fgg • Manchester House I TONYREFAIL. We have very lunch pleasure ill drawing dr'o ^y° ,r attention to our f/bJeml^a^ NEW SPRING GOODS *T"tM|Ol which have just been received. OUR MILLINERY Has been carefully chosen at the leading houses and centres of fashion, and we feel Jjf | confident that we can compare favourably for !i •■> irler^LfJ style and prices with any house in the district. ^|||^ LADIES' UNDERCLOTHING. In this department again we confidently look forward to a very successful season, as our Stock is New and Up-to date, and our Prices are right. A Visit will be much Esteemed. Note Address- fllP^ W. R. DAVIES, Manchester House, J Mill Street, TONYREFAIL. if EMRYS RICHARDS sP*v Eyesight Hints. K YOU V tj'i should wear glasses if they will relieve your Headache, W\ (pV lamgined Bilious Attacks, Nervous Trouble, Eyestrain, &c. It is only a competent Eyesight Specialist b who can advise you. Many persons lose their sight throng wearing glasses for which they were not tested. Few people have eye a ike. A dainty pair of ispecfacles, or Eyeglasses, fitted by Emrys Richaids, will give 10. a renewed interest in life and accomplish what drugs and medicines fail to do. NOTE THE ADDRESS— EMRYS RICHARDS, Chemist and Optician, Dunraven Pharmacy, TONYPANDY (Lower End. the First Chemist nearest Trealaw Bridge). To SPECTACLE WEARERS.—The Sight should be Re-tested once a year Highest-Class Dentistry at Moderate Charges. TELEGRAMS—" Painless," Cardiff. Tel. 334 Nat. Nat. Mr. Geo. Poole, Surgeon Dentist, 13, Westbourne Crescent ( Sop ia Gardens) j CARDIFF, I Expert in the Fitting of Artificial Teeth. PERFECT FIT GUARANTEED. SUCCESSFUL DENTISTRY, S.S. Golden Cross, Barry Dock, March 9th, 1908. Dear Mr. Poole,—I write this to thank you, and to recommend anyone that is acquainted with me to you, as you extracted six double teeth for me in the space of about three mfnutes without giving me the slightest inconvenience, without gas, and I suffered not the slightest inconvenience afterwards. I fee), after puying our verg reasonable fee, greatly indebted to you. I am, yours sincerely,- WILLIAM M. JACKSON, Second Engineer, S.S. Golden Cross, Whitby," Professional Hours, 9 to 9. Sundays, 5 till 9. ABSOLUTELY PAINLESS EXTRACTIONS. CONSULTATIONS FREE. 461 Ii- From TED POWIS. Motor Cycle and Phono Depot, 26, TAFF STREET, PONTYPRIDD. PRICES I Nat. Phone, 67 Pontypridd, y/ FROM AS 15s. to iCI2 128. I All Machines fully Guaranteed. Don't fail to inspect our large Stock. ————— Repairs and Accessories a Special ity. 4778 Am. ev your I Mr. Reg. J. TRUSCOTT F.8.M.C., Will be glad to advise you (without charge) in all matters connected with m A I DEFECTIVE SIGHT ANWEAR?NofCLE ■ WITHOUT CHARGE. I Hoars of attendance-9.30 to 8 or by appointment. Close on Thursdays at 1. I 7, Castle Street, SWANSEA. t The Oldest QUALIFIED OPTICIAN in South Wales. 1PEAK1NSIIDEAKINSI WrrrTTTTirZITTFTTTm (wonderful feverb 3AND FLAM NATION F ^mygulEALE^I a REMEDIES & PILLSi I #1 19 « will immediately arrest the course of 9 ■ will immediately arrest the course of the M » fh j- -n(j nPeVont dangerous 9 ■ disease and auard against all ill effects. It H H tne "'sease ana pre JudJigerous g| ■ possesses marvellous healing and tonic prop- 39 g| complications. I heir antiseptic neal- E9 I erties. and gives instant relief to Coi^hs, H Egg ing- and life-giving' properties have H ■ colds, Hoarseness, Bronchitis, Diffi- sg figI j r » ™ 9 culty of Breathing, etc. It is very ffi 9 proved for many years a boon and jgj 9 beneficial, and has proved for many years a ||| W$i blessing' to thousands of sitjjeve'/s. 9 fl boon and blessing to thousands of sufferers, 11 DCIUICIUIDCD I NR.,„,„. „ ,81 9 REMEMBER I Neglected Coughs and i 1 REMEMBER » DEAKIN s Pain and M 9 Colds frequently turn to Bronchitis, Asthma, H f|j Disease Killers go to the source of disease 15 9 etc., and are often the forerunner of that [|| ||| —inflamed tissue—and cure it. 9 9 dreadful disease Consumption. 