6, Grosvenor Place, S.W., November 26th. Sir,—It is announced that Parliament will be summoned to meet on December 3rd, when Mem- bers of the House of Commons will proceed to the election of a Speaker, and, after the oath has been taken, to the consideration of urgent public busi- ness. I trust that you will find it convenient to be be in your place.—I am, Sir, your most obedient servant, H. CAMPBELL-BANNERMAX, COUNCIL AT WINDSOR. Her Majesty held a Counoil on Monday at half* past one o clock, at which were present the Duke of Devonshire, E.G. (Lord President of the Counoil), the Earl of Clarendon (Lord Chamber- lain), and the Earl of Kintore, G.C.M.G. (Lord in Waiting). The Right Hon. Gerald FitzGibbon and Sir James Stirling, Lord Justices of Appeal, were introduced, and sworn in members of the Privy Council. Mr. Almeria FitzRoy was in attendance as Clerk of the Council. The Duke of Devon- shire had an audience of the Queen previous to the Counoil.
FOR THE LOSS OF A HUSBAND. At Romford County Court, on Monday, Fanny Clark was awarded £ 216 against the London, Til- bury, and Southend Railway for the accidental death of her husband, a bricklayer in the com- pany's employ.
BRADFORD'S BITTER FIGHT. The question of higher grade teaching was the bone of contention at the Bradford School Board election, and a bitter fight resulted. The figures announced on Monday showed, however, that the former representation was maintained—nine Pro- gressives (including a teachers' representative and two Labour members) and six Conservatives (iu- oluding one Roman Catholic).
CAVALRY FOR THE FRONT. A order was issued on Monday night from Dover, the headquarters of the South-Enstern District, with reference to reinforcing drafts for South Africa. Under its terms every available non-oommissioned officer and man of the reserve squadron, 6th Dragoon Guards, is to be ready for embarkation on December 16th. A draft of 185 men for the 18th Hussars has left Canterbury ou its way to the front.
PENNY A WEEK COMPENSATION. A singular point arising out of the Workmen's Compensation Act came before the Birming- ham County Court judge on Monday. A year ago a youth named Simcox obtained an order for seven shillings a week against George PeSlkay, in whose employment he lost one of his eyes. Simcox subsequently got work as a tailor's messenger at ten shillings a week. Polkey then offered to engage him as a messenger at fourteen shillings a week. The youth declined the offer, and Polkey consequently dis- claimed further liability. The court held that the offer ended the youth's incapacity as a wage- earner, and reduced the compensation to a penny a week.
SHIP AND CREW LOST. A schooner went ashore on the Kentish Knock Sands on Sunday night. The Margate lifeboat proceeded to the sands. The vessel, however, sank, and the crew were last seen, according to Lloyd's, in the rigging. The wind was blowing bard at the time. The lifeboat returned to Mar- gate at 1.30 on Monday morning. The name and uationality of the wrecked vessel are unknown,
BOY SHOOTS HIS BROTHER. A boy named Stephens, aged seven, on Monday accidentally shot dead his six-year-old brother while playing with a loaded gun at his father's house at Rathpool, near Milltown, Ireland, -T"
Honou,, and virtue are ornaments of the soul, without which the body, though it be really ceautifyl, ought not to be thought so. Be as chserful as you can in well-doing. There is a double grace in good actions when they art lone cheerfully and brightly,
ST. ASAPH (DENBIGH) RURAL DISTRICT COUNCIL. The monthly meeting of the St. Asaph (Den- bighshire) Rural District Council was held at St. Asaph on Friday. Mr. W. Jones, J.P., pre- sided. THE COUNCIL AND LORD DVNDONALD. A letter was read from the Abergele Urban District Council inviting the co-operation of the Council in the "presentation to Lord Dun- donald, and asking the Council to appoint two members of the committee. The Clerk said that he had consulted the members of the Council present at the last meeting of the Guardians, and with their con- sent he had written to Ir. Crabbe promising co-operatio n and naming Messrs. A. Foulkes and Joseph Jones as the representatives of