1 .1 1'\ #It Come with us } It lead you to The Great Stock of WALLPAPERS, Which must be Tremendous Reductions. fyMlf.«/. THRASHER, Painter, Paperhanger and g 89, Tylacelyn-rd., PENYGRAIG (Corner Shop). S Agsnt for Hall's Washable Distemper. Varnish, Varnish Stain Oil and Colour, Brushes, and all Decorators' Requisites. Es!irn.%tes ■ EMRYS RICHARDS ffPk Eyesight Hints. YOU v Vjf should wear glasses if they will relieve your Headache, i,y lamgined Bilious Attacks, Nervous Trouble, /F*L Eyestrain, &c. It is only a competent Eyesight Specialist a.-> m who can advise you. Many persons lose their sight through wearing glasses for which they were not tested. Few people have eye a ike. A dainty pair of Spectacles, or Eyeglasses, fitted by Emrys Richaids, will give you a renewed interest m life and accomplish what drugs and medicines fail to do. NOTE THE ADDRESS— EMRYS RICHARDS, Chemist and Optician, Dunraven Pharmacy, TONYPANDY (Lower End. tha First Chemist nearest Trealaw Bridge). To SPECTACLE WEARERS.—The Sight should be Re-tested once a year Highest-Class Dentistry at Moderate Charges. I TELEGRAMS-" Painless," Cardiff. Tel. 334 Nat. Nat. Mr. Geo. Poole, Surgeon Dentist, Faciiig 13, Westbourne Crescent (soPhW £ denB)> lARD IFF, Expert in the Fitting of Artificial Teeth. PERFECT FIT GUARANTEED. SUCCESSFUL DENTISTRY. Oakfield, Rutbin Gardens, Cardiff, March 10,1906. Dear Sir.-It affords me great p!easure to let you know how pleased I am with the Teeth you have made me, 1 am perfectly satined with them. Your new process of extraction of teeth without gas is almost pairless, and your charges are very reasonable. 0 I can with the greatest confidence recommend any one requiring the aid of an able dentist, to place themselves under your care, when they will (like myself) be more than satisfied. I am, yours truly, (Rev,) J. JOSES. Professional Hours, 9 to 9. Sundays, 5 till 9. ABSOLUTELY PAINLESS EXTRACTIONS. CONSULTATIONS J 1 J 3 461 From I TED POWIS. I Motor Cycle and Phono Depot, £ 6, TAFF STREET, PONTYPRIDD. PRICES I Nat. Phone, 67 Pontypridd. FROM 'fiS 15s. to AC12 12s. || All Machines fully Guaranteed. I Don't fail to inspect our large Stock. ——— V/ Repairs and Accessories a Speciality. Arc you Straining jgjsjf] your Eves ? I TRUSCOTT F.I.O., ||| be giad to advise you (without charge) in all matters I DEFECTIVE SIGHT ANWEARfNGf°LE ■ WITHOUT CHARGE. I Hours of attendance-9,30 to 8 or by appointment. Close on Thursdays at 1. I 27, Castle Street, SWANSEA. I The Oldest QUALIFIED OPTICIAN in South Wales. IPEAKIN5I INS, ,-MIRACULOUS CHEST WONDERFUL FEVER COUGH AND. AND INFLAMMATION P ■ LUNG HEALERl fREMEDIES & PILLS1 ■ B I' will immediately arrest the course of ■ 1 rsease^nd^uar/agafnst ainuTlects. it ■ ■ the disease and prevent dangerous I H possesses marvellous healing and tonic prop- ml ■ complications.' Their antiseptic heal- B ^9 crtics. 2nd gives inatnnt relief to Cou§hs, k ino* pnf] li £ p—o'lvino* ni*nnprfIPQ Uowa H ■ colds, Hoarseness, Bronchitis, Diffi. Rj ■ inff ana »re-gi\ ing properties, have H ■ culty of Breathing, etc. It is very fi flg proved tor many years a boon and jB B beneficial, and has proved for many years a B H blessing to thousands of sufferers. H ■ boon andblessing to thousands of sufferers. B5 B nrMpUncn ll ■ REMEMBER! Neglected Coughs and I B REMEIViBER 1 DEAKIN'S RIM and B H Colds frequently turn to Bronchitis, Asthma, B B ^sease Killers go to the source of disease H B .?n,c'u'e °^:en forerunner of that B fl —inflamed tissue—and cure it. S H dreadful disease—Consumption. ■ H « fl Pr!rp<! i;ii and 2^ of an „ B fl Prices 1/1J and 2/3, of all Chemists and Stores. fl fl l,3or2/6from thes'ole proprietors and investors B fl 1'3or2''6fl om Resole proprietors and inventors fl ■ G. DEAKIN & HUGHES. fl I G' DEAKIN & HUGHES. fl I THE INFLAMMATION REMEDIES CO.. fl FL THE INFLAMMATION REMEDIES CO., FL SLAEN VON, MON. AMR- BLAENAVONJ MON. Don't be Lured into the Grave. Error. Take DEAKINIS-the Right Remedies.
