HOUlls Of LABOUR AMP Wflfifs. m Great Britain sObbim I. UMMMMMMIMMIIIIIIIILLLJULLL || THE German Worker EARN5 TO TM F- ENCLl5HMA JGGR FOR EVERY 10 HOURS A WORKMAN TOILS, THEGERMAN WORKS 11 HOURS. FOR A BAITISH ON RENT, THE GEPMAN spErm5 M\f f Fo P EVERY FA BRITISH WORKMAN PAY5 FORFOOD IN THIS COUNTPY, HE WOULD HAVE TO ^AY5f0R^00D W 5AME FOOD IN GEPMANY. *«<Hy A COMPARISON." # Published by the Free Trade Union. London
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The Budget on Tariff Reform P To the Editor of the Rhondda Leader." ,i r>—During the memorable struggle in TJ J Hereditary Chamber against the liudget, its enemies failed to conceal three important reasons for their antagonism towards it. Firstly, their hereditary antagonism towards progres- sive Liberalism; secondly, their objection to the taxation of land values and wealth and thirdly, because they advocated the establishment of tariffs on imported foods and manufactured articles. The House of Lords is the. only hereditary legislative Chamber known in the civil- ised world. In every other country the Second Chamber is an elected body and in almost every country the Second Chamber is a revising court and com- posed mainly of the best trained minds in law, commerce, militarism, and edu- cation. In this country, the House of Lords is mainly an hereditary Chamber, to which is added occasionally every dis- tinguished failure of Viceroyism and Grovernoir-Generals of distant British dominions. The greater the failures they may prove themselves abroad, the better they adapt themselves to the Conserva- tive environments of our gilded Chamber. Lord Cawdor proudly exclaimed the other day, I'm a born Peer." Yes. another born obstacle to progressive legislation. That proud boast suggested that, being "born a Peer," he inherits the right to sit in an unelected Chamber to govern the British democracy according to the reactionary views which are best suitable to his personal interests. A born Peer to represent land, not brains. A quad- ruped could fill such a position equally as well. Imbecility is a disqualification for a_ny ruler of the most insignificant European State, but the British demo- cracy have hitherto tolerated born imbecile Peers voting at the dictation of their lordly guardians against the sane and pronounced judgment of their repre- sentatives. I do not for a moment doubt the high) intellectual ordler of a large number of noble Lords—a few of whom have been born Peers": but what of their responsibilities? To whom are. they responsible P What interests do they represent? During the past two cen- turies the House of Lords has been the most powerful Conservative, organism in the history of our country. It has proved itself beyond any doubt a tyrannical insti- tution, giving its lordly assent to all legislative proposals which benefited its members, and recklessly mutilating and rejecting everything which contained an element which made for the progress and advancement of the people. It is, in fact, its own legislator and its own judge, Smce the year 1870 they have thrown out and mutilated over 30' Liberal mea- sures, but there is no account of a Con- servative measure being ever tampered with, Such unfairness proves that they are biassed. They never revise a Liberal measure, but invariably reject every reform. Lord Bramwell once said that He preferred the opinion of one Scotch Peer to the opinions of the citizens of Glasgow." Nb doubt, the House of Lords attaches more value to the opinion of a Welsh born Peer than they do to the opinions of the Welsh people. Are the people of Great Britain to suffer for over such an insulting institution? Mr. Joseph Chamberlain, speaking at Bir- mingham about 25 years ago, said: During the last hundred years it has denied justice and delayed reform. It is irresponsible without independence, obsti- nate without courage, arbitrary without judgment, and arrogant without know- ledge." It is even truer to-day than ever, and it is time that the nation should speak in an unmistakable manner, and clearly dictate to them their obli- gations to the House of British Repre- sentation. Their objection to the Budget also is clearly understood when we realise that they are the arrogant, self-elected guardians of the land, ground rents, royalties, and tens of thousands of house properties which they rob from the people, yes, even from the widows and orphans, and they do so daily because their own made law allows them to do so. Is there a poor man in this country, whether he may be Conservative or Liberal, who will defend them to con- tinue their misdeeds ? Is there a working man who will forsake the Liberal Party in their gallant fight for the social eleva- tion of all classes in the community? It was my Lord Cromer, who enjoys the handsome pension of £10,000, who fought hardest against the Old Age Pensions to thousands of old men and women who had in many instances (considering their station in life) done better services to their fellow-men than he had.. In the year 1869 the Commons contemplated a reform of the House of Lords in the Life Peers Bill, which the Lords unhesitatingly rejected. They will not reform them- selves, but they have in their rejection of the Budget and its land valuation proposals given the electors of this country a chance—that may never happen again—of obtaining the reformation of the Upper Chamber. It is to be hoped that the people will grasp the oppor- tunity and vote solidly for every sup- porter of the people's Budget. It con- tains pre-eminently the main