— Ynyshir Theft Charge. Prisoner Pleads Guilty. Lizzie Jane John, 65, Din as Road., Dinas the defendant in the Ynyshir theft case, was brought up on remand ati Porth on Thursday, charged with steal- ing approximately L700. Mr. D. W. Jones, Pentre, appeared to prosecute, and M)'. A. T. James (Messrs, Morgan, Bruce, Nicholas, and James, Pontypridd) defen- ded. David Williams, landlord of the Car- penters' Arms, Ynyshir. said the defen- dant had been employed as a servant at the public-house for five years, at a wage of 24s. a month. Witness did not know that defendant had a key of the safe. He did not know anything of the key which his mother had before her death. The amount missing was a least £7000 On Thursday, December 1st. he dis- missed the defendant after a row between them. On Friday morning he missed the money from the safe, and he gave infor- mation to the police. Accused, in answer to the charge, pleaded guilty. Prisoner was committed to take hep trial at the Quarter Sessions, hail being allowed.
r A DTiriOlA I aTB[[TIJ English and American Dentistry. Painless Extraction. Telephone—P.O. 19. L°I. L' jgi: Messrs. DAVIES-EVANS, 3, High St., Treorchy i. i.— ■«—11. m ■ —^ — i i. ■ i.— ■«—11. m ■ —^ — SHALL WE SEND IT TO YOUR HOME UOW? THAT NEW SUITE, we mean—the one you admined so much in our window the other day. It is ready and waiting to be sent to your address—TO-DAY if you wish. You need not necessarily Pay Cash. We will trust you. Pay us a little each week out of your earnings. You won't feel the expense that way. It's SO Easy We make special Terms to suit EACH Purchaser. Let us show you the Easiest and Least Expensive way of Furnishing. THE ROA TH FURNISHING Co., Taff Street, Pontypridd. Church Street, Abortillery. Headquarters High Street, Bangoed 42, City Road, Roath, Cardiff. Taff Crated Water Co. 6LAEHNCE STOMM, PONTIWDD, BREWERS OF STONE GINGER BEER, HOP BITTERS, &c., &c. EW- MANUFACTURERS OF CORDIALS WHOLESALE PRICES ONLY. W. BANFIELD. The TRAMCARS ? Evans & Short, Printers, Tonypandy Are the Sole Agents for EXHIBITING BILLS on the TRAMCARS. Send them your Bills (by car,'2d. per parcel) and they wil do the rest. Printed Price List on application. FERNDALE GENERAL in OSPITAL AND EYE JNFIRMARY Patients admitted hee on recommendation of the Governors. Hon. Sec.—HENRY DA VJES -J. -_# D. M. WILLIAMS, Accountant and Public Auditor, BRYN GELLI HOUSE, AND WELLING TON CHAMBERS, 36, Dunraven Street, TONYPANDY. Tradesmen's Accounts written up, Balanced or Audited. Deeds of Arrangement, Mortgages and Transfers of Properties negotiated. Bankruptcy and Probate of Will Accounts Prepared. Insurance, House and Estate Agent. Bent Collected. 223 INVALID WINES OF ALL KINDS MAY BE HAD AT I's IRSH John Davies, Chemist, TONYPANDY. Tarragona Port 1/4 per quart bottle Liebig's Meat & Malt Wine, 1/9 & 3/- per „ Wincarnis 1/ 2f3 & 3i6 „ Hall's Wine 1/9 & 3/- „ Keystone Burgundy 2!2 29 j t BEHIND THE EYE. I 1 It is esst. for perfect vwaoi 8 i that your eyes should look through I H the exact centres of the lenses of fl H your Spectacles. B I If your glasses are fitted ■ |g correctly they will retain this fl H position and afford you the H | maximum of good vision and B S There are not two people with B B eyes quite the same distance apart, H B or with quite the same shaped nose- h B bridge, therefore frame fitting is | 3 quite an art in itself. B ft supply perfect flitting B frame&. J. W. RICHARDS, CbciaUf and Optician. PANDY SQUARE, TONYPANDY. CROSS BROTH ERSJ (LIMITED), Special Xmas Display NOW SHOWING. New Novelties in Silver, Electroplate, Glass, China, Fancy Leather Goods, and Brass and Copper Art Ware. LARGEST DISPLAY OF XMAS PRESENTS IN CARDIFF, AND AT LOWEST PRICES. 3 & 4, St. Mary St., and 18, & 19, Church St. Heaps of Toys fox* Girls and Boys." SAM WILTSHIREGS ANNUAL XMAS SHOW OF Toys* Dolls, Games, Mechanical and Steam Models, &c. NOW ON* Nothing equal to it in the Valleys. ONE ADDRESS ONLY. NO BRANCHES. Sports Depot, TREORCHY. TUDOR HOUSE, CARDIFF. jjj | CQ I The above is to give you an idea of Messrs-JOSEPH & Co.'s Mammoth New Wholesale Warehouse, erected to specially supply YOU with the latest lines in GLASS, CHINA, EARTHENWARE, HARDWARE, TOYS, STATIONERY, and GENERAL FANCY GOODS at Prices which DEFY COMPETITION. OUR STOCK IS THE LARGEST IN THE PRINCIPALITY. YOUR SUCCESS as a Shopkeeper depends on offering the right lines at the right ■ in GLASS, CHINA, EARTHENWARE, HARDWARE, TOYS, STATIONERY, and GENERAL FANCY GOODS at Prices which DEFY COMPETITION. OUR STOCK IS THE LARGEST IN THE PRINCIPALITY. YOUR SUCCESS as a Shopkeeper depends on offering the right lines at the right ■ prices-WE HAVE THEM FOR YOU. A large assortment of Electro-plate and Jewellery, suitable for Wedding Presents or for Presentation purposes, always on hand for approval. OW A VISIT OF INSPECTION CORDIALLY WELCOMED. C. JOSEPH & COMPANY, TUDOR HOUSE, TUDOR. BRIDGE Nat. "Phone, 1811 Close to #"■*« w TTl T" "IT" "C* Telegrams Novelties,'Cardiff, \G-W.R. Station JLXr X m Branch Depot 8, Alexandra Road, Swansea. 