the. Council on the committee. THE KHYL BRIDGE. A letter was read from-the Denbighshire Coun- ty Council stating that the Main Roads and Bridges Committee had directed that a copy of the engineer's report in regard to the Rhyl bridge should be supplied to each member of the Council, and the matter would come on at the next meeting of the Council. Mr. A. Foulkes said he observed that notice had been given by the owners of the bridge of their intention to apply to Parliament for pow- ers to make the bridge a fixed bridge. He should like to know if that Council had anything to io with that. The Clerk said he did not see that they could do better than call the attention of the two County Councils to the matter. BANGOR COLLEGE GOVERNOR. The Chairman was appointed to represent the Council on the Board of Governors of the North Wales University College, Bangor. THE RECENT .ACCIDENT ON THE TOV.'YN ROAD. Mr. R. Griffiths called attention to the serious accident that happened on the Towyn Road last week, and to the remarks of the Coroner, who described the road as a scandal to the county- It was a serious thing to have a road of that kind in that Council's district. Mr. A. Foulkes said that the marsh was now very much flooded, and the ditches at the sid of the road were more full than usual. But they were regularly cleaned, and he did not see how they could do anything to improve matters. He did not think that that Council could be in any way held responsible for the accident that had happened. Ir. R. Griffiths said that the Coroner would not have made the remarks he did unless they were called for. Mr. John Williams (Surveyor) said that the Road was wide enough, and was :1 mystery to him how the man fell into the ditch. Ir. R. Griffiths asked if an unprotected ditch on the roadside was legal. The Clerk said that the Council were bound to protect dangerous places. Mr. R. Griffiths asked if the Council WAS bound to fence an unfenced ditch. Mr. A. Foulkes said there was nothing but ditches on each side of the road, but the road was nine feet wide. The Clerk said that if the ditches were dan- gerous when floods occurred something might be done by putting up posts. The Chairman said that he was afraid that they could not do anything in the matter. THE FORYD TARGET RANGES. Correspondence was read between Mr. E. H. Millward and Captain Sparrow with reference to the rifla ranges at Foryd, in which certain alterations were promised. Danger flags were to be exposed, and Captain Sparrow suggested that when these were exposed that those walk- ing along the shore should either turn back or proceed under cover. After some further discussion it was resolved to appoint a sub-committee to meet the volun- teer authorities.
MAYORAL DEADLOCK ENDED. T The Mayoralty of Worcester has been going begging. The duties and hospitalities have be- come so great a tax that the offioe has been ra- fused by many men of both parties. The City Council, in the dilemma of finding no willing candidate, elected the senior alderman, Mr. Knott, against his will. Be declined to serve, and pre- ferred to pay the penalty of £ 50. The deadlock has now been ended by the publio spirit of Mr. Steward, who, after only a year's rest from office, has consented to be again elected.
The Gifford Hotel, at Poplar Bluff, Missouri, has been totally destroyed by fire, and tlvo persons have perished in the flames. a-w ..jo ». ivgtscratfons under the Money* lenders Act contsins hardly any well-known names. It is instructive to note that among these practitioners of usury one describes himself as a labourer, another as a knocker- up, a third as a stevedore, a fonrth as a blacksmith, a fifth as a stage driver, and two more as compositors, while nearly a dozen are women. Johu Cheer and Samuel Collins were sum- moned at Kingston for bringing contempt on her Majesty's uniform. It was stated that on November 5th they masqueraded in military uniforms. The men said they did not know they had done wrong, having taken off the buttons and shoulder lappets. They were dis- charged with a caution, the Chairman remark- ing that anyone else bringing her Majesty's uniform into contempt would be sent to prison.