principle of the unexampled land laws of Howell the Good-that all undeveloped land must be cultivated, or taxed, and possibly revert- ible to the Crown in cases of its owner's inability to meet the Government's demands. There will be more agricul- tural labour produced than has been for 150 years. The market gardener will have a better chance in life. It will help to decrease the migration of farm labourers to towns and urban districts. Road making and forestry will be started as permanent employments if the work- men of this country give the Budget their decided support. Support the Budget and you support yourselves. Sup- port the Lords and you deprive your- selves of every possible reform. One objection of the Lords against the Budget was that they considered it unjust to tax their undeveloped land and their un- earned increment. It was more just and reasonable, in their opinion, to tax im- ported goods of all kinds to the amount of 10 per cent. Thomas Carlyle once said, There, are 40,000,000 human beings in the British Isles, and they are mostly fools." After carefully following the career of Mr. Joseph Chamberlain—the greatest political trickster that ever ap-y, peared on a public nlatform-I fail to believe otherwise than that he is more convinced of the truism of the above quotation than he is of anything else. If he does not believe so, how can you account for his innumerable statements to the effect that if an import duty of 10 per cent, would be imposed on wheat, &c., that the price of food and other articles will not be advanced to the con- sumer? Let every working man think tor himself. He will not need the help ? any 7Chamberlain, Curzon, or Milner to decide, on this simple question. If a bag of flour is brought into the port of L.arclilt, which has ccst the importer two pounds, and the Custom officer demands a duty of 10 per cent., it means four shillings extra. Could the importer afford to sell an article which has cost forty- four shillings to a wholesale dealer at the same rate. as previously? No. The bag is sold to the wholesale dealer at a correspondingly increased profit. The wholesale dealer adds his additional profit, and the consumer has to pay for the same bag at least fifty shillings. Be not deceived, if you neglect vour sacred duty of voting for the Budget, your food and every other article will cost you 25 per cent. more than it does at present under Free Trade. Every implement that will be imported will be advanced to the mine-owners and every other kind of em- ployer. Who will have to pay the tariff? The working man of course. If the cost of production is advanced to the colliery proprietor, the wages of the collier will inevitably be reduced correspondingly. The tariff-mongers say there will be more work. Do you believe such fallacies? If capitalists have to pay 25 pelrcent. morie without receiving any commercial value in return, how do you think they can find more employment? You may rely upon It that work will be much harder, less money earned, and your money will not be of the commercial value it is to-dav. The House of Lords has never listened to the voice, of the people, but it has yielded to the threats of the democracy. You have the vot; use it wisely in your own and your chil- dren's interests.—Yours, &c., THOMAS D. EVANS. Dinas.
Tory Candidate at Tony- pandy. The Gramcphoned Unemployment Remeldy.,3 A Spirited Challenge. A meeting to support the candidature of Mr. Harold Lloyd, the Conservative candidate for the Rhondda, was held at the Theatre Royal, Tonypandy, on Thurs- day evening. Admission was by ticket, and there was a large attendance. Mr. Gwilym Rowlands, Penygraig, presided, and the speakers included the candidate, Mr. Harry Shepherd, Penygraig, and Mr. Sam Longville, Cardiff. The Chairman said that the questions before the country were. of the most vital importance, and it was only right that the voters should have the views of the various candidates before the con- stituency. The Conservatives of the Rhondda were submitting a candidate in Mr. Harold Lloyd whom they would have no difficulty in understanding his views. Whatever his political views, he aired them explicitly before his audiences, and therefore they should give him a fair and unbiassed hearing (hear, hear). Referring to the Budget, Mr. Harry Shepherd said that it had been stated that the Conservative Party had forced this question upon the country. Even Mr. Lloyd George had admitted that it was a revolutionary Budget (loud cheers). Were they any better for the four years of Radical Government? (Cries of Yes," and Old Age Pensions "). It had been stated that since the intro- duction of the Budget unemployment had decreased. He would ask them to go down the Thames Embankment and see there the processions of misery. They were in a more miserable position than any Protected country in Europe. (Loud cries of dissent). They had every reason to believe that the Government had lost the confidence of the country. (Cries of No "). Since the last General Election the Liberals had lost over 50,000 votes. The Tories were winning back the seats they had lost and were fast coming back to power (hear, hear). The speaker then went on to remark that Trades Unionism was an outgrowth of Tory legislation, and to-day Labour members went about the country reviling the party that first gave them the right to combine. Two-thirds of the legislation affecting the conditions of labour in this country was the work of the Conservative Party, and the other one-third was due to the Liberal Party. It