Welsh Topics. Rhondcta Place-Names and Their History. MynycSd Penrhys. Last week we dealt with a mountain noted for its peculiar beauty and formation; this week we shall deal with one of the hills whilh has figured greatly in the history of the Valley. Penrhys forms a part of the ridge of Cefn Rhondda," and is noted for the monastery, slight traces of which may still be seen. This monastery was destroyed by order of Henry IV. in 1415, because the monks had upheld the policy of Owen Glyndwr and allowed him to preside at an eistedd- fod held probably in the immediate farm, Pantsteddfa, which name bears witness that an eisteddfod may have been held there. The remains of the monastery are very crude and simple, for it is well-nigh destroyed. It seems (as has often been the case with our ancient castles and abbeys) that it became the quarry of the neighbouring farm, for the stones of one of the outhouses had been obtained from the monastery, so that to-day there remains nothing but a bare wall some five yards long, eight feet high, and about thirty-three inches thick. The work is irregular and of an early character. The mortar is exceedingly hard. The wall shows the trace either of a door or a window, which has been closed up with a later piece of work. In the garden of Penrhys Farm is also a door-base, of 12- inch diameter, which, if examined by an archaeological expert, might yield the date when the monastery was built. Facing the old wall is a field known as Erw';r, P-orth (the field against, the porch), and a, little distance to the west was another field of a square shape, and about an acre in area, called Y Fynwent." This is now entirely lost, for the parish road was made to pass through it. Mr. W. Llewelyn, who visited the place. in 1862, wrote in the Cambrian Journal thus —" When I visited Pen Rhys about twenty years ago some portions of the monastery existed, though incorporated with modern erections and difficult to identify. The present house of Pen Rhys has been erected on the site of the ancient monastery. The barn, which stands in the field near1 the house, called to this day Y Fynwent,' or the churchyard, was formed to a considerable extent out of portions of the ancient monastic buildings; one of the windows, and parts of the old walls of which were, at that period, very clearly discernible." This account is not supported altogether by the place-names, for the barn was not called Y Fynwent," but rather the field still known as "Cae'r Fynwent." The fynwent was the burial-ground of the monks. Just beyond to the east is Cae'r Gwyndu," where the present Isolation Hospital stands. There is a tradition that an underground passage ran from the monastery to "Cae'r Gwyndu." Another interesting place-name which determines the site of the chapel belong- ing to the" monastery is Tyla. Cae'r Capel "—or colloquially, Tila Cae'r Capal." The "capel" or "chapel" was a few yards eastwards of the Holy Well "—" Ffynon Fair." Mr. Llewelyn, writing of this well, says: The spring, which is entered by stone steps, is arched over, and at the. back above the spring there stands a niche, in which it is evident that there stood originally an image of the Virgin, to whom the monas- tery was dedicated." Other interesting; place-names of this district are Erw'r Beddau and Twyn Bryn Beddau. These places will be dealt with when we shall discuss the tradition that Rhys ab Tewdwr was beheaded here.
