Claim and Counter Claim. Gilfach Miners in Court. Mabon's Applauded Entrance. Headed by a brass band, a large con- tingent of Gilfach Goch miners attended the Police Court proceedings at Ton- Pentre on Monday, when the Stipendiary (Mr. D. Lleufer Thomas) and a Bench oi magistrates heard a lengthy case in which Thomas Cox, collier employed at the Britannic Merthyr Colliery, sued his em- ployers for £1 15s., being balance of 'Wage stated to be due to him in respect of five days' labour between August 30th and September 4th last. The Britannic Merthyr Company also instituted a counterclaim for L5 as damages for breach of cQ.tttn&ct; Cos. having left the Com- pany's service without giving the cus- tomary one month's notice to terminate his employment. Mr. W. P. Nicholas (Messrs. Morgan, Bruce, Nicholas, and James) appeared for Cos, and Mr. C. W. Kenshole, Aberdare, represented the Com- pany. The Court was crowded, among those at the solicitors' table being Mr. Wm. Abraham (Mabon), M.P., and Mr. Tom Lucas, miners' agent for the Ogmore and Gilfach district. Mr, Nicholas, in opening the case for CÔ" said tnai tne company pracxicanj admitted they owed him a certain sum of money. They admitted Pl 5s. Id. Plain- tiff worked in a seam known as the "Upper Yard Seam," which was in the process of being opened out, and the management had sought to introduce a price list which was applicable to the 6ft. seam, and which the workmen considered inapplicable to the seam in question. The management made up the wages of the workmen to about 4s. 9d. per day plus the usual per- centage, which the men declared was not up to what they would earn under normal I conditions. Plaintiff gave evidence, and said that according to the price list in vogue in the seam in question he was paid Is. 4d. per ton for coal worked, but received in addition artificial items to make up a reasonable rate of wages. The Stipendiary: Presents. Mr. Nicholas: A learned colleague of yours described these allowances as gratuities." Witness, proceeding, said this brought his wages up to 6s. lO^d, per day, which he was not satisfied with. He complained to the management and left their employ- ment on September 4th. The week in hand—August 30th to September 4th-had been retained by the Company, a sum which he placed at Cl 15s. While Mr. Kenshole was cross-examining witness, Mabon entered the Court, and instantly there was a rousing cheer for the "old warrior." After silence had been restored, his Worship said that the Court was not a place for applause, and he could not allow it in future. After the case had proceeded for some time, his Worship asked whether this was not a case where a price list could be properly settled. Mr. Kenshole said that the question of price lists was a most important one, and cases had been known where negotiations had been going on for months and had failed in the end. The Stipendiary: If the Conciliation Board fails, why not call in the Board of I Trade? I have had the pleasure of settling price lists. Mr. Kenshole said that the time worked oy piamxirt was tour ctays. ti-e claimed 7s. per day, and as a matter of fact the Company had paid him 6s. lid. The Stipendiary: Then all I have to decide is as to whether, on a question of principle, he should be given the other penny (laughter). Mr. Kenshole, addressing the Bench on the counterclaim, said that the contract here was the usual Conciliation Board agreement, which provided that a month's notice to terminate contracts should be given by either side. This particular seam had been opened for about six years, and the prices paid to the workmen during that period had been the prices which had prevailed in the six-feet seam since the Conciliation Board agreement was entered into. There was no contract to pay these men 7s. per turn. No colliery owner would agree to pay 7s. per day to any workman regardless of the amount and the nature of the work he did. If that were done, it would be ruinous, and there had been no evidence to show that there had been a contract to pay these men 7s. a day in this case. If the men were not prepared to work in this seam on the conditions laid down, they could give a month's notice to terminate con- tracts. David Bowen Jones, colliery manager, said the colliers in the Upper Yard Seam were paid on the 6ft. seam price list. There was a stone running through the bottom coal, and allowances were made according to the varying conditions of hewing. The men restricted the output of this particular seam, and he had reason to believe Cox was no different to the others. A number of men, having received their pay tickets on September 3rd, came to him and asked him to make up their wages to 4s. 9d. plus percentages. Wit- ness declined to do so, as it had never been the custom at the colliery to make up wages in this fashion. The men de- clared they would work no more unless their wishes were acceded to, and that they would see that no one else did it. They had not worked since. This meant a great loss in output. Mr. Nicholas You say there is restric- tion of output in this seam. Is it the custom to restrict the output where a price list is in existence? That is the case liere. Questioned with regard to allowances, witness said that he had never taken off wl u allowances which his under-manager had made because they were excessive and above the imaginary standard set by the Company. Mr. Nicholas: Supposing a man to be dissatisfied with the amount of allowance granted him, what remedy has he?—If we can't agree, he can come before his Worship. Do you admit there are circumstances under which a man can leave without giving notice if he is not satisfied with the amount of the allowance ?—Not unless he and the officials agree. After a long cross-examination, his Worship thought it was very unsatis- factory that a seam like this should have been worked for six years without a price list having been drawn up by somebody or other. David Rowlands, cashier at the colliery, gave evidence as to damages. Fredk. Stevens, under-manager at the colliery, said that working places of the ten men who had left on 4th September had not been worked in during the whole of the month. The Stipendiary found for JE1 5s. lOd. on Cox's claim, and for the plaintiff com- pany on the counterclaim, the amount of the claim to be set off against the L5 damages. Nine more cases of a similar character down for hearing were adjourned for a fortnight.