NOTES ON NEWS. 1 W. learn from an inSuentiai source in Berlin that in order to promote the study of Asian languages and affairs, the Kaiser has proposed the creation of several new professorships at the various German universities. Particular attention is desired to be given to the Chinese language and dialects, to Chinese history, and to the commercial worth of ancient Asian peoples; and the Kaiser is prepared, it is said, to aauotion a Government grant to this end. IT is curious to note that, with all the turmoil in China at the moment, the feeling of humanity has risen superior to the prejudices naturally en- gendered by the war, and that handsome dona- tions to the Indian famine funds continue to be set down from the Celestial Empire. Ningpo and Hangchow arc the latest contributors. In the former place recently a fund was organised by Ching Hsu, a Manchu from Pekin, who the other day handed over a considerable sum to the British Consul for transmission to Calcutta, while the Chinese in Hangchow have also displayed their sympathy with the stricken Indians in a handsomely practical fashion. TBBTOTIXLEBS have assured us for many years that beer is poison. Nevertheless the British working man has continued to imbibe liquid suicide with a determination which is only equalled by his laying down the hairmer when the clock strikes one. Poison, indeed! If so be was prepared to abide by the consequences. Poison, indeed it is in Manchester, where the investigations of the medical officers of the city have shown .that hundreds of people are Buffering from arsenical poisoning brought about by drinking beer. Several breweries, not one alone, are responsible for the noxious liquid, and one theory is that the source of the arsenic will be found to be the sulphur used in the hop industry. An exhaustive inquiry is promised if any death occurs from this cause; but why a death should be necessary before investigation is a problem which only Manchester can solve. SCIENCE would achieve a triumph indeed if it were able to predict the dates when famines may be expected to sweep over India and the particular districts where they will occur. The achieve- ment is not improbable if the series of experiments recently conducted by Sir Norman Lockyer have any value. By a careful examination of the sun- spot record for 1879 and of the rainfall data of India and Mauritius, he has come to the con- clusion that India has two pulses of rainfall, one near the minimum and the other near the maximum of the sunspot-period. The Famine Commission reports show that all the famines during the last half-century have occurred in the intervals between these two pulses." The con- nection holds good in the past; it now remains for scientific men to continue their observations and to show that the coincidence is in realiy a natural law, by the interpretation of which India may he greatly benefited. Forewarned is fore- armed, and the knowledge of the exact date when a famine is going to occur would enable us to take measures to deal effectively with the evil. AN interesting match is going on between Mr. Graves, of Sheffield, and the Post Office, which, while, willingly collecting Mr. Graves's registered parcels for despatch, refuses to collect his regis- tered letters. Now Mr. Graves sends off very many registered letters every evening. So he has brought a team of clerks into the field, sending now on foot, now in cabs, now in four-in-hand coaches, armed with letters to be registered. The Post Office has got together an opposing team of clerks who do their best to make a match of it. For all that, however, the rest of Sheffield has to wait for nearly an hour while the game is in progress. To the crowds who watch outside and bring the traffio to a standstill the struggles is amusing. It is probably much less amusing to the modest citizen who does not drive in a four- in-hand to buy his penny stamp. Mr. Graves ap- pears to be a liberal patron of the Post Office. He even keeps a Bpecial clerk to enter up his regis- tered packets in order to save the Post Office trouble. We would suggest that if the depart- ment cannot struggle out of its red-tape, Sheffield should subscribe to buy the Postmaster-General a van. AN instructive example of popular credulity has been exhibited in connection with the recent boat- ing accident in the Ouse, whereby two men from Goole lost their lives near Hemingbrough last month. The body of one of the men named Spence, has been recovered, and during the past week a female spiritualist from Hull has been engaged to assist in recovering the other body. The lady has created a sensation in Barmby-on-tbe-Marsh, which she made the centre of her operations. In the presence of a big crowd she embarked in a sailing boat down the river and at a point near Rusholme appears to have fainted and then declared that that was the spot where the body could be re- covered. Accordingly, at low water, the river was dragged but without result, and the body of Barker has not yet been recovered. The spiritual- istic salvor, however, has not abandoned the quest. She has left the neighbourhood, but promises to return with a diver at a later date, who will dive at the localised spot in the river. FROM the national point of view, the figures just published on the population question in Franoe