Moel Cadwgan. The hill overlooking Treorchy is another historical landmark of the Rhondda. It forms a link with the great raid and triumphal march of Owen Glyndwr during the years of 1404 to 1405. This hill is supposed to have been the home of a famous Rhondda chieftain, Cadogan or Cadwgan, or as called in the patois, Cadwfan. Moel, or as pro- nounced, Mol or Y Fol, as exemplified by Y Fol above Tynewydd, and the famous "Stac y Fol of C'wmavon. The word "Fol" means "bare." But when another word is added, and the accent an shifted forward, mol becomes "moel," "Moel Cadwcan," "Moelfre," &c. Cadwgan was one of Glyndwr's hench- men, and the head of the Rhondda band of soldiers. Cadwgan was called Cadwgan y Fwyell," or Cadwgan of the Battle Axe," from his famous battle- cry. The Iolo MSS. has the following vivid description: Cadogan of the Battle Axe lived at Glyn Rontha during the time of Owain Glyndwr's war, and was one of that chieftain's captains over the men of that vale. When Cadogan went to battle he used to perambulate Glyn Rontha, whetting big, battle axe as he proceeded along; from- which circum- stance Owain would call out to Cadogan, Cadogaii, whet thy battle axe/ and the moment that Cadogan was heard to do so, all living persons, both male and female, in Glyn Rontha collected about him in military order; and from that day to this the battle-shout of the men of Glyn Rontha has been, Cadogan! whet thy battle axe,' and at the word they all assemble as an army." Moel Cadwgan. has other associations than historical in the fact that the bard Ben Bowen found in the old hill the spirit of nature which yielded her me.s- sage to his divine interpretation. He felt a unity with it and expressed that feeling in song. Possibly, at some future time, we shall quote the references of Ben to this hill.
Bibliography of Wales. Welsh students and "readers must feel indebted to Mr. Ifano Jones for the Bibliography of Wales." This is the 26th number—the last of a series issued periodically since 1900. It contains all publications added to the Welsh depart- ment of the Cardiff Reference Library since July, 1908. It contains also parti- culars as to authors, editors, publishers, &c., of almost every act, report, pamphlet and book in Welsh or relating' to Welsh matters. The bibliography is the work of Mr. Ifano Jones, the librarian-in-chief of the Welsh department. Anyone who has followed Mr. Jones' career cannot help wondering at his great progress since his advent to Cardiff in 1896. He has assiduously devoted himself to the study of Welsh bibliography, and is undoubtedly the highest authority on that subject in Wales to-day. When Mr. Jones entered the library in 1896. the volumes in his department numbered some 7,000; to-day the collection numbers over 40,000 volumes. He has catalogued all the im- portant libraries in his branch. His work. The Bible in Wales," is an exemplary work in point of accuracy, method and detail. Ifano is a strong Nationalist, a
Corney Lewis FOR PERFECT FITTING Dainty Teeth. Sets from 91 Is. Od. GUARANTEED J52 2s. including Extractions. Only Address- 85, TAFF STREET, PONTYPRIDD. Hours—10 to 8. 4374 Thursday, 10 to 1.
Maesteg School Managers A meeting of the above Managers was held on Thursday, the 8th inst., there being present Mr. Evan Williams (chair- man), Messrs. E. E. Davies, C.C., A. J. Hicks, V. Hartshorn, J.P. T. Morgan, J. Roderick, J. How ells, and Revs. W. R. Wat-kin, B.A., T. Esger James, and D. C. Howell, together with Mr. R. Scale (Clerk), Mr. Powell (Primary Inspector), and Mr. W. J. Nash (County Architect). CHAIRMAN. The Chairman stated that the first business was the appointment of chairman for the ensuing year, and after thanking the members for their past co-operation, proposed the appointment of Mr. E. E. Davies, O.C., which was seconded by Mr. J. Howells, and carried unanimously. Mr. Davies, in thanking the members for the honour1 they had conferred upon him, said he hoped the harmony and co- operation which had previously existed would still continue. VICE-CHAIRMAN. It was also proposed, seconded and carried unanimously that Mr. T. Rees be the vice-chairman. Miss Cassie Evans and Miss Maggie Treharne wrote that they had been ap- pointed assistant teachers, to commence duties on the 19th inst., pending the result of the Preliminary Certificate Examination, and asking to which schools they were to commence duties at, when the Clerk was directed to write Dr. James for his instructions. GARTH INFANTS' SCHOOL. Miss Mary Lewis, uncertificated