"Creation" at Mardy. Creditable Performance by Bethania Choir. Two performances of Haydn's oratorio, Creation," were given last Thursday and Saturday evenings at the Workmen's Hall by the Bethania (C.M.) Choir, assisted by friends from other denominations, and a very efficient orchestra, under the leadership of Mr. W. Davies, Ferndale. The conductor was Mr. T. J. Morgan, and we warmly congratulate him on the suc- cess of this his first venture in oratorio work. The selection of this work for a beginning was a happy one, for the choruses are light, easy and melodious, and the airs have that delicious flow so characteristic of Haydn, the "hIther of melody." The work has such a charm and freshness, and the voices are so well sup- ported without being overpowered by refined and brilliant orchestration, that the performance could not fail to please. The voices could not be said to be balanced, but this was an evil which could not be obviated by a choir mainly drawn from one place of worship. Apart from this defect, the choir sang well,, with good intonation and expression. The principals acquitted themselves in a praiseworthy manner. We understand that this was Niss Mary King-Sarah's first appearance in Creation." Her success was undoubted, and when she has had more experience in the part, it is certain she will make of the performance a thing of real dignity and beauty. Mr. David Ellis (tenor) was, on the whole, commend* ahlA 1J:- Tn worth was truly excellent, and he quite deserved the rapturous applause with which it was greeted by the audience, who would not be satisfied until he had given an encore. In the duets and trios his voice, though exceedingly sweet, was hardly strong enough to maintain a proper balance. To Mr. Francis Harford un- stinted praise is due. His clear and dis- tinct enunciation greatly helped all listeners to understand the meaning of that wonderful instrumentation which Haydn has employed to describe the beauties of the new-created world and the wonders attendant upon its mysterious birth. Mr. John Jones presided at the piano, and he showed very good taste in his wise restraint from playing each and every item. His part was a real help and not (as is often the case when a piano accomnanies the orchestra) a veritable drawback. Mr. T. E. Richards, M.E., the agent of the Locket's Merthyr Colliery Company, was the organist, and right well did he perform his duty. It is only a musician like him who could fill up to such good advantage the gaps caused by the missing parts in the orchestra. His services as organist have of late been greatly in request at Mardy, and .it has almost come to be recognised that, in order to ensure success, his services are indispensable. We understand that his advice was frequently sought and obtained during the rehearsals, and it proved of immense assistance to the conductor. The chairman on Thursday was Dr. S. Glanville Morris, and he paid a high tribute to Mr. Morgan, the conductor, and the choir. A hearty vote of thanks was accorded to Dr. Morris for presiding, on the proposition of Mr. Sam. Edwards, seconded by the Rev. D. Jones. On Saturday, Councillor H. E. Maltby, M.E., presided. In his opening address, Mr. Maltby referred in feeling terms to the sad mining disaster at Bargoed. He pointed out that there are heroes in peace as well as in war, and that the greatest heroes are those who at the time of such calamities risk their lives for their fellow- men. At his request, the organist and pianist together played the Dead March in Saul," while the whole audience stood in reverent and sympathetic attitude. After the close of part 2 of the oratorio, Mr. Maltby thanked the committee for the honour done to him in asking him to preside, and he appealed to all to unite together in the promotion of such per- formances, which tend to elevate not only the singers themselves, but also the place in which they reside, and to lay aside all petty jealousies. Mr. Evan Jones pro- posed and Mr. Daniel Davies seconded a hearty vote of thanks to Mr. Maltby for presiding, and it was carried with acclamation. Every true musician will echo those sentiments. Jealousy and party feeling are miserable, unpatriotic, uncivic things. In music, they are inexcusable and deplorable. Competitions always tend to aggravate this jealousy. That is why we welcome the establishment of choirs at our chapels and churches for the per- formance of works like this. Music for social purposes, serving as a recreation for hard-working and tired people, must be outspoken, diatonic, melodious and simple, and it will be many a day before Haydn's expressive and happy music is laid aside. The committee, of which Mr. William Davies is chairman, Mr. Daniel Davies the treasurer, and Mr. E.' Idris Evans the secretary, must feel very satisfied with the splendid musical and financial success which has crowned their labours.