9| Sj Prices W4 and43, of all Cisemisis and Stores. 9 I 1 5 l»'3^r2/6f»oni the sole proprietors and Inventors 9 9 G. DEAKIN & HUGHES. i i <*■ DEAKIN. & HUGHES. 9 ■ THE INFLAMMATION REMEDIES CO., Jg BLTHE INFLAMMATION REMEDIES CO., 9 Don't be Lured into the Grave, Error. Take DEAKINIS-the Right Remedies.
Welsh Topics. Rhondoa Place-Names. Penpych. At the head of the Valley, dividing it into two smaller valleys—Cwin Selsig and Blaenrhondda—rises the most famous peak of the Glamorganshire Alps, Penpych. Its general build and its bold ruggedness at once attract the eye. Though not the highest, it is more talked of and gazed at more than any of its neighbours, by reason of its towering bearing. It has charmed the bards, and a local "pretydd," Twm Hywal Llewelyn, has aptly described it thus: "Penpych! gwych yw'r fan Sy'n dirwyn rhwng dwy darran." Probably, another couplet, similar to the above, is also by the same one: Penpych! gwych yw'r fan Lie trig yr eryr a'r gigfran." The former of the two verses fitly describes thi-s fine pile of upheaving rock. It rises gradually between two precipitous ledges. Its aspect is mainly south-east, though the finest view is to be obtained from a point north-east of it. Its steady rise at an angle of some forty-nine degrees robes it with an uniformity not possessed by many mountain peaks. It is regular in shape, a. veritable pyramid, being the terminus of the Blaenrhondda range. Its three sides-for the further side is lost in the massy pile receding away to the Western Valleys—present a variety of scenes perhaps unequalled by any of the "Welsh mountains. Around its base, and skirting the road, are a series of green fields, once rich with grassy swards, and knee deep crops of hay. These stretch half-way u" the mountain, and form a green band around its foot. Beyond these fields—once known as Caeau Torpych —were some wheat fields, replete with heavy ears. Above these brighter patches of grass- green are other more scattered patches of mountain green, mellowed by the brown tints of the fern, and as the eye ascends the surface, is further tinted by the dark boulders—black in a rainstorm, but iron- grey in the brilliant sun—which, little by little, increase in number and depth of tone, until the whole juts forth in one projecting mass, ridging the whole edge of the mountain. Beyond the western side-the most rocky of all-is the silvery waterfall of Tydraw, which dashes down the broken heights, and adding to the whole scene a further terror. But the most picturesque is the western side—a truly Alpine view. At the foot is; the farm of Clungwyn, lying in a fair meadow. Immediately at the back of the house, the peak rises abruptly; the whole side is feathered with trees—birch and oak—right up to the base of the pre- cipitous ledges which encircle the head of the peak. Through, the trees the eye catches a mottled background of fern, bush and grass. It is in the morning, when the eastern sun shines full on Pen- pych, that one obtains the most radiant view; the peak has a. rounded appear- ance. and the whole is aglow with an ever- blending mass of colour. The varying scenes, due to the ever- moving sun, cannot fail to charm the crudest lover of nature. One must watch Penpych at all times of the day in order to appreciate its beauty. As the sun moves round to the south. and thence away to its western course, the glowing radiance change into one of brilliancy on