teacher, wrote resigning her post the end of May, when the Managers decided to recommend that Miss Priscilla George'be transferred from Maesteg Merthyr School, ,and that Dr. James advertise for a suc- cessor in her place. The Managers also decided to ask the J Architect to remedy the ventilation at this school, as well as at the Blaenllynvi Boys' School. INSPECTOR'S REPORT. The Clerk read the report of H.M. Inspector (Mr. Edwards) upon me Nanty- ffyllon Schools, wherein various defects were pointed out and suggestions made, when the Managers decided to ask the Architect to attend to those, requiring urgent attention, as well as the extension of the playshed in the boys' department. APPOINTMENT. The Managers decided to recommend to the Education Committee that Miss E. A. Hughes, uncertificated teacher at Plasnewydd Girls' School, who "Wad recently qualified as a certificated teacher, be appointed to the same school as cert-i- I ficated assistant. RE-ARRANGEMENT OF MANAGERS. Owing to the appointment of new Managers, it was found necessary that the Managers for the various schools should be re-arranged, when the Managers to the schools were appointed as follows: —Caerau and Blaenllynvi: Messrs. Roderick and Hicks. Nantyffyllon: The Revs. T. E. James and D. C. Howell. Plasnewydd: Mrs. Jones, and Messrs. Williams and Morgan. P.T. Centre: Mr. E. E. Davies, G.C. Maesteg Merthyr: The Revs. W. R. Watkins and T. Rees. Garth Messrs. J. Howells and Hartshorn. DISINFECTANT. Mr. Hicks drew the Managers' atten- tion to the prevention of infectious diseases amongst children, and thought it advisable that the schools should be dis- infected, when, after considerable dis- cussion, the Architect was asked to report to next meeting on the matter.
A Serious Matter. The bane of life in every section of the community is that of being occasionally "hard up." Just at the moment when it is least expected a sudden call upon the purse is made, and whilst one could get in a week or two, or a month or so, the thing won't wait, and then is heard the tragi-comio cry, "I'm awfully hard up; stoney, in fact." It seems very strange, yet gentlemen occupying really good posi- tions often find themselves in this plight, nnrl wrmlrl i-i + rla.ra +.n ii.rmrnsipli U UV.J v uv v v Ulu, vvu their friends to beg the favour of a loan. What then, is one to do under these try- ing circumstances? The manager or the confidential assistant, or clerk must not allow his position to be known to the world. The plodding, earnest tradesman must keep his credit up at all costs, whilst the professional man's dignity would suffer should it become known he is short of money. All these matters have been very care- fully considered by a gentleman of means who has devised a scheme whereby any- one who occupies a responsible position, and who is financially embarassed, may be immediately relieved by means of a private advance, quietly arranged. The terms upon which the loan can be made will vary according to circumstances. There is no security required, nor bonds- men or sureties requested. You sign a simple Promissory Note, and the cash is handed over to you. If one has any standing at all in any walk of life, there is no difficulty whatever in completing the advance in a few hours. Anyone desirous of any further particulars should write a note, in confidence, to Mr. Wm. Lloyd, 4, Church Street, Cardiff, who will at once reply, giving full information free without anv charge whatever. 4740
Porth Police I Court. Thursday.—Before Messrs. T. P. Jen- kins, Enoch Davies, William Evans, and Dr. E. N. Davies. A ROUGH CUSTOMER, David Herbert, Penygraig. was charged with stealing coal, assaulting the police, and also damaging the police uniform. P.S. Marcombe. colliery sergeant at the Naval Colliery, Penygraig, said that on Thursday last, about a. quarter to ten, he saw defendant coming from the Nant- gwyn Colliery with a, bundle under his arm. Witness stopped him, and finding the bundle contained coal, asked him why he had stolen it. Defendant replied that he was hard up, and his wife was ill. He gave his name and address as Thomas I Jones, Swan Terrace, Penygraig. On the constable remarking that there was no Thomas Jones living at Swan Terrace, defendant replied that he was a lodger. As they came near the bridge, defendant threw the bundle at the officer, tried to trip him up, and ran away. The con- stable folloyed him and succeeded in arrest- ing him, and after some struggling, managed to get him to the Police Station. Witness' hands