had been asked how was such a thing possible as a Conservative working man. In the face of the facts of history, he could not understand how could there be such a thing as a Radical working man (loud laughter and cheers). Referring to the Workmen's Compensation Act of 1906, Mabon (said the speaker) had de- scribed it as the Act of greatest benefit to working men. (Loud cheers greeted the mention of Mabon's name, and a Voice: "Mabon is the man for the Rhondda "). Mr. Harold Lloyd, who was given a cordial reception, said that political meetings to him were like Daniel and the lions' den, but he was not going to tell them which was Daniel and which the lions. He had also noticed that in all political meetings, everybody enjoyed themselves except himself (laughter). Dealing with unemployment, the candi- date said that they were told by eminent men that Britain was the most prosperous country on the face of the earth. They knew also that there were about 13 mil- lions of people in the country on the verge of starvation, and he. agreed with the Liberals and Socialists that it was a disgusting state of things. In July last, the number of paupers was greater than it had been since 1872. tremendous sums were given by various trade organ- isations in relief of unemployment, whilst at the same time they imported L150,000,000 worth of goods which could be manufactured by workmen in this country. The three policies before the country were those of the Liberals, Tories and Socialists. He was satisfied that all three parties were sincere in their efforts and animated by high motives, but the question before, them was, Which was the right policy for this country? The Liberals were satisfied with Free Trade and brought in their Budget. The Con- servatives, on the other hand, thought that Tariff Reform was a better system, and in judging this system, it was no good for them to look at Germany or America and see how things lay there, but to find out what was good for this country. He did not believe that any- one would deny that Free Trade damaged certain trades, nor was he prepared to state, and had never stated, that under Tariff Reform certain trades would not be injured. The candidate then went on to deal with shipping, and attempted to show how British tonnage was penalised by foreign countries, and said that if they were going to have Free Trade at all, it should be Free Trade all round (applause). Then with regard to the joinery trade, in July last, when 10 per cent. of the members of that trade were walking the streets, no less than 31,000 doors were imported into the British Isles, which, if made at home, would provide, employment for a month for 1,000 men at Trade Union wages. Touching upon Tariff Reform in Its relation to food, the speaker said that £ 10,000,000 was raised last year for articles which could not be produced in this country. Tariff Reformers wanted to put 2s. a quarter on foreign corn, and in this connection he wanted to dissociate himself from the statement made that any form of Government had anything to do with the price of corn. The corn market was regulated by fluctuations of harvest- matter over v which Govern- ments had no control (hear, hear). In 1902, a tax of Is. was placed upon foreign corn, and was- taken off a year later by Mr. Ritchie. A curious thing, however, happened. While the tax was upon the corn, it was cheaper than it had been during the previous five years, and cheaper than it had been ever since. An- other significant thing was that when the tax was removed, the merchants of Buenos Ayres held a great banquet to celebrate the event. If Britishers paid the tax, he would like to know what caused the rejoicings at Buenos Ayres? (Applause). Dealing with the Budget, the speaker said that .if they continued the present system of Free Trade, he could not see any better way of getting the money needed than the Budget (applause). Where, however, he joined issue with the Budget was that the taxes would have to be paid by the people of this. country, and the greater part would come from the pockets of the working men. (Cries of No, no "). Very well, he was a bit of a sporting man. and he was prepared to give P.5 to any charity in Tonypandy if it could be proved that the greater por- tion of the taxes proposed would not come from the pockets of the working classes. The speaker then went on to quote Mr. McKenna, who declared that 12 millions would have to come from the pockets of the poorer classes, whilst several Socialist leaders and writers had declared it to be a bad Budget. As a I Tariff Reformer, he asked them whether they could not have a system by which they could have the money from some- where else. Turning to the present leasehold system, which he characterised as a wretched system, the speaker declared that he was afraid the leaseholder would be hard hit under the. present Budget. He was. however, prepared to stand on a Liberal platform if he could be satisfied that, if and when returned to power, the Liberals would bring in a Leasehold Enfranchisement Bill. In conclusion, the speaker said that he did not agree with the present consti- tution of the House of Lords—(loud cheers)—but he was in favour of a Second Chamber, and would support a Reformed House of Lords. It would be as well to abolish it altogether if they put a veto upon it. After touching upon the Navy, Mr. Lloyd resumed his seat. amidst loud applause. Mr. Sam Longville also addressed the meeting. Questions were submitted and answered, and the usual votes of thanks were accorded.