Clydach Vale Hauliers, A Vexatious Arrangement. Threatened Lock-Out Obviated. A mass meeting of the workmen of the Cambrian Collieries was held at Libanus Chapel, Clydach Vale, on Friday evening to consider the position at the collieries. It will be remembered that since the introduction of the Eigh Hours Act, the hauliers demurred to carry out an arrangement previously existing at the colliery that they should descend the pit half-an-hour before the commencement of the day shift. Some weeks ago, the Com- pany brought an action against the hauliers at Ystrad Police Court to compel them to carry out the existing agreement, but after the opening address of Mr. Kenshole. the Company's solicitor, Mr. Lleufer Thomas, the Stipendiary, sug- gested that the dispute should be taken to the Executive Committee of the South Wales Conciliation Board to be settled there. An effort at settlement failed, and a notice to terminate contracts was ten- dered to all the workmen at the collieries, numbering about 4,000. This notice ter- minated on Saturday last, and the meet- ing was held as a last resource to urge the hauliers to carry out the existing arrangement until the end of March, when the present agreement of the Con- ciliation Board comes to an end. The hauliers were present at Friday's meeting in large numbers, and feeling ran high amongst them to accept the Com- pany's ultimatum and declare war. Mabon and Mr. Watts Morgan were present, and implored the hauliers to con- sider the gravity of the situation, how a lock-out would involve about 20,000 men, women and children in suffering in the depths of winter, and strongly pleaded with them to continue the present arrange- ment until the end of March. After repeated exhortations, a resolution em- bodying this appeal was put to the meet- ing, and carried without a single dissen- tient. A general meeting of hauliers followed at the same place, and it was decided to continue the existing arrangement so as to obviate a stoppage.
Welsh Topics. The Rhondda Baptist Cnurches, A Record of Progress. Space has hitherto forbidden us from calling attention to a volume of much local interest. I mean the Llawlyfr Cyfarfodydd Blynyddol Undeb Bedyddwyr Cymru," issued by Noddfa Church, Tre- orchy. The volume teems with local facts describing the rise and progress of the Baptist- denomination in the Rliondda. There are some who set no importance on such accounts as these, but the truth remains that from the history of each individual church able to write the true record of the whole movement. The history of the Baptist denomina- tion in the Rhondda forms one of the most interesting chapters in the religious life of Wales. Its inception dates back to 1784, when one David Williams, of Llanbedr-ar-Fro, commenced his preaching services here. He had for many years been one of the teachers under the super- vision of Madame Bevan. He was also a Cynghorwr (Adviser) among the Caivinistic Methodists, but it fitter to join the E'apiists. Williams T";)!1 ka long remembered as the immortal author of the tune, Yn y -dyfroedd mawr a'r tonau." He died in 1794, his services in the Rhondda having only extended over a period of ten years. It appears that this sweet singer re- ceived but a poor welcome at first, but his steady ministrations at last won favour. Not only did he visit the Rhondda regularly once a. month, but he also secured the services of other well-known preachers. In May, 1785, he baptised sixi persons in the Rhondda River; they were:—Dafydd Oliver, Hywel Llywelyn o Heolfach, Shincin Tomos Watkins, Gulynys, Llywelyn Hopcin, Ynysgoi, 901 Dafydd Edwards, Penrhysucha, and Dafydd Tylewinder. These formed the first fruits of the Rhondda. Within a short space of time the number steadily increased to thirteen, and they were formed into a church at Nebo, Ystrad, the mother of all the Baptist churches in the Rhondda. ;(- In the year 1786, Nebo was received into the membership of the Welsh Bap- tist Association Meeting, held that year I at Newbridge-on-Wye. In the same year was erected a church at Ystrad, worth sixty