are very serious, though they tell us nothing fresh. The excess of births over deaths last year was only a little over 31,000, and though the French are not an emigrating people, it is probable that emigration would bring down this small in- crease to a positive falling off. This is the problem which afflicts all lovers of France. It is the subject of Zola's lastest work, in which he makes the happiness of man and woman depend on the number of their children. As a matter of fact, what we vaguely call 11 Immorality has not much to do with it. The cause of the stagnation of I growth in France is an exaggeration of the econ- omic vitrue of thrift. It is due in great part to the possession of the land by small owners, and the extreme unwillingness to subdivide it further. It is also due to the action of parents in pro- viding a dowry for their daughters, since they know that a daughter without a dot can hardly ever think of marriage. Besides, there is the un- willingness of the selfishly prudent to reduce their own standard of comfort, or to throw their child- ren carelessly upon the world, as was the English, and is still the Irish way. Economists used to tell us that all these are admirable qualities, but they seem to have the result that the French caoe will slowly be crushed out. MR. KRUGER must be a very hopeful man in- deed, and a very foolish one to boot, if he inter- prets the demonstrations in Franoe to mean that substantial help to the Boer cauee will be forth- coming. As a notorious individual, travelling with a considerable quantity of other people's gold, be would excite interest anywhere, and it is probably with an eye to the ex- President's wealth that the children at The Hague have selected a portion from the Psalms beginning He shall come down like rain upon the mown grass, as showers that water the earth." The French people have cheered him, presented him addresses and floral offerings, and even gone the length of wish- ing that he may be successful. But the real atti- tude of France, we think, has for once been re- flected in the newspapers, which almost uni- formly hold out no hope of active assistance. In- deed, the Siecle openly condemns Mr. Kruger as the cause of the war, and as oue who only de- manded arbitration as a means to obtain the consecration of his violation of the two conven- tions. "The Boer Indepondenoe Committee," it is declared, can be under no delusion as to the attitude of the European Governments." We question if they are, but as men of the world they recognise that it is safer for them to be in the en- tourage of the fallen but still wealthy President than courageously facing the situation which they have helped to create iu the Transvaal and the Orange River Colony.
Great developments are about to be made at the Llanberis State Quarries, the second largest in the kingdom. Mr. Maurice KQfTer has promised a donation of £500 to the building Fund of the North-Eastern Hospital for Children, to be given only when the new building in Hackney Road is actually com- menced. Mr. J. D. Gilbert, chairman of the Fire Brigade Committee of the L.C.C., opened the new fire station which has been built in Edgware Road at a cost of E13,300 upon a site costing 4:7,119. George William Rose, 36, convicted at the Old Bailey of bigamy—" a very bad case" the Re- corder described it-- was sentenced to five yearie penal servitude. Four Arabs, who came to London from Paris and stole coins from foreign dealers in the City' were at the Old Bailey sentenced to 18 raontiale bard labour. The Russian and American Commissioners now negotiating for a mutual reciprocity treaty under the Dingley Tariff Act are experiencing great difficulty in finding articles to form a basis for the tariff reductions for such a treatv
■ A PERFECT BEVERAGE. I Em Preferred by Connoisseurs V flf for its high quality and I m delicious natural ftavor. B I 1fcm$faut&rib J j l0C0a^ JP Rich in nourishing: and I ■ stimulating properties, it ■ ■ builds up and invigorates ■ B the system. ■ I Best & Goes Farthest. j)
RISING IN ZANZIBAR SUB-COMMISSIONER KILLED. The Ogaden Somalia have risen against the Gov- ernment in the Jubaland province of British East Africa. About four thousand are stated to be in arms. Mr. A. C. W. Jenner, Sub-Commissioner, who lately left the seaport of Kismayu on a tour inland, is now some distance from the coast, and is reported to have been attacked. Colonel Ternan, who is at Mombasa, and Colonel Hatch, com- candant of the East Africa Protectorate forces, have proceeded with two companies of troops to Kismayu. The available force numbers 500. The British cruiser Magicienne has sailed for Kismayu. Mr. Jenner's position is understood to be grave. It is considered doubtful whether he will succeed in reaching Kismayu safely. The Somalis in the vicinity of Kismayu have raided cattle previously taken as fines. The Europeans at Kismayu are reported to be safe. Tbe Central News is officially informed that news has been received at the Foreign Office of the murder of Mr. A. C. W. Jenner, a Sub- Commissioner in British East Africa. Mr. Jenner was on an official visit to the interior, and on or about the 13th innt. a night attack was made upon his camp by Ogaden Somalis, who had pro- fessed to be friendly. In resisting this attack Mr. Jenner lost his life.