0 U ea,tin, 9 ALLINSON ,i BREAD ? MEAL ft is alNecessity for all who would be well, especially those stiffering froni constipation and its attendant evils. 8ena ,o Ki,car<1 Natural Food Co Ltd.. Bo< obe" For Booklet entitled—"A Chat with Dr. Allinson about WhoIemeal'Bread. Sent free with name and address of the nearest agent. The is on each loaf, and the paper band round the I CAUTIOlV. rrt mm loaf also bears his autograph and Photograph, ———————————— name. U<4iww7k None genuine without. Special Bakers of the Allinson Bread-HOPKIN MORGAN, Taff Street, East Street, High Stw and the Graig, Pontypridd, ard at Tcnypar.dy and Trealaw D. LLEWELLYN, Go'den Crust Bakery Taff Well; Co-operative Society, ( ai-diff Road, Troedyrhiw A. JOHNSON, Pryn Sion Bakery, Bryn Sion Street Dowlai; T. S. GOSLIN, M.C..A,, S2, Church Stieet, A1 era von D. JONES, Crown Stores, Greeinon WATKINS & LANE. 87, Gadlys Read, Abesdare W. E. MATTHEW, Model Bakery & ModePCafe, Dina Powis II W HAWKES, Trosnant Bakery. Pontyponl J. PHILLIPS, & Sons, 8 a,d 24, Gelli road, Pentre, Yatrad D. SMITH, 3, Oxford St-eet, and Branches, Mountain Ash. 4ST
I Fernhill Collieries. The Story of their Rapid Development. A Rosy Future. "The South Wales Coal Annual, which this year makes its eighth appearance, is replete with every information to the coalowners, colliery managers, shippers, and others connected with the great industry of South Wales. It includes a mass of statistics, information as to wages rates, shipment charges and freights, table of exports, &c. besides two illustrated articles dealing with the concerns of the Fernhill Colliery Com- pany, Ltd., and Messrs. Lambert Bros., Ltd. It is needless to say that the Annual is now looked upon almost as a "classic; as a work of reference it is indispensable. Its contents are ad- mirably arranged, the articles are ex- haustive, while the various particulars given have the hall-mark stamp of reliability. Its editors, Messrs. Joseph Davies and C. P. Hailey, deserve the warmest thanks and congratulations of the trading community of South Wales upon the production of their joint labour. From the article on the Fernhill Col- lieries, Ltd., we cull the following passages: — Situated at the extreme north- western end of the Rhondda Valley, the Fernhill property lies in what may well be described as one of the most pictur- esque, if also in some respects one of the, most rugged, spots in the whole of South Wales. Approaching the colliery from Treherbert, the frowning heights of Penpych are encountered; but one has hardly passed out of the shadow of that mountain than he finds his range of vision shut in by Cwar Henry and Cwar Me]yn on his right, by Craig-Blaen- Rhondda on his left, and by Craig-yr- Hesg or Garcg Llwyd immediately ahead. These gorge-cleft mountains, which rise almost precipitously to a height of 1,600 feet above sea level, but which, by their thick furze, grass, and trees, vividly betoken what must have been the great natural beauty of the, whole of this Valley before it became the scene of a world-wide industry, completely enclose the collieries. The valley here is narrow, and of the Fernhill and Dunraven pits it may be said quite literally that they nestle in the sides of mountains. The northern boundary of the property com- mences at a point about a mile to tlie north of the Treherbert station of the Taff Vale Railway Company. Its area covers 2,500 acres, extending three miles from east to west, and having an average width of one mile from north to south, whilst owing to the entire taking being the property of the Earl of Dunraven, there are no wayleaves payable on the coal. The seams embraced in the taking are as follows — Name of Seam. Thickness of Coal. ft. in. No 1 Rhondda 2 0 No. 2 Rhondda 2 10 No. 3 Rhondda 1 11 Hafod 1 0 Abergorki I. I. I 3 10 Pentre. 