the one side with a deepening correspon- dence of grey shades on the other. The northern side now assumes a sadder dress; the background deepens in tone; the tips of the branches dance in the sunshine; and the long rays of King Sol, now cast aslant, are broken by the trunks of the old oaks. The birch reflect their silvery barks; the fern are lit up in sepia, and the ever-watchful ledges overhead wear a magic haziness which charms the mind and implants upon it a scene of in- describable beauty. When viewed from a north-westerly point on the old parish road, the moun- tain presents a scene unique in itself. The steep declivity of Penpych, now seen as a continuation of the ridge of a range of mountains, possesses a clear hofrizon, which the evening sun makes radiant with all tints-the "creation of a summer sun. The evening wears on. The northern side now increases in awfulness and majesty; the black mass terrifies and subdues the soul; and the whole mountain, now silhouetted against the skv in the moon- light, wears a terrible majesty. Each day gives fresh colours, each night gives a deeper darkness, and the old mount, in its ever-changing moods, will yield the artist a new picture daily. If the sights charm us, the word con- jures us. In fact, it has been conjured with. The explanations given are truly fanciful, but seem to ease the rural and vulgar mind with an assurance worthy of ignorance. Not only they, but even learned folks will stronly" descant that Penpych" is Mynydd y Penpych "— the mountain of the five oxen—because, it is said, five oxen, while quietly grazing 9 on the plateau, fell over its hanging brows. The explanation is so ingenious, and so devoid of material fact, that it is not worth contemplating. The late Nathan Wyn, writing of Pen- pych, said:—" Hwn yw un o'r mynydd- oedd rhyfeddaf yn yr holl wlad ac un o'r rhai anhawddaf hefyd i gael allan wir ystyr ac arwyddocad ei enw. Mynydd v Pump Ych,' medd rhai; ond i'n tyb ni, nid yw hyny yn ddim ond ffwlbri." Nathan, however, offers no solution so craving for your kind indulgence, reader, we will offer what is most likeiy to be the true meaning of this interesting place- name. The word is a compound word composed of "pen" and pych." Pen is a very common word in Wales; enters very generally into our place-names, and means as a rule-end, extremity, or head. In our own country there is Penbryn, Pen- Hyn, Penllwyn, Pengwern, Penygroes, Pentre, Penrhiwceiber, -&c.. and locally there is Penpych, Penbilhwcan, Penyr- englyn, Penrhys, Penbwlclicarreg, and Penbwlchclawdd. But pen" in Penpych does not moan head, or end, or extremity, as the word generally bears; but means chief," or the most important," as may be seen from the following words:—Pen-cerdd," the chief musician; pen-teulu," the chief of the household. Other words are:- "Pen-saer," chief designer, architect; H pen-cynnydd," chief huntsman; "pen- cnud," leader of the wolves. Pen takes the radical of c. p. t, and the media] of g, b. d. So knowing this, we can expect to find the following noun to retain p as in this case. '=' Well, what of pych you may ask. Pych" ia the modern form of a pre- Norman word, pyc" a word akin to the English. peak. Fr pic as in Pic du Midi. Gaelic pie; and Welsh pig, a point, cf verby pigo, to prick with a point. The c you may say is not there. Welsh words, pig. True but c" and g are often interchangeable, as Pigar Aran, but Carn Bica and Ti-pica. C and ch are also interchangeable, as enwe, enweh, and hillock.
) Corney Lewis FOR PERFECT FITTING Dainty Teeth. Sets from iEl Is. Od. GUARANTEED. JS2 2s. including Extractions. Otily Address- 85, TAFF STREET, PONTYPRIDD Hours-IO to 8. 4374 Thursday, 10 to 1.