STREET TRAGEDY IN MADRID. A MILITARY CHAPLAIN SHOT. The Standard correspondent at Madrid describes the shooting of a chaplain in Madrid. Five military chaplains were strolling past the Church at Clatravas, in Alcala Street, when that busy central thoroughfare was crowded with people and carriages. Suddenly, another military j chaplain came up to the senior chaplain of the Madrid Garrison, Senor Valenzuela, and fired twice with a revolver, wounding him severely, one bullet passing through the body from the back to the left breast. When the asssailant saw his victim tottering towards the door of the church, he turned round, put the revolver to his temple, and fired, the bullet lodging in his head. The wretched man dropped, mortaUy wounded. He was picked up by two polioemen and a surgeon, who hap- pened to be passing, and conveyed to the nearest district ambulance station, but he died before he got there. When the four chaplains who were; walking with Senor Valenzuela heard the shots they ran in different directions. Their wounded sompabion was able to step into a cab, whioh he ordered to go to the same ambulance station where the body of his assailant was lying. The doctors declared that the condition of the wounded man was very serious. The crime has caused much sensation in clerical and military circles.
THE ITALIAN CHAMBER, KING HUMBERTS ASSASSINATION. The Italian Chamber at its sitting on Monday neard the interpellation regarding the assassina- tion of King Humbert. Signor Saraooo, the Premier, gave an absolute denial to the statement that a communication warning the Government beforehand of the assassination of the late King, was in existence at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Minister added: From a cODstitu. tional point of view the Government should be re- sponsible for the safety of the King, but in this special case it was impossible to hold the Ministry responsible for an act which it was impossible for it to foresee." Sixty men, the Minister oontinued, were espeei- ally told off to secure the safety of the King's person. The authorities of Monza took all the precautions which they thought necessary for the King's safety. Unfortunately those measures were not sufficient, because those officials were unequal to their task. The Minister reminded the House that the Government had sent those officials for trial before a disciplinary court, which had inflicted punishments proportionate to their negli- gence. He admitted that the personnel of the detective police was not of the best, and the Gov- ernment bad been considering the necessary re- forms. He was ready to sacrifice himself if a scapegoat had to be found. If, however, there had been any neglect ef duty it was not to be attri- buted to the Government. A vote of want of COD- fidenoe was rejected by a show of hands.
AN AMERICAN SQUEERS. Something like consternation has been caused by the discovery of a veritable Dotheboys Hall" at New York, the proprietor of which, a man named Duffy, outdid the famous Squeers in his maltreatment of his pupils. He was arrested on the complaint of neighbours and parents, the latter being residents in distant cities. The boys testify that they were often looked out in the rain, forced to sleep in chicken coops, and to beg their food, besides being whipped black and blue. Both the premises and the boys were in a scandalous condition or filth.
ZION CITY LACEMAKERS. The New York Herald's Washington corre- spondent states that the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury has decided that the manufacture of Nottingham laoe is a new industry in the United States, and therefore skilled workmen can be brought into the country without violation of the labour law. Mr. Dowie may, therefore, introduce his lawmakers into America. The Treasury has decided to admit laaamakers from Englaud.
MALTA LANGUAGE EDICT. | Notice has been given in the Chamber of De. i puties of six questions regarding the language difficulty in Malta. Italy finds herself forced te struggle on all sides for the preservation of her beautiful language. In Corsica, Nice, and Tunis the French are trying to substitute their tongue for it. In Istria, Trentino, Fiume, and Dalmatia the Austrians are endeavouring to replace it by the Slay and German tongues. Moreover, tbe Spaniards are trying to prevent Italians from gaining ground in South America, where, especi- ally in Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay, Italian emigrants preponderate. It is hoped that Great Britain, the loyal friend of Italy, will consider the matter.
AMERICA'S WANT OF COALING STATIONS. A telegram from Washington to the New York Herald states that the Government has requested four countries to authorise the United States to establish coaling stations in their territories. It has been trying to aoquire the Danish West Indies sites, on the Chiriqui Lagoon (Colombia), and on the Gulf of Dolce, and one in the Gala- pagos Islands. The attempts are reported to have been unsuccessful, but it is proposed to re- 3ew them shortly. Anxiety is expressed to estab- .11 ash a ooal depot at Chefoo.