were strained and after- wards badly swollen, and his hip injured so that he could not walk for several days. His uniform was also damaged. Defendant was fined 10s. for stealing the coal, los. for assaulting the police, and 5s. damage to the uniform. FUTILE MAINTENANCE ORDER. Hannah Thomas, Treherbert, summoned Joseph Thomas, her husband, for arrears under a maintenance order. Mr. W. T. Lewis defended. Complainant said that an order was made on January 14th, 1895, for payment of 10s. a, week, and since that time she had' only received £20 from defendant. The present wain-ant is issued for £ 26. Cross-examined by Mr. Lewis, com- plainant said that about twelve years ago, after her husband had come out of prison for failing to pay, he came to live with her and stayed about a month. Mr. Lewis said that there was no case to answer. The Clerk ruled that on decided cases this view was correct. Defendant was willing to give his wife LI-for coming down, but the order must be discharged. The 'case was adjourned for a week in order that the complainant might seek legal advice. PUGNACIOUS PEOPLE. The following were summoned for fight- ing on the public highway -Thomas Lock and Alfred Watkins, Tonyrefail, 10s. each; Benjamin Howelle. and Henry Dermon, Ferndale, 10s. and 5s. respec- tively Thomas Macnamara, Mardy, 15s. John Smith, John Neville, John Rees, and Daniel Bowen, all of Pontygwaith, 1Üi9., 10s., 10s., and 15s. respectively. DRUNKS. Frederick Duckett, Tylorstown, 10s. William Rees, Blaenllechau. 15s. Ivor Williams, Tylorstown, 10s. William Ashley, Blaenllechau, 10s. William Howells, Mardy, 10s. Thomas1 Thomas, Tonyrefail, 10s. William Williame, Pontygwaith, 10s. Richard Jones, Ynyshir, 15s.
No Better Proof. Time tries; all things, and it is wonder- fully encouraging to find that good news, which we scarcely dared believe, is con- firmed after six years, more especially when the news is of great practical im- portance to so many of us here in Tony- pandy. "Although it was six years ago that Doan's Backache Kidney Pills cured me of kidney trouble, I have never suffered with backache or urinary disorder since," says Mrs. M. A. Jones, 54, High Street, Aberdare. "I recommend the pills to many people." The particulars of Mrs. Jones' cure are given in her original statement ,as fol- lows 7" For twelve months I was very bad with paine in my back and loins, caused by my kidneys being out of order. The kidney secretions were unnatural, and contained sediment. My legsi swelled, and I could hardly get about. I became low and miserable, for the many medicines I tried did not help me at all. When I read that Doan's Backache Kidney Pills were a special kidney medi- cine, I got some of them to try. After I had taken a few doses the pain began to get easier, and this encouraged me to continue with the pills. The pifin has quite gone away now, and my kidneys are acting naturally. (Signed) M. A. Jones." Nervousness, backache, yellow skin, sleeplessness, irritability, poor appetite restlessness—all these are signs of kidney poisons in the blood. Doan's Backache Kidney Pills give aid and strength to the kidneys, so that they not only take out these poisons, but filter the blood per- fectly, and regularly, thus preventing a return of the trouble. That is just why Doan's cures are lasting, cures. Doan's Backache' Kidney Pills are two, shillings and niriepence per box (six boxes for thirteen shillings and ninepenee). Of all chemists and stores, or post free, direct from Fbster-McClellan Co., 8, Wells St., Oxford Street, London, W. Doan's are the pills that cured Mrs. Jones. 2810b
Young Men's Christian Associa- tion. P.S.A. The Mid-Rhondda Young Men's Chris- tian Association are embarking on a new venture, and Sunday last saw the, com- mencement of their P'.S,A. meetings. Their premises, which are situated over the shop of Messrs. Briggs and Co., were well filled, and a very entertaining pro- gramme was submitted to those present. Mr. Owen Buckley gave an excellent address on The Reality and Practicability of Christianity." The address was highly appreciated, as was also a, recitation given by Mr. Francis Poppem; and a solo ren- dered by Mr. J. Lewis. Mr. Enos Coleman occupied the chair and made an ideal chairman. The services will be held every Sunday afternoon, and on Sunday next Mr. Tom James is expected to address the meeting. The young men of Mid-Rhondda will do well to spend a pleasant hour at these services, which are held from 3,30 to 4.30. We wish the movement every success.