1 6 Gorllwyn Rider 1 9 Gorllwyn 3 0 Two Feet Nine 3 0 Four Feet 6 6 Yard Vein 4 3 Six Feet 4 6* Red Vein 6 8 Nine Feet 5 0 Bute 3 0 Five Feet 4 6 Lower Five Feet 2 1 Gelli-Deg 2 6 Garw 2 0 Of the measures above described, I those which up to the present have been most extensively worked are the No. 2 Rhondda, the Gorllwyn, and the Two Feet Nine. The Six Feet and Four Feet, as well as the Yard, are being opened out, but most of the others, and all the lower measures, are virgin seams, and a trial pit sunk from the Four Feet seam to a depth of 154 yards has proved all the well-known seams down to the Gelli- Deg. At present two classes of coal are worked on the property, namely, a dry smokeless steam coal, and a house and bunker coal of excellent quality. The last-named coal is obtained from the No. 2 Rhondda seam. When the property was taken over recently by Mr. D. A. Thomas and Mr. J. W. Beynon, coal was won from three pits and four levels. The respective depths of the pits were as follows: I Fernhill No. 1 285 yards I Fernhill No. 2 302 I Dunraven No. 1 321 I No. 1 Fernhill and Dunraven No. 1 pit work the Gorllwyn seam, and No. 2 Fernhill, which is the Fernhill upcast, the Six Feet seam. The No. 2 Dunraven pit was used as an upcast shaft, but for no other vurpose. Of the four levels which have been burrowed into the moun- tain on the Blaenrhondda side to lengths extending up to 1,500 yards, which pene- trate the mountain at a height of some- thing like 1,000 feet above sea-level, and which are all worked to the rise, the two principal ones are the Scwd and the No. 9. The four levels work the No. 2 Rhondda seam. Their present aggregate output averages about 600 tons a day, but new underground and haulage re- arrangements now in progress of execu- tion will increase this output at an early date by at least 50 per cent., and enable all the coal to be brought out through the No. 9 Level. It is also contemplated, by means of a drift from the No. 2 Level, to develop the No. 3 Rhondda seam of 1ft. llins. thickness, and as this seam is not only intact, but has been proved practically free from disturbance, there is every likelihood of its turning out a useful asset. The present output of the Gorllwyn seam, which is worked at a depth of 190 yards, is between 450 and 500 tons a day; and of the Six Foot seam, worked at a lower depth, between 400 and 450 tons—the aggregate produc- tion being between 1,500 and 1,600 tons a day,' or from 4501,000 to 500,000 tons per annum. Within the next few years this output will probably be doubled. The No. 3 Rhondda and Abergorki seams are intact: the Gorllwyn Rider has been barely more than proved; the Two Feet Nine has only been developed to the ex- tent of 1,500 yards on the east side, and of about 700 yards on the west; the Four Feet seam, which, by means of a hard heading driven from the Six Foot, has been proved of excellent section, is little more than scratched, and as it approaches the direction of Aberdare, its quality, it is expected, will compare most favourably with the celebrated Aberdare Four Foot: probably no other company in the South Wales Coalfield possesses so extensive an area, of the celebrated Four Feet seam as does the Fernhill Company. The Yard Vein, now unworked, owing to its close proximity to the Six Foot, is a workable seam with so excellent a. roof that it will require very little timbering. The Six Foot seam. with its" workable section of from four to five feet of clean coal yielding over 80 per cent. large, its firm easily-ripped cliff top, and its strong roof above the cliff top, is from the strictly mining point of view one of the most perfect in the coalfield. On the west side of the taking the present work- ings of the Six Foot extend over a dis- tance of about 700 yards, but on the east side of the coal has been hardly touched. It is this—the lowest of the measures partially (.Ievelop(!(I--ii,-Ii.iclt has so far yielded the best results, aiid-as the physical conditions seem. to improve as the sinkings get lower the outlook in regard to the development of the Red Vein. the Nine Feet, the. Bute, the Five Feet, the Lower Five Feet, and the Gelli- Deg measures could hardly be more pro- mising. It is on an extensive exploita- tion of these resources that the mind of the new management is set. And no time is being lost. Already an army of workmen is engaged on surface altera- tions, improvements, and extensions. The scene of greatest activity is at the Dun- raven pits, where new pit-head frames are already in course of erection, and where the foundations are being laid in for the building of a fine new