Amos Brothers, Wholesale and Rtua I Stationers, Sussex Street, Btiyl, jaat rectivu ousignment of cotcmerciai wholesale a' o Kuetail ID stationery.
ONE OF NATURE'S MYSTERIES. An interesting instance of the mysterious work- ings of Nature accomplishing what has bsfflod the skill and knowledge of experts is furnished by a happening at Grange-over-Sands. Formerly the r main channel of the river Kent, which fiowi into Morecambe Bay, ran alongside the rail- I way embankment, enabling steamers to get to Grange pier. Some years ago, however, the channel suddenly shifted to the Arnside I part of the bay, and this, by causing a slitting of mud and sand, greatly marred the beauty of the sands, and interfered with the enjoyment of visitors. Several schemes to clear the obstruction had to be abandoned on the score of cost, but the other day tbe river suddenly reverted to its old channel, and tbe fcrebhore is now rapidly resum- ing its ancient appearance, to the great satisfac- tion of local people.
i Sir Adriano Dingli, formerly Chief Justice of Malta and President of the Court of Appeal, has just died at Malta. The transport Englishman has left Southampton for the Cape with drafts totalling 10 officers and 452 men, also 300 remounts.
FROM NEW ZEALAND TO THE CAPE. The Minister for Railways and Commerce, speaking at a banquet given in the Colony, stated that the Government proposed inviting tenders from shipowners for a direct steamship service between New Zealand and South Africa. The vessels would be required to call at five New Zealand ports which will probably include Auck- land, Wellington, Lyttelton, Dunedin, and Bruce, and at least three South African ports, which will probably include Capetown, Durhan, and Port Elizabeth.
THE SUGAR BOUNTIES QUESTION. It is stated that the negotiations which have been proceeding at Paris concerning the sugar question between France, Germany, and Austria-Hungary have now reached a conclusion. The delegates of three Powers have signed a protocol re- cording the ageeement which has been reached in favour of the abolition of bounties. The pour- parlers with Great Britain are believed to show that she is disinclined to establish countervailing duties on foreign imported sugars, consequently a resumption of the Brussels conference reoentlj broken off is probable.
The official date of the Queen of Holland's wed* ding cannot be published until after the passing of the law approving the marriage
THREE MEN SCALDED TO DEATH. Two more deaths, making three in all have re- sulted from the bursting of a steam-pipe in the Clydach Vale Colliery. One man was killed on the spot and 10 were severely scalded. Of these Mr. W. J. Pease, mechanical engineer, and his assistant, T. W. Hitchen, succumbed to their ÎD. juries on Monday.
SANITATION FATAL TO CATS. There has been a remarkable mortality of late among the feline inhabitants of Yarmouth. It ia attributed to the disinfectants with which the authorities are liberally besprinkling the town as a precaution against fever. The theory is that the cats collect the poison on their paws, and afterwards lick it off, with fatal effect, in perform- ing their ablutions.
"PEGGOTTY'S HUT." Upeggotty's Hut," Great Yarmouth, immortal- Søed by Charles Dickens in David Copperfield.1* is about to be sold by public auction. This historic house, which stands on the site of the Old Boat, is a great attraction to visitors during the summer months. Original portions of the wood, also the two windows of the boat, are still ia possession of the present occupier.
£ 40 FOR A FALL. No ladders were provided to enable workmen to get in and out of a trench for a sewer being con- structed by Mr. Anderson, contractor, of Poplar. A strutt by which Charles Cocklin was climbing up gave way, and he fell and fractured his arm. Forty pounds damages were awarded him on Mon- day. The Bow Couuty-court judge characterised the existing arrangement as slovenly and dan- geroua."
GENERAL BULLER IN LONDON. General Sir Redvers Bidler went to London on Monday from Government House, Aldershot, and on arriving at Waterloo Station was given a moat hearty welcome by an enormous crowd. He WM received on the platform by a number of distin- guished offioers, and afterwards drove to the W K Office, where, among those with whom he had interviews, were Lord Wolseley and the Duke of £ ocnaught.