—^ Pure linen needs pure soap; its » name is tt> flfpfl gs>9 kousehoir] 1 8 Olive Oil Soap, I 1 ||g^ therefore cannot Harm 1 ll|pPJ TtiOMAG. Bristol. ™ ft ANDERSON'S I For Cricket, Lawn Tennis, Golf, 1 Croquet, etc. Send for Price Lists. j 70, Queen Street, 23, Castle Street,. CARDIFF. SWANSEA. EVOLUTION IS PAST. PERFECTION IS REACHfc In a WILTSHIRE CYCLE. If you want a Bike that is RELIABLE, never breaks down, S SMART, none to beat it, « SPEEDY, Won many a Race, then a Wiltshire is just the Bike to suit you Sole Manufacturer— SAM WILTSHIRE Sports Depot, Treorchy. 1909 Models now beinsr shown at the Depot, you are,, invited to Call and Inspect them. Price List Free on application. 4396 NORTON'S CYCLE DEPOT, 126, Queen Street, Cardiff. Best House for a Cycle that will run easily and ware well. Repairs, Enamelling and Nickel Plating. NORTON, TRIUMPIf, PREMIER AND JAMES CYCLES ■' Catalogues Free. 4,;02 f Do you Cycle? ° If so, do you enjoy the pastime. under the best condition ? There are many Improvements on the 1909 Machine, and it might add to your pleasure if you consulted us. If you are thinking of purchasing a New Machine, we will show you all the Latest Models, and give you expert opinion as to which is the be,t machine for you at tlift price you want to pay. Sole Agent for RUDGE-WHITWORTH & CHASE CYCLES- REPAIRS AND ACCESSORIES. A. JENKINS, THISTLE CYCLE WORKS, 2, Llwynypia Road, Tonypandy THE WONDERFUL MACHINE WITH THE HUMAN VOICE! J^K Natural Tone. No Scratching Would you like to hear it' A perfect machine eomple' with handsome polished cab net, floral horn, sapphi> IBr .JJW sound-box. and 3 double sided rpcords, 359., Carriage p -id. Satisfaction guaranteed or money returned. Write for lists CHAS. KINSHOTT, Original Talking Machine Depot, 96. St. Mary Street, CARDIFF. 4785 Don't tink de world's consarn'd 'bout You ve got ter holler sonny De man dat runs tie biggest shout. Oits closes to de money Setchfield & Sons Saleroom—HAYES BUILDINGS, .616r' The Cardiff MESSRS. A. SETCHFIELD & SONS. Sell by Auction at the above address- on Mondays and Thursdays at 2 p.m., and Saturdays at 7 p.m. A large assortment of useful Household Furniture sold at each Sale, which are removed from- various residences for absolute sale. Telephone—01194. Nat. 4598; Important Notice To Shoopkeepa: j and others- J. E COMLEY & SONS., 23, Moira Terrace (ciXmarye)> CARDIFF, Is the best house for Toys, Glass, China,. Vases, Earther aware, Haberdashery, Stationery, Hardvyare, Holloware, etc. Largest Importers of Fancy Goods in; South Wales aaad West of England. Show Rooms open daily Business Hours, 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. Saciirdaysl- S a.m. to 1 p.m. Nat Tel. 01193. Wholesale Only. Established 1880. Motor Accessories & Spare Parts-All Makes. t Camel, Stanley and jajlllto Shamrock Belts. Single, Double & Treble*. Twist Motor Horns. u Piston,Rings,Cylinders.- W* '1 Accumulators and Magnetos, ||||L|| Carburettors & Handle- Ba; Controls. W* '1 Accumulators and Magnetos, ||||L|| Carburettors & Handle- Bit; Controls. Send your requirements and we will quote. J. Ltd., 138, City Road, CARDIFF. WE GREAT RBMEDY GOUT lie- lp 11 Xd IL 8 Strongly reconiHn < >ii by w u „s, Dr. Ramskill and other noted doi-tors, BLAIR'S ha\e pwn e^iv ,u lin years the best cure for Cotit-, S' ■>' o, uw Sciatica. pii-_ r 8'.<'a and Safe. All ChenusM and St.cyes, l/IL 2(6 per box. (
racy writer and raconteur, and a hater of anything and everything which savours of Die Shon Dafydd. Books to be reviewed, and accounts of Welsh movements and societies, should be addressed The Welsh Correspondent, c/o 'Rhondda Leader,' Tonypandy."