brick and stone engine-house, 80 feet long by 50 feet wide, to accommodate new plant and machinery. These will include, a Bellis and Morcom high-speed engine to drive, a new Sirocco fan capable of dealing with 300,000 cubic feet of air per minute a Bellis and Morcom compressor; two hauling engines, made by the Uskside Engineering Company, 22in. diameter, 5ft. 6in. stroke, and with 5ft. drums; a. large condensing phyrt for the use of the engines; an electrio lighting plant, and a new winder supplied by Leigh and Patricroft, of Manchester. The now dis- used No. 2 Dunraveii Pit is to be con- verted into the principal shaft on the property. Not only will the present frame-which, by the way, was the first iron pit-head structure erected in the Rhondda—be removed, but the pit itself is to be widened out to a diameter of 20 feet in the clear, and is eventually to be sunk to the lower measures, and made capable of dealing with an output of anything between 2,000 and 4,000 tons a day. A new hauling engine of Llewellyn and Cubitt, capable of handling 20 loaded trams, will dispense with the several small engines at present working the levels; the new pit-head frames, with which all the pits are to be equipped, will be. capable of carrying double-decked cages; whilst the other improvements in hand, or contemplated, include the instal- lation of a new battery of Lancashire, 180Ibs. pressure boilers with super- heaters and economisers, and the conver- sion of the existing boilers into storage boilers for the use of the compressor, besides three new hauling-engines in addition to those, already described: a new set of pumps; new fitting and smithy shops equipped with the latest type of machines; extensive screening plant with picking belts enlarged siding accommodation: the excavation of a reservoir capable of storing 700,000 gallons of water for the use of the con- densing plant; the erection of a brick- yard in order to turn to remunerative purpose the excellent quality of clay underlying the No. 2 Rhondda, seam; and the opening out of a quarry for the production of first-class building stone. Simultaneously with these surface improvements, there is taking place below ground an extensive rear rai) geniejit of working conditions, and when com- pleted these underground changes will effect quite a revolution in the methods hitherto adopted at the pits. In the, Four Feet landing of the No. 1 Fernhill Pit a new pit bottom is being arranged whence all the coal worked in the Six Foot and Four Feet seams will be brought to the surface. This new arrangement will enable the company to dispense with the use of an incline at present worked underground, and by means of new haulages it is intended to increase the output of the pit to from 1,500 to 2,000 tons a, day. The No. 2 Fernhill Pit will henceforth become the Gorllwyn Fit, and will have an output capacity of over 1,500 tons a day. The Dunraven No. 1 shaft, which now works the Gorllwyn seam, is to be converted into a Two Feet Nine pit, and as has been already indicated, the new 20 feet diameter No. 2 Dunraven pit will be continued from the Four Feet down to the lower measures. By this rearrange- ment the company will be in a position to deal with separate seams at each of the four pits; this will secure efficiency as well as economy, and will doubtless contribute a. great deal towards the realisation of the hopes of the promoters. Though they have occupied a rather inconspicuous place in the past history of the South Wales coalfield, the Jlórn- hill Collieries are now entering upon a period of development which will pro- bably carry them into the front rank of Welsh collieries, and eventually secure for the company the prestige of being among the few undertakings commanding an output of over a million tons. No concern could open out a new chapter in its history under more favourable auspices. Its directorate is not only one of the ablest in charge of Welsh colliery undertakings, but it consists of gentle- men who are fully acquainted with every aspect of the coal trade, who are. actively engaged in it, who are applying a full- hearted enthusiasm to its development, and who above everything else are resi- dent in the district. The property itself, moreover, is largely a virgin coal area; all its best seams have still to be worked, and while under the old management it proved a highly profitable undertaking, the working results of the property under the new regime- are certain to prove even more satisfactory."