MR. ASQUITH AND CHILD LABOUR. Presiding on Monday night at a public meeting in support of the Progressive candidate for the representation of Marylebone on tbe London School Board, Mr. Asquith, dealing with the question of child labour, said it was a bad thing to drive into the schools ill-fed and ill-clothed children, but it was worse to see overworked children attending them. There were legislative and administrative difficulties in putting a stop to the evil, but he believed it could be overcome if honestly faced and grappled with in a propec spirit.
END OF A PUBLISHING SCHENE. There was another appearance at Bow Street on Monday of Francis Jienry Atkins, author, and the Rev. Frederick Holmes Carlisle, charged with conspiracy to defraud. The charges are in con- nection with Atkins's scheme for publishing < magazine for the benefit of charities. The prosecution alleged that certain persons were induced to deposit sums of money on the undertaking that they would be employed by Atkins on his magazine. This was never pub- lished. Carlisle's case was that he merely aoted as agent for Atkins. Both the accused were com- mitted for trial, Carlisle being released on ia. creased bail.
MOFFAT JEWELS STILL MISSING, The two men, Joe Andersop, an American, and Henry Richard Cramer, a German, who were ar- rested early in September on suspicion of stealing £ 3,000 worth of jewels from the Moffat Hydro- pathic Establishment, Dumfriesshire, belonging to Mrs. Davidson, an American lady, are still in cus- tody. The 60 days allowed by the law for serving the two men with an indictment expired on Mon- day without a charge being made. No trace of the jewels has yet been found by the SoottUtl
RHYL PETTY SESSIONS. TUESDAY: Before Messrs. T. Morgan Owen (in the chair), W. J. P. Storey, J. Foulkes, R. C. Enyon, and W. Bulcock. SCHOOL ATTENDANCE CASES. William Charles Hughes, 3, West Street, was charged by William l'arrv, School Attendance Officer, with neglecting to send his child, Wm John Huglies, aged 12, to school. He had made 64 attendances out of 98. Fined Is. and 2s. costs. FCRUNK AND DISORDERLY. W. H. Parry, 44, Victoria Road, was charged by P.C. Emmanuel Tromans with being drunk and disorderly. P.C. Troitians said that at 12 p.m. on the 10th inst. he saw the defendant in Vale Road drunk and using disorderly language. He several times asked him to go home. At Morfa Bac;1. he became very disorderly, and they had to take him to the police Station. P.C. \V. H. Hughes gave corroborative evi- dence. Defendant admitted he was drunk, but denied that he was guilty of any disorderly conduct. A fine of 2s. 6d. and costs was imposed. Mary Lynch, Vale Road, was charged by P.C. Tromans with being drunk and disorderly. The officer said he saw the woman in Vale Road very drunk. She was falling down every two yards. It was with great difficulty that they got her to the house, and she became on the way very violent. There vias a long list of previous convictions against her. On the last occasion she was sentenced to seven days' imprisonment without the option of a fine for being drunk and disor- derly. A fine of 10s. and 7s. 6d. costs was im- posed, and in default a warrant was issued for her cominittal for fourteen days. Alary Jones, 4, Morfa Bach, was charged by 1 9 Inspector Pearson with being drunk in Kinmel Street on the 24th of November. P.C. W. H. Hughes said at 12 p.m. he found Mary Jones leaning against the window in Kin- mel Street. She was very drunk, and he asked her several times to go home, but found she was too drunk to walk, and he took her to the Police Station. Defendant, who did not appear, was fined 2s. 6d. and 8s. costs. THE LICENSE OF THE FORYD HARBOUR HOTEL. Ir. W. J. Rudland applied for a transfer of the license of the Foryd Harbour Hotel from Mr. J. E. Middlehurst to Mrs. Emma Somers. He said that Mrs. Somers held the excise license from the 10th of October until the 10th of Oc- tober next year. She was the tenant of the premises, and being such in occupation of the premises no- notice was required, as he applied for a grant under the 4th Section of George IV lr. S. R. Dew said he appeared on behalf of Ir. Middlehurst, and he had no objection to Mrs. Somers holding the license in her own name. Inspector Pearson said he had no objection to the license being granted to Mrs. Somers, although the usual notice had not been served upon the police. The Magistrates' Clerk said that that was not necessary under this section.