Cymru 11 for- April. This magazine is very interesting, and furnishes its readers with a variety of studies. In Nature there is Lygad Ebrill," from the pen of that charming writer, Richard Morgan; and Llysieu- wyr Cymru in local lore and tales, Bwlch y Ddar," Tri Chyfaill," Pwy laddodd yr Aderyn? and "Deugain Oed history is represented with articles on the Siartiaid yn Nghymru and literature with Drych y Prif Oes- oedd." But the most interesting feature to the Rhondda Welshmen is the article on Ben Bowen, and this alone is worth sixpence. The present number contains the fourth chapter, Englynion Cyntaf Ben Bowen." Here are his first wooings of the muse and his englynion to Yr Hatil," Y Lleuad," "Cartref," "Cath Ben Bowen," Y Llew." The fifth chapter shows Ben as a writer of love poetry and his happy hits at lovers. It is impossible to quote extensively; let every Welsh reader pro- cure a copy and enjoy a feast.. Here are a few, however:- OATH BEN BOWEN. Heinyf greadur hynod—a neidia Yn nwydwyllt ar lygod; A'i moesau wrth ymosod Heddyw'n glau dry iddi'n glod." "I FERCH IETIANC. Be happy, and not fel bwpach,—dere 'nol Dirion un, yn llonnach; Carrie, p'le mae'th ragorach I greu gwynfyd drwy'r byd bach? HIRAETH AM GYMRU. "O! fel y carwn fwynhau Rhewynt ac eira fy ngwlad; manager of the Taff Yale Railway, on Ond Cymru rydd imi foddhad." Books to be reviewed, and accounts of Welsh movements, should be addressed — "Weigh Correspondent, c/o 'Rhoiidda Leade\ Tonypandy."
A Tonypandy Fact. A fact is a fact all the world over, and all the more a fact to us when we hear of it from a neighbour. It is well to be able to put a statement to the test, and this we can do when a neighbour tells us some- thing about himself. If the narrator lives near by and we can check the facts of a story, however wonderful they may be, we are convinced of the truth. So it is with this Tonypandy story. Mr. E. Price, 13, Ely Street, Tony- pandy, says: For some years, off and on, 1 had very severe pains in my back— dull, continuous pains they were, and after stooping I had a difficulty in getting upright again. I am a miner and have a lot of bending, which made my back ache more than ever, and I felt very bad. Hearing of Doan's Backache Kidney Pills, I made up my mind to give them a trial, and after taking a few doses I found ease. I persevered with the pills, and I am glad to say tliev have done me a great deal of good. I have no back- aches now, and four boxes of Doan's Pills were all I needed to drive aw ay the pains. (Signed) Edward Price. Doan's Backache Kidney Pills-the special, kidney medicine—give the sick kidneys just the help needed, They drive out of the body all the liquid poisons, giving freedom of action and new life to the kidneys, and ridding the blood of the impurities which spoil your sleep at night, and which moke you feel drowsy, heavy and heartless all day, Thus. by bringing the kidneys back to health, the genuine Doan's Backache Kidney Pills cure the cause of Bright's disease dropsy, urinary disorders, gravel, rheumatism, stone, sciatica, nervous ills and depression. They also counteract the harmful effects of beer, spirits and tea. Doan's Backache Kidney Pills are two shillings and nine- pence perl box: (sjijxi boxes for thirteen shillings and ninepence). Of all chemists and stores, or .post free, direct from Foster-McClellan Co.. 8. Wells Street, Oxford Street, London. W. You are sure to get the right medicine if you ask dis- tinctly for Doan's. 2810a
Premier's Guinea Briefs. Mr. Asquith on Friday recalled some interesting memories of his early career. He remembered himself occupying cham- bers in Fig Tree Court, where the advent of a county court brief marked one guinea and bearing the name of a client whose time of payment, and, indeed, whose ability to pay were, to say the least, problematical, was a welcome and not very frequent phenomenon (laughter). Lord James of Hereford recalled that when lie was Attorney-Gelleral in the eighties in Mr. Gladstone's Administration he had to draw up within .forty-eight hours a statement of the effect of an Affirmation Bill about to be introduced. He required aid, and after other barris- ters had refused the task he was recom- mended to a young man, recently a scholar from Balliol, who was most com- petent to discharge the duty. The young man was Mr. Asquith, who undertook the task, and Mr. Gladstone made his speech from the notes. A few years ago, he (Lord James) saw those notes, and there were very few marginal alterations in Mr. Gladstone's handwriting. That w" the opportunity which Mr. Asquith had grasped at the outset of his career.