pounds. The membership on the day of opening was forty-five. Two of these became ministers, namely, Dafydd Oliver and Hywel Llywelyn. From 1786 to 1908 the church at Nebo has raised for the ministry no less than fourteen minis- ters. During the ministry of the Rev. David Griffiths (1808-1813), who succeeded Dafydd Williams at Nebo the success of the little church was such that it was enabled to establish other churches in the neighbourhood. It is just a century ago when Tabernacle, Pontypridd, was founded. The nucleus of the church at that place was four. Prayer meetings were held in their homes, and with the help of the missionaries from Nebo, they were at last enabled to secure a long room at the White Horse. Pontypridd. By 1811 the cause was firmly established at Pontypridd. ■r- x x Nebo had now become the Mecca of the I Rhondda Baptists, and the enterprising character of its work made itself fA1+, throughout the Valley. Towards 1813- 1814 a branch was opened at Soar, Ffrwd- amos. and within the next two decades churches multiplied here rapidly. Soar, Ffrwdamos, was incorporated in 1832; Libanus, Treherbert, in 1839; Hebron, Ton, and Noddfa, Treorchy, in 1868; Seion, Pentre (English), in 1868; and Tabernacle, Ystrad ,English), in 1876. Con- currently with this, the activity of Ponty- pridd spuead to Porth, and there a new church-Salem-was founded in 1855. Between the years 1868 and 1908, a period of forty years, the number of Baptist causes had risen from 22 to 52. This is a magnificent record, and one which proves that Nonconformity has done its best in the Rhondda to-meet the spiritual needs of the people. In 1868, the number of adherents was 750; in 1908, they num- bered 11,624. The Sunday School in 1868 consisted of 930 scholars; in 1908 it reached 12,805. ? 4(. 4(. The following table will show the pro- gressive growth of the denomination in the Rholldda: functay Year. Chirches. Members. School Scholars. 1785 .j. 1 15 1833 2 130 1858 4. 450. 1868 6 750 930 1878 22 4,000' 1888 30 6,209 7,414 1898 41 7,448 9,007 1908 52 .11,624 12,805 .v,. The above few paragraphs are only pickings from the first chapter of this interesting handbook. The remaining chapters deal with the history of Noddfa, Treorchy, the history of the branches of Noddfa, short biographies of the minis- ters who commenced their course at Noddfa, and a, detailed account of the Baptist veteran, Dr. Morris. Not the least interesting is the appreciation of the Right Hon. D. Lloyd George by the Rev. Evan Jones, of Carnarvon. The book is a literary keepsake, and should be of great interest, not only to the Baptists, but to all students of Nonconformity. The whole compilation reflects great credit on the Literary Committee, and particularly so dooo this apply xto Messrs. W. H. Owen and W. T. Samuel, who have been mainly responsible for it. I understand that a few copies are still left. Anyone desirous of possessing a copy, may obtain one from Mr. Owen for the small sum of sixpence.
Blind with Eczema. Mr. T. H. Walker, 107. Walker Street, Hull, writes For a whole day at a, time I was in total darkness through eczema covering my face and closing: over my eyes. I could not move my lips without pain through the cracking of the sores. The trouble originated with a small pimple on my right cheek. From that pimple inflammation spread until my face was raw with a caking of red, smarting, wet eczema. I was attended by two doctors, and in nine weeks I tried 16 different remedies, yet the eczema ever increased and the pain was terrific. Then Cadum was tried and it took away the pain after the second application. Cadum made a wonderful cure, in about a couple of weeks. The sore coating dried up and fell off in dust, and I have since had a smoother and clearer skin than ever before in my life." Cadum is a new medical discovery for the cure of all skin "and scalp troubles. It stops the itching at once and begins healing with the first appli- cation. Trial box 6d., large box Is., of chemists or Omega, Ltd., London, N.'
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