Medical Notes. We intend to publish each week a short paragraph entitled Medical Notes," in which we shall deal with some common ailments and how to treat them.
I CANNOT BE EQUALLED FOR | I Statural arid Artificial I WREATHS, j 212 Oxford St.. opposite Natninal Schools 1 and Central Stall Marte'; SWANSEA. H am 8 ( | Convalescence. w B For invalids, and those recover- B B ing from influenza and other B 1 illnesses;, a food constantly B t recommended by Doctors is p ROBINSON'S ./GROATS (In POWDER FORM). Made into Porridge it is splendid for Breakfast, and as Gruel it is excellent for ■ Supper, being easily digested, t nourishing and soothing. & Send for Booklet: m^KEEfl, ROBINSON & Co., Ltd., IONDON,
LADIES! Send at Once. MRS. STAFFORD BROOKES, The Eminent Lady Specialist, has much pleasure in annotin-ing that her remedy for Restoring: Health WITHOUT MEDICINE it the only certain and speedy one ■ known. I Guarantee Every Case. Send at once stamped addressed envelope for full I particulars and testimonials (guaranteed genuine under a penalty of 41,000). A Lady writes—"Dr. Douglas has recommended f me, for which I thank him." WRITE NOW. MRS. STAFFORD/BROOKES, (Dept. 309), 220, Ardgowan Road, Hither Green, London, G.E. A Dozen Questions TO Tariff Reformers. (1) If the aim of Tariff Reform is to keep out the foreign goods from this country, why not put a tax of 100 per cent. ? Tariff Reformers only advocate a tax or'"5. 10; or 15 per cent. If it is- good for the British working man that those foreign goods should be kept out, why not make the tax 100 per cent. P (2) If the foreigner pays the tax, why not let him pay a tax on raw material? If the aim of the Tariff Reformer is to increase trade with the Colonies, why tax Colonial wheat, which at present comes into Great Britain free? Or, if they do not want to tax Colonial wheat, where is the protection for the British farmer ? (3) If tariffs keep out the goods of a foreign country, how is it that Protec- tionist countries such as Russia, Ger- many, France, Belgium, Austria, the United States, Italy, and Spain buy from Great Britain ever increasing quantities of goods? (4) If Free Trade is as bad as we are told, how is it that our trade is increas- ing by leaps and bounds? (5) If Tariff Reform is a remedy for unemployment, poverty, and slums, how is it that Germany, Belgium, France, the United States, Italy and Austria-all Protectionist countries—have unemploy- ment, noverty, and slums? (6) If Protection is good for working men, why have Frenchmen, Germans, Austrians, and Belgians lower wages and longer hours than British workmen? (7) Can Tariff Reformers explain why the working men in Germany and France1 and other Protectionist countries are- agitating against their Protective tariffs? (8) If Protection was such a good thing, why did British workmen revolt against it when it existed in this country before the repeal of the Corn Laws? (9 > Why is it that Protectionist coun- truV. have a deficit each year, although they put on taxes every year, whilst Free-Trade England, with a diminished taxation on sugar and tea, has paid oS over £ 50,000,000 from the National Debt since 1906? (10) Why are the supporters of the Tariff Reform League, dukes, ,earls, barons, landlords, monopolists, and manu- facturers ? (11) If the Tariff Reform propaganda is good for the working ix\a31' how comes it to be that the League doe| not contain a single Labour member ° Parliament? (12) If Protection is good for the ing man, why is Socialism, which is Tariff Reformer's dread, so much creasing in Germany? Until these questions ajjf satisfactorily answered y9 will co well to nn Stick to Free Trad