Of all who strove our ills to ease, Older or newer, Than Galen and Hippocrates, Who warred with every dire disease, There's none, I'm sure, Whose honoured name will live as late As that of him who found Woods' Peppermint Cure.
Porth Chamber of Trade. I A special meeting of the above Chamber was held on Wednesday, at the Washing- ton Hotel, to consider the report of the delegate who, in conjunction with a depu- tation from the Federated Chambers of Trade, waited upon Mr. Beasley, general manager of the Taff Vale aRilway, on Thursday to discuss the proposed fusion of the Taff, Bute, and Cardiff Railways. Mr. D. M. Jones presided. Colonel Thompson gave' a fairly lengthy account of the matters discussed at Car- diff, which chiefly related to necessary alterations in the Taff and Barry dis- tricts. A point of interest to Rhondda people was raised by the Tonypandy Chamber of Trade, whether, in the event of the R.U.D.C. seeking powers to connect the two sections of the Rhondda Tramways at the Trealaw Bridge, would Mr. Beasley promise, on behalf of the T.V.R., to refrain from opposing. Mr. Beasley replied that lie was not prepared to pledge himself on the matter. Asked if he could arrange for a delivery of parcels throughout the Rhondda Valleys up to 8 p.m., Mr. Beasley promised earnest consideration of the matter. Through Mr. John Thompson's energy and unceasing assiduity. Porth will now participate to some extent with Mid- Rhondda and other parts of the Valleys in the honour of being visited by Royalty. Princess Louise has consented to make a stay at Porth on the 23rd of July to receive an address. This announcement was greeted with great approbation by the Chamber, and it was decided to call a public meeting to make the necessary arrangements. Mr. Wm. Evans (Thomas & Evans) proposed that the minutes of a recent meeting be rescinded so far as they referred to Mr. Thompson giving evidence before the Houses of Parliament against the Taff Vale Fusion Bill. Mr. Robert Fair seconded the motion. After a rather protracted discussion, the motion was defeated.
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To Combat Afterdamp. A Wetsh Chemist's Invention. Mr. Caradoc Owens, a textile chemist, of Lower Broughton, is the inventor of what is claimed to be an economical and immediately effective way of 'dealing with after-damp." Mr. Owens recently gave a demonstration of his method at Man- chester, and judged by the experiments performed, this is so simple as to cause some wonderment why such an apparently effective way of assisting rescue parties has not hitherto been thought of. Into one glass chamber filled with carbonic acid gas of the requisite density to put out any flame he dropped a small portion of a cheap solution," and in a felv seconds the air was again stored with oxygen. Mr. Owens' method down in the mines is to utilise one of the many mechanical sprays now on the market, and with a small tank ready filled with the c, solution the rescue could immediately be undertaken by the simple process of the miners spraying in front of them as they walked to liberate those overcome by the after-damp. The sprayed solution immediately absorbs all the carbonic acid gas, and the vacuum created is at once replaced by the fresh air from the shaft. In an interview, Mr. Owens declared that his many years' experience of the study of carbonic acid gas had led him to examine the methods by which deaths in mining disasters could he reduced. I put this particular remedy out on purely humanitarian grounds, as it is the duty of any man to do what he can to lessen the awful risks run by the men who daily dig for coal."