Free Church Council Manifesto. The Claims of Wales. The Disestablishment Campaign Com- mittee of the Federation of Free Church Councils in Wales has issued the follow- ing manifesto — TO THE FREE CHURCH ELECTORS OF WALES. The action of the House of Lords in rejecting the Budget for the current year has precipitated a General Election. The Prime Minister, on behalf of the Govern- ment and the Liberal Party, has made it clear that the main issue in the election will be the abolition of the veto of the House of Lords, not only with reference to the Budget and Finance Bills, but also with reference to all other Bills for which the Government has received a mandate from the electors. Therefore, the return of the Government by a strong majority will not only make possible the passing of just measures of education and licen- sing reform, but also, as Mr. Asquith clearly and definitely stated, will remove the only obstacle in the way of passing the Bill for Disestablishing and Dis- endowing the Church of England in Wales. His actual words were:- The long-delayed claim of the Welsh people for religious equality will, I believe, be put forward at this elec- tion with as much energy of conviction as ever before, and with as strong proof that it represents a real national demand. There is one obstacle, and one only to its realisation (vig., the House of Lords). We, therefore, urge the Free Church- men of Wales to demand pledges from all candidates to do their,utmost to main- tain the premier position of the Dis- establishment Bill in the Government's legislative programme, so as to secure its enactment into law at the earliest possible opportunity in the next Parlia- ment. EVAN JONES, President. EDWARD THOMAS, Chairman. JAMES EVANS, Hon. Secretary. 36, Pentyla, Aberavon, Port Talbot, Dec. 23rd, 1909.
Legacies of Bad Weather. AN EASY WAY TO ESCAPE LUNG TROUBLE. Few people get through the winter without some throat or chest trouble. A good deal of this suffering from bron- chitis, pleurisy, and other ailments brought on by the cold, damp and fog might be prevented by the prompt* and regular use of Peps, the wonderful breathe-able medicine. That slight huskiness which makes you try and clear the throat every time you speak, that tickling throat cough, that stuffiness in the chest in the early morn- ing, and that tendency to catch cold on the chest, are all early symptoms of bronchitis. If neglected or wrongly treated with useless liquid mixtures taken into the stomach, the disease inevitably gets a firmer grip on the system, until the cough haunts you night and day and prints lines of care and anguish on your face. On the first appearance of any symp- toms of throat or chest trouble take a few Peps. By this novel, scientific, and direct treatment, the chest trouble is caught and effectually stopped in its incipient stage. The medicinal fumes of Peps possess a wonderful antiseptic or germicidal property. They destroy the "cold-germs" which are lodging in the tissues of the throat and bronchi .beyond the reach of liquid medicine., and expel them along with the phlegm. Inflam- mation of the lung membranes, set up by sudden chill, is speedily allayed, and Peps also help Nature to repair the injury wrought by incessant coughing and sneezing. Peps owe their great success to the potency of the volatile medicinal essences locked up in each tablet, and to the novel method of bringing this rich medicine into direct contact with the inflamed membranes of the breathing passages.
Musical Successes, At the Incorporated Society of Musi- cians' examination in pianofore playing held at Cardiff on December 9th, the following candidates prepared by Mr. David Lloyd, organist and choirmaster of St. Andrew's Church, Llwynypia, passed successfully: -Grade V. (Higher Ad- vanced), Miss Maud Clement, Ton- Pentre; Grade II., Miss Ceinwen Wil- liams Svphon Street, Porth, and Miss Rowena Jones, Lower Tonypandy; Grade I. (Honours), Master Eddie Willcox, North Street, Blaenclydach. At the examination of London College of Music held on the 8th December at Pontypridd, the following pupils of Mr. J. H. Tudball, A.Mus.L.C.M., of 10, Amelia Terrace. Llwynypia. were success- ful -Mr. Fred Blackwell, Trealaw (Piano- forte, Primary); Mr. F. W. Tufdball, Llwynypia (Junior Section, Theory); and Miss F. J. Tudball, Clydach Vale (Inter- mediate, Theory). We are also pleased to find that Miss Blodwen Evans, age 9 years (daughter of Mr. Harry Evans, late under-manager of the Ely Colliery, Penygraig), has been again successful in passing her examina- tion at the London College of Music, gaining 93 marks out of a possible 100 (Honours). She is a pupil of Miss M. Johns, A.L.O.M. (Mrs. Hood), 27, Rowling Street. Williamstown.
Treherbert. We are pleased to announce the suc- cess of Miss Amy W. Emanuel. 90, Bute Street, at the examination in practical pianoforte playing, which was held on December 10th at Pontypridd by the London College of Music. Miss Emanuel secured a First Class Certificate in the Primary Section of the examination. She I Primarv Section of the examination. She was the pupil of Miss L. Cule, Trehar- bert.
Are ti YOU ng ALLINSON OLE 14ULJLA BREAD? It is Necessity for all who would be well, especially those Euffering from constipation and its attendant evils. 8en< Kr°*ra Natural Fcrd Co, Ltd Boom CREE" For Booklet entitled—"A Chat with Dr. Allinson" about Wholemeal Bread. Sent free with name and address of the nearest agent. TIIA S* S+ V is on each loaf, and the paper bat d round the CAUTION. 'Ar■ rr /JAloaf also bears his autograph and Photograph. —»——name » None genuine without. Special Bakers of the Allinson Bread—HOPKIN MORGAN, Taff Street, East Street. High Street w ,,the Grt"S. Pontypridd, and at Tonvpar.dy'and Trealaw D. LLEWELLYN, GoMen Crust Bakery Taffa Well Co-operative Society, Cardiff Rnad, Troedyrhiw A. JOHNSON, Bryn Sion Bakery, Bryn Sion Street, JJOwlais T. S. GOSLING, M.O.A., 32, Churrh Street, Aberavon D. JONES, Crown Stores, Gorseincn A. J. RICHARDSON, The Hygiene Bakery, Uanharran WATKINS & LANE. 87, Gadlys Road, Aberdare W. E. MATTHE>V, Mrdel Bakery and Model Cafe, Dina* Fowis H. W. HAWKES, Trosoant Bakery, pontypool. FOR tD Handsome Gold WEDDING RINGS AND SPECIALIVALUE IN JEWELLERY Private Rooms I you should for P-ing Customers. NOTE- :go to A USEFUL PRESENT GIVEN WITH EACH RING. ————— FUHRER, /JEWELLER & OPTICIAN » TREORCHY & PENTRE. Concerning YOUR EVES So Few People have eyes that are perfect, both for near and far vision that everybody should have their sight tested accurately on the first symptoms of eye-strain. It Is a Great Mistake to put off visiting an Optician until the eyes, from sheer neglect, can no longer do their work. Common Spectacles chosen at random, can do considerable damage to the eyesight; therefore, always visit a competent optician when you feel the°need of spectacles, when you will have your eyes tested by scientific, methods. You Lose Nothing. as no charge is made for testing the sight; and if glasses are not necessary you will be told so. ° Chidnen's Eyes should always be examined if they are at all dull or backward in learning, as this is frequently due to difficulty in seeing, and many a child,a,pparently dull-witted, becomes quick and bright after being fitted with proper glasses. Particular Attention is given to frame-fitting, so that the full benefit cau be derived from the lenses, which is impossible with ill-fitting frames. NOTE THB ADDRESS- EMR I BRICHARDS, Chemist and Optician, Dunraven Pharmacy TONYPANOY (lower end, the First Chemist np.arest the Trealaw Bridge). C. F. WALTERS, F.S.M.C., F.I.O., The Sight-Testing Rooms," OXFORD STREET, SWANSEA (SteSu) We are SIGHT-TESTING and SPECTACLE FITTING SPECIALISTS ONLY, and all CLIENTS receive the SKILLED ATTENTION of a FULLY QUALIFIED SIGHT-TESTING OPTICIAN by Examination (London). No Fee for Consultation. Prices moderate and include Testing. PRESCRIPTIONS A SPECIALITY. ° I Branch 49, Commercial Street, ABERDARE. I PHILLIPS & WHITE, Ladies' and Gentlemen's Speciality Tailors. Your future patronage is respectfully solicited, as in the past our personal attention will be at your disposal at all times with Patterns and Illustrations of the latest creation in colours and style, on receipt of post card. Allow us to remain,- Pl-I I LLI PS & WHITE PERFECT TAILORING AT MODERATE PRICES. 28, Castle Arcade (Entrance opposite Castle), CARDIFF 5044 MUSIC FOR 1909 We hold the Largest and Finest Show of Melodeons, Accordions, Mouth Organs, Phonographs and Records. IN SOUTH WALES. Our Prices, [especially for Melodeons, are recognised as being 25 per cent. under any other house in the trade. [Pay us a visit. AT OUR EXPENSE A s we pay Tram Fares on all purchases of 5/- and upwards. Note our Address- JONES & JONES, 45, Hannah St., PORTH. Griffiths and Thomas, SHOP-FITTERS, Fot FRONTS,) ENCLOSURES, CASES and SIGNS. Estimates Free Nat. Telep^ore, 2247, Tunnel, Queen Street, CARDIFF ("Cpposite S," John's Schools). fg83