VIROL !——————————! Saved by Virol. This child wasted away until at 7 weeks old it weighed only 2 lbs. 13 oz. It could not take milk, and was fed on small quantities of Virol and then on Virol and milk until at 49 weeks it weighed 17 lbs., had cut ten teeth, and was in perfect health. ANDERSON'S For Cricket, Lawn Tennis, Golf, Croquet, etc. Send for Price Lists. "*1 70, Queen Street, 23, Castle Street, CARDIFF. SWANSEA. EVOLUTION IS PAST. PERFECTION IS REACHt In a WILTSHIRE CYCLE. If you want a Bike that is RELIABLE, never breaks down, SMART, none to beat it, SPEEDY, Won many a Race, then a Wiltshire is just the Bike to suit you. Sole Manufacturer- SAM WILTSHIRE Sports Depot, Treorchy. 1909 Models1 now beinsr shown at the Depot, you are invitc-d to Call and Inspect them. Price List Free on application. 4396 NORTON'S CYCLE DEPOT, 126, Queen Street, Cardiff. Best House for a Cycle that will run easily and ware well. Repairs, Enamelling and Nickel Plating. NORTON, TRIUMPH, PREMIER AND JAMES CYCLES Catalogues Free. 4'02 Do you Cycle ? If so, do you enjoy the pastime under the best conditio n ? There are many Improvements on the 1909 Machine, and it might add to your pleasure if you consulted us. If you are thinking of purchasing a New Machine, we will show you all the Latest Models, and give you expert opinion as to which is the be. t machine for you at the price you want to pay. Sole Agent for RUDGE-WHITWORTH & CHASE CYCLES. REPAIRS AND ACCESSORIES. In. JENKINS, THISTLE CYCLE WORKS, 2, Llwynypia Road, Tonypandy THE WONDERFUL MACHINE WITH TIIE HUMAN VOICE! Mk Natural Tone. No Scratching Voice Would you like to hear it A perfect machine complet- ^Wj} with handsome polished cabi net, floral horn, sapphire VESr sound-box, and 3 double sided records, 35s., carriage paid. Satisfaction guaranteed or money returned. Write for lists CHAS. KINSHOTT, Original Talking Machine Depot, 96, St. Mary Street, CARDIFF. 4735 Don't tink de world's conearn'd 'bout You ve got ter holler sonny Do man dat runs de biggest shout. alto closes to de money Setchfield & Sons Saleroom—HAYES BUILDINGS, The Hayes, Cardiff MESSRS. A. SETCHFIELD & SONS Sell by Auction at the above address on Mondays and Thursdays at 2 p.m., and Saturdays at 7 p.m. A large assortment of useful Household Furniture sold at each Sale, which are removed from various residences for absclate sale. Telephone-01194. Nat. 4598 Important Notice To Shoopkeepe and others. J. E OOMLEY & SONS. 23, Moira Terrace CKCJy8). CARDIFF, Is the best house for Toys, Glass, China, Vases, Earthernware, Haberdashery, Stationery, Hardware, Holloware, etc. Eiargest Importers of Fancy Goods in South Wales and West of England. Show Rooms open daily Business Hours, 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. Saturdays, 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. Nat Tel. 01193. Wholesale Onlv. Established 1880. Motor Accessories & Spare Parts-All Makes. nafg. t Camel, Stanley and Shamrock Belts. Single, Double & Treble Twist Motor Horns. fmiiSfT Piston, Rin-S, Cylinders. Accumulators and Magnetos. Carburettors & Handle Coiitrols. Send your requirements and TK* we will quote. J. BOULD, Ltd., 138, City Road, CARDIFF. •HE GREAT REMEDY. GOUT "!1'8 PILLS. Strongly recommended by late Dr. Hastings, Dr." Ramskill and other noted doctors, BLAIR'S have proved themselves fot many years the best cure for Gout, Rheumatism, Lumbago," and Sciatica. Purely Vegetable. Sure and Safe. All Chemists and Stores, 1/1 and 2/6 per box.
Combining these meanings, we arrive at the true sense of the word Penpych." It means thus: The chief mountain," or the chief peak." If any reader has any knowledge which shows light on this, we shall be thankful for it, in order to